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)t ffyexcdb & & juntanitg cmi ilje Sntercats of Kaiisas.
1 ifelD of Jfacjtohj.. O. W. BROWN, Editor. Lawrence, Saturday, January 27, '35. H. A. Bn.tn-0. Kq..f is our authorized Central Agent for th lUrald f FrtetLim. and mil Ms contm-to pertaining to the paper will be biiHin? on the firm. Letter addressed to n at FuiWo. N. Y-will he promptly attended toby hi n. Emierating jartio and individuals, en ronta for Kansas, pas-snjr throneh BuSklo. are ri ties tori to give kirn a call at his office, No. 20 Niagara Tempcranc lloose. " : . ,; - -' '.: The Professional Squatter. . It is a well known fact, that a class of men exist in the western country, to whom the above title may be justly ap plied.: They form a distinct class in the community and pursue a particular avo . cation, as much so as the mechanic, the agriculturist, the merchant, or members of any of the learned professions. , Nor does there seem to be, except on special occasions, any concert of action among ( them, more than what would naturally spring from men of similar pursuits,' inspired by similar motives. They are migratory passing from one region of country- to another; and the whole country that constitute the west ern States and Territories bear witness .to their presence. -. Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois Missouri. Iowa, Minnesota, and other places, have alike been infested with them; and they have finally made their appear ance on the soil of Kansas. Nor is it for the rational and praiseworthy purposes of . home and permanent settlement that these men make their entrance into new Terri tories ; but for purposes of speculation. ' Squatting, with them, is a trade, pro fession, pursuit. They move on in ad . vance of the' permanent settler, and of course in advance of civilization ; doing nothing for the permanent improvement . of the country they secure, even before territorial organization, . the fords and main gateways leading into new and un settled regions, possess the most accessi ble points, and the most commanding . and valuable localities :. here, bejond the reach of civil and social influences, pur suing their predatory and hunter habits, ' they wait for the approach of the home- . seeking pioneer, who is often misled by the misrepresentationsof the squatter, and being a stranger in the country, exhaust ed by a long journey, economical of time, and eager to establish himself in a new home as soon as possible, is induced to pay the squatter a bonus for his posses sions while the squatter, having so for achieved his purposes, and being well acquainted with the country, removes to ': another locality, where the next year, or - perhaps the next month, he enacts again, with another settler, the same game of deception, pretense, and pecuniary spec- ulation. Thus he achieves his purposes, pursues his calling passes on,. in ad vance of settlement, from one portion of public domain to another, having first - picked the pockets of settlers, leaving no permanent improvement behind him, as a just equivalent for what he receives, and imparting no blessings to the region thus vacated save the blessing of his absence. . ' Prom the law that permit a man to pre-empt once, and for himself only, 160 aires of land, on domain open for settle- inent, he pretends to a color of title in order to blind the eyes of the honest set tlerto thousands of acres, on lands, too, . not subject to pre-emption, or not legally open for settlement. The settler's mind becomes perplexed, amid the various and contradictory statements of these specula- : tors ; he cannot go where they are not ; - they pervade like a net-work expand edthe public domain ; and very likely the new comer is entangled in their meshes unawares. Then he must pay the squatter his price, or leave. the local ity, or he is told that squatters are band ed together for the protection of their mutual rights ; and rifles and revolvers are more than hinted at.. The settler - hesitates no longer, suffers himself to be skinned, and goes to work, in hope that time and industry will rectify the evil. We do not, of . course, allude in these remarks about squatters to those'pioneers " who come westward seeking homes, and , having , found a suitable location, com mence, and perseveringly continue, to surround themselves .with ."facilities for home and permanent residence; . Our observations are intended ' as a warning to. such to beware of. the professional squatter look, select for themselves, and do their ovn squatting. - :-' . Our Tourist has, in the present isue, some pertinent and appropriate remarks . OB this subject, to which the attention of the reader is respectfully . cited. We ? shall, erelong, allude to thus subject again - -: v - Delay. - In consequence of our inability to 1 bor, a portion of our mail last, week "Was not made up until it .was two or 1 three days behind time.. As soon as we get -thoroughly organized, and every branch of our enterprise fully, under " Way, we trust no delays will occur, by which the reader will fail in receiving bis papV-r at the moment it 1s due.' : - Wa Have experienced much inconven ience for the want of a regular mail, being , at present entirely dependent upon chance conveyance of our heavy mail matter to Westport -bur dearest connection with Uncle Sam's postal arrangements. When the roads get bad in the spring,' we are apprehensive, if the government does not come to our relief soon, that we shall ex perience still 'greater' difficulties in. this direction. Our readers will bear patiently .with all these vexations, as they, cannot ba more harrassing to others than to us. - g3T Kansas river was bridged over by ice on Sunday dast, for the1 first time this euasoa. . - ' Arrival of Gen. Pcmeroy. On Saturday last Gen. S. C Poxebot reached