Newspaper Page Text
O. W. BROW1T, Editor.
Lawrence, Saturday, Sept. 22, 1855.
Kansas Operations In New York.
The N. Y. Kansas League have sent to
the new Territory r.boat 3,000 in the past
eleven months, and Lave many more
prepariug to go this year. They calcu
late on some thousands, in case political
affairs there take the favorable direction
eipeeted, wliicb the hair-brained oppo-
sersoi freedom are believed to be now
serving by their violent measures.
The American Settlement Company
have founded a very prosperous town in
a most advantageous locality Council
City where there are Paid to be about
fifteen hundred inhabitants, busily en
gaged among their abundant crops on the
rolling pi airie. lhey bare long baa
publie and social worship established, a
free library founded, provision made for
Jj.bio schools, a steam saw-mill in opera
nun, several stores, ana a surprising
amount of goods pasMng in large and
frequent wagon trains on the iiiuta Fe
ro:id. All the above results have been
e;urjd by the efforts of a few individ
oa!, without public support or notice,
and under great personal sacrifices. An
appeal Lis been circulated in New Eng
land, to raise 1 53,000 for , the Boston
Kansas Company, who long since ac
knowledged the receipt of 82,000. It
seems proper that the efforts and success
f the New York friends of Kansas
should not be entirely passed over with
out any, notice whatever. They are
daily in active operation at No. 110
Broadway, doing a uoble public service
without means, aid or maintenance-, and
will never give it p till accomplished.
The Council City Banner is announced
to bo published in about a month. Inde
pendent. . "We confess that we reiux-tantly state the
facts in regard to this great imposition
which somebody ii practicing upon the
public ; but it is a duly we owe our read
era to place the facts before them, and we
shall do it, leaving our columns open at
all times to any member of the Ameri
can Settlement Company U oorrect us
who- chooso to de- soi
How many pioneers have came to
Kansas under the auspices of that Com
pany, we have not the means of knowmi;
or how maiy they will be able fc send
this fall we cauuot say ; but we do know
that titer hart not winded a -prosperous
town, as is represented, in tin Territory ;
neither are there 1,500 orny othernum
ber of inhabitants within the limits of
the city. There is a settlement of pio
neers on claims around Council City,
but nothing- like the number represented
as being within, the city limits. We be
lieve that religious worship and perhaps
a Sabbath school have been established
in the neighborhood ; but there is no
saw mill ; no stores and no good's within
miles of there save flour and pork, and
probably a few' articles of groceries,
which are sold at a sort of boarding
Louse, full half a mile from the city site.
The large and frequent wagon teams,
loaded with goods, passing to Santa Fe
are of but little or no account to any
place, as they are supplied with their
own necessaries, and will be until the
country is better qualified for supplying
their wants, than is Kansas at the pres
ent time. We believe that some men
nave made great pecuniary sacrifices to
build up this Company, aud arc sorry
that the purposes they had in view have
not been fulfilled.
We plead guilty to the trifling sacri
fice of twenty dollars for the purpose of
aiding it; but Ave look upon the Compa
ny as it has been managed, as a gross
auirage upon every sJockhol Jer who has
invested inoners in the enterprise. If
the agents desire. the particulars we will
furnish, them, undev oath, if they wish,
and instead of a single witness, we will
"bring scores, some of whom shall be
high officials of the Company who are
worthy of the fullest confidence of the
There is no doubt that a heavy busi
ness is being carried on in New York,
selling lots at 95 a piece, but it is not
true that the activity there is doing any
thing towards building up a great and
populous city, or even prosperous inland
town in Kansas; fur we are firm ia the
belief that no man who is acquainted
with the facts would invest a dollar in
improvements at the seat of this unfortu
We are assured by a gentleman wor
thy of full credence who sets at our
shoulder while we write, who was in
Council City ou the 2d day of August
last, that there was not a log or stuiie,
neither had there been a day's labor ex
pended on the city ske towards building
tenements of any description up to that
date, and that it was with great difficulty
be was enabled to rtiid the location of the
city, though he repeated inquired of per
sons in its immediitle viesuity. We are
assured by others that no improvements
have been made since that period.
We ask the eastern press, which is dis
posed to do justice to Kansas, to lay these
facts before their readers. . We hold our
self personally responsible for the facts
iere published." People come here to
Kansas under the rau-fciken impression in
regard to facts, and on finding out the
truth, return in digu State the facts
as they are, then emigrants will not be
deceived, and will, not go back cursing
the country because of the falso repre-;
mentations of certain speculators. -.
"'ZT Chicago, September lst 1855.
Judge Elmore lias written a letter to
Hon. Caleb Cushing, - dated, Shawnee
Mission, August 23J, in which he states
he has not violated a single law of Con
gress or order of the ; Department, and
that he is satisfied his case is prejudiced,
and that his removal is decidedly on the
grounds of policy, lie also says that by
the 27th section of the Kansas-Nebraska
act, lie holds or.e for four years, and
gives notice that he will resist tho action
of the President through the Cutirts.
- Getting Eloquent.
