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The Kansas herald of freedom. [volume] (Wakarusa, Kan. Territory) 1854-1860, January 12, 1856, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006863/1856-01-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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BV G, W, BROWN &
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A Poem from the Hidden Path.
BT KAKIOX IIXELAND.
A pearly mist, like a yonng bride1 veil
Floats softly o'er the sea,
And p riaome waves that all the day
Uar fashed and danced in glee
cb rippling niie now padded away
With the autumn nun' red glare
lie hualied as happy children bow
At their mother1 Knee in prayer. .:
The ame pweet calm i on mj heart ; -
The gentiy heavinsr tide
Bears now no trace of s'orms that swept
O'er it in wot pride.
Tie surface sleep all tranquilly
O'er earth-born &iionv grave,
Anl frteara, like that of Heaven' rttar,
h trembling on th wave
Father ! I thank thee 1 though this light
Be not the roseate hue .
That tinged with fresh and changeful shade
Mr soul, when life waa new ;
Though the foamy billow bound no more
la suubright revelry ; .
Nor echo back ths tempers shout
And wild wind' anthem free ; " -
'Though ia the deep I look in rain
For youthful visions fair
Yt the rich pearls of Faith f nd Ilope
Lie fondly cradled there.
Oh J may lay love as twilight dews
Upon my spirit rest,
Ana still that ray of heavenly light '
' Be mirrored in my breaat. '
Bichkond, Va. .
Light Penetrating Virginia.
I
an. ft, ? Memorial of the Citizen of Virginia,
m . . ii .. r. i if- i . -r
wine vrtncrai jissenuxy, anting jvr
: certain Reforms in the Laws concern
ing Slaves and Free Persons of Color.
To tub Honorable the Senate and
the House of Representatives :-It is
under a deep sense of the delicate and
peculiar reunions of the subject to which
jour attention is earnestly called, that
vour memorialists address you. But if
it political nature demands caution and
deliberation, its moral bearings may still
more claim thoughtful investigation, and
a calm though prompt action. In the
faith that the best policy of the Slate
will always be one with the rectitude of
its laws and institutions,- and that right
never wronged any man, we respectfully
submit our petition, that the Laws of
Virginia may be so modified as -
1. To protect the parental relation,
forbidding the separation of parents and
young children, at the will of any man
or get of menj under criminal penalties,
2. To recognize and secure the marital
relation to colored persons ; forbidding
. the disregard of the sacred relation ui
husband and wife by any man amongst
his own slaves, and protecting the same
between slaves of diifereut lamilies.
3. To allow persons so disposed to
teach persons of color to read, so as
letter to assist 4.heir moral and mental
tlevation. ;
Your memorialists readily allow that
these claims, which they solemnly submit
in behalf of the colored population of
the btate, are founded on the postulate,
that they are something other than mere
property ; and they insist that the claims
of the South, that they shall have pecu
liar representation in the S:ate and Fed
eral Governments, as well as the, special
code everywhere found necessary, for
them, as distinct from other kinds of
property, imply, "equally certain limita
tions on the powers of individuals ovei
them. And this necessity for a special
treatment of them rests on this 'funda
mental truth: that they have certain nat-
ural gifts which suggest culture. If the
susceptibility of cultivation in the grass,
"which to-day is, and to-morrow is cast
into the oven," makes him a benefactor
of his race "who ' makes two blades of
grass grow where only one grew before,'
how much nobler is it to assist the germs
of thought and feeling, with which God
has endowed a race, to their utmost
growth and result! Any ' necessity; of
thwarting this, so plain a law of nature,
is a fearful concession ' to those who op-
' pose the institution of slavery. To say
that they are incapable of culture, is to
utter the severest satire on the law hich
prohibits' it; and is to give birth to the
solecism, that speech, understanding,
And a moral being have not definite ob
jects, as the eye and the ear have. To
say that they are a low and degraded
"race, is only to charge ourselves with a
heavier weight of duty in theirelevation;
since, clearly, the progressive principles,
in man, or beast, or vegetable, is the in
dex 6f improvementand promise of sus-
cess, and capacity the only limit. Sure
ly, then, they are'not mere laborers, and
cannot wq by bread alone.' ;
Your memorialists feel this to bo the
.highest law iathe universe; and to that
they wish ' to -bear ' witness.1 . They are
deeply sensible that any law which
dwarfs and impedes the growth and de
Tvirt nf find's creation.
