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j'e 3j)ttni& of SreeiJom: Shiipcnknt
-Stand by the Right! - - Tc:sx: Tie Slar-.Spaiujied Banner. - id tbe broad fertile West, rrfttre the prairie lands Have slumbered for agesia eyenee unbroken,' Eire br cry' of the wolf or the wild Indian ban-ds; Dr -when the clear peal of the thunder has epoxen In that distant clime with a power sublime. - Well found a brave Empire to last for all time: Thro' the toils of the day.&nd the danger? of nfaht, Krar Uxi will protect us, to tmna og tne jupu: . The axe and tbe plow, and the School-house and ' Frew. . - . With tbe clear Sabbath hell to salute the great - uiver; --. Are the arm that we bear to that far wilderness; -Are the bulwarks we plant on the bright Kan- ' aaa river. ' - . TCo tear of the slave shall e'er dim that pure wave, Tbe homes of the Free it forever shall lave: - Through the toils of the day, and the dangers of nijrns, . Our God will protect us, to dand hy the Evjhl! Farewell to the scenes of our earlier jears! Farewell to the friends who have cheered our . - Endeavor! "We accept your kind wishes, hut ast not for tears; Our motto is, Manhood and Freedom forever! But, while we defend the fair West to tbe end, KncEXBCB the East must not falter nor bend : Through the toils of the day, and the dangers of Bignt. . ' . Our God will protect us, to ttand by the Rinht! 'JJiogrsipiiicql. For the Herald ' FreJm. Doct. Thomas. H. Webb. - .The name of Doct. Thomas H. Webb, which has been so prominently before the public 'for the last year, as Secretary of the Emigrant Aid Company, deserves a rcore extended notice than it has yet re ceived from the press. He was born in Providence, R. I., in September, 1801. While there he attend ed the private school of Mr. Day; after Wards the Wrentham Academy, which at that time wa3 in very favorable repute asaplaee of learning. - Upon the remov al of his father's family to Boston he was placed under the tuition of Daniel Stani ford preparatory to entering College. -In "1817 ha became a student of Brown's University. There he acquired a taste for the natural sciences, which he hs continued to cultivate to the present time vvniie in Uollege he torraed a society which continued m being many years, called the Phfio-Physician Society. Af ter graduating he became a student of med icine under the late John Mackie, M. D., and received his medical degree from Harvard University in 1825. During this period he devoted much attention to the mineral resources of his:native State. -In 1826 or '27 DocLW. established himself as & physician in Providence, where he continued to practice the heal j ng art until the autumn of 1 835. Dur ing this time he identified himself with many public movements of the day. lie was devotedly attached to the Temper ance Reform, and labored assiduously, to promote its interests. ' the able Secretary of the Histori cal Society he conducted a lengthy corre spondence with the Royal Society of Northern Antictuarians at CoDenhairen. . relative to the Ante-Columbian history of this country, which will be found among the publications of that Society. He al so had charge, for many years, of the Fiske Fund, which in its character and object corresponds with the Boylston Medical Prize Fund of Harvard College, and to him was awarded the first premi um -bestowed by the Trustees of that Fund. . 'For a long time he was one of the School Committee of Providence, and took an active part in Educational re forms.' As editor of the Providence Journal he became personally known to the members of the press, aposition which he filled tcrtho entire satisfaction of his many readers, - - In 1835 the . Doctor was induced to abandon his profession and remove to Boston, to engage in the School Library enterprise, which was then before the public, and attracting the very general attention of the. philanthropic. Soon af ter this he suffered a series of misfortunes which resulted in the loss of everything But his unspotted character. For some time subsequently he was much occupied in bibliographical and historical pursuits. As an early advo cate of postal reform, he did much to ad vance the movement and acqu ired a large amount of valuable informatiohby eorre spoudence with the late Joseph Hume, M. IV ' , ' In 1850, after repeated solicitations, he accepted the situation of Secretary to the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, with which he was connect ed two and a half years, until recalled by a new administration His assiduous la-. bors in this capacity, and his success will be seen by reference to the public documents, and to Bartlett's Personal Narrative." D uring his absence he kept a diary, which", we understand'still re mains in manuscript. While on this expedition Doct Webb gratified his love for Natural Science by making extensive collections in various branches of Natural History, portions of which are now in the possession of the Smithsonian Institute, Prof. Agassiz, Dr. Gould, and other scientific journals. D ar ing his connection with this expedition he studied, the manners, customs, lan- guage8,'&c., of the Indian tribes with whom they had intercourse.' " Ia 1853 he prepared the Registration Report containing the marriage C births, and deaths of Rhoda Island, . bein the ura puuucjtwoa oi inai cnaracter from our sister State." '' - Doct. Webb was. one of the principal projectors oi the ProYidenr- Ath.TnAnm which stands deservedly prominentamong similar institutions; possessing one of the best selected libraries in the country". He a$ilso