OCR Interpretation

The Kansas herald of freedom. [volume] (Wakarusa, Kan. Territory) 1854-1860, January 19, 1856, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006863/1856-01-19/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

j J
r )U Herald if Freedom. '
' , ' The Kansa3 Pioneers' Sons. '
Now let huzzas salute the j I
And banners streaming wave on high, ,
A from 2ter England' rocky coast.
And from tfc land of Freedom' host,
The Pioneers, a steady thronj?, .
In crowds for Kansas sweep alonx,
Like ripples starting small and free
like billows rolling from the sea
They rise and swell from shore to fhore,
Ana spread the plains of Kansas o'er :
A band of brothers strong and free.
United firm for liberty.
Kesolvcd to make the Kansas free
And stay the curse of slavey.
Now let huzzas salnte the flcy !
And banner wave in glory high !
The many tribes are going
The mighty flood are fiowin?,
That shall Columbia's heart secure
And hold her western gateway sure ;
No slaves shall pass yonr prairies o'er,
'Nr reach onr great Pacific shore,
While freemen watch the Kansas eatos
And gnard that highway of the States.
. A band of soldiers strong nd free
United firm for liberty.
Resolved to keep the Kansas free
And sfrjy the curse of slavery. -
All hail 1 ye lands fmm sea to sea ! -Hope
gleams upon thy destiny!
The fires are blazing o'er the plain,
The lisht of Freedom yet remains,
Old Bunker Hill she never tires!
The sons are worthy of the Mrea !
The prairies all are ide awkfi,
They've bridged the chasm of the State,
t And grwt Niagara shall rest
Ere slavery o'enlows thi West. -T
ho Picneeis a band shall be
United firm for lihertv,
Keoolved to keop lhe Kansas free
And stay the curse of slavery.
All hail ! ye mountain echoes ring.
Yf lightning stee ls the message bring,
That freemen trae. have met the foe,
That Freedom's host hath met the foe,
And all Nebraska yel U free,
And Kansas wed to liberty ;
Noslavery polntes the land,'
Hut blooming fields on every hand
Reward the heart of honet toil.
While freedom consecrates the soil.
-: The Pioneer? are soldiers all.
United at their country's call,
To show the world that freedom's host
Js worthy of Columbia's boast.
Li ft high, nnd higher yet, once more.
The voice th it ring the country o'er,
.Thdsona of liberty have met the fje,
And laid tha Border EuB.ans low.
The very sight of Freedom's ere
Hath power to make invaders fly.
Till liberty her own dominion gains
And rears a Bunker Hill on Kansas, plains,
So high and glorious that light
Perpetual shall play upon its hight,
And cheer the uoldiois ol the free
United firm for liberty.
Resolved to make the" Kancas free
; And stay the curse of slavery.
oSiiicnl . Waiters.
The Kaii3a3-Mio50uri Usurpations-Protection
or no Protection?
The late disturbances in Kansas have
raised a serious Question respecting the
authority of the President of the United
Slates. Has the President of the United
States the right to interpose its sovereign
power to prevent the citizens of a Siate
trom invading the. territory ot the U nited
States, and forcibly usurpiug the rights
of citizenship, and exercising legislative
authority over it ? It be has no sueti
right then Congress should immediately
confer it upon him ; and . if he have the
right he should bo held responsible for
its exercise upon due information, when
ever the public exigencies require it.
