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The Kansas herald of freedom. [volume] (Wakarusa, Kan. Territory) 1854-1860, May 12, 1855, Image 1

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' TERMS s Two Dollars per. Ansoa In'ldfaiice. ; ;. . -. " be just i -let all the exds thoc akiest at be tht cocktrt's, god's, akd tbctii's." . A Faailj Xwspaper:EdfpeEdeBt ca AU Sljects 1
BY G. W. BROWN & CO, LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY SATURDAY, MAY 12, 1855. y. ; ; - J '- . .'NUMBER 19 V0LU3IE L
1
Vow f A Sodan, TmAteript.
Mount Vemcn. -'
BT JOXATHAX FrNCB.
ftTbcre proud Potomac rears her erected title
I Tu ki-tf the feet of Vernon laureled shore,
Vre the Great Father laid Time a robe aside, ,
i Dure i r j Y
Ira.T pi!rrims kneel from realm remote ana wide,
Tb'ir weei iioauoiia uu ui mi i w pui , .
I ud kindling Freedom wafts with lavish hand
filer b!ejng inenee w eerj meeuiug uuu.
fEtalted union ofthe 515 nd and heart,
. trin irfii nVr toon, aa l'arthenon '
O'er temples reigned the model of high Art,
So p-audly planned each fundamental pmr,
In vopiousacuuui aoeiawwaieuuuo,
f-All aires seemed combined to mould thy clay.
hlov few thy Wkinjrs, Parthenon of Men!
1 a ml few thv ornament simple and severe,
Vet draped in elasoic eJej'unee. when
i r..,rt llrrht thv uroniinenccs Deer.
4'nt by the elare the ambitious only ken,
i But neatn ine rays 01 virtue suiuug cu-ai 4
i .!.;. Tirir irwrrnlar and wild.
Bi;t Christian greatnean, powerful and mild. '.
W hen gate of bra nnite the stranger liere,
T turn with awe and contemplate his dust;
What Mausoleum rises o'er his bier,
Toseulpture high the glories due tJie just!
'o tivk guard, no priet. no vestal near, ,; -
To smooth the turf and wipe away the mst!
Draw nigh sweet cocntry women, riew the spot,
A prey to penury to earth a blotl ;
isball Dft the Nation guard this snored Tomb!
il'.T VV arrwr, ieuen-r. Vyuuuaojior, x rieau,
W'lw living, had nut in his soul ansrht room
v ,..f nnr nniyht rwn! n rA Irnnw nA prist
IUI ff-n.uv , , . -. .
To follow save hi Country this his doom!
TThc nionlded Etlo of the World's heart beat
For f reedom, was ne vomoiess at your ieci:
Geijeil ,Ji)felI!geiic
Demon of the Black Power.
IxtraO from an Oration, delivered in West
"htter. ra.. rncn t!se Anmrersary or V asn
ingtona Dirth l)ay, by. Kev. Bobext Lowry,
The Demonj of the Black Pouer has
tlie Xation by tlie throat. It is quea
tionable whctlierany legislation has shorn
this monster evil of its desolation ; while
it is certain that the iucvitable and pre
determined tendency of much legislation
has ben to extend its ravages and in
crease its victims. Slavery, as a popular
institution, is stronger to-day, with all
the augmented wealth and industry of the
Nrth than at any time since the forma
tion of the Government The slave in
terest in the Ilalls of our National Leg-
Mature is more potent than the voice of
millions of JSorthern freemen, llesisr
tance to the demands of a caucus is cer
tain defeat to the party that opposes.
.Never did such an; oligarchy tind place
under the shadow of Free Institutions.
It is an anomaly in.the workings of po-
free nation a spirit whose very ailment is
the virus of despotism. . It cannot be
that the brood of the serpents and the
eaglets of Freedom remain in the same
nest forever. The extermination of one
race or separate nests for both must be the
ultimate alternative.' .
It cannot be disguised that we are
verging toward a great crisis, which will
try the patriot's heart-strings to their ut
most tension. The Union, prized, prayed
for, eulogized, almost deified, ' swings on
the pivot of the slave question. All
other clouds on the national horizon are
but flimsy vapor, compared with this
robe of midnight that covers the heavens
like a pall. The statesmen of the past
met the evil as an insolent mendicant; and
having not the moral courage to deny the
boon demanded, invited it to the National
fireside to conciliate its wrath. The
statesmen of tlie present find the world's
outcast still sitting at the Nation's heart,
now master. f the domicil, and . more
insolent than. ever. - The politicians of
the day not only dare not ejeel the intru
der, but have no power to curtail his de
mands. What has the South ever asked
for that she has , not obtained ? What
administration ever held the ship of State
that she did , not direct ? And yet the
sordid hacks 01 the political stable fawn
on her favors and evade hor frowns.
We cannot stave off the solution "of this
monster problem. . We may travel through
domestic feuds and riven ties and dismem
bered States to find it, but the solution
will come atany price. ; How long will the
Nation make- compromise of. its virtue
with the rapacious encroachments of the
.black .Tower" .
What is the , prime element in the
'Manifest Destiny doctrine of the po
litical Solons of the times? Is "Destiny'.
of such tropical tendencies that it can
only make advances toward tlie equator?
