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The Kansas herald of freedom. (Wakarusa, Kan. Territory) 1854-1860, November 17, 1855, Image 4

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006863/1855-11-17/ed-1/seq-4/

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. O. W. BROWN, Editor.
Lawrence, Saturday, Not. 17, 1855.
Freedom vs. Slavery.
Oar friend E. W. Benkett, while on
his way to Kansas Ciiy a few days aro,
says he met crowd of pioneers from
Illinois, and other Western States,
on their way to the Territory. Covered
teams were metalmost constantly. There
were ten emigrant wagons in one train
well supplied with stock and all the ap
pliances for building up a home in a new
country. They appear to be making
their way principally to the Neosho, and
the south part of the Territory.
Mr. B. further states that four fam
ilies of pro-slavery persons, formerly
from Kentucky, camped with him one
night on the Wakarusa. They were on
their way, with their negroes, from the
Territory, and said that where they had
settled, near Bloomington, they were
completely surrounded with Yankees
that they did not like such neighbors
for their slave property, and had conclu
ded to go back where there would not be
so great a risk to run. They were ap
prehensive Congress would gite the val
idity of law to the Constitution now
framing, then all hope was gone. He
ract four families of pro-slarery Virgin
ians, who had left the Neosho with their
slaves, and were going to locate in Platte
county, Mo. Mr. B. says three families
f Virginians have left the neighborhood
where he resides, and have gone to set
tie in Missouri. They claimed tliat there
was no prospect whatever of making
- Kansas a slave State.
If these persons desire to keep their
"mammas with them," they will settle
elsewhere than in Missouri, or prepare
for another hegira to some other region ;
for the recent occurrences aloni; the bor-
der has furnished demonstratable proof
that the days of slavery are numbered
in that State, and the future 'historian
will record the fact that D. It. Atchison
and Bully F. Stringfellow were the prin
cipal agents in bringing about this re
sult. The Demagogue.
Gov. Shannon is taking life easy here
in Kansas. Snugly ensconced at the
Shawnee Mission we hear nothing from
him save his making a trip on the 23 J
ult. to Lecompton to attend a land sale
on that day. It is true when he first
arrived ia the Territory he found it con
venient to take the slump for Gen.
Whitfield, and attended the poll at the
Missouri election, but on the whole his
duties are light and he can afford plenty
of time to pen four column articles fur
publication in the local press, in self
' defence, and can even spend time to send
a copy to Ohio for publication without at
all encroaching on his public duties.
After the 1st Monday in December
when the Senate convenes tho Govern
or will be at liberty to pursue the even
teuor of his ways, and then he can make
pro-slavery speeches if he chooses, vote
for pro-slavery candidates, or falsify the
position of the public press of Kansas,
but while he is under pay from govern
ment, and dates his correspondence from
the "Executive Office of Kansas T.,"
he must suspend this employment, or
catch occasional Jits from our pen and
scissors. While he pursues the legiti
mate duties of his office we will lend
him our assistance in sustaining his
administration, but we cannot do so
while ho is playing the demagogue and
politician, as has been his case since his
arrival' ia Kansas.
i
Intended to Mislead.
'At Council City, the American Set
tlement Company is buildiuga good
Hotel, which likewise will soon be ready
to accommodate the public. By the way,
a silly attack on this town and the Amer
Scan Settlement Company has been made
through the Herald of Fieedoni, whose
editor, believing nothing to be good
originating in New York, has dressed
up the mischievous gossip of certain en
eniies of tho Company in an editorial
article, which he begs all Eastern papers
to copy. It is hardly necessary to say
that his random and reckless assertions
are all bosh,"
The abore extract is made from the
letter of the Kansas Correspondent of the
N. Y. Times. The source from whence
it came, and the character of the article is
surprising. The correction of a false
statement in regard to Council city, and
which was calculated to injure the pros
pects of the city is called a "silly attack,"
and tho facts we have published is "mis
chievous gossip." Aud then to talk
about our statement that Council City
has not tea residents within the city
limits as "random and reckless asser
tions," and "bosh," shows that the
writer was disposed to give currency to
the falkhood which went the rounds of
the press that "Council City is the most
populous town in Kansas Territory, and
has a population rf 1.50D inhabitants."
We will wager to opinion that the cor
respondent of the N. Y. Times is an
officer of the American Settlement Com
pany, and has something to do with
fingering its funds, else he would never
have penned that article. -
JJSTO ur friend Mr. M. F. . CoswAr,
Esq., has been confined to his room for
several weeks with sickness, induced by
too great exercise on his tour through
the -Territory organizing the Free State
party, prior to the recent' election. He
was -too much indisposed to take" his
seat in the Constitutional Convention,
to which he was elected a member from
the St. Mary 'a district. We are glad to
observe Uxat he is recovering, and hope
gpen to we hiia m tho ttreets.
l)c gcmlti of
Gov. Shannon.
We find the following letter from Gov.
Shannon in the Ohio Statesman, followed
by the long letter we published from
him in our last issue :
Executive Office, Oct 6, '55,1
Shawnee Mis.-ion, K.T.)
Mr Dear Colokel I tend you here
with a communication (copy) sent by
me to G. W. Brown, the editor of the
Herald of Freedom, printed iu Lawrence,
in this Terrirory, correcting a long
tiring of falsehoods he had published in
reference to myelf. I feel so outraged
aud provoked at these slanders, that I am
compelled, most reluctantly, to notice
them otherwiM?r niuc-teutlis ot tne
people will believe there is some truth in
them. I do not know whether he will
publish my letter or not, but I would be
glad if you would put it in the Statesman
at a3 early a day as you can. The Herald
of Freedom is an Abolition paper, and
now engaged in the revolution that they
are irettin up here. There is one tbinir
I would wish to impress on the Demo
cratic editors Hast: to receive everything
from this Territory with great caution.
