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' BB JCST Z LET ALL THE EXDS TIIOB AIMEST AT BE THT COCSTKt's, GOD'S, AXD TKCTIl's. A Family Newspaper: Independent cn All Subjects. BY G. W, BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITORY, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER .15, 1855, NUMBER 37 VOLUME I. a 'i Hie Revolutionary Soldiers. ffi,irJ.,us rt? they were the tried fix true of aneieut time ftlT.iniwf ir. who b!-d and died j.-7tl;i.-i .nrwn free clime ; rib : hallowed b-i each -red name, That Ii-;irls; to the conflict came, Ani flv 1,11 t,,c hatT' I''a",n -.rej"ilt their blood like drops of rain. j re the si-ulptnred irifU of art, Nati' li" l',vc tll ; d-1 many a hrave and jra'ilant heart ' llutli mouldered wjtere it f!l ; Ttx'"y ",:,c luxuriant waved, 1 lni ifh-am leave o'er heroes grave ; Anl Uiouu'Ii'd"-- awaits the harvest reap, tflnje ,.ur !ern Father sleep. f.iit f:r year tlie tale shall toll, jn ir.rlil.-t of Ji;f ht revealed. flj.i hravely fon.'ht who nohly full ; Awl many a will earned field, Ift-.i.pul beneath the Western ma, .Mali !ie ilh4in ielit Marathon. Vr. 1 Tr.-ii?n" fitbt. and lVim-eton name, ji anted with old Platca's fame. j; snrvivinij few ! who .stand . remnant weak and old Sile n-lie f tbat glorious band V'h'J lieart were hearts of jrold ; lib honored be each silvery hair ! lUh furrow trenched by toil and rare ; Ami caend emit old bending form, That braved oppression's battle storm. ISe Scriptural and Political Remedy for the North in the present Crisis. Iir EDWARD . HALE. Tliis is an Ess a)- to inquire into the most rapid moans of removiug American iLivery. Tbost; means will be indicated by tho ProviJcnce f God; as it has explaiued hself in Scripture aud History, and as it works around us in the history of to-day. For, in every enterprise required for the advance of the Kingdom of Christ, nun is to be a "laborer toe-ether with G.xl." On the one hand, God does not save a passive worm irom lis crimes ana fin, where man does not rous himself to "subdue the world," as he wasdirect rJ iu the beginning. On the other hand, in "subduing tho world," man is to labor wider God's direction. His efforts are powerless unless so m:ulB. "Unless tho Lrl build the house, the builders labor in vaiu." Th" object proposed is tho removal uf American slavery. This is, in other words, the extension of uV Christian gospel over a region hIrtu it has not yet sufficient power. I. How is the gospel to be extended ? The answr is in the direction of Jesus "ChnVt hiniM-lf, where he bids Iris dlact jles, "Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature." He did not contemplate a system of inaction. He did not rely on that, gradual expan sion which would come about, as men should travel, one by one, from a distance to J?rusalum, to iuquire about tie new light. Nor did he rely upon the slow ligation in Judea of such a public opin ion regarding the heathenism of Greece and Itonie and Gaul and Spain, that Greece and Home and ti'aul and Spain should be shamed by them into the aban donment of their heathenism, and turn ing w the Living God., The system of distant operatva for jjospel exteuskm is a modern stem. The reliance on "the public world" is a human reliant Jesus knew that sinful men artrfluenced much more by the public .tiioii around them, than by the public Mamn of men at a distance. He meant llat Lis disciples should act directly, ot indirectly on those whom they .W&eate. And bo he bade them all oat mUy all the world, and preach the pel to every creature. All are to re- All the world is to be visited. all wj10 iove jjjm aro to jjo some where. This direction has been illustrated in History of the Church. Its exten di! in the rapjj pgress of the first Juries was won, not by the modern fcttns alluded to, but by the zealous men ho swarmed into foreign and even bar Wiuus regions and carried the cross 'w them. Gaul was won to the cross Gaul, Spain in Spain, Britain in Brit n. Men were saved in theirown homes: s the result of distant instruction, diplomacy or battle. The church show J itself aggressive. In fact it "has no H.'nsive weanons." It carried the sros- P-'l o Lands which knew it not, and it tieni on their own soil. The victories of the cross stopped ?en this system stopped. Its -greatest omphs, since, have been achieved when uus system was renewed. Of the later juries the greatest Christum triumph been the extension of the gospel, in or less purity, over America. How this gained ? Not by the men who tod at home, but by the men who came re frum Europe. They came with the S,ispel, and won the gospel's battle in the blli where it was to be established. The femeut of the Puritans to Xe Hof tho Huguenots to South Candi das a fulfilment of the direction to ? bretlren, that thev should all go out 11 jeed were, into all the world. of h" Ver saort-s'arhted reading wis direction in which the church is fied, if it sends out one or two labor- from ten thousand who stav at home. m,o7, ,0neor tw may be lost in the Tde Mossledall the people of Bp lo Caa:lan wle a" were need a there. All th fl..i- r : uucl vl rfunii xvoout- wh'en all were lie Providence of ?re the luiauce lf He lieeds ,T " - - to see Hmua e. -f- vuousanaor wn "J re-ion h;,."J, ?. S 0Ul iat? rum, I.,. . i j . to car h,mT , aeeas ms word and II Th 7 atUre-quirr- ..wkWe a? fed d''rectly to the in- tlotw T-r docs ne need 4U THin of American .hvery is cttiir T , r ot 8LlTeholders, various 1 bm 15000 to-300.00C ,000 t9 ... oere. And tl "Xl IS tA Ky . 