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f 7 TERMS trrTw ' Dollars per Anaiia--In AfcrascV r '.:. - - ;h-. : BB ,rsT n-iu, T.xvDs.TaoViiair'BB. THr..CTBT8,,ooD.x.Aw TnV 1;; :f , . ;.,i;IiaBilj.:Kespapi'r i!Bepeadeai e& All Saecte. he League of Freedom. ' ' viien thmvler clonds are eathering forth, . .Wer moantain, hill, and plain, -Th'.artilleriea of heaven ana earth Join in the stormy rain: ' ' jwrbo then ao vainly prooa as boast . . To stand before the tearful host I : : 5o when the Free . - Of earth agree . :; , .In such a brotherhood to form, " -li Who shall ecdare the mighty storm I ' The Tyrants in their league hare kept . . - For centuries the rod; . ' -' And nations groaned, and people wept r And trembled at their nod. . .. And wealth, and life, and all such things, , Iltfre been the sport of foolish kings ; . - ": . The time is past 1 : ' ? v Thedieiscast! . i i , The Free shall league their countless host -'To hold the day, whatc'r it cost ! - The star of Waterloo has set , - In all its gloomy pride ; There thrones for the last time have met, And with each other vied. - ' , , It was a bloody struggle, sooth, . -And kings have learned an important truth ! r They'll never make ' ' Another stake, ' ' Nor martial legions from afar r . , To join in regicidal war. . , There's yet to be another field, , . And tor another prize; . ' i The freedom of the world shall yield, : In one last sacrifice Of life, and hope, and truth, and right, Or thrones shall sink beneath her might, . When brave Tdagyar, .i :: And Erin there, . . Frank. German, Pole, and Saxon twain, . United, sweep the battle plain ! . Ob, Freedom ! ever from Ler lair ' - Shall Austrian leopard bound . ; , - Upon her prey f The Russian bear ' . " , . forth from, his froxen ground : And polar snows, to slaughter rush, . Mad where he finds no more to crush f ' - Is there no friend . -Ilia aid to lend, Nor power on earth, nor arm of might, ; To give tby bleeding cause respite X . 2?o truce 1 : If Freedom e'er despairs, ' ?Tis not to suppliance given; -"'The mountain oak by summer air - ; - , lias never yet been riven. ' ' The foe is proud: about his throne ', : . Kor mercy breathes, nor truth is known; : . By dark intrigue : . ; - . t He forma his feagne, J - ; t! . To merge the liberties of all " In one self-will, the tyrant's thrall. ' ' ' Te spirits of the sainted dead t Our dearest hopes defend, 5 ' -. And to the cause for which va bkd . - Your unseen presence lend. ' : . The exiles in their banishment . - - --.v , , : : Are envoys from the people sent, ; a -. - Whose words are more - ' -.-;,;' . ' Than classic ore, , ' r , To link the thousand conquering Lands ' i Of freedom in their distant lands. As heaves old ocean's rising wave, To thunder on the shore, . - ' ' So shall the columns of the brave ' " Swell to the battle's roar r 'J, ' " , When all that's dear in human Ufc i Shadl struggle in the mortal strife; -r, . ; And while there's scope, f, - . Or ground to cope For Freemen in each other's cause, . Their serried columns shall not pause.. . From th United Slattt Magazine America a Land of Antiquities. Throughout the length and breadth of the whole country- washed, as it is, by - the waters of two mighty oceans, and abounding in natural . resources enor mous beyond what is possible to con ceive we find much to admire in the as--' pect and beauty of nature ; and whether . we travel from the distant shores of Maine , And New Brunswick to the golden sands of California, and the shores of the great Pa cific, or from the bright crystal lakes of Minnesota to the orange groves of r Ionda, ; .we behold ' throughout this immense ex-; ,'tent the features of nature, grand and , beautiful in every form and aspect. , ; The ' mineralogist, the geologist, the naturalist, the botanist; and even the antiquarian, . have all a rich field here. ' ' : . Strange .as it may V appear, America abounds in antiquities, so extensive,- so beautiful and majestic, as to rival those of Thebes or Nhievalu Ruins of ancient 1 cities of immense extent fortifications, : mounds, - and pyramids temples with walls: built of hewn stone, showing a re . fined taste in architecture, and ; adorned with human figures beautifully executed ' large altars ornamented " with hiero- glyphics, probably givinga record of those who reared them, but which no man has been able to decipher rremainsof ancient palaces with' beautiful specimens of sculp- ! rure and paihtingj with many bthermarks of 'ancient greatness prove to us that , this i not a new "world, but Uiat a power-. (1 ful empire : existed at a very remote pe ; riod of time, teeming with a population ' highly skilled in arts, and in a state of -civilisation far beyond' any thing tnat we i have beeu -J to conceive of the abori hgines, previous, to the discovery of the continent by, Europeans.. -..... : . The antiquities of America extend from r the eastern shores of Maine and Massa 3 -chusetts to 'the' Pacific, I; and i from the jjreat lakes and British domuiions to Pe fru and La Plata, in South America; in n , fact, throughout the extent of both con tinents.." Immense forests grow over the iruins oflarge cities, and the giganUc size of 4 the frees, with; indications that other gen eratwns of trees sprung p 'and grew before them proye.that tlie ruins ;were 'in existencebefore the Christaui era j Jn levery portion of the United States, inter esting ruins hate Keen discovered. In -the State-of New York have been found sculptured figures of 100 animals of 'dif tferent species, executed in a style far su crior to any thing exhibited by any of the Existing tribes of - Indians The State of ,Ohio'aboHnia iaruin of towers,- fbrtifi eations with extensive, mounds an,d jr ' jtmids. AinetA, in this State, beaa- tiful pottery, sljyer and copper ornaments no, peana"tt "great oeauty ina luster, . hare beett dug? up from" the earth.' In .nhoi cavea; pf Tenaesseft aad-KeofaJtckj mummies. have. been found in