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Saint, Mary s Beacon
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY By T. P. Ylm and F. V. Kin*. 4 Dollar a Year In Advance. Terns tor Tnnilnt Advertising* One square, one insertion II 00 Each subsequent insertion ... .M Eight lines or less constitute a square A liberal ded.-c. nvl* for year ly advertisements . Cv. rfence soitcited. LUMBER BUYEBS-ATTENTION. Every close buyer of lumber knows that an inquiry addressed to Frank Libby & Co. f Washington , D. C. brings out the fact that PRICES are always lowest; SHIPMENTS are prompt; QUALITY the same as represented, and ENTIRE SATISFACTION given by tbe old firm at 6 ft New York Avenue, N. W. WE QUOTE YOU GEORGIA PINE FLOORING. 62 per hundred square feet. CEILING, beaded, clear and dressed II 60 per hundred aq ft 6-inch Weatherboarding, dressed, II 33 per hundred sq ft DOORS, 11 iuob thick, five panels, II 15 cents each BEADED CEILING, common. |1 25 per hundred sq feet. VlllWOrk of all kinds kept in stock, and we are prepared to load out in one day from one to three carloads of all tbe materials necessary to con struct a residence or a barn. There will be no delay, no errors, for we al ways invite the buyers to remain with us and inspect the loading and shipment of a bill of goods. FOB Shingles, Doors, Blinds. Flooring, etc., see FRANK LIBBEY & CO.. 6th & New York Ave., N. W. Washington, D, C. Est im ed The Test of Time, j LIY2 AND DRESSED POULTRY, I Jsnsxzsstisi: sf.rKi!': 1 ' •"*** COOKE & SONS, 7 W. Pratt St. Wkm tb outlet tod can plmm you. W# handle Poultry, Eggs, Calves. Lambs, Wool, Fur, Grain. Dressed Pork, Fruits and Vegetables. Returns Made Daily. Sept 22-y Snip poULTRY —TO— C. M. LEWIS, 14 E, CAMDEN ST., Baltimore, Md. 9 FOR Best Results, Prompt and Satisfactory Returns. MEMBER OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. EDELEN ddac COMMISSION MERCHANTS, FOR THE SALE OF TOBACCO , GRAIN AND PRODUCE . Special attention iriven to Tli© Inspection of Tobacco, 195 8. SOUTH CHARLES STRUT, BiTTMOEI. XD ALSO DEALERS IN Edelea Bros., Special Tobacco Guano, Edelen Brae. Wheat and Grain Mix ture, Pure Ground Bone, Pure Dissolved S. C. Bone. Our "Special Tobacco Guano’ and Wheat and Grain Mixture w ■ATI MAD MAKUWAOTVHMD. SPECIAL ORDERS SOLICITED. F. SHAW and JNO. M. TALBERT, ( JOHN M. PAGE, ( Salesmen, i Cashier. I The Maryland Commission Agency, OF BALTIMORE CITY. Director*;: Fer tbe Sole *f J. T. Hutchins, President. TobUCCO , Grain and WOOL Joaxra a Wilson, Seely. John H. Mithhx, an P. EL Dahnall, John B. Ghat, ttISS? Form Produce Generally Da. Ghohox W. Dorset. Sooth East Corear Pratt and Charlie Streets. Ms. Jon M. Talbkht will give his personal attention to the inspec tion of all Tobaooo consigned to us. Hiram G. Dudley. James J. Greenwell. Frank S. Dudley. DUDLEY & CARPENTER, General Commission Merchants, 125 Light Street, Baltimore, Md. Sell Tobacco , Grain and Country Produce , tST Particular attention given to the cartful sampling of Tobaooo. J&aint illanj-js Seaton. VOL. 66. LEONARDTOWN, MD., THURSDAY. MARCH 16. 1905. (Written for the Beacon.) . P'jihvs-Breitbed Battery. Bt H. H. Matthews. I _____ ' The Great Cavalry Fight* of the War, Fleetwood BUI or Brandy Plain* , June 9, 1863. Past x. Continued. Col. White’s battalion seems to have been cut into two parts, two of his squadrons becoming mixed up with tbe 12th Va. cavalry on tbe eastern slope of tbe hill, while the other two squadrons retired slonnr i the crest of tbe hill near tbe Bar bour House, in which directiou they were followed by tbe Ist New Jersey regiment now holding the hill tem porarily. Col. Harmon, of th*- i2ib Virginia, soon reformed hi* com mand and aided by tbe two squad rons of the 35th Virginia (Colonel White) regained tbe hill for a short time. Col. Harmon was severely , wounded in a band to hand eooount er with tbe officer leading tbe Fed eral cavalry. Lieut.