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TES22S: Two Dollars per Annua--In Adrascc. JUST: LIT ALL THX S7TDS THOU XIJIEST AT BZ THT COCSTRT's, GOD'S, AXD TRtTTtt's. A Family Newspaper :--fcdf pendent ca 111 SuhjKts BY G. W. BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 1855. NUMBER 16-VOLUME I, Select oefrtj. ElaTery. Dil e'er m sound palate the ear . , Of mortal here below, . do fall, appall in, chill or drear, .Or fraught with human woe 'Atay. that foathnotne word, . ore withering in it touch Than wasting famine, fire or sword, In their nialijn approach? It rinlu, degrade, pollutes the mind, ' Makes brute of human fouI, In short, of misery all combined, Slavery form the whole. (Jo where yon will, and yet the same Thi monster atill appears, 2or time, nor place, the form can change This Tile incubus wears. In vain may sordid mind uphold ThU sum of lawle villain v. - And for the sake of fading gold, Attempt to prove it sanctity. Their time is short, and tyrants feci Their prap is getting weak, i . That soon tlie contest they must yield, t Must Slavery1 fetters break. . For soon the arm of truth made bare In notes of joyou victory, This heaven-born sonnd shall loud doclare That all the earth are free. Then labor on. ye noble few, For those in fetters bound, ' And soon the rights that circle yoa Shall compass them around. And r whose lives arc nought but woe And cruel wrong from day to day. Who nouglit of joy or pleasure know, . While forced tyrant to obey Look up and see bright Freedom's star, Her pinions proudly o'er you wave; Soon shall you shout your trials o'er. Tour rescue from a menial's grave! Woman as Printers and Editors. ' We present for the consideration of the opponents of female printers and editors, a brief history of some of the women of this country, who have borne an honorable place in the field of industry and talents. "The first paper printed iii Rhode Is land, was at Newport, in 1772.. James Franklin, brother to Dr. Benjamin, was the publisher. When the paper was a couple of years old, he died, and bis wid ow continued the publication several years. . She was printer to the colony supplied blanks, published pamphlets, Ac. The Newport Mercury, still regu larly issued, was printed at her office 1756. In 1745 Mrs. F. printed for the government an edition of the laws ; it ibrmed a book of 346 folio nazes. Mrs. lJliJ were twin ana correct compositors. I Had there been a Printed Union i n Newport at that time, the two nieces of Benjamin r raakliu would have been vo ted outof "weir sphere,'' and all manner of ungentkmanly insinuations thrown out against women who would work in an office with men, and they would have had a lecture from these pure guardians of "woman's virtue." What think you would be the voice of Ben. Franklin the Printer, could he speak now on the sub ject? The present publisher of a news paper in Newport boasts that his daugh ter, about 15 years old, can beat any man in that State setting type. Shall he be allowed to stay in the "Union," with such a daughter? But it is further sta ted that a' servant of the house worked Mrs. Franklin's press. Printing news papers was not her only business. Here is one of her advertisements : "The printer hereof, prints linens, cali co, silk, tfce. in figures, very lively and -durable colors, and without the offensive smell which commonly attends linens printed here." Mrs. Sarah Goddard was also a Printer at Newport, in 1 776. She was the wid ow of Charles Goddard, a Printer of New London ; she had the management of a newspaper and conducted it with much ability for two years, when John Costar was associated with her, and the business was carried on under the firm of Sarah Goddard & Co. if if , rv .i J ! of luchard Draper; she pu Massachusetts Gazette, and jvows letter alter net nusoanas acaw. . , , , , All the newspapew but here were pended when the English besieged Bos-; t"- -;" " ""o-"- w here a pension was bestowed ou her for life. . ; - - : . . " I Mrs. Cornelia Bradford was the widow r KKaloft Rnclnn mnA vant t, Rnirlanrf or Andrew Biord, wno died in 1 ftiia- ueipua, ia n; wjc wuhqubu uu- : caanot jjocjety intends to have Tiction is forced upon me that a premed- ncss seyeral years, and was very sue- jfirat rate papers, aud this will require first itated and combined effort, on the part cexsfu. . . .- j rate thinkers. There is something more of reckless and evil-disposed whites roam-' ; In Philadelphia, .1C02, Mrs. Jane Ait- to done than to gossip about trifles iDr through that country, has been, and luucoaUnued her .father's printing busi-lto indite a few hurried lines on this or continues to be made, to plunge govern-j nets at- his death. She was noted for j that topic to make a daily patch-woik ment into another Indian war, and car-1 correctness in proof-reading. . : . , of the odds and ends of thought. Mas- ry out their favorite schemes of anaihila- Mrs. Zenger. widow of John I . Zen- j terv discussions of great principles tirm- these Indians. ' j ger, who published the second newspaper t gearching investigations into- social and "These miscreants, regardless of age e jtabhshed m New x ork, carried on the political laws stern rebukes to vice in- or sex, assail and slaughter these poor busmess seyeral years after his death. Sp;rins appcals-tre henceforth to be weak, and defenseless Indians with ira .She was editor of the New York AY eekly 8taples of the newspapers. And hence punity, as there are no means in theliands Journal for three years previous to 1743. learning is required. Only see to it that 0f the