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lje txa$ of fxttisom : &n Jn&fpn gumanitg mil) the Jwtcrcsis of Kansas.
jje tfctyiO of JVeeitoft. G. "77. B20WH, Editor. Lawrence, Saturday, Sept. la. ISoj, FOK DELEGATE TO C05GREKS, ANDREW II. REEDEB. r. . Jlhe Fatal Eay. The fifteenth day ' of September, the period when the aet of "Barons"- self : styled the Legislative Assembly of Kan sasentitled 'Ax act to punish offenses. STjainst slave property," was to take ef r fect has arrived- . We quote the follow ing sections for the benefit of the reader : . Sr.c. 12. If any free person, by speaking, or by writing, assert or main tain, that persons Iwve not the right to hold slaves in this Territory, or shall in troduce intoKansas print, publi.di, write, circulate, or cause to be introduced into : this Territory, written, printed, publish ed, or cireula'ed in this Territory, any bock, paper, magazine, pamphlet or cir - cular, containing any denial of the right of persons to hold slaves in this Territo ry, such person .'shall bo deemed guilty of felony, and punished by imprisonment . at liard tabor for a term of not less than two years. .-'.'' Sec. 13. No person who is conscien tiously opposed to holding slaves, or who does not admit the nirht to hold slaves in - this Territory, shall hit as a juror on the trial for the prosecution tor any violation of any of the sections of this act. With a full consciousness of the penal ty that awaits us, and the oath of Gov, Shannon that every law enacted by the Barons" of Kansas shall be enforced to the letter, we, on the 15th day of S p tcmberV 1355, of perfectly fane mind, and with a full knowledge of the require meets of the law, do "write, print, pub lish andcircula!o in this Territory" a "paper" with the emphatic "denial of - the right of" any "person to hold slaves in said Territory," any law or enactment . of the Barons of Kansas, or anybody else to the contrary, notwithstanding. The Bible a book held in great re pute by some men copies of which we have for s ale declares that God com manded Moses to "proclaim Liberty throughout all the land, to ALL the in- " habitants thereof." Some people have been so foolish as to suppose that this in struction, if carried. out according to the intention of the Divine Author, would conflict with the view of the Barons, and ' is a virtual denial of the .right' "to hold slaves in this Territory," or elsewhere. ' We oonfess thatwe.are one of that num ber, and shall take jjreat pleasure in "circulating" the book, although "two years' imprisonment at hard labor" is the penalty. Paul tells us "not to be entan gled again with the yoke of bondage ; ; we have been called unto lib r'y all rtheIaw'is fulfilled In ene word, even in this 'Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.' " And in this connection we my quote for the benefit of our Missouri neighbors, "If "yo bite and devour one another, take heed that yo be not consumed." We are further instructed in the same book to "Remem ber those who are in bonds as bound with them," and to "Cry aloud and spare not. Loose the bonds of wick ness, undo the heavy burdens, and let the oppressed co free, and break every yoke." If we do this we shall un doubtedly "deny, the right of persons to bold slaves in Kansas.'' The Declaration of Independence a - time-honored2 document, but now under bans in Kansas tells us that "all men are created free and equal." We enun ciate, "write, print, and publish" that sentiment, and endorse it to the fullest extent, although it is a virtual "denial of the right to hold slaves in Kansas." We snail be happy to circulate that ancient State paper, and will respectfully recom mend sane of the Barons to adopt some method by whic h they can get an under standing of it. " Perhaps their neighbors fan acquaint them with its teachings if they are so unfortunate as not to be able to read it for themselves, a3 wo are told is the case with some of their number. It is said that "every person owes ser vice to the State ;" if so the obligation 13 as binding upon us as any one, and if the wise men of Kansas see fit to doom us to- two years' service at hard labor in the penitentiary for pioclaiming a great , truth all very well.' We have serious objections, however, to going into Mis souri -to render the service since the same law-making power, for the want of a penitentiary of their own have agreed '. .to use that of our iste? State and we would not, were it not for the fact that we shall be set to work on the Pacific Railroad, which s pointing towards Kan ; sas, ' r jV By the way, there is au obsolete docu ' ; meat which formerly was quoted largely by Statesmen of small caliber, known as the Constitution f the United States, 7 which declares that 'Congress shall r-iako no law . abridging the freedom of speech or the press," and as corcllary it was urged that no body de riving their authority from Congress could pass any tuch law ; bnt modern -, statesmen care nothing about that docu tnent. The "Barons of Kansas" are su- " perior to the Constitution ; and as to the , 'Declaration of Independence, or the Bi- LW it is of no account whatever. . ; In relation to our employment for the : next two ycarss, wa would merely men tlon iLat making railroad in Missouri will not be compatible with our former Iwhiw, and; as we owe no obligation or f!ry to die people or government of that ; Ttnte we shall not perform her service, : unless compelled to do so "by. tlie pro V ccs3of law." ; : 371 We have had copious showers for two days past, and the weather has be come cool and pleasant. ; - ' The Occidental Messenger. Among the few papers along the bor der of Missouri, disposed to use reason in regard to Kansas matters, we recognize the Occidental Messenger published at Independence. In its lastissue it has an article nearly a column in length in rela tion to our 14th of August Convention, and the positions taken by our people on that