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t 1 1 I ' ' i -:f rESr.? ; l . ' i ..! 1 , F f 11 i J III TERMS :--Two? Dollars per Anana-Ia Adraccc. .nrf -t-flri: i KDMBER U-VOLUME I. 'U'i.:;-.'. ';8efcef :f?odrJj; t-l-zmiM'-?- Ho Time to Rest.' - '- i i "i '. BT H. LOTWA CHITWOOD. , "No time to rert, U handa to the labor; ? I ; r ' No time for UliB", there' much t be done; "Soft sonn.ls the viol, soft 0UDld the tabor,. --"jool the green grottoa away from the nn. -1'rugrancccoiat up from the Iwartsof tbo Dover, Sleep-songa are Lammed ia the streamlet low ""' ei'b; i.- Dh. will yoo yield f shall the silver-toned honrs , I'm diub) proved will you let thenrgo by I . l?o time for restthere arc Tittle ones crying, : rour ears to nnnianity Pold not your arms, dose not inInniber ; Eyoa ia the middle of life's battle din; ' ' : ? lJrthers I fcho fields of the harvest time number, " Work 1 you will gather Uic golden bhcaves in. t -J. ! L - . 'fc i' ' ' ."'.'- ' -:- JiO time tar rent ! you have miMOits, my aiatcr, . Btrw not to f.uduonV gilt-shiniog mart, . f, . "Whild the hot tears lifc joumal-booli blister, " Let them drop, drop, iu the cells of j onr heart. Be not the bntterfly, imTclewly Huingiur . In tlie wliito lil -urn all the loujj day, But, like the lioc. gather hmtT with wnginj r Labor for life's noon is passing aaray. :. Soon will the shadows about our way gather, . Soon the chcuk nnk, and the eye become dim; 9oou will the mission and, soon "will the Father Summon tlie servants to come unto lliin. , . Then let ns labor, that over onr bosom . - Tear-drops may mobtvn tho brown, clinging - . clay, .. , ., . , :. t ; - Ift ns liclp culture Humaaity's Uossom - r ' "Work for the right, white the hour.is to-day, In-.r : Fm the Oklo 8tat4rui: The Cage and Neosho Valleys of Kan f .... sa Territory. - : ; Gehtlemzn: -In a recent publication of the proceedings of a meeting at Elyria, OLio, the object of which was the "pro motion of emigration to the West, your flames occur as trustees or directors a act' which may serve as an' apology for the address of this communication. ' The destination of the proposed asso ciation seems to be an open Vjuestion, the trustees being charged with the duty of exploring the western Territories and making a location ; but from the facts that the Secretary . of Nebraska ! Territory is one of your associates, and that several Elyria gentlemen hare already emigrated to Omaha ity, strong inducements will probably be presented to settle in Ne braska. - Will you allow me to present a ew considerations in favor of a location, not only in Kansas, but in the southeast ern portion of that. Territory? Even if they should not influence the location of your trustees, yet they may be of some service to other parties. , I assume that anyone who is so far interested in this subject as to entertain the thought of emigration, has a detailed ,jiiap.Jat..liand, aud, will readily, identify geographical references. And first, I would request him to determine with accuracy the course' and situation of the Osage and-Neosho or Grand rivers. Both rise in the vicinity of Council Grove, in Kansas Territory the Osage flowing nearly east, into the Missouri, just . below Jeflerson city ; while tlie, Neosho flows southeast into the Arkansas river, at Fort Gibsonl . ' Tlie tributaries of these rivers occupy and fertilize the southeastern por tion of Kansasand this regiou has hith erto been overlooked by the innumerable explorers of the country, their descrip tions having been confined to the Kansas river and its adjacent valleys. , t - There aro a few exceptions to this re mark. ' From a large collection of letters jtnd narratives, published since the pas sage of the ICnnsas-Nebraska bill, I lind three'slips which describe the Neosln and Osage districts. The; St. .Louis Democrat, in a review of the topography And' soil' of Kansas , Territory, expressed ihe opinion that the valley of the Upper Neosho in the vicinity of Council Grove, surpasses at many points, in the richness of the isoil,'even the bottom lands of the Kansas river; and that there are many .spots of well-watered and well-timbered lands, with mild climate and genial souV upou; the streams which empty in the Osage river, and rise in the high dividing .ridge between the waters of the Kansas aind those'of the Arkansas. , A corres pondent bf theParkville (Ma.) Lumina ry' describes, the Pwjta.and Ivaskaslu. couuiry suuaiea on iue . usage river, in latitude 39 decrees, and about 25 miles west of the Missouri State line) as con taining an extensive body of timber, ten miles wide and fifteen long, consisting of burr oak, walnut, mulberry, coffee beau, Ac. with an inexhaustible supply of fine rockrich soil and luxuriant growth of pea vines' and winter "grass in the'bot-toms-hd scarcity of water a fine' mill .site near the mouth of the Pottawatomie creek,' with a cave and Lirgc spring near by, &c. - The third item of recent testi mony is an' article in the Fayettevilfe ( Ark.) Independent, giving the reports of an exploring tour in the sxuthcat portion of the Territory. These were, briefly,' that the lands were rich without exception the whole country one large body of black, fertile . prairie that the supply bT water- war abundant; many bold and pure springs having been found that there'was plenty of timber,,' oyer up', walnut,- jkigar tree, etc.," the latter being of ttneommon'size and that, in fhort, the southeast portions. fiof -Kansas re "superiorln climate, land , and timber to anyoiher portion of the Territory. ; "JJefore meeting these desbriptions my attention had been "drawn to' the country between the Neosho and the Osage, by tlie communieations of the'Rev. Isaac 3IcCoy, made -to the War Departnient from 1 830 'tar 1 83 85A In" ah article con tributed by GenCass to the North AmeV jeaa Review in 1830 (vol. XXX,vpage 1 13;) Mr: McCoy is described as having 4levoted himself with an industry equal edkmly by his teal and disinterestedness to'the ilifd fof 'missionanf. About J 823 he commenced