National Topics Interpreted
by William Bruckart
Washington.—The patronage dam at
last has broken. With congress out of
the way, the adminis
tration has begun to
Pie Counter serve the plain a-big
way. But Washington
observers have noted something new
in the pie-dispensing system now be
dam that held tip appointments
made to do the bidding
The breaking of the
of the President, and that created such
a terrible tralfic jam around the pie
counter, has shown that being a Demo
crat In the government service means
little more than being a Republican
Insofar as priority for reappointment
The flood that came
after the dam broke has washed out
about as many Democrats as Repub
it is always to be expected
that the winning political party will
put its own men ln. I have heard no
complaint about that course because
It has happened so many times in our
history that it 1s taken for granted.
From what 1 have been able to see
and to hear. Presi 'ont Roosevelt can
not be blamed for the ruthless char
acter of the dismissals except Indirect
ly. He has gone so far even as to
say that some three or four thousand
postmasters, now serving under com
missions by President Hoover, will be
allowed to remain on their jobs until
their commissions expire,
caused a howl among the clique that
appears to be bent on grinding its own
axes because they want those jobs,
and unless the President stands firm
they are going to get them.
The Treasury seems to be affected
less than other departments. Secre
tary Woodln has picked most of his
people, according to well Informed
individuals, but he has bad to accept
one or two men to ■whom senators
The treasury secretary has run Into
some difficulties, I am told, because he
Insists on having investigations made
of men whose appointments are recom
mended to him. He was reported to
have made a Democratic senator very
angry because he would not name the
senator's candidate as an internal rev
enue coll ector in one state without the
prerequisite of an Investigation. But
the investigation was made just the
The President and his advisers have
played a brilliant hand in the new
deal in their maneuvers at creating
now jobs out of old ones. Take the
farm legislation, put Into the hands
of Secretary Wallace of the Depart
ment of Agriculture. It is made to
appear that the handling of the so
called price parity law which Is the
old domestic allotment plan in a new
suit, and the other new farm aid laws
will require something like 60,000 staff
workers throughout the country. The
farm loan and the home loan ma
chinery, two separate organizations,
will provide jobs running into the thou
sands. The^leglslation that is sup
posed to prevent blue-sky securities
from being sold to an unsuspecting
public likewise will enable the appoint
ment of many more, and last but not
least the public construction adminis
tration and the industrial recovery ad
ministration are two more agencies
offering berths by the score to de
serving supporters of the Roosevelt
It Is fair to say that many of the
underlings, the clerks and supporting
cast In the several new agencies are
being named from lists of those who
have lost their jobs In the face of
economy which Lewis Douglas, direc
tor of the budget. Is taking so serious
ly. But as far as I have b*en able
to learn, there Is no dearth of Jobs
that can be and are being filled purely
on a political basis. The hardest job
the politicians have, it appears, is in
sorting out the right applicants to
recommend among those thousands
they have been receiving while Mr.
Roosevelt kept the pie closet locked.
Without wasting any time, the ad
ministration has opened the spigot
on the tank of mll
Speeding Hons to speed Indus
through use of pub
11c money In construction,
congress voted a total of $3,3(X),000,(X)0
for public construction, It will be re
called, and now the machinery to use
these funds has been set In motion.
It takes time to get government ma
chinery ready even to spend money,
but the haste with which the opera
tions have been started Is looked upon
here ns commendable although only
public highway building and the fixing
up of army posts and national ceme
teries are Involved In the first moves.
Out of the gigantic fund, $400,000,000
has been set aside and allocated to the
use of the various states In the build
ing of roads and $135,000,900 has been
marked for use In reconditioning army
posts and national cemeteries. Ex
penditure of those funds, of course,
will make Jobs, which Is the prime
purpose of the program, but there are
men in lilc h p laces who a rc n im ble to
reconcile the course. Obligation of
these funds was permitted after July
], so that there ought to be a consid
erable boom In road construction
throughout the country In the next
In making the funds available to the
states, the federal government laid
down several conditions to Insure that
they would not be used to overbuild |
one section while another part of the ;
state remained without new highways.
