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The Western news. [volume] (Libby, Mont.) 1933-current, May 27, 1948, Image 2

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Western News
Editor and Manager
Published every Thursday at Libby,
ICont., by Western Montana Pub
lishing Company, Inc.
Entered at the postoffice at Libby,
Mont., as second-class matter.
Subscription Rates:
. 1.50
One year -
but months
194 «
Father Keller, Director of the
Bureau of Economic Research of the
University of Notre Dame, in an
article published in the March 18,
1948 issue of Look, states that the
"rich" Americans in 1917 were get
ting 7% of the nation's entire in
come. By rich Americans, the writer
refers to tho§£ with an annual in
come of $25,000 or more. By 1928
their share had risen to 11%; but
by 1944, it had dropped to 1%. The
11% held by the rich in 1928
amounted to 9 billion dollars. Their
1% in 1944 was less than 2 billion.
"On the other hand," he adds,
"Americans making under $5,000 a
year have been unmistakably in
creasing their share of the, nation's
income. In 1917 this group (to which
most of us belong), was getting 8>7%
of the total U. S, income. By the
year 1929 this had dropped to 77%.
But in 1944 it reached the peak
figure of 90%. This increase of 3%
in 27 years doesn't tell the whole
story. Look at the volume: in 1917,
47 billion dollars; in 1944, 140 bil
lion dollars ... a gain in one genera
tion of almost another hundred
billion dollars for 'the poor'."
Father Keller also mentions that
during this same period, people
whose annual income is over $5,000
but less than $25,000 have increased
from a low of 6% of the nations
1917 income to a high of 12% just
before the depression set in, and
stood at 9% in 1944. Their volume
is up from 3 billion dollars in 1917
to 13 billion in 1944.
In commenting on the spread of
purchasing power in the United
States, this writer says:
"But if, as stated before, the
spendable income of the wealthy
class in 1944 was 2 billion dollars,
and consumer expenditures in that
year amounted to 90 billiop dollars,
it is obvious that the two billions
of the well-heeled could hardly ac
count for the purchase of 90 bil
lions of goods and services."
In discussing profits of capital Fr.
Keller says:
"Actually, during the past 20
years, corporate profits paid out to
individuals have averaged a little
more than 2 cents out of every sales
dollar. Even in 1946, the year of the
highest corporate profits on record,
profits of all manufacturing cor
porations averaged five cents out of
the sales dollar which was less than
1940-41; trade corporations averag
ed less than 3.3 cents which - was less
than some years of the depression.
The average for all corporations
was 4.7 cents."
The writer gives the reason for
American workers having the high
est standards of living ever enjoyed
by workers anywhere, as due to the
fact that the American workman
uses labor-saving tools. Most of
these tools are bought from the
savings of those in tfce $5,000 and
' *
t !
In a Scottish village lived a doctor
noted foi his generosity. After his
death, when his books were exam
ined, quite a few of his accounts
were found to have a line written
in red ink: "Forgiven—too poor to
His wife, being somewhat less
generous than he, insisted that
these bills must be paid and imme
diately instituted court proceedings.
When the judge asked, "Is this your
husband's handwriting in red? she
replied that it was.
"Then," said the judge, "there is
not a tribunal in the land that can
obtain the money for you. If your
husband has written
these debts are forgiven."
Similarly, God has written "for
given" over the account of every
man. The Bible says; "God was in
Christ, reconciling the world unto
Himself, not imputing (charging)
their trespasses unto them; and
hflth committed unto us the Word
of reconciliation.
Your personal salvation for time
and eternity depends upon your
acceptance of that acquittal. Have
YOU accepted it for yourself? Come
to church next Sunday and do so
while there is still time! —ST. JOHN
over income class. The period
greatest expansion in new and bet
ter tools was 1920-1930. In 1933
new tax policy went into effect
whereby the funds from which new
labor-saving equipment had previ
ously been purchased, were now
taken over by the government in
the form of taxes. Fr. Keller says;
''Funds therefore, were simply
siphoned from the private capital
market to the government. Private
investment practically ceased. From
1933 to 1945, new capital issues
averaged less than half a billion
dollars a year.
"For the first time in our history
—during the period of 1930-1940—
our economy went backward in
stead of forward."
He then shows how the modern
economic trend is headed toward
socialism, and in conclusion, says:
"One need look no farthei than
Great Britain and France to see
what that kind of socialism has
done for the working people."
An election year should be a good
time to get some of our much need
ed .road work done. A good highway
between Libby and Eureka would
be a wonderful asset to the north
end of the county and fully as much
help to Libby. Blacktop to the Idaho
line, would be a mighty fine gesture
of encouragement to Idaho to get
out of the mud from the Montana
Line on to Bonners Ferry.
A reprint from The Bonners
Ferry Herald in The Western
News lends encouragement to hope
that there is a possibility of getting
a modern highway on into Bonners
Ferry where connections
paved roads west are possible. It
has been stated by those who should
know, that U. S. 2 has everything
when completed from Troy to Bon
ners Ferry (and patched up west of
Kalispell) to qualify it for the
logical routing of the northernmost
military highway across the United
States. Marias Pass, a trifle over
5,000 feet above sea level is the
highest point on the entire road.
