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13 if $oetilj fohjijc Jiiijes. Ssrs&r ye new, O, ray Brothers! Bt WILLIAM OL.SB BOCRSt. l-o I the Land of ihe .West twhcre the Free .' man shaft rLe. in the pride of hi birth, with hi standard on .- high, ' And shall point to the East, where the flash of , . the ?kis Gi76j the promise of Freedom that never st all d.e ! And theton as h wheel in his rhartot of day, Jahati cenrey from the Last, and the token of the North, In the flash f hi tfim, and the light of his .. , . . . nosy tows oi m r reemen mat utter mem ShaT thse plain mvr-ounl -ich ih rtv tf the Javf ' hall lhM V 4 It- rwr moan oYr l.a'"l Sit. I hftili ? HUk' thi Katies h"iT .fown witii i w!th to lb ffrari. Reddened drops of iiu- hLai vrung 'in an- guwh sud p.un ? Say, oh Freeman! ran-:! tlioti in the Villeys fordoetn To the boud, and the ladi. and ih ni'ht of To the grave of the soul, and ih. beau's ray- ; 'g l'' iUa!itirit ior.s of voter-', as Iierein le? tomb. ' ."jfier piwctild, wlive term of senkv Ctfuntlsw;ntoDgi that ihsil toll itrthir mi - 0)J, ;,,.. iva Veais. The house of ; repreinlntives : nrni, at its lir. t sefston, Lfet the Southicn go hsk with hn Vhirahi. ' ;V5, .U of tWr-nty m nifinbets, iHtx!iii' eUm ! ; ... . . . 'i v Shali the Frmsn yirlj up nhaii ) hf ftikO ' , , L&t thd Evergloies ne'caino eham, Wh.le Freedom ihV.i;id; '.f viviittt fhal! Thar is land enough n. w wiih the enr-: cf ths&iave, Ar.dihe day rhall s,uv v. hen that, im, thai he free Stand ye fir to. Freeman a)) '. ye hal! now dig the graire Where the .hackh, and ch&in, and the fet ter thall h.. Ef the tow that was awcrn on the altars of old. Where our fathers, stood up an t appealod t their God ; fir the blood that wa. she t, rif her far than the gold That a'iurr". t.) the .'. ! where the Indian lir- By the free air re breath, and the .'tl that we love, And the hopes spr.nin forth of the depths of the soul i By theEJOHTsor allmek hy the Ruler ahove, Net s slave shall b found where the Kansas doedioti ' " eihhn'l' mV "e" T0W it i. Freedom that calls you from sleeping td-day! ' If y cait yea l.ke men. re ahall cchothoPonjr, 6'er the hills and the vales, in yoar glorious aim ma avo ctiau tiio until tu cu ruiuiir ui , i i.ii v: ,i. l,oj,0 . And the land ehail bring forth of her treas- area of peace, Whi,efm7hni."Ped Slrean" ISap,"n? dwn Uame time declare the numWr of mem Of the mountains of gold shall the riches in- j of thf council and house of fepresen crease. j tatives to which each of the counties or i , , -1 district shall lie entitled under this act. Y ,nl'( j The persons "having the highest number if-JlSiqliVC j of legal votes in each of said council dh- J tricts for member? of tlie council shall le Territorial Organisation cf Kanaas. j declared by the governor to he duly elect - We give below that portion of the Act M t,t.hf connoiI 'an'1 'T3 Um'"F fit . i i . . t' the highest number of legal voters for of May 30th, 18d1, wh.ch relates to Kan- j ftf r,rirn(ai;v?ha U ,1t.. Ras. The eighteen preceding sections are j 0jr,r(ij ly tie gov rnor to be duly electe,! duplicates of those which follow, with J members of sail house: Pro vided, That the exception that they relate exchj: ivelr I 'n two or more pej sons v..ted for .-hall to Nebraska. Wo have italicised those ! have au ft,ll,al nmlr f'0.ot' "I'1 i.n . . ,-, - . ! case a vacancy 5-hall otherwi-e CMV-.ir in ei- eertioia of the Act which reters to slavery. jther tranch of tbe legislative as.semlly, It it headed, the governor shall cb?r a new elect ion ; AX ACT to organize the Territories of and the person thus elected to the legisla A'ey ru'i Kansas. tive assembly shall meet at such place and 1 9. An fl it further ennrted. t Tha; all tliat jart of the territory of the but thereafter, the time, place, and mau Unite.! States iucluded within the follow-' ner of holding and conducting ail flee ing limit, except such portions thereof as i are hereinafter expressly exempted from the operations of this act, to wit: begin ning at h point on the western boundary of ihe State of Missouri, where the thirty neventli parallel of north latitude crosses the came; thence west on said parallel to the eastern boundary of New Mexico; - thence north on said boundary to latitude thirty-eight ; thence following said loutid ary of the Territory of Utah, on the sum mit of the Rocky Mountains; thence northward ou said summit to the fortieth parallel of latitude; thence east on said parallel to the western bouudary of the State of Missouri ; thence south with the western boundary of said State to the place of beginniug, be, and the same is here by create! into a temporary government by the name of the" Territory-'' of Ivan.sas, and when admitted a? a St.i.'e or' States, . the said Ttrritor, or unit portion f the same, shali be received into the Union ! with or without slavery, as their cetisti tutions mat prescribe at The time of their almtision: Provided, That nothing in this - act contained shall be construed to inhibit the government of the United States from dividing said Territory into two or more Territories, in f uch manner and at such times as Congress shall deem convetiiaat and proper, or from attachiug any portion of said Territory to any oth er State or Territory of the United States : Provided further. That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to impair the rights of persons or property now pertaining to the Indians in -aid Territory, so long as such right shall remain unex tinguished by treaty between the. United States and euch Indians, or to include any territoriea which by tteaty with auy Indian tribe i not, without the consent of said, tribe to b included within the terri torial limits or jurisdiction of any State or r2$rrthaf all such territory shall be epteu out of the boundaries, and con stitute no part of the Territory of Kansas, until such tribe shall signify their assent to the President of the United States to b included within tha said Territory of Saaaaa, or to affect the authority of the government cf the United States to make any regulation respecting such Indians, their lands, property, or other rights, by treaty, law or otherwise, which it would have been competent to the government to make if this act had nerer paxd.' Ssc. 20. And be it further enacted, That the executive power and authorit y j house shall agree to pass the bilk it shali ia and over said Territory of Kansas shall j be sent, together with the objections, to the be rested la . a governor, who shall hold ! other house, by which it shall likewise be his oSce for five years, and until hi sue- j reconsidered, and if --approved by two cessor shall be appointed and qualified, ud- i thirds of that house it shall become a law. less sooner removed by the President of But in all such cases the votes of both the United Suites. The governor shall re side within said Territory, ' and shall