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Saint Mary's beacon. [volume] (Leonard Town, Md.) 1867-1983, September 26, 1867, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006687/1867-09-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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n rtjßLUHitu Bvmtr riicasojr nr
Taaui or ScDacnuTioa. —$2.00 jkt unnum to
ht paid within six month.'. No suit-* rip Mon w .1!
bo reerirml for tt shorter jieriod jlmn *i.t months,
and no paper to be discontinued until all arroara
are paid except at the option of tin publish
TlßMft or Ahvcutimnu.—7' els |>cr square lor
the first insertion, an l !>') cus for every sul-se- :
sjnent insertion. Kight •nclos or leas constitute
a square. IT th e number of insertion" be not
marked on the advertisement, it will be publish
ed until forbid, and char red accordingly. A ,
liberal deduc., n made to those who advertise by t
the year.
Communi'tations of u personal character will
he charged, at the same rates its advertising, Obi
tuaries over Ira lin ,- s in length will be charged
•t th* rate of Vj cynn per square.
All comm#n wation* for publications nnul be
■aocompnnud with the real name ol the author,
nr no attention will he paid to them. The reel j
name of the author will not be published, urde.g
<l*wirsd, but we cannot cons ult to ’inert cututuu- j
ai*tion.s unless tvr know the writer.
r !
I Kill sell at Public Sdc in Lrotjai Jfowii ,
VKMHKK ( Ul’irr Ihe farm <>n which
11. K. Neale now resides, located on St
Clcmcnt’ii U*y i" l-naphcu |)i.s?rj t - ard
I'KKKIIOIjD.” This Farm rout.iiu'i ‘J3d
acres of land. more or 1 . and has good
„_<)KCII A KDS upn t*. having üb.ua a
dtcutuiui bean: g J'hA< II 1 KKKS A
u.ore pariic.Lr tbscrip'iou is not deemed
nßiH’.usary at this 'inn - , and a l l pci.sons d* -
tdroun of ivir lia' iit urr i" viicd lo call an I
view the iai’d
The term* r. >.o*-h .'i <’4vh, ih< ba!
slice on libora I D-rms a. ' Min uu k, j' Cl
to agrceuicui. or made ki '-w i on the J-iy
of aale.
maiiy j. nkalk
Aug IN. 1 sr>7—td
State of .Mai vland,
St. county, to wit :
I hereby certify, that das II Pilkcrtoij,
of St. Mary’s County, brought before in •,
the Mibterihcr. one of the Justices of the
Peace in and for the said county, ibis Jrd -
<lny of Sept., iti the year eiglihtc—u him-j
sired and sixty-seven, as a stray, tr< spas- i
aing iipon his wnclosurew, .a W liito and ,
Kc\l Yearling, speckled face, about lau i
years old, otherwise unmarked,
fiireu under my hand
JO.' K. -MOIUi AN, J. P.
The owner of the above described \ carlin g
is hereby notified to prove property, pay
■charges, and take her away ; otherwise,
eh* will be disposed of .according to law. j
Spt. 6,1 St3T 3w
Agricultural College
TUP. duties* of ties institution will bo 1
resumed on Moudii, loth ol .Scpt-.o- i
Lrr. J' conrstM of mitrn-fion. general an 1
special, are on s levi I vsuh tie -e of college.-,
of th higbcgt grade, an I >'fTn. at eery
low Cost, the adv una ;u >f elu tun . under
rirrmrut.vu-ct ni<'*t lAv.uabie to their pros
•rutiw tv
Two or more students from cacii county ot
the SUn, ami 'he < ity of iviltiui will be
allotted a Ucdir lion ol seventy live dul .Vs
from the annual charges to b< deu coined
Im ndi i'iol’ I v tli* met its id lbe applicant
at m sch usrdv. p ami g*mer .1 oiiar icti r
Tor cucular, t id nrthnr n format ion ntlon
IM. U. WOKTt t1 N* i ro.\.
Keg *lrar Man l uu) .'f.ncu tural L’u ! -ge.
liy altsvil'.r. Md,
.Vpt. . r >, iSIiT —4'V.
co.vnu u.irn).v x<*:r /;.
dohti I! MiH’iirn .V
M ar_\ S. ,!uvi ilo
\ S
Walt.-i S iV wile.
0 In the ('lrciii f t'onrt lor Si Man's coimt\,
•ilt.ng a a (’ i.t ol i .puiv.
Y > rlue of .antboriy \f„teu ,u me as
Jv clerk of Ihcl.’i emt t’otir' for St Man's
county, tv the “iir •, I’ ib'ic n m ••.n’ Luo
of this St lie. It i, herd’ ordered, tbai the
ttejnvrf of It I' ('• nil's an I bis s D nvia
TrustiTi. rtosl mi fh 'i.is, be j aiili.■! uul co -
finned, an. les-r caose • th* co orary be shotvr.