a high -stateof preservation, wUiedwiti cloths j ;ana scins pi various texture, miaiu wim jesthersf like discoverieslisye been hade ifil CarTolltoUi near Milwaukie.f in the State oof.iscHisiiruins rpf .chuge- fbrtifica , tiens appear .Similar. ruins appear in the JiUte f Missouri'. OnHielsouth' side of the MisknirT river,' in the westero portion 01 ui ouiwf, is an meiosure 01 somcixA; .cm irhicb melttdesthe ruinsof a bnild-jaad eighty-seven own over two hundred, ;?n? ou n ancient, tower, Jirithjand fourteen hundred and seventy-nine wails 150 feet high, and 80 fee widl At ; own pyer onehundrc, , . the base, attached to which are a redoubt and a citadel, with work much resembling the structure of a tower m Europe.' But it is in the south of Mexico that magnif icent and beautiful ruins present thenar selves in abundance. Rums of majestic cities, magnificent temples and altars, with beautiful works of sculpture,' taste fully wrought; and palaces adorned with paintingscolors chiefly sky 'blue :and light greenwhich show by their rich ness and elegance, to be the work of a highly cultivated pefiple. " ;- These ruins, majogtie and beautiful in appearance, but' overgrown with thick forests of mahogany and cedar of im mense dimensions " and great age, prove to the world that a great empire existed i here at a very remote period of time, and ! that this empire teemed with an immense population of people, highly skilled m the mechanical arts, and in an advanced state of civilization. - The most extensive ruins are to be found at Uxmal and Palenque, in Mexico. At Uxmal are immense pyr amids coated with stone, and 'quadran gular stone edifices and terraces. The highest of these pyramids is 130 ft.; and on the summit it supports a temple. On one of the facades of the temple are four human figures, cut in stone, with great exactness and elegance. The hands are crossed upon the breast. The head is covered with something like a helmet. About the neck is a garment made of the skin of an aligator, and over each body is the figure of a death's head and bones ' ' '' ' At Palenque are immense ruins -a city of great extent, with the remains of a royal palace. One temple, that of Copan, was 520 ft. by 660, supposed to have been as large as St. Peter's at Rome, Another temple of great dimensions is here, hav ing an entrance by a portico 100 ft. long and 10 broad. It stands on an elevation of 60 feet. The pillars of the portico are adorned with hieroglyphics and other de vices. Different objects of worship have been found representations of the gods who were worshipped in this country. These temples, with fourteen large build ings, and many other objects of curiosi ty, stand here as monuments of ancient greatness, to remind us of the" remote or igin of a mighty empire. : This city has been described as the Thebes of America, and travelers have supposed that it ' must have been sixty miles in circumference, and contained a population of 3,000,000 souls. Centuries must have elapsed and dy nasties succeeded each other, before such orders' of architecture were introduced, and a length of time - must have passed an omniro - wmiW Wnmri i sufficiently powerful to erect such tem-l'; pies and possess a city of such vast ex-1 tent. , In looking back to the past we feel ; abolish this system. We assert the man ir,rroctMl in ti imnotmn w i hood of the enslaved. : These three mil- people was once in the noonday of glory, j : : e ji : eniovinff all the fruits and luxuries of an 1 advanced hold must at once seize upon o their strength and power, wild beasts now j roam: and venomous sernents wend their way ; and over- these vast cities, where once the busy hum of industry and the I civilization: but when we be-luuuus"1' utM etuug, u these ruins, a melancholy reflection ! Vs destined for immortality, voice of merriment resounded, grows the , , V " vast cedar; on whose branchel the owl mus J to object the enslaved to treat chatters his discordant notes,' and the bat' "nt anything but humane. sleeps at meridian. In this country is exhibited the largest pyramid in the world-that of Cholula, near Puebla. If ? ceF"g mgs j or irampimg in we eovers 44 acres, and fe about 200 MmoucTOabothk1 high. - On its summit was originally a-?f "a yf like catde for the mar temple, and in the interior has been dis-lkefc? of Subjecting them to the lash and covered a vault, roofed with beams of to numerous indignities and immoralities ? wood, and containing skeletons and idols. I a.nd this' cording to the caprices or pas a i n.s -JiAm ! sion of an irresponsible owner. Is there largeone. It appears to have been formed i ut: - i t .i:..: dc, i if v i Li li " a u in ill mt ait aiuuvUi ouaut t ered with platforms, stngos, and bastions, 1 Ve "PPf" w 1 ? .W1U . rru" V1 j hght of . life, and the hope of eternal re elevated one above the other, and all! stICE. here is. the justice that is Give to man the right of his' own formed with large stones-skillfully cut! .dcalto the . slaye ? .Whereis there free amon? tis fellows, and account audioinedwithoutanycement. In some 1 anything meniing the name ? The sys-ble j, God; Then shall the. Union rosricts the style of architecture resem-j takes from the slave all he has, all Flag of Freedom float above' a land with blesthe Gothic, beine massive and dura-1 that he gains, from life s commencement iOUtaslavei and the good upon earth will lb 13 uiiiucuiuiu ia; i i tiio (iuu oircO w- in the world. As in Egypt, hieroglyph- j icson stone deriote remarkable events,.; which no man has yet teenaWe 'to deei-i history to inform us of the events of ana now n prosperea ma nau -1 1 -A ' i -r . the same on record of Babylon and Nin- evahof Greece, Rome, and Cartilage but not the least information have we" rel ative to those who erected these cities what people, and from whence they came : riot a ray of light to dispel the dark gloom which seems to rest on the early history pf: America. Architecture, sculpture, painting; and all the arts that adorn civ ilized life have flourished in this coun--fay at a period far remote. There is suffi cient evidence to prove that these cities were in ruins at least 4;GQQ years ago. In Palenque V .the . remains of an altar, over which grows an immense 'cedar, whose powerful roots enshrine it 1 The whole" .city is orergrowrr with ' mahogany and cedar tree of enormous size..