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G. Wt BROWN, Editor. V ; Lawrcncty Saturday, April 11, 1835. t5VTI. A. BixLncos, Eq.- is otir irattoraed General Agent for tho Herald ff Jr(edm,isd 7! This contracts pertaininz to the rarer will be binding on the firm. - Letters addmaed to lis at Buffalo. N. Y wHl be promptly attended to by him. Emismiting' parties and individnal, en route for Kansas passing throcsrh Buffalo, are rcqneeiea w eve him a call at losonieeM vu liaiorHallrKbl50 Main street. - v w v.; Another Pennsylvania Party. . "We observe by the Conneautville, Pa Courier, that another party is forming in Crawford County to remove to Kansas. The editors say r "We hare already the . names of several persons who design . leaving here for Kansas on the opening of navigation," probably about the 10th of April." If we could reach them with advice in" time, we should say to them to bring a steam saw-mill, one with great - power, and have incomplete in every part, with the exception of the frame, be fore setting out from there. t We again repeat that saw-mills are the great want of the country, and we urge every party leaving the East to unite their purses at St. LoaU, and get a first-lass mill. It is indispensable to. every colony, and there will be much inconvenience if not positive suffering until this plan shall be adopted. ' " : ' ' " ' : 'Mechanics who arrived cannot go to work, however skilful, or well provided with took, without lumber. . Those of us here haveourcapitalexpended in some other shape, and cannot engage in the bu siness ; . but thoso about coming should make a saw-mill the first tubjeet of con sideration, and let "none have fears that there will be too many As we have re peatedly remarked, one dozen in this city couli be const mtly supplied with logs, and would find a home market for all the lumber they could manufacture. We trust our friends Hason Six cuvm will get the Vbook'f fun 0f names, for there are any quantity of good and true men in Crawford we should love to Ef Tin"K3.nsaTT out we wan? none id c ou expecting, to find a paradise until they have made it by labor. At present all is wild and desolate.' The new comer may at first be disappointed in consequence of the sudden transit from the refinement of the East to an uncultivated country:, but the longer he remains the more he will bo delighted and ready to speak in its de fease.' "-. ' . . . - Election of Governor. ' The Kansas City Enterprise favors the projectof the people of Kansas setting apart a day for the purpose of electinga Governor of this Territory, and then to sanction such election; by calling upon the President to . appoint to the executive department the personelected. . Were it not for the trouble and expense of the matter, and could the ballot-box be left free from foreign influ ence, we should have no particular objec tion to such procedure, as it would result in the triumphant election of Gov. Reeoer over all opposition. It does seem, how ever, as if modesty would dictate to our border friends on the other side of the line. that the government of this Territory be ' longs to the actual residents, not to those who are divided from U3 by State lines. - We are opposed to-aiiy one who is not an inhabitant, in the fullest sense of that term, participating in our legislation, or in the executive or judicial department of Kansas, and trust the day will speedily arrive when no other will so far forget the rights of his neighbors as to attempt to intrude himself on their prerogative. , .- Unfortunate. ; A gentleman by the name of Aaron E. Platts met with an accident during the fore partof this week, which deprived him of his right hand, and came near taking his life. . He was on his way to this city from Rmdge, N. II., and while in the vicinity of Btcx Jacket's made an effort to re move a shotgun from a freight wagon in which he had placed it. In his effort he moved a loaded rifle in such a manner as to discharge the contents through his band and into the muscles of his abdo men, where the ball lodged, and was picked out without doing any injury to the intestines. Mr. P. wa3 brought " to thi3 city, and Doct. S. C. Harrington removed the two middle fingers from about midway, of the . hand, and dressed it with a view of saving thelluleand index fingers: but gunshot wounds are difficult to heal; and the pa tient must suffer for a lon timo ere he recovers. 't. ... . .- ; RWex Xkw. - The Kansas river is lower at this time than it has been at any former period since our arrival in the Territory. It should be remembered that its waters rise in the Rocky mountains, and have to make a circuit cf seven or eight hun dred miles after the snjws in that region melts ! in the spring before it can reach us at this point. vWe cannot v expect a rise until the middle of May, or the first of June. The same influences operate upon the Missouri, and the water ' will continue low in' that river until a still later period. If the. Kansas shall contin uo to fall, as it has done for the last few days, we shall have'bur little hopes of navigation until the first of. Jane. " - - -' That Pamphlet. "' " We learn that a pamphlet," from the pen of Ex-Governor Walkxb, of the Wy andots, has been published in reply to a letter written to him by us about a year ago, propounding certain interrogatories on which, we desired information ;The pamphlet has been before thepublkr since last autuma;and yet' we have" thu3 far been unable to gethold of i t Will some friend place us ui4er obligations by fur nkhing us a copy ? ; - . -V; True to Themselves. j The editors of the Free State, for the I purpose, we suppose, of showing their re gard for law and orderj engaged in a riot" on Saturday morning, just before; we go to press, and ? removed the office of our friend S. K.Simkos into the street.