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I ' Xttlttiiwt Jli 9*ltlj? ob* inMrtion #1 OC sabaaqoMt InMrtion— . M •IfiLkliiMor I*m eonstitntM square A liberal ddtletion bum)• (orymi • Correspondence jfeioUsi ' LEONARDTOWN JET 18 -19 -20 Tflprtflhte tfranfcs gMapcre Establish bd 1R42. ofyff “IT PAYS TO BUY THE BEST'' CHAS. M. STIEFF 1108 F St. N. W.. WASHINGTON, D. C. DIRECT BRANCH WAREHOUSE OF FACTORY. Sseond-Hand Pianos at all prices, including some of our own make. SUgiitlf Used Player Pianos at Low Figures. 'a write fob catalogue and prices. IW*I by Factory Experts. Telephone Muin 2Htlo I J ..q„- ’ * CONLIFF, Manager <iii ** - - - - SWSe <M Hot Water Heating. Tin Rooting antf Spouting. HOWARD 8. KIRBY UmnmS Sanitary Plumber entTGaa Fitter ■OT AIB roRKACKB SET AND BSPAIBRD Kail Order* Promptly Attended To. Orest Mills, St. Mary’s County, Md. W4Mf |p '• yc. a p. 'Phone. - _ # .. MU ■L v (■ J/f Vn aB W \ ■— jgaxntMattis Sctirorv MWWiiiy %* f •* VOL 70. LEONAEDTOWN, MD., THURSDAY, JULY 11, 1018. 493 3 ® 1 When Telephoning Observation of the follewdng n|fw dona trill help your lolepbosaeeerrieet Always call by aiaatbar} newsr by name. B ahaolutaly aura l the number; look it up in tba telepbene directory. ElimbaaSa ncaneeeeeMy conversation; make nmiiary wattv aaliona brief. Speak dUdmeOy md Helen carefully; tUi naakea repetMMn unnecessary. Whan yon f* Is Wba telephone hare year thoughts Hand up so they can ba wyrwsd hhijr. f TA ' f 1 mx gbbsapeakx and povqmac TEUPHOfqt COMPANY l~ O. MAHON, District Manager, tel. Main 11000 0 and I*th Street*. N. W., WaeMngtec, O. C. I Help wanted We hare positions for capable men and women in onr 1 various departments—Men’s and Boy’* Clothing, Hata, ' Men’s, Women’* and Children’s Shoe*, Military Goods, I Sporting Goods, Furnishing .Good*. Will pay good salaries to competent people. ; APPLY TO MANAGER, Saks & Company Washington, D. C. Daniel A. Dumb VIOLINIST . Owhnln for OiNM, Entertainments, Weddings. R*eptlni, a to. Special attention given 10 Southern Maryland engagements. Phones: Col. 8; Main 8474. 2018—17th St. N. W., Washlnston, D. C. Wanted ' Sacon Hand Ms Will Pay ton for Second Hand Sacks, ITnwaahed. in (food Condition at MILLER’S WHARF. MD. State Lime Plant, CORNFIELD HARBOR, MD. Jah. Hall, Ja , Suit. - $250 REWARD Wanted for Harder. Ok Bantam I** 4, I*l7, ERR ESI JOHNSON, oolorad, killed Captain Elmar C. Maesiik near Juntas' Wharf, St. Mary’. County. Md. Johnson ia described aa being about 80 yeara old; height about 5 ft.. 4 lacbra, brown akin. He waa t aeon in Baltimore City Septem uer 4. He ia aid to claim Norfolk, Va., an hie home. 1840.4)0 trill be paid for hie afreet and ooyiction. By (Bier of the County Commis sioner! tor St, Marv’e n inly. JOH. . .Clerk. 8-18-tf. lawstmeats Wanted. are especial)) interested in the purchase of rirer front farm*, and not ins for aeveral Truel Com panies, I am prepared to Loan on Improved Farm Proparty in 8 out Horn Md. 50 or 60 rSfr OF ITS VALUt R. B. B. CHEW. Jr., Attorney at Law. 012 P St.. N. W., WASHINGTON. O. C. 10-18- Jka. JAY TINE (KROIRTT.RKU), SEASON 1918. Will Stand at OAR TREE STOCK FARM MeehanieevMia. Md. Ala# LEONARDTOWN. MO. PEDIOgEE. JAY TIW. (I) b. b. foaled tW. by Jay Bird, 5000; dam Nyptballa Half, by Constantine. 10870; grsodam Gertie McGregor, by Hubert McGregor, 847, etc. (BeeNyptballa Hall, Vol. XVI.) Bred by James M Hall, Parte, Ky ; foaled the property of Brook Curry; passed to J. L. Tarllon; then to W W. Evans, Islington, Ky.; then to R. Cromwell. Jr., Ceioaerille, Md., then to K W. Ide, Woodstock, Md., then to Charles A. MeGaw. AblndgOn, lid., then to John T. Courier, then to Henry F. Wleeaner, BsUlmoro, Md. PECS - - - - ft© INSURANCE • . SIS CHAS. S. CHURCH. Managar 34)-*. s(<! 6th ST. and PENNA. AVE. N. W WASHINGTON, D. C. i ES3E THIS HOTEL ia in the heart of the business section of Washington; the moat ideal place in the city to atop. Ton will meet hern all of your Southern Mary land friends. 81. Mary’s County Head quarters. ATLANTIC HOTEL Bth St. and Penns., Are. N. W. WASHINGTON. D. C. 11-18—’IS wwiniwyiiiniwiwN Take the Beacon one year—sl.oo . . , .- v , ■ WP ~T' r ;i inrmwisirasme—mo^—mN—mrassraa ■ ra Educational Opportunities for All Country Children Must Be Given • _ By MARY CC BRADFORD •wteSepeienedUet el Mis leneudse, Dsave, C*. 