From the west foot of this pass
across to the Kootenai Valley is a
big, wide, scenic highway with no
steep pulls or sharp curves: and
from south of Libby on. the course
follows the water grade to Bonners
Ferry, having no long climbs or bad
curves (after Idaho rebuilds from
the State line) along the I
route to Spokane and points west.
A defender of TVA, writing to a
newspaper which had been edi
torially critical of the Authority, re
cently said; "Satisfaction of wants
will always be the economic pay
off. Never mind 'social progress' or
starry-eyed idealism including 'in
dividual freedom' and 'what made
this country great.' Acting starry
eyed about America's individualis
tic traditions is just as impractical
as acting starry-eyed about abstract
humanitarian ideals."
That is
which, if followed, could destroy
this country. The basic danger in
TVA is not that it has taken
the private electric companies in its
region, or that it pursues extremely
dubious accounting practices, or
that it is a steady drain on the pub
lic treasury, or that it charges all
the people to give benefits to a few.
These are all important matters,
hut they are dwarfed by the fact
that TVA is intrinsically the enemy
of self-government. It is the perfect
example of the super-state. The
people of its region have nothing
whatsoever to say about its policies
the ■ kind of doctrine
—any more than the subject of a
monarchy could dispute the decis
ions of a king. They have no voice
in the choice of TVA's administra
tors. It is all done from above, and
there is no effective means of
_ ,
Local government in the TVA
empire is equally powerless. The
Authority, far from being engaged
only m electric power and flood
control activities, has its fingers in
every enterprise. Its powers are
virtually without limit. And its de
cisions are final. How far do we
wish such a system extended?
TVA is a modified modern appli
cation of the old feudal system
which was the monarchial progeni
tor of the communistic idea applied
to social and economic life. Its roots
lie in European totalitarianism—
not in the American tradition of
local independence and individual
Characterizing Federal aid for
education as a "fraud" upon the
schools and people of this state, the
Montana Taxpayers' Association to
day voiced strong opposition to the
Taft bill now pending in Congress.
"This latest Federal aid bill pro
poses a huge Federal subsidy pro
gram at
$300,000,000 annually. Montana's al
lotment would be $565,000, but
Montana's increased tax burden to
finance the scheme would be $1,
170,000. Montana taxpayers would
thus be compelled to pay $2.00 in
taxes in order to get back $1.00 in
so-called aid. That is a bad business
initial cost of
and Gravel
State Tested
Excavating & ditch dig
ging of -all kinds.
Phone 173-J or 72-W
of ' deal for this state. We would be
! shortchanged to ^ the extent
a $ 605,000 annually,
Pointing out that the teachers of
Montana are also discriminated
against by the Federal aid proposal,
the Association estimated that
salary increases averaging only
$72.00 per year would result in this
state. In contrast, teachers in some
states would receive increases of
j more than $400.00 annually. It was
| shown that even New York teach
j ers. now the highest paid in the na
tion. would get inci eases of $112.00.
In New Mexico, where teachers'
1 salaries are higher than in Mon
j tana, the average increase would be
! $440.00. The Association based its
estimate of per year salary increas
^cs upon the fact that salaries corn
! prise 65 per cent of current school
| expenditures in the nation as a
whole ■■
I "Montana teachers would receive
1 smaller salary increases than would
the teachers of any other state
except South Dakota. This Federal
subsidy program is thus no more of
a bargain for Montana teachers
than it is for Montana taxpayers."
Missoula, May 12 — Results of
ten years' research with a faster and
cheaper method of reforestation are
given in a new United States De
partment of Agriculture Circular
written by A. E. Helmers of the
Northern Rocky Mountain Forest
and Range Experiment Station at
Missoula, Montana, and C. S. Schop
meyer, formerly connected with the
Experiment Station at Missoula,
and now with the Southeastern
Forest Experiment Station at Ashe
ville, North Carolina.
The publication describes refor
estation experiments in seeding
western white pine, ponderosa pine,
western redcedar, and Engelmann
spruce begun by the Forest Experi
ment Station in 1937 and carried out
in western Montana and northern
Idaho. The method of reforestation
described is different from usual
practices in that trees seeds are
planted directly in the field instead
of nursery grown tree seedlings or
transplants, Helmers explained.
Western white pine can be sue- j
cessfully sown in prepared spots on |
freshly burned, north-facing slopes I
and flats, where protection from j
rodents is provided. Effective con- j
trol of rodents, which is of major I
importance, was provided at first by i
using conical wire screens over seed j
spots. As this method is too expen
sive for use on large-scale opera
tions, poisoning methods developed
by the Fish and Wildlife Service
were tested. Spreading poisoned
bait one week before seeding was
found to be successful and is the
method finally recommended, ac
cording to the publication.
