Newspaper Page Text
. . -,'
fTV 1, : i t if?'? Ilje 5fcil3 of BeOoty. O. W. BROWN, Editor. Lawrence, Saturday, Xor. 17. IS35. Apprentico Wanted. A toy from 14 to 16 years of age j wanted immediately at tLi office to learn the printing business." Missouri vs. Paupers. A low estimate places the amount of money'expended in Western Missouri, in consequence of the heavy Eastern j emigration to Kansas, at 81,000,000. This money has beeu expended for pro visions, cattle and horses, for labor with teams, &c, and ha become the circula ting medium.along the border, and pass ed from hand to hand, adding wealth to every person who has had the handling of it. Whilst the commercial cities, and in fact all parts of our extended country, have felt the pressure of the money mar ket, times hare been eomparatiely easy in Western Missouri. Provisions have commanded double the price ever known before, and a home cash market has been found for everything produced. There Is not an intelligent person in the country who is not willing to ascribe this condition of things to its proximate causa ; and if he will divest his mind of party prejudice, he will thank heaven for so pleasant a result. But while the facts exist, and are obvious to the casual ob server, and the treasures are literally roll ing into the laps of our neighbors, they arc stigmatizing the people of Kansas those who have saved them from bank ruptcy during the general crash with be ing "paupers, and the filth and scum of the eastern cities." Their press have been profuse in language of this descrip tion, and it has been caught up and re peated by the people, and passed from lip to lip, until many have almost been induced to believe the statement true, al though the gold of these same paupers were jingling in their pockets w hi le they repeated the slanderous allegations. There are now in Kansas between 35,-. 000 and 40,000 actual settlers, and these are increasing at the rate of 1,000 per week at the present . writing. Seven eigbths of this population are ranked by our neighbors ai "Abolitionists," and all who are classed under this head are reputed by them as "paupers." These paupers are preparing, as rapid ly as their circumstances will admit, to place themselves in a condition in which they can be independent of those thus disposed to slauder them. Many of them Lave grown good crops of corn and po tatoes during the ' last year ; and it is estimated that enough of the former has ."bfon'raised to meet the home demand present season. If such' has been the case the past season, with the innumera ble difficulties which surrounded them, what will be the case the ensuing year, when thousands of acres have been fitted for cultivation? The middle of May last found us with scarcely an acre broke with the plow, and hardly a rod of fence. How changed are the circumstances to day, and how much easier will it be for the pioneer during the ensuiug season Our Missouri neighbors may enjoy themselves in their abusive epithets of tis; While they are doing so we will en deavor to place ourselves in a position at as early a day as possible, by which we will be entirely independent of them.-r They will soon find that instead of being the consumers of their produce wo shall have a heavy surplus quantity for sale, and the rich harvest which they have reaped by furnishing government sup plies, for overland trains to Utah and California, and to the pioneers to the Territory, will be supplied by the pau pen whom they have been so liberal in stigmatizing. Then they may seek St Louis, New Orleans, or any other part of the world for a market, and learn that their own insulting treatment of the peo pie of Kansas has had a powerful effect in bringing about the result which cooler headed men in their own State most dep recatc. Immense Emigration. It is indeed surprising to sco the crowds which are wending their way daily into the Territory. If the reports which reach us from all quarters are reliable, and we believe they are, our population will nearly equal 70,000 by the-tfrst of December, and the sprim emigration will make us equal from 00,000 to 100,000. Congress can hard ly refuse us admittance iuto the Union for the want of sufficient population; for we shall reach the requisite number ere the bill is acted upon by that body which endorses our State Constitution. . Letter from Mr. Hutchinson. .A letter from our friend J. Herons sex, Esq., - slates that he visited sev eral persons of distinction in Chicago while on his way East, and found them thoroughly posted in regard to Kansas matters, and determined to do all in their power, which is sustained by the laws and constitution, to right matters here, Mr. II. purposed going from Chicago direct to Vermont, andvthence thron the New England StatesW We hope he will keep us adrised of his movements Eastern Help.' Funds are being raised in New Eng land to aid Iter. Mr. Nctb to push for ward the erection of a place of worship, also to purchase a valuable Sabbath School Library for the use of a society which will be organized by him.. ?3rF. A. Hcst & Co., St, Louis, have our thanks for their weekly repcrt of the St. Louis market. Our' business men can refer to it, it they desire to do . so. . - ljc $crafo of jfwc&om: Jnlepen Consumption. Startling Intelligence. j A friend hi Pennsylvania desires our ' A' gentleman direct from Parkville opinion of the climate of Kaiisas for the I brings ihe intelligence that Geo. S. Park, consumptive, and whether it would be a j Esq., late publisher of the submerged good retreat for those afflicted with lung Industrial Luminary, has returned to rii.sea.ses. We have expressed our opinion -that town; that a secret meeting has on thi.4 subject several ti in?