- LThe concentric circles of someof Uie&a treesT- the well known cycles for a year--haye been counted, 'which showed they 'were more than 800 years old ; and there were indications of another generation' of trees having sprung up- before tKein; How few reflect on the fact, that America is an. old dominipn-r-the seat of f an,- ancient, mighty empire. .These facts are opening themselves every day to' the eyes of an asfonisbe'd ivorid, ani it is'hoped that the spirit of. inquiry, which seems at present to animate all classesjof Jearnen. men, may. throw light on theearly; history ..of this remarkable region. ,'. ' . ; a r-Thereare Piily34?,525slavehold - ers ,iA the. United States, of whom .only two own over one thousand negroes, only nine bwi oveV fire hundred, only . fifty- six Own ove three hundred! one hundred ble in other respects it resembles the, e? w l1feKWr: " J"1 iU""V ; rejoice, and theliodot Heaven will bless Egyptian, yet theneral construction, 15,? U,, : . ; i . mannev and style -of architecture, is ' of education, civil rights, liberty of con- Signed by, Ministers, Magistrates, and differentfromanythinjhithertodescribed science, the Bible. :; It condemns him on yf cf 40,000 : ScottUh Remon To the People of the U. 8. of America.- The friendly remonstrance of the People of Scot-r,.- land on the subject of Slavery. . - Amekicass : You acknowledge. the brotherhood of nations. , You avow the doctrine that the nations of the earth con stitute one great family, and that, as such, they are bound to each other by common interests and common ties. And in avow ing 4his, you grant the right of any one member of that brotherhood to lift up a calm and truthful testimony before any other member, on behalf of humanity, justice, and . freedom, when these are as sailed or outraged. v. , - . . ,. We are as one with you in the mainte nance of this principle ; and it is because we look to .you as brethren bound to us by the most endeared associations that we now address you. - , It is in no spirit of pride or fancied su periority that we make our appeal, but rather in a spirit of self-humiliation, call ing to mind that we also were partakers in this iniquity ; And we hope that the fact of our having done what we could to wipe out our reproach as a nation once implicated in upholding slavery will in duce you, to give the more willing and earnest heed to our remonstrance. Americans, we plead with you on be half of three millions of immortal beings whom you hold in bondage. ,. We plead for the removal of the curse from their brow, the gall from their earthly cup, the chain from their limbs, the iron from their souls. ; We plead for the immediate, en tire, and unqualified abolition of slavery throughout your land. It is not necessary that we enter oh any lengthened proof of the evils of this sys tem. It carries its condemnation with it. ..That condemnation is heard in groans of anguish, and written in tears of blood. It has been inscribed, as with letters of fire, on the desolated hearts and homes of millions. , The voice of the Eternal pro claims it. A system which subjects three millions of human beings to the condition of mere ' chattels personal'! in the eye of the law which deprives them of all their rights and privileges as intelligent and accountable creatures which disal lows or breaks asunder the most sacred ties of life which virtually annuls " the higher law" of God, and. substitutes in its stead the absolute will of a sinful man as the rule of obedience which robs its victims of the fruits of their toil, and de: nies to them the means and opportunities of cultivating their, deathless faculties a system which sanctions atrocities like these must be essentially wrong and un utterably shameful, and cannot be men tioned in the same breath with truth, righteousness, and freedom. Americans, we appeal to you, on the ground .of our common HuMAKrrrrto lions vh are ia bondage are men and women likft oiirsplvpsr rnffced with like women llk:e. ourselves ; giitea witn iiko t ed not to human kind ? That there are !1 .i i,i r .1 mane men among e upnoiaers oi tne skve sjsm.and slaves who receive hu- ma,ne treatment, we readily acknowledge ; and jet we are compelled to say that the " 1S lu uuwimjr i, trtmg uku auu wwPea " p.b h I We plead with you to treat the slave as a man, 1 '; 1TT t x- A. J I1" ? r - a inai to oonas, unpriouuicw uu V'V" ana ves mere are mrcc miuions oi numaa iiir mmrts. lln ' "J "" w"" km, uvvuft- . ihJntU ntT&: mArAed Kv holv forms of your Remiblic. who may be treated with everyv, indignity i and cruelty, whilei the justice cf your ; land extends no shield over their helpless heads. a.. ye appeal ;to you on uie grpuna oi 4.Jcv '"."A nA ic nr,t tliU tho fimrln - CoksisTSxcT And is not this the funda mental principle set forth via your glori ous Declaration of Independence-that "all men are born . free and equal ; that they are endowed .by. their Creator with certain" inaUenable Jights ; jthat - among these are life, liberty, and, the pursuit of happiness." What naeans this lariguage ? Tioes it not mean that the man pi color as well as the white isa man't that the black man is Wra . free as well as .the white ? "thatGpd has" given to, the, black man; as wellWthe white, those inaliena ble rights ? 7Where,.then,' is the consis tency between '"your profession, and your practice' as a people.? . i t, -ti.v? 