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TEBJIS : Tiro Dollars per Anaan--Iii Adrance.
be Jtsf : Let Ail tIie ends thou aimest at be tht ccktrt's, cod Asii ikvrn'sj BY G. W. BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 1855. NUMBER:i5Y0LMiSlt The Kansas Emigrant's Song. Trws: SutanjiaX. i bid a qtilct Yankee home, . Arotmd H all was peace ; Mr aeihbon were all honest folk, . And I was at my ease. In the bright spring I sowed mr seed, And whistled through the field ; And. when mr crops I harvested, I thanked ftod tor the yield Oh, New England! That was the land for rne -The land of pwe and honest folk, Of God and Liberty! .Twas said our prairie in the West, Once trod by atnre's brave "Were to be blighted by the curoe Of masters and of slaves ! 1 could not bear the dreadful thoneht, My blood nwhed quick and warm For "Freedom had my father fought For that I left mr'furm. Oh, 2ew England ! fcc. Foe Freedom I have left my home, . Mfr home of early joys Old jnehda I cherished from a child, . And lnughin? jrjrls and boys. When Memory brings their kindly tones . Back to my ionjrfnjr earn, Mr. heart relieves iuelf in moans, My eyea are wet .with tears. Oh, New Erif kad ! fcc And now upon fair Kanaa soil " 111 life begin again. And help to build New Tin gland homes - On every hill and pluin. And, if the master and the slave Shall make their borne by me, PI! welcome them, but each miut have An equal liberty. Oh. fair Kansas! That w the land for me. The land r peace and honest folk, For God and Liberty ! And when old age shall lay his hand Upon my frosty heaJ. Ill bless the dav my fathers' God My steps to Kansas kd. Then, aa I see from my own door, Each verdant hill and field With happy homes all covered o'er, I'll thank God for the yield. Oh, fair Kansas! &c. Information for Kansas Pioneers. Office of the N. E. Em. Aid Co.,) Xo. 3, Winter Street, Boston. In answer to the numerous inquiries re specting Kansas, addressed to the Sec retary, both by letjer and in person, the following circular has been prepared, which contains as concise and definite re plies as can be conveniently furnished at short notice. It is scarcely necessary to say that no methodic arrangement has been attempted. I would premise that The Company has not endeavored, neither does it now endeavor, to entice veople to qo to Kansas. Its course has been, and still is, to collect the best and most reliable information relative to the Territory, and furnish the same to those desiring it. Each individual having re ceived and duly weighed the information, must then decide for himself whether or not it is advisable to immigrate. If the decision be to go, the Company will do all in its power to speed him on his des-1 lined way, ana anora nun sucn jatmura in locating as it may from time to time be enabled to do. The principle advantages to be derived through the Company are,dimi nution in ratesof fare; protection, as far as possible, from the imposition practised on the unwary by runners, speculators, and others, advice through agents in Kan sas relative to selecting suitable sites for settlement, and (what we deem the para mount advantage,) the opportunity of forming communities at once, and thus early enjoying all the benefits resulting from association, instead of locating, as is usually the case, at wide-spread distances, and in consequence generations passing by before any of the benefits and privil eges of settlements can be realized. Be yond extending these lacuities, the uom pany docs not pledge itself; though, if its appeal to the public be satisfactorily re- sponded xo, it wm ao wuaiever may oe in its power, in the way of improvements, to promote the welfare and advance the prosperity of such settlements as origin ate under its auspices. ,Time of Departure. The first regu lar spring party, numbering about two hundred individuals, left Boston for Kan- 1 O r J' a sas on the afternoon of Tuesday, March 13th. A second took its departure on the ZUtn, ana subsequently one leaves at least weekly, for the present, on Tues day. Fare. The passage fare for each adult from here to Kansas city, Mo., will be thirty-seven dollars, until the summer arrangement of railroads and steamboats is made, after which it will be somewhat less. For children between the ages of 14 and 6 years, half , price ; under 5 years, passage free; . over 14 years, full price. Tickets must be pro cured at this office, or through some au thorized agent of the Company. . Meals and Lodging. These from St. Louis to Kansas city are included in the price above stated ; but both are ex tra charges prior to reaching St. Louis, f . The parties will spend the first night at Albany if the western route at Rutland if the Fitchburg route is taken ; lodging and breakfast 75 cents. Subsequently, accidents excepted, the journey will be continued uninterrupedly to St. Louis, inless a Sunday intervenes. The first parties will necessarily go the whole distance to Alton by railroad. As oon as the Lake Erie navigation re-opens that route will be preferred, as it will af ford aa opportunity for a second night's rest . r .7 " - Amount of Baggage.- Each whole licket entitles the holder to carry 100 lbs of baggage ; half price ticket 50 lbs. All V Kanaaa city tb border of the Territo- S, about two miles belowvthe month of the msas river. 