1 Wl men, hold in bondage about 3,000,000 slaves. The States inhabited by them cover a division of the American Union larger than the other in territory, but smaller in population. JNow, wholly apart from men's inten tional efforts to restrict slavery, God so i works, that with every census, the dis proportion in wealth and population be- j tween the slave and free States increases. The slave States are comparatively weak er and poorer every Year. If we can find the cause of this, increasing dispro- i portion, we can fiud the way in which we can go to work as "laborers with God." The amount of this disproportion, and of its gradual increase, appears in La ol- lowmo- hrures : In ls20 the States now known as free States had h.7;.l inhabitants. The slave Sffea had 4.4S3.7u3 " In 1 ft-. States had 14.4 -U.1) " lave - 'J,'ii)2 li The two sections nearly equal in 1 C20 are in 1C50 almost as 3 to 2. The cause of this change of propor tion is readily ascertained. During these many years, by a wonderful Provi dence, to which human wit did not, with this aim, contribute atall, Godwasbrintr- ng into the free States a great pilgrim age of free men and women, such as He is never known to have led from land to land before. In the jrreat movement of his children from Egypt to the neighbor ing land of Palestine, He led in 40 years three millions of his people. But in this latter manifestation of His power, so graat and so still, He lias so ordered the political changes of turope, the course of ocean commerce, and the necessities of Labor and Manufacture in America, that He has led in tweuty years more than three millions of his children over an ocean path of 3000 miles, and has placed them in a land where they might serve his purposes, and though them selves very ignorant, often superstitous and blind (so were the people whom Moses led) may still unconsciously ad vance His will. Of course they came to those Slates where labor is honorable and not a shame. And, because they cama, the States where they came gain upon the slave States, in the proportion which has been indicated ; and, gaining in population which is a laboring popula tion, they gain in wealth as well. By such means, without any human effort, prompted by this special purpose. has Gd enlarged the numlers and wealth of the States whose institutions support human freedom. What indication does this give as to the best method of carrying human free dem further T" T V. 1. It shows, that He is not wholly sat isfied to leave the triumph of freedom to the gradual extension of ideas, or to what is called the "public opinionof the w orld." He does not trust this - more than he did at the outset of the gospel. He has; rather, reinforced the free States by a preponderance of wealth and population, which in any balance of pow er, sets them far beynd the slave States. Although those whom he has removed from land to land had themselves no such intention, though they were often weak and ignorant, He who works His will even by the means of human weak ness, makes their movement contribute to his great designs. 3c It shows that if He needs it, whole nations can move from continent to con tinent. And, therefore, 3. It bids us enquire, whether that system of Providence which has given such iu'erease of strength to freedom, may not go still farther. If the emigra tion of the weak, superstitous and igno rant, have added thus to the political might of the Northern Suites, what; may not the emigration, in the right direction of Christian men and women do ? And, if a nation can move from continent to continent, to fulfill unconsciouslv a great design of (rod, is it not possible for men, working with God, to transport from place to place of our own America such bodies of His children as shall carry the gospel, establish freedom, and work out the wonderful designs of his will? III. In the study of these questions we find that there already exists, as a remarkable characteristic of the Ameri can people, a desire to remove from the places of their birth, aud to redeem to civilization whatever wilderness may open before them. It is not fair to speak of this merely as a love of adventure. It is not, again, simply weariness of old habits. These furnish a share of motive, but these are not all. It is no whim, no fancy, no mere passion. It is rather a principle, deeply seated in the American heart, lue American -people have been taught something of religious history And it remembers, that whenever God has wished to put the race upon the path way for his very greatest victories, he has done it by an .nwjraUon. Itremem bers how he called Abraham to emigrate from Ur, and again from Haran, into the Land of Promise. It remembers how He established His own peculiar people, bv means of an Emigration. So also m political history : the American people remembers that by a isaxon emigration and a Xorman emigration, the nation was created in which cons;i:utional liberty first found a home. And in all its own history, religious or political, it learns that God trve to it its choicest blessings in Church and State, in directing, as He did, the emigration of its forefathers. With such memories wrought into all the training of its youth, and furnishing the irrand work of all its institutions, the American people loves the enterprise of the pioneer. Its sons move westward constantly. It is not fair to say they arc weary of home. We ought rather to say that there is a principle, born in their na tional life, which bids them subdue the wilderness while there is a wilderness to subdue. In obedience to this longing, and as a series- of other causes springing provi dentially, from the movements of com mprr-A and th arts, there is a regular westward march of the American people, unhesitating and all engrossing as a tide of the oc&n. . , Th French Dhilosonher De Tocque- ville caktdated the rapidity of this Jtide, and stated it as seventeen miles a year. Xow, probably, it moves still faster than then. It is a movement which does not chiefly