Newspaper Page Text
TERJIS : Two Dollars per Ann cm In Advance.
1 BE JCST : LET ALL THE EXDS THOC AIUST AT BE TUT COCXTBT, COD'S, AXD TBCTU'sl" A Family Xewspaprr : fnde pe ndent on - All S&fcjects BY G. W. BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE CITY, KANSAS TERRITORY. SATURDAY, JANUARY 13, 1855. NUMBER 3 VOLUME fc ' A Dream of the West. Avt ! to the Far-West, wt ! , Where the bright Kamu rolls lu sparkling beauty on the vales, . Its Prthdcfr on the sottl. The world grow old around os here; Onr wcarr piriU pine For the wild and fur-off solitudes,- Where the tars in nilence sluue: Keeping thtrir lonely iraU-h, a when, , A thousand years ajro, They shone upon the silent glen, And on the untrodden snow; Away ! to where the tnoss-grown cliff) In solemn grandeur frown S While the untamed engle proudly tlu?re On hi wide domain looks down: Down on the vales and prairies wide, Where man hath never trod, Nor with his pony arm hath marred The glorious work of God ! fth ! hut for one brief hour, to roam in those primeval bowers tiy Natures hand in beauty wreathed, , And gemmed with untouched flowers In those lone prairies, wide and still, Whose borders greet the skies. While softly o'er the shadowy liills The plaintive west wind mghs That seems, to Fancy's dreaming eye, Upon its dihtant moan, To bring a voice of other vears, And wail the ages gone! There, the deep-sounding waterfulls Murmur amid the f-pray. While Echo, through theVilent air, Repeats the wild bird's lay; And through the balmy summer night The rone and violet weep. While softly on their dewy tears The penal ve moonbeams sleep. There, as the zephyr's gentle breath Waves the wild "flowers of spring, No sound of wo, no sigh of core, Is borne upon its wing; For man hath never come to breathe Contagion on the air To blight with wrong, or raiso to gold His sordid altars, there. With star-lit duino and rose-wreathed fane, Unmarred by human hands . There ! to the Eternal Deity, A glorious temple stands t " Great West ! to thee at once I'd come ! I'd bid the world farewell, . . And in those, far-off solitudes With God and Nature dwelL. Front the Kantwt City Eutrrpritt. Reception of Got. Reeder. Lawresce Cur, Kansas T., ) October 23d, 1854.) Mr.. Editor : Allow me to send you an item of news : Last Saturday morn ing, about nine o'clock, it was announced that Governor Reeder had arrived ; and our people were on tip-toe to see him. Yet coming go unexpectedly, many were absent, and among them our, honored Mayor, Dr. Ch as. Robixson.. After the customary introduction, the Gov. took a view of our city site, landing, etc., and expressed himself as being well pleased with the situation. A platform being erected, Gen. Sam uel C. Pomerov, in behalf of the citizens, welcomed him to this city in an eloquent, earnest, and appropriate speech, as fol lows : ; Gov. Reeder : rIn behalf of the citi zens of Lawrence, we welcome you to this settlement. Wo gather about you with open hand and heart in expression of congratulation and joy that you are among us. And these expressions are height ened by a consciousness that you are of us. Cheers. e cordially extend to you our own right hand and well-nerved trm. The one for your earnest grasp, the other for your sure support. , Ap plause. We come to you, sir, confid ingly, and welcome you to a free partici pation in all we possess.. Applause. But our treasures, as you see, are little else than our true hearts and free hands. Yet with these, also, we welcome you to ur frugal board, and tented homes. We also welcome you to a participation with us of these rich fields and splendid prai ries, and congratulate yourself and each other upon our prositective inheritance. which we hope richly to enjoy with vou. and finally transmit to those who come alter us.. Loud applause..- Ve wel come vou with no unmeaning words to this spot, our adopted, yet legitimate home, which already resounds with the bum and dm of business and enterprise, though but yesterday awakened from the slumber of ages ! Cheers. Of our own river moving quietly and smoothly on ward to the " rather of wnters of those high rolling points of prairie just above us, which slope so gently to the water's edge, and which we have already conse crated to Literature, Science, Justice and Religion. Applause. , And especially do we invite you to that point, ( Capitol Hill,) commanding above , all the rest, looking down, as it does, upon the valleys beneath, and the streams to the south and the north ; and yield it all cheerfully up to you, sir, for your official consecra tion. Loud applause. I said that our inheritance here was prospectively rich ; I mean, of course, those riches which are the prosperity - of a free and independent people. . Understand me not, sir, as re ferring simply to. that wealth which is reckoned upon paper, and computed by Jiiiu uuiies ; no, sir : I mean kh in facilities for high intellectual and ,moral culture, which so elevates human ity and allies it to God. Hence wo are .thus early planting, those institutions of . science and religion in which we were educated with the fullest confidence .that tinder your administration they will be fostered and promoted until, in their maturity and strength, they, shall tower p, ia years to come, as unfading monu ments to the wisdom,)atriotism, and phi lanthropy of their pioneer founders, as well as to reflect the highest honor upon the administration ' which took them in their infancy to its bosom, provided for their support, and secured their prosper ity. V e love the institutions of the fathers which were" early planted in the infancy of our Republic. And while we provide ourselves here with homes, do mestic sanctuaries for our wives and little ones, we are also fully determined to plant those institutions which are the great bulwarks of Freedom and s Happi We come to you with the Bible :a one hand,' and the spelling-book