'Here parties disembark, and make the necessary - arrangements for go ing, at their own expense, to that ration of Kanaaa Territory, where, by the advka of ,the Co'a agents, or their own choice," they decide to locate. - - - - t On this part of the route regular meals, as at hotels, cannot be had, and should not be expected; as on all other railroad roo tea, at way . stations persons have aa opportunity of taking a. lunch, or of purchasing various articles of food ; so that the cost need not average mora than 20 cents the meal, and the whole expert to St. Loftis orbt not to exceed $$ 00. Persons 'having families with them can materially leosen their expenses, by taking along in a tin can a boiled ham, or tome corned beef, crackers, cheese, &c; excess will be charged at the rate of about $3 00 per 100 lbs. If sent as freight, the charge will be from here to St. Louis 82 50 per 100 lbs. In eithercase, from St. Louis to Kansas city the cost will va ry from of a cent to 2 h cents the pound, according to the season of the year, and the competition prevailing. . Packing and Directing. All bag gage should be packed in trunks, chests, or very moderate size well made boxes, with strong handles; in no case should large boxes, barrels, or ricketty packages of any kind be used. The owner's name and place of destination should be con spicuouly marked on his baggage ; and in addition, the following, in large letters Kansas Partes Baggage. Checks for Baggage. Those who join the parties at Boston, "Worcester, Springfield, or other places where the baggage is checked, must be sure to have it attended to, and to receive the dupli cate or counter check from the baggage master. Change of Baggage. Whenever, on the route, a change of baggage is to take place, each individual should, Tor the greater security, personally see that his own is carried with the rest to the railroad or boat, as the case may be. If mislaid, prompt notice should be given to the agent having charge of the party, that he may at once notify the conductor, or other suitable railroad or steamboat officer., Freight. When freight is to be sent; the owner or his agent should obtainfrom the transportation or forwarding agent at Boston, a receipt in duplicate for its safe delivery at St. Louis. On the owner's arrival at St. Louis, if in advance of the freight, he should leave one of the receipts with the Company's agent, Mr. B. Slater, 19 Levee, who will take charge of ship ping it to Kansas city. Theownershould not pay freightage until the goods are de livered to him or his order at Kansas city. All articles not immediately wanted, liad better, for economy's sake, be sent as freight. The charge per 100 lbs. from Boston to St. Louis, will be about 82 50; average time 18 days. Shipping Freight. It will be still more economical, and far better, where the quantity of freight is large, to ship it to New Orleans, and thence send it by steamer to St. Louis. In this case, mark as before, with name and destination ; and in addition, Care of E. M. Dally fc.Co., New Orleans, to be forwarded to B. Sla ter, 19 Levee, St. Louis. Such freight left with Messrs. Allen & Welsh, No. 129 State street, Boston, will be duly shipped. Freight to. New Orleans, 5 to 6 cents per cubic foot; 82 to 83 per ton; barrels, capable of holding 1 50 lbs., 25 to 30 cents each. Cost from New Orleans to St. Louis, about 50 cents the 100 lbs. TimeJ usually twenty days to New Orleans, and about the same thence to St. Louis. In surance the whole distance, 2i per cent. No Pledge Required. The emigrants pledge to the Company ; they leave here come under no written obligation or free agents, and it is hoped they will con tinue so to be. Still, knowing that the great object is to secure freedom for all, it is presumed that no one will be so dis honest as to avail himself of the advanta ges and privileges that may be secured through the Company's means, and then war against its principles. Neitheris it necessary for an individual who purposes removing to Kansas, to be come a member of the Company, in or der to join one of its parties. Unless such an one has ample means, instead of subscribing for stock, let him husband his means, in order to make them as avail able as possible after he arrives at his new abode. What to take, and where to but. Most articles not owned, had better not be Tmrchascd nrior tn rhinc- St. Trmis or Kansas c ity. Good clothing suited ( for service, not show, such as is adapted for this section of the country ; also bed ding, (not beds on accountof their bulk,) and perhaps some choice articles of fur niture, had better be sent along ; but most of the necessaries for house-keeping, also 1 r-. ' agricultural implements, &c, can be ob tained on reasonable terms at the places j above designated. Mechanics, who will j require their tools immediately, had bet- ter take them along at baggage prices; time being to them money, they will save by this course. Cattle.- The price of good working cattle, horses, cows, etc., is nearly the same in Kansas and its vicinity as it is in New England.' During the month of April the price of cows ranged from 625 to $35; oxen per yoke, from $75 to 3100; horses from 875 to 8100 each; common sheep from 82 to 82 50 each. Consult Compant's Agents. In re gard to these and other purchases, as well as for information about the Territory, desirable places, for settlement, &c, par ties on their arrival at Kansas city are recommended to consult Samuel C. Pom eroy, Esq., one of the Company's agents, who will at all times cheerfully and promptly furnish reliable information, and conscientiously advise them how, in his judgment, they are most likely to ad vance their own interests, and aid in ac complishing the prime object had in view by the Company. Dr. Charles Robin son and Charles II. Branseomb, Esq., both active, highly efficient, and perfect ly reliable agents, will counsel and ad vise all who apply to them ; and any other agents, who may be from time to time employed, will be instructed to offer ev ery facility that consistently can be done to all who migrate under the Company's! auspices. Means.- As regards the amount of means requisite to make a person "com fortable," people will vary m their esti mate according to their ideas of what constitutes comfort' '.