-Colonel Lige White having reformed bis squsrd roos swept around tbe west side of the hill charging tbe 3 guns which bad been advanced to tbe foot of the bill. This Federal battery was Capt. J. W, Martin’s 6th New York Horse Artillery, one of tbe first horse artillery batteries organized on the Federal side. This battery consisted of 6 3-inch rifles and was a fine battery and one that we were well acquainted with having met it before, especially at Kelly's Ford. Tbe support of this battery was driven off by Col. White. The Col onel in his report in speaking of this action says: “There was no de mand made for tbe strrrender of this battery, nor offer to do so, until nearly all tbe men with many of their horses were either killed or wounded.’’ Col. White could not however, retain possession of these l guns, being surrounded by a supe rior force and was compelled to cut his way out with a heavy loss. The horses being killed, prevented even an attempt to bring off tbe captured guns. Meantime, Gen. W. £. Jones had withdrawn with tbe only regi ment he bad left—tbe 11th Virginia cavalry. Tbe remaining regiments bad been detached by Gen. Stuart’s order and assigned to tbe different points of the field. Tbe 6th Vir ginia was with Hampton; the 7tb Virginia, with W, H. F. Lee, and tbe 12th and 35th Virginia battalion were already at Fleetwood Hill. 1 Hampton, in the meantime, had form ed his four regiments into squadrons and was awaiting tbe attack. Tbe I artillery was in position. Breathed was gallopping from time to time to each part of tbe field, anxious and more than willing to be first in at the death. He was evidently afraid that some of tbe other batteries might get in ahead of him, and was determined to prevent it if possible. Tbe men of tbe old battery felt his anxiety and were ready to rush in at the command. Hampton had sent tbe 6th Virginia cavalry in his ad vance, and Stuart met tbe regiment , and ordered it to charge the enemy’s line on the right. In order that tbe reader may get a correct ideaof that charge, 1 will reproduce Major Flournoy’s report; “I waa ordered by Gen. Hampton to move quickly in the direction of ( Brandy Station road, and while en route was met by Gen. Btuert, who ordered me to cutoff 3 hundred Yan kees who were near the Mi Her bouse. 1 moved across the railroad and in stead of throe hundred, I met what prisoners reported ns five regiments I charged with my regiment, now reduced by casualties but was driv > en back. We had driven back tbe whole force and bad them in retreat, when we were attacked in tbe rear and forced back towards the Miller bouse, where tbe enemy opened on us with artillery. We charged and took the battery, but were unable to bold it. Having been charged by five limes our numbers, we fell back in confusion towards the hill in front of the Miller bouse, where the men rallied and reformed.’’ C. E. FLormwor, Major Corod'g 6 Va. cavalry. —Official Records, Vol. 27, Part 2, page 735. k It was at this point that Breathed oameon the field. Observing that ' the 6lh Virginia was being pressed , back towards Miller’* Hill—east of Barbour’s, a short distance—he moved his section, on his own res ponsibility to the assistance of the 6th Virginia, reaching the slope of tbe hill, just ss the regiment was forced beck to that position. The guns went into battery at oooe. s Breathed was in bis second heaven, rushing from piece to piece, cheer ing tbe met and urging them to fire faster, if such a tb<Dg were powsble, directing the fire of the guoaJflThe fire was so terrific that the eaUty, who were pursuing the 6th. were compelled to retire io great otafu sioa. We will now return to Qaiton, and see how be was self, while we were engaged ee the centre left. Most of the fighting had occurred before Hampton reach ed Fleetwood Hill, but be more (bad made up for the delay when he djl get into action. He advanced to tie attack in a magnificent manner, eftb columns closed up and h?