We confess we have not been more sur
prised at the grave denial of this riht,
than at the apparent acquiescence in the
correctness of such denial. We by no
means subscribe to this doctrine of Presi
dential impotency. Shall the President
of this great republic, with full knowl
edge oi an invasion of a Territory by
citizens of one of the States of this.Un
ion with intent to usurp the rights both
of citizenship and of supreme legislative
authority over . it, stand coolly by and
suner the -.damning aeeu. to De aone un
der the pretext that he has no authority
to prevent it? JS'o authority to execute
the law of Congress? No authority to
repel the mvasion of a lerritory of this
Union, and prevent a forcible usurpa
tion of the rights of citizenship, and of
itv to protect American citizens on the
soil of the Uuited States, or prevent civil
war ; in our opiuiou n i uuu uu
a confession of Presidential impotency
is an evasion, we had almost said a pre
text, a subterfuge. Our government is
not that rickety tbinr, nor our constitu
tion that phantom of statesmanship which
such a couiession ot its weakness ouia
imulv. The constitution says that the
President shall be "commander-in-chief
of the army and navy of the United
States;" and that "the President shall
take care that the laws be faith fully exe
cuted." Does the organic law of Con
gress, establishing the Territory of Kan
sas form an exception .to this construc
tion? Does not the law provide in pos
itive terms, "that the citizens of Kansas
shall be left perfectly freb to form and
regulate their . own domestic institutions
iatheir, own .way V' Are they thus
'"free" if they, are left defenceless and
.liable to be invaded and outvoted by their
.more, powerful' neighbors? Did Con
gress only emancipate the people from
'tf control, and leave them to become
the prey of the Border . Ruffiiins of Mis
souri, , or did it guarautee protection to
.them against the world ? .;
; Does protectioa to Kansas depend upon
.the power and numerical strength of its
.citizens ?; and is this the- protection
America offers American citizens upon
American soO ? ' What would be said
of a Briiish minister of 5 foreign -affairs
'who should , hold sueh language toward
the people of one o! her majesty'a colo
'nies, Pfitectioni XuU! equal , and com
plete protectioa io eterycAcjericaa.ciU--lea,
at tb?ae aad abroad is the funda
mental idea of , our government, and far
distant be the day when " an American
shall invoke it in vain. , , . .
It is fallacious reasoning to deny to
the President authority to prevent the
illegal interference of Missourians, and
to guard the ballot-box in Kansas against
violepce on the ground that the organic
law of that Territory does not expressly
enjoin any such duty upon - him. Such
construction would make some of the
most important and necessary laws of
Congress a dead letter. But compara
tively few laws contain any such provis
ion. Such , construction, moreover,
would operate as a practical amendment
of a positive injunction of the constitu
tion of the United States, by limiting the
duty of the President, to 'take care that
such laws only can be executed as Con
gress shall therein expressly require him
to execute ! !" '
What provision, we desire to ask, ean
be found in the fugitive slave law, which
requires the President, if need be, to put
in requisition the army and navy of the
United States tosend, back a fugitive
slave ? . We are nut aware that that law
contains such express authority.. The
argument, therefore, proves too much,
unless the fugitive slave law is an excep
tion to the rule, and; the protection of
slavery is more important than tlie pro
tection of the'rights of citizenship. If
in appointing the officers of Kansas the
President exhausted the power expressly
given him under the specific law organ-
jznig mai lermory, he had under .the
constitution still higher, and more deli
cate and important duties to perform.
Ut what avail was the parchment com
missioning Hon. A. H. Reeder as Gov
ernor of Kansas, or the organic law of
Congress requiring him to fix the time
and places for resident citizens of Kansas
to deposit their ballots for members of
the legislative assembly if that eom
mission and that liw instead of being
sustained by the strong arm of govern
ment were liable to be annulled by Mis
sourians, and to lose all vitality "when
the forlorn people shall approach them
for protection ? "We have not been ac
customed to regard the Kansas-Nebraska
law, and the appointment of Gov Boed
er that farce which such construction
would imply.
Although the conduct of the Missou
rians is an anomaly in our history, thanks
to the patriotism of our people, yet all the
analogies of our political history, wheth
er connected with our domestic affairs or
our foreign relations sanction the position
we have taken, f resident Van rJuren
saw fit to interfere to prevent the viola
tion of our neutrality laws on our North
ern frontier. Both Presidents Fillmore
and Pierce himself issued their proclama
tions, upon slight evidence, warning our
citizens of the danger of violating our
neutrality Uws with Spain.
Are the neutrality laws of Congress
more important than its Territorial enact
ments? Or is it less the duty of the
President to protect the people oV a Ter
ritory from the. attacks of citizens of
another State, than it is to protect a for
eign government from the wantonness of
our own citizens? Upon the first signs
of a civil watkbetween the inhabitants of
New Mexico and the authorities of Tex
as, President Taylor dispatched the Uni
ted' States troops to that quarter. When
the citizens of South Carolina raised the
bloody flag of nullification, Gen. Jack
son, so far from entering a plea of im
potency, issued his proclamation and
threatened to put in requisition the entire
power of the general government. The
result was the settlement of that vexed
question, and peace to the country. '
Who can say what would have been the
consequence to the republic on the occa
sions referred to, had less firmness been
manifested by the - incumbents of . the
Presidential chair ? ' If on such great
occasions, and under such fearful respon
sibilities it has been deemed necessary,
and has proved wise, for the President
to take care that the "'laws be faithfully
executed," can there be any doubt as to
what his authority is on the Kansas
question ? - .
