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The Kansas herald of freedom. [volume] (Wakarusa, Kan. Territory) 1854-1860, January 27, 1855, Image 1

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f 7 TERMS trrTw ' Dollars per Anaiia--In AfcrascV r '.:. - - ;h-. : BB ,rsT n-iu, T.xvDs.TaoViiair'BB. THr..CTBT8,,ooD.x.Aw TnV 1;; :f , . ;.,i;IiaBilj.:Kespapi'r i!Bepeadeai e& All Saecte.
he League of Freedom. ' '
viien thmvler clonds are eathering forth, .
.Wer moantain, hill, and plain, -Th'.artilleriea
of heaven ana earth
Join in the stormy rain: ' '
jwrbo then ao vainly prooa as boast . .
To stand before the tearful host I
: : 5o when the Free . -
Of earth agree . :; ,
.In such a brotherhood to form, "
-li Who shall ecdare the mighty storm I
' The Tyrants in their league hare kept . .
- For centuries the rod; . ' -'
And nations groaned, and people wept
r And trembled at their nod.
. .. And wealth, and life, and all such things,
, Iltfre been the sport of foolish kings ; .
- ": . The time is past 1 :
' ? v Thedieiscast! . i i
, The Free shall league their countless host -'To
hold the day, whatc'r it cost !
- The star of Waterloo has set ,
- In all its gloomy pride ;
There thrones for the last time have met,
And with each other vied. - ' ,
, It was a bloody struggle, sooth, . -And
kings have learned an important truth !
r They'll never make
' ' Another stake, ' '
Nor martial legions from afar
r . , To join in regicidal war. . ,
There's yet to be another field, , .
And tor another prize; .
' i The freedom of the world shall yield, :
In one last sacrifice
Of life, and hope, and truth, and right,
Or thrones shall sink beneath her might, .
When brave Tdagyar,
.i :: And Erin there, . .
Frank. German, Pole, and Saxon twain, .
United, sweep the battle plain ! .
Ob, Freedom ! ever from Ler lair '
- Shall Austrian leopard bound . ; ,
- Upon her prey f The Russian bear ' . "
, . forth from, his froxen ground
: And polar snows, to slaughter rush, .
Mad where he finds no more to crush f
' - Is there no friend . -Ilia
aid to lend,
Nor power on earth, nor arm of might, ;
To give tby bleeding cause respite X
. 2?o truce 1 : If Freedom e'er despairs,
' ?Tis not to suppliance given;
-"'The mountain oak by summer air - ; -
, lias never yet been riven. '
' The foe is proud: about his throne ',
: . Kor mercy breathes, nor truth is known; :
. By dark intrigue
: . ; - . t He forma his feagne, J -
; t! . To merge the liberties of all
" In one self-will, the tyrant's thrall. ' ' '
Te spirits of the sainted dead t
Our dearest hopes defend, 5 '
-. And to the cause for which va bkd . -
Your unseen presence lend. '
: . The exiles in their banishment . - - --.v , , : :
Are envoys from the people sent,
; a -. - Whose words are more - ' -.-;,;'
. ' Than classic ore, , ' r ,
To link the thousand conquering Lands '
i Of freedom in their distant lands.
As heaves old ocean's rising wave,
To thunder on the shore, . - '
' So shall the columns of the brave ' "
Swell to the battle's roar r 'J, ' "
, When all that's dear in human Ufc
i Shadl struggle in the mortal strife; -r,
. ; And while there's scope, f,
- . Or ground to cope
For Freemen in each other's cause,
. Their serried columns shall not pause..
. From th United Slattt Magazine
America a Land of Antiquities.
Throughout the length and breadth of
the whole country- washed, as it is, by
- the waters of two mighty oceans, and
abounding in natural . resources enor
mous beyond what is possible to con
ceive we find much to admire in the as--'
pect and beauty of nature ; and whether
. we travel from the distant shores of Maine
, And New Brunswick to the golden sands of
California, and the shores of the great Pa
cific, or from the bright crystal lakes of
Minnesota to the orange groves of r Ionda,
; .we behold ' throughout this immense ex-;
,'tent the features of nature, grand and
, beautiful in every form and aspect. , ; The
' mineralogist, the geologist, the naturalist,
the botanist; and even the antiquarian,
. have all a rich field here. ' ' :
. Strange .as it may V appear, America
abounds in antiquities, so extensive,- so
beautiful and majestic, as to rival those
of Thebes or Nhievalu Ruins of ancient
1 cities of immense extent fortifications,
: mounds, - and pyramids temples with
walls: built of hewn stone, showing a re
. fined taste in architecture, and ; adorned
with human figures beautifully executed
' large altars ornamented " with hiero-
glyphics, probably givinga record of those
who reared them, but which no man has
been able to decipher rremainsof ancient
palaces with' beautiful specimens of sculp-
! rure and paihtingj with many bthermarks
of 'ancient greatness prove to us that
, this i not a new "world, but Uiat a power-.
(1 ful empire : existed at a very remote pe
; riod of time, teeming with a population
' highly skilled in arts, and in a state of
-civilisation far beyond' any thing tnat we
i have beeu -J to conceive of the abori
hgines, previous, to the discovery of the
continent by, Europeans.. -..... : .
