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tEI)c gjemlu' U Scotoma: Sin Snucpcnittnt amiln HctosfiapaviOcuDttb to umamtg anil tljc Sntcresls of Iian0u0.
Xfa 2fei-Ald of D-eefaft).
G. W. BHOT7I7, Editor.
Lawrence, Safarday, Sept. 8 1&53.
FOB " SKilGATK TO OOSGRESSr
ANDREW II. REEDER.
The Ei Sprinss Convention.
It was oar good fortune to . be In at
tendance during the entire session of the
Free- Stale Convention, which convened
at Big Springs'on the" 5th irtst. Dele
gates were there fiom every district, save
the 1 Gih, and a finer tody of men are sel
. dora seen together. The only fault we
could Cud, there was too much talent
among them, else too many persona who
wished to distinguish themselves. They
came together from all parts of the Ter
ritory, and-wero representatives in Kau
nas from all sections of the Uuion. It was
but natural, therefore, that there should
be a difference of opinion upon minor
questions, and that those divisions should
engeuder discussion. 1
We givo die prowedhigs at length,
with the exception of the speeches.
These we had purposed reporting1 quite
fully, but a temporary return of the mal
aJv with which we were afflicted for sev
eral weeks. Jast winter, and it location
in our shoulder, prevented us from a use
of the pen in the afternoon of the last
day, when our services were most need
ed. We are enabled to give butabrief oul
lincof G y. Reedeb's remarks, Hide in re
sponse to his nominatiou by acclamation,
and upon the call of probably every per
son in attendance. :
As we have remarked, thetc was a con
trariety of opinion in that assembly.
They differed on an' important."que8tioii.
The people-from New York,. New Eng
land, and some from Pennsylvania, and
Ohio, wero hi favor of a State . Constitu
tion which should be silent npon the sub-,
jeet of a "black Li w," whilst those- from
the Western States, very generally, were
in favor of ingrafting the exclusion poli
cy into tlie Statu Constitution. The com
mittee, who labored long and arduously
upon the question, finally agreed, with
one dissenting voice, and made their re
port. The Convention adopted the ac
tion of the committee, with but little ap
parent dissatisfaction, and yet dissatisfac
tion deep and lasting existed.' We have
no doubt a large majority of that Con
tention, indeed of the Free State voters
in iho Territory, were decidedly in favor
uf this feature, and we shall not complain.
For ourself, wo take this occasion to rc:
Biark that the platform does not meet wi h j
our hearty approbation. . .We are oppos
t ed from principle to "every form of tyr
: any," it matters not to which of the races
it iif x tended "over the body and mind
nf man." While a resident of Ohio we
labored constantly to secure a repeal of
what appeared to us an odious law. a
law similar, in many respects, to thatde
irctl for .Kansa-J. lu , Pennsylvania we
rejoice! when our neighbors of Ohio
triumphed with the right, in erasing those
oppressive enactments from their sLitut'.'
book?. It is true a different state of facts
surround us now, and here we are willing
our neighbors, who agree with us iti the
main; but diffor on this question and
who wo have conceded are in the ma
jority -shall fix the matter up to- suit
themselves; but we d object to theirplac
ing us in a position which will require
us to stultify ourself, or give the lie to our
vntiro pan history." ,
A determination, was apparent with
very delegate to the convention that the
Free State party should unite. Division,
it was evident, was defeat. A united
front was victory. The rcsult of that
day's procedure will bo felt for ages.
The union and harmony which finally
eharrctcrizad the proceedings will give
to the American galaxy another star,
which will ultimately be the brightest in
the constellation ono which will not, be-
dimmed in the least by t!io foul stain of
When the platform was adopted" the
welkin rang with shouts of approbation.
When the nomination was made by ac
clamation it seemed as if the heavens
were vocal with, applause; and Gover
nor Rexder's appearance on the stand, in
answer to the long and repute L call, was
received with the most boisterous shouts
of satis fdctton - Iliid . a General return
ed in triumph from the battle-field, bear
ing thotrophiesofathousand victories he
could not have- been greeted with a more
hearty welcome than, was extended to him
oa this occasion. When the- sound died
it way, giving the Governor a chance to bo
heard lift commenced addressing his en
chanted auditory. Ha spoke long and
wcll.'TlSvery seutenco was replete with
important ideas every word hada mean
ing.- The effect upon the audience, and
the satisfaction given was apparent from
the repeated shcuts of applause with
which he was interrupted. We express
ed a wish that Frank Pi?Kt could have
looked out upon that collation of "squats
ter sovereigns," and seen the man he had
attempted to put down, and the-' manner
the PEorts were disposed to take him op.
Frank Pietee, with a nation at his heels,
was ne va r a popular or so deeply en
shrined in: the-affections of the people,
as is our own late Ch'K'f Magistrate, in
- the hearts of the American people. "
But we have not time or room to dwell
upon this subject.. The Free State party
of Knsa3is now fully organized. They
are ready to meet their opponents in any
f jrm, and in Gov. R eider's most happy
expression ' ill struggle for Hie. right
until tho bodies of the oppressors be min
gled with the eppressfid." - ;
T Abbott Lawrecce, formerly min
. ister to EngLmd, and one of the wealth
iest men iu lbv?.t didd oa tho 16h ult.
Tho Lecifflaturo and Laws.