, A correspondent of the Galesburg
Free Democrat gets eloquent over Kan
sas matters, and the state of the coun
try. Hear him:
" Who wonders that 'your blood boils,'
that language is powerless to express the
burning lavatide of thought within.
The only wonder is, that every editorial
chair in the Laud does not tremble be
neath the throbs of a swelling heart;
that every sheet struck off by the Press,
is not converted into a Fiery Cross,
speeding with lightning wing over hill
and heathy moor, arousing the inmates
of hut and hamlet, till, - from every spot
where beats a manly heart, the simul
taneous shout should go up like 4 the
voice of many waters' Libert? or
"Did ever beacon-fires shoot heaven
ward with redder glare than those which
have burned in our 'own, our native
land V Scarcely has the deep glow of
that gigantic blaze, kindled by the hand
of Douglas, died away; and now ten
thousand lights send up their tongues of
name from the "lades of Kansas. Shall
they stiil be unheeded ? Will true man
hood still slumber, will the fire-scathed
siirnal speed past us? Do we not snuff
the life-blood of our countrymen on
every gale? Shall we not arouso and
drive back the enemy ere he ravage our
homes with fire and sword " How can
men be calm when every day develops
some dark and fiendish plot which rival
all the bloody machinations of Richard"
HI., or the artful deep laid stratagem of
the black-hearted lago" Heaven only
knows how many Glousters sit in high
places ! Alas J. that there are those who
can slumber on amid trumpet-peal and
clarion-shouts ; now and tiien perchance
rubbing their drowsy eyes, wondering
what all that noise is about, o er in Kan
sas ; and then with a yawn sinking back
to tho fatal sleep, to awake and end,
perchance, their birth-right gone !
Who now can have the heart to bear
aloft the boasted 'stars and stripes?'
no now can snir ot me no:no ot tne
free, when gory fingers are placed upon
our lips, with tho injunction ' Silence
or death ! "
"Must more human victims belaid
upon the altar ; must more noble hearts
Beating lor the wrongs of humanity," be
outraged, trampled upon by black and
bloody tyrants, or immured in dungeon
walls lor giving vent to their bursting
hearts ? If so. Heaven knows thev are
ready! Hut, U, uod of justice, how
long? How long must this fair and
blood-bought beritago be but the parade
ground of patrolling bands of ruthless
tyrents ? How long shall our banner
float over a nation of slaves, ' base, igno
ble slaves ?'
" Could gazing nations see all the
heart-sickniug details of wickedness in
high places ; what a farcical scene would
our great and glorious Republic preseut?
"The Chief Magistrate, he who occu
pies that post which no proud monarch
of tho Old World coiLl spurn, a mere
servile tool of - men Viose "hearts are
black as midnight ! -Durimr this whole
administration he has but played the
part of a certain domestic animal that j
we send to drive intruders from our jrar-
dens. The Missouri Ruffians send I Ido
to sacrifice Reeder, the feat satisfacto
rily accomplished, he comes fawnin'
back, and, as he gnaws the bone, they
nave tnrown him, loots meekly, grate
tuny up wiin a giauce wincu seems to
say ' Any thing more I can do for you,
fjcuvicuicu : vuukciuuuuiu Wi lue OC-
cupants of the White House may seem,
in the eyes of men ; how must hiirh
Heaven regard their treachery ?
" The present aspect of our country
would seem enough to wnntr tears from
angels' eyes. The great car of Jujrtrer-
naut which for these two hundred years
has been desolating the fair savannahs
of our Southern States, still rolls on,
unchecked crushing beneath its ponder
ous wheels four millions of bleeding;
mangled victims. Their bloody sweat
their tears and groans have, like the
blood of Abel, cried from the grouud,
and will not the great Revenger ere long
send forth the Destroying Angel to ex?
ecute venge ince upon all whose lintels
are unmarked by the propitiatory sacri
lice : And yet this massive enirine of
death rolls on even by our very fire
sides. Atchison and his long train of
coadjutors are dagging it onward to
ward the rich prairies of the far West ;
while Pierce and his Cabinet push be-
n in j. nai a spectacle 2
" Is there not some mute inglorious'
Washington who shall lead forth the lov
- c 1 . a t .i
vm ui ireeuom is mere not some
Patrick Henry whose burning philippics
wui innu every nearti tven now we
seeme to see his shade arise from the
grave, called up by the wrongs of the
country he loved. Again we hear that
stentorian voice thunder forth ' There
is no retreat but ia submission and slave
ry. Uur chains aie forged. Their
clanking may be heard urjon the plains
i - -. -
.... rpi . , ,
a ut; msr is meviiaoie ana
let it come !"
The Pro-Slavery Candidate and Gov.
Gov. Shannon is advocating the elec
tion of Geo. Whitfield as Delegate to
Congress. Whitfield in his speech at
the Shawnee Mission, in accepting the
nomination, among other things Ve:
"We can recognize but two parties in
the Territory the pro-slavery and the
anti-slavery parties. If the citizens of
KJinsas want to. live in this community
in peace, and feel at home they must be
come pro-slavery men ; but if they want
to live with gangs of thieves and robbers
they must go with the abolition party.