'Again, in, your past history, you have shown that youare 6ver ready to pjmy thize with, the" Victims, of 'despotism in other lands in their strules for freedom. In, thu.yoi do wett. pVe mingfe -our sympathies withybursC 7 But '? where ia the cbnsrstency of u having r.bro rlowing sympathies forf the enslaved . afarloft and bondage and oppression rrrnillwns in your own land f ..j ,n..-jr 1,... ? V?' We appeal to vou on the sacred ground of our common Christi axitt. Shall our fappeal iere , bribeed?i: America And is not the yenr sbtrit of CJhristian-ty hrjo bflove?" But where is the manifest ation bf tnai spirit in the enslavemenCof not -this . the! teaching "ot Cristiaaity diviiie AuorVlS,411?' eJghbot-.as thyself V- -And who is thy- neighbor ? That down-trodden slave is he. i But where is your, love .when you even deny him " the right to bo a man ? Does not Christianity teacV that God has ."made of one blood all nations of men to dwell on all the face of the earth ?" - Bat bow can you - reconcile this great truth .with your conduct in. shutting out the poor slave from the brotherhood of humanity? Is not this the grand law for the regula tion of conduct betwixt man and man, as laid down by. the Great Teacher. himself " Whatsoever , ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even so unto then?" But if that law be honoreu in the midst of you does it not follow that you will bid every slave go free ? As ye would that men should bind no fetters on your limbs, does not that law demand that ye bind no fetters on theirs ? As ye would not be enslaved, Christ bids you enslave none." : Have you not Bible and Missionary Societies, and do you not re gard them as the glory of your nation ? But why send the Bible to slaves of Satan in other climes, and deny it to the slaves in your own land ? Why seek to illum ine India and China, while you doom- to heathen darkness millions in your own country ? Americans ! by .everything that is sacred and awful in our holy reli gion, we appeal to you to be consistent -here. As you profess to be a Christian people listen to the word of the '. Most High "Remember them: that are in bonds as bound with them" "Pro-: claim liberty to the captives, and the open ing of the prison doors to them that arc bound ""Loose the bands of wicked ness, . undo the heavy burdens,, break every yoke, and let ; the oppressed go free." ' ' Americans, shall slavery continue ? Shall the accursed system still live under the shadow of i law till be tolerated; fostered, propagated?-, Shall the. foul blot still remain, on your national escutch eon? Will you still forsake the good old pathsrof your fathers,' and act as if you sought to quench the altar-fires of liberty which they enkindled ? ' Will you continue to undo the work of patriots, re formers, philanthropists, and to affiliate with tyrants, traitors, usurpers, arid man stealers ? Surely, it cannot bei Surely, an indignant nation will say; It shall not be J . . : -: . i Americans, bear with us in our im portunity. ' We love you as brethren ; therefore do we plead with you. We love your magnificent country,' your noble institutions, your spirit of progress; therefore . do we. , plead with you. . We love liberty, our dearest birthright and yoursfor which our fathers' and yours shed their blood liberty, the birthright of all ; therefore do we plead with you We love Rejigion, and would see her di vine and glorious form making triumph ant progress through, your land ; there fore we plead ' with you. We love the image of Jesus, in his disciples, of what ever color, and would not see that image in chains ; therefore do we plead with you. . , ., ' Americans, we know that there, are difficulties in your way ; but these' are nothing in comparison with the measure less good to be achieved. . Your, moral influence, your position among the na tions, and your glory as a people, will be all the more eminent and enduring, if, by one " act of magnanimity, you trample these , difficulties in the dust. Retrace, then, your steps, we entreat you ! ;. Give to the enslaved his inborn, inalienable rights. Give to the toiler the fruits of his toil. ' Give to the husband the wife of bis bosom, and to the wife the hus band of her youth. Give to the' fond mother the child whom God has given to her. . Give to immortal rnirid the, price less blessings of education. Give to the wearv. the wretched, and the lost.'' the . ... , . . . strants; Home and Women. N ; ' Our Lomes--what are their .'corner stones but the virtue of women, and on our Dmaus uweaiuii; i u j conjugal, filial and 'parental ' love,' the ; corner-stones of church and State more sacred than; either; more necessary: than both?. .Let our temples crumble, let our puoac naira m justice ixr Kteti iui ! thn lust ' "Kut Rtiare our homes ! 5 Let no socialist invade them with his wild plans of community. Man did not invent, and he cannot improve or, abrogate them... A private slielterf to cover in two hearts dearer to each other than all the world ; high walls to exclude the-profane vfes of every human being ? scclusiioa enough for children . to feel that ; mother is a holy and: peculiar. namer-this is home; and here , is the birth-place, of every secret thought. Here the church and btate must come for their engin and support.- Oh 1 spare our homes. The love we ex-, perience there gTyesuff. pur. faith in an infinite' gobdnesar j 1 the purify and disin terestedness of home ia our, foretaste and our earnest of a better world., lln,,. rela tions there fostered and established do we find through life the chief, solace and joy of existence.' " What friends deserve the name, compared with those whom a birth light gives us? -.ii tn iv? One mother is worth athonsandXriends; one sister truer than twenty intimate com panions. trWewhq, have -played on the same hearth, under the. light of the same smileV who date,' back to the s?.me , scene and, seaspn OL innooence . ana. nopen whose yelns nin!(he6ame blood, do vre hot find that years only make more sacred ie. tie tiiat bindV?, doldness'nWyjpring up r.btancepeparaiei difierent spVrcs may divide :' but those who can love at allmusi fin'd th the yearnm XPl-- T- 'Z "' trn KtbestrongsparSmpurexpipngaectipn. 