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TERMS Two Dollars per Ansao In Advance.
BY G. W, BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, SATURDAY, APRIL 28,1855. NUMBER 17 VOLUME I. ! The Departed. . BY C. O. iERXII, .. r "There are manr graven in th churchyard lon. Where I often sit ind wwn - ' For the dearly loved who do wa below " In Death cold prison tleej; And my aching heart will often crave To rest with them in the silent grave! In that asd place my mother lies; Death came and took her thsre, Ere I bad scarce began to prize . Her fond maternal care; But oh! the bitter truth I've knows, ' Since o'er her breast the clod were thrown! And oft I go with reverent tread, Where sleep her sacred clar, To ma as on forever fled Of youth's untroubled day ; For oh! 'tis sweet, e'en through my tears, -To look back on departed yeans! And there I mane o'er many a friend Of tried and ehangelcw love. Who bleeps unconscious of the hsart In solitude above; Eut Tit not grieve that thus they 159, Fer blest are they in youth that die! Yes. blest are they in the churchyard lone, Their rest is long and sweet. All undisturbed by Life's bleak storms Above their heads that beat: And soon, I trust, I shall repose Like them, oblivious to my woes! ,Gei)ehil ji)ieliig'eiice. The New Indian War. This .seems to" be an "event now deter mined upon by the present administra tion, and is a most serious event for St. Louis. She has a great trado on the Platte aad-the upper Missouri, which are to be the scat of these hostilities,- where there neither is now, nor ever has" been, a speck of Indian war with the whites. There have been depredations upon the whites on these rivers, but no wars ; and the event at Fort Laramie last August has not altered the peaceful relations of the tribes. The ' brothers and nephews of Matoh-i-o-wa, killed by Lieut, Grat tan's command, "covered up his blood," according to their customs, after he died of his wounds, by killing a United States mail party in sight of the place where the blood of their relative had been shed. That done, all Las been peace and quiet ness since as for fifty years before. The fur traders operate a" usual, and. with unusual success last winter.'. Numerous outfits are now being made in St. Louis for the trade of the present year. Emi grants go. without molestation, and even the U. S. mail is safe. .We have heard of none of those, formidable attacks upon Fort Laramie which threw our military in that quarter into such awful alarm last autumn, and made'them call out so heartily fgr more troops. We have not heard .of a , dragoon being attacked, or chased, or even scared, outside of the post-. We" . have heard .nonejf. these things, and we have heard just the con trary, to wit, that troops, travelers, trad ers. United States mail, and every body are just a3 unmolested as they ever were ; and all going their way, and attending to their business, as in a state of profound peace. We could multiply reports" to any amount to this effect, but content ourselves, for the present, with a single one, because we find it in writing and in print, and from an authentic source, and especially applying to the United States mail, both going and coming, and to those J5ioux who are the special object of the military expedition. This is the item : VKRV LATE FROM UTAH TSRRITORT. . "Independence', March 14. The party which went out with the Salt Lake mail in January, returned yesterday. They report that Capt. Steptoe, who was ap pointed Governor of Utah, has neither declined nor accepted that station yet. Brigham Young was still Governor de facto. . ; - "They left the Salt Lake City on the 8th ult." Snow very deep on the moun tains, and difficult traveling. . They met the party which went out in February, . at Scott's Bluffs getting on prosperously. They met with no disturbance from the Indians. They report that several tribes are disaffected and threaten hostilities, but as yet no depredations have been committed. They passed through an encampment of about 150 lodges of cioux, witnout molestation. "The mail party was conducted by Mr. Jesse Jones. Col. Bridges came with the mail from Fort Laramie, and also Mr. and MrsBarrada, of -St. Joseph?' This is. the latest news from the sup posed seat of war", and is not only au thentic in itself,, but conformable to the universal report, and believed in by ; those most interested in peace, or war, among, these' Indians, namely, the" fur traders who are now making their out fits for the years' trade, (as far as milita ry orders will allow, ) under their licenses from the United Slates,and according to its laws : to the serious damage of some ; of the traders, to the. probable ruin of ' others, and to the loss of St.: Louis of one of its branches oCcommerce -its oldest branch, .once its sole source of prosperity, and still an important and cherished branch. Besides these pecu niary losses from the war, ihereare a few other considerations to be taken into the account by a moral and thinking people : first, the driving all our" northwestern Indians: info the hands of " the British traders, from which it has -been bur pol icy since the-'jieclaratiop of Indepen dence, in 1776 ia withdraw them ; sec ondly, the folly and inhumanity of mak ing, war upon peaceable' Indians for a lame fugitive Mormon cow; and the sense less and .reckless conduct of a young brevet second lieuteuant from a military school, ignorant of everything whieh a command amonsr the Indians required .' him to know, and acting militarily where J converting .into a criminal offense, to be punished criminally, an act which was , only a debt according to Indian laws, to ' be satisfied by compensation, and only a depredation under the strictest sense of .the United States. Indian intercourse laws, (of 1802 and 1834,) to be satisfied j bj withholding the amount of the depro-' dation, to wit : five dollars