There can be no third party no more
than two issues slavery and no slavery
in Kansas Territory.
Gov. Shannon, desirous of living "in
this community in peace, and feelin
at home" concluded, of course, to "be
come pro-slavery" as Mr. Whitfield sug
gested. Hon. John Wentworth, a late
Democratic member of Congress, and
the editor of the Chicago Democrat,
shows that these sentiments were not bad
for the Governor to swallow.- He says :
' Those who know Wilson Shannon
know that he is a Southerner in all his
notions. As much as any of the firm
of Douglas, Atchison, Stringfellow &
Co. He goes to Kansas to make Kansas
a slave State. His antecedents must be
known to r .Gen Pierce. , He was an old
Tyler man. V Although elected to the
office of Governor of Qhihy the Dem
ocrats, be came out with & letter endors
ing John Tyler, and by the same John
rr I . - r ' r
vier ix9 was given a ioreigu mission.
By a strange combination of cir-
cumstances he was elected to Congress
for one terra, and for one only. During
his Congressional career he was a South
erner in all his notions and all his votes.
His record ia right, and, what is better,
his heart is right for Douglas and Slave
ry. He goes to Kansas to inflict a dead
ly blight upon its rising hopes, and to
curse its people with bondage. It re
mains to be seen who has the bright fu
ture, Reeder or Shannon, the patriot or
"Let Shannon recognize this mob of
Douglasites that now professes to be the
Legislature of Kansas, and the next
House' of Representatives will pin a
clause to the next appcopriation bill that
will declare all such infamy void.
There is hope in the next Congress 1"T
The Consequence of Lawlessness.
It seems probable tays the N. Y. Spec
tator, that the ultra pro-slavery men
who have been guilty of such outrages
in Kansas, will yet have to reap the con
sequences of their lawless proceedings.
The St. Louis Intelligencer, a pro-slavery
paper, thus describes the effect of those
outrages, showing that they are already
returning upon their perpetrators :
"We are assured by two gentlemen of
high position in Western Missouri, but
totally differing in political sentiments
one upholding the oligarchy that con
trols the affairs and tramples upon the
people's sovereignty of Kansas, the oth
er deploring the accursed madness of
the day that Blatters are gloomy
enough in Western Missouri. Business
is dull. Commerce is stagnant. Mon
ey is exceedingly scarce, and a panic
pervades the people. The fifty thous
and emigrants that ought this season to
have poured over into Kansas are not
there. The prairie sod remains unbro-.
ken. The sound of the axe and. the
whoop of the husbandman are not heard.
Western Missouri towns are not thronged
with settlers buying their outfits and
their equipments of husbandry. The
farmers find no market for their horses,
mules, oxen, and cows. There is no
new and large trade springing up in
Kansas. The much vaunted Kansas
towns lie neglected, a mockery to their
owners and a laughing stock for all men.
'Dead dead dead,' may be written on
all the country so deep and disastrous
has been the tall from the high and fond
hopes of the past year.
"In May last the editor of the Intel
ligencer was in Kentucky, aud he met
numerous of the most respectable and
wealthy farmers of that Suite, such as
form to large a portiou of the population
of Missouri, who inquired earnestly
about the condition of things in Kansas
aud Western Missouri. They spoke of
the intention they had of removing to
Kansas or Western Missouri, but said
they had abandoned it utterly, for the
reason that they would never think of
taking their families to a region where
law was set aside, presses, mobbed, and
men driven from the country by irres
ponsible and unknown bands of regula
tors. They prefered the rule of law to
anarchy. In a recent trip through sev
eral southwestern States we found that
the same circumstances were most in
dustriously and fatally used to divert
emigrants to those States, and to preju
dice Missouri and Kansas with every
lass of people, lhe most aggravating
stories of insults and outrages commit
ted by Missourians on the persons of
emigrants .from the Uld World or free
States, who are found ascending the
Missouri river, are circulated in the
uewspapers all through the free States ;
and it is impossible to conceive of the
deep hatred thus generated toward our
whole State in the northern part of our
"Between these fires Missouri is lead
ing on her languid existence. St. Louis
is reiaraea in a mosi woeiui way. uur
railroads creep at a snail's pace. We
build ten miles while Western States
build one hundred. In every depart
ment-of life we feel the paralysis. In
stead of bouncing forward, buovant,
strong and rejoicing, we sit with dull
eyes, aud heavy spirits, and listeuiug to
the tick of a death-watch.
"Certainly continues ;he Spectator;
such was sure to be the result of the
high-handed lawlessness perpetrated by
Atchison, Stringfellow fc Co., and to
this day un rebuked by the National Ad
i ministration. It could not be otherwise,
and none but men as unbridled in pas
sion as they are deficient in judgment,
would have expected any different con
sequeuccs. Southern men, as well as
Northern, who probably hick the cour
age openly to oppose their fellow slave
holders, do. nevertheless, retain pru
dence enough not to remove their fam
ilies and properties within the reach of
such law-defymg violence. They know
that the law which was successfully set
at defiance, is but a feeble restraint in
all time thereafter. Its moral power is
henceforth weakened if not destroyed,
and reflecting men will not nsk the con
sequences.' And if any portion of the
population of the United States have any
interest in the maiutennuce of the su
premecy of law and; of the authority of
Government, it is surwly that portion
living South of Mason and Dixon's line.