agents to prevent these outrages . Mrs. Mary Holt, widow of John Holt, are adapted to the thing itself, and or bring the perpetrators to justice." j publisher of the New York Journal, in ; free from all dry scholastic methods.; "There are many well-disposed per-' 1 783, was appointed Printer to that State. The language of the newspaper is the r sons in that district whose sense of jus-' Anne Catherine Greene succeeded her . lanfma of" Common lifc?CnUine An- tip and hnmanitT nrnUs lcn1iinfin.' husband in publishing the Mary land; Gazette, in 1776; the Gazette was the ' firt mnr nnnted in that State, che was colony printer at her death in 177$. jMrs. Hassebatch, the widow of the first printer in Baltimore continued her hus band's business Mrs. Alary Uawanne uoaoara, was .sister to Wm. Goddard, of Rhode Island, . who established the Maryland Journal. He was obliged to quit tbe State, because he wrote rather freely, and his sister con- jdacted the paper eight years, till 1784. j Jdrs. Hannah Boyle published a paper , at Wniiamsburg. Va., m 1774. . - to any body. Fifth, never indulge m name, ana wnen wey marry, snouia re Clementino Bird succeeded her bus- iJaxuries that are not necessary. Sixth, their inaiden name aa a middle name, band as editor of the Virginia Gazette in do all things with consideration, and This the practice among the society of 1775 ; Thomas Jefferson was a contribu- henyour path to act aright is mow diffi- Friends, and were it generally adopted it tor to her paper. . , - cult, feel confidence in that power alone ,w. hare-mj. adwt.- We Mrs. Elizabeth rimothee, after the whieh is able to assist you, and exert, "bould know at once, on seeing a ladya eathof her huband, in 1773, continued ' your own powers as far as they go. whether she was mamed or single, the Gazette in Charleston, C. Her and if the former, what the name of her son succeeded her in two years. SSF To seize opportunity by the for femdy was. And it w further to be con - Anne Timothee, widow of the son just lock is a familiar piece of advice. We- stdered that the adoption of this rale of n'ortUmvl .ftor tr,A Rr,l.itmnirr war lately saw. in an old book of wisdom, but a jingle first name for girls, would revived the Gazette, which had been dis- continued when the British troops were in tuiAn of f!V.arlAtnn . Kh was appointed State Printer, and held the j Mary Couch was the widow of Charles Couch of Rhode Island. He established a paper in Charleston, ft. C, in opposi tion to the Stamp Act. Mrs. C. conduc ted the paper for several years previous to 1780, when she removed to Salem, Mass., where she was a publisher for a number of years. Penelope Russell succeeded her hus band as Printer of the censor, at Boston, in 1771. There were other female printers in the last century and during the early part of the present one, but we cannot now give their names and location. ' Mrs. C. J. H. Nichols has for many years conducted the "Windham Co. Democrat," the leading democratic paper m Kattlebcro, ennont. . one is now in .. savage cruelty and revenge cannot be de Kansas, jnied. That the swift and bloody ven Mrs. E.Oakcs Smith conducted a liter- ' geance which has in such cases been vis ary paper in New York city. Mrs. Em- ited upon him has often been natural in ma Brown is a joint proprietor of the the circumstances, we are fully aware ; j "Cayuga Chief," at Auburn, N. Y., and but that the merciless system of extermi- i has worked at the case ever since that pa- natinz oppression which has character-! per was started. Mrs. Paulina Y. Davis is editor of the "Una." Mrs. Lindsay conducted the "Garland," at Louisville, Kv. Mrs. Al- drich, the "Genius of Liberty," at Cin- cinnati. The Literary Journal, at the same place, is edited and printed by wo- men. Mrs. Prewet has for' many years carried on that staunch whig paper, the iazoo tity, Juis5. "A few years ago Miss Walter succeed- ed her brother as one of the Editors and ruDiisners or tne Boston lranscnpt. Many of our citizens remember with pleasure the Guest, which Mrs. R. S. Ni- chols conducted for a number of years, airs. m. a. uennison nas been one ot the Editor's of the Boston Olive Branch, the composition on which paper is done by women. We need scarcely mention Mrs. Swisshelm ,of the Pittsburgh Visitor, who has been Keporter as well as .Lditor and ruousner, ana we believe, can set type, luwur wur yvar ago ours. jj. a. rier- son edited and published a handsome and well conducted paper at Lancaster, Pa. The Weekly Columbian, Cin., employ women to set type. The Detroit Daily Democrat, Pittsburgh Dispatch, Syracuse Chronicle, New York Day Book, "Boston Olive Branch, and other papers in Boston, The Genoa, (N. Y.) Courier, and many other papers employ women. It is true they, like the Merchants of Philadelphia, employ them because they are cheaper V. i min Xrmt U .1 C l1 a litUe raore strength they -n i: i !. eJ i3"" 'th" u.a vuriujuivufc wrvurun a Alltl-UVUlC. The Newspaper Press. The New York' Times makes these true and auicia ,ing remarks on the daily increasing powar of the newspaperpress course of policy towards the red man. and its ultimate high destiny. Its aim should be to civilize and human- "So far as we can see, nothing gains so ize his rough and darkened nature, rapidly on the heart of this century, as and endeavor to recompense him for the the, newspaper, nor is there any other wrong of the past with the blessings of agent that derives such immense aeces- civilization and enlightenment Is this sions to its strength and compass from the course which has been pursued ? Is the