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The Kansas herald of freedom. [volume] (Wakarusa, Kan. Territory) 1854-1860, January 27, 1855, Image 2

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)t ffyexcdb & & juntanitg cmi ilje Sntercats of Kaiisas.
1 ifelD of Jfacjtohj..
O. W. BROWN, Editor.
Lawrence, Saturday, January 27, '35.
H. A. Bn.tn-0. Kq..f is our authorized
Central Agent for th lUrald f FrtetLim. and
mil Ms contm-to pertaining to the paper will be
biiHin? on the firm. Letter addressed to n at
FuiWo. N. Y-will he promptly attended toby
hi n. Emierating jartio and individuals, en
ronta for Kansas, pas-snjr throneh BuSklo. are
ri ties tori to give kirn a call at his office, No. 20
Niagara Tempcranc lloose. " : . ,; - -' '.:
The Professional Squatter. .
It is a well known fact, that a class of
men exist in the western country, to
whom the above title may be justly ap
plied.: They form a distinct class in the
community and pursue a particular avo
. cation, as much so as the mechanic, the
agriculturist, the merchant, or members
of any of the learned professions. , Nor
does there seem to be, except on special
occasions, any concert of action among
( them, more than what would naturally
spring from men of similar pursuits,'
inspired by similar motives.
They are migratory passing from one
region of country- to another; and the
whole country that constitute the west
ern States and Territories bear witness
.to their presence. -.
Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois
Missouri. Iowa, Minnesota, and other
places, have alike been infested with them;
and they have finally made their appear
ance on the soil of Kansas. Nor is it for
the rational and praiseworthy purposes of
. home and permanent settlement that these
men make their entrance into new Terri
tories ; but for purposes of speculation. '
Squatting, with them, is a trade, pro
fession, pursuit. They move on in ad
. vance of the' permanent settler, and of
course in advance of civilization ; doing
nothing for the permanent improvement
. of the country they secure, even before
territorial organization, . the fords and
main gateways leading into new and un
settled regions, possess the most accessi
ble points, and the most commanding
. and valuable localities :. here, bejond the
reach of civil and social influences, pur
suing their predatory and hunter habits,
' they wait for the approach of the home-
. seeking pioneer, who is often misled by
the misrepresentationsof the squatter, and
being a stranger in the country, exhaust
ed by a long journey, economical of time,
and eager to establish himself in a new
home as soon as possible, is induced to
pay the squatter a bonus for his posses
sions while the squatter, having so for
achieved his purposes, and being well
acquainted with the country, removes to
': another locality, where the next year, or
- perhaps the next month, he enacts again,
with another settler, the same game of
deception, pretense, and pecuniary spec-
ulation. Thus he achieves his purposes,
pursues his calling passes on,. in ad
vance of settlement, from one portion of
public domain to another, having first
- picked the pockets of settlers, leaving no
permanent improvement behind him, as
a just equivalent for what he receives,
and imparting no blessings to the region
thus vacated save the blessing of his
absence. . '
Prom the law that permit a man to
pre-empt once, and for himself only, 160
aires of land, on domain open for settle-
inent, he pretends to a color of title in
order to blind the eyes of the honest set
tlerto thousands of acres, on lands, too,
. not subject to pre-emption, or not legally
open for settlement. The settler's mind
becomes perplexed, amid the various and
contradictory statements of these specula-
: tors ; he cannot go where they are not ;
- they pervade like a net-work expand
edthe public domain ; and very likely
the new comer is entangled in their
meshes unawares. Then he must pay
the squatter his price, or leave. the local
ity, or he is told that squatters are band
ed together for the protection of their
mutual rights ; and rifles and revolvers
are more than hinted at.. The settler
- hesitates no longer, suffers himself to be
skinned, and goes to work, in hope that
time and industry will rectify the evil.
We do not, of . course, allude in these
remarks about squatters to those'pioneers
" who come westward seeking homes, and
, having , found a suitable location, com
mence, and perseveringly continue, to
surround themselves .with ."facilities for
home and permanent residence; . Our
observations are intended ' as a warning
to. such to beware of. the professional
squatter look, select for themselves, and
do their ovn squatting. - :-' .
Our Tourist has, in the present isue,
some pertinent and appropriate remarks
. OB this subject, to which the attention of
the reader is respectfully . cited. We
? shall, erelong, allude to thus subject again
- -: v - Delay.
- In consequence of our inability to 1
bor, a portion of our mail last, week "Was
not made up until it .was two or 1 three
days behind time.. As soon as we get
-thoroughly organized, and every branch
of our enterprise fully, under " Way, we
trust no delays will occur, by which the
reader will fail in receiving bis papV-r at
the moment it 1s due.' :
- Wa Have experienced much inconven
ience for the want of a regular mail, being
, at present entirely dependent upon chance
conveyance of our heavy mail matter to
Westport -bur dearest connection with
Uncle Sam's postal arrangements. When
the roads get bad in the spring,' we are
apprehensive, if the government does not
come to our relief soon, that we shall ex
perience still 'greater' difficulties in. this
direction. Our readers will bear patiently
.with all these vexations, as they, cannot
ba more harrassing to others than to us.
- g3T Kansas river was bridged over by
ice on Sunday dast, for the1 first time this
euasoa. . - '
Arrival of Gen. Pcmeroy.