be commander-in-chief of the militia thereof. He may grant pardons and respites for of fences against the law3 of said Territory, and repieve for offences against the laws of the United States, until the decision of the President can be made known thereon ; - he shall commission alt Officers who shall be Appointed to office. under the laws of the jraid Territory, and shall take care that the law be filthfallyLexecuteo. ,'; s ; ' ; " ' Ssc. 21. And' bU further enacted. That there shall be ;a secretary , of said Territory, who shall reside t&erela, 'and hold his ofilce for five years, unless sooner removed ft the President of the United States; he-shalb record and preserve all the bws and proceedings of the legislative ! assembly hereinafter constituted and all the acts and proceedings of the governor in hisexeeutive department; he shall traits mit one copy of the laws and journ als of the legislative assembly within thirty day? inn- tiifl lnlsr tr. u,h year, to the President of the luitvd States.and two copiesnf the law? to the President of the Senate and to ll.. Sneaker of tho House of Representatives, to It i . i -t it 1 j here ?an , rmvarnnr liimnnr siifh vnMncr ' .1 . . .. .1 1. j , . . , , ..c , I , ' v apjitit-I and 'ptahneit to fill snch 'iic', or uniu anoiner trovfrnor snail lie vaf:iny. Ski-, 22. And be it further enaelcd, That thf .gid:iiiv pt.ttfr'aiid authority of said Teriit'rv shall le vested in the gowjiKir and a legislative assembly. The lrgi.l:tive awmMy. shall consist ofacuiin i il and hotisr. i( representative. The i-.im- .-hall !i-i-.t of thirtefti meimVrs hav- ! in :-uui' iiii:jHi-.iU'ii.. as ori'scumi lor I iiir-njl-r; .f the eouncil, and whose term alter the enl of cacti session, anil one j legislative assemMv; and shall lav on tne ; supreme, couit. oi tne uniteti states, inarseu uuwwiw. hmu -uiu . -i. iwuun wi -io .ii copy of the executive proceedings and cf j tlie' ttAces?ary districts for niembeV of the j support the constitution of the United thirty.! in. each township in said Teni- j to register all claim? arwl other necessary ficial correspondence semi-annnallv, on the coun.-;! and house of repreentati. and States, and faithfully to discharge, the do- i lory shall be, md the same are hereby, rerj matter, act m Secretary at all meetings of tirst davs ol Jan enoyiea in tne iiorancs oi congre5; ani : a.arv or cmoniruenis oi n uijn Fiiau nave , iarv ajuuiir iue fs.m? pnjtvungs; i -tii. uum "iwini j.n..... ..i -. .. v f r.. . in rase oi me aeaiD, removal, resiernauon, j incrcasea wniie ue uas a meiutier, uurmg rtni ihrvuki j(tMij auu juni nu g:iui vi i .uiuwi iuj u uroi, ..v t..v., ..,... oralnenceof the governor from the Ter-'theterm for which he vss elected, and and all other civil officer iu said Territory, the judicial necessity may dictate. The ritorv. tli? secretary-shall be, and he is for one rear after the expiration of .such ' before thev act as suck shall take a like j araiem thejodges who may le . sppointeJ Association to ais in execntinsr the same. hew vomers or their taiml.ee may.thna he ? authorized and leouired toexecute ! term, but this restriction shall not be an-: oath or affirmation More the said govern-i tor said Territory to the several districts: j AH. Ihe limits ot this Association provided lor m tne r.fe.ssaiT interval wiucu d tvrform all the powers and duties of ! plicable to members of the first legi-la-! or or secretary, or some nidsje or justice and also appoint the time and places tor shall be the water ot the akaiusa and jeiajise wuik- iney are making ineirseiec . mnur ihirin noh mmtmt or ir nvinblr r nd ' no Trv.n hol.Iinor a J of the nesre A the Territorr. w ho mar holding courts in the several counties or Kans85 Rtrers, and; the territory between turn of & location. . iha df j ih ofihejof set tice shall continue one year. The minuter ot tit-o ntativesmav te moiea- d by thu legislative a:.Nembly, ftom time j to time, in propntion to the increa.e of j .lualilied loters: Provided That the rJl0)e llUI!lIr shall never ev.-d thirtv- nine. An appointment t-hall be made, a:- fieaily equal as ptaciicable, ainongthe sev-.-ral counties or districts for the election of the council and representatives, giving each section of the Territory representation in the ratio of in qualified voters as near ly as may be. And the members of the council anil the house of representatives shall reside in, and le inhabitants, of, the district or county or counties, for which they may be elected, respectively. Pre vious to the election, the governor shall cause a census, or enumeration of the in habitants and qualified voters of the sev-1 end counties and districts of the Territory, to be taken by such persons and in such , ,n(le the governor shall designate and I aPP?int ? anJ the person so appointed shall ! receive a reasonable compensation there- j for. And the firt election shall fie held ! at sucn time and places, and be conducted ; ! v. i . .1. . f . ... . . ... j iii fucu maimer, iaiu a-i 10 uie ih-"ioii:- ; noo miuii anperiiiieua sucu eieeitou ami J the returns, thereof, as the governor shall annoinr ami 1ircf nnH h stmll si tli, on such day as the governor shall appoint ; tioni by the people, and the apportioning the representation in the several counties or districts to the council and house of rep resentatives, according to 'the' number of qualified voters, shall be prescribed by law, a well as the day of the commencement of the regular sessions of the legislative assembly ; Prodded, That no session in any one year shall exceed the term of for ty days, except the first session, which may continue sixty days. Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That every free white male inhabitant aliove the age of twenty-one years who shall be an actual resident of said territo ry,:md shall possess the ijualitications here inafter preserilted, shall be entitled to vote at the first, election, and shall lie eligible to any office within the said Territory ; but the oualillcati.tn of voters and of holding office, at all subsequent elections, hall be such as shall be presenile I by th: Legislative assembly ; Provided, That the right of sufferage and of holding office shall lie exercised only by citizens of the United States and those who shall have declared ou oath their intention to become such, aud Khali have taken an oath tosup oit the Constitution of the United States, and the provisions of this act: And provided further, That uo officer, soldier, seamen, or marine, or other petson in the army or navy of the United States or attached to troop in the service of the United States, 'shall lie allowed to vote or hold office in said territory, by reason of being on sei vice therein. Sec. 24. And be it further enacted, That the legislative power of the territory shall extend to all rightful subjects of legislation consistent with the constitution of the United States