OCR Interpretation

Saint Mary's beacon. [volume] (Leonard Town, Md.) 1867-1983, February 24, 1921, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006687/1921-02-24/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

There’s Good Reason Why—
Saks Clothes are superior, |
yet lowest in price
That reason resolves itself down to the one fact
that we are the makers of Saks Clothes. We don't
• have any manufacturer’s profits to pay. We don’t
have any dictation to take from any one—our service
is solely and only to you. Our saving: is solely and
surely reflected in the prices at which we mark our
Suits and Overcoats—so that you benefit.
You can see they are better; a careful comparison
quickly proves our prices lower.
That was never so true as it is for the present fall
and winter seasons.
It will pay to come to Washingrton—and investi
| HaU—Shoes-—and Haberdashery, Too
g'B ulc K®
{ 7 I (mj/ pOR the physician and other profcs
\ I / • s^ men w hose work calls them
K1 . a into weather and all sorts of going
fLs Buick is an efficient, dependable aid.
7 Jry They can rely on this car for the sure,
I A / u/' rapid transportation which their im
rf]/) / J/f portant affairs demand. The beauty
/ // and room i ness °f the new Buick 1921
/ / / * yodels make them, too, pleasing at all
/ 1/7 Authorized Buick Service insures un
interrupted use of each Buick car.
Lay Down Arms After 400 Years
on the Warpath.
Have Held Their Mountain Valley*
and Village* in State of Sonora in
Northwest Mexico Against Ail Com
or* Ever Since They Arrived There,
Lena Before tho Coming of the
Spanish Con quletadores In 1420-
Sign Treaty With Obregon.
The last tribe of Indians of North
America, and the last but two In the
new world, bu yielded to the march of
civilisation and, after nearly 400 year*
of constant warfare against the whites,
laid down Ita knives to pick up shovel*
and hoes, and turned In Its rifles In ex
change for tractors sod harrows. The
tribe, which Mill numbers mgtoewhst
more than 8,000 Individuals. Is the
Yaqul, who nave held their mountain
valleys and village# In the state of
Sonora, In the northwest comer of
Mexico, against alt comers, ever since
they strived there, supposedly In the
Athapascan migration, possibly later,
but certainly before the coming of the
Spanish Conquistadors*, In 1520. for
these Iberian adventurers found the
Yaqul a powerful tribe, whom neither
they nor their Mexican succesaor# In
the land of nmnana have been able to
Yet, this fall, H. H. Dunn tells the
Dearborn Independent, the Yaqul "el
der i..> n,” led by Chief Mori, went vol
OBlar !y to Hermoelllo, the capital of
the Mexican state of Sonora, and there
bound themselves by treaty, not only to
forego their raids on the Mexican vil
lages of the caest end to penult ex
ploretion of their country by geologist*
and mineralogists, but also to send their
young men and women with suck of the
older ones ea may wish to go, to the
reserve ron set apart tor them at
Potato. Honor*, on which the Mexican
government Is now erecting building*
for their nee. and Installing the latest
agricultural machinery for I heir nee In
* farm <leraontrstlo school. Later, It
I* announced by the Sonoran govern
ment. a general Industrial school *UI
be established there, teaching mechan
ical trades a* well as farming.
Tesla Of Pesos.
In addition to this reservation and
school, the Taqnl have been given per
nutrient hereditary titles to alt the do
mein they now oentpy In tho mountain*
at the headwater* of the Yaqul and
Mayo and Puerto river*, with prefer
ence in the filing on any and alt gov
ernment lend* they may wish to take
up, eapeclally In the cases of those who
have no rule or right to say of the
tribal lands. The Taqnl agree to fur
nish 200 young men annually for train
ing In the Mexican federal army, each
year’s quota to be released from Ita en
listment at the expiration of three
year*’ service. The government pledge*
Itself to send no armed expedition* to
enforce soy of Its law*, but to leave
the policing of the tribe--except those
on the i’utam reservation—l the
council of alder men of the tribe.
la return for the surrender of soro.-
2.000 Mauser and other modern rifles,
which the Yaqul have taken In fhslr
raid*, tho government furnishc hunt
ing rifles and ammunition, not to ex
ceed 1.000, estimated to be the number
of men and boys who will hunt. The
government alee agree* to furnish
every adult mats Yaqul bead of a fam
ily. who wilt agrao to cultivate faith
fully g tract of land, a loam of mutes,
wagon, seed and each farming imp!*-
toe'll* a* ha may need, at coat, the In
dian to pay for them In long-time
yearly payments Home 800 Indian*
already have ashed for this equip
The story of this surrender—which
carries the memory heck to the day* of
the Kir* Nations, and follows down to
<Jeronimo's last outbreak and arrant—
was brought to the United State* by
the first Yaqul ever to come to thla
country on a mission of peace. Be Is
ilapt Cejerae Mori, eon of the ruling
chief of the Yaqul, who arrived In New
Orleans, on hie way to the agricultural
demonstration stations In tbs soger
cotton and rice district* of Louisiana,
and the Mississippi Agricultural and
Mechanical college, to study farming
methods and the use of modern agri
cultural machinery.
