Newspaper Page Text
G. W. BROWIT, Editor.
awresce, Saturday, Dec. 22, 1SJ5,
1 A Road to. Leavenworth. . " ,
Th8 importance of a road from this
point to Leavenworth U growing niore
apparent daily. Actual measurement
shbirs it to be" less than two-thirds the
distance '. that Kansas . City is from us ;
and all who have traveled over the route
unite in saying that' the country will ad
mit of a very level and straight road be
tween the two points, whilst to Kansas
City the route is circuitous, and quite
hiiiy; ,;:' ;"k- - "
Another good argument, which we
have mentioned before why our business
on the Missouri river should be dona at
Leavenworth; instead of Kansas City, is
the fact that the former is in Kansas Ter
ritory, and in building up that place we
are building up ourselves, , and making
"our own Territory more wealthy and pop
ulous."" Territorial pride,' as well as in
terest, then, unite in directing us to make
Leavenworth the. point of our connection
with the Missouri river. But there is
v another argument still, one which will
have a powerful influence wilh every
Free State man in .Kansas, is above dol
lars and cent3, and which will be conclu
sive to urge us to leave a place sur
rounded with such 'influences s as Kan
sas City. ; By' an item clipped from
the Leavenworth Herald, which appears
as a telegraphic dispatch from Kansas
City, it appears that the people of the
hitter place took so deep an interest in en
slaving us, that she delegated her mayor
to go to Liberty, Mo.,- where he raised
20O men, and 1,000 to aid in our sub
jugation. " ' ' ;
The people of Kansas Territory have
paid thousands upon thousands of dol
lars into the coffers of the business men
of Kansas Ciyv The almost entire east
ern emigration to the Territory has made
that place their stopping point, and in
that vicinity , have purchased their out
fits for commencing new settlements
here. ' We presume that more than
61, 000,000 either directly or indirectly
have been paid out at that point and vi
cinity during the last year and a half by
Free State men. Every department of
business .there, has reaped advantages
from their extended commercial transac
tions, and in consequence they have put
ou important' airs, and through the col
umns of its journal has really assumed
an important position among the, pro
jected cities of the West. But in view
of their interference with our matters
can we consent to do business with them
any longer? We think not, and so the
business men of the Territory think ;j
hence Aey have resolved if Leavenworth
will do as she should, and extend suita- j
bio encouragements to us we will take a j
stampede from the former place, and let
the people, her mayor, and her interfer
ing spirit take care of themselves. We
are not so much the slaves as to remuner
ate those who do our voting, our law
making, and the enforcing of our laws,
by extending to them our patronage and
It only remains for the people of Leav
enworth to place themselves in a proper
position, and we pledge to them in behalf
of thf; 60,000 settlers in Kansas, and the
thousands who are ready to take up the
lino of march to this Territory on the
first opening of navigation, their almost
entire business, provided we understand
their position as we think we do.
Our neighbors will conceive this the
voice of but one individual, and hence
of Hula importance, but they will find it
is the almost unanimous determination of
the population of Kansas Territory.
' y Rich.
Some rich anecdotes are told at the
expense of the recent invading army.
A load of goods, on the way to Lawrence
from Kansas City, was stopped and over
hauled by the marauders, and a quantity
of-cast-iron window-weights were found
on board. The party came to the con
clusion that they were to load Sharp's
rifles with, and so stopped them till the
war was over.
.One of Sharp's rifles was taken by thg
party, but it was considered valueless as
there was no ram-rcd with it. ?
Slaves for Kansas.
The steamer Salem arrived at this city
yesterday, from Kanahwa, Va.j having
on board Quite a number of slavps. with
their masters, on theirway to Kansas. i
ine slaves were laadea on the Kentucky
side of the river. Gin. Gazette. ' t
.Fortunatelv for Kansas, these slaves
and their masters never reached the Ter
ritory. Finding the excitement so high
herethey almost invariably stop in Mis
i &jir A Boot and Shoe manufactory is
much needed in this city. ' At this time
there is no one engaged even in repairing
boots, mucb more in making them. The
want is a great one, and any person with
sufficient ready means to establish him
self, would find it a paying business. . '
2T A till, has passed both', houses of
the Missouri legislature incorporating a
company' for the extension of; the Han
nibal and St.1 Joseph's Railroad to Kan-
Sl$ Cit, Mo.T.V ; :Mi if " .V . 'Ki-V ' t
,Vs.A Precinct; at the
Vr The-Borial of tlx'. Barber. T
'Westated in our last issue that Mr.
JB abbes, who was so basely murdered by
a gang of desperadoes, was 'temporarily
buried on Saturday, the 8th inst. On
Sunday last he was removed to . his final
resting place. .
, A funeral sermon was preached at the
Free Stato Hotel, by. Rev. L. B. Detos.