V hy have we no "Destiny toward the
shore of the St. Lawrence and the banks
of the New Foundlacd ? Why have we
no "Destiny into Baffin's Bay and Rus
sia America ? Why have we no ten mill
ions for a strip of north-eastern territory,
or for some fertile Mesilla' in British
America ? The answer is obvious. The
demands of the slaveocracy are the rule of
national policy. V e can inscribe on our
banners "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight,"
nd then give away a portion of Oregon ;
we can make patriotic speeches on the in
tegrity of: our territory, and then yield,
with a diplomatic flourish, a slice of the
State of Maine ; because those , northern
climes are not exactly adapted to our pe
culiar institution, and we could not afford
o go to war for soil that cannot be em
ployed in the humane purpose of slave
breeding. Every project for the annexa
tion of territory, either, bjr purchase or
conquest has beea for the interest of the
Black Power, Why this morbid grasping
after foreign territory ? It is not even
pretended that it is ; needed by- the de
mands of immigration. "To preclude war
wit contlguous'natiohs by incorporating
thex nations' b too r specious a pretext,
ince the warlike nations are only t one
direction. ".'What is; this territorial ag
grandizement hut the inhuman rapacity j
of the slave demon, entrenching itself in ;
new' acquisitions, and 'fortifying itself
against ' anticipated danger ? Let the
American Union once be dissolved, and
two-thirds of the territory will b. conse
crated to human bondage. And still the
demand is renewed for drafts on our na
tional treasury. It is not enough that
Louisiarja, Florida, TexasrNew Mexico,
California and the Mesilla -Valley have
almost been devoted to the scllingof blood
and muscle, or held in reserve for future
speculations in God's image. It is al
ready intimated that Sonora is held loosely
by the ; Mexican Republic, and "for a
consideration" Lower California can be
easily obtained; while the southern fili
busters are unceasingly clamorous for
Cuba, and have immortalized in prospec
tive, the name of Kinney as the entering
wedge of the slaveocracy . into Central
America. No demands are too arrogant
for this assurant Black Power. Ex parte
legislation for southern railroads is one of
the smallest of, its modest requests.
Southern conventions, with commercial
colors and political cargoes, is but another
phase of aggressive assumption. .Ful
some "threats "ofTsecessioh nave always
been the spectres that haunted Masons fe
Dixon's Line ; while the southern necro
mancers have availed themselves of nor
thern stupidity to prove themselves adepts
in legislation, at the woful expense of the
gullible North. . '.
Never has iniquity made such en
croachment on the patience and patriotism
of a free people. Notwithstanding the
vice of slavery has disappeared from the
northern States, the influence of the slave
interest on the Central Power was never
greater than now. Previous to 1820, the
policy of the Government was to guard
the Territories from tlie spoilation of the
Black Power, and shut it up within its
allotted habitation. In that memorable
year, the noted Compromise, which was
to secure forever the dominion of liberty
north of . 36 deg. 30 min., was but the
magnanimous and honest relinquishment
of right, for the satisfaction of a weaker
party, and allaying of sectional turbu
lence. It was a treaty in perpetuity for
the permanent securementof the bounda
ries of freedom, and the determiua ion of
the area within which the Black Power
shouldbe circumscribed. It was neither
demanded by justice or necessity. It
might have been wiiheld on principles of
precedent, power and right. But it was
made solemnly, sacredly, honestly, as
aa everlasting settlement of the limits of
slavery and freedom. Under this benign
influence, the country coalesced, co-ope-,
rated and flourished. In good faith un
der the provisions of that Compromise,
accessions of territory were made on our
southern border, and States, with pro
slavery constitutions, admitted to tlie
Union. The North gazed on the steady
encroachments of the Black Power not
without alarm, but, true to the sacred
pledges of the , Missouri Compromise,
welcomed the incorporation of the south
ern States, and endured the increasing
domination of the 6laVe interest without
resistance. ' Even amid the excitement
and partizan fiiry of 1 850, the too indul-
geriti orth," faiififul to fcfrmeFUoin
and ever sacrificing for the sake of peace
and union, tolerated the infamous and
ever to be execrated Fugitive Slave Law,
that Jegislated our citizeus into compul
sory slave-catchers, and turned our north
ern cities into hunting grounds for south
ern kidnappers.
No page of American history will seem
so incredible to the future student of our
national rise and progress as the amazing
and self-immolating policy of the mighty
and magnanimous North. But what will
that student say when he reads, that the
same Compromise, ratified by the most
solemn pledges, observed with scrupulous
exactness by the faithful North, accepted
by the high contracting parties and pub
lished to the world as the xdtimatum of
adjustments and. compromises, was, in
the year of our Lord, 1854, at the hour
of midnight, by the Congress of the
United States, ruthlessly, sacrilegiously
repealed! Repealed, did I say 1 No !
not repealed. The Missouri Compromise
cannotbe repealed. The House of Haps
burgh could repeal the popular Constitu
tion by forcing the people under the point
of the bayonet ; the perjured miscreant
on tlie throne of France could repeal the
Constitution of the Republic by ripping
it up with his sword ; and the Missouri
Compromise could be repealed only by
tearing it from the statute book of honor,
rending it iuto fragments, and throwing
.it on the altar of the Moloch of despotism.