Captain Mori, who hat been for live
yvara on the atelf of General Ploterco
Kllss-Callsa, former governor of the
state of Honors, and one of the leaders
In the recent revolution which eetab
llshvd a naw government In Mexico,
was largely Instrumental In bringing hi*
father and the Yaqul tribesmen to bend
their knees to civilisation, but he give
all the credit for the peace treaty te
Gen. Alvaro Obregon and to Oen. HI lam
Four Centuries ef Warfare Knosd.
The cry of all Mexico." be aatd, "Is
■Let us have pence.' It la natural that
the mass of the people, who have been
at war among themaetvea for over ten
year*, should be weary of war, but
sometime* II seems Impossible for me
to believe that my people, who have
Itccn fighting some Invader or aoolber
for four centuries or more, should have
mode peace a* they did. without a bat
tle, solely on the word of one or two
men In whom they bad confidence.
“But they signed It, and now the
many page* of Mexican history stained
with deportations, email war*, raid*
For a Nsw Umbrella.
Before using a new umbrella Inject
e small quantity of vaseline Into the
binge portion of the frame. If pot on
carefully tho vaseline will not spread
a/td la a sure preventive ( gainst rust
Also, always stand wet umbrellas on
their handle to dry. Till* allows the
water to run out of them instead of
into the part where the allk and rlbr
meet, thus causing the metal to rust
and the silk to rot. —Good Housekeep
Proper Reading ter Children.
It la lb the home that the growing
mind receives it* most lasting truprea-
Rlotxs. Surround the child with good
reading and you surround him will)
friends. An attractive title and good
Illustrations are no guaranty that the
book contain* good reading. If yon
have not time to read hooka yourself
consult row librarian and lot your
choice be not only what win stimulate
the imagination but above all some
thing to warm tho heart and KttbrwM
the great trotha of Uf*..-Youth'e Com
panion. J
since white men cm
there ha* been trouble with the Vaqal,
that branch of the great Atapfuscnn
migration which halted—both actually
tof point Of movement, and la point of
progress in civilization—ln the moun
tains of western Mexico more than ten
centuries ago. Discussion of the rights
and wrongs of the quarrel Is beside the
question, now that peace has been
made, but the flrat historical mention
of the Yaqul la in the Sixteenth cen
tury, when the first band of Conqula
tadores came Into what Is now Sonora.
After continuous small wars, the first
treaty wa* made when Don Francisco
Ybarra brought my people, nominally,
under the Spanish crown.
“One hundred and thirty years
pawed, a long period of broken agree
ments, and In 1740 another treaty of
peace was signed, and a battalion of
Yaqul soldiers. Incorporated, Just the
same as now, to the governmental
army, tried to bind the wild race to the
royal rulers. Thla peace, however, did
not last long, (or the Yaqul demanded
absolute control of their tribal lamin
in the Yaqul river valley and. falling
to get thla, again took the war path.
In 1708 there was an outbreak which
exceeded any preceding It, and the war
lasted three years, when both sides be
ing exhausted ami the forces of Un
crown far from their base, peace wa*
concluded, which lasted until 17SI.
“During this period of quiet, town*
sprang up la the Yaqul river valley, ami
plantations blossomed all over the
lower pan of fSnora. Gradually, the
Yaqul saw their lands slipping away
from them, and once more they began
war, without warning. Within the next
year they destroyed more than a score
at towns sod vlllagee, virtually all of
which, except Altar end Alamo*, are
still In ruins, the white people having
feared to rebuild them during all (too
140 years which have aucceded since
that time.
The Twenty Six Veers' War.