Gen. Laxe read an interesting address,
in which he detailed . the origin of our
difficulties with Missouri, and traced
them to their termination. He showed
that Mr. Dow and Mr. Bakbeb were the
first martyrs of freedom in Kansas, and
as such, monuments should.be erected to
: Gen.RoBixsox read a eulogy upon Mr.
B.'s life and character. 1 We extract the
"The occasion wkich calls us together
is one of deep interest, and peculiar sig
nificance to every patriot and republican.
"Our Territory has been repeatedly in
vaded, and our dearest riqrhts trampled
upon, by the citizens of a foreign State.'
They have taken possession of our ballot
boxes, and by force of arms have wrest
ed from us the right to make our own
laws and choose our own rulers, and im
posed upon us a system of laws uncon
genial to our natures and wants! Having
accomplished all this by invasion and
outrage, it was but natural to' suppose
tliat invasion and outrage would be nec
essary to enforce- their enactments.
'Misunderstanding' the facts and the
temper of our. people as well as their
tactics,' the Executive recently gave the
signal for another, and the armed hordes
again responded. Our citizens have
been besieged,' robbed, insultedand mur
dered ; and our town threatened with de
struction for two whole weeks," by the
authority of the Executive, and, as he
now says, in consequence of a 'misun
derstanding A misunderstanding on
the part of an Executive is a most unfor
"Our Governor having been told that
the people of Kansas did not recognize
the laws of Missouri, and were deter
mined these laws should be a dead letter
in the Territory, -unwittingly fell into the
error of supposing the people would ar
ray thsmselves against the Government
f the United States, evidently not un
derstanding how a code of enactments
can be effectually resisted and no law
violated. Had he carefully read the
early history of his country, he might
have understood the "Sons of Liberty"
better than to suppose any United States
law would b3 violated by the people, or
if violated, that the community would be
guilty of violating it.
"By whose act do the remains of the
lamented Thomas Barber now wait inter
ment at our hands ? By whose hand is
his wife made a, widow ? By whose in
strumentality are we made to mourn the
untimely fall of a brave comrade and
worthy citizen ? Report says Thomas
Barber was murdered in cold blood by
an officer or officers of the Government
who was a member of the Sheriff's pos
se,which was commanded by the Gov
ernor, who is backed by the "President of
the United States. Was Thomas Barber
murdered ? Then are the men who kill
ed him, and the officials by whose au
thority they acted his murderers. And
if the laws are to be enforced, then will
the Indian Agent, the Governor, and the
Presides t be convicted of, and punished
for, murder. . ; There is work enough for
the 'law and order' men to do, and let
us hear no more about resistance to the
laws till this work is done. If all Mis
souri must be aroused, and the whole
nation convulsed to serve a peace-warrant
on an unoffending citizen, may 1 we not
expect some slight effort will be made to
bring these capital offenders to justice ?
Or are our laws made for the low, and
not the high for the poor, and not the
"For the dead we need not mourn. He
fell a martyr to principle ; and his blood
will nourish the tree of liberty. An hon
orable death is preferable to a dishonor
able and inglorious life. Such was the
death of our brother, and as such will
ever be cherished by his companions and
fellow-citizens. It is glory enough for
any man that a body of men, like the
Barber Guards, should adopt his name
to designate and distinguish their com
pany. "To his beloved and bereaved wife, to
his brothers ' and relatives, to the mem
bers of his company, to all who have
pledged property, honor and life to the
cause of freedom and humanity, I seem
to hear the spirit of our departed broth
er say, 'Be of" good cheer, weep not for
me ; you are engaged in a good work
and your reward will be glorious. Death
is no misfortune to the true ; indeed it is
sweet to die in defence of Liberty.'
"But the shock produced by the mur
der of our friend is felt beyond the circle
of his immediate relations and friends.
It has shook the entire fabric of our gov-,
ernment to its very base, and nothing but
the unseen hand of the All Wise Govern
or ot the Universe could have saved this
nation from civil war and political death.
"It is due to the bold stand taken by the
t . i. r
ireemen 01 xvansas during me late mva
slon that sun of Liberty is still above
j u.,c uoniOU toul maeea musi De
j fais teart wherever found," that does not
W' unis6P with ours.as we Wthe
1385 inDUte oi respect to tne remains of
our brother! V Can the people of this na
tion approve the "costlr mockerv of
piling stone on stone? To those who
won our liberty, the heroes dead and
gone, while they look coldly on and see
law-shielded ruffians slay the men who
fain would win their own, the heroes of
to-day ?" No h, -ri -
, "Be callous aa thy will,
From soul to soul, o'er all the world, leaps one
electric thrill. ; - - -
Several military ; companies .were on
the ground withanns, among which were
theEan&aa JRifles No. 1, Barber Guards,
Kansas Guards, CavalryBrigadier-Gen-eral
and Staff, and Commander-in-Chief
and;Staffcflh5 Kansas -Volunteers. The
procession, " as it left' for the Cemetery;
preceded by the Generals and Staff, a
house oFW: iloofe": f o! C. BRO WN.
national flag shrouded in crape, muffied
drums bearing a solemn . funeral dirge,
the citizen-soldiery triih arms reversed,
the deceased cold in death, weeping
frwnds, and sympathising citizens, made
a pageant mournful in the extreme. The
beautiful quotation from Longfellow-
"Art is lon and time ia fleeting, '
And our hearts, tho' stout and brave, .