Our Quasi-Legislatnre adjoorned last
week. That Missouri might not bo fr.
quently trotrbled by coming over to
Kao-as to vote, provision was made that
the election of the next Legislative As
sembly should not take "' place till a year
from October. The Territory was divi
ded into counties, and after filling the
most important offices, they declared
that all officers should be commissioned
for tix tea&s. The Commissioners of
the several counties were authorized to fill
vacancies. - The idea of popular sover
eignty was lost sight of entirely. While
we remain in our territorial condition, if
the Missouri cab;d had the power to di
rect, we should only vote for a Delegate to
Congress ; and in about thirteen months
from the present time we should be
privileged again, by swearingallegiance to
the fugitive slave law, and the enactments
of a body of functionaries convened out
tidt of Kansas Territory, to vote for an
other Legislature side-by-side with anoth
er army of desperadoes from the border
! Squatter Sovereignty ! It is the most
specious humbug ever imposed upon a
free people. Talk about appointing ev
ery officer in the Territory by a committee
of "Baron.,' giving tho people no voice
in directing public affairs, imposing fines
and imprisonments upon them for writing,
speaking or printing against an institu
tion, the most barbarious of any age,
compel tlK-m to pay taxes without having
even the shadow of a voice in enactinjr
the laws which enslave them, and then,
talk about "popidar soveretgnfi."- " '. -
And we are told tlat Guv. Shannon,
has declired with an oath that he will en
force those en:vctments to. the letter. It
may b'i he will be able to do so, but we i
mistrust he will have an unpleasant time
doing iL . 'lt is air easy matter to pass op- j
piessive laws, but to "enforce tlxera they j
must Bieet tlie : approbation of the gov- j
erued. It was the attempt to enforce an
unjust law, backed up by the whole pow
er "of tho British government, which
brought on the American Revolution and
ended with a seven years' .war and the
independence of a grea. nation. That
law was only the imposition of' a trivial
tax on but here it is a criminal of
fense to enunciate the truth of tho dec
laration of our own independence ; and
the person is subject to an imprisonment
of two years in the penitentiary at hard
labor who &hall dare "circulate ia this
Territory" that important State paper.
The Holy BibL', a majority of our ele
mentary law books, and every treatise on
ethics extant,- is proscribed.and the "nee
person" who "shall introduce into this
Territory" any of these publications
must be "punished "by imprisonment at
hard labor fur a term not less- than two
years." Bat wo have not time to ampli
fy. If Gov. Shannon is disposed to en
force that and kindred laws he had better
import the whole force of the general
government at oiicj. Nothing short of
this will answer the purpose.
A friend inquires whether it would
not by well for the people of Kansas -to
petition Congress to restore the Missouri
Compromise, and thus exclude slavery
from the Territory ? Our opinion is, if
we are to be bound down by an outside
pressure if we rau-;t beahvays controll
ed bv Missouri vote., then Congress must
give us the Missouri Compromise, and
our people wil!)in to a man in a-king for
its restoration; if, however, they will
throw guards around us so we can do our
own legislation so the. majority o f the
people can make their own laws through
their legal ippresentatives, then we care
nothing abut Congressional action up
on the subject of slavery We knew that
we have a majority of more than two to
one, and we believe ws have a majority
of four to one in favor of freedom. We
trust a barbarous horde from an adjoin
ing State will not always lord it over u$,
making ui mcro "hewers of wood and
drawers of water" at their bidding.
Th3 07erlan3 Route. .
A ircntleman writing us from Clifton
Springs, New York, ; suggests- that tho
entire travel for Kansas should go over
land through Iowa, and that a railroad
should be completed as soon as possible
through that Suteto the south-west cor
ner'. He 8U"xsts that if this measure
was adopted the better portion of the peo
ple of Missouri would wake up to their
true interest, and oppose an invasion of
cor Territory foreleeiioningand maraud
ing purposes. We have tho pleasure of
iuforming our frieud that such is the case
already the property-holders ia Missou
ri, after, leaving the border, are every,
where opposed to the mob violence which
has characterize! the la'.e transactions
abug the border. The citizens of St.
Louis present aa undivided front on this
question, and her poopla should not be
censured for the acts of the "border ruf
fians," any further than they are respoa
sibie by being residents of the same&ate.
Proceedings In Pamphlet Form.
We shall publish theproceediogsof the
Convention at Big Springs in pamphlet
form, and will endeavor to have them out
by the middle of next week. Any errors
that may appear in the published pro
ceedings, as given ia the IIesald of to
day, will be corrected in that publica
tion, if our attention is called to it imme
diately. Persons in want of copies for
distribution should contract lor thm im
mediately. - Tho "PecpW'a Paoclama
tion," ordering an election for Delegate
to Congress will be published ia connec
tion with the proceedings
j2T A number of interesting editorial
and other original articles will be found
on our fourth page ibis week. ,
"No issue," says a gentleman writing
us from Stillwater, N. Y., "since the
Declaration of Independence has been
presented to the American public so deep
ly frought with interest, and of such
vital importance to the cause of human
freedom as is the great and all absorb
ing question which is now occupying the
public mind in Kansas and sending a
thrill to every free heart in this great
Republic. ' It is the issue which has
been preparing for centuries, and which
is jeopardizing the liberty of a continent,
and may I not say of a world. Despo
tism is struggling for " the cendancy,
and it seems - 1-as entrenched himself
behind the forms of law, and hopes
through1 dial instrumentality to shield
himself from danger.