I 'score especially that which is moral and
gj iatelligent,' cannot fiiil to prove a curse,
W iftwavdr VntiMi'riiir shortsiL'tedness may
f V.. 4 M.MV W Z .
fancit a blessing. ' , ' v .
; The' Jaws which tolerate the separation
-of parents and children, produce scenes
.that the Christian heart must character
ize as cruel and impious; 'and worthier
'.the slave-coast in a past generation, than
' Virginia ia this day. They are unchrist
ian in permitting those to be piit asunder
whom God has joined together under the
1ao5t"so!ema circumstances ; thaseiicour-,
Qo impure and transient 'connections
' ;betreen the sexes, and blunting the " bof
iliedt ' faeh'ags of ; the human being; by
tliis braulizia.the raco to a degree that
should causa even our selfish interests .to
nadder. r They are unwise pacause iney,
jjnnvtfofafayLjZ'at. our' Satoviato
CO,
question, and cause a painful conflict in
the minds of her children, as to whether
they shall allow their servants to grow
round them in ignorance, as the laws de
mand, or "obey God rather than man,"
teach them to "search the Scriptures."
We have reason to know that some are
teaching their slaves in secret, whose
sole protection from their own State is
that their slaves cannot 'testify against
them ! And there must be, in the nature
of things, many who are constantly op
pressed with the fact that we are faithless
enough in not improving our own talents,
without a consciousness of bur uniting
to bury the talentof our helpless fellow
creatures, whose elevation God has con
fided to us.-
Your memorialists have forborne to
place ther appeal on the lower grounds
of interest; for it would be charging our
fellow-citizens with ignoble timidity to
suppose them afraid to do right ; and we
believe 'that they will acknowledge that
honesty,-even in the old Roman sense
embracing all that is right toward God
and man is the best policy ; and that in
being true to the bigher relations of life,
we are truest to ourselves, our families,
and our State; Bat there is nothing that
the history of this race has made more
manifest to our minds, than that what
ever is to be apprehended from them is
to b3 feared from their being neglected,
not from their being cared for; from
having their natural and domestic affec
tions outraged and blunted, not from
their Integration and protection ; from
their ignorance, not their intelligence.
Your memorialists would furthermore
submit that they will yield to none in love
of the State, and reference for her histo
ry and noble sons. They know no better
way to testify that love, than by asking
these reforms ; and they would be author
ized by their writings and remains, in at
taching to this petition the names of those
who have in times past loved Virginia
best, and given her renown over the
world. - . -
Their sympathies and interests being
identified with their Suite, they unite in
rejecting any foreign interference with
this subject, by any Government, State
or Federal. But above all, they would
scorn the idea as unworthy, that anoth
er's folly should be Our wisdom, and that
anything said or agitated abroad should
indue nee us to a base antagonism, which
should leave our duty to this race un
performed. -
Your memorialists rejoice to see indi
cations in the South that shows how the
sense is becoming felt of the threat re
sponsibuity she has assumed m rejecting
all interference from without with the
temporal and spiritual well-being of this
race. On us, and us only, fall the care
and responsibility of their joys and griefs
their elevation or degradation. In
Louisana, the laws prohibit the separa
tion of parents and young children, and
the same policy, has been engaging legis
lative attention in Georgia and Alabama.
In South Carolina, such modifications of
the code on slavery, as we have called to
your attention, have been advocated by
many able writers and jurists among
whom we may mention: Dr. Fuller, a
large slaveholder and able minister, and
Judge O'Xeal. In Maryland, free, color
ed persons have their own schools, and
with the most encouraging results. ; In
Louisiana, their schools are nut only per
mitted, but assisted by money from pub
lic funds.
Shall Virginia be the last to feel this
movement, and, showing lier respect for
the liberty of conscience which oui fath
ers secured us, no longer risk the general
respect for her policy by the inhumanity
of a few laws and usages ?
: AH of which is respectfully submitted.
Rights of Foreigners.
On inquiry"at the General Land office
we learn that there is no law of Congress
giving away the lands in these Territo
ries to foreigners. The 12th and 13th
sections of the act of Congress, approved
July 22d, 1354, (StAtutes at Large, p.