The antiquities of America extend from
r the eastern shores of Maine and Massa
3 -chusetts to 'the' Pacific, I; and i from the
jjreat lakes and British domuiions to Pe
fru and La Plata, in South America; in
n , fact, throughout the extent of both con
tinents.." Immense forests grow over the
iruins oflarge cities, and the giganUc size of
4 the frees, with; indications that other gen
eratwns of trees sprung p 'and grew
before them proye.that tlie ruins ;were
'in existencebefore the Christaui era j Jn
levery portion of the United States, inter
esting ruins hate Keen discovered. In
-the State-of New York have been found
sculptured figures of 100 animals of 'dif
tferent species, executed in a style far su
crior to any thing exhibited by any of the
Existing tribes of - Indians The State of
,Ohio'aboHnia iaruin of towers,- fbrtifi
eations with extensive, mounds an,d jr
' jtmids. AinetA, in this State, beaa-
tiful pottery, sljyer and copper ornaments
no, peana"tt "great oeauty ina luster,
. hare beett dug? up from" the earth.' In
.nhoi cavea; pf Tenaesseft aad-KeofaJtckj
mummies. have. been found in a high
-stateof preservation, wUiedwiti cloths j
;ana scins pi various texture, miaiu wim
jesthersf like discoverieslisye been hade
ifil CarTolltoUi near Milwaukie.f in the State
oof.iscHisiiruins rpf .chuge- fbrtifica
, tiens appear .Similar. ruins appear in the
JiUte f Missouri'. OnHielsouth' side of
the MisknirT river,' in the westero portion
01 ui ouiwf, is an meiosure 01 somcixA;
.cm irhicb melttdesthe ruinsof a bnild-jaad eighty-seven own over two hundred,
;?n? ou n ancient, tower, Jirithjand fourteen hundred and seventy-nine
wails 150 feet high, and 80 fee widl At ; own pyer onehundrc, , .
the base, attached to which are a redoubt
and a citadel, with work much resembling
the structure of a tower m Europe.' But
it is in the south of Mexico that magnif
icent and beautiful ruins present thenar
selves in abundance. Rums of majestic
cities, magnificent temples and altars,
with beautiful works of sculpture,' taste
fully wrought; and palaces adorned with
paintingscolors chiefly sky 'blue :and
light greenwhich show by their rich
ness and elegance, to be the work of a
highly cultivated pefiple. "
;- These ruins, majogtie and beautiful in
appearance, but' overgrown with thick
forests of mahogany and cedar of im
mense dimensions " and great age, prove
to the world that a great empire existed i
here at a very remote period of time, and !
that this empire teemed with an immense
population of people, highly skilled m the
mechanical arts, and in an advanced state
of civilization. - The most extensive ruins
are to be found at Uxmal and Palenque,
in Mexico. At Uxmal are immense pyr
amids coated with stone, and 'quadran
gular stone edifices and terraces. The
highest of these pyramids is 130 ft.; and
on the summit it supports a temple. On
one of the facades of the temple are four
human figures, cut in stone, with great
exactness and elegance. The hands are
crossed upon the breast. The head is
covered with something like a helmet.
About the neck is a garment made of
the skin of an aligator, and over each
body is the figure of a death's head and
bones ' ' '' '
At Palenque are immense ruins -a
city of great extent, with the remains of a
royal palace. One temple, that of Copan,
was 520 ft. by 660, supposed to have been
as large as St. Peter's at Rome, Another
temple of great dimensions is here, hav
ing an entrance by a portico 100 ft. long
and 10 broad. It stands on an elevation
of 60 feet. The pillars of the portico are
adorned with hieroglyphics and other de
vices. Different objects of worship have
been found representations of the gods
who were worshipped in this country.
These temples, with fourteen large build
ings, and many other objects of curiosi
ty, stand here as monuments of ancient
greatness, to remind us of the" remote or
igin of a mighty empire. : This city has
been described as the Thebes of America,
and travelers have supposed that it ' must
have been sixty miles in circumference,
and contained a population of 3,000,000
Centuries must have elapsed and dy
nasties succeeded each other, before such
orders' of architecture were introduced,
and a length of time - must have passed
an omniro - wmiW Wnmri i
sufficiently powerful to erect such tem-l';
pies and possess a city of such vast ex-1
tent. , In looking back to the past we feel ; abolish this system. We assert the man
ir,rroctMl in ti imnotmn w i hood of the enslaved. : These three mil-
people was once in the noonday of glory, j
: : e ji :
eniovinff all the fruits and luxuries of an 1
must at once seize upon o
their strength and power, wild beasts now j
roam: and venomous sernents wend their
way ; and over- these vast cities, where
once the busy hum of industry and the I
civilization: but when we be-luuuus"1' utM etuug, u
these ruins, a melancholy reflection ! Vs destined for immortality,
voice of merriment resounded, grows the , , V "
vast cedar; on whose branchel the owl mus J to object the enslaved to treat
chatters his discordant notes,' and the bat' "nt anything but humane.
sleeps at meridian. In this country is
exhibited the largest pyramid in the
world-that of Cholula, near Puebla. If ? ceF"g mgs j or irampimg in we
eovers 44 acres, and fe about 200 MmoucTOabothk1
high. - On its summit was originally a-?f "a yf like catde for the mar
temple, and in the interior has been dis-lkefc? of Subjecting them to the lash and
covered a vault, roofed with beams of to numerous indignities and immoralities ?
wood, and containing skeletons and idols. I a.nd this' cording to the caprices or pas
a i n.s -JiAm ! sion of an irresponsible owner. Is there
largeone. It appears to have been formed i
ut: - i
t .i:..: dc, i
if v i Li li " a u in ill mt ait aiuuvUi ouaut t
ered with platforms, stngos, and bastions, 1 Ve "PPf" w 1 ? .W1U . rru" V1 j hght of . life, and the hope of eternal re
elevated one above the other, and all! stICE. here is. the justice that is Give to man the right of his' own
formed with large stones-skillfully cut! .dcalto the . slaye ? .Whereis there free amon? tis fellows, and account
audioinedwithoutanycement. In some 1 anything meniing the name ? The sys-ble j, God; Then shall the. Union
rosricts the style of architecture resem-j takes from the slave all he has, all Flag of Freedom float above' a land with
blesthe Gothic, beine massive and dura-1 that he gains, from life s commencement iOUtaslavei and the good upon earth will
lb 13 uiiiucuiuiu ia; i i tiio (iuu oircO w-
in the world. As in Egypt, hieroglyph- j
icson stone deriote remarkable events,.;
which no man has yet teenaWe 'to deei-i
history to inform us of the events of
ana now n prosperea ma nau
-1 1 -A ' i -r .
the same on record of Babylon and Nin-
evahof Greece, Rome, and Cartilage
but not the least information have we" rel
ative to those who erected these cities
what people, and from whence they came :
riot a ray of light to dispel the dark gloom
which seems to rest on the early history
pf: America. Architecture, sculpture,
painting; and all the arts that adorn civ
ilized life have flourished in this coun--fay
at a period far remote. There is suffi
cient evidence to prove that these cities
were in ruins at least 4;GQQ years ago.