- With a hundred dollars clear of expenses, wherewith to commence territorial life, a person of good moral habits, and reasonable and moder ate desires,' should be able always to keep above want, whatever pursuit or av ocation he may follow, whether that of a farmer, mechanic, or laborer; provided he is blessed, with ordinary health, and proves active, energetic, and industrious. Lass, how acqutsib; The land is to be purchased of the United States, at 81 25 per acre; 160 acres and no more can be taken, and this only by an actual settler in person; the individual must be a citizen of the United States, or have filed his, declaration of intention to become such, and either be the head of a family, or a widow, or a single man over the age of 21 years Payment may be made at any time after the government survey, out need not be until immediately prior to the commencement of the public sale in that district ; the money cannot be paid portions at a time ; locations may be made anywhere, save on the government, or Indian reserves, oroncertaintracts which, by law, are exempted from the operations of .the Pre-emption Act ; the person must be an inhabitant of the tract, and, in per son, have made a settlement, and erected a dwelling thereon ; within three months after it has been surveyed by the United States, jt must be duly entered atthclteg istry office of the district within which it is located. To quiet the fears of those who appre hend that all of the desirable portions of the Territory have been, or in a few weeks will be, secured, it may be suthcient to say that there are millions of acres from which farm lots may now be selected, and that the quantity of land now open to pre-emption is sufficient to accommo date seventy -five thousand families, em bracing half a million of individuals.' Al though, therefore, the farm lots in the immediate vicinity of, perhaps for miles around Lawrence, may be, and probably are, ere this, secured, there is a plenty of as good ones awaiting new comers. Let them found other xsew England or rather Liberty settlements, of a similar charac ter. " To effect this requires neither magic nor supernatural power; New England energy, industry, and perseverance, sec onded by the efforts of true sons of liber ty, who went forth from various sections of the Union, brought the one, and can bring others, into existence. anous sites for such settlements have been se lected, and on application will be desig nated by the Company's agents AVood and Iimber. 1 here is not an extreme scarcity, and there is far from an over-abundance of wood ; Sufficient can be procured ou reasonable terms for all ordinary purposes. The advantage resulting from the limited supply is far greater than the disadvantage ; for the consequence is a freedom from roots and stumps, the frequent occurrence of which, in many sections of our country, proves a serious inconvenience to the agricultu rist, and requires for removal an expendi ture of much time, money, and labor, in order to place the ground in an arable condition. The law of compensation is here found admirably exemplified; for the under-supply of wood for fuel is more than made good by the vast coal deposits known to exist in the Territory ; the un der supply of timber for building purpo ses is made good by the abundance of lime and clay ; the deficiency of fencing stuff by suitable material for walls : and in a few years by cultivating the Osage or ange, which will grow luxuriantly, hedg es will supersede the necessity of any other means for forming inclosures. 1 ho timber, to a person from a lumber region, would seem scarce, the scarcity is not one that will necessarily be constantly on the increase, as settlements multiply, and the lands are reclaimed from their present state; inasmuch as the limited growth arises, not from uncongeniality of climate, unsuitableness of soil, or absence of seed, but from the frequent prevalence, year after year, of vast prairie fires that sweep everything before them, and thus stint, or entirely prevent, the growth of tree or shrub- Arrest the fires, and woodlands will soon abound. Small, however, as the proportion of woodland is now said to be, one pf the Company's agents, a few months since, contracted for 600 cords of standing wood at 25 cents per cord, and 600 logs of timber at 50 cents per log, the logs averaging half a thousand each. About half of the quan titv is now cut, and yet there is nopercep tiDie aimmuuon or winning out ol trees. The principal varieties of wood are bass or hnwood, cottonwood, hickory, oak, black walnut, ash, sycamore, hackberry, &c. Weather. There hasTeen no neces sary suffering the past or present season, from inclemency of the weather, at Law rence. The Governor states that the List of December a fire was unnecessary ; and a resident at the Company's settlement writes that "on the 27th of December, mechanics and others were comfortably at work in the open air without their coats, whilst the few idlers were basking m the sun like snakes in June. There has not been, however, an entire freedom from cold and stormy weather. Up to the close of the year there had occurred but one fall of snow, which was to the depth of two inches, and disappeared within three days ; in January only five iirciies oi snow ien. A gentleman who has resided at one of the Missions for fifteen years, says the greatest depth ol snow at any one time during that long period was six inches. The ; past season there was no frost in the ground before the close of December; frost generally disappears by the begin ning oi March. - , - Th6 annual fall of rain is under thirty inches. The rainy season usually com mences in March, and continues about two months ; during which the roads are somewhat heavy, and traveling tedious. Few days, however, pass by without the sun showing itself. . ' - According to thermometries! tables carefully kept at Lawrence by Dr. H. Clark, the average temperature in No vember, at sunrise, was 29deg.