“Up to 1882 warfare was Intermit
tent. but constant, not a year going by
without Ita foray by the Taqnl, or so
expedition against them by federal
forces by the many government* which
alternately ruled to Mexico. ’The fight
against the Spanish governors was
transferred, wholeheartedly, and with
the unanimous consent of the tribe, to
their successors of (he Mexican gov
emtneat. when the nation won its inde
pendence from Spain, and continued
until the powerful Gen. Jot* Urn*
patched up another peace treaty, which
held until the French Invasion, Inter
nal quarrels kept so many troops la the
field that no further attempt was made
lo take lamia from the Yaqul, and they
remained quietly In the Yaqul river
valley, mere watchers of the confilc
for state control on the plain* and li
the valleys below.
"In 1880, however, the Yaqul agalt
went on the war path, and stayed then
until after Mexico bad disposed of
Maximilian and the Napoleonic dream
Of new world empire, and a gn-.en,,,,
appointed by Benito Juans had taken
his seat In Arispe. then capital of Hon
ora, Oen. Arobnmio Pcsqutcra. win
bad almost as many 'ups-and dowti* a*
Francisco Villa, In-lug one dey ifictatoi
ond the next day revolutionist, of
mined a treaty with the Yaqal. hut th*
coming of Francisco Hern* to super
sod# I’requlerti ended that r r I >•-
peace, and awall combats continued
until MM, when the bwM-fwMi.qnbcivi
of alt the Yaqul outbreaks took place
to continue, to ell practical intent* ate
purpose*, until Hay. 1020.
Through this period, ho*ever, t*i
men bad been rising slowly to constdet
side strength lo western Mexico—Al
vsro Obregon in Nlnsioa. and I'lotam
Ktias-Caltes In Honors, The formci
made personal friend* of the taqn
chiefs, amt when he became military
governor of Honors let them alone
merely repulsing their raid*, sometimes
swooping down on them Just as (bey
were preparing to start a raid, but
never molesting them while they re
maim'd quiet on tholr own lands. They
began lo respect Obregon. then to fer
him and, finally, to admire him, n *
man who. as you American* say. al
ways "beat them lu It.*
Corns* General Obregon.
“Gen. Kllss-Gslles sneceeded general
Obregon as governor of Sonora In 1917,
but, largely because the Yaqul did not
know him personally, he was tumble to
arrange a peace, though th>- forays he
came much less destructive and fur
ther apert. Meanwhile General < litre
goo, who was even then preparing for
bis own revolutionary movement. In
corporated a regiment of Yaqul •"ti
dier* Into hi* army, and Invited me to
represent tho Yaqul on his staff. After
three conference* with my father. Chief
Mori, In which Ohregon came atone
and unattended lo my father's Head
quarters on the Upper Yaqul river, ah
father consented and ikm Yaqul youth*,
with me. Joined the stale army of
Honor* at Ilennualllo. We stfon learned
that General Ohregon was. even then,
a vital Influence In Mexican affaire,
and to us It seemed that he worn des
tined to lake an oven more Important
place. Naturally we communicated
this to the leaders of our people, with
the result that a series of conferences
were held, culminating In Ihe recent
visit of ray father to UenimsUlo, where
the treaty of peace wa* signed."
Crazsd Man Killed Four, Thsn Self.
Crexed hy brooding over financial
difficulties and “family trouble# In
which an estate worth probably g7,V
000 was at stake, L. . Blgham, forty
year* old, of near raropltco, 8. C.,
shot hi* mother, sixty years old; his
sister, thirty-five, and the latter'* two
adopted children, nine and five years
old, then ended his own ttfo.
- -
Early Savings Banks.
The flrxt savings bank In Aroeric*
was opeoad In Boston 104 year* ago.
December 13, 18KJ. In the same year
sn Institution called the Philadelphia
Savings Fund society was estdbllßhcd.
The third Institution of this kind In
America wss founded In New York
In 1819. Tlas first regv'ar savings
bonk was established In Hamburg in
1778 and the second at Bern a, Kwltter
land, in 1787. The oldest savings
nank to the world la In Zurich, Swltxer
land, ond I* now In Ita one hundred
md seventeenth year. The flrat regn
nr ravings bank In Great Britain waa
’P* -*ed In Edinburgh 107 yonra ago.
Before the Bpatch.
Some orators start with • ruth, otb
•re begin quite slowly, A speaker we
know beta the habit of striding modi*
talively across the stage onco or twice
before fas begins hip address. On on*
occasion wa heard • lively young fei-
Saws I*. .. --a * .., . _ , * .. ■
iow in ircmi or us wiuspor to ls gin
with reference to the perl pat eric gen
tlamau on the platform t “That. I
]£ preamble.*—Boston
,v,r ( _ , - £ ,-. / ;
Modern Feminine Garment* Such That
They No-Longer Need “Taka All .