occasion. We clip the following paragraph : "They (the Freesoilers) further com plain that the Legislature has passed laws that are unjust and unconstitutional, im posed penalties out of all proportion to me crimes, ana maae vne uiscussum vi the slave question a penitentiary offense, when by the organic law of Congress, it was left an open question. The laws of the Territory have not yet been publish ed and we are unable to judge of the truth of these assertions; but granting that the Legislature have done all that is .barged, still the people of the Territory nave a remedy wunoui resorung io rev olution. The Courts, which are not elect ed by the Legislature, have power to pass upon and set aside all laws that are either unconstitutional or contrary to the or ganic law of the Territory. In view of these facts, ii ill becomes a people who! profess to be guided by Republican pnn ciples, to resort to revolutionary and trea sonable measures to euect that wmcli they have failed to do lawfully." Has our neighbor divested himself of prejudice, and looked at this matter from a proper stand-point ? We fear not. Is be aware of the fact that the Courts are formed by the Leirislature ?.that they have elected judges, sheriffs, and prosecuting attorneys w.ithout consulting the wishe3 of the people, and made pro visions that jurors shall entertain certain opinions which disqualifies them from arriving at the facts in any case where slave property; or slave institutions are concerned? Does he know that two of tle Judges of our District and Supreme Court, were so anxious to show their subserviency to the behests of the slave power that they disgraced the judicial ermine with which they were clothed, and without hearing an argument, or even giving an opportunity for argu ment, pronounced the acts of that body of men, assuming the authority of the Legislative Assembly, of Kansas, to be constitutional in advance, and thus put it out of our power to hope for any re dress through the Courts 1 They have surrounded their hellish enactments with all the devices which the ingenuity of devils could invent, with the view of depriving us of any chance for relief. The ballot-box is shut up, and our enslavement if we would submit to their damnable usurpa tions is complete. There .. is but one hope left us aside from Congress, and that lays through a revolution. We are few in numbers ! So were the heroes of 76. We are without arms or the mu nitions of war, but Patrick Henry told his compeers that "God would raise up armies for their defence." X Will he not do so for those who have . a thousand times greater reason for relying upon the strong arm and steady nerve to redress their greviences I We are no advocate for revolution, and would deprecate the commencement of a contest which would array State against State, and only eud long after the Uu ion hadf ceased to be ; .but who would not prefer to see these Sutes belligerent, fra ternal blood flowing from every rein, yea his own wife and children immolated upon the altar of freedom, and finally fill a sanguinary grave himself, than to submit to personal and political enslave ment the most complete which was-ever attempted to be fastened upon any peo ple, - But says the Messenger : "It cannot be that any reflecting and sane minded person, either in or out of Kansas, can believe that the circumstan ces that surround this matter, justify the resort to so fatal an expedient ; they can not believe that the dire alternative has arrived, when the laws and government of their country have become so odious, unjust and oppressive, that they feel jus tified in resorting to those measures which will result only in bloodshed, civil war and dissolution of the Union." Reflecting and sane minded men have come to just such a conclusion. They have weighed all the consequences well, and are no longer frightened with the bugbear "dissolution." If slavery pro pagandists are prepared for a dissolution let it come, and time shall tell which is the greatest sufferer. If Missouri wishes her plains to constitute the "Dark and Bloody ground" she has only to en dorse the action which herreneirade sons have been pursuing for months past. 'If they cannot tolerate the laws of the country which they have voluntary chosen for their homes, it is a duty they owe to their country," to leave the Terri tory. Such was not the course pursured by our fathers. '-They petitioned for a re dress of their wrongs they resorted to every honorable expedient to secure their rights, and when all else failed they plunged the country into a revolution. We shall not expatriate ourselves at the dictation of those who hare attempted to enslave us. w e are conscious that those oppressive enactments were passed to de ter men from co miner here from the North and East, and with the expecta tion that we would be induced to beat an inglorious retreat. - "Are they willing that the majority shall rule, and that the form of govern ment shall still remain that of a republic? The kind of laws to be made must be de- termined by the people of the Territorv, and if they are unwUling to - submit to them, they should either have not come to Kansas, or being there, should peace ably remove to where the laws are more congenial to their feelmcrs ' We are willing a majority of the peo ple of Kansas shall rule ; and this is just what we have been contending for. Let th laws be determined by the pevpU cf the Territory, and however oppressive they may be we will submit to them with out a murmur; but we have sworn by all that is sacred in Heaven and Earth, that we will kever submit to a foreign tyranny imposed upon us in violation of law and all our' guaranteed rights. We shall not remove from the country of our adoption because a Vandal horde Las been poured upon us, and have enacted a code which Attilla would have spit up on as too base for the meanest of his serfs, Wc are in Kansas with the view of mak ing it the home