It is the great factory of falsehood, and
materials wun wmcu politicians in me
East expect to make political capital. It
is the sole business of these papers here
to send on to their employers in the East
wliatever is desired for that market.
1 expect to visit Ohio in November.
Yours, Ac, WILSON SHANNON.
The Governor dates all his private let
ters from the "Executive Office," thus
giving them an official character.
"The Herald of Freedom is an Aboli
tion paper," says the Governor. From
this, it seems he is disposed to join hands
with the pro-slavery party in calling ev
erything aboliliun which favors the
making of Kansas a Free Suite.
"Eniriired in a revolution." The at
tempt of the people to get up a govern
mentof their own for self-protection is
stigmatized by the Governor as a "revo
lution."
"It is the sole business of these pa
pers here to send on "to their employers
in the East whatever is desired for that
market." That assertion of Governor
Shannon's i3 too mean for the meanest
man in all the West to enunciate, and
none but Gov. Shannon would have so
asserted. He must not expect any mer
cy from our hands while that base iunuen
do remains uncorrected, neither must ho
ask for any "favors" through our col
umns. A person capable of making
such an assertion is fit for the groveling
place llllson Shannon now occupies.
"I expect to visit Ohio in November."
Yes, and you will st-iy there ; at any rate
you will never return as tho Governor of
Kansas. If President Pierce does not
decapitate you, the Senate will. We
canuot believe that Mr. Pierce will ever
send so small a name as that of Wilson
Shannon into the Senate Chamber of the
United States, and ask the concurrence
of that body in appointing you to an of
fice which you have disgraced every mo
ment since you were appointed to it. In
an egotistical manner you commenced in
Ohio by telling your party there what
you would do on your arrival in Kansas,
and from that lime to the present the
ears of the Donkey, without his brains,
have been in the ascendant.
Gov. Shannon is in his dotage, provi
ded he was ever possessed with an ordi
nary amount of intellect, and President
Pierce owes it to tho honor of his admin
istration that he be recalled at once. If
the office was left in tho hands of Secre
tary Woodson until the assembling of
Congress no one would be harmed by it,
on the contrary we believe all parties
would be satisfied witTi his administra
tion until the new Constitution goes into
effect, and the people have elected their
own officers.
iC5T Out of the 200 men belonging
to the Abli:i n pirty, in Liwrence. not
one could be found who would fiarht.
They were compelled to send to Howard
county, Mo., for a bully, whom they
have hired at the rate of S35 per month.
This man is now in Lawrence, en-
rtsd in his business, and is the first
professional bully we havj heard of in
the West. Frontier Xeics.
We adv ise the "border ruffians" to
nuike themselves scarce while this "pro
fessiocal bully" remains among us, for
he .claims he can whip his weight in
wildcats, and not half try, as he is fa
miliar with the border mode offihtinir
he can do it up on the "science." As
we are opposed to violence in every form
we hopo the "ruffians" will keep away
while he remains with us.
By the way, if the News is laboring
under the impression that our people
will not fight, we advise the editor to
visit Liwrence some day with the sher
iff of Westport, to enforce the bogus
laws, and we will eudeavor to convince
him that we can fight, and that the moral
compliment he unconciously bestows
upon our people is not wholly deserved.
if fighting in self-defence ia contrary to
Chics.
False.
A villainous letter was forwarded from
Leavenworth to (he Cleveland Leader
giving an account of an occurrence in
the former city which never had an ex
istence, save in the fertile imagination of
the writer. It must have been written
by a pro-slavery man, for we cannot con
ceive a Free Slate man could write such
an infamous Jalsehood, and have nothing
to make it from. Wo hope the eastern
press will correct the statement, as there
are facts enough against thi pro-slavery
party, and. no necessity of resorting to
such means to carry an end. It is the
stock in trade of our opponents, and we
must be careful not to use them.
jSIT We bare seres stores in this city
which deal in dry goods, grocer ies, &c
Two of ihem advertise tilgMy.: There is
still room for another, and we ire iappy
toobserve that thg forsidatioa of the fcuiid-
cg is beipgla:d.
jjrcetrpm: 2Vn
Exaggerated Stories.
The border press seem good at con
cocting lanre stories with which to
f tighten the chivalbt. The Kickapoo
Pioneer states that we have 3,000 Sharp's
rifles in this city, and that we are fully
organized to resist Missouri interference.
It says that we have sixty thousand
rounds of cartridges ready for instant use.
Good for the Pioneer. According to
the Frontier News' statement last sum
mer, those who come here from an ad
joining State hereafter, to meddle with
us or our institutions, "will see sights"
in reality, if their reports are true. Every
man armed with a Sharp's rifle is equal
to ten men armed with other instruments.
With three thousand of these instruments
we are at once equal to an ordinary army
of 30,000 soldiers. Poor show for
"border ruffians" to display their chiv
alry in and about Lawrence with these
figures.
The Leavenworth Herald says the
Emigrant Aid Co.'s Hotel in this city is
built of stone, three stories in hight, with
a flat roof. Above this roof is a terrace
several feet in hight, also of stone, which
is desigued for a breastwork. This
breastwork, says the Herald, is pierced
with port holes, and will accommodate
two hundred persons on the roof, and
from this point, with their Sharp's rifles
they have complete command of the
plain for several miles in every direction.