The contrary doctrine would necessa
rily lead to Congressional intervention in
the domestic attains of a Territory, and
perhaps to the enactment of a Wiimot
Proviso ; for if 1 the people of the Terri
tories are not to be. protected in legisla-,
ting for themselves, Congress must leg
islate for them, and surely, of two evils,
Congressional intervention is less to be
dreaded than Missouri intervention.
We therefore trust that President
Pierce, regarding these precedents, the
solemn injunctions of the constitution,
and the peace, prosperity and perpetuity
of the republic, will interpose the power
of the general government and guard
the ballot box in Kansas from fraud and
violence should a future occasion require
it. . This may be done by giving the
Governor of theTerritory authority to
call the United States troops 'into this
service in connection with the civil posse.
The United States District Attornies for
Kansas and Missouri should be instruct
ed to commence prosecutions against the
ringleaders in these outrages for a con
spiracy to obstruct the execution of the
laws of the United States. -It will be
exceedingly difficult,- nay, impossible,
for the proper authorities to ' satisfy the
country that they cherish at sincere de
sire to secure to the citizens of Kansas
the free and unrestricted right to carry
out the Kansas-Nebraska law in its true
spirit, so long as appropriate legal reme
dies shall remain uaatteiapted.---i!i5
lican, Me., Journal.,
: The Legal Tenure of Slavery.
; li Slavery, being illegal, is unconsti
tutional of course. . Nothing can be con
stitutional that is illegal.
2. There would have been no valid
"recognition of slavery or compromise"
with it, in the Constitution, because there
was no legalized slavery in the country
to be the subject of such recognition; or
3. Slavery is unconstitutional because
it is directly in violation of the Declara
tionof Independence, "the 'first act. of
our nation." which, (in the words of the
late John C. Spencer,) "being a solemn
recognition of the liberty and equality
of ill men, and that the right to liberty
and happiness are inalienable was the
corner stone of our confederacy, and is
above all constitutions and all laws",
4. Slavery is unconstitutional because
it is directly in conflict with the declared
objects of the Constitution, as set forth
in its preamble, viz : "To form a more
perfect union, establish . justice, ensure
domestic tranquility, provide for the
common defense, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liber
ty to ourselves and our posterity."
5. Slavery is unconstitutional because
antagonistic, not only to the declared
objects, but to the manifest spirit, gen
eral structure and leading provisions of
the instrument, which all favor human
liberty, and provide safeguards for its
preservation, without any invidious ex
ceptions or distinctions of race or color,
and without any mention either of slav
ery or slaves.
6. - Slavery is unconstitutional because
it cannot exist but in direct violation of
express and fundamental constitutional
provisions and prohibitions.
7. The Constitution forbids slavery by
declaring that "no person' shall be de
prived of liberty without due process of
law," and that "the right of the people,
to be secure in their persons," "shall
not be violated."
8. The Constitution forbids the Slates
to maintain slavery, by declaring that
"No State shall pass any bills , of attain
der, or expost facto law, or laws impair
ing the obligations of contracts" -"nor
grant any title of nobility."
9. The Constitution provides for the
liberation of all slaves, by declaring that
"the writ of habeas corpus shall not be
suspended in times of, peace." This is
the writ that made slavery impossible in
10. The federal government has pow
er to abolish slavery, because it has pow
er to "secure the blessings of liberty,"
"establish justice," "insure domestic
tranquility," "provide for the common
defense," and "promote the general wel
fare." 11. The federal government is consti
tutionally bound to abolish slavery in the
States, for "the United States shall
guaranty to every State in this Union, a
republican form of government," which
"secures the equal rights of every
citizen, in his person and property, and
in their management."
12. The Constitution confers power
on the federal government to abolish sla
very, by providing that
"Congress shall have power to make all
laws which shall be necessary and prop
er for carrying into execution the fore
going powers, and all other powers vest
ed by this Constitution in the government
of the United States, or in any depart
ment or office thereof." Art. 1, Sec.
C, Clause 18.
13. The exercise of this power would
be no violation of "State Rights"
which do not authorize State wrongs.
State rights do not include the rilit of
doing what the Constitution forbids. :
Neither do ' the : limited powers of the
federal government restrict it from doing
what the Constitution expressly requires
it to do.