pur city from his : recent tour in the East, where, as we have learned from the papers,' he has been speaking to large and earnest audiences in behalf of Kan sas emigration. Gen P. looked fresh and healthy as ever, and his appearance' indicated that the good living and cool breezes of New England bad agreed with him. Our people turned, out to see him in a body, and to hear his story of their eastern homes. He speaks of the snow drifts and cold of New England in a strain that perfectly surprises the citizens here, who have been enjoying an "In dian summer" np to that time;, indeed, no one here can realize that they have been spending a winter. Gen. Pomeeot speaks, of what we had before learned, of the great depression of die financial matters of the East, result ing in a vast number of young men be ing thrown out of employment, and, as a consequence, will look for a home in the West. It has been said to be " an ill wind that blows no good ;" so we may expect, as the consequence, "a large emi gration in the spring. Tradesmen and mechanics, who have been supporting themselves by hands or wits, now seem determined to avoid 00 uncertain a sup port, and obtain an interest in the soil, to fall back upon when other supports fail them. . From the city of Providence alone we learn that more than five hun dred young men are already enrolled for some of the first parties in the springl The same general state of things, Gen, P. says, exists in Boston, New Bedford, Salem; Lowell, Concord, Portland, Ban gor, and many other places where he vis ited and lectured. We are convinced that the emigration to Kansas this spring will exceed all our previous anticipations. Our greatest fear is that capital will not be as abundant as mek. " What we want is an abundance of both. And this leads us to hope that the Emigrant Aid Com pany will be in the field with an abund ance of capital ; so that where individual enterprise fails to be sufficient, the com pany will be able to erect mills and ma chinery sufficient for any emergency, and thus greatly facilitate the development of the resources of our Territory, which are deep and vat. If we could reach the ear of all the freemen of our land who are looking westward for a' home, we would say to them, come to Kansas. By so doing you will not only enlarge your pocket, but enlarge the heart and the soul by engag ing in an enterprise of the broadest phi lanthropy, making Kansas the model State of the Union. We are glad to learn from Gen. P. that he has made arrangements for a number of steam mills to be sent from St. Louis by the first boat the first one to be on hand by the first day of March. It is a fine mill, double geared, two" circular saws, one above the other, the under saw fifty -two inches in diameter, and the en gine of thirty-horse power. The mill is warranted to saw one thousand feet of soft lumber per hour ! What we hope is, that tli is mill will be set up at Lawrence. We shall want at least three mills to sup ply lumber for the next season. Give us the mills, and Lawrence shall be ahead of any city in Kansas ! Election of Legislature. It is rumored here that there will be an election of a Territorial Legislature for Kansas, early in February. For the truth of this, we do not vouch. But if true, it-, should - be generally known. A more imjwrlant Legislature will "never be chosen." The weighty responsibility of commencing a line of policy, and of giv ing character to institutions, cannot be too deeply felt.' We hope that in the choice of members to that body no short-sighted, narrow-minded, sectional policy will be pursued; but that men of the largest capacity,- and of the broadest philanthro pv, will be chosen men whose views extend beyond the present moment, who, upon .the eminence to-day, can survey all the past, and gather up their richest lessons there men of prudence, courage, and iiitegrity men of learning, science, and intelligence men of heart and soul, who love humanity, and know her rights, and " knowing, dare maintain !' - Though we are not of those who sup pose that one statute law cannot be re pealed by another, . wej know nothing about the "finality of human legislation." Meu may legislate-" with the light of to day, and yet repeal it under the wisdom of to-morrow ; men may frame iniquity bylaw," but they cannot eternize it, The gift of immortality is not theirs io bestow : and whenever tlie " friends of I truth" and. right are defeated, they may repose invmseiyes in ine. promise 01 a ' good time coming,? and Vlearn to labor and to wait. We are not of those who are discour aged by a temporary defeat, nor elated with ignoble victories. No legislation can be permanent, that is -not - based upon truth and justice ; and no party success can, be valuable, where there is not suc cess of the bight ; and no victory .can be called a triumph, that is not in harmony with the highest, sentiments of mankind, which is the law of the Eternal. - . - -The Secretary of the late Indig nation Meeting failed - to furnish us a copy of the proceedings until too late for our last edition. .We therefore publish them this, week,, contrary to our usual rule-in such cases, merely for the par pose of furnishing our readers with a specimen of ' western eloquence, thinking it might be useful to young boys at , the East, for declamation . purposes, regret ting that the spirit in which the author gave it cannot be reported, as it most necessarily lose a great partcf Ha re. The Aborigines, lira frequent attempts that have been made to educate. the Indian, and the numerous failures' attending the experi ment, hasr to some extent, created the impression in the public mind that his reclamation and education are impossible. That an unwise and injudicious policy has been pursued in the attempts made for their education, must be obvious to