Why did not the writer add that every
house in the city would become a for
tress in case of an attack, and that the
women were determined on joining hands
with their husbands and brothers in pre
venting violence upon the town ?
The last Leavenworth Herald, under
the caption, "Traitors Exposed," states
that we have a secret military organiza
tion, which is co extensive with the Ter
ritory, in which
"The members are bound together
by secret oaths and obligations, and
have instituted signs, grips and pass
words, in order that they may know
each other. 'Every reliable Free State
man iu the Territory is to be fur
nished with a rifle, a brace of pistols
and a sabre and required to take an oath
to hold himself in readiness to march
into service under hi3 superior officer
when called upon, and that he would go
to the rescue of tho person or property
of any Free Soiler who would be brought
by force into obedience to the present
laws of the Territory.
"There is a constitution and ritual to
organize subordinate encampments, by
the most solemn oaths, inviting the Free
Soilers of Kansas, into an army, for the
purpose of resisting the laws, who are
to be supplied with all the implements.
They are bound to go to the assistance of
anv member of the order who maybe
arrested for a violation of the laws of
the Territory. The Boston Abolitionists
have contributed 8100,000 for the pur
pose, fciiarp's vines, tOit s revolvers,
and sabres are to be furnished every re
liable Free State man in the Territory.
When the day comes, we shall see, what
we shall see."
The Herald closes its article as fol
lows :
"An organized secret band of con
spirators plotting treason and disunion
exists in our midst. The object of this
order is to war upon the institutions of
the South and make Kansas a free btate,
at all hazards. Southern men, do you
hear that ! You know your duty."
Fat Laughlin's Exposure.
The St. Joseph Cycle is before us
with an article two columns in length,
from a son of Erin, calling himself Pat
Laughlin, giving an account of a secret
organization amonij the Free State men
in Kansas. The pro-slavery press are
nearly frightened out of their boots on
account of it. Pat says, "blessings I
have not enjoyed since I became connect
ed with this secret order." His object in
making the development was that he
might "have some sleep on an easy con
science." He says, before being made
acquainted with the "secrets" of the
order, he ook along obligation of which
the following was the closing paragraph,
holding up his right hand towards heav
en while it was repealed :
"To all this obligation, I do most sol
emnly promise and affirm, bindingmyself
under the penalty of being expelled from
this organization, of having my name
published to the several Territorial En
campments as a perjurer before Heaven
and a traitor to my country of passing
through life scorned and reviled by man,
frowned on by devils, forsaken by angels,
and abandoned by God."
Pat stands before the country, accord
ing to his own showing, as a "perjurer
before heaven, a traitor to his country,
subject to the scorn of all men, the frown
of devils, and utter abandonment of
God," else a falsifier aud libeler, and
wholly unworthy of credit the best way
he can fix it.
If Pat's statements were true, the
Free State men of Kansas are thoroughly
organized on a military base, and are
well qualified to resist the usurpations of
the "border ruffians." If they believe
the tale they will not dare, as they value
their lives, to send another marauding
expedition into the interior of the Terri
tory. We give it as our private opinion
that there is something on which to base
the story ; that it is not vholly a fabrica
tion ; though we are suspicious that much
of it arises from the fertile imagination of
this worthy son of Erin, else from that
of his amanuensis. - ' ,
3T.We ordered two hundred and
twenty -five reams of printing paper
of tho size and quality of that on
which the Herald of Freedom is now
printed, and received an answer dated
at Bu2alo, N. Y.t on" the 23i ultimo.,
that part of it wotdd be forwarded in
ten daya from Cleveland. We trust id
will reach us before the river is closed
for the season, otherwise we most use a
smaller size until navigation opens in
Ho ! for Kansas.
Last Saturday we saw ten wagons,
drawn by well-fed, good looking horses,
loaded with children, black and white,
and followed by a lot of likely looking
negroes on foot, wending their way to
Kansas. The emigiants were from Vir
ginia, and seemed to be persons of sub
stance. In the crowd there were a3 many
as twenty negroes. This is a considera
ble addition to the pro-slavery popula
tion. T
Per contra : the boats from the Ohio
river are daily bringing from Ohio, Penn
sylvania, Indiana and Illinois, crowds of
emigrants on their way to the Territory,
besides which no inconsiderable number
of settlers are arriving from the East by
rail, and string for the same region.
Thus, between the emigration from
the free and slave States, Kansas is rap
idly filling up, notwithstanding the de
plorable condition of things that for so
long a time retarded her progress. The
population of the Territory will be near
ly doubled by the accession made this
fall, and .the Territory will soon be pre
pared to make a strike for Statehood.-
We wish her success. . She has been
made a hobby long enough, and it is time
that she should bo controlled and govern
ed by prudent and-sober citizens, who
have the whole interest of the Territory
at heart St. Louis Evening News.
Those "black children" spoken of ia
the above article never reached . Kansas.
That species of pioneers are held by too
uncertain a tenure at this time to justify
brinmna: them to Kansas. As soon as
Congress, convenes and acts upon the new
Constitution formed by the people of the
Territory, what few slaves there are in
the Territory will be emancipated by law.
As it now is, it is illegal and in violation
of the organic act to hold a slave in the
Territory, and is not "right" of itself,
the act of the bogus legislature to the
contrary notwithstanding.
Notoriety.
The honorable Judge Wakefield is de
termined to keep himself before the peo
ple. Last year lie presided over all the
o ' i .i
oqu:uter meetings ne, men, oeiu
professed pro-slavery man, was made
the "Jude." At the first election for
Delegate, he was candidate for that
honorable office, but the people not ap
preciating his hih qualifications, he
was awarded with a back seat. Last
March he was again a candidate ; he offer
ed his services for a seat in the Council
the people still obstinately declined
them, he received a certificate from his
friend Reeder. Although his abolition
friends at Lawreuce denied the legality
of that body, he declared it "legal ;" but
when he was kicked out, he declar
ed, that on this account, it was "illegal."
