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LEONARD TOWN. MD. PKAHOIS V. KING, Editor. Thursday Mossing, March 4. 1909. gggßßßgßg'l.li U f."". ! !R1 Washington Day attha Academy. Washington's birthday was duly osisbrstsd at Si. Mary’s Academy, Leonardtown, both in patriotic songs and speeches, and particularly in a spirited conversation carried on by a group of pupils who on the school stags gave the history of tbfi origin of our flag and told of the labor of Betsy Boas in making the first of oar national ensigns. Old Glory was in evidence every where in the Academy Hall; and when the inspir ing stanzas of The Star Spangled Banner welled forth on tbs trained voices of scores of St. Mary's fairest and moat cultured daughters, the entire audience, following the ex ample of the visiting clergy from St. Aloysios’ Church arose sod stood to do honor to the flag In whiohall true Americans glory and for which they are taught to gladly lay down their Hveq. The Sisters are to be con gratulated on the spirit of un affected patriotism they imparted to the occasion. These highly educat ed, refined and self-sacrificing ladies who have made teaching the great object of their Uvea and their only ambition era benefactors not only of our oounty but of the whole Re public. The education they impart la the bulVark of our constitution and the source of genuine civilization, while it perpetuates our national life and greatness. The Sisters not only develop the Intelligence and enrich the mental faculties of their pupils with ell tbs necessary knowledge that tbs times demand, but they go beyond this mars sharpening of the children’e wits; they reach down to Iba vary souls, they train the con science in each one of these souls to dssosrn sod follow the rectitude of the ten commandmentsapd the law of self denial, and they mould the the children's manners. That Is, they Improve not merely the brain, but the heart also; they not only build up the intellect but they do vastly more, they culture the will. To make the ignorant or the young know something and to make them know what Is right is only half the triumph of the educator end repres ents only hts work on the Intellect. But to make those subject to instruc tion love to do whet is right, (ogive them an inclination for virtue, and a horror for Vice, that is the full triumph of the teacher and shows he has cultivated the will of his pupils end has developed their spiritual capabilities to the utmost. This is tbs elm of St. Mary's Academy, and this faaore then mars learning makes tor the good of the Individual, tbs sanctity and prosperity of the family tbs State, the nation. With these ideals and helpa before them little wonder that among the Academy glrlslovsofGodand love of country Dare easily blended. Enduring patrio tlam is the outcome of these twin loves, as patriotism Is best founded on religion, end not on mere science, or martial Impulse, or self Interest or animal bravery; but on that re-- llglon which teaches man to render toOsessr the things tbstsre Caesar’s, and to God the things tbatsrsGod's. Such a religion along with leUers and science flourishes In St. Mary’s class rooms, end ofir girls are to be oongrstulitsd for being under its influence. May the friends of our boys and young man speed the day when a similar Academy or College for them conducted according*!# the principles of true education will arias |r mr midst to make the sons of our old oounty good men and oiti aana, practical and patriotic men: man who will love farm life and scientific farming; men who will promote business and elevate busi ness standards and methods by their honesty, integrity, fair play and square dealing; men who will shine in the sanctuary and tha pulpit, or In the chairs of medicine or on the rounds qf mercy visiting patients, or fluMp in tbs courts of lew sod on the bench defending rights, masting out justice, or punishing proven guilt. But, torsturnfromourdigression, wa cannot close our account of Wash ington Day at the Academy without making some brief reference to the speeches given on that day by (be