<>n <>r t). fore me thud Md, i.v of No
vnulvt next ;pr ivid.cd v c ’ps I thi- order
be published io I h >t M ar\ ( izel i * > i C'* *
work toe Thre rW' 'oeg'i ve weeks p r lor T * tin
l* - rd M'Hetay <*i vS ooer '■< \t
The return slrtfs the C- ud ot ! ! tin
JNU A IMM 'M' It, l’k.
Tnn r pv — t'e.-t
.INO \ t'.Wl A UKK, ('Tk.
•sng 29, ISi7—Sw.
State of Maryland
Ht, Mary’a county, to wit ;
I hereby certify, that I>U lIKNUV A
FOIU), of St. Mary’gi County, brouglu be
fore me , the sulK’riber, one ot the Ju-ticcs
of the Peace in and for the said county,
this 17th daj of Sept., in the year eighteen
hundred and sixty-seven, an u strny tres
pusiug up*n his enejiwurcs. a lied I’uir,
■re or ai years old, with a slii iu each cur,
Otherwise unmarked.
Liven under my hand '
JO F. MOlUi-VN. J. P.
Th* owner of the above denoribed Cow
}• hereby uotihed lo prow projxerty. pay
and take her away j otherwise,
•he will U disposed of according to law,
ttyt. 19, 1867 -Jw.
r (). Faro. Maodox, Col .Jaxiks Polk •
Lconardtown, No. 31 N. Calvert st.. j
Md. Md.
Attornies at Law
an i
Genera! Claim Agents.
¥M7 I f.L attend puucnuMy, to all i ‘
Tv T-onfidcd to their care, especially D-.
claims r Pountv and fo bun penpal ion f'>r 1
1 Slaves enli't-el in liie military service of the •
l'>iit-il Stair’s in tle In’c war. As the mil*- : t
ter reils ot the colored troops from Mary lam i '
arc in close |>r'>xinotv to the office of Col 1 1
1 P>.lk great facibfies are atf-plcJ them in ob 1
l lining such record evidence as is rssenl’a I
t claims for compensation.!
l>e.. go. 18Gb —i f. ; '
_____ 1
*3OO 5
m l •
State Hounty.
VI. I. j'crxong who volunteered, farm l f
gitbsl tu’es, or wws •Irali’-ri m lb U S !
Htrrtrr, between the Ist of April fti J ihe 18lh
of Dei ember, 18(14, aie by n art ol tne Isle
LrgiDamrr r.iititlr-d to Houn’y. 1
I'lieclaims will be promptly collected, for
the in*.oe coe'ni:o-ion, b\-
Cu.M ti-s A DOWNS,
A tonnes .t Law,
Lsov.ni dto wr>,
}>• d 18, 1 *G7- if
Professioiial Notice, i
rl 4 i 11 . midp signed, Atiorncvs it Law and
i Solici'ors in Chancerv, bevi. this 3rd day
Hi !nlv, 18(31, formed a •'•q.ariner.ship in the!
practice of tiir;r [trofcsHion, under i!ie nanu
and sty le of Comb* At Dovyin, They will pm, - - ,
ice in the Comity of .Saint Vlary’r ari l tlie j-d
doming (lounlit-*, and in the Court of 'npeais. ,
fcl - 5 ,r • i.a! a’ tent ion will be paid lo the rail lection 1
iTclaim* agutnst individuals, the State, or the
• i ■. e nm- it.
• tcfcrrnccs given, when required. Address 1
Comb* A Downs, Leonard town, I*. 0., Si
Mary's ('ounty, .11 ary is ml.
k 'll Kit E C. COM P. 3,
i Jnjy .*>, 18tlt> ly.
I i
Leonardloivn ,
St. .Mary's Co. Aid.
may 9, IS(37—tf. Ji
1 will Attend stn - tly aid expeditioualy to aI
claims put m my hands, both for the return j 1
i of all money erroneously paid by our assess
i mcnpespeciai!y the largi lux on 1 lolel and | j
Store Keepers for the yeir 18lid) and also the
amount appronrinle l at the lust session of C >m i
j girH by the GKN KKAL GOVKItNMEN’I j I
! for all slaves who entered the army. ; ;
i All parties desiring my attention in this mat j ,
er will please write me immediately, aud 1 i
will send the proper paper*.
g Ft;.:;)- vi v ) >3
Aug S,lßtl(i—if
300. S
VI. I. persons wbo eiilistcil nr a - re drill- 1
‘ii md cut- red the mtv ic, :n i were ;
<re nted lo I!►• State of ir\l.nul between j
tbe 2Gih di\ "I A/ iv, and tno Lt dny j,
,•* April. I ''tin are entitled to three hundred
‘ ilollar.t bounty, | r<viit> 1 they never have, re
ecivr’d it.
Those* pers'i.s drafted in Calvert, St. 1
Marv’s- ami t' larlo li fe’*. \vh report■.*•l at
(vcneiiic*. ami fiirnislicvl vibsiitiiles. are a!s ■
-i.tith’d to a iH.mcy of I’lil r send !
tl once to the old established L S claim Ag 'ti- j
c v.