"Your ;iew Governor will soon be
with vou. Should he recognize the cabal
in session at the Shawnee Mission as a
legally constituted body,' ha will hear
but one voice from east of tb'j Mississip
pi, and that will fee of universal condem
nation. The lime lias never been when
the people of the uorthera States were
so incensed against the slave power, and
the servile demagogues of the North as
at the present.. Were tlit-re an election
to-day the last vestige of hunkcrism
would be swept into oblivion the List
demagogue who would disgrace the State
of his birth by subserve:icy to the South,
would be recognized as a creature, a mere
Amy of the past. .
"Let mo beg of you do bo united I
For the .sake of .Heaven, and, bleeding
humanity I conjure you. to lav aside all
side issues, avoid all minor questions,
everything save tho cause of freedom
until Kansas is permitted to rule herself.
The eyes of the civilized world are upon
you, and their sympathies are there, loo.
For yourself, friend Brown, I trust you
will be magnanimous ! I know you
will, and if your eotemporaries prove
recreant to the cause of Right, when so
much is demanded at-their hands as is
the case at the present, I bog of you to
heed them not. ." Let tho rights of Kan
sas be yourcoastant theme as it has been.
If you are foully slandered, or reviled,
remember thatpublic opinion te great
and impartial arbiter in such cases, will
come to your relief.
"If your people will act together har
moniously ; if they will thow a united
front, and contend only for a free State,
keeping all other issuos out of sight,
until the main question is disposed of,
and the acts of the treasonable assembly
which has been usurping the law "making-power
is prostrated, then you may
discuss, and adopt your black laws, or
any other features you please. 1 beg of
you again to remember that .division is
defeat. . You must, I repent it, you must
show a united front if you expect to tri
umph." Im-portant Opinion.
Hon. John M. Niles, Postmaster Gen
eral of the United Slates under Mr. Van
Bureu's administration, speaking of the
present administration, says:
"The administration mu?t bo sunk
very low with the whole people, when on
a tour of four thousand mile.-, embracing
ten Slates and one Territory, ai 1 conver
sing with all sorts ofpersons, and hearing
conversation among others, we in no in
stance witnested a defense of the admin
istration by a single individual."
Mr. Niles uics the following language
in regard to the ao.ion of the President
and Kansas affairs :
"The law organizing the Territory is
not a local act, but a law ot the L nited
Slates, which tho President Las taken an
oath to support; yet he permits it lo b
vio!a'ed,aud the federal authority, to. be
overthrown, lu this extraordinary course
is not the President making .himself a
party to these outrages? and if civil dis
orders come, and blood is shed, will lw
not, in a moial point of view, at hast, h"
responsible for it? The people of Kan
sas appeal to him for protection in, vain ;
he cannot hear them ; he can only hear
when Stringfellow and Atchison speak.
"The neglect of the Executive to en
force tho laws and repress . violence and
outrage upon the rights and liberties' of
tho people of Kansas, is as much an
abuso of power, as the commission of pos
itive acts of oppression. By organizing
the laws of the united btates over it, Ukj
Government invited settlers there, and
pledged its faith to protect them in the
enjoyment of all those rights, which the
act of organization allowed, tliem, and
not to do so is a breach of faith towards
the people of the Territory as well as a
gross dereliction of duty." .
..- Good.; . ,
. It affords us pleasure-to state that the
PostofSce Department has kindly favored
our people with a "brass lock mail bag"
between this place and St. Louis. Th is
will ensure the safe transit of our letters
through Missouri, without interference
by intermeddling postmasters on the
route, as the bags can only be opened at
one place on the route, and that at Jef
Correction. ' . .
Oar compositors made us tell that
which was not tiue, two weeks ago, in
regard to the number of times the mail
was to be carried weekly between this
poi nt and Kansas City. .We wrote Jt was
to be carried "twice" a. week in : future;
they changed it," under a mistaken im
pression as to the fact, - by saying i(
would be carried but "one" a week
Our readers will observe the correction.
. A Large Story. """
;Wc saw an English turnip the otlier
day, grown in this vicinity,, measuring
five and a half inches in diameter, round
and smooth, which it was said three
weeks previously was in the seed. If the
statement had sot been cc&de to us by a
gentleman who is ia the katit of. tolling
the truth, we should have thought he
was laying tica rather "tSiick."
. Fall Emigration. '
Late reports from the east give us reason
to anticipate a heavy emigration from that
quarter this fell. Maine has got. around
at last, and has determined to " pour her
hardy sons' into our fertile prairies. It is
tstld thkt . the neonla of Maine "dou't tl
, i ' ' I
fiaid easy," if so, we shall expect them
to remain and aid in making it what - the
! God of Nature designed it, z. . free - and
prosperous State. . -
It is lime that fall emigration wason
the route. It should arrive here as early
as the 20th of September, to enable the
pioucer to prepare his "winter quarters."
The later emigration - is deferred - in the
fall, the longer will be the time required
iu iretting up the Missouri, and the great-
er will be the cost.
Passencrers should use the greafest care
iu coming up the Missouri. '- They are
in the habit of. living too well on . the
steamerr which ply on the river, and dis
ease folSows'as a matter of course. We
advise the greatest abstinence in . eating
and drinking, particularly iu the use of
spirituous liquors and river water. The
former isplied in profusion to all who can
be seduced into its usej and the latter
seems to be a matter of necessity. We
have heard of several gentlemen who took
the precaution to lire on bread and water
up the river, procuring the water frora;
springs or wells, at their various stop
ping p!:;ces, in jugs, preferring this mode
to tho sickness which too frequently is
attendant upon those who neglect a rigid
hygienic discipline. :
- - . . r -
"A. Clean Breast." -.