On Saturday last Gen. S. C Poxebot
reached pur city from his : recent tour in
the East, where, as we have learned from
the papers,' he has been speaking to large
and earnest audiences in behalf of Kan
sas emigration. Gen P. looked fresh
and healthy as ever, and his appearance'
indicated that the good living and cool
breezes of New England bad agreed with
him. Our people turned, out to see him
in a body, and to hear his story of their
eastern homes. He speaks of the snow
drifts and cold of New England in a
strain that perfectly surprises the citizens
here, who have been enjoying an "In
dian summer" np to that time;, indeed,
no one here can realize that they have
been spending a winter.
Gen. Pomeeot speaks, of what we had
before learned, of the great depression of
die financial matters of the East, result
ing in a vast number of young men be
ing thrown out of employment, and, as
a consequence, will look for a home in
the West. It has been said to be " an ill
wind that blows no good ;" so we may
expect, as the consequence, "a large emi
gration in the spring. Tradesmen and
mechanics, who have been supporting
themselves by hands or wits, now seem
determined to avoid 00 uncertain a sup
port, and obtain an interest in the soil, to
fall back upon when other supports fail
them. . From the city of Providence
alone we learn that more than five hun
dred young men are already enrolled for
some of the first parties in the springl
The same general state of things, Gen,
P. says, exists in Boston, New Bedford,
Salem; Lowell, Concord, Portland, Ban
gor, and many other places where he vis
ited and lectured. We are convinced
that the emigration to Kansas this spring
will exceed all our previous anticipations.
Our greatest fear is that capital will not
be as abundant as mek. " What we want
is an abundance of both. And this leads
us to hope that the Emigrant Aid Com
pany will be in the field with an abund
ance of capital ; so that where individual
enterprise fails to be sufficient, the com
pany will be able to erect mills and ma
chinery sufficient for any emergency, and
thus greatly facilitate the development of
the resources of our Territory, which are
deep and vat.
If we could reach the ear of all the
freemen of our land who are looking
westward for a' home, we would say to
them, come to Kansas. By so doing you
will not only enlarge your pocket, but
enlarge the heart and the soul by engag
ing in an enterprise of the broadest phi
lanthropy, making Kansas the model
State of the Union.
We are glad to learn from Gen. P. that
he has made arrangements for a number
of steam mills to be sent from St. Louis
by the first boat the first one to be on
hand by the first day of March. It is a
fine mill, double geared, two" circular
saws, one above the other, the under saw
fifty -two inches in diameter, and the en
gine of thirty-horse power. The mill is
warranted to saw one thousand feet of
soft lumber per hour ! What we hope is,
that tli is mill will be set up at Lawrence.
We shall want at least three mills to sup
ply lumber for the next season. Give us
the mills, and Lawrence shall be ahead
of any city in Kansas !
Election of Legislature.
It is rumored here that there will be
an election of a Territorial Legislature for
Kansas, early in February. For the
truth of this, we do not vouch. But if
true, it-, should - be generally known. A
more imjwrlant Legislature will "never be
chosen." The weighty responsibility of
commencing a line of policy, and of giv
ing character to institutions, cannot be too
deeply felt.' We hope that in the choice of
members to that body no short-sighted,
narrow-minded, sectional policy will be
pursued; but that men of the largest
capacity,- and of the broadest philanthro
pv, will be chosen men whose views
extend beyond the present moment, who,
upon .the eminence to-day, can survey
all the past, and gather up their richest
lessons there men of prudence, courage,
and iiitegrity men of learning, science,
and intelligence men of heart and soul,
who love humanity, and know her rights,
and " knowing, dare maintain !' -
Though we are not of those who sup
pose that one statute law cannot be re
pealed by another, . wej know nothing
about the "finality of human legislation."
Meu may legislate-" with the light of to
day, and yet repeal it under the wisdom
of to-morrow ; men may frame iniquity
bylaw," but they cannot eternize it,
The gift of immortality is not theirs io
bestow : and whenever tlie " friends of
I truth" and. right are defeated, they may
repose invmseiyes in ine. promise 01 a
' good time coming,? and Vlearn to labor
and to wait.
We are not of those who are discour
aged by a temporary defeat, nor elated
with ignoble victories. No legislation can
be permanent, that is -not - based upon
truth and justice ; and no party success
can, be valuable, where there is not suc
cess of the bight ; and no victory .can be
called a triumph, that is not in harmony
with the highest, sentiments of mankind,
which is the law of the Eternal. - . -
-The Secretary of the late Indig
nation Meeting failed - to furnish us a
copy of the proceedings until too late for
our last edition. .We therefore publish
them this, week,, contrary to our usual
rule-in such cases, merely for the par
pose of furnishing our readers with a
specimen of ' western eloquence, thinking
it might be useful to young boys at , the
East, for declamation . purposes, regret
ting that the spirit in which the author
gave it cannot be reported, as it most
necessarily lose a great partcf Ha re.
The Aborigines,
lira frequent attempts that have been
made to educate. the Indian, and the
numerous failures' attending the experi
ment, hasr to some extent, created the
impression in the public mind that his
reclamation and education are impossible.
That an unwise and injudicious policy
has been pursued in the attempts made
for their education, must be obvious to
every reflecting mind. To draw an un
tutored savage from the wilderness, and,
after a brief process of education, dismiss
him again to his forest home, is of no
conceivable advantage to him, as he is
returned to the society Of those who can
not appreciate his attainments, and who
would be very likely to despise him on
account of them.