.Still, like ninSed drains, axe beaiinjj, - .
Funeral marches to tha grave, n rf
came unbidden to mind, and , vras diffi
cult of expulsion. .
Arriving at the grave, a burial service
appropriate to the occasion was read, his
body was committed to the earth, three
volleys were discharged over his grave,
and the rattling clods upon the coffin's
lidtold that all was over.
The procession was reversed, and
marched back to town,, whilst hundreds
resolved anew that they would labor
unremittingly to crush out a system
which requires such barbarities as the
m urdering of its opponents to be com
mitted to retain its existence.
The SL Louis Press.
The following article from the St.
Louis Intelligencer of the 6th inst., is
decidedly the best article we have yet
seen on the "Kansas War." The Mis
souri De moc rat's statement is also reli
able, but it seems to us the editor d id not
give the subject that full consideration
bestowed upon it by the Intelligencer:
The Kansas Flurrt -A Compromise
Proposed. We give it as our unquali
fied opinion that there will be no war in
Kansas. The public mind in Missouri
is unmoved, and the late eruption of ex
citing rumors sent trembling along the
telegraph wires, have only betrayed the
nervousness of the bordereis notaroused
the clans of Missouri.
- In fact, the people begin to smell an
arrant humbug in the whole . "fire and
fury" dispatches from Kansas. They
suspect it to be the last card of Atchison
played through Shannon, to move the
Missouri Legislature in his behalf- or
the dying effort of the borderers to "sub
jugate the people of Kansas," got up for
its excitement and abandoned for its ab
surdity. Review the history of the late panic,
and see if there are not glaring evidences
of humbug in the whole affair. First, it
was announced that the free State men
of Kansas were in rebellion against the
laws of the Territory. There had been
an affray one man killed a riot ensued
and the people of Kansas refused to
reeognize the Sheriff, (put over them for
six years by the Legislature, against
their will,) as the proper custodian of the
Here is the basis of the rebellion.
Here is the head and front of the civil
war so histerically proclaimed. Shan
non calls out the militia, secret letters are
written, rifle companies are summoned
(from Missouri,) artillery rolled out, and
other extraordinary and war-like demon
strations made. The whole nation is
excited to bclicro that -war is raging and
blood flowing in Kansas, in consequence
of this rebellion jnst broke out.
What are the facts? Simply, as the
truth now appears, that the free State
men have raised no sudden flai; of rebel
lion at all. They have only "appealed
unto Caesar." They refuse to acknowl
edge a Sheriff put over them arbitrarily
by the Territorial Legislature. They
have, all along, done the same thing.
They long ago proclaimed to the world
that they did not recognize these Terri
torial officials at all ; but, by virtue of
popular sovereignty, which had been dis
regarded by that Legislature, they meant
to choose their own officers. They were
as much in rebellion six months' ago
against those Legislative sheriffs as they
are now, or have been. Even in lately
re-asserting thir opposition to the officers
and laws of that Territorial Legislature,
the free State men expressed their readi
ness to submit themselves to the officers
of the United States Government. They
"appealed unto Caesar."
For this reason for thus appealing to
true law and seeking to avoid, lawfully
and peaceably, the operation of laws they
regarded tyrannical and unjust, fire and
slaughter have been invokedand cohorts
of excited Missourians assembled on the
border, to be led in bloody foray against ,
them. We do not utter one palliating
word in regard to the alleged free State j
outrages on pro-slavery citizens, that j
brought on the late disturbance. We i
will tyrant that members of that party
may have behaved very badly. We know
not. i et we assert that their position as
reported is now a law-abiding one; and
that Gov. Shannon, in calling out the
militia, and by his Secretary (Woodson)
rallying citizens of an adjoining State to
his assistance, has acted most indiscre try
and unlawfully, and has threatened Kan
sas with a terribly calamity, as the result
of his passion, or of his indiscretion.
Did not Gov. Shannon know that with
the party lines, drawn so strictly between
free State men and pro-slavery men in
Kansas, it was utter madness to summon
one party to put down the other ? Was
not his act like bringing powder io fight
fi re ? How could a man be so simple
and so reckless ?. , Why didn't Gov.