We give an interesting letter in anoth
er column from "One of the Armv of
Invasion,".,. It is a genuine correspond
ence from a Missourian, and can bo re
lied on for all it is worth. As to the
wets it details, the public arc as well
qualified to judge of its truth as we are.
We shall be pleased to hear front him
again, aud from other members of that
disgraceful body so recently in session at
the Mission, a fitphice for such damning
deeds as have been, enacted there. There
was more than ono man in that body
who will feel compelled to make a "clean
breast of it,"'clse he can never go down
to the grave in peace. We look for some
. A Smart Legislature.
.We are assured by the public printer
that tho enactments of the Quasi-Leg-islature
of Kansas, in actual session only
jorty-fi.ee doys, will make a volume
of 1,000 pages. One thousand copies
were ordered to be printed witn margin
al notes, bound in calf, and furnished to
the officers appointed by that body.
The- inouey that is to pay expenses . is
furnished by "Um-Ie Sain." Few legislative-bodies
could have read a work
of that dimensions in that time, vy"ng
nothing about doing so three times.
FJsat With Twoor Three."
Delegates were iu attendance . at the
Big Springs' Convention from the Doni
plwiu District, and they confirmed the
reports that niany intelligent pro-slavery
men who had heretofore acted will that
party had resolved for tlie fuliire, in con
sequence of the. late outrages in that vi
cinity, to act with the Free State Party.
Two Delegates were hi attendance at the
Cjnvention, who had until qui e recently
acted with the pro-slavery advocates.
Wo were much interested in hearing one
of them give a recital of his "conver
sion" in a private circle. It showed he
was an independent thinker, anJ dared
act as he thought his duly demanded,
cveu if it was in opposition to education
and all his previous opinion's.
... Good News from Leavenworth.
We learn that an election was held un-
der a law of ihc late Shawnco Mission
Cabal, at Leavenworth on tho 31 int.,
establishing a city charten The result
was a complete Iriumphof the Free State
ticket,' ro farasthc mayor was concerned,
also a majority of the Councih The sev
eral officers e'ected are thorouh-jrou!"-
temperance men, who wiJl adopt strin
gent measures for the suppression of the
liquor traffic. There were 330 votespoll-
ed. Thomas II. SLOctii was elected
Mayor. . :. . i .. . r
' JkD President Pierce, at last advices
from Washington, was indisposed and
is sufforinr from chills an I fever. No
one will wonder at his having the 'shakes',
who are at all conversant with his action
towards Kansas. 4 Felix, ; wo are told.
trwiUedoxi ' one occasion when !Paul
preached to him ofa "judgment to come."
Frank Pierce has got an inkling of the
"judgment" which tlie people will pass
UDon him. and the "chills" follow as a
natural consequence. ' .
: ' . Thanks.
, Mr. Robt. WiLKissos, residing, on the
Wakarusa, south of Lawrence, has our
tliacks for a large basket brim -full of
beans, the growth ' of his garden. Mr.
W, is a free State man of the right slamp,
and is disposed to loud a helping hand
towards keeping the free State press above
ground. , He has onr tl:ank3 for his gen
erous promptings. ,: . - ': -
We neglected bst week to return!
Mr. Lowar our own, and the thanks
of all hands about tlie IlEnjixn or Free
dom office, for that luscious melop he
so kindly preseuted u.?. He will accept
theni at this time ; also for some peaches.
S3" Andrew B. Moore, of Alabama,
declines the appointment of Associate
Justice of the Supreme Court of Kansas,
vice Elmore removed. - - .
S3T The Emigrant Aid Company have
disposed of their Hotel at Kansas City,
Mo,,,to Messrs. Einninos & Lrais, for
' :" Got. Shannon. !
TL j new . Governor of Kansas arrived :
at Wes'port, Mo , on Saturday last, where
he was received with great demonstra
tions of satisfaction. He was welcomed
to the Territory, and responded in an ad-dr-s?
s wh-ihiie.deSned his position, all
the time apparently supposing h had ar
rived in Uie Territory, and was. address
ing the people Frank Pierce had sent him
io? govern. He repeatedly spoke of
tlietr Legislature, the laws which Mhad
enacted, and said he should call upon
them to aid him in enforcing tlie laws.
We have only to say to Gov. Shasxox,
the people of Kansas have no objection
to his addressing the people of Missouri
as he did on that occasion ; but if he sup
poses he is to come into Kansas, after Use
demonstration in Missouri, and attempt to
enforce the laws of M issouri, enacted by
A t?ir Legislature, and if he. expects the
people of that State to aid him in enforc
ing tlie laws, ho had better wake up from
his "Rip Van Winkle sleep," and he will
find himself living on tie wrong side of
the middle of the nineteenth century to
think of converting, us into the abject
slaves he seems to contemplate. -'
I Our people expected him to come here
unprejudiced, and . labor lo advance the
best interests of the people, after making
himself familiar with' the peculiar cir
cumstances which, surround us; but we
are sorry to &iy that instead of develop
ing his plans to the people of Kansas, he
saw7 fit to unbosom himself in the first
instance in Missouri. .The f-amo game
was attempted upon Gov. Reeder last
autumn. When ho arrived at Leaven
worth he was invited to partake of a pub
lic dinner at Weston, Mo. Gov: R. knew
io well what was due from hirii as the
Chief Magistrate of Kansas to think of
accepting such a bribe to secure his
friendship, and rejected the proffered in
vitation ; but the inducements offered at
Westport were of such a character as to
satisfy the ambition of Gov. Siiasxon,
and he acceptc J, and in consequence has
lost the confidence of those he was sent
to govern. It is strange that he thought
the good opinion of the people : of Mis
souri paramount to those of Kansas, but
o it is.