Jesuit fathers from St. Aloysius’ church who were the guepta of the pupils on the suspicious occasion. Of especial value were tbs remarks of Rev. Father Fink, one of the most enthusiastic patrons of tbs Academy end himself a veteran educator among Americans After complimenting the young ladles on the excellence of their pro gramma he pointed out two great lessons for them from the career of Washington. These lessons were founded upon the augnanimity and self sacrifice of the Father of our country and upon his versoity, his love of the truth. Few of as nowa days, said Father Fink, realize how tremendous end almost crushing was the task that rested upon Wash ington at the oloss of the Revolution of keeping the American army pa tient under the delay of the Con tinental Congress In paying the war worn heroes what was their due and nsadful for their existence and that of their families. Discontent was every where rife end breaking out among our troops and even the offi oara muttered mutiny or olvil war. What would have happened, bad not Washington kept the American forces loyal to the high ideals for yes re they fought, he who runs may easily read. There never would have bean any Republic at all. Tak ing ad vantage of internal dissensions England would have rallied and would soon have rendered void .and nugatory all that American valor had up to the su: render at Yorktown so gloriously achieved. Washington pointed to hie eyes grove dim and to and to bis heed grown white in (he service of the colonies, and bade hia assembled officers to urge their men to welt sod suffer awhile longer MU a grateful country reared by them world remunerate their 101 l and reward their heroism. His ad- vice prevailed, bis example steadied the wavering hosts, and out of the dee Deration, of a nascent nation still bleeding from its wounds was born its inTinotbla life and subsequent glories. Father Stanton followed Father IJPink and had a word to say on the I advantages the Academy girls bad to learn In their early school days the patrotism which should dihtkiguish ell real Americans. I too, he said, participated in my school boy days in the celebration of Washington’s birthday in the public schools of Boston: but I never was soimbueti with the love of our flag and country as you are here. The blood of many of my kin was shed in defence of it, but your conversation on the origin of America's banner has in ten minutes awakened within roe more appreciation of its worth than any thing I ever beard in.all my early school career. Father Stanton next remarked that if Washington, were standing on the Academy stage to day be would applaud the method or system of education employed by the Sisters. Oeorge Washington regarded as a monstrosity, or as some thing pernic|ous any system of education that left out a training in morality and religion. He be lieved religion was essential to edu cation; be believed in equal civil rights for all Americans; that Catho lics should encounter no civil disa bilities because of their faith, and be rebuked bis soldiers for saying and doing things offensive to Cath olics, because such conduct was against justice and the gratitude that America owed to the Catholic nation of France without whose help the colonies would never have achieved independence or the pur suance of that life, and liberty they signed the Declaration of Independ enoe to enjoy. Washington the pa triot, par excellence, nourilhed bis love of country by prayes when amid horrors worse even than those of Valley Forge be petitioned heaven for sustaining oourageand persever ance in adesperate struggle. Turn ing to a beautiful American flag that bung in drapery over c picture of Martha Washington Father Stanton exclaimed; “American women are safe under the folds of this flag as long as it continues to stand for re ligion justice purity, home life un ndfiled and valor. Butalasi its folds are being steadily soiled by the scan da Jpus decisions of some American divorce courts. A million divorces in twenty years, and under our flag! What does that! presage? Only the ruin of the Bepublic