from the first; ; annuity due td the offending .tribe, and ; paying it over to the injured party, to be ' done by the agent ;" or rather; (to state me mode of proceeding exactly,) the United States agent to pay for the depre dation immediately out. of the public money in his hands, and then, withhold the amount front the first annuity pay ment. , If this course, thus prescribed j by our own laws, had been followed, the ' rV, nflr: i j t i i ii , " iiw. w.air wumu nave rjeen legally ana satisfactorily adjusted within three days; for the Indians were there to receive an annuity the money and goods were on the ground, ready to be delivered and the agent (Mr. Whitfield) wason the way, momently expected,-and quickly arriv ing, to make delivery. of the annuity, retaining and giving to the Mormon the full value, to be ascertained by testimony present, oi ms lame (leit Debmdjcow. Thirdly,- and finally, the interruption of all the missionary cares of, religious so- ' .In order to insure the road to pay as well, cieties, for the civilization and' christian- ' 83 maJ wnen completed, we must con ization of these Indians, ; ! tinue it to the Missouri river. And as '.Theseare some.of the consequences of Kansas City is a flourishing place, and a this new Indian war, undertaken without place, of great trade on that river, at its the authority of Congress, not to meet great Southern bend, .and at the mouth theexisting hostilities, (for there are none of the Kansas river, or as near, the such to meet) but to punish the Indians mouth as' high land can be found and is for what happened at Fort Laramie, in the landing point for "all the goods and which our officers Tvere the aressors emigration to Kansas Territory, New and which consequences, even in their moneyed point of view, cannot be com- pensated by the abundant expenditure of public money upon our western frontier and which expenditure,, though an egon, and Nebraska ; and is in the cen actual ; saving of some millions which ter f the most fertile valley in the West, plundering comoraats would otherwise abounding in stone coal, lead and gyp- ret through Congress legislation and a great advantage to our frontier farmers, would still be no indemnity to the actual i :-t - . . . pecuniary josers, tne iur traders of St. Louis and MissouriJ St. Louis Dtm. . Missouri and the Pacific Rail Road. ' . There never has been a time when mat ters of greater importance to Missouri, and to the whole country, were "under consideration, than at the present. With 1 road from Kansas City to Weston, which no public commotion, no enthusiastic will be continued to St Joseph, Mo., and demonstrations of. the people. Col. Ben- Council Bluffs, Iowa, and will ultimate ton (as a fit climax to the long series of ly be extended to Red River, of- the public acts which he has performed) has North, and to Lake Superior, which will gone among the capitalists of our country; connect us with New Orleans and the the hard-working, energetic, business Rocky Mountains, in a pretty direct line men of the nation, has presented the allowing some deviations to accommo- claims, and insured the support of the greatest national work which historian has ever recorded, and has, we, trust, grade which will afford 'shipping facili procuredthe protection of government to ties to our Southerp markets to avast those who will perform it. We call the ' country that will not ship - less than Pacific Railroad a national work, because , i ,000,000 barrels of pork per annum, we consider it national in its location, na- j and erain enouirh to feed the allied army, tional in its advantas, and" above all, nattonal in its binding and strengthening influences. Unlikethe favorite, of the administra- tion, Bob Walker and the nullifiers, it i mi: nas no neeu oi ;i leu inuiion appropria- tion to 'pay for -the privilege of crossing Santa Anna's domain; and unlike, too, the rival road of the Canadas, and the extreme north, it has no need of assistance from "her Majesty' 8" subjects to remove the impassible barriers of snow, which for half lhe year invest that frozen region. But laid in the heart of our.own domain, connecting by an almost unvarying line the two extremes of our country, its whole extent, in a climate mild and salu brious, and through a country for the most part, rich and fertile, it is eminently American in its position and American in its practicability. ' But the chief importance of this work lies in a consideration too likely to be overlooked in the facility of intercourse, and harmony of interest which it pro motes. Notwithstanding all the prating of demagogues, the Union will be pre served, as long as the masses feci that there is unity of interest between the dif ferent .positions" of the country. With all deference to compromises, (and we would not nave one oi tnem violated,; we consider, the Mississippi river sweep ing on its course, from our northern, to our southern boundary,- with its wide spread arms taking hold of the fastnesses of the Alleghanies, aad the Ricky Moun tainswe consider this river a greater security for the prosperity of the Union, than all the compromises which our legis lators have ever formed. It is the com promise of nature and of destiny, and cannot be repealed. Through its chan nel there is a unity of interest, of which the people will not deprive themselves. Bat the east and west have no such com promise, and we have -no surety that a country, rich in mineral and agricultural resources, and all the elements of national greatness; as are our western territories, would long submit themselves to the per ils of a tedious sea-voyage, or a tiresome journey through a savage wild, to the seats of legislation, practically more a tant than the" Canadas from England. But contrast this railroad, and it is but a pleasant excursion, while the extremes of ... ii i.ti j our country .are Jiierauy aouoiy pounu