There let it lie ; bearing the sooty touch
and sulphur smell of the demon of the
Black Power. ! Let the outraged North
gaze on its mangled surface, and strike
hands, in the true and faithful compact,
that the encroachments of the slave god
shall end. Let not that Missouri Com
promise, once violated, become a Com
promise again. Let it hang a trophy
in the halls of the demon creity of shi
very ; but let the virtuous North vow on
the defiled altar of truth and justice,
that she has nude her last compromise
with the Embassadors of the Black Pow
er. If the Nebraska Iniquity has opened
a path for slavery north of 36 deg. 30
min.i it has also opened a path for free
dom south of that line. W have hith
erto been the repellants id the warfare ;
we may now become the assailants. The
whole land is no w before us. There is,
indeed, "no ;North,no South" to limit
the aggressions of either slavery or free
dom. The only rampart that the Nation
and the world regard as sacred, against
the ravages of the monster, has been bro
ken down by a combination of southern
slave-holders,' northeru doughfaces, po
litical demagogues, and hireling" rene
gades. ; Vith the destruction - of the
Compromise' of 1820, .there are now no
compromises to hem in the area of free
dom. The fugitive hlave Law of 1850
can be repealed in Congress, as it has al
ready been by1 the people of the North.
Mason and Dixon's Line and 36 deg. 30
min. are to have no place on the maps of
freedom; 'ixo more slave oiaies in me
Unioh't must now be the fiat of the arous
ed and incensed North." "No more black
stars in our Country's flag" must now be
the rallying cry of the American jjatriot.
Shut up the foul spirit in its own grave
yaircL Let them hug their darling Vln
stitution," till it burns, and poisons and
destroys them. Larry me urui nance oi
1787 to the very threshold of slaveocracy;
and show them how the principles of that
testament may be applied not only to, tne
north-west Territory, but to the south
west Territory, and to all territory. : We
accept 'the renunciation of all ComprcH-
mises. - row let tne Battle be lougnt, in
the name of liberty and humanity,
against human bondage in every form.
From the hills of New England, through
our own Keystone State, and over the
plains of the mighty West, the thunder
of the ballot-box has wrung a death knell
in the ear of those who have prostituted
place and power to the service of the
slave demon. Catch up the echo and
roll it on, ye watchful sentinels of Free
dom's Temple. ' Aye, the people are
abroad in the highways of the Nation,
gathering an education not taught in the
schools. Woe unto that clan or party
that stand in the way of an indignant
people, made desperate by the friction of
successive indignities, and eager to ob
tain veiigean in the cause of bleeding
humanity. -
First Winter in Tarigaa
We find the following letter in an ex
change, from a clergyman in this Ter
ritory, to a friend in the East It has but
just come under our observation:
... "Details of travel and labor, of succes
ses and disappointments, with alternate
hopes and fears, as to final results in mat-,
ters which interest and excite the public
mind reports of . daily, weekly, and
monthly progress, and confident declara
tions as to the future, these things, how
ever much desired by private correspon
dents or by readers of periodicals, are not
always practicable, and it may be doubt
ful whether they are always profitable.
As I have said before, I write princi
pally for the benefit of intended emi
grants. A crisis has passed. ; "The
winter is over and gone." ; How are the
squatters? Have they starved out, per
ished with cold, or been swept away by
diseases the first winter? Have they
been driven away by the savages of their
own race, or another? Are they weeping
at their lot, and sighing for their former
homes and comforts? Iu what has the
experiment of the first winter in Kansas
resulted? These inquiries cannot fail to
interest every one -who thinks of making
Kansas his future home. Let facts speak:
Weather. The winter has been de
lightful. ' No rain worth mentioning, no
mud, few cloudy days,' air balmy and
refreshing. Plowing or any ordinary
out-door work performed, children play
ing iu the open air as in spring, many
cattle and ponies wintered without feed
ing. This is a general description. Now
and then the clouds gather and the wind
sweeps furiously over the vast plains, but
genorally subsides in 24 hours. - On Jan.
20 we had a snow storm, an extraordina
ry one for this country. This was fol
lowed by a week of sharp weather, grad
ually moderating to the usual tempera
ture, f. Another squall came up on the
22d of Fphrttary.,'olltfwedhyLkekeen
spell; just winter enough to brace the sys
tem. I desire no better climate for win
ter comfort.
Health. The health of the settlers
has been almost uninterrupted. Very few
deaths have occurred; and iu traveling
somewhat extensively, I have not met a
single case of severe disease. The uni
form appearance is that of general health;
I have met with several ladies who came
to the Territory feeble and delicate, and
have been restored to fine health. I know
two physicians of experience and intelli
gence, who give it as their decided opin
ion that tlie dry bracing atmosphere of
Kansas is favorable to the recovery of
persons afllieted with bronchitis and sim
ilar complaints; and both of them were
themselves personally diseased in the
same way.' I can myself bear testimony
to the testimony of Kansas climate, or
Kansas life, or of. the two united,
in dyspepsia. Now, I don't want
to fill up the country with invalids, espe
cially of the dyspeptic class; but Kansas
certainly-is healthy, if we may credit
either the testimony or the appearance of
tlie men, women, and children who have
wintered here.
Fare. After all the predictions of
want and suffering that were uttered in
the ears of emigrants on their way, I have
not heard of a single case of starvation; I
have not met with a single case of actual
suffering or want in Kansas. True, pro
visions have been purchased at high
rates and hauled agreat distance; but the
settlers have uniformly, as I have observ
ed, had both the means and the foresight
to provide in advance. The bill of fare
is generally simple, but all bear testimony
of an increase of appetite, and all have
enough; and nowhere have I witness
ed more domestic neatness and skill, nor
more genuine and cheerful hospitality,
than in the cabins and shanties of Kan
sas. It is not Mr. Boynton's "learning
to bo comfortable without comforts"
there are some actual comforts. The soil
of Kansas is expected to yield a large por
tion of the supplies for another winter.
