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' BX JUST : 1XT ALL THE KXS THOC AlMJST kt fca THT COCKTET's, GOO's, AST TRUTu's.
BY G. W. BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1855. NUMBER VOLUME I. To the Evening Wind. BT W. C. FBYAKT. Spirit that breathes through my lattice, thou That cool'at the twilhzht of the sultry day, Gratefully flow thy frhna round my brow; Thou hast been out upon the deep at play, Kding all day the wild clue wave till now, Bougheninjr their crests, and scattering high their spray, rAnd swelling the white sail. I welcome thee To the scorched land, thou wanderer of the sea ! Nor I alone; a thousand bosoms round Inhale thee in the fullness of delight: And languid forms rwa up, and ru&s bound , Livelier, at corning of the wina at night; -And languishing toLear thy grateful sound, Lies the vast inland stretched beyond the sight. In? forth iota the gathering shade; go ibrth, : God's bltidng breatha upon tha fiinting earth ! Go, rock die little wood-bird in his nest, Cur1 the still watera,bright with stars, and rouse The wide old wood from ids majestic rest, Summoning from the innumerable booths The Strang, deep harmonies that haunt his breast ; Pleasant shan be thy way where meekly bows The shutting flower, and darkling waters pass, And twin the o'ershadowing brandies and the grass. The faint old man shall lean Ms silver head To fuel thee; thoushalt kias the child asleep, And dry the moistened curls that overspread His temples while his breathing grows more deep; And they who stand about the sick man's bed Shall joy to listen to thy distant sweep, And softiy part his curtains to allow Thy visit, grateful to his burning brow. Go, but the circle of eternal change, Which is the life of nature, shall restore, With sounds and aeenta from all thv niizhtv ransre Thee to thy birth-place of the Jeep cnoe more; pweei ouors m ulb sea-tux, swoes ana sinrajre, Shall tell the homesick mariner of the Bhore; And, listening to thy murmur, he shall deem lie hears the rustling leaf and running stream. Jeflreya, the Infamous Tory Judge of : diaries a. The great seal was left in Guilford's custody ; but a marked indignity was, at the same time, offered to him. It was determined that another lawyer of more vigor and audacity should be called to assist in the administration. The person selected was Sir George Jeffreys, chief justice of the court of king's bench. ine depravity of this man has passed in to a proverb. Both the great English parties have attacked his memory with emulous violence ; for the whigs consid ered him a3 their most barbarous enemy; and the tories found' it convenient to throw on him all the blame of the crimes which had sullied their triumph. A diligent and candid inquiry will show that some frightful stories which had been told concerning him are false or ex aggerated; yet the dispassionate histo rian will be able to make very little de duction from k the . vast mass of infamy which the memory" of the'wicked judge has been loaded. . He was a man of quick and vigorous parts, but constitutionally prono to inso- Ience and to the angry passions. When just emerging from boyhood, he had risen into practice at Old Bailey Bar a bar where advocates have always used a license of tongue unknown in the West minster Hall. Here, during many years, his chief business was to examine and cross-examine the most hardened mis creants of a great capital. Daily conflicts with prostitutes and thieves called out and exercised his powers so effectually that he became the most consummate bully ever known in his profession. All tenderness for the feelings of others, all self-respect, all sense of the becoming, were obliterated from his mind. He ac quired a boundless command of the rhetoric in which the vulgar express hatred and contempt. The profusion of maledictions and vituperative epithets, which composed his vocabulary, could hardly have been rivaled m the hsh market or the bear garden. His counte nance and his voice must always have been unami&ble ; but those natural ad vantages for such ho seems to have thought them he had improved to such a degree that there were few who, in his paroxysms of rage, could see or hear him without emotion. Impudence and ferocity sat upon his brow. . . .The glare of his eyes had a fasci nation for the unhappy victim on whom they were fixed, yet his brow and eyes were said to be less terrible than the sav age lines of his mouth. His yell of fury, as was said by one who had often heard it, sounded like the thunder of the judg ment day. These qualifications he car ried, while still a voung man, from the bar to the bench. He early became com men sergeant, and then recorder of Lon fdon. As judge of the city sessions, he . exhibited the same propensities, which afterward, in a higher post, gained for aa unenviable immortality. Already might be remarked in him the most odi ous vice which is incident to human na ture, a delight in misery merely as mise ry. There was a fiendish exultation in the way in which he pronounced sentence on offenders. Their weeping and im ploring seemed to titflate him voluptuous ly ; and he loved to scare them into fits rjy auanng witn luxuriant, ampucauuus on all the details ' of what they ' were to suffer. Thus, when he had an opportu nity of ordering an unlucky adventuress to be whipped at the cart's tail: "Hang--rjaan," he would exclaim, f I charge you . to pay particular attention to this lady ! Scourge her till the blood runs down ! It is Christmas ; a cold time for a madam to strip in ! See" that you warm her shoul ders' thoroughly '," He was hardly less facetious when he passed judgment on Ludowick Muggleton, the drunken tailor, who landed himself a prophet f Im pudent rogue roared Jeffreys, " thou shalt have an easy, easy, easy' punish ment !" One part of this punishment was the "pillory, in which the wretched fanatic was almost killed with brickbats. ' ' By this time the nature of Jeffreys had been : hardened to the temper which