2 i Patrick Henry vs. Intolerance s Soon after Patrick' Henry's noted case of Tobaceuv and Preserves,, ijis it i was called, he heard of a case of oppression for conscience sake. , The church - of England having been established by law in fc Virginia became; s such establish ments are wont to do, exceedingly intol erant towards other .sects.- In the pros ecution of this system of conversion, three Baptist clergymen had been indicted at Fredericksburg for? preaching the gospel of. the Son of God contrary to the statute. Henry, hearing .of this, rode" some -fifty miles to volunteer his services in defense of the oppressed. He entered the court, being unknown ' to ' all present save the bench and the bar while the indictment was being read by the clerk. He 'sat within the bar, until the reading was finished and die king's attorney had con-. eluded some remarks in .support of the ' one half of creation to begin with ; and paper, and without more ceremony pro-1 then throws in, along with this grand di eeeded with the following Speech : - - ; j visionall the little ones of the family of May it please your worships, I think - man. . We assume that a woman can I heard read by the prosecutor; as :I en- 'master all the science and mystery of the tered the house, the paper I now hold in j healing art as well as a ; man though, my hand. If. I have rightly understood, probably, in the matter of epic poetry, the king's attorney of the colony j has mathematics, statesmanship, or military framed an indictment for the purpose of .strategy,' she may be obliged to admit an arraigning and punishing by imprison- inferior capacity of mind. : Medicine is meht. three inofl'ensive persons before the! not so very deep and difficult a thing. bar of this court, for a crime of. creat . magnitude, as disturbers of the peace. May it please the court, what did I hear read ? - Did I ' hear distinctly, or was it a mistake of my own ? Did I hear an expression as of crime that these men whom your worships are about to try. for misdemeanor are charged with-what ?" j and continuing in a low," solemn heavy voice, ' preaehing the gospel of the Son of God!" ' - Pausing amid the most profound silence and.: breathless astonishment, he slowly waved the - paper three times around his head when lifting his hands and eyes to heaven, with peculiar and expressive energy, he exclaimed : : - - - : " " Great God ! '.'-' The ! exclamation, the burst of feeling from the audience, were all overpowering. . Mr. H. resumed : " May it please your worships, in a day like this, when truth is about lo' claim its natural arid inalienable rights when the yoke of oppression that has reachedj tne . wilderness oi America, anaine un natural alliance of ecclesiastical and civil power are about to be dissevered, at such a period, when liberty of conscience is about to break from her slumberings, am I to in quire into the reason of such charges as I find exhibited here to-day in this in dictment?" , " , i Another fearful pause,' while the speaker alternately cast his sharp, piercing : eyes on' the Court and the prisoners, and re sumed : ... . ; ' - If I am not now deceived, according to the account of this paper I now hold in my hand, these men are accused of preaching the gospel of the Son of God ! Great God I" ' " Another long pause ; while ho waved the indictment around his head while a deeper impression was made on the audi ence. Resuming his speech :'. 7 1 "May it please your worships, there are periods in the history of men, when cor ruption and depravity have so long debas ed the human character, that man sinks under the weight of the oppressor's hand, becomes his servile, abject slave he licks the hand that smites him, he bows in pas sive obedience, to .the mandates of the despot ; and in this state of servility re ceives his fetters of perpetual bondage. But,5 may it please your worships, such a day has passed away. " " ' ' ' - "From the period when our fathers left the land of their nativity for a settlement in the American wilds, for. liberty, ; for , civil and religious liberty,' for liberty of conscience, and to worship their Creator according to their own conception Of heav en's revealed will, from the moment they placed their feet upon the American con tinent, and in the deeply imbedded, forest sought an asylum from tyranny arid per secution from that moment despotism was crushed : the fetters of darkness were broken,' and the heavens decreed that man should be free to worship God according to the Bible. ' ' ' ' ' ' "Were it not for this, iu vain" were all thisosuflering and -bloodshed to? subju gate this ncw world, if we, their offspring. must, be oppressed and persecuted. But,. may it please your worships, jermit me men about to be tried ? This paper says for preaching the Uo?pol of tne Savior of Adam falten race , :i 1 .m "Wiiat laws linve they violated ?'' While the third time in a slow, dignifi ed mannerhe lifted his eyes to; heaven, ,i' 1,1 l'.i- .- ' Jj; ' ana wavea me maicnneni- arouna no bead, the court and the audie nee were wrought up to thei most intense pitch of excitement. .Ihe, face; 01 the prosecu ting attorney was pallid and ghastly, and ne appearca unconscious mat nis wnoie frame was - agitated with aLatrn--whiIe the judge, in a tremulous voice, but an end to the scene, now become intensely paiBhu, by tne au'nontauyedeciarauon " Great fa Truth,' and it win PrrrziL Trath-tttirr-' r4-ffeWnkr:1 posed; but -it contains2 an' hnpe'rishable germ acorn the T5TVftrs Iiah!f In rustmrt.irtn tnm erprr I blast! but ' notwitlist3nding frost - and trma U ivt wfi i tfcTnHrftf WiA deeplyVn $3e earth, its branches, extend.4 its neaa towers upward, every revolving year adds to its magnificence, jtHL veaer able in the growth of centuries it stands the lather of Jte forest, too religious truth rnay be.accpunte4cpntempdble ; may Be slow, in' its 'progress; may be often