school for the in struction of Indian youth' at Fort Wayrie, TnCTfia rV.nl ro cvn ftftirwariis COtfl- u- ''ba i,r wfiaA-fepWei iriente fo remeve hts establishment to the" ing ten mUes square, suitable for tho seat Joseph of LaiV' Michigan. f General :of government fon the Territory. For Ciu describes the arrangements and sys- this purpose, he lecommcaded "a tract tern Tof ihU 'school as in all respects the commeacing where thesouUiern bound besiiDJer butmeiiisdturiondeclineta thelands of the Peorias and Kas- ithe whUes approachedraad its priud- pail)ecame an advocate i of Fndian removal beyond the Mississippi, as tlie only means to save fronr utter ruin both the . taught and the untaught " During the year 1828, he repaired to the country west of Missouri to examine its adaptation to the purposes of the' Indians,! and returned satisfied .with thej)rospect.iv" "The coun try," iie said m . a pamphlet published soon after,' "is ' generally high, healthy, nen; its extent adequate to the" purposes under consideration; and the climate de sirable." 'When the policy of removal became fixed, Mr. McCoy was employed as a surveyor and confidential agent by lien. Cass, then becretary of War, and his descriptions of the region west of Missouri and Arkansas, comprised in let ters "dated January 31, 1831; and Febru ary 1, 1832, are 'most 'faithful, minute, and discriminating. They amply deserve republication. V " ' T. '- . . Omittihtr" Mr. 'McCoy's' interestiDff sketches of the country near the junction of the Neosho with' the' Arkansas, let us ascend the former, stream nearly to the point where it crosses the southern boun dary of Kansas, before citing his "testi mony." ' I Immediately adjacent to the southwest corner of Missouri, and east of the. Neosho, is the tract assigned to the Ohio Scnccas, the band of Indians whose former reservation was in Seneca couuty ; directly : north of them is a dis trict allotted to tlie Senceas and Shaw nees, formerly of Logan county, Ohio, while a band of. Quapaws adjoin the southern boundary of Kansas. , Mr. McCoy- describe ..the- Seneca tract first named, -Viz:, 67,000 acres on the most ! eastern bend of the Neosho, as "panicu-1 toade their selections; and with the cx larly good.'.' : . Neosho river, " runs across J ception of the Miami tract, the- lands tho western end of it, and Elk river, a aDOve. ceded are to be sold to the highest bold, perpetual stream, about thirty-five bidder, and the proceeds paid to the In yards wide, runs tlirough it from east to dians ; but the portion not sold "may be west. The tract is diversified with wood- entered for a term of three Years at S 1 land and prairie, having an abundance of woxL and . tirs:-:i:e prairie, and well ; supplied with; perpetual springs." . The tract now occupied by the Seuecas and ! Shawnees, and the Quapaws 40 miles by 31 is traversed by the Neosho, and - is aiscrioea in similar lerms, except mat, west of the river, there is an excess of prairie., Uufortunately, however, , this lovely region is not within Kansas Ter- ritory, and although the Indian title has been extinguished by recent treaties with the SenecaSj and Senecas and Shawnees, yet it will . Lordly bo tho destination of emigrants fur tfie present. .Still let its great natural advantages be remembered, for a railroad is in course of construction from St.' Louis fkmthwestwardly through the State of Missouri to its southwest corner near tlie east bend of the Neosho, in aid of which ; Congress has granted 1 ,200,000 acres in alternate sections along the route through a rich mineral region of that flourishing State a donation am ple to bring the , Neosho valley in easy communication .with . the metropolis of the Uppcr'Mississippi.' AVe arc now at the southeast angle of Kansas, proceeding ; northwardly along the left or east bauk of the Neosho to wards the Osage. Mr. McCoy observes of this region: 44 The same kind of good cbuutry, of woodland and prairie, with some large creeks continues northwardly between-the Osage-lands that is, lands allotted to the Oage Indlms and Mis souri, for tho distance- uf about twenty five miles. - The quantity of wood then diminishes, .and the quantity of prairie increases, until wo reach the Osaixe river.' Near Neosho, however, aud on several good creeks, is Avood, and sufficient., for extensive settlements. -. Tlie' soil here is invariably rich. Neosho runs along the eastern end of ihe Osage " kinds, which arc fifty miles wide. ' Along this river there is consequently good country, em- j bracing,' in a good degree, wood, water, and soil.. 'AVestwardly the soil is almost j invariably good. AY ood exists on Laj Bete creek a tributary of the Neosho, ' entirely within Kansas sufficient for fine settlements--. This creek runs almost across their laud from northwest to soutli east ; ; nevertheless there is too much prairie for the distance of about twenty miles west of the woodlandi of Neosho. We then have reached tho waters of Verdi gru.which, with numerous creeks suita ble for mills, and their, branches, water these lands for about thirty miles west. This country has wood sufficient on the water courses, and on ' timbered, poor, stony hills, for a fine settlement, over it generally."; ;.-Y - -;.T . ; .1 will not follow this description fur ther west, but repeat Mr. McCoy's sketch of 4ja tract between the Osage lands and those -of. the Shawnees and Kansas; on the Kansas river." 