ty rants require in their worst implements. He had hitherto 'looked for professional advancement to the corporation of Lon don. He had there confessed himself a Roundhead, and had always appeared to be in a higher state of exoneration when he explained to popish priests that they were to be cut down alive, and were to sec their own bodies burned than when he passed ordinary sentences of death. Bat, as soon as he got all that the city could give, he made haste to sell his fore head of brass and tongue of venom to the court. Chiffinch, who was accus tomed to act as broker in infamorxa con tracts of more than one kind, lent his aid. lie had conducted many amorous and political intrigues, but he assuredly never rendered a more scandalous service to his masters than when he introduced Jeffreys to Whitehall. The renegade soon found a patron in the obdurate and revengeful James, but was always regarded with scorn and disgust by Charles, whose faults, great as they were, had no affinity with insolence and cruelty. " That man' said the king, "has no learning, uu awuse, no manners, ana more impu- j me nvers, setangmeir traps at nignuan, dence than ten carroted streetwalkers." j and taking them up before daybreak. It Work had to be done, however, which j was a fearful risk for the sake of a few could be trusted to no man who rever- beaver skins, but such is the life of a enced law or was sensible to shame, and j trapper. thus Jeffreys, at an age at which a bar- i They were on a branch of the Missou rister thinks himself fortunate if he is j ri called Jefferson's Fork, and had set employed to lead an important cause, was j their traps at night, about six miles from made chief justice of the king's bench, j a small river that emptied itself into His enemies could not deny that he the forks. Early in the morning they possessed some of the qualities of a great , ascended the river in a canoe to examine judge. His legal knowledge, indeed, i the traps. The banks on each side were was merely such as he had picked up in practices of no very high kind ; but he had one of those happy constituted intel lects which, across labyrinths of sophis try and through masses of material facts, go straight to the true point. Of his in tellect, however, he had seldom the full use. Even in civil causes his malevolent and despotic temper perpetually disor dered his judgment. He frequently pour ed forth on the plaintiffs and defendants, barristers and . attorneys, witnesses and jurymen, torrents of frantic abuse, inter mixed with oaths and curses. His looks and tones had inspired terror when he was merely a young advocate struggling into practice. Now that he was at the head of the most formidable tribunal in the realm, there were few indeed who did not tremble before him. Even when he was sober, hi3 violence was sufficiently frightful ; but in general his reason was overclouded, and his evil passions stimulated by the fumes of in toxication. His evenings were ordinarily given to revelry. People who saw him only over his bottle would have supposed him to be a man gross indeed, sottish, and addicted to low company and low merriment, but social and good-humored. He was constantly surrounded on such occasions by buffoons, selected for the most part from among the vilest petti foggers who practiced before him. These men bantered and abused each other for his entertainment. He joined in their ribald talk, sang catches with them, and when his head ere w hot. huo-tred and kissed them in an ecstasy of drunken fondness. But, though wine at first seemed to soften his heart, the effect a few hours later was very different. He often came to the judgment seat, having kept the court waiting long, and yet hav ing but half slept off his debauch, his ! cheeks on fire, his eyes started like those of a maniac. When he was in this state, his boon companions of the preceding night, if they were wise, kept out of his way; lor the recoiiection oi tne iamiiiamy to which he had admitted them inflamed his malignity, and he was sure to take every opportunity of overwhelming them with execration and invective. Not the least odious peculiarities was the pleasure wnicn lie iook in Drowoeaung auu mor tifying those whom, in his fits of maudlin tenderness, he had encouraged to pre sume on hi3 favor. The services which the government had expected from him were performed, not merely without flinching, but eagerly and triumphantly. His first exploit was the judicial murder of Algernon Sidney. What followed was in perfect harmony with this beginning. Respectable tories lamented the disgrace which the barbar ity and indecency of so great a function ary brought upon the administration of iustice. Jeffrevs, after the . death of Charles, obtained a seat in the cabinet and a peerage. This last honor was a signal mark of royal approbation; for, since the judicial system of the realm had been remanded, in the thirteenth century, no chief justice had been a member of Parliament. Jfttcaidey. The Solar System. A better idea of the .relative distance and magnitude of the bodies in the solar system than can be obtained from orre ries or planispheres, is presented by an astronomical writer, in soaewiai uuv.e ui following manner: In the center of a large level plain three miles in diameter, place a globe two flet in diameter, to rep resent the sun. At the distance of eigh ty-two feet from the globe put a grain of mustard seed, to represent -Mercury, me planet nearest the sun, which gives it an orbit four hundred and ninety-two feet in circumference. For Venus, take a pea, and place it one hundred and forty-two feet distant from the globe, which will give her orbit eight hundred and fifty-two feet. For the earth, take also a pea, and place ittwohundredandfifteen feetdistant, which will make her orbit one thousand two hundred and ninety feet. For Mars, take a grain of pearl barley, place it three hundred and twenty-seven feet dis tant, and its orbit, will be one hundred and sixty-two feet. For