In Palenque V .the . remains of an altar,
over which grows an immense 'cedar,
whose powerful roots enshrine it 1 The
whole" .city is orergrowrr with ' mahogany
and cedar tree of enormous size..- LThe
concentric circles of someof Uie&a treesT-
the well known cycles for a year--haye
been counted, 'which showed they 'were
more than 800 years old ; and there were
indications of another generation' of trees
having sprung up- before tKein; How
few reflect on the fact, that America is an.
old dominipn-r-the seat of f an,- ancient,
mighty empire. .These facts are opening
themselves every day to' the eyes of an
asfonisbe'd ivorid, ani it is'hoped that the
spirit of. inquiry, which seems at present
to animate all classesjof Jearnen. men, may.
throw light on theearly; history ..of this
remarkable region. ,'. ' . ;
a r-Thereare Piily34?,525slavehold -
ers ,iA the. United States, of whom .only
two own over one thousand negroes, only
nine bwi oveV fire hundred, only . fifty-
six Own ove three hundred! one hundred
ble in other respects it resembles the, e? w l1feKWr: " J"1 iU""V ; rejoice, and theliodot Heaven will bless
Egyptian, yet theneral construction, 15,? U,, : . ; i .
mannev and style -of architecture, is ' of education, civil rights, liberty of con- Signed by, Ministers, Magistrates, and
differentfromanythinjhithertodescribed science, the Bible. :; It condemns him on yf cf 40,000 : ScottUh Remon
To the People of the U. 8. of America.-
The friendly remonstrance of the People of Scot-r,.-
land on the subject of Slavery. . -
Amekicass : You acknowledge. the
brotherhood of nations. , You avow the
doctrine that the nations of the earth con
stitute one great family, and that, as such,
they are bound to each other by common
interests and common ties. And in avow
ing 4his, you grant the right of any one
member of that brotherhood to lift up a
calm and truthful testimony before any
other member, on behalf of humanity,
justice, and . freedom, when these are as
sailed or outraged. v. , - . .
,. We are as one with you in the mainte
nance of this principle ; and it is because
we look to .you as brethren bound to us
by the most endeared associations that
we now address you. -
, It is in no spirit of pride or fancied su
periority that we make our appeal, but
rather in a spirit of self-humiliation, call
ing to mind that we also were partakers
in this iniquity ; And we hope that the
fact of our having done what we could to
wipe out our reproach as a nation once
implicated in upholding slavery will in
duce you, to give the more willing and
earnest heed to our remonstrance.
Americans, we plead with you on be
half of three millions of immortal beings
whom you hold in bondage. ,. We plead
for the removal of the curse from their
brow, the gall from their earthly cup, the
chain from their limbs, the iron from their
souls. ; We plead for the immediate, en
tire, and unqualified abolition of slavery
throughout your land.
It is not necessary that we enter oh any
lengthened proof of the evils of this sys
tem. It carries its condemnation with
it. ..That condemnation is heard in groans
of anguish, and written in tears of blood.
It has been inscribed, as with letters of
fire, on the desolated hearts and homes of
millions. , The voice of the Eternal pro
claims it. A system which subjects three
millions of human beings to the condition
of mere ' chattels personal'! in the eye
of the law which deprives them of all
their rights and privileges as intelligent
and accountable creatures which disal
lows or breaks asunder the most sacred
ties of life which virtually annuls " the
higher law" of God, and. substitutes in
its stead the absolute will of a sinful man
as the rule of obedience which robs its
victims of the fruits of their toil, and de:
nies to them the means and opportunities
of cultivating their, deathless faculties
a system which sanctions atrocities like
these must be essentially wrong and un
utterably shameful, and cannot be men
tioned in the same breath with truth,
righteousness, and freedom.
Americans, we appeal to you, on the
ground .of our common HuMAKrrrrto
lions vh are ia bondage are men and
women likft oiirsplvpsr rnffced with like
women llk:e. ourselves ; giitea witn iiko
t ed not to human kind ? That there are
!1 .i i,i r .1
mane men among e upnoiaers oi tne
skve sjsm.and slaves who receive hu-
ma,ne treatment, we readily acknowledge ;
and jet we are compelled to say that the
" 1S lu uuwimjr i, trtmg uku
auu wwPea " p.b
h I
We plead with you to treat the slave as a
1 ';
1TT t x- A. J
I1" ? r -
a inai to oonas, unpriouuicw uu
ana ves mere are mrcc miuions oi numaa
iiir mmrts. lln ' "J "" w"" km, uvvuft-
. ihJntU ntT&: mArAed Kv holv forms of
your Remiblic. who may be treated with
everyv, indignity i and cruelty, whilei the
justice cf your ; land extends no shield
over their helpless heads. a..
ye appeal ;to you on uie grpuna oi
4.Jcv '"."A nA ic nr,t tliU tho fimrln -
CoksisTSxcT And is not this the funda
mental principle set forth via your glori
ous Declaration of Independence-that
"all men are born . free and equal ; that
they are endowed .by. their Creator with
certain" inaUenable Jights ; jthat - among
these are life, liberty, and, the pursuit of
happiness." What naeans this lariguage ?