been an occasional contributor to Silliman's Journal, and to.the 'Mem oirs ' Antiguaires , du Xord," School craft's Indian Tribes of the United States, and to several other of our most valuable public journals. : , ' Of his position with theEmigrant Aid Company we need not speak, as the his torian will- see that ample justice is done him in connection with events growing out of that organization, ; TTapoIeon and Karma City E, K. ;. Kansas City is destined to becQme. the great reservoir, the disbursing agent, for the rich Kansas valley, New Mexico, Utah, Nebraska, Washington Territory, Minnesota, West Missouri and Iowa. New Mexico is, perhaps, the richest copper region in America We saw specimens oi virgin copper irum uuxt, ic nty, encased in the oxide of that metal, and was informed by the yourjg gende man whV presented us with them, that he could have loaded one. hundred wag ons with such rockis he called them. It ws thmirrht hi? him to he fold. On analysis, we found it contained gold. The i r .-11 f : J lion, Mr. Maservey toia us aiierwara, that all the Conner in the Territory was alloyed, with it, and in sufficient quanti ties to -justify separation, if labor was cheap, or capital at command. This Ter ritory is, without controversy, me mwi healthy in the Union, and well adapted to stock-growing. . Theiansas Territory is in an eminent degree, adapted to the growth of corn, wheat, oats, rye, barley hemp, flax, navy beans, castor beans, potatoes, apples, peaches, grapes, turnips, clover, timothy, blue grass, herds grass," tobacco, hogs, horses, cows, sheep ana muies. Ana abounds in coal, lead, gypsum and rock salt. The climate and soil of West Missouri are equally well "adapted to the growth of all the productions of Kansas Territo ry, and abounds in" lead, coal, and-millstone grit, said and believed to' be equal to the French Bur. . We rode over the quarry for twelve hours, and do not know its extent We findit in fifty miles of our railroad Toute, and it may extend to it. It-is known that Iowa is one of the best grain and hog growing States in the Union. .Minnesota is equal to lowa, - W will bear in mind, when the pro duce of those States and Territories are ready for market, the rivers are closed up-with ice, and the fanners are compell ed to wait until the rivers open in the spring, and bv that time, Illinois, Ohio, Indiana, and Kentucky glut the market. This drawback is so manifest, that the citizens of Iowa and Missouri, have it in contemplation to huild a road from Iowa to Kansas Uity, ana iromxnence to jew Orleans. We congratulate our citizens that they havp. commenced the road at this end. Let it be known, wjthout a doubt, that the road will be finished ; and; in the lan'mae of Missouri's great statesman, "the people will settle all along the line ft . f e lite bees ; anoraing uie meaus ui uuuu ino it. and suDnort after it is bililt." . The whole line from Kansas City to Fort Smith, will be a series or villages, gardens, and small farms, of busy, thrif ty, and happy manufacturers,, miners, and farmers. From Fort Smith to Napoleon, all the rich cotton lands will be immediately brought into cultivation, and beautified. Lands that sell at four dollars per acre will sell at fifty.' Lands that cannot be 6o!d at five cents, will sell at five dollars, and will be fertilized and made to yield a rich harvest. Other, lands that the State or General Government cannot give nwav. without navins the taxes in ad vance for twenty years, will sell at from two to. three dollars per acre, ana wiu ue made to vield a rich reward. In view of these facts, every man on the route should take stock to a reasona ble amount, either in money, lands, or labor. Our readers can form some estimate of the vast amount of business that will b done on this road when finished. The transportafiori of pork, lard, beef, butter, cheese,- ice, apples, beans, wheat, corn, oats, rye, barley, potatoes, hemp, bag ging, rope, tobacco, lumber, marble, slate, coal, lead, iron, furniture, tar, tur pentine, cotton, live stock, groceries, dry mwds. and not less than 25,000 passen gers per annum, will constitute part of the business of the roaa. Jfine jjiuj, Arh, RepvUican. JfrWe learn from the Van Buren Intelligencertii emigrants are pouring into Kansas Territory all along the route of the Napoleon and Kansas City rail road, lhey are acting wisely. Wo advise them to "pitch in," and open farms, build up villages, establish churches, and schools, and we will send them tha "iron hoTse" to convey their produce to market In this connection, we will' solicit all the information relative to the mineral wealth, and other resources of the coun try. Pine Bluffs Arh.BepuUican. Napoleon and Kansas City Railroad. We have a daily evidence that this great enterprise is growing in popular favnr at hnmft'anfl ahroad : all a?ree that necessity will complete it. Pine tvf, Ark.t Jtepullican. . The Eyes.' A mrtkt ouantitv of virsrm paper has . been blackened in attempts to cry up black eyes, and blue eyes, and all sorts of common ' place optics ; but after all, gray eyes must take the palm. Of all the eyes in the world iney are ai once me most mischievous and most intelligent. and a Woman who has them needs noth ing else to make, insensibility ltseif 11 worshipping at her feet. As a very sen-sihWUdv-writir has said : "Your blue are holy, heavenly, as the sky they re flect. Your large brown, sluggish and indolent. We never knewin energetic black are ever keen, piercing, fault find ing ; but your gray A Commend us to a clear gray eye, either in