This' they naturally and intuitively feel,
and hence they shrink from going where
such supremacy and authority are un
impaired, even though their own friends
may be wielding for tho time an irresisti
ble but illeg-.d authority.
"Far the wiser course for citizens of
the staveholdtn-r S ates to nursue. if
they desire to make Kansas a slave State,
would have been by conciliatory course.
and by setting the example of obedi
ence to the laws, and to popular sov
ereignity. Had they come into the Ter
ritory on equal terms with immigrants
from the free States, showing themselves
equally law-abiding and fraternal in
spirit, emulating their fellow-citizens of
the North in earnest efforts to improve
the Territory, and resolved "to bring
slavery into only a fair and manly con
test with free labor, permitting as well
as claiming all latitude of speech and
thought upon the subject, none of the
effects which the St, Louis Intelligencer
so justly deplores would have followed,
and Kansas would have been ere this a
thriving Territory, oa the high road of
becoming a prosperous State. - As it is,
the friends of slavery being witnesses,
the 'peculiar institution, in the hands
of demagogues, threatens to prevent its
ever Decerning eitner. ,
"The Intelligencer is right too in the
following, uttered , with , some warmth
apparently, but showing that there are
some men at the South who both disarj-!
prove and deplore the repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise, and trace that mea- j
sure, as tioy. Hunt does to 1 the action
cf politieal desiajojues, with JPrcsidenl '
Pierce's administration for their aiders
and abettors :
"These are the bitter fruits of the re
peal of the Missouri Compromise -a
wicked, and wrongful deed that will
yet bring a hell of bitter self-reproaches
to its authors. Missouri did not de
mand that repeal. The South never
asked it. Atchison solicited it and in
a moment of political insanity the South
consented to the Jrrong, and made the
wrong her own. ; This was the suicide
"Every step since taken has deepened
the wrong and enhanced the danger.
The free States organized Aid Societies,
and sent their men into Kansas free.
It had been Free Soil by solemn com
pact for thirty-five years, and they nat
urally were inceused to see its character
changed. The South would have been
far more if a slave territory had been
thus, by an unexpected act of Congress,
couverted into Free Soil. -
"The fieo States had a right to be
indignant that a long life compromise
had been repealed and they had a
right to keep Kansas free as it had been,
by a peaceful colonization. They at
tempted nothing else. But a portion of
the . citizens of Missouri, headed by
Atchison and Stringfellow, denounced
the northern emigrants as 'paupers and
hirelings, because they were seut West
with the mon-jy of a society ; and so
they had county meetings in Missouri and
raised money and sent Missourians to
Kansas to make Kansas a slave Terri
tory! Were these Missourians ' hire
lings' too? And did these two wrongs
make one l ight t"
Squatter Soveeign vs. Tribune.
The Squatter Sovereign is down like
a brick on the N. Y. Tribune, and the
presumption is that that paper will close
up as soon as the article shall be spread
before the publi. We make the follow
ing pointed extracts :
We ca.n tell the impertinent scoundrels
of the Tribune, thnt they may exhaust
an ocean of ink, their Emigrant Aid So
cieties spend their millions and billions,
their Representatives in Congress, spout
their heretical theories till doomsday, and
his Excellency Franklin Pierce appoiut
Abolitionist after Freesoiler as our Gov
ernor ; yet will we continue to tar and
fealter, drown, lynch and hang, every
white-livered Abolitionist, who dares to
pollute our soil.
And though our fair Territory may be
refused admittance into the Union as a
slaveholdiug Slate, by the political dem
agogues of the North, we care as little
lor iheir decision, as for the continued
and futile attacks which have been made
upon our rights, by the indecisive Cabi
net who now admiuister the affairs of our
nation. For we confidently hope that
the last national Congress may meet in
Washington on tho first Monday in De
cember next; and we prophecy, with
the firm conviction that time will verify
our words, that never again will the
southern S:ates of the Republic, suffer
dictation from a set of negro-slealers and
rascals, who stand pledged to war upon
their lights until toleration ceases to.be
: We ask the- slaveholding community,
what object they had in view, when as
free, independent, and sovereign States,
they consented to baud themselves to
gether under tho Federal Constitution ?
Now if this Federal compact should at
any time prove insufficient for protection
and a portion of the States should seek
for their own aggrandizement, to force
or impose measures upon the remainder,
in direct opposition to their interests and
wishes ; what interest have those wliose
rights are trampled on, in the further ob
servance of a compact which daily less
ens their strength, and serves to strip
them of their few remaining means of
defence ? 4
For what are laws enacted, if not for
the protection of person and property ?
This same constitution recognizes our
slaves as property, and if it is to be ob
served by us, must protect the rights of
the slaveholder, in whatever portion of
the Union he may be. But when an in
dividual State, such as Massachusetts or
Ohio, sees fit to annul her Federal obli
gation, and refuses to respect the rights
of our citizens, are not the States whose
rights are jeopardized thereby, freed from
their compact as clearly as if it were a
mere civil contract between individuals ?