5 It '.is about Go miles wid, extending west from the "State of Missouri,, containing the sources -of Neosho and ' Osage rivers about a 100 to 1 40 toiles west of the States. This is generally a limestone country," hd remarks, "possessing a' re- ( markably rich soil. Wood is more scarce than in the country further south. Hero it seldom- oecurs upon uplands,, but is limited, almost wholly to low grounds, consequentlythis country .is only treak? ed with timber; jt is, liowever, sufficient for a considerable population. The pro portion of wood is greater upon the Osage river than. upon Uie Neosh.' -. - . ' - , As a confinnatioa of -this last remark, tlie above newspaper descriptions of the timber pntheOsage may again be referred to ; and in 1837,Mr, McCvyiwre further testimony, in a very emphatic manner, to the eligibility of , the. Osage valky for settlement. At that time, it was propos ed in Congress to organize an Indian Territory, extending from tlie Red to tho Platte rivers, with ar local government aad ar representarioa by a Delegate' in Lkmgres-rine wnoie scnerae in anucipa tioa of an Indian confederation, and, per hapsof future Indian. States. Mr. Mc Coy was instructed to ascertain the views of the 'different' tribes in regard to'the measure, which he did with assiduity, and also to report a reservation aot exceed J kaskias crosses the Usage river; tnence along the line of Peoria' and Kaskaskia' lands east to theirsoutheastcornef :'Uience south on the western' line of the AVeas and Piankeshaw8 threg and' a half miles to their southwest corner ; thence south three and a half miles ; thence west seven miles'; thence north to'the Osage river, arid up the same about two miles to the beginning. This tract," he adds, "is nearly four-square, and. contains about two sections more than would be equal to seven miles square.' The Osage river and Pottawatomie creek run through it. He might have added that their junc tion is within it. In rxiint of soil, tim ber,' water, and stone,' it is surpassed by no place 'of equal- dimensions in this country. Its eastern boundary is sixteen miles' and1 fifty-four chains' west of the State of Missouri." " ' ' i:" " This town site is. not within any Indian grant, and .therefore is subject , to, pre emption. . Ihe tract of the reonas and Kaskaskias (94,080 acres) adjoins it on the north, while the Piankeshaws' and "Weas, ( 1 58,400 acres, ) and the Miamies, (325,000 acres,) are stationed along the Missouri border. Treaties have already been effected, by which the Miamies cede all their country to the United States, excepting 70,000 acres and one section for school .'purposes; and the .Pianke shaws, . Weas, Peorias, and Kaskaskias cede all their country except 160 acres to each individual, amounting to 41,440 acres, ten sections to be held as common property, and one section to the Ameri can Indian Mission Association. No citizen is allowed to .settle upon any of tl,ft aWn land until thfi Indians have 25 per acre, after which Congress may reduce the price. " . V The lands still further to the southeast, and coristitutimr the anjVlo between Mis-1 somu and the southern boundary of Kan gas, are owned by the Cherokees, and known as tlie 44 Neutral Tract," eoutain ing 800,000 acres A negotiation is now in progress for its unconditional purchase,' as the Cherokees hare a national debt of about 8200,000, which ; they dare not levy a tax to discharge, and for the as sumption of which in exchange for this portion of Kansas provision will probably be made by treaty. When thu pur chased, it will doubtless bo open to pre emption. ,r,..v . t, Iow, my suggestion to the Ohio Em- igration Association, or any similar body, ' PU4,' u 18 it to locate at the junction of the Osage .' "7 Laden -keels rode and Pottawatomie, in the vicinity of toe!Proudj7 at anchor, were before me. The extensive forest and desirable mill-sites yaboveme wasunobscuredby avapor; mentioned in the ParkTffle . Luminary, on SST the site chosen by Mr McCoy,- after a andfrom the West, over the vast prairies, xuiuu u.Tui vuuuoiV wuutrj, unsurpassed in point of soil, timber, water, and stone" only sixteen .miles west of Missouri, and not more than .J 1 -v j. . route between. Jefferson city, id, Mb souri, and Council Grove, iu Kansas, and therefore on the air line of the Pacific railway between those inevitable points ; and finaly as near as : possible midway from the northern and sothern boundaries '7Vt T ' v "nV . -Tuu " of the Territory. The point here indv-. cated is not more than fifty miles south of the valley of the Kansas, and there- f i 1 -nu 1 u e ., - . , ,, . -j , , , s, . . . dred miles further south, to the point wuere me o tn parallel or me rvansas south line, intersects the Neosho, the v . r northern constitutions. : lort Gibson ismLitudo5adeg.40min.,,(thejunc-!t..rpr? tion of the Neosho an ine Arkansas rivers.) and yet its climate and that ot . . .... Cherokee, country generally is described bymissionariesasmorenearly resembling Eastern Tennessee than auy . other por tion of tlie country. . t . In 1 834, Messrs. M. Stokes, H.L. Ells worth, and J.T. fee hermerhorn, who had . j n .o r t a- -v gration, made a report to the Government, iu which they observed generally, that the climate does not' vary materially from the corresponding degrees of latitude in the Atlantic States, some distance in the interior from the seaboard, with this dif ference,"common to all the Mississippi States, that the winters are colder; and the summers hotter than on the eastern slope of the -Alleghanks-minifestly aj Two-io arpurpooi modification by the airof the sea. The cJlebr.atlnp fa0-njnety-miUh anmgrsary commissioners were of the opinion; how- ifJWFliZi? u .v k u as well the arrival ofthe first -eastern tram ever that the air m the southern part of f over Atlantitf Paeific the Indbh country west of Arkansas, probably is more pure and less humid than on the seaboard in the southern At lantic States ; and in tlie northern part of the country" west of " Iowa: and north ern Missouri, the spring opens and vege tation, begins earlier than in the eastern Slates. The commissioners spent two winters at Fort Gibson and in the vicini ty. The first winter, 1832'3 was rep resented by . the settlers as . one of jthe mildest ever known, and the second win ter, 1833'4, as one of the coldest.' Dur- u.s vu ar &ea,n, mere were no severe which for mom5nt nderedrrne almost storms; the weather was mild and ijr;deliriou3 withVexcitement.";:Whe.n Jrc- Aermometerusually ranged between jed sd .nerVssinln full viow of the : .1. i- . : - .r 1 ; : - . as 65 deg.' Fahrenheit. " A few days of severe weather" were experienced ' in" the last of February and beginning of March, but not sufficient to. kill the pcath . buds which had already begun to blossom.. In the winter of 18334, the commissioners report that fora few days the thermometers stood below zero in the morning ; aad one day as low 3 seven degrees. - The river at Fort Gibson was frozen over, sufficient to cross the ied for "a few days ; but still the winteriwas of short duration, not ex ceeding four weeks., - ;V J -f ,. f I -T Vhitever may bo t finally , ascertained to be the extent of coal deposit on. the Kansas, there is no doubt thai the Mis souri basin trends westwardly to the Neo sho, . and has been ; discovered tax the Osage within . sixteen miles from . the Missouri border. . Within the Cherokee country,' south of 37 kdradei salt springs Is not OTatonae here located! . v.