14. No conflict of jurisdiction can
arise from a federal abolition of slavery,
'The Constitution and the laws of
the United States which shall be made
in pursuance thereof," &c, "shall be the
supreme law of the land, and the Judges
in every State shall be bound thereby,
anything in the Constitution or laws
of any Slate to the contrary notwith-,
standing." (Art. VI. clause 2.) .
15. Congress can abolish slavery by
declaring the slaves citizens, or by natur
alizing them it can make them such. It
can abolish slavery by establishing such
Federal Courts, and by appointing such
Federal Judges as shall apply the "habe
as corpus" to slaves.
16. The clauses of the Constitution
claimed by slaveholders even accord
ing to their own construction of them
do not prohibit nor prevent the abolition
of slavery by the federal government.
Nothing more can even they claim under
them than "the apportionment of repre
sentatives" and the "rendition of fugi
tives" so long as slaveholding continues
The clauses do not promise the perpetu
ity of slavery, nor the forbearance of the
Government to exercise its just powers
for the protection of personal liberty, by
the habeas corpus, nor the guaranty, to
every State in the Union, of a republi
can form of government.
1 17. But the claims of slaveholders
under these - clauses . will disappear,
whenever they are construed in accord
ance with those .rules of interpretation
which are laid down by eminent Jurists"
and which in all cases where the inter
ests of slavery are not involved are not
only sanctioned but -acted upon by the
Supreme Court of .tha United
18. One of those rules is
: f 'Where rights are infringed, where
fundamental principles are overthrown,
where the general system of all laws is
departed fiom, the legislative' intention
must be - emressed 'with ibresistabls
clearness, to induce a Court of justice to
suppose a design to effect such objects."
if Rule of .Sao. Court. U. S. vs. . Fisher
and others) 2 Cranch, 390.) ! "
. ' By this rule ' ' sot ose of the clauses
claimed for slavery could be applied to
that subiect.. ; They: all - speak of. "per
sons": but "slaves" cannot be regarded
in law as "persons." .
19. All expositions of the Constitution
that favor slavery' take for granted the
legality of slavery at the time the Con
stitution was formed,1 Aside from this
assumption, no one . would ever, have
thought of giviig to any clause of the
Constitution such a construction But
since the assumption is a falsehood, the
expositions founded upon it fall 'with it.
20. All pro-slavery expositions pf the
Constitution originally came with slave
holders, and it is high . time to bring
them to the test of legal and just rules
of intercretation, Win. Gvodell. -
An Abolition Slaveholder. .
The Hon. F. P. Blair, formerly one
of the editors and proprietors .of the
Washington Globea political writer of
Jackson's time and era, arid whose scar
ifying pen has left many a smarting
wound in the recollection of his enemies,
publishes a letter to the Republican As
sociation of the city of Washington,
which, while irevinces no failure ol his
original power as a political writer, adds
high credit to his name as a statesman
and a patriot. Mr, Blair, is a slavehold
er, a rich and kind hearted one, not
from choice, perhaps, but because
live in a community in which it is
fieult, if not impossible, to conduct
business of anextensivf (arm without
slaves. We have been upon that farm,
and have seen personally what was the
condition and . treatment of his slaves,
and what is required of them in the way
of labor. They are doubtless well fed,
warmly lodged, comfortably clothed, and
adequately cared for in sickness and in
Few of the moral or physical evils of
slavery are manifest in the condition of
those under thejpwnership of Mr. Blair.
Mr. Blair is a statesman, and has been an
active and successful politician, but he is
opposed to the extension of slavery. His
mind is distinguished for analytical pow
er, close reasoning and minute and ex
tensive political: knowledge; indepen
dence of thought js its leading character
istic, clearness arid discrimination are its
prominent attributes ; all these qualities
are brought to bkr in the consideration
of the question bf the power of Con
gress to legislate with regard to- slavery
in Territories, pe treats the doubts
which demagogues have raised as to the
exercise of that pwer with the contempt
they deserve, and disposes of them with
a masterly hand. He is a staunch advo
cate of the Democratic party of Andrew
Jackson, habitually a strict constitution
al constructionist, a thorough States'
rights man, and one who has half his
liberal fortune invested in slaves, pro
mulgates and enforces by example 'and
precept those. very doctrines which are
said to be bornof abolition fanaticism.
These doctrines come from a man who
was the companion and adviser of Jack
son, in whose able pan that distinguished
politician looked constantly for efficient
and reliable aid from the, friend and co
adjutor of Dromgoole, of Dixon, of H.