-, bit feel been held in a neighboring village, and b.-tter qualified to answer intelligently 'a notice served on Mr P. to leave imme than at any preceding period. A year jdiately, or they will proceed to violence has now elapsed m'hcv our anivalou the j on Saturday of this week and forcibly borders of the Territory. Prior to our I expel him from the country. The busi-n-moral West we were much affiie'ed j ness men of Paikville have published an with colds and diseases of the lungs, and i address to the people of Platte county, for several years pr.-vious had suf fered from a brc ncl.bl afu-ctiou. The latter disease has not made its appearance since our sojourn here, and we trust the ..... - T y l milJ ciimate oi rvansas ior we nave taken no medicines ha secured us ajer permanent cure. We have had but one j cold since our residence here, and that was a very slight one, and induced by great exposure. The same gcneial ex emption from colds and eouglis-has been true of each member of our family, and has been a frequent subject of remark on that account. We find the same is true of every person with whom we have con versed on the subject. The next fact which we would men tion for the benefit of the consumptive who are looking towards Kansas, with the view of making it a home, is the fact that it has a dry atmosphere. In the East the atmosphere is constantly humid through the summer months, and flesh decays rapidly. Such is not the case in Kansas, for animal flesh can be preserved fresh here a far greater length of time than in any other country we are acquainted with. The wife of our nearest neighbor cam e to Kansas severely afflicted with the asthma. She has been here about six months, and finds herself entirely re lieved, and is flattering herself that she has received a permanent cure, though shehastakan no medicine for the disease, and has been subject to great exposure. Several cases have come under our observation of persons , who were afflict ed with pulmonary diseases on their ar rival in Kansas, who have been restored to perfect health, whilst in a very few cases the disease seems to have been ag gravated by a change of climate, and an early grave has been the consequence. The high winds of winter and spring must bear heavily upon the consumptive while our dwellings remain so open and ex posed as they still are ; -although our own impression is that when we get into plastered houses where we can shut out the rude autumnal and wintery blasts, . they will have nothing to apprehend from this account. ! It may be a question with physiologists whether the exposure to the atmosphere, and the superior ventilation of our dwell ings may not be conducive to health, and particularly to the consumptive. Persons suffering under this disease need constant exereise in .the open air and a liberal supply of food. All this he can get in abundance, and set down to his meals with an appetite such as he never before experienced. This exces sive appetite when gratified as is gen erally the case produces disease of the digestive organs, and diarrheas, dysen teries, billious and intermitting fevers, jaundice and the various types of rheu matism. If persons who come to Kansas, have the means to surround their homes with comfort, and if they will observe the general laws of health, they may snap meir nngers at me doctors, ana nave a perfect immunity from disease ; but to the .! . . 1 1 , , valetudinarian, without a plenty of ready cash, our advise to him is keep away from Kansas until there are better accom modations for his reception. October. In our last number we neglected to speak of the weather for October, as has been our practice for preceeding months. The distant reader will desire to be post ed, which we do by stating that from the 1st of the month to the 18th or 20th the weather was generally pleasant and beautiful, the theraomcter indicating a mild temprature during the day, but usually cold nights, though not to the freezing point in more than two or three instances. From the 20th to the 25th or 26th high wiuds from the north-west and north were constant, and the atmos phere exceedingly cold, the themometer standing through the entire day- below the freezing point. Since then the weather has again been pleasant and mild, and with the exception of one day, on Saturday last we believe, workmen have been constantly engaged out of doors, end the masons have beeu busy erecting composite walls, which cannot be built daring freezing weather. lasincr ino monui oi uctooer as a whole ws are not conscious of experien cing one so mild . and pleasant as was the Lvt. This month ia the east is usu ally wet, with high winds and roads al most impassible from the depth of the mud, but such has not been the case with the last in Kansas, on the contrary but little rain has fallen, and no snow has been observed, save daring a short time about the 24th of the month, when flakes were seen in the air, but it did not . show itself on the earth, it was so scarce Venison. Messrs. Jobdon 3s PrrTiJfGiu. killed a fine buck on Coal Creek, on Saturday last, which weighed - two . hundred pounds. It had horns full two feet long with three antlers. We are indebted to the parties for a slice, which made all parties about the Herald of Freedom of fice a good breakfast.