consist of the foreign emigration. Comparatively few of the foreign emi grants attempt frontier life. The best pioneers are the American born, of those States which are not unused to hardship. Difficult to estimate in numbers as this movement is, there can be no doubt that at the end of every year three hundred thousand persons live farther west than they did at the beginning of the year. Xor is this movement made up of the changes for mere convenience ; like the removal of men from Fall River to Holy oke, from Holyeke to Troy, when change of employment offers. Such removals would be in a great measure counterbal anced by similar removals eastward. It is rather a hardy, adventurous journey. The examination of the statistics show that of the three hundred thousand who now move westward every year, nearly half move even as far as the frontier line of the States and Territories : to the very edge of civilization. In the ten years between 1840 and . 1850, the States or Territories which formed successively the outer edge of our system were Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas ; and, later, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, Minnesota, Utah, Or egon, and California. In those ten years about one million one hundred thousand persons emigrated into those States and iern tones. If then, wc-should wish to follow the great lesson of Providence teaches us, by its arrangement for enlarging the popu lation and power of the free States, we have already existing an immense tide wave of western emigration. This is an asrent not to be resisted. Will it prove to work in such ways as may favor our great aim ? What its tendency is will appear lrom the figures from which the statement now made have been computed. Of these frontier States and Territo ries, the population in 1840 and 1C50, the natural increase by estimate, and the increase from emigration as calculated by a parallel estimate, are shown in tho fol lowing tablet Free, liiinoia, p. IS 40. nat. inc. inc. by em. p. 1S50 4T!.00' lla.OOt) 256.0)0 851,000 Iowa, 43.00'J Wisconsin, JW.OOtf Mitmi:a":j, Utah. Oregon, California, 6,000 10.7 50 133.250 192,000 7,500 267,50.) 305.OOJ 6,000 6,"0 11, 0.10 11.0'H) 13.000 1S.O00 1.503 V 64,300 i:,00J 4- 655,000 Slave. Texas, 125.000 Arkansas, Ir7.o"0 Missouri, .335,000 135,750 770,250 1,470,000 ?1.25l 24.2".) Sm.730 55.750 212.00O 87,750 200,000 204.230 62,000 2505,OO0 .153,25;) 4iof 1.4,000 1,160,000 200,000 1,1 23,000 2,573,0)0 In view of the enlargement of popu lation and consequently of emigration, the annual emigration into frontier States and Territories may be now estimated at one hundred and thirty thousand. As to the tendency of this emigration, it appears from these statistics, that the great preponderance of emigration into frontier States is into those whose institu tions are free. The States and Territo ries named belong to both divisions of the Union, free and slave. The division between the two classes in 1 840 was nearly even ; the slave part having, how ever, about ten per cent, larger popula tion of the two. But the emigration in ten years into the free part was more than two by one than into the slave region; being 776,250 against 346,750. So that in 1850 the free section had passed the slave section completely in its population and, with less natural increase, number ed 1,440,000 to 1,123,000 who were in the three slave States named. The cause of this preponderance and gain is evident. Men who emigrate are men who must labor. They go to places therefore where labor is honorable. They avoid regions, as has been already said, where it is a disgrace. In the districts named in the table above, there is no re gion, besides California, so attractive to the settler for soil and climate as both Upper Texas or Western Missouri. Yet the increase by emigration iu these States j is small indeed compared to the rapid j growth of Iowa, of Wisconsin, and of Minnesota ; in colder climates and with ! no more promising soil. The great west ern tide-wave turns away from uothing else. But it does shrink from hind where labor is a shame. It pours on, without check, into the free land of Min nesota, though the climate is colder than Xew England's. It does not fear winter. Xbr does it fear solitude. Xor does it fear the savage. But from the institu tions which disgrace industry it recoils and turns away. They drink of a smaller eddy. And it pours its richest treasures over other soils. If now, those one hundred and thirty thousand persons, who annually seek the frontier for their home, settled altogether until they had formed a State, and then formed new States successively, as fast as their population permitted, a new State might be formed, at the rate of the present emigration, at the end of every period of eight months and five days. If these States formed their own insti tutions by popular vote, they would be free States. For the proportion of emi grants who favor free institutions is to those who settle in slave States 776 is to 34G, or more than two to one. Many in deed of the 346 are slaves who have no vote at all. It is, however, impossible to consider tho emigration as an organized mass, as one may speak of tho emigration of the Israelites from Egypt. Men and families move forward separately. It" is only iu rare instances that a few families associ ate together and go into the same region. The West fills up with people who did not know each other before they arrived at their new homes. It is a consequence of this separation and of their diversity of motive, that if there be any doubt as to the institutions of a State or Territory, emigrants who wish to remain in a free Stale will not trust themselves, single and unsupported, to the chances of its organization. No