- F.; at 1 o'clock, M ' 49deg.; and at of afc hour past sunset 44deg. : The average in December, at the same periods were, 25Jdeg., 49deg., and 42deg.;andin Jan uary r 23deg., 38 deg., and 324eg. , The Kansas Herald ot Freedom, un der date of Feb. 10th, says, "but once has the mercury gone down to lero ; and by those long on the ground we are assu We trost that Dr. 3ark vill continue hi highly interesting and Tahuble meteorological obrtrTatMBftt red that this is an uncommon occurrence; while the mean of all the observations will average only at the freezing point. Where, we ask, could a more delightful winter temperature be found? "None who have designed to make Kansas their homes,, need be deterred from earning from any fear in respect to extreme cold. When the time shall arrive that we shall be surrounded with the comforts and con veniences of theolder States, such a thing as discomfort on this account will bo un known." . Provisions. There has been no defi ciency of these ; for in Lawrence, as else where, the demand has created a supply, by prompting those residing ou the bor ders of the Territory to bring of their abundance to the settlement ; and the com petition has been sufficient to keep prices reasonable. This undoubtedly will hold true at other settlements. j of many Western places, intermittents, After the first year, the settlements will or fever and agua ; (chills and fever, as not only supply themselves, but have a 'popularly termed;) cases can and do oc surplus to dispose of. ' cur there, mainly, however, from im- A market for all such surplus may, for prudence ; and probably will be met with years to come, be found near at hand, in- to some extent, on the first breaking up asmuch as thousands are passing through of the lands ; but such is the character of that region every year along the Califor- nia, Santa Fe, and Great Salt Laks city routes, all of whom require more or less supplies ; besides, the Missouri and Mis sissippi rivers, and soon a line of railroads, wui anora iacmties ior reacning other markets. Modes of Conveyance. Vehicles are almost daily passing between Kansas City, Lawrence, and Topeka, by which means those who intend settling in the vicinity of said towns will be conveyed there, for about two dollars the passage. Persons and Parties destined for other sections of the Territory may engage conveyances at Kansas City ; or will probably adopt the course pursued by some who have preceded them ; viz. those who intend to be farmers will purchase their teams, and thus afford means for taking along the baggage of all their as sociates. In the course of the season one or more steamboats and flat boats, con structed for the purpose, will ply on the Kansas river ascending 1 50 miles or more, according to the stage of the water, and the encouragement extended to the enterprise. Accommodations in the Ierritoby. Receiving houses are or will be estab lished at a few places in the Territory, (as Lawrence and iopeka,) unless, as now appears probable, the necessity for them is superseded by the opening ot boarding-houses. Jot, however, being constructed on a locomotive principle, settlers, must not be so unreasonable as to expect to meet with them every where throughout that vast region ; neither are they necessary, (however convenient,) inasmuch as all who go out this Spring and Summer, will, if industrious, have ample time to provide themselves with shelter, prior to the ensuing winter. The quickest, cheapest, and most com fortable way of securing shelter at the onset, is to take along tents. These should be procured on the way out, at St. Louis. One of sufficient size to lodge tour or nve individuals may be had for 88 to 815. Families. Whether or not to take one's family along or go ahead and pre pare the way for it, depends on many cir cumstances, varying greatly in different cases, a knowledge of which is essential, satisfactorily to decide the question. Where the wife is feeble, has an infant, or several young children, or from any cause cannot lend a helping hand, she had better remain behind, until the new home is provided for her ; or, if taken along, she had better be boarded at the nearest convenient place to the spot se lected for a location. If. on" the other hand, the woman is the man, or is in truth a helpmate, and can cheerfully sub mit to roughing it for a while, if the children be of an age and character suit ed to prove serviceable, let them be taken along. If families remain back, it will be unnecessary to return for them, as there will always be some one going out under whose charge they can be placed. Board. This can be obtained at Kansas City and Parkville, Mo., at Law rence and Topeka, K. T., and perhaps at some of the Missions, for from 82.30 to 83.50 per week. - Employment. Work is not guaranteed by the Company to any one ; but wher ever settlements already are, or hereafter may be started, good mechanics will find employment at remunerative prices ; par ticularly carpenters, masons, black smiths, harness-makers, brick-makers, die. Gov. Reeder savs This is a most lovely and promising country. Thereis .no finer- under the sun, and next summer it will be a rich harvest for all kind of building mechanics and laborers. Last season stone masons and carpenters got 82.25 and 82.50 a day, laborers 8 1 .25 and 81 .50. A lei gion of them will be needed early in the spring and all summer. If you have any to spare send them along. We shall pay out in the Territory near a million of dol lars in building, and a man can be earn ing the highest wages and getting a good farm at 81.25 per acre at the same time. The Government alone will spend 8100,- 000 or 8150,000 in stone buildings, at rortluiey. I ho stone mason, carpen ter, bnckmaker, bricklayer, plasterer. laborer, - limeburner, ike, can lay the foundation of a fortune here the first year. Send them on, l Know tney . win not repent it. We have as yet had" noth- in I would call winter, and I doubt if it will be any colder. Spring opens . about the 1st of March, and mechanics, .: Ac, should be here at that time. There