- 'of great "strength 1 and value are a trce of wealth to the nation abd lead - and ironjnines are known to existand there is a high probability that, the formations requisite to secure these important results, extend north of the Kansas boundary, on the ba.nks of the Neoshor 1 " ;i T;! I One year of emigration and specula tion on the Kansas river, and along; the Missouri through Nebraska, has unques tionably forestalled the best locations : but the tide has not yet overtaken the Osage and NeosbQ districts. Hence my disposition to contribute whatever, infor mation is in my possession in regard to southeastern Kansas. As already : sug gested, it may, be of service to some as sociation oft emigrants from Ob ia ; aud if so-rwhatever may be thodaUay of your particular organization the object of tlie: present communication will be at tained., i I am gentlemen, yours" respect fully, J. W. TAYL011. Messrs. G. Patterson, R. T. Greene, F. M. Follett, Arid- W.twi .Wetherell, ; Sandusky rOhio : , ; x 7 . - rr For the Jkrald tf Fttedum., A' Scene in "Lawrence, Kansas, Twenty r - - Years HenceJ "' ' ' K 'v " Coming' events cas tlieir shaddirs before." 44 1 would recall a vision which I dreamed, - ; Perchance in sleep for in itself a thought, A slumbering thought, is capable of years, -And curdles a lun life into one hour." - Methought that .Time had shot sud denly forward, some twenty years and odd; and, in 'manhood's : prim, and life arid health, I stood upon "Capitol Hill," a lofty eminence overlooking the great and populous city of Lawrence. Beneath and around me, on every sidorf a thousand lofty spires and towering 'edifi ces glittered ill the morning's sunlight, and far to the cast and west .countless habitations of humble pretensions, sub urban cottages aud lovely gardens, seemed emg in a common race to coyer and beautify all theplain ;'and from grassy vale and shady nook looked 'cheenngly up,' or from gentlo-hill-6lope,- or'clingiiig to the mountain's steeper side, looked down and smiled.' ' On ; the ' north side" of : the Kansas," opposite Lawrence, the city of " Agmona stretcnea ner snowy iront; and thence, in every direction; as far as eye could reach, villages of lesser note; the rural palace and the princely mansion,' with here and there a single cottage, with lavish and luxuriant hand, were strewn over the plain.4 City, townand hamlet; the hill, the valley, the mountain and the plain, this magnificent rivcr,:oh which rpnhrIIS fnnt.r,- W.-mr?Pr fn mv . t: r - " 1 . . j lips a breeze refreshing and sweet." It was morning. The sun had scarcely reached the horizon, and already. every street ana avenue of the city were crowded xrhlisifreeJoiQus, andprotperous popuLv tion. Men, women, and children, in gaudy apparel;theagedandtfceyou:hful; all c!a ses, castes, conditions, and complexions; were mingling in the utmost confusion. And there, was a passing , to and. fro of military in full uniform, firemen in gay ghirtg , memhers o benevolent I j ; v. . r j : f4r.- e jSignia of-their severaL orders, officers of ithearmy and navy, policemen with badg- es and maces, ana marshals on horseback, - aud-- rosctees . whilo in gaudy sashes and . rosettes ; squads of mounted cavalry aud lancers were cbanrihff hither and thither. -' Thou- .sands of banners, of every nation, floated lov - r - . d f gU?amboats in tTlfl flash;n(V of tl' kd 1 :r,i - r v - . i ' j ,v uuuuiiin. 1 f 1 Uii t uiicu). i L 11 ill u aim ; r i . fV? The ceaseless roll of drums-and the clangor of martial music were min gled with the roar of artillery, which from J- A c v. t 1 5. one end of the city to the other; and on the river, and from Aginoria, cannon an swered cannon, and in tones of thunden reverberated from shore, to shore.;- 4 x It was the" Fourth of July "eighteen hundred and severity-five, aud on that day representatives from the several States made out of Kansas i and T Nebraska", as well as! the people of these free and glorU o. . i f 1 j . t V " r-6 railroad from S'ew York to San Francis-; CO. , : r p r. ;. . ' . - It was a mighty and glorious evCnt. Since the abolition of slavery in Missouri or the annexation of Cuba as a free State, I Lawrence had never seen such aday of re joicings, v.., ... .... ? u ,.,:- The sun had scarcely reached the ze nith, when the roar of cannon, the sounds of martial music,' and the approach of ''an immense procession with banners floating to the breeze, attracted my attention far to the east. I turned, and beheld a scene eminence on which I was standing, as to enable me partknilarly .to survcT what I shall now attempt to. describe.; - The Tail- way was a double j track, and, extended entirely through the citv, from the cast to 'ppoTted, on eaehJ hand, r by ad im mense escort composed of an. entire .popu lation came the nrst through, train from t rewr xors. ; me aeparcure 01. wnicn naa been announced here by telegraph a day or two previous. . -;; 1 . First, came ari ppenTcarriclJ-f draped and ornamlrited with banners,and con tairiih baad f -'fifty musicians, "who fUjtzMdili CduvdtialU iNeit came two splendid locomotives, one- 00 ; either track, moving'abreasiC . On the one upon, the right, I read Atlantic ;n on that np oa the left, Pacifier " Otcr these; ex tending across from track to- track; and for three hundred feet ia the rear; vaaA Icontinuous platform, sppdonwhlsj - covered wiin ncn ana gorgeous iaptir , forming upon the most magnificent scale, a grand Trivmpkal Car-'? Immediate ly in front, on the; right and - left of the platform, arose two. columns of .beautiful, proportions , about thirty feet in height, and of alabaster whiteness.4 On the one I read.44 The Union, on the other,: "TAe onstitutUi2' From the tops ' of these columns,,the intervening space was span ned by an arch composed ofthe " Coat of Arms" of the several States of the Union, in bass relief, on separate' blocks of mar ble ; and upon the keystone of 'the arch, I read the familiar mMo 'JJSFiuribu Xfaum.' , On this point perched an im mense spread-eagle, glittering with gold,: and holding in his : beak the -likeness of "Tie Father xf hit Coitnby " in a plain gold. setting, icnwreathed .withl3aurel; while", high above, and over all, floated the 44 Star. Spangled JannerJ' Imme diately uider:. the-arch; was an altar of pure "wbiie, upon which I read l Free dom f and from the topibf the altar arose a Square shaft of white, some four or five feet in height, and on. the several sides of which I xead , "Peace, Prosperity, Hap piness;' " Truth, Justice, Equality;' 'Education, Arts, Commerce;" "Agri" culture, Manufactures;" Mines." ' ' Imme diately ' in the rear of this, arranged on either side of the platform, were separate pedestals, four feet six inches in height, by throe feet square, placed at a distance of nearly six teet apart, ana extenaing in parT allel rows over two hundred . feet in ,. tho rear. - These pedestals were fifty in num ber; twenty-fiveon either hand, and were emblematical of the "fifty ' free and inder pendent Statet of the American Union" which included the Canadasou the Aorta, to the Isthmus of Darien :on the South, and from Cuba in the Southeast,, to the Russian Settlements in the t Northwest. Upon each of these pedestals I . read the uamo of a State, and on the topp standing erectwere fifty beautiful young women, between the ages of eighteen aud .twenty years, in the full bloom of heal tli and wo manhood. These were dressed in flow ing drapery of white, adorned with roses, and on the head ' each wore : a' crimson velvet cap, ornamented with a single star of gold. - jEach bore an emblem vegeta ble, mineral, or artificial of her particu lar star, while an endless chain of . roses and orange .flowers in graceful festoons, extended from : hand to hand, and was emblematical -of the .common interests that unite us as a people. The blue eyes and fair complexions of the North in un ion, though in contrast, with the dark eyes and olive complexions of the South. Immediately m the, rear ot these, and oc cupying the remaining portion of the "Car Triumphal," was the President of the United States, members of the Cabi net, beads of Departments, - deputations of members from both. Houses of Con gress,' foreign Ministers, etc., resident at Washington. Executive officers of sev eral of the -Atlantic States, deputations from all, and lastly a delegation of Abo ngines, consisting of the chiefs and head men of the nations' of the plain. Then came anotner detached car, similar to that described rh the first instance; containing a band of fifty musicians, playing 44 Yan kee Doodle." ' . ; Thus 1 appointed andarranged, the train arrived at. the, depot. At, this point, a Christian minister, accompanied by the. President and Secretary of State,' with heads uncovered; proceeded from the ex treme rear, through the long avenue of younjj women," represeutinfr the several t States ; as they' pissed along, each suc cessive State stood with heads uncovered, in token at once of their respect for reli gion, and fidelity to the general govern ment. -This movement served also as a signal for the multitude to follow suit, and who accordingly acquiesced during. the following ceremonies. s. .... -. , .f . Arrived m front of the 44 Triumphal !ar ' tlie rninLstpr'hrnflv invntpd tliA Car," tlie minister briefly invoked the blessings of Jehovah upon the great en- terprise Deiorc mcra, ana lor the welfare of the country.- largei. He stepped Nation, having closed the discoursive part of the ceremonies with a few apprb- priate remarks, a signal was given, where upon the Lawrence : Philharmonic Socie ty, organized in 1 CCD, and composed of seventy-three members,., and standing upon the; piazza of the 44 International Hotel' situated. directly opposite the de pot sang f 4 The Star Spangled Banner" At the conclusion of this patriotic song, the train started for San Francisco I: ; At that instant, amid the roll of drums and the clang of martial music; the dis charge of musketry", the roar of artillery, and the deafening huzzas of a countless multitude on the land arid on the water,' I awoke from a dream. . - - Q. KnowSomethinss, There appears to be no doubithat anew order, which will rheet the Know-Nothings on their own gronnd.'and fight them with their own weapons, has been estah? lished injOhio. ; Itoriginated. with those who entertained the belief that the Know; Nothing party 'is opposed to both Ppery and slavery. It" is called the 44 Know- Something."-'-The following- are aid to be its principles i , j ,ivAly j i - : I. Opposition to all forms of tyranny over the mind or body of, man..j ;.. ' 2. Neitlier nature uor the Cohstitution of our 'country recognizes the ' right ot man to hold property in rnanr ' ' :i 3. i. Principles and character, aad. not birth plaoe, are the true . standard of qualification for citizenshipy Ts , 4.N more skive States should be ad mitted into the UriKn,"aridihere should be neither slavery nor irivoranlafviservl tude, except for the punishment of crime in any territory of .the "United States. , - :- r y. v 2 w.Wii a a o 1 . 