Tioes it not mean that the man pi color
as well as the white isa man't that the
black man is Wra . free as well as .the
white ? "thatGpd has" given to, the, black
man; as wellWthe white, those inaliena
ble rights ? 7Where,.then,' is the consis
tency between '"your profession, and your
practice' as a people.? . i t, -ti.v?
'Again, in, your past history, you have
shown that youare 6ver ready to pjmy
thize with, the" Victims, of 'despotism in
other lands in their strules for freedom.
In, thu.yoi do wett. pVe mingfe -our
sympathies withybursC 7 But '? where ia
the cbnsrstency of u having r.bro rlowing
sympathies forf the enslaved . afarloft and
bondage and oppression rrrnillwns in
your own land f ..j ,n..-jr 1,... ? V?'
We appeal to vou on the sacred ground
of our common Christi axitt. Shall our
fappeal iere , bribeed?i: America
And is not the yenr sbtrit of CJhristian-ty
hrjo bflove?" But where is the manifest
ation bf tnai spirit in the enslavemenCof
not -this . the! teaching "ot Cristiaaity
diviiie AuorVlS,411?' eJghbot-.as
thyself V- -And who is thy- neighbor ?
That down-trodden slave is he. i But
where is your, love .when you even deny
him " the right to bo a man ? Does not
Christianity teacV that God has ."made
of one blood all nations of men to dwell
on all the face of the earth ?" - Bat bow
can you - reconcile this great truth .with
your conduct in. shutting out the poor
slave from the brotherhood of humanity?
Is not this the grand law for the regula
tion of conduct betwixt man and man, as
laid down by. the Great Teacher. himself
" Whatsoever , ye would that men
should do unto you, do ye even so unto
then?" But if that law be honoreu in
the midst of you does it not follow that
you will bid every slave go free ? As
ye would that men should bind no fetters
on your limbs, does not that law demand
that ye bind no fetters on theirs ? As ye
would not be enslaved, Christ bids you
enslave none." : Have you not Bible and
Missionary Societies, and do you not re
gard them as the glory of your nation ?
But why send the Bible to slaves of Satan
in other climes, and deny it to the slaves
in your own land ? Why seek to illum
ine India and China, while you doom- to
heathen darkness millions in your own
country ? Americans ! by .everything
that is sacred and awful in our holy reli
gion, we appeal to you to be consistent
-here. As you profess to be a Christian
people listen to the word of the '. Most
High "Remember them: that are in
bonds as bound with them" "Pro-:
claim liberty to the captives, and the open
ing of the prison doors to them that arc
bound ""Loose the bands of wicked
ness, . undo the heavy burdens,, break
every yoke, and let ; the oppressed go
free." '
' Americans, shall slavery continue ?
Shall the accursed system still live under
the shadow of i law till be tolerated;
fostered, propagated?-, Shall the. foul
blot still remain, on your national escutch
eon? Will you still forsake the good
old pathsrof your fathers,' and act as if
you sought to quench the altar-fires of
liberty which they enkindled ? ' Will you
continue to undo the work of patriots, re
formers, philanthropists, and to affiliate
with tyrants, traitors, usurpers, arid man
stealers ? Surely, it cannot bei Surely,
an indignant nation will say; It shall
not be J . . : -: .
i Americans, bear with us in our im
portunity. ' We love you as brethren ;
therefore do we plead with you. We
love your magnificent country,' your
noble institutions, your spirit of progress;
therefore . do we. , plead with you. . We
love liberty, our dearest birthright and
yoursfor which our fathers' and yours
shed their blood liberty, the birthright
of all ; therefore do we plead with you
We love Rejigion, and would see her di
vine and glorious form making triumph
ant progress through, your land ; there
fore we plead ' with you. We love the
image of Jesus, in his disciples, of what
ever color, and would not see that image
in chains ; therefore do we plead with
you. . , ., '
Americans, we know that there, are
difficulties in your way ; but these' are
nothing in comparison with the measure
less good to be achieved. . Your, moral
influence, your position among the na
tions, and your glory as a people, will be
all the more eminent and enduring, if, by
one " act of magnanimity, you trample
these , difficulties in the dust. Retrace,
then, your steps, we entreat you ! ;. Give
to the enslaved his inborn, inalienable
rights. Give to the toiler the fruits of
his toil. ' Give to the husband the wife
of bis bosom, and to the wife the hus
band of her youth. Give to the' fond
mother the child whom God has given to
her. . Give to immortal rnirid the, price
less blessings of education. Give to the
wearv. the wretched, and the lost.'' the
. ... , . . .
Home and Women. N ;
' Our Lomes--what are their .'corner
stones but the virtue of women, and on
our Dmaus uweaiuii; i u
j conjugal, filial and 'parental ' love,' the
; corner-stones of church and State more
sacred than; either; more necessary: than
both?. .Let our temples crumble, let our
puoac naira m justice ixr Kteti iui
! thn lust ' "Kut Rtiare our homes ! 5 Let no
socialist invade them with his wild plans
of community. Man did not invent, and
he cannot improve or, abrogate them... A
private slielterf to cover in two hearts
dearer to each other than all the world ;
high walls to exclude the-profane vfes of
every human being ? scclusiioa enough
for children . to feel that ; mother is a holy
and: peculiar. namer-this is home; and
here , is the birth-place, of every secret
thought. Here the church and btate
must come for their engin and support.-
Oh 1 spare our homes. The love we ex-,
perience there gTyesuff. pur. faith in an
infinite' gobdnesar j 1 the purify and disin
terestedness of home ia our, foretaste and
our earnest of a better world., lln,,. rela
tions there fostered and established do we
find through life the chief, solace and joy
of existence.' " What friends deserve the
name, compared with those whom a birth
light gives us? -.ii tn iv?