" While their hunter habits of life re
main unchanged, any attempt to ingraft
abidingly upon their "minds the spirit and
genius of civilization and Christianity,
will' prove unavailing, . Such . was the
opinion--of the celebrated' chief Black
Hawk, who sagaciously insisted that any
attempt to reclaim the . Indian from his
barbarism and ignorance would be use
less, ' unless preceded by a permanent
breaking up of his hunter habits, and
changing his social condition.
: The remark was recently made to the
writer, by an intelligent Indian Agent;
that, as the result of missionary labor
among the Dela wares, for the past hun
dred and fifty years, there were about
fifty Christians. . Their wild hunter habits,
and unchanged modes of life, sufficiently
unfold the causes of this failure, to make
their intellectual, social, and moral im
provements more general.
As an indication of the truth of what
is here set forth, we. observe that there
are now in the State of New York about
four thousand Indians. Since the year
1846 they have shared in the benefits of
the common school fund ; and an ample
appropriation is made, whereby a limited
number of Indian youth are supported at
the State Normal School, in order to meet
the growing demand for a higher range
of education among their people. - They
have, for many years, been surrounded
by civilization, shut in, and secured from
all intercourse with the ruder tribes of
the wilderness have therefore lost their
native fierceness, "and become tractable
and humane. They have become grad
ually initiated into agricultural pursuits,
adopted new modes of life, been swayed
by new aspirations, until a change, though
hardly perceptible to the superficial
observer, yet in reality very great, has
been accomplished. Their decline has
not only been arrested, but they are ac
tually increasing in numbers, and im
proving in their social condition ; and we
maintain that the primary and potent
cause of all this is found in their feeble
attempts at agriculture, which has called
around them the means of more comfort
able, and less precarious subsistence, than
can ever be derived from the chase.
There is now, in every Indian commu
nity in the State, a" respectable class, who
have 'become habitual cultivators of the
soil, adopted our modes of life, speak our
language, and are, in every respect, dis
creet and sensible men.
The ancient tenure by which "Indian
lands are held in common, and cannot be
alienated, is a source of great inconven
ience, whenever they incline to enterupon
the pursuit of agricultural life, and labor
upon the soil, instead of roaming idly
over it. In addition to this, the annuities
granted are a curse, soon squandered for
gewgaws, rather than for articles of sub
stantial utility ; while they, by inducing
dependence upon them, encourage idle
ness, and have the effect of paying a
bonus for vagrancy and aversion to labor,
when it should be the aim of public policy
to discourage those habitsr and open to
their .untutored minds other avenues of
interest, and advantage. Nothing will
ever-preserve the race from becoming ex
tinct, except an entire change in .their
habits of life ; and to effect this, a pre
liminary change of public policy must
also be effected. .
..To uproot a tribe or nation in the zenith
of its intellectual splendor is impossible ;
but the expulsion of a contiguous one, iu
a state of barbarism and ignorance, is not
only, of eay, accomplishment, but be
comes a matter of inevitable and absolute
necessity.' The present system of national
supervision is obviously temporary in its
plans and purposes, designed for . the
administration of our Indian affairs with
the least possible inconvenience, rather
than their ultimate reclamation followed
by the bestowment of citizenship. '". '. '
. .The presence of the Indian on this con
tinent is regarded as temporary 7 and the
impression is general that he must sur
render, his possessions, when 'he. shall
have been surrounded by the white race,
and the summons be sent in for his cus
tomary capitulation. If the sentiment is
not" as emphatic as" that expressed by
Cato arid .subsequently adopted as .the
policy of the Roman Senate,..' Carthage
est delenda - Carthage taust be destroy
ed it speaks in ' a language no less sig
nificant the destiny of the' red man is
extermination.' . .
.' ' ook3 tor the Attseaeum. .'I
Several books have been "received from
Mr, Amos A. Lawresce and Mrs. Mart
Webb, of Boston; tor the Lawrence -Ath-
eeneum, and a large aadiuon totnose al
ready received will be sent on to .this city
early - in. the spring,, wfiea " "navigation
opens; . r- f ,
-Our Athxneum, though young and in
its infancy, starts with fair prospects of
becoming one of the - first literary Insti
tutions in the country, May it prosper,
and shed its benign influences over the
minds of all the inhabitants of Kansas,
Is no doubt the ardent wish of its pioneer
founders. :
; " Further Information.
A gentleman writes us from Scales
Mound, Jo Daviess county, EUhois, sta
ting that a party of young men from that
vicinity purpose locating in Kaoas, at an
early day as possible in the spring. - He
desires to be made acquainted with the
best facilities for getting here with fami
lies; the cheapest tpute; what place is
considered the head of steamboat naviga
tion ou the Kansas "river; also such oth
er "in formation as may be deemed of par
ticular interest.
! iWe fire acquainted with no cheaper or
better route than that by way of St Lou
is, taking a steamer up the Missouri to
Kansas City, or Parkvlile, Mo., and from
there by private land conveyance to any
part of the Territory. We understand
that a couple of steamers will be put up
on the Kansas as soon as the river rises,
which usually is about the first of June ;
but it will probably ba quite too late for
the spring emigration.
' The ordinary cost of cabin passage.
including board, from St. Louis to Kan
sas City, iij 8 1 2. " Parties applying to B.