Piblc House Th w F.ivette St P>a!timore.
Llbl'KU \ SC PPL: K.
may 2.1, ISbT "m.
I /.rotmrtiioicn, Mil
• !las commenced tin' praettet i't in- prole 1
i i,m m 1 ..-ouardt.’vvu. Si. Mary's countv. Md
,md iv l ll prompt y alt'mi (o am i mine
ml rusted : ■ its care. He may alway g h ;
) vt th. il’Yj.-c of fhe ( hmmiissi >oer
• lourt • (
I t b'C f 11.1 1 kb,S —* I
I.eoH’.irJioirn, Mu.,
i laving regii’ii’d the practice <*} the law wU
’r'ld rno'.llot y uni ugidlv to the settlement
\ ' -••o >i. ol linhi * liiris lor coll- ”,011-
IV' ISG7—tf
f‘or st, >nedsiii.in and .\uivci v man,
' >toi;k no. 2 nokth i;c r.wv sthkkt.
• Nuneriitx on the i look.-town r.va.l, .nij lining
Drui I Did i'ark.
Gfx VPK VI v >. and anudi
'Fruits. Kvergnen and Ora mient.il Sh Ile
I’nH’s. Green llmi-e. Hot lb*iif' an I Hrdy
Plants, /Lises, an i F( oven ig .S 011 js and
and ail Kunis ul Y egolablc Plants.
Sept. 5. IS*j7 ly.
PHOTt >t 111 API I F.PS,
-1 (,'ind Htduction m *mr />rUct ’
i CA/r/’F.S and Mb.N'bl LS sd-o0 per
dux. formerly £’ 00.
Particular attention given to the
copying of pictnree of deceased |>cr&o:ie.
I S ; pt. 5, ISJT Jy.
The records of the past furnish us with
half a dozen historical characters that
seem to have had a mysterious existence
after the public have been informed of
their tragical deaths. To <uclr an extent
has the belief of a post-existcace been j
carried that one could say. with great
propriety, in the language of Sir William
J ones :
“The block may soak their gore,
Their he "Is iu.y suddt-u in the sou, their limbs ;
strung u> city gates and castle walls ;
Hut stiii their spirit walks abroad."
/And these spirits seems generally to be ;
encased in tangible earthly bodies, it we
mkv credit the tales of travellers. This
voung republic has not I **-u slow in mak
ing a startling history, and one that has
all the romantic pages ol century-old Eu
rope. For nave we not
who, like that phantom ship, tlie Flying
Dutchman, is from time to time reported
to have been seen m propria penman in i
vari ins parts of the world ; the latest sto
rv being no'.v that he is the captain of a |
pirate vessel and the Im r>r ot the China
seas. At intervals, the press informs the j
public that some reliable correspondents
have seen the notorious assassin in Eu
rope. One time lie has been seen playing i
rou jc it ni'ir at Baden-Baden ; another
at the opera in Vienna. One positively
swears that lie saw him driving in the .
Hois de Boulogne, in Paris. And anoth- .
,r is eipiallv confident that he beheld him
visiting St. Peter’s at Romo. One fact j
is certain, in regard to the disposal ut the
corpse of Booth, that its resting place is !
known to but few, and the public at large
are in doubt as to whether it now moul- ;
ders in a secluded and unknown grave, or
whether the dark waters ut the Potomac
received his mangled remains. Booth. ‘
indeed, mav be said to be the only mys
terious personage we have had in our an
nals, although, perhaps, for the few years 1
we have been an independent republic, no j
nation ever made its history so last. — j
One of the local traditions of New York
that has caused much wonderment, is the i
case of
brother of Samuel Cult, inventor of the .
Colt revolver. lit? murdered in l v l- a
man named Adams, to whom he owed an ,
amount of money, and who had chugged .
Colt considerably. Adams eaiiedVat the
office of Colt, on the corner of Broadway ■
and Chambers street, when a srutile on- j
sued, and Cult seizing a hatchet lying
near, dispatched his creditor. He then ■
went out, closed the door, and while walk- :
ing in the park resolved to return, cut up
the body and send it to New Orleans ;
but in the meantime Adams was missed,
and having been last seen going into
Colt's office, that gentleman was suspec
ted, and it was ascertained from a carman
that a box had left the office. This box
was louad at flu,* bottom of the vessel.—
Colt was tried and convicted, but his
counsel (who confessed to it on his dying
bed.) introduced a knife into the prison
with which Colt committed suicide on the *
morning of his execution. Several mys
terious circumstances were attached to
this murder and suicide, tor the evening
before th>' execution a man in disguise
called upon the Sheriff and offered him
£ 1 .000 to afford facilities for the escape
of the criminal, which proposition was
not entertained, and an hour or two be- 1
fore Colt was to have been hanged the
bell-tower of the Tombs look tire and a
great deal < f confusion cu-ued. Although
an unjuest was hi Id on the body, it was
, almost universalis belfoved that Colt had
escaped. Even now reports come from
various parts of the won I that he has
been seen alive, and about fifteen years
ago many sensational articles appeared,
purporting that he had escaped and was
still in ing. |
I o I
Whether or not the person who boars
this pseudonym was the subject of a det
er! v-concocted fable or not. it is at least a
singular case. The person who is said ("
• have borne tills title was a Philip Nolan,
a notice of whoso death appeared las", year
in a New ork journal. It ran thus :
| ‘Died on hoard I ailed States corvette
Levant, on the 11th of May, Philip No
lan. ” The >tor\ is as follows : When
Aaron Burr made his first dashing expe
dition down to New Orhans. in I Mb), he
met a lieutenant named Philip N\>lan, be- 1 ?