%boWßid ers every inch soldiers. Hampton ordered the Ist North Carolina cav alry, Col. L. S. Baker, and the Jiff. Davis Legion to charge, sod t&y did. Capt. Hart, who commanded a battery of horse artillery trfm Charleston, S. C , was with Hamp ton in this charge. He gi vesta very graphic description of the bnarge as seen by him as a participa I: “The battery that 1 commanded moved abreast of Hampton s i >lumn io a gallop towards this n w foe (Gregg) and as we came near Fleet wood Hill, its summit as aso the whole plateau east of the hi and beyond the railroad was covered with Federal cavalry. Hannon di verging towards his left pass d the eastern terminus of the ridfe and crossing the railroad, strixk the enemy in column, just bepnd it. This charge was gailaotly rrjde and gallantly met, as any the writer ever witnessed during the ueariy four years of active service on pe out posts. Taking into the number of men that crosWd sa bres in this single charge,lbeing nearly a brigade each sidoit was by fur the most important I tnd to hand encounter between the ivalry of the two armies. As the bie and gray riders mixed amid the d st and smoke of that eventful charg , min utes seemed to elapse before its ef fect was determined. At list the intermixed and disorganize* mass began to recede and we saw tpe field was ours. It was a hard smuggle, but Hampton was oneof the hardest fighters in the army of tyrthern Virginia, bis men partaking of the spirit of their commander.'T J. F. Hast, Capt. Confl ’g. , battery A. In looking over the life of Gen. Stuart by McClelland, I find ip men tion made of the gallant change of Cobb’s Legion, of Georgia, and of the Ist South Carolina cavalry, Col. Young. I would like to reproduce these reports, but owing to the length of this article, must refer the reader to the Official Records, Wl. 27, Part 2, where they may be read in full. It was at (his point that Breathe! and McGregor's guns had their clos est call. After Young’s charge and while Breathed and McGregor were opening upon the flying Yankees, the Ist New Jersey cavalry came thundering dowh the ridge, striking Breathed's section and McGregor’s battery in the flank, where they were not supported, and riding be tween the guns and caissons from right to left. They were met by a determined resistance —hand to band fight —from the cannoneers, who with pistol, spongestaff, trail hand spike and anything in the shape of a weapon that they might possess fought so desperately that they did not succeed in getting a single one of our men, and we bad determined never to let oneof our guns (all laic the bands of the enemy. This was another occasion where the Horse Artillery proved that it could take care of itself. Lieut.-Col. Broder ick, who commanded the Ist New Jersey cavalry, .vt. killed in front of Breathed’s section, also Major J. H. Sbelmire, who fell from a pistol ball while attempt.ng to load his men through the batteries. The charge was repulsed by the artillery alone, not a solitary trooper being in each. F’eel wood Hill was now covered with artillery. Hampton was pressing the enemy on the plains below. The enemy still held Bran dy Station. The last cbsrge on this line was made by Col. L. L Lomax with his gallant regiment, the 11th Virginia cavalry. He advanced his regiment over the captured battery (Martin’s 6 N. Y.) covering both sides of the road, driving the enemy pell moll from Brandy Station and for quite a distance on the Stevens burg road. The dust and smoke was so thick that it was impossible at a distance and even nearer to dis tinguisb between friend and foe. Col. H. S. Thomas tells us that “in the confusion be picked up a Vir ginia trooper, who remarked, *1 can not tell you Yanks from our folks. ’ ” Thus ended the gallant attack of Gregg’s magnificent division of | splendidly equipped cavalry, con sisting of 5 brigades and of 4 of the i beat batteries io the Federal army, i as against Stuart's two brigades. (Hampton sand Jones')and 10 pieces of artillery—Breathed’s 1 section, and Hart’sand McGregor’s batteries o i 4 guns each. ► (To be oobUbmSJ FACTS WORTH KNOWING. From Talks at St. Maty's Farmers' Institute, March 6 and 7, 1905. *‘BJOa COSMOX AILMENTS OT ANIMALS ’ AND THUS TREATMENT. , (Am presented by Dr. H. P. Miller. > 4 Ohio, is designed to help farmers i Anders land the causes and nature of I the more common ailments of their farm animals, so that they may pre vent disorders and diseases