This poisoning method was also
effective with ponderosa pine. Sat
isfactory sowings of western red
cedar were obtained without pro*,
tection of seeds from rodents, be*
cause the seeds are so small that
they escape notice,
spruce seedings were generally
better where the seeds were given
protection from rodents. However,
seeding of ponderosa pine, spruce
and redcedar is less certain than
with white pine. Ponderosa pine is
successful on white pine lands, but
its use there is not recommended
because the trees later become sub
ject to snow damage and other
The circular reports that the to
tal cost for direct seeding of either
ponderosa pine or white pine was
found to average about one-third
less than for the usual method of
planting transplanted nursing stock.
The costs of seeding western red
cedar and Engelmann spruce were
substantially lower than for plant
ing nursery stock of these species.
Planting of nursery trees is surer
in dry years and on dry south slopes
and grass-covered areas. But. be
cause direct seeding seems to suc
ceed on freshly burned north slopes
and flats, it offers promise for quick
reforestation of new burns. It re
quires 2 to 4 years to produce plant
able trees in a forest nursery.
lar No. 772, may be obtained by
writing to the Northern Rocky
Mountain Forest and Range Experi
ment Statiqn^t Missoula,
In 1947, 2,050 persons were killed
and 7,000 injured walking on rural
highways. In this country, walk
on the left shoulder of the road—
and wear white or carry a light
at night!
Like This...I'm dead
to the World _
HOW I'm Ready
to Serve You!
keep your
telephone alive
Please replace your telephone
receiver on the hook when you have finished talking.
If you don't, your line will give a "busy" signal and
you will not receive incoming calls. Should yours be
a party line and you fail to replace the receiver, the
whole line will be "dead." Be a good neighbor —
lephone Company
Pledging his administration to
'continue the vigorous program of
efficient State government which
has produced the largest surplus in
the state's history," Gov. Sam C.
Ford May 19 filed his nominating
petition for re-election. "Today, our
state is in the best financial condi
tion ever. By the time the next Leg
islature meets, we will have a gen
eral fund surplus of seven million
dollars, an all-time record for the
State of Montana .... This has
come about through careful admin
istration of state affairs, by working
out plans and procedures for the
better functioning of our state's ad
ministration. Despite increased costs
for everything the state has this
great surplus to its credit, accom
plished without a tax levy for the
general fund.
Tom Burke of Billings, senator
from Yellowstone county for the
last 10 years, filed last week as a
candidate for the Republican nom
ination as lieutenant - governor.
Burke, an attorney and veteran
legislator, said, upon filing his nom
inating petition with the secretary
of state, that there is an immediate
need for "stepping up the develop
ment of Montana's resources, in
creasing state aid for schools, and
meeting the threat of communism
facing this country today. The solu
tion of these problems cannot be
passed on to future generations, we
must meet them now."
A veteran of the First World war.
Sen. Burke has served as president
pro tern and majority flood leader of
the senate in the 1947 legislature,
served at various times during his
career in the senate as chairman of
the committees on irrigation and
water rights, water conservation
and flood control, state boards and
offices, and judiciary.
Congressman Mike Mansfield is
filing for re-election today as con
gressman on the Democratic ticket
There it »till • very real need
for every ounce of used fat* we
can salvage. The world-wide
shortage is greater today than
before. Please ... keep
saving and turning in yt
kitchen fats. P. S. Y
do get paid. for them . .. and
know how ready cash
counts today.
our used
esl you
Keep Turning in Used Fats I
Auric» Fit Silnti CaMittii, Ik.
from the First District of Montana.
Mansfield has served
capacity for two terms and is well
known to most of the citizens of
Lincoln County. Mansfield says: I
will continue to work for the de
velopment and the best interests of
Montana, the security of the United
States, and the peace of the world."
Projects which he has worked for
include: Hungry Horse and Canyon
Ferry projects; Indian Tubercular
Hospital at Galen, and furtherance
of power lines on Flathead Irriga
tion project. _
County Treasurer Kenneth Bige
low states that the second Install
ment on real estate taxes will be
come delinquent at 5 o'clock p. m.
May 31.
Personal taxes still out are many,
he continued, and advises that per
sonal taxes were and are due with
in and not later than 30 days after.
notice is sent out.
Democratic Candidate
Lincoln County, Montana
Fairness and impartiality to all. Economy consistent with
efficient business management. A carefully planned and effi
ciently executed long range program of county road improvement.
(Circulated and paid for by Bert B. Davis).
All Kinds
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A home is no better than the
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Authorized Dealer
Libby, Montana
On behalf of the Montana State
Library Association, I wish to say a
most hearty "Thank you" for your
hospitalitv and many acts of kind
ness extended to us during our 35th
Annual Meeting recently held in
your friendly city.
We especially wish to thank the
Board of County Commissioners for
the use of the community room for
meetings, the Chamber of Com
for the trip to Warland to see
the logging operations and to the J.
Neils Lumber Company for the de
licious dinner served to us. All
were in great praise of the beauti
ful scenery at your very door.
Your town and county should be
very proud of your splendid library
and of your capable and efficient
librarian. Inez Ratekin, who was
our congenial hostess,
Mrs. Hazel Christiansen, President,
Montana State Library Association.
Again our thanks.

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