310,) direct the unsurveyed lands to be
exposed to sale from time to time, in the
same manner and upon the same terras
and conditions as the other public lands
of the United States,- which sections are
now in full force. Lands are not only
not given away to foreigners, but they
are excluded . from the ; ; benefits of
the pre-emption laws, which in their op
peraiion, are confined to citizens of the
United Suites. 'Washington Union.
'S3T The ladies of Utah have adopted
a new costume, which seems to be grad
ually increasing in.favor. It consists of
a loose fitting dres, resembling, in cut,
a man's sack coat being buttoned in
front, and reaching a few inches below
the Inees, a pair of pantaletts adorning
the ankles, and a Leghorn hat set jaunt
ily on the head, being in facta modifi
cation of the Bloomer costume. The
ladies aire thus relieved of a superabund
ant load of petticoats,' and their hus
bands are freed from t paying for more
than ' two-thirds : the usual quantity of
dry goods. Terriloriat Register. - :
igyMr. Baldwin, at . Bloomington
has purchased a No 3 Little Giant Corn
Cracker, and will cave it m operation as
soon!a3 ha . can get' it up from Kansas
City.,.'.'; r - .
jrrGs'n. Cass declines bainYa' can
didal for the Presidency, ia a letter to
LAWRENCE, KANSAS TERRITOM; SATURDAY MMARY 1; 1856,
Letter from Gen. Stringfellow.
The subjoined letter we find in the
Montgomery, Ala., Advertiser, It was
written by a man who has acquired as
irreat a notoriety of infamy as any other
of the present aire. It is needless to
comment upon it:
Weston, Mo., Oct 6,1855. '
Mr Dear Sir : I was much grati
fied by the receipt of yours of 7an.d
take pleasure in replying to your inqui
ries. I have deferred writing until I
could give you the result of the election
of delegates to Congress, - which tvas
held on last Monday. I thought it bare
ly possible that the result of that election
mi'ht affect
mv
answer. From the
threats of the Abolitionists in the East,
and the secret movements of their emis
saries in Kansas, it was impossible to
foresee what would occur at that election.
It seemed as if they desired a conflict,
and I regarded it as a mere possibility
that at some precincts they might bring
it about. But 1 am glad to find that, as
usual, they are mere boasters, and very
careful to keep out of the way when true
men are at hand; They did not attend
the election ; suffered it to go ,by de
fault. .The result is Whitfield's election,
though no half the pro-slavery vote was
given. There being no contest, and the
settlers being buy gathering their crops
and preparing for winter, 'did not turn
out. The Abolitionists have evidently
abandoned the contest in Kansas, and de
termined to transfer it to Congress. On
next Tuesday, they hold an election on
their own responsibility ; will elect Reed
er by as many . nominal votes as they
chooe to certify, and will rely on the
House with its abolition majority, giving
him the seat. " You may think I am
jesting, as it is hard to realize such folly,
but I am iu earnest, and am satisfied they
act under advice and instructions from
leading abolitiouists in and out of the
House. I am prepared to see any out
rage perpetrated by them. Should the
House give Reader this seat and etact
Whitfield, what will Southern members
do ? 1 hope no one of them will so far
forget himself as to open his lips in oppo
sition to such a movement. We should
throw the whoh responsibility on the
North ; force them, to the issue and make
them decide.
I may seem to be wandering from the
matters about which you desire informa
tion, but I am not. If Reeder be admit
ted to a seat, or any other action be taken
by Congress to deprive the people of
Kansas of their right to determine their
future condition, we shall ueed the men
at once. I need hardly say to you that
Abolition cannot be forced upon Kansas,
unless the South prove traitors and not
then without more and' better lighting
men than can easily be found in all Abo
litiondom. The Pro-Slavery party have
beeu indifferent to abuse, to the vilest
slanders ; they have submitted to and
availed themselves of Abolition law ;
have quietly, by voting, succeeded in
protecting themselves. If resort is to be
had to other means to force they, will
be found equally ready, and, I doubt not,
equally prepared.
If, however, no extra necessity be
created, I would advise you to seud those
of little means in the Spring. They can,
by reaching Kansas by the middle of
March, or even 1st of April, secure to
themselves a pre-emption by erecting a
cabin, and then find ample employment
by farmers at good wages during the
Summer and Fail. In this way they can
save, enough to pay expenses during the
Winter, and have that time for fencing
and improving their own claim.
