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Saint Manj’s Beacon
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY By T. P. Viite* and F. V. King. A Dollar a Yoar In Advance. Tarnw tor Transient Advertising* One square, one insertion $1 00 Each subsequent insertion— .50 Eight lines or less constitute a square A liberal deduction made for year ly advertisements. Correspondence, solicited. LUMBER BUYERS -ATTENTION. Every close buyer of lumber knows that an inquiry addressed to Frank Idbbu & Co,, Washington, D. C. brings out the fhet that PRICES are always lowest; SHIPMENTS are prompt; QUALITY the same as represented, and ENTIRE SATISFACTION given by the old firm at (I & Now York Avenue, N. W. WE QUOTE YOU GEORGIA PINE FLOORING, $2 per hundred square feet CEILING, beaded, clear and dressed $1 Mi per hundred sq ft tf-iocb Weatherboarding, dressed, II 33 per hundred sq ft DOORS, inch thick, five panels, II 15 cents each BEADED CEILING, common, |1 25 per hundred sq feet. of all kinds kept jn stock, and we are prepared to load out in one day from one to three carloads of all the materials necessary to con struct a residence or a barn. There will be nodelay, no errors, for wo al ways invite the buyers to remain with us and inspect the loading and shipment of a bill of goods. FOR Shingles, Doors, Blinds, Flooring, etc., see FRANK LIBBEY & CO,. 6th & New York Ave., N. W. Washington, D. C, u i,’ a I W “ , J S E SEND US YOUR ORDERS. wm ™ I IrilE UNDEU-PBICE LIUUOUJIUUBe| OFFERS YOU TO-DAY 13 Bottles of Standard Whiskies, Assorted in Case : . ■ TVV ilsou, Paul Jones, Overboil, Trimble, Homo Club, Hunter, Jas.3? 5 8 E. Pepper, Oscar Pepper, Anderson, Hermitage, Elks, Potomac £ FOR $9.50 P2S CASS. $ | THE UNDER PRICE LIQUOR HOUSE OFFERS YOU TO-DAy| <£ 12 Buttles of Cordials, Gins, Brandies, Cherries, Creme de 8 a i J Mcntbe, Tom Gin, Geneva Gin, Sloe Gin, Diamina, 7 8 French Brandy, Orange Bitters, Uoonekamp w Bitters, Creme de Violet, Anisette, Kimmel m SB9O FEB CASE. * fuVL.K WIIIBKUY, . . KM) Ualhm to 600,| | jHtaj|Uff ‘404: 7th Street, S. HK, | Washington, I). C. Esl SS taJ Tto Test oi lime, hi" SJ a UVB AMD naBSSED PODLIBT. Shipper* who want a large and absolutely reliable house to handle their Balti more accounts should got in touch with., I. COOKE & SONS. 7 W. Pratt St. We have the cutlet and can please you. We handle Poultry, Eggs, Calves, Lambs, Wool, Fur, Grain, Dressed Pork, Fruits and Vegetables. Returns Made Daily. Sept 22-y mmSmm _______ Ship your Poultry, Eggs, Grain, Wool and Lambs —TO— C. JH. LEWIS, 14 E. CAMDEN ST., Baltimore, Md,, MEMBER OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. EDELEN BROS., COMMISSION MERCHANTS, FOR THE SALE OF TOBACCO , GRAIN AND PRODUCE. Special attention g*iren to Tike Inspection of fobaooo, US 8. SOOTS CHAELBS STBXZT, BATDCOBI, XD ALSO DEALERS IN Edelen Bros., Special Tobacco Guano, Edelen Bros. Wheat and Grain Mix ture, Pure Ground Bone, Pure Dissolved S. C. Bone. ‘Special Tobacco Guano* and Wheat and Grain Mixture w* mays had haxuvaotuud. ORDERS SOLICITED. Jlaint Matfi’o Sfacon. VOL. 66. LEONARDTOWN, MD., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28.1905. BOOKER T. WASHINGTON AND THE NEGRO By THOMAS DIXON, JR. Author of "THE LEOPARD’S SPOTS’* Some Dangerous Aspects of the Work of Tuskegee. I Reprinted from the Saturday Even ing Poet, of Philadelphia. Copyright ISOS by Curtis Publishing Company.] For Mr. Booker T. Washington ss a ■tan sod leader of his race I have al ways had the warmest admiration. His life Is a romance which appeals to the heart of universal humanity. The story of a little ragged, barefooted piccaninny who lifted bis eyea from a cabin In the hills of Virginia, saw a vision and fol lowed it, until at last be presides over the richest and most powerful institu tion of learning in the south, and sits down with crowned heads and presi dents, has no parallel even in the Tales af the Arabian Nights. The spirit of the man, too, has al ways Impressed me with Its breadth, generosity and wisdom. The aim of bis work la noble and Inspiring. As I understand it from his own words. It is “to make negroes producers, lovers of labor, honest. Independent good." His plan for doing this Is to lead the negro to the goal through the develop ment oi eolld character, Intelligent In dustry and material acquisition. Only a fool or a knave can find fault with such an ideal. It rests squarely on the eternal verities. And yet It will not solve the negro problem, nor bring us within sight of its solution. Upon the other hand. It will only intensify that problem’s dangerous features, com plicate and make more difficult Its