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B G. W; BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, SATURDAY, MARCH 10,; 1855, NUMBER U-VOLUME I. Trust to the Future. Trot to the Future. Tho' gloomy and cheerless " Prowl the dark Put like a ghost at thy back, Look not behind thee ; be hopeful and fear leas; Steer for the right tray, sua keep to the track ! Fling off despair it has strength like a giant Moulder thy Purpose, and, boldly defiant, iBave to the Eight stand unmoved and unpliant ! ; Faith and God's promiaa the brave bever lack. Trust to the Future: the Present may fright thee, Scowling so fearfully clone at thy aide ; Face it unmoved, and no present can blight thee: He who atanda bold each blast shall abide 1 Never a storm but the tainted air need it; Never a storm but the sunshine succeeds it; 'Each ha a lesson, and he alone reads it , Jtightlj who takes it and makes it his guide. Trust to the Future : It stands Eke an angel,. Waiting to lead thee, to bless and to cheer; , Eingfn; of hope like some blessed Evangel, - Laring thee on to a brighter career. Why should the Past or Present oppress th.ee t Hump on their coils : for with arms to caress thee. flea, the groat Future stands yearning to bless theo; rasa Doiuiy icrward, nor yield to a rear I Trust to the Future ; it will not deceive thee. So thou but meet it with bravs heart and strong; now begin uving anew, ana, believe me. Gladness and triumph will foliow ere long. Never a night but there coracth a morrow; Never a gnef but the hopeful will borrow ' - Something of gladness to lighten the sorrow; Life unto such is a conqueror's song t Trust to the Future, then; cease from your weep ing; - , "... ' Faith and a firm heart are all that you need Ood and his angels have yet in their keeping Harvests of joy, if we'll sow but the seed! Trust to the Future all life will be glorious;. f Trust for in trusting the soul is victorious; Trust and in trusting be strong and laborious t f Up and be doing, but give God the meed I - The Llcrmona and their Increase. From an:. intelligent gentleman who has spent the past summer at Salt Lake City, along the mail route from there to Independence, and in the portion of Kan sas and Nebraska which that route tra verses, we have derived a few items of information which we think will be in teresting to our readers. In the eastern section of our country, we have generally entertained the opinion that the settle ment at Salt Lake was ephemeral in its character, and would either scatter ere long, or become to an extent homogene ous with the rest of our Republic. , But our informant, who is neither a Mormon nor a sympathizer in their views, is of a contrary opinion. The Mormon population in the valley of the Great salt Lake amounted, in the spring of 1853, to about, forty thousand. The emigration across the plains during the last fall reached six thousand, and would bare been much larger had there been, means of transporting those who were desirous of migrating to Salt Lake. in toe month ot August last tne popuia tion of Salt Lake City was aboetseven thousand, and the residue .of' the peo ple are distributed among small villages through the valley, two hundred miles in -extent. ' - - - - - The attention of the people is mainly devoted to agriculture. . The land is pro ductive, but requires irrigation, and yields wheat, oariey, potatoes, oats, ana some corn. Our informant, who is posted up in agricultural matters, states that, with the exception of corn, the articles above enumerated are greater in quantity and better in quality than any simihr products which be has elsewhere seen. . There are several nurseries where trees are raised .from seedlings, and the peaches and ap ples are of excellent flavor. The -beets which are there raised are of superior quality, and tho Mormons are making preparations to convert mem into sugar. Their earlier machinery for this purpose did not work well ; but . they have since imported mills similar to those used in France for this purpose, and now bid fair to produce what sugar they consume, for wnicn uey now pay irom jv 10 iu cents per pound. . In Salt Lake City, a very magnificent and extensive temple is in progress of construction. It will be much larger than the celebrated Nauroo structure. Trill require ten years to complete it, and will cost, when completed, several mil lions of " dollars. Brigham Young is building two large and beautiful houses on the square adjoining that which he now occupies, in order to accommodate ilia increasing family. The President, as lie is styled, rejoices in the possession of between fifty and sixty wives, and fur bishes to a private school from forty-five to fifty of Jiis offspring. But still, the President is not the leader in the multi plicity of wires, for Elder Kimmell, one of the apostles, has between sixty and seventy consorts. - During the past season, quite a num ber of fine business houses have been erected in Salt Lake City, and are fast filling up with tenants. The merchants, with two or three exceptions, are Gentiles, as the Mormons call those who do. not adopt their creed. These are principally from uppei Missouri, a great number of . whom, after two or three years' labor, have retired from the country with hand some fortunes. i But the time for mak ing money thus rapidly in the" Territory is coming to a close; for the Mormons rexiow engaging in trade themselves, And the people,, being instructed through the Deseret News, the Mormon organ, to give a preference to their own sect, will oon purchase their goods chiefly of their own people. - -The Mormons have hitherto been com jpelied to tolerate Gentile traders because they had not sufficient capital to carry on business, but they hare ; recently opened a large store with a rast supply of mer chandise, and many others are preparing to embark ra merchandising. The Gen tiles hare always occupied an unenviable social position in the - Territory. They arc avoided as much as possible, and ex cluded from the domestic circles of . the Mormons, and'the latter propose to ex clude them from the Territory as soon as they shall be able to supply their own Wants themselves.