single man or single family will venture alone in an uncertain, region. While the emigration is unorganized, the whole, however large in numbers, obeys flje law which single men or single families fol low. These are the units which make up it thousands. If then the fortunes of the new Slates be left to the simple Jaw of "letting alone that which is," the great tide of unorganized emigration wil pour' into Northwestern States. Emigrants will not trust themselves alone upon doubtful land. The lesser wave, oT men fond of southern institutions, will pass in more slowly into the other States. Fast-growing free States, slow groving slave States will make up the State of this Union, if we leave that which is . to take care of itself, without organization or effort of our own. . "' IV. These considerations of detai have been necessary to our subject, be-f cause under such a constitution as oursi the first necessity in the home battles of tlie gospel, is that the future be on the rio-ht side. Xew States are to come into this Union with powers similar to those of the present States. In the extension of the Gospel then for the conquest of slavery, our first care is for all these new States, that thoy maybe established on such principles that they shall be forever free. In other words, we must not trust to the let-alone policy which secures us but half of them. " ... ; The statistics given, and our knowl-V edge of the human heart and cliaracteri show that to secure them all to freedom we need a concentration of effort, dis tinctly intended for that aim. In other words, "Man must work together with God." God has set in order tlie great tide of emigration west, so abundant that it could create fourteen Suites iu test years, if it were exactly divided. Man's duty is to divide it with that purpose, as far as he can. That is, he must give such information, direction, encourage ment, organization and capital, to this emigration that its weight shall tell regu Lirly and solidly in the scale of freedom; and that it shall not be lost by being scat tered or divided against itself. f This may be done : . . 1. By careful and humane arrange1 ments for all who travel to the western frontiers, that they may not be exposed to the frauds, the sickness, the mistakes which now makes the journey of the poor emigrant, really, a pilgrimage of dread. Ihe Irauds on emigrants, as the unorganized emigration is now conduct ed, are such that the men whocarry them on, have established even a language ot their own to describe their various spec-' ulations. The ravages of cholera in the western cities,during the List umerj began, in almost every instance, among the poor emigrants who had been stowed too closely in tlie cattle cars or freight cars m which they had been hurriedalong. To labor with God, in the use of the western emigration . for the service of Christ and freedom, thechristian church, the men who act under its banuer, must arrange such a system of movement west ward that the path may be easy and not hard, and that the poorest may find his way to the lands which want no wealth but men. 2. The immense power for freedom which God thus puts into our hands must be concentrated and not scattered. The work of making the westward movement easy may be done by men at home. But this work of directing and concentrating its march, must be done by men, who are willing to go into other lands with the gospel they profess. They must work with it as well as talk with it. It is not enough to send one missionary into a newly gathered State, with a message of love, to preach the duty of brotherhood It :s not enough to send ten,, it is not enough to send a hundred. It is neces sary that a thousand, or ten thousand. who know what freedom is, and life the power of the gospel, unite themselves and go. The church does not its duty unless it sends forth its missionaries in such numbers not as preachers only, but as pioneers of the pilgrim stamp, men who can chop and build, and reap 'and sow, and vole as well to the glory of God and a fulfilment of His will. Ihe men who love freedom and free institutions, are false to their million professions and resolutions, if they do not m some way organize their numbers for such a con centration of effort ; and work, not at a distance, but on the soil which is to be saved; not for a public opinion, far off, but for the only public opinion which has power, namely the public opinion which is at hand. From the hundred and thirty thousand who, in each year, move into the western wilderness, there should be no difficulty in uniting hve or six thousand men and women of high principle, who will select their new home and go -together, avow their views and wait there for aid. Around such a center, if the way be made easy for all, will cluster the sepa rate bands who are pouring to the fron tier from the northern Stales ; eager pio neers, anxious to try the experiments of a new land, with warm hearts, and with right impulses, ready to sustain true principles, if men of principle have led the way. Let ten thousand men once establish themselves, united, in any Ter ritory of tlie west or southwest, and "five times their number will at once gather round them to profit by their strength, wisdom, courage aud wealth. The roads they build, the mills they set in motion, the schools they teach, tliechurches they establish, are all so manj inducements to others to swell their numbers, or to settle near their homes. - Such has already been the experience of Kansas. The town of Lawrence was established by settle js from Xew England and Xew York. But it finds already that the disappointed of oth er parties, and that lonely adventurers looking only for the best they can find, are glad to come in to take tlie advanta ges which its founders have arranged- Probably not more than fifteen hundred settlers have gone into Kansas from Xew England and Xew York.; But now they are there, the west and northwest pours in to reinforce them. Yet, before their organization was made, scarcely one man from Northern ground ventured to move into that Territory. 