If this be true and we scarcely think
it can be denied even by the most preju
diced then has the South had sufficient
cause .to secede during every twelve
months, for the past ten years. Her in
alienable right to do so, individually or
collectively, we do not intend to argue,
for we consider it as clear a mathematical
axiom, which none but fools and fanatics
will attempt to dispute. If the southern
States have it not, what claim have they
to their proud and boasted right of inde
pendence and sovereignty ?
If it be not guaranteed by the Consti
tution, then thev possess it by the right
of revolution, and lei "the right make
the might" be their motto. .
While the election law, which we copy
elsewhere, was pending before the "Bar
rons," Mr. Whitlock, who was elected by
Missouri mob to disgrace this district, is
reported to have said : ,
"The town of Lawrence is my home,
though I confess I am ashamed to hail
from such a dirty hole, and will be, as
the bill reads, the precinct of my county.
The Abolitionists can outnumber us in
the town ; and it is such a rugged place
that many, if a fight should occur, will
dodge behind the bushes, and, when all
is over, swear that they had been fight
ing like a Bengal tiger. He wanted
the precinct located one mile from town,
on a certain beautiful level plain, where
every one would be compelled to fight
the rogues face to face, or back square
out ; lie knew no spot better suited for
border warfare. Besides a fine fellow
lived on the place, always with plenty
of ice and good whisky on hand to keep
up pluck and spirit. ' There was also a
large old house on the spot, where they
could rally and fortify in case of expected
defeat. But come what may, he was
ready for the contest, fair if possible ; if
not, he intended to conquer their rebel
spirits by force. .. His patience was get
ting ihreadbare with their resolutions
and expressed intentions to resist the
laws of the Legislature, denying the le
gality of such body. He knew them to
be great warriors at a distance, ; but
could not face the enemy."
Have sufficient courage to speak
to a poor friend, even in the street, and
when a rich one is nigh. The effort u
ROt Cfl ft 3 fvnnw nnAtTii ma-m ?
iae, anS the aet is worth y yf a kia h"
For the JJeraM rf FrteJvM.
- State Constitution. .
Lawrexce, Sept. 1, 1055.
Mr. Editor : Will you allow me the
privilege of expressing, through the col
umns of your paper, my utter dissent
from the proposition now before the
"Free State" Party of this Territory, to
form a State Constitution ?
' ' While I honor the motives that actu
ate the majority of those concerned in
this "movement, yet believing as I do,
that it is fraught with lasting injury to
the cause that lies nearer to my heart at
present than any other, viz : the making
of Kansas a free State, I must unquali
fiedly condemn this movement. This
I do hesitatingly, for my experience here
has convinced me that no man can obey
the "light within," and act as his con
science directs, in all things, without
meeting with tho common lot of all re
formers, viz : ridicule and hatred. But
I have learned, I trust, like my divine
Master, to lightly esteem the reproach of
men when God is on my side ; and He
always is on tho side of every one who
acts from no other motive than to pro
mote the highest iuterests of the human
I was opposed tothis movement almost
as soon as 1 heard of it ; and some Weeks
before the Mass Meeting I wrote to an
eminent anti-slavery lawyer of my ac
quaintance, in Boston, requesting him to
consult other legal gentlemen of note,
and write me, in seasou for the meeting,
his opinion upon the point under consid
eration." A few days after the meeting
was over I received a letter from him, a
portiou of which I wish to preseut to the
. Boston, Aug. 3d, 1C55.
Dear Feiesd : Owing " to absence
from the cil) I received your letter too
late to have my answer of any use to you.
I regrot this the less because I see your
own discretion has always, so far as 1 can
judge at this distance, led you right. 1
think all your course judicious; success
is another thing, xouandl know that
tho utmost sagacity and discretion are of
little avail, at the moment, against un
scrupulous wickedness, armed with pow
er. On the side of the wicked there is
power, in your region as elsewhere, too
often, and that makes ail your tactics
useless, except a most important excep
tionto guide and arouse the Northern
A Convention based on the idea of
repudiating entirely your present Godless
Legislature, and aiming to arrange a
Provincial or Territorial Government,
and demand. recognition from the United
States, as the legal Territorial Govern
ment, is the sound course ; just what the
Treat your present Legislature as a
nullity, and organize as if it did not ex
ist, iguore it utterly. I think a State
Government, without a basis of sufficient
population, would be a mistaken course.
That defect would be held by all the na
tion, a sufficient, though it might be only
the pretended reason, for rejecting you ;
and this would give the enemy the best
side of the argument. By ignoring the
Legislature, and organizing Territonally,
you keep all the principles of right, law,
aud statesmanship on your side. Wheth
er you fail or succeed in your immediate
purpose, this keeping right legally, as
well as morally, is a great thing, if possi
Yours truly, .