1— The rural school problem as a whole ia practically one with the great problem of America's function in modern civilization. For America’s proper discharge of-He miaeion ia twentieth-century life depends upon the effectiveueer of it* educational system, and that part of the school organi sation embraced ia what art called rural schools provides for the train ing of more than one-ball of the children in the United States. Therefore it is eaey to sat the importance of giving to the majority of the school population of our country such advantages as will enable them to become worthy to tranonit the beet traditions of American life and thought to future generations. Ample educational opportunities for all country children must be afforded ky any school system claiming to do efficient work. Education broad and deep and rich in content and practically adapted to the needs of the rural community moat be the aim. The coun try child ia entitled to instruction from professionally trained teachers i >ad to the nae of school ho use* and playgrounds arranged in such away as to conserve health and comfort and to develop appreciation of beauty and the use of power. The community ia entitled to the possession and nae of such buildings for all purposes tending to enrich the community life and to tighten the bond of community unity. The rural school teacher is entitled to a salary commensurate with the coat of living and the prasent-day demands in the lines of scholarship, profess local activity and community leadership The teacher ia also entitled to a home environment of comfort, added to at least a modicum of beauty, to the and that hours of preparatory work and leisure may be sprat ia congenial surroundings, thereby increasing the efficiency of tbs teacher, muss.-- r -tzsttz r —— a; , ; Universal Military Service Is the Great Preparedness Program Ip EDWARD W. PICKARD si As Warns i B—■araraaraAaraag.Lgiu.i.,l. -i-gi""- .. JJ 8 The gnat war, whatever may be its effect on the fate of dynasties and on national boundaries, is certain to ke followed by a “levsling" process wider than the world has ever known. Already the movement is well under way la many of the countries of the old world, and He spread to the new world is inevitable. The in sistent will of the great mass of the people ia imposing Itself on tin governments of the nations. Where it is net expressed by their legislative represent stives it will he given wotoe More directly. The ancient let ton that there are no “classes” in - Aaart4ra before many Jjart we will havespprwwheTraSlßeaw totfcst, ■rail Mata ed eftadtSA-- 4Mbe sMgtou* that ate heat p replied few the coming 4fcaage will suffer tie least disturbance from M. The United State* now has under * eonto deration a plan potent to prepare it—universal military la the working of this plan the young men of all stations of life will be breegbt together on terms of absolute equality. The tone of the farm er, the miner, the artisan, the profeesional man, the capitalist, the con* grsMiasii, will drill together, hike together, dig trenches together, mess tofrther, sleep together, and no man will be better than hie comrades. In this clow association they are brand to thrash out thair differences, to learn one another's needs and views, end from this must come mutual re spect lor varying opinions. At the md of their term of service these young mea will return to civil life with a knowledge of their fallow citizens such as their ancestors usr-hsvs had. What the people cl America want they can have. The whole coun toy, rather than congress or any one administration, was to blame for our lack of psepatednaa* for the war. Universal military service is the great praparadnew program for afler-tim-war conditions. Tbs whole country will be to blame if it ie not adopted. •■“Tlr 1 JL % -Wf'\ ,tt !)r V'? ‘ "”“1 Breeding Stock on Farms Is One of Most , Vital Facton to People I d Ok*. Ui- *~k YA To the average American farmer the world war is still a tor-off event When ha does wake up to the true significance of tint great struggle, ha will aw that preservation of breeding stock on farms is one of the most vital factors to all the people of every nation, in order that the world’s rapidly disappearing supply of meats, wool sad bather may be replen ished. Everything points to a continuance of the war for aome time to coma. The world's needs will increase aa the war goes on. b it not plain that tha demands upon agriculture for food and cloth ing will grow grantor and grantor with each month of destruction; that it will ha impossible to pqpduee aa adequate supply, especially of sni mal products, each as meats, bather and wool, unless breading herds an maintained, and that thaw American farmers who are wise enough to I raaliss this fact and prepare for tha world's coming greatest needs, which era inevitabb, will rasp the gnatoct rewards lor their foresight, both in mousy and the gratitude of their fellow men? Than was an estimated yield bat year in tha United States of M 10,000,000 bushels of acta, which b aa increase of 627,000,000 bushel, over tha crop of 1916. It b easily sera that the usual quantity of com thrown upon the