the inferior plan t.. r v-cf, -pili. tAkft grains of sand, 'and" allow them orbits ?arvin from one thousand to one thous- landand two hundred feet. For Jupiter, island, agamst the upper enaoi wnicn Stake a middle-sized orange, and place it the drift-wood had lodged in such quanti. about a quarter of a mile distant, which ties as to form a natural raft ; under this will make its orbit a mile and a half ! he dived, and swam below water until he i For Saturn, take a small orange, place it j succeeded in getting a breathing place be f " . M ,nr thi its orb.it tweea the floating trunks of trees, whose i may be nearly three miles. ' Then for branches and bnshes formed a covert sev-:meWHerihel,takeafu31,sizedcher- eral feet above the level of ; water; rr or boy's marble, and carry it nearly a They plunged into the river and swam to 'Sile'disLt, so that its 'ork may thgdre.f - . the for him in all directions. They atlength neanysix, relative InulfcIu m"'" !nr well fixed in the mind, allow a : million of miles in space for every foot oi uiw . which the Creator has adorned theim- -: mensity of the Universe, .i.rs. A Pur Trade Ad vesture. BT WASHINGTON IBVTSG. Colter, with the hardihood of a regular trader, had cast himself loose from the party of Lewis and Clark, in the very heart of the wilderness, and had remain ed to trap beaver alone, on the head wa ters of the Missouri. Here he fell in with another lonely trapper like himself, named Potts, and they agreed to keep together. They were in the very region of the terrible Blackfeet,at that time thirsting to revenge the death of their companions, and knew that they had to expect no mercy at their hands. They were obliged to keep con cealed all day in the woody margins of ! high and perpendicular, and cast a shade j over the stream. As they were softly paddling along, they heard the tramp ling of many ieet upon the banks. Col ter immediately gave the alarm of "In dians !" and was for instant retreat. Potts scoffed at him for being frightened atthe trampling of a herd of buffaloes. Colter checked his uneasiness, and paddled for ward. They had not gone much further, when frightful whoops and yells burst forth from each side of the river, and several hundred Indians appeared on either bank. ' Signs were made to the un fortunate trappers to come on shore. They were obliged to comply. Before they could get out of their canoe, a sav age seized the rifle of Potts. Colter sprang on shore, wrested the weapon from the hands of the Indian, and restored it to his companion, who was still in the canoe, and immediately pushed into the stream. There was a sharp twang of a bow, and Potts cried out that he was wounded. Colter urged him to come on shore and submit, as his only chance for life ; but the other knew there was no prospect of mercy, and determined to die game ; leveling nis nrie, ne snot one oi the savages dead on the spot. The next moment he fell himself, pierced with numerous arrows. The vengeance of the savages was now turned upon Colter. He was stripped naked, and, having some knowledge of the Blackfoot language, overheard a con sultation as to the mode of dispatching him, so as to derive the greatest amuse ment from-his death. Some were for setting him up as a mark, and having a trial of skill at his expense. The chief, however, was for nobler snort. He siez- ed Colter by the collar, and demanded if ,' he could run fast. The , unfortunate ! trapper was too well acquainted with the j xnaian customs not to comprenena ino!uummMwi """v " u" "" jjujoiv., drift of the question. He was to run for j he be drunk, and make a fatal mistake, his life, to furnish a kind of human hunt to his persecutors. Though in reality he was noted by his brother hunters for swiftness of foot, be assured the chief he was a very bad runner. His stratagem gained some vantage ground. He was supporting a physician wno is a arunjt ledbythe chief into the prairie, about j ard ; for even with all the lights of tnedi four hundred yards from the main body jcal science, with a cool and careful judg of savages, and then turned loose, to save j ment, physicians are poorly prepared to o I himself if he could. A tremendous yell let him know that the whole pack of bloodhounds were in full cry. Colter flew rather than run; he was astonished at his own speed; but he had six miles of prairie to traverse before he could reach Jefferson Fork of the Missouri; how could he hope to hold out such a distance with the odds of seven hundred to one againsthim ? The plain, too, abounded with the prickly pear, which wounded his naked feet. Still he fled on, dreading each moment to hear the twang of a bow, and feel an ar- row quivering at his heart. He did not even dare to look round, lest he should lose an inch of that distance on which his life depended. He had run nearly half way across the plain, when the sound of rursuit irrew somewhat fainter, and i he ventured to turn his head. The main tis to continue our opposition to this great body of his pursuers were a considerable ctril. distance behind him ; several of the fast- j A few days since, a physician was vis est runners were scattered in the distance ; j iting a patient of our acquaintance, while while a swift-footed warrior, armed with he was so drunk that he could not stand a spear, was not more man a nunarea yards behind him. . Inspired with new hope, Colter redoub led his exertions, but strained himself to such a degree that the blood gushed from his mouth and nostrils, and streamed down his breast. He arrived within a mile of the river. The sound of foot steps gathered upon him. A glance be hind him showed his pursuer within twen ty yards, and preparing to launch his spear. Stopping short, he turned round and spread out his arms. The savage, con founded by this sudden action, attempted to stop and hurl his spear, but fell in the very act. ' His spear stuck in the ground, and the shaft broke in his hand. Colter plucked up the pointed part, pinned the savage to the earth, ana continued his flight. The Indians, as they arrived at their slaughtered companion, stopped to howl over him. Colter made the most j of this precious delay, gained the skirts of the cottonwood bordering the river, dashed through it, and plunged into the stream. He swam . to the neighboring . arch: and he lien swam o . . . , v i- silently down the river, and made his es- cape . -jt. wa3 - remark of Jefferson s, people who know their rights, ana. aare maintain them. ,r.