Slater, 2 Levee, St. Louis, will receive
passage on the best of boats for 810."
Tamilies in the western States having
teams, if they are not anxious to be here
in season to put in early spring crops, will
find their own conveyance much the
cheapest, provided they camp out on the
route. Their teams will be" in better con
dition, and qualified for doing more work
at the outset than if brought by water.
There were quite a number of horses
brought out by the Pennsylvania Compa
ny last fall. Two span1 came all the way
by land, bringing with them from ten to
twelve hundred pounds each. Eleven
came by railroad to Cincinnati,' and from
there by water to St. Louis. Those which
came by land arrived nearly as soon as
the others, and appeared but little . more
jaded with the journey. One of those
coming by the river--a valuable horse
worth 3230 broke its leg on the levee
in St. Louis, by the stepping carelessly on
a stone, showing that its long rest had
even impaired its bones.
-Eastern people, coming by land con
veyance through Missouri, would do well
to not let their destination be. known, as
they will find it extremely difficult, if not
impossible, to procure supplies if suspect
ed of entertaining anti-slavery views.
Fort Riley is at the head of steamboat
navigation on the Kansas river. The soil
in that section of the Territory is thinner
than in the eastern part, and less attract
ive to the pioneer.
Any further information desired will
be found in past, or future numbers of the
Herald of Freedom.
Chart of Lawrence.
Gen. S. C. Pomerot, who has recently
arrived from Massachusetts,, brought
with him several beautiful aud well-executed
charts of Lawrence, as surveyed
by Mr. A. D. Searl, of this city, in Oc
tober last. It was lithographed by L. D.
Bradford & Co., of Boston, on a scale
of 453 feet to the inch. . Every lot is
numbered on the different streets in reg
ular order. It is an elegant piece of
workmanship, and speaks well for the art
ists who were engaged upon it. The
streets, thirty-two in number, running
north and . south, are named after the
several Suites of the Union. Thirteen
of the streets in the eastern part of the
city are named after the thirteen original
States. The balance of the streets west
of Massachusetts street are named after
the remaining nineteen States, in the or
der in which they were admitted into the
Union California . street being at the
extreme western limits of the , city.
What has of late been called Main street
is now named after the Old Bay Stite.
The streets , running east and west are
named in honor of distinguished men,
wlio have done something iu the sacred
cause of liberty. Ten Parks are laid out
within the '.city... Oread Mount is set
apart for schools and churches ; Capitol
Hill for colleges, county buildings, fcc.
Five of these Parks have been named
respectively in honor of Roger Williams,
Washington,' La Fayette, Hamilton, and
Franklin. .
. A Much Needed Change Effected,
Vo are glad to Wru that Gen. Pome
rot, on his arrival in Kansas City, saw
fit to remove the late tenant of the Uxibx
.Hotel, the property' of the Emigrant
Aid Company, and substitute another
firm, who, it is believed, will make the
house all its owners desire it to' be.
They purpose repairing and rcfiting it
prior to the opening of spring emigration,
so as to accommodate the thousands who
are on their way to Kansas with - tempo
rary homes while ' resting there. We
learn that" Mr. P. bought another lot,
adjoining the present structure, on which
it b designed to erect a large addition to
the already spacious building for tlie ac
commodation of the traveling public.3 ;
The public should be made acquainted
wit!) the fact that the A.id Company are
not, aud. from the very nature of -things
should not be held, responsible for the
manner a bouse or other property of theirs
is conducted, while in the hands of others,
under lease., The best they; can do is
to be more careful to whom they rent
their property in future. From their
past experience m renting Hotel property,
we shall look" for" extraordinary care in
all their future leases. ' . ".. - ;
. -- Burned.
We learn thai Dr. Meeriam sustained
quite . a heavy ..loss by- the burning of a
portion of his Dental instruments, which
were in the office of Dr. Robtksos at the
time of the fire there last Monday. " We
regret this, as he had a very superior as
sortment, the best, po doubt, in the Ter
ritory. We are pleased to know that he
has a sufficient number uninjured to ena
ble him to pursue his profession.
; " Tne Section. .
We learn that the person appointed by
Governor Bexdes. to take the census of
this district b about to perform that duty ;
and the supposition b that an election for
members of the -.Territorial Legislature
will soon be . held. . If we mistake not,
nothing has yet been done in the way of
nominating candidates for the. different
offices. Perhaps it is the intention of the
people to wait until a few days before
the appointed time of the' election, and
then, when it b too late to effect a union
of the friends of freedom for the sup
port of true men for the office, there will
be no other way than for each one' to
vote for the man he considers best quali
fied; and we shall have at once several
political aspirants in the field, which will
surely cause a division of the anti-slavery
party ; and nothing will be affected.
If we are divided, we are sure of-being
beaten. 'A-division of our 'forces is
what " the slavery propagandists most
desire ; and if, by any means, they can
effect that. object, it will certainly be
done. If accomplished, the slave pow
er will have control of the Legislature,
and laws will be enacted detrimental to
the cause of freedom in Kansas. .
We hope that the result of the last
election will teach every voter the impor
tance of being up and doing; take ad
vantage of every moment, in order to se
cure the election of tried friends of lib
erty to represent our dearest interests in
the Legislature. Kansas is to be the
great battle-ground of freedom; for here
the question is to be decided whether the
accursed institution of human bondage
shall ever be legalized within our bor
ders, and these beautiful prairies cursed
by the withering blight of oppression ;
whether another black State b to be ad
ded to this Union. Or -shall we do what
we can to make this a model State ? for
God helps those who help themselves.