as far as possible, and treat intelligently the less complicated ones. The horse suffers ter more gener ally than recognised from defective teeth through the uneven wearing away of the er m Sharp points develop at the outer edge of the up per molars and inner edge o’ the lower. These lacerate the cheek and tongue. They should be floated off. Horses should be shod only under conditions mat make it neces sary. Farm horses seldom ever need shoeing. Lameness in the fore limbs is in the hoof in f be vast ma jority of cases and is due to injudi cious shoeing. The heel should be kept low so as to permit the frog to receive a part of the weight. Other wise the hoof will contract. There are throe forms of colic that must be distinguished before intel ligent treatment can be administer ed. The most dangerous form is gaseous. An alkali is to be admin istered to check formation of gas. Summon soda, charcoal, ammonia, chloral hydrate and carbonate of am monia are indicated. Spasmodic colic is the most com mon form, results from radical change of feed, excessive drinking of cold water, rapid chilling of the body, rapid or heavy work soon after feed ing. Heat is the best relief; hot packs when they can be applied, otherwise or in conjunction any household remedy used in human family for same disorder given in ten times the dose for adult. Ounce dosesof laudaoumare valuable. The third form is that of impaction re sulting from change to dry, indiges tible food, ax over ripe clover. Hey or wheat straw. Give linseed oil until bowels move. Azoturea. commonly called “Stiffs" is result of high feeding without ex ercise. At first evidence of attack stop the horse, blanket warmly, and apply hot packs over quarters affect ed. Usually it is a paralysis of the muscles of the loin and hip. Rub vigorously with a mild blistering liniment, also rub limbs with same. A laxative will assist. Feed little or nothing for several hours. The watery accumulations upon i shoulders of horses in spring results from the long continued pressure of i the collar by which circulation is impeded. The blood vessel walls i distend when pressure is removed so that fluid porticos of blood es cape in the connective tissue be neath skin. It may often be remov . ed by applications of hot cloths fora few days. When this is not success > ful open thtt enlargement after thoroughly cleansing the skin and knife to be used. So called ‘Wolf-in-the-tail’’ ani “Hollow horn” are conditions re i suiting from poor nourishment. The remedy is good feeding. A cheap and efficient remedy for i lice upon animals is common gaso i line. All kinds of young animals i suffer seriously from internal para* . sites. Proprietary stock .oods are ’ not reliable remedies. Tartar erne ■ tic, copperas and turpentine are simple and effective remedies. I CROPS THAT IMPROVE THE SOIL 1 Under this topic, H. P. Miller : called attention to the w y io which the fertility of the land bad been de * veloped. Pulverized rock to become soil must have organic matter and 1 the element nitrogen ndded to it. 1 Tne way to make our badly worn ' soils more productive is not to let * them rest through lying bare, but 1 to keep something growing upon 1 them that goes back to the land, * directly or indirectly, to increase r the organic matter in the soil. 5 The process of decay going on in ■ contact with the rock particles liber ates the plant food they contain. 9 The plants themselves return the a elements they withdrew in their ’ growth, but they add more. * One of the great problems of agri . culture is that of increasing the ni i trogen in the soil. There is sn in exhaustible supply in the atmos | phere. None of the cultivated plants can directly use the nigtrogeo of the e air, but the class called legume* , support a lower form of vegetabU '• life Known as bacteria upon tbeii 5 roots that have the power of trass s forming the nitrogen of the air inu a compound that our cultivatec plants can use. Because of thii quality we speak of the legumes. ’ peas, beans and clovers, as soil im provers. It must be borne in mind, however, that they add nitrogen u the soil only when they support ;h. germs upon their roots. Each species of plant requires a particu t lar species of germ. These must be f put into many soils. Red Clover and Alfalfa have another value. They root —more deeply than the grasses and bring up mineral also leave a larger proportion of themselves in root and stubble upon the field where i they grew. Clover crops are valuable in that i they protect the soil from washing and blowing. 