ulti mate settlement. It IS to this tragic fact to which I am trying to call the attention of the nation. I have for the negro race only pity and sympathy, though every large con vention of negroes since the appear ance of my first historical novel on the race problem baa gone out of Its way to denounce me and declare my books caricatures and libels on their people. Their mistake is a natural one. My books are hard reading for a negro, and yet the negroes, in denouncing them, are unwittingly denouncing one of their best friends. I have been Intimately associated with negroes since the morning of nay birth during the Civil War. My house hold servants are all negroes. I took them to Boston with me, moved them to New York, and they now have entire charge of my Virginia home. The first row I ever had on the negro problem was when I moved to Boston from the aouth to take charge of a fashionable church at the Hnb. I attempted to Im port my baby’s nsgro nurse Into a Bos ton hotel. The proprietor informed me that no “coon" could occupy a room in hla house in any capacity, either aa guest or servant I gave him a piece of my mind and left within an hour. As a friend of the negro race I claim that he should have the opportunity for the highest noblest and freest de velopment of his full, rounded man hood. He has never had this opportu nity in America, either north or south, and he never can have it The forces against him are overwhelming. My books are simply merciless rec ords of conditions m they exist, condi tions that can have but one ending It they are not honestly and fearlessly faced. The Civil War abolished chattel slavery. It did not settle the negro problem. It settled the union question and created the negro problem. Fred eric Harrison, the English philosopher, declared that the one great shadow which clouds the future of the Ameri can republic is the approaching tragedy of the irreconcilable conflict between the negro and white man In the devel opment of our society. Mr. Jamee Bryce recently made a similar statement The Argument of the Ostrich Man. If allowed to remain here the negro race in the United States will number <0.000,000 at the end of this century fay their present rate of Increase. Think of what this means for a moment and iron face the gravest problem which ever puxxled the brain of statesman or philosopher. No such problem ever before confronted the white man in his recorded history. It cannot be whistled down by opportunists, politicians.weak minded optimists or female men. It most he squarely met and fought to a lint ah Several classes of people at present obstruct any sqrious consideration of this question—the pot-house politician, the ostrich man, the pooh-pooh man, and the benevolent old maid. The poli tician la still busy over the black man’s vote In doubtful states. The pooh-pooh man needs no definition —be was a born fool. The benevolent old maid con tributes every time the hat is passed and is pretty sure to do as much harm as good in the long run to any cause. The ostrich man Is the funniest of all this group of obstructionists, for he is a man of brains and capacity. I have a friend of this kind In New York. He got after me the other day somewhat In this fashion; “What do you want to keep agitating this Infernal question for? There’s no danger in It unless you stir It Let it alone. I grant you that the negro race is a poor, worthless parasite, whose criminal and animsi instincts threaten society. But the negro Is here to stay. We most train him. It Is the only thing we can do. So what’s the use to waste your breath?" “But what about the future when yon have educated the ngfft** 1 asked tlm "Let the future takeanof Itself!" the ostrich man waited. "W- uve n the present. What's the use to worry aboat hell? If I caajßpamble through chances with the hell problem!" *** My friend forgets- tbit this was pre cisely the Hoe of of our fath ers over the qnestims of negro slavery. When the oonstvnethw Statesmen of Virginia (called pessimism and Infidels la their day) foresaw the coming bap tism of fire and blood ftt to 6fi) over the negro slave, they-attempted to de stroy the slave trade find abolish slav ery. My friend jsp find hie very words slaves are here and here to stay. Great er evils await their freedom. We need their labor. Let the question alone. There is no danger in it anises you stir 1L” The truth which is gradually forcing itself upon thoughtful students of our national life is that no scheme of edu cation or religion can solve the race problem, and that Mr. Booker T. Wash ington’s plan, however high and noble, can only intensify Its difficulties. This conviction Is baaed on n few big fundamental facts, which no pooh poohing. ostrich-dodging, weak-minded philanthropy or political rant can ob scure. The first one la that no amount of education of any kind. Industrial, clas sical or religious, can make n negro n white man or bridge the chasm of the centuries which separate him from the white man In the evolution of human civilisation. Expressed even in the most brutal terms of Anglo-Saxon superiority there Is here an irreducible fact It la possi bly true, as the negro. Professor Kelly Miller, claims, that the Anglo-Saxon is “the most arrogant and rapacious, the most exclusive and intolerant race In history."