When Frank Pierce shall send the nom
ination of Gov. SiiANXON into the United
Smiles Senate for its confirmation, in De
cember next, we trust there will be suffi
cient independence in that body to secure
its rejection, unless he immediately chang
es his policy towards us.
' Commissioner of Dee&3.
By reference to our advertising col
umus, ik ii oe oKrved that the editor
of this paper is commissioned by the
Governors of Massachusetts, Vermont,
New York, . PcnnsylvaniajJShioj Illinois,
and, Iowa, and properly qualified as
Commissioner of Deeds for those States,
willi authority " to take acknowledgments
of deeds, mortgages, powers of attorney,
or leases of lands, tenements, or any
contiaets, assignments, . transfers, sjitis
factiou of judgments or mortgages, or
any other instruments under seal ; also lo
aJmiuister oaths and affirmations, and
take depositions aud affidavits to be used
in the Courts of those States. Members
of the legal profession and others having
business before such an officer, can ap
ply at tlie Herald of Freedom office, and
have their matters attended r to correctly
and promptly. tf.
- ; f Thanks Agriculture. .
.: ,Our friend It. P. Mooke, on the Wa
karusa, will accept our thanks for some
nice garden vegetables, among which are
a peck of tomatoes, a squash, fcc. Our
agricultural friends iu Kansas are not
neglectful of the printer. As soon as
our political grievances are redressed,
we puipose in return giving a large por
tion of our time to their interests ; but
we are too well posted in. the science of
government to believe .that a high state
of agricultural improvement can be at
tained while the people are politically
enslaved. ' . .. '
Please read the advertisement of.C.
Stearxs who hasopened a provision store
neai ly opposite our office. ' He has a fi ne
assortment of vegetables", fluur and all
the various ct ctteras, of die market, and
is selling them at fair prices. An estab
lishment of this character is needed, and
if in the harids of one person will be
more liable to be constantly supplied than
if: looked after by a dozen individuals.
Ve tmst he will take pains to keep a full
assortment always on hand, as he promi
ses to do.1 The public will see that lie is
well patronized. ; 4 -
jCST If that big water-melon the fin
est flavored Tno we ever-saw should
make all hands about the Herald or Free
dom office sick, our friend E. W. Bexjtet,
near Hickory Point, must be censured
on account of it, for he was the man who
gave It to us. We can't thank him until
we know the effect it has on us. '
. " .- "" Correction. . ' ' .' ' .'
A small part of our. edition contained
a serious error, as regards . tho platform.
A portion of tlie resolutions as published
were not adopted. We believe it to be
correct as appears in tlie balance or me
edition. ' .
' JET' Rumors are current that Judge El
more of Kansas intends resisting the gov
ernment, in the matter of his ' removal.
He say President Pierce has no right to
remove him, because he cannot interfere
with tlie Judiciary; r ; i
, "TMr. Jonx DonswoaTa, will a-wpt
our thanks for a plate of tomatoes, of
large size, the growth of l b gardeu, in
this city- "- - " -. - ' '
Mr Hascocx has placed us undc-t
obligations by furaishing usa large
quantity of eucuiabsrs. . H wiS aocepr
fcur thanks, . - , -
Memorial to the President. ;
:: The following Memorial to the Presi
dent, asking for the removal of Judge
Lecompte, is in circulation Ihrough the
Territory. :'h If Mr. "Pierce can resist the
prayer of the memorialists, her will have
the consolation of knowing that every
person in the countty wilf-coneeive that
he is negligent of a duty he ows the peo
ple of Kansas.
To Ilia EiCELLEXcr, Frakelix Pierce,
Pbesidest of the Ukited States :
- Sir t The undersigned, citizens of
Kansas Territory, respectfully ask the
attentiouof -,y our Excellency., to the
course recently pursued by S. D. Le
coropte, Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court of said Territory, in the matter of
a certain opinion pronounced by said
Chief Justice,' and coucurred ia by
Rush Elmore, late Associate. Justice of
said Court, While sitting a the Shawnee
Mission in regular session of said Su
preme Court a copy of which' opinion
is . herewiih, . respectfully transmitted to
your Excellency. ......
On ilie 5M of July last, the Legisla
tive Assembly of the Territory submit
ted to the Governor thereof, for his ap
proval, a bill fixing the seat of govern
ment of the Territory temporarily at the
Shawnee Mission. This bill the.'Gtver
nor returned with his objections ; where
upon it immediately passed both Houses
by two-thirds majorities. . Accordingly,
the Legislative Assembly ad iourned
from Pawnee, the place at .which they
had beeu convened, by authority, of the
Governor, and met oa the 1 6,h of the
same month, at tho Shawnee Mission.