are some twenty towns laid out, the greater part of which must be bdilt up, to say nothing of farm houses, Ac" -. f ii ' , As already suggested, the Company advises' no one, ; entirely destitute of means, to go out, at this early ; period ; individuals who can command the re quisite funds, (which . indeed are -. but small,) to sustain them the first yev in other werds until a crop is raised, of em ployment is sure can go in perfect safety, and unquestionably would better their condition by going ; others may find suf ficient work to supply means, but it is premature for avery .laree number -of such to go, although thus far the supply of laborers has not kept pace with the de maDd ; men of determined energy, great seu-renance, industrious and temperate habits, who are .not easily disheartened, and whose indomitable perseverance will enable them to surmount such obstacles as the settlers of new regions will be obliged to Encounter, though - less per haps in Kansas than iu most unreclaim ed regions, such need not hesitate to im migrate, though dependent solely on their hands and daily exertions for a livelihood ; all others, who are thus destitute, should ''bide their time." - . : - :. Cum ate.- Professional, men pro nounce the climate a remarkably healthy one, admirably adapted to those having a tendency to diseases of the lungs. It is iu a crreat measure free from that txst the country, and consequent deficieucy of exciting materiel, it can never become a prevalent or permanent disease. ; " lhe only omection we have found to the climate of Kansas, thus- far," (says the Herald of Freedom,) "is the heavy wmas, wnicn usually plow irom one to three days at a time over the prairies, making it rather disagreeable to bo ex posed out of doors. We think the wind and storms are not more violent than in Western Pennsvlvania and Eastern Ohio." Cost ov B,,,n"'0- TKio r must vary according to the materialused, the size, style, tc. The main aim at first, .when so many important matters wilf require attention, should be to put up a cheap, temporary shelter. A tent costing from 88 to 8 1 5, will accommodate, tolerably well, five or six persons ; a sod cabin, (Lawrence style of architecture,) which will make a comfortable dwelling in winter, even, may be constructed in a couple of days or less, at an expense of eight to twelve dollars. The mode of building these, is thus described in the Kansas Herald of Freedom : " Select a spot where good sod can be obtained easi ly ; with an axe cut the turf into blocks two feet square ; insert a spade under the surface about five inches, lift the sod, and ' place it as you would a stone in building fences. When the walls are sufficiently high, lay on the rafters in the usual form ; then lay sticks across from one rafter to another, about twelve inches apart ; on top of these throw some hay, and on the hay lay the sods. Cut in a uoor and window, and a stove win make a comfortable home for the winter." Time of commencing farm wore, cost, KIND, AND VALUE OF CROPS, KC. Un these points, we avail of information fur nished for publication by an individual bitterly and uncompromisingly opposed to the present A ew Lngland movement, and who has exerted himself to throw all the impediments and discouragements possible in the way of those who contem plate emigrating from the r ree States ; wheu such a person is .compelled to make so flatterbg statements as the subjoined, there is no necessity for our friends offer ing any extra iilducements to freemen to become citizens of Kansas. . It may - be well to premise that the cost of hiring prairie land broken up, will be about three dollars per acre ; and we . under stand that individuals, suitably prepared, and acquainted with the business,' pur pose pursuing it as a vocation ; so that what Gen. btnngfellow deems an insuper able difficulty in the way of New Eng land and Western Farmers, can easily be obviated ; and where no one can be hired, resort will be had to a very common prac tice, of which he seems ignorant, of doubling, or trebling teams, and thus mutually aiding one another. He says: " The greatest difficulty is in the com mand of the requisite labor the hands and team necessary to break and enclose the land. To one who has this, it is far easier and cheaper to make a farm of one hundred acres or more, in the .prairie than in the timber. Indeed, in Missouri, it is deemed better and cheaper in the end to make a farm of three hundred acres in the prairie and to .haul the rails ten miles than to clear timbered land. "The plough used will turn over from twenty to twenty -six inches, . and . one team will break from two to two and a half acres per day. The cattle require no other feed, but will keep fat on lhe grass while at work. The proper season for breaking prairie is from the first of May to the middle of July ; up to which time corn can be planted, . lhe corn is dropped in the furrow, by a boy who can sit on the plough, and is covered by the plough. It will usually mature and make good corn if planted as late as the 1st of June. That planted later . will make good stock feed. ' "Prairie may be broken as late as the middle of . August, and will, if sown, yield a wheat crop equal to any that can be afterwards grown On the grotftid. "To one who has stock to feed, the crop of corn oil the sod is always worth the cost of breaking rand will, in a good sea son, pay for breaking and enclosing. "In the second year, the farm is in per fect condition ! There are no . stumps, but the sod is rotted, and your field clear oi wwus uu gi?, u " s an ash-bank In the prairie, too, A ! hand can cultivate one-third more than in the timber. "I ought here to say that both in Mis souri and Kansas the winters are all al ways dry, and with but - little'snow, and hence hands are able to work during the entire winter.' - - As regards yield of tnsp&i tits same writer makes the following statement to show the great profit of slave labor and we will hot insult lhe good sense of our friends, by doutftirig for a rhoSrieht that a freeman can accomplish as much' as a bondman. He says: . Lying id the sanSe latitude, lnlrrJedi-' atery west, ' and along side of Missouri, the soil and climate of ' Kansas cannot differ materially from those of Missouri, tam inclined to believe that Kansas' will prove even healthier than Missouri, there being less low marshy land in Kansas. ." Before leaving home, I pro cured from intelligent farmers in Platte, a county boraenng on Kansas, a state ment showing the amount of land which one hand can cultivate, with the yield per acre, and the market price of the products at home. 1 have no hesitation in attesting its correctness. Amount of land to hand and yield per acre. Hemp-7 to 8 acres. 