/ Even so, what answer can be given to his cold-blooded proposi tion: ‘'Can you change the oolor of the negro’s skin, the kink of hie hair, the bulge of his Up or the beat of his heart with a spelling-book or a machine?" What Abraham Lincoln Said. No man has expressed this idea more clearly than Abraham Lincoln when be said: “There Is a physical difference between the white and black races which. I believe, will forever forbid them living together on terms of social and political equality." Whence this physical difference? Its secret lies in the gulf of thousands of years of inherited progress which sep arates the child onntJysn from the child of the African. Buckle in his History of Civilisation says: “The actions of bad men produce only temporary evil, the actions of good men only temporary good. The discov eries of genius alone remain: It Is to them we qwe all that we now have; they are for all ages and for all times; never young and never old. they bear the seeds of their own lives; they are essentially cumulative." Judged by this supreme test, what contribution to human progress have the millions of Africans who inhabit this planet made during the past four thousand years? Absolutely nothing. And yet, Mr. Booker T. Washington In a recent burst of eloquence over his educational work boldly declares: “The negro race has developed mors rapidly in the thirty years of its free dom than the Latin race has in one thousand years of frsedom." Think for a moment of the pitiful puerility of this statement falling from the lips of the greatest and wisest lead er the negro race lias yet produced! Italy Is the mother of genius, the In spiration of the ages, the creator of architecture, agriculture, manufactures, commerce, law, science, philosophy, finance, church organisation, sculpture, music, painting and literature, and yet the American negro in thirty years has outstripped her thousands of yean of priceless achievement! Education is the development of that which Is. The negro has held the con tinent of Africa since the dawn of his tory. crunching acres of diamonds be neath his feet Yet he never picked one up from ti.> dust until a white man showed to him Its light His land swarmed with powerful and docile ani mals. yet he never built a harness, cart or sled. A hunter by necessity, he never made an ax. spear or arrowhead worth preserving beyond the moment of Its use. In a land of stone and tim ber, he never carved a Mock, sawed a foot of lumber or built a house save o t broken sticks and mud. and for four thousand years be gaxed upon the sea yet never dreamed a salt Who is the greatest negro that ever lived according to Mr. Booker T. Wash ington? Through all his hooks be speaks this man’s name with bated breath and uncovered head—" Frederick Douglass of sainted memory!" And what did Saint Frederick do? Spent a life in bombastic vituperation of the men whose genius crested the Ameri can republic, wore himself out finally drawing bis salary as a federal office holder, and at last achieved the dlmax of negro sainthood by marrying n white woman! What Education Cannot Do. Says the author of Napoleon, Hon orable Thomas E. Watson: “Education Is a good thing, but It never did and never will alter the essential character of any man or race of men." I repeat, education is the develop ment of that which is. Behold the man whom the rags of slavery ones con cealed —nine millions strong! This creature, with a racial record at four thousand years of incapacity, half-child, half-animal, the sport at impulse, whim and conceit pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw, a being who. left to his will, roams at night and sleeps In the day. whose native tongue has framed no word at love, whose pen sions once aroused are ee the tiger's— equality la the law of our life!