Further, the state» are required to
spend at least 50 per cent of their total
share within the confines of cities and
towns, for there Is where the greatest
amount of unemployment exists. An
other requirement is that secondary
roads, farm-to-nmrket systems and
highways of that character, may be
constructed with 25 per cent of the
state's total, while the other 25 per
cent may be expended upon comple
tion of the federal highway system.
The point of all of this Is that the
federal government Is determined to
enforce a distribution of the funds
to as many areas as possible. This
serves the purpose of providing the
work as near as may be to the unem
ployed and prevents "hogging" of
available construction by any section.
The government also put its finger
on the methods to be used. It is say
ing to each of the states that no con
vict labor may be used, that the con
tractors must pay wsgçs that permit
of a decent and comfortable living
standard, and that workers may not be
kept on the Job longer than 30 hours
per week in order that the maximum
number of workers may have jobs.
This principle is regarded as espe
cially important because It establishes
the six-hour day and the five-day week
for the first time on a large scale. How
long It can be maintained is now a
matter of pure conjecture, but it will
remain as the principle on all federal
grants to states for highway building
during the expenditure of these funds.
* • •
The allocation of the 5100,000,000
fund by states la as follows: Alabama,
sas, $0,748.335 ; Cali
Colorado, $6,874,530; Connecticut, $2,
865,740; Delaware, $1,819,088; Florida,
$5,281,834; Georgia. $10,091,185; Ida
ho, $4,486,249, Illinois, $17.570,770;
Indiana, $10,037,843; Iowa, $10.055,
660; Kansas, $10,089,004; Kentucky.
$7,517,350; Louisiana, $5,828,591;
Maine, $3,369,917 ; Maryland, $3,564,527 ;
Massachusetts, $6,597,100 ; Michigan,
$12,736,227; Minnesota, $10,658,569;
Mississippi, $0,978,675; Missouri, $12,
180.300; Montana, $7,439,748; Nebras
ko. $7,828,001 ; Nevada, $4,545,917 ; New
Hampshire, $1,909,830; New Jersey,
$0,346,639 ; New Mexico,$5,782,935 ; New
York, $22,330,101 ; North Carolina, $0,
522,293; North Dakota, $5,804,448;
Ohio, $15,484,592; Oklahoma. $9,216,
798; Oregon, $6,106,.896; Pennsylvania,
$18,801,004; Rhode Island, $1,998,708;
South Carolina, $5,459,165; South Da
kota, $0,011,479; Tennessee, $8,492,619;
Texas, $24,244.024; Utah. $4,194,708;
Vermont, $1,807,573; Virginia. $7,416,
757; Washington, $6,115,867; West
Virginia, $4,474,234; Wisconsin, $9,
724,881; Wyoming, $4.501,327; District
of Columbia, $1,918.469, and Hawaii,
While most of us believe there has
been a depression on throughout the
believe It to be true
Swarm Capital if tl,esole Yardstick
for measuring busi
ness conditions was the tourist travel
through the national Capitol building
In Washington. Although accurate
figures are not available, the corps of
guides who lead visitors through the
great building on Capitol hill tell that
they have had what they call a big
year thus far.
Is plain to sec that thousands of per
sons are making a visit to Washington
this year, for there has been a steady
stream of visitors passing through
those long corridors day after day In
an almost unending procession. The
same is true of the Washington monu
ment, that tall obelisk ranging 555 feet
In the air as a mark of the reverence
held for the father of his country.
Passing by the monumorttlaimost any
Urne during the day, one can see a
To the uninitiated, it
familiar sight, a queue of tourists
awaiting thelf turn to ride to the top
In the slow moving elevator within
the square walla of the structure.
* * *
A few nights ago some of the folks
in fhe treasury had occasion to work
late and In the course of the evening,
one of the colored messengers was
asked to visit an office for a file of pa
pers, the regular occupant of that of
fice having gone home. The messenger
went but came back soon, saying he
could not get in. An Investigation re
venled the office was unlocked. Some
further Inquiry elicited the Informa
tlon from the messenger that two
years ago an official had died at his
deck and the messenger maintained he
had since observed ghosts In the
©, 3933. Western Newspaper Union.