There will hu no election until next
October. -
Men who have means can come in the
Fall during the Winter fence their laud,
so as to be prepared for breaking their
grounds early in the Spring. Our crops
are abundant, and provisions will be very
cheap this Winter. The laud is being
rapidly surveyed, and by Spring all
north of Kansas River, and a good deal
on the south, will be surveyed, and no
difficulty will attend settlements, hvery
mechanic can hnd more work at high
wages 'than he can do. It is thus that
the Alwlitionists get all their strength
their mechanics alone can live in Kansas,
and could Southern mechanics be found,
theirs could get no employment.
Any who may come; directed to
Thomas Johnson, Shawnee Mission; any
of your friends. at Westport; myself at
Veston; P. -1. Abell, or . my brother,
Dr. John H. Siringfellow, at Atchison,
will at once receive every attention and
be forwarded in their wishes. -Xb healthy,
industrious man will need any help to
support him after he reaches . here.
Twenty-five dollars would be more than
enough to cover contingent expenses
while makin? a location.
I will; say further, that to any man
who will come ana secure a pre-emp
tion, the money necessary to enter it will
be advanced on the security , of the claim
at reasonable interest. In ninety cases
in one hundred his claim will, when en
tered, bring 8500. 'Claims can now bJ
had which will bring oa entry 10 per
acre, with only a cabin.
But you should not confine yourselves
toseuding poor men of all sections of
tho Union, Kansas is the most desirabte
to mea of means especially, to those
who have slaves. It must Ixj one- of the
healthiest portions of our country our
negroes are as healthy as ia Virginia.
Tiiey hire tor better prices than m any
other Slate ia the Cuba.- This is con
clusive ts to ths valuo o their labor,
There is as little danger of their escape,
even less than from, any free , State, hav
ing no facilities for getting away, and our
people are more on the alert than else
where. ... --,. '. :
They have now laws mon efficient to
protect slave property than any State in
the Union ; these laws have just taken
effect, and have already silenced 'Abou
tionists; for in despite of their hereto
fore boasting, they know ihey will be en
forced to the letter, and.with the utmost
ri''or. Not only is it profitable to slave-
hotaers to go to luinsas; dui politically ii
is all important. , ' j
Everyslave taken tWe will gain five
votes from Anti-Slavery men. Though
in feeling opposed to" slavery those who
have moved hot been sent to' Kansas
from non-slaveholdir!g States soon be
come attached to southern men, and- are
unwilling to drive thm away, or to strip
them of their property, and thus practi
cally become proslavery. .
' But in addition, the necessity for la
bor demands that slavery be brought
liere, else the people t may be driven to
seek white labor, not being able ; to get
negroes, and from necessity be forced to
exclude negro slavery, that white slaves
may be induced to come. In this, our
only real danger, wlere patriotism and
prubt combine to call Southern men to
come, I hope they will respond that
they will not be frightened by the idle
threats of abolitionists in New York "or
Boston. " '- r ' "-;
They ought to know that all their out
cry is ia the hopo that thus southern men,
on the principle a stupid one, by the
wajT that "slavery, is timid, will, so
Ions as there is a' seeming contest be de
terred from coming with their slaves, and
that thus, after a time, they may out
number us. Our friends in Kansas have
riven evidence that should satisfy the
most incredulous. They have carried
every election have ' enacted most effi
cient laws are prepared and determined
to enforce them.
I care not how this has been done- if,
as Abolitionists say, Missourians have
done it, Missourians can do it again !
As you. know we cau, if driven to it,
from this country alone, send more men
to Kansas than all New Englaad has been
enabled to put there. If we are forced
in self-defence, we will show that we can
do far more than Greeley in his ravings
has charged us with dowsr. . But we do
uot w Uh , ' and it U -not . right that we
should be compelled1 to depopulate our
country in defence of Southern rights.
Others should be notless patriotic, when,
too, they would be so much greater gain
ers than we by a removal. The South
has not heretofore been recreant, and I
am glad to find that she is now being
aroused to necessity for action. You sre
in the interior, remote from danger, We
are on the outposts fighting your battles.
We will hold the post while we have a
man left and if you will give us a lit
tle help, we will will ootonly gain a vic
tory, ; but place you; and your friends
"out of danger" for the future.
Excuse the length of this. You know
how deeply I feel in this matter. When
started 1 hardly kuoir how to "stop,"
but L know I cannot say too much even
to one as deeply enlisted as you. .