every reflecting mind. To draw an un tutored savage from the wilderness, and, after a brief process of education, dismiss him again to his forest home, is of no conceivable advantage to him, as he is returned to the society Of those who can not appreciate his attainments, and who would be very likely to despise him on account of them. " While their hunter habits of life re main unchanged, any attempt to ingraft abidingly upon their "minds the spirit and genius of civilization and Christianity, will' prove unavailing, . Such . was the opinion--of the celebrated' chief Black Hawk, who sagaciously insisted that any attempt to reclaim the . Indian from his barbarism and ignorance would be use less, ' unless preceded by a permanent breaking up of his hunter habits, and changing his social condition. : The remark was recently made to the writer, by an intelligent Indian Agent; that, as the result of missionary labor among the Dela wares, for the past hun dred and fifty years, there were about fifty Christians. . Their wild hunter habits, and unchanged modes of life, sufficiently unfold the causes of this failure, to make their intellectual, social, and moral im provements more general. As an indication of the truth of what is here set forth, we. observe that there are now in the State of New York about four thousand Indians. Since the year 1846 they have shared in the benefits of the common school fund ; and an ample appropriation is made, whereby a limited number of Indian youth are supported at the State Normal School, in order to meet the growing demand for a higher range of education among their people. - They have, for many years, been surrounded by civilization, shut in, and secured from all intercourse with the ruder tribes of the wilderness have therefore lost their native fierceness, "and become tractable and humane. They have become grad ually initiated into agricultural pursuits, adopted new modes of life, been swayed by new aspirations, until a change, though hardly perceptible to the superficial observer, yet in reality very great, has been accomplished. Their decline has not only been arrested, but they are ac tually increasing in numbers, and im proving in their social condition ; and we maintain that the primary and potent cause of all this is found in their feeble attempts at agriculture, which has called around them the means of more comfort able, and less precarious subsistence, than can ever be derived from the chase. There is now, in every Indian commu nity in the State, a" respectable class, who have 'become habitual cultivators of the soil, adopted our modes of life, speak our language, and are, in every respect, dis creet and sensible men. The ancient tenure by which "Indian lands are held in common, and cannot be alienated, is a source of great inconven ience, whenever they incline to enterupon the pursuit of agricultural life, and labor upon the soil, instead of roaming idly over it. In addition to this, the annuities granted are a curse, soon squandered for gewgaws, rather than for articles of sub stantial utility ; while they, by inducing dependence upon them, encourage idle ness, and have the effect of paying a bonus for vagrancy and aversion to labor, when it should be the aim of public policy to discourage those habitsr and open to their .untutored minds other avenues of interest, and advantage. Nothing will ever-preserve the race from becoming ex tinct, except an entire change in .their habits of life ; and to effect this, a pre liminary change of public policy must also be effected. . ..To uproot a tribe or nation in the zenith of its intellectual splendor is impossible ; but the expulsion of a contiguous one, iu a state of barbarism and ignorance, is not only, of eay, accomplishment, but be comes a matter of inevitable and absolute necessity.' The present system of national supervision is obviously temporary in its plans and purposes, designed for . the administration of our Indian affairs with the least possible inconvenience, rather than their ultimate reclamation followed by the bestowment of citizenship. '". '. ' . .The presence of the Indian on this con tinent is regarded as temporary 7 and the impression is general that he must sur render, his possessions, when 'he. shall have been surrounded by the white race, and the summons be sent in for his cus tomary capitulation. If the sentiment is not" as emphatic as" that expressed by Cato arid .subsequently adopted as .the policy of the Roman Senate,..' Carthage est delenda - Carthage taust be destroy ed it speaks in ' a language no less sig nificant the destiny of the' red man is extermination.' . . .' ' ook3 tor the Attseaeum. .'I Several books have been "received from Mr, Amos A. Lawresce and Mrs. Mart Webb, of Boston; tor the Lawrence -Ath- eeneum, and a large aadiuon totnose al ready received will be sent on to .this city early - in. the spring,, wfiea " "navigation opens; . r- f , -Our Athxneum, though young and in its infancy, starts with fair prospects of becoming one of the - first literary Insti tutions in the country, May it prosper, and shed its benign influences over the minds of all the inhabitants of Kansas, Is no doubt the ardent wish of its pioneer founders. : ; " Further Information. A gentleman writes us from Scales Mound, Jo Daviess county, EUhois, sta ting that a party of young men from that vicinity purpose locating in Kaoas, at an early day as possible in the spring. - He desires to be made acquainted with the best facilities for getting here with fami lies; the cheapest tpute; what place is considered the head of steamboat naviga tion ou the Kansas "river; also such oth er "in formation as may be deemed of par ticular interest. ! iWe fire acquainted with no cheaper or better route than that by way of St Lou is, taking a steamer up the Missouri to