-; -v . - ? sThe Mormon women are engaged in .no' other avocation than household, em ployments ; but the , care of children de Tolres exclusively upon them, the men devoting themselves entirely to out door occupations. Many of the men who re side and carry on. business in the city, possess small farms in the immediate vi cinity, and their wives are distributed among these various ' localities. The house in which their "old wife" (meaning the first) resides, is generally called the home of the man. The subordination of the children is better than would be expected under this state of things. The preachers inculcate very strongly the duty of wives to exert a strict and continual- supervision over uieir cnuaren, ana mis amy is very gen erally observed. Great care is taken to make the place attractive to the young. r or this purpose they have a band which performs serenades two nights in a week. and a theater which is well attended. The people were lamenting last summer that some of their best actors had been sent off to Europe as missionaries, but the men pacified them by preparing an arena in a Cottonwood grove, where in the open air they had nightly dances. There is a warm spring just outside the city which is conveyed to the United States hotel by wooden pipes, where baths are supplied. - This hotel is kept by Col. Little, of New Hampshire, who, in the proprietorship, is in co-partnership with Brigham Young, and who also holds the office of Marshal of the city. This hotel is the only licensed place for the sale of ardent spirits in the city, though liquor can be obtained, surreptitiously, in other places. 7 - Ye are promised further particulars about this singular people, in which theiq missionary enorts among ine neign bor ing inaians wm be exhiDited. They have well organized military bodiesamong them, and their proselyting the Indians appears to be undertaken with a new of making them allies, should there be any need of their assistance. But we must reserve our materials for a - subsequent article. Boston Herald Effects of the Passions. Every one knows the influence of the depressing passions on the human frame. A beaten army has always more 6ick (ex clusively ot the wounded) than a victo rious one ; and in civil life, the effect of losses and disappointments in destroying the digestion, and wasting the strongest constitution, are but too familiar to the commonest observer.- But the picture has a brighter 6ide. - . Hope and success are finer tonics" than any to be found in apothecaries' shops, and even fear may boast its cures. A German physician, so runs the tale, suc ceeded in curing an epidemic convulsion among the children of a poor-house by the fear of a red hot poker. The fits had spread by sympathy and imitation ; and this great physician, mistrusting the ordi nary remedies in so grave a case, heated his instrument, and threatened to burn the first who should fall into a fit. The convulsions did not return. A celebrated scholar was once attack- Led with fever at a country inn. ' He was visited by two physician; and one of, them, supposing from the poverty of his ! appearance that he would not understand a foreign language, said to the other in Latin, "Let's try an experiment on this poor fellow." As soon as they were gone, tho patient got out of bed, hurried on his clothes, scampered off as fast as he could, and was cured of his fever by fright. In England, quite recently, a girl be ing attacked with typhus fever, was sent to the hospital. A week afterwards her brother was seized with the same disease, and was sent to the same institution. The nurses were helping him up the stairs at the hospital. - On the way he was met by some persons who were de scending with a coffin on their shoulders. The sick man inquired whose body they were removing, when one of the bearers inadvertently mentioned the girl's name. It vat hit titter. Tho brother, horror struck, sprung from his conductors, dash ed down stairs, out of the hospital gate, and never stopped running until he had reached ' home a distance' of twelve miles ! He flung himself on the bed im mediately, fell into a sound sleep, and awoke next morning entirely cured of his illness. ' - " The most beautiful-instance, however, that we have met with, is one in which the cure depended on the combination of the pleasures of nope and of memory. Dr.'Kush, when quite a young man, was educated in the country, in a very remote part of which he was pi the habit of vis iting, in company with a farmer's daugh ter, various scenes of beauty and sublim ity, and among others, the nest of an eagle in a romantic situation. - For some time these visits were very frequent. Rush: afterward left the school, and set tled in Philadelphia, where he found his former associate a married woman. Many years after she had an attack of typhus ferer, under which she lay in a complete state of insensibility, apparently tost to ail surrounding objects, in in is state, Rush, then, a physician, was called to visit her. He took her by the hand, and said, with a strong and cheerful voice, " The; Eaglo's Nest!' The words revived an association of ideas comprehending the actions of her youth. She immedi ately grasped his hand, opened heir eyes, and from that hour recovered rapidly. American Union.' " - Petrified Wheat. Mr. Park, of the Parkville Luminary, says he picked up on the Blue river, ra Kansas Territory, some curious speci mens of petrified wheat, and further says: ; -. : -- - -' 7 " The resemblance, is distint, perfect An inquiry comes up, who . raised that wheat ? who cultivated . the teeming earth in that region in ages long gone by t Can geologists tell us? remaps wis was the' reirion .of elobe referred