800 to 12001b. 10 to 20 bis. 20 to 45 bush. . 30 to 50 " Uorn 10 to 15 acres, Wheat-10 to 15 acres, Oats-lOto 15 acres, VALUE OF PRODUCTS AT HOME. " Hemp 2i tons at SCO per ton, 8200 00 Corn-100 barrels at SI per bL 100 00 Wheat-5 acres-100 bushels at 80 cents per bushel, 80 00 Oats-5 acres-150 bushels at 30 cents per bushel. 45 00 Totalleastyieldatlowest prices, 8425 00 Hemp-4 tons at 8130 per ton, 585 00 600 00 225 00 100 00 Uorn-300 bis. at 82 per barrel, Wheat-5 acres-225 bushels at 81 per bushel, Oats-5 acres-250 bushels at 40 cents per bushel, Greatestyieldathighestprices, 81,510 00 " 1 his will, doubtless, seem an extrava gant estimate ; yet the quotations of the markets will show that the maximum prices arc less than the present market prices. Hemp has sold during the past season for 8150 per " ton. Wheat is avldl O,0 .1 O per Darrei. a ne yield, too, is oiten greater than the highest. But it is not less true that the greatest yield and high est nrice are not often together. Mv ob ject is rather to show the least yield and the lowest price. "Toa distaneeof 1 50 miles west, the soil is but little, if any inferior to that of Mis souri. Its great staples must be hemp and tobacco I need hardly say that the grains and grasses . will all succeed, where hemp and tobacco can be grown. "i have said that Kansas was not suited to the poor man ; I only intended to refer to those who design to till the ground. !!! But to the poor mechanic, it of fers great inducements. .To all carpen ters especially, and to stone and brick ma sons, it will give constant employment at high wages. The rudest beginner re ceives 81,50 per day good workmen, as journeymen, receive in regular em ployment from two to three dollars per day. Their expenses are light, the cost of living being low.' To the preceding we would add, three of the best branches of business to en gage in, are wool growing, stock raising, and dairy farming, for which purposes there probably is not to be found a superi or region ; and those who early embark in either, will in a few years realize large fortunes, as the fruits of their industry. Fencing, &c. To fence with rails will cost about eighty cents" per rod ; stone walls can be built for about one dollar and fifty cents per rod. Indians. rrom the Indians, the original and rightful owners of tho soil, the settler has nothing to fear so long as in his intercourse with them, he squares his conduct by the Golden Rule. The poor native -has in times past suae red more, and now has lar more to appre hend, from the white man, than the white man from him. Most of those with whom the settlers will come in con tact, are in, what we call, a semi-civilized state ; they are not roving, wild Indi ans," here to-day and there to-morrow, but have permanent locations, cultivate the soil, raise some cattle, sow and plant ; and front them, on fair terras, the immi grants rhay obtain vegetables, . fencing stuff; &c, &c. SETTLEMENTS.fThere are, at the pres ent time", three settlemeritSj under the auspices of the Company; viz: Lawrence, situated about fifty miles above the mouth of the Kansas riveri lying south of it, and between it and the Wakarusa, - Topeka, of more recent date, situated CU the Kansas river, about twenty-five miles above Lawrence, and Osawattamie,' in the Osage country. -. Other settlements will be made the present season. The Company neither persuades persons to go to, nor dissuades them from settling at, either ; each has its advantages, each its peculiarities ; and whatever might be the opinion of the Company, every indi vidual would or ought to select the one or the other, or avoid all as "his own interest dictates. , The Company, it should he distinctly understood, Is sending to Kansas ; it knows neither North, South, East, nor West, to the exclusion of the remainder ; it is desirous of seeing the whole peopled with good men and true, who will main tain their own rights, arid respect those" of others ; who, whilst they resolutely re sist being encroached Upon by the law less arid reckless, whenccsoever they may come, will carefully refrain " frcrcrt committing unjust acts, or uttering harsh epithets against others, simply for a difference of opinion; who, save hi ex treme cases, will rely for victory upon the teachings of the Bible and Ballot-bol, instead of the bottle and musket i dis carding the bottle1 altogether, and rcserr iris the last as a dernier resort. r Religion and - EDrcATio.