Kansas City, or Parkvlile, Mo., and from there by private land conveyance to any part of the Territory. We understand that a couple of steamers will be put up on the Kansas as soon as the river rises, which usually is about the first of June ; but it will probably ba quite too late for the spring emigration. ' The ordinary cost of cabin passage. including board, from St. Louis to Kan sas City, iij 8 1 2. " Parties applying to B. Slater, 2 Levee, St. Louis, will receive passage on the best of boats for 810." Tamilies in the western States having teams, if they are not anxious to be here in season to put in early spring crops, will find their own conveyance much the cheapest, provided they camp out on the route. Their teams will be" in better con dition, and qualified for doing more work at the outset than if brought by water. There were quite a number of horses brought out by the Pennsylvania Compa ny last fall. Two span1 came all the way by land, bringing with them from ten to twelve hundred pounds each. Eleven came by railroad to Cincinnati,' and from there by water to St. Louis. Those which came by land arrived nearly as soon as the others, and appeared but little . more jaded with the journey. One of those coming by the river--a valuable horse worth 3230 broke its leg on the levee in St. Louis, by the stepping carelessly on a stone, showing that its long rest had even impaired its bones. -Eastern people, coming by land con veyance through Missouri, would do well to not let their destination be. known, as they will find it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to procure supplies if suspect ed of entertaining anti-slavery views. Fort Riley is at the head of steamboat navigation on the Kansas river. The soil in that section of the Territory is thinner than in the eastern part, and less attract ive to the pioneer. Any further information desired will be found in past, or future numbers of the Herald of Freedom. Chart of Lawrence. Gen. S. C. Pomerot, who has recently arrived from Massachusetts,, brought with him several beautiful aud well-executed charts of Lawrence, as surveyed by Mr. A. D. Searl, of this city, in Oc tober last. It was lithographed by L. D. Bradford & Co., of Boston, on a scale of 453 feet to the inch. . Every lot is numbered on the different streets in reg ular order. It is an elegant piece of workmanship, and speaks well for the art ists who were engaged upon it. The streets, thirty-two in number, running north and . south, are named after the several Suites of the Union. Thirteen of the streets in the eastern part of the city are named after the thirteen original States. The balance of the streets west of Massachusetts street are named after the remaining nineteen States, in the or der in which they were admitted into the Union California . street being at the extreme western limits of the , city. What has of late been called Main street is now named after the Old Bay Stite. The streets , running east and west are named in honor of distinguished men, wlio have done something iu the sacred cause of liberty. Ten Parks are laid out within the '.city... Oread Mount is set apart for schools and churches ; Capitol Hill for colleges, county buildings, fcc. Five of these Parks have been named respectively in honor of Roger Williams, Washington,' La Fayette, Hamilton, and Franklin. . . A Much Needed Change Effected, Vo are glad to Wru that Gen. Pome rot, on his arrival in Kansas City, saw fit to remove the late tenant of the Uxibx .Hotel, the property' of the Emigrant Aid Company, and substitute another firm, who, it is believed, will make the house all its owners desire it to' be. They purpose repairing and rcfiting it prior to the opening of spring emigration, so as to accommodate the thousands who are on their way to Kansas with - tempo rary homes while ' resting there. We learn that" Mr. P. bought another lot, adjoining the present structure, on which it b designed to erect a large addition to the already spacious building for tlie ac commodation of the traveling public.3 ; The public should be made acquainted wit!) the fact that the A.id Company are not, aud. from the very nature of -things should not be held, responsible for the manner a bouse or other property of theirs is conducted, while in the hands of others, under lease., The best they; can do is to be more careful to whom they rent their property in future. From their past experience m renting Hotel property, we shall look" for" extraordinary care in all their future leases. ' . ".. - ; . -- Burned. We learn thai Dr. Meeriam sustained quite . a heavy ..loss by- the burning of a portion of his Dental instruments, which were in the office of Dr. Robtksos at the time of the fire there last Monday. " We regret this, as he had a very superior as sortment, the best, po doubt, in the Ter ritory. We are pleased to know that he has a sufficient number uninjured to ena ble him to pursue his profession. ; " Tne Section. . We learn that the person appointed by Governor Bexdes. to take the census of this district b about to perform that duty ; and the supposition b that an election for members of the -.Territorial Legislature will soon be . held. . If we mistake not, nothing has yet been done in the way of nominating candidates for the. different offices. Perhaps it is the intention of the people to wait until a few days before the appointed time of the' election, and then, when it b too late to effect a union of the friends of freedom for the sup port of true men for the office, there will be no other way than for each one' to vote for the man he considers best quali fied; and we shall have at once several political aspirants in the field, which will surely cause a division of the anti-slavery party ; and nothing will be affected. If we are divided, we are sure of-being beaten. 