Truly your friend,
B. F. STRINGFELLOW.
. ; Thanksgiving in Virginia.
Gov. Johnson, of Virginia, has recom
mended and set apart a day of thanks-
riving and prayer, in view of the abate
ment of the awful pestilence that' : has
desolated two of the cities cf the State.
The Governor disclaims all Authority to
require or control in the case, but simply
recommends that all the people unite ia
rendering homage and thanksgiving.
Church Advocate.
We commend the following text to the
clergymen of Virginia who will officiate
on the Governor's fast day : '
"How can any nation pretend to fast
or worship God, or dare profess to be
lieve in the existence of such a Being,
while they carry on the slave trade and
traffic in the souls, ; blood and bodies of
men. , O. ye most flatritious "of knaves
and worst of hypocrites I Cast off at
once tne mast oi religion, anu aeepeu
not your perdition by professing the faith
of our Lord Jesus Christ,' while you
continue in this : traffic." Dr. - Adam
Clarke on Isa. 58: 6. . . . ' . ,
"Till America comes into this measure
the abolition of slavery her prayers,
to Heaven will be impious. ; This is a
strong expression, out it is jusu x d-
lieve that uod governs the world, and 1
believe it to be a maxim in His as in our
Courts, that those who ask for ' equity
Ough t to do it." VbAn Jig. '
"To number the persons of men with
beasts, sheep 'and horses, as the stock of
a farm, or with, bales of goods, as the
cargo of a ship, is a most detestable and
anti-christian practice. Thomas Swtt,
the Commentator.'-' - ,; '. , ,"
"The whole commerce between mas
ter and slave is a perpetual exercise - of
the most ooistrous passions ; me most
unremitting despotism 6a the one, part,
and deffradin?' sabmissioa oa the other.
I tremble for my country when I reflect
mat uoaisjust mat n is justice caauo
slumber forever." Thoiruts Jdferson.' I
'It VinVnnn flntTfritv i nnrfecatTiizad.
when opposed to slavery, we . commead
them to study these" Divine "emanations::
'Db unto others , as ys ; would 't that
i Liberty throughout the land, to ail; the
H 4 t
v ::.Tlia:Sansa3.RebeUba. . j be apt . to serve the vTerritory as good
. Since our last issue we have obtained" hands in the chaiu gang. . V
full and reliable information touching the j The Governor at one time determined
late difficulties in Kansas, and as many : to require them to give- up their arms,
conflicting reports hsve gone forth, we but when they submitted and . insisted
propose to give a brief statement of the that their arms were private property,
matter, its origin extent and settlement, and necessary to aid ia executing the
The public have learned from the laws, the Governor consented to let them
publication of Laughlin, that an armed retain them. There was some dissatis
organization of abolitionists existed in factioa among the pro-slavery mea at
Kansas, the avowed object of which was his permitting the arms .to be retained,
to resist the execution of the laws enact- but we are assui ed that all upon refiec
ed by the Territorial Legislature; to ex- tion, approve the action of the Governor,
pel . pro-slavery mea from the Territory His positioa required that he should not
and to make it a Free State. Arms and treat it as a case of reilion, if possible
money for the purpose were suppled by to do otherwise ; his feelings disinclined
the Emigrant Aid Society in - the East, him to force white men," even abolition-
The armes consisted of Sharp's rifles ists, to too great humiliation, and we are
with " m?nnif hall nnfl f!nlf" Nartr TJa-
volvers. Rumor says artillery Avas to
be furnished, and that one or more Can
non, were actualy received of this last
statment we have our doubt. The abo
litionists in their public meetings, under
the lead of Reeder, Lane and others,
proclaimed their determination to resist
the execution of the laws, and at length
under, the impression : that they were
strong enough to contend successfully,
commenced by burning several houses
occupied by. pro-6l very men in Douglas
county. Among others they burned the
house of Coleman and turned his family
out. Uoleman who had srone for arms
to defend himself, on his return, finding
his house .burned was met by one of the j
incendiaries ; armed with a Sharp s rifie
and revolver. The latter attemnted to
fire but Jiis gun missed fire, and Cole
man killed him.