—when he is educated and ceases to fill his use ful sphere as servant and peasant what are you going to do with him? The second big fact which confronts the thoughtful, patriotic American Is that the greatest calamity which could Possibly befall this republic would be the corruption of our national char acter by the assimilation of the negro race. I have never seen a white of any brains who disputes this fact I have never seen a negro of any ca pacity who did not deny It One thought 1 would burn into the soul of every young American (and who thinks of a negro when be says “Americanr)—this: Our republic la grant not by iwnaon of the amount of dirt are presses, or the slxe of our oeu ws roll, but because of the genius of the race of pioneer white freemen who settled this continent dared the might of kings, and biased the way through our wilderness for the trembling feet of liberty. A distinguished negro college pro fessor recently expressed himself as to the future American In one of our great periodicals as follows; "All race prejudice will be eradicated. Physically, the new race will be much the stronger. It will be endowed with a higher intelligence and clearer con ception of God than the whites of the west have ever had. It will be much less material than the American white of today. It will be especially con cerned with the things of the mind, and moral excellence will become the domi nant factor In the life of the new na tion. The new race is to gain more from the black element than from the white.” We have here an accurate statement of the passionate faith of ninety-nine negroes out of every hundred. Profea sor Du Bols, author of The Souls of Black Folk, undoubtedly believes this. His book is a remarkable contribution to the literature of our race problem. In it for the first time we see the naked soul of a negro beating itself to death against the bars in which Aryan so ciety has caged him! No white man with a soul can read this book with out a tear. Mr. Charles W. Chestnut the negro novelist believes In amalga mation, for he told me so. Professor Kelly Miller, the distinguished negro teacher of Washington, believes it In a recent article he declares; "It is, of course, impossible to con ceive of two races occupying the same area, speaking the same language, wor shipping according to the same ritual, and endowed with the same political and civil privileges without ultimately fusing. Social equality is not an indi vidual matter, as man contend, but is rigorously under the control of public sentiment." I commend the solid logic of thess sentences from a ti xightful negro to the illustrious Society o? Pooh-Poohs. What is the attitude of Mr. Booker T. Washington on this vital Issue? You will search his books and listen to his lectures in vain for any direct answer. Why? Because, If he dared to say what be really in his soul of souls believes. It would end his great careeer, both north and south. In no other way has he shown his talent as an organizer and leader of his people with such con summate skill as in the dexterity with which he has for 20 years dodged this Issue, holding steadily the good-will of the southern white man and the north ern philanthropist He is the greatest diplomat his race has ever produced. Yet he who reads between the lines of his written and spoken words will find the same purpose and the same faith which his more blunt and fearless brethren have honestly and boldly pro claimed. He shows this In bis worship of Frederick Douglass. In his book. The Future of the American Negro, we find this careful sentence: "To state In detail Just what place the black man will occupy in the south as a citizen when he has developed in the direction named Is beyond the wis dom of any one." Yet on page 6 he says: "The surest way for the negro to reach the highest positions is to pre pare himself to fill well at the present the basic occupations’’—lndependent Industries. course—for, mark you, "Tuskegee Institute la not a servant training school!" Again on pages 83 and 85 we are told: "There U an unmistakable In fluence that comes over a white man when he sees a black man living In a two-story bouse that has been paid for. I need not stop to explain. Just in so far as we can place rich negroes in the south who can loan money to white men, this race question will disappear." Why? The conclusion is obvious: The ne gro who bolds a mortgage on a white man’s bouse will ultimately demand and receive social recognition from him. On page <6 of his Future of the American Negro he says; "The Jew, who was once lq about the same posi tion as the negro is today, has now recognition because he has entwined himself about America In a business and Industrial way." Again his conclusion Is obvious. Ths absurdity of the comparison, however, la the Important point in this sentence, not only for the pathetic ignorance of history It displays, but for the revela tion of the writer’s secret hopes and dreams. The Jew has not been assimilated into our civil and social life because of bis money—but for a very different reason. The Jew belongs to our rare, the same great division of humanity. The Semitic group of the white race la. all In all. the greatest evolved in history. Their children have ever led tbs vanguard of human progress and achievements. A great historian and philosopher once said: "Show me a man of transcendent genius at any period of tbs world’s history and I’ll ■bow you a man with Hebrew blood la his veins.'