following in the wake of the ruin of American family life and honor. By volod and pen check this un utterable evil; use all your influence to abolish It in the land of Washing ton. The flag in bis day knew it not. Father Killy brought the exer cises to a close by again commenting on the work of the church in help ing on the construction of our Re public and maintaining untropared the three elements .which must pre vail if our county is to endure. These elements are respect for authority, Education that insti'fi morality based upon jreliglon, and the defence of the indissolubility of the marriage bond. There is, and there has been a conspiracy of silence in many quar ters, in many school boobs and his tories in regard to the part taken by the church, and notably tbeOatholtc church In the formation and growth of our country and its national great ness. On Washington’s birthday then it behooves us Americans to give that church its measure of our gratitude as ha did; to address to it the words used by our Washington when replying to a letter sent to him after his election to the presidency of the United States by such Catho lics and lovers of American liberty and independence, as John Carroll, the first Archbishop of Baltimore, and Charles Carroll of Carrollton, MaryianS’s favorite son among the signers of the Declaration of Inde pendence. Among other things the first of our Presidents says; “I pre sume that our fellow' citizens will not forget the patriotic part which you took in the accomplishment of their revolution and in the accom plishment of theirgovernmentortbe important assistance they received from a nation in which the Roman Catholic faith is professed.” St. Mary's County Needs Rail* Read Facilities. Says our esteemed contemporary, the St. Mary’s Beacon: “Between the Patuxent, the Potomac, the Wi comico and the bay we have a terres trial paradise, but In this swift age men will not come to our Eden when it takes them four days to .get here andbaok. We must have a railroad.” The Beacon also informs us that there is an enterprise afoot to gel a railroad. At the present-time the only railroad in St. Mary's county Is the Washington, Potomac and Chesapeake road, extending from Brandywine, on the Pope’s Creek branch of the Pennsylvania system to Meobanlosvllle, a village near Charlotte Hall. This road penetrates into the upper part of the county only a few miles, leaving the great body of the county inaccessible ex cept by water. The original design when this road was constructed was to make Point Lookout, at the mouth of the Potomac, the Southern termi nus. Now it seems to be consider ed best to run it to the mouth of the Patuxent, especially since the agita tion for a naval drydook at that place. In order to reach the St. Mary'sslde of the Drum Point harbor it will be necessary to build about 20 miles of road where construction will nut be costly, where It it believed the right of way will be given, and where orossties and timber are cheap and abundant. It is believed that many of the farmers along the line will subscribe to the stock which is be ing offered and will pay for it with croestles or other material. It the United States should determine to put a drydock at Drum Point, this road, making one section with Wash ington, would bea valuable property. And in any event it is believed by the advocates of the road that good transportation facilities would so stimulate production on the farms and oyster lots that a paying amount of traffic would be offered. [ | St Mary's county has s soil spies - i [ dldly adapted to fruit growing and i the production of vegetables. It has inland waters where oysters of i fine quality and in great quantities can be grown O-urn Point harbor la a place w here nun v v seels gather In the winter season, and these would i doubtless supply a considerable traffic to a railroad. There are few counties in any State which have more beautiful stretches of land and ; water than St. Mary'e. Its climate is mild and delightful, its soilessily ' improved, and some of it vsry fertile. Lands are cheap, and the county in .rites capital and intelligent develop ment.