Shannon appeal, at first, to the President
for aid of the Government troops to en
force the laws? , Simply, because, .that
would be appealing to the same power
that the free State men appealed to ; and
to do so would be at once to confess that
the free State men had been in the right,
in first proposing to '.'appeal unto Cea
sar.' . ;':
But Gov. Shannon lacked good sense
or a good purpose ; and so he appealed
to the militia of Kansas (alias the pro-
slavery men of Kansas,) to ' help him
subjugate," or enforce odious laws n
the free State people 1 . The result miht
easily have been anticipated. The .free
State men prepared to resist to the death,
and then came the cry of "rebellion"
''re volution,.' and "civil war' and the
most desperate efforts were made, by se
cret appeals, by agitating rumors, by er
aggerated stories, and , by "hurried dis
patches, to throw over into Kansas an
J. S. EMERY. 1 cassinif through
impormptu Missouri army, to subjugate 'and that the country can safely go about
or exterminate a portion of the American j its business, undisturbed 1 by risions of
people, appealing to the United States torch and torture in Kansas. We are
offiers and laws for protection. ' r j cool and quiet in Missouri. t As the win
Either'good sense or that 'discretion' j ter draws on, " it will be very cool in
which is the "better part of valor,' pre -
vaueu among tte Jiiissourms even mose
who were most agitated by the "Kansas
rebellion"and they have stopped short
of the melancholy and ; fratricidal work
that the passionate and senseless Shan
non invited thep to. ,. , ,
. There is something ludicrous in read
ing, now, the Western dispatches, and
seeing how the reckless foray v that was
threatened Kansas perished, partly , by
innate . weakness and partly, by being
brought against the rock of common
sense an abundant article in every An-glo-Stxon
community. A dispatch that
the Republican presented yesterday will
serve admirably to illustrate all the points
we have made in this article. We place
the numerous susrestive expressions in
small capitals :
"Independence, Dec. 3.
"We have just received reliable, intelli
gence from Kansas Territory, wmcp in-
' CREASES THE EXCITEMENT HERE. You are
doubdess apprised of the origin of the
difficulty that of the Tescue of a pris
oner h the hands of the , sheriff, by a
party of fourteen to twenty of the citizens
of Lavrence and its vicinity, and their
refusal, to deliver any concerned up to
the oficers of the Territory, unless it be
the Governor or to those of the Gene
ral Government. . This determination
is strengthened by Lane, (late Presi
dent of the Evolutionary' Convention,)
and also the editor of the paper at Law
rence, and a few of a similar stripe, who
are constantly making harrangues to the
populace, and urging immediate prepar
ation. , . .
"On Saturday night, Lane delivered a
speech of this character, which was re
ceived with enthusiasm. The Governor
seeing such a state . of things existing,
very properly ordered out the militia of
the Territory, who did not respond vert
readily to his wishes, and many of the
CITIZENS OF THE WESTERN BORDER, wil
ling to quell the disturbance at this point,
offered their assistance, and are now
in readiness to move at a moment's
warning. Many have already gone from
Lafayette and the adjoining counties,
prepared for the emergency. The Gov
ernor's party, numbering from 250 to
300 men, are . at Franklin, a few miles
distant, awaitixg greater force.
'Reports reach us that there are eleven
hundred men organized and ready for
resistance in Lawrence, armed with
Sharp's rifles, and that they are en
trenching themselves as fast as they
can. . From another source I learn, that
the better men in the place say they are
willing to give up all concerned in the
affair, if the legally authorized persons
ask it ; otherwise they will resist to des
peration. The Governor responds, why
not deliver them to tho sheriff or to the
United States Marshal, who have already
demanded them? Trouble no doubt
will result from it, as much excitement
exists on both sides.
"A mettixq is being held now, to see
if some measures cannot be adopted to
TB&aciiTATB thjs . MATTiB, - peaceably,' if
possible, forcibly if they must ! On
featurday, the Governor, by telegraph,
asked the President for the assistance of
troops from Fort Leavenworth. He is
said to have represented that one thou
sand men were under arms at Lawrence ;
that they have rescued a prisoner from
the custody cf the sheriff or Marshal of
Douglas county ; that they defied the
Government to. retake him; aud that,
unless LT. S. troops were furnished,
the laws of the Territory could not . be
executed ; and that he demanded the aid
of the U. S. troops. Until this is grant
ed nothing will be done, unless the ex
citement of parties concerned should
bring it on before, and, if so, many val
uable lives will be lost. Of what trans
pires further I will try to keep you ad
There are significant facts here, that
give assurance that there will : be no
"war" in Kansas. , Let us note them :
1. The extreme excitement is in Mis
souri not in Kansas the. truth being,
as we have said, that it is no new posi
tion in Kansas for the Territorial sheriffs
to be repudiated.
2. The Free State men are willing to
be governed by the U. S. officers and to
submit to them. ?