and the provisions of this act: but no law shall be passed interfering with the primary disposal of the soil ; no tax shall be imjiosed upou the property of the United States; nor shall the lands or other property of non-residents lie taxed higher than the property of residents. Every bill which shall have passed the council and boose of represent atives of the said Territory shall, before it becomes a law be presented to the govern or of the Territory; if he approve, he shall sign it; but if not he shall return it with his objections to the house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour nal, and proceed b reconsider it If af ter such reconskleration, two-third of that j houses shall be determined by vea ' and nays. tole entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within three days Sundays excepted after it shall have been ; presented to him, the same shall bo a law in like manner as if he had signed it," unless the assembly by adjourh-i raent, prevent its return, in which case it shall net be a law. - - Sec. 25. And be it further enacted, That all township, district; and county of ficers, not herein ohorwi?e provided for, shall be appointed or elected, as the case may be, ia such manner as shall be pro vided for by the governor and legislative assembly of the territory of Kansas. The governor shall nominate, and by and with the advice and consent of the legis lative council, appoint all officers not here in otherwise provided for; and in the first i instanep the governor alone, may appoint all said officers, who hail hold their cm- ces until the end of the firii f. ion of the! ll dl l.r nttr-r; too. 2C. .And le t further enacted, iThal no member the letr'isLitive as:m- i blf --hall hold, wb tinpokt) to anv of- l hVe which shall have bec-u created, or the . f i i i r i l ilt person, tiohting j commission or appointment under the United States except post-masters, shall le a member of the legislative assembly, or shall hold any office under the govern ment of said Territory. Sec. 27. And le it further enacted. That the judicial power of said Territory hhall be vested in a supreme court, dis trict courts, probate courts and justices of the peace. The supreme court shall con--it of a chief justice and two associate justices, any two of whom shall consti tute a quorutn,andwhhall hold a term at the seat of government of ?aid Territory annually, nnd tlu-v .hall hold their ohVes during the period of four 'ears, and until their '.uccesoM t-ball Ite apjviinted and qualified. The said Territory shall be divided into three judicial district:', and a f district cotnt shall le held in each of said districts by one of the justices of the su preme court, at such times and places a may be pwcribed bylaw; and tho said judges shall, after their apjtoiutments, re spectfully reside iu the districts which hall be assigned them. The jurisdiction of the several courts herein provided for, both appealate and original, and that ol the probate courts, and of justices of the peaee, shall lie. as limited by law: Pro vided, That justices of the jteace shall not have jurisdiction of any matter in contro versy when the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute, or when the debt' or sum claimed shall exceed one hundred lollars; and the said supreme and district courts, respectively, shall possess chancery as well as common law jurisdiction. Each district court, cr the judge thereof, shall appoint its clerk, who .shall al?o be the tegister in chancet y, and shall keep hi3 of fice at the place where the court may be held. Writs ot error, bills ot exception. d appeal shall bellowed in eases from j iii.,. ci i , t :i i .... me iiiiai ueeisiou! ui baiu uimrici couiim to the supreme court, under such regulations as may lie prescribed by law; but in no case removed to the supreme court shall trial by jury lie allowed in said court. The supreme court, or the justices thereof shall appoint its own clerk, and every clerk shall hold his office at the pleasure of the court for which he shall have been ap pointed. Writs of error and appeals from the final decision of said supreme court, shall 1-e allowed, and may te taken to the supreme court ot the United .States, where Ihe talue cf the property, or the amount in controversy, to lie a'-ccrtained by the oath or affirmation of either party, or other competent witner, -hall exceed one thousand dollars; except only that?. ( coxes int'oli'iiti) title to sat'e, ihe said writs of error or npiieaU tdiall be allowed and decided by the e-aid supreme court, without tegard to the value. ..t the matter, j property, or title in controversy ; an d ex- j ppeai; cept also tnat a writ ot eiror or ar shall al.-o )-e allowed to tin- suprcine cout j ct the Lnited Staler titun the decision otj niory if; hereby located temporarily at he said supreme court created by this act, Fort Lei yen worth; and that fuch por or of any judge thereof, or of the district j lions of the public buildings as may not courts created bv this act, or of any be actually used and needed for military I judge thereof, upon any -writ ol habeas corpus, involving the question of personal j freedom: Prorated, 1 hat nothing 7 fierem- after contained shall apply to or effect the provisions of the "act respecting fugi tives from justice, and persons escaping from the service of their masters? approv ed FeWy tweltlh, seventeen hundred and ninety-three, and the uact to amend, and supplementary to the aforesaid act, ap proved September eighteen hundred and fifty ; and each of said district courts t hall have and exercise the same jurisdic tion in all cases arising under the consti tution and laws of the United States as-is vested in the circuit.and district courts of the United Slates; and the said supreme and district courts of the aid Territory, and the respective judges thereof, hall and may grant writs of halrf-as corpus in all cases in which the same are granted to the judges of the United States in in the District of Columbia; and the first bix days cf every term of said courts, or so much thereof as may be necessary, shall be appropriated to the trial of anises aris ing under the said constitution and laws, and writs of error and . appeal in all such cases shall be made to tho supreme court of said Territory, the 6ame as in other cases. The said cieik shall receive the 6ame fees in all such cases which the clerks of the district courts of Utah terri tory now receive for similar services. Sec. 28. And be it further, enacted, That the provisions of the act entitled uAn act respecting fugitives frwn justice, and persons escaping from the service of their ma$ters"approved February twelfth, seventeen hundred and ninety-three, and the provisions of the act entitled uAn act to amend and supplementary to fie afore said act? approved September eighteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty, be and the same is hereby declared to extend to,', and to be in full force within the liinit of the said Territory of Kansas. : Sfo. '29. And bt it further enacted, That there shall be appointed an attorney for said Territory, who shall continue in office for four yearsand until his successor shall lie appointed, and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President and who shall receive the same fees and salary, as the attorney of the Unite. 