On the 21t of July, two bills, which
had passed both branches of the Legis
lative Assembly were presented ' to the
Governor for his approval; but were re
turned without it, on the ground that no
bids passed by. the Legislative . Assem
bly while in sessiou at the Shawuee Mis
sion, could even with his signature, be
come valid and binding euactments. In
order to overcome, if possible, the couse
quence of the diversity of sentiments and
actions between the Legislative and-Ex-
ecutive departments of the Government,
and to obtain, in advance of tlie regular
course of -Legislation, the authority of
judicial decision jn favor of the validity
of tlie laws passed at the brawnee Mis
sion , the Legislative Assembly, by joint
resolution, appealed directly to the Su
preme Court of the Territory, for a sum
mary adjudication of the subject; and,
sirango to sa)r, this most extraordinary
application was promptly- complied with
by a majority of tlie Court, and a formal
decision in favor of the validity of legis
lation at the Shawnee Mission pro
nounced by Chief Justice Lecompu?.
Tlie whle. proceedings,, however, met
with a decided dissent from associate
Justice Johnston', who tiled amoi;r the
records of the Court his objections to
the same. -
In this proceedings, your Excellency
will nerceive an attempt to interDosc the
authority of the J udiciary ' between
thu fcxecuiive and Legislative Depart
ments of this Government, m order to
counteract aud nullify the ju and con
stitutional action of the foraier in con
trolling the proceedings of the latter ;
the effect of which most unauthorized
and illegal attemut is a formal and con
trolling pre-judgment and settlement of
the law in every case which may here
after arise before the Chief Justice, in
volving the validity of. enactments passed
at the Shawnee Mission, by the late Leg
islative Assembly of the Territory. - .
It is quite unnecessary, i:i addressing
one so conversant as is your Excclloni'y
with the propriety of judicial proceed
ure, and the essential principles which
govern the tribunals of a'l civilized com
munities iu the administration of justice
to dwell upon- the uuparalk-lel delin
quency involved in this conduct of the
Chief Justice Lecompte. ' ' Whatever
may have been the merits of the contro
versy existing between the Governor
and the -Legislative Assembly of the
Territory, no person possessed of the
first rudiments of legal ' learning but
knows that that controversy, as it then
stood, was a matter utterly foreign to the
p ro v ince o f tlie j ud iciary , : a n d over
which it could exercise not the slightest
legitimate jurisdiction whatsoever. The
merest tyro iu matters pertaining to the
profession, . is aware that a fundamental
principle of jurisprudence demand- that
both the law and tlie facts of ever v case
to be adjudicated ; by legal tribunal
shall be brought before it according to
well defined and systematic processes,
and only decided on after full and sat
isfactory exposition and argument from
the parties lidgant: It is, in fact, just
this, aud nothing else, that Courts are
organized to do ; and no tribunal of jus
tice can fail to function according with
out doing vjolence to its own constitution
and tho end for which it was. ordained. .
' We, therefore, respectfully submit to
ycur Excellency that thia conduct on the
parfof .the Chief Justice of Kansas was
a most gross direlection Irom . juau-al
propriety subversive of the object and
functions of a Court of Justice indi
cating on the part of. said Chief Justice,
either an utter misconception of the na
ture and powers of the judicial office, or
a willful intent to pervert ana misuse me
same putting in peril the rights of the
inhabitants of the Territory, and- bring-in'-'
into contempt the authority of tho
therefore, pray your Excellency,
thatS. D. Lecompte, the present Chief
Justice of Kansas be removed trom tlie
office he holds, and some person appoint
ed in his stead, who will allow the in
habitants of tho Territory, submitting
the question of their right3 to the arbi
trament of the Court, a lair and impar
tial hearing uncontrolled by pre-render-ed
or extrajudicial judgments or decis
ions; to the end that justice may be
done, and the rcs-pselabUity of the Ter
ritorial Judiciary vindicated and opheld.
' ' ' Bookbinder. " '. '' '
Mr. Doosworth , late of. Philadelphia
has been stopping for some time , ia this
citr with a view of establishing a Book-
BrxoEsr; but the unsettled condition o f
matters here, and the want of a suitable
place to work, Las induced him to defef
the opening of a shop until next spring.
He is a very superior workman,; aud we
rcnet that ho cannot commence busi
nes3 at once. ' 8o soon a? the counties
shall be organised there will be a large
amount f blasl book wtrk t h t!ue.
Susion3 of a Disappointed OSce
.... - ... Seeker
Ed. Herald of Fueedom : A ware,
as I am, that byhe exposure now made
of the contemptible mobocratic faction,
of which, I confess with shame, X have
heretofore acted on the Missouri frontier
I am placed in an unenviable position
upon the maxim that tlie "the biggest
rascal is the first to turn States evi
dence." Still, actuated by the belief that
the best reparation I can make for the
injury I have done to society, the princi
ples of republicanism, and particularly
tlie rights of tlie actual settlers of Kan-!
sas, is a full and fair exposition of the ;
knavery and oppression, of the .banditti j
that has assumed, under color of law, to
reduce them to the abject condition of ;
slaves. And first, it is true, as has been
repeatedly asserted by Free Soil presses, !
that the body of men recently assembled
at the Shawnee. Mission, in said Territory,
and which has just adjourned, was com-;
posed, mainly, of foreigners to the soil!
of Kansas, and whoso actual residence
was in the State .of .Missouri. -.In illus-
trationf I furnish you an anecdote of -an
occurrence at the Mission, just on the eve
of the adjournment of those political j
missionaries. . An : acquaintance ot a
member, who, when elected to represent
the Fort Scott district, resided, if he d-es
not still reside, at .Lexington, Mo., ap
peared at the Missiou and. enquired for
his friend. He was asked "if he enquir
ed for the member from Fort Scott V'
His reply was "Fort II 11 ! I wish to
see tho member from Lafayette Co., Mo."