- The act was In perfect peeping' with, their whole history since their removal to Law? rence. They came here professing to be rampant free State men, and even assail ed us and continued the assault from week to; week; because, as they alleged, we were not ultra enough on the slavery question. This was continued down to the period of the nominating convention of the Free State party when they show ed the cloven foot, and because the peo ple would not put in nomination Mr. Chapman, the subsequent pro-slavery candidate for Legislature, they bolted the nomination, and Te fused to sustain it, probably supporting the pro-slavery nom inee.' Theyv were then concerned, or privyat least, to &sr Jorgery, asap- i pears by their confession; by which ther people . of Lawrence were made the vic tims of their villainy ; and now, with force and violence, and against the peace and dignity of the Territory, and in violation of law, -they have, in a turbulent and ri otous manner, invaded the rights of Mr. Simpson,' and removed hi3 office into the public highway, thereby creating a nui sance. .. .. . ' .-- ' "y Exchanges... . .. It would afford us much pleasure to send a copy of the Herald or Frxedom to every paper in the United States, if our income would justify such" ' an ex pense; but we can't do it. We have over six bushels of exchanges now lying un opened before us.-- One has complained because we desired those papers in want of Kansas news to send us a dollar, for which we would send the Herald a year without exchange from them. ; If they don'tconsider their own papers worth a dollar then they are imposingupon their subscribes by demanding one and a half to two dollars for them. We don't want ours gratis th&sx to be annoyed weekly with opening two or three bushels of pa pers from which it is not probable, on an average, we should select one item in 41 year. Our paper is filled with Kansas news, and is designed for the eastern reader. . The news which has appeared in the eastern papers would be stale to our subscribers in that direction before we could receive it through exchanges, copy, and return it through the mails. To be Driven Out, It appears that Kansas is not the only field which the South have resolved upon controlling, and in which they are deter mined to have everything their own way. The Washington Sentinel, aii administra tion paper, is getting its ire up, and goes in to the death 'for clearing the Capitol of "Abolitionists," if they disturb the fugi tive slave law, or restore the Missouri compromise. Hear the slave-drivers, who conceive the representatives of a free people are but equal to the degraded African, on their plantations : . "In the next House of Representatives the Abolitionists will have a majority. Should such vile and infamous proposi tions bo made! should the vote be taken; should that vote show a majority for the incendiaries of whom we have spoken then, and we say it solemnly, we would not answer for the consequences. -They would deserve, majority though they be, to be driven from the Hall or Legisla tion, as Cromwell drove the corrupt men of his day from their seats in the Halls of the .English Legislature. New Line of Hacks, ; - It will be a source of pleasure to our citizens, to learn that Blanton fc Litch field, have established a semi-weekly line of Hacks, between . this place and Kansas city, leaving here each Monday and Thursday morning, at 8 o'clock, and returning on Wednesdays and Satur days. . They have a nice covered car riage on springs, and with a careful driv er and regularity in making trips, hope to succeed in securing a liberal patron age. We commend them to the travel ing public as gentlemen in whom .the public can confide. . A line has long been needed, and we trust it will be soon increased to a daily. . .' ' ' 4 " Saston. " ' This is the name of a new town laid off ar Dawson's crossing of Stranger creek, on the Military road leading to Fori Riley, and on to KewMexico and California. It has been long known as an Indian trading post, and from its loca tion, the rich and fertile country by which it is surrounded, the great body of timber, and the almost inexhaustible supply of coal and lime rock in the vi cinity, the beauty of the spot and its healthy situation, we cannot help believ ing that it will be one of . the important inland towns in the Territory. : Too Vile For Publication. - --- A letter from - C. Stearns, the Kansas correspondent of the X. K Tr&une, to Dr. C. Robinson, of this place, has been h.aritied to us for publication; . Jt is .too vile, profane, and malicious to appear in the columns of "any respectable sheet; aud although importuned by .Dr: H. to let the eastern public, see the true charac ter of this self-styled non-resistant, yet we cannot do so without lowering the standard of our journal. " : -1 . -2rSome disturbance -occurred j in town on Friday last in relation to our city matters, but it was; happily adjusted without any serious injury! TJntil we have legal tribunals every man. should consider himself a vigilant committee, esDeciallv" appointed as a conservator of the public peace, and should leave no means unemployed to prevent disturbance ofeverykind. i-J.--A - " '. J i!- Tndfan in Trouble. Just as we go to press we learn from Mr. Thomas Hufiaker, of the Territory, that there is every prospect f war be tween the Sacs and Foxes, and the Kaw Indians. ; In Au?u?t last the Sacs killed a.Kaw, and ever since hostility has exist ed between thenv-the Sacs : refusing to pay for the man; - The Kaws lately stole some stock from - the Sacs ; f this opened the wound afresh; when, on Sunday last, a party of 20 Sacs and about 4 Kaws met at Mr. Mcuees trading-house, near J iu Creek". - When they had finished trading, the Sac party started for their camp. The Kaws sent their squaws home, and started off, evidently on a hunting excursion.