1 States for the present Territory of Utah, There shall also be a marshal for thu territory appoint ed, who shall hold his office forfonr years, and until his successor be appointed and qualified, unless sooner removed by the President, and who shall execute all pro cesses issuing from the said ecu its when exercising their jurisdiction as circuit and district courts cf the Unite! States; . he fhall perforin the duties, be subject to the saine regulations and penalties, .and be entitled to the same fees as the marshal of the dttrict court of the United States for, the present territory of Utah, and shall, iu addition be paid-two hundred dollars annually as a compensation f ir ex tra services: -' ' Sec. SO. And be il further enacted, That the governor, secretary, chief justice and associate justices, attorney and mar shal, shall be nominated, and. by and with the consent and advice of the Senate, ap pointed by the President of the United States. The governor and secretary to be appointed as aforesaid shall, before they act as such, ' respectively take an oath or affirmation before the. district judge, or some justice of the peace in the limits of said Territory, duly authorized to admin- J ister oaths and-affirmation bv the lair now in force therein, or tetor the cliiet justice, or sotne a?ieiate justice the ; lliPir rl-H'loe oioces. Hliii U NUil oat hs, wnen u taken Miail oe ceitme'l nv the person bv wiom the same .shall hjtvean.1 lt-rritorie riereirtatier U be erected l-n taken; an.l mch feHitk-ate .all W j out of .the same. . . '; leceiveJ and records! bv the Rail icre- i . : . 1 . peace ot tne territory, wuo may be duly commissioned and qualified, which said oath or affirmation shall be certified and transmitted by the person taking the same to the secretaiT V be by him re - corded as aforesaid; and, afterwards, the . . - . . . like oath or affirmation shall be t iken, certified, and recorded, in such manner and form as may be prescribed by law. The governor shall receive an annual sal ary of two thousand five hundred dollars. The chief justice and associate justices shall receive an annual salary of twothou saud dollars. The said salaries shall be paid quarter-yearly, from the date of the respective ' appointments, at the treasury of the United States: but no such pay ment Khali be made until said officers shall have entered upon the duties of their re spective appointments." The members of the legislative assembly shall be entitled to receive three dollars each per day dur ing their attendance at the sessions there of, and three dollars each for every twenty miles' travel in going to and returning from the said sessions, estimated accord ing to the nearest usually traveled route ; and an additional allowance of three dol lars shall be paid to the presiding officer of each house for each day he shall so preside. And a chief clerk, one assistant clerk, a sergeant-at-arms, and doorkeeper, may be chosen for each house; and the chief clerk shall receive four dollars per day, and the said other officers three dol lars per day,' during the. session of the legislative assembly ; but no other officers shall be paid by the United States ; Pro vided, That there shall be but one session of the Legislature annually, unless, on an extraordinary occasion, the governor shall think proper to call the Legislature to gether. There shall be appropriated an nually, the usual sum to he expended by the governor, to defray the contingent ex- ine ooeriinr, o ueintv iue coiiuiigeni ex- pnses of the Territory, including the sal- ar) of a clerk of the executive department; and there shall also ha appropriated, an nually, a sufficient sum to be expended by t he secretary of the Territory, and upon an estimate to be made by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, to defray the expense of the legislative assembly, the printing of the laws, and other incidental exjensf-s ; and the govern or and secretary of the Territory, chalhjn the disbursement of all moneys intrusted to them, lie governed solehy bv the in structions of the Secretary of the Treas ury of the Unite. I State-, and shall semi annually, account to the said Secretary for the manner in which the aforesaid mon eys shall have been expended ; and no extendilure shall' he 'made by raid legis lative assembly for- objects not specially authorized bv the acts of Congress rnak- the appropriations, nor beyond the Hirm thun appropriated fo. -uch objects, i Sec. 31. And be it further enacted, That th scar or government of said purposes may be occupied and used nnder I he direction of the governor and legifhv tive assembly, tor such public purposes a may lie required under the provisions of this act Sec. 32. And be it further enacted, That a delegate to the House of Repre sentatives of the United States, to serve for the term of two years, who shall be a citi zen of the United States, may be elected by the voters qualified to elect members of the legislative assembly, who shall be en titled to the same rights and privileges as are exercised and enjoyed by the delegates from the several other Territories of the United Slates to the House of Represen tatives but the delegate first elected sliall hold his seat only during the term of the Congress to which he shall be elected. The first election shall be held at such time, and be conducted In such manuer as the governor shall appoint and direct; and at all subsequent elections the times, places, and manner of holding elections sliall be prescribed by law. The person having the greatest number of votes shall be declared by the governor to be duly elected, and a certificate thereof shall be given accordiugly. That the constitution, and all laws of the United States which are not locally inapplicable, shall have the same force and effect within the said Tei ritory of Kansas as elsewhere within the United States, except the eighth section of the act preparatory to th admission of Missouri into the Union, approved March sixth, eighteen hundred and heen ty, which, being inconsistent with the prin ciple of non-intervention by Congress, with slavery m the State and Territories, as recognized by the legislation of eight- j person who may wish to jiscertain the een hundred and fifty, commonly called ' .; the compromise measures, is hereby deA VII It shall be the duty c;f the Regis dared inoperative and void; as being th tr to put every applicant upou proof, oath, true intent and meaning