accumulating resources of the times." such the present policy ? An array of "Certain it is, that the newspaper has facis might be produced in answer to advanced more rapidly within a few years these questions which might well cause past, than any other form of literature, the blush of shame to mantle the cheek The acute observer sees that it is inva- of the patriot and the philanthropist. ding other departments of mind, with- Violated treaties and deeds of red-hand-drawing from magazines and reviews, ed violence on the part of the semi-sav-some of their most valuable elements, age desperadoes who infest the borders and uses them far more vigorously than of civilization in the West, and south they were able to do. And the chief west, and who looked upon the Indian feature of it is, that it puts thought as fit game to be hunted and shot down such thought as active life needs in the without mercy and without compunction, most direct and available shape for in- are fresh and thick in the memories of stant and deep impression. Sometimes those who have had the humanity to no it may lack depth ; at other times, truth tice, and the hardihood to protest against and intelligence ; but these defects must them. give way before the widening culture. : rhe broad idea, the true faithful germ of change, and enter with it our solemn pro intellectual growth is in it, and nothing test against such outrage, past, present can arrest its amplest development" and to come. j "Educated men in our country should Mr. EJgerton, of Ohio, is doing the' begin to weigh the fact, it is well worth State irood service in exnosinsr the ahiuM I whilo tn Hn.llt-Trt itm moanmrr A frock ' -v-v fnP ;t pVprv.r!.r l-. wIWa - , v " . . sus-.brainsin their eyes and fingers clear, earnest profound writers, that are all i- . .... . t . .i anve to respectaDie impulses, uci tnem take noble views of tho world. The idea is common that newspaper contributions are neces8arily flippant and superficial. K0 doubt this is often the case, but it glo-Saxon in its simplicity, directness, an(j forC aQd men must acquire it if they wish to be heard and felt." Rules. , : I First, never lose any time ; do not wiiikthAtlvwhichisspentinamusernent or recreation, sometime every day; Dutal- way8 be in the habit of being employed, Second, never err the least in truth. Third, never say an ill thing of any per-! ( son, when you can say a good thing .of them ; not only speak charitably, but feel so. fourth, never be irritable or unkind the fact upon which it is founded, vix- that opponunny nas iung .uir i iwu and short hair behind." Too many men fancy that he wears a cue, but find out k PL 'l Iuxuriant in Ver7 harvest, is here open- the report of Joel Parker, an Indian Agent i n- - " j. - in uiciiM, iiito oiaicujcuk o ovj uiticii The Indian and the White Man. Although accused by some of our co temporaries of having our sympathies narrowed down to the wrongs of the black man; we cannot Tid ourselves of a conviction which has been growing upon us for years, that among the sins which will lie heavy and dark at the door of this nation, must be numbered that of unjust and ruthless persecution of the red man of the forest. That the Indian has been often roused by the usurpation of his ancestral hunting grounds, and the irrcsistable encroachments of the .; whites to sudden and terrible deeds of ized in too many instances the conduct of the government, and stamped with shame the annals of our border wars, has been iustified bv the deeds of sav- age cruelty which arc appealed to for their defense we cannot acknowledge. Shocked by the revolting acts of barba- rian retribution which have roused the sleeping settler at dead of night to find his cabin in flames, and tomahawk and, scalpiner-knife awaiting himself and fam ily at the door, we are apt to lose sight of' the wrongs which have kindled in the; untaught and fiery, heart the flames of! savage vengeance. Robbed of his hunt- j ing grounds, made sacred to him by eve-; ry association which has power over his : untutored heart driven step by step ! backward from the graves of his fathers, j and made: an alien and an outlaw in the land which he deemed bestowed upon! him by the "Great Spirit, it was natur- j al that he should look upon the white ; man vun me naireu wnicn is Dome in the human breast of a consciousness of! oppression and wrong. The extenuating excuses urged by the "pale face" intru- der are beyond bis comprehension. He only sees that he has been robbed of all he 'held most dear, and his forest-born ! philosophy refuses to recognize the fine- j drawn, sophistries of his more subtle! brother. Though he could not answer 1 in kind the arguments which were urged to justify his expatriation, yet those noble : C V I T '-IT. I 1 1 tice which are born of au unfettered in-' i . tercourse with We by forest aad prai- TIC, UlUgllli II1LU Ik WiU WIVUg. These considerations in view, an en lightened sense of justice would dictate to this nation a kind and conciliatory. instead of a fierce and exterminating We topy the following from an ex-' -f. I 1. .1. - T i: T vi me wmwes upun m Auuiati. in a re ..wi. a . r,,u .u . w wlc uuiut, num ov;b3 tuiku hivj true rra- son of the difficulties with the Indians so nlninl that it is worthv of irmrI dr. . .J . - culation. Mr. EJgerton read as follows from the report: j "From the frequent recurrenceof sim ilar atrocities against the Indians m south' crn aud southwestern Oregon, the con- :mn scenes; but, throughfear of some1 other cause; they are siTent.' It is pre-! sumed that many unite and take part in these deeds of horror as means of self: j preservation, their fears being wrought upon by reckless and lawless persons, est the appearance of opposition to ! conduct might subject them to a doom similar to that which "befalls the Indian. Females should have but one given put an end forever to tho whole brood of tum ic.iuvuFuciui ueiea Lauras, and s a style ;" of nomenclature ' whieh is thought by most persona to be . 