m the 'her, with the , high purpose of. laving the one upon the Altar of a Fret Chunk, and the other upon the Desk of a Free School. Applause. And with such a basis for the settlement of our beautiful Territory, we are sanguine in the belief that when we attain the maturity and name of a State, we shall be welcomed into the sisterhood occupying no ordi nary, position. And here, sir, allow me to say with the truest sincerity, that we have the fullest confidence that all these interests will be safe in your hands and under your administration. We have learned something, of your antecedents ; and, sir, we almost adore the noble State which you represent We remember all the struggle in her early history ; and are sure that vou have had a double baptism into her free spirit. Loud ap plause.! Sir, in the name of all the interests we represent in the name of our absent wives, sons, and daughters (soon, hope, to be here) in the name of all the unshaven, weather-beaten, yet noble countenances which now beam upon you having emigrated from every State in this Glorious Union, as well as from the Mother-Land we give you a cor dial, a hearty welcome. Loud cheer- mar. I Gov. Reeder replied substantially as louows : I thank you for the able, earnest, and eloquent manner you have welcomed me in behalf of the able, hardy, and un shaven men, (as vou have called them,) that surround me men who have come here if I may be allowed to use a com mon expressionto make the forest bios som as the rose. Applause. A am pleased to hear that you have come here to plant those institutions which we all love I mean the institution of the com mon school here in Kansas. It is my joy and pleasure to foster and cherish, as tar as possible, the institution of the common school planted, at home, and necessary to the prosperity of a country both new and old loud applause the strongest and surest safeguard, and one of the bulwarks of society every where. Cheers.! It is important to a State that the people should be educa ted ; for when they are thoroughly edu cated they understand their own rights, and know how to defend the rights of others. Cheers. Such a people as this make the wealth of a State, and pros perity of the nation. Cheers. And after proceeding in his usual able, earnest.and cordial manner, he closed by thanking all for the warm, heartfelt, able, and eloquent manner in which they had weieomeu jam to tins citv. t the conclusion of the Governor's remarks, all hands enjoyed a very agree able and social interview. Every one at the settlement seemed delighted women and children, old men and young turned out to jrreet the Governor. At 1 o'clock, p. m., a very excellent dinner was prepared under the direction of Mr. and Mrs. Litchfield. At once all the seats were filled, Gen. Pomerot presiding, with the most perfect ease and dignity. Upon his right sat the Gov ernor and heads of government, ladies, and members of the association. Upon his left, officers of the city government, strangers, and settlers. When the eating began to subside, Mr. Lixcotx proposed the following sen timent : "The Lawrence Association;'' which was happily responded to by the President ; who closed with the follow- : sentiment : " Gov. Reeder His Administration, first in time, first in im portance ; may it also be first in the hearts of the people." Great applause. trov. Keeder responded substantially as follows : I am much obliged to the officers of this association for the kind manner in which they have received us to-day. I do not rise to make a lengthy reply to the sentiment, but simply to state that I shall do what I can to make this administra tion worthy of remembrance. Loud cheering. I sincerely believe that no Territory, perhaps, if we except Cali fornia, has filled up as rapidly as Kansas is destined to be. The first settlers of the former were drawn together by the lust of gold, and were, to a great extent, the offcasts of society. But Kansas ex cels California in the character of its pop ulation; they are men who respect the law, and bring with them the Bible, and come here to establish the common school. .We have reason to be proud of this Territory the most beautiful the sun ever shone upon. Loud cheering. True, it has its defects like other sec tions; but it will not, as my friend, Judge Johnston, has said of Ohio, wear out one or two generations before its ben efits are reaped to the fullest extent. But the first may see and enjoy the com forts and luxuries of life without endur ing the hardshipsof otherlands. Cheers. But we have enough to contend against without making new trouble among our selves. Applause. We have reason to rejoice over this Territory, and stand to gether, to make it what God intended it should be. Applause. Let us take care that man does not mar what God has made so beautiful let us spread over this country the institutions of learning. Cheers. Let the Gospel bo preached all over this beautiful Territory, and let us always, and on all occasions, meet all with open arms as brothers, and congrat ulate ourselves on the benefits of those institutions which make the true wealth of the State, and this country will bud and blossom, and ere long it will be the heart of the Republic, through which the trade of India and China will pass east ward. . Gov." Reeder closed his remarks with this sentiment" The Judiciary of Kan sas Territory f which was responded to by Judge Elmore, in an eloquent, pleas, ingv and delightful manner, and gave as a sentiment ' Strong Arms and True Hearts which' was appropriately re sponded to by Mr. Willis. Mr. Exert gave this sentiment " The Moral and Religious Interests.. of Kansas:' which Was.responded to by Rev., S. Y. Lcm, in a speech of great power, setting forth the importance of a true moral and religious development of mind in order to secure the permanency of those institutions which prove to be the only, true basis for