Lewis, of Felix Grundy, and of Silas
Wright. He boasts of no new lights.
The convictions which he promulgates
to-day are those which he held and ad
vocated a quarter of a century ago and
they are the same which followed him
throughout the editorship of the Globe.
This letter is suggestive and demonstra
tive and doubly so coming from a source
of political authority as deservedly high
as that of Francis P. Blair. Michigan
Free Democrat. ' ' '
The Testimony.
The editor of the St. Louis Intelligen
cer, deprecates the conduct of the gov
ernment in Kansas, and laments the part
the people of Missouri have been induced
to take, which he is convinced will be
injurious to themselves. Speaking of
the" meetings that have been held at
Weston and St. Joseph, and the compa
nies formed to go to Kansas, he says :
"There it is ! Now, is not this con
duct most fatal to Missouri interests and
honor? In heaven's name, let Pierce
and his political pets his t Kansas offi
cialstake care of themselves. Have
we not been told, time and again, that
the pro-slavery party were the people of
Kansas thai four-fifths of the actual
settlers of Kansas were supporters of the
Territorial Officers and that the Freesoil
ers .were an , insignificant squad about
Lawrence, whd were devoid of courage,
and fit only to be laughed at? ' V; , -; ,.v
And how, forsooth, the United States
officials in Kansas, and the all-prevailing
pro-slavery people of Kansas, are in
deadly peril, and 'dispatches from West"
on and St. Joseph, state that large meet
ings of the citizens have been held, and
companies formed to go to Kansas :; All
to protect ? that country from the Lpau4
pers and - hirelings,' lately shipped to
Kansas like so rnany cattle, we are. in
formed, at the expense of Emigrant Aid
Societies v "'-2 ; '-cu.t-X' vC:
It does seem Co nv thal'one of tbo
devil's owii chdicesi-humbugs is-explod-i
iag ia this csll oa Missouri for 'ta!p.,,
6ioiee oeiij.
Song of the Emigrant. j
To the West! to the West! to the land of the free!
sl&Smt7f ;
V cere & man is a man if no s willing to toil,
And the humblest may gather tha lruita of tha
Where children are blessings, and he Vhohas
most- "
Hasaid for his fortune, and riehea to boast ; :
Awaj, far awav. to the land of the West.
To the Westl to the West! where. the rivers
"s thatfiow,
-uuu mousanasoj muiis.sprcaaxngoui tu laeygo;
Where the green waving forests shall echo ur
As wide as Old EngUnd,"and free to us all.
Where prairies. like seas where the billows have
rolled, ; u
Are broad as the kingdoms and empires ofold,
And the lake are like oceans, in Morm or in
Away, far away," to the land of the West.
- - - '.. (
To the ' West ! to the West ! there is wealth to
be won, " :-- v
The forests to e'ear is the work to be done !
We'll try it we'll do it and never despair. '
While there's light in the eunshiney or breath
in the air. ; .
The bold independence that labor shall buy,
Shall strengthen our' hands, and forbid us to
. ;., Sighj :, ; , : : . . . L .'
Away, far away, let us hope for the best.
And buiki up a" home in the far distant West.
. The : Position of Woman.
The Westminster Review contains an
article on the position occupied by wo
man in .different nations, from which we
derive the following, ,'
The Mohammedans nearly all believe
that woman has no soul. This ' is not
taught in the Koran, but is countenanced
by the fact that in the Prophet's Para
dise houris are given to the t faithful in
stead of their earthly wives. ' The Chi
nese make slaves of their women in this
world, and deny ' them of any hope of
compensation hereafter. M. Hue states
that the Chinese women, in the southern
provinces, have formed a sect called the
'Abstinents," who live wholly on vege
tables. ; They think, that after death,' if
iey have been faithful to their vows of
abstinence, they will return to life as
men. , In western Australia,, female
children are always betrothed a few days
after their birth. Should the first hus-
"band di before the girl attains her' ma
turity, she belongs to his heir. In New
Zealand, if a girl's . future husband
should die, no other man can make a
proposal to her. Among the Hindoos,
widows may not marry again: In China,
the parents bargain for the marriage of
their children while they are yet unborn.
The New Hollanders steal their wives,
and if a woman attempts to escape her
captor, he at once thrusts a spear through
the fleshy part of her leg or thigh.
Of all methods of.obtaining a wife,
that of purchase is the most universal.