- The next day two of the Haws were found murdered and scalped. We-learn .that both tribes are now busy making prepar ations fora general fight. " "'""' : ; We clip the above from the Westport, Frontier News. It appears that a large party of Kaw Indians went down to Mis souri for the purpose of trade. . During their absence the massacre alluded to by the Aeir occurred. ; There were three Kaws killed instead of two. ; A messen ger was immediately dispatched to their Agent, but he was absent from the Terri tory. They were then directed to Gov, Reeder, with a letter stating the facts, and asking for aid. . It represented that the Sacs were thoroughly armed, .ana were way-laying the party who had gone to Misssoufiand that they purposed de stroying the whole on their return route The Kaws were only partly armed with guns, and were nearly destitute of pow der and lead; hence! would fall an easy prey to their enemy. ; The Governor was absent, having left a day or two previous for Washington; - ; " - - " - The Kaws, with their mules and hor ses loaded down with" goods, passed thro' this city on Sabbath last, on their .return from Missouri, and encamped' about a mile west of us.' A. few hours ' after a party of Sacs arrived from the'soutK but probably nqt desiring a contest m this vicinity, removed to some: other locali ty. 1 1 he Kaws remained in camp un til Wednesday morning, when an express arrived bringing to them the sad intelli gence of the death of three of their braves o ua umt OMuiiuyproriuuM,'ana Hiacuieir whole band was singled out for destruc tion. ' ' ' '. A party of their braves, accompanied by their Chiefs and Interpreter, applied to several of our prominent citizens for relief. On advisement it was determined to invite the band to visit our town, and give us an exhibition of a war dance, at which time a contribution should be ta ken up, and a keg of powder and lead purchased for their use. ; The party appeared in town just at night, accompanied by the female portion of their tribe, who had journeyed with them to the State. A ring was formed, composed of our citizens, in the center of which was a fas simile of the real sons of the. forest, costumed,: painted and equipped as they go forth to war. Their braves kneeled together in a circular form, in the interior of which they had a sort of drum on which they kept up a discordant sound, accompanied by a low hummingguttural while the squaws and children were ranged in the rear, appa rently interested spectators of the scene. The dance was wild, and no doubt a faithful delineation of savage life'. , The promised contribution was taken up, and from the proceeds two small kegs of powder and seventeen pounds of lead was bought and donated to them to be used in hunting buffaloes, or otherwise as they should feel disposed. -, The camp of the Kaws was broken up on the following morning, and they set out for their homes, since which time we have heard nothing from them. . Boston. .. This is the name of a town recently commenced in this Territory, on the north side of the Kansas river, at the junction of that stream and the Big Blue. The city site is of unsurpassed beauty and has a large back country adapted to a more dense population than any other town site on the Kansas river. ; The Boston association is composed of fifty proprietors. : They are actual ope ratives on the ground. They have com menced building this town to make them selves and families homesand not for speculation. They are men of intelli gence; enterprise, moral worth, and good pockets. - Measures have already been adopted for securing a complete title to the town site, embracing ten quarter sec tions. ; Arrangements have also been made for introducing mills andmachinery for building a wall house and fitting a steamboat landing and for placing a fer ry across the Kansas and the mouth of the Blue. The organization is a joint stock company, as-will be seen by the following which is a section from the constitution: . . . , -. " The stock of the association shall be divided among the original proprietors fifty in number, 100 shares shall be reserv ed for religious and educational purposes, 100 may, at the discretion of the Trus tees, be offered as an inducement for the introduction of mills and machinerv : and. 300 shall be heldjit the disposal of wuo xrubieesio do assigned to new-members,, and otherwise applied, as may be deemed -for the best interests of the as sociation.'.' . - ... a T. ... . C,. : '.meanness. . For editors, ot their abettors, to write letters' to the temVpiftiwndmg wlthalsehoods in relation to a co-temporary, and prejudicing them to his injury, then to quote their c-wn remarks to show pubEc opinion in the East.3:1 .r" :': We are eeveral days behind time with the issue of our paper, and thus far have found it impossible to bring up. With two additional workmen, which we have just secured, we hope to Jgain time in a week or two . .!: : Quotations from the Southern FresEu 1 The articles which " we Tiave recently extracted from the pro-slavery press, and published under the head of "The South ern Side' i very acceptable to our east ern readers, as showing the hatred wkicb the south entertains, to wards the advocates of freedom fn Kansas,as wellaa elsewHere Occasionally an article is' so fullof ifl vective that - we are- inclined to doubt whether our own sheet will not be con taminated by giving it trurrency ; and yet we" are conscious that the great mass of our friends in the East will never know the real state of things here unless we do continue the publication of these selections.. . v-.