1 THREE REASONS FOR ÜBINO THE SILO. First: It provides a succulent loud in winter. Under natural con ditions the animal does b tin pas ture. To approximate these condi tions, and make a substitute for pas ture we use silage. As good re sults can be obtained from sulks alone, in the silo, as from the sam stalks dried, carefully housed, and two pounds grain uaily. Second; By the aid of ne silo, wc utilize oil the plant at its best. Seveuty per cent of the food value of the stalk is below the ear. VN ben dried, much of the sugar and starch, is turned to woody fiber, in digestible aud so unpalatable that much of it is rejected by the animal Third: It is the cheapest way the corn crops can be handled; a careful comparison has shown, that a like amount of corn and stalks, can be put before cattle through the silo at much less cost, than when cut, shocked, husked and ground in the old-fashioned way. A Pleasant Dance. (Reported for the Bucos.) On Friday, March 3rd, the most > enjoyable and it will pot be saying i too much the most memorable dance of the season was given at the home of Mr. John H. Russell near Miles town. About 7 o dock, the dancing began and was kept up until 12, when refreshments were served. After this, the dancing was resumed until the wee small hours when the sweet strains of Carter's band play ing instead of, “Home Sweet Home'* the sad tune, “Blue Bell” that indi i cates, “We two must part, ’’ caused i the heart of many a love-sick youth to ache, for though we have spent many pleasant evenings in the past i few months we felt sure this would be the last. We owe our sincere gratitude to our kind host and host ess, who did their utmost to make r the event as pleasant as possible. Among those present were: ; Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Russell, J. T. N. Lawrence, W. S. Russell. A T. Wible, Parran Graves. Thomas StClare, George Goodwin, G. H. Cullins, Cleveland > Bailey, W. M. Russell, Vincent Tompson. Me-,dames. Allen Tompson, Charles Andison, James Hayden, Lucy Swann, Imo I gene Rewark. M isses ( May and Effie Russel], Ella El’.is, 1 Grace Swann, Amy Hall, Agnesßus se’l, Irene and Nellie Long, Nora Hayden, Mary Tompson. Ella Cul ’ lins, Lola Woodburn. Berta Guy, Lena Hall, Nettie Morders. Edith Bailey. > „ Messrs. W. Cullins, 0. Russell, J Good * win, J. Git on, A. Mattingly, B. Woodburn, E. Tor pson, F. and D. Tompson, Marshal and Maguire Ha’!, r Albert and Carroll Ellis, G^org 3 i Had, Dominic Hayden, Wiilie and - Cleveland Gallon, Ernest Burch, b Walter Cbeseldice, Joseph Murder®, i George Lawrence, Hcrbe-l Dyson, Lancaster Woodburn, Wood Oliver, 3 Ernest Ellis, Ernest Weaver. Marion t Gibson, Tummy Russell, Douglas t Owens, Aubrey Cullins, John and a Albert Russell. D. M. C. e RfITA mild-looking little fellow with side-whiskers, entered the re q gistratioo booth and stood modestly in line until bis turn came. When asked bis name he leaned forward • and whispered it to the chairman. e “How old are you?'' was the next r question. “Thirty-eight,” whispered the man. l * “Where did you cast your last i- vote?” i- “1 —I —l never voted before.” . “Thirty-eight years old and never voted? Why not?” 8 “Well, you see, sir, my wife nev e er made up her mind before who she s wasted to support.” e r I guess old Slyroan is j. beginning to make bis pile. ” “Why do you think so?” ® “He's going around blowingabout d bow much happier a man is when is he’s poor.” Saint Mam s Beacon. Job Printing, such m Handbills, Circulars, Blanks, Bill Heads, executed with neatness and despatch. Phrtiea having Beal sr Personal Property for sale can obtain des criptive handbills neatly executed