It is practiced by the Africans, by , the
black and brown races of the Indian Ar
chipelago, and by nearly all the ' nations
of Asia. The Circassian women prefer
being sent to Constantinople and sold.
Six girls, intended to be sold as slaves,
were taken from a Turkish vessel recent
ly by the Russians. They. were inform
ed that they could eitlier marry Russians
or Cossacks, of their gwn free choice, or
be taken to Germany, or, lastly, be sold
at Constantinople. Without a moment's
consideration they exclaimed : f'To Con
stantinople to be sold 1"
In Siara and Chochin China, men in
variably purchase their' wives ; but the
women have one : privilege : ; the', parents
cannot sell them without their will. , In
Japan presents are made to the bride,
who transfers them to her relatives, to
defray the expense and trouble they1 in
curred in bringing her up. In China; a
woman is sold without being : consulted
on the subject, and has to obey, every
one in the family of her purchaser. with
out exception. -' Her husband can. strike
her, starve her, sell her, or even let her
out for a longer or shorter period. v; A
large number of women are thus driven
to suicide,' when .the husband manifests
a great deal of emotion : being under the
necessity of buying another wife.'
1 ruly, woman , even more than man,
should be the warm supporter of Chris
tianity, and all institutions ased upon
justice and freedom, .tor. wherever
there are heathenism and injustice, she is
ine greaiesi sunerer.
jtST We spend our, incomes for paint
and paper, for. a hundred trifles, I know
not what, and not for the things of a man.
Our expense is almost all for conformity.
It is for cake that we run mdebl; 'tis
not the intellect, hot the heart, not beau
ty, not worship, that costs somuch. We :
dare not trust our wit for making our men ior me uerencooi ine,iie
house pleasant to our friend, and so we and itjM the people of Kansas, and
buy ice-creams. : He is accustomed "to protect tiem; in the pursuU of happi
farnotm' nA w hm nt StiffioUt I oess, and their other iinalenable nghts;
acter to put floor cloths out of. his mind
whilst he stays in the house and so we ,;
pile the floor With carpets.' Let the
house rather bea temple of the furies of
Lacedemon, formidable -to all, which 1
none ? bat a cpartan mar enter or 'so ;
much as behold. -As $oons (heie-wlW.L-! efWB?9
faith, as soon as there is society, comfits !; ?re, , fa -;g r J-
and cusViohs will beUft to slaved m-1 5S?i:Sh to &&Z H1??
; It bone of Ood'8 blessings, thstwe
cHnpt teknowlhelhour
for a time fixed, even: beybhrT thepossi-
b2ityrof living; would trouble far I
0. f f.
A ' ( .... . t
The Religion of Japan.. :i: ; T
v, The letter below is. exceedingly; inter
esting, as revealing the religious practi-
Ices of the Japanese! "It is from W. C.
Reed, one of our countrymen, who has
' made the firs nd unsuccessful .'attempt
, ,. . . . ,
there to establish a commercial house. r
, It is published with others in tle Journal
. of merce. -Mr. Reed says : ,rr r
j "The religion of the country is as
! strange as the people themselves. ! Our
opportunity to become, conversant .. with
nil trAAAf tAmo A m -l ms1 Msvt A vmini
" ",c" ?Y' T7ri:Q1?ua.V,4Wua:
So far as I know, of them, I write you.
first, tney nave no saDbath or weeks,
Kf u A,i.ir-
but ditide the time by moons and - half-
moons.. .Hence the first and middle of
I oab mnntli Ja rTcorwi oc o A a tr ef ract
' - r i J
ur recreation.. . ud mose aays no appear-
ance of activity is to be seen. All the
j houses are closed, and the inmates spend
their time in eating and licentious enjoy
ments, to such an extent, the Russians
say, a to become perfectly abhorent: to
an enlightened mind. What takes place
in their houses on those days l am una
ble to say, but I have.notiecd' them ex
cluding themselves from the streets on
those days. Temples, are built all over
the country, where . there is a spot sufir
ciently picturesque "to meet their idea of
a temple site. In the temple a priest
lives, with as many wives as he wishes,
and to all appearances leads a life of li
centious debauchery. In front of each
temple is a large bell which is sounded at
certain hours of Che day, or according to
my observation, at any hour it may suit
the Buns or Priest, and that is a signal
that he goes to prayer. None come at
the sound of the bell, nor does it appear
that the objects to call the people in.-
The priest sits down in fronof an altar,
with a small taper burning, and with a
small mallet in one hand and a string of
beads in the other, he begins to hum or
half sing a certain number of words
"Am Jam Am," at the same tme rapid
ly striking a wooden bell or tub, and then
a copper one, and so on alternatelyfor
an hour or so, except sometimes he ceas-1
es to strike with the mallet, and rubs the
beads together witlboth hands and rend
ers his voice finer or more slow and
plaintive.' ' This appears to be all" the
worship they have, and their belief is,
that the priest -can , and must do all ; the
praying., There appears to be no solem
nity attached to this service by the peo
ple or the priest: for go mhv a. tempi
during prayer, ana the priest gets up
and begins to laugh and ask questions,
(fee., the same as though we entered , a
shop. In short, I am informed that the
people in general have no respect for
their priests, but treat them as we would
some outcast fiom society; ' The field for
missionary labor must be unlimited here.