Secondly, it is now general! T on-
ceded that the election was a fraud on the
autual - inhabitants of the Territory, and
that this legislative () body . was elected
by Missourians. . Pardon another illus
tration. - The Lawrence- district was
known to be Free Soil. : A body of from
five to six hundred Missourians marched
upon the town, armed with guns, pistols,
bowie-knives, and two pieces of cannon.
ihe ordnance was however left With tlie
rear guard, at a convenient point some
two miles from Lawrence. Uu their ar
rival thev cast about for a suitable can
didate,' one, who," while subserving their
schemes would - disgrace - his ostensible
constituents. This niauf?) this crea
ture was a certain person called
formerly a waiter and ostler at tlie
Union Hotel, in Kansas, Mo., . from
whence he was dismissed by the propri
etor, a Five Soiler, because of the inces
sant and impudent expressions of his
( ) ultra aud rabid abolition sen
timents. It seems, however, that when
this army appeared ia 6ight a sud
den change was effected in the gentle
man's (?) views. When within hailing
distance, this chap, whose" enunciatory
apparatus is, by Jim way, 'somewhat ir
regular and detective, owing to tho ab
sence of a bridge betweeu his nose and
mouth, gave gutteral utterance to. tlie
following announcement : "yeute-eng !
Inge 'ro-lavrv y 'od." So the armv
elected him to represent Lawrence.
As glaring, as odious aye, infamous
as his perfidy appears, I will show that
his.compeers were of equal turpitude. Iu
the first phwc, if they concede the exist
ence of a federal government, which
would seem from their legislation, matter
of doubt, they have, to say the least,
shown no manner of respect tor its enact
In the second place they have perpe
trated ujkmi the citizens of Kansas legis
lation tlie most invidiously partial, dis
criminating and oppressive, and which
the brief lucid intervals iu.tr.eir drunken
debauchery failed to palliate. or render
suovrabb in the judgment i all honest
men. But we, their Missouri constitu
ents, might have pardoned these enormi
ties, inasmuch as we were not the doomed
objects of their vengeance, and only 6'uf-
lervd in the good opinion of all right
thinking mou from our relation to that
body of which most of us are now
heartily .ashamed had our representa
tives remembered to whom they owed
their "little brief authority." But so
far from it, every railroad company, joint
stock or town company proposed to be in
corporated must umbrace io its members
a majority oi mis ix'giMiiiurc. aui,
worst of all, they have the modest del
icacy to appoint themselves to nearly all
tho offices created by them during the
session.' In this closing act of treachery
they have disappointed the just expecta
tions of those hardy veterans who served
last March in the army of invasion, and
whose unparalelled sufferings aud servi
ces in upholding the principles of squat
ter sovereignty should have been appre
ciated and rewarded. But no. The
judgeships, the prosecuting attorney
ships, commissionerships, neriffalities,
were all monopolized by our ser
vant, and we who did tho fighting and
' a sorting," and the swearing (when the
judges of election required it, which was
seldom,) are left to starve at home or en
list in any tiJfibuslering enterprise that
may hereafter offer.
In conclusion, Mr. Editor, I regret to
say that Atchison, Stringfellow fe Co.
are dead as herrings in Missouri, and
that the conservative pro-slavery party
here is ashamed of ahem, and regard
themselves roicetled; and repudiate their
policy and tactics iubA't. '
ONE OF THE ARMY OF INVASION
Claims for Emigranta. .
; - Ottawa, IC T.. Aug. 3D, '55.
Mr. Editor : Before leaving the east
in May I saw it stated that claims were
all taken. within - twenty . miles of Law
rence. . Such is not the case, for here
within from twelve to fifteen mOes south
of Lawrence are many claims of excel
lent Land not yet . taken. . True, timber
claims for many miles are all, doubtless,
occupied, but here in a delightful, and
one of the mosjt healthy portions of the
Territory, are many claims of land of the
best quality, immediately oa tlie direct
route from Lawrence to Osawatomie,and
near the great Santa Fe road, to West-
port, and the Missouri riter, forty miles
or a little more distant. ' ' v :
. Timber for building; &c,, I think can
bo bought for a reasofiabla price not far
from these claims ; and emigrants from
the east wishing to get first rate farms,
can here get land which if ia the eastern
market would readily sell as it is . for at
least 53 per acre.
;Wc expect soon lo have three taw
mills inepcraitoa in this vicinity to sup
ply settlers with lumber. Provisions can
be obtained here at & reasonable rate. -This
vicinity is said to be by those" who
Lava trsvelrd exUasivelytkrough the
Territory the best portion of it; and
emigrants would do well to visit it. ,
A ccompany' can find ample room, I
think, by scattering a little, at least; and
some good timber claims have been offer
ed for sale reasonably. '.
, T.E. CURTISS.
Free State Meeting at Fort Ssott,
Fort Scott, IT. T., Aug. 30, ' 55.' '
" Pursuant to a call of the citizens of
th 6th District a meeting was convened
at Fort Scott Aug. 3d, at 1 o'clock p. u.
The meeting was organized br calling
G. B DorGLAs to the chair and choosing, .
Vm'.""R. Griffith secretary.