'A-division of our 'forces is what " the slavery propagandists most desire ; and if, by any means, they can effect that. object, it will certainly be done. If accomplished, the slave pow er will have control of the Legislature, and laws will be enacted detrimental to the cause of freedom in Kansas. . We hope that the result of the last election will teach every voter the impor tance of being up and doing; take ad vantage of every moment, in order to se cure the election of tried friends of lib erty to represent our dearest interests in the Legislature. Kansas is to be the great battle-ground of freedom; for here the question is to be decided whether the accursed institution of human bondage shall ever be legalized within our bor ders, and these beautiful prairies cursed by the withering blight of oppression ; whether another black State b to be ad ded to this Union. Or -shall we do what we can to make this a model State ? for God helps those who help themselves. He has placed a power in our hands, which, if rightly applied, will be sure to secure the good we desire. But if we remain quiet, and do nothing, and never use the faculties given us by standing as a sublime personation of our highest con ception of right and duty, we should be, and will be, defeated. It is an unchang- able law of nature, that no reform can be brought about unless there be earnest and true men engaged in it men always wil ling and ready to work for tlie good of mankind. We hope the people will man-. ifest a determination to do something to secure the election of at least all men of the right stamp from this dbtrict. We have but little hope of the other parts of the Territory, thinking they will be con trolled by the slavery propagandists. There is a class of political aspirants in almost every community, men not true friends of the people, desiring the good of community, but to satisfy their own ambition for political preferment who are ready at all times to put them selves forward as candidates for office ; and by gaining a few co-laborers who will work for them, they cause a division in the ranks, and the consequences generally are . defeat and ruin of the party, which needs perfect unanimity of action in order to secure its triumph. But a few men, whose only object of life seems to be to get into office, and to exercise political power, will not unite with the friends of freedom, and together elect true and tried men to represent their interests in the legislative halls, if there b a shadow of a supposi tion in their own minds that it b possible for themselves to get the office. The best interests of the party are laid aside, con sidered of minor importance, compared to the advantages the people will derive if " I " am elected to the coveted office. And so it goes. Meu want office, they are ambitious to sit in what they consider the high places ; and when their vanity is satisfied, how they swell themselves, and with what earnestness they use the pronoun I; and they walk, among their friends as a new created being, with su perior capacity for governing the smaller fry. With what astonishment the boys look upon them ; and as they behold the person of the Esq. and officeholders, moving in stately manner through the town, they are apt to hope that when they themselves get "to" be men, they, too, will occupy the high places. ! We hope we have no such men in Kan sas but that the people will meet in Con vention and decide upon theTjest men as their ' candidates ; and when ' the time comes, to unite and elect him to the office, where he can exercise a moral influence to the advantage of the whole people. It will soon be time for the people of this district to exercise the elective franchise, and to appoint men to the - Territorial Legislature. Let ns, then, endeavor to conceive the magnitude of the question to be decided, and go to work at once, do all we can to. ad vance the best interests of the Territory, and, like true friends of freedom, set aside all personal and selfish feelings;" and meet together for one great object, jremembering alwaya that " united we stand, divided we fall.? . . ;-: . . Preaching. 7 , Rev, Wm. W. Hall, a Baptist Home Missionary, will preach at the house of Kannady fc Fry, "on Sabbath next; the 28th inst, at 2 o'clock rl x., and in the evening, Mr. H. will also preach', at the same place, next Sabbath, every two weeks, at the same hours of the afternoon and evening. r- " - ' 'Ho Tor Kansas! " ? Navigation on the Missouri river will open soon thb year ; at the moment of writing thb' it looks as if the river would not freeze up at alL Already are prepar ations making for the early spring busi nessand tnere are two steamers at fct Loub up for the Kansas river, on the first chance to navigate. They are the Bee No. 2,' and the Emma Hermann. Pari' vxlli Luminary. ' V ' ?iWic Reeling. . : Western Eloquence. " The following preamble and resolutions were, read at; the late territorial indigna tion1 meeting held' in this city. - They were presented to the meeting by : Mr. Chapman, who has, unfortunately, lost a palate, and, in consequence thereof, it is a very; difficult matter for nun . to read anything audibly. The report of the committee was not understood by ten persons present, and the chairman refused to have them read again to the meeting. byjone who could make himself under stood, although loudly called for ;, and without allowing free discussion, they were declared adopted. It is presumed that it was a part of the game that the proceedings should not be understood. But to the report, which we copy ver ba ton; as follows : . , - - ; - , ;- ' Fellow Citizens : The assemblage of the Sovereign people' on this day, by a spontaneous impulse and for a common purpose, is a most glorious spectacle. And we, too, friends and neighbors, are here together. ' The