Coleman immediately ' surrendered
himself to Jones the ! Sheriff, and also
made affidavit for the arestof another
abolitionist who had followed 'and sought
to kill him. Jones arrested the aboli
tionist, and while taking him to Le
compton, called at the house of the abo
litionist to inform his family of the oc
currence. He was thus separated from
his prisoner a few -moments having
left him in custody of a guard of some
six men. This was about midnight and
very dark. On separating from the
prisoner about forty armed abolitionists
rushed out and surrounded the prisoner.
Jones finding that he was so greatly
outnumbered and not willing to risk the
lives of his men was forced to abandon
his prisoner. The rescued man was
takeu to Lawrence and threats were made
by the abolitionists there that they would
take and hang both Jones and Coleman.
There not being in Douglas county a
sufficient force to enable Jones to put
down the abolitionists, he called on the
Govenor for aid, to assist in arresting all
who had been engaged ia the house
burning, the rescue tfce. ' ' ' '
The abolitionists relying on their
arms and military organization, ' and
knowing' the difficulty of assembling
pro-slavery men from i settlements so
sparse and remote from each other, were
very impudent and boastful.'
' Their agents were out in every direc
tion calling in their forces.. On one of
them, arrested at Doniphan were found
papers containing the constitution, by
laws, pass-Words &c. , of the Kansas
Legion precisely as stated by ' Laughlin.
The numbers assembled in Lawrence
were Variously estimated, but we ar sat
isfied that they at no time exceeded 400
men. In.less than four days from the
Governor's proclamation, the pro-slavery
men, the real law-abiding men, began to
assemble at Wakarusa, below, and Le
compton,' above, Lawrence. .,' In less than
a week from the proclamatioa of the
Governor, 1800 well armed men, with
six 6r seven cannon, were around Law
rence! No abolitionist dared showhim
self outsidebt the town ! ,the few who
ventured out traveled by night, and but
few of them- escaped. ' Although there
was a burning and feverish desire oa tho
art of the pro-slavery men to hang, the
eaders aad drive the last one of the mis
erable wretches back to their dens, in
New, England, they determined to : re
strain theirpersonal feelings while enforc
ing obedience to the .laws, lhey hoped
the abolitionists ( would stand to , their
threats, and; would thus give a justifica
tion for blotting them out Not only
Gov.: Shannon, Gen. Richardson, the
officers, 5 but ; the men ; felt' that if one
blow was struck, the end would beithe
summary execution of every abolitionist
in the Territory. "L The abolitionists were
not slow to discover their condition,' and :
were ready to . submit to any , demands
made by the Governor 1
though they ' believed the acU of the f urveys ia these Territories have.recent
Leislature invalidi untn so decided by I1! made. , .The letter, i accompa-
ttinrti-fttarirmild not only submit to.
but will aid in enforcing tliem, and wo'd
assist the Sheriff ia arresting any, per
son charged with their violation. Gov.
Shannon was npt' willing to take ' the
wnrrl nf T.anft and others, their leaders.-
but required evidence of their submis-
sion which would justify him before the
would subscribe a written, declaratioa of
their submission to the laws, and of their
pledge to sustain and aid the' sheriff in
their execution, and! , would: obtautMbe
siniature o every man ia Lawrence
. Thi tho v T,TcfAeA . at mcA to tnve
aid the sVnff immedkiely1" went ' into
Lawrence and commenced - arresdng of
faaders.;' -Upoa this the Odvercor order j
ed the militia to return to ' their "rtcmcsi
learn that some of their. wealthiest taert
tid UBPlBa'dfa ibbarain &sd wI
When thev left th shsiiff hid rzEsd eleetod to the -XJ. o.' SeaA: by tne
manv and vras arresting others. 'Wi giaia Ajseabl y;b a tpjsnetBi.
t safTsfipH--it wn f'T-. hmm t
satisfied- that it was the more prudent
course, even as regards the safety of the
persons and property of the pro-slavery
mea ia that portioaof die Territory.
The abolitionists have shown that they
are not -only miserable cowards, but
have been sj terribly frightened that
there is no danger of any open violence
in the future. They have been cowed,
but not trampled oa; they .have thus fur
their fear to . restrain, without -having
their cowardly vengeance aroused to
commit secret crimes, i
They have seen that in a moment a
force can be arrayed sufficient to crush
them the boasted promises of their
leaders are falsified they have been com
pelled to back out from the'pbsUioa takea
in their public meetmgsand conventions,
to yield obedience to the laws, even to
aid in enforcing them. All this has been
effected without bloodshed. Had the
natural embittered feelings of many of
the pro-slavery men once burst forth, it
would not have been iu the power of any
to control them. The Territory would
have been scoured ; the last abolitionist
executed. . The moral effect would have
been far less than the peaceable submis
sion we have seen effected. Greeley and
his Eastern aids are made to see that they
are at the mercy of brave and good men.