— Sun, Feb. 26. I . .... ..i-,. mm,..., la* AdngsemaDtg. Store at s California For Rant. Good building! Good standi For terms ahply to Walter R. Jab box. California. Md. TO THE PUBLIC. I am coming, coming, coming, direct to Leonardtown. The well known Watch Maker and Jeweler during March term of Court to do rid kind of work in Wactbee. Clock* and Jewelry and will have a full and comylete line of the latest Gold and Silver Watches. Chain* and Bracelet*. Aleo a fine and eeiected stock of spectacle* to suit old age#—young and old. All my work folly guaranteed. Work done while yon wait . The well known Watch Makar. SAUL LEVINSON, 834 E. Salto. St. Baltimore, Ud. Id. Del. 4 Ya. Ry. Go. POTOKAO SI VIE. LINZ. SCHEDULE In Effect Monday, March 1, 1903.'' THREE TRIPS WEEKLY. ■■■m-bbtw sBN-aaam BALTIMORE and WASHINGTON. Baltimore, pier 8, Light street wharf, weather permitting, at 6p. m.. . every Monday, Wednesday and Satur- I day, for the following River Landings, Alexandria and Washington. Baltimore, 5 p m., Miller’*, Bronte's, Porto Bello, Grason’e, Goan, 6 a. m., Bundlck’e, Lakes, Walnut Point, Cow arts, Lewieetta, Klnsale, Lodge, Mundy Point, .Cintra, Fluey Point. 10 a. m., Leonardtown, 13 noon, Abells, Cobrume. Stone’s, Bush wood, Lancaster’s. 4p. m., Riverside, Liverpool Point, Olymont, Alexandria and Washington. "Stops only on Signal. Leave Washington, Seventh St. Whorl, i weather permitting,) 4 p. m., every londay, Wednesday and Saturday lor the following River Landings and Balti more: Washington, iMexandrta, 4.46 p. m., Olymont, Liverpool Point, Riveeside, Bush wood, Lancaster, Cobrums, Stones, Leonardtown, 0 a. in., Abell’s, Piney Point, "Cintra, Lodge, 10 a.m., Mundy Point, Kluaale. tßnoon,Cbsa,Bnndlek’s, Lakes, Walnut Point, Cowart's, Lewi*, etta Miller’*, 4 p. m , Oraeon’e. 6 p. m., Brome’s, Porto Bello, 6p. m.,Baltimore. "Stops only on Signal. Arriving in Baltimore early Wednes day, Friday and Monday Mornings. Freight received daily in Baltimore on sailing day* until 4.00 r. u. / This time-Table show* at times which steamers may be expected to arrive at and depart from the several wharves, but their arrivals of departure at tbs times stated is not guaranteed, nor does the Company bold itself tor any delay or any consequences arising therefrom. WU.LABD Thompson, General Manager. Rkardon A Qrimes. Agent. Telephone 80, Alexandria, Va. Stephenson A Bao., Arte. Telephone 746, Washington, D. C. T. Murdock. Gen. Fit. ssdPsee, Agt. TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN. I have the greatest horse in my possession this county ever knsw: KINO REDWOOD. Those who desire his services, Apply to R. W. BELL, Feb. 25. ’o9—tf. Pesrson, Ud. OYSTERS.- I will serve Oysters during March Court as heretofore. A big Stew, with Coffee, Bread/‘Butter, I Crackers and Pickle. 35 cents. Also J Scalded and Raw. lam better prepared to serve the public than ever before. Give me a call while in Town. K. A. VIBTT, Leonardtown, Md. IMPROVE YOUR STOCK OF HORSES. By breeding to the Imported GERMAN COACH STALLION, Predo, No. 4667, which the St. Mary’e Stock Improvement Association of the county, has recently purchased direct from the importer, at a cost of 88000. He wUI make the following stations daring the season: First Week, Mechaniceville, Chaptico, MUeetown. Second Wbk. Leonardtown. Valley Lee, Great Mills, California, Hollywood. Fee |3O. Insurance, |36 * Visits repeated at these stations every other week during the season. Artesian Wells. Having purchased a new Gasoline En gine and outfit for drilling ARTESIAN WELLS, would like to notify the peo ple of St. Mary’e County that we are better fitted now to do each work than ever before. Having drilled well* in all sections of the County we feel confident that we can give better satisfaction lor the money than any drillers in the State, 37 years experience. Well* eaesd to the bottom with IX Inch pips. For further particular*, Address, L. RUDE, Feb. 36—3 m, Xilghmaa, Md. j J* WILL PAY YOU ‘ TO CONSULT THE MASTER MAURICE L. KNIGHT. v . 