to by Calaaius, who once, in conversation with Onesectius, remarked that, 'anciently the earth was covered with barley and wheat, as it was then with dust . . S5T There are now . seven - organized Territorial governments, a forger number than has ever before existed at the same Ttolitieal history. Min nesota. New Mexico,' -Utah, Oregon, Washington, Kansas, and Nebraska are their names: How to Boild Balloon Houses. At the last annual meeting of the Far mers' Club in Ne w York city, in reply to numerous letters, Mr. Robinson gave the following account of the mode of build ing what are called balloon frames for houses : "I would saw all my timber for a frame house, or ordinary frame out-building, of the following dimensions : T wo inches by eight ; two by four ; two by one. I have, however, built them, when I lived on the Grand Prairie of Indiana, many miles from saw-mills, nearly all of split and hewed stuff, making use of rails or round poles, reduced to straight lines and even thickness on two sides, for studs and raf ters. But sawed stuff is much the easi est, though in. a timber country the other is far the cheapest. First, level your foundation and lay down two of the two-by-eight pieces, flatwise, for side-walls. Upon these set the floor-sleepers, on edge, 32 inches apart. Fasten one at each end, and, perhaps, one or two in the middle, if the building is large, with a wooden pin. These end-sleepers are the end-sills. Now lay the floor, unless you design to have one that would be likely to be injured by the weather before you get the roof on. It is a great saving, though, of la bor, to begin at the bottom of a house and build up. . In laying the floor first, you have no studs to cut and fit around. and can let your boards run out over the ends, just as it happens, and afterwards saw them off smooth by the sill. ' Now set up a corner post, which is nothing but one of the two-by-four studs, fastening the bottom bv four nails ; make it plumb, and stay it each way. Set another at the other corner, and then mark off your door and window places, and set up the side- studs and put in the frames, h ill up with studs between, 16 inches apart, sup porting the top by a line or strip of board from corner to corner, or stayed studs between. Now cover that side with rough sheeting-boards, unless you intend to side up with clapboards on the studs, which I never would do, except for a small, common building. Make no cal culation about the top of your studs ; wait till you get up that high. You may use them of any length, with broken or stub shot ends, no matter. When you have got this side boarded as high as you can reach, proceed to set up another. In the mean time, other workmen can be lathing the first side. . When you have got the sides all up, fix upon the height of your upper floor, and strike a line upon the studs for the under side of the joist Cut out a joist four inches wide, half inch deep, and nail on firmly one of the inch strips.- Upon these strips rest the cham ber floor joist. Cut out a joist one inch deep in the lower edge, and lock it on the strip, and nail each joist to each stud. Now lay this floor and go on to build the upper story, as you did the lower one ; splicing on and lengthening out studs wherever needed, until you get high enough for the plate. Splice studs or :oUuby s - x butti trends to gether, an(1 ymr nn h K;flfl o?;Vft ana nailing strips on eacn side btnke a line and saw off the top of the studs even upon each side not the ends and nail on one of the inch strips. That is the plate. Cut the ends of the upper joist the bevel of the pitch Of the roof, and nail them fast to the plate, placing the end ones inside the studs, which you will let run up promiscuously, to be cut off by the rafter. Now lay the garret floor by all means before you put on the roof, and you will find that you have saved fifty per cent, of hard labor. The rafters, if supported so as to be not over ten feet long, will be strong enough of the two-by-four stuff. Bevel the ends and nail fast to the joist Then there is no strain upon the sides by the weight of the roof, which may be covered with shingles or other materials the cheapest being com position or cement roofs. To make one of this kind, take soft, spongy, thick pa per, and tack it upon the boards in courses like shingles. Commence at the top with hot tar and saturate the paper, upon which sift evenly fiue gravel, pressing it in while hot--that is, while tar and gravel are both hot One coat will make a ti?ht roof; two coats will make it more dura ble. Put un vour Dartitions of stuff one- by-four, unless where you want to sup- port tne upper joist wen use siun iwo-by-four, with strips nailed on top, for the - . . i - i joist to rest upon, fastening altogether by nails, wherever timbers touch, inus you will have a frame without a tenon or mortice, or brace, ana yet n is iar cneap er, and incalculably stronger when finish ed, than though it-was composed of tim bers ten inches square, with a thousand augur holes and a hundred days work with the chisel and adz, making boles and pins to fill them. To lay out and frame a building so that all its parts will come toarether, requires the skill of a mas ter mechanic, and a host of men and a deal of hard work to lift the great sticks of timber into position. To erect a bal loon building requires about as much mechanical skill as it does to build a board fence. Any farmer who is handy with the saw, iron square, and hammer, with one of his boys or a common labor er to assist him, can go to work and rjut up a frame for an out-building, and finish it off with his own labor, just as well as to hire a carpenter to score and hew great oak sticks and fill them full of mortices, all by the science of the 'square rule.' It is a waste of labor that we should all lend our aid to put a stop to. Besides, it will enable many a farmer to improve his place with new buildings, who, though he