of the act not to or , affirmation, that the claim offered for legislate slavery into an y Territory or i registry is free from the claim of any other State, nor to exclude it therefrom, but to j person. leave the people thereof perfectly free VIIL Every application for registry to form and regulate their domestic shall be made in the following form, viz : institutions in their own tray, subject "I Pp'J for certificate of regirt ry for claim only to the constitution of the 'Unitedl&wted and marked on' this : day of States: Provided, That nothing herein -77 - 854, lying and being in , con- routained shall be construed to revive or J taming 1 60 acres of prairie and 80 acres put in force 'any law or regidation iehichl0? timber land, and declare upon honor may have existed prior to the act of the that said claim was elected ; and marked sixth of March, eighteen hundred and j on the ' of , ami that I am claim- tteenty, either protecting, establishing, j ng but the one in my own right, and that prohibiting or abolishing slavery. - : j it was not claimed : or selected by any Sec, 33. And be it further enacted other prson.n To be signed by the ap That there shall hereafter be appropriated, f plicsnt;' any person failing ;to make this as has been customary for the territorial J certificate shall not be entitled to register, governments, a sufficient amount to be ex- IX." We agree, upon the survey of the pended under the direction of the said Territory, to mutually deed And redeedto governor of the Territory of Kansas, not leach other, so as to leave a near as po?4 exeeedirig the sums heretofore appropri- ( bie as claimed.' " atd for similar objects for the erection I X. The officers of this Anciation shall if suitable public buildings at the seat of j be one Chief Justice, one (Register, one government, and for the purchase cf a li-1 Marshal, and one Treasurer. brary, to lie kept at the seat of govern- raent for the use of the governor, legishv five assembly, judges of the supreme court, secretary, marshal, and attorney of sail Territory, and such other persons, , under such ' regulations, & shall : be prescrib ed by law '- -4 5 .'V;'.' Sec 34.' And te ii farther enacted, That when the ksds in the said Territory Tfaia section, so far as Fort LesreH worth b concerned, was repealed hj a st&seqaeat ea actment. . At oar present writing 'we are sot informed ai to the precis point for fax&tiag tha seat of government of the Territory, tot be lievo it to be about three miles Fmih cf Fcri ieTeavorta. - ' - -- - - - shall be surveyed un.ier the .lirectton ot i tne. government, oi me ,unia states, preparatory'.: to .winging ,tho. ssra? into St-ritl lur I m 'ttlLniw M ina ni'iuiru i ;sounin mhi irrruory, sua iu uie , Ssc. Za. Ad be U further enacted , rr subdivisions in each of said judicial di&- i -..tt,, w.rnr-iA.i Kir iit7 : -.o!i c- h of t h. la u-c t in - A cwm i.ir. tjimriiarv ArufnriOiitioi. on meirarnvsj. tncts by proclamation, to he issued bylrusa up to the bhawnee purchase. him: but the legislative asseml !y. at their ' first or any subsequent session, may organ - I. - .-, ",'. .., . ' j ue, tne judges, ana alter tne times ana places of holding the courts, as to them shall seem proper and convenient. , Sec. 36. And be it further enacted, That, all officers to be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for the Tecritary of Kansas, who by the virtue of the provis ions of any law not existing or which may be enacted during the present. Congress, are required to give security ior moneys that may ie intrusted with them for dis bnrsment, shall give such security, at such time, and place, and in such manner, as the Secretary of the Treasury; may pre scribe. '. Sec. 37. And be it further enacted, That all treaties, laws, and other engage ments made by the government of the United States with the Indian tribes in habiting the territories embraced within this act, shall be faithfully and rigidly ob served, notwithstanding anything contain ed in this act ; and that the existing agencies and superintendencies of said In dians be continued with the .same powers and duties which are now prescribed by law, except that the President .jof the U. States may, at his discretion, change the location of the office of superintendent. Approved May 30th, 1854. . Title to Lands. The question is frequently a?ked u -How do the settlers in Kansa1; evpe, t tol'3 4,1 w -'l"v .tmn-.,e., u, .o. secure titles to their lands, since Govern . ; . j ment ha )t 'igamed the territory for settlement?" The lest answer we can give is by quoting a cod of laws adopted at a meeting of the "Actual Settlers," held at the house of Mr. Miller, in Millersburgh, in said Territory, on the 12th of August last Public notice had been given of the proposed meeting, and it was very well attended. They adopted the name of th? Mutual Settlers' Association of Kansas Territory. The following is their code, which every person iu the Territory will see enforced, until the Government shall super3-le the necessity of the organiza tion by action of their own : Whkreas, The law cf the United States confer upon citizens the privilege cf settling and holding lands by pre-emption ! right; and whereas, the Kansas valley, in part, ii now open for the location of such claims;, and whereas; we, the people of Mpn convention, have and are about to se riect homes in this alley, ami' in order to protect the public good, and to 6ecure equal justice to all, we solemnly agree aud bind ourselves to be governed by the fol lowing ordinances: I. We recognize the right of every cit izen of the United- States, of lawful age, or who may be the head of a family, to select, mark and claim, 240 acres of land, viz: 160 acres of prairie and 80 acres of timber land, and who shall within 60 days after the treaty is ratified proceed to erect thereon a cabin or such other improve ments as he may deem best, and shall, within 60 days after the ratifutatinn of the treaties, enter thereon as a resident. II. A claim thus marked and register ed, shall be good 60 days from the ratifi cation of the treaty, at which time, the claimant, if the head of a family, shall move upon and make his home on either the prairie or timber claim, which shall make them both good, and ;shall be re garded so by the settlers. Single persons or females making claims shall be entitled to hold them by becoming residents of the Territory, whether upon their claims or otherwise. Any person making a claim as above shall be entitled to? a day addi tional for every five miles they have to travel to reach their families.; III. No person shall hold more than one claim, directly or indirectly. TV. No one shall be allowed to enter upon any previously made or marked claim. V. All persons failing to commence im proving or entering thereupon within the time specified, shall forfeit the 6sme, and it shall be lawful for any other citizen to