He has placed a power in our hands,
which, if rightly applied, will be sure to
secure the good we desire. But if we
remain quiet, and do nothing, and never
use the faculties given us by standing as
a sublime personation of our highest con
ception of right and duty, we should be,
and will be, defeated. It is an unchang-
able law of nature, that no reform can be
brought about unless there be earnest and
true men engaged in it men always wil
ling and ready to work for tlie good of
mankind. We hope the people will man-.
ifest a determination to do something to
secure the election of at least all men of
the right stamp from this dbtrict. We
have but little hope of the other parts of
the Territory, thinking they will be con
trolled by the slavery propagandists.
There is a class of political aspirants
in almost every community, men not
true friends of the people, desiring the
good of community, but to satisfy their
own ambition for political preferment
who are ready at all times to put them
selves forward as candidates for office ;
and by gaining a few co-laborers who will
work for them, they cause a division in
the ranks, and the consequences generally
are . defeat and ruin of the party, which
needs perfect unanimity of action in order
to secure its triumph. But a few men,
whose only object of life seems to be to get
into office, and to exercise political power,
will not unite with the friends of freedom,
and together elect true and tried men to
represent their interests in the legislative
halls, if there b a shadow of a supposi
tion in their own minds that it b possible
for themselves to get the office. The best
interests of the party are laid aside, con
sidered of minor importance, compared
to the advantages the people will derive if
" I " am elected to the coveted office.
And so it goes. Meu want office, they
are ambitious to sit in what they consider
the high places ; and when their vanity
is satisfied, how they swell themselves,
and with what earnestness they use the
pronoun I; and they walk, among their
friends as a new created being, with su
perior capacity for governing the smaller
fry. With what astonishment the boys
look upon them ; and as they behold the
person of the Esq. and officeholders,
moving in stately manner through the
town, they are apt to hope that when
they themselves get "to" be men, they,
too, will occupy the high places. !
We hope we have no such men in Kan
sas but that the people will meet in Con
vention and decide upon theTjest men as
their ' candidates ; and when ' the time
comes, to unite and elect him to the office,
where he can exercise a moral influence
to the advantage of the whole people. It
will soon be time for the people of this
district to exercise the elective franchise,
and to appoint men to the - Territorial
Legislature. Let ns, then, endeavor to
conceive the magnitude of the question
to be decided, and go to work at once, do
all we can to. ad vance the best interests
of the Territory, and, like true friends of
freedom, set aside all personal and selfish
feelings;" and meet together for one great
object, jremembering alwaya that " united
we stand, divided we fall.? . . ;-:
. . Preaching. 7 ,
Rev, Wm. W. Hall, a Baptist Home
Missionary, will preach at the house of
Kannady fc Fry, "on Sabbath next; the
28th inst, at 2 o'clock rl x., and in the
evening, Mr. H. will also preach', at the
same place, next Sabbath, every two
weeks, at the same hours of the afternoon
and evening. r- " - '
'Ho Tor Kansas! " ?
Navigation on the Missouri river will
open soon thb year ; at the moment of
writing thb' it looks as if the river would
not freeze up at alL Already are prepar
ations making for the early spring busi
nessand tnere are two steamers at fct
Loub up for the Kansas river, on the first
chance to navigate. They are the Bee
No. 2,' and the Emma Hermann. Pari'
vxlli Luminary. ' V '
?iWic Reeling. .
: Western Eloquence. "
The following preamble and resolutions
were, read at; the late territorial indigna
tion1 meeting held' in this city. - They
were presented to the meeting by : Mr.
Chapman, who has, unfortunately, lost a
palate, and, in consequence thereof, it is
a very; difficult matter for nun . to read
anything audibly. The report of the
committee was not understood by ten
persons present, and the chairman refused
to have them read again to the meeting.
byjone who could make himself under
stood, although loudly called for ;, and
without allowing free discussion, they
were declared adopted. It is presumed
that it was a part of the game that the
proceedings should not be understood.
But to the report, which we copy ver ba
ton; as follows : . , - - ; - , ;- '
Fellow Citizens : The assemblage
of the Sovereign people' on this day, by
a spontaneous impulse and for a common
purpose, is a most glorious spectacle.
And we, too, friends and neighbors, are
here together. ' The toils and cares of
our 'daily avocations are laid aside ; the
disquietudes and strifes that vex our poor
humanity, shall be lost in the mutual
recognition of one grand sentiment. And
the turbulent selfish interests here mani
fested for a period under the overshad
owing spell of sectioual influences, which
gloom pervades the hearts of men, whose
actors upon the grand rostrum of the fu
ture, choose as their talisman the Sover
eign ear whose compunction some slight
affectionate caress of every victim of the
oppressor triumph as the idol of their
vain madness, and of their midnight
orgies, which forever crush the rights of
this people. -
We "have been weak now in justice
we are strong : more imposing than that
of forty centuries from the old pyramids
tne intellectual ana progressive years
of self-government of a free people. The
fraternal influences what are they ?
And why are we here this day ?