man or in wo man, Such a one,' deeply ; set, intent rather Vm swincrthan beinsr seen- thousrh o - - when 6eea is" never forgotten such "an eye, beneath a well defined brow, can ob taln whatever it desires.' : ; " - A Georgia . Fashion."" -On the 17th ult., at Greensboro Geor gia," a young abolitionist, who stated that he was from Mass., was ridden on a rail by a mob -headed by-the sheriff of the county, armed with ; pistolsv He was th,ei blackened with a composition con taming nitrate of silver and vinegar, and sold at auction. He" was afterwards ta ken to a drinking salooIr by the mob, where he was hugged and kissed by the niggers, who had, carried1 the frail; pri which he was ridden. : " ' Squatter SoveTelsnty. ' Not very long ' since we published some exhortations addressed by southern journals to the slave-holders instigating them to spend money , freely in carrying the elections in the territory of Kansas. The advice seems tohave been taken. An army of voters went over the frontier of Kansas, distributed itself in detachments among the different districts, obtained the victory, elected the pro-slavery can didates to . the Legislature, and came home again in triumph. 7 A paragraph in another part xf this sheet describes the-return of a portion of the mercenaries in this service to their own State. They came back like a con quering army, to old Rome; their return to the town of Independence was a tri umphal entry. There- are .two things to be inferred from - the - result of the Kansas election achieved by such means. One is the profound respect which the friends of the Nebraska . act entertain for the doctrine of popular sovereignty. While it was yet tinder discussion, the doctrine of its friends wa3 that the inhabitants of th territory ought, even while rthe settle ment was yet in its most incomplete and rudimental state, to determine for them selves what institutions they -would tole rate and whether they would allow the existence of slavery or not. 'Not even Gongress, it was contended, ought -to interfere -in any question of legislation for the territory. This doctrine was as serted in speeches on the floor of Con gress, presented by the newspapers in every form of argument, proclaimed at public meetings, and embodied in reso lutions adopted by committees. The in stant the bill was passed, these very men resolved that the inhabitants of the terri tory should not settle the question of slavery for themselves, nor even elect their own territorial officers. They swarmed over the boundary of Kansas, elected a delejjate to Congress from the territory,- arid then returned to Missouri A second election took place a few days since rthe friends of slavery made a sec ond incursion into the, territory, won another triumph, and returned to cele brate it in Missouri. Never did any party make more scandalous haste to convict itself of hypocrisy and give the lie to pretences winch it had just uttered and the echo of which had scarcely yet died away, lhe pretext of popular sov ereignty was only used to "get rid of the prohibition of slavery in the territory ; as soon as it has served its purpose, it is discarded and sent after the prohibition. The second inference ' from these pro ceedings is, -that the friends of the Ne braska bill, even while supporting it by the argument that it could never possi bly carry slavery into any part of the ter ritories, cherished the design of making Kansas perforce a slave State. The pas sage of the, bill was the signal for an or ganized attempt to seize upon the terri tory for- slavery, lheir pioneers were first on the ground ; the first public meet ings held in Kansas passed pro-slavery resolutions. The 'execution of their scheme has never been allowed a mo; meut's pause. They have their journals established m the "territory ; their mer cenaries, recruited .in Missouri, went over and carried .the election in their favor, and have now carried the second against the wishes and feelings of the actual and permanent inhabitants. Every circumstance in the history of Kansas, since it became a territory, points clearly to an original intention; on the part of those who brought forward and support ed the Nebraska bill, to make it eventu ally a slave State, Kansas, New Mexico, and the new State which they designed to erect out of southern California, were to form a barrier of slave States, complet ing the belt across our continent, to the south of which slavery was to propagate itself into security toward the isthmus of Central America. A. 1. JLve. Post. Kansas Territory. This new and growing Territory is attracting the attention of emigrants, and we anticipate ere long that its inviting climate and natural resources will be in process of rapid development. It ad joins the State of Missouri on -the east, the proposed Indian Territory of Chah lahhee on the south, New Mexico and Utah on the west, and Nebraska on the north. Its area, nearly three times great er than the State of New York, is 126, 283 square miles, or upwards of eighty millions eight hundred thousand acres. It lies between the latitudes of 37 de grees and 40 degrees N. L. It is tra versed near its center, and almost from east to west, by the Kansas river and its tributaries, and on the south by the Ar kansas, having the Missouri river on the northeast, only some two hundred miles from the junction of the river with the great Mississippi, or Father of Waters. The oihce of Surveyor lieneral for the Territory and for Nebraska, is located at Fort Leavenworth and the Missouri river, in latitude 33 deg., 15 