*' Our prejudice against tka Jew Is not because a t his inferiority, bat becalhe of his genian. We era afraid of him. we Gentiles who meet him in the arena of life, get licked and then make faces at him. The truth Is the Jew had achieved a noble civilisa tion—had his poets, prophets, priests and kings—when oar Germanic anrns tors were still In the woods cracking cocoanats and hickorynnta with mon keys. We have assimilated the Jew be cause his daughter Is beautiful and his son strong In mind and body! The Danger of a Nation Within a Nation. The trouble with Mr. Booker T. Washington’s work Is that he Is silent ly preparing us for the future heaven of amalgamation—or be is doing some thing equally dangerous, namely, he Is attempting to build a nation Inside a nation of two hostile races. In this event he is storing dynamite beneath the pathway of our children—the end at last can only be in bloodshed. Mr. Wash<ngton Is not training ne groes to take their place In any Indus trial system of the south In which the white man can direct or control him. He is not training his students to bs servants and come at the beck and call of any man. He Is training them all to be masters of men. to be Independent, to own and operate their own indus tries. plant their own Helds, buy and sell their own goods, and In every shape and form drslroy the last vestige of depend on the white man for any thing. I do not say this Is not landable—l do not say that It is not noble. I only ask what will be Its end tor negro when the work is perfect? Every pupil who passes through Mr. Washington’s hand ceases forever to work under a white man. Not only so. but hs goes forth trained as an evangelist to preach the doctrine of separation and Inde pendence. The negro remains on thla continent for one reason only. The southern white man has needed his labor, and therefore has fought every suggestion of his removal. But when he refuses longer to work for the white man, then what? Mr. Booker T. Washington says on page 65 of his book: “The negro most live for all time beside the southern white man.” On what sort of terms are they to live together? As banker and borrower? Hardly, if the negro Is the banker. Even now, with the white man still bugging the hoary delusion that be can’t get along without the negro, he Is being forced to look to the Old World for his labor. The simple troth Is, the south will lag behind the world indus trially In just so far as she depends on negro labor. The idea that a white man cannot work in the Helds o t the south Is exploded. Only one-third of the cot ton crop Is today raised by negro labor. Even now the relations of the races, with the negro an Integral part of the white man’s Industrial scheme, become more and more difficult A Gulf That Grows Wide. Professor Kelly Miller says: *Tt to a matter of common observation that the races are growing further and further apart.” Mr. Washington says on this point; “for the sake of the negro and the southern white man there are many things In the relations of the two races that must soon be changed" (page 65). The point I raise to that education necessarily drives the races farther and further apart, and Mr. Washington’! brand of education makes the gulf be tween them if anything a little deeper If there is one thing a southern whits man cannot endure It is an educated negro. What’s to be the end of It If the two races are to live forever aide by side In the south? Mr. Washington says: "Give the black man so much skill and brains that he can cut oats like the white man—then he can compete with him.” And then the real tragedy will begin. Does any sane man believe that when the negro ceases to work under the direction of the southern white man, this “arrogant,” "rapacious” and “in tolerant” race will allow the negro to master his Industrial system, take the bread from his mouth, crowd him to the wall and place a mortgage on hie bouse? Competition to war—the most fierce and brutal