One mother is worth athonsandXriends;
one sister truer than twenty intimate com
panions. trWewhq, have -played on the
same hearth, under the. light of the same
smileV who date,' back to the s?.me , scene
and, seaspn OL innooence . ana. nopen
whose yelns nin!(he6ame blood, do vre
hot find that years only make more sacred
ie. tie tiiat bindV?, doldness'nWyjpring
up r.btancepeparaiei difierent spVrcs
may divide :' but those who can love at
allmusi fin'd th the yearnm
XPl-- T- 'Z "' trn
2 i Patrick Henry vs. Intolerance
s Soon after Patrick' Henry's noted case
of Tobaceuv and Preserves,, ijis it i was
called, he heard of a case of oppression
for conscience sake. , The church - of
England having been established by law
in fc Virginia became; s such establish
ments are wont to do, exceedingly intol
erant towards other .sects.- In the pros
ecution of this system of conversion, three
Baptist clergymen had been indicted at
Fredericksburg for? preaching the gospel
of. the Son of God contrary to the statute.
Henry, hearing .of this, rode" some -fifty
miles to volunteer his services in defense
of the oppressed. He entered the court,
being unknown ' to ' all present save the
bench and the bar while the indictment
was being read by the clerk. He 'sat
within the bar, until the reading was
finished and die king's attorney had con-.
eluded some remarks in .support of the ' one half of creation to begin with ; and
paper, and without more ceremony pro-1 then throws in, along with this grand di
eeeded with the following Speech : - - ; j visionall the little ones of the family of
May it please your worships, I think - man. . We assume that a woman can
I heard read by the prosecutor; as :I en- 'master all the science and mystery of the
tered the house, the paper I now hold in j healing art as well as a ; man though,
my hand. If. I have rightly understood, probably, in the matter of epic poetry,
the king's attorney of the colony j has mathematics, statesmanship, or military
framed an indictment for the purpose of .strategy,' she may be obliged to admit an
arraigning and punishing by imprison- inferior capacity of mind. : Medicine is
meht. three inofl'ensive persons before the! not so very deep and difficult a thing.
bar of this court, for a crime of. creat .
magnitude, as disturbers of the peace.
May it please the court, what did I hear
read ? - Did I ' hear distinctly, or was it
a mistake of my own ? Did I hear an
expression as of crime that these men
whom your worships are about to try. for
misdemeanor are charged with-what ?" j
and continuing in a low," solemn heavy
voice, ' preaehing the gospel of the Son
of God!" ' -
Pausing amid the most profound silence
and.: breathless astonishment, he slowly
waved the - paper three times around his
head when lifting his hands and eyes to
heaven, with peculiar and expressive
energy, he exclaimed : : - - - : "
" Great God ! '.'-' The ! exclamation,
the burst of feeling from the audience,
were all overpowering. . Mr. H. resumed :
" May it please your worships, in a day
like this, when truth is about lo' claim
its natural arid inalienable rights when
the yoke of oppression that has reachedj
tne . wilderness oi America, anaine un
natural alliance of ecclesiastical and civil
power are about to be dissevered, at such
a period, when liberty of conscience is
about to break from her slumberings, am
I to in quire into the reason of such charges
as I find exhibited here to-day in this in
dictment?" , " ,
i Another fearful pause,' while the speaker
alternately cast his sharp, piercing : eyes
on' the Court and the prisoners, and re
sumed : ... . ; ' -
If I am not now deceived, according
to the account of this paper I now hold
in my hand, these men are accused of
preaching the gospel of the Son of God !
Great God I" ' "
Another long pause ; while ho waved
the indictment around his head while a
deeper impression was made on the audi
ence. Resuming his speech :'. 7
1 "May it please your worships, there are
periods in the history of men, when cor
ruption and depravity have so long debas
ed the human character, that man sinks
under the weight of the oppressor's hand,
becomes his servile, abject slave he licks
the hand that smites him, he bows in pas
sive obedience, to .the mandates of the
despot ; and in this state of servility re
ceives his fetters of perpetual bondage.
But,5 may it please your worships, such a
day has passed away. " " ' ' '
- "From the period when our fathers left
the land of their nativity for a settlement
in the American wilds, for. liberty, ; for ,
civil and religious liberty,' for liberty of
conscience, and to worship their Creator
according to their own conception Of heav
en's revealed will, from the moment they
placed their feet upon the American con
tinent, and in the deeply imbedded, forest
sought an asylum from tyranny arid per
secution from that moment despotism
was crushed : the fetters of darkness were
broken,' and the heavens decreed that man
should be free to worship God according
to the Bible. ' ' ' ' ' '
"Were it not for this, iu vain" were all
thisosuflering and -bloodshed to? subju
gate this ncw world, if we, their offspring.
must, be oppressed and persecuted. But,.
may it please your worships, jermit me
men about to be tried ? This paper says
for preaching the Uo?pol of tne Savior of
Adam falten race , :i 1 .m
"Wiiat laws linve they violated ?''