min. " By an act of Congress approved on the 1 7th J uly, 1 854, giving authority for the establishment of the office of Sur veyor General, provision is also made for granting pre-emption to actual settlers. lhe public lands to which , the Indian tide shall be extinguished in the Territo ry, is made subject to "the pre-emption act of 4th September, 1841, under cer-" tain conditions and stipulations. The trovernment of the United States in a spirit of tender regard for the pioneers and actual settlers, has made ample pro vision in advance for the protection and security of their rights. The office of the Surveyer. General, it is perceived, is now open, and soon, therefore, we may expect the whole sur veying machinery will he in full opera tion in the Territory. The frequent in quiries that reach us in reference to the landed interests of the country, satisfy us that the rush of. emigration is great, and we have, therefore, taken the pams to collect the foregoing facts, -and lay them before our readers. Washington, JJ. C, Star. - Vital Statistics of Massachusetts. Twelve years ago Massachusetts com menced a system of registration, that is, collecting the statistics of the births, marriages and deaths. ; The -returns for 1853 are just published. During that year there were 30,920 births, 12,825 marriages, and 20,311 deaths reported. Of the births, 16,040 were of American rentage, and 14,730 of foreign, or un own. The -sexes were, 15,798 males and 14,965 females. . : . If everv cask of liquor produced in the conntry, were to be taken as it left the manufactory, and spilled "in the gut ter, and trie cost paid outof the common treasury, the loss of, the country would be less than it actoally is under the ordi nary ciurse of. the- trafSc.--bur7ia of Commerce. ,.. To You! r . Erightest, fairest, sweetest, dearest, To my heart forever nearest! - - ' ' - Glanngon iist dazzled eye, , , like a reraph flitting by, -- Hail tliee! blessed wirit-baTm, Ai the traveler hails the palm v On the hot Sahara's breast, , -Xre the snn sinks in the West! . WTiere the stream is rolling ever (Unman stream, to quiet neyerj) Where the cry ia almost ainprle -4Moneyr' at tlte golden jingle, ' -, And each gazes on the oler, .. , .j Knowing n sneh word aa "brotherf Even there I linger, lonely, " . Dreaming of thee, dearest only! .: In the midnight, stall and solemn, By some ancient mystic column, Or beneath tha restksia glory -. 'trownin ? forest monarch lioary," ' When the World, with battle heated, : Iiea to mourn its hopes defeated . Then across my sonl are driven, Tbonghts of thcc? like thoughts cf Heaven! Yes! I revel in my spirit, Over wealth none oan inherit; 'Tia a heart a peerless treasure,"' " -Leaving nought nnlrnown of pleasure. Stain will never dim its lus-Jre Joys immortal round it cluster Time will only make it brighter, . " - . learer, rwctter, purer, lighter! , - Gems. . The following articles we clip from the Richfield, Mo., Enterpise. They are all choice articles, and are effective instru mentalities for freedom. - There is no concealment whatever about the Parkville affair In the leading editorial the edi tor excuses himself for the- non-appearance of his paper for several weeks previ ous for the want of 'material, and adds: "Atthc time we should have been pro curing paper, we were in the territory ,of Kansas doing as we consider a good deal towards the advancement of;thq pro slavery interestand giving to "the terri tory institutions similar to those of our own great State. . We hope this apology will be satisfactory, and promise better things in the future." We hope he'wrll keep 1u promise, and "do better things- in- future" by staying at home and looking after his own inter ests in place of those over which hesho'd have no care. He replies to our article about Gov. Reeder's determination, to havg in preference to violating his obli gation in the followingchaste language : "The Herald would intimate that the committee from Missouri, after making a threat to the Governor, were too cow ardly to carry it into , effect. Has the Herald man, so soon forgotten being knocked down by" a Missourian and get ting up so badly scared he jumped down a precipice of fifty feet or more at two jumps, ran across the Kansas river with such velocity as to cause a vacuum in the river. for the space of several minutes? that he will thus talk of Missourians. Wo are satisfied that if a committee did wait upon his excellency, he made no such response as the one represented to have been made, by that contempible sheet the Herald of Freedom. "We are too well acquainted with the material of which Missourians are com posed and their temper and game, to 'suck such a yarn.' " The editor lends his hand in getting, up an excitement for the purpose of bring ing down a mob on Lawrence. Had we an underground railroad in operation here there would be no conveying of passengers back into Missouri. If Law rence is destroyed by a mob from Mis- souri we will not be responsible for the. consequences. "We were informed a few days since, that a negro man belonging to a gentle man near Lexington, Mo., who had been conveyed by the Lawrence underground railroad into the Territory, was captured and brought back by a wagoner living in Kansas, Mo., who had been hauling out to Lawrence a load of those hired pau pers of the Emigrant Aid Society at' Boston. The negro has been placed in the Jackson county jail. "We are 'in favor of demolishing the' Lawrence underground railroad ; and the sooner it is done, the better it will be for the Missourians." " ' - - The