together, by ."oar of iron. Mineralogists tell us," that at the mo ment of formation of a crystal of quartz. ordinarily, a single isolated spear of crys tal- is projeciea, inrougu me uiiv3,ifvnuu which cluster, with more than adaman tine lirmness, the symmetrical accretions' of the whole mass. " This railroad is the 'nascent spear," shooting out. through the wide expanse of our western territory, permeating the whole extent of our coun try with its crystalogenia force, and uni ting it, firm as the granite ridges of our western mountains. But it is of the interests qf Missouri and St. Louis, that we would particularly Dealt. There has been much said in re lation to the protrress of our sister city and State, and we now see Chicago, with her decade of roads radiating over the ; whole surface of the Prairie btate. But let Missouri awake from her lethargy, and press the Pacific railroad through her confines, ana jeioc uouis mea k;Mn;to1 in this irreai enterprise, and v. :.vmr,!H tKftuo-h itshould bei our only roaa, we bh; uoic uiw. ... boasting with all the complacency of the '-we intend to submit to thisisiate of things? Iioness-to the prolific Tittle fox, "unum sed j No, gentlemen, twe intend tohavea mark- conem. , e u w. St. Louis now occupies the place where the Godlof nature, designed that the rich products of the' Missouri, upper Missis sippi and Illinois should find a mart. Here must the cargoes of their lighter eraTts be reshipped, and here the wealth of their rich soil be dispersed. And when this road shall pour its rich treas ures into our midst, when it shall come laden with the gold of California and the wealth of the Indies as a tribute to our original superiority ; then shall St. Louis Decome commercially as it is pnvsicauy. the centre of our nation, and her bankers and merchants the Rothschilds of Amer ica. Sf. Louis Democrat. ' - ' Napoleon, j Fort Smith and Kansas City Railroad. Our patrons will excuse us for again referring to this tiuly national project. It is emphatically the great enterprise of Arkansas. - The engineer is engaged in section- lzmg sixty mnes oi tne roaa, pre para to- . 7 to Ietljng out contracts for grading. Mexico, Chihuahua, Masilla Valley, Salt Lake, Carson alley, and part of the ' Cherokee country, and is in the high way to the Rocky Mountains, California, Or- sura, and well adapted to the growth ot ;hogs, cows; horses, mules, sheep, corn, heat, oats; rye, hemp, tobacco, flax, . i i . i i - oiue grass, clover, umoiny, neras gras, i potatoes, (both Irish and sweet,) apples, peaches, pears, grapes, and all fruits and vegetables that can be grown in any part of the West, it seems the natural point ' to terminate our road j Missouri has granted a charter for a date rich vallevs having no outlet all sea- sons of the vear. and to find an easy ! for five Years, and coal in Quantities suf- ficient to boil Ihe Gulf of Mexico I w have in the rich vallev of the Ar- kansas. the best cotton and corn" lands, 0f inexhaustible fertility, the best tim- - . . . i , for for lumber, and in tne nuis, coal, . leajf jr0n, slate and marble, which are useless, or infinitely . less valuable than WOuld be, if we had our road completed. Let us all unite our energies and complete it. Fine liluff Arkan., Republican. The Pilot Monopoly. The St. Louis Intelligencer contains the following explicit admission of the exis tence of the infamous conspiracy, among certain steamboat owners at St. Louis, to monopolize the carrying trade on the Missouri rirer an0 thus extort most exor bitant prices for freight and passage. The Intelligencer says : . The regular Missouri "river packet steam boat men took measures at the opening of the season's business, which will insure them against an evil' from which they have greatly suffered hereto fore namely, the undermining compe tition of outsiders; and while they have thus secured themselves, they have been compelled to hitch to the other horn of a formidable dilemma. The plan of opera tions was to monopolize the service of all the Missouri river pilots, and this has been done on terms, as one would readily imagine, exceedingly advantageous to the pilots being no less than an engagement to pay them 300' per month, for eight months of the year, whether in or out of employment, and they agreeing hot to ship on any boat making transient trips. This is'a pretty heavy tax, all things con sidered, but it will no doubt be found no less injurious than would be the transient trips of outsiders, which will take freight at less rates than the regular packets. The Missouri river trade is just now exceedingly profitable, the rates being, for passage to St. Joseph, 015, freight, Si 25 per 100 lbs. If a half dozen Ohio river boats could just make a few trips, these prices would go down, in a hurry. Some of the upper Ohio river boatmen, who came around with whaling trips of emigrants and their plunder for Kansas, were somewhat astonished, and not a little vexed, to find that they had to reship-their passengers and freight, and look for business in other directions. If the pilots could have been had,' these boats would have been willing to pay an enormous 'price' for their services-; but they couldn'tbcgot for "love nor money Napoleon and Kwnsa? City Railroad. We see a brief notice of this enterprise in the Memphis Eagle and Enquirer, of the 21st iast., and are at a loss to deter mine whether it eminated from atriend Iy or unfriendly spirit. We, however, intend to present facts sufficient, to con vince the world that the road will be fin ishedand that it will be one of. the best paying roads in the Union. .