While the third time in a slow, dignifi
ed mannerhe lifted his eyes to; heaven,
,i' 1,1 l'.i- .- ' Jj; '
ana wavea me maicnneni- arouna no
bead, the court and the audie nee were
wrought up to thei most intense pitch of
excitement. .Ihe, face; 01 the prosecu
ting attorney was pallid and ghastly, and
ne appearca unconscious mat nis wnoie
frame was - agitated with aLatrn--whiIe
the judge, in a tremulous voice, but an
end to the scene, now become intensely
paiBhu, by tne au'nontauyedeciarauon
" Great fa Truth,' and it win PrrrziL
Trath-tttirr-' r4-ffeWnkr:1
posed; but -it contains2 an' hnpe'rishable
T5TVftrs Iiah!f In rustmrt.irtn tnm erprr I
blast! but ' notwitlist3nding frost - and
trma U ivt wfi i tfcTnHrftf WiA
deeplyVn $3e earth, its branches, extend.4
its neaa towers upward, every revolving
year adds to its magnificence, jtHL veaer
able in the growth of centuries it stands
the lather of Jte forest, too religious
truth rnay be.accpunte4cpntempdble ;
may Be slow, in' its 'progress; may be
often thTeatened7-Srith annihiIadon from
the sophistries of error, and rage of perse-
cutors ; imV- hurtjired ;by aa unseen ana
almighty influence, its grasp of the human
intellect extends ; its attributes of gran
de'uif and beaufy axe ' nnfolded f its bead
rises in triumph "oter all its rivals, and;
r rr,;,F" - , I
vrirtcA rf -1 f
niamawiyi appears enxorooea ibbshi
ot greatness ami ot empire. -Vine J V"1"" w vuuvum
Ms urjon the groon vegetate mlhan(?s thosevto whom peons of judg-
nl. and presently: a WdJing plant ment would not entnwUhe JiJe of a kit
.f ! - . Female Physicians. , ,
There is a learned profession now in
the hands of men which weare inclined
to think women will shortly share with
them, taking, indeed, the better half to
themselves. We mean the medical pro-
fession. "We liaVe already seen young
women going through the studies, and
getting the diplomas of that science j and
the founding of female medical colleges
isspoken of. from time to time in the
journals. In a late paper, we have seen
that at' Kichmond, in V lrginia, tney are
about building an extensive establish
ment, of the kind. These things give
evidence of what promises to he one of
the best innovations of the age one
founded upon common sense and common
feeling. ,': " - ' '" r
- Women are fittest physicians for wo-
men. Reason gives them, at one stroke,
Care and common sense are, after all, the
grand principles of successful practice
in the management of the human consti
tution ; and these qualities belong as
much to the women as to the men. We
can fancy the strong satisfaction with
which women would hail Uie quiet com
ing into their sick rooms of one or their
own sex-: a" diplomaed and experienced
woman ; the enect, m many places, would
go half way to bring about the cure.
we need not go inu particulars m mis
argument ; . the truth of the statement
will be generally admitted: In the case
of children, too, the gentle and womanly
care of a doc tress would be most effica
cious and happy. We are convinced that
the doctress, in managing her patients,
would come better to the point, and deal
more directly and bluntly with the ail
ments of the young and old of her own
sex or rather, let us say, with the less
young than a man could do. She would
be less complaisant and courtly, and more
familiar in her treatment of them, and
thus possess advantages which no medi
cal, practitioner of the other sex - could
hope to compete with. : However we look
at it, we must conclude that, for half the
world, women would make better physi
cians than men. ' Nature seems to have
decided that. And even for half the
other half, we sometimes think the doc-?
tresses would be better than the doctors,
in "dealing with the griefs and evils of sick
And, coming from particulars to gen
erals, we would -contend" that every wo
man. whether she designs to become a
medica or not, should have a knowledge
of medicine and its effects on the human
system, of simples, salves, and other use
ful empiricals. She should also have a
general idea of chemistry. We do not
know an accomplishment more suited to
woman's place in the world than chemis
try not even accepting Jhe piano-forte ;
for a knowledge of chemical mixtures is
indispensable to those who Would right
fully understand the materia medica.
Every mistress of a household or mother
of a family should know something of
those nuinerous and profitable facts that
are to be gathered within the circle of
that science ; and, in the case of poisons,'
should bo chemist enough to know, what
substances : act on ; others, neutralizing
them, and how to send an antidote at once
after the bane : to send, for" instance, down
"some beloved throat, soda and magnesia
after -acids, the whites of eggs, lime wa-;
ter. or charcoal after arsenic, soap and
water after corrosive sublimate, soda or
lime after prussic - acid, milk and " water
after white vitriol, a solution of common
salt after nitrate of silver, and so forth ;
making, at the same .time, prompt ue of
the, mustard emetic ia the, majority of
such cases, and applying, with judgment
hartshorn, brandy, or other materials,
such as would be at hand in most house
helds. U A knowledge . of -these ; things,
and with it a knowledge of other domes
tic recipes and resources, would be among
the best ana aqmirsDie acquirements oi
a woman m any station of life; and it
may bo ! confidently ' asserted, Uiat'if it
were fkultuliy practices, on occasion, sen
thousand homes would be Rpared,the ag
onies and lamentations that constantly
come, and will come to' darken their
doors' and window. " Woman would be
armed fori the most trying emergencies.
and bo able to save the lives of those dear
to them, instead of wrearaing and wring
irig their .hands, and fetling bitterly tha
"ignorartce is the curse of God."' And,
in a general Yar knowledge of the laws
of: health would make every woman the
protecting genius of her household, and
teach her how to treat her children in any
sudden or 'ordinary case pf sickness "or
accident. Especially a regards children,
every mother should be. a doctrcss; 5 The
ignorance of parent is fatal ..to ; almost
half the children that come into toeworld ;
it Is more deadly an i deplorable than the
Vices of adult years--thait bittlemur-
derand sudden aeatn.' M ira mean-
7 tbiagto see physical .pteserva-
. Ki Jf'UJP1 V''sr"
' their parts well in their most important
f of 'hbme. Their1 ;graml-
. f o ' o.
and so on, farther backj irero.iniach
rnore; ACComplisbedin: everything, that
truly, becomes a woman to know, wtTbey
had a knowledge of a great, 'many -useful
xniBgs Knew exceuens recipes
ery and chemistry, were leaned in tha
virtues jt herbs anddeooctiphsrOand,
i pudderuig, with ,phyEW,,'L. like , Lord
Verulam were generally aware 'of the
efScacies pf domestic ' mcdicki. They"
werelJrepared f&r:mo& aecwents.'s.ha
nothingif we except gun-shot wounds,
or, th burning pf the thoaeH50ttld hava
ten. omen now-a-days are 5 For ' the
f Their lair descendants, compared wdi'thejniw
. . feisw iJi
such excellent examples of housewifery
and skill, are, so. to speak; Know-Nothings
which we gready grieve to say.