destruction of the Tarkville Luminary is thus alluded to. " Ho has a happy way of giving force to his expres sions, and we would commend hischbice selection of terms to his. brethren of the border press. We copy verbatim:- A Cloud in the Northern Horizon ! PLATTE COUNTY, AWAKE ! TWO NEGRO T1IIEVES DISCOVERED We have, just.received an extra of the. "Platte Argus," ..issued April 16th, 1 855, giving an account of the submerge ingof an aboi lion press at Parkville in Platte county.. , - - ; We have long looked for some punish ment to-be inflicted upon Park and Pat terson, the two negro thieves who have conducted "the, "Industrial Luminary," alias "Dog Star." They ha veal last dis covered, that the freeman of Platte ccun ty do not intend that our mfestme enemy shall quietly remain in their midst. ,- . Platte county ha3 taken the initiative in the expurgation of Abolitionisms and Free Soilers, Clay will follow, as will every other county in the S&te. lhe time has come when the action of pro-slavery men will be such as to ren der hl more preferable to -an Aboli-1 tiomst, than Kansas lerritory. ; . ( It is said that the Honorable David K. ! Atchison, has received a letter from Mr, I Lawrence of the East, stating that him- self and other . wealthy men, are deter- j mined to make Kansas a free State ; that they intend to make that the battle U ihi3 is their determination,-we .of Missouri are satisfied. ' We can assemble our forces there, as well as any . where else, and perhaps better. i We have solemnly pledged bur sacred honor, one to the other, that tha north and east; shall not dictate to us concern ing .our institutions. . If eastern men,! choose, to associate with, and intermar-i ry .with, negroes, they have the right to do so, but they shall s not force upon us, j the necessity of following their immoral and infamous example. : r ,- v j We do ' not. intend to make a threat, ! but, we will say to the eastern and north- ern Abolitionists and Free Soilers, that 1 we have in Missouri "one .hemp factory j employed to make suitable -ropes for hanging negro thieves, and by hl we j willusethem! .. ,-..,-. .. , . - Then comes a le tter from a correspon dent coniaiaing.thfi particulars of the de struction .of' thejLuninary. j It is dated ? - Paskvixlk Mo., April 14. Mr.' EDrTORThe spontaneous up heavings"of an indignant and outraged community were manifested here, to-day,' in a decided manner. r To tell you that the "Industrial Luminary," a newspa per owned by Geo. Park and W. J. Pat terson, in this town,' is a Free Soil sheet," and has been aiding and abetting the eastern Abolition societies in their abor tive attempt to abolitionize Kansas, for the past year,' is to telT what you alreadv know. You are also aware that Park has a lar'gg Hotel in this place,' kept by a Free'Soiler, - imported from Illinois, and devoted to the same foul "purposes. "It seems that certain .men in the neighbor hood determined "to abate the nuisance," How they managed to notify so many, and" keep if quiet, I. don't ''understand ; but about 10 o'clock this ' mbrnimr, we were surprised to see about ten or fifteen of ourmost respectable country acquaint ances ride into' town, go to the printing office and put Patterson under guard. Park, it appears, had "either heard of it,' or his good luck had prompted him to go td the mouth of Blue," ?h Kansas Ter ritory. At 12 o'clock ' about two hun dred men had arrived. - The .press was very quietly taken down and paraded in to the street. The crowd was caHed to order and Patterson was brought forth L receive "his sentence. " One sneaker stated that they came there with the firm determination to black tar and feather, and ride on a rail, G. S. Park and W. J. Patterson, but that, as Park had escons ed, and left his scape goat to suffer for Doth, he wished- the meeting to decide what should now be done with the pris oner. Another speaker declared his voice was for mercy ; not that he had any excuses to offer for Patterson, forhe'de" spised hinvas" strongly as any man could; but that Patterson's wife throughout the morning had hung to him like a leech that she now held oh to him, and that we could not inflict the punishment without gross violence to her feelings, and perr haps rudeness to her person. He there fore, for the sake of the wife, moved a vote be taken to remit the tar, feathers, and set Mr. Patterson at large, for the present. The vote was accordingly taken and a small majority went in favor of the prisoner ; he was; therefore set at large.' The following resolutions' were then offered and voted on singly, and not one dissenting voice was heard on the ground. . Almost every one voted with a "vim,". too, that showed they were in earnest. ' - Resolved,' 1. That the Parkville "In dustrial Luminary" is a nuisauce, "which has been endured too long,' and should now be abated. 2. That the editors, to wit : G. .S. Park k Patterson,' are' traitors to the State and county in which they live, and should be dealt with as such. - 3. That we meet here again, on this day three weeks, and if we find G. S. Park or W. J. Patterson in this town then, or at any subsequent time we will throw them into the Missouri river, and if they go to Kansas to reside, tee pledge or honor a man, to followand hang them wherever we can take them, i 4. That at the suggestion of our Park ville friends, we will attend to some oth er Free Soilers not far off. . 5. That we will suffer no person be longing to the Northers Methodist Church, to preach in rlatte county after this date, under penalty of tar and feath ers for the first offence and a hemp rope for the second. 