of all Its forma Could fatuity reach a sublimer height thaw the idea that the white man will stand Idly by and see this performance? Whrt will be do when put to the test? He will do exactly what his white neigh bor in the north does when the negro threatens his bread —kill him! Abraham Llncolon foresaw this tra gedy when he wrote his Emancipation Proclamation, and he asked congress for an appropriation of a billion dol lars to colonise the whole negro race. He never believed It possible to assimi late the negro into our national life. This nation will yet come back to Lin coln’s plan, still so eloquently advo cated by the Negro Bishop. Henry M. Turner. It Is curious how the baldbeaded as sertion of a lie - ran be repeated end re peated until millions of eaae people will accept the bare aaeertloß as an es tablished fart At the close of the war. Mr. Lincoln, brooding over the In soluble problem of the negro's future which his proclamation had created, asked General Benjamin P. Butler to devise and report to him Immediately a plan to colonise the negroes. Gen eral Butler, naturally hostile to the Idea, made st once hto famous, false and facetious report, “that ships could not be found to carry the negro babies to Africa as fast as they are born!” The president was assassinated a few days later. This He to now forty yean old. and Mr. Booker T. Washington actually repeats It u a verbal Inspira tion. though entirely unconscious of Its historic origin. Ws have spent about MHO.OOO.fiOO on negro education since the war. On*- Saint Mary's Beacon Job Prinliny, such as Handbills, Circulars, Blanks, Bill Heads, executed with neatness and despatch. Pities having Real or Personal Property for sale can obtain des criptive handbills neatly executed and at city prices 4291 half of this sum would have been suf ficient to have made Liberia a rich sad powerful negro state. Liberia to cage able of supporting every negro la America. • Why not face this question squarely? Wu are temporising and playing with It. All our educational echemes are compromises and tempor ary makeshifts. Mr. Booker T. Wash ington’s work to one of noble alms. A branch of It should be Immediately es tablished In Monrovia, the capital at Liberia. A gift of tea millions would do this, and establish a colony of half a million negroes within two years. They could lay the foundations of a true black republic which within twenty-five yean would solve our race problem on the only rational heals within human power. Colonisation to not a failure. It has never been tried. Wu owe this to the negro. At pres ent we are deceiving him and allowing him to deceive himself. He hr pee and dreamt of amalgamation, forgetting that self-preacrvatlon la the drat law of nature. Our present attitude of hyproclsy Is Inhuman toward a weaker race brought to our shores by the sins of our fathers. We owe him a square deal, and we will never give it to him on this continent. Djiag of Famine is, in its torments, likedyingofcon sumption. The progress of con sumption, from the beginning to the very end, is a long torture, both to victim and friends. ’’When I hud consumption in its first stage.” writes Wm. Myers,of Cearfoss, Md., ‘after trying different medicines and a good doctor, in vain, 1 at last took Dr. King's New Discovery, which quickiy and perfectly cured me.” prompt relief and sure cure for coughs, colds, sore throat, bronchi tis, etc. Positively prevents pneu monia. Guaranteed at Loker & de- Wall, drug store, price&Ucauddl.OO bottle. Trial botttle free. Where Luck Was Lost. In trying to take short cuts to success. In looking on the dark side of everything. In overconfidence born of a first easy victory. In not working to a plan or pro gramme. In not being ready for the oppor tunity when it In sampling every kind of invest ment scheme that came along. In dreaming of great things in stead of doing the little ones at band. In being so disagreeable and sel fish that they cannot make friends. In waiting for somebody to help them or give them a boost or for some rich uncle to die. In refusing to take the positions they could get because they did nut know whether they would like the |rork or not.—Success. WAS A VEST SICK BOY But Ourtd by Ohambtrlala'a 001 l Choi tra sol Diarrhoea Eamady. “When my boy was two years old he bad a very severe attack of bowel complaint, but by the use of Cham berlain’s Colic, Cholera and Diar rhoea I turned y we brought him out all right,” says Maggie Hickox, of Midland, Mich. This remedy can be depended upon io the most severe cases. Even cholera infantum is cured by it. 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