the wealth of a State. He closed by giving this sentiment : " The Mechanics of Lawrence; our comforts await your labors." To which Mr.MAixoRT promptly responded, and gave as a sentiment " The Political Aspects of Kansas Ter ritory." Which was responded to by Mr. Emery, as follows : Mr. President: Less than a twelve month ago I heard, in old Tammany Hall, John Van Buren scoffingly ask where Kansas was. The . Nebraska question was then just being brought before the public mind. A Territory stretching from Missouri to the Rocky Mountains, and embracing twelve degreesof latitude, was then little known to the vast major ity of the American people. And it was natural it should be so. With scarce a thousand white inhabitants, and a few hundred voters, its relative importance would little attract the public eye. But a change has come over us. In obedi ence to that great law which the founders of States have ever felt and recognized I mean the march of Empire westward this Territory' this virgin Territory has become the theater of earnest ac tion and determined effort. O'er its broad and rolling prairies, instead of the moan of the sighing winds, is beginning to be heard human voices, and to be seen the results of human labor and enter prise. .-. . ' ''': But, sir, the sentiment which my friend has called on me to respond to embodies somewhat the political aspect of our new home in the West no, not in the West, but in the heart of the American conti nent. I might say, in short, that, for one, I regard the whole thing as auspicious. I would not, however, be too sanguine. The pioneer in any sphere of life will find numberless occasions for the trial of his age. It is an easier thing to tell of future States, than to found and develop them. I know it is an easier thing to write out constitutions and frame theories, than it is to practically apply those constitutions, and force those theories into facts. Yet I can but believe that Kansas is to bear no mean part in the future history of our common country. The men the kind of men now pouring into our midst, fully warrant, it seems to me, sir, this opin ion. When I see any new region filling up with that class of men now to be found scattered throughout the log-cabins of this Territory, it assumes both'a present political importance, and auer well for the future. What is it that has made New England what she now is ? What is it that has made the North American Confederacy what it is ? and what has made so many political abortions in the shape of Repute I ics m boutii America 7 What, but the presence of the Church, the free Bible, and the free school in the former, and their absence in the latter ? And have we not these, or their beginnings, among us already ? " What I admire Columbus for," says Turgot, " is, that he went in search of a new world on the faith of an opinion." And, gentlemen, what I admire, and what I regard as a most cheering omen in the men of Kansas Territory, so far as I know them, is their faith their unfalter ing confidence in its future career and glorious development. So far as I know them, they are earnest men. Relying upon the effort of such men, Kansas ere long will take her place by the side of those States long ago admitted into the Union.- Seen in the - light of history, viewed by those who are to come after us, this Territory, commencing its career under the guidance and government of one so able as he who now fills the guber natorial chair, and whom we are most happy to meet here to-day, will be re- ! garded as one of our leading States. The Atlantic has hitherto been the great highway of commerce, and the At lantic States the home of art and com fort ; but upon the broad and tranquil bo som of the Pacific will trade and com merce be consummated, and the Pacific and western States will be the places where man will realize his highest ideals And does not the : geographical location of Kansas, as well as the richness and fer tility of her soil, invest her with a present interest, and give assurance of her coming significance. It seems so to me, sir and I believe that history is yet to speak freely of this bountiful rornon, and that " The historic muse. Proud of her treasure, will march with it down lo latest times. v Mr. Emert closed with the followiug sentiment : " The Merchant, the pioneer of Enterorise " Which was resDonded to by C. S.; Pratt, a merchant of this city, as follows : Mr. President: The number of those who represent the mercantile interest here is as yet small, and I take the lib erty to respond to the sentiment just expressed, though I am but a beginner in the vocation., ihouh the mercantile calling may not be professionally benev olent, yet I trust, sir, that those of this community who engage in it may not, in pursuit of their own ends and inter ests, be unmindful of the welfare of oth ers. , I trust, sir, that they may never sow the seeds of affliction, and barter for gold, to any one, that which is not bread. I shall be clad, sir, if any of those measures which we may adopt in pursuit of our calling shall be lnstrumen tal in promoting the interest of our Ter ritory, lea, more: we pledge our selves ( I think I "risk nothing in thus speaking for others) to do all in our power: to render what aid we may do able to make- this new and first adminis tration of government hece a successful one. We promise, sir, to emulate, the example of those to whom ' we are aocus toxned to look for example, and to strive to make this Territory one of the bright est stars in the galaxy of our union ! Mr. Pratt gave' " The Attorney Gen eral." Judge Johnston, of Ohio, in the absence of the Attorney General, was called on to reply, which he did in a lively, interesting, and witt;r manner. Stating that when he left unio nis menas were very anxious to know why he was going awav out to Kansas. ; He replied by saying "that Kansas was, in fact, the great heart of the