toils and cares of our 'daily avocations are laid aside ; the disquietudes and strifes that vex our poor humanity, shall be lost in the mutual recognition of one grand sentiment. And the turbulent selfish interests here mani fested for a period under the overshad owing spell of sectioual influences, which gloom pervades the hearts of men, whose actors upon the grand rostrum of the fu ture, choose as their talisman the Sover eign ear whose compunction some slight affectionate caress of every victim of the oppressor triumph as the idol of their vain madness, and of their midnight orgies, which forever crush the rights of this people. - We "have been weak now in justice we are strong : more imposing than that of forty centuries from the old pyramids tne intellectual ana progressive years of self-government of a free people. The fraternal influences what are they ? And why are we here this day ? A handful of men on the western bank of the remotest tributary, whose waters pay homage to the Father of Waters, and yet only in the centre of this immense confederacy,' whose shade b a refuge for all nations of the earth, and the free breezes that unceasingly sweep through its branches, over the silent sepulchres of those who fought the good nght, and proclaimed to the world to be a free, in dependent and sovereign people. - The seed which they planted with tremulous apprehension, are here this day, com mingling their patriotic rebukes against tliat mercenary morbidness which char acterizes the Lawrence Association as stock-jobbers and money-getters men of exchanges, and coteries, and self-interest covered from head to foot with the leprosy of materialism, until it shall sub merge all opposition, by secret and unjust invasions, which, from their first advent in Kansas Territory, up to the present, is opulence, title, and despotism, with civil feuds, dissevering all fraternal affections. We, the Sovereign Squatters, proclaim the manifesto of our absolute authority, and an inexorable interdict to every des potic invader upon our rights, secured and sanctified by the Congress of the United States. "Thus far shall thou go, and no further." We, the Sovereign Squatters, stand forth boldly, upon our commanding eminence the highest law of the land. - - ' Compromising the plighted faith of the government, that the land we now occupv shall be our future homes, upon which eminence we this day invite for the last time the false Belshazzar, who, with rest less gaze, views the dauntless energy, which guides us to thb grand consum mation. If wrong in statements here made this day, of your unjust invasions, nerve the lost, mutilated and tattered honor dishonored and blackened with treason, incapable of sincere demonstra tion against our. rights as Sovereign Squatters that these lauds should be our homes ; on which occasion we proclaim to the world the wrongs which, by for eign intrigue and hypocrisy, which you, this day, are called to deny the immutable ficts, whose design is imperishable ty ranny ; to take from the poor man his home ; to enrich those that now in luxury dwell, are as follows : " . On the 26lh day of May last, Mr. C. Stearns and John Baldwin came to thb place, arid took two of the claims upon which our town b built. Upon the same day, one Mr. Lykins came on and took the same claim which Mr. S. was on, they not knowing that either were or had been upon the claim that dayj They, Mr. L. and S., commenced their improve ments immediately, or very soon there after, both contending that they were first Un the 5th day of June, Mr. A. B. Wade took the third claim, and at that time commenced living t upon and improving the land, lhe next day after, Mr. J. Wilson commenced living upon the fourth. and very soon afterward, Mr. W. II." Oli ver commenced his improvements upon the fifth." At. the 'same time there were other claims marked, but the 'claimants did not commence living, upon them at that time. - ' . . , . - On or about the 20th of July, one Mr Branscome came to thb "place, and rep- rcsentea inmseit as an agent for the ..Mas sachusetts EmigranV Aid Company, and made known to these claimants that he was desirous of purchasing their claims for the Company, for the purpose of loca ting a town at this point. After stopping a few days, Mr. B. succeeded in getting Mr. Stearns to" sign a bond, obligating himself to sell hb interest id the disputed claim - (disputed by ' Mr.' S. and L.,) to the: Company, upon the payment of 8500 who in sixty aays. lie also inaucea Mr. Wade to sign a like bond obligating him self to sell hb claim to the Company upon the payment of 9100 upon the expiration of sixty daysj On or about the first of oeptcmber a Company came on, headed bv one Dr. C. Kouinson who was. also represented as an agent for said Company. Thb Company took possession of the dis puted claim before the payment of the money, not heeding the remonstrances of Mr. S. and L.; and also took posses sion of Mr. Wade's claim by hb consent, they agreeing to leave immediately if the money was not paid at the expiration of tne time. ' At tne expiration 01 tne Donas, they paid Mr. Stearns, but refused to pay Mr. Wade, and also refused to leave his claim, and told him that they were going to enter the whole country in thb vicin ity as a town' the. At the . same time, ther vtook possession of Mr. Baldwin's claim,' without making, or attempting to make any" arrangement with him wha ever. Mr. Baldwin was" quite indignant, and also all the actual claimants in thb vicinity, who at that rime were few, and they made several attempts to move their tents off from the claim, bat were driven back by large companies of armed men, threatening their lives if they made anoth er attempt to move their property, which they contended they had a right to place upon any man s claim which they saw fit