for ourselves and our posterity and no force, no violence, no barbarity, can drive us away, or induce us to leave. Missouri may pour her myr midons upon us for the purpose of en forcing her mandates. Wehavenoprom'- iscs to make, but we shall not leave Kan sas at the instance of any body of des peradoes, come from what quarter .they may. Worthy of Consideration. The Legislature of Pennsylvania, on the 1st day of March, 1780, while the revolutionary struggle was still pending, passed an act making provision for the gradual aboliiion of slavery iu that prov ince. The act was drawn up by the imr mortal Frakklix, who, if we recol lect aright, was Speaker of the House on that occasion. The preamble is as fol lows, and should have been consulted by the self-styled "Legislature of Kansas," when the "Act to punish offenses against slave property," was pending before them: "When we contemplate our abhor rence of thai condition, to which the arms and tyranny of Great Britain were exert ed to reduce us, when we look back up on the variety of dangers .to which we have been exposed, and how miraculous ly our wants in many instances have been supplied, and our deliverance wrought, when even hope and human fortitude have become unequal to the connict, we are unavoidably led to a serious and grateful sense of the manifold blessings, which we have undeservedly received from the hand of that Being from whom every good and perfect gift cometh. Impressed with these ideas, we conceive that it is our du ty, and we rejoice that it is in our power, to extend a portion of that freedom to others, which hath been extended to us, and release from that state of thraldom, to which we ourselves were tyrannically doomed, and from which we have now every prospect of being delivered. It is not for us to inquire why, in the creation of mankind, the inhabitants of the sev eral parts of the earth were distinguished by a difference in feature or complexion. It is sufficient to know, that all are the work of an Almighty baud. We' find, in the distribution of the human species, that the most fertile as well as the most barren parts of the earth are inhabited by men of complexions different from ours, and from each other ; from whence we may reasonably, as well as religious ly, infer, that He, who placed them in their various situations, hath extended equally his care and protection to all, and that it beoometh not us to counteract his mercies. We esteem it a peculiar bless ing granted tons, that we are enabled this day to add one more step to univef- sal civilization, by removing, as much as possible, the sorrows of those, who have lived iu undeserved bondage, and from which, by the assumed authority of the kings of Great Britain, no effectual, legal relief could be obtained. Weaned, by a long course of experience, from those narrow prejudices and partialities we had imbibed, we nnd our hearts enla-ged with kindness and benevolence towards men of all conditions and nations; and we conceive ourselves at this particular pe riod extraordinarily called upon, by the blessings which we have received, to man ifest the sincerity of our profession, and to give a substantial proof of our grati tude. "And whereas the condition of those persons, who have heretofore been denom inated negro and mulatto slaves, has been attended with circumstances, which not only deprive them of the common bless ings that they were by nature entitled to, but has cast them into the deepest afflic tions, by an unnatural separation and sale of husband and wife from each other and from their children, an injury, the great ness of which can only be conceived by supposing that we were in the same un happy case. In justice, therefore, to persons so unhappily circumstanced, and who, having no prospect before them whereon they may rest their sorrows and their hope, have no reasonable induce ment to render their service to "society, which they otherwise might, and also in grateful commemoration of our own hap py deliverance from that state of uncon ditional submission, to which we were doomed by the tyranny of Britain." Then follows the enactment, which we omit as unimportant, perhaps, to the Kansas reader. Shawnee Reservation Surveyed. The survey of the Shawnee Reserva tion was completed on Monday last, by the public surveyors, under the direction of James Brodcs, Esq., of Virginia. The southeast corner is about twenty eight miles south of the Kansas river, on the boundry of Missouri ; thence the line runs west thirty miles; thence north to the Kansas, eighteen and one-fourth miles. The line leaves Palmyra on the outside of. the Reservation, from one-half to three-fourths of a mile ; and runs about the same distance east of Franklin. Some eight improved claims at Black Jack, near Hickory Point, were thrown into the Reservation ; also a number in the vicin ity of Franklin. r ' Grows Wild. The hop-vine grows spontaneously in Kansas, and appears to be a native of the soiL We were shown a cluster the other day which was found wild, in the forests, as nice as . we ever saw grown m eastern gardens. We are told that in places they are abundant, and might be ' gathered with profit as an article of commerce. :' - ' - ' A ITewfown. A new town has fceen laid out three miles south of Palmyra, at the mouth of the Ottawa Creek,, "and is called by its proprietors Prairie Citv. Several houses are already in process of erection. " ; Tour of tie Territory. ' Dr. "Webb returned from his tour up the country on Thursday last. - He vis ited Manhatten, and journeyed two days up the Big Blue, where he found an abundance of unoccupied lands awaiting claimants. He speaks very flatteringly of the Big Blue and its tributaries, and saw on the Wild Cat a second crop of corn, melons, pumpkins, etc., growing on the claim of Isaac T. Goodenowy from Rhode Island, who arrived at his present location sometime in April last. The, Doctor was at Pawnee and Fort Riley, and