A handful of men on the western bank
of the remotest tributary, whose waters
pay homage to the Father of Waters, and
yet only in the centre of this immense
confederacy,' whose shade b a refuge for
all nations of the earth, and the free
breezes that unceasingly sweep through
its branches, over the silent sepulchres
of those who fought the good nght, and
proclaimed to the world to be a free, in
dependent and sovereign people. - The
seed which they planted with tremulous
apprehension, are here this day, com
mingling their patriotic rebukes against
tliat mercenary morbidness which char
acterizes the Lawrence Association as
stock-jobbers and money-getters men
of exchanges, and coteries, and self-interest
covered from head to foot with the
leprosy of materialism, until it shall sub
merge all opposition, by secret and unjust
invasions, which, from their first advent
in Kansas Territory, up to the present, is
opulence, title, and despotism, with civil
feuds, dissevering all fraternal affections.
We, the Sovereign Squatters, proclaim
the manifesto of our absolute authority,
and an inexorable interdict to every des
potic invader upon our rights, secured
and sanctified by the Congress of the
United States. "Thus far shall thou
go, and no further." We, the Sovereign
Squatters, stand forth boldly, upon our
commanding eminence the highest law
of the land. - - '
Compromising the plighted faith of the
government, that the land we now occupv
shall be our future homes, upon which
eminence we this day invite for the last
time the false Belshazzar, who, with rest
less gaze, views the dauntless energy,
which guides us to thb grand consum
mation. If wrong in statements here
made this day, of your unjust invasions,
nerve the lost, mutilated and tattered
honor dishonored and blackened with
treason, incapable of sincere demonstra
tion against our. rights as Sovereign
Squatters that these lauds should be our
homes ; on which occasion we proclaim
to the world the wrongs which, by for
eign intrigue and hypocrisy, which you,
this day, are called to deny the immutable
ficts, whose design is imperishable ty
ranny ; to take from the poor man his
home ; to enrich those that now in luxury
dwell, are as follows : " .
On the 26lh day of May last, Mr. C.
Stearns and John Baldwin came to thb
place, arid took two of the claims upon
which our town b built. Upon the same
day, one Mr. Lykins came on and took
the same claim which Mr. S. was on,
they not knowing that either were or had
been upon the claim that dayj They,
Mr. L. and S., commenced their improve
ments immediately, or very soon there
after, both contending that they were first
Un the 5th day of June, Mr. A. B. Wade
took the third claim, and at that time
commenced living t upon and improving
the land, lhe next day after, Mr. J.
Wilson commenced living upon the fourth.
and very soon afterward, Mr. W. II." Oli
ver commenced his improvements upon
the fifth." At. the 'same time there were
other claims marked, but the 'claimants
did not commence living, upon them at
that time. - ' . . , .
- On or about the 20th of July, one Mr
Branscome came to thb "place, and rep-
rcsentea inmseit as an agent for the ..Mas
sachusetts EmigranV Aid Company, and
made known to these claimants that he
was desirous of purchasing their claims
for the Company, for the purpose of loca
ting a town at this point. After stopping
a few days, Mr. B. succeeded in getting
Mr. Stearns to" sign a bond, obligating
himself to sell hb interest id the disputed
claim - (disputed by ' Mr.' S. and L.,) to
the: Company, upon the payment of 8500
who in sixty aays. lie also inaucea Mr.
Wade to sign a like bond obligating him
self to sell hb claim to the Company upon
the payment of 9100 upon the expiration
of sixty daysj On or about the first of
oeptcmber a Company came on, headed
bv one Dr. C. Kouinson who was. also
represented as an agent for said Company.
Thb Company took possession of the dis
puted claim before the payment of the
money, not heeding the remonstrances
of Mr. S. and L.; and also took posses
sion of Mr. Wade's claim by hb consent,
they agreeing to leave immediately if the
money was not paid at the expiration of
tne time. ' At tne expiration 01 tne Donas,
they paid Mr. Stearns, but refused to pay
Mr. Wade, and also refused to leave his
claim, and told him that they were going
to enter the whole country in thb vicin
ity as a town' the. At the . same time,
ther vtook possession of Mr. Baldwin's
claim,' without making, or attempting to
make any" arrangement with him wha
ever. Mr. Baldwin was" quite indignant,
and also all the actual claimants in thb
vicinity, who at that rime were few, and
they made several attempts to move their
tents off from the claim, bat were driven
back by large companies of armed men,
threatening their lives if they made anoth
er attempt to move their property, which
they contended they had a right to place
upon any man s claim which they saw fit
And these are not' the only grievances
of which we complaint " Be it known that
the talisman, C. Kobinson, or m justice
termed the false Belshazzar, has, on for
mer occasions, declared (hat if not by
law, he bas the right to cut timber on
men's claims that he should by force;
without respect to the occupant of the
claim, which has been done from time to
time by armed men ; in bands from eight
10 ten in numoer, committing ineir uaiiy
thefts, under whose instructions they
affirm that the emissary of crime bid
them go, whose fell 'spirit no human
means can reach with those . fraternal
affections untarnished by former dishon
ored acts, not obscure to us, the Sovereign
Squatters, who are here thb day. .With
one united voice, now and, forever, we
spurn with indignation the course here
taken by the Lawrence Association, who
disregard and trample upon the laws that
gives us the right of pre-emption, and
secures to us our homes and those com
forts which our industry, may accumu
late ; nor do we believe that the Congress
of the United States will allow such law
less and tyrannical encroachments secur
ed by a heterogeneous mob to invalidate
the right of our pre-emption. ,
Jttesolved, That we, tlie Sovereign
Squatters, concur in the above, and in
vindication of our rights against the un
just invasions made by the Lawrence As
sociation, are compelled to adopt the fol
lowing resolutions r -
Resolved, Since the organization of the
Lawrence Association, there has existed
dbsensions and civil feuds, dissevering
all fraternal affections, calamitous to the
place and welfare of our common inter
est. . .