I trust ere long that we shall see Ameri-
I can enterprise exhibiting itself in Japan.
xotiong since some oi ine leaamg om
cers of this ' Government : came to visit
me on business, and their attention was
attracted to a sacred picture or painting
hanging on thewalL, They asked me
what it was intended to represent. .Our,
Savior in his' mother's arms," I replied.
They asked if people in our country had
wings I said "no, they represented an
gels." ''Aha 1" said they, ."angels I we
have none in Japan manifesting the
most perfect surprise and ignorance of
beings like us, having wings." I-asked
them if they would not like some here.
They said "no; we like not angels.' 'J .
. "Yesterday, while these- same .officers
were discussing some question about my
right to stay herer &c, the interpreter
accidentally picked up the Bible lying
on the table, and began to read aloud' to
me from the 1st chapter of Genesis ; and
he read four verses quite plain, and stop
ped, looked to me and said, What book
is this V ' I told him it was thp.Bible,
the' American book of religion ; that 11
families had: one, and it was the only
book in tlie world that told how the world
and he and I originated. J asked him to
take it and keep it, but' he declined; say
ing, "I cannot be glad to do so," and at
this time he got such a look from the oth
er officers as obliged him to close it at
once, , and put it awayi From what I
have "seen, and .what I can learn, . I. am
convinced that the Bible and its teaching
would produce a most' wonderful and
speedy change here ; but whether or not
the Emperor .would allow of its promul
gation here, is more, than I can say. I
am under the impression that he . would
resist it most firmly. ' I do hope that be
fore this year ends, some will attempt to
teach its nrincinles here." 1 ' . ' '
Material Aid for Kansas.' ' '
We are authorized to state that one of
our wealthiest .citizens sUnds ready to
coctibute one thousand ' dollars ; towards
and equipping a comrny of t
f?d mlbet gnUemanr.has, pledged
-u". k?J -H?4TT-- T
eT?5 mmJlteorpxsed,
A026 thousand dollar more 'for every
company of two hundred up to fijVor
0?- r.
to aid the: actual feUleri-of iiansas to
protect themselves, in. ihe rights guaraa-
them by the. Constitution .and
uw$ cf :the;'couatry ? uist the ;armsd
iirssion 6tih9'l0swcul-tHrcats;;and
'p - iwiS Zhiszs.
5: . -NUMBER 4M0IiUMEIi;
,VeeUrian SetUemeat Company.
. The pioneers sent out' by thb Compa
ny, in September ast,have reported in
kvof of a' location in Southern Kansas,
withiri a'day'e walk of -Fort Scott, on a
a rapid part of the Neoshoj river where
there- is ; abundance tof. water-power ten
months in the year. w, r . ,! ....
1 The location is described in the. report
as5 haiing - "sufficient amount r6f timber
to serve the purpose of settlers till more
can be grown. Coal, limestone and sand
stone, (suitable . fori grindstones, etc., )
are abundant. "Springs of pure water
are interspersed throughout a fine, roll
ing' prairie.-' The' soil is r composed ' of
rich vegetable mold and loam, to a great
depth, with a gnvellj and in some in
stances, rocky substance. The jMenery
is very beautiful and the surface undula
ting like the waves of the' ocean subsid
ing after a storm. ' The banks fof the
river are from fifteen to thirty feet high,
so that a mill-dam can be easily construc
ted without causing an overflow,. Alto
getter U ndoes not appear that a 'more
suitable site could be found fbrthe pur
poses of the Compahy." -' :
The directors are issuing two circulars
one io members, giving particulars, of
the precise locality and the plan of ope
ration ; the other to friends, giving the
plan of operation, hut omitting to men
tion the precise locality of the site. This
latter. will be sent. to inquirers, and the
other to members only. ,; . .. f . ;
' The stock ali eady taken in the Compa
ny amounts to 25,000, in shares of 85
each, and applications are - continually
being recceived for., membership; ' The
directors do hot pledge themselves to sell
stock at ,&5 a share after January, 1856.