- They will accept our thanks, and wishes for continued success in pursuit of such noble game. and the stete of Missouri, asking for law and order to be respected. The address is before us, sigwd by B. F. Nicholson, Thos. Aspling. Fielding Burnes, Col. Summers, Dr. Campbell and several oth- of the most prominent citizens of that town, whose names appear as a com mittee. Thev announce the fact of Mr. P's return ; the threat that is impending over him ; and their determination to defend him to the last extremity. They say he came upon business, at the urgent solicitation of the people of the town whose bnsiness relations were seriously suffering in consequence of his protract ed absence. They claim to be qualified to guard their own interests, and de clair it to be their fixed purpose to sub mit to no aggressions of their rights." We would love to stand by the side of Mr. Park during this crisis, and would do so, were it not for delaying the mail ing of our paper which is already too far behind time. Some of our boys may feel like going over and seeing the fight. We are glad to find the controversy is between the people of Missouri, but we can't say we look on indifferently. The right is with those who are defending Mr. Park, and there are our sympathies, and there is our assistance, if demanded. Important News. We find the following uews item iu the Kickapoo Pioneer. It is all news in litis quarter, ana will be reaa with a smile at the extreme gullibility of the pro-slavery press. The Pioneer may rest assured that an incident of the char acter which he mentions would cause no excitement in Lawrence. The "impli- ments" are always ready for service, and will require no burnishing when the con test comes "An acquaintance just down from Lawrence informs us that the decency up there were terribly frightened last week. Some pro-slavery wag started the word that the sheriff and a posse of "ruffians" were on their way to euforce the law re garding the printing and circulating of Abolition documents. Immediately on receipt of the news the town was in an uproar the sensation created was im mense. The rust was rubbed off of guns, and old swords were introduced to the grind stone to give them an extra keen ness. The chief of the Decency, the editor of the Herald of Freedom, brought forth his powder kegs ; and, it is said, shed tears of joy to think that his days of martyrdom had arrived. Look-outs were placed upon the top of the Hotel to give the word wheu the "ruffians ' would heave in sitfiit. is irnt came on and the enemy not appearing, they congratulated one another upon having whole bones and re tired to bed. xsext mornmrr our wair whispered that the day before he suspect ed the peaceable and non-combatant, law loving people of Lawrence were sold! it was even so; they were sold, and that VEBV CHJSAP." Murder. We see in the St. Joseph Cycle, that a fatal rencounter occurred a few days ago at Doniphan, between Pat Laughlin, the perjurer according to his own confess ion and Samcel Collins, a Free Slate man, and late Delegate to the Big Springs' Convention, growing out of Pat's expo sure of a secret organization said to exist in the Territory. The Cycle represents Put as acting in self-defense, but nobody believes the statement. Collins had re sided about a year in the Territory, and was a man of intelligence and much per sonal worth. We shall have further infor- tion as regards the facts in a few days Complimntary to Lawrensa. Mr. Redpatii, the intelligent reporter of the St. Louis Democrat, stopped for several days in Lawrence, and made the acquaintance of our principal citizens during his stay among us. In the Cth number of his letters to the Democrat, speaking of Law rence, he says : "It is due the people here to say that in alt my journeyings, and 1 have visit ed every section of the Union east of the Mississippi, and several towns and cities west oi it, i never saw a more oraeriy, educated and industrious population than is to be found in Lawrence and its neigh borhood." Free Masons. We see the notice of a Convention of Masons to be held at Leavenworth, on the 21 Monday of November next Monday to organize a Grand Lodcre. Letters of invitation have been sent to each of the Lodges in the Territory to be present at that time. It will be observed by an advertise ment in another place that a Lodge of the Order has been instituted in Law rence. Dangerously I1L John Dillon, from Maple Grove, Bar ry county, Mich., is lying dangerously ill at the Cincinnati House in this city. Wm. Dillon, a brother,, came to the Territory with him a few weeks ago, but his present residence is not known. If he sees this notice