3. Those who stay at home have a method 'of helping in this gospel work, equal in responsibility and influence to that of those who go. Emigration will go to- points where is least difficulty and suffering. Xow the only suffering of pioneer life results from the want 01 capital in new regions. Lap tal only can build mills, houses, bridges, school-houses, and churches. Capital only makes the difference between the comforts of the man who lives in Bristol county and his brother who lives on the Wailamette, in Oregon. Ihe latter has a morgenial climate, a richer soil than the .other." But the other has the comforts around him which tlie iuvestmeufof cap ital has created. Men of principle, then, who do not go from home with the gospel of freedom, may help those who go, by assisting in those enterprises in which the West needs capital. They need not send forward one man too poor to go without help. 1 here are enough independent men on the way. But they may invest in mills, iii bridges, in railroads and other under takings at the West, those means for which they seek returns ; they may in vest in churches and school-houses the money which they can lend to the Lord, and thu3 they help also. Around those institutions men and women gather. It seems as if they sprung up from the ground, as thoj come 111, unsolicited, un heard of before, to fix their lot where best they can train their children and se cure comforts for their homes. Go thus into the regions of the West to preach the gospel which gives liberty to the captive, or if you stay, work thus to help those who go. Make easy their way thither. Or sending your capital with them, help to build their roads, their mills, their school-houses, theirchurches. Go thus, work thus, or send thus, with reasonable alacrity aud zeal, mere is no need of preaching a new crusade. The crusade is in movement already. It wants only direction, concentration, that its forces may not be divided against themselves. If not divided they are sure to stand and to prevail. V. It is hard to make a prophecy in this matter which shall not seem extrava gant to those who are used to put their mouths to the dust, to cry "Vile J Vile !" while they put their hands to nothing at all. But if the christian church, the whole body of christian life, cannot in one year, .unite upon one point iu the West, ten thousand men, women and children, of right feeling and heart, from among the one hundred and thirty thou sand who go there the christian church cannot do any thing'atall. Let it do tliis-, aud, in a twelve-month after, fifty thou sand volanteers will have followed in their train. , For calculation let us suppose these round numbers to be the numbers influ enced by such an effort. Sum up now the result of that effort onlVi In 1856 Kansas would have GO, 000 inhabitants and its fundamental laws be so arranged by its inhabitants that it should be forever free. In 1857, Western "Texas, which has now 80,000 inhabitants, would have 130,000 ; aud could claim admittance as a Suite forever free. In 1 858, the country of the Upper Ked River might receive as many inhab itants, and take the preliminary steps for the formation of a State forever free. And thus with every successive year a new State could be made, by the sub division of Texas, of Kansas, in the In dian territories ; of the "parks" of the Rocky Mountains ; in the immense Ter ritory of Xebratka ; in tho subdivision of Minnesota, and these States should be forever free. With the frontier thus seecured, it would ' be wholly in the . power of the christians of the land to send like pio neer colouies into States already formed. A body of 10,000 intelligent men, wo meirand children, buying their land, im proving it by capital invested in machine ry, would nowhere be turned away or treated coldly. In Texas, in Louisiana, in Arkansas, in Missouri, in Mississippi ; even in Tennessee, in Kentucky, in Vir ginia; or in the Carolina, Georgia, Ala bama and Florida, are large regions of land, waiting for just such emigrants to go out into them with that gopel, which is to be preached to every creature. The institution of slavery is already estab lished in those Slates. Such emigrants would in time put an end to it. Not by talking : the days of prophecy were over eighteen ceutunes ago. Not by arms : the days of arms are over. Not by an ger: anger never accomplished anything. Xot by fraud, nor by hate, but as all evil is to be overcome. They would overcome evil with good. . They would take up a Large body of Land and introduce the highest civiliza tion. They would not waste their phys ical strength ; 'they would compel the elements to do their work for them. The coal of tho mountains should make the steam which should drive their saw mills or their planing machines ; which should spin their cotton or weave their wool. They would not send a thousand miles for their hoes and plough -shares. They would forge them from the iron of the same hills. They would not depend on a literature imported from New York or England. They would make their own paper from their own cotton ; their own tyje in theirown moulds, and their own books from their own brains. They Would not send their sons to Connecticut or tb Paris or to Germany to College They would buildup their own Univer sities beneath the shade of their own Magnolias. They would thus extend freedom, by displaying the institutions of freedom side by side with that institution of the