spent two days up the Repub lican Fork. Fi om . thence . he . visited Waubonsa, Unionviile, Brownville, Coun cil City, and back to Lawrence, by way of Willow Spiincrs and Blanton. . He gives a very favoiable account of the country, and is delighted with the cli- matp; scenery, fcc. The Big Blue abounds with springs, and the higher up he went from its mouth, the more timber, he found. Durinj his entire tour he never saw a foot of low, waste, or marshy land. He fouud more timber than he expected, and says the longer he remains in the country the batter he likes it. - Several good situations for water mills were observed, particularly along Rock Creek, whose rock bottom, high bauks and rapid current makes it a very desira ble point for saw and grist mills. Dr. Webb procured a small selection of geological, entomological, and other specimens in natural history. . He regrets that his business demands his return be fore he can complete a tour of the Terri tory. He designs, however, to visit the Neosho and Osawatomie if possible, be fore he returns, which he expects will be in about ten days. We hope, ultimately, to see a sketch of his trip over his own signature, and would be glad . to receive it for publication in the Herald or Free dom. . . - . Gov. Shannon. " i Gov. Shasxon passed up to Lecomj) ton on Friday last. He was within one and a half miles of Lawrence the largest settlement in the Territory and yet jhe was so pressed with duties that he could not give us even a passing call. He could accept of a public reception in Missouri, and make an address from the -Harris House in Westport, Mo., to 2Qsxouria.ns, but Lawrence was quite too small pota toes for his consideration. Thank God I The reign ofdemagogueism is fast draw ing to a close. . - A brief chapter from the election re turns of the 17th Congressional district of Ohio, may be referred to with profit. In 1852 Wilson Shannon was a candidate for Congressman in that district, and on the 2d Tuesday of October, a fter'count- ing up the returns it was found that Mr. Shannon the ' Democratic nominee, had in the vicinity of 1,101) majority..:, in May,lC54, we -find his vote recorded in favor of the Kansas-Nebraska bill; and on the 2d Tuesday of October follow- in r another election was held in the 17th ConsTessional district of Ohio, and the Democratic nominee was laid on the shelf with the snug little majority of 2,200 against him a change of 3,300 votes in two years in one Congressional. district. Mr. Albright, Mr. Shannon's successor, is a thorough-going anti-slavery man, and will do all he can to undo the great outrage which Mr. S. and his compeers inflicted on Kansas, and the country at lanre. Enslaved. The Missouri Democrat, speaking of the enactments of the "Barons," lately in session at the Shawnee Mission, provi ding for the election of all officers in ithe Territory for six years, says : "From this it will be seen that the bil1 whereby the Kansas Solons enacted, that all officers in the Territory for the term of six years ensuing, should be tilled by the present Leinslature has become a law, and we are free to say that a more infa mous invasion of the rights ot any peo ple, a more unwarranted assumption of power not delegated, was never perpetra ted by any assembly mat ever satin even revolutionary France. Not content with legislating themselves into office in viola tion of the organic law of the Territory not satisfied with denying to the in habitants and citizens of Kansas the con stitutional rights of free speech and a free press but beyond and above all this, they now quietly inform the people that they, the Legislature, will now undertake to appoint, of their own free will and ac cord, the sheriffs, constables, attorneys, tax assessors, and all local officer?, not for the coming year, or until an election can be held by the citizens, but for six years from the present time." Gov. Shannon proposes to enforce a law which slaveholders object to in such unqualified terms. Good Heavens ! has it come to this, that our people can rest quietly, submit, even temporarily, -to such an enslavement ? "Hung be the heavens in black 1" if such is the case- Better that universal anarchy should pre vail, than that a law so infamous in all its provisions, should be enforced upon us. ' " "' : ' Rain. ' . , Two more days, during the last week, when no sun was visible. ; There were but'five days in the ten months we have been in Kansas, during : which the sun was not visible at any portion of the day. We were not expecting rain at this season but it is very acceptable and refreshing, as the ' ruals were, frettmir 1 somewnat dusty, and the atmosphere rather warm and oppressive. t v JSSfThe Frontier Kews staU3 that Gov. Shannon paid & recent visit to th Wyandot ; Indians, and made a speech urging them to support Mr. Whitfield, the pro-shvery nomiuee for Congress. Just as we expec ted. ' S3T Nearly fix million busLels of salt were made at tLe salt wo.ks of Onondaga county, w,lorl, Las: j eor. - ; - . " Hellish.' -" Under the above caption the Galesburg, ill., Democrat, thus speaks of the act of the Barons lately in session on the borders of Missouri, entitled "An act to punish offenses against slave property.'' It is i but the unanimous feeling of the great northern-heart after reading that enactment wSrthy . the prince of Pande monium. Speaking of the caption at the outset, the Democrat says : ' The above is harsh almost an impi ous caption, but if the act doe3 not de serve it, then we confess that we do not know how-to headman ; article. ? If the fremen of the North submit to this with ouU murmur if this does not arouse them to action against the slave power, then they deserve to be slaves. If this dots not f tir the freemen of Ivansas up to civil war, then they deserve to wear the chains that the representatives of the Missouri mob have forged for them. From the Federal Government we can expect nothing, while the cat-throat crew of Atchinson and StriugfeMow cau com mand and the Government obeys with alacrity. The present Administration is tie meanest despotism that ever disgrac ed the face of the earth, and its Govern ors and Judges will make law, as far as their sanction goes, of such damnable acts as this. TTe life of a free white man is thus made cheaper than the ser vices of a negro slave ! And to say that slavery is not right to say that men have no right to hold slaves, is made a crimi nal ouen.