State of Soctettv The character of
settlers is, of course, various; but I sup
pose no section of the Union has com
menced its career with a more intelligent,
virtuous, and energetic class of people,
than are found here. Settlers have, to a
greatextent, grouped themselves together
in neighborhoods, according to moral
and social affinities, or as previous ac
quaintance or relationship dictated; and
the new-comer may select society to his
liking. No where have I addressed a
more interesting congregation than in this
Territory. A number of common schools
will be opened next summer
Abe the Settlers Satisfied? With
out an exception, so far as I know. If
there is a thought of returning in their
hearts, they do not whisper it. : Some flee
at first sight, or even without a sight; but
those who have made a trial of one win
ter seem cheerful, and full of vigor and
expectation. : " i ; . ': r s
So much for the first winter in Kansas.
I urge none to come, but these are the
facts as they now exist. : ' -'. ' ; . .. !
r " "' ' . Tnflan Affairs. " 3 " ' f '
- CoL Manypenny , Commissioner of In
dian Affairs, is about to trump President
Pierces four regiment Indian war.'. Col.
Manypenny will send an expedition with
Indian goods to Fort Benton and has
called a grand convention of the red men
and will try and arrange a general treaty
of peace. .This will be apt to tate the
wind out oi the saus ot uenerai narney s
Sioux expedition. Occidental Mcssenjer
The ITebraska BilL .
However expedient the politicians of
the slave-holding States may deem it to
express their real feelings now in regard
to the Nebraska bill, involving the repeal
of the Missouri compromise, we presume
there is not a candid and patriotic and
just-minded and intelligent man in the
whole South, who does not at heart deep
ly regret the passage of that ill-starred
and most disastrous measure. We claim
no especial credit for having clearly
foreseen and earnestly foretold the con
quencesof the measure, for it 6eems to
us that those consequences were too ob
vious not to be descried by every intelli
gent man whose eyes were not blinded by
passionate excitement. The northern
supporters of the Uebrasfca bill in' Con
gress have almost to a man been swept
from that body. They themselves knew
before they . gave their votes that such
would be their fate, and they made the
most earnest appeals to the southern Sen
ators and Representatives to' spare them
by not pressing the bill, but their appeals
fell upon relentless hearts. .
Tho last number of the National In
telligencer, a paper ever true to the just
rights of the South, publishes the speech
of Mr. Rogers, of North Carolina, on
the Nebraska and Kansas bill, and adds:
ah laying ucioie our reauen uie ieeca
of Mr. Rogers of North Carolina, on the
t l, . e, l .1 i
Kansas bill of List session, we canuot
forego the opportunity which it offers to
us of expressing our respect for the wis
dom and independence of that gentle
man's course, on the unfortunate repeal
of the Missouri compromise a measure
which proved the opening of Pandora's
box for this previously happy and har
monious country. Is there a southern
gentleman now, whatever may be his
opinion of the strict right of that com
promise at the time of its adoption, who
would not consider it a small concession
practically unimportant as time and die
course of events had rendered it if he
could thereby restore this great and glo
rious Union to the condition of mutual
respect, esteem, and concord which pre
vailed throughout it fifteen months ago?
Not one, we believe, who truly values the
perpetuity of the Union, would hesitate
to give his heart and voice for the nation
al status quo, could it now be affected
without greater evils in the attempt thai
success would cure. Louisville Journal.
The Horse Known .by his Ears.
The size, position, and motion of the
ears of a horse are important points.
Those rather small than large, placed nofc
too far apart, erect, and often in motion,'
indicate both breeding and spirit ; and if
a horse is in the frequent habit of carryr j
wij one ear forward and the olnetDaca
ward and especially if he does so on a
journey, he will, generally, possess both
and continuance. The stretching of the
ears in contrary directions shows that he
is attentive to everything that is passing
around him, and while he is doing this
he cannot be much fatigued, nor likely
soon to become.so.
It has been remarked tlat few horses
sleep without pointing one ear forward
and the other backward, in order that
they mav receive notice of the approach
of objects in any direction. When horses
or mules march in ' company at night,
those in front direct their ears forward ;
and those in the middle of the train turn
them laterally, thus seeming to be actua
ted by one feeling w hich watches their
general safety
The ear of the horse is one of the most
beautiful parts about him, and by this is
the temper more safely indicated than by
its motion. The ear is more intelligible
even than the eye ; and a person accus
tomed to the horse, can tell by the ex
pressive motion of that organ, almost all
that he thinks or means. YV hen a horse
lays his ears flat back on Lis neck, he
most, assuredly is meditating" mischief,
and the bystander should beware of his
heels or his teeth. " In play the ears will
be laid back, but not so decidedly, nor
so long. A quick change in their posi
tion, and more particularly the expression
of the eye at the time will distinguish be
tween playfulness and vice. -
The hearing of the horse is remarka
bly acute. A thousand vibrations of the
air, too slight to make any impression in
tho. human ear, are readily perceived by
him. -
It is well known to every hunting man,
that the cry of hounds will be recog
nized by the horse, and his ears will be
erect and he will bo all spirit and impa
tience, a considerable time before the ri
der is conscious of the least sound.
Horse and Rider
The Kansas Outrage.