And these are not' the only grievances of which we complaint " Be it known that the talisman, C. Kobinson, or m justice termed the false Belshazzar, has, on for mer occasions, declared (hat if not by law, he bas the right to cut timber on men's claims that he should by force; without respect to the occupant of the claim, which has been done from time to time by armed men ; in bands from eight 10 ten in numoer, committing ineir uaiiy thefts, under whose instructions they affirm that the emissary of crime bid them go, whose fell 'spirit no human means can reach with those . fraternal affections untarnished by former dishon ored acts, not obscure to us, the Sovereign Squatters, who are here thb day. .With one united voice, now and, forever, we spurn with indignation the course here taken by the Lawrence Association, who disregard and trample upon the laws that gives us the right of pre-emption, and secures to us our homes and those com forts which our industry, may accumu late ; nor do we believe that the Congress of the United States will allow such law less and tyrannical encroachments secur ed by a heterogeneous mob to invalidate the right of our pre-emption. , Jttesolved, That we, tlie Sovereign Squatters, concur in the above, and in vindication of our rights against the un just invasions made by the Lawrence As sociation, are compelled to adopt the fol lowing resolutions r - Resolved, Since the organization of the Lawrence Association, there has existed dbsensions and civil feuds, dissevering all fraternal affections, calamitous to the place and welfare of our common inter est. . . Resolved, If the present course of said Association be sustained, the result would be the most flagrant and gross violation of our rights, falsifying and breaking a sol emn compact entered into by the United estates, nullify ing the rights of pre-emption. Resolved, That wo, the Sovereign Squatters of Kansas Territory, do not believe that the Congress of the United States will, by any future acts that she in her wisdom may adopt, sustain or aid thb or any other moneyed Association, in grants for town sites or public lands on which men reside and improve the same in good faith for pre-emption. . Resolved, That we, the Sovereign Squatters, are a free and independent peo pie, and regard with contempt and pub lic odium the course pursued here by the Lawrence Association. - ; Resolved, That we have in good faith, settled upon government lands, belonging to the United States, in view of pre-empt ing said lands according to the Act of September 4, 1841. , Further, we mutu ally pledge ourselves to defend by law, and by force, if required, each and every squatter from lawless intruders, who cut our Umber without permission, or build upon our claims. Resolved, That as on former occasions, C. Robinson should call to his aid the gallant hussars, No. 1 , supported by hb shot-gun battalion, ;in forcing us from our rights, that we the Sovereign Squat ters of Kansas Territory, will -take hb Honor and battalion, and deal with them according to law, rules and regulations prescribed therein, that we may adopt. Resolved, That we disapprove of the course of J. S. Emery, of thb city, as sumed in betraying the confidence re posed in him by hb Excellency, A. H. Reeder, by reading hb letter to eleven men instead ofto us, the Sovereign Squat ters, as requested ; whose opinion we re gard as in accordance with the instruc tions given to the said office, from time to time. . ,. Resolved, That we, the Sovereign Squatters, regard the opinions of hb Ex cellency, A. H. Reeder, as fully in accord ance with the act of September 4, 1841, wnicn is exienaea to tms lerrnoy, py an Act of the 22d of July last, 1854, secur ing to us the right of pre-emption, not withstanding a distinguished member of the bar of thb city, in hb commentaries upon his Excellency's letter, overrules both letterand acts of Congress, by which construction he relieves the wants of the Lawrence Association, and permits them to violate the plighted faith of the gov ernment. Resolved, That while we condemn the encroachments and usurpations of all ol igarchies aud moneyed aristocracies, we regard alike the rights, and extend -the hearty welcome to all desirous of settling in our beautiful Kansas, whether . from the North, South, East, or West. . Resolved, Tliat we, the Sovereign Squatters, solicit Mestr. Miller & Elliott. editors of. the Kansas Free State, Messrs. bpeer dc Bro., editors of the Kansas Trib une, and also Brown & Co., of the Herald of Freedom, to publbh through the columns of their papers the proceed ings of thb day ; also all other papers .1 t . .1 m tnrougnout we- -territory and elsewhere, friendly to iustice and Souatters riorhts- . Resolved, That the Secretary of thb meeting forward a copy of this day's pro ceedings to our. delegate in Congress, the Hon. J. W. Whitfield, and also to Messrs, Atchison, Wade, Sumner, Chase, Hale, and other members ot Congress; Amos Lawrence, Thayer, and Williams, Trus tees of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. , - " - ; - We hope our readers will read the above pream'xe twice, ana pernaps it can- oe understood. No one here has yet been able to tell what it all means ; no one can comprehend its aim, except its two fra me rs, who, we understand, have been,' of are, students at law. Shade of Black stone hover o'er the people of Kansas, and inspire them all to appreciate the tal ents of these men, whom we cannot ful ly understand. For only t , ; fcOaoe So an age m!ad sppemrs, - . T tmih and inspire mankind. t . ; " . ' Nature has been kind, and placed npon thb soil two men of genius, who7 are at least two hundred years in advance of the times ; and we ' hope they wiflbe honored . aad respected in ' their : own day and generation. ; The ambiguity of the preamble and resolutions reminds us of a story told of a certain ' member of one of onr Legblatures, who wrote .and presented bijl which afterward be came a statute law. Being5 called upon, soine time after, to explain its purport! he could not ; but getting drunk on a subse quest occasion, its meaning came clear-to bbmimLv - i---?. :?'