Republic, and ; he wished to be nearer the center. . What a change has come over this place I--only five years ago it was full of buffaloes they once liad a settlement here and it is now full of Yankees ! He proceeded to some length in a jovial strain ; i and closed with a sentiment : "To the Ladies of Lawrence. The land of beauty, the I fiVhome of beauty.". To which Mrs. M. pflC L. Wood responded in an eloquent, earnest, interesting, and' womanly style, which gave great satisfaction r to all, as follows: , , ' , :; ., i t In responding to die. sentiment ex pressed, permit me to say, in behalf of the "lady pioneers of Kansas, that to prove ourselves ever worthy of so beau tiful a home, and to lend our influence, whether small or great, in making it in stitutions and society, good and happy, we trust will ever be the ardent aspira tions oi our nearts. uut let tne past oe an earnest of the future. . When we bade farewell to the scenes of childhood and dear companions, 'twas but natural that a few tears struggled up from full hearts but we brushed them aside, and turned onr faces hopefully, yea, joyfully, toward the promised land. Beaming over it we saw the jniidiwr star of duty. Wher ever its light. points out a path, woman ioiiows. it becKoned us hither to snare in the pioneer hardships of our beauti ful chosen home, to lend our influence in repelling immorality and vice of every form, and in its infancy to implant those virtues in its character which will make its maturity noble, grand, and good. Search the records of our country's his tory and find, if you can, that crisis where patient endurance, with moral courage and energy, have been required of woman, and she has been found want injr. - ; On Plymouth rock, in the loneliness of the forest wild, though her brave heart may have felt something like despon dency creeping over it, yet, lest those she loved might catch the influence; she hid her tears, and bravely struggled on thro all those bitter hardships. , . In the days that through agony, toil, and blood, our fathers secured to their children the rich inheritance of repub lican institutions, think you that woman shrank from bearing her part of those fearful trials ? When she laid upon the altar of her country's freedom treasures dearer than life, she proved to the world that woman had courage equal to any emergency. :, .. ... . In the moral, religious, and hterarv his tory, a host of bright names of women are recorded, who, in the hour of need,1 braved the dangers of a persecuted -mis sionary life among those to wham,t,lui4ui-4 folded the treasures of eternal truth of those who, in our own land, have raised from the lowest depth of city degradation their erring sisters," taught them the hap piness of a life of purity and good works, and bade them " sin no more." Names of those, too, whoso brilliant genius has stirred the hearts of millions with com passion for the lonely and degraded. V oman s sphere is wherever there is a wrong to make right a tear to wipe away a good wdrk to carry forward. And it is here to guard our beautiful embryo State from the invasion of wrong, oppres sion, intemperance, aud all that tends to debase and demoralize mankind. . ;. Yes, Kansas must and will feel that wo man has an influence, and that influence on the side of God and Truth! Tremen dous applause. . Mr. Willis gave the follow ing : " lhe Bar of Kansas In talent, ambition, and success, may it never be surpassed. To which Mr. Hutchinson responded as fol lows : Mr. President : I am happy to re spond to a sentiment that speaks so loudly to a profession to which it is my fate to be long. Not that I would class myself with such a? hoped for in the sentiment ; yet, as one of the legal profession, I would say that 1 am here to unite with you m form ing aud maintaining such institutions as shall secure ' our prosperity, and reflect honor on those we have so recently left. The bar represents a profession fraught with the most arduous labors and serious difficulties. It has for its object the main tenance of individual rights, and the'en- forcement of legislative enactments: It claims for its actors those who have labor ed upon the nice suppositions of abstract and relative rights those who have se cured that knowledge and discipline gain ed only by years of closest study. ' Yet however noble the calling, however well fulfilled, it has ever secured the jeers, fault-findings, and maledictions of thous ands of the more thoughtless. And I hope, while society is yet in its infancy, while laws and governments are not yet formed, that those prejudices may not arise, which everywhere prevail against the legal profession. ; Such is the constitution of society, that opinionsare as numerous as individuals violations of law outrages . upon de cency the most revolting crimes are of irequent occurrence ; ana it is tne amy of the bar to search through the myste rious avenues of intrigue, lay open the concealed guilt, and bring the criminal to justice.' When unbridled passion denes law and violates the last trust imposed on man, and injured innocence, crushed under the weight of irrecoverable- loss, cries for justice, and there is no other, arm to sustain her, the lawyer vindicates the right, restores virtue to her province, and fortifies the barriers of public safety. Law; whether physical, moral, or civil, must be obeyed, or there is no security to life, happiness, and individual rights; and civil law must look to; the bar for its maintenance. Without the bar, gov ernment is without authority.- She may ask obedience, but has no power to en force it it is the body-guarf of govern ment; its operations are so interwoven with every legislative enactment that the one must depend .upon the . other. Re ligion and morality look to their mutual aid for protection, and prog r nT conrapcmenL' "- '" ' " ' It is as an i exponent ,6t such a profession that I have left my own Green Moun tain State' and have taken ttpori me the hardships of a pioneer life.,:! havecho- sen the profession . because I loje it as.I love life itself. .1 believe its object no ble and unquestionable ; although some, unfit to step over the threshold of any calling, have forced themselves into this profession.' 