Dog* Guard Museum
Two big German shepherd dogs sup
plernent the guards and elaborate elec
Ideal devices which protect the Boston
Museum of Fine Arts at night. Should
anyone linger in the building with
malicious Intent there would he no
way for him to get out after the big
doors were closed for the day and he
could not elude the acute hearing and
sentinels, smell Of these faithful dog
sentinel, even though It was possible
for him to escape detection by other
Largest Jig-Saw Puzzle in World
n w '
HESE three beautiful motion picture actresses are putting together, out in
Hollywood, Calif., th# largest jig-saw puzzle in the world. The puzzle Is an
actual painting cut by machine, and Is 20 feet long by 5 feet In width. It con
tains over 8,500 pieces.
THE CHILDREN'S STORY
By THORNTON W. BURGESS
PETER NOTICES A FUNNY
IIENEVER Short-Tall the Shrew
was near him, Peter Rabbit would
keep sniffing and sniffing. Erom some
where there was coming a funny smell
tha't he didn't Just exactly like. It
reminded him something of the scent
Jerry Muskrat carries with him and
is so fond of, and which has given
him his name of Muskrat It was a
musky smell At first Peter didn't
think that It might be coming from
Short-Tall, but finally Short-Tail no
'What Are You Sniffing For?" Demand
tlced the way In which Peter was
"What are you sniffing for?" demand
"1 was just trying to make out where
that queer smell comes from," replied
Short-Tall stopped running about
long enough to take two or three sniffs,
"I don t smell anything queer." said he.*
"I would almost think Jerry Musk
rat had been here," said Peter sniffing
harder than ever.
Short-Tall began to chuckle. "1 know
what It Is," he said, "only I don't
think there is anything queer about It.
It is me you smell. To be exact, It Is
the scent I carry with me. 1 like It
myself, but I've been pleased to note
that there are many people who do not
like It The more that don't like It
the better suited I am."
"Why," demanded Peter, "I should
think that If you like It, yourself, you
would want everybody else to like It
"Perhaps you would and perhaps you
wouldn't." retorted Short-Tall. "If you
were In my place you would feel exact
ly as 1 do about It All the members
of my family like that scent. It makes
finding each other an -easy matter. But
Reddy Fox gnd Red-Tail the Hawk and
most of the others who hunt little folks
like me don't like that scent. Just as
soon as they smell It they go looking
for someone else. About the only one
who doesn't seem to mind It Is Hooty
the Owl. I hate that fellow. Yes,
ted the word "sandbag -
has been traced to the
ancient days when only
knights were allowed to
fight with lance and sword
Tne ordinary man used an
ebon staff to öne end of
which was fastened a sand
Ä. 1111, IlcOlur* N«wipftp«r Syndicale.
sir, I hate that fellow. If he only made
some noise with his wings I wouldn't
mind him so much because I've got as
quick a pair of ears as anybody. Bui
my eyes are not much use—''
"I shouldn't think they would be,"
Interrupted Peter, for the first time
noticing how very tiny Short-Tail's
"They are plenty good enough for all
my needs," sputtered Short-Tall rath
er hotly, for he Is quick tempered. "If
1 can tell light from dark, that Is about
all I care. My nose and my ears tell
me everything else I need *o know. 1
couldn't get along with eyes any big
ger than I've got No, sir, never In the
world. Big eyes would be a nuisance
Bahi Who wants big eyes!"
At this funny speech Peter blinked
his own eyes very fast. It was a
most surprising thing to hear anyone
with such little pin-point eyes say that
big eyes would' be a n ui sa nce "Every
body to his own taste," retorted Peter.
"For my part I don't see what objec
tion you can have to big eyes. 1 should
think you would want to see a little
'And get them full of sand every
time 1 dig a tunnel? No, thank you I
You may have big eyes If you want
them, but for me the smaller the bet
ter," snapped Short-Tall. "Listen ! 1
hear footsteps!" Short-Tail disap
peared along one of his little paths!
®. 1933, by X- w - Burgess.—WNU Servie«,
A FEW SANDWICHES
HERE are so many hearty sand
wiches that may be prepared from
a few slices of cold meat with the ad
dltlon of pepper, onion, catsup, or oth
er seasonings, that one may have a
variety without any trouble.
Mix chopped, cooked pork with
chopped onion and green pepper for
seasoning, moisten with salad dress
Ing and use as filling on buttered
cooked with boiled dinner, chop fine
and add chopped sweet pickles, green
peppers and a stalk or two of celery.