past, which is only possible while men live in the simplest duties of agi icul tural life. They would use the waters which now run to waste. And those wa ters would preach freedom. They would coin ores which now lie dead. And those stones would speak freedom. Such colonies also would grow. And, in the end would conquer. In no one of these States are there 30,000 slavehold ers, now soon would tnev oq outnum bered by the swarms from that northern hive of free labor, which can spare even to the wilderness its hundreds of thou sands every year. Without fraud, an ger, arms, or empty talk, freedom would win the triumph that it always wins, it would overcome evil with good. For it ougt not be forgotton, for an in stant, that every indication of the times shows the Lord working on its side, in this master-work of the organization of emigration. Invention, machines, in ternal improvements, which human wit wrought out, without one thought of freedom, work for it in his hand. But the institution of idavery is what it was in the beginning, and has no new allies. One brave man in Massachusetts, in earnest and awake, can summon in a week's time, by the press, by the living voice, by his private correspondence, au emigrant party of a hundred, who can, in a week more, move to Kansas, with their tools in their hands, and with the money in their pockets which came from the ready 'sale of their property in their old homes. For merchants and mechan ics are at home the world over. What if, on the other hand, an energetic, chiv alrous man in Carolina, strives to rally a hundred men with their servants, at the same, time, to meet the northern ad venturers in this friendly controversy on Kansas soil. A planter does not trans plant himself so easily. There areplan tations, not workshops, to be sold, and hardly a town in which to sell, or a news paper in which to advertise. There are field hands who are to be got ready for travel ; not wives and children only, who prepare themselves, and make the prep aration for husbands aud fathers. And the journey is to be made, not on the wings of the wind, but with slow care for travelers who can escape, but cannot order their own journey. The encamp ment in Kansas is to be made, not be neath a tent, or the open sky, but with all that cumberous machinery, which patriarchs must move withal. The fly ing artillery of the north settles the con test before such heavy-armed adversa ries are on the ground. And why ? Why? but because these forty vears, a God whose hand we did not see has been giving voice to the trumpets of a north ern press, has been bridging every Jor dan of the west, and building tlie roads through the wilderness, over which these northern adventurers move west ward led indeed by a pillar of fire by night and a pillar of cloud by day ; so that without one Sabbath on the road, they praue Him fom their new found borw-wheff'thv-fiTy---Hhe week comes round. But, when their southern rivals move, the same God has ordered that their chariots move slowly," and they drive heavily, and they do not come to the Promised Land, till the wave has passed over it, which consecrates it to freedom forever Let the Xorth set its hand to such work as this. It accomplishes every necessary condition. For it is an enter prise which may begin even with hum ble means, but which gains strength as it rolls on. It begins with the formation r :n I of new States. But it will so succeed there that old States will be glad to se duce such efforts to their shores. Even Virginia would welcome, to her un equalled water power, fifty thousand skillful men, though all of them were descended from the men of the May Flower. It is "going out" in'o the world with the Gospel : not seuding it, while we stay at home, it follows the lea ding of Providence. It were impossible unless God had marked the way. It uses an immense power, created by uod for this aim, which now is dissipated, and, in a measure, lost. It is rapid, peaceful, and sure. It co-operates Avith the course of commerce, induhtry, sci ence, and enterprise. It puts an end to the mere talk about the giant evil of tlie land ; and gives every man a place where his actions may begin. Let the Xorth fairly rouse itself to such a work, and before its strength is half enlisted, the Land is Free. Land for AIL Farmers, old men and young, you that have Land and you that have not, and all who feel any interest in the pros perity of your decendants, or the wel fare of coming generations, remember that this broad eaith is spread out for tho use of all the human race ; that there is land enough ; that every individual has as good a right to as much as he can cul tivate, as he has to life, or air to support life. Remember, that every government every corporation that claims wild lands, is a thief, a pirate, a robber ; that every individual who claims more than he can cultivate, while his brothers have none, is a robber. Remember that Moses says, "The Land shall not always be sold ;" remember that General Jackson recommended that no more sales of land snoum be maue to speculators, out mat .. .I.: .1 ;i,i .t,.