4 Yet the bar should hold no sympathy with the pettifogger who de ceives his client and renders the decision of justice subject to ignorance and chi canery. . Believing, as I do, that upon the bar rests the salety of a people, 1 can respond, sir, most heartily to this sentiment. -It is my earnest desire that this infant Ter ritory may possess a bar whose light shall shine as a bright star in the western firm ament.' I would that, while we take counsel from our eastern confederacies, we might strive to rival them in our efforts to establish human rights upon a true ba sis. .. I would that we might comprehend the high character of our position that we may bci urged forward by a true am bition that justice, unmoved by selfish ness, may be the polar star of action, and that an . over-anxious desire of success may not blind our eyes to right, and si lence the voice of conscience. But, sir, do you not ask too much in your sentiment ? Withdrawing the veil that overhangs the past, the , names and deeds of Lycurgus. and Cicero shine as bright stars looking down upon classic grounds, and lighting up the pathway of this glorious profession. Ata later period Fox, Pitt, and Burke, who, until recent ly, stood unequalled, honored the profes sion, and left on record their noble actions as examples for students in all coming time. '; But the brightest intellects were left to adorn the American bar. Here are recorded names that must stand for ever alone and unapproachable they are the names of Clay and Web ster. I would that the shades of their departed spirits might hover over and around the bar of Kansas to-day and for ever! Can you, after reviewing such names, hope to equal the past ? 1 almost shrink from my duty when I remember that I belong to a profession adorned by such, names. But, sir, however much we may. be wanting in talent, I trust in sinccnty of purpose and unity of action we may be unsurpassed. At present we must await legislative action. Place in our hands those laws by which you wish to be governed, and I. trust we may be ready and able to maintain them. Let us, then, individ ually and unitedly, put forth every energy to lay broad and deep the foundations of a fetate government that shall throw back its benign influences upon the long series of our sister States that lie between us and the Atlantic ; aud may it throw no less benign influences over the ill-doomed red man that roams between us and the Pacific. He closed with the following senti ment : . , " The Medical Profession : May its representatives in Kansas be true votaries of science ; and Quackery never find encouragement within her borders." To which Dr. S. C.Harrington respond ed as follows : Mr, President : It always gives me pleasure to respond to such a sentiment. It need only be uttered indifferently in my hearing to enlist a willing ear ; but upon ; an occasion like this a no less occasion than a visit from our chief mag istrate and his distinguished associates to the city of Lawrence in an official capa cityit gives me still'greater pleasure ; aye, I am proud to represent the profes sion which lias been honored with the sentiment. From the remarks which have fallen from the lips of. our. honored guests, it would seem that here is no need for med ical aid; ,but, Mr. President, it needs something beside pure air, pure water, and a fine climate, to insure health. It demands the effort of every individual, each for himself. We, from time imme morial, have been taught that we have souls to save; but it is quite recently that the salvation of the body has begun to: be considered by any considerable por tion of the otherwise enlightened world. Sir, no one would hail the time with greater joy when that truism "An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure" may become fully understood and practically applied by the whole peo ple. In producing this result, it seems to me, the medical profession have some thing to do. Our race is materially de generated." Disease" (the result of laws transgressed) yearly makes sad havoc in every community.' - What is to be done 7 Educate every child in those tilings which concern their physical, salvation. Would to-day. it were the principal busi ness of the physician, rather than be ne cessitated to peddle . pills from door to door. : " "" '.: " ' ' I pledge myself to do all I can, to use the little influence so humble an individ ual as myself may exert, to carry out in practice the sentiments I have expressed. The Dr. closed with this sentiment : " The Kansas Pioneer ;" which called up S. N. Wood, Esq., one of the earli est settlers in the Territory. : Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle men: That mvself and family preceded the most of you here, can hardly entitle me to the honor of responding to the sentiment just expressed; for life in Kan sas could scarcely be called pioneer . life. Could you nave joined the party that sailed down the Ohio in 1 788- 66 years ago and made their pioneer settlement at Marietta, then you would have known something of pioneer life. Or had ! you settled in the Western Reserve, in Ohio, 50 years ago, or in . central Ohio, at a still later period, ia a heavy timbered country, where for years you would have had to work anion stumps and roots, then, indeed, you might have been called pioneers, rniny-ave years ago my pa rents settled in central UhK, in the beech woods: and young as I am, I have serv ed my apprenticeship at rolling logs, picking counts, piling crusn, ana dig ging ana delving among roots ana stamps, ,1-or 2d years our nearest - mar ket was 70 miles distant, where tne Hard working fanner hauled his wheat, over kxs and through mud, frequently selling at0half a dollar,' and paying in exchange 25cl a" rard for calico.