-irX : - : - Demoralizing. . v ' The secular newspaper press,; whilst spreading abroad light, and in many respects exerting a powerful and whole some influence, we fear notunfrequently becomes an instrument of eviL , The craving for news, and the desire of rival Journals to excel each other in minister ing to this morbid appetite, bring into newspaper columns, and through them into tens of thousands of families, much that had better never been known. ? .The details of crime, in some recent cases, laid in all their loathsome minuteness be fore the public at large, can hardly have failed to exert a demoralizing influence. The testimony of witnesses, however in dispensable . in courts of justice, is not always the -best reading' for the eons and daughters of virtuous families. It is not for the moral health of the young, nor, indeed, of those of mature years, to be rendered familiar with the records of crime, to be informed as to methods for vicious indulgence, and to have placed under their eyes incentives to passion. What visitor would dare speak from his lips what the morning paper reports from its eagerly read columns, in the family circle ? Conductors of public journals, whose ability and general merits render them an almost indispensable part of the household comforts, have no right to take advantage of their position to inject poi son into the minds of their readers. Newspapers are a great moral power, and the stronger the hold they have gained on the public mind, the more wide-spread and certain the mischief they may accom plish, if in any degree perverted to eviL The advertising columns alone, in some of the most widely circulated journals, are prolific feeders of vice. The plea that newspapers are, in some sense, open. to the public, and that the compensation paid by the advertiser gives him a right to in sert what best pleases him, and that he is to be held responsible, and not the editor, is a poor excuse for the wreck of morals and happiness which ensues. Conduct ors of journals can control their own col umns, whether for advertisements or other matter ; and for the good or evil done, whatever part others may act as subordi nate, they will be held chiefly responsi ble by a discerning public. It would be well for those who give publicity to such matter, to ask themselves whether they would like their own sons and daughters habitually to read it. - Drunken Doctors, Whether of law, divinity, or medicine, should be regarded as unworthy men, and under no circumstances should they be entrusted with that which strictly be longs to their respective callings. But of the three professions, medicine is the most important, for the law, only deals with your money, and this is all that can be affected, even if your attorney bo a drunkard and neglect your business. The minister of the gospel can only advise ana counsel, wnue ine wnoio maiier is between you and your God, minister or as all such do necessarily, a single failure is certain death. This puts the question at once beyond the reach or counsel of either lawyer or preacher. No community should ever thins oi . , . . meei aisease in me various ways ujr which it attacks the human family ; and j even those who have spent a lifetime in -cultivating their profession in practicing - tinder the most favorable circumstances, j ven fear and tremble many times when j called to discharge its responsible duty, It may be said, however, that as the drunkard has or knows no responsibility, I his position is the most desirable to such 1 throw this around them as a shield. We that no such pretext will ever 'and finally relieve a condemned conscience from a conviction of having done wrong, What parent can look upon such a phy- sician with any degree of respect, when he may have caused the death of some lovely child by such habits ? We have often referred to this aubject, but circumstances make it necessary for luiuus supporting uimii upon suiue furniture in the room ; and even after he had made his prescription and dealt out his medicine, he could not remember hve minutes afterwards what he had done, and went to work and made out another potion of medicine. The patient did not take it, but at once dismissed the drunk ard, and called another physician whom he knew to be a sober man. Let the community look out for this class of physicians. Pass all such by as you would the worst culprit in the world, for he is not fit to fill any position m life, so long as he continues such hab its : he is death to his patients, a terror to his family, a disgrace to community, and nothing on earth Or heaven can save him but the loving-kindness and mercy of his God. Br. Newton $ Jsaprets. Slang. fiUna rthrases. to whifth so many in this country are addicted, is, if not an invariable mark of vulgarity, indi- cative of low associations at some period of life, and a certain want of dignity and refinement. The young naturally fail into this habit, so offensive to good taste, not only because they have examples in their associates, but because the columns of too many newspapers that fall into their hands abound with. low slang, and the wit and vulgarity of theater lobbies and street corners. ' As the use of such terms serves no good purpose whatever, but tends rather to what is low and de moralizing,' parents , ought especially ; to discountenance it in their children ; and, so far as themselves are concerned, give up the habit,' if it should have insensibly grown upon them. ' ' " .. '" ' ! ' ' ;; TV. tov-.1, ,a tnA na-rrmf tar