' I suppress the name of this gentleman
because I do not know that he would like
to have me give it to the public ; but it is
at the service of an v gentleman who wish
es particularly to know the author.
i am aware 'that for me, without mon
ey, and of course almost without influ
ence, to attempt to frustrate this scheme,
is utterly useless. But I trust that the
good sense ot the last remark of the very
distinguished author of the letter, will
commend itself to the serious considera
tion of every lover of Kansas. It is
great thing to keep right legally as well
as morally. It is also a still greater thing
always to adopt our mcaus to the end we
desire to accomplish. Politicians are
proverbially the shortest sighted men in
the country ; almost always making the
most absurd political blunders. Even
the "trod-hke ' Webster erred most
egregiously in this matter. I believe
that the reason is the same as is the cause
of nearly all the error in the world, viz :
A want of perfect honesty in those who
attempt to reason upon a given subject
Even in the exact sciences it is nearly im
possible for a man to perceive the truth.
as long as some peculiar theory hangs
about his brain, to which theory he is
strongly attached ; and it is peculiarly so
in all questions pertaining to moral set
Said a noted English Reformer to a di
vine, with whom he had been for a long
time ariruing : "Can you not see the
truth of this proposition ?" "No," re
plied the divine, "I cannot" The Re
former took his watch-key from his pock
et, and holding it up before his friend
3ked him if he could see that. "Yes,"
he replied. The Reformer then placed a
guinea between the key and the man's
lace, aud asked him if he could now see
the key. "No," he replied. "And why
not?" queried his friend. "Because,"
replied the clergyman, "the guinea pre
vents me." "Exactly," said his' friend,
"and that is the reason why you cannot
see the 'truth of my proposition.
It is not always guineas that prevent
men from seeing the truth, but sometimes
it is the American's other ruliog passion,
viz : love of office. "
! I trust that your readers will not con
sider my remarks personal, when I sav
that in my opinion, if fewer persons here
were seeking for office, we s-hould hear
less about a S:ate Constitution than we
now do. If any person takes offense 'at
this remark he will prove himself the
identical office-seeker in question.
. ,.,Now, at the risk of being . considered
an egotist, I wish to say that wonder
that wise men should, for a moment, har
bor the thought of forming a State Con
stitution at this crisis. ;
In the first place, there is no necessity
for such a step; In the second place it
is eitremely foolish to talk of forming a
State Constitution, as we would write a
newspaper article, - or : make a ; stump
speech., I question whether a year would
be time enough to form such a Constitu
tion as the wants of the age would require.
We must go about such a measure free
from all excitement, and with the utmost
deliberation. The. very short time left
for us between the first of October, and
the session of Congress," would hardly
suffice to elect delegates. ' J ' "f
Again : if we form a Constitution now
we run the risk of having the ' Black
Law" engrafted upon it. If this is done,
farewell to all our hopes of admission in
to the Union. Foul as is that Union,
slaveholders and all, have always rejec
ted such Constitutions as contrary to that
of the United States. , Henry Clay suc
cessfully opposed the admission of Mis
souri for that reason. Sumuer, Hale,
Giddings, all radical anti-slavery men,
would oppose such a bill to the death.
And then, however, much we may la
ment that such a state of things exists,
yet it is useless to conceal the fact tlial
the next Congress will not forego the op
position now presented to the Whig Par
ty to place itself in power, under a new
name, for the sake of pleasing the Kan
sas squatters. Not that they love us less,
but they love the Whig party under its
new name with its new allies more.
If Kansas is admitted by this Congress,
the platform for '5G will be "no whar;"
and much as the members might indi
vidually desire the admission of Kansas,
:he wire-pullers will prevent them from
'Oting for such a measure.
Much stress is laid upon the fact that
the pro-slavery party are opposed to our
adopting a State Constitution. I do not
know that they are generally, for String
fellow is certainly endeavoring to per
suade his party to do the same thing ; but
if they are, it proves to me that their
usual sagacity has not forsaken them, but
they can see farther ahead than some of
us can, and hope by seeming to oppose
this project to blind oureyes, aud induce
us to advocate it still more strenuously.
At any rate we must have penetration
enough to ascertain the bearing of our
projects upon our destiny, without being
obliged to ak our opponents what they
think of those projects. If we pursue
the opposite course of always question
ing the pro-slavery party as to their
opinions upon our measures, they will
certainly know enough to appear angry
at a step which they are glad to see us
Again : the pro-slavery party are not
gods in intellect; by any means ; as wit
ness their Nero-like legislation, which
bears the palm of stupidity as well as
that of baseness. They are no better
judges of what will harm them, and help
us, than we ourselves are.
It is said that even if Congress refuses
to admit us into the Union, we still can
maintain our State organization, as Cali
fornia did, independent of Congress.