-- But Ohio, with all thesa disadvantages,- and- only, 66 years old, has grown to bo the third, if not the second State in the Union, num bering two millions of souls. I may be a pioneer; but if so, it vras in Ohio, not in Kansas. ' For here already we are surrounded with nearly all the comforts of life, not among roots and stumps, but farms ready cleared ; though I must ad mit unfortunately not feneetV Yet God has furnished us with rocks' enough not only for our buildings, but to fence the whole Territory - besides, we are in a climate where. the Osage orange .will flourish, producing the best of hedge in from 3 to 4 years. We are not 70 miles from market, but on the banks of a beau tiful navigable river, flowing through the very center f our Territory. ; Besides, the Pacific railroad, already in contem plation, must pass up the Kansas valley ; and again, another railroad is already in ! contemplation north to some point on!Pttrtf the country. Jlis children were the MississiDDi. connectim us direedv!to young to give hini any assistance with Chicago and the East. In two years we shall be within 48 hours of New York and Boston. Besides, the whole California and Salt Lake emigration, for years to come, will fit out here, which, together with the ' Santa Fo trade, will make us the best market in the world at home. A steam saw and grist-mill are already on the ground, ready to be raised in two or three weeks. One will be turning out lumber by the thousand for our houses. Talk of pioneer life I Next summer we shall be living in fine houses of wood, stone, and brick, with fields of wheat, corn.' oats, rye, and bar ley all around us. Our soil will produce almost everything, except white beans ! It is too rich for them ; tuey all run to vines ! We shall have to import them from Ohio and New England. , Gentle men, as we see Ohio to-day, we shall see Kansas - ten years hence ; : for here, with eastern ingenuity and shrewdness, we have combined western enterprise and industry. With these bright pros pects, is it too much to say that Kansas will stand imnvalled as the State born m a day? -liorn but - yesterday, to-dav is budding into womanhood, will, as it were, to-morrow take the marriage vows, and enter the sisterhood of States give as my sentiment "Agriculture, the basis of wealth and prosperity.' Mr.' Lincoln responded to the above in a happy style : Mr. Lincoln gave as a sentiment : "Missouri, . our border State ;" which was responded to by the Rev. Mr. Fer- ril, as follows : Fellow-Citizens: 'Beinga Missourian by birth and education, I truly thank you for the sentiment just expressed. . It shows at once that sectional animosities are to be unknown among us j and that, coming together as we do from all parts ot the world, we are to unite, heart and hand, making the interest of Kansas, and cheerful . homes for ourselves, our great est objects; forgetting that we are from Massachusetts, Ohio, Missouri, or any other State, and remembering only that we are citizens of Kansas. . The Marshal of Kansas being called for, and being temporarily absent from the table, Gov. Reeder responded to the sentiment, gave to. all present his most cordial congratulations complimented the pioneer ladies who so cheerfully un dergo so many trials; and prove them selves sufficient for any emergency, and finally expressed the hope that the pleas ant scenes and sentiments of this occa sion might only be a precursor of those even more congenial and happy for all time to come. ; The company then began to disperse. Cheers upon cheers . were uttered : for the Governor, long, loud, and continu ous! General PoMERor and others accompa nied the Governor and friends up to " Capitol Hill," - where they took a fine view of all the country. To the south lies the valley of the Wakarusa, skirted with trees as far as the eye can reach. At the east there is a prospect of unsur passed beauty ' and grandeur. As vou look upon it,' in the near view lies a slop ing, .variegated, beautiful prairie, and then you see a belt of large and splendid forest trees, just concealing the point where the Kansas (the mother) receives the WTakarusa (the daughter) to its lov ing embrace ; in the distance lies a high prairie, and those noble looking mounds, which, to appearance, dame Nature pat ted up- as playthings in her school-days. To the north you have a view of the Kansas river coming joyfully towards you with her full bosom open, smooth, and beautiful.' At the west, swell after swell of rolling prairie rises one above another, till the view is lost, and "earth and heaven seem blent." All eyes were feasted . with the scene. But the time was short. It became necessary for the Governor and suite to leave. The kind est adieus were interchanged, and with one crack of the whip they were all gone. Yet not wholly grmr; for the light hopes and joys of this joyful reception still lin ger here. And far distant be tiie day, when the brightness of our sunny sky shall be o'ercast with clouds. Yours, cor dially, . S. F. TAPPAN, Jr. Kansas. A letter ia the Puritan Recorder thus gives, no doubt, the true fa-t in the case. An election for a l.-gislatun?- is not to be held till spring : ' r , : "Let no on repeat that the strife is over that there is no slawry iii or going into the Territory.