6. That we earnestly call on our sister counties throughout the State to rise in their might and clean" themselves of Free Soilism. .'7. That our peace, our property and our safety requires us at this time to do our duty. . C. That we request every pro-slavery paper in Missouri and Kansas to publish the above resolutions. The Press was then shouldered with a white cap drawn over its head and label ed "Boston Aid," the" crowd following in regular order ; it was marched up through town nearly to the upper land ing and there, with three hearty cheers, it was deposited in the tomb of "all the Capulets," to wit : the: Missouri. . A speech was then made to the crowd and they dispersed peaceably, each tak ing the road to his own home. - During the' day frequent telegraphic dispatches were received from both ends of the line of a most ehcourarrinj nature. Agriculture for 1855. . " t We believe there, never. were better prospects for our farmers to use every ef fort in raising a large crop than there are at prssont. This war in Europe-will pre vent the cultivation of the soil in a num ber of extensive and fertile districts, which heretofore have-raised a large amount of surplus products. This will open a gap for our farmers to fill up. Corn is be coming more an article of food. in .Eu rope every year. Three times the quanti ty, was exported in 1854 that there was in the proceeding year. . As it . is the most important grain crop in our country, we advise, a still more extended cuitiva-. tion of it. Potatoes seem to have become one of the most falacious crops." .Farmers should not trust to them, but sow and plant other crops, and depend on them as if not a potato was to be raised, lor the past ten years, most of the potatoes raised have rotted dunng-4he winter; they seem to have lost the, quality of preservation which they once possessed In a few years inore,;perhaps this, disease will wear out. Farmers should raise mere bats andharley than they have hitherto done. - The for mer crop in the northern States is a cer tain, one. . Beans should alsa .be -more extensively cultivated, so that we may have abundant crops of many kinds. Rice is standiner ckd: its cultivation seems to be carefully attended to, and better understood" by planters than tne cultivation 5f either wheat or corn. Sci entific Americans - " ' : Rapid night of XTews.' No piece of news was ever carried such a vast distance in. r short a time as was "the .announcement of thS death of the Russian Emperor. "It took-place at noon on the 2d of March, and in hour or two. it .vaa known-ia nearly every pajV tne x.urrpeaa comment ana ice pnusa Islands. On the 3d of March th Africa sailed from Liverpool with the news. She reached Halifax at noon of the 15th, and by the close of that day'tbere was scarce ly a town in the United States where' the oreat event was . not known. Thirteen days bad su faced to carry the intelligence over two continents and hroad ocean. r There was never a more striking iBustra tioa of the wonderful workings of elec tricitr and steam as means, of annihila ting distance. Phil. Bulletin. llr the Herald tf TreeJo. 7 ; A Tale. V ' . BT T. P. KOWLEB. " ." : I!e-itoa Jlespcmte to the Mloa-'2ld . v The man xtho cleaves the silver sea ' Of moonshine spealceth well, " And from his harp deliciously - ; ' The tones of pathos 8tveU ' . And lie-no, aa respondent, Trinrs A ready heart and hand? . ' : - ,. Though mortals "macms&ite" call the things ; They do not understand. ' Tojwhom all things are bright and pure, . Perceived by moon-lit lore, ; - ----- j UeU Teak i parables obscure, A? Visdom uid of yore; . Oreeated in a star-lit dell - Eemoto from haunts of men, i Hw history- nd office tell , With allegoric pen. Von bles the world tia well and wise, - -All things proclaim it true; - -; . Tet if no other aids should ri.se, . Pray what could m-xaitiine do! .' V - ilethiiik though mortals may not see, " May tliink the subject droll It takes all things in unity - 'To make a perfect' whole. Hti-tcen-turyu, whose blessings, cheer, Life, health, and hope impart, Gives He-no, in a finite sphere, To bear an humble part- : . Bejjo'klhim then, a man in mould, . - - In warrior costume clad. ; Not youthful quite, nor is he old ' - 1 ilia visage caimiy saU And flasliing o'er it, as the day, The rays of feeling shine; : '-' Mirth keeps tlie' touch bf care away, -Or light up every line. A magie feather guards his life, To human weal-conbigned, A sure defi-nso in days of strife - " Ajrainst the Evil Mind; Wldle at his back, a basket filled With rock, in fragments goes, Which, with an aim unerring skilled, : lie lannclies at his foes. Tis his to break oppression's yoke, To hurl, for reasons etrong, - T" The liewless, crashing thunder-stroke, Upon the head of Wrong. , " The dark and fleecy drapery ' Expanded o'er tlie sky, ' Surcharged with blessings vapory, , Dispensed with equal eve; lie forms, to give those blessings birth,' -" ' "" To shad the pcnLil rain . , .Console the parching, thirsty earth v V Excessive neats restrain Bids vernal vegetation spring - From Winter's rugged tomb, . Arising on expanding wins. To clothe thVearth in bloom; Maturing, from the guarded root, For hopeful, hard v toil, - . The ripened grain, delicious fruit, . Abundant wine anJ oil: - - -Snch blessings mark his lonely way, And daily to the skies,' All mindful of his eenial sway. Earth's gratvfnlthouffhta arise." - Nor yet unsocial, though" alone, Nor wed to stO fish ends, ., . Tho' seated on