Southern men have proof that they and
their property are safe will be protect
ed. ' '
Many instances have been related illus
trating the difference in the spirit of the
men of the two parties. Slurp's 1 rifles
had no terrors for the Squatters ; were
no protection to the cowards who liad
them. In one instance three abolitionists,
armed with rifles and revolvers,' were out
as a sort of scout, when one of the ' pro
slavery men seeing them gave, chase ;
they all fled into Lawrence, one of them
receiving a shot which we s learn proved
fatal. On another occasion, shortly af:
ter the militia begsn to' assemble, twenty
three -abolitionists posted a a? picket
guard, were met by sixof the other guard
were ordered to halt, and compelled to
march back to to wn ! Neither' arms nor
odds availed them the " metal was not
there. " ' ''' ' ' ' '"' '"
We are gratified at the Tesult grati
fied that Gov. Shannon, while, adminis
tering the law rigidly, was able toadmin
istef it mercifully. And wei look to no
future trouble in the Territory. At the
polls on the battle-field, "the abolition
ists, have been signally vanquished.
They must seek another field for their
operations. Weston Argus. ; .
.:;-' Sharp's Rifles. ' x ' .' '
Thia - recently invented weapon, if it
possesses one half the power and capac
ity claimed for its proprietor, is destined
soon to supersede every other weapon
for war-like purposes : now in ; existence.
The small carbine now- used by ; the U.
S. mounted men, throws a ball with dead
ly accuracy one 'quarter of a mile,' and
can be fired ten times per minute. It is
not complicated in structure, is .easily
clearned, and suffers no injury from wet
weather. : --'-" - ' ' - "; '
This rifle in the hands of a good
marksman, is equal to ten muskets, bay
net - and all, for, 1 place a man six rods
distance with a musket and bayonetand
before he can bring the bayonet into use,
the rifle can -be loaded -and discharged
ten times. They carry balls with great
precision and force. Mr Sharp intends
these rifles to become a national weapon,
and should Congress," by using a little
liberality purchase the patent,' the coun
try would be possessed of a means for
warfare Unequaled in the world.
:.: .)..- :;v.T!
I J3T In a leiter written, by. the Sur
veyor General of Kansas aad Nebraska
to the .Commissioner of the.' General
Land; Office, it is stated that a large
number of new contracts, fori additional
"ea - maps or surveys iwnica xave
already bees completed.
jT The jury is the triil of Baker tor
th murder of Poole,; disagreed and
have been discharged The; last ballot
stood for manslaaghter, 7 ; tor murder
; in the first- degree, 2 ; find for acquit-
j!3rTbe United States,' District At
torney in New ! York Jias received infor
mation from: the - President, conc-eraing
certaia filibustering movements via pro-
1 gress, i tor - the invasion oi , icaragua,
.m5WCtipgbim to take prompt measures
for the uppr5ssiea, o;ttbe ae ; -)
ia.' JamesI mz&zk , was"! re-
iir; ii: senoys aa -isi
iha cccr cf &a Fug
V , Far iM JlartHi
Napoleon and Kansas City RaCroad
This grand enterprise of Arkansas has
not been r the subject of newspaper re
mark for several months ; nevertheless,
it is progressing as fast as its most san
guine friends ever anticipated. The first
section of 60 miles will be completed by
the 25th of December, 1856. It runs
through a rich, bottom 75 miles wide, of
inexhaustible fertility, yielding 1000 lbs.
or two bales of cotton, per acre ;; and of
corn 100 bushels ' per acre, i It is well
adapted to the growth of wheat, oats,
clover, timothy, and the various kinds
of roots, and ia factlall the .necessaries'
of life, save sugar and ice. I have ho
doubt that shortly after the Napoleon .