- The truth is just be ing here developed, that they are now cure Kansas to slaverv. Especially are ' its place Ktnud a tallgracafuL and roa thev now organizing to secure the first 'jestic plant, waving its Upert lenres, aal making tne most cu'ierminoa cnon w Legislature to their interest. f It is not sure that we shall have an election for a Legislature this fall ; I hope we Khali not J If we do .have, we shall bebeaten by Missouri votes going over the ! line." If the subject can . be postponed Until ano ther season, and we push forward t with our enterprise, I shall begin to hope " 'S3T It is' stated that ' the pastor of a church in New Jersey hasjmatured, ar rangements for emigrating to Kansas with abcrat forty families thus transferring h j euurcnaaa pan that wide and mv ;?Jiseellcii)coi.s. ' Indian Tjeend The Origin of Corn. . , L ; nr MINNIE MTKTLE. i In looking over various books concern ing Indian literature, I have found two or three legends connected with the origin of corn and other . vegetables, whk-h will not bo likely ; to fall under the eye . of general readers without assistance, and which I have thought worth transcribing. They sound ven. much like the fairy tales, to which we have all loved to listeu in 'childhood, -and are worthy a place among the fables of any people. AlANDiJnx; or, the Origin of Indian Corn. A poor Indian was living with his wife and children in a beautiful I m hunting, and he had but ill-luck him- I self. But he was thankful for all he received from the forest ; although he was very poor, he was very contented. ; The eldest son inherited the same dis position, and had ben "ever obedient to his parents. He had now reached the age at which it is proper to mako the initial fast, which the ; Indian la is all make at about fourteen or fifteen. As soon as the spring arrived, his mother built him a little fasting lodge, in a retired spot, where he would not be disturbed ; and, when it was finished, ho went in and began his fast. - He amused .himself a few mornings by rambling about in the vicinity, look ing at the shrubs aud wild flowers for he had a taste for such things and brought great .branches of them along in his hands, which led lum often to think on the goodness of the Great Spirit, in pro viding all kinds of fruit and herbs for the use of man. This idea quite took possession of his mind, and he earnestly prayed that he might dream of something to benefit his people ; , for he had too often seen them suffering for want of food. " On the third day he became too weak and faint to walk about, and kept his bed. He fancied, while thus lying in a dreamy statethat he saw a handsome young man, dressed in green robes,' with green waving plumes on his head, advancing towards him. The visitor said : ' Lam sent to you by the Great Spirit who made all things, lie sees that you wish to procure a bene fit to your people. Listen to my words, and follow my instructions." ne men told the young man to nse and wrestle with him. Weak as he was he tottered to his ftet and began ; but after a long while the handsome stranger said : "It Is enough . for once. I Will come again." lie then vanished. Un the next day the celestial visitor re-appearvd, aud renewed the trill. The young man knew tliat his physical strength was even less than the day be fore; but as his physical strength de clined he felt that his ; mind became stronger, and . clearer. . Perceiving this, the stranger in plumes again spke to him." ." To-morrow," ho said, "will be your last trial. Be strong and courage ous : it is the only way m which vou can obtain the boon you seek." He then departed. On the third day, as the young faster Lay on his pallet, weak and exhausted, the pleasing visitor returned ; and as he resumed the contest he looked more beautiful than ever. The voung man nasped .him, and .seemed to feel new strength imparted to his body, while that of his antagonist grew weaker. At length the stranger crid out,' " It is enough ; I am beaten, i ou will win your desire from the Great Spirit. To morrow will be the seventh day of your fast, and the last of your trials. Your father will bring yoa fori, which will recruit -vou. 1 will then visit you for the last time, and I sec that you will pre vail. As sxn as you have, thrown me down, strip off my garments and my waving pluriies, and bury me" on this ipot. Come often to the phce, and ke'p the earth clean and soft, i shall oou re appear, with all the wrappings of my gar ments and my waving plumes. Uuce a month cover, my roots with fresh earth. By following these "directions your tri umph will be complcte.V J-Ife then dis appeared. - lhe next morning tlrfj youth s Lither came with fod ; but he asked him to set it by, for a particular reason', till the sua went down. Meanwhile the sky-vLitor came for his final trial ; and tJumgh the young man had not partaken of his fa ther's food, he engaged in the combat with his. visitor with a feeling of super natural strength. ' He threw him down, and then stripped off his garments and plumes. He buried his body iu the earth, carefully preparing the ground, and removing every weed ; and then returned to his lather's lodge. He partook sparingly of food, and ko;i recovered hii perfect strength. - But he never for a raomet forgot the burial, place of his friend. , He carefully ...visited. it, ! and w ould not let even a wiU flower grow there: Soon he ".saw: the '-'top of the green plumes coming out of the ground ; at firxt in spiral points; then expanding into the broad green lavcs, and finally assuming their silken fringes aud yellow tassels. The spring and summer had 4 now passed, when one day, towards "evening, he asked his father to visit the f-pot win? m he had fasted. The old man stood in amazement ! 