-.l,i Ur. ,i r. . I lije t aiu iauu riisuiv uc i t . -ri ivi i- j tual settlers, that every man might pos- j &ss a home. Rememder that the time is coming when, if the wild lands is not' madt free to actual settlers, famine mis- ! cry and death will reign. . I Remember these far-ts when demagogues ! and parties want your votes ; and if you will contiuue to vote under this miserable government, vote for no man, for no par ly that is not pledged to use all proper means to make the wild lands claimed by government, free to actual settlers, and stop the sale of it to speculators entirely. A Nebraska Trick. The item in regard to slaves in Ne braska City, which went the rounds , of the press and was copied by us, tlie Nebraska News now says it started merely to bring the city into note and see how many it would gull. Whether this avowal is true or false, it is precisely in character with all the conduct of those who mean to debase that Territory to the uies of slavery. On his own statement the writer is unworthy of the least credit, and his avowal needs stronger confirma tory evidence than the alledged facts which iL..as&ux&es to correct. Adver tiser. . ' oeh-ij. Let us be Happy! When tlie warm brueze of summer Is s-iliinjr lcnr. And the bird in the forest Mitke eloquent song Come, let ns b lmppy" And cheerful mid pay, And throw the dark mantle Of sorrow awar. The bright flowers open And !centtbe pure air And beauty is siuiiinir On every thing lair ; O, let ns be happy Ani never repine, But bin ilc with giud natnre In the warm tunshiue. The hearts are w ise only That live to rejoice, And iitc with ail freedom Tlie imicieal voiue ; Then let us be happy Aud vbteiful and gy, And least on the Ixatiuiea " Spread jrlorioUd to-d.-ty. Fit the JeralJ f Fi ttduiu. Southern" Poverty and Credit. SoMEKSWOKTII, N. H., Sv'pt. 1, '55. The shareholders won't trade with old Massachusetts; no, not they ! for the same reason Jack would not eat his sup per viz: his master told him he should not have any. It lias been estimated that New York and New England lo.se one hundred million of dollars every year by bad debts iu the slaveholding Suites. But their day for cheating the Xorth out often millions p-r year has gone by. The merchants aud manufactures of Xew England began to be shy of Southern trade, several years since, aud now it injures a mans credit in Boston if it is known that he has customers in tho slave holding States ; and a correspondent of the mercantile papers in Boston writing from Xew York says: "The furor for Southern trade is over and merchauts, have found out, that twelve mouths credit and then twelve months exteusion with repudiation in the end does not ;pay The slav States have played the game of brag pretty well : it was cotton, cotton. Cotton was the A'p! a md the Omega; cotton was the great staple of tlie nation. But the Patent Ofhce re ports put a different look,; totliin ; . so much so that members of Congress from the slave States opposed appropriations for tlie printing of these reports. So for Xrom injiton being the Largest of our agricultural products we find it some7 distanco n the back-irround. Let us lookat tlie statistics for the year 11849, given in tlie compendium of the ceusus lor 1850. Indian Coin Lave Mock over one year, unntial product Wheat - - - Cot;n ... Ilav $205,035,557 173o,0O0, 100.4s.",, Jti4 VS.i.i.-,7io, V" sT0.4'.'4 Herj wo see cotton ranked in the fourth class, and it would now have to give place to hay and perhaps to dairy . product if a strict account was rendered . . According to tho present prospect the crop of Indian corn this year will be. n-orth five times as much as the cotton crop. Within the last twenty-five years New England has lost by bad deli's in the Southern S ates one hundred and fifty millions of dol'a s, h is expended on rail roads at home and abroad one hundred and fifty millions more, has increased her tonnage three fold, the value of her real estate three fold, and the amount of ,ur casn m tj,e pkets of her people tive foii If the fathers have don this in bleak, barren New England, what may bs exjiected of the sons in the Elys ian fields of Kansas. Xow the slave States threaten non-intercourse because of opposition lo their peculiar institution; nonsense! A 11 of their bluster is to luru the gaze of the public from their poverty; they must have some excuse for trying their credit in a new quarter, since it i gone in New York and New England. They may possibly succeed in Penn sylvania, but when the old Keystone Suite has the whole swarm on her, she will fiud her life-blood drawn out so fast ! that she w ill soon shake her off. And when the time coires (and come it must very soon,) that the slave States must pay for what they eat, drink, and wear, by their own industry, if they do uot starve , they must go naked; when the five States, less favored " by nature, will continue to grow rich. The forego ing may be considered paradoxical: but look at the Stale of Yir.i'iia;ht supports herself by raising slaves to sell; take away the market for t-laves and where is she ; her natural advautag s are equal to the States in the valley of the Missis-sip-pi; but she grows poorer every year; while thcexportj from the free States of Itr.e Mississippi valley, from the produc tions of !C3.3 wil, excede two hunJrea IK j ' millions' of dollars. Those States are in-crea-sing in wealth faster than any other people under the canopy of heaven. JOHX B. WOOD. Arrival of Gov. Shannon. Tlie following letter was not received until our inside forms were made up last week. It contaius several items of in terest: Kaxsas Citt, Mo., Sept. 5, '55. O. W; B rows -Dear Sir : Mr. Shan non arrived here on tlie Martha Jewett, on Saturday. He was met and was in troduced to both the Stringfellows, Ilees, Waterson, Blair, Forman, Weddle and other members ; and saluted them, I am told, that he was a thorough doughface ; or, as it is rendered in other language,' Northern man with Southern principles." He is apparency about fifty years old ; a strong-framed, slow -moving, " coarse featured person, of medium statue, : un graceful, ill at ease, seemingly, among unfamiliar faces ; and unendowed by Dame Nature as one of her gentlemen. He may be a true gentleman but he don't look like it.; Reeder and Woodson both do, ob the contrary-. It would be vain, I think, for the Free State men to attempt to reason - with or conciliate this man: Before he entered the Territory ho unfolded his pro- ramrue but not bef6re he entered the excited sections of Missouri. He was serenaded at the Harris House, West port, on Saturday, and made a speech' of half an hour s duration in which he in formed tlie audience . That he believed it best for the in terests of both Missouri and Kansas that their political institutions should harmonize. (That is to say because sister Missouri is afflicted with a disease it is nothing but right that Kansas, also. should be inoculated with it.) 2. that he recognized the Legislature recently adjourned, as a legal assembly ; therefore, 3. That the Shawnee Manual Labor School Laws were binding on every citi zen of Kansas. 