tT , jis? nwiu m w . quarrelsome fools to live in it.jv3 zi . National Humor. It is strange that there is a character even in jokes. - A Scotsman, it is said, has no humor he is a - mere - matter of fact man ; and the Celts, in particular, have an utter hatred of jokes, and will not 6uffer the least approach to making them the subject of them, especially on thepart of strangers. - 1 Even the Lowland Scot deals more in the defensive line than that of attack. Lieutenant Lismahago, having his atten tion drawn to some rhyming hits at his country scratched on a ' window-pane, admitted they were very cutting, (that is by being cut in the glass,) but that he thought they might be made more per gpicuous - with the help of a wet dish- clout 1 - This is wit, but wholly defen sive, and when dragged out. ' Paddy is more ready either for attack or defense ; and from whatever cause it is, he is certainly very apt to heighten the laugh by losing a stitch in his argu ment vulgarly, making bulls. There is no place where, in inns, &c, you see more abundance than in Ireland. A per son remarking this in the way of compli ment, was told, in answer, by a native, "1 11 tell you what, sir! you'll see noth ing bad in Ireland, but out of it meaning, that all the ills reported of Ire land were merely reports, but expressing it in away at once distinct and ludicrous. The Irish are so sensible of this natural failing, that one of their best writers, Miss Edgeworth, wrote a regular essay on Irish bulls ; and Saunders showed the patriotic simplicity of hit character, by proposing that the book should be added to the library of an Agricultural Society, with the view of improving the breed of Scotch cattle J The Englishman, satisfied with his country and himself, is apt to indulge in jests of a varied description ; but he is often more rude than witty. The American seems to add ' the self- satisfied qualities of the Englishman to the wildness of the Irishman. His jokes are thoroughly American entirely of a new character, and not to be mistaken. He hits fearlessly at his own country : in this he resembles the Englishman. There is a wild flightmess in his exaggerations, that seems to us to resemble the escapades of Paddy ; yet he is so apt to feel sore when attacked, that it is impossible not to think he has some drops of the Scot in him. This is his style of exaggeration : ' There is a fellow down east so tall that he ha to use a ladder to shave himself." This has no parallel but in the best jokes in Munchausen. That redoubted person coming to a river too broad or too deep to be crossed by leaping or wading, was completely at a loss ; at last it occurred to him that he was very strong, and that he had a pig:tail, when the affair was set tled ; "he seized himselt by the pig-tail, and fiung himself across ' Jonathan often drolls on his misfor tunes. . A body of creditors waiting upon their debtor in jail, a man of. unusual strength up to the period of his imprison ment, found him now so weak that he could not raise a single pound ! Talking of a lady, he often finds her so fine as to be of no airthly use ! Of another lady s accomplishments, they were such a load that she fairly broke down under them ! and the same of a gentleman's arguments, they were so weighty. One lady makes the tea so strong, that it takes a strong hand to hold it while being drunk ! Another makes it so weak that it can t carry the flavor. An Irishman, seeing his horse losing a race, shouted out in ecstasy, that he was ' driving them all before him 1 Jona than's horse is in general so swift, that it beats its own shadow some lengths ; or pursues a flash of lightning round a field and beats it ; or runs away from his own tau ! If he beats a man in any way, he is not satisfied with saying so, but " he beats him all to almighty smash !" or " walks into him like a steamboat into a foam ;" or, " like a flash of lightning in to a gooseberry bush !" In short, there is a rhodomontade about Jonathan's wit true bullet and gouge " style, indi cating at once his independence and his coarseness. Me talks oi his heart as a bit of pluck 1" as if hearts were only giv en to fight. He will depreciate his own people, or his country generally, when his spleen is excited ; but defend them with equal bitterness if depreciated by others. An American and Englishman walking out together, the American had pointed out an infinity of objects, in the hope of a little praise; but they were all exceeded infinitely by similar objects in the old country. At last it rained and thundered as continents only can; and upon this occasion the style was magnifi cent even for a continent. They were almost stunned and drowned. , "There !" said Jonathan, in a tone of contemptuous triumph; "have you anything in Eng land like that 1" Scotch Paper. Little Thorns. The sweetest and the most clinging affection is often shaken by the slightest breath of mkindness, as the delicate ten drils of the vine are agitated by the faint est air that blows in summer. An un kind word from one beloved, often draws the blood from many a heart which would defy the battle-ax of hatred or the keen est edge of vindictive satire. Uay, the . shade, the gloom of the face familiar and dear' awakens grief and pain. " These are httle whie& though men of ruugner xorms mae meir way mrougn ! thout feeling much, extremely inoommoae persons oi a reuneu iuru, m their journey through life, and make their traveling irksome and unpleasant. -" , f . Good Prayers. - The Lacedsnriians. had a peculiar form of prayer ; for they never used, ac cording to Plato, either in their public or private devotions, to make any other re quest than; that the gods would grant what was honorable and good for them: but Plu tarch tells us they added one peti tion more, namely, that they; might be able to suffer injuries. . ' "' JSSTBe of good cheer when jo xr ene mies are divided among themserre3 'r but fear when they, are united and oi one ac- I cor Choice oeflrlj, FrofH tie