longing to the Legion of the West. Tim
voting officer became fascinated with the
brilliant statesman, who enlisted him in
his treasonable schemes The authorities
suspec.ed Nolan as being an accomplice
of Burr’s, and on the court martial the
imtH'tuou- youth cried out. in a lit of fren
zy, ■ D -a the United Stales ! I wish 1
mav never hear of the I uited States
again.” These words shocked the n \o
lutiouarv officers that formed the court
martial, and Nolan w;is condemned to bo
scut on board a vessel, where he was nev
er again to hear the words I uited Slates,
and the instruction received were as t‘ l
low :
Washington (with the date, which
must hav** been late in I'UtT).
Sir; \ou will receive from Lieuten
ant Neale the person of-Philip’Nolan, late
a lieutenant in the I uited Stales Army.
This pervn on his trial by court-mar
tial expressed with an oath the wish that
he might ••never hear of the United States
The (’ourt sentenced him to have his
wish fulfilled
For the present, the execution of this
order is intrusted bv th*> President to this
i You "will take the mer on boa’-d
; your ship, and keep pilUn there
: such precautions a* si&li prevent hb cj
i You will provide him with such quar
tern. rations, aud clothings would be pro
per for au officer of his late rank, if he
were a passenger on your vessel on the
business of his government..
The tf'ntlcmcQ ou board fill make any
o ? *
arrangeiueuts agreeable totaemselves re
. gardiug his society. Il> ftto \}J f exposed
i to no indigr' nor is he ever
- unn**oov4u4 m * reminded that he is *>'
But under no circumstances is he ever ,
to hear of his country or to see any infor
mation regarding it ; aud you will speci
ally caution all the officers under your
coni maud to take care, that in tlu* various
indulgences which may be granted him,;
this rule in which his punishmeJt is in- (
voiced, shall not be broken.
It is the intention of the government I
that he sh.il! never again sec the country j
which he has disowned. Before tb.c end ;
of your cruise vou will receive orders .
which will give effect to this intention.
Respectfully yours.
\V. Southard,
For the Secretary of the Navy.
Nolan scorns to have been passed from '
vessel to vessel, and to have remained;
a prisoner for over sixty ye.us, and was l
made the subject of innumerably tradi
tions and palpable myths. Ho was strict
ly guarded, aud the name of the I ui- 1
ted States never mentioned to him. It ;
is generally supposed, howtver, that
this myth was originated darng the re
cent war hy some highly imaginative I
individual who desired to institute com- :
parison and similes between Nolan and )
the rebel leader;]. Of course, Nolan re
pouted of his folly, and died deeply re- ,
grafting the incautious words that con- I
detuned him to * life of imprisonment, j
which was probably more painful, as it'
prevented him from interfering in the pol- ‘
iiics of the country.
The mass of mankind, embracing many •
of the well-read, have hover heard of
Napoleon 11., and the reason why the i
present Km per or assumes the title ot ■
Napoleon 111., is to them a perfect;
enigma. Napoleon Francis Joseph
Charles Bonaparte, or Napoleon 11.. was 1
the son of Napoleon 1., the fruit of a mar
riage between that sovereign and Maria |
Louis of Austria, and was from his birth |
styled the IvYng of llomJ. "When his j
father, the first Kmperor, was compelled I
to abdicate in 1811, the King of Rome ;
went with his mother to \ ienna, aud was
there educated by his grand-father, the I
Emperor of Austria. Hi* title was that'
of the Duke of Hcichstadt, and he was',
most carefully instructed, especially in the j
military art. But he appears to have in
herited but little of the ability of his fath
er ; his constitution was weak, and early j
symptoms of consumption unhtted him I
for the laborious duties of a military ca
reer. On Napoleon’s return from Elba, -
in 181;*), an attempt was made to remove '
the young Duke to Baris, but frustrated i
by the Austrian authorities. He was 1
made a Lieutenant Colonel in 1 -S:1 , and;
commanded a battalion of Hungarian in
fantry in the garrison of \ ienna ; but Ins ,
death, when he was but 21 years old.
cut him off before he had reached an age i
iu which he might have displaced any i
abilities he possess al. During his life-j
time he itev* r assumed the title of Napu- .