-.v-- If proof were wanting that the haters of slavery had ,the assendancy in this! Territory we would find it in the excita- KHiv f M;nrian as evinced in their t)ublio iournals. s Men who are . in the . . if " i. : va right,' liave ' no occasion to get angry, bluster, and swear because they , can't have things their own way. They are conscious of success in the future, and wait patiently until it is triumphant, True courage is never exhibited in.' pa rade, or in denouncing,others as vaga bonds, or wanting in valor. ' The most timoious generally exibit all the courage they posses in bravado, and representing that others are wanting in galantry. r- '" "The boy," it is said, ."whistles as he passes the grave yard after night, for the purpose of inspiring confidence in his own prowess" ;" but the least sound, or sight which . is unusual, quickens his pace, and, notwithstanding his artificial stimulent, a few moments will find' him far from the scene of danger, and prob ably making, loud protestations of his fearlessness. j Whether this is the motive with our neighbors in making so much bluster we cannot say ; but to. all candid intelligent persons who look on. disinterestedly we must say they are justly the objects of mirth, and richly deserve thecommis seration of philanthrophists. ' There .are others besides Missourians who hayeira 1 cently exhibited similar traits with therai' I a -i it- 1 c it. !" huu vuu uuiy tmuK. a purkiuu ui ie- maiks designed, for their benefit; we beg leave, however, to give them the as surance that they did not enter our minds until the article was completed, and that we would not for a moment call in ques tion their superior bravery and intrepid ity in the hour of apparent danger.' Fine Arts. In our opinion a lithographer, an en grarer, and a daguerreotypist, each , with all the necessary implements for prose cuting his business, would find an ample field for operation in this city. Every im aginary city w Kansas and their number is legion -of course desires a town plot, as also certificates of stock, and sundry other documents. Besides, when the Legislature convenes, there wilV doubt less bo numerous corporations and each will furnish a large amount of work for the lithographer. The engraver will find business in preparing" seals, kc, for the various cities and corporations, as well as for private individuals. But a few months will probably elapse ere the press will al so find employment for the productions of his skill. ' And as : to the daguerreotypist,- he . will find employment, where ever the human face divine is seen. . ' High Temperature. The thermometer stood at 90 decrees above zero on Friday last, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. The instrument was sus pended on a nail, in the inside of a room on the west side of our office. There was a delightful breeze at the same, time which prevented the atmosphere from feeling oppressively warm. We have an idea that old Sol will show him self well qualified for warming purppsus ere the first of September. 1' 3Tk letter signed "Liberalist?' from Louisiana, meets our approbation in every respect; at the same time we prefer hot to discuss the question which he proposes to introduce in his commun icationj as we cannot see how it can be used to advance the freedom of Kansas. This is the great issue with us, and we are unwilling to discuss any measure which can have even a minute tendency to divide the mends of freedom. ' &3T A goodly supply of Kansas Songs wiil be found in the Herald this week; that entitled 'The Kansas Emigrant's Song,' wasa competitor for the fifty dollar prize offered by the Secretary of the N. E. Emigrant Aid Company; and is publish ed agreeably to the suggestion of the awarding committee."" ; 3r- correspondent in the Pitts burgh Dispatch, says: "If the reader ever ha3 '- occasion to ; 'stage it' through Missouri, don't on any consideration, stop at the same hotel the stage does, if you do, you are considered a propper subject, for skinning. Expostulation only excites ridicule..' , - . - ' " ' :' Read.' . " Especial attention is invited to the two advertisements of Messrs. F. A. Hunt k Co., of St. Louis; also to that of C. M. fe H. M. WAKBKy, manufacturers of fire and water-proof Composition Roofing. v '3T The atmosphere is very warm, and were it not for the . extremely dry weather, and uper-abundance: of dust, accompanied by high southern winds, thfti climate would be delightful. " "A 313". We have two girls setting type ini the HsaALn or Feesdom office. One of them' worked for us during the last year of our connection with the ConneautviHe Courier. . .-. X.S ; XT The basement siory of thej' con crete building of 2Je$srs Hcrcnissos & -Hablow, is nearly complete. - t - ?" A Letter from Pensylvania. j A friend - writes us from Crawford county, Pennsylvania, on the 30th of, March. His request in regard to files of the Herald is cheerfully complied with. All who wish to be' fully posted in re gard to Kansas, cf course desire complete files from the, beginning, of the volume, as the early numbers- contain valuable information - which will never appear again.' We make the following extract from his letter which will be found of general interest" He says: : - Randolph, Masch 30th, 1855. i :"G. W. Beown, Esq-J "hope you will not feel. so deeply impressed with the old adage,jout of sight out of mind' as to fofget your old friends, or for a moment to harbor the opinion that they have for gotten you. ;i . , i- . . - ' f ine first mtimation I had from you i8"10 you left, was No. 9 of - the Herald. The No. I received was venr interestinsr. and called up many pleasing recollections ef the past, which however, will not be Ibrgotton.; . f I have not been able to-eet any sub scribers for the Herald, an account of some , filthy articles which appeared in some ; ot our. county veakues. charging you with being a "Traitor to Freedom," "not the man to be trusted," expecting to hear of your having? a "good plantation well stocked with negroes" ore, and fools believe it. "I cut the article and laid it away so carefully in order to send it to you, that 1 nave not been able to find it, but will ransack some of my neighbors' files till I find it. . , . - S "We have had the most severe, and extraordinary winter ever known