enter thereon. VI. Each claimant shall, $t all reason able times,' hold himself in readiness to point out the extent of his claim to any j -vl. 1 lie duty of the l-nief Justice ishall he to try and decide all disputes lie- tween settlers in reference jlo claims or otherwise, and to try all crininals or per sons guilty of the violation if the laws of the Territory. The said $hief Justice shall always take justice between man and man as his r guide; sad uponj the demand of either party shall snmnion ft jury 01 sit persons to try all dispute or vkttions of law, the jury to be selected as follows, vizr the Chief Justice to wtite down the names of 1 8 persons, &&dTjaci party to mark alternately until sis names only are left, the defendant ' xnarkit first. The Chief Justice shall al&o act as President Ter-Xibh Convention, have and are about to se ;ot aJl meetings of tne Association, ana in ui anwnce a presiaeni pro leiu. uau appointed. uir ifcuiiciiiiJik ni:u up nv.i i v"rc. " iu iu uw aowih-e, ue ic j parly interested. f XIII. The 3Jaish.-.Uhall execute all de- ie.jwnsof the Chief Justice or Juries and i the Eame, from the mouth of the aka- XV. It shall be the dutv of the Mar 1 shal, on the complaint of any citizen, by ill.?.. 11. ' himself or deputy, to summons and bring before the Chief Justice the parties for tnaL XVI. The officers of this Association shall receive a suitable compensation for their services, which sum shall be decided by I he Association. XVII. A Treasurer shall he appointed by the Association, who shall give approv ed security for the faithful disbursement of all moneys that shall be received into the treasurr. XVIII. The Treasurer shall be author ized to pay all drafts for the expenses of the Association when presented to him signed by the President and Secretary. 5 XIX. The officers shall be elected by the Association, and, by a majority vote of the same, removed. XX. Officers of the Association shall be residents of Kansas Territory. XXI. The Coon River, Wakarusa and all other Associations aie dissolved from this date. The Association elected permanent of ficers as follows: Jonx A. Wakefield, Chief Justice; J. W. Hates, Register; Wm. Lvkiss, Marshal; Wm. LvoN'freas urer. Emigrant Aid Company. For the purpose cf answering numer ous inquiries, concerning the plan of op eration of the Emigrant Aid Company, j and the resources of Kansas Territory, which it is projK.sed now tootle, the Sec- p "" ...lining i..wa.,ou m i i . fi , . ...j....-. j "V4"1 '- lll COMI'AXV 3 Oi!JH'f AND PLANS. The object of this Association are apparent in its name. The imirieirv emigration to America from Europe introduces into our ports a large munlier of p.-i-ons eager to pass westward. The fertility of cur western regions and the cheapness of our public lauds, induce many of the native bora citizens of the old States to immigrate thither. At the present time-public and social considerations of ihe giavesf. char acter render il desiiable to settle the ter ritories west of Missouri and Iowa; and these jiisid&i ationauu largely., UwMwaaing the amount of westward emigration. The foreiern arrivals in America last year were 400,777. In the same year, the emigration to Western Slates,of Amer icans and foreigners, must hate amounted to much more than '.'00,000 jtersons. The emigration thither, this year, will be larger -"till. And fiom the older Western States laite liumbei aie removing into nw brritity. : : . . . Persons who tire t!Jmiii3r with the course of movement of this large annual thronsrof emigrants, know that under the arrangements now:existing they surfer at everv turn. -The frauds practiced upon them bv 'runners" and ether agents of transporting lines in the.State of New York amonnt to a stupendous system of knave ry : which has not been broken up even by the patient endeavors of the State of ficers, and by very stringent State legisla tion. The complete ignorance of Our customs in which the foreign emigrant finds himself, and in more than half the foreign emigration, his complete ignorance of our language, subjects him to every fraud, and to constant accident. It is iu the face of every; conceivable inconven ience that the country recedes every year four hundred thousand foreigners in to its seaports, and sends the larger por tion of them to itii Western country. .' The inconveniences and 'dangers to health to which the pioneer is subject who goes cut alone or with his family, only in making a new settlement, are familiar to every American. The Emigrant Aid Company has been formed to protect emigrants as far as may be, from inconveniences. Its duty is to organize emigration to the West and bring it into a system. . Tim dnty, which should have been attempted long ago, is particularly essential now, in the critical position of the "Western territories. It has been decided to execute a deed of trust in lieu of, the charter granted by the Legislature, ahd it is believed that by an immediate subscription to this fund of two hundred thousand dollars, the Emi grant may be protected ; a free State may be secured to the lasting advantage of the country; and possibly a valuable property secured to the subscribers. The emigrant suffers whenever he goes alone into his new home. He surfers from the frauds of others from his own ignorance of the! sptem cf tra vel ; and the country where he settles; aud again from his want of Support from neighbor which results iu the impossibility of any combine.! assistance, cr of any division of labor. : ;.:-:.', ; .-"'..- - ' . ,- ' The Emigrant Aid Company will re lieve him from all these embarrassments by sending out emigrants in companies, ami establishing them in considerable num bers. They will locate thee where they please on arrival in their new home, and receive from government their titles. The Company propose to -carry them to their homes more cheaply than I hey could otherwise to enable them to establish themselves with the lea-l inconvenience, and to provide the most important prime necessities of a new colony: It will pro vide shelter and food at the lowest prices after the arrival cf emigrants, while they nwke the arrangements necessary for their new homes. It will render all the assist ance which the information of its agents can pive. And, by establishing emigrants in larsre numbers in the territories it will give them the power of using at once those social influences which radiate from the church, the school, and the press, in the organization and development : of a community. J " For those purposes,, it is recommended that the .Trustees contract immediately witheome of the competing lines of trav el for the conveyance of 20,000 persons from Massachusetts to that place in the West which the t Trustees shall select for their first settlement. - Il b believed that passage may be ob tained ia so large a contract, at a m-ch less price than that paid by individuals. We