Add mayonnaise to mix and use on
Chopped tongue with cucumber rel
ish or chopped pickles, used on but
tered whole wheat bread, Is very good.
Take pork that has been
Corned Beef Sandwich.
Put a thick slice of corned beef be
tween two slices of lightly buttered
bread. Spread with a thin coating of
made mustprd and a lettuce leaf.
Horseradish may be used In place of
the mustard for variety. Another way
Is to chop the corned beef, add mus
Modern Housing for Hens at Century of Progress"
mAk *' !
ODERN housing, ns displayed at A Century of Progress, the great exposition In Chicago, Is not for humans
alone. The latest styles for residences for chickens also are shown, and as may be seen In our photograph, they are
nothing like the old unsightly coops. Inhabiting the new houses at the fair are a lot of wonderful prize chickens of
The Same Old Flag
By DOUGLAS MALLOCH
S OME one's bought a new flag, to
hang above the streeL
A red and white and blue flag, the
marching men to greet,
A tasseled. fringed and gold flag, a
flag as pure as snow.
And yet It Is the old flag, fhe flag we
used to know—
The same rrl, white and blue flag,
The same old dare-and-do flag.
The same old tried and true flag,
The flag of long ago!
Some one's bought a bright flag, the
old began to fade,
A blue and red and white flag, to
carry on parade,
A red ns red ns flame flag, a blue
ns blue as skies.
And yet It Is the same flag, the fair
est flag that files—
The same blue, red and white flag.
The same old dare-to-flght flag,
The one and only right flag,
The flag that never dies !
A tattered-to-a-thrend flag, or
It's the blue and white and n
the same flag anywhere.
A cotton or a gold flag may hang
above the door,
And yet it is old flag, the flag our
The same red, white and blue flag.
The same old dare-and-do-flag,
The same old dare-and-do-flag,
The same old tried and true flag,
Our flag forevermore!
©, 1833. DoukIm VlaJloch.—WNU Servie«.
In Apricot Linen
: * .
One of the latest of Parisian fasii
Ion creations for the well-dressed
young lady Is this apricot linen dress
with brown stripes. The hat Is as
tard and enough of the fat of the
meat for richness and use on buttered
Boll two cupfuls of tomato, add a
pound of chipped dried beef and half
a pound of rich cheese which has
been put through a meat chopper. Let
come to the boiling point, add one
beaten egg and cook to the spreading
consistency. Add cayenne and spread
on buttered bread. This will keep
In the Ice chestfor a few days.
Dried Beef and Pickle Sandwich.
Put one-fourth of a pound of dried
beef and three or four sweet pickles
through the food chopper, add may
onnaise and spread on buttered bread.
This tastes like ham sandwich.
Try becL cheese and celery for a
mixture; tmHsten with salad dressing.
©. 3933. Western Newspaper Union.
People whitewash trees so they can
And their way home on a dark night
BONERS are actual humorous
tid-bits found in examination pa
pers, essays, etc., by teachers.
Alaska Is an advantage to the
United States because there la a dol
lar's worth of precious metal there.
The Indians came over to America
to smoke a piece x>f pipe with Wil
The Renaissance were the people
who lived half way between Europe
and the Middle Ages.
• • •
What Is a beaker?
Most birds have beaks but a pelican
has a beaker.
©. 1833, Bel! Syndicats.— WNU Servies.
0 BOuD Play.
Favoring one club Is often apt to
create a condition that will spread to
other shots. It Is no less a fault than
pressing, although It Is considerably
less heard of.
ting well within ourselves becomes so
chronic that it is hard to overcome.
Generally the best cure Is to under
club for a while In order to counteract
the tendency, a curative method fa
vored by Francis Ouimet,
stance play a hard shot with a mashie
instead of resorting to a No. 8 or
These two extremes will thus
Oftentimes this hit
evolve after a time Into a suitable
Once this Is achieved
the shot can be hit firmly toward the
pin. The greens today generally will
hold a firm Iron and the feeling that
one can thus play boldly for the pin
adds confidence to one's game.
®, 1933. Bell Syndicat«. —WNU Servie«.
,*= ««Mcr 3
"Pop, what Is a speculator?"
"One who dances while a broker
®. 3933. Bell Syndicats. — WNU 3«rvic«.
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