-.r' . - Our friends at the other end of the road hare not bad it in their power, on account of the ice, to send off one pound of pork, beef, lard, hemp, tobacco, Sour, potatoes, or ' any of the other: numerous articles of commerce. And we, at this end, have lined the banks of the Arkan sas river with our cotton, and cannot get a pound to market ; and are out of flour, susrar, coffee, molass molasses, .salt, . iron; . tea, rice, candles, and all other luxuries: of et tor mo pruuune vi um nuu ju all seasons of the year. We intend to finish our road, and exchange our cypress and pine lumber with the citizens of Kan sas, for their gypsum, and fertilize our uplands, eradicate the ague, and convert Arkansas, into : garden. Arkansas, Pins Btif, Ibpu&Kcjtn, ,; : r - ; . The Settlement of Kansas. To the Editox or the N. Y. Tbibuni: Sir I see by the Tribune that the. sub ject of prairie fanning is up for discus sion, and that on its decision depends the settlement "of Kansas-, by free or slave la bor. - . Mr, Striogfellow thinks that none but fore-handed men, such as slaveholders, can settle in the prairie.- Mr. Stringfellow is a lawyer, and is probably writing for a Consideration. - - - I am a farmer have lived in the West twenty years have made one farm 'in the timber have since moved on to- the prairie'and made another farm. I 'can tell how the thinr i3 done now. and can , tell how it used to be done. - If my experience will be of any value to emi grants seeking a home m the West, I shall be well paid for writing.' For fear you won't print the whole story, I will begin at the best part and tell that first Two boys with three horse3 so rigged to a plow as to work abreast, can break up and put in corn forty acres of prairie. This wilL yield 43 bihels to the acre L, 600, I did it last year, expect .to do it again this year, and so did my neighbors. One boy will drive team and hold the plow; the other will drop the corn, and either cover it with a spade or . puUt so the plow will cover it. They can also put in two acres "of potatoes, pumpkins, tc." They can also break twentv anrp and put it in wheat. They can cut up their corn in season to put that ground in wheat; so that next year they may have sixty-two acres in wheat. They can al so, if they choose, put in an acre of tur nips.' This i3 what free State poor folks can do. Slave State poor folks are an other stock. - They cannot read, nor write, nor invent they have no ambition, nor enterprise, nor industry. These are the ones that Mr. Stnngfellow speaks about, and he speaks as though he was acquain ted with them. 1 have seen specimens of them. . But two. free State boys aged 14 and 16, with a team of three horses, will do what I have said above; i. e. will break sixty acres of prairie ground in one season; raise 1,600 bushels corn; 500 bushels -potatoes; 500 ' bushels turnips; and about 600 bushels of wheat. This will feed fifty families, not including stock. - The old folks in the mean time can do ! the harvesting, building, improving, fec. As much depends on the plow, I willde scribe it. It must be a cast steel plow that will cut a furrow slice from one foot to fifteen inches wide, with rolling cutter. This saves the draft of one horse or more, as the sod, roots of the grass, &c, are all cut by the weight of the plow, instead of the draft of the team; as is the case with an upright cutter. The plow must be sharpened every day with a file, and kept with as keen an edge as possible. There 1 must be a guage fastened to the end of, the beam, so that the plow cannot run J more than three or four inches deep.- j This will save the boy all trouble and la- bor of keeping his plow from running too ' deep, lhe corn must De planted so that the roots will strike the ground below the sod. If the spade is used, the planter follows the plow and puts in a row on ev ery third furrow. " The spade must be thrust clear through the-turf, then pried forward, and the corn thrown in. The spade is then withdrawn, and the opera- tor in moving forward steps on the gap; made by the spade, closes it up, and ' leaves it. This is all there is to be done I to sod corn till harvest time. It is a good day's work for the above force to put in , two acres a day. Many people use no ' spade, but drop the corn in the lurrow so . near the edire that it will come up be tween the furrow slices. Next year this sod will all be rotten and plow up like an old manure heap. . . . . . . It is better for a man to get ten miles into the prairie and make him a ' farm, than to make one in the timber He must of course have timber logo to, so that he j may have fuel.. But as to fences, he won't r need any till his hedges can grow. There are many crops raised in this old settled Sate without any fence. A boy with a horse is considered a sufficiently live fence to protect many hundred acres of corn; and that, too, in a country where herds of cattle may bef seen every day. - In Kansas there would be probably very few herds out on the prairie during the corn season. ' They would go out to feed -in" the -morning-and evenmg,- and retire- to water and shade during the heat of the day. The cattle owned by the set tlers would be followed by a herdsman when they went out, and when they came in. 1 have practical experience in all that i have written, and would be willing to contract Vith emigrants faperform as is stated, or to show, them how except ing, of course, such .variations in the amount of crops as is occasioned by bad seasons! - - . .Getting the food is" the hist part of the trouble of settling in a new country, after the first season . ' - -. I have spoken only of horses in break ing prairie. Two yoke of oxen will draw the plow with the same ease, but. will plow only . an acre ia a day. ' The- plow must then be rigged to' a. pair of .wheels so-that it .will run itself, and require but one hand to' drive the team and tend the plow, also." r The clets, which hold the dow-beam are fastened to the axletree, a ittle slanting, so as to allow the off wheel to go in the furrow, and yet keep the plow firm" and level.