Since then he has been actively en
gaged in arranging "courts" of the peo
ple, to punish offenders against the laws.
One of the transactions of the Judge
proved to be a melancholy circumstance.
Taking advantage of the absence of the
Territorial officers, he arrested two
young men, whose "claims" he covets
for a speculation, and whilst in the hands
of Wakefield's officers, one of them was
drowned. For this murder and most
lawless act, it is presumed that his honor
will be hauled before the Courts of th'e
Territory. The judge is now one of the
recently elected members of the "Higher
Law" Convention. His thirst for office
and notoriety, are only equaled by his
entire unfitness for auy public trust.
We publish the above article from the
Frontier Xeics merely to show how base
a pro-slavery press can be. It is need
less to say that there is hardly a word of
truth in the whole statement. The
Judge never professed to be a pro-slavery
man ; the people did not decline his
services in March, and he would have
been triumphantly elected at that time
to the Council had it not been for the
fraud and violence of the "border ruf
fians" who took possession of the polls,
and forcibly thrust decent men aside so
they could not vote. But we are giving
the above too much importance by par;..
ticularizing its false assertions.
Another Law OEce. -We
invite the attention of the reader
to the business card of our friend G. P.
LowRT,Esq., late of Pennsylvania, who
has opened a law office ia this city.
Mr. L. comes well recommended, is a
man of talent, and must be thoroughly
posted in his profession to have been ad
mitted to practice in the Courts of Penn
sylvania, which are noted the world over
as being extremly critical in the exami
nation of their law students. Mr. L.
came to Kansas as the private secretary
of Gov. Reeder, and discharged his
duties with fidelity to that distinguished
gentleman. In opening an office for
himself we bespeak for him the favorable
consideration of the public.
The Folar Star. "
The eastern press are doing justice to.
the "Polar Star," on the Missouri river,
and advises every person coming to, or
going from Kansas to avoid her. Her
officers are more dangerous than pirates,
as they rob you of your money, allow
you to be beaten nearly to death while
on board, and then, when weak from the
loss of blood, you are expelled from the
boat at a wood-yard, away from houses,
in the forest, and there left to perish. ?
Will not somebody give us the names of
the officers of that boat? The future
historian of Kansas will wish to make
mention of them. '
' STThe papers are filled with ac
counts of southern emigration to Kansas.
We see none of it here. . If the state
ment was reversed, and corrected, -it
would read "Southern Emigration jrvni
Kansas." The last hope of the slavery
propaganda has expired, and the publi
cation of articles, headed "Startling Dis
closures," won't save them. Y'
&-RobL C. Miller, Indian Agent,
has given notice that every white settler
within the limits of the Shawnee Reserva
tion must retire within twenty: days else,
they wOI be expelled by military force
from the Reservation. . agreeably to th
. ' a -
directions of the President of the Uait-l
cd State. i
. filtoolco to $umamtg ana uje jmmsis ox wcwsgu
What Is the Truth. ?
It is said the pro-slavery men have
several pieces of cannon in the Territory,
which has been furnished them for op
erations in Kansas. We should "smile"
to see them used as contemplated by
those having them iacharge. Herald of
Freedom, &lh inst.
.The above is another Aboliuon Lie,
black as the heart of the man that con
cocted it. There is not a single piece of
Artillery in the Territory belonging to
the pro-slavery party. But the Aboli
tionists at Lawrence have a perfect Arsen
al, consisting of some 3,000 stand of
Sharp's Rifles, dec, &c. besides 6J,000
ball eartridges. Kichupoo Pioneer.
If the Pioneer is thoroughly posted in
regard to those arms of course we shall
not doubt the editor's word. The edilor
will please observe that we said they had
several pieces, not tliat it belonged to
them as the Pioneer represented. As
for the Sharp's Rifles we wonld suggest
that our neighbors come over and look at
them. They are well finished imple
ments of war, and our boys have got
pretty well fckilled in the art of using
them.
iT5J It is generally supposed that the
Herald, and Free State, published at
Lawrence, will die about the advent of
the hollidays. Shouldn't wonder. Kan
sas City Enterprise.
That such is the wish of the Enter
prise we are well aware, but that such
will be the fate of the Herald is not
true. We have determined on sustain
ing it permanently, and no ordinary
circumstance will crush it out. The
fact that it has been a losing concern
thus far, and that we have been crippled
for means to prosecute the enterprise
does not argue that it will always be so.
The present indications are that the
friends of free institutions, not only in
Kansas but throughout the East, will
come to our support. Already the
prospects . are that a brighter day is
dawning.
A New Name.
'-. -"Border Ruffiax," is the name of-a
paper about to be published in the flourr
, . I- ! t II
isning town oi lucnuew, oiay county,
Mo.
A boat is being built to run in the
Missouri river trade next season, to be
called the Border Ruffian.
This appellation given by tho Massa
chusetts Yankees to Missourians, it
seems, is becoming very popular. We
hearot several distinguished .Missouri
ans who intend to name their first boy,
Border Ruffian. The name was first
applied by way of derision, but we
rather "guess as how" its originators are
becoming sick and tired of the term.
Leavenworth Herald.
Not sick of the term by any means.
On the contrary thy are applying it to
their meanest puppies, under the impres
sion that no decent doz should wear
such a title.