The recent outrages in Kansas by the
border slaveholders of Missouri, afford
the free people of the North a foretaste of
what they must all come to, is dce
time, if they permit this heartless despot
ism to make any further progress in this
country. What is thia Union worth with
the! preponderance of such influences
within its limits ? Who would not cry
for dissolution more earnestly than did
our fathers for a separation from the Brit
ish Crown, if this overshadowing des
potism is to encircle us with its brutaliz
ing influences ; and its outrageous defi
ance of even the forms of law are to be
continued ? . The last election in Kansas
was more outrageously conducted than
the first. ' Armed slaveholders from Mis
souri took entire possession of the polls,
and votes were put into the boxes with
out any reference to right, or even to a
show; of decency.' All that we cherish
in our Republican system, as essential to
domestic order and the safety of life and
property, was rudely trampled under foot.1
We would have - the admission of that
State; to this Union resisted, though it
cost rivers of blood and a hundred mil
lions of treasure.5 We trust that when
this crisis comes, it will appear that there
is A Nobth. Jiew Haven Palladium.
: 3T. "Never pull out a gray hair,
said a gentleman to his daughter Vas two
generally come to its funeraL?, I don't
care how many comes to the funeral if i
they only ctrae dressed in.black.
For the Herald rf Freedom.
' " ' Kansas. "
"We leave the hearth-toneof ouryonth,
With thia devoted band;
And like the Israelites of old, ,,
We seek a distant land. ' '
A land of promise to the brave,
s Whose hearts are firm and true;
And quuila not. though familiar thing
; Are pasdn j front their view. '
' There comes in silence to the'ronl,
A ,k that's still and' small; '
To a vert -tlie dsrk, impending fate, "
We listen to the call. '.i
; : . We go to plant upon the soil, ! ;
Freedom " wide-spreading tree;
i ' That all may hail, beneath its shade, - :
; , r... A land of liberty. . -
. . We go to save thia virgin soil
From dark oppression's stain: .
r f Weo to save it froju the grasp ;
Ot slavery's cruel cluun.
We take with us the shield of Faith,
;' : Our armor burnished might; i ;
'., For iu the name of God, we go
! " To battle f.r the Right. -,
, 'Fiet UreenwUh, U. I.Mzrch, 155.
tht ltatachuitU Spy. -
The Emigrant Aid Company.
The Dally Transcript, of Wednesday
v, - -' ? - v " "'--""j
1 kst contained an article, in which, on the
strength of a letter from certain irrespon
sible persons belonging to the last Kansas
party, serious imputations were cast upon
the motives and management of the Emi
grant Aid Company.
In the Daily Spy, of Thursday, the
facts which were the subject of com
plaint in the letter, and the ground of as
persion in the Transcript, were explained
in such a manner as to clear the Company
from all blame, and expose the injustice
of the disparagement insinuated in that
paper.; ' . .
. The very slight, and, as at present,
wholly untenable grounds on which, in
this instance, censure and reproach were
indulged in, and the cool treatment the
Company has met with from many per
sons at the North to uudertake to control
public opinion, naturally suggest a few
reflections on the design of the enterprise
and its claims on the people. ' .
The movement arose from the neces
skies of the times. By the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise, the entire question
of freedom or slavery in Kansas was left
to the people of the Territory to decide
The fate of Kansas was thus made to de
pend upon the sentiments of her people
in regard to slaver)', and what, under or
dmary circumstances, those sentiments
were likely to be, it was not difficult to
conjecture. vVith" slave fctates on the
the South remote from all
the influences of JSorthern ireemen-
deemed so great an acquisition bv the
slave States that no sacrifice or effort was
deemed too great to secure it, what rea
sonable expectation couici be entertained
that Kansas would become a lice btate
that the votes of the few scattered settlers
whom individual enterprise might send
there from the JSorth, would sumce tp
keep out slavery ?
The attempt to make Kansas eventually
a free State, by the action of Congress in
refusing to admit her as a slave State,
was almost sure to fail ; for tlie refusal to
admit a State, for such a reason would be
opposed to all precedent, and might bo
deemed "by many right-minded northern
men, a v iolation of Suite rights. Besides
nothing would prevent Kansas from ap
plying for admission with a free constitu
tion, and after being admitted from chang
ing it to suit the wishes of her people.
But if no constitutional objections existed
to such a plan of defeating slavery, the
venality of public men, and the exigen
cies of party, would render such a mode
oi opposition very uncertain anu incon
stant. Another Union panic might arise,
and northeru men might be again induced
"to conquer their prejudices," or the
success of a party scheme might require
that slavery should a second time be ie
galized in Kansas.
What, then, remained to be done?
Kansas was justly regarded as the key of
the position in this great contention. Let
Kansas be made free, and the downfall of
slavery was sure.
At this critical juncture, the Emigrant
Aid Company was formed. Its declared
object M as tu facilitate the emigration of
free settlers to the new territory, through
an organization.
The movement began and has thus far
continued. The company has attracted
the attention of the whole Union given
rise to a number of similar organizations
scattered through the North, and is re
garded by many of the wisest and best
men of the country as offering the most
feasible and effective plan for making
Kansas a free State, that has yet been
propored.. -i ; " "
' It adopts, as a matter of necessity, the
principle of the Kansas act, that the peo
ple shall deckle the question of freedom
or slavery, but seeks . to effect a result
quite different from" what its friends an
ticipated would : follow from its appli-cation.-
' . ', ' .' . -' . '
. Its plan of operations has been carried
out in detail, and presents a very perfect
combination. ' In the conduct of any
great enterprise, it is quite impossible to
forsee and provide for all the contingen
cies that may .occur. ' Especially b this
true of an enterprise with distant points
"of concentration, extended on a long line
of travel, and having to do with masses
of men with varied wants.and sometimes
fanci fulexpectationsor un tractable minds.