his western throne, . ' He heeds his etuiem friends. ' '' '' No thought, no social tie rescinds, . . But truthful night and day, Invokes the Spirit of the Winds His heart-warm thoughts convey. Alas! to him no glad surprise, V. - But like a stcjUe track, They drink the treasures of the sties ' And give no verdure back. Nor wiil he cease his faithful care, In sunshine, or in storms, ! Sublimely riding through the air UpoQtM clmiJt he forme. . . Time was, when neath the Kiver'ssheet, Where Eric's waters run. Whose spray uprising laughs to greet In varied lines, tlie sun Behind the Fall, thus sheeted o'er", Its veil the rainbow foam, . - A spacious cave was known of yore, And this was lie-no's home. No gloomy cavern fraught with fears, But like a Kansas sky, When Indian Summer eve appear To fascinate the eye In star-gemmed, gorgeons array, ' . W hose varied charms nnlbld, As light vand shadows blending, play With vermil, green, and gold; . Such mingling hues, with mellow rays, Through each apartment glowed, " And lit with strange, unearthly blaze, This vast terrene abode; , , No mvrtal mind-its plan may trace, Or count its glories o'er E'en Beauty paused, with smiling face, . Was soothed, nor sighed for more. And soft and gorgeous o'er the sceixs Another light was 6hed, Entranced the soul with jov serene, When other lights were iled; -'. Nor moon, nor stars, nor sunbeam's flow, ' ;. Could in that palaeo shine: But love, at home, with fadeless glow, Pure, perfect, and divne. " Here, in repose from Duty's call, - These magic walls within, His melody the mighty Fall, lw grateful noise and din ; Thy brother marked, with pensive view, The trembling moonbeams pluy, , Adcrn the mist, with varied hue, And gambol with the spray; Or worshipped in the loving light . Tliat in Ins presence shone, A gniding beacon, pure and bright, For he was not alone. - " . A maiden fair, in yeuth's bright morn, ' A pure and priceless gem. Whose living graces would adorn -' An angel's diadem, . ;v, Doomed ith an aged frm to wed, To mortals bade adieu ' - " ; Swift to the mighty torrent sped, "v And launched her light canoe. . ; On swept lhe bark with rapid pace, While the resistless tide " Exulted, that to death's embrace - He bore so fair a bride. The torrent's spray her shrouding pall, - Hsrdirge its ceaseless roar. - ' ; Her tiny traft swept o'er the Fall, . And tfhe wa fcen no more. A ready blanket Ile-nobronghf, . W here tlie descent was made Within its folds the ti easure cunght, And to his home con vi-yed. The love-Ht tenure of his days, Like golden tluc spread - ; Unloldcd to his ravished gaze, " . Where'er his pathway leil. " ,:.-. , Change, with unseen and stealthy stride, , To cai th destruction brings And blessings from our presence glide, ' And hope from ruin springs; A vc4ce, ail-potent, call behold, . ' Thy waiting seraph kin! " LifV portals to her sijrht unfold, Afidbhe has entered in. '.. ' No living love-light "kindly beams - Upon the path for him . . . All other lights are fitful gleams,- ; Pale, feeble, cold, and dim. ' . ; His home remains, bHt from" his sight -. Its peerless charms have flown . : . Lost to hie gaze, his living light, ' . ; He feels he is alone. , . -;.- .....--: -- . Shall-darkness shroud celestial light, And veil tlic eacefnl tomb ' . . In rayless, starless, cheerless night, Nor hope nor beauty bloom I - - .-. Away the tones of woe are bronght r " Upon the passing gale, : ;. Calamity her tribe has nought, "i 'v ' And wrung the plaintive wail. . . ,.. A serpent hnge, beneath the ground, .v . , . t Each summer raised hi head. Assailed each grave, and sacred mound, " And feasted on" the dead ; " Then poisoned with pernicious blast, ' . : .. Each stream and ibontain clear; ' s .... Thna plague prepared his dire repast, For eac h suoceedin? year. ... . . ' Slain with bolt by He-no sent, v " ' ' - - Tbe floods his carcass bear r. -' Just at tbe FalL his body bent,". r . And lodge and leave it there; ' l' ' Crushed was therDek beneath i t wright, -. r And formed the Horaesboe Fall, . J . But He-no's home was desolate, , - t , ' Its darkness h'ke a palL 1 , -' " . ... ;.-;':, :,,- , . He gave nogrpaa, Msliod no tear, -; ; -: But voiceless, in tbe West ' ' He sought another kindred sphere, ' w . ' -. A home of quiet rest.' j ' : -1r - . :'. ,. -From where the Eoeky Mountain rear ' . :- Thektugged forms oa high, f XlkelwTungbaatjoiiBjSteTacTeic, : ; , Against tbe western sky ' A thousand streams rejoicing go ' " " .'s -To bles msToasuSiag plain, I ' 5 '" - ; 'Protes&sg, as Uiev freely flow,- . ; ; J 'Against oppres&ioli' chains. ; . Taught by their mountain parents brave, . - -With bnovaney they run ' Some to embrace the western warer: Some greet tbe eastern bub .. Untrammeled aa their music tones' The eoil their water bksa, -Shall bear no aijrh, no fertile groans, " "k : i No accents of distress. - , T- - OVr virzin Kansas He-no keeps V An ever watt-hfal gaze, A in her sylvan wild ahe sleep, - QnmeeiUthemorrufigraxa-- r. . "1 Her rival hand-maids joyful meet ' To see her toilet'done, .:( " - v . -And Freedom's loving acts complete V 'What Beauty had begun." L They robe her gracful form sublime -' zi In gorgeous, rich arrarj . ' : Which brightens in the Sight of tame, ' . . And cannot fade away.. .v . ', i ' - ;v' ' - ' And He-no, from the precinct gone, , , . That charmed in days ofyore, '.; ' ! Feels life and thought move safely-B!, - "V here terptni come no more. ; Tor well he knew, earth's hopes that grow ' - Must feel mutation' power; - v'y, ---J " So sought he in the sunset