'It is Impo8sible.M v "It is impossible!" said some, when Peter the Great determined on a voyage of discovery; and the cold and uninhabit ed resrion over which he reUrned furhish- I ed nothing but some larch-trees to con struct his vessels. But though the iron, the cordage, the sails, and ail that was necessary, except the provisions for vic tualing tbem, were to be carried through the immense deserts of Siberia, down rivers of difficult navigation, and along raids almost impassable, the thing teas done ; for the command of the sovereign, and the perseverance of the people sur mounted every obstacle. "It is impostible," said some, as soon as they heard of a scheme of Oberlia's. To rescue his parishioners from a half savage state, he determined to open a communication with the high road to Strasbourg, so the productions of the Bande la Roche might find a market. Having assembled the people, he pro posed that they should blast the rocks, and convey a sufficient quantity of enor mous masses to construct a wall for a road, about a mile and a half in length, along the banks of the river Bruche.and build abridge across it. The peasants were astonished at his TirrtTHVtitinn n n . 1 nrnnnnnrAr 1 imnnni!. r.. thfi rrrmitirl nf nrivflt kwmrtcc Ha kiwsr. Tosnnei with tliom rA ma' the offer of his own example; ' No soon- er had he pronounced these words, than, ' With ft Tif'liY nn 111 cV.fMilflor Kn m. ceeded to the soot, while t.h Mtnniifhprl ro,o ; i r . got their exoa, .?d ba.tenedwith ono ' At length every obstacle was surmount-! W lil UIVII I1IIU. k;iiv l iiiiu ( ed; walls were erected to support the earth, which appeared readv to frive way; mountain torrents which had hith- erto inundated the meadows, were di- Vlrtfl ntn rvmrsPR ni- it-i l intAKa4 nffinttAmnhiinfi.Mn j . tui thing was dnnt TfiA KirirlcrA fill Kooro t)m nami of th Rridtn. n( f!i,fl,v "fit imnralht " toi.-l enma 1m looked at the impenetrable forests which covered the rugged flanks and deep gorg- , : '.,u. '.v;.t es of Mount Pilatus, in Switzerland, and hearkened Uie daring plan of a man named Rapp, to convey the pines from the top of the mountains to the lake of Luzerne, a distance of nearly nine miles, MUmrmna ku CnrrrtaA ocl! la n. -t,,.V of twenty-four thousand pine trees, six feet broad,amlfrom three to six feet deep; and tliis slide, which was completed in 1812, and called the slide of Alpnach, was keptmoisL Its length was for.y-four thousand English feet. It had to be con- ducted over rocks, or along their sides,- nnrnm! nr ab v,M was sustained by scaffoldings; and yet skill and perseverance overcame every obstacle, and the thing vus done. The trees rolled down from the mountain into the lake with wonderful rapidity. The larger pines, which were about a hun- tK Br,n f eight miles aud a third in about six min- utes. A gentleman who saw this great worVcnr. tW,oK xc th a uh which tree of the largest size passed ,nv;tn inf , ?nU niatrit itoncewUhastickasitrushedby.how- ever quickly he attempted to repeat the- blow." . vty not nastily, tnen ble. ' It may be so to hour, a day, or a week, or by thought-. lessness, carelessness, and indolence ; but to act with wisdom, energy, and perse-' verance, is to insure success. , "Time "( and patience," says a Spanish author, : "mate we mulberry leaf satin 1 and an-! other remarks, that "care and industy do everything." Facts not Fables. Anecdote of Hogarth. . A few.months before this ingenious ar tist was seized with the malady which j r j r r . j; uepnvea society oi one oi ia mwi ui-., tinguished ornaments, he proposed to his matchless pencil the work he has entitled . rr . . t ' v:u : ' a i&ii riwe uie ursi luvra ut nuicu is said to have been started in company' while the convivial glass was circulating round his own table. ' i ' r.: 1 . :ir..:..U4 Mw nflTtnnHorlolinfT said Hvrarfh ' DUISUe a SUmcct tn lLS mintlLfSt details. shall be the End of all Thinsrs.' - i f " appeared that the public were unac- , A J , , . - o ,.. . " firovn. in hit Tamf.rr Tho rmglu ..rr : .v. . e n..9;n .:!, w-Vf A propaganuisis oi we iorw nave oniy re- for there will be an end to the painter, j pleasant and profitable. When I have f 'P11 5 f d 1 W. for m if "There will be so," answered Ilogartb, ' wanted work I have accepted it at any donot push their inquiries any (kr sighingheavily "andthe er mj work .s done the better." nf't '"f ' "5. ern and Western learning to ck him for Accordingly he began the next day. lnTjLl Tbe aboIitioa v ia lhcTerri- and continued his design with a diligence aciuianr or a soldier. In London 1 ,MrT,i, , . that seemed to indicate an apprehension - have cleaned out a stable and groomed a h should not live till he completed it: cabWs horse for a sixpence I have PPP1' i?!" !