-e, punishable with two years imprisonment at hard labor 1 It makes our blood boil to read such things. We shall rejoice when the first gun is fired in civil war in Kansas. Outraged, robbed, insulted, condemned to death for follow ing the dictates of humanity ; imprison ed for uttering manly words of truth, and all to please the slave power ! Great God 1 Why is language so powerless ! Why cannot we find words to express the thoughts and feelings- that throng our heart and brain at such a time as this. They pass the act, but they refuse to pub lish it they condemn men to death and imprisonment for certain acts and words, but refuse to make known in a legal way what those acts and words are. The act elicited some debate, but passed almost unanimously. i- Refuses to Surrender. Judge Elmore positively refuses to sur render his office. He claims that Pres ident Pierce has not the power to remove him. The Columbian, speaking of the removal of Gov. Reeder and of the refu sal of Elmore to surrender his office, says: . " "The Kansas Legislature have made np their minds, that Judge Elmore - shall not exchange his judicial, tille for that of plain Mister. He is a good fellow and a great favorite, and what is more and better, is a first-rate pro-slavery man, and will, on occasions, be a first-rate pro slavery Judge. Therefore, to remove him would be unconslilvtional very, and they, the Kansas Legislature", have too much regard for those abstract and organic principles of justice and equality which are.supposed to be especially em bodied in constitutions, to submit to the outrage of any such instrument. It was quite constitutional for the. President to lemove a Governor of his own appoint ment ; but to remove a Judge, who de rived his place from the same source, was quite out of the question ! Commissioner of Deeds. By reference to our advertising col umns, ik Ui be observed that the editor of this paper is commissioned by the. Governors of Massachusetts, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Illinois, j and Iowa, and properly qualified as; Commissioner of Deeds for those States, j with authority to take acknowledgments of deeds, mortgages, powers of attorney. or leases of lands, tenements, or any contracts, assignments, transfers, satis faction of judgments or mortgages, or any other instruments under seal ; also to administer oaths and affirmations', and take depositions and affidavits to be used in the Courts of those States. Members of the legal profession and others having business before such an officer, can ap ply at the Herald of Freedom office, and have their matters attended to correctly and promptly. tf. Amen. The intrepid B. F. Wade, U. S. Sena tor from Ohio, at the Republican State Convention in Maine, in a speech there, said that he spoke to an Ohio audience some time since, and advocated the delay of the appropriation bill, to starve the ad ministration into yielding the restriction of the Missouri Compromise, when a person asked what he would do if the Southern members should put on their hats and leave the hall. He replied that he would set the dogs on them, and all the people rricd amen. Applauses He had come to the conclusion that the same spirit actuated the republican party of Maine. . Ohio and Mississippi R. R. Some difficulties have existed in re gard to the Ohio and Mississippi . Rail road, but we are pleased to learn that they are now settled, and that the cars have commenced making regular trips from St Louis East. Passe nrs from from the east coming to Kansas by rail road, should inform themselves in regard io the ai vantages of this raid, which is direct from St Louis to Indlaaopolis, Indiana.. - V State Constitution. The Constitutional Convention will convene at Topcka on Wednesday next. Delegates from all parts of the Territory will be in attendance. The following gentlemen were elected on Saturday last to represent this District, to wit : G. W. Smith, ED, Ladd, G. W. Deitzler,!J. H. Lane, S. C. Smith, W. Hutchinson, J- K.3oodin, G. W. Brown, John Speer. i 3F Attention is invited to he adver tisement of our friends Kellar, Vo BL & Co., who Litre opened a Cabinet shop 6a New J erseyJ street, in this r city. Such an establishment Las been much needed, and we have no djubt it will jyy trt.IL ' -" -" ' : ". v - - :- -. i - lor i!e Herald f Knobin. Advice to Free State Men of Kansas. : Outrage has followed outrage upon our Freesoil citizens in such quick suc cession that the spark of the old Revo lutionary spirit that dwells in the bosom of every true son of Freedom, now burns intensely in all of our breasts. The Sa tanic aggressions of the border ruf fians have served to arouse you to a real izing sense of the right Bat let us. not in the outbursts of feeling of the present, lose sight of the ' glorious object in the future for which it is the solemn duty of us all to pledge "our lives, our prop erty, and our sacred honor." ' The present is a critical period in the cause of Freedom. The mighty ques tion which to-day agitates this nation to its very center, is; whether this glorious republic, founded as it was on the broad platform of equality and justice, shall be subserved to the interests of the few and unprincipled. The immediate issue is not so much," whether the inhuman shackles of the African shall be increas ed, as shall we, the free-born citizens of America be made the abject serfs of a slaveholdiug oligarchy ; and that too on soil once