5,4(dulates for office must be men of uildouVted1riterity. arid trioWn to be kUvrHt f f ,;i,. -.A ff- V6,rN adherent of any foreiam power, either political prlt plitico-lesiastict should " be ' riatufalized! or permi tted"Tto ;7; Afis federal oSceif; fe far a - prad- tiblet'should -be-filled by & direci":voie jof the peopje. - ' : - 1 ' 11'? t." -PraWe Wblrei. - v - "; -7 The prairie wolf r ( Cants latrans) "in habits the vast arid 'still unpeopled tefri tories thatlier between the Mississippi river and the shores of "the Pacific ocean; Its range extends beyond what is strict ly termed the prairies." It is found in the wooded and mountainous ravines of California and the Rocky Mouutain dis tricts. 1 It is common throughout the whole of Mexico, where it is known as the coyote. ; I have seen numbers of this spe cies oa the battle-field, tearing at corpses, as far; south as the valley of Mexico itself. Its name of prairie wolf is, there fore, in some respects inappropiate ; the more so, as the larger wolves are also in habitants of the prairie.- No doubt this name was-given it, because the auimal was first observed in the prairie country west of the Mississippi by the! early ex- ( plorers of that region."- lathe wooded countries east of the great river, the com-! mon large wolf drily is khownV -l w Whatever doubt there i may be of the many; 1 arieties of the large" wolf being : distinct species, there can be none with j regard to the canie latrahs It differs from all the others in size, and in many of its habits.- Perhaps it more nearly j resembles the jackal than any other ani- maL It is the new world representative : of that celebrated, creature. .In size, it is just midway between the large wolf and the fox: With much of the appear ance of the former; it combines all 'the sagacity of. the latter. It is usually of a grayish color, lighter or darker, accord ing to circumstances, and ofteu. witlf a tinge of "cinuanion or brown; As re gards its cunning, tho fox is 44but-a fool to it."; - It cannot be trapped, i Some ex periments made for the purpose, show re sults that throw the theory of instinct quite into the background. It has been kuo wn to burrow under a 44 dead fall," and drag off the bait without springing tlie trap. The steel-trap it avoids, no matter, how concealed ; and the cage trap has been found "no go." Further illustrations of the cunning of -ihe'prairie wolf might be found in its mode of decoying within reach the autelopes iand other creatures on which it preys. Of course this, spe cies is as much fox as wolf, for in reality a small wolf is a fox,'a'nd alarg6 fox is a wolf To the traveler and trapper of the prairie regions it is a pest, i -It robs the former , of ; his provisions often ; steal ing them put of his very tent; itunbaits the traps' of the latter, or devours" the game already secured in them. It is a constant attendant upon the ' caravans or traveling parties that cross prairie land. A pack of prairie wolves will follow such a party for hundreds of miles in order to secure the refuse left at the camps. j They usually lie aown - upon tne prairie just out; of range of the rifles of the travelers ; yet they do not observe this rule always, as they know there is not J much danger of being molested. ' Hun ters ; rarely' shoot them', not deeming their hides worth having, and not caring to wast a charge upon them.? They are more cautious when following a caravan of Oregon or: California emigrants where thereare plenty of ."greenhorns aud am ateur hunters ready, to fire at any tiling.. Prairie wolves are also constant atten dants upon"' the' gangs " of buffalo. They follow these for hundreds of miles in fact, tlie outskirts of the buttalo nerd are, for . the time being, their home. They lie down on the, prairie at a short distance irom tnq bunaioes, ana wan. ana watch in the hopes' that some of these an imals may get disabled or separated from the rest, or with the expectation that a ' cow with her new dropped calf may fall 1 into tho rear. In such cases, the pack gather round the unfortunate individual and worry it to' death;- A wounded or superannuated bull somtimes falls out," i and is attacke J. In this case the fight is m0re desperate, and the bull is sadly ; mutilated before he can be brought to the Igronrid. 'Several wolves, tod, are laid hors de combat during tlie struggle. The prairie traveler ' may often look around him .-without, seeinar a siule wolf;- but let him fire off his gun, and, as if b'v maic. a score of them will suddenly appear" They start from their hiding placesarid rush forward iu hopes of sharing in the produce of the shot. -'At night,; they enliven -the' prairie camp, with their dismal bowling, although most travelers would gladly dispense with such music.3 Their, note is a bark lik? that of a terrier-klog, repeated three times, and - then prolonged into a ! true wolfs ho'wL I have heard farm-house dogs utter a very similar bark. From this peculiarity, some naturalists prefer calling them tlie 44 barking wolf," and that is the specific appellation given by Say, who first' de scribed them. r .... . A Prairie wolves have 'all the ferocity of their racej but no creature could be more cowardly. Of course no one fears them under ordinary circumstances but ihey hare been; known to make a combined attack upon persons disabled and in se vere weather, when "they 'themselves were rendered iiriuiuaiJ crce by huri geric Bat they Jari . not regarded with fiarj either by 1 traveler; Qr .hunter; and the latter disdains, to rwate .hi. charge upon such worthless igame." ; f.i.-Qi i -The Btetox rnAtttm-i U' . vTho StCrwiX'Uriioft' learns that 'the Sioux-.Indians' are annoying the whites ia some parts of Minnesota, by petty thefts on some, ana Dy ingnidiing others, wnerc they can firid fit subjecti;' TliS other. daV four squaws caught a SwealiH "boyarid ueaii wko ' nnn wottQerrauy.' - 1 ney nrss demanded his. coat, which he gave up ; they then motbneii to him to -deliver up his raritaloons,w when lie bolted likea tleer, and rortunateiy maae iiis eacape. . 7T A Kansas comDanv W fonpin5r. Harrison county unio, wmcu, ly be a large one.' ':"The7ratin to Kansas1 from that part" pf "the t counfay.lhis likl'ttacti&'beft .confidence. X 1 I I 'andU'tfie sure pa to honor aaArespecUang out at Elyria, Ohio. .t. "-..' 