- This, however he did m the most inge- mous mannerby grouping everything which denote the end. oi all wings, a dtp ... . .. rpn rnrufl. an oia Droom worn w uie stump, tne buti enaoi an oia nre.oci, a cracked bell, a bow unstrun?, a crown tumbling- in pieces, towers in ruins, the sign post of a tavern, called the world's end tumbling, the moon in her wane, the mp of a globe burni rniDg, a giDbo laumg, th Wr PDh and the chains which held it falling down, Phoebus and his horse, being dead in the clouds, a vessel wreck - ed, Time with his hour-glass and scythe broken, a tobacco pipe in msinoaw, we lastwhiffof smoke inr out. a pfciy hook ope a, with 'exuetomnes" stamped iu the . only cure for pride is sense; and the only corner, an empty purse, and a statute of path to promotion is condescension. What bankruptcy taken out against nature. ' J multitudes have been ruined in theirpros "So tir so good," cried I logarih, no- pects by the pride of their hearts! Away, thing remains but this," taking the pen-'. then, young nien, and forever, with seif cil in a sort of prophetic fury, and dashed . foppery, and empty pride, idle habits, off the similitude of a painter's pallet .and expensive associates stoop and con broken ; " Finis ! exclaimed Hogarth, f quer. Sink ia spirit and rise in opulence, "the deed Is done, all is over." - ; j Be faithful over few things, and be made It b remarked and a well known fact j ruler over many." ' - ; that he never again took tbe;pa!ktiiiMMnMMHMMHM hand. Itb adrcumstanceless known,) We from George But- perhaps, that he died ia about a year f-f ler. United States AgeVt for the Chew .hdInishedAextiwrdui,taa keen, that letters had ' been received at pyce. EJechc d HoiM Gazette. ,.; Thaleqnab, from the- Cherokee delega 1 ' - . - " ; wn, stating that they had :made an ar- J&Tto minutes is the extent that rangement with the government for dis any one should trespass upon an editor's posal of neutral land." This tract of time, durinsr business hours, unless he is land, ' containiojr ? about : eiaht hundred upon business of importance. Re mem- ber this ye frequenters of the editorial Kansas lerntory. South H estcmlnde room. ipendeni. Farmers and Mechanics. ' ' The following passage from a late work of Miss Sedgwick, i a sample of the just and truly philosophical thinking and right feel i ng, w ith whi c li her writings abound. The passage, it will be . seen, relates to the education of children, the choice of a' pursuit for life, aud what constitutes true respectability ; and the sentiments expressed are full of true dig uity aud wholly imbued with the gen erous spirit of our republican institu tions: ' ' . ' : . "I shall bo governed by circumstan ces ;, I do not iuteud or wish Anthbn to crowd ray boys into the learned profes sions. If any among them have par ticular talent or taste for them, they may follow them. They -must decide for themselves in a matter more important to them than any one else. But my boys know that I should be mortified if they selected these professions from the vulgar notions that they were more gen teela vulvar word that oujrht to be j banished from the American vocabulary more genteel than agriculture or the J mechanic arts. I have labored hard to : rnn.-inii tit Vy-. t-t? Vi nr-n to nnikinr. vnl Uv,k.,.6 nirtlm,!, w.,m fa- onvrin U:rr I th A.tT TUatr oc o 'th farmer and mechanic, arc working men. j And I should like to know what there is n?rf Iiiloiw- o1rain- ir. citiinrr' m-dr tahla and wrldno- T,rosrid tarm. or in '. ."?..f r aw, and to out pbpic for. then.. It , VCIUillll a ifMdv IIVUVJll III a UTUiVVIl.lVi wiwtnui u nwgv iivvivii sis s uuivximwv republic, that a lawyer has any higher. claim to respectability gentility, if you clease than a tanner, a blacksmith, a painter, or a builder. It is the fault of the mechanic, if he takes the place not ni(mo.-l tn him hv ilio rmiwnmenl i i.? i .1 - . . LU 111111 UV LlltJ jrt erillllt'Ilfc and institutions of his country. He 9in.ti-nt. f u ,.nn, h nf t)a lrtwr nrdprc nnlir Tvhon lvo ia col f. ' ! errc hv tha i,mnr,n,. nrl on 1 tnonnari rliwli n oc-vIn fori tt'itli man. .r., j .:i. ual labor in countries where society is di- vided into castes, and ' have, therefore, .i . ' i. a: come to bo considered inseparable from it. Ilely uron it, it is not so. lhe old barriers are down. , The time has come when being mechanics, we may appear on laboring days' as well as holidays, Talari anrl v.irth arm tV,a n-.1v aturnil grounds of distinction. To these the Almighty has affixed his everlasting pat- ent of nobility and these it is wuich make bright the immortal name to which our children may aspire as well as others, It will be oui own iault, Anthon, if, in our laud, society as well as government, - ia nnt nr.n,' t ,fnmj.ft, But we must secure, by our own efforts, the elevations that are now accessible to all. Medical, Huston, journal. The Way to get on in the World. v,a u; i. .7 r A nVI&lU UUIUi UU1C ttVS. uuu- most interesting lictl? volumes that has appeared during the present century. It :i L f,oi (t JT- like vanity in me to write what I now do, k, i : i:.,MiB:fT omitted it. When fillin- a.cart'with earth on the farm, I never stopped work (because my side of the cart Wht be what I had heaped up, to help doubtless he did to 'me, when I was last and he . first. When I have filled my column or columns of a newspaper with matter for whieh I was to be paid, I have never stopped, if I thought the subject Required more explanation, because there was no contract for more payment, or no possibility of obtaining more. hen I have lived in a barrack-room, I have stop ped my work, and taken a baby from a soldiers wife, when she had to work, and I nnrcA1 i for V. . r. " guuc iui imi iV her, or cleaned another jnan's accoutre- ments, though it was no part of my duty t A., vu t i,-.. C . 