3. The militia of Kansas did not "re
spond" when Gov. Shannon called them I
This is a remarkable fact. The ques
tion is, why? Did they sympathise
with the Free State men ? If so, then
all Kansas is aijainst those Territorial
laws conclusive proof that the people of
Kansas did not make and do not approve
4. The Missourians that were precip
itated thoughtlessly into volunteering to
march into ' Kansas, only hold them
selves in "readiness to move." - After
they think a little, they will, conclude it
is their duty to "move" home. ;
1 5.. Gov. Shannon has only "250 to
300 men" to back him, drawn from all
sources. 1 He is wisely waiting . for a
"greater force," before marching against
"entrenchments," and "eleven hundred
Sharp's rifles" and "five pieces of artil
lery," all directed by a somewhat repu
table and skillful military leader, at the
head of "1,100 men." Gov. Shannon
don't mean to get hurt, if he can help it.
That is obvious. .
6. But, most grateful and gracious
fact most cheering and pleasing of all
-a "meeting is being held" to "termi
nate the iaatter, peaceably if posstble."
Of course, it is possible.
;7. " Unless the U. S. troops are fur
nished," the laws iannot be executed.1
This intimates that on'' sober, second
thought, the A Miourians desire to be
"counted out", of the fight to "subju
gate" the people of Kansas. 1 - :,
8. Nothing will be done, till the IT. S.
Government defines its position. Pierce
will have a regard' for peace, we dare
say, and so will end the Kansas Civil
War! -r: ; ' - ' ;
The various exeiing telegraphic -'dis
patches now" afloat,'are calculated to con-"
fuse the publicmini f andj we 'have thus
taken the trouble to unravel trie Kansas -
imbroglio. "We think we have done it,
from Terr section, and I
0 tf ghfti 6bMre5)0i()Sci()ec.
' For the Herald cf Ireedam.'
Home Correspondence. '
' . . Osawkee, KJ T., Nov. 26, '55.
r bjend crown : Did you everun
dertake to do anything in a hurry ? If
not, just remove to a claim and let a snow
storm catch you in an open log cabin,
without chimney or fire-place, and then
if you don't "hurrry up your cakes"
uu, - iattend to political, affairs, certainly we
noticed that the more we hurry the .less should not lose sight .pi the great prin
we gain, and the more apt we are to fall ciples of Christianity, by which we are
short nf dutv. Well, tha late snow
caught me in the above-mentioned de-
plorable condition, and this morning I
set to work to build a stone chimney. I
worked away with a will, but soon found
I had more bruised finirers than I. had
stones kid. However, thought I. I ill
W it i tw T ran KnilH a Whim.
nev.so at it I went in a neater hurrv
than CTr T haA wnrkpd aWar, honr.
when along came a pro-slavery neigh-
bor, and now I must have a political
. Am t cot tiiA thn
vuav 0s uvnu a octuy uuu vitvj mow tittup
said was. t W-thfl "Herald of Freedom"
was an abolition sheet. Mv dander riz.
and I felt like trying the effect of
shoe-leather ; but, like Bob Acres, I felt
mv. "nnnraa-A 0n7.in.r0nt at mv fincrpr
ends," -and I concluded I would not fi?ht
.until I had advised with my friends
more especially as he weighed 1 80 pounds
and I but 120. Soon he departed, and
then comes a Free State neighbor, and
he advocates the cause of the Herald,
and my dander fell ; and now it was
night and'eight stones laid on the chim-
O O -
County Court inow in session at this
place, O. B. Tibbs and Mr. Hopewell
presiding as Judges. I "kinder guess
as how it won't amount to much," as
the Yankees would say, as two-thirds of
the people here are determined to oppose
the execution of the acts of the late Leg
islature. However, they are driving
ahead, and are determined to make an
effort to execute the laws, collect the
I have just seen a pro-slavery man
from Platte county, Mo., who informs
me that the thinking portion of the com
munity in that section condemn the out
rages of the Missourians upon the set
tlers of Kansas. A "law and order
meeting" was held at Weston a few
days ago, and resolutions were offered in
favor of sustaining the law, and allowing
justice to be done in all cases, which
Gen. (?) Stringfellow opposed ; and after
the meeting had adjourned the "immor
taV Stringfellow and six others pasled
a series of resolutions, inculcating cut
throatism, &c in the highest degree.
The above, however, is merely a flying
report and I give it to you as I get it.
I have been much amused recently
on hearing the relation of a conversa
tion that occurred a short time since in
Osawkee. County Court was in ses
sion, and the Herald of Freedom, was,
by chance, lying on the table. Dr.
Francis took up the Herald, and, hav
ing read a portion of it, liis eye chanced
to light on tho communication of "Viri
dex," dated November 1st, and handing
it to Judge Tebbs he asked "who could
be the author of it?"
"I don't know" says the Judge, "let's
read it." After having read it, says he
"that was never written here."