, AVe repeat hoping there are many of
our readers who" will remember and im
prove the observations we thus hastil v
put before them that a tolerable knowl
edge of medicine and an acquaintance
with the nature of acids and alkalies,
would be one of the. most blessed accom-,
plishments of the ladies one of the rich
est dowries they could bring with them
into the newly -furnished houses of their
husbands on the wedding day ; and that
the regular practice of physio by the sex
would have the best effect on the health,
morally as well as physically, of the larger
half of society. This science and profes
sion need not take woman out of her own
sphere. It. demands no unsexing, like
that which would to Bloomerism and the
ballot-box. ; It leaves to the sex all tliat
ever made it charming and would only
add to the attractions of Venus the grave
wisdom pf Pallas. ; Y ithout making any
violent strides over a barrier which must
always remainwoman, in her own. be
coming way and attitude; may find in the
theory and practice we speak of, the best
means of putting herself as near the level
of the man as she can ever reach, and
thus . gratify the highest ambition she
may be willing to entertain. ' As the phy
sicians of more than a moiety of creation,
and the intelligent mentors and preserv
ers of their households and families, we
have no doubt that, in the course of time,
women ; will viudicate in a nobler way
than they have yet done, their claim to
be styled the better half of the world.
X. Y. Daily Timet. ; -
r How an Indian can Die. -A
t(uching instance of this character
istic trait occurred at. the . late engage
ment between a small war party of the
Chippewas and a greatly superior party
of the' SiOux, near Cedar Island Lake.
The Chippewas, who were en route for a
scalping foray upon the Sioux villages,
on the Minnesota, here fell into an-ambuscade,
and the first notice of danger
that saluted their ears was the discharge
of fire:arms from a thicket. s Four of
their number fell dead in their tracks.
Ahothe named War Cloud, a leading
brave, had a leer broken by a bullet His
comrades were , loth to ieave him, and
while his assailants were reloading. their
guns, attempted to carry him along with
them to where he could "get the shelter
of a thicket a short distance in the rear,
But he commanded them to leave him,
telling them he would show their ene
mies how a Chippewa could die. At
his request, they seated him on a log
with his back leaning against a tree. . He
then commenced painting his face and
singing his death song. As his enemies
approached him he only sung a louder
and livelier strain ; and when several bad
gathered around him, .flourishing their
scalping-knives, and screeching; forth
their demoniacal yells and exultations,
not a look or a gesture manifested that he
was even aware of their presence. At
length they seized him and tore his scalp
from his head. Still ; seated with his
back against a large tree, they commenced
shooting their arrows into the trunk
around his headgrazing his ears, neck,
&c, until they literally pinned him fast
without once touching a vital part, cut
our hero remained the same imperturba-
t, .? ; a- -l a. l- J i a
pie stoic, continuing to cuant nis ueuaru
strain ; and although one of the number
flourished his reeking scalp before his
eyes, still not a single expression of his
countenance could be observed to change.
Finally 'one of the numbor approached
him with a tomahawk, which, after a few
unheeded flourishes, he buried . in the
captive's skull, who' sank in death with
.m 'Li- i.ri.j.i
a song Mia upim nm up. ua-j in
deed succeeded well in teaching hif ene
mies "how a Chippewa could die. '
Some days afterwards thy were taught
how a Chippewa could be avenged'.
. . Movement oi the Mormons. -
- Western papers inform us that the Silt
Lake Mormons hare determined to form
a chain of Mormon stations, throughout
the States and Territoriev at which the
pilgrims to the Salt Lake, many of whom
are very poor, may stop to recruit or pass
.. I' l .t V
the winter, anairpm wnica mey may rje
helped lorwara br sucn am as my( re
quire fromTthe brethren. By this means,
it is expected that tm Mormons will tle
more readily undertake the great journey
through the L nited States and the far
western wilderness. Arrangements have
already been made for a Mormon settle
ment on the Kaaxa river m Jvwisa
ritory, and stations of this kind are to be
formed in a chain from Salt Lake east
ward This movement ba , a twofold
character. - r jrst : It is intended to ha
ten the day when the Territory of Uuh
will have sufficient nonulation to demand
admission into the Union as a State ; and
if the ; intentions of , the Salt Like chiefs
are carried out, this will not long hence ;
for it is stated, no doubt truly, that there
are one hundred thousand Moniion in
Europe, all of whom are williug to emi
grate to the Salt Lako. Next : It is in
tended to establish Mormon churclics of
colonies in all the. principal cities- of the
United Statesso aslto give the Salt LHke
settlers friends who" will defend their
cause, and congregations from which they
liiKIUS 1IUUI " ltnl Kin. I
may. derive ,,emignuajwiien-fjeavu.
Mormon preachers have commenced op-
erations at various cities, and in St. Louis
there are'stated to be two tholisandlklor-
The great'end of thepunishmeatof theftn. Improvement? of the soul,' an2 the
gutiry, u raeppwewra vi iumw-m
ilea are controikHl r two great motives
.... ... . " 1 . trrt
iu all that tncy ae-r-wve ana iear.r nere
the subject, cannot . be. yerned, (by .. the
rrsuasibn of e former, it is Ititiinate
and right WeTery sense ' to fcppead to the
lattef.i"AIl animated -natore 'appeals to
these two laws ia the protec tion of life.
haro.,ftroras much itr ptection, astare
coxing and strength to , the lion. 4 in
punishiag -'for'tern''ft 'bf jcsfioa
addresses itself ta one of deepest and
nature lor tne protection, oi tap weax ana
nwocent. ' -X
Th Test ief ft Oentltiaah.'