glow, . ; A blissful, loTe-lit bower; ; . Where waiting hopes, with glad surprise, . By kindred joys are met . " ; Where planets never wish to rise,' But may in splendor set. A era in that light his presence charms, "y . .lli brightest and his last . While resU-th in his shielding arms, . Tho Spirit of the Past. . " . A .Touching Incident. , . A Boston correspondent of the Fall Riv6r Monitor records ah incident which allows us t$ "thank God and take cour age:" -. . .'" X ' i In passing- down BromSeld Streets we think it was, w met a man in the winter of life, his gray hairjalling over his pale features and with staff in hand, laboring to reach his home. The bad work he made of it led the bystanders to - think him intoxicated. He would walk a short distance in a very unsteady manner, .then pause and lean upon his staff, a source of merriment to the boys and of laugh ter to the men, who like the Levites of ofd, wagged their heads and passed by on the other side.-:- Fausimr a moment to look at the old man, we noticed a little girl God bless her ! -anxiously watch ing. his movements, and evidently desir ing to do something to assist him. She might have seen fourteen winters- was richly dressed, with a pretty face, and an eye full of meaning, expression and soul and with books in hand, was probably on her way to school. The little Sa maratine did not long remain inactive. Approaching a gentleman, she inquired, with faltering tongue, while a tear-was seen on her fair cheek : "Is : the old gentleman sick or intoxi cated?" ' ' - " "Drunk, I guess," was'the heardess re-ply--of which, with the soul of a hero, this little, angel of mercy approached the old man, and after a moment's con versation, the two -were seen wending their way along the street, the little girl supporting the tottering form of him whom the unfeeling crowd had lelt to Lis fate. On inquiry, we learned' that the old man was a worthy person, and, having gone out on a morning wraiic , was sud denly overtaken with a sort of blindness, wt ich was xhe occasion, though uncon scious of it himself, of his unsteady gait, lie is a temperate. man, and sick ness subjected him to jibes and jeers of the multitude, save that noble hearted girl. We tried to learn her name, but were unable to do so. How like an oasis in "this desert selfish world such conduct appears. Whoever that girl may be, we say, God bless her ( InHuenoe of Marriage. Habit and long life together are more necessary to happiness, and even to love, than is generally imagined. No one is happy with the object of his attachment, until he has passed ' many days, 'and above all, many days of misfortune with her. The married pair must know each oth er to the centre of their .souls the mys terious veil which covered ' the two spouses in the primitive church, must be raised in its inmost folds, how closely so ever it may be kept drawn to tbe rest of the world. . . What! on occourit of a fit of caprice, or burst of passion, am I to be exposed to the fear of losing my . wife and my chil dren, and to renounce the hope of, pass ing my declining days with them? Let no one imagine that fear . will make me become. a better husband. . ' ' N6 we do not attach ourselves to a possession of which we are not securejwe do not tove property wnicn we .are in danger of losing. . The soul of a man, as well as his body, is not complete without his wife; he has strengthr she has beauty ; he combats the enemy and labors in the field, but he un derstands nothing of domestic life ; his companion is ' waiting to prepare his re past and sweeten his existence, tie : has crosses, ana the partner or ms me-is there to softsn them ; his days, may be sad and troubled, but in the chaste arms of his wife he-find3 comfort and repose. Without woman, man would be rude. gross, solitary. Woman spreads around him the flowers of existence, as the creep ers of the forest, which . decorate the trunks of sturdy oaks .with their "perfum ed garlands. - . ., finally, the Christian pair livcanddie united ; together they rear the fruits of their union ; in the dust they lay . side by side, and thev are united beyond the tomb. ' " - Six Months ia the Dark. ' The i officers and crew of , the North Star Artie ship now at Sheerness have sunered the privations oi two win tcrs of three months each total darkness, with the thermometer 66 degrees below zero, or 3 degress below the freezing point. They have been without a single human bein?: to associate with, except their own little company, for a period of two years and a half. During the whole period the officers and crew have ceased tn. na fVtA MAr thamIv eMesM- ntfinrr and trimming their wees ana heads, and there has' not been one solitary case of ulcerated ox- sore throat among themr- Until within, ajweek, Jhe razor was only known by name in the ship, and, strange to 'say, immediately their faces lost their warm clothing, several found that the cold took effect oh their throats L, Not a single 'min or officer has "been lost fronl sickness. :Tfce' duties of the clerk in charge of this ship "have been most oner ousr he having had to be up at all Lours, supplying traveling parties .with ' provis ions, wno nave on many ' occasions, wun their sledges and their, dogs, traveled sixty miles a . day.;-.-, A ; few rare speci mens of Wrds and. eggs, have been pre served and brought hpme, She brought home the crews of. the Investigator and the Phoenix, and the crews of the Reso lute and.Entcrprise--J5sA Paper., , ... . Westward IIol, ; s , . 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