"But see," said the Doctor, "it is da
ted Osawkee, Nov. 1st. It certainlv
must have been written here or else it is
"I don't know of any body about here
that could write such a letter," said the
Judge. "Why, that is a good produc
tion. But I'll tell you how it is ; it has
been Parrot of Leavenworth passing
through, and has written as if he were
living here. It was never written here
I am confident." This opinion was ac
quiesced in by the Doctor himself and all
The above conversation I had of the
Doctor himself, and vou may be assured
I laughed in my sleeve at the idea of Mr.
Parrot writing from Osawkee under the
name of "Vindex." I can assure the
Judge and the Doctor both that Mr. Par
rot never wrote that communication, and
that "Vindex" lives in Osawkee.
But perhaps a description of our coun
try and towns here might not be unin
teresting ' to your readers. Osawkee
stands' on the east bank of the Grasshop
per, and is a flourishing place, consider
ing the disadvantages ii has had to la
bor under. It was this summer nearly
depopulated by cholera, theref being but
three persons (and they unmarried ) left
lii me piace. oince mai epiaemic nas
ceased its ravages it has apparently taken
a new start. Buildings are rapidly go
ing up, and, being situated at the cross
ing of the Government road, it is des
tined to become a large place. There
are two stores here, one on a magnifi
cent, scale, kept by Messrs, W. F. fe S.
M. Dyer, who have proved themselves
to be liberal and honorable gentlemen in
every sense of the word.. They are, it
is true, pro-slavery " men, yet they take
no active part in politics. In fact, a gen
tleman in whose word the utmost confi
: .1. 1 : or .1-1 . -j t
dence can be placed, told me a few days j
ago that ne had heard the Messrs. Dy
er's say "that it was their business to
sell goods, and not to meddle in politics,
yet they would a little rather it would
be a slave State, as they are slave own
ers ; but, nevertheless, they are willing
to leave it to - the voice of the actual
s quarters of Kansas." . This, I conceive,
to be an honest and manly position, and
one which every merchant should take,
vix : to have their 3wn opinion and allow
others the same privilege. The other
store is kept by Col. Railly, of Weston,
who is an upright, hi h-minded - and
bonorable gentleman Besides this there
U a, arding-house, -grocery, - &c. kepy
nere, a saw-mm m operation, DiacKsmiui
shop 'and a hotel-going up. - .
i Tb.6 country around Osawkee is 4bout !
the same kind as it is around Lawrence.;
The Reserve lin e is about half a mile be -low;
and above the town, on the Grass
hopper, it is thickly settled, about one
third 'being pro-slavery t men, the re
mainder freesoilers. . To the south-east
we have Bij and Little Slouch Creeks
, which are entirely settled up, principally
j with Free State men. u :' ' r
; Before the cholera visited us we had
! preaching regularly every Sabbath by
1 elders Ward and Francis of the Chris-
. ; tian Church, and occasional .calls from
ministers of other denominations." There
is, however, very little religions interest
manifested anywhere in the Territory at
present ;. but all the talk is politics.-
-This surely ought not to be. Men have
;tosare toas. win ihe State;
tbou it may be proper enough to
to be made great and useful here and
j ha?Py hear- ' .
I Ploflconr Mill I lavrnn aQ it. ic csima
; fjmes caieci, lies on the west side of trie
Grasshopper, and is about one mile from
, Osawkee. : The proprietors of this place
are energetic and active men, but they
' kck the means to build their t?wn'
1 There is, however, a store kept by Messrs.
!Baintr & Hoover j "buildings are rapid-
Iy gomgup, and there seems to be a de-
termination among the squatters west of
Jt to Hrt it. It will, I think, as they
say in i anKee-ianci, mate a -rism
i smart chance of a place.
. 0n andsouth of Dayton flows
j Llttle ltock Creek tli rough a beaut? ful
j country, and it is settled from the head
to the TUDUth.; Aot a claim can be found
! to be taken up, and, what is better, there
is not a pro-slavery man on it. Three
miles west of Rock Creek is Muddy, a
large stream flowing through heavy
woodland, and on either side of the
woods as . beautiful prairie as can be
found in the Territory. Muddy is also
thickly, settled, principally, by Missouri
ans; but even among these you find
three Free State men to one pro-slavery.
Ten miles east of Osawkee lies the
town site of "Hardville," (or at least its
name is so called in an advertisement in
the Weston Reporter) which as yet con
tains but two houses, I believe. I see
by an advertisement in the - Reporter
that the proprietor remarks that "the site
is admired by all who avail themselves
of an opportunity of gazing on its beau
ties." This may all be true, but I Uiink
there are not many beauties there. How
ever, it is laid out by a man who is a
professed Free Soiler and who wanted to
charge voters a dollar apiece at Reeder's
election ; besides, when our speakers
were canvassing the Territory, I under
stood that he refused to allow their print
ed notices to be put up at his house ; and
when Mr. Lmery gave him a call for the
People's Election, he refused to put that
up also. I his is what I have heard, and,
if true, his town has the right name, for
I think its proprietor is a Bard man.