Jhdvstrial Luminary. Thoughts ' Suffgettei by a iMdyramble on the HSlt near tke bant y Jiig Jilut rtwr, Ktnsat lot. . .. The everlasting hills are thine, 0 Lord I : And thine the vales, where ever-rushing streams, In tne deep shadow, roll their crystal waves I -Alone, with weary step, I've sought to climb . These heights, where gentle woman ne'er before Viewed, with admiring; eyes, the scene around. , Far in the west the sun is passing low : Among the hills, where restless savage tribes ' -In darkness wander darkness of the soul ! . Oh I may that sun, whose richest glory beams Upon their pathway, bear to them ere long Tne Goepers light, that on their souls may shine A heavenly day, an everlasting sun ! Slow creep the shadows, deep and dark, around, And o'er the stream, which cow in horrid gloom And now id brightness glides, as earth o'ershad ows, Or the sunset clouds array in glory. " Emblem of the soul; as through this desert world She winds her weary way, and sometimes wee In deepest shadow where no light can come ! Then, with sudden step, she meets the sunlight, E'en that living One, who fills all IXeaven, And lights the soul with rapture in hyj love. Thine are these hills, O Lord! this matchless scene Of mound on mound, and vale and depth and stream, And overhanging trees, and cloudless eky, And sun in glory sinking to the west. And wherefore rormed, where eye of mortal man Ne'er rested with delight, or note of praise ! Why thro' unnumbered years has beauty beamed, And heaven-born nature poured her treasures round, Where no eye witnessed, and no heart admired t Ah I does not he who framed the sky, and formed This wondrous earth, sav, does not lie delight In forms of beauty f walks He not among These glowing forms Ills hand of power hath . wrought ? I am not quite alone ! lie. He is here ! . Who raised these mountains from their depths, andclothod With glorious beauty all the scene around. Yes, lie is here 1 ana incense shall ascend From glowing hearts to Him, the source of all. For He hath said from every place the voice Of praise shall reach his ear; and offering pure Shall rise to Heaven, and own him Lord of ail. MAEY. Oar Indian Tribes. As a race, the Indians are fast fading away. Not a vestige remains of many once powerful tribes, and even those fur thest removed from the settlements of the whites evince the effects of the ruin which civilization has ever brought upon them. The tide of emigration to this country drove them step by step into the interior, and now an equally resistless tide threat ens them from the Pacific. They have become completely fenced in ; the whites are upon them on all sides ; no new hunt ing grounds invite them where they can rest secure from the invasions of a civil ization to them so ruinous ; where they may hide themselves from the white man, and yield up to the pursuits of their fa thers. The rush of emigrants across the plains to California,-IN ew Mexico; Ltah, and Oregon, brings them within the con stant influence of all the vices of civil ization ; and it is evident that they must either yield to its power, and become ed ucated in the ways of civilized life, or cease to exist. Civilization, it is said, has ever proved a bane to the Indian race. To an extent this is true, because the instances where in civilization has been detrimental to them are those where they have been ex posed to its vices, and not been subjected to the influence of its virtues. The tra ders and trappers who go among the In dians are themselves, as a general rule, among the worst specimens of a civilized race, deeply schooled in all the vices of cultivated life, often fugitives from jus tice, and are perhaps the best emissaries of mischief and degradation, and the poorest teachers of morals. It may be regarded as a fact, that the influences of civilization, wherever exerted upon the Indian tribes, have resulted precisely as the character of the influence would have led an observer skilled in the philosophy of associations to anticipate. To say that a man or race of men can absorb all the vices of civilization, and still be mentally incapacitated from being influenced by its better traits, is a paradox in itself, and even were it not, is not supported by his tory. That he can be thus educated there is no doubt; the advances" which some of our Indian tribes have already made prove it. We refer to the Choc taws, the Chickasaws, the Creeks, and the Cherokees. All these tribes are much further advanced than many of our read ers are aware. The Choctaw3 reside on the north bank of the Upper Red river. They have a representative government, and it is gen erally administered with fidelity. They have a written constitution, and they have legislative, judicial, and executive depart ments of government. They have a printing press, and printed laws are an nually issued from it. The inferior part oi their judiciary is elected by the peo ple, and the superior judges by the Le gislature. liiKe us, tney nave two Drancn es of law-making power, and their Legis latures are elected in districts. They have common schools, for the support of which they contributed last year 925, 000. . The Chickasaws are less advanced than the ChOctaws, but it is said that they are anxious to have their children educated. They are very industrious in the pursuits of agriculture, and raise large quantities of 'corn, which they sell to government contractors. The Cherokees have a government re sembling that of the Choc taws, and are represented as industrious and advancing m knowledge, some of their chief men j being very well educated, and living like gentlemen on their estates. They are not behind, either, in manufactures, and annually produce large quantities of cot ton and woolen goods. That they also have a taste for reading, is evident from the fact that there were, 616,000 copies of books printed In the nation last year. ' The Creeks have not progressed so far as the Cherokees, but they are improving raise every year large; quantities , of corn and other fruits of the soil for sale, and take kindly to civilization. ' ' The Sen ecas and Shawnees also have large and well-cultivated farms. - !i i. In view of these facts, which are- set forth at large in a late number of the Aus tin State Gazette, it' should be the duty of our government to seek out and adopt at once the most feasible plan to aid, more effectually than they have yet done, this Degmmng oi cinnzauon upon wis pan of the above tribes, in order that it may progress to the highest stage. And not only for these tribes, but for the wilder ones among which civilization has not commenced, but where the savage still remains in almost his original state, should effort by government be made to bring them within the pale of civilized life. Such effort would be better than the sword and the musket, which, on account of re cent depredations and outrages by the Caiaanches d other tribes on our fron tiers, it would now seem the government will be compelled to:use with bloody effect, . jfit would protect those frontiers from the savage. That these outrages have been provoked by the white " men, admits of no doubt. The recent massa cre at Fort Laramie is an instance. The' Indians on our frontiers have been treat ed as dogs, and it is time that some meas ures more worthy of an enlightened and a great government, should be adopted, in order that they may be treated more like men, which will be a better protec tion for us against them as savages. A project was reported at the last ses sion of Congress for creating territorial governments for the Indian tribes in the United States, with a view to their civili- j zation, and the incorporation, in due time, of the Territories into the Union as I States. The Indian communities pro posed to be included in this project were the Choctaws,the Chickasaws, the Creeks, and Cherokees, inhabiiing the lands ad joining Texas and extending northwardly along the frontier. This croiect meets with great favor in Texas, and would un doubtedly greatly advance the progress j of those nations. But, as we said before. ! something more immediate is wanted for the wilder tribes. That they do appreci ate the civilizing process, and can be brought into it, is evident from the testi mony of one well versed in these matters. Major Nabobs, of Texas, testified that some of the principal chiefs of the south ern band of Camanchesare fully impressed with the necessity of "settling down," and "are not only willing but appear anxious to do so." He is satisfied that with two or three years' subsistence se cured by the general government, with the necessary instruction in raising stock and growing corn, &c, they would be able to sustain themselves, and eventually become civilized. This subsistence is one of the first things wanted ; for it is actual starvation, in addition to ill-treatment by the white population, that has driven the Caman- ches and other Indian tribes to the recent outrages on the frontiers. Among the many demands on the at tention of our government, not tfieleast important is the improving the condition, in every possible way, of the Indians on our frontiers. We have fought the red man long enough. Wre warred against him when we first landed on these shores, we have been warring upon him ever since, we are fighting many branches of his race now. Is it not time now, when we have become groat and powerful, that we adopt a different course ? time that we opposed, with a stronger and more ear nest arm, to the tomahawk which the In-! dian on our frontiers is at this moment lifting in retaliation against us as he did in days of old, a broader and brighter j shield of civilization and kind treatment than we have yet done ? Although we have hemmed in the Indian between the Atlantic and Pacific, we need not exter minate him. It is not an impossibility to civilize him and live with him in peace. May smile, JLy., JUxpress. A Bold and Humane Indian. The following facts of a young chief of the Pawnee nation, and son of Old Knife, one of the Indians who visited the city of Washington, a few years ago, from the foot of the Rocky Mountains, are highly creditable to his generosity and benevo lence. This young warrior, when those events occurred, was about twonty-five years old. At the age of twenty-one his heroic deeds had acquired for him, among his people, the rank of " Bravest of the Brave." ; ; TK nnmi nmiAK (( firtnnn'f onrl o f- - 0 burning to death their prisoners existed in this nation. An unfortunate female, taken in war with the Paducah nation, was destined to this horrible death. The fatal hour had arrived; the trembling victim, far from home and her friends, was fastened to the stake ; the whole tribe was assembled on the surrounding plain, to witness the awful scene. Just as the wood was about to be kindled, and the spectators were on the tiptoe of expecta tion, this young warrior, who sat com posedly among the chiefs, having before prepared two ueet corses, wun me neces sarv nrovisions. sprang from his seat. rushed through the crowd, loosed the victim, seized her in his arms, placed her on one of the horses, mounted the other himself, and made the utmost speed to ward the nation and friends of the cap tive. ... - - v , The multitude, dumb and nerveless with amazement at the daring deed, made no more effort to rescue their victim from her deliverer. They viewed it a the act ot tneir aerxy, subnuttea to u wimouia murmur, and quietly retired to thenr village. - The released was accompanied through the wilderness toward her home till she was out of danger. He then gave her the horse on which ' she rode, with the necessary provisions for the remain der of the journey, and parted from her. On his return', to the village, such was the respect entertained for nim, that no inquiry was made into his conduct,' no censure was passed on it, and,' since the transaction, no human .sacrifice has been offered in . this or any . of . the r Pawnee tribes. .Of what influence is one laold