it is presumed he will hurry to the bedside of his dying brother. Z5T The Commercial Cycle has an "address" in its last nu mber from Pat Lovghlin, the perjurer, to the citizens of Kansas. It is the most silly thing we have met with for many a day. S3" A load of watermelons were in town on Wednesday last. Wonder if they will continue in market until winter sets itu tl)c interests of Kansas, ELI THAYER, Eli Thayer. This gentleman, whose name heads this article, and who has attracted so much at tention in the history of Kansas that year ago the " Self-Defensive Associa- tion, " of Weston, Mo., offered a price for his head, a price which, very likely,. he will yet come to claim in person, is still young. We may hope that he will live to see many free States established, owin? their freedom to the magic of the great system, for "The Organization of Emigration," which has its birth willy! him. He was born in Mendon, in Massachii-. setts, in the immediate vicinity of Rhode Island, in the year 182X Till he was almost of are his training differed in nothing from that of other country boys in Massachusetts. It had the advantages , of the New England District School, and no advantages beside. His father, for a part of his boyhood, kept a country store; and it was here, and on a farm which was none of the richest which, indeed, to Western readers, would have seemed one of the poorest that Eli Thayer received all the educa tion for business life, which he has had occasion to use. with his remarkable ex ecutive ability, in various enterprises of the last ten years. He was nearly twenty years of age when he proposed to prepare himself to enter college. At that time he had made very little acquaintance with either the Latin or the Greek languages. His fath er was amazed to hear this intention, but Mr. Thayer had then, itseems, asl'it tie disposition as he has now, to stop short in an enterprise on which he has begun. . He put his trunk on board a Blackstone canal boat, bound for Worce ster, Massachusetts. If the reader knew what that Blackstone canal was, (it now exists only in history,) he would see that it required some faith and some energy to get the trunk through by that line. The story, indeed, is always told that Mr. Thayer himself went on foot. In a little memoirof him, generally ac curate, in the London Times, of August 24th, 1854, it reads thus: "Tying Hii few clothes in a cotton handkerchief, he placed the bundle on a canal boat, and walked to the terminus of the canal, where he reclaimed the bundle, and con tinued his walk to a neighboring village, where was situated a school of prepara tion for the University." In some way or other he pat the trunk through, (for we hold to the trunk as the correct reading,) and also came through himself. The school to which he was bound, was known as the Manual Labor School, and was instituted with the hope that the pupils might work with their hands to advantage in the intervals of study. Eli Thayer availed himself of such work as the day gave him, of such study as the night gave him, and. after little more than a year, attained Latin and Greek enough, to meet the re quisitions for entrance at Brown Univer sity. His mathematical examiner, we are told, was obliged to take his promise that in the first term he would "make up his mathematics, on which he attempted no examination, and we have thought that that gentleman must have remem bered the contract with satisfaction when Mr. Thayer graduated, the most distin guished mathematician in his class. He varied his college studies with various practical exercises, ranging from the nail ing of laths to the keeping of District Schools, and when he graduated in 1845, one of the best scholars of his class, he was, probably, better advanced than most of them, even in this world's gear. Certainly he was, if that is true, which we have beard somebody say, that though he entered college with nothing in his. pocket, he passed through his ourse7 paid his bills and graduated, with, some two hundred dollars. Ht graduated in the class of 1845, having spent so much time in teaching at intervals of his "col lege life, that it extended over five years instead of four. That strong minded christian philoso pher, whose strong common sense has given him the reputation of standing at the bead of. American teachers, the ven erable Dr. Waylacd, was at this time the head of Brown University. If, as we believe, Eli Thayer is to be remembered 1 f i"" WORCESTER, MA88. in history as the founder of States, it will benolittle source of pride to Dr. Way land, and to Brown University, that they had a share in the training of his heart and mind. On leaving college Mr. Thayer return ed to Worcester, where he took the charge of the school we have spoken of, which had iu the meanwhile taken the name of the Worcester Academy. Be fore many years he purchased the site op posite that institution, then known as Goat" Hill, now better known as Oread Hill, from which our own Mount Oread, in Lawrence, takes its name. Most trav elers through Worcester must "observe, even as the cars fly by, the imposing round towers of the lanre building which he erected there for his school for girls which, with a certain pleasantry, is