'a it v w a ui5 uvtvu ciiacvL iu political literature and traveling for a newspaper, I have gone many miles out oi my roaa to ascertain a local lact, or to thi. Un T ,A wMu tried terature, and done as much " writing for ten shnimn as I have readily wuiaiueur-ouui sougu r ami uucrcu .i T . -e t i a . i . wu tuua ivi uui w u, r, . accepted, shillings- I loukL:TO hare ' arisen to guineas. .1 have lost nothing 1 by working; whateverl have been doing; , with spade or pen, I have been my own ; ieper. Are you preparea vo lmiiaie; areawimiHH:. Humauity is always the attendant of, sense, folly alone is proud. j vine, when pi ' his congregate - wareo. oemg g-uoen .pprenuc jcr , puin fcld-in ItWi-oottnty; by Messrs. rourneymen, and copper masters.' TheUr4ii-4 . ' . thousand acres, is ia the southern part of . far the Herald tf I'wkm. Home Thoughts. There are times, when sad and Trswrr,' Gloomy thoupbu will fill my brain; When the future looks so dreary, That I eijh for home again. Feelings that at once o'erpower me, Touch the heart, and start the tear; While fond memory call before ma Each loved one 1 bold no dear. Then imagination dwells on Honrs I vainly hoped to last; And forgotten while the spell's on Is the thought that it is past. Oh. how clearly then beside roe, Stand the loving ones I know; Tlv who said, "whatever betide the, . -Oli, remember r are true." Yes. the memory of that parting, And the memory of the past. With tho hope I had in starting, Will not leave mo to the lst. ' And the hours will come when sorrow, ' In my heart shall take m-r seat; I will look forth to that morrow, . Hastening onward rwhen we meet. Kansas Territory. 1 0.6 tide Of emigration flowing to :nsas Territory is immense. From all of 'he country it is pouring in, v1. M h WlCre Will De ms. aivwvus) WMI.ai(UUC9 - UlUllALR a K ii.U enouirh uihabiuints in the Territory before mid-summerto enUtle it to admission into the Union as a State. JTTXT I ir . a.: ii i . I - . ., , . ".,..' . . . J "t t " . mm I "ra.are y vmg maicny loaaeawitn . -r'b;-"-- rueBUU f"1' S'T Louis one day. rarties organizing in every section of the n oulM;s. na waoin we ortnern XT il O. . J t .1 -T . 6uu outjes, comuoseu oi men wno love - . . uie OUi.-s, V.UIJ1LKJ. freedom and desire its privileges. I a i;e io great lines 01 travel to nan- are tIie 0nio Wver and the Northern iauroau route wrouirn cnicajro. lne route through Chicago. su iauer piace is immense. even hundred emigrants for Kansas rush at the latter place is immense. aQU pasa "irougn wai city in one day. Every train briuars its load of emigrants, in companies, families and single individuals', all pressing on to the "Territories." If the tide continues as it has commenced, there will be more Cl&Tl OXXQ hund red thousand inhabitants m e temtory before Congress again "wmblet. It is reasonable to suppose Uiat me areu meJ adventurers and speculators who will not remain, and, undoubtedly some emigrants will bo dis- apP0"1 and ra aSJJll to their for "1 omes-UvJ 4wul pompoae only a smAii percentage ot Uie whole number percentage going out. ' The election in the Territory occurs upon the 30th hist., and will undoubted ly result in the election of a majority of the pro-slavery candidates, if the reports which reach us are reliable. The census , I . . i . . . . , n en, ana u appears uuat were a? m l?e mtry ?'957 'S?11? : f s'u areoie" There are seventeen legislative districts, weight-of which there are slaves. It seems that the Missourians who have al- the teratoiy fiarfalof mo eiecaou, and tney nave obtained the names of a large number will do so there is not the least doubt. But if the Dro-slaverv oartv succeed in electing a majority of the legislature, it does not follow that the constitution of the State,' upon its admission to the Vmon' WlV .COnt?m Permitting gration from the free States will overbal ance that from the South. Present indi- cus ucn a resuu.- Bo9t(jn - - i Kansas Election, - n i iu i -4 v-.i . tM. 30th ult the second political battle between slavery and abolitionism e . . w"(" aponuonism a nrenw ge DOsn 1 ne yicwr7 ol .fro e t' i i i' i - T u " ill v. 5 ' , .cwea ieshon m ie oouwiern puuucai . i i j .i l?.: i What comes now of the Northern boast . . to aboluionize Kan- going s sas, ana make it a free State ? They i may yet do it, but their prospect ia a lit- tie gloomy at present. Indeptndenee. r r j :', ' ' . -: J Wcat can be Done on our Prairies, To thow whAk CJm donfl on fcf -,.-. t.a IVu III c: 1 - .. ' m 4u- j? we wm ine s tuteraeni oi we cost, ex- mi m. i . McAllisters,' some three years since : . Cost of purchase Zt,90O 1.025 rods offence 820 House and barn 600 Total Dry - r. 84,320 r 1. Value of, wheat produced ; , 31.33D " , corn ..... " . , ' 3,000 "t ' Iiay ' 550 20 acres sold for ' ' ' r 253 Sold 390 acres at 825 per acre 9,750 Value 75 acres of wheat reserved 1 ,500 Total Cr. 816,380 4,320 ; Balanca k r 812.C60 DeductforlaboT,interest,&c. 2,060 Kett profit 810,000 3" The Press may truly be styled the great Arcbimedian lever. Freedom's Strugjle In .Kansas. To tux Friesds or Frxxdom: The great Pinkney proclaimed but plain and simple truths, when he stated, in the Leg islature of Maryland, thatSlavery was con trary to the eternal principles of natural justice, and that the most frutiful toil must ever wither beneath the touch of the .unpaid slave. The observation of every man, who has enjoyed oppotunities in the older States of the South, confirms this declaration: and yet the concoctors of the Kansas, Nebraska Bill have exposed new and immense, aud naturally fertile and beautiful tracts of territory , to the tread of Slavery. But one of the pro visions of that Bill, however designed to operate, has left if in the