It waF unanimously Resolved that wo
send Delegates t tlie Free State Conven
tion to meet at Big Springs September
5th. i Messrs. John Hamilton, S. F. Sel
ler,. Wm. U. Griffith, G. B. Douglas, J
B. Smith. Rev. GL. Key, P. S. Moore,
G. H WVitesell, P. F. Davis and
WTilson were appjinted Delegates. - Win.
It. Grifhth. J. B. Smith and S, F. Seller
were appointed n committee to draft res
olutions expressive of tlie views of thu
meeting, ihe following were reported
and adopted : " - ...
Jiesolved, That we are strongly on-
posed to the further extension of slavery,
and particularly to making -Kansas a
slave btate. ., -
Jiesolved, That we will use all proper
measures within onr power, both in our '
private relations and at tho ballot box, to
make. Kansas a free State. . . .
:- .Jiesolved, That we regard any . at
tempts, on the part of non-residents, to
usurp Ihe privilege of the "elective fran
chise within the limits of the Territory
as an infringement on our righU, ani '
calculated to subvert haw and order.
Jitsolved, That we recommend that
the citizens of the Territory petition
Congress to pass proper laws guarding
the ballot-box within the Territory.
IiestJeed, That wo are opposed to tho
admission of free negroes into the Terri
tory. ; '"" - --j -
JicsJved, That we are opposed to tho
encouragement of undue excitement oil "
the question of slavery, but that we will
coolly express our opinions and firmly
maintain our right?, both in onr private
relations and at ti e ballot-box." ?
Jiesolved, That our Delegates to tho :
Convention be left uninstructed. " .
Jlesglred, That the proceedings of this
meeting be snt to the Herald of Free
dom for publication. -
Adjourned sine V. "
G. II. DOUGLAS, Pres't.
Wni. R. Grifkitii, Sec'y.
District Organization of the Free Stata
An adjourucd mcetingof tho Free
State Party met at Union Hall, in Law-
rence, August 3 1st, '.at 2 o'clock,' p. v.,
and was called to order by J. S. Emery.
J. T. Farewell was chosen clLairman, w!h
stited the object of the meeting to bo "t
organize the Free State Party in the
Lawrence District. ; v .
W. Hutd.iu'on, Esq., movo l the chair
appoint a committee of five to report
names for the District Executive Com
mittee ; which mo: ion was carrieJ.
The following gentlemen wero clocUnl
as said Executive Committeo: Morris
Hunt, Lyman Allen, S. V. Smith, Dr.F. '
Barker, of Palmyra, II. Bronson, J.
Speer, J. Curtis.-.
On motion of Df. Robinson our dele
gation to the Big Springs' Convention
were instructed to favor the nomination
of, Andrew H. Reeder, for Delegate to
Congress. . :
Meeting then adjourned.
' J.-T. FARWELL, Pre.
St S. Emert, Sec'y.
Free State Meeting. - .
A large and enthusiastic meeting of
the voters of the 15th district took plac
atMt. Pleasant, on tlie 1st of Sept, 1355;
for the purpose of nominating delegate
to represent them in the general conven
tion, to be held at Big Springs on tho 5th
inst., for the purpose of nominating a del
egate to Congress. .Marion Potter wa
called to tlie chair, and Isaac F. Work
man appointed secretary. A motion was
made and carried that a committee of
three bo appointed to select delegates.
The following gentlemen were duly ap
pointed : Hosf a Stout, John C. Ridg
way, Isaac F. Workman, Marion Potter,
Mr. Crayne, Elijah Pierce, Brown Elliot.
A motion being made was carried, tliat
we have bat one plank in our platform,
and that to make Kansas a free whHo
Stale. . . ...... ' ; , ,. . . '-
'.. -, Resolved, That the proceedings of
this meeting be published iu the Kansas
Herald-of Freedom. On motiou tho
meeting adjourned. .
MARION POTTER Pres.
Isaac F. Workmab Sec'y. ,
. Free State Barbecue. - 7
. There, will be a free State barbecue at
Doniphan, K. T., on Saturday th 15th
of September, to which all persons favor-.; "
able to our cause, together witli tlietr '"
faaiilies, are invited There will be pub- (
lie speeches made by several of tlie most
prominent men of the Territory.
' ; Dr. G. A. CUTLER,
- ; . JOHN LANDIS,. v?
' '- : ;' THOS. SWEDEN. - v
Committee of Arrangements. J
. School tleetlns. ,- : .. -
There will be a meeting of the Unioa .
School Distrwt a! the School House on '
Saturday, Sept Ctb, at 2 o'clock p. m.,
take measures for the commencement of
a Fall and Winter School. AU friends
of education are respectfully invited ta
attend.1 ' " ' " ": r:-
By order of Trustees of Union School '
District. R. H. WATERMAN,
... . .V District Clerks
. Ang. 23lh; '55. ' .. .. : lu
T A new company for the settle
ment of Kansas, ha been organized ini -New
York city, called the "Octagon set
tlement company." They purpose ti
make their towns and farms of the oc
tagon form.: Four thousand 5 shares
have been taken ia this company, the ',
capital of which is to be invested in tho ,
purchase cf machinery and ImplemeuU J
for joint use in the first rough work of
breaking up the sc'il and building. Doct. .
McLaonn, one of the director, who has ...
had much ,xpexier;e iu sc tiling new
lands at the West, i about to start with
a pioneer parfy. Henry S. Chubb is .
secretary of tho, company at H 4 Greeno
street, New York.