- Large plows re quire more team in proportion to their size. ! Vr ' ' '" " " - '- I come now to the more difficult parti of my subject, tiz: The building .fenc ing, and dividing of lands and produce. Suppose sixteen families wish to settle together," and make a farming' neighbor hood.' They would go out into the prairie and- claim tour sections. That would make 2,560 acres, or a quarter of a sec don to a family.-; Let them lay out' two roads through this, crossing at right an gles in the center. . Here, they should all build together." This is necessary fir mutual safefy, convenience, and general economy- They can build targe or smalL according to their means. Each cottage may have an ample garden and sufficient room for all necessary out-buildings. It would be an advantage to have ; the plan so that all the out-buildings, groves and orchards, would be on the west side of the dwellings, so as to break the common prairie winds. There shouldbe a school house and shops in close proximity.- Thus, you would have all the pleasures and conveniences of a Tillage," with none of its confinement, inconveniences, and poverty. Every family would have their farm near by -the -farthest not over a mile away This is considered very handy here, as' many of our farms are from one to two, three or five miles long. It is a common thing for renters who n Jive in villages to go three miles to their I 'daily wort, and then get only one-third j of the crop. To make the most of this plan there should be a small steam-engine to pump the water, saw , the wood and lumber, grind the grain, as well as to thresh and clean it, cut feed for cattle and horses, churn, wash, turn the grindstone, and do many other little jobs that poor people from free States need to have done, ; This engine, skillfully arranged, will do the work of two hundred slaves.' This en gine and building,' with the necessary machinery, can " belong, to" the whole Company, or to one, as they may choose. If it belongs to the whole, then those who own it must cultivate the land of him who runs it, as if he were "working on it himself. For the first few years it will be immaterial whose land is worked, as the grain must be divided equally, when it is harvested, among all the la borers, or families. Each one will be obliged to. labor according to his occupa tion, for the good of the whole. This will have to be a . matter of agreement; Those who build and those who till the soil are equally necessary to the existence of .the whole. '. ." - All the harvesting and mowing must be done by machinery, as well as the sowing and planting - Every place where a labor-saving implement can be used it must be applied. This will bo the un paid labor, or the slave-labor, of emi grants from free States ; and I can assure them it will not run away. The illustration which I have made of 16 famines, may be increased profitably to 64 families. They can settle in a cen ter of a four-mile square or 16 sections, making their most distant land two miles from the center. This plan has none of the objections of "community" technically so called ;" and more than all its imaginary advantages. There is but one obstacle to its success. And that is, the ungoverned selfishness of rjoor folks from free States, a trifling affair of not the' worth of a dollar will be a source of discord for months or years. A pig breaks into a garden and de stroys a peck of potatoes, or a hen flies,, over the fence and steals a chicken feed, or some other equally trifling thing, and entirely accidental, will create a row that calls for the greatest wisdom to allay Then some men will get sick, and others do not know as much as they might, and so on through the whole chapter. The dread ot such annoyances as these keep people from associating and uniting their labor as much as they oth erwise would. " ' Poor folks from Slave States havff double the patience of-these. They can live m houses without windows, in ncigh- borhoods without books or school-houses; can suffer their pigs to root' up . their "truck -patch," and sit1 in the door and smoke, and never desire a change. But the trespass of one hen or one pig in our State will often run a family out of' their propriety. Provided out emurrants are a elass who can overlook such annoyances, or what is better, prevent them from occur ring, I will next tell them how to fence. , First break up a hedge-row, ten o twenty feet wide, around the whole tract, this will keep off the prairie fires. Then on the line of your land set out an Osage Orange hedge ; also, on the side line of the road. This will be a good fence in four years, sufficent to. turn rabbits or cattle of any kind. Wherever you expect to need a fence, break up a "hedge-row and plant it as soon as possible. Think of no other fence except temporary ones about the buildings. ' . - As soon as it is desired the land can be divided into quarter-sections.andeach family commence planting out trees; &c, ice. Every one must be entirely at liberty to go and labor on their own soil when ever they may think it for their interest to do so. But for a short, time the pro visions that are raised on anyone's land, must be divided among all the laborers. There should be not less than an acre of land attached to each house, besides the 160 owned as a farm. It may be many Years before every farm will be cultivated. But it should be agreed that evrey one has as many days' work due him to im prove bis land .as he? has performed for others, to improve their land, and then he is to give the same share of the pn duce to them that they hare given to urn. This will secure equity. It will also pro cure exchange of labor, and co-operation when necessary. ' -" '"I "." I come now to the building. Poor people's houses in a new country are of-' ten of logs, without windows or door. They are often built without a nail, or a foot of 'jawed lumber." A company of emigrants who have had sense enough to follow me thus far, have too much sense to put up a log house on the