-At Law rence there sire, several regularly consti tuted' religious societies of various de nominations, A free school is establish ed there, in which the ordinary branches ire tarfght, and measures Are fa train to found an Academy for instruction iu the higher branches; . . An Athenaeum : has ftlsn hp-fin Jr.Ktihitftd hr members of wliic'h,' discissions are" regularly held, and ledtures.deliTered " Connected with this Institution is "a P'ublic Library. Sunday School Libraries also exist there. All of these means, for securing nd devating the rnenta1, and rdoral octidi tkniof the conrfflunity will soon be in full operation at Topeka', rfnd th other settlements of the Company- - . ; In behalf of each and all, the Secreta ry earnestly, solicits contributions in money or hooks ; the lormer ne wm en deavor judiciously to convert into books ; of the latter, almost every one has more or less, which, having done their mission here, will still prove of exceeding value, for a similar purpose, in our new settle ments. If the Secretary's efforts are ap proved and seconded by our friends here, he will be enabled to transmit to the Ter ritory, by every Party, a package, the contents of which may prove, of incalcu lable importance to our friends there. brzE of Parties. Parties, for their own comfort and convenience, should not exceed one hundred person's ; and a larger number the Company does not advise to go at once ; neither is there a necessity for it, as at least weekly oppor tunities will be furnished. " The capacity and arid accommodations of the Missouri river boats vary; but a certain number can ba well cared for ; and the Company discountenances any unreasonable crowd ing on board of those boats ; it possesses not the magic power, as some Unreason ably think, of enlarging, the fioats' capac ity to correspond with a Party's wants, or desires. The Agents therefore are enjoined against countenancing or per mitting so far as they can exorcise a control, one over the proper, numberi from taking passage in any boat ; if a contrary course be persisted in however, it must be at the risk of those who will not be advised, and not on the responsi bility of the Company As however there.will unquestionably be for scfhld time a great rush, and Parties will be very large notwithstanding the advice of tho Company, every one Who arv tmlsr. Kr intent to submit ous inconveniences, more especially in the boats and at the houses of entertain ment where they may temporarily stop. Those who go out early in the bpnng will of course meet with more annoyance than those who leave later ; but, on the other hand, they will have a greater choice as regards location, and there will be more probability of their arriving in season to enyqy the right of exercising the glorious privileges of freemen, at the first election ; a matter of great moment to them, and of vast moment to all who may subsequently become citizens of the Territory. ..- . Temporary Organizations. Parties are advised to pursue the course of those who went out last season, and form on the route, (whilst steamboating " it up from St. Louis, or previously,) some temporary organization for the benefit of all. By doing this, and appointing com mittees to act for all, there will be little danger, of what many fear, that undue uaui vsi w Ajci a&aauj t.ai 9 wtab uuuuo I v j" . r r advantages will be taken of them bTP4-- II ? &rjnore likely they were tie and produce dealers at Kansas City and elsewhere. Should impositions be attempted, by deputing certain individ uals of shrewdness and good judgment to go to the towns a little removed from the river borders and make the requisite purchases, sellers will soon find it for their interest to deal justly and act up rightly ; and none but fair prices will be demanded. In these cases, as in all oth ers of doubt, take counsel of the Compa ny s Agents, as your and their interests are not antagonistic. Modes or Communication. All let ters sent to the care oi Csamuel U. I'ome roy, Esq., Kansas City, Mo., will be for warded, as opportunities offer, to the in dividual's address. Those intended for Lawrence, K. T., may be addressed di rect, as a Post Office has been establish ed there. In cases requiring more speed communication, advantage can be taken of the Telegraph, as an Office is estab lished at Kansas City, by means of which intelligence may be speedily con veyed to, or received from all prominent points throughout Hew England, the Western, Middle, and Southern States. Company's Aid. To Correct an error that extensively prevails,- it is well td state, what may be inferred from our in troductory remarks, that the Company furnishes no direct pecuniary aid to in-, dividuals. Its mam objects are not eleemosynary or charitable, in the ordi nary acceptation of the" word, :but phi lanthropic. It has not the mpans to as sist, nor, had it, could its officers devote the repuisite time to investigating the merits of individual cases ; these must be left to the care of the local auxiliary Leagues which are recommended, if they extend a helping hand, to aid, not by gift, but by loan. lhe Company s means hate been, and if continued to theui, will be, employed to encourage the formation of settlements, and to advance the prosperity and pro mote ine weiiare oi we various commun ities that may be established i in a word, to make, as far and as fast as possible, each place, a settlement of freemen, by introducing such convenierices, founding and encouraging such institutions and es tablishments, as now characterize New England homes, and sudh as the true principles of Freedom and the pure spirit of Liberty invariably show are so essen tial to the perpetuity of good Govern ments, and prove absolutely -requisite for securing arid sustaining the greatest good of the greatest number. ' The Company deals with persons as constituting Communities ; the Auxiliary Societies or local Leagues deal With them ra their individual capacities. The importance of .publishing these remarks as early as possible,- prevents our replying to many other inquiries that ha hpprf rrfciie of us. For the present. at least, inquirers must therefore be re ferred for additional intelligent to the following authorities.. : -. . -. ' ' ;- SOCBCES OT IirrXteMATION. NkWSPA- Those who are des?rous - of pro curing a large amount of infonndtion, at a small expense, and of being kepi posted tfpori Territorial iflairs,- should subscribe fr. tha Kansas Herald of Freedom, pub lished weeklf at Lawreribe, K. 1? . ; the1 fourteen numbers already issued contain a greater