1025 WEST MUL BERRY STREET. J UPTM fi . BALTIMORE! MD. , . 1 > •■♦•• ■ - 99* . , Best Stone Gutter And Designer, IX AGREES TO SAVE YOU The Middleman’s Profit on Every Purchase of a HIGH GRADE. MONUMENT, TOMB, VAULT. Deel Direct With The Makar. Quantity and Quality at Whole sale Prices. L. W. B. GRAVES. .HOLLYWOOD. MD. REPRESENTATIVE IN SOIfrHERN MARYLAND. LEADERDEPARTMENT STORE. Leonardtown, Md. Intending to discontinued the sale of B£ADT-MADE-CLOTHING, Will sell our large and complete stock of Clothing AT COST AND LESS THAN COST. Our Clothing must be sold and now is your chance to buy a good suit cheap. ■ LARGE STOCK OF STYLISH SHOES, ARE SELLING THEM CHEAP. Latest style and most fashionable shape HATS. Fine Stock of Dry Goods. We want you to overlook our stock of goods. It will give us pleasure to show them to you. Our prices are lower than ever before. We are grateful for past favors and ask a continuance of your custom. Give us a call. \ Foxwell ft Johnson, 1 * 1 Leonardtown, Md. mDASbN’SREMOVALSALE, Before Moving to Larger Quarters. Having rented a part of the larger Storeroom belonging to Mrs. L. A. Jones, lam selling off my complete stock of UP TO-DATE GOODS regardless of Cost before moving. i Such ss MENS and BOYS SUITS. OVERCOATS, Ac., no re aonable offer refused. A full line of SHOES, DRY GOODS, LACE TRIMMINGS, <ko. A small amount of money will buy a big bill of goods. I am glad that I am going into larger' quarters and have made up my mind to give my customers the beet bargains 1 have ever offered before moving. It is too numerous to mention prices but come and see for yourself and you will bo more than satisfied. No goods roaarved —everj thing will go. Coma one and all, I will be pleased to see you. Thanking yon for pant favors. 1 am, yours truly. L. Gendason & Co. LBONARDTOWN.uUD. Give your patronage to the first of St. Mary’s, Leonardtown. v ' '-arv. ’-.r, V * ' ; '■ : " ' w ' [gy, “So rjSf&i.',, 'I“U3S? S Mil It deservaa your patronage, for bee It dot done much in the peat six years for our people and our county? Is it not your institu tion? To day is our birthdsv, sod a good way to show apprecia tion of your Bank ia to open an account at your earliest, byway of % birthday present. The security of a bank,lies in its CAPITAL. SURPLUS, UN DIVIDED FROFITS,QPersenaI Liability of each Stockholder, aod In the soundneea.oUte loans and investments. Every loan mads by this bank on personal security is backed by the endorse ment of one or!more persons whose financial responsibility is fully known to tbs officers of the bank. For the past six yearn we have adhered to certain rules and banking principles, and .experience bee proven that we have done wisely. We Sincerely, hope and trust that our people will be with u this year, as in the past six. FJRBT NATIONAL BANK OF ST. MARY'S. i L. J. STERLING. Cashier. I W WBfcSSHf % JBk\ ■ 1 *Si#l mk B B ■B M The New Models 10 and 11 f Remington 1 HAVE Every merit that Remington Type writer* have always had. V Every merit that any typewriter her ever had. New and revolutionary improvement* which no typo- I writer hat ever bad, I I Model 10. with Column Selector I Model 11. with Brak-m Tabula tar A Remington Typewriter Company I (licMpcraied) A New York and B Everywhere IFF;; : YOU WANT PROTEGTION ■ • I AAIWST FIRE Insure In Stock Companies. NO PREMIUM NOTE REQUIRED. THE OKFICK OF ' . i TtT ‘ * • • * Mi BHEDD HOLTON. CFN RAL INSURANCE AGENT """"■’•?•■ Washington, D.C. Resilience, Hiatts villi. Long Distance Pboao. ■ L. DUBOIS, Local Solicitor, MBCHICSYILLE, HD. TSBE COTHIWB SALE. IWUIUMIIMnNMMI . Prices Radically Marked' Down. 0 f A | ; 'V' ' r 'V^ : ' y S ; • • * ' v ' - ■ ' ''A - ' Come and get some REAL BARGAINS. Fine Clothing and other things at CUT Prices. Let us show you 11 F V r. a mohgaii, a , w ' Leonard town, Md I FIREI FIRE! FIREI Those contemplating taking FIRE nsurance in stock companies, would do well to drop a postal to the under signed. No notes. Cheap rates. Best Companies. j POLICIES WRITEN IN YOUR OWN COUNTY. Only Agent that is thus authorized. J. O. HOW AMD, Agent, April!*, UK LSOMABDTOWN, HA .