Besides, the forces of nature are not al
ways under control, and the . hatred of
those against whom this movement is di
rected cannot be rendered entirely pow
erless ;" "
The difficulties of this enterprise, and
the glorious results to be a Raised by its
success, , should make us very charitable
in excusing the errors and mistakes that
may attend its progress. V. .
' 4 The claims of the Emigrant Aid Com
pany upon the people of the free States,
so far as they depend on the design of its
formation, are freely acknowledged by all.
The only question is, whether this organ-
ixation employs practical and effective
means to accczspluh that design.
And what do facts tend to establish on
this point?
That the organization is both practical
and efficient, is shown by the success that
has attended its efforts up to this hour.
Under its auspices, the emigration of
northern freemen to Kansas has gone on
with unexampled rapidity. Already has
it sent out to the new Territory over six
teen hundred persons, and these are but
a small portion of the number who have
gone there indirectly through, its influ
ence. It has kept open a communication
between us and that distant land, so that
the emigrant has not felt that he was
separated ' from all the endearments of
home. It has taken up little eastern com
munities and transported them with un
broken numberand unsevered ties, to a
country where, under a more genial sun,
and on a more fruitful soil, they may en
joy tlie pre-eminent advantages of New
England habits of industry, and virtue.
It has made emigration attractive by tlie
social relations and charities with which
it surrounds the emigrant, and tlie assu
rance it gives him that a place is prepared
for him. But its work has not been con
fined to general projects. It has" em
ployed agents to explore the new Terri
tory and make known to the settlers its
abundant and varied resources, and the
most desirable places for settlements. It
also employs agents along tlie route to
Kansas, to procure tickets for the emi
grants at greatly . reduced prices, and to
furnish them with whatever information
and assistance they may reasonably re
quire. It has issued a pamphlet of thirty
four pages entitled, "Information for
Kansas Emigrants" of which it has dis
tributed, at its own expense, about one
hundred thousand copies. This pam
phlet contains full and explicit directions
to the emigrant in regard to all matters
affecting his journey and the success of
his enterprise. We have been struck
with the minuteness of this pamphlet in
anticipating every conceivable want; of
the emigrant, and the entire fairness with
which the company avows its real objects
and limits its responsibility.
Thus the Emigrant Aid Company has
done" much to people Kansas with a freedom-loving
population. It can point to
the present condition of Kansas as the
best evidence of its usefulness and suc
cess. If slavery is to-day less sure of
prospering in Kansas than it was a year
ago, then it is due to the efforts of this
organization, and if in the future, slavery
shall be driven from its borders, the re-
suit will in fairness be ascribed to the
same instrumentality. , .
But it is the chief benefit of this organi
zation that it holds northern anti-slavery
sentiment as regards freedom in Kansas
steadily to a practical object, and does
not suffer it to exhaust and dissipate itself
upon visionary plans and prospects.
Kansas is no longer a dreamy land, over
which impends a fearful doom, which we
would gladly avert but know not how.
There is a plain practical way of rescu
ing her from slavery, involving no dis
puted questions of constitutional law
identified with no party organization, but
commending itselt to the lavor and sup
port of all true friends of human free
dom and popular rights.
. As slavery has hitherto triumphed
through its perfect social organization,
so shall freedom hereafter possess tlie
same means oi ueience or aggression.
From an institution it shall hereafter de
rive stability, energy, and well regulated
action.'
With the design of making Kansas a
free State, and success thus faranswering
to the magnitude of the design, and pro
phetic of its final accomplishment, the
Emigrant Aid Company has appealed to
the North for sympathy and support.
Nothing would be so natural as to bup
pose that the appeal would be regarded.
If the public speakers and presses of the
North have ever been sincere in deplo
ring the introduction of slavery into Kan
sas and its existence elsewhere if. they
have been sincere in uttering those senti
ments in favor of freedom, to which all
true hearts respond if they do not de
sire the encroachments of slavery to con
tinue, that they may be furnished with
material for fine speeches and flaming
editorials if as they assert, tlie question
of freedom in Kansas is really the domi
nant question of the age why should
they not exert their influence in favor of
this organization, as the practical means
of effecting what they profess to desire ?
Such, however, has not been the case.
Some of the most prominent auti-slavery
speakers at the North have hardly alluded
to this enterprise, for which the South
sincerely thanks them. It may be of too
practical a character to meet tlie views of
theorists and declaimers, or it may at
tach too little importance to refined specu
lations and impassioned rhetoric. It may
have committed the error of supposing
that the time for action had come, after
speaking had gone 'on for twenty years.
The press, too, has not given the move
ment its earnest and united support.
lhe leading journal of the world regards
the scheme as the greatest and most prac
tical the age has seen... "The two leading
reviews of this country have given it
their unqualified approval; but the press
es of the North either pass itby in silence
or criticise it in a" style that tio ' merely
human work can bear. V hat if , slight
errors have occurred in . the conduct of
the enterprise ? What 1 if the expecta
tions of the public have exceeded the
possible attainment ? Shall the Enter
prise be abandoned, and Kansas surren
dered to slavery for such a pitiful reason?
Will northern men and presses extinguish
the last hope of saving Kansas, and en-
caQ in the ismoble work of abusihirand
annoying the noble and determined men
who have undertaken this enterprise?