power of the friends of Freedom to secure Kansas from the grasp of the spoiler, by' settling it with such emigrants as are alive to the evils 'of slave labor, and the advantages of free labors not with emigrants from the free States merely, but from the slave States as well, for there never was a greater mistake than that which represents I the people of the South, generally, as in : favorof extending the acknowledged curse i of Slavery into new States, however the ! case may stand in the border State of Missouri, and the ever-fussy State of South. Carolina. Having availed myself ; of the advantages of my Southern birth and citizenship in the slave States, in in four of which I have spoken ' publicly on Slavery, I know whereof I affirm on this subject. . . - With the fact, that : associations have wunaea m various pans 01 we mmrrv tnmrl omirrrtian tn knut th Public' to een.rSl Tre i W Tie purpose of this Circular is to give defi nite information as to two of these assoia tions, with which tlie undersigned has become associated or, rather, to open the way for giving it. I allude to the " American Settlement Company," and the " New York Kansas League," j which are located in the City of New York, and co-operate for the furtherance ; of their great common object. - j The League purely a philanthropic association, depending for its funds upon pecuniary aid, in the form of such con tributions as the friends of Freedom ia Kansas, and of tbe emigration movement thiiher, may feel moved to give. Its aims are to furnish information as to the best, route to Kansas the proper equipments. the cost the advantage of the country, i'C, and to arrange with transportation companies for reduced fares, when the applicants for this information shall have made up their minds to emigrate. To pro mote these ends, the "League", has open ed an office at 110 Broadway, where the General Superintendent, George Walter, hold himself in readiness to afford ia form ation to visitors or to transmit it by mail, in the shape of circulars, etc. The other association (the American Settlement Company) is a joint stock As sociation in its nature and primary 'oper ation. Impressed with the importance of establishing central points of influ ence upon emigration and seIement, as well as of sympathy and co-operation, it has located a city, in a beautiful agricul tural and mineral region, oh tbe great Santa Fe road, to which the name of Council City has been given. The stock of the' Company has been divided iato shares of five dollars, of which, to pre vent even the suspicion of speculative intentions, no person can purchase more than six shares. The ownership of one or more shares constitutes the holder a member of the Company, thus putting all its advantages at his command, and it entitles him to a lot ia Council City, and also to the aid of an agent on the spot, should he emigrate and desire to locate a farm besides, in the neighborhood. Thus a membership in the Company, purchased with a few dollars, will insure advantages which any one arriving iu Kansas, with out any connection of the sort, cannot reasonably expect. Ever since the discontinuance of his paper in Baltimore, (the Saturday Visit er,) the undersigned has desired some practical mode of aiding the cause of Freedom, through the prevention of new slave markets one of the most effective modes, as he thinks, of breaking up slav ery in its present stronghold, removing as it would the stimulus of increased pri ces in the slave-exporting States, while cutting off all new outlets for that supera bundant slave population, so much feared by the late Gov. McDowell, of Virginia, and other far-seeing slaveholders, and thus rendering emancipation a self-protecting measure! Thi3 consummation, he trusts, has been afforded by official po sitions in the above . described associa tions, ( tbe Vice Presidency of the V Com pany," and - a Directorship in the "League,") which have been recently tendered him, and which he has accepted in hopefuless, and- with a determination to make the most of their, machinery for the beneficent eud of their, organization. In pursuance of this dcterminaikm, he is about to enter upon an extended tour, commencing in the border slave States, whose slave-depressed classes are ready 1 1 . t . ; or emigration, ne sen as ionn wis cir great eSterpriseT to notify those seeking ... uZ in formation, while notable to visit the office in New York, that it will give fnm pleasure to attend meetings, wherever they can be so arranged as to economise time and ex pense of traveling as much as possible say upon or near the great central route of the country. Fair his services, as a lee turtr on tkii subject, he v'dl male no charge. He may be communicated with wherever he may be, through pre-paid letters, addressed to the care of George Walter, General Superintendent, &c., 110 Broadway, New York--to whom all letters on the business of the office should be sent direct." ' With the resolve that noChmg shall be left undone on my part, to promote a great and good cause, which all friends of freedom should hare at heart, sub scribe myself, Teiy'ipectfully, your co-laborer, J. E. SN0D GRASS. Ofue of the "Awierica Set&enunt Gmp&' UO BroecteTZ, JV. Y. Hortlenlture.' v-;s- v 1 We hear more or less grumbling this Spring, as usual, on account of the dlS- culty, it is said, of getting employment. We are tired of these complaints in nine cases out of ten they are unfounded. There is reTy little difficulty now irf ge ting such employment as the applicant ts able to do, and to do faithfully and welL