consecrated to liberty. It would be needless and quite super fluous to expatiate upon the long catego ry of political iniquity connected with the present administration with the names of a Pierce, a Douglas, an Atchi son and a Stringfellow names famous for infamy- but shall treat more partic ularly of our home cause and the ele ments of our future great and victorious Free State party. The Freesoil pioneers when placed to the touchstone of the "Missouri bully" naturally resolve themselves into threa classes: the first deny, the second de clare, the third are non-committal, of the true sentiments of their hearts. In treat ing of the first we can but repress our unbounded contempt of those who prove recreant to the great principles for which their fathers fought and bled ; but, while detesting their meanness, let their weak ness call forth our commiseration ; for, like Peter, they may repent and be saved. The second class demands our unlimited admiration and respect. They are of -the noble few who dare think for themselves, and. then act up to their thoughts believing that when they per mit any man or any body of men to cripple or suppress the honest expression of the true sentiments of their hearts, that moment they are placed on a level with the plantation slave. . "Thev are slaves who dare notjpeak, , For tlio fallen aud tha weai. Th'.-y aro slaved who will not choose, liutrcd. Mxliing nnd abuse : ltather than in silence shrink, From the troths they f.ccds inn.st thiuk. They are slaves who dare not bo In the right with two or three." To the third class I fear far too many of us would plead guilty. We are apt to quiet our patriotic desires with the trite old adage that "discretion is the belter part of valor." But to illustrate more fully tVse three classes, and espe cially the third, I will bring forward an old fable of Esop' : "Once upon a time a foul-breathed tiger conceived the idea (like his honorable successors, the bor der Missourians,) of going through a course of pumping respecting his pecu liar impurity. He first enquired, of the dog : 'Sir,. does my breath smell' I The dog, with a sycophancy peculiar to his nature, replied 'So.'. He bit his head oiF for being a coward. He next interro gated the lamb : 'Pray, mistress Limb, does my breath smell ?' Yes.' was the simple and honest response. He bit her head off for being a simpleton. He lastly enquired of the fox : 'Sir, does .my breath smell V "May it please your hon or,' the fox replied : 1 have a very bad cold and cannot smell at all.' " Yes, gentlemen ; from the unprotected and isolaied state of our cabins we all took very bad colds, and temporarily lost the use of our olfactories but the tem perature, of late, lias so arisen that the eSluvia from these "outrageous putrefac tions" has entirely over-ridden our nasal imperfections, and we now smell as we never smelt before and will smell, al though, in the issue, we may be called upou to smell a little of gunpowder. And when these foul-mouthed sons of perdi tion inquire of us whether their breath smells, we'll tell them in thundering tones, yes, it does smell worse than the very "charuel houses of hell" nnd fur thermore, we'll give them a compound dose to cleanse them of their impurities a remedy that will either kill or cure, we care not which I But they tell us we are cowards! Let us show them by our unity of purpose and firm resolve, exhib ited in "actions which speak louder than words," that we . know our rights, aud knowing dare maintain them.1 ' But far be it that any should suppose that we are the aggressors in this great warfare. When we emigrated hither, it was not to" plunge ourselves into this po litical contest but to seek homes ia a land where nature smiled. And much did we endeavor to allay contention; but our first legislative election came, and with it an armed horde of villains to wrest from us those dearest rights as cit izens of this republic. From that mo ment "forbearance ceased to be a virtue." Tell me, gentlemen, if you can, what base crime has been by us committed, to justify this vile bondage? Have we vi olated that great fncdamentil principle of the constitution which guarantees to every person, "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness?" No, far from it! There is : not one who holds most; dear the institutions which we are la boring to establish, who would not rather "cut off his right hand" than tamper wnh the lives and property of oar Mis souri neighbor. - If they call us "Abo litionists" let us prove tru to the term until we have abolished this detestable oppression of the proud Anglo-Saxon blood which now courses in our vein. Let us repudiate, from the beginning, this base assumption of foreign power whether palmed off upon us under the cloak of law, or enfbrwd by the banditti of a ruthless mob 1 And if this fanati cal pack of slavery propagandists reiter ae iheir hug-bear cry of "dissolution,- thev are welcome to the fate of the bov who cried "wolf! wolf! !" we'll let the wolves have them. - ' Yes, brethren ; united we shall firmly stand amid these "times that try men's souls f but divided, we shall most inev itably fall "and .great will be the fall thereof!" Better, far better have never tasted the glad, gushing fountain of Freedom.'"''