But let it be borne in mind that to be
thrown upon our own resources after
having assumed an hostile attitude to
our Legislature, will be certain destruc
tion to us. Let not folly or blind confi
dence in those assuming to lead us, in
fluence us in this matter. : The moment
we organize as a State, and fail of admiss
ion into the Union, that moment we shall
fall a certain prey to our euemies. We
miirhtas well act with caution in this
matter, and follow the advice of sterling
anti-slavery men here and at the East, as
t 'ii i .. -i r
to rush madly on under the guidance of
The course that I would recommend
is this: On the day of election of Dele
gate to Congress, let copies of a petition
to Congress be offered to every voter for
him to sign. Let tins petition state for
mally that the present Legislature of the
Territory wjts elected by voters from Mis
souri, and lyid trampled under foot the
authority of the United States, in refus
ing seats to men declared elected by the
uovernor in receiving members with
out their presenting the Governor's certificates,-and
in adjourning from the place
appointed by the Governor, to a part of
the territory not formally under the ju
risdiction of the United States. That
said Legislature had ''abridged the free
dom of speech and of the press ;" and
has enacted odious laws to which wo nev
er can submit. We are therefore left
without any legal protection as a people,
and our dearest rights are wholly unguar
ded, and we, not knowing what more
proper steps to fcik, do humbly ask the
General Jovernment to interfere in our
behalf, either by enforcing the principles
of the Nebraska-Kansas bill, or by some
direct legislation suited to our case.
If the facts, accompanied with proof
of the same, are formally presented to
Congress, and it is left to them to decide
what to do for us, the burden of legis
lation will thus be thrown upon them,
and they will bo obliged to do something
for us, iu order to redeem their "anti-Nebraska"
On the other hand, as I have already
stated, if we demand admittance as a
State, the politicians will make the radi
cal character of the measure, an excuse
for doing nothifrg, and we shall be left to
sure and certaiu ruin.
Yours for the supremacy of rea?on.
For th lit raid ff Freedom
Reply to Mr. Thomas.
Lawbexce, Sept. 0, 1855.
Mr. Editor : As I met some friends in J
your streets this morning I was asked
what it meant by Mr. Thomas" returnin
to Massachue;ts,and writing such a mess
of lies about Kansas. My reply was that
I did not know of his having written
anvthinir. The "Lynn News," of Au.
3d, was then handed me, containing a
letter from North Prescott, Mass., signed
E. A. Thomas.
In this letter are stated many things
which are not true, and, indeed, which
I know are not. Having been told by
him (Mr. T.,) while here, that the Lynn
News would not publish anything in op
position to his statements, I wish to reply
to him through your paper, as it has a
considerable circulation in Massachusetts.
He wiys: "I challenge the man who has
been there, i. e. in Kansas, or is there
now, to find a spring of water in the
Territory, of which an Eastern man may
drink freely, when thirsty, without en
dangering his life." Bein myself a
resident of this Territory, Kom his own
State, and personally acquainted with
him, I accept his challenge.
In regard to the water which he says
has the seeds of death so extensively dis
tributed in it, a to cause death in the
houses, I disbelieve ; unless a man drinks
enough to burst him except he be hoop
ed."' Men mav be such fools as to drink
enough of anv water to kill them. Mr.
Mendenhall, a Quaker, who has , been
Teacher and Superintendent at the Qua
ker Mission (to whom Mr. T., particular
ly refers,) for the last six years, told Mr.
Lincoln, from fiiassachusetts.in the pres
ence of Mr. Lowry, from Pennsylvania,
that the Mission tamily had constantly
used water from this spring, to which
Mr. T.N refers, during all this time, and
that they had suffered no inconvenience
therefrom. And further: he stated that
he knew of no such" circumstances or
death as Ur. T., alludes to.
By the way, it wasinPitlsfield, Mass.,
that Mr. Thomas himself " drank water
which made him suddenly ill, as he told
me, and for which I administered to him
some of "Blunt's Compound,", which
removed his illness. - j-
. Again : Mr. T. fays, that "pure water
cannot be found in Kansas." I say it can.
Further, he says that he neither saw or
heard of any spring water which New
England people would call good. But
he did heir at least of one, as can ; be
proven, which proof are not only, from
Bostou aud other places in Massachusetts,
and from other New England Slates, but
also good judges from all parts f tlie
country do call good ; and which I will
compare with any spring water in Lynn
or North Prescott, for purity, clearness,
or good taste. Of this water Mr. T. has
himself drank, as I carried it from the
spring to his bed while he was ill at this
Friend Thomas says that in traveling
fifty-two miles, (which should be forty
five) he found but two springs. I went
the same route with him, andean show
him at least twelve good springs within
forty miles. .
Again he says, "in its Kansas waters
are found the germs of diseaso which
cripples the settler if not destroy life."
Now, sir, I conclude that my friend has
been long enough in Massachusetts, on
Prescott lulls, to recover from the "crip
pling" which the waters of the Territo
ry gave him, and now weighs as usual
two hundred and twelve pounds. Now,
sir, if he has, I invite him to come out
here, or at least half way, and some of
the "cripples" will meet him to walk with
him from one mile to one thousand if he
wishes; those "cripples," too. who have
been using his "crippling" water for four
months. I said walk, but if he chooses
to run, die "cripples" arc ready to meet
him on that ground, or on any other, un
less it be using the rocking-chair or sofa.