prairie. If they can get lumber, they may . put up a balloon bouse, such as are common here, and was'deseribed in ThxTribcsx afew weeks back or they may put up one of gravel and lime or entirely 'of clay and straw.1 Mnltitudes "of such buildings are to be found in the old Mexican prov inces. The dryest and pleasahtest house to' live .in that T ever saw, was a solid clay house, built more than twenty years ago oy Abram -Allen, of Oakland, Clhv fcra County; Ohio, and he still lives in it. ;JIemoved . into the country when it was new; and, with a boy , twelve; years old," raised a crop and built this bouse in one-summer, i" It is" two stories high, and about 35 feet long by 30 wide. It was built in this manner, on a good stone foundation:.; - . Prepare the mortar in a bed by trampling and mixing in a large quantity of straw, or prairie hay. Lay .the mortar on about two feet thick, as fast as it will dry hard enough to support ifeelf. When the wall is high' enough to. build a scaffold," the mud can be raised by a pully; with a horse. Put in. the door and winddw frames, and joist the same as in brick houses. ..Brace the frames across the in side to prevent the walls . from springing them in. When the walls are up, if they have bulged out Or in, they can be hewed true with a broad-ax. - This wall may stand exposed to the. weather for many years without injury. But. the true finish is to plaster it outside and in. Some mould their clay into !arge bricks, 6 by 12, and lay them up. But that is unnecessary, as tne wans are no Detter associated on principle would soon be es than . when laid immediately 'from the ' tablished in public estimation for supply. mortar bed. This house, when finished and whitewashed, lias the appearance of, marble at a little distance.. It is the most comfortable home for summer and winter j that can be built, and is also the cheapest. When a -number of them are going up at once, there must be no time lost, as the workmen can go from one to another when waiting for. the walls to dry. : The joists and frames, and shingles and lath, can all be split and hewed out in the woods without waiting for a saw mill. " I apprehend but little difficulty in the way of intelligent emigrants settling ia a new country. Provisions may be high for a few months this year, on account of tnearoutn last year. . uuiim wiu-oniy De, in tne amount oi tne a mere nee De tween the low and high provisions ho will consume, not over five dollars for each person. . i Grand Prairie, Ind., Feb. 20, '55, For the HtraXd effrudvm. Home Spirits' Song. Go, brother go, To thv home o'er the deep . - . Tho billows are tranquil, " - The galo is asleep . - .-.' Beauty will greet thee, Kindred hearts meet thee, And tears cease to flow from ej e loving that weep. Stars brightly beam In their dwelling on high, Like beacons of love Lighted Bp in the sky Earth has her bowers Of beantv and tlowers. But brighter the love-goins whose charms never ' G1 - , like spirit of stars In beautiful eheen, Shedding soft lustre' Where darkness has been ' " Our love-shield cast o'tr thee, Our brightness before thee. Well guide to thy home-light more bright and serene. Go, hopeful, go " -The hour is come, . The stars kindly glow - ' O, never more roam. Beauty may bless thee Music caress thee But sweeter love's light on tha altar oMIOMU. , ' Vegetarians far Kansas. . by HExar s. CLVBn. , . In reply to numerous inquiries in re lation to the Vegetarian. Kansas Emigra tion. Company, ; a prospectus 'c-f which appeared in the Veoetakuln AlMawct we are gild to be able- to communicate the fact, that this company has already been the 'means of bringing together Vegetarians from .various parts of toe country, several of whom, members of the company, are now on their, way to Kansas, with instructions to -report the results of their explorations as to locality, soil, tc, to the secretary, with a view to the' ultimate location of a Vegetarian settlement; When such reports ' are re ceived, more decided aetiort will be tak en with regard to the permanent settle ment of a larger number of persons. c In the carrying out of such a project, care and caution is necessarily taken to avoid raising the expectations of those desiring to embark in such an enterprise, in order to' prevent disappointment. There is one objectof the Company which has already been " gained: namely, the making "known to each other, such Vege-. tartans as design going to Kansas, and who, but for this Company, would per haps settle, at remote distances from each other, and feeling themselves solitary and alone m Ihir Vegetarian practice, might sink into flesh-eating "habi'-s; while by. the introduction afforded by this Company, they become known to each other, and are thereby sustained in their practice.' If no other good than this re suited, it would be a benefit fully ade quate to the dollar paid by each member as a guarantee of his deteimination to co operate iatue work, ; - -L - - But there is no reason why. the whole plan of the Company should not be work ed out; and "from .the practical nature of the - correspondence already going on, there is every reason to believe, that it will be.- There, is nothing more needed for the permanent sticcess of the Vege tarian movement than a concentration of effort for the accomplishment of the' fol lowing objects, ; which the Vegetarian Kansas Emigration Company is designed to effect: . . - ". ' -' ' -- . . The establishment, vx. the' center of the United States, of a permanent home for Vegetarians," where all the appliances for the production oftheir favorite articles of diet, fruitsand farinaceous productions, are at hand; viz.; rich soil; salubrious and Healthful climate; pure water, o ":i iju ine concentration, in a joiuw stock eompany, of the means jossessed bv each : so as to secure the first and nec essary provisions, implements, -building matenais, &q., for the settlement, a uie wholesale prices. - , '"i y I": IIL The concerted action of Vegetari ans so associated being used for the estab lishment of asystem of direct dealing, supplying the productions of the oil oi the best quality direct front the pToduc- ers to the consumers, ' without the enor mous profits of speculators and retailers coming between these respective paitfos. "IV.