has long needed them, has shuddered at the thought of cutting down half of the best trees in his wood lot, and then giving half a year's work to hauling it home and paying for what I do know is the wholly useless labor of framing. If it had not been for the knowledge of bal loon frames, Chicago and San Francisco could never have arisen, as they did, from little villages to great cities in a single year. It is hot alone city buildings, which are supported by one another, that znay.be thus erected, but those upon the open prairie, where the wind has a sweep from Mackinaw to the Mississippi x for there they are built, and stand as firm as any of .the old frames 01 Aew ingland, with posts and beams 16 inches square." Battle Among tne Ants. One day when I went out to my wood pile, or rather my pile of stumps, I ob served two large ant", the one red, the other much larger, nearly half an inch long, and black, fiercely contending with one another. Having once got hold they never let go, but struggled and wrestled and rolled on the chips incessantly.- Looking further, 1 was surprised to nnd that the chips were covered with such combatants, that it was not a duellum but a bellum, a war between two races of ants, the red always pitted against the black, and frequently two red ones to one black. The legions of these myrmidons covered all the hills and vales in my wood-yard, and the ground was already strewn with the dead and dying, both red and black. It was the only battle which I ever wit nessed, the only battle-field I ever trod while the battle was raging ;internccion war; the red republicans on the one hand, and the black imperialists on the other. On every side they were engaged in dead ly combat, yet without any noise that I could hear, and human soldiers never fought so resolutely.- I watched a couple that were fast locked, in each other's embraces, in a little sunny valley amid the chips, now at noon-day. prepared to fight till the sun went down, or life went out. The smaller red champion had fas tened himself like a vice to his adversary's front, and through all the tumblings of that field never for an instant ceased to gnaw at one of his feelers near tho root, having already caused the other to go by the board ; while the stronger black one dashed him from side to side, and, as I saw on looking nearer, had already, di vested him of several of his members. They fought with more pertinacity than bull-dogs. Neither manifested the least disposition to retreat It was evidentthat their battle-cry was Conquer or die. In the meanwhile there came along a single red ant on the hill side of the valley, ev idently full of excitement, who either had dispatched his foe, or had not yet taken part in the battle; probably the latter, for he had lost none of his limbs ; whose mother had charged him to return withhis shield or upon it. Or, perchance, he was some Achilles, who had nourish ed his wrath apart, and had now come to avenge or rescue his Patroclus. - He saw this unequal combat from afar for the black was nearly twice the size of the red he drew near with rapid pace till he stood on his guard within half an inch of the combatants, then watching his opportunity, he sprang upon the black warrior, and commenced his operations near the root of his right fore-leg, leaving the foe to select among his own members; and so there were three united for life, as if a new kind of attraction had been invented which put all other locks and cements to shame. I should not have won dered by this time to find that they had their respective musical bands stationed on some eminent chip, and playing their national airs the while, to excite the slow and cheer the dying combatants. I was myself excited somewhat even as if they had been men. The more you think of it, the less the difference. And cer tainly there is not the fight recorded in Concord history, at least if in the his tory of America, that will bear a mo ment's comparison with this, whether for the patriotism or heroism displayed. For numbers and for carnage it was an Austerlitz or Dresden. - Concord fight ! Two killed on the patriots' side, and Lu ther Blanchard wounded ! Why, here every ant was a Buttrick "Fire! for God's sake fire !" and thousands shared the fate of Davis and Hosmer. There was not one hireling there. I have no doubt that it was a principle they fought for as well as our ancestors, and not to avoid a threepenny tax on their tea ; and the results of this battle will be as impor tant and memorable to those whom it concerns as those of the battle of Bunker Hill at least I took up the chip on which the three I have particularly described were struggling, carried it into my house, and placed it under a tumbler on my window-sill, in order to see the issue. Holding a microscope to the first men tioned red ant, I saw that though he was assiduously gnawing at the near fore-leg of his enemy, having severed his remain ing feeler, his own breast was also torn away, exposing what vitals he had there to the jaws of the black warrior, whose breastplate was evidently too thick for him to pierce : and the . dark carbuncles of the sufferer's eyes shone with a ferocity such as war only could excite. They struggled half an Iwur longer under the tumbler, and when I looked again the black soldier had severed the heads ,of his foes from their bodies, and the still living heads were hanging on either side of him like ghastly trophies at his sad dlebow, still apparently as firmly fastened as ever, and he was endeavoring , with feeble struggles, being without feelers and only with the remnant of a leg, and I know not -how many other wounds, to divest himself of them ; which at length, after half an hour more, he accomplished. I raised the glass and he went off over the window-sill in that crippled state. Whether he finally survived that combat, and spent the remainder of his days in some Hotel des Invalides, I do not know; but I thought