'The lodge wa gone, and displaying its bright-colored plumes aud tassel. . liut what most attrac ted m ad miration was its golden ears.' 5 It is the friend of my dreams and nswns," said the rooib.: -A fT .T'tAr?., ,? '.,It is .Mandamia ; it is ,lho i Spirit's grain," said the father, . J And this is the briginof Indian Corn 1 The Three Slaters. The .Spmt of Corn, uSpmToriSeans, and the bpint o: as mat cachwas entrusted, for the benefit of and represent thom as loving each 'the- and delighting to dwell together. This affection is manifested by the clinging of the vines to each other, and their being, nourished by the same soil, and oftew springing from the same hillj' : J , " The mauleus are supposed to be clothed with the leaves of the plants each with the one over whose growth' she presides : and all summer they are supposed to dwell among them. " They have no sepa rate names, but are cal&d JJe-ha-ko, which signifies " Our life -our support ers." . - ...... Cora, they say, was once of easy cul ture, yielded abundantly, and had a grain Very rich with oil. : But the Evil Spirit being envious of this great gift to the red man, went forth into tho fields and spread over it a universal blight. Since then it has been harder to cultivate, produces not so abundantly, and has lost its-original richness.' ,W hen the rustling wiud waves the com leaves with .a moaning sound, the pious Indian fancies that he hears the Spirit of Com, in her compassion for tho red man, still bemoaning with unavailing regrets her blighted fruitfulness - ilmr icon Agriculturist. ; . ; . A' Solemn Appeal' ' We copy the following from the Coun cil Bluffs Bugle, of October 31 : Last week our sauccum wa s graced with a dozen chiefs and braves of the Omaha nation. Tall, portlv, and majestic, and as straight as .th forest oaks, whose foliage, deck thewildwood. Poor fellows! they look ed sorrowful, though their pride forbade their -stooping to receive the pity for their, savage and uncivilized condition, we were disposed to bestow." They said they came to have a talk with lis, and a half- breed, half-educated boy undertook to in terpret for us. " Wh ite" Crow,' ' an orator chief of six feet high, and covered .with sears, addressed. us iu substance: - . . "Friend, we are now little, very small; W e were once great, and feared not the Sioux, nor any other foe. We had abund ance of game and knew no want. 'We were content and happy, and bur. young men and women sported on the green grass under the shade of our own forests. " The white man came among us. - He brought the fatal fire-water, and incura-' ble diseases.. We believed, the pale faces were sent by the Great Spirit, . and we( listened to them. . My people have learn ed all the bad things of the white men but could not understand the good that they spoke of. . The; Great Spirit became offended, and killed our people by - great numbers.' He sent our enemies upon us, who also killed our kindred and warriorsi He drove away our flocks" of game 'nd now we are nxthing."TTThewind on ! th prairie will almost blow us away. . Oar. horsos are taken from us ; . we have noth ing to cat ; our hearts fail us ; we are men no longer. Our young men look toward the ground ;. they cannot look tip; Wliat shall we do ? We look toward our white brothers for counsel ; shall we bo. blotted out, and known no longer among; our red brethren ? -" - ' " The Great Spirit whispersno ! that we must do as the pale faces ; plant corn; raise cattle, and make what we need for use. Our lands an; sold to the Great Father. We believe that he. will be kind to his red children, and teach them all useful things, and be patient with our young' men ; they are children and know both ing. We ask the Great Spirit to keep the fire-water away from our young men. The white man gives him the bad drink. and then takes his horse, gun, and blan ket. ; 1 hen he lias nothing. ' ; Brother will you ask the Great Father to watch the white children. We want the things he has promised us, and then we leave our ph'asant homes and our Lathera graves." The old mart wept, and was. silent. . r .i . Nebraska Salpnnx Spring, i - -1 In company with the gentlemanly- ownr, vvni. i iancv, we visited , the White Sulphur Spring, about a mile and a ' half above Omaha City. "w Tho spring is situated at the lower angle of ' precipitous bench i bluff, ; about three fourths of a mile from the Missouri river, and gushes out in a clear, beautiful vol-. ume, that runs at the rate of A barrel per minute, and passes off through a low bottom. The water is strongly impreg nated with sulphur, and may be scented r ' 1 t t i . mi . ior a consiaeraoic uiMance ine water is coo!,' and, to our palate, as aweet as honey. We have not seen a spring alto gether so valuable in tho western interior.' its real medicinal 'properties we have not yet learned. Mr. Clancy is about trans 3 nutting a few bottles to. St. Louis I analysis. After indulging in continuous cooling draught?, and reviewing : the grand and beautiful fHfryafonnLl wa hllid our vessels for a borne sup, ascend-. cd the fteep acclivity, and returned over a delightful b-nch of level bothrfa land, through which a clear meandnifg stream wends its wav.? At present, pOTc&svi i ting this spring roast take the Winter Quarters -road for some two miles, and then strike the bottom to the lowest point of a grove, and pass down the bluif l&iik exactly opposite the Indian gravesi Ifr Clancy purposes opening tt road and bridging the streams, on a straight line from Omaha City, making- the diotanco not much over a mile; whereas it is now about : four mils- around.'-4 Theref are j soon. Jo be , erected ' : good ; comfotlabki j buildings, with all necessary appendage for the convenience of visitors, invalid, and pleasure parties. We wih hira every deserving sum.'-'-. " Li n y" Go ahad,l neighbor CLarvy ; these spring will call thousands from tbesulr j try. bouth to njoy: the .. cool pralri breeze and the chalybeate waters or re braska. Bugle; 1 .... .. " : n f : XSrThe Israelitie had this proverb;: He , that goweth sparingly,. Fhall reap also sparingly ; hut he that soweth bouii tifallT, hall reap also botaitlnillT. l -.-Wheat, and oats, and ryelire- sot all the farmer baa to txne thought,; and la-f t bor, and capital re. a :mueh germinal and productive principles 'aJthUdposal;-.' as the seeds of plants; asd it is m his usa of these Especially, thl he will find the" , proverb verified,; and; Is.-empell-4 V rean-&3 he has, wwiw " .rT iT '- ...C: i