The country around it is settled by Mis
sourians and pro-slavery men generally,
but not very strong.
A word to our old friend Gov. Shan
non and I shall close this communica
tion. Doubtless he thinks, by this time,
like Macbeth's witches, that it is
"Trouble, double, toil and trouble." .
But don't despair, Governor, we have
plenty to keep you writing about yet,
and not copy any protests or instructions
either. I gave you his history in my
last letter, up to the time of the "break
ing of one-blade pen-knives on shin
bones." Well, the Governor from this
time forward was permitted to enjoy the
"sweets of private life," until a new
constitution was adopted by the people
of Ohio, when he was spoken of as a
candidate for Judge of the Supreme
Court. The Democracy laid their wise
heads together, and came to the conclu
sion "that the Governor was not, like
Caesar's wife, above suspicion." Besides
this his Tyler antecedents did not suit
them ; and as he had lost most of his law
practice (which was never very exten
sive,) it was cpncluded that it would be
best to give him a chance to build it up
again. : After remaining awhile in pri
vate life, he was nominated for Congress
and elected by about 1100 majority.-
The Governor says he was not defeated
in the second race, for he was not a can
didate. No, Governor, we admit all
that; but the Democratic nominee was
defeated in consequence of your vote on
the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and Mr. Al
bright, a rank whig of Cadiz, Harrison
county, was elected. Is not this so Gov
ernor? Can you, dare you.denj it?
As for getting Whigs in Ohio to say this
or that about you we don't want them,
for there are men who know all about
iyou riere ; and .there are Uliioans in
j Kansas whose cheeks are overspread with
j the blush of 'shame for you when they
I hear your name mentioned. The reck
less course you have pursued m your
, official career in Kansas has turned many,
who were once your ardent supporters,
into bitter opposers. -You can never get
an Ohioan's vote for any office, however
small, provided .he has once been to
Kansas and learned the state of affairs in
the Territory. You can now say as did
Wolsey: ' ' " ".''";
-I have toneh'd the highest point of all xny
greatnea ; , - -
And from that fall meridian of my glory,
1 haHtenowto iny setting." ,...
. And you will be apt to set forever,
Governor. No , earthly power can ever
raise you again. .
But, Mr. Editor, this letter is long
enough. In my next I shall give you a
nice batch. Yours, : VINDEX.
That letter, n e are orry to mj, w never
received, nor my other ot the eeries save No.
8. . . : r Ed. ILekalo or F.
i . jjew Goods. -;r!
THE ucderslrmed ar? noTr . receiving: their
stock tt FaJl Goods, ; consisting of , Dry
Ckttds, Groceries,-Hardware, yoeeasware, Fur
niture, Saddlery, men's and boy's Clothing,
Boot, Shoes, Gloves, llotdery and in Jeed al
most every article nsuajly aliwl fur. - Sala at a
low rates a they can aiforcL Thankful for the
patronage heretofore extended to them, they
hope to merit a continuation of the terns. Terra
ca?h. t . . . . r.
WANTED Dry H ides'. Butter,1 Esrgvfee.'
BRICKS of the best
,re j : WomRav-her
T. A. HCNT.
N. B. Particular attention
fef0! Option of &in,ik
3. Jao. P. tTood, f
iiuuse on im usvee, and u ready toTrv
cormeauf good,, eitherCmS
Lawrence, Jnne 2, lgw."-.
en & Gordon,
IS Groceries, Topeka.
ine. , . '
K.T. Call and
Dr. E. A. Barnes,
PHTSICTAK & SUEGEON, Main street
x . renee, K. 1, ; f tniWk ,r ?
A TlXtJiA tl AT LAW. May be foJ
H. B. Benton,
A TTOEXEY AT LAW, and General
XX Agent, Kansas City, Mo.
J. h IDDLKaBABGr.il. W. G. Bit
Eiddleiharger & Co- t
m. jim.wiAiu,Ao. i lvee, St. Loui.
. Jan. H, '5a. '
4 TTORNET, SOLICITOK, & COUXSEli
x jl ana uenerai urna Agent. OiHce on M
chusetU street, Lawrent, Kansas Territon
Lawrence, Feb. 12, '.55.
Dr. John Loy,
MAIN street, Lawrence, K. T.
J. S. Emery,
T AW OiSee 80 Mas, st., upstairs.
TTOKNEY AT LAW and SOLTCITOI
JT. CIIAIsCLRY, SO Main St., Lawrenoe,
Dr. S. C. Harrington.
rYFJCE No. 1 Twelfth street, Lawrenw,
V as lerntory. . Jan. K,
BOUNTY LAUD AGENCY.
AN act of Conjrrcss, passed March 3d. 1
provides a pension of 160 acres of land
all persons who irved in the Revo'ntionary i
or in any other war of the Uniu 1 Statt ;
vided fourteen day' services were rendered ; .
Secondly, To all who served in any U.
though actually engaged for only a single c.