thTeatened7-Srith annihiIadon from the sophistries of error, and rage of perse- cutors ; imV- hurtjired ;by aa unseen ana almighty influence, its grasp of the human intellect extends ; its attributes of gran de'uif and beaufy axe ' nnfolded f its bead rises in triumph "oter all its rivals, and; r rr,;,F" - , I vrirtcA rf -1 f niamawiyi appears enxorooea ibbshi ot greatness ami ot empire. -Vine J V"1"" w vuuvum Ms urjon the groon vegetate mlhan(?s thosevto whom peons of judg- nl. and presently: a WdJing plant ment would not entnwUhe JiJe of a kit .f ! - . Female Physicians. , , There is a learned profession now in the hands of men which weare inclined to think women will shortly share with them, taking, indeed, the better half to themselves. We mean the medical pro- fession. "We liaVe already seen young women going through the studies, and getting the diplomas of that science j and the founding of female medical colleges isspoken of. from time to time in the journals. In a late paper, we have seen that at' Kichmond, in V lrginia, tney are about building an extensive establish ment, of the kind. These things give evidence of what promises to he one of the best innovations of the age one founded upon common sense and common feeling. ,': " - ' '" r - Women are fittest physicians for wo- men. Reason gives them, at one stroke, Care and common sense are, after all, the grand principles of successful practice in the management of the human consti tution ; and these qualities belong as much to the women as to the men. We can fancy the strong satisfaction with which women would hail Uie quiet com ing into their sick rooms of one or their own sex-: a" diplomaed and experienced woman ; the enect, m many places, would go half way to bring about the cure. we need not go inu particulars m mis argument ; . the truth of the statement will be generally admitted: In the case of children, too, the gentle and womanly care of a doc tress would be most effica cious and happy. We are convinced that the doctress, in managing her patients, would come better to the point, and deal more directly and bluntly with the ail ments of the young and old of her own sex or rather, let us say, with the less young than a man could do. She would be less complaisant and courtly, and more familiar in her treatment of them, and thus possess advantages which no medi cal, practitioner of the other sex - could hope to compete with. : However we look at it, we must conclude that, for half the world, women would make better physi cians than men. ' Nature seems to have decided that. And even for half the other half, we sometimes think the doc-? tresses would be better than the doctors, in "dealing with the griefs and evils of sick rooms. And, coming from particulars to gen erals, we would -contend" that every wo man. whether she designs to become a medica or not, should have a knowledge of medicine and its effects on the human system, of simples, salves, and other use ful empiricals. She should also have a general idea of chemistry. We do not know an accomplishment more suited to woman's place in the world than chemis try not even accepting Jhe piano-forte ; for a knowledge of chemical mixtures is indispensable to those who Would right fully understand the materia medica. Every mistress of a household or mother of a family should know something of those nuinerous and profitable facts that are to be gathered within the circle of that science ; and, in the case of poisons,' should bo chemist enough to know, what substances : act on ; others, neutralizing them, and how to send an antidote at once after the bane : to send, for" instance, down "some beloved throat, soda and magnesia after -acids, the whites of eggs, lime wa-; ter. or charcoal after arsenic, soap and water after corrosive sublimate, soda or lime after prussic - acid, milk and " water after white vitriol, a solution of common salt after nitrate of silver, and so forth ; making, at the same .time, prompt ue of the, mustard emetic ia the, majority of such cases, and applying, with judgment hartshorn, brandy, or other materials, such as would be at hand in most house helds. U A knowledge . of -these ; things, and with it a knowledge of other domes tic recipes and resources, would be among the best ana aqmirsDie acquirements oi a woman m any station of life; and it may bo ! confidently ' asserted, Uiat'if it were fkultuliy practices, on occasion, sen thousand homes would be Rpared,the ag onies and lamentations that constantly come, and will come to' darken their doors' and window. " Woman would be armed fori the most trying emergencies. and bo able to save the lives of those dear to them, instead of wrearaing and wring irig their .hands, and fetling bitterly tha "ignorartce is the curse of God."' And, in a general Yar knowledge of the laws of: health would make every woman the protecting genius of her household, and teach her how to treat her children in any sudden or 'ordinary case pf sickness "or accident. Especially a regards children, every mother should be. a doctrcss; 5 The ignorance of parent is fatal ..to ; almost half the children that come into toeworld ; it Is more deadly an i deplorable than the Vices of adult years--thait bittlemur- derand sudden aeatn.' M ira mean- 7 tbiagto see physical .pteserva- . Ki Jf'UJP1 V''sr" ' their parts well in their most important f of 'hbme. Their1 ;graml- . f o ' o. and so on, farther backj irero.iniach rnore; ACComplisbedin: everything, that truly, becomes a woman to know, wtTbey had a knowledge of a great, 'many -useful xniBgs Knew exceuens recipes ery and chemistry, were leaned in tha virtues jt herbs anddeooctiphsrOand, i pudderuig, with ,phyEW,,'L. like , Lord Verulam were generally aware 'of the efScacies pf domestic ' mcdicki. They" werelJrepared f&r:mo& aecwents.'s.ha nothingif we except gun-shot wounds, or, th burning pf the thoaeH50ttld hava ten. omen now-a-days are 5 For ' the f Their lair descendants, compared