since the settlement of the country. From the 21 day of Nov. we have had almost one perpetual storm, mostly snow with sweep in" winds, and continued cold, with the exception of a few days in January. . "The Lost fourteen days has been stor my. The awregate temperature of the month 29 deg varying from zero to 15 deg. generally, and in a few instances 50 deg. during the warmest part of the day, Last year the thermometer was 72 deg, on the 15th of March. "To:day the sleighing is as good as I have ever seen from here to Meadville, and has been for several days, snow about eiarht inches deep. Thermometer from 10 deg. to 28 deg. several days past "Cattle are dying by thousands in Ohio and other places heard from, and they must inevitably follow suit here if we have much more such weather as this. "I will send you a meteorological ab stract of the weather, soon as I can find leisure to make it out. - " "Your meteorological correspondent is doing a fair business for populating Kansas. I hat register tells more that can be relied upon, than a dozen news paper articles, on climate. I hope he will finnllntm . - : ' Slander Refuted, s The following letter from the able ed itor of the People's Journal, in reply to one from us, in which we took occa sion to state the facts, in regard to the infa mous falsehoods which the mercenary press of this vicinity, and its abettors have been perpetrating upon us during the last winter, will be read with inter est: - . -' CorDERSPOKT, Potter. Co., Pa.V March 17, 1855, Fbiexd Beown : Your favor of the 1st inst. has just come to hand. ' I am sorry I gave you the trouble of writing to me, and yet I shall long remember with pleasure your frank and kindly let ter. - - I was satisfied soon after sending my letter, that the story of your giving up your principles was a gross slauder.- Afterwards, when three numbers of the Herald came at the same time, I knew that you had been wronged. If I need ed more proof which I do not I have it in your letter, which replies cheerfully and kindly to the question put as to the position of yourself and the Aid Com many, on the Slavery question. If any thing was wrong, the tone of your letter would have been entirely different. But you will excuse my anxiety. . I am look in? to Kansas with eairer attention. . If freedom loses there, what a terrible loss, ff it wins there, what a glorious tri umph. '" ' . f-. My confidence in friends is not easily shaken and . my humble influence is at your service from this on to the end of the struggle, or so long as 1 am permit ted toexertany. . Bad men will thrust themselves into every froocLmovement.' It seems the ef fort to make Kansas a free State is no ex ception to this rule, for I can hardly think any other than a bad man would act as your assailant, no matter what his pro fessions. . . . .. - ' - . . The Herald is regularly received now, and I read it with great interest; as do all my family. - , With the best wishes for your prosper ity I beg to subscribe myself your friend, - JNO. S. MANN. Pro-Slavery Rejoicing. . . r, The following precious tnoreeau was issued in the shape of an extra from the Richfield, Mo., Enterprise Office, 'of date April 2d, 55, and was headed; in large capitals, in display Hues, "Oj K! on the Goose Question. All Hail 1 . Pro-slave ry Party Victorious ! I The Smoke of the battle is over !' . - ' "Friday the 30th ult. was a proud and glorious day one long to be remember ed; the triumph of the pro-slavery par ty is overwhelming and complete.- "Come on Southern men bring your slaves and fill up the Territory . Kan sas is saved ! Abolitionism is rebuked, her fortress stormed, her flag is dragging in the dust! The tri-colord platform has fallen with a crash, the rotten timbers of its structure were not sufficient to sustain the small fragments of the party. : "Kansas has proved herself to be S. G. Q. - : - -; ' "From the best information we have received, the pro-slavery party have car ried their tickets in every District, by a Vote so decisive," that the Freesoil party will return to their masters, (Thayer & Cp.) out roe sugntesi aiscuroance. xoere were on the ground from 1,200 to 1,500 persons.'- No man can say that he was crowded from the polls. Our oppohents are chopfalien, they look mostniolfully, they talk most hopelessly, and' feel, no doubt, awfully bad." : : i " - ', 3T; Messrs. Axles St Beotheb have received a part of their spring goods and are selling immense quantities daOy. ;f ' ( Survey of the Kansas' Elver. . 5 Kaxsas, MoMabch 4th, 1C55. G. W. Browjt, Esq. Mt Dear Sia: -According to promise I now will at tempt to give you somewhat of a history of my survey of Kansas River from Law rence to the mouth of the River. From Lawrence to about five miles down the river, I found three feet of wa ter in the channel; then I came to - a bar extending across the river, and by the dint of hard woik found a channel about seventy feet wide and 20 inches deep, very much incumbered with large snags projecting out of the water so that steam boats can steer clear of them without any difficulty. After leaving that I proceed ed down about 20 miles without finding any. impediment, with a depth of about two leet, wnen a- again enoounierea another bar with only 18 inches of water, and the bottom quicksand; but a boat running over it once would soon remove the sand, and make quite a deep chan nel. V . . - I got out of my boat in the raiddle of the river, and walked across and examined it very minutely, and have no doubt but that a "good : channel can ; be made through. At night I encamped on the river bank, being very wet and tired. I made up a large fire and dried my clothes on my back and lay down to en- iov the sweets of morpheas. In the morn ing after partaking of a cold breaktast, proceeded on my journey down ' from this spot (say twenty-five miles below Lawrence V to the Delaware ferry, which is about