-' ; - A resolution was payed tmj&imottsty condemning the coarse pursued by cer tain Missourians, who came into the Ter ritory on the'day of the election. Toted, and, after they had deposited their votes, returned to Missouri. It was presented by Mr. Safford, who has since been so licited to consent that the resolution be not published in the report of the meet ing. Mr. S. refused, and they withdrew it on their own responsibility.. . Here is the wolf again.". These men must not offend the people of Missouri ; and to retain their friendship, they must don the sheep's clothing. and rnake peace with their mas ters, the Missouri fire-eaters. It is reported, that one of them has said that in Missouri,' among the fire-eat ers, he was a wolf in sheep's clothing ; but the prevalent opinion here is, that he wears the sheep's coat while among our people. I :-. . : . . - The following b the resolution which was rejected on making the report: Resolved, As true, intelligent citizens of Kansas Territory, capable of exercb in.T the ri?ht of self-irovemment. guar anteed us by our Federal Constitution, we regard the late illegal voting by cit izens of the State of Missouri, at our first congressional election, as a cowardly invasion of our most sacred rightsa con temptible, mean, menacing tyranny of the many over the few, and an eternal blot npon their integrity, honor, and man hood. Firel Firelt ; The office of Dr. Robiksqh, in this city, took fire about noon of Monday last, and in a short time was entirely con sumed. Hb papers, books, Ac, were vnNcflir ca vaA ' TVlO Tf&T TV"iril1T ff thft building was occupied by Mr. Fitch, in which he was teaching a free school. The seats and books in that . department were saved. The Drthaa taken a room tem porarily with Mr. Simpsok, at hb Land Agency Office, where he can be seen during business hours. We do not know what arrangements have been made about another school-room ; but from the goa- headativeness of our people, we are confi dent the Suspension of the school will be very brief. . Hardly had we completed the foregoing notice when the cry of "fire" was again heard in our streets, and the Pioneer boarding-house of Messrs. Litchfield & Burleigh was discovered in flames. .The reof was covered with tarred cloth, and the conflagration spread almost instantly over the entire building. Hundreds were on the spot in a few moments; but, not withstanding all the efforts to the contra ry, the roof and a portion of the interior was consumed. The cook-house was demolished, which prevented the flames from extending to that portion of the structure used as a dining saloon. Mr. Litchfield, wife, and son, also a daugh ter of Mr. BcRLExan's, were lying in the house quite sick at the time, and were got out with some difficulty. It b feared the latter cannot survive." The loss falb severely on our friends. as it breaks up their business at a time when they are suffering with disease, and poorly qualified to contend with adversity in other forms. We observe from our windo w that they are " busy ' in " putting things in shape, and presume they will be prepared to receive their boarders again in a few days.: ?v List of Baggaga ... . , -. .. Found by General S. C. Pomerot at different places along the route from St. Louis to Boston, and was forwarded to the care of Mr. Slater, St. Loub, where it will remain until navigation opens in the spring E. A Colman, 1 box, 1 bbl. ; O. W. Brown, 30 bdb. paperr H. B. Burgess, 1 box; W. II. Weymouth, 1 box ; J. W. Russell, I box ; N. P. Chase, 4 pkgs. ; J. Cracklin, 2 boxes f J. Doy, 2 boxes ; Benton Sc Ackley, 1 box ; C.- N. Low, 3 boxes, 1 chest, 1 bureau; J. Armstrong, 1 box; A. Stone j 2 boxes, 2 bbls.; II. Hall, 1 box; J. Williams. 1 chest, 1 bag, l.bbl.; 8. Laning, 1 box; W. Cobben, 1 chest ; ;W. Scales, 4 pkgs. ; M. R. Clough, 4 pkgs.; C. Tefft, 2 pkgs. ; J. E. Stewart, 3 pkgs. ; L. Knapp, 1 pkg. ; Geo. Gilbert 3 pkgs. ; R. Kenedy 1 box ; N. A. Halsey,-1 box. . . :. . Steamers on the Kansas. ;.t". We are informed by. Gen. Pomerot that the steamer Bee b advertised to leave St. Loub early next March with the first party from the East; and bring; them up the river to thb city. The Bee' wiH be on the river as long as it can bo naviga ted, plying between Kansas, Mo and Fort Riley, which b one hundred and twenty miles above' this point He also informs us that two other small steamers will be put upon , the Kansas river next spring. vThink of'thb, ail those who would have us believe, by their indigna tion meetings, that "Lawrence will never be a city of any note in the TerritoryTand that it will prove,eventuaIly, a great hum bug. If they believe it themselves, they will find it a very difficult matter to make others think" the same ' for thb 'city : destined to be a great place, and the prin cipal city in; Kansas; and few are those who doubt it ' 5 . '' ' r. ..... Xdtwresce Atbnetaa. .,,...' The following gentlemen constitute the. officers of the Athasneam ?J; & Exert, PresidehtyAv IL MalXorv C. 8. PiAtf. Vice Presidents'; Johjt Hrrcaiirsox, Cor responding Secretary; E.; D, Ladd Re cording Secretary and . Treasurer I S. N. Wckd, librarian; C. RoBprsor, & C. POMXROT, ; S. Y. " LCM, JOH JlilLET, " Question for disoTissjoii before the Ath jeneum on . Tteesdayr evenings -. the-J 30th inst Should th4 policy of jBoantert rentipa on the part of our government bo cepartc4 -frorn in ihi. present contest in Ewppatt irX-ikr: I V. ' Disputants: Affirmative JjHcTesw sojr, J.' MAitsr.r negative,. Spexxv 13.