Icon 11., inasmuch as the abdication of his
father was never admitted hy the allies ; j
iiur was it ever elaime 1 by the French
government. But in 18.>2, when the re- \
sumption of empire bv Louis Naoolcou i
rendered some title necessary, hr was coil- j
si He red Napoleon 11., and the new Empe- ,
ror took that'ot Napoleon 111. The lat- j
tor title, however, haying been recount?.- i
rd by the several governments of Eu- !
r ipe, the recognition of the former is im- 1
idled. i
* I
who was supposed to have been poisoned .
by some person m the Temple at Baris
during the French Revolution, and b\ .
others to hare escap. d. was the son of the
irifortunat ’ L' uis \\ 1.. and Marie An- ,
toinette. It was only recently that a re- ,
port w -y circulating in the paj> rs that a
gonthman of advanced ago had died in
March, '.n St. Petersburg, who was be
lieved to have V*ecn Louis XA 11. Hei
was the third child of Louis and Marie
Antoinette. His tirst title was Duke of'
N rman Iv, and he became dauphin bv
the death of an elder brother, Louis .Jo
seph, June J. IT'' 1 , 1 . He was carefully
educated under the supervision of hi-fath
er. ami at tlu* outbreak ot the revoluti >n
w.is a beautiful. lively, and intelligent
child, but remarkably impatient and uu
inanageable. He was imprisoned in the
Temple with the n-t of the royal family
August Id, I• *2 Alter the i xectuion
of his father, January 21. 171 KI, h" war,
oroelaimed King by Lis uncle, the Count
of Provence, woo was then a rctug -c in
(leruianv. and w ,u recognized as King bv
most o‘ the ( 'it 1 .;,' <d Europe. by the
Von.lean enlefs, and by tiu insurgents in
the south of France. rites;' demonstra
tion-, together w ith sever d nn.-ueecssful
atton pts by the royalists to res. ue him
from prison, irritated and alarmed tin;
revolutionary government, and on July
d. at !<• o clock at night, the l.y was
forcibly taken from his mother’- arms and
frantic with terror, was carried scream in tr
to another part of the prison. Here he
wa- con-igned to the cure of a sin-,-maker
naun-d Antoniue Simon, a violent Jaco
bin of rough manner- and brutal temper,
who treated him with systematic cruelty,
apparently with the design of getting rid
,of him without committing palt able mur
!• r T’ ° C-UPC* o-.-, A n ; v.o U\
R cell and left there aloue day *nj night, !
withort employment or amusement, or
any opportunity for exercise or to breathe
ifresh air. A Teasel of crater, seldom re
plenished, was gjTua him for drink, and
some coarse food was occasionally thrown
iu at the half-opened door. He was al
lowed no means of washing himself, his
j bed was not made for six months, and
I fur more than a year his clothes, his
shoes, and his shirt wer nut changed.—
By prolonged inactivity his limbs became
rhrid, Ills mind, through tvnoi,
and monotony , became ial ficelle and dc
! ranged. Something that he had said, iu
. reply to questions having been perverted
to the injury of his mother, he resolved
henceforth to be silent, and tor a long pe
‘ riod neither threats, nor blows, nor coax-,
ings could induce him to speak. When
; not sleeping lie sat quietly iu his chair,
( without uttering a sound or shedding a
tear, or shrinking from the rut-, with
■ which his dungeon swarmed. Louis, af- -
ter the reign of terror, was placed in the i
care of more merciful keepers, but he wa
still kept iu solitary confinement, and nut
allowed to see his sister, who was impris
oned in an adjoining apartment. At
length, in May, 171b\ a physician was 1
i allowed to see him. who pronounced him
1 dying of scrofula. He died at ~ p*. in., ■
in the arms ot Leslie, one of his keepers, ,
I and the next dav, June d, his body was, 1
certified to by four members ot the Com
mittee of I’ublie Safety, and by more
, than lwent} of the officials ol the iemple.
His remains were buried in the cemetery
•‘of St. Marguerite, and every trace of the
' grave carefully obliterated. Several pre
tenders, claiming to be Louis XUL,
I have appeared ; among them, in !• ranee,
j Hcrvagart, a tailor’s son, who died iu
■ I>l2, in prison, and Bruueau, a shoenia-
Iker, wlio was sent t> prison in ISU*J ; and
jiu tbe L’uitod States, the Rev. Lb aver
; Williams, a half-breed Indian, who diet!
I in Isold. i
Within the walls of tlio Bastile during
the reign of Louis XI v was enacted the i
inexplicable mystery, which has continued 1
a mystery to tins day, ot tic Min in the
Iron Mask. When first heard ot lie wa.-
j confined in the Marguerite Islau 1-, in the
t Mediterranean, whence he was removed by
i>e Saint Mars, who was his private gov
ernor, ami answerable, it is supposed, for
his safety with his own life, to tin- Bus tile,
: wiiere he died, <>n November I'', I <*'■>,
and was buried on the *2oth, ui the ceme
tery of St. Paul, under the name ot Ma
chiati. No man, except tin* governor, so
far as is known, ever saw his lace or heard
his voice; two persons, to whom he had
conveyed written words, in one eas" mar
ked upon a linen shirt, iu the other en
graved on a silver plate, died, without
apparent cause, immediately afterwards.