Day to Orest."
No longer does It “take her all day
to dress.”
Quietly and steadily soman has got
rid of many checks upon rapidity of
dressing; has consolidated garments,
abolished button*, done away with
hooks and eyes, abandoned very oft or,
even corsets and tbs “fixing" of h#f
hair, while man is quite as alow •
dresser now as when Uncle C. Depaw
repeated hi* first story.
Not, of course. If woman garbs her
self for purposes strictly social. This
means one-tenth dressing and nlne
tenths preparation of an ormamsut
that no stupid League of Nations would
<wer hope to curb. Very different la
the morning method of feminine <x
ecutlvea, of girls Intent on business,
study or art, of stump-speaking ladlM
when In transit
Brother dazed himself with speed
when first he fastened trousers with •
belt, though buttons still remain for
the “wesklt” and the coat and that
weary round of pearl and gold button*
for the shirt But sister takes ber on*-
piece suit at a single hurdle and snaps
a single “snapper” at the walat
Long ago man bopped into bis con
gress gaiters. Now be ties hi* oxfords.
His wife, however, steps Into her
“Making her hair" once Impeded
mother’s toilet Fathers having hair
to part most part It still. But daugh
ter. being "bobbed.” gives her hair on*
slink* to "do" It.
"Nowadays." soya an expert, "a girt
ran easily dress In ton minute*. Then
alio adds 20 for making up ber fare.”
Fish “Tagged" at Point Partridge,
Washington, in 1818, Taken la
Water* 600 Mils* Distant
The Canadian department of marina
and fisheries baa notified the bureau of
fisheries of the United State* Depart
ment of (,’ommerce of the capture toi
the Hkcena river, British Colombia, la
the spring of 1020. of a Chinook rat
mon bearing an aluminum button or
tag with the letter* “B. F." stamped
on one side and the number "1811* an
the other. An examination of the bu
reau's records shows that the tag ta
question, one of a special serlsa em
ployed in connection with an tevsstJ
gallon of the rate and route of mtgre
tlon of the sock eye Mlmon In the Fra
ser river Puget sound region, was at
tached to a fish at Point Partridge.
Whltlwy Island, Wash., on August IB
1918. it Is now evident that tha fish
naa a Chinook salmon tagged by atop
The fact that * Chinook Mlmon
should be caught In a shore trap far
from the am two years after the flsh
Hltnlm-d Ihe spawning condition la toe
terming and suggestive, sod the wan
derings of this fish before and after
tagging would be a fascinating them*
for speculation. The distance between
ihe two points at which it came under
observation la about f 0 miles by the
m<-) direct water route.
At Four-Forty. J
Theater orchestras ihgtougbeut the
country have fixed on a Done standard
for general use in oil/theater*. The
A Is toned to 440 vibrations a second,
l-oals It nth, manager At B r Keith's
'•rebootra. called up a local piano
tuner and asked lilnt ttS go to Keith'*
to time Ihe piano. V
"I wish yon would glveVjt Imraedl
ate attention “ Hnth told tag piano
roan, "Tun# It at four-forty." yv.
A day passed and the piano In (toe.
Kdth pit remained untuned. Rath
called <tp the man who look the Job.
"Yon haven't touched our piano,"
Ruth Mid a bit Indignantly.
“YVell, ( was over there at 20 min
ute* to five yesterday afternoon and
couldn't get In." wa* the excuse.
And tlum Ruth explained what be
meant by . fonr forty.—lndlsnspolla
Increase lo World's Crops.
A bulletin issued by tho Interna
tional Institute of agri culture an
nomi'-es that the aggregate wheat and
rye crop* of ihe northern hemisphere
total 82.400.T0U metric ton*, as against
dI.TbO.OTO metric ton* In IPI9. The
production of barley, according to th*
bulletin was 8 per cent larger than
last year, while oals Increased 21 per
cent. The maize crop of southern Kn
roim was good, and that In Aroeric*
W per cent more than last year. Tbs
probable yield of beet sugar ia consid
ered favorable by the Institute Th*
export of P 10,000 tons of wheat from
British India I* advocated by the In
Mabel and Myrtle.
Representative Dawson, th* antl
suffrage leader, Mid at • luncheon;
"Woman's place Is the bom*. Whan
she start* out to Imitate man she la
abii rd.