Persons who become ' members before
the 31st of January are entitled to be
regarded as Uie founders of the ' settle
ment, and will have the privilege of Lhe
distribution of lots, to take place on. the
first of . May following. . Their I names
will also be .used ti designate the " ave
nues and streets adjoining their respect
ive estates. : i- Viil.A- r
f There is evidently, a determination on
the. part of the directors to prosecute the
work during the . .'ensuing spring with
great vigor, and to "start the settlement
under the most favorable 1 circumstances
as- to - mills, : machinery, etcv -: 1 1 a
movement which must, from the elements
which it has called together, take an im
portant' and novel position among the
refArmAtory ttadorUktngtd "'of tli coun
try. United for the ; purpose ' of carry
ing out a; favorite ; principle; there is. a
bond of jUnion . among the members not
usually enjoyea by new settlements; and
from the character of that " principle, it
necessarily draws', together persons of a
good moral character, who are generally
sincere and earnest reformers in : every
department of social progress. ; y ...
Ve have had pleasure in aiding this
movement thus far, and we shall ,watch
its progress with greatr interest," report
ing, lrom time to' time, the measures
taken and the success, . which : ; attends
them.; ;The. Vegetarian, Settlement will
be a place for physical and moral educa
tion such as can "not be found in any other
part of the world. Zty Illustrated. "l
'. '.. vDo you eat Pprk?:s f; t ;
, Physicians have just, discovered that
the tape-worm only troubles those who
eat pork.' " The Gazette Jfedicale tia
serts that the Hebrews are never troubled
with it;" that pork butchers are particu
larly liable to : it, and. that dogs fed on
pork are universally so afflicted. ' In fact,
it turns out that a small parasite worm
called crystxeercus (from two words sig-
nuyinga smau psck ana a tan,; wnicn
much alfeqts pork, no sooner reaches the
stQmach -than, f from .the 'change of diet
and position, it is metamorphosed into the
well known tape Tform"; and e experi
ments of' ifKuenennieister of Zittoria,
upon a condemned Criminal, have estab
lished the fact beyond ; all contradiction.
u If you would avoid tape worm, here
fore, ; avoid porkl . Look a pig in the
face with the "calm consciousness that
yoa are one of those who never thirst af
ter his blood. Eschew sausages unless
you. are confident i that when -yoC lake
them yoa take them as you do slippery
elm for a coldwith the bark. Let Cin
cinnati rejoice in her name "of Porkopd
lis. ' We iiaveib erivy for a title of such
jape worm distinction. -He popuktion
evidently ante-date their dissoluUon, and
become, "food .. for worms,' , even while
yel ? in. tlie . flesh, Their is a living
death; anil the fig. that they devour to;
day.tevehges himseitbyleavbg in thejf
systems a portion cf . himself, , that,- in
turn, devour them with ta insatiabib'tj
beyond all paralleL : . -v? , ,
: Indeed, we begin to (6Si & horror fbra
city that'has'a reputadon fbr slaughter .
far- surpassing that of Sodom anoT' Go
morrah, x As the quaint author cf Tha
Spoon' Lcnce observed, , her mgrclutsdi$d
is,, flesh.., Her, bulletins s are ? occupied
with its "sales and as'fdie msri:?t . price
rises" and' tails, io lioej the yslui'bi- her
real estate; i Her merchints are batch
ers. Her staple is sterine ller.paladss
are buUt.ii the price f blood, aad? il
luminated at night with jti&fat of her
slain,1 Like Babylon, ' seated on many
waters and drdnken wi& bfeod,,f sore
clihes Cinciasati, on a larger stream thin
the Eaphrstssrrcbthed.in sfcarlei,cand
proudly f calling, .Eerelf cfthd
we.su-Aeiet'nejjWTOrej,; engeaaco
mil i"aUeyforeTe"-lATil:wbsa' pigs
1 it
1 1
: I

xml | txt