thirty miles by the river. The channel was quite good, and about twentv inches deep, and - one hundred feet wide. When 1 got to theDelaware ferry, I made several enquiries about the river, but found their ideas . very incor rect. ; No person can know the perfect state of navigation without he . goes through the hardships that I have. .On my trip from Delaware Ferry to the con fluence uf the river, two bars appeared, one of these, which is two miles from the ferry, I found only eighteen inches of water, and the bottom a soft quicksand. Five miles from this point another bar makes out with about twenty inches and the same bottom" as above. I have often been told .that at the mouth of the river the water was shoal and a bar formed; but my survey contradicts that assertion, for I found eight and ten feet of water and a trood wide channel. I made the distance from Lawrence to the confluence of the river seventy-five miles, - and a current running at the rate of two and a half knots per hour. . " .. Now, Sir,' I have attempted, though very tired and fatigued, to ' give you some of the outlines of my journey ; you must excuse the writing and composition as I have but poor accommodations and am - in a great hurry. I leave - for St. Louis, on Friday, and shall try and have a boat on the river in about three weeks. Respectfully, J. R. SWIFT. Letter of Instruction to Postmasters. -Post Office Department,) March 22, 1855. f Sir : Your letter of the 20th jnst. is received. In answer, I am directed by the "Postmaster General to inform you 1. The actot 3rd March, 1855, ma king no provision for unpaid letters to pla ces within the United States, on the same or day following any such unpaid letter or letters being pui into a rosi-umce, we Postmaster thereof will post conspicuous in his office a list of the same, stating that they are held for postage. If not at tended to, -such letters must be returned monthly to the Dead Letter Office. 2. Letter part paid should be dispatch ed, charged with the additional postage due at the prepaid rate according to dis tances established by said aet, except where the omission to pay the correct amount is known to have been intentional, when they should be treated the same as letters wholly unpaid. s 3. It is proper to forward a letter when requested in writing. When forwarded, no additional postage should be charged if the letter, contrary to its address, has been missent. If it has been sent accord ing to its address, and then forwarded, it must be charged with additional postage at the prepaid rate, according to distance, established by the act of March 3d, 1855, aforesaid. 4. Ship-letters as they cannot be pre paid, and are not supposed to be embrac ed in the act, will continue to be dispatch ed agreeably to the act of March 3d, 1 825. I am respectfully, your obedient ser vant, HORATIO KING, First Assistant Postmaster-General. Letter from Big Blue. . Boston, Kansas T., April. '55. Mr. Editor : The above is the name of a city recently laid out at the junction of the Kansas and Blue rivers. The proprietors are men. of .enterprise and moral worth men of the right stamp. The site of. the city is very beautiful and has a fine landing, and the rich prairies in the vicinity are last being settled by men who will soon "make the desert blossom as the rose." -t .. Our representative district is the only one of which 1 have heard, where the pro-slavery party did not triumph. . S. D. Houston, a staunch Free State man, was elected by a large majority. His competitor .was a Half-breed Wyandot Indian who brought on his forces from Missouri and his own nation, who "re side" near the mouth of the Kansas, with the expectation of being elected. Some who voted for him made no pretensions . !J ! I" i .T - . 10 a residence, nere, dus saia tneir homes were somewhere lse.. . Must the settler in Kansas always be treated thus shame fully? Will the Missourians continue to interfere , with our elections ?..... Will not the general government protect the puri ty of the ballot-box ia this Territory ? The Austrians and the Russians did not treat the . ( Hungarians more shamefully .1 1. 'e tr njaa wc pwpie ui . .A&nsas nave oeen treated in the recent election. - ;. . , This is permitting the people to chose their own institutions with a vengence. .- . BIG. BLUE. Arriving ssd Departing. Parties are continuing to arrive daily, and many persons are returning under the jplea that they cannot get work. Can men find employment in New Torkj or Boston by entering the city at night end leaving the next morning without mak ing a search among those desiring labor? It is true that mechanical labor is not in as good demand in Lawrence at this mo ment as-we supposed it would be ; but it is owing wholly to tiie want of. lumber which time and industry will supply. From Vu Jfvfalo Democracy. The Coming Indian War. Preparations,are being made, upon a scale as nearly great as any thing this" ad ministration can approach, for the pros ecution of a war against the -.Indian tribes west of the Mississippi; and we shall soon hear of the concentration of forces at frontier points, ixi readiness for the. forward .movement. Before the final order to march shall be given, and the step have been taken, from which there is no retreat, let us iook u wie suojet-k from another point of view than that ta ken by the belligerent Secretary of War? and with eyes less redened and angry, try to discover if there be not some little relief for the hard picture which Wash ington legislators and army executives paint, of the poor Redskin, w v The war of extermination denounced against the prairie tribes has been forced upon us, say its advocates, by the treach ery and cruelty of the Indians: We de ny this, and appeal to facts to sustain us. Since the emigration to uaniornia com menced, the "bands of nomad es who in habit the vast bufialorangehave found their supplies