Baring Ids conveyance from the Maguer
ite Isles, l>‘ Saint Mars dined at the same
table, and slept’iu the same chamber with
him, with pistols at hand ready to destroy ;
him, in case of an attempt on Ins part tj i
reveal himself, la the IJistile he was
waited on at table and at his toilet, by the
governor, who took charge of and destroy- |
ed all the linen he once used. He was
never seen but with a mask of black vel
vet, fastened behind his head with steel
springs ; and when he went to hear mass, i
the invalids, who were iu charge ol him
with muskets and lighted matches, were
instructed to fire on him instantly in easy
of his speaking or showing his taco. A
hundred conjectures have been risked as
to who this mysterious person was. who
was treated with such respect, yet with
such jealous rigor—whose lire was held
1 sue rod against taking o'l. yt mid; one
! scene of incessant misery. The ahseenee
of auv person of snlhcient note from the
[htage ,*f history to account for su h pre
-1 eauti >ns bat'd -s all inquiry. The gener
al i lea seems to be that he we..- an elder
'brother of Louts Xld .. the trait ot an i
1 adulterous intrigue between Anueot Au>-
i tna and the Luke of Buckingham, or .some
j other unknown lover, who being born in ,
wedlock, could not have been dispossessed
of his clanu to th. ihrout* had his existence
' been admitted.
! i
; Tiie amour of L iward the. Fourth sug
gested to his brother, the Puke ol (dlos- !
ter. afterwards the notorious Richard 111
a means of attaining the throne, lie even
did no, hesitate to malign los own mo
tile. rathrmiug that the i e.-i mblence of i.d
ward IV., and of the Puke of( la;euee to
notorious gallants, was u sufficient proof
of the,r spurious birth, an 1 tiiat the Puke
of Bluster alone, of all his sons, appeared)
bv his features ami countenance to be the
true offspring of the Puke of dork. —
ShakVsjK.are and history have uia le the
murd.er of th,e babes in the Tower a fa
miliar storv, as well a.- that of the nu
merous pretenders, among whom were
Lambert Xium 1 and IVrkm \\ .irb<-, k, so
it h> unnecessary to give a r • apitulatiou
here. IL‘ a, count ot Sir 11; mas More,
which was colhvt‘J trom the eonf. -ion
l!e murderers in the next reign, is as fol
lows i I hat Richard had iu va:a tamj), r
c d Willi llie governor ot’ th tower B.mck
ti.bui’c t ■ put them to diath. but !■■ ):. i a
: ready'instrument for the execution of his
puroo.-e in 1 vrn 1, his ma-t* rof h rse :
ihat.lfirrel was despatched with a c on;.na
tion to receive the key of the tower t -.
one night, and that during that night he
watched without, whd one ot his grooms,
accompanies 1 bv a notorious as.-w-iii. en
tered the sleeping room of the princes,
-titled them both with f ather bed- and
an i burl d their bodies at tin foot
of the stairca-c. The t-timony of More
is almost cotemporaneous with the event
i?s*df, and is confirmed hr the honors
which ware certainly conferred upon the
alleged murderers. In lli ■ nag a <>f (
I'Ssr! -I! •’ 1 i ! ,?>s i rc i: -
iu the tower, there was found at the foot
of an old stairway (at present shown to
visitors) a heap of decayed bones, which
proved to bo those of two boys. The in
dications were doomed sufficient that
they belonged to the unfortunate Edward
V., and his brother, and they were remov
ed bv royal command to Westminster Ab
bey. where an inscription, beginning,
"Ossa Jcsidcratoritm dm et multum gua
esitu," w:is placed upon the monument.
So well-concealed a matter as the death ot
the roval princes loaves room for paradox
es ni a doubts ; but it is certain
that, though the name ol *r*uwara >
stands on the list of English coveroigns, he
had hardly the shadow of a reign ; that
under the dark protectorship of his uncle i
he went speedily from the palace to pns- j
on, within whose pr.'cincts he found secret
death and burial. Notwithstanding these
corroborations, there are many among the
English mobility who still believe the prin
ces escaped, and one house in Yorkshire
claim to be tin.- direct descendants of Ed
ward V.