grain market and sold as corn will be more than doubled daring the season just about to open. The amount of corn consumed 'directly as human food is so small eoaaparad to that fad to live stock that any probabb increase in the former would scarcely affect the proportions of the entire crop; so, in spite of tha groat world demand for cereals, there ia more than likely during the coming year to ha a Urge surplus of corn thrown upon the market* (or grain, with resulting declines ia market value. At the same time conditions give a positive assurance of sustained prices for live stock of all kinds. The logic of the whole situatisi potato to liberal profits for those brim study it broadly ia the light of tool* and hold on to their young and feeding stock until matured. *w7 mm feaa iliimd tnm M bm boUowod ot br ut It M wmn that (Mr Mttec pwm w w to wtfcy UrMM Unexplored Canadian Land. It la Mlrrad that nearly 80 per cent of Canada la a till undiscovered, and |f Indian report* are to be be tiered, there la la the baaio of the liackonste rlrer one of the largest areas of poaalbla oil-bearing coun try op the face of the earth. The Indians report the existence of lakes a hundred miles and over that long In Tnkon that no white man has ever JOB PRINTING BILL HEADS LETTER HEAD STATEMENTS ENVELOPES BUB IN 188 CA RU HANDBILLS INVITATIONS PROGRAM*. CIRCULARS POSTERS LEUAL BLANKS ETC CITY PRICES 3A ■ M ACTUAL COST OF SHEEP CARE Hard to Figure In Dellare end Cento Labor Required—Mueh Depend* en Equipment. The actual value In dollars and cento of the labor required in the care of a flock of sheep and lambs for any given period la bard to figure. Much de pends on one'a equipment and Its adaptability to sheep. The value of the manure must be taken Into con sideration, as also must the use of farm work during the month Just be fore peatnre coma* In. Sommer pasture for ebeep la worth about 29 cents per head per month. Two lambs are considered to average the eqnal of one sheep daring the pas ture season. Our-fifth of the wool and one-flftb of the lambi would be rea sonable pay for the care of the flock f 1 . \ -f jMN Fine far Wool and Mutton. and Its pasture. The portion of the wool paying for the shearing and care for the month preceding pasture. With five-sixths of the ewes rearing twlna wa have 188 par cent Increase, That Is a very good lamb crop and a fifth of them wilt pay fur summer of the Bock.. f me trated by Uses (By W. A. OSTRANDER. South Dakota ■tato Collage.) A farmer la Hplnk county. South Da kota, was shown last spring that bo should get his horse work done cheap er In order to make his farm pay bet ter. Be ha sold two geldings, aged seven years old, for $460, and bought two meres of about the same age and quality for 8425, which raised two colts. On analysing his business, we found that his horse work cost him practically nothing for 1616. The colts paid the bill. This tact la convincing hie neighbors that there Is something la the finer points of farm manage ment GOOD AND INFERIOR HORSES Careful Consideration Should Be Given to tiros at Present Time—Differ ence In Prise. Thera has never been a time when the atrea to which mare* are to be bred should be more carefully con sidered than the present year. The last lira years have seen a gradually increasing difference between' the price of good and of Inferior horses. During the last year those horses and males which were good enough to do some job well have found ready sale, while others have been a drug on the market and have loot money for the men who produced them. PROPER EXERCISE FOR BULL Keep Him In Separate Paddock Where He Will Always Be Under Cen tral. la Safe Plan. When you have made your pur chase of a good baby beef sire, don’t keep him shut op without exercise, and by alt means da not underfeed him. More bulls are spoiled by un derfeeding and lack of exercise than by overfeeding, but in seeking to have your ball get plenty of exercise don’t let him run with the cows. Keep him f a separate paddock where you will a. c • have him under proper control. It’s U fe and the economical plan to follow. CORRECT COLLAR FOR HORSE Style* Are Created Mostly by Use of Different Materials—Metal Is Not Much Used. The styles of horse collars are cre ated mostly by the use of different kinde of materials la their construc tion. Such materials as heavy dnek, ticking and leather are used either alone or In various combinations. All metal collars may also be bought, but are not so much need. f|e “Pertleular* Man. Our Idea of bring particular Is whefl a man straightens his necktie oul when ha goes to the telephone to tall with a woman.—-Portland Prose. ■ - ,'JI Figuratively Speaking. To a recent breach of-promise caa* the defendant, who was slxiv-flve