recommend that emigrants receive the fall advantage of this diminution of price, and that they l-e forwarded in companies of two hundred, as they apply, at these reduce d rates of travel. ! - . - -- - j ...w .UD liUix ... v. jseuiemeni, iney snail at once construct a boarding lum w receiving housein j rUku three hundrM persons may receive 3d. It is recommended that the Trus tees procure and send forward steam saw mills, grist mills, and such other machines as shall be of constant service in a new settlement which cannot however be pur chased or carried out conveniently by in dividual settlers. These machines may be leased or run by the Company's agents. At the same time it it desirable that a printing press bo sent, out, and a weekly newspaper established. This would be the organ of the Company's agents. Would -extend i&formation regarding its settlement, and be from the very first, an index of that love of freedom and of good morals which it is to be hoped may char acterize the State now to be formed. till. 13 ICVUIIIUIITUUCU 1 11 .1 k lUf VUIUM a .1. T. .r.. . 1,.. pany s agents locate, and take up for the Company's benefit, the sections of land in which the boardm.T houses and im hV are located and no others. And further, that ft lipnpfer t h. tpnilnrr shsll I ih or ganized as a free Slate, the trustees shalfrXr disnofeof all its interp.stAtbere. renlace bv the sales the money laid outdeclare adiv- j i. .i . it ii j idend to the stockholders, and ... 5th. That thev select a new field, and make similar arrangements for the fettle ment and organization of another free Stale of this Union. . Willi the advantages attained by such a teni of effort, the Territoiy selected as the Kvne of operations, would, it is believe-1, at once fill up with free inhabit ants. There is reason to suppose that sev eral thousand men of New England ori gin, jiropor. to immigrate under the au spices of some such arrangement this very summer. Of the whole emigration from Europe amounting to some 400.000 persons, there can le no ditticutty in in - ducing thicty or forty thousand to take! the same direction. Applications from j German agents have already len made lo metnbeis of the (.Vimphnv. We have al.o intimations in corresjondence from the free Slates of the West, of a wide spread desire among thor-c who know what it is to settle a new country to pass on, if Mi.h an organization can be made into that now thrown cjn. An emigrant party of those intending to go, has been formed iu Worcester couuty, and others in other States. Iu view of the establishment by such agencies of a new Free State in that mag nificent region, it is unnecessary to dwell iu detail on the advantages which this-eriterjnk-f .Lohhi. out .to . the country at large. It detei mines in the right way the in stitutions of the unsettled Territories, in less time, than the discussion of them ha-requin-d in Congress. It opens to those who are iu want in the Eateni Stales, a home an I a corajetence, without the suf fering hitherto incident to emigration. For the company is the pioneer and provides before the settler arrive?, the conveniences which he fust requires. Such a removal of an overcrowded pop ulation i one of the greatest advantage? to Eastern cities. Again, the enterprise opens commercial advantages to the com mercial States, just in proportion to the population which it creates, of free men who furnish a market to our manufacture and imports. Whether the new line of States shall be Free or Slave States, is a question deeply interesting to those who are to provide the manufactures for their consumption. Especially will it prove an advantage to Massachusetts, if she create the new State by her foresight supply the first necessities to its inhabitants and ojten, in the outset, communication between their homes and her ports and factories. In return for these advantages, which the Company's rapid and simple effort af fords to the emigrant and to the country, its Stockholders receive that satisfaction, ranked by Lord Bacon among the very highest, of liecoming the founders cf States, and more than this States which are prosperous and free. They secure satisfaction by au investment which prom ises large returns at no distant day. Under the plan proposed, it will be but two or three years liefore the Company can dispose of its property in the Territo ry first occupied and reimburse itself of its first expenses. At that time in a State of 70,000 inhabitants, it will pos sess several reservations of 640 acres each on which its boarding houses and mills stand and the churches and school houses which it has rendered necessary. From these centers will the cettleraents of the State have radiated. In other words, these points will then be large commer cial positions of the new State. If there were only one such its value, after the region should le so far peopled, would make a very large dividend to the compa ny which sold it, besides restoring its orig inal capital, with which to enable it to at tempt the same adventure elsewhere. ' . It is to lie remembered that all accounts agree that the region of Kansas is the most desirable part cf America now open to emigrants. It is accessible in seven days continuous travel from Boston. Its crops are very liountiful its soil Wing well adapted lo the - staples of Virginia and Kentucky, and especially the growth of hemp. In its eastern section the wood land and prairie-land intermix in propor tions very well adapted for the purpose of the fet tier. Its mineral resource, es pecially its coal, in the central and west ern parts are inexhaustible. A steamboat U already plying on the Kansas river, and t he territory has uninterrupted steam boat communication with New Orleans, and all the tributaries cf the Mississippi river. 'AIL the" overland emigration to California and Oregon, by any of the eas ier routes, passes of necessity, through its limits. Whatever roads are built west ward must begin in its territory. For it is here that the emigrant leave the Mis souri river. Of late years the demand for provisions and breadstuff? made by em igrants passing to California, has given to the inhabitants of the peighboring parts of Missouri a market at as good rates as they could have found in the .Union. It is impossible tnat such a region should, not fill up rapidly. The Emigrant Aid Company proposes to give confidence to settlcrs.br eivingr system to emigration. By dispelling the fears that Kansas will be See Mr. ErKOtt'siSpeectx oathe Nebraska J a slave State the Company will ieiIJirt4 the only bar which now hinder its or-,, pation by fiee settlers. It is hojj similar companies will 1 fouiied in otk free States. The tnterprwe is of tj character, that for thove who first tnur it, the more compel ilion tho better, Bj The fcUowinf poc iu. ftoiu Axaerir, most favored poet, ia bettmifally decripuve . I the Prairiea of Kan.u. The piopi.ei.ealluj