-" ' ' - . - -'-' Then let us; brethren, in view of tlie yiul interests at stake, lay aside all minor issues, aud in ose broad phalanx, tiht lor our homes, our country," and our God! And when we have succeeded in firmly planting upon the genial soil of Kansas the undying tree of liberty, it will be hailed by joyful millions as anoth er mighty victory over Satan and his em issaries. A KANSAS FREEMAN. . Fvr tU IU raid if Fi ted. Home Correspondence, " ; " Browsville, K. T September 1st, 1S55. G. W. Brown, Esq., Dear Sir : Permit me, through your paper, to sig nify to your numerous readers where and what Brownville is, and what its pros pects are; thus saving many the f neces sity of inquiring for ils locality,' and the inconvenience and ' loss of visiting and locating in other places less pleasant and advantageous than this. Brownville, then, which, among tlie many "paper cities'' and note-worthy towns of the Territory, is "no mean place." It is situated on the head waters of the WTakarusA, which through its whole length of more than sixty miles, flows through one of the very best regions of Kansas Territory. At this point, some fifty miles from its mouth, the Wa karusa receives two tributaries, one from the southwest aud the other from the northwest; the course of tlie main stream being ' from west to east. The threo streams are all about equd size, and all alike pretty well lined with timber, and bordered with tlie very richest and most beautiful prairie, both nigh and low, bot tom and upland ; none of which is sub ject to inundations, but capable of culti vation, and of produciug whatever may be put into it in the greatest profusion. It is easy to see that it admits of many more timber claims contiguous to each other than could be, if but one stream and one streak of timber passed through it, instead of the three referred to. Just at the junction of these three Creeks, all of which abound with never failiug water, and a Tai iety of tish, is the location of Brownville. It is the site of the old Catholic - Mission. When the Potawottomie Indians removed from their former to theirpresent location, the Cath olics, who had a Mission among them, removed to this spot, supposing it was within the reserve assigned to them, but finding it was not, they removed again to where they now are, on the north side of the Kansas river. 1 his fact speaks strong' ly and distinctly in favor of the beautv J e . I 1 " . XT ana utility oi me location. xono more capable or wily than the Catholics iu se lecting the most favorable spots for the seats of their operations. Never were! they more fortunate than when they fixed ! on this place, had it been, as they sup posed it was, on the reserve. Here ther erected a number of dwellings, a stable, and a chapel ; all which have proved a matter of great convenience toemigrants on their first arrival, and until they could provide cabins for themselves on their respective claims. Brownville is about seventy-five miles from Westport, Mo.; thirty-live from Lawrence, and twenty-four from Topcka, on the Kansas. It is about twelve miles south from the Kausas river, aud four or five miles south of the southern line of the Indian Reserve. Such are its bottom plains, its rolling hills, its rocky bluffs, numerous streams, and frequent sueats of timber. tW ir is difficult to conceive ofa spot which could unite more of beauty aiid. sublimity, or be better adapted to agriculture, and the rauiing of stock. Already a good'y num ber of hardy, intelligent, energetic aud persevering citizens are in the place, aud have done much lor its . improvement. Large fields of corn, well : fenced, " and growing, and promises a bountiful har vest. Much land is ploughed for wheat, which will be sown soon. Stock of all kinds is Tapidlfr increasia-'; and the building of houses is of frequent occur rence. There is regular preaching ia town a part of the time, a Sabbath school aud a day school, are iu consUnt and success ful operation. : .V Our town plat is not yet surveyed, but we intend it shall bo soon, for we have one of the most eligible sites for a town that is often found, even in Kansas. The face of the country, the good Water, plen ty of timbar, aud a splendid farmiii'' country around, is not only highly favor able, but just at this spot is tne great mil itary road from r ort Leavenworth to H. Scott and Union, and New Mexico, and the souihern California - road, intersects each other. It cannot fail to be a highly favorable place for trade and for mechan ical business. We are expecting soon to have a saw mill in operation; and OBe or two stores open. We need more citizens, and doubt not but we shall soon have them ; indeed, they aie often, arriving. Men of capital, if of the right stamp in other respects, will meet with a hearty welcome, and be able here to make investments, highly profitable to themselves and beneficial to the community. . . The most eligible of tlie timber claims are already taken up, though some are still to be had which are not mean, and any number of prairie claims. may be had, which are unsurpassed for beauty and fertility. ; Brownville, then, is prominent among the many places iu Kansas which invites tlie sober, , intelligent, . and industrious emigrant to come and make for himself a home, which it is fully believed will be satisfactory for a residence for life. We say, sober emigrants, for the good people of Brownville have passed and published their sentiments strongly" ad verse to the sale or u-se of the "drunk ards' drink," and they are determined to carry out those sentiments to the extent of theirieombined power. . ' Soon We hope to see and enjoy society as good, and the means of mental and moral improvement as ample here, as in the old States. And why should we not hope for it? Why may we not have it? It is at the option of the people whether it shall be so or not. If the people will it, so it will be ; and that they will be so disposed there can be no doubt. ; Of this they have given the bet evidence. Al ready, though few in number, they sus tained a day bchool through: tlie. present season, and organized aud kept up a Sab bath school, and procured for ii a good library. , - .' .r The people of Brownville are, almost to a man, nrm mends or freedom . and right ; and are resolved on doing all in their power to make. Kansas a FEBaSate. The system of human bondage, or tyran ny in any of its forms, finds no favor with them. To foreign dictation and lawless misrule they are resolved never to submit. By the vandal . hordes of a border State they are not disposed to be trampled up on. To the infamous laws of a