JGTDelahay's statement that a man
cast his ballot by proxy, at Whitfield's
election, is going the rounds of the free
soil and abolition press. Wonder if any
of them will ever see Delahay's retrac
tion, not only of this but other charges
m reference to illegal votes, cast at the
same election. Leavenworth Herald.
The "abolition press," as the Herald
is disposed to call every paper which op
poses the introduction of slavery into
Kansas, has seen that statement, and
one of them has learned that the state
ment of Mr. Dclahay was strictly truth
ful, and we presume it will be backed
up in due time with affidavits from reli
able men, who saw and know all the
circumstauces attending the transaction.
False Rumor.
The report that Gov. Reeder was mur
dered in Kansas was telegraphed East,
and made considerable excitement in the
principal cities. The story was got up
for the purpose of influencing the election
in the Doniphan District on the 9th of
October, and was first announced by the
Captain of a steamer at Doniphan on the
morning of the election. It had its effect
to some extent, by preventing the credu
lous from attendiug the polls. The tele
graphic operator at Weston or St. Joseph
got the news, and it was circulated all
over the country. The story was made
out of whole cloth, without the least
trifling incident on which to base the
rumor.
Save Labor.
All subscriptions for the Herald of
Freedom are discontinued as soon as
the period arrives for which they are
paid for. Our patrons will observe this
fact, and save themselves the labor of
writing us ordering the paper stopped
at the expiration of the year, for their
request will not vary our action in the
premises. Those who want the Herald
or Freedom continued to them another
year must so write us, and in all cases
inclose the subsciption price for six
months or one vear.
Sickness East and West.
There has been an unusual amount of
sickness in theEast this year, as well as
in the West. We observe reports in the
papers, as well as receiving them through
private sources. The Western States
have not been afflicted for several years
so severely as the present one. .Here in
Kansas we have thought it very sickly,
but we presume it Las been but little
worse than in many of the old settled
and reputed healthful States. Sickness
was to be expected in Kansas where so
many unacclimated persons from all parts
of the world were thrown together, as
has been the case with us here.
Hailroad Opened. -The
Pacific railroad is now complete,
and in running order from St Louis to
Jefferson City, Mo., a distance of about
one 1 hundred and thirty miles. It was
opened a the first day of. November.
It is about 240 miles by land to that
point from this place, and 235 miles from
Kansas City, Mo., via the river.'
Justice to Leavenworth, Tecnmseh, &c
We feel it a duty we owe the people of
Leavenworth to remove, as far as is in
power, the odium which has rested upon
that town, in consequence of the impu
tation of being the principal, and in fact
the only pro-slavery place of any account
in the Territory. Instead of the asser
tion being true, the Free State party in
Leavenworth City to-day can poll three
actual resident votes to their opponent's
one. The pro-slavery party in that vi
cinity are aware, of the fact, and, conse
quently, declined uniting their strength
on a ticket at the late charter election,
conscious of what the result would be.
Tfecumseh has also been reputed a pro
slavery town. The soil was owned by,
and in the possession of a pro-slavery
man, and was laid out by bim for a town,
and all his influence has been exerted to
preserve it to that party, yet we are as
sured by those who know, that a majori
ty of the settlers there are in favor of,
and will labor, and vote to make Kansas
a Free State.
The question actually arises then :
Where are the pro-slavery towns in Kan
sas ? Doniphan has been reputed one of
them until recently ; but we were as
sured only a few weeks ago, that this
impression was incorrect, and that a large
majority of the people there were anti
slavery, though all were said to be in fa
vor of the black laws, by which colored
people, bond or free, should be excluded
from the Territory.
Atchison, we have no doubt is pro
slavery. Stringfellow and Kelly reside
there, and there is published the Squatter
Sovereign. Were the town not pro-sla
very we should take it for granted the
Squatter Sovereign could not exist in the
place.
Lecompton is also supposed to be a
pro-slavery town, but we are assured by
an honest member of that party, who was
there a few days ago, that there was but
one respectable looking house in the
place, and six or seven claims of the most
inferior description. This constitutes
the entire city. If the town site shall
become a place of any consequence it
will pass into the hands of Free State
men, and under their influence may grow
into a town, though our own impression
is that it will soon be classed with Doug
las located a few miles this side of Le
compton and will be remembered only
for tho folly of the proprietors.
Swindlers. ty
The self-elected Executive Commit
tee of Kansas Territory, at Topeka, are
issuing "Kansas Scrip," and pledge
that a provision shall be made in the
Constitution they are forming for its re
demption. This is the last act of idiocy
we have seen. Every man who offers
to piis one should be prosecuted, and
he who receives one should be sent to
the Lunatic Asylum, forthwith. Such
la colony of knaves and fools combined
has not been seen in modem times.
Kansas City Enterprise.
We confess that we were "fools" to
allow an army of mercenaries from Mis
souri to vote for us in the spring, and
don't wonder at being mistaken for such,
but we have resolved to a man to make
all such persons settlers in earnest in
case they come down upon us in a simi
Jar form again,
As to that Executive Committee, Ivan
sas Scrip and Constitution the less our
cotemporary troubles himself about them
the better sense he will exhibit. He is
a resident of Missouri, and it should be
his province to look after the institutions
of his own State, not after those of ours.
We shall form a State Constitution, or
ganize under it, and place ourselves in
a condition for self-defense. We trust,
too, that measures will be taken to organ
ize, equip and disipline an army so that
the ballot boxes can be protected in fu
ture. What has the Enterprise to say
to that proposition.
jTThe rush of emigration has com
menced in earnest, our hotels and board
ing houses are crowded with emigrants
for the Territory, and the trade of our
fast jrowinir citv has never been so ac
live as at present. Every team that can
be procured in the adjacent country is
pressed into service, and the demand is
augmenting. River men tell us, that
one half the emigration that comes up
the Missouri River, disembarks at Kan
sas City. The cheapness of supplies at
this point, and the shortness of the dif
ferent routs to all parts of the Territory,
with our unrivalled prairie roads, ren
ders this city tho popular thorough
fare for the great 'West. Kansas City
Enterprise.