that his industry would not be worth much thereafter. I never learned which party was victorious, nor the cause of the war ; but 1 felt for the rest of that day as if I had my feelings excited and harrowed by witnessing the struggle, the ferocity and carnage, of a human battle before my door. ' .The battle which L wit nessed took place - in the Presidency " of j Polk; five years before the passage of Webster's fugitive ' slave bilL H.D Thorean. ' ' - ' XSTlIon, Mark W. Izard; the new Governor of Nebraska, has twice been President of the Arkansas Senate, and once Speaker of the House of Representa tives of that State, where he resided for twenrr-four rears. " He is a native ' ef v r . Kentucky, and is said to be a fine spe cimenof a pioneer, being over six feet in neigni. Labor a Necessity and Duty. ; Man is by nature a being of labor. His mental and physical constitution is wisely adapted to labor, and ne never fulfills his destiny and obeys the laws of his beinsr without it Almost as soon as the child can raise its head, it begins to show forth its inherent element -ke la bort. That which hi the child we call play, is his labor, and most earnestly and laumuiiy aoes ne penunu iu xiuuung would change the habits of the child, as he advances in life, -but the unsound and accursed public sentiment which writes disgrace on the perspiring brow of labor. When he is made to believe and feel that what is called work is disgraceful or un benteel. he chans'es his useful emrjlov ments for hunting, horse-racing, bowling, j sparring, billiards, or some other useless form of filling up his time, and of obtain-; ing that amount of physical and mental . exercise which the mind and body must young man obeys the instincts of his na- j ture to work; but he labors like the galley-slave in occupations that debase the morals, enslave and contract the in tellect, and do neither himself nor the world any valuable service. As well might we shut out the light of day from the young as to deprive them of labor they will work. If taught that useful labor is disreputable, they will seek sports of questionable moral tenden cy on which to work off their surplus vitality and muscular energy, and . the world as well as themselves are deprived of all the usefulness which so much wast ed labor mijrht have produced. Labor is a natural institution, and is among the greatest blessings of man. It were better for the amuent, the for tunate, or unfortunate inheritors of mil lions, in view of their own personal wel fare, to spend a considerable portion of every day in labor, producing something really valuable to the world, and adding to the general stock of comforts or em bellishments of life. Fashionable sports, or the dainty physical labor of conceited dandies, vitiates themselves, and, while it does the world no good, it produces positive harm by inspiring the young with a distaste tor "useful employment This begets idleness, dissipation, gam bling, and theft, even, to enable the mis led poor to ape the life of sport and dissi pation of the rich. - Labor is any enort ot the mind and body exercised to' produce some useful result It is valuable wholly for its ben efit to sentient beings, particularly to the human race. Nearly all that is produced by labor is the result of the industrious toil of about one half of the race rtheito the sculptor's chisel. It is the orator's balance are mere consumers, drone-bees in the .hive of human society, who prey upon the products of industry, lessen the aggregate of human comfort, and do lit tle or nothing to compensate society for their sustenance. It is therefore not only unnatural and dishonorable to live a life of useless, unproductive existence, but it is mean in me extreme ; it is social roo bery; piracy upon the products of the industrious world. - No person has a right to live without a valuable contribution to the general stock of mind, morals, or money: The world supports him, and he owes it in return the efforts of his mind or muscles in the production of the use ful and the true. To refuse to do this is, in amoral point of view, rohbery. The idiotic, the insane, and the imbecile, are excusable none others. ' If haughly, purse-proud man would take lessons of . industry from the whole world of organic and inorganic matter, and carry out as he should do, the indi cations thus written in the practical lan guage of action, useful, laborious, uni versal action, the race of idlers and non producers would, by reformation, cease to burden and disgrace the earth. Nature is one great workshop. The tides and winds, electricity and magnetism, chem ical and geological combinations and changes, the formation and development of organic life, are all specimens of in cessant industry, evolving results of om nipotent importance. Shall a part of the noblest of God's work be tho ' only exception to this creat law of industry ? Shall earth, air, and sea, be instinct of life, actionunmitigated action ; and eve ry species of animal, from the the ani malcule to tho elephant, exert an earnest industry, and man, having more wants than any animal in existence, be either too prouaor too lnaoient to labor? n is wrong and unnatural to be idle, or 'use lessly employed ; it is a libel on exist ence. It should, therefore, be regarded, as it truly is, disgraceful. Xtlton Sixer. The Lore for Others, Says Bancroft, is as much a part of human nature as the love oi sen; is a common instinct that man is responsible for man. The heart has its oracles not less than the reason, and this is one of them. No practicable system of social equality has been brought forward, or it should, and would have been adopted. 