mock Legislature the minions of a "drunken mob," they will yield no submission; aud vet, in the highest sense they, mean g," people: determined. f. H diem lies, to do nothing but wJiat V and to submit to nothing that U w ; In regard to temperance: the?'' use of the "drunkards' drink31 have adopted the principles of the If Law, and are unanimously resohed all within their combined power vent the sale of anything vhich niv drunk, within their borders. j The Wyandotr 4 A correspondent of the St. Li 'UK x. publican, writing from Kansas Citr, Jj on the 1 4Ui ult., says : To-day, the Wyandots' are Ur their election for Chief, andamoieCJ esting and impressive scene I uererS nessed. This nation was, a fcw T a?o. tho most TtonulouV warlike, of Hie whole rion oftheX, w w , iinmnAr at wiv rv cAn h-, i Some of them .are men of rem.irLr sense, whose practical obseivation tt sound discretion have induced them t quit many traditional and savage cc toms, aud to form a republican dg,T(tT ment. They now elect their ruler, to-day they are to choose their ClrJf President. ' The polls are held at alodg afou. Jw hundredyards from the confluence 0ftv' Kansas nnd Missouri rivers, and wjti full view of passing steamboats, r'1 judges of election are three old brs who have the confidence of t'ae mi,a The voiing is done by ballot, ani fc-, gravely it proceeds ! How unlike tU elections of the white man ! Howm-,1. more orderly, diguified, and quiet tiAituAnmr rw Y.-.nrt wtilo rIM in singly from the forest ; they sv.mv. in small numbers beneath the bou-'b t me spreading cims ; iney confer Wi cr ijiaiti , auu. uicu, as fciatety relics, a mighty race, they step, with a mtj ana vote ior tne unicitain ot their cW What an example to their white br?. ren. In a treaty with this nitin ia the Government of the United Suv granted to them a small p.r:l n of jjjj beautirul and fertile country that I'm b tween and in an acute antjle of tlif Km sas and Missouri rivers, and tl.irtT-Iti floating sections which can be Waa-d. any of the public lands west of t!w Mis sissippi river, lhose noatm'j fevl'm they are now offering for sale, and so; of them have been purchased this mora- mg at tho remarkably low sum of ti;.;2 hundred dollars. A section, von In. is 640 acres ; so that at the rate of $3jj per section, they will receive only $25. (J00 for 2J.4S0 acres of the choicest laal in the world. They can bo located Kansas, Nebraska, or anywhere, with waiting for surveys, and the title bewn complete at the moment of location. A New Outrage. It seem3 as though the slave tKnn is determined to make the Freeman of the North drink of the cup ofhumi'is tion to the very dregs, and to crush wi; every particle of independence andmanlj leenng. in doing this work, they hart found Frank . Piereo a mostnhject ml willing tool, bowing "fc every behest, an! vieJding obedience to every command however "repulsive; la its Hamster, may be. ' Another, and a more daring outnf, has been added Ut the accumulated and insults heaped upon the people u' the free States, in relation to Kanm unl'upon the people of Kansas, uW selves. Oov. Reeder, for the very ;nn3 share rE independence he has nianifestij, because Iw would not in all thing rW to' the demands of tlie Missouri bW holding brigands, who have undertal-a to seize upon Ivansas and hold it as fna quered Territory, has been summarur dismissed by U-x0r danten anLI ton, who sits ju tl.ehair of. lhe dent of the United fctaw j and willing: tool of the been appointed iu his stca power bi The wrongs, tho oppresiKX subs, and the iniuries. which X fathers into rebellion against the King, were light as dat in the bajL eomparrei with those which the !sr power, through the C6nflitui mal, ties of the government, ana otheru, free States. The patience with i i they have been endured nas emDoiaeva it to newer and further aggression, t:B it feels that there is no point at which i need stop, except when its own conven ience and interest dictates. If tliiojs in to go on thus, it were bstter, for, for "S that we were back a -rain in the cokmal vassalage from which we emerged oJ. that we are the subjects : of tlie vr despotism of Europe of Russia, Aa.i' of benighted Spaiu, even for in w these countries regard is had to w ' notability of compacts, nd to tlie ti$M which are voluntarily guaranteed to tk subject. - . . ; .- - Patience is a commendable virta,M should "have its perfect work." 3 mere is a point, oeyona wnicn n iv to be a virtue, and indicates the cnr ani the dastard. We have hadoeeassa lime and aain, to admire tho forbear ance of the North, aud should, perty. ere this, have come to the conclosk'S, that, with them, it .would bare w bounds, had we not remembered that A veriest reptile that crawls vn the i the earth, when trodden upon, will tn and bite, and that even the ass, the patient of all burthen bearers, pressed beyond reason, will lift hi against his oppressor. Mass. Sfl. "Westward Bo." A largo number of emigrant pJ" through our city last Saturday in go westward. ' ... "Westwardho 1" The err has I manic influence. "Westward ho 1" the emigrant farmer, and his soul with visions of extensive fields, of r soil, of bountiful harvests, and of and comfort in the bosom of ta?F family. "Westward ho I" cries the em igrant young man, and his e7esmt w ith joy in the anticipation of wealihf nigu position, aoii 01 wunai; - "Westward hoi" falters tlie enng31 mother, and her heart is full of hope the future of the dear ones tlat go her ; not for herself, oh, no ! Ood w praised for the blessings of mother love ! "Westward ho I" si;;hs the ec grant maiden, and her. eyes brim tears as ner inougnis rvoi. 7. j the noble form and spirited tyc '!7r. she is to leave forever ? No, not ever, if there is truth in the kumaaKT Not forever,' if there is faithful love. "Westward ho r it itne T peal or the toll of death, rang out Dp bell of hone. Heaven bk-s thn ai goln j V the laud of pronu iirraui's West, Vhkoyv Dmicrat-