Pioneers who propose settling on the
north side of Kansas river will do as well,
or better to disembark at Leavenworth-
City. There are good accomodations
there for travelers, aud what is equally
as pleasant, a very large majority of the
population are Free State men, and in
future will protect emigrants and others
from violence and insult.
Badly Frightened.
Pat. Laughlin says he expects to be
assasinated because of his exposure of a
secret society which ho alleges to exist
in the Territory. Pat. need have no
fears on that account, for our private
opinion is that if he has been made ac
quainted with any such organization as
he represents, it was one gotten up for
the express accomodation of such chaps
as him, and designed for exposure. He
was the only person in the Territory fool
and knave enough to make it public.
Poor Pat ! He stands before the com
munity in future as a perjurer, a Inave
and Skfool. Wonder if he can sleep
easy o' nights after this. How is it,
Pat.' - - ;
XSrThe St Joseph's "CVcle promised
to publish the ritual of the secret society
which Pat. Lavghlin, the perjurer , Las
exposed, m its last number, and did not
do it. How is that Mr. Cycle? "
Wax.
One of the most astonishing facts pre
sented by the current history of the world
is the love which Christian people sun
feel for the dreadful art of shedding hu
man blood by wholesale the trade
which takes citizens from the peaceful
pursuits by which God intended they
should live, aud teaches them to murder
their fellow men by platoons and regi
ments, and ravage their crops, and bum
or batter down their cities and villages.
When we contemplate this subject in
the lisfht of reason and the teachings of
the gospel, we must look with horror up
on the battle field. What a scene is
that where the sanctuaries of nature are
invaded by hostile armies ! In a fair
landscape, perhaps, where the grass, the
grain, the shrubs, and wild flowers are
growing for the sustenance of man and
beast, we behold some thousands of men
drawn up ia battle array, confronting
each other with visages distorted with
passion, or stamped with a determina
tion to slay, without compunction, those
made in the same image as themselves.
The are furnished with all the instru
ments of carnage that a perverse and ac
tive ingenuity could invent for the de
struction of human life; and there, where
the grass and grain are growing, water
ed by the gentle dews of night, and the
early and latter rains, and tended by the
Harvest Angels, these hostile armies,
stimulated by the cries of their leaders,
and the sound of martial music, rush to
the onset Then the sweet-singing birds
are scared from the orchards and groves;
then are the fields devastated; then rises
a cloud of black sulphurous vapor to blot
out the sunshine that was flooding the
landscape ; then is heard, instead of the
minstrelsy of the feathered songsters the
shrieking fife and the "silver snarling
trumpet ;" and the babbling of meadow
brooks, the hum of bees and all the
sweet music of nature is drowned by the
battle-shouts, and the groans of poor
wretches, cut down in the vigor of-man-hood,
with their blood coursing hotly
through their veins.
Hundreds have been slain, and one
party has driven the other from the
field and crowned its own leaders
with "glory." But who shall C3rry
peace to the hearths that have been deso
lated ? Ask that brave young man who,
with a gastly wound in that bosom
which, an hour ago beat high with hope
and ambition, has crawled to the banks
of a cooling etreain to -die to die with
the vision of the cottage home that holds
his wife and children ask him if war is
not a fearful trade. The question may
reach his ear too late, for the last red
drop may have gurgled from his bosom,
but his wife can answer the question
with a terrible emphasis. In her dark
despair, as she looks upon her little ones
she will tell you that it is dreadful.
And yet as men and nations are con
siituted, war is sometimes necessary.
With all its horrors, it sometimes bles
ses the world. Our nationality was
achieved through a protracted war, our
infant liberties were baptised in blooJ.
The present war in Europe will proba
bly ensure us from molestation by for
eign powers forever, and thus secure an
asylum for the oppressed of all nations
for all coming time. Thus while our
commerce reaps a present advantage
from it, it will afford to us immunities of
incalculable value. Let us be thankful
that we have so far escaped the evils of
devastating wars, while on the other
hand, we secure immense benefits from
the wars of other nations. Boston Her
ald. " .
The Little Giant Again. v
In our issue of the 16th we incident
ally adverted to the fact that the "Little
Giant Corn and Cob Mill," sold in this
city by Mr. J. B. Chadwick, had again
received the award of first premium at
the late State Fair in Chicago. We should
do injustice to the merits of this import
ant invention ifwe fail to direct our read
ers' particular attention to it, for it is an
article which we predict is destined to
create a greater sensation among farmers,
stock-growers and practical men gener
ally, than any similar invention of the
day. The simplicity of it is so entire
that any one can adjust and set it in mo
tion, while the improvements patented in
July of the present year, render itsune
i ior to every Mill of the sort with which
we are acquainted, for grinding corn, or
grits from shelled corn. The patentees
claim that their recent patent will dnve
from the field the various spurious imita
tions which have been fattening on the
reputation of the Little Giant. Its ca
pacity was several times tested in the
presence of the writer during the late
Fair, when No. 4, with two horses at
tached, crushed one bushel of corn and
cob meal in three minutes. The -No. 2,
with one horse, performs about half that
amount in the same length of time. We
are informed by Mr. Chadwick that the
hrst premium has been awarded the Lft-
Ie Giant during the present fall at (he
State Fairs of Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky,
Indiana, Missouri, besides Illinois, as
mentioned before. Chicago Journal.