of food 'gradually ' dimin ishing, and have been forced to anneal to the whites for partial relief from star vation. They have frequently, even, denied the pitiful alms they asked, pre ferred to steal acOw ora horse, ana not to die for the want of meat. " ' This is no enme, among Indians, "although the refusal of hospitality is, that- they are only carry ing out the law of their being, which requires them to eat, by means of an ob servance of their imperfect social organ ization, which permits them to steal, rath er than not to eat. But they would al ways rather eat the food of hospitality man that 01 theit, u tney coma ODtain it. - How terrible have they found the retaliation, as compared with the original Wrong ! They have been slaughtered, tortured, scalped, by -men professing a high" religious superiority, and claiming a more refined civilization. "This has gone on for six years, and until the whole lndian country is excited to fury against me emiranis. xney appeal to govern ment, represent the wrongs done them, acknowledge, frankly the sins they have I committed, and ask first for food;, then tor protection, promising, and with ear nest faith, to keep their hands from shed- ing white blood. They receive all man ner of governmental pledges, and, for a time are quiet But, they cannot under stand why their "Great Father," who has 'so much money and such great houses and big canoes and burns so much pow der and shows so much hunting, why he cannot send them corn and cattle, at once, instead of waitinguntil some future time; and so after patienly starving for another few months, hunger drives them to steal another cow or more horses, and retalia tion, sur-retaliation, murders,' scalpings, and cruelties ensue. Then the treaty is broken, the Indians have not kept the faith, and have forfeited all right to the corn and cattle, which are never sent So, the poof" Indians again resort to their only refuge from death by starvation, and rob the emigrants, whom they have now come to consider their natural enemies. Thus-it is constantly. Witness the Fort Laramie massacre, the proximate cause of the coming horrors. A lame cow, which could not have proceeded another step, was "butchered bv some Indians under what "circumstances ? Why, the bands had come in, to the num ber or thousands of , individuals, men, women, and children, and were encamp ed about the Fort, waiting for their an nuities, and 'actually without food, dur ing several days, while they well knew the money and supplies were within the walls of the rort I hey were not angels, nor yet Cherubim:? they had stomachs, and so had their children, who were cry ing lor lood, and a lame cow, of no use to any one, turned adrift upon a prairie, was an enticing piece of property. They killed it, ate it, offered to pay for it re fused to give up the father of a family, who had butchered it, but told the officer to come and take him, and they would offer no resistance. What did that offic er do?. He sent another and a younger officer, just out of West Point, and pos sessed of a constitutional dread of Indi ans, to negotiate not with the white flag and clean hands, but with fixed bay onets, "and spherical-case-shot This diplomatic youth asked for the cow-steal-er, "and received for reply, There he is; take him ! This was too much for the great country's dignity, which that in experienced and nervous young officer supposeu 10 oe conceniraiea in mm. ana he ordered his men to fire. What came of it then, we know. ' What is hereafter to result from that foolish order,. God alone can foresee. The law of kindness has never been tried upon the Indians. With them, our rule of action has ever been the bullet, the sword, and the torch. Slaughter the men, outrage the women, burn . the cab ins, trample the corn-fields". . We have forfeited our plighted faith with them, as we never dare do' with France or Eng land ; we have stolen their lands, retain ed their annuities, Tied to them, cheated them, sent drunken, incompetent, and ro guish agents to carry out the . lawa of our country among a people who know no law save that of common observance; and when they have failed in any regard, no matter how slight to fulfil the rigid demands of their,"Great Father they have been bay onetted, sabred, scalped, and roasted, by thousands. , .- , Their blood appeals to Heaven for. re venge.' On this country shall one day surely fall a retribution as terrible, as it is just. witn tne amplest opportunity for kindness, and impelled to its exercise by every consideration of justice and magnanimity, we have ignored 'the thought of leniency, and enacted a part more cruel than the bloodiest fiavage could have imagined, because we sia against effulgent light The only In dian victim of the Laramie massacres was a friend to the whites, an old. grey haired man, whose hand had never been raised towards an American, save to of fer food or succor. ; He fell, at the word "Fire." ., How many more like souls are to 1 follow his to the 'happy -hunting-grounds, time alone can showprobably scores. And ..when .the 'retaliation" shall have been completed, and the agents of it leaning upon their dripping blades, and casting their eyes over the broad do main, strewn with bleeding corpses, and smoking villages . shall felicitate them selves upon the havoc they have caused, brhaps the history of a previous "re tali- one among (hem; and he may drop a tear as he repeats the heart-broken exclama tion of the lone old chief, '.'Who is there to mourn for Logan ?. Not one V : f '! ' J ; :.: Preachins.v r3V "1 " Rev.' G.: Wl ' HxncEtssox, will ; preach at the "Church' nekt Sabbath evening. alhalf past lo'cfockiy -,-v.f2- j EecUcn-OScial Betarna, Council FiasT Cqcscil District. Th t,.t son, prorslavery.OOO; E. Chapman, 904 i . K. Goodin, free-soa, 27? ; & . Seookd Council" District. A tr McDonald, pro-slavery, 317 j Wakefield, freersoU, 12. . ' ' Thibjx Cocscii. District. TT t Strickler, pro-slavery, 689; H. Rice' free-soil, 17.