1 1 docs not follow that" none can he devised. There is no necessary opposition between labor and intelligence. To elevate the masses, they themselves must have cul ture to know their rights, courage to as sert them, and self-respect to take noth in' else. The good time is coming when the spirits of humanity will recognize all members of its family, as more equally entitled to its care ; when the heartless jargon of orer-producUon iu the midst of want wiU end m a tetter science of Hufnhllf lrtT Vluill ( mt will 4arofl distribution : when the man will dwell with man as his brother; when political institutions will rest on the basis of equal ity and freedom.- Bat this result must come from the derelopment of interna! ule by. universal culture;; it cannot be created by the force of exterior-philanthropy, and still less by the reckless vio lence of men. BancrofCt Oration- j 3TPeorle who are ieakras. or rjartic - ukrly careful of their wa rights aad dignity, always find enough of those who do; cot care for either, toap them;con - staatly uncomfortable. . The Power of Hind. Power is the property of mind. It is, strictly speaking, predicable of nothing but mind. We are exeecdiugly apt to lose sight of this truth, in considering the different phenomena of the natural world. We say that the storm, the lightning, and the tornado, "are powerful ; but where would be their power were the Omnipo tent Mind to be withdrawn ? We say of the man who is a giant in muscular strength that his arm is mighty; but where is its power when the spirit takes its flight? That arm that was raised in terror is now nerveless and innocent, and the insignifi cant worm proudly triumphs over it : .Power, lice the' mind to which it be longs, is indestructible. Physical disor ganization may impede its action, but it cannot annihilate' it There is . power ! even in the mind of an idiot. ' It may be fettered, like Sampson, with cords for a season, but it only waits for a proper time the time that uod has appointed when, like him, it will burst those cords, and rise with native, unobstructed free- e dom. But there is within us, in addition to this locomotive power, one of a much higher grade. It is the power of thought thought that gives to man dominion over the beasts of the field, the birds of the air, and the fish of the sea thought the mighty instrument that moves the af fairs of this world ! Look at its achieve ments ! What has it not done ? It has embodied itself in language, and found the means of its own preservation, so that the thoughts of ages past become the thought of this. It has triumphed over the elements, and made them subserve its own advancement It has navigated the ocean, and girted the earth in spite of difficulty. It has leveled mountains, elevated valleys, and brought the ends of the world into neighborhood. It has tow ered above the storm, scaled the heavens. and, laying its hand upon the forked light ning lias borne away in triumph its ter- rinc tangs. Disdaunng the tedious com munication by means of steam, and fly ing away on magnetic wires, with light ning speed, it has linked together distant cities, and made them one. It has ana lyzed and classified the rocks, the plants, the birds, the water, and the fish, of the present and of past ages. Not content with exploring the surlace, it has entered the deep caverns of the earth by the vol cano's crater and investigated the phe nomenon ot those great respirators of na ture. and determined the laws which ror. I ulate the earthquake's shock ; and thus, Let us then give our children beauty ; with the familiarity of the schoolboy with first the unbought, priceless beauty of his ball, it calls the earth its own. The virtue ; uext the free beauties of na deedsof noble daring which poets have ture ; next the beauty of music, that sung have been achieved, and sung, too, j they may realize the beauty of life.-- by the power of. thought J t gives skill j spell-bindin'r influence. It is music's ' melody, and the poet's fire. Such is the autumu and winter forests are one grand power of thought, and such its achieve- kaleideseope, ever changing, ever new. ments. What it isyetdestiued toaccom- J What a holy pleasure thrills the heart plish we may not say. True, in some re- when in communion with nature's great spects it is limited ; but in others its lim- spirit! Oh! the power of beauty ! come its, if it have any, have never yet been ' from the crowded city, and learn its in found. Mind is on the advance. There fluence. Not on tho pent up 6tage ; not never was a time when exulting science i the busy mart, but in the quiet coun gazed on more or brighter' trophies than J try, where no fantastic art has marred at the present. And yet it may be, that the fair proportions of Gods handiwork. an mas me wise nave Known as vet m comparison of what may still be known, is as if they had been playing, as New ton said of himself, with the pebbles on the shore of the great ocean of truth. Yes, the march of thought is onward in the direction of those unknown limits. And other ireneratious. borne, on bv its power to a higher stand than that of the present may talk of discoveries within the field of their vision which do not come within the rane of ours. Such is the power of all. One may man of that lof.y moral uprightness.' bury it up; or, by energetic and patient And let me say yet more distinctly, that application, call it forth, and give it wings it is not for the generous man that I feel for almost any flight It may require kmd of respect' Generosity seems long days and years of unremitting labor; fto me a low quality, a mere impulse, but the result, when science shall brings, compared with the lofty Virtues 1 speak her trophies, and by them at his feet, and of. .1 w ',ot 'lT the, man who distributes the exultant heart shall swell with rapture charities who bestows magnificent do more noblo than that of the hero of the nations. That may all do very well. I battle-field when his eye surveys the poath&t todiparagi it I wish there achievements of his valor, will repay him ! was TTiOT: of' n and J"et .fexnay all exist for his toiL Rev. W. T. Jlarlotc. of true, lofty,, unbend ing ' ' uprightness. That is not the man, then, "The Harvest