Chills and Fever.
Considerable chills and fever exist in
some parts of the city ; but it is noth
ing in comparison to well authenticated
accounts we have received from other
localities. This disease prevails to an
unprecedented extent in many portions
of the country, whole families being
prostrated with it, some communities
having scarcely enough well persons in
them to take care of the sick. The
cases, however, rarely prove fatal,
yielding readily to proper remedies if
taken in time. bpringjicld, 111., Jour.
JCsF The Abolitionists say, that all
men living in the Territory of Kansas,
who are from Southern States, are in it
unlawfully, and that, consequently, their
votes are uleal.' frontier Jews.
The "Abolitionists" have said no such
thing, but they do say that there are but
very few resident pro-slarery men in the
Territory, and that their numbers are
gradually diminishing.
3TTke "Law and Order" meeting
b to be held in Leavenworth on the 1 4th
inst. It is called by persons who are
desirous of enforcing the laws ot the
bogus Legislature, and will be , a rich
aSair of itself. Some of oar citizens
should go over, as we are a, "law and
order" men. - r -: , -
aESTTha eniira-Tote tot Whitfield on
the 1st day of October was 2,755. ' This
isclsdes about 2,000 imported rotes from
Missouri, orpersons who roted by proxy.
and sereral times over in the name of
tLeir neighbor.' ; -
Prospectus of the
KANSAS HTHIAT.D OF FBEED
A piper foeTde aillioj;.
The IIkrald conkiii tMrtr-t, , ""r.
reading matter, is printed on "fine wbite rL
a very superior quality, with new SoAvL
type, nd the best of black ink, and i t Jy
of commendation by all wbo see it, for iu
mechanical execution.
The Herald is tlioronehly anti-slavr
wi'.t labor with energy to'accomplish tleovi5?
of iU establishment, which was to aid in m.w
KaiiEas a free ttp. To th . "PC
wLo contemplate locating in the Terturt
will be almot-t lndwpens&ble, as it will sb, ,
wim ooecrvanons on ine soil, climate, pmd
tionii and natural resources of the Ternu"
The information it will be able to furnLAl'?'
the different routes, distances, and ect of tt
Rni the various articles which the pion u!ii
bring with him to hia new home, will be inti!
able, and rkhly remunerate the subscribe, i
his triflinsr investment. The eastern rlitif
or philantliroptet, who wishes to keep fa'
vised of tLe progress of the UTeat tiksi'j;j T,
civil and religious freedom, wQl hail il ,1" .
of the IIskald weekly with much delight. ;
belicveJ that every cJas of our fellovr-cil
and particularly the informed, will be enferw!
ed and interested by a perusal of its colutan
It is th oka aw thb Editob's rdi-ln1)Iw
xixd. but disclaims all connection v'vh ,T?
meet his approbation.
The very large cireuiation.wh.ich the Ili1L
has already attained, makes it the meet v;u4v!
advertising medium in the Territory, and a
such, we offer the rise of its column kYh t
wish to giva publicity to tLeir business ; clia
inr, however, the riht of rtf vi-nj ; L,v
taUnt tmdic4 aJfrtLfrutntt, ull otter, of
doubtful or immoral tendency. Tuus Jt .4
VEXTisiKO : Ten cents a line for the first i Lvr
tion, and five cent a line for t( U subseonesj
insertion. No reduction made fr tone ikjver
tisement. G. W. BUOWN 4 CO
Lawkxkck, Kansas T., July 2", 1655. tf "
Young America's Library.
ArSEFUL and attractive erks of boobfr
tlic young iople, enibranngeventcor.Di
ed with the early history of the country, and iht
of distinguished men, written wiih iou, h c
and in an entertaining manner, with i:'.ur.
tion of important events, and bcsntifalW i;!uai
inated title pages.
Containing the life of Daniel Webster, the treat
American statesman, with numerous auX t
illustrative of Lis character, and the fuikmiii,.
illustralious:
Young Daniel in the saw mill; WtbsUr Wj.;,
at Frusbnrg; Webster declining the ckrkhip;
Webster expounding the Constitution; ;he honk
er Hill celebration; Webster at Fancail llaJl
Mansfield, the residence of Webster; Webster a
Us lurm.
The life of Henry Clay, the mill boy of the
slushes, with nine illustrations; tlx-life of JUn
min Franklin, 9 illustrations: tho life of Ovarii
Washington, illustration; the lile ot Marion,
ii illustrations; the life of Lafayette, 'i illustrating
the life of William l'enn, K iilintrat"sn.s tite life
of (ien. Taylor, ilhistraiions; tlKTlTfcof fta.
Jackson, V illustrations; the life of Najwk- -n Bo
naparte, 9 illustrations; the old 111 luJt jm
ilcnce, or Philadelphia in 1776, 9 iiiustr.u ins;
the Yankee tea party, and other stories 01 tb
involution, containing in all over on hundred
illustrations.
Each volume is well written, possessing tUA
moral tone, and can safely be plaood in the Lassvl
of young people. Thoy contain numerous ui
doles illustrative of tho early history of var
country.
l'rioo icr set, handsomely bound iu cloth. r"t
backs and neatly put up in boxes, $6.75. I'm
per volume, cloth gilt, iOJi cents.
Colporteurs, ascents, or school libraries, will U
supplied at a liberal discount.
Copies sent by mail, postage free, upon mpt
of the prk-e of the set, or any volume.
L1MSAY 6i liLACKISTON, l'u!!i.-Ler.