call ed the "Oread Institute," from the Greek name, "Oread" of the mountaiu nymphs. Mr. Thayer has deeply at heart the idea that the people of New Ergland know the worth of a good education. He believes that whoever will offer them the article they want, in the way of edu cation namely, a first rate article will find enough willing to pay a fair price for it. He never asked any endowment for the Oread Institute, therefore it is so far a public institution that a board of trustees, as a sort of visiting board, examines it from time to time. But it is so far a private institution that its propri etor is responsible for its expenses, and that the charges on the pupils defray them. The working of the school has been very successful. It has had an ad mirable staff of teachers, of whom Mr. Thayer lias been one, more or less con stantly engaged, as his public occupation permitted, and of whom lie always keeps the personal superintendance. The range of the studies is wide, and com pares favorably with that of the New England colleges. In other parts of Worcester are vari ous improvements mill-ponds, machine shops, and other works, which are the results of his enterprise and energy. Rs- iconizedin that thriving town as a man wh never attempts anything which he does not carry through, he has been a pop ular public officer when he has consented to act in the public service, while in his private enterprises he has contributed to the advancement of its prosperity. He was one of its members in the iate Leg islature when the Nebraska bill was, to the amazement of the North, sprung upon Congress. So som as it was evi dent that it would pass, Mr. Thayer saw that the treachery which started it was to be met by accepting the principle of Squatter Sovereignty which it professed ; and that it was to be made the instru ment of freedom by the "organization of emigration," he applied at once to the Legislature for a charter for the Emigrant Aid Company. He found many men ready enough to give their names to thw great movement, but how few to tike hold and to work with him ! What will come of it, we will not now try to prophecy. But if it succeeds, as we be lieve it will, if Kansas and many anoth er State are admitted into this Union free, because freemen dare emigrate any where when they have mutual support while no true freeman will go alone into lands where labor is disgraceful ; if, yeaj by year, the 'organization of emi ration"adis new free States to the Amer ican Confederacy, the historian of that organization will find that the country owes it, in the largest measure, to the per severance and enduring energy of Eli Thayer. It is a delicate thing to describe the character of a living man. Bnt we may say here what Mr. Thayer's Worcester neighbors would say, that his successes in "various walks are not to be attributed to that trail of character which is not made honorable when it is called versa tility, which is as often a sign of weak ness as of greatness, and more apt to be the precurser of ruin than of triumph. Mr. Thayer's success in his enterprises is due rather to the steady, unflinching perseverance, which does not begin till it is well nigh sure, and then never stops at all. "Why is St. Louis so much larger a town than Alton," asked some one. "I dV not know," was the reply, ,"but do you not see that if there was one man in the one city, of resolute energy, in the be ginning, when there was no such man in the other that "difference is enough to account for any possible difference in their n-owth afterwards." Such confidence in one man's power, keeps him at any task wliich he has undertaken till he sees it done. It would have surprised some men who heai d him one day last summer address ing a large popular assembly on Emigra tion in the homely English, to hear him a few hours after, surrounded by schol ars, speaking at length in Latin, which was as correct as the English was point ed .--or yet a few hours later to have heard him at the heal of "the pioneers," . as they met the felicitations of the peo ple of Albany and Rochester. But this variety of work is not the result of mere versatility. It is the energetio effort of a man, whose heart is inhis undertakings, and who knows he can carry them through. Signs of Distress. We are much crowded for space, but we cannnot refrain from making room for the following from the Kickapoo Pioneer, the editor brays piteously for help. Pow er is departing. The hand writiug is seen upon the wall. Pro-slavery men, do come immediately to Kansas, and rally around the bla k flag, else all your hope will per ish, and all your money will be lost which you have expeuded iu sending enemies into Kansas to wrest from the "abolition ists" their liberties. The fertile plains of Kansas are literally Uaik with oppo- sers of slavery. Ihey come in wagons, they come by steamboats, they throng our public thoroughfares, they are seen in every department of life, and some thing must be done to stay the tide this avalanche of Freedom, else all, all is lost. But to the article from the Pio neer: "The crisis has arrived. The time has come when it behooves every pro- slavery man to be up and -doing. If Southerners wish to see Kansas enter the Confederation