- - , ' - FOUKTH -CoCXCn.l)lSTBICT-A t CoSee,pro-6kvery.683 ; D.Lykins, 683'. M;T.' Morris, free-soilef,'lS3 j p Fox. 153.- . ..- ' ' Fifth Corxcn. District. W B beei pro-slavery, 343 no opposition J Sixth Cockoi. District. Jno. i)on. alson, pro-slavery, 39S ; M, F. Conway SiyxsTH Conceit District J W Forman, pro-slavery, 478 ; noopposiUon, JilGHTH " yovsa, DISTRICT. Y. P Richardson," pro-slavery, 234 T 'va Whitehead, independent, 63. Nikth CouxaL District. D. A v Grover, pro-slavery, 419 ; no opposition. Testh Cocscil District. R,a.RAes" pro-slavery, 1129; L. J. Eastin, 1126 B. II. Tworably, fieersoil,; S ; A. j' Whitney, bo. . : - . Hepresentative Districts. 4 First District.---A: S. Johnson, nro- slavery, 120; A. F. PoweD, free-soD, 19. Secoxd District. J. Whitlock, pro- slavery. 780 ; A: B. Wade, 781 ; J.M. Banks, 781 ;.J. Hutchison, fi'ee-soiL 252: E. D. Ladd, 253; P.P. Fowler, 253. Third' District. D. S. Croysdale. pro-slavery, 366 ; C. K Holliday, free- soil, 4 ; M. W. McGee, pro-slaveiy, 222 ; A. S. Baker, independent 25 ; H. Rice, free-soil, 23. " Elevxkth, St. Mart's asd Silver Lake. F. J. Marshall, pro-slavery, 344 ; S. McKartney, free-soil, . 19 ; P. Mc Kartney, 7. . '. Eighteesth, Wou River asd Dom- phax. J. fi. btnngfeilow, pro-slavery, 418 ; R. L. Kirk. 394 ; G. A. Cutler, free-soil, 59 ; J. Landis, 46 ; Joel Ryan, independent 27.-" - ;'. Bcrr Oak District. J. F. Blair, !ro-slavery, 256 ; T. W. Waterson, 258 ; . Fee, free-soil, 2. . v Kickapoo District. H. Harris, pro slavery, 412; W. Weddle,- 412, no op position. - . HiCKORT Poixt. Dr. W. II. Teehs, pro-slavery, 237 ; C. Hart, free-soil, 3. Fifth Electios District. M. Heis kell, pro-slavery, 682; A. Wilkinson, 679 ; H. Younger, 682 ; SamL Scott 684 ; Jno. Serpen, free-soil, 149 ; A. D. Pope, 141 ; S. U. Houser, 154; W. Jennings, 154.' "Fort Scott District.-os. Ander son, pro-slavery, 315 ; S. .A.. Williams, 313; J: Hamilton, free-soil, 35 ; W. Margrove, 16. Pawnee,- Blue River ajtd Rock Creek. -R. Garrett, pro-slavery, : 41 ; S. G.' Houston, free-soil, 125. The' Governor has granted certificates of election to the following named persons-: - . " : ' .' ' , CocxcTL. -W. P. Richardson, J. W. Forraon. D . A. N.-Grover. R. R. Rees. L. J. East b, Wm. Barbee, A. M. Coffee, David Lykins, M. F. Conway. -.- - Rkpresestattves. Jos. Anderson. S. Ai Williams. M. A. Heiskell, A. Wil kinson, H.- W. Younger, Samuel Scott, A. J. Baker. J. P. Plair. T, W. Waterson. J. H. Strirjgfellow, R. L- Kirk, H. Harris, J. Weddle, Dr. W. LL Tebbs. S..J. Houston. . - ; -t- f A majority in each House obtained certificates -nine in the Council, and fif teen in the House,' one free soiler in each House declared elected. - Changes of Climate. ... . The following from the Scientific Amer ican, contains some interesting facts,-and treats of a very -feeling subject worthy of a careful investigation ' - History informs us that many cf the countries of Europe which now -possess very mild winters, at one time experienc ed severe cold during this season of the year. The Tiber, at Rome, war often frozen over, snow atone time lay for for ty days in that city.: : The Euxine Sea was frozen over every winter during the time of Ovid, and the rivers Rhine and Rhone used to be frozen so deep that the ice sustained loaded wagons. - The wa ters of the Tiber, Rhine, and Rhone," now flow freely every winter; ice is unknown in Rome, and the waves of the Euxine dash their wintry foam uncrystalized up on the rocka. Some have ascribed these climate changes to agriculture, the .cut ting down of dense forests, the exposure of the upturned soil to the summer's sun, and the draining of great marshes.' We do not believe that such great changes could have been produced on the climate of any country by agriculture, and we are certain that no such theory can account for the contrary change of climatefrom warm to cold winters which ' history tells us has taken place in -our own coun tries' than those named. Greenland re ceived its name from the emerald herbage wmcn once ciouiea us vaiieysana moun tains; and its east coast, which is now inaccessible, on account of perpetual ice nea pea upon 11s snores, was in tne elev enth century, the ;$eat of ' flourishing Scandinavian colonies all trace of which is now lost- Cold Labrador was named Vinland by the Northmen, who visited it A. D:, 1 000, and were charmed with its then mild climate. - '- ' ; ' - v - - The cause of these changes is an im portant inquiry.' "A pamphlet, by John Murray, civil engineer, has recently been published in London, in which he en deavors to attribute these changes of cli mate to the changeable position of the magnetic poles.1- The magnetic variation or declination of the needle is well known. At the- present time it amounts in Lon don to23 degreeswest of north,' while' ia 1 658, the line of variation passed through England, and then removed gradually west until 1816. In that year a . great removal of ice took place on "the coast of Greenland hence, it . is inferred that the cold meridian, which, now pas ses through Canada and Siberia, may at one time have passed through Italy", and that if the magnetic meridian returns, ai it is now doinsr to its old lines in Europe, Rome may once more see her Tiber fro sen over, aud the Rhinelander drive -ii team oa. the. ice of his classic river.i Whether the changes of climate mention ed have been caused; by the' change " of the magnetic meridian or not, we have to few facts before us at present to decide conclusively ; but the idea once spread abroad, iriil soon lead to such investiga tions as will no doubt remove every cb sctrrity, and settle the question' : . '.Jt3 Messrs. Hckt h Hcxr are about erecting another steam saw mill in-Law the machinery,, This, with Messrs. Deit tixn k SHijtMOjrs, will make three rtz