“Mabel was a new woman. She Mid
to Myrtle one afternoon:
“•Well make a night of It Coma
lo the Unix with ,me and well have to
fellowship dlnnef.'
1 “‘A fellowship dinner? Whst'a
that?' wild Myrtle,
“'Why,' Mid Mabel, ‘you pay for
wine, nod I pay for yours.*”
Not Apprehensive.
"Aren't you afraid America will be
come Isolated?"
“Not If us fanner* keep relate'
things the world needs,” answered
i Farmer Corntosael. “The feller that
i ring* the dinner hell never runs much
risk of bein’ lonesome.”
i.. J 'lJggg*S?gSßßN9gSgßSgsasg!Sg!igßHgß!WgHPWß^Bgf
Good Manners Maks for Comfort
Good manner* are mainly system In
society. In a large sense the whole
human race la society. Wa count It
good practice to keep to tha right and ,
those who keep to tha left are guilty
of bad manners as well aa bad
practice. Good manner* la good sys
tem In behavior. System la always
labor saving, and we need to look ta
our manners lo this modern day tor
that reason. '
Childish Reading.
The child worship* heroes tad ac
cepts tho printed word as an oracla.
Plausible action, for him. Is not con
fined to the fqor walls of hla home or
to the street that he knows. And
book* ta the Aral reading years do
not seem to reflect comment upon, or
wake amends for life. The tala that
unwind* from their pages Is more real
than reality. Never again, for most
of us. will come that complete Im
mersion In the qtraospbere of a story
Umt 1* the oven mildly intelligent
child's Inalienable birthright—Ex
change. |
■ H K
I St. Mary’s Ante A Implement Co., Inc. I I
I—i I I
International Harvester I
■ •’ ■ e -
McCormick Deering I I
Gas Oils Accessories I I
Carbon Burned • Tires Vulcanized
n. ■ ■
Swift’s Fertilizers
I *
I On hand at all times. I
- , |
I 1 I
ViCB-FitMininr. l. L. B. JOHMHjN T. A. MoKAY I
■ NcmcT**r, JaMKM fitTKCU A. O. WKLOM I
gj..!.■ a 1 ■■ ' - ■■■■!!■■
General Commission
Merchants ■ m
125 Light St., Baltimore, Md.
M II ly.
I . * i:v . ']r
California, Md.
The Famous Matthews Full Auto
matic Electric Light and
I Power Plants.
The Vaile-Kirncs Co, Electrical ■
Driven Pumps for Domestic \
Water Supply. S
The Landers, Frary & Clark’s
Universal Elect™'l
Home Needs Jt.
The’EHtßdtt ‘SJecfrical Appliance
Co.—Hot Point Electrical
Edison Mazda Lamps.
And all necessary attachments,
such as motors for running
washers, ironers, pumps,
Wire of Ail Kinds.
Manufacturing Jeweler
725 Zth SL, N. W M - ■ Washington, D. C.
/ Everybody has some friend whom .
they wish to make happy. It may
be Mother or Father, Sister or Bro
ther. It may be a Wife or it may ,
be a Sweetheart —and often Them
; Our stock of Jewelry and Bric-a- ■ *
. Brao is complete. Each piece has
been carefully seisoted and wo feel
satisfied that a visit from you will * •
j bear ns out that wo have as fine a
i selection as can be found anywhere. ’ % >’
Any article that you rpay select
[ will be laid aside and delivered when
I wanted. • ' oV 1 \ 4
■ I '■ ■■■" ■ l "ew ■■
* “ 1 r i, - • - ~
Advertise in
:-V- -V Sr- >• S • i- v .;P ‘ ff 'l
■ "'P„ *' '■ ’■ , ' *&'*** .
I nbeacon
MeansmaMatftag I
TT means just what the last '
i two >ck* mean to aboehet— i
• complete Eiecwle UgbUnjr end i ..
Plum oqtij-tpwl with tWAnia- | jggMjß
1 WMiMWm
•ic nwntl ih it uiotntlJi*Jj
} . t).* UturM
I u- SR -
mrawisnum ■
1 do stf this bMNMiif tbf item MW
1 wmlppwi with th ‘AotomMtc On
I (•." Anr tlitVin* nd power pint
I tbmt dt>M leu i. mU! to atC data.
■ Mad* in iz !• to tarafadi ban
I If to WO (JO watt) lamp*. *0 bantof
or Un ndn
, ta Kr.5S
tfarw, wHto, fa
gSPS* l ;
Atinifi itoffa I
730 S. niekUtofl AM. 1

xml | txt