act in a good cause!' J " r On' the publication of this anecdote at Washington, the young ladies of a female seminary in that city presented the brave and humane Indian with' a handsome silver medal, on which .was engraved an appropriate inscription, accompanied by an address oi wnicn me Knowing is me close : " Brother, accept this token pf our esteem, and when , you .have again the power to save a poor woman from death and torture, think of this and of us, and fly to her rescue l". . - , : An Indian Ceremony. Among the many curious ceremonies characteristic of the "California Indians', one oi the most interesting and imposing is saia to De tne "J1 east of Uypsum" which celebrates the induction of boys to manhood. On the occasion of this ceremony, due notice of the feast having been given, and invitations extended to neighboring friendly villages, - all the youth who have attained the requisite age are confined within the dwelling of some chief, arid, obliged to swallow a de coction of gypsum' or stramonium, suffi ciently strong to destroy all power of muscular action and sensibility for an enure night. The female . choir of the village then assemble around the tent, decorated in their gayest dresses, and surrounded by a body-guard of old men, one of whom acts as a director of the pro ceedings. The younger men and invited guests enter the ring, divested of the greater part of their clothing, profusely ornamented with feathers, and covered with alternate stripes of black and white paint The director then makes a speech . and commences dancing. . The entire choir then burst out into a song by no means unmusical, and all the men within the ring proceed to follow the example of their director, in a series of steps which set at defiance all conventional rules for the poetry of motion.;. At the close of the song the old men puff from their mouths a volume of wind towards heaven. and with a loud bowl the dancers retire to recover breath.' ' : ' - Three nights are spent in this manner. with the exception that after the first nignt me youtns, who have recovered from their stupor, are allowed to partici pate in the dancing. On the first daw after their recovery from the effects of the medicine which effecta are said to resemble somewhat the f delightful sensa tions produced by the haschish of the Arabs- they are presented with water and paint, and after having performed their ablutions, and painted themselves, are led into the field and taught the mys teries of planting and harvesting also how to construct the various kinds of lodges, and how to insnare the different species of game used by them for food. They are also duly lectured upon the "arts" of war, theft, and deception. This instruction continues for three days, during which time they are each day in ducted into a new and higlier order of dance. On the third day they are lec tured upon religion, the creation of the earthy and the history of the human race, and'TretTrrfemcod to ab K&ertfcw manhood. ' '- - - Indian Theory of the Origin of the Races. A letter from New Mexico to the St. Louis Republican says that an Indian be ing once questioned as to the origin of the human race, responded substantially as follows: " Our Great Father, the Great Spirit Iiad created the sun, the moon, the stars, and the earth, which he replenished with butfalo, elk, deer, antelope, bear, and beaver. Our Great Father looked upon all these things and perceived that there was something wanting a being to look like himself. So our Great Father went to the creek, (here it seems that tradition has not handed down its name, ) and look ing around discovered seme black flay. out of which he formed a man. Bat the Great Spirit was not satisfied with this man, because his face and body were black, and his hair woolly. So he V(t him there and went a litue further up the creek, where he saw some red clay, out of which he formed a red man. : This man pleased our Great Father more than the first, yet he was not wholly satisfied. So our Great Father went still further up the creek, and ?aw some white clay, out of which he formed a white man, and looking upon him with admiration and pleasure, exclaimed, 'This is a perfect . f .... man. Thoughts from Cnanaing. It is not the highest attainment to be benevolent to those who are thousands of miles from us, whose miseries make strik ing pictures for the imaginatioa, , who never cross our pains, rever mttnere with our interests, never try us by tlieir waywardness, never shock us by their coarse manners, and whom we are to assist by an act of bounty which sends a missionary to iceir aiu. All works of the intellect which have- not in some measure been quickened by the spirit of reiigxm, are doomed to per ish or to losa their power; and that genius is preparing for itself a sepulcher. wnen it disjoins itseii irom mo uoiTersai mind. ' ; ' '-:'-". ,: Man, when viewed in separation from bu Maker and his end,' can be as little understood and portrayed as a plant torn from, the soil in which it grew, and cut off from communication with the clouds and sun. ' "' ' " , The, Way to Build a Statt. :; Governor Grimes, of Iowa, in bis fa augural address, thus describes the wants of the thriving State over which he pre- " She wants educated fanners and me chanics, engineers, architects, metjdlar gists, ana . geologists, oce neeas. men engaijed in the practical duties of life, who have conquered meir professions, and who are able to impart their knowl edge to others, y She wants farmers who shall bo familiar with., the principles of cnemistry as applied, to agntruiiure ; ar chitects and mechanics who will adorn her with edifices worthy of io fair a land ; and engineers and geologists who will develop her resources, and thus augment the wealth and happiness of her dozens. This want can only be supplied Iy the establishment of a school of applied sciences- I have no hesitation, therefore7, in reconimeriding that a university fund be appropriated to establish a practical,