- The dissemination of practical Vegetarian . information jn connection with the supply of the articles of Vege tarxaudiet. .. . ': . . V. The calling public attention to the subject of Vegetarian diet in a way no more theoretic movement in the form of lectures or publications ver can be ex pected to accomplish. ' -' ' ' " -The articles , most needed for the sac sess of Vegetarianism are the various kind's of fruits, ripe, dried or preserved; farinaceous productions, such as homi ny, cracked wheat, Indian meal, Graham flour and'- Graham crackers, -farina, fec. Now these, if produced in abundance. and supplied at moderate prices, would be sure to command a ale,all over the j United States, and a company of persons ing genuine articles, just as the Shakers are established as packers of genuine herbs, Ac. " . Here, then, we consider, is an enter- ' prise worthy, the exertions of younsr and , enterprising egetarians Bv "goinq; to Kansas, in such, a company, they would be presented from All temptation to de part from the principles they so highly value, ana.oy umtea enort tney may be come the xaeans "of inducing" thousands to adopt a system of diet so highly con duciyeto their.happiness and well-being.' There are other ideas which some members of the Company desire to work out, such as the commencement of. a thorough . dietetic, and physiological school, where at a low price, or in return for labor performed, the young man or woman without money and without friends may become educated -, in ohysiological knowledge, and learn to preserve them selves and those who may become de pendent on them in health an4 the enjoy ment of life. Also, the establishment of a Water Cure .on the Vegetarian princi- fles, and at such a'cheap rate that inva ids of small means can avail themselves of its advantages "- ' ' With regard to the form" of settlement, it is proposed to local o in such a manner as that each member shall have pre-emption right to 160 acres, so situated around an; Octagon park or public grounds," as to ultimately form city lots. The octa gon form to be preserved in" all the streets around . the central park, from each angle of which avenues are to extend, dividing, in the first instance, the farms of the set tiers, and in. the after Working out of the plan, the various blocks of tho city, and . -.- - . - - intersecting ice streets running irom avenue to avenue.' When ' such city is constructed, it is proposed to call it "Oc tagon City."" The first houses would be built in a neighborhood around an octa gon park of about 640 acres, or one mikv and as the city becomes populated, tho front portions, of the farms on which the first houses are. built, could be sold as building lots, and -the settler's- could re move further back to make way for the same.' ' : ' "' ' ' ' Such is briefly the plan of tlie Vegeta rian Kansas Emigration Company, and at is for Vegetarians - residing .-- in various parts of the country to say how, for they will join in carrying out the project v. We have already received from differ ent sections of the Union expressions of cordial sympathy in the work, and in some instances such expressions have been accompanied with themostsubstan--tial proof of sincerity t and earnestness. We: shall be most happy to" afford farther infbrmation.to. inquirers as the plan pro gresses. Woter-Cure Journal. Kansas Election.' - , ; - ; A slavery propagandist has written a letter on this subject which is published in the Chicasro Democrat. - He says'; . "We are having stormy times xu here about the Kansas election. We suppos ed that the division of the Territories was so that the northern one shouldbe free and the southern one slave. -Else, why were they divided at so early a day when one government .would answer ror both ? We expected the Abolitionist would trouble us somewhat, but wp had no fears as to the final result as to them. "Tielr we "bare learned ' that Gov. Reeder is against us under the advice;of the Administration. .. Alarmed at his- de- feat in the free States since the passage of the Kansas-Xebraska bill it is supposed j that -Gen. Pierce is trying to recover ms popularity in the North by "excluding slavery from Kansas. And this has cans-. ed the greatest . possible excitement all through this region. We have our secret lodges all over the State, where we raie men and means, and thousands will be in Kansas from this Statebefore the 'elec tion comes off. " we are very sanguine, xou may ask cannot slaves be taken to Kansas no w ? Certainly they can ; bat we . want some law" passed for their protection after they get there, or we shall lose them alk . ' VAt the coming election in Kansas there is no other question but slave.ryand anti-slavery, and we shall be greatly dis appointed i f slavery does not carry . Slayerr. la Kansas. ": --Xccnrdinw ' ior the census returns of Kansas there are slaves in nine of t&e fourteen distnete of that territory; ine lowest numbed in any distnctis tn ree and he highest thirty-five - We men tion this fact for Hbe consideration-of thns who we're so vehement last year in assuring us that slavery could ftot exist in rvansas, or.uia u. wwu, uu.u XLot.Pitt!rurga Gazette. V"-" v 1 Weshould bke to bear wjiat x;-. w. Goodrich, E&jv bas to say. to the. above Ugly looking facts. . The opponents of the Douglas fraud . asserted that the re' neal of the-Missouri compromise would open the door for alayery to enter Kan Saa, r -Tbe , : Korthera defenylers - of that measure replied that the Douglas' bill did not legalise the admission of slavery in that Territory,' and with this tmibble de- oeived a few, who cared - wore tot . party than principle. " The trouble is bere,- Slavery does not, wait to.be legalized. b fore entering a territory.