Is it the condition of their aiding to make
Kansas free, that ' they,, themselves, or
their party, shall reap a selfish benefit?
lhe great obstacle to the triumph of free
dom, is, and ever has been, the divided
efforts of the North.-' One is of Paul,
and another of Apollos, . and a third of
uephas, and each is . afraid that he shall
not get all the glory of achieving emanci
a. The South is united and harmo-1
luottS
, naving nobody to watch but- the
common foe but we are distracted with
selfish objects and envious of each other.
When the battle with slavery hangs "in
even" scale," and a decisive effort is made
to win the day, we refuse to go forward
till we can be assured what turn politics
will take after the war; or how our fame
with posterityiWill then compare with the
fame of others, or whether promotion is
to come from the East, or the West, the
North, or the South. May God save us
if this spirit of jealousy and selfish cal
culation is to be cherished and indulged.
uhat can be more discouraging- to
those who are engaged in this enterprise,
than the miserable objections that are
raised against it. To one class of minds,
the scheme is objectionable for the same
reason tha Paul's preaching at Ephesus
was objectionable, oecause it set the city
in an uproar. . lo another class, the re
cent elections prognosticate its failure.
when in laet the presence of- the Missou-
rians was a confession on their part, that
tciUiout them, slavery was insecure ; and
does any one , suppose that these incur
sions will decide the fate of Kansas ? By
a third class, the Emigrant Aid Company
is denounced as a money-making concern.
No money has yet been made by the Com
pany, but the hope is entertained that at
some future time the Company may pos
sess valuable stock, and that without in
jury to the emigrant or to the public.
Aud who can object to the honest acqui
sition of wealth as the incidental result of
a great philanthropic movement.
This is an enterprise in which aH right
minded men can unite. The northern
democratic party can sustain it in perfect
consistency with tlie principle of non
intervention. The whig party can sus
tain it as the surest way to prevent the
future encroachments of slavery. " The
free-soil party can sustain it as an organi
zation that may well attend and invigorate
political action. ; The American party
can sustain it, as a means of establishing
the Protestant religion and the common
school on the confines of the Republic.
And in short, all at the North whose sen
timents have long been1 right on the
question of. slavery, but who have hith
erto been unable to see a safe and practi
cal way to carry them out, may find in
this organization what they have so long
desired. ' ' -"
The cqntest will soon be decided, either
with or without the North, r Slavery will
not wait for freedom to settlo the disputes
of placemen and time-servers in its own
camp. ; It will not wait for "questions of
words and names to be decided, before
it strikes for dominion. It will grow and
assert itself while the North is changing
its attitudes, ana making itseu pad over
the evils of slavery. " '"
Thus may a new example be added, to
the list, of crest .entenuTS.ihathave
j failed,. more through the pusilanimity of
their friends than the valor of their foes
Worcester, April, 1855. - .
Squatter Sovereignty, f
- The practical effect of this sham-democratic
doctrine, is now being amply il
lustrated in Kansas. Legalized under
false pretences, the system now discloses
its real purpose to be tho extension of
slavery, in which it is thus far triumph
ant.; But the end is not yet; and the
sting of these Kansas outrages will excite
every true patriot in the land, to vindi
cate the wronged and insulted spirit of
liberty. ' '
The Atlas admirably generalizes upon
this topic in the following words : "The
two mockeries of aa election which have
taken ' place within the first year of the
existence of Kansas as a territory, are a
striking commentary upon the absurdity
of what are called the principles of pop
ular sovereignty. They demonstrate con
clusively the wisdom of tho fathers of
the republic, in subjecting territories to
the : guardianship of Congress during
their infancy, and the incalculable value
to human freedom of the immortal prin
ciples of the ordinance of 1787. That
nothing can be more unrellible, danger
ous, or mischievous than the entrusting
so great a powei to the worse than lottery
of chance settlers, even if honestly exer
cised, nothing could demonstrate . more
plainly than the past year's experience.
When, instead of an .honest expression
of public opinion, we hare so scandalous
an outrage upon law and decency perpe
trated in the name of popular sovereign
ty, it teaches lessons upon' which : Con
gress cannot practice too soon. ;
We are by no means apprehensive that
all this lawless evidence, these outrages
upon the rights of the real inhabitants of
the territory, or these threats of lynch
law assassination will accomplish their
object. These desperadoes have the will, L
j but happily they lack the means of mak
ing Kansas a slave State. It is an easy
matter now for a few hundreds to over
power the scanty handful inhabitants- It
will not be so simple a matter when there
arc fifty thousand voters in Kansas, as
there will probably be before 'another
year, for these lawless marauders to con
trol the election. No permanent or abid
ing danger need be apprehended, unJe9
it have the 'effect,, which it should not, of
discouraging from emigrating thither the
thousands of freeman, who are; thinking
of making their homes in Kansas., , This,
doubtless, was the great object, in view
of which it was planned and executed;
but that it wul fail of accomplishing its
purpose in checking northern emigration,
we have not ihefcbadow of a doubt. --V.
H. Serdind. . ' ' V
Illinois Banks.
- The notes of all the Illinois suspended
Free Banks, are now redeemed at par by
the Auditor of xhai State, he having in
compliance with the law, sold the stocks
which were pledged for security of the
notesC- -' : - V-i-: '-. I v.-.-'
. The suspended bank notes of Wiscon
sin are also redeemed iu the same way.