Henry Benedict Maria Clement Stuart,
Cardinal of York, the last male represen
tative of the Stuart family, was born in
K utie in 17‘Jn, died in Venice in ISU7. j
He w as the younger brother of the I’reten- j
dcr. Charles Edward, (the i’rince Churl-y
of Scottish song) whom he was preparing'
to aid with a body of French troops assem- ■
bled at Dunkirk, when the overthrow ot ;
the Jacobites at Culloden ruined ihe ;
Stuart cause iu Britain. He subsequently
took orders in the Roman Catholic Church, 1
and in 17 17 was appmted by Benedict
XIV.. a Cardinal. On the death of Li>
brother, in ITttS, ho assumed the title ol
theJKiug of England as Henry IX., gratia
iK i. non roliin(tit< hominum, as the medal
which he caused to be struck of the ocea- ;
si on declared. He was subsequently
obliged to take refuge from French invas-'
ion iu Venice, and during the last years
of his lit*.* he was dependent on the British
Court for means of subsistence. Ho i
was the last male of the Stuart family, |
and with his death the hue became ex
tinct. Its chief branches in the female ;
hue are the houses of Savoy and Orleans
and the I>uke of Modena, all descended |
from Henrietta Maria, daughter of'Charles j
I , of which king the present Duke of j
Modena is tlie lineal representative, being '
thus, hut for tlie act ot settlement, heir t >
the crown of Bulan 1.1 here are two tain- 1
dies of the name of Stuart on this eonti- j
nmit that claim falsely to hr the deseen- |
dents f the Stuarts, and it they be the!
deeeiulents they cannot be the legitimate j
lim al representatives, because the last |
male of the line die 1 a priest, ami was:
never married ; and the females, ->n mar
riage change 1 their names. One of these
females resides in Jackson, Mo., and the
other in Lonoxville, (Jana !a.—A, 1 (
M. Du Chaffin, the African explorer,
who has writtep several works upon his
travels in Equatorial Africa, and has late
ly delighted the community of New \ ork
with several interesting lectures on his
travMs. gives his experience among the;
gorillas or will mm of the forest in the!
following extract. He says ;
I remember well the tir.st time 1 got u
glimpse at the gorilla. Wp had reached '
a place where once a village had been I
built, and where a degenerate kind of su- ,
gar-enue was growing, in the very spot (
where the houses had formerly stood, j
wnon my m-m perceived what at once j
threw us into the greatest excitement. — .
Hero and there the vane was beaten down, I
torn up bv the roots, and lying about in j
fragments which ha-1 evidently been -“hew
ed. M v men looked at each other in si- i
lenco. and muttered the word “Nguyla,”
whi' li is (lie name they give to the goril-i
la. We followed the trace*, and present- ,
lv came to the foot-prints of the long He- j
sired animal. It was the lir.-t time I had ,
ever seen these foot-prints. and my s*nsa
tions were indescribable. 11- rc was 1 ,
now. it seemed, on the point of meeting, .
face to face, that monster, of whose fere
icitv, -trength and cunning, natives lia-i 1
told me so inueh —an animal which since i
tie l dnvs of llanno had not been seen in 1
it- wild state bv a white man By the !
tracks it was easy to see that there must '
have been several gorillas iu company.—l
We prepared at once to follow them. The
women of our party, who carried the food I
of their husband* were terrified, and \.c
left them an escort of several men. I hen *
l the rest of us looked --ncc mure carefully
at our guns, for the man-gorilla gives you
no time to rel .ad, and }vur gun must not j
miss-tire, for then woe to him whom 1,6
attacks \ We w. re armed to the teeth, ■
an i we departed from camp and I-*ft the '
people tin re with fear written on their fa
ces. Slow!’, we pressed oh through the ;
dense bush, lest we should alarm the,
beasts. Makin ia was to go to the left of
the rock, while I t-ok the right. I n-!
fortunately, he got in tin* advance of m<“.
Jli. - watchful animals saw him. Su ld-*n- ■
lv I was -;artletl bv a s’rangc, discordant.
h.alf-b iruan, devili.-h erv. and beheld fmr
j- irilla- running pa>t in tin thick forest
We fn. i. but hit ii'-thing. Then we
rush’ 1 m pursuit ; but tin v knew the
wo' 'its better than-w- did. and could run
faster than we did. Nevertheless, I caught
a glimpse o* •d° of the animals again ;
but an intervening tree spoiled niv aim,
and i dii not lire. When we could pur
sue no m.re we returned slowly to our
eau.p, where the women and men were
anxiously expecting us. As they ran on
their hind legs these gorillas looked fear- j
Tul 1 v like hairv men. Their head down,
their Uvdv inclined forward, their whole
( appear mcc was bkc am running for j
i,,„ ,r - >; . . n if.' th. ; *
the natives, have th wildcat •aperitif ion 5
about these “wild men of the woods.”