Resolved, If the present course of said
Association be sustained, the result would
be the most flagrant and gross violation of
our rights, falsifying and breaking a sol
emn compact entered into by the United
estates, nullify ing the rights of pre-emption.
Resolved, That wo, the Sovereign
Squatters of Kansas Territory, do not
believe that the Congress of the United
States will, by any future acts that she in
her wisdom may adopt, sustain or aid thb
or any other moneyed Association, in
grants for town sites or public lands on
which men reside and improve the same
in good faith for pre-emption. .
Resolved, That we, the Sovereign
Squatters, are a free and independent peo
pie, and regard with contempt and pub
lic odium the course pursued here by the
Lawrence Association. - ;
Resolved, That we have in good faith,
settled upon government lands, belonging
to the United States, in view of pre-empt
ing said lands according to the Act of
September 4, 1841. , Further, we mutu
ally pledge ourselves to defend by law,
and by force, if required, each and every
squatter from lawless intruders, who cut
our Umber without permission, or build
upon our claims.
Resolved, That as on former occasions,
C. Robinson should call to his aid the
gallant hussars, No. 1 , supported by hb
shot-gun battalion, ;in forcing us from
our rights, that we the Sovereign Squat
ters of Kansas Territory, will -take hb
Honor and battalion, and deal with them
according to law, rules and regulations
prescribed therein, that we may adopt.
Resolved, That we disapprove of the
course of J. S. Emery, of thb city, as
sumed in betraying the confidence re
posed in him by hb Excellency, A. H.
Reeder, by reading hb letter to eleven
men instead ofto us, the Sovereign Squat
ters, as requested ; whose opinion we re
gard as in accordance with the instruc
tions given to the said office, from time to
time. . ,.
Resolved, That we, the Sovereign
Squatters, regard the opinions of hb Ex
cellency, A. H. Reeder, as fully in accord
ance with the act of September 4, 1841,
wnicn is exienaea to tms lerrnoy, py an
Act of the 22d of July last, 1854, secur
ing to us the right of pre-emption, not
withstanding a distinguished member of
the bar of thb city, in hb commentaries
upon his Excellency's letter, overrules
both letterand acts of Congress, by which
construction he relieves the wants of the
Lawrence Association, and permits them
to violate the plighted faith of the gov
ernment. Resolved, That while we condemn the
encroachments and usurpations of all ol
igarchies aud moneyed aristocracies, we
regard alike the rights, and extend -the
hearty welcome to all desirous of settling
in our beautiful Kansas, whether . from
the North, South, East, or West. .
Resolved, Tliat we, the Sovereign
Squatters, solicit Mestr. Miller & Elliott.
editors of. the Kansas Free State, Messrs.
bpeer dc Bro., editors of the Kansas Trib
une, and also Brown & Co., of the
Herald of Freedom, to publbh through
the columns of their papers the proceed
ings of thb day ; also all other papers
.1 t . .1 m
tnrougnout we- -territory and elsewhere,
friendly to iustice and Souatters riorhts-
. Resolved, That the Secretary of thb
meeting forward a copy of this day's pro
ceedings to our. delegate in Congress, the
Hon. J. W. Whitfield, and also to Messrs,
Atchison, Wade, Sumner, Chase, Hale,
and other members ot Congress; Amos
Lawrence, Thayer, and Williams, Trus
tees of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid
Company. , - " - ; -
We hope our readers will read the above
pream'xe twice, ana pernaps it can- oe
understood. No one here has yet been
able to tell what it all means ; no one can
comprehend its aim, except its two fra
me rs, who, we understand, have been,' of
are, students at law. Shade of Black
stone hover o'er the people of Kansas,
and inspire them all to appreciate the tal
ents of these men, whom we cannot ful
ly understand. For only t , ;
fcOaoe So an age m!ad sppemrs, - .
T tmih and inspire mankind. t . ; "
. ' Nature has been kind, and placed npon
thb soil two men of genius, who7 are at
least two hundred years in advance of
the times ; and we ' hope they wiflbe
honored . aad respected in ' their : own
day and generation. ; The ambiguity of
the preamble and resolutions reminds us
of a story told of a certain ' member of
one of onr Legblatures, who wrote .and
presented bijl which afterward be
came a statute law. Being5 called upon,
soine time after, to explain its purport! he
could not ; but getting drunk on a subse
quest occasion, its meaning came clear-to
bbmimLv - i---?. :?'-' ; -
A resolution was payed tmj&imottsty
condemning the coarse pursued by cer
tain Missourians, who came into the Ter
ritory on the'day of the election. Toted,
and, after they had deposited their votes,
returned to Missouri. It was presented
by Mr. Safford, who has since been so
licited to consent that the resolution be
not published in the report of the meet
ing. Mr. S. refused, and they withdrew
it on their own responsibility.. . Here is
the wolf again.". These men must not offend
the people of Missouri ; and to retain
their friendship, they must don the sheep's
clothing. and rnake peace with their mas
ters, the Missouri fire-eaters.