and at city prices 4263. A Dance. iHcpomd (or IS* Batons.) There was recently a very pleas ant dance at the home of Mr. aid Mrs. Henry Hall. In spite of tle cold night there was a large croi d from far and near. And I feel sue there was not one who regretted coming. Dancing began about 7 i o’clock, and was kept op until 6in i the morning, when the old H <*d of the Bay band struck up Home Street I Home, and we were all soon wending our way homeward. Among those present were: Mesdamee. Name Wilkinson,. Annie Graces * Mrmie Knott, Mery Tea a moo, Coia Tompson, Gertie Hall. Misses Katie Tippett. Edith Hall, Julia Wilkinson, Nannie and LizzieTenni son. Laura Scots. Ada Vallanding bam, Bessie Quade, Amy and Alice Hall, Mary Tompson. Annie Laor . Lyd*a Tennison, Fannie Wilkinson. Messrs. Bob Lyon, Warren Guy, Allie and Stephen Downs, George Hall, A. Jei t Ellis, Ira Tennison, Dan Drury, Bennie, Albert, lewis nnd Bernard Buckler, Stone Deal, John Lacey, John Hall, Roam Tompson, Ailis Tompson, Ben Knott, Jim Copsy, Sprigg Wheeler, Wiliie and Frank Hayden, Cflide Burroughs, Georgo Lawrence, John and Morris Grave*. Lawrence Vallandiagba'o, Cheseldine, Willie and ClevcGallon, Walter Quade, Scott. Gcxss. Warning to Orchard In Cm. The time is at hand when all pro gressive orchard istn and those who appreciate the value of fruit in tbs borne, should give their trees some attention. I refer more especially to those who have been menaced in retaining their orchards in a vigor ous condition by the attacks of the San Jose Scale. This note of warning will also serve to notify those whose trees were inspected by the local inspec tors under the employ of the State Horticultural XJupurtiucut of the Maryland Agricultural College, and found to be infested with this pest. In each case, the inspector tagged several trees in order to call the at tention of the grower to the presence of the insect in bis orchard. As a result of numerous experi ments, (see Md. E:cp. Station Bulle tin 99) conducted by this Depart -1 meet with various insecticides we find as yet, the lime, sulfur and salt wash (formula lime, 20 lbs. sulfur 1 15 lbs. salt 10 lbs. and water 50 gal lons, boiled from 30 to 60 mmutig) to be the most effective remedy for the post. The wash should be ap plied to the trees in the Spring, just before the buds begin to swell, and it is hoped that all who have this pest among their trees will give the matter their immediate attention. It is advisable to secure reliable information as to the effectiveness of any prepared wc h advertised for this pest before applying same. I information as to ihe resuiusoft:.- t penments wi *i various prepaid 1 washes ca be had Lv securing bul leti" 91) of the Maryland Experiment Station. k The writer will be pleased to give further information as n r'ardssprayi iog and also to receive Iwigsof trees i from any person for examination. All communications should be ad dressed to the State Entomologist, - College Park, Md., Truly yours, Thomas B. Stmo.vr, State Entomologist. , | *-**~ I j Hasty Observations. , Some yer-.rs ago an authoress of , coa If’ rable note was entering a , i place of public entertainm* t when , the sound of her own name uttered i by a group just in front of lv r at i tr acted her attention, and she dis -1 covered that a gentleman in the company of several ladies was point ing out another lady at* some dis -7 tance to his com pan ions os i. /self. ‘Oh. dear, she’s not at ail pretty,’ y said one of the ladies, putting up 1 her opera glass. ‘Quite vulgar looking.’ saidanotb t er adjusting her s to a better focus. “So dreadfully masculine,’’ said e a third. “Any one might guess she t was a blue-stocking. I pity her husband, I declare.’’ “She is masculine,’’ said the gen* r tleman complacently, pleased to have interested bis companions. “You e can see that even from here. But you can’t appreciate her ugliness without seeing her full face. She s has a most appalling squint. ’* | The authoress in question, who t was neither masculine nor ugly nor 2 afflicted with a squint, bad sense of humor enough to enjoy the situation.