4. That he would execute these laws Lawrence nullifiers notwithstanding. The Effect of Slavery. There is just enough slavery in West ern Virginia to curse that section of tho . Slate by driving out many of her enter- prising citizens, and preventing the influx of northern men and capital, while those personally interested iu maintaining' tho institution are few, indeed, compared with the whole population. James E. Wharton.Esq., the talented editor of the Times, who has for twenty years battled for the interests of Wheel ing and western Virginia, and probably doue more than any other for the pros perity of that city, has at last reluctantly determined to "pull up stakes," and re move to the flourishing free State of Ohio. In his validktory, in tho Wheeling Times of Saturday, he tells the peo ple of Virginia some truths too seldom heard in that quarter, where the influ ence of the few slaveholders generally conirois uie press. o trust ins re marks may have due weight with those among whom he has labored for nearly a quarter of a century. They come, not from a "nigger-stealer," but from the heart and brain of one who, after "devot ing his energies for that period to tlie temporr.1 welfare and prosperity of her people, has been forced to the'conclusion that tlie evils Virginia labors under are social, not political, and social reme dies alone will cure them. Hear him, Virginians, and be no longer ruled by tho slave oligarchy in your State. After re capitulating the events which marked his political course, ho says ; "Since the defeat of Gen. Scott it has betoiae manifest that old oTltfcanissue.s had "ceased to be consideredand, that , new men were required, and new meas ures had become important to the public. By the euactment of the fugative slavo law and tlie Kansas Nebraska bill, the general government became responsible, for slavery, as it was made to adopt it as a national measure. "Opposed to slavery as an institution; believing it to be detrimental and dis graceful to every government, knowing it paralizes the energies of every people who retain it; that had dragged Vir ginia down from the Jirist to the fourth otute tn the Unton in violation of nature; that it has established an aristocracy of b'nth, idleness and power to the detri ment of the masses; that under its gen eral education, political purity and equal ity could not exist; that the few must and would govern the many, while tho impelling powers of the human mind were suffered to stagnate, and enterprise find few objects to stimulate it we have opposed all efforts to make the general government the protector and fosterer of the institution, and Ii3ve urged upon our readers the sentiments enter tained by the leading spirits of Virginia, in her palmiest days, wherein they de nounced the institution, and call earnest ly upon the people to provide for its eradication at an early day. That ono who uttered such sentiment in Virginia should meet with nothing butopprobium from those presses of tlie State which are the timid tools of petty tyrants or are prostituted to the advancement of politi cal fictions, is to be expected. That a mouth that spoke freely upon such a subject, should feel the power of thoso who would perpetuate the supremacy of the few over the many, was to bo ex pected ; that he wouid suffer many forms of persecution is no more than he ought to consider the necessary result ; but thank God we hat e found thousands of noble hearted friends, who held our po sition as tho dawning of a brighter day. The day has already dawned in the pub lic schools, and the commencement of interna improvements in the State, be fore which slavery will slowly but inevi tably fade away as the mists of the n'ght before the morning sun. We may not live to see Virginia a free State ; but fif teen years will not elapse before tlie necessary legislation is had to produce the resuit. "In the meantime, however, not stran gers, but her own sons, are leaving her and seeking homes in free States, while northern men are gradually coming in and purchasing the worn out soil tor a mere song ; while the-aggression ; of the slave power, in the geueral government has roused a universal spirit of resistance at the North which can only be allayed by just legislation and the election of raeu who comprehend nationality, and freedom as veords of meaning and power. The crisis was forced by the Nebraska bill, aud there is no shunning it." : - When will Virginia appreciate thft Ios of such men, aud apply the axe to the root of the Upas she has nourished so long ? . - ' During nearly fifteen years of our connexion with the press, we have had an occasional tilt with Mr. Whorton, especially owing to Li ardent efforts -for tlie advancement of Wheeling and her intcreste-r-but we part with him with re gret, and trust that in another sphere, in the freer atmosphere" of the Xorth, he may yet prove useful ia promoting tla best interests of the State iu which Id lias already spent the best years of his manhood. Pittsburgh Dispatch. - 1 "Jl: h. I ;! 'it r-v . mi 1 i 1 u 5: f i Hi 1 : i . I