It is reported, that one of them has
said that in Missouri,' among the fire-eat
ers, he was a wolf in sheep's clothing ;
but the prevalent opinion here is, that he
wears the sheep's coat while among our
people. I :-. . : . . -
The following b the resolution which
was rejected on making the report:
Resolved, As true, intelligent citizens
of Kansas Territory, capable of exercb
in.T the ri?ht of self-irovemment. guar
anteed us by our Federal Constitution,
we regard the late illegal voting by cit
izens of the State of Missouri, at our
first congressional election, as a cowardly
invasion of our most sacred rightsa con
temptible, mean, menacing tyranny of the
many over the few, and an eternal blot
npon their integrity, honor, and man
hood.
Firel Firelt ;
The office of Dr. Robiksqh, in this
city, took fire about noon of Monday
last, and in a short time was entirely con
sumed. Hb papers, books, Ac, were
vnNcflir ca vaA ' TVlO Tf&T TV"iril1T ff thft
building was occupied by Mr. Fitch, in
which he was teaching a free school. The
seats and books in that . department were
saved. The Drthaa taken a room tem
porarily with Mr. Simpsok, at hb Land
Agency Office, where he can be seen
during business hours. We do not know
what arrangements have been made about
another school-room ; but from the goa-
headativeness of our people, we are confi
dent the Suspension of the school will be
very brief. .
Hardly had we completed the foregoing
notice when the cry of "fire" was again
heard in our streets, and the Pioneer
boarding-house of Messrs. Litchfield &
Burleigh was discovered in flames. .The
reof was covered with tarred cloth, and
the conflagration spread almost instantly
over the entire building. Hundreds were
on the spot in a few moments; but, not
withstanding all the efforts to the contra
ry, the roof and a portion of the interior
was consumed. The cook-house was
demolished, which prevented the flames
from extending to that portion of the
structure used as a dining saloon. Mr.
Litchfield, wife, and son, also a daugh
ter of Mr. BcRLExan's, were lying in the
house quite sick at the time, and were got
out with some difficulty. It b feared the
latter cannot survive."
The loss falb severely on our friends.
as it breaks up their business at a time
when they are suffering with disease, and
poorly qualified to contend with adversity
in other forms. We observe from our
windo w that they are " busy ' in " putting
things in shape, and presume they will
be prepared to receive their boarders
again in a few days.: ?v
List of Baggaga ... . , -. ..
Found by General S. C. Pomerot at
different places along the route from St.
Louis to Boston, and was forwarded to
the care of Mr. Slater, St. Loub, where
it will remain until navigation opens in
the spring E. A Colman, 1 box, 1 bbl. ;
O. W. Brown, 30 bdb. paperr H. B.
Burgess, 1 box; W. II. Weymouth, 1
box ; J. W. Russell, I box ; N. P. Chase,
4 pkgs. ; J. Cracklin, 2 boxes f J. Doy,
2 boxes ; Benton Sc Ackley, 1 box ; C.-
N. Low, 3 boxes, 1 chest, 1 bureau; J.
Armstrong, 1 box; A. Stone j 2 boxes,
2 bbls.; II. Hall, 1 box; J. Williams. 1
chest, 1 bag, l.bbl.; 8. Laning, 1 box;
W. Cobben, 1 chest ; ;W. Scales, 4 pkgs. ;
M. R. Clough, 4 pkgs.; C. Tefft, 2 pkgs. ;
J. E. Stewart, 3 pkgs. ; L. Knapp, 1 pkg. ;
Geo. Gilbert 3 pkgs. ; R. Kenedy 1
box ; N. A. Halsey,-1 box. . . :. .
Steamers on the Kansas.
;.t". We are informed by. Gen. Pomerot
that the steamer Bee b advertised to leave
St. Loub early next March with the first
party from the East; and bring; them up
the river to thb city. The Bee' wiH be
on the river as long as it can bo naviga
ted, plying between Kansas, Mo and
Fort Riley, which b one hundred and
twenty miles above' this point He also
informs us that two other small steamers
will be put upon , the Kansas river next
spring. vThink of'thb, ail those who
would have us believe, by their indigna
tion meetings, that "Lawrence will never
be a city of any note in the TerritoryTand
that it will prove,eventuaIly, a great hum
bug. If they believe it themselves, they
will find it a very difficult matter to make
others think" the same ' for thb 'city :
destined to be a great place, and the prin
cipal city in; Kansas; and few are those
who doubt it ' 5 . '' '
r. ..... Xdtwresce Atbnetaa. .,,...'
The following gentlemen constitute the.
officers of the Athasneam ?J; & Exert,
PresidehtyAv IL MalXorv C. 8. PiAtf.
Vice Presidents'; Johjt Hrrcaiirsox, Cor
responding Secretary; E.; D, Ladd Re
cording Secretary and . Treasurer I S. N.
Wckd, librarian; C. RoBprsor, & C.
POMXROT, ; S. Y. " LCM, JOH JlilLET,
" Question for disoTissjoii before the Ath
jeneum on . Tteesdayr evenings -. the-J 30th
inst Should th4 policy of jBoantert
rentipa on the part of our government bo
cepartc4 -frorn in ihi. present contest in
Ewppatt irX-ikr: I V.
' Disputants: Affirmative JjHcTesw
sojr, J.' MAitsr.r negative,. Spexxv 13.

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