wdi'thejniw . . feisw iJi such excellent examples of housewifery and skill, are, so. to speak; Know-Nothings which we gready grieve to say. , AVe repeat hoping there are many of our readers who" will remember and im prove the observations we thus hastil v put before them that a tolerable knowl edge of medicine and an acquaintance with the nature of acids and alkalies, would be one of the. most blessed accom-, plishments of the ladies one of the rich est dowries they could bring with them into the newly -furnished houses of their husbands on the wedding day ; and that the regular practice of physio by the sex would have the best effect on the health, morally as well as physically, of the larger half of society. This science and profes sion need not take woman out of her own sphere. It. demands no unsexing, like that which would to Bloomerism and the ballot-box. ; It leaves to the sex all tliat ever made it charming and would only add to the attractions of Venus the grave wisdom pf Pallas. ; Y ithout making any violent strides over a barrier which must always remainwoman, in her own. be coming way and attitude; may find in the theory and practice we speak of, the best means of putting herself as near the level of the man as she can ever reach, and thus . gratify the highest ambition she may be willing to entertain. ' As the phy sicians of more than a moiety of creation, and the intelligent mentors and preserv ers of their households and families, we have no doubt that, in the course of time, women ; will viudicate in a nobler way than they have yet done, their claim to be styled the better half of the world. X. Y. Daily Timet. ; - r How an Indian can Die. -A t(uching instance of this character istic trait occurred at. the . late engage ment between a small war party of the Chippewas and a greatly superior party of the' SiOux, near Cedar Island Lake. The Chippewas, who were en route for a scalping foray upon the Sioux villages, on the Minnesota, here fell into an-ambuscade, and the first notice of danger that saluted their ears was the discharge of fire:arms from a thicket. s Four of their number fell dead in their tracks. Ahothe named War Cloud, a leading brave, had a leer broken by a bullet His comrades were , loth to ieave him, and while his assailants were reloading. their guns, attempted to carry him along with them to where he could "get the shelter of a thicket a short distance in the rear, But he commanded them to leave him, telling them he would show their ene mies how a Chippewa could die. At his request, they seated him on a log with his back leaning against a tree. . He then commenced painting his face and singing his death song. As his enemies approached him he only sung a louder and livelier strain ; and when several bad gathered around him, .flourishing their scalping-knives, and screeching; forth their demoniacal yells and exultations, not a look or a gesture manifested that he was even aware of their presence. At length they seized him and tore his scalp from his head. Still ; seated with his back against a large tree, they commenced shooting their arrows into the trunk around his headgrazing his ears, neck, &c, until they literally pinned him fast without once touching a vital part, cut our hero remained the same imperturba- t, .? ; a- -l a. l- J i a pie stoic, continuing to cuant nis ueuaru strain ; and although one of the number flourished his reeking scalp before his eyes, still not a single expression of his countenance could be observed to change. Finally 'one of the numbor approached him with a tomahawk, which, after a few unheeded flourishes, he buried . in the captive's skull, who' sank in death with .m 'Li- i.ri.j.i a song Mia upim nm up. ua-j in deed succeeded well in teaching hif ene mies "how a Chippewa could die. ' Some days afterwards thy were taught how a Chippewa could be avenged'. . . Movement oi the Mormons. - - Western papers inform us that the Silt Lake Mormons hare determined to form a chain of Mormon stations, throughout the States and Territoriev at which the pilgrims to the Salt Lake, many of whom are very poor, may stop to recruit or pass .. I' l .t V the winter, anairpm wnica mey may rje helped lorwara br sucn am as my( re quire fromTthe brethren. By this means, it is expected that tm Mormons will tle more readily undertake the great journey through the L nited States and the far western wilderness. Arrangements have already been made for a Mormon settle ment on the Kaaxa river m Jvwisa ritory, and stations of this kind are to be formed in a chain from Salt Lake east ward This movement ba , a twofold character. - r jrst : It is intended to ha ten the day when the Territory of Uuh will have sufficient nonulation to demand admission into the Union as a State ; and if the ; intentions of , the Salt Like chiefs are carried out, this will not long hence ; for it is stated, no doubt truly, that there are one hundred thousand Moniion in Europe, all of whom are williug to emi grate to the Salt Lako. Next : It is in tended to establish Mormon churclics of colonies in all the. principal cities- of the United Statesso aslto give the Salt LHke settlers friends who" will defend their cause, and congregations from which they liiKIUS 1IUUI " ltnl Kin. I may. derive ,,emignuajwiien-fjeavu. Mormon preachers have commenced op- erations at various cities, and in St. Louis there are'stated to be two tholisandlklor- Protection. The great'end of thepunishmeatof theftn. Improvement? of the soul,' an2 the gutiry, u raeppwewra vi iumw-m ilea are controikHl r two great motives .... ... . " 1 . trrt iu all that tncy ae-r-wve ana iear.r nere the subject, cannot . be. yerned, (by .. the rrsuasibn of e former, it is Ititiinate and right WeTery sense ' to fcppead to the lattef.i"AIl animated -natore 'appeals to these two laws ia the protec tion of life. haro.,ftroras much itr ptection, astare coxing and strength to , the lion. 4 in punishiag -'for'tern''ft 'bf jcsfioa