Suddenly, as we were vet creeping
along in a silence which maoc the heavy
hreathing seem loud and distinct, the
woods wore all at once filled with the tre-
D'.eudous barking roar of the beast. Then
the underbrush swayed rapidly just ahead,
and presently before us stood an iumicnjo
male gorilla He had gone through the
jungle on all fours, but when he saw our
party h* erected himself and looked ua
boldly in the taco. Nearly six f*et b’tP’-
with an immense body, huge C )\ O3 V * n
great muscular arms, intensely black race.
with fiercely glaring, large deep gray
eves, and a hellish expression of face,
■ which seemed to me like soma nightmare
i vision, thus stood before raa tbo king of
the African forest He was not afraid of
us, but stood there and beat his bracst
! with hw huge fists till it rebounded like
rn immense bass drum, which I found to
be his mode of defiant", meantime giving
vent to roar alter roar. This roar of the
gorilla is the most singular and awful
noise heard in these African woodij. It
begins like a sharp bark of an angry dog,
then glides into a dorp bass, which literal
ly and cl <soly redoubles the roll of' • ant
thunder along the sky. So deep is t that
j it seems to proceed less from a mouth and
throat than from the dcr chest axil va*t
paunch Ilia eyes began, to fiasb fier
cer lire as we stood on the defensive, and
the crest of short hair which stands on
his forehead began to twitch rapidly up
and down while bis powerful teeth were
shown as be sent forth a rocj.’. H# *-1“
vauecd a lew steps, then stopped to utter
that hideous roar again uud I *at hischest,
and finally stopped when at h distance of
about six yards from us ; and here, just
as he began one of his roars, beating his
breast in rage. I killed him. Witii a
groan which bud sono thing terribly hu
[ man in it, and vet full of brutlshncsg, ho
fell forward on his face. flic body shook
eonvulsivolv lor a tew minutes, the limbs
moved about in a struggling way, and
tht'Ti all was quiet —death hi* 1 done hii
1 work, and 1 had leisure to examine the
Of the habits of the gorilla. nd the
difficulty of taming it, M Put haillu tnid
! The animal lives in tin* loiiielcst h.d
i darkest portion of the African jangle,
preferring deep-wooded valleys and f'Watn
pv soil. It is a restless or nomadic beast.
wandering from place to place, and aearee
lv found two day* m the same neighbor
hood. This restlessness is caused by the
struggle it has to find its favorite food. —
for though the gorilla possesses such im
mense can *ne teeth, and though his tus!
strength doubtless fit-’ linn to capture and
. kill almost every animal winch frequents
the forest, he m a strict v ge'eri.u P
does not live on trees; indeed, itw enor
mous weight would pr< vent it from doing
wo. Some of the males must weigh from
;>OO to H 0 pounds. Hv the examination
of the Htoniaehs of the many specim ms 1
liave had, 1 was able to ascertain with
tolerable certainty the nature of ilb food,
ami I discovered that it bad no need to
ascend trees. It is fund of the heart, of
some trees, also ol a kind of nut with a
very bard shell
After my first explorations 1 said that
the gorilla was not gregarious. My last
journey hasdemon-ti aled that 1 w is wi ong.
for f have seen ten of them together, btit
I found them when adults almost always
one male with one female. When the
male becomes very did be wanders com
panioidebs. In such a case, with tbo
“rogue ’ elephant, he is particularly mo
rose, and malignant ami dangerous •"
approach. W ben in bands they are >■ r\
shy and then diflieult to approach, a> their
hear a ' is a*.ne
Sometimes, like the boll, the gorilla, to
amuse himself, roars, and roa s. uud in a
far distance L mistook tins lor a mutter
ing of thunder. One day 1 found that it
was a male gorilla roaring to its female,
who, after a while could be hear i with h
weaker cry. „
As I upproadied I could hear tb*
deep drum-like sound caused by beating
h'o, with his huge fist. Presently
1 Imard trees cracking, and saw through
! the woods, bow, every few minutes, ti
sliding wa.t swung about ami then broken
The gorilla has no other roar than that
1 have described. The female gorilla hut*
1 never more than one young at a tiim
The gorilla walks in an erect position
with greater eas than the ehimpan* -e.- (
| When standing up his knees are bent ui
tin' joint outward and his body Hoops for
ward. The common walk of a gorilla is
1 not on his. hind legs, but on all fours.--
1 lu this position the arm- are so long thnt
: the head ami breast are rais'd considers -
bly. and as he -runs his hind leg* are
| brought far beneath the body. He can
run at great speed.
1 The adult gorilla is, I think perfectly
■ untamable The young ones, bo far iih
m\ e\p l ienee g. cs. I have never been able
to tune. In ii" ease eon 11 any treat in nt
! of miiif . kind or hardi. subdue these little
monster!*. Constantly the enemy of man.
{resenting their captivity, young ** mv
i specimens were- refusing cv. ryihing in
i the shape of civilised too], and aU.ieknig
me with tooth and nail, even thr nigh i
w.is in most constant attendance upon
them ; finally dying without previous sick
ne-- ; or starving themselves* to death, or
' dying without other as*eftainaldo <us"
than the restless chafing of a spirit which
could uot suffer captivity nor the presenca
of inau
- . -
jt-e- At Placevilie a Mothodift tuiUlster
went to a tin shop to buy a blowing born.
Selecting one. be asked I hi* (lerk whether it
would make a loud mi-c? “Oh, yes
said the clerk ;“a b— 1 of a noise
“Well.” repin'd the minister, “.*<* 1 want
it l-v blow at camp meeting. I don’t thuik
■ the I k ; :.! -'fa ■* v ill I walL’Ni
NO. 4t>

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