'i ' , Moral 1Courase. . . ; -; . " . ..A ram-virtue, and great as' it; is rare. SVe renjembcr when we thought the cour age ofihe field evervthing. - Tbe charge the word ofcominand high-sounding and clear, amid the battle's r fury the clash of arms the , roar of artillery r the thrill of the bugle's note, as with more than 'matnc sound,' it bids the sol dier dare all for victory the banner of your country is froufr planted there to stand amid victory or defeat;; oil ! how young hearts beat to. be actors ia such a scene, calling it glorious, and holding it noble, for brave spirits to mingle in, and fighting nobly, to lie down and die. ; -: . But wliat is the courage of the battle field compared with the moral courage of e very-day life I Stand alone ; see friends scowl ; hear, distrust . speak its foul sus picion ; watch enemies, taking advantage of the occasion, laboring . to destroy ; who would not rather encounter the shock of a hundred battle-fields,' and lead a forlorn hope in each,' than bear and brave these things? - Why, the one is as the summer breeze on the ocean to winter's stormiest" blast. Any common spirit may summon courage to pLiy the soldier well ; use quickly fits him for it J But it requires a man. to speak out his thoughts as. he thinks mem to do--when . like that 6tormy blast in winter on old ocean, peace honor, security and life are threat- ened to be swept away. Yet who, look- in or back on the paijo of history,' or for ward to the hope of tlie future, would hesitate which of the two to choose ? The martyrs :what are they f " Chroni cled names in all hearts. The patriots who died for liberty, ignominiously and on the scaffold how fares it with them ? Cherished as earth's honored sons. - The good, who spoke the . truth and suffered for it3 sake-where are they ? The bast and brightest first in our thought and love.. And yet, -what did they? Like men they spoke tlie truth that was ; in them. ; Thisjvas their couragev If they had been silent, if, trembling before ty rants or mobs, they had 1 feared to," tell what they knew, to speak what they felt, they would have lived and died like oth er men. ..But they had the moral cour age to do all this, and. though they per ished j man "'was blessed through . their suffering; arid trulhlightod up with new glory aad power. ' r - - - - Give us moral courage belore every thing else !, It xs the . only bravery on which humanity may count for, any real blessing.'''' Give us moral" courage first and last I : For while it fterves a man for duty,-' it roots out of his heart bate aud revenge, . and all bad passion, making him wise amid danger, calm amid excite riient, just amid lawlessness, and pure amid corruption." 'It 'U ' the crowning beauty of manhood. U. Jit.. l lay.- Send Her this Way. . , ; v . : ; ? ... - . - The Washington. Star ; announces tlie arrival at the capital of an interesting personage, whose charms nave won me hearts not of poets alone, bttt ot the most prosaic of human beings. We are not sel fish enough .to wish the city of magnifi cent distances to be deprived of the stran ger's pleasant company, but "we should hail her appearance in tnese aiggins wim the liveliest satisfaction. We know Miss Spring well, and in bur more youthful days we were wont to cheer our hearts in the genial smile that ever rests upon her roseate lips, and even now tliat ances: tral honors wait upon us, feel something of the old love revive within uf. We should like to greet once more tliat sweet idol of some of our best affections. ' So, Mr. Star, pray whisper' earnestly in her ear, that we anxiously look for her ap pearance in the rural districts hereabout. They will, we are sure, be more congen ial to her pure tastes and gentle character. On second thought, perhaps she Tiad better postpone her comiugfora few days. She has a great propensity or at least had when we knew her for dancing in our gardens, and shrubberies, arid orchards; and 44 cowslip" and daffodil, primrose and tormentil," and the whole family of floral beauties, arid the young herbs and fruits, someliow caught the infection of hermirth and genial humor, and were wont to come forth iu crowds to join in her happiness and revelry, mese occasionally caugu i.-viuj, were frost-bitten, and had chilblains in consequence, the timid Miss Spring be ing frightened away by tlie dying strug gles of old Frost. : , According to present appearances,' thermometers, 4rc, colds, rheumatic twinges included, we opine she had better postpone her visit for a few days. - f - Indian Visitors. A citizen of Santa Fe, Mr. James Concklin, arrived in St. Louis a few days ago from the Plains, with a' company of twelve Indians of the Pueblo tribe Their principal object, , we-learn, is to visit Washington city, jrhere. hey hope to procure the aid of the crovernment to enable them to establish schools, arid take other" measures whkh may tend to the ultimate civilization pf - the tnbe they represent., : But, un fortunately the ex penses of) tlie Journey from Santa Fa., to ot. vou.13 nave peen so heavj as v apswru all the means they possessed, ana iney are forced to abandon the design of pro ceeding to Washmgtoh7bein& BOW c1.1" lentu tney can pe aoie. 10 wwii "xr hornes at'an early period ... One of these1 Indians-1 finc oble lookinsfdiow named Joan Jose-- the bearer of a letter from Ciiarkss .h.hp cer, fiasurer of tLTerntory of New Mexico; certifying that lie ;f ? PriebVs1 whJassistei Mrs. XiiUoa jo es-; cape froW the Camanches And tha inhu man treatment she fendared donng her captivity among them. After . her arrv- al at Santo Fe, and while she was a trne&t at the ; house 'of Mr. Spencer, the Indian continueVl Ki goed ofnecs; and (recme ntlr visited "her,1 wging-preseBt of frmits .aodijadoosj Mr. Spender ia bis hotter also warmly recommends Juan Jose' for his honesty, mtelligerice, arid kiridfy disposition. St.Zouis RemiUi- ' toon-Mtxh 4ji .'jii ii-j ?t .y.