addresses itself ta one of deepest and nature lor tne protection, oi tap weax ana nwocent. ' -X Th Test ief ft Oentltiaah.' The forbearing use of power does not only form a touchstone even (he -manner in which an individual enjoys cer tain advantages is a test. The power which the husband enjoys over the wife in which we must include the impuni ty with which he may be unkind to her the father over his children, the teach er over his pupils, the old oyer the young and the young over the aged, the strong over the weak, the officer over the - men, the master cf a vessel over his hands, the magistrate over the citizen, the em ployer over the employed, the educated over unlettered, the experienced over the confiding, the keeper of a secret over whom it touches, the gifted over .the or dinary man even the clever over the silly--iha forbearing and inoffensive use of all this power of authority, or a total abstinence from it, where the case ad mits it, will show the gentleman, in a plain light. Every traveler knows at once whether R gentlemanly or rude of ficer is searching his trunk. Ho gentle man can boast of the delishts of superi or health in the presence of a languid pa tient, or speak of good luck within hear ing of a man bent by habitual misfortune. Let a man who happily, enjovs the advan tages of an honest life speak; of it to ft Ml. .1 tt -- ! iauen, criminal leiiow-rjeing, ana you wm soon see whether he be, in addition to his honesty, a gentleman or not. I he gentlemau docs not needlessly and unceasingly remind an offender of a wrong he may have committed against nun; ne cannot oniyt lorgive ne can forget ; and he strives for that nobleness of self and manliness of character which imparts sufficient strength to let the past be truly the past. He will never use the power . which the .knowledge of an offense, a false step, or an unfortunate exposure of weakness gives, merely to enjoy the power of humiliating his- neigh- bor. A true man of honor leels humbled himself when he cannot help humbling others. . .. Cheap Pleasures - r' Did you ever study the. cheapness of pleasure ? Do you. know bow little it takes to' make a man happy ? Such tri fles as a penny, or a smile, do the work. There are two or three boys passing along give them each a chestnut, and now smiling they look they will not be cross for some time. A poor widow lives in a neighborhood who is the mother of a half dozen children send them half a peck or sweet apples, and they all will be hap py. A child has lost his arrow a word to him, and he mourns sadly help him to find it, or make him another, and how quickly will the sunshine play upon his sober face. A boy has as much as he can do to pile up a load of woodassist him a few moments, or speak a pleasant word to him, and be forgets his toil, and works away without minding it. Your apprentice has broken a mug, or cut the vest too large, or slightly injured a piece of work say "you scoundrel," and he feels miserable remark " I am sorry," . and he will try to do better. You employ a man pay mm cheertuiiy, and speak a pleasant word to him, and he leaves your house with a contented heart to light up his own hearth with smiles and gladness. As you pass along the street, you meet a familiar face -ay ' Good morning," as though you felt happy, and it wuTwork admirably in the heart of your neighbor. Pleasure is cheap who will not bestow it liberally ? If there are smiles,, sun shine, and flowers all about,' let us not grasp them with a miser's fist, and ' lock them up in our hearts. No ! - rather let us take them and scatter them about us in the cot of the widow, among the groups of children, in tlio crowded mart, where men of business congregrte, in our fami lies, and everywhere; We can make the wretched happy, the discotrtented cheer fulthe afflicted resigned, at exceedingly cheap rates. Who will refuso to do it? ' Whisky and Wexpspapsra. -; A glass of whiKky is manufactured from perhaps a dozen grains of mashed corn, the valoeof which is too small to be estima?i?d. A pint of 'this miiture sells at retail for one nhilling; andif of a good brand; it is considered by its consumers well worth the money. It is drank off in minute or two it fires . the brain rouses the pa-wions-T-sharpens, the appe tite deranges and weakens uie pnysicai . system; it is gone and swollen eyes. parched lips, and an ocnmg. head, are its followers. : On the same sideboard tipon which this is served lies a newspaper, the new white paper of which cost three fourths of a cent the composition for the whole edition costing from ten to. fif teen dollars per day. - It w covered with a half a million of types ytbrings intel ligence from the . four quarters of the gfobtU has in, its clearly printed col umn all that is strange or new at home --h tells you the state of the markets gives accounts of the last elopement, tho execution, of the last murderer and th latest steamboat explosion or railroad dis asterand yet for all this, the newspaper coil les than the glass of grog the juke of. a few grains of corn. . It is no loss strange thaa true, that there-are' a large portion of the cornronnity who think the corn juice cheap and the newspapers dear; and the printer has hard work to collect t.- . , - .. . - . -.-. -r ( v . T.v How w th'w ? ' U the body' a better paymaster than the: heacLl and things f the moment more prized than things of eternity,?. . -Is the .transient tickling .pf the stomach ot more xxmsequeuwy wu i.rmJiinn tnai ib eenirw io jsuonai bvim'Z 1 If this had iu real value, would not the newspaper be worth many pints of whisky ? fori Ciy. " ,'. , . lands ia Eartafta. . -J yi , i Mr. Boss, a nephew of John Ross, and judge Hicks, a full-Jblood CherokeeKwbo t a man 'of very ' decided tntclSgcnce, jcharastef, and erx&twh&e v&Ba Washmgteni. coming as a poruua u w delegation sent fete by the Ceftfti't? dispose of to the government a body of i ownsjm w w asasv 1 xnglon peptr, - . .' A'r. V.wr?toar. ,rv.