quantity ci material erf a practical character thari is dsewhere' to be found; Br sendm address and. subscristidn, 82, J to the fc&cretarV, tho Paper will n due time be forwarded. - - ' v Books. Rev Edward E. Hale of Worcester, Mass., has prepared a work entitled Kansas and ebrasfcL and Rev. C. lloynton, of Cincinnati, another, styled " Journey through Kansas ;" both of these deserve a perusal. Price of each in paper covers, 50 cts; in cloth binding 75cts: y : - ; -Maps. 3b satisfactory .Map, has yet appeared ; neither can an accurate one be constructed until-, the Territory has been surveyed.' A Map, which may answer for general purposes, although it presents many inaccuracies, has been published by J; II. Colton, New York ; price 25 cents. .Another one, which we have riot seen, but judge to be at least as good, from the character of the gentle man by Whom it was constructed, Lieut. S. Eastman, U. S. A;, has been more re cently issued by a Philadelphia house. Plans. A Plan of Lawrence has been published from actual survey; price, mounted and vanished, 81.25; in sheets. on drawing paper, 73 cents ; on bank note paper; suitable for mailing, 50 cents. Any of the preceding may be had by addressing the Secretary, postage paid, inc losing me price, and it to De trans mitted by mail, the amount of additional cost,) in current money or postage stamps. THOMAS H. WEBB, ... becy of A , E. Aid Co., Boston, Mass. Antiquities: We havo now in our possession for safe keeping and as a nucleus of a collec tion of curiosities, scrub Tery curious and singular articles made of copper. They were found near the west shore of tho river, about a mile above the mouth, at a iditrx tthftrt .noria.Jt hrtckraril-and these were disinterred by those digging in search of good brick clay. After taking off from the surface of the ground about two feet of sand, the clay was ex posed, and the stump of a tree was dis covered. Digging still lower, about six or eight inches into the clay, and over turning the stump, these articles were brought to lighti : - ; - First, a copper spear, about fourteen inches in length, and at its base a groovo or dovetail is made, in which to insert a wooden shaft or handle ; two other spears each about twelfe inches, m length, and similar to tho first' Third, two pieces of copper that ha"d evidently been very nicely forged,. but for what purposes they could eter have been ap plied is by no means plain, and it is quito difficult to give in writing a clear de scription of them. As good an idea of their shape, however, can be got by sup posing them to be the matrix in which was cast one of the spears lhis is not, however, the purpose to which they wero used as cutticgitocls, hut then there is no means apparent by which the imple ment can be held, no place for fastening it to a handle. Ihese are about fourteen inches long, and two inches wide; lipon one end there is the appearance of an attempt to make a cutting edge. lhey weigh about three pounds each, and are specimens of good workmanship; - The question naturally arises, who made these things T Did the earliest French discoverers make them ; or aro they the work of a race long ago extinct, the same who first opened these mines ? It seems to us for we can only inf dulge in speculation on the subject-that these tools could not have been the work of the Europeans who came here, for they would not have made a tool like the Lost two, about the use of -which wo" should be ignorant. They are made of copper, A material riot nearly so good as iron or steel for cutting purposes, the manufacture of which we are familiar with, and would most likely, bring with thent. ; ; : . ' Our Indians do not, nor hare they the skill or implements to work so well any metal, and they all are ignorant of tho use of such tools. They havo among them traditions of the existence of a raco of men to whom they ascribe all the skill necessary to accomplish these workings we find at the mines, and. make the tools' we now find: That these tools are the work of those who livdd here years ago Kiirii the more likely from the place and position in which they were found, being la the strata of clay lyirig under the roots of a sturdp, and about forty feet arjovo the present level of the river and lake. The tree had grown up since these articles had been put there, and the deposit of sand made above the clay to the depth of two feet. To do that, the river arid tho Like must have been forty feet higher than its present level: This; cf course. Was fears ago, before the memory of the present races now inhabitingthls coun try. Lake superior Mirting Aev!i; Kansas Emigration.; r The New- England Companies aro making preparations for the. immediate removal of a large" number of persons to Kansas; Some sixty, left Easton; Pa., about the first of March ; about one hundred and fifty left Pitubutgh by boat direct on Saturday, amonrtg them Kev. Joseph Cants and 'family. The Cincin nati Colombian- says: .Negotiations are now being made to procure a steam boat to convey a large riumber of emi grants frcni this placed as high a point as can be reached on the Kansas river; This will probably be Fort Biley. The emigrants wish to start between the fif teenth and twentieth of the rtesent month: Among them will be one hundred", emi grants from Darks and Preble counties. nfty from Bourbon, county, Kentucky, fifty Germans frotfl ; Ilarciiton. county Ohio, and a party from Dayton.1 'Jiuji Devtocraqf. ' .... . .Xfo OoVerrimenti r . . , It is stated, and we belie te corrrectly, that Labrador, with a population of 20, 000 inhabitants, 'has nefthe governor, rMgisrrate; c'oristablC fieri f lawyer i 7 Tiotence' and disorder .are . vicdvaim amewg. them-a fact highly creditable to their morals. Their chief occupation is hunting . and fishing, the produce of which is o1d chiefly 'to tins trader ftovi the United States, from whom . they re ceive the most of their supplies.