as a'slave State, they must no longer hesitate about taking up their line of march; they must come thicker and faster than ever before. Our enemies (the abolitonists,) are making every ex ertion to populate this Territory with hordesof their followers. Money has been raised to the amount 100,000 in the East, and sent to the abolitionists of Law rence, for the purpose of making Kansas a Free State; and these tools, it is said, have formed themselvesinto asecret,mid night organization, where they meet and concoct ways and means to accomplish every kind of rascality and dishonesty to thwart the influence and strenir'h of the pro-slavery party; and it is also said they are makiug use of the money fur nished them in populating this Territory from the Free States the passage of ev ery abolitionist is paid who will migrate as speedily as possible to knock for ad mission as a State at an early day. "The South must at once rally there is no time to be lost money must be rais ed to meet every emergeucy, and this Temtorj must be densely populated with men in favor of slavery; if not, every thing is lost to us. The glorious achiev- ments that have been so valiantly won at the ballot-box in past elections will amount to nothing, if Kansas is to enter the Union as a Free State. But we cannot believe that the South will remain dormant and inactive, and allow Kansas to be lost and her iuterests thereby seriously impaired, The gallant and glorious old South has money and men to meet any exigency to meet any attempt of her enemies to wrong and defraud her of her just rights; then why not come at once, no more pro pitious time can otter than the present. Hesitate no longer, now is the time Kansas bound, Onward. The pro-slavery party of this Territory will meet you with open arms and a hearty welcome. Come and join us in the noble cause. Strike for your liberties and the perpetuation of the Constitution put down the abolition ists and fanatics of the North, they have already been allowed too much sway, and are consequently becoming more impu dent every day. Strike terror to their black hearts and make them repent of past transgressions with a solemn promise never to darken the peace, happiuess and perpetuity of our glorious Republic by lifting au arm or raising a voice to pro claim ngero freedom in our Territory, which soil by right belongs to the South and must be owned by the South at the sacrifice, if need be, of her best and bra vest men." Our Kickapoo cotemporary has given the "sign of distress" rather louder and more urgent than we had expected, but he will moaa more piteously than that ere the ides of March next. Do you hear that neighbor? Sickly. Our friend, L. B. Wright, says the Con neaut, O., Reporter; of the Michigan City Enterprise, talks like one having ex perience in the Chills and Fevers so prev alent in the country, especially in the West. Hear him: "Such a haggard, miserable, woe-bo-gone, willow complexioned, frozen and burnt to death people we presume, were never found as can be "hunted up" in this same Indiana. This Chill and Fe ver is an unpleasant disease, at the best. In another place in the same paper we find the following: "The article of quinine is exhausted in three of the principal towns on the Wa bash, in Indiana. Terre Haute ran short first and then made a run on Vincennes, and exhausted the stock there. Yincen nes drew on Evansville and cleaned that city out." And yet we, here in Kansas, have al lowed ourselves to think that it was ex ceedingly sickly in Kansas, and yet we have great doubts about there being one half the sickness in Kansas daring the last few months according to the popula tion as there was in many of the middle and western states. Crawford county, Pa., the healthiest county in the world, has suffered severely from Ague and Fe ver the last summer. jfST With all the suffering the papers tell about, in Kansas from poverty, dis appointment, fec, we have not yet heard of a single case of suicide in the Terri tory. There is something in the atmos phere and surrounding circumstances which keeps the spirits buoyant, and cheertuL . , Council CityThe NewYork Settle ment in Kansas. -Had the following articla only appear ed in regard to the Council City enter prise, instead of having occasion to cen sure any person for misrepresenting the facts, we could have published it with our endorsement. It is evident the ar ticle was furnished by some truthful member of that company, and fully sus tains our statements in regard to that association. As the history of this settlement is in teresting, an account of its objects, the advantages of its position, the good judgment and faithfulness of its direct iors, the obstacles surmounted and its prospects of great and Lasting success, authentic accounts concerning it are al ways desirable amidst the frequent mis representations to which all the free aspi rations in the new Territories are liable. Council City is the name originally desi gned for the town site, which was selected by the Exploring Committee of the American Settlement Company of this city, in October, '54 ; but it has beeu extended, to designate the entire community, chiefly C3nsisting of stock holders of the company, who occupy claims