Is Past" of whom I speak ; but it is he wlio standi Tlie Kansas Herald states that a Mr. amidst all the interest and prilous exi- Park has recently found on the banks of ' e"clcs ' llm'dZT -J v , . and upright. It i the man who cau seo mens of petrified wheat Indeed, the 1 .... question very naturally arises, "Whose were the hands that sowed that gram' broadcastagesago? and what, of all the dialects of a Babel-cleft world, was that wherein the harvest son- wis sun-, iu that far land and time ? And the chil- dren that tottered nlong in the new-turn- ed furrows, and the norths that glowed in those old winters, and the lovw that clustered in those gone homes where are they all? As well might ask, ' Where an the binds that sanjj . ' ? , Aa huudred years ago f , rui mayDe some groping geoiozwt can spoil our sentiment for us.. Perhaps Humboldt -had the whole matter botan ized and classified years ago ; but no vaat- VMrJKaxia1ceet III.. Gazette. - Vulgar Word. ; There is as much connection between the words aud the thought a there is between the thoughts and the words. . . The latter are not only the expression of the former, but tbey hare power to react up on the soul, and leave the stain of cor ruption there." . A young man who allows :hu not only shown that there is a foul tt - Kvs bui h utieraQCe of ..... T , - that word he extend tha: spot and in flames it, till by indulgence it will soon pollute aud ruin the whole soul. Be careful of your : words as well as your thoughts. If you can control the tongue that noY improper words are pronounced by it, you will soon be able to control the mind and save it from corruption. . You extinguish the fire by smothering it or prevent bad thoughts bursting out in lan- ; iruanre. Nerer utter : a word anywhere ; which you would be ashamed to speak in the presence of a religious man. Try ilhU praetfce a little, and you will -soon 'have command of yourself. The Former .of. Beauty. The cultivator of the soil that Is not susceptible of tlie power of beauty, may be.classed as bhaksrwarc cwsses those who arc not moved by music. We have met those who only cultivated the crops for the sake of mammon ; who saw no beauty in the opening bud ; no beauty in the expanding grain ; no beauty in the glistening dew;" no beauty in the changing clouds ; no beauty in the gay habiliments of earth, that did not rmuisr ter to wealth or power. and we haveavoid ed such men, for wo need no Shakspeare to tell us they are not to be trusted. For what are all the grasses and grains cloth ed in beauty ?. For what are all the flowers blent in beauty's dyes? For what are all the fruits cart in beauty's mould? ? For what does hst rainbow miugki all of beauty's colors ?- For what does the .evening cloud assume its' thousand shapes ? Now frowning in dark battlements; now changing in bright glo ries; now falling, to the rapt gazer, in the mellow twilight away. What but to lead us from the cares and perplexities of life to contemplate something here of Heaven. That there is an innate power in beauty to influence for the good of mankind, let the expectant mother tell. What but nature teaches her to veil hor face when ugliness presents itself? What but nature teaches her to give her whole soul to beauty? Would parents train their children to revere beauty, there would be more of virtue -in the world. Begin with the little beauties of nature, the little flowers. A child train ed to appreciate the beauty of flowers, will be a worshipper of uod ; for all of God's true worshippers find beauty in all his works. The world is full of nat ural beauty, aud yet wealth is employing art to imitate it The horticulturist moves and lives iu beauty. Even now, when all the bright flowers, fruit?, and foliage have withered and gone, there is beauty in the leafless tree. " Behold how the liquid sap is making solid wood. Behold the mission of tho flower ! the perfect seed, with its germ of life and beauty, awaits but the genial breath of spring to burst its prison cell, and clothe with fresh beauties the bosom of its mother earth. And what a mission has horticulture to develop. The thousand beauties that else might go uuhecded, she brings to the light and gaze of beauty's worshipper. Associations of beauty in youth as indelibly stamp the soul as light from the sun stamps the face of nature. " ho that habitually looks upou the trees, .now in this sober winter, but feels .the power of beauty even in death. The wnere u Each tree tliat UfU Yjt ttnu in kir . Kwiti bc'iiUiiif , ms if in icni prayer." Come, and learn the power of beauty- The Upright Man of Business. There is no being in the world for whom I feel a higher moral respect and admiration, than tor tho upright man of business. r o, not for the philanthropist, e missionary, or tho martyr. I feel I I could more easily be a martyr, tliau man'ad s weflaeto ow. It id fi min whnA mmrl hlt Aim Ril- , vantaim docs not blind for an instant . , , .. . , .. I 1',? i!;:.." I T ' J i V. Vu ""o"" uu j 01 T0: . L A1! how much nclwr than ermine i how fe.r "bicr thau tnun ngwterial , 'ontj how more awful . than the pomp of ntitio truth!; Aet it is the man who is true true to him self, his neighbor, and his God 'true to his conscience : and who feels that the slightest suggestion of that couscienco is mr,ro t,. hm rh-,,. tK ,.r ,.o..;.. ' hundred estates. ... . Virtue Its Own Reward. Every man, under God, has his destinv in his own hands. ; If he will be vinu- nn 2 rn tnov Kfc If hA td vft-rtt-ff a. fwk . ,.,.f l k. T Itedeemer.he.mVv andwiU be "a man of sorrow and acquainted with grief;' but his consolation shall flow like a river. and his righteousness and happiness shall roll like the waves of a peaiful sea, fol- lowim him yond nerse4Utedbyent'mw?i Still "Hope on, potato ..then I should be unhappy, be bopo ever." be tho motto of thy life, .cause the 'rot' might destroy my potato: Stif bo virtuous, and your triumph shall &ct, gentlemen, concluded