- ,tWJL ; Kansas EmrgracA Society is fit- -"Tho "Bounty Zand Law. For the benefit of. our. readers, many of whom'are no doubt interested in the matter, we publish the Bounty Land Bill which passed tho House of liepresenta tives on the 28th of February : SfiC. Y. Be it enacted, dr.. That each of the suniviDg commissioned and non commissioned ; officers,, musicians, and privates, whether of regulars, volunteers, rangers, or militia who were regularly mustered into the service of the United States, and every oflicer commissioned and con-commissioned, seamen or ordi nary seamen, marine, clerk, and landsraaa in tlie navy, iri any of the wars in which this country has been engaged since sev enteen hundred aud ninety, and each ef the survivors of Oomiiitia, or volunteers or State troops of any State or-Territory, called .into military service, and regularly mustered thereiu, and whose services have been paid by the United States, shall be eu-titled to receive a certificate or warrant from the Department of the Interior for one hundred and sixty acres of laud;; and where any of those who have been so mustered into service and : paid shall have received a certifi cate or warrant, he shall be entitled to a certificate or warrant for such quantity of land as will make iu tho whole, with what he may have heretofore received, .. ono hundred and sixty acres to each person having served as aforesaid: Provided; The person so having been iu servicu shall not receive said land warrant if it shall appear by the muster rolls of his regiment or corps that he deserted, or was dishonorably discharged from ser vice. x Provided further. That tlie beaefksof this section i-hall bo held to extend to wasron-masters and teamsters who. may have been employed, under , direction of competent authority in tune of war in tho transportation of military stores and sup-plies-f r J; :. , : . Sec. 2. Thai; in case ef the death of any person who, if living, would bo enti tled, to a certificate or warrant as afore said, under this act, leaving a widow, or, if . no.widow, a minor child, or children, such widow, or child, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or warrant for tho same quantity of land, that such deceased .per son would be . entitled to receive under the provisions of this act if now living: Provided, , That a subsequent marriage shall not impair the right, of any such widow to such warrant, if she be a widow at the tirao of making her application : And provided further That those-shall' be considered -minors who are so at tho time this act shall take effect. . .. Sec. 3. That in no case shall any such certificate. or warrant be issued for any service less than fourteen days, except where the person shall actually have been' engaged in battle, and unless the party claiming such certificate or warrant shall establish his pr her right thereto by re corded evidence of said service. - Sec. A.i That said certificate or war rants may be assigned, transferred, and located by the warrantees, their assignees, or their heirs al law, according, to the provisions of existing laws regulating tho assignment, transfer, and location of boun ty land warrants. : , - , Sec 5. that no warrant issued under the provisions pf this act shall be located on any public lands, except such as shall at tho time be subject to &rle at either tho minimum or lower graduated prices. Sec. 6. That the registers and receiv ers of the several land offices,, shall bo severally authorized to charge and receive for their services iri locating all warrants under the provisions of this act, the same compensation or percentage to which they are entitled by law for sales of the public laud for cash, at the rate of one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. The said compensation to be paid by the-assignees or holders of such warrants. '. Sec. 7. That the provisions ef this act, and all the bounty land laws heretofore passed by Congress, shall be extended to Indians, in the samo manner and to the same extent as if the said Indiana had been white men ' . , - ' Sec. 8. That tlie officers and soldiers of the revolutionary war, or their widows or minor children, shall be entitled to the benefits of this act. . Seu,9. .That the benefit of this act shall be applied - to and embrace those who served as volunteers at the invasion of Platteburg, in September, eighteen hun dred and fourteen; also at the battle of King's .Mountain, in the revolutionary war, and the . battle of Nickojack against the confederated savages of tho South. Sec. 10. -That the provisions of this act shall apply to the chaplains who served with the army, In the several wars in the country. Sec 11.. That jthe provisions of this act be applied to flotilla-mra, and to thosef wno served as volunteers s&me auaca oia t t..i . t ,1- v Ti.:;v,l fleet, ia 4he year eighteen hundred and twelve fifteen; - Kansas and Slavery. . . We hope the , people of the North ap preciate the dangers inau Dese xuiosas. t here is one wajr iu mx irci viu wrau, n! a frobd way;: This is as we have often 'dwlared..tfr Jill: on the -Territory with! emi"rauts not in the interest of the slave ry propaganda "Butlf this- fails, as id may, UHIC ia aujuiii . a.uia u vj au m flexible determinatioa of the free States! tliat Kansas shall . never be admitted into the . UnKin as a slave btate. We trustf public opinion is ripened to J.his end. Wo hope that an' iavindible determina tion to oppose'5 this disastrous termioa- tioapf: the legislative Nebraska conflictl is graven ia steej upon the minds of thJ northern masses, and that tlie men 114 Congress who will represent them when, if ever, such a question-, shall . come ti the' vote, will do their dutV.' We trus the northefn'tnen have been cowed sunt dnven back for -the last time ia CoDgrea on the muestion of slavery extension. J If they have not,, God Help the United States of America! X-.l..Tribme. I i '"rNo party that submits to tlie dom inaikn of the 'slave'powerrand aid h slavery extension, is entitled to the oami of Democracy. V. ,ii t;u .