But when a young man aspires to a situa tion for which he is not qualified,' to a business for which he.lias ne natural ap titude, to a place where the pay is large and the services required very small, he always find difficulty-ia procuring such employment. ; . j . ' ; But we repeat, there is enough now on hand and in immediate prospect, if each man in the community would take his proper place, for all hands to do. White however, we have meu of stalwart forms, but puny minds, consenting to measure tape and ribbons, (a business which should be done exclusively by females, whom these men defraud of a rightful and fit occupation, ) to the neglect of the earth and the treasures which she would yield to well directed efforts nothing can be more certain, that very many hereaf ter, as heretofore, must be out of employ ment. t t .i We have no patience with the over grown loafer whb throng our city during the spring and fall months, trying. to monopolize the light occupations which the Almighty never meant that the male sex should till, while at the same time, for want of hands to carry on agriculture and horticulture, our marketmen charge us from 35 to 50 per cent more for the product of the farm and the garden than they might be sold - for and leave a good profit for the husbandman. j Everybody knows that horticulture, in the vicinity of our large cities, if con ducted with the requisite amount of sin ew and brains, pays and pays better, far better, wan the time, capital, and la bor devoted to a retail business in oun . cities ; and yet the country boys, whs , . i. ...if' j nave oecn prougm up y we most aigni fied labor that Providence ever conferred upon man that of subduing the earth must crowd ioto our. cities and try, year after year, to get some, kind of an occu pation where thev can eke out a wretch-. ed, shiftless existence in doing as .near nothing as possible, and getting about tLe same amount of pay for their services ; ' - .They may dress well and fasliionably,' lounge about the doors of our hotels, twirl their senseless apologies for canes. and cultivate as senseless moustaches, be' laughed at by the sex whose effeminacy they pe-arrd" take that laughter, made in derision, for a compliment to their distin, gve apearance ; but the question with, whoso money are these frivolities sup ported? would reveal a phase of city' life which would mako every sensible young man shun such bipeds and the pseudo occupations which contribute to make them rb&t they are. . ; - r i " Young men '. Your sistcrsare suffering , for the light employments which you en-1 gross. Leave the yard-stick and scissor' to the hands to which they belong. - Hie yourselves to the woods, to the farm,- to. the garden, and by your manly efforts ia producing something which the common ; uy needs, vindicate your title to manhood. or at least, try to make some decent apol ogy for your existence. This you can not do, in the light avocations which yoa t are now pursuing, to the debilitation ofr your physical and the destruction of your mental powers, uo all of you wno nave energy enough left,' and cultivate the' earth. There is room enough for all of you, and when -you hare embraced an occupation for which you are destined by nature, then there will be a chance ' for the needy women and effeminate men of' our cities to procure such employment as , they are qualified to perform- 'Boston Herald. : ' " ; Spare Tour, Tree. - ! .t Civilization uses a vast amount of. wood, although for many purposes it is. being fast superseded; but it " is not the necessary use of wood that is ' sweepinir away the forests of the United States, so- much as its wanton destruction. Te-i should look to the consequences of this. Palestine, once well wooded and cuittvat-. ed like a garden, is now a: desert the-' haunt of Beduoins; Greece, in her palmy days the land of laurel forests, ,is now, desolate waste; Persia and Babylon, the cradles of civilization, are now covered beneath the sand of deserts, produced b? ; Uie eradication of their . forests. . It is ; comparatively easy toe radicate the forests of the North, as they are of a gregHrims- " order one class succeeding another; bus the tropical forests, composed of innura- erable varieties, growing together , in tie., most democratic union and equality, are never eradicated. Even ' in' IIindostan . all its many millions of population have t never been able to conquer the phoenix life of its tropical vegetation; Forests act as regulator, preserving snow" and rain from melting and evaporation, and I producing a retrula'rify in the flow of the,. rivers and draining them. Whin m they , -disappear, thunder storms pecome ksa frequent and heavier, snow melts in thcr ' first warm days of shring, causing fresh - ets, and in the fall the rivers dry up, and f cease to be navigable. ' These fresheU and droughts also produce the malaria '. which is the scourge of western bottom 1 lands. . Forests, although they are at first an obstacle to civilization, soon become necessary to its continuance. Our rims, rf not having their sources above the snow line, are .dependent ;oa forests for their supply of water, .and it is essential to , the future prosperity of tbe ccfsntrj ihxt . they should be preservod- ' 4 ' Were it not for the tears that OJ.y our eyes, what an ocean would flood our j hearts t -Were it not for the clouds that i cover our lanascapes, now uwre vmj be our 'sunshine ! - ' "' ' 'tir. Remember that.Tinie is rapaey but it "does not follow that a man ia a capitalist because he has a great qsaaULj. . ci it on hand.'