The forbearing use of power does not
only form a touchstone even (he -manner
in which an individual enjoys cer
tain advantages is a test. The power
which the husband enjoys over the wife
in which we must include the impuni
ty with which he may be unkind to her
the father over his children, the teach
er over his pupils, the old oyer the young
and the young over the aged, the strong
over the weak, the officer over the - men,
the master cf a vessel over his hands,
the magistrate over the citizen, the em
ployer over the employed, the educated
over unlettered, the experienced over the
confiding, the keeper of a secret over
whom it touches, the gifted over .the or
dinary man even the clever over the
silly--iha forbearing and inoffensive use
of all this power of authority, or a total
abstinence from it, where the case ad
mits it, will show the gentleman, in a
plain light. Every traveler knows at
once whether R gentlemanly or rude of
ficer is searching his trunk. Ho gentle
man can boast of the delishts of superi
or health in the presence of a languid pa
tient, or speak of good luck within hear
ing of a man bent by habitual misfortune.
Let a man who happily, enjovs the advan
tages of an honest life speak; of it to ft
Ml. .1 tt -- !
iauen, criminal leiiow-rjeing, ana you wm
soon see whether he be, in addition to his
honesty, a gentleman or not.
I he gentlemau docs not needlessly and
unceasingly remind an offender of a
wrong he may have committed against
nun; ne cannot oniyt lorgive ne can
forget ; and he strives for that nobleness
of self and manliness of character which
imparts sufficient strength to let the past
be truly the past. He will never use
the power . which the .knowledge of an
offense, a false step, or an unfortunate
exposure of weakness gives, merely to
enjoy the power of humiliating his- neigh-
bor. A true man of honor leels humbled
himself when he cannot help humbling
others. . ..
Cheap Pleasures - r'
Did you ever study the. cheapness of
pleasure ? Do you. know bow little it
takes to' make a man happy ? Such tri
fles as a penny, or a smile, do the work.
There are two or three boys passing along
give them each a chestnut, and now
smiling they look they will not be cross
for some time. A poor widow lives in a
neighborhood who is the mother of a half
dozen children send them half a peck
or sweet apples, and they all will be hap
py. A child has lost his arrow a word
to him, and he mourns sadly help him
to find it, or make him another, and how
quickly will the sunshine play upon his
sober face. A boy has as much as he
can do to pile up a load of woodassist
him a few moments, or speak a pleasant
word to him, and be forgets his toil, and
works away without minding it. Your
apprentice has broken a mug, or cut the
vest too large, or slightly injured a piece
of work say "you scoundrel," and he
feels miserable remark " I am sorry," .
and he will try to do better. You employ
a man pay mm cheertuiiy, and speak a
pleasant word to him, and he leaves your
house with a contented heart to light up
his own hearth with smiles and gladness.
As you pass along the street, you meet a
familiar face -ay ' Good morning," as
though you felt happy, and it wuTwork
admirably in the heart of your neighbor.
Pleasure is cheap who will not bestow
it liberally ? If there are smiles,, sun
shine, and flowers all about,' let us not
grasp them with a miser's fist, and ' lock
them up in our hearts. No ! - rather let
us take them and scatter them about us
in the cot of the widow, among the groups
of children, in tlio crowded mart, where
men of business congregrte, in our fami
lies, and everywhere; We can make the
wretched happy, the discotrtented cheer
fulthe afflicted resigned, at exceedingly
cheap rates. Who will refuso to do it?
' Whisky and Wexpspapsra. -;
A glass of whiKky is manufactured
from perhaps a dozen grains of mashed
corn, the valoeof which is too small to be
estima?i?d. A pint of 'this miiture sells
at retail for one nhilling; andif of a good
brand; it is considered by its consumers
well worth the money. It is drank off in
minute or two it fires . the brain
rouses the pa-wions-T-sharpens, the appe
tite deranges and weakens uie pnysicai .
system; it is gone and swollen eyes.
parched lips, and an ocnmg. head, are its
followers. : On the same sideboard tipon
which this is served lies a newspaper, the
new white paper of which cost three
fourths of a cent the composition for
the whole edition costing from ten to. fif
teen dollars per day. - It w covered with
a half a million of types ytbrings intel
ligence from the . four quarters of the
gfobtU has in, its clearly printed col
umn all that is strange or new at home
--h tells you the state of the markets
gives accounts of the last elopement, tho
execution, of the last murderer and th
latest steamboat explosion or railroad dis
asterand yet for all this, the newspaper
coil les than the glass of grog the juke
of. a few grains of corn. . It is no loss
strange thaa true, that there-are' a large
portion of the cornronnity who think the
corn juice cheap and the newspapers dear;
and the printer has hard work to collect
t.- . , - .. .
- . -.-. -r (
v . T.v
How w th'w ? ' U the body' a better
paymaster than the: heacLl and things f
the moment more prized than things of
eternity,?. . -Is the .transient tickling .pf
the stomach ot more xxmsequeuwy wu
i.rmJiinn tnai ib eenirw io jsuonai
If this had iu real value, would
not the newspaper be worth many pints
of whisky ? fori Ciy. " ,'. , .
lands ia Eartafta. . -J yi , i
Mr. Boss, a nephew of John Ross, and
judge Hicks, a full-Jblood CherokeeKwbo
t a man 'of very ' decided tntclSgcnce,
jcharastef, and erx&twh&e v&Ba
Washmgteni. coming as a poruua u w
delegation sent fete by the Ceftfti't?
dispose of to the government a body of
i ownsjm w w
1 xnglon peptr,
- . .' A'r. V.wr?toar.

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