The consequencVof this is "that the
notes of all the Wisconsin and Illinois
Free Banks are now. currency: with the
bankers of St Louisw -' 5 i v
The Ranking laws of these two Slates
seem to be effectual in givisz security to
bill holders, which ia the most important
consideration, after all. m any hir.tin
fystcm. frontier Xezci.-V '
"' The Work Commenced
Notwithstanding the want of rain,' and
the backwardness of spring the people of
Kansas and Nebraska will have cause to
rejoice when they learn that two parties
have entered upon the surveys of the
principal lines in the two. Territories ;
and will proceed with the execution of
their contracts with all possible dispatch :
and cause return of the standard parallel
and guide meridian lines to be returned
to the Surveyor General's office at the
earliest day possible, so as to enable oth
er parties to enter upon the survey of the
township lines which will be followed up :
with sub-divisions of .sections and quar-ter-sections.
; .The gentlemen i Messrs.
Ludlie & Manners head the two , parties
that have entered the field. -Mr. Ludlio's
field of operation is confined to Kansas. '
and Mr, Manners goes to Nebraska, both
of whom rank high in the scale of their
professions, and are known to be reliable
and energetic men. That their work wuT
be executed with accuracy and dispatch,
none who know them "will doubt?? The
operations in the Surveyor General'! de
partment has been, much retarded on ac
countof the lateness of the grass, w:bich ;
is an indispensable element to the irnder- ;
taking of the surveys. General Cal-
houi has been , using . every effort to
organize his board of surveyors from
tlie best practical men in the . coun
try ; and he has left undone nothing that
will tend to the execution of his official
trust in the most satisfactory manner as
as well to the satisfaction of the large
body of emigrants that daily come to our
soil. As to the general government, tho ,
great good sense, and practical knowledge
of Gen. Calhoun of the wants of tho
western people," his high order of intel
lect ;H kindness of heart, .impulses th
most generous, will in his responsible of
ficial position mate him a great favorite
with the. people of the Territories. Gen.
Calhoun comes among us with much rep
utation as a statesman ; and by those who
know him best it is said, upon the stump.
or in any position where mind is called
upon to grapple with Ingenious sophistry.
he scarcely lias an equal anywhere.
Leavenworth Herald. ' ..
The Prospect Ahead.
The N. V. Herald of Monday last,'
gives the following hopeful view of the
financial prospects ahead. It is all tho
more cheering as coming from the Her
ald, the general tone of whose money, ar
ticles is calculated to advance , the inter
est of the Bears : "
We do not see anything in the futuro
calculated to prevent our having an easy
money market. A very active revival of
business might in a short time create a
demand . for, canital. and our accunTula
tions would become distributed; out w'a
do not see the slightest indication of "a
revival of business, but, on -the contrary,
evidences of a very moderate movement.
Our importations have not been smaller,
for the season, for many years, and our
indebtedness on the other side is at pres
ent a matter of no consequence. A good
demand exists in England and: on the
Continent , for , our public securities,
and the exportation of specie cannot, un
der any circumstances, reach an amount
of 'any importance.' Our gold receipts
from California remain .within our own
limits, and add largely to our metafic
currency. Uur banks are in a strong po
sition, better fortified with 'fcpecie than
ever before, and on all sides ci us are ev
idences of growing prosperity. . We' are
just entering upon a new growing sason
when our farmers will provide for the
cultivation of an unusual extent of ground.
This, we trust, will lead to an abundant
harvest, and the remuneration of the pro
ducing classes throughout the country.
A good crop next fall would set us all up
again, and remove all vestiges or recent
disasters. ; It has been many years since
the United States occupied in the finan
cial and commercial world such a prou-l
and independent position, and if we aro
disposed to conduct our foreign trade up
on proper-principles, we can maintain
ourselves as we nowstand. The Euro
pean war tested our -resources to the ut -
most, ana we nave now nothing to tear
from the continuation of hostilities in the
Crimea, or to any other part'of Europe. ;
' Indian Payments.' ". ' ; '"
Oa Monday and Tuesday hut, the U.
S. Indian Agent for the Shawoees, Mr.
R. C. Miller, paid that tribe the balance
of their annuity 40,000. . . ' - -
e also learn that Mai. Robinson,
Agent for the Delawares, connnenced
paying-that tribe-yesterday.,
these payments will throw into our
place quite a large amount of money.
Lwhich, with the vast amount " received
from Santa Fe traders,- will have a ten
dency to relieve the stringency of the
money market that has existed for soma
weeks past, in consequence of the large
purchases made by our merchants in eas
tern markets, this spring. Wettpcrt,
lt Frontier Xeiw : ' .1 .. :
? ; Busiaeas la Sr. Louis. ;
; It needs but a slight glance at the
business portions of our city at the pres
ent time, to satisfy any one that an im
mense business is going on. Boats are
daily arriving, in troops from "-.almost
every quarter, all heavily, laden, and in
mosteases crowded with passengers. Tha
steamers from the Ohio are literally swarm
ing with" emigrants' bound for Kansas,
Missouri, Iowa, kz.l Our rirsrs, except
ing the Missouri, are all in good stage.
Some rain has fallen within a few days
past, and we hope, that our Missouri river
friends will soon have plenty of water.
St. Lottis PreshjUriau.
(' ' . - .
; Territorial Judges. - ' .
. The U. S. Supreme Court has sustain
ed the point, that the President of the U.
States has the power to remove Territo
rial Judges. The question was brought
before the Court Hp. the case of Judge
Goodrich, of Minnesota, who was remov
ed by President Fillmore. - Ha applied .
to the Court for a mandamus upon tha
Secretary of the -Treasury, to pay hiav
his Rilarv iiiwy hi d'eniaeaL
refused his 'application. - ' :-
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