15 South Sixth street, l'hiladcli.Lia.
Newspapers inserting the aiiowa ui tX,
will be entitled to a volume lor eii. li inTUin. ;
irs to bo directed to the MModkal hxiuiiicr"
Philadelphia.
BOUNTY LAUD AGEXCY.
A'
N act of Congress, passed Alunh 1,1",
. provides a pension of 1GM acre of Uui. fr
all persons who served in the l.'evv'iiU.-nnry vtt,
or in any other war of the Lnitvi Suuas r
vided fourteen days' services were nfUlerel ; and
iseatirully, To all who served in any U.ic,
though actually engaged for only a shiglc !; ;
and,
Thirdly, To the widow, or if no wiJow, tbe
eliildrcn who are under 21 years of ae at U
timo of the passage of the act; aud,
FtwtiUy, To those who, cnlcr former ls
have received warrants for a loss ainouct Uua
ISO acres, are entitled to an additional wsmtt
to make up the deficiency to that amount.
Having ollicialed as liouuty Land Agent naif
the former law, and received from Uw !;
olHccrs, lor the use of the claimants, a verj ixf
number of warrants, the subscrilr 2cjs U
legal services to the public, and fo:U otku
that he can give .-ifett satisfaction.
will be required until the warrant is ohliwL
Persona having claims will niaka ininl:ic f
ilication at the lifcisALD or Fklioom
Ci. W. BUUWX.
Lawrence, Kansas T., July ii, Isoo.
PLOWS! PLOWS!!
HAYING procured the ajrvney of Fw,
Walkkk A Co celebrated Stl Ct'lT"
l'iau-U and Fanning V maiictji'tcrwi t
Ilelliille, HI., we are prepared to til aU orJrf
from Kansas Territory and else wb;re.
1 here Plmva are manufactured eij-relj w
the wants of the West, and with a vic tlsr
bility, tc. Their merits have been fully U'j.
and thus we can freely recommeo l tiaau.
Person ordering can jndjw of the if war4,
description, Ac., from the characU.T of soil -a-strength
of team. The l'mirie Plom are rVn
14 to J.0 inches furrow, or larger if ordered. Tae
Corn or Fannin Plow vary in sue from ''a
Horse No. 4, to Nos. 3, b) Larpe Two L-f
Jioll. All have steel points and mould boi -
Prairie Plows vary iu price from tl' l-.
numbers named Corn do. from $ W u-IJ i.
nianutaoturers' prices.
8.-nd your order with 8jcficatnns, ana
will be promptly fulcd.
F. A.IIC.NTt.,
Xo. 19 Utt4, St. Li, -
AprQ 14, 1S55.
BOOKS! BOOKS!!
4 FINE selection of School and
21. Books are kei for sale at the t.:5-e
JUrald of freedom, among which are Tl II
inea of History, Heroines or lite crus-je-
Itrx-tk cif Martrm. IVriiotia Adventures of lri-
eJers, Farm and Firesi.W, Cruise in the Mv?-
ranean, Harry Graphs, 1 eopJe J Have 5t.t.
Letters, Fun Jottiusrs, Antoirro:!.a for Frel -
Great Cities of the World, Frank FreemaE?J-
ber fchop. Mirror of tle Soul, Antiquiu
n usicia itew i urK, niuere iu iiw
cap and Letter Taper, Pen, Penholder!-. E
Writing Fluid, adhesive Envtloj. Falr"
cils, AZ. L. II. BiiO W N A CO-
ery anpenoi
Lawexkcx, tah. 8, Iba. tf
Warren'. Fire and Watfr ttttt
COlLTOSmOff E00FIK0.
OMce Xo. 11, orr rod OJee, S3. bih
THE undersigned Manufjcturera an 1 Ifc5ff'
in Wablk; Fire and Water Prool 0?"
tion Koofin. have been extensively enir-C- '.
tlie manufacture of the abora Kool in M- ut
had ur Boot tested under every variety "
cumstances, and confidently offer it to tie I'5
as a mode of Uooficg unobjectionable ia
important particular, while it conju
greater degree than any other lioof iu it "
liable requisites 01 eC4.-apnesa, Uaratu-ji
curity against re and water.
juaberuus ior una. w.ia uijiku'jui -
CM. AIL 11- WAfcKCl.
-rn 4, 1855. -
V'A. Hunt & Co..
General Gmmiiu, Wc. mnd Foresrl
NJi, AD orders for any description 01 '
chandise, when accompanied with a remn-
OOlian wui ' ii percesu, nuuw , -
percent. Tbe subscribers wiilfln;;7
strictly to a k-gitimate coraniioon basim
i1.pt will at all times be prepared to m M
advance on eussiTuveitts. T(lC
ExrtKixcu re Ka ia: v. 1 t-UJC1 v
Dr. C BobinsoB. , t
F. A. HUNT, (Late of Haooeu ot
J. EDWABD HUNT.
&. Lett, AurU 14, 1S-
TV Brick Ytrd.. -
1 -rv nnn EEICKS vf tJ best ?l-ty
1DV.VUV bow ready ou very PT-Tj
acriber.' who bas, at rrcat xprs, P!:
Sarran .nils J-rcpf.
Sh ttalSr euaGty Brick at JJ
AU who want wvwld da well
a. they are ia good demand, iTT
' ' " . . K ft,.-mri
1 at tW JLij vi FXpv 0ncx-
Armv of the United btatca, Geogrsi ui--i i-r
rr of" New York, Pocket and quarto UiM- :
Also, a barge supply of Toy Book for cLi-'K-
W liars ma a wnr nrrv,r artic le cf Iw

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