Burgess, i- nprtain. I do not knowa single young solemn manner,! should be afraid ed to and fro in the earth. t ierce blasts and. pelting storms beat npoa many of them to this day ; but every one of them, now living, .who has been Virtuous; bas won for himself a good degree . in hii sphere; and many shall rise up and bless the hour, when these young men were born. " ' - " Never Xfcspise your BuailiiaS; . : No man of sense," it has been ob served, " despises his bread and butter. It is only the weak who are ashamed of laboring for a livelihood, or who affect to scorn the branch of business which they especially pursue. The Jirst duty which a man owes to his fellow-citizens, is not to become a burden, pecuniarily, to socie ty. That commonwealth also is the most flourishing in whjch the proportion of w drones is the fewest ; indeed the idea of a perfect State involves the necessity of every . member of it being a producer. nonce it is mat worn is always Honora ble The most ordinary handicraft em ployment is as worthy, if exercised hon estly, as the professions of law or medi cine. Each citizen follows that avocation for which he is best suited; and when he does this, he fulfills the law of hb exist ence; but never otherwise. A bad lawyer is less truly respectable than A good me chanic, and an able doctor is not more - meritorious than an honest laborer. To do one's duty, in the walk where one can be most efficient, is to be honorable ; to neglect it, or to seek some other walkis to become really disgraced. . By. this standard, and this only, should we jafdge of men's respectability.' It is time that wo recublicans banished the arbitrary lines of castes, applied to the pursuits of life, which aro derived from feud.il Hu rope. ' : Yet there are thousands of merf who arc at heart ashamed of their business. Are they retail renders ? Theyj scorn continuing to make money in their own . way, and long to embark in the wholei sale line. Are they jobbers? They think if they could only be shippers that their glory would culminate. Are they mechanics ? They regret that they aro not lawyers. Are they farmers ? -fhey wish to be in business in town. Sdch persons, in their hearts, worship absurd distinctions, inherited from the social life of England, and regard the physician, the politician, or the banker, as ; really greater men than common human clay. They are what Thackeray called "snobs' men of presence and weak folly men who despise their own bread and butter. The wise man, on the contrary, seeks in dependence by steadily attending to his business, well aware that an independ ence, honestly acquired, is his best claim to his esteem. It is young men, or rath er Lads, that are oftenest victims to this weakness. Tens of thousands hare been shipwrecked in life from having chosen a pursuit unsuitable to them, tempted there to by false notions of the rulgarity of a trade, and the superior dignity of com merce, or a profession. ' Lore of Home. Goldsmith speaks in the following lines of the universality of these sentiments, this love of "home, which needs ' but a place it can call home, irrespective of its merits or demerits, and sighs to be there, and is miserable when away: 44 The shu.Ucring tenant of tho frigid ion Boldly iMH!uima the happiait spot hi own; Extoii tbo treasures of hu stormy was, . Ami hi long nights of revelry and era. Tltc nukfti iufrro. punting at tho line, . - HouW of Lu golden sancuana paimy wine; . , f Bakn in the glare, or sterna the topid wave, And thanks his gods fur all the guod they save Srn li i.4 the patriot's boast where er we roam, ins nrnt best country ever is us norue." . j -It U worthy of remark that the inhab itants of dreary, desolate and barren, and of Liirli. bleak, mountainous and pictur esque countries, seem more attached, to their native land than those whose homes are in mora favored portions of the world . One reason for this may be found in the fact that equality of rights was more gnmlin countries of the former descrip tion. Luxury has not, because it can not enervated the rich, whom nature thus makes physically the equals of the poor, while these latter seem instinct with a spirit of liberty, which the mountain heights of their country are particularly calculated to foster ; and their robust con stitutions, invigorated by climbing the heights and breathing the pure atmos phere of the everlasting hills, increase the same spirit by heightening buoyancy and etefrdtfrig the tone of mind, and giv ing it that elasticity which perfect health imparts arid independence finds those conditions requisite tor maintenance and perpetuity. . . .. ; -. , " , 5 A Moral Lesson tat Croakers. ' There is a moral in the following anec dote which m peculiarly applicable at the present time : . . ... ? "An eccentric lawyer, . named Bur ous for his 'skeptical notions Attend ing a town meeting, after its adjournment he lingered among the groups of esbstaa tial farmer deacons who composed it, and listened to the prevailing conversation. The bad weather, the fiy, the rot, the drought, and the wet, were duly discuss ed, when some one turned to Burgess, and asked, How comes on your gar den ? . I nerer plant anything, replied Burgess, with asolemn face ; 'I rati raid even to put a rjotato in the ground 'it's no wonder groaned one of the most eminently pious persons present, it's no wonder; far a man who disbe lieves in revealed religion could not ex roet lo nave nis jaoors otesseu. it am iot afraid of fcihng m a reward for my work. replied Carves ; 'but I am afraid tliat agricultural . labor would ' make zoo Pnc " -r-- wtVm j wk V J.IAwJd If I planted a single potato. and for months afterward, the farmers, wkb; a fear.of Burgess before their eyes, talked of the blessings, r&ther 4lian the erila, ajiendiflg their daily labors . -' o -' 1 - ' 1. . -jtSr Harsh words are lite hailstones ia summer, which, if melted, would fertilize . : the tender plant they batter dowa.