of 160 acres alonsr the wooded banks of Dragoon and Switzer's Creeks, north and south of the great Santa Fe road. As vet'there has hardly been any buildin'r on the citv-site. as the lanre- ' o ' w steam saw-mill was delayed on the way for months, and partly because the draw ing for lots has been but recently com menced, the settlers being occupied on their claims, where they reside. These extend ten miles in one direction, about twelve in auother, fcc. the number of settlers being variously estimated at from 500 to COO or 1,000 persons. The direction of the Kansas operations in New York, has been thrown upon a few hands, and left without that volun tary pecuniary support which the ther company (the Boston Emigrant Co.) has received. The latter has received prob ably, to the amount of 50,000, and has the prospect of much more. Although the difficulties and labors of the New York directors have consequently been rendered very great, and strict economy has been practiced, under self-imposed restrictions, certain great advantages have resulted to the enterprise from the scarcity of means. Several men at first in the service have dropped off, whose loss is regarded as 'a great gain ; whilst the absence of all speculating features in the enterprise has given it great favor with actuel settlers, who find it plauned and ouductcd for their benefit, and neither for rich capitalists nor selfish schemers. Some unfriendly reports have been circulated against the Jew York Settle ment Company, which naturally produce temporary effects until the truth is known; but it is a remarkable fact that all parties agree in praising the location in the high est terms. It has never been objected to, abounding in a fertile and deep soil, good water, limestone, coal, kc, with an unusual supply of timber for that re gion, and being on the great road to the West. The climate is generally remark ably healthy, uot a case of death or even illness having occurred through the last winter and spring. But within about three months, cases of bilious fever have appeared some probably brought there, and others caused by drinking creek wa ter instead of that from the wells, and four persons have died Mr. M. C. Ha vens, one of the local committee ; Mr. Stewart, and two children. This, how ever, is a small bill of mortality for such a population, especially under the cir cumstances." One of the Directors, a resident, has his saw mil! now in operation, and sev eral others have sent or come East for their families. One clergymati resides there, and another preaches regularly, alternating with Lawrence or some other settlement. A Sunday School has long been in operation, and a day school is kept by a young lady from this city, on the summit of the finest swell of the rolling prairie, which overlooks a scene of great fertility, extending from ten to twenty miles on all sides. There being no good navigable stream in Kansas, the Santa Fe road is the grand thoroughfare, and may be the line of the Pacific Rail road. Council City is about 93 miles in the interior, the most westerly settlement in that direction, and seems destined to bo prosperous and influential. The only money received by the -Directors of the SeLileraent Co. is from the sale of stock, each share of which (10) represents a town lot (chiefly 75 by 151) feet each,) for which about -j6,000 has been received in all. The balance on hand, like much of the rest, ha3 been sent to pay for cer tain improvements of immediate import ance on the spot The constitution pro hihiis the contracting of debts, and pro vides for an orderly, temperate and intel ligent community, such as already exists. X. 1". Courier & Enquirer. Characteristic. Now the elections are over in the East, and the motive for coloring ihe facts in regard to Kansas has ceased, we trust the eastern press will no longer publish articles of the following character from the Squatter Sovereign, and other border papers, and give them as fads to their readers. Saoli statem ents are kn wa to be fa!seby every resident in Kansas, and only published by the pro-slavery press with the view of keeping their party in countenance, and shouil not be copied as facts by any well-wisher of Kansas. Slaves is Kissas. Within a month past there has been a Urge accession to the slave population of Kansas. In this immediate neighborhood several new comers hare settled and in most instan ces brought several slaves with them. This is what we like to see. They can not be brought into the Territories in too large numbers, for our rich hemp lands will give sufficient employment to the slave - and amply remunerate the owner. Come on with your slaves. Our rich land invites settlers from all sections of the South. SquatUr Sover eign. : : -: ' ; - - Returned. Rer. S. Y. Lcic and lady, arrived in town on Tuesday morning last from the East, where he has been sojourning for several weeks. He is in good health. We welcome his appearance again among us with much pleasure. EST There are now nine newspapers published in this Territory, six of which are Free State. " Straws tell, (tc. Got. ShannonAbolitionism. There is no higher evidence of t wrong condition of the mind among pj. iticians thau for them to descend toappT abusive and reproachful epithets to opponents. That editor who demcm, himself to speak of an opposing by a name which is not agreeable to party spoken of always lowers hU stand, ardof morals, and wields less iafiaencft than, the one which never, stoops to so i ,j ; i ! , . low a ueK.