- --If there is not a positive statute against its admission, it is sure to take possession of all the Ter ritory of the United States. . Slavery is already in Kansas, although it is sot le gal, and it will star there, unless it is ex eluded by statute law, ' J ' ' We clip the above front the People Journal, and would merely remark ia re ply, that many of the slaves now held ia Kansas were here and.retained the same relationship to theic masters prior to tfca repeal . of the Missouri compromise, as they now do. . .They are held in violation of all law, and had they the power they would no doubt emancipate themselves ; but they are restrained by brute force, as is the ease with the , chained, .tiger. We trust our friend Goodbich wilfreply at length. Ed. IUrald or Ffcxsrosf. J Tne Plains . -. - To cut' down the forest has busied th pioneer heretofore. But west of us thert is a vast country in extent, equal to that east of .us, where the superfluous and formidable - task oj clearing away tne forest will not be required of the settler. This magnificent country, (we allude particularly to Kansas, and Nebraska) stretching seven hundred miles west of us, and ranging from the line of British America to the savannas of Texas, has heretofore been the home of myriads of buffalo,' elk, deer, fec, with only a few scattered tribes' of Indians 'to represent man. The opening of this Territory, great in all that nature provides for any country, is like the discovery of a new continent or world, and will make an ira portant era in the agricultural and com mercial historv of our country. That it ii --t hmJ;,: W1U seuie up wim uueuijjrcu iu4ukjf its tiast history of some few months de monstrate. " But when we consider the vast world of resource within its limits,' the few impediments in the v way of the agriculturist ; when we think oi tne vast fields ready at any moment to receive the plough of the farmer, who may have the rock for his fence, and the. coal,' which abounds, for his fire ; with a soil Unsur- passsd, and a mild and hcaith-invigorat-ing climate ; when wo think of all these things we are led to believe that there is nothing short of some unforseen nations! calamity that will prevent this Territory from rapidly rising to tne pinnacie oi wealth and prosperity. When wo commenced, it was not ouf intention to attempt anythbg like a de tailed account of the Plains. But there is one grand feature of this part of the con tinent with which some of our readers are doubtless unacquainted: We -have ref. erence to what is called the "bnflalo region."- Here we have a country from three to five hundred miles in width, from east to west, and ' extending north and south, from eight hundred to one thousand rdiles. In this region, then, is the phenomena of .what'is called buffalo, or bunch grass, cured Into hay annually, by nature, without the aid of man. On this self-cured . hay; for rather ; nature cured) vast herds ot buffalo,, elk and deer live, and keep fat, winter and sum mer; Here is already markedlhe great pastoral region. The farmer's wealth in" this country will consist of his cattle on the thousand bills and doubtless it . will be a most prolific source of - wealth..- Where now stretch , vast, undulating plains, reminding one of the ocean by its extent, in a short time the farm-bouses of thousands of 'settlers will relieve the monotony; and where -now the buffalo roams, the unmolested , monarch, . the peaceful flock's "of the shepherd will graze. Kansas City Enterprise: ";The Humored Indian Combination. "The Washington Star has th following gratifying statement; -1 ' V -We find that at the Indian Bureatt ia this city the accounts saying that the differ.ent tribes and -bands on the-Northwestern frontier are preparing to assemble shortly on the upper waters of the Mis souri, to the, number of some J 0,000 warriors, to make a descent oa the setle- ments and the overland emigration of this Spring and Summer, find not tne wast eredit? The bureau is in constant cor respondence with agents stationed ia the midst of, each tribe,. who?e" business' it would be to inform their chief here if aiJy such scheme were in contemplation, Their opportunities of asceTtarntng the truth, of the matter are certainly lar tu perior to those of any'otber whites; and as" the bureau has received nothing from any of them confirmatory of the story, its head discredits it in toto. - - -4 'A ' ; Be Always Busy. . "The more a man accomplishes, the more he may An . active tool nersr grows rusty -You falwaye find those men who are the most forward to do good, or to improve the times 'and man ners, always bu?r. Who starts oui ; raU roads our steamboats, or machine shops, and our manufactoriesT - Men of indes-' try and , enterprise. - As long, as they live, they work doing ; sbmetbingto benefit themselves and others. -It is just so with a" man who is benevolent the more be gives, tbe more; be feels like giving. We'gofor acUvity m.body tn mind.- in evcnrthinjr. ' Lt' the gold grow not dim; nor the thoughts become stale." Keep all things m motion.: xi ie hetier that Death should find s tcalicg a mountain tbarP sinking in a mire.-r- Louis Sentinel, ; ;.'Ssssae.Xaratioia.;', ,K Some idea of the tide now setting to wards Kansas may be formed from the fact stated" by the Toledo, Blade, that fifteen hundred emigrants passed through that plica iu one ; dsy",lsit' eek. . The Detroit japers say that large numbers are. also pissing thrbugh that city. Kb data can be furnished for estimating the ntiia" ber now tsnding '.to '.thVsame destination by way of the Ohio tiver? but we -are within bounds when, we say that for two. weeks past itbis areraged onsuudred if V 5W5