to the peopling of lboe plaina, now being ified, induces as to girt them a place in tfcj, number of the He rat 4 of freeJem. He cak V who has seen those Prairies iu all their gru'. I dear ran conceife of the faithfulness cf tbep. f wi uiitn prEWfliea u un cutau rje- . The Prairifta. bt wuuaM ccluk sHraxr. These are the gardens of the dc.ert, these The anshora fields, boandicas and beamita) For which ihe speech of England l:ee co nam-. The prairies. I behold thetu for the first. And tny heart swells, while the dilated tight Takes in "the encircling vasiiies. Lo! thet stretch in airy undrJatiscs, tar away, As if the ocean, in his gen Jest swell, Stood BlilL with all his rounded billows fix'd, And motionless foreTer: -Motionless No, they are ail nuchain'd again. The clou 'weep over with the shadows id, bearatU The surface rolls and fluctuates to the ee; ' Dark hollows been, lo elide atone nd rhs The sunny ridges. Keeies t.f the south' tV ho toss the golden and the name-hie flowers, And pass the prairie-haw r, thai, poised on hirh Flaps his broad wings, yet moves i.ot-yc hu. plated ' -.,! , f . j j of Texas, and ha? cii?d the hmped troob Thai from the iVintaiu of lunula ghde i " ucai.u racibc hate ye faoued A nobler or a lorelier scene than this ' Mau hath no part in all this glorious iroik The hand that built the firmament hath hfatj ud smoothed these rerdaul t wells, aud sun, f their slopes Wh l..,k.n. r,l., 1.4 ! .. V '.I. . j i A "V . y 7Yr . "-iuu prove, And hedgedatheott round witti foieats. FiU-c. L. fl00f u For ibis luagnifc-fiit temple of the tky I With flowers who glory and hose lauii.tad t Rival the coustellatioos! The great iit-areus f Seem to utoop down upon the wene Juv,-. L. A nearer vault, and of a. tenderer blue ' E Than that which bends above the easteftj lulls As o'rr the verdant waste I guide my Meed, Ainoug the high, rank grass that sweeps his Hides, The hollow beatiug of hi foot-ieep vet m A sacrilegious ouud. I think of tho. e t'pon whose lest he tramplcK. Areihc-y here The dead of other day? and did the du-t Of these fair solitudes once btir w ith tie And burn with pa&siou? Let ihe ui.ghiy luouudi That overlook the river, or that rie 1 in the dim forem. rmudd uh tc Answer. A race that long has pass'd av. Buih them: -a disciplined and populous iaoe ! ,Ifa J ' ''. r eauh. wh.lc yt a Wan hewing the Pei,if hewn d. forms Of symmetry, and rearing on its lock The gliUering Parthenon. Thre ample f.eUs Nourish 'd their harvests; here thrir herds wets fed. When haply by their talU the LiMn low'd. And !oed his mailed shoulder to the yoke. AH day this desert innrmnr'd with their loils, Till twilight hlnsh'd, and lover6 walked and woo'd In a forgotten language, r.d old tunra, From instrument; of nnrr mernber'd form. Gave Ihe soft wiuds a vci. e. The red rr.aa came The roaming hunter-tribes, warl.ke ander--. And the mound-builders vanished fromtU earth. The solitude of reu.ones untold Has settled hi ihey dwelt. The piair.e wolf Hunts in their ineadows. and hi fre-dna den Yawns by my path. The gopher uontsthe ground Where stood their svtaimiug Citiffi. Ail is (roue AH save the piles of earth thai hold tl.pj touea The platforms whete they wonhipp'd iiiikno;x gods The barriers which they huitded from the i To keep the foe at bay till o'er the fcsil The wild beleagurers broke, and one by one. The strongholds of the plain vrerc foiced,od heap'd With corpses The LiOvvu vuliUif of the u wi Flock'd to those vast, nncover'd sepulchres.. And sat nnscared and r-ilcnt, at their fr&st. Haply some solitarv fugitive. Lurking in marsh aud foretJ, till theteue Of desolation and of fear became Bitterer than death, yielded himself to die Man's better natnre triumph'd. Kindlv word Welcomed and soothed him; the rude con querors Seated the captive with their chief . he chose A bride amoog their maiden1, aud at hngih Seem'd to forget yet ne'er forgot the wile Of his firrt lore, and her weet little one Uutcher'd amid the shrieks, with all his rare. Thus change the forms of being, Thi. arise Races of living things, ghrions in strength, And perish, as the quickening breath of God Fills them, or is withdrawn. The red tnaa, too Has left the blooming rild he ranged ro Liij, And nearer to the Rocky Mountain, nought A wider hunting-ground. The beaver tuiids No longer by these streams, but far awar On waters whose blue anrface ne'er rave rk Ihe white man's fate among 5discLii' springs, Aud pool whose imues swell the Oiegon, He reara his httle Venice, in these pla.t: The bison feeds no mote. Twice twenty leagues Beyond remotest smoke of hunter' ramp. Roams the majestic brute, in herds that shake ' The earth with thondering steps jet here 1 meet His ancient footprints stamped beside the pool. Still this great solitude is quick with life. Myriads of insects, gaudy as the flowers f hey flatter over, gentle quadrupeds. And birds, that scarce have iearn'd the fear cf man, '. ,': -Are here, and sliding reptiles ol the grosnd. Slantingly beautiful. The graceful deer Bounds to the wood at ray approach. The tee, A more adventurous colonist than man. With whom be came across the eastern deep, Fills the savannas with his murmuring;. And hides bis sweets, aa in the go Idea age, Within the hollow oak. t listen long To hi domestic hum, and think hear sound of that tutrautin multitude IVkiek soon shall fit these deserts. From the rrcand . v - Conies up the laugh of children, the scft voice Of maidens, and the sweet and solemn hyrca Of Sabbath worshipers. The low of herds Blends with the rmsUiag of the heavy grain Orer tho dark-brown fnrrows. Ail at once A fresher wind sweeps byand brealt my dream. And I ara in the wilderness alone.- ' . -, ' A Deciaion. ; i The Attorney General of. the United States has prepared a long and elaborate i document, presenting hi opinion in re- gard to pre-emption inivansa and Ne- : braska, which concludes thus : ' I "In fine, my opinion is, that the act cf Connress gives pre-emption only in tuch I of those lands ceded aa are cot required first to be offered at public sale; that tbe lands ceded by the Delawares, Iowas, &ui Wea under condition of being first offer- f ed at public sale, are no more opened to pre-emption by the act of Congress, tfca was the military reservation at Fort Lesv- en worth; that those lands cannot be taken up by settlers under claim of pre-empticn ; arid that all tlauiw of pre-emption there : will be merely void in law, and will confer r no right now or hereafter, on which to de- 1 mand the issue of a patent fiorn the Com- nussioner ot ruwic lav as. "Moreover, it will be the duly of tbe President to maintain by force, if need be, the plighted faith of tiie United States in this befcaiL - - '-The mouthlof Kansas river is in the f latitude cf St 1 Louis, Cincinnati, ana t VVEshingtoq ciy. The temperature is i not so high as in thase cities, becaxe of greater altiteide, . H . t I ! V h r r. 0.