- 10 aircumpiisn nis end. The Whig party were in the habit of speaking of the Democrats as Lacmt Who believes that they ever gained aav- thing by such an expression ; while bo is there who is not conscious of the fac; that they aroused the animosity of uVir opponents by the expressions, and m$ their hatred ten times more bitter tLsa otherwise would have been die case While on the other hand, what Wllr has not felt his blood course faster whea he heard himself or party stigmatize w Federalists, and, by ignoramuses, y, the came of Tory ? The Freesoil party, too, hasaU.ouanj times felt indignant at being reproaehrd with Abolitionism, not that there are r Abolitionists in the party, as there wer Federalists in the Whig and Democratic parties, but this was not a disunguisLin feature of their organization ; as the ef forts of the party were directed to tlie pre vention of the extension of slavery, not for its abolition. No gentleman with or dinary intelligence will descend tosprai of the Freesoil as an Abolition partr, aal if he uses the expression he niUit fr: descend from the gentleman to the uW guard. Pei sons filling exalted positions, as ti e executives of the several Stales and Ter ritories, and of the United Stales, are expected to cease playing the partizan u soon as they enter upon the discharge of their official duties. Ilead Got. Shannon's letter on the fourth page of the Herald of Freedom this wc k, di rected to Col. Mkdart of the OIii.TSta.rji. man, and then judge whether in Lis oa,- the demagogue is sunk in the faijiful public officer, whose protecting care should extend over his tchole people. The Herald of Freedom and kindred prints he stigmatizes as AUiitioR jour nals. Gov. Shannon, knew, or coull have known very easily, that the Herald of Freedom, nor no other paper iu Kan sas Territory, has advocated the abohuoa of slavery anywhere. They Lave de clared, and will continue to do so from time to time, that slavery does noile0nil!r exist in Kansas Territory, aud this we reiterate now, for fear we may neglect to say it elsewhere in this number of our paper ; yet this is not Abolitionism. The border press are in thelulitof calling everything which is not in favor of nullification "Abolition," and Gov. Siianxox, a fit disciple of the pro slavery party, and of the border press, joins heartily in using these teim of reproach. They must feel that tltfj have a very apt student, and will con gratulate themselves on the ease which he has exhibited in falling into the use of such terms ; but will be chagrined t Li assertions that he did not avow hiravlf ' in favor of slavery in Kansas while it Westport on his way to the Terriiorj. We would suggest to Gov. Shannon, and to the border press, that we are not conscious of any better way of making Abolitionists tlian by reproaching tfioi-e who are not of this faith with being such. The Hon. B. F. Wads was elects J to the United States Senate as an oppo ser of the extension of slavery, but he never dreamed of being an "Abolition' ist;' on the contrary in 1812 he was nominated by the Liberty party of Ohio as a representative to the State Senate from the Ashtabula district, but so much did he differ from the views of that party that he came out in a card and declin ed the nomination, and was unwilling to be supported by them, although fce was a nominee of the Whig party the same office at the same time. Subsequently he appears in the United States Senate, and is taunted from tinw to time with being an "Abolitionist." With him as would be the caso with sy other man of nerve and "backbw similarly circumstanced, said he in reply to one of those mean and contemptaom thrusts "Whatever I may be at home, while I remain a member of -the Uoitfri States Senate I wish to be known and recognized of all man as ah AdoHtiontti, and that of the rankest kind." Oppression ha the tendency to male men uhra. We have no doubt it con tributed its influence with Mr. Wadz. it is doing with thousands of others 'l over the country. If the same lin bl :.. l v.r krr nb'nh- bors which has characterized them the iast two years, and who are receiving great support from their new ally Woa Shannon, a few years will only er when the crop of Abolitionists, both i Missouri and Kansas will e too numer ous for them to remain ia either Suto with their slaves. ' ZW We see a call going the roandJ for a Convention of the law and order citizens of this Territory to meet at )'. en worth on the 14th day of It must be a preUy state of affairs wneu the people have to meet to adopt jaj and means to enforce the iaws, and w the officers whose business it is to that the laws are carried out, Uke a back seat, or stand with their hands in ftew pocket coolly looking ca.-&f Pioneer. - ' 3TA fellow by the name of L. F. Green tooka pony belonging to an other, and one of Sharp' riae, in Pal myra a week or two ago, and "vamosed therancbe." He deserve the peniten tiary for his thieving propensities. i