and Kansas City ilailroadi is completed
to Pine Bluff, the country in the vicinity
of the road will be speedily brought into
cultivation and 'become the very garden
of the South. Lands that sell at 5 and
10 -dollars will sell: at froni?50 to 100
dollars per acre. -
If, I could have. doubted the ultimate
completion of this, 'road. to. Kansas City
before I moved to Kentucky, the great
impetus given to agriculture, commerce,
and manufactures by the Chatanooga
and Nashville railroad in this section of
country (40 miles from the road) , would
have dispelled' itT -Before the road was
buiU wheat sold at 40 cents per bushel,
which now brings 51,25. Corn sold at
50 and 75 cents per . barrel, and now
sells at 1,25. Pork sold at 82,50 and
83,50, and now sells at 85,50 and $6
per 100 lbs. Bacon sold at 4 and 7
cents, and now sells at 15 cents.' To
bacco sold at 3 and 84: per 100 lbs.,
which now sells at 5 and $10, : Horses
sold at 875, and now sell at 200 and
8300. Indeed,, every thing is selling at
starvation prices, notwithstanding the
whole earth is groaning under the mighty
weight of the rich products of the soil.
Sucn crops of every kind have not been
raised in this country since Jts settle
ment. Lands' that sold for 5 and 810
per acre now sell at 25 and 835, and are
much easier paid for at those prices than
when they sold at 5 and 8 10, as I am
credibly informed by the farmers.- ... .
.When the first stction of this road
and the Memphis and "' Little Rock: road
shall be completed, - the vast resources
of Arkansas will be speedily; developed.
Wealth . and , capital will ' flow, into the
State ; the people will continue to urge
the pioneer road up the Arkausas valley
and the Neosho through the 'rich" State
of Kaosas to Kansas City the 'great
emporium of the Kansas valley.? ' -
..The citizens of Kansas City are urging
a project -to connect Kansas City, with
Galveston by.railroad. , That road would
run from Kansas City through the State
of Kansas down the Neosho, and would
cross the: Arkansas River at the, same
point that the Napoleon and Kansas City
road. We have no objections to meeting
themat that'pointl The people of the
Kahsasvvalley and upper Missouri will
have a southern butlet. y They pay ahnu
allyjfor the want of egress?, aad ingress
from and to their rich .valley money
enough to build a road. .
" The' farmers in Southern Kentucky tell
nie that the increase ia the ralue of their
produce - would build such a road, per
annum, as the Nashville and.Chatauooga
road. They- are , all fully 6atisfed that
the road has produced the wonderful
change" in commerce,' agriculture and
maaufactures alluded to above. ' '
- -i. ht i -:t n; ,r'A.-.EICE.v
; Keysburg, KyDecl, 1855.,, ?-;unA
r 'Higbxakd Dec.l4 1855.
'Friktd Brows: :--I Understand you
are having rather rich times about Law
rence. , : You ' AboUtioaists", are! getting
rather "obstrppelaus." Poor Shannon
was obliged to call out the awful mil it a
ry' vt Kansas to straighten' ydaV 'And
then to send all tne way to Washingtoa
for ir. 'Jierce; to order out - Uncle
Sams raea it's too bad ; how s could
you be so naughty ? I should think you
would feel proper "green ;" if ybu don't
Shannon aoes. He must hive s fine
nice "calbage head" of his owa by this
time. -: Oa; the whole,? I think the re? '
Downed Governor had better sUyiqfer; .
icho until his beard becomes rown
for all the glory he has wen by this
"war" has already oozed out at his toes,'
"pro bonopxdlUo" V-'u1 t -
t Well, we are heartily glad the frsr is
eadedand, you-vile : 'hereUcs' aad
outlaws" sabdned that the sun Is once
more allowed to resume her stately coan
from east to west-the moon' to ahsd her '
usual evening luster the stars to daxzla
ia their respective orbs, fcad Gov, Shan
con to retire to bis ooucb, :ia .peace and
quietness-r-rio more to be molested Hjf
the midnight howling .of these Y'ane
faaaticsj who all want to pHy cpca 'il
harp with a thousand strings-" 2. y i-fi
, Verily, these are strange timsa! But
what could bo expected of aniaa placed
ir the. positioa ci MrrShatijioa, after
swearing' &ete05t"abj'ecV allegiance to -:
the "powers thatlxj ?' He is ambitious
but; his proud ambition is dediaed to -fall
ifrom b in torria ;- behf.T. He-. is
eager ior mj c -1 his jMpirauons .are : ?
badly crippled l?y the preisaturVlsiii-a.4
bf procksis'cf 'Us ltftZZiir -Sfortj?&
?c:r VSclc
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