On that score I think he would tucker
Two of us cripples have, since the
5th of June, traveled from five to six
hundred miles. Some of it by ox and
some by horse teams, some on horse
back ; and yesterday we returned from a
trip of two hundred miles, which we
made on foot. Now, as my friend knows,
I could not have had much money for ex
penses during these trips, as on the 5th
of June I had only the large sum of 33
cents in my pocket. During the first
two weeks of our journey, our living
was cold meat, bread, teaaud "crippling"
water; for the few succeeding days it was
bread and "crippling" water, with only
occasionally a little tea, as we wished it
to hold out. We slept upon the beauti
ful green carpet which our Heavenly
Father has spread over these fertile
prairies; and this has been our lodging
place for more than half the time of our
residence in the Territory. Still with all
this exposure to the winds, wet weather,
and unhealthy clima-e, with "cripplin
water to drink in abundance, we are ready
- e .1. ...I 'IM
for a trial of strength with friend Thomas
either at walking, running, or anything
which he may name, save J.he the rock
ing chair or sofa.
With regard to the climate, which he
seems to consi Jer as very unhealthy, hot,
cold and undesirable. From his long
residence in the Territory of four or five
weeks, nearly all of which was spent idly
at this place, let me say a few words : 1
came into Kansas on tho 15th of May;
have been here ever since. I never suf
fered less with heat than this hummer.
I hnve suffered more from the beat at the
East with their summer clothes on, than I
have this season with woolen clothes as I
have done throughout tlie summers.
He speaks of Mr. Cattle, of Boston,
who died at the Shawnee Baptist Mission,
conveying the false impression that it was
the climate of the .territory that killed
him. The facts are these : Mr. Cattle
was sick while in the boat, on the Mis
souri river, and there took medicine for
his diarrhea. He was told I think by
Mr. Thomas that he ought not to walk out
to the Mission, as he was unwell; yet he
did walk from Kansas, Mo., ehrht miles
to the Mission and back. He then
bathed his feet in cold spi iug water, as I
was told, and in a few hours was a corpse.
Now, sir, just see what an effect the
climate of the Territory has upon an
eastern man who walks into the Territo
ry four miles and back. For the Mission
is only, four miles in the Territory from
the Missouri line.
The health and the climate of the Ter
ritory are good ; weie people, of the
East subject to half the exposure which
those here are, disease and death would
be far more prevalent than here. Mr.
Cattle's, and nearly all the deaths here,
are from imprudence, either of hard la
bor or exposure. 1 only wonder that
more do not die than do, so regardless
of health and life do their worldly desires
make them. And this truth is frequently
remarked by observing men throughout
I hope that l aukees who wish to know i
the truth of these things, will come and :
see for themselves, not by stopping at
Lawrence or any one place during their
stay, but travel through the Territory
and we have no fears but they 'will be
perfectly well satisfied that friend Thom
as new but little more of xhe Teriitorv
than though he had never been here.
Perhaps it would be well '
home to put a riijht smart
EriTl.uirl wsfpr in thpir nrw-t
. .. . ...
crippling water siiouu nave a Dad el-
rei'i utou uiera.
0 my eastern friends I would fay,
the country can hardly be surp ial by
any iu which I have yet traveled, for cli
mate, foil, timber, and water. - There arc
not to extensive forests as iu tonus parts
of the country, bm this is consideieJ
rather a blesing than a curse from, the
greater ease of cultivation, fclill, there
is enough for present use, and as the
tires are kept out of it, it will greatly in
crease. ' ....... r ;
Corce and fee. for yourselves; take "no
one's word, for men look through differ
ent eyes, and what will suit one may not
another. Lull and see us.
Itespectfully, , C. FAY. ...
. T The Lansing State Journal, pub
lished jn Michigan as a Democratic pa
per and edited by George W." Peek,
member of. Congress elect as an Admin
istration Democrat, denounces the con
duct of the Adminitiatiou towards Gov.
Reeder, and cays thatunless the President
shows seme speedy signs of helping the
right to triumph iu Kaunas, then; is but
one course for tbe Democracy of Michi
gan to pursue to save themselves from ir
retrievable defeat they and the Admin
ifctratiou must separate. , - -
3T He who combats his own evil
passions .and desires, enter into the se
verest battle of life ; and if he combats
successfully,1 obtains the crcatest victory.
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superior mode cf building, iaimng f J
Uons for comaructiisg gravel walls. ' .jii,
plans, and engraved illustration.
revised end enlarged. 1 7 coits- tw
Theory of Popmarion.- Dmocd from lib
eral law of aninW fcrtiiity. . Introduction bj
Trail. 15 cent. . MW lj
Woman: her Education zni ji,,.
Mrs- Jiaao Kccd. With an introduction y
C. ii. Kfrkhmd. With portraits. fct"jfT-
the aLonnt in blnk Botes or posUg10!
addres. all orders, iaut;-& ,mI
Fe.fc.-17, ISM. - . Brow";.-,
. r 1 1 Hf-riv1ifrv lkut-nt: its la.tr nn.1 f.u-MlPF
beiore leaving j to i mu&n i,;,provt.racnt- liy o. s. Fomkr. i
fiak of ew t llateinitv; vr, tho Bcanaz and Nuwftff
t L-Kt tlf ! Children, including Female Education. 1J
ed 75d received by return of the &y