Thirdly, To the widow, or if no widow,
children who are under 21 years of ajye at
time oi" the passage of the act : and.
Fourthly, To those who, under former L
have received warrants for a lew amount tj
160 acres, are entitled to an additional winjj
to make up the deficiency to that amount.
Having officiated as Bounty Land A?ent nr.
the former law, and received from the pr
officers, for tho use of the claimant, a very 1.
number of warrants, the subscriber on-rs
lctl sefvices to the public, and feeU cenfr!
that he can rive perfect satisfaction. Ho
will be required until the warrant is obui;
1 ersons having claims wui make immcdu'x
plication at the IIxhald or Fkexdou ot!'u--.
. w. in:u A
Lawrence, Kansas T., July 25, 1855.
TTAVlG rrocuml the aeency 01
JTX WalkB & Co's celebrated SUtl tV
Prairie and Farming Plnc$, manufacture
Bellville, 111., we are prepared to till all or I
from Kansas Territory and ebewliCTe.
These l'lows are manufactured expressly
the wants of the West, and with a view toun
bility, &c. Their merits have been fally to:
and thru we can freely recommend them.
Persons ordering can judire of the size wan:
description, &c, from the character of soil a
strength of team. The Prairie Plows are fr
14 to -10 inches furrow, or lanrer 11 ordered. J
Corn or Fannine Plows varv in size from
Horse No. 4, to Nos. 5, 5j Large Two II'!
Koll. All have steel points and mould board-
Prairie Plows varv in i-rice from 12 to ti
numbers named Corn do. lrom f 0 tlv
: Jendyour ordera with specifications, and ti
will pe prompuy miea.
F. A. HUNT & Co..
Zetee,6't. Louie, 16;
April 14, 1S55.
F. A. Hunt & Co.,
Gmeral Gmmueion, Produce, and FonearJii
JterckatU, Ao. IV Leuef tbl. Lentu, J'
T B. All order for any description of
11 chasdise, when accompanied wita a re:s
tanee. will meet jrith TrotODt attention. T
commission for buying any amount over t
dollars will be per cent under fifty dul!"
tkt rent. The sabi.-ril)ers will confine thenisel 1
strictly to a Ieritimate commission busirew. -'!
they will at all ume De prepared to mate uscii
advances on consi?nieuts.
BIfekexcssw Kansas: S. C. Pomeroy, X
Dr. C. Kobinnon.'
F. A. HUNT, (Late of Hubbell & II ant,)
J. EDWABD HUNT.
St. Louie, Airil 14, 1855.
City Lots and Farm Claim.
T TPON the urgent solicitation of Beveral frieu
yj 1 have dettrminoa upon giving wiw v ju
of mv atfentif.n for the future to the sal of LTT
LOTS aud FA KM CLAIMS' Tfcoee baviil
eirhr lot or claims they wish t dipt-se of, I
furnishing mc with, a de.Tiption of their lw.4
tion. advantages, and price, will find arc
, 1 have several very, desirable farm claims ,
my disposal, situated near the city of LawreiH
on whk-h, sundry iracrovem?nt' have been mai
AJo.-several cit louaal iEZcsets m tUz
ntigbboring tofus. ,. G. W. BEOW.
LaWTeuce, &-pt. 1,'53.
Beady Hade Frame Homes.
milE eubscriber havinir contracted for a hn
X number of the above houses, Is prepared v:
famish tlKc in want. They are f diilerent si
and will be sold at the lowest prices- .
A liue addressed to x Simmons, Kansas, ilo
will meet with prompt attention. -
city. Mo.; Dr. C. Bobinaon, and O. W. Brows
June lb, '00,
1,000 AGENTS WANTED.
NE.TUOUSAND AGENTS wanted immedi
KJ aely, in every jiart of the United States, t j
canvass for subscriber to the HibaLp or Faui
dok- A libtral commission paid for aerviccJ
and no capiVl required. Addresa .
Lawksci, K. T., Feb. 3. If Publishers.
ALL persons are cautioned aainfcS buying 4
note made- by A: U. MALtoar to J. S. AIottI
of Lawrence for about 1 35, aa.tLe note was pr-I
en for company property in which I Lad a joiif
interest with Air. ilott, and, Jilr.'Mallory ht!
been forbidden to pay te aaise. r
i ,v v. s; BACON.
. Join lUIrinerTyianJ
HAS timt completed hia new terrj beat, ao'
holds bimsWin readetaka passenger j
and team over ti Kar tigrirer, opposite La
rence, at aj hours, oripiijri, at tha usu-
Lawrence', JuDclis55.rt i J" v ' !
GXjfnan Flour, Lsri'&o.
STirCfeyviV. firtiiixrf lot of rocd G?'
L- Uiifee fpleadid PoUtoss ehave been wp8.!
' 'j - ---- - ;.v- iU
Education and In fiaeace. By