Newspaper Page Text
- ' ',
LawrcBCtv Saturday, Jan. 19, 1858. G. W. EltQWIT, Editor. Tho War Renewed. -' .'- Two expresses arrived here last higlit from Leavenworth, bringing the intelli gence that WAR had broken oat in that Ticinity. From what we can gather it seems that the Council of Leavenworth passed an ordinance prohibiting the Arnmrv rf vlt in fViA itv frw trio a tion oH StatoTo&cer on the ISA ; iosi., unuer tue new vuusuiuuuu. CTKTlhe'Free StateTmay or jTeUheFliad or'didTignid a 'pnsIaTtfry mayor : was;;snbstttnted . or, the uouncii.; me new xnavor issued a Droclxmation in ac cordance: with the direction of the Coun "j cil forbidding an election. ' The judges, as provided for in the Constitution; ad- ournea ine eiecuoa u iqo couseoi i. A. Mixjlrd. in Easton.-seme 12 miles i iiwj iuT m j.uvut,; uwiv n vi hi, vu- uv were opened on Thursday last, and the ; cise their rizhts as- citizens. ' - ;,-? . i . The night previous in; attempt was ' made to gel possession of 7 the -house. ' to control the election as. on former occa- inna Knt flior ro Trotronforl fprtm 1a. .JW M " , fV fW9 VUfeVU . W w. ing this ; they then i attempted to take ; the principal Free State men in the vicin ity, and blocked up the highway leading "to the place' of election., ' in all these movements they, were frustrated by the freedom, AH day Thursday , parties of pro:slavery men were seen fly ing through, the' country,., and s watching apparently mVmanfg nf ProV fittfa man' i-- .w Thp. nnlls werA f lnswl iuxt &t Hart. nd the ballot-box was sent away under an escort several miles distant.' In the edge . . of; the evening & charge was made upon taKQ tne Miiot-ooxej at whatever sacn- J nee ; dui tney,, were reputsea, ana re . treated under ; the influence of superior iuumocrs wuowcre convenea in we no use for its protection .' ; 't s ' " j'; " 1 'Anticipating' that , the .difiacdUie.s; were . over, our friends disbanded .and started for home about one o'clock on Friday morning.' Stephck Sparks, formerly vi ivusu o., xauiaoa, a caBaiuaie ior ; the legislature, while on his way home with his son and nephew, were pursued, and finally surrounded by a party of a - dozen or more brigands,' who demanded ! &fter releasing the others for the pur " 'their ; cnco'nditionall;' surrender. This ''P hanging him, having their ropes Ithey esutelylfus . three backed up against the ; fence, and x. held the enemv at bar. who; with cocked I revolvers; threatened them : constantly s with instant destnwtion: - . ' miormauon caving Deen conveyea to vEastin, Mr.S P. Browx, of Leaven-' worth a gentleman who sijrnalixed self for. his i courage in the late war at" i awToneft. and who rmalnAr? th s t'& numerous other injuries, any of its close,' a member of Col. flood's reri- mentof cavalry came to the aid of our '-three friends and rescued them. Imme 1 diately after, firing commenced between . theparties, the pro-slavery party.in the' meantime . having been augmented ; to about thirty ; and there were about fif teen ,with - Mr. Brown.: The fire was kept up for several minutes, each party ' finally taking their posi tion behind build s fngs in the, yicinity. One Free State . man, with a Sharp's rifle, dropped be hind a snow drift, and from this breast work fired upon the enemy as they ex posed themselves. 1 One "of the enemy . was Eoortaliy wounded, and another se .. Terely injured. - : T. : f Mr. SpaTks son received two balls, " one severely cutting his scalp; and the other in "his ana. , He was stunned at .' first, and fell to the earth, but , immedi , ate! ' regained his feet and continued the firing. Y The combatants finally part ed, in consequence, the Free ' State men say, of no longer seeing any person to rahootat.:r , ; : n , : I Mr. Mttisn.also'a. candidate for the Legislature, -as was Mr. Baowar, was taken by a patrolling party near his own house, and was held as a prisoner at last advices. Mr. Brown was gcbg towards his home at Leaven worth', and was also, taken and carried back5 to Easton, where the mob wWasseiabledi They; hadre aolyed on hanging Messrs., Uinard and Brown last eight, :and our inrmani . is oosSdent it was dene, unless they . were prevented by superior num&rs. ' ; ; " eacarinfo ithe'dihancesebout 4 p'cloci on Fridayaftenioonrejpressea on each side .were scouring the country, and men were eea in etery direction witfr. guns, npoa ifhodewxna'toia"? teene of laager. What ths end will Imj no per son caa dituie.; ! V- ? ' ' -" H Oufprincipal - citkess were - arocsed "lromf&tr'aittini about xaidnight::a Councilpf ty W eM aad Gens. Bobinscn end. lass: dispatched tzzzzzn jgera to feara farmer riirticnlars.; alr sragj' end wSl itirtin jt&& tab; C8s& to ,fC9 $sX' Ka dos, for tha relief of tejzz2.z is ixi.tt : e rs are again puttering into service,' ad every pound of lead in the vicinity is being manufactured into cartridges. The weather is cold and blustering. Couriers bare been dispatched thro the Territory giving a statement of the f3cts,and requesting, all to bold them-. selves in readiness to march to the scene of difficulties at a moment's notice. We had the above statement ia type on Saturday noon. In putting our forms on the press one of them was pied, by which we were thrown back to Monday morning, and are enabled to give further particulars of the 2d war, and record a murdernnparalleled iaatrocity even among savages. '-""' n r " : We have our statement from several prominent actors in the disturbances, residents of Easton and vicinity, and from our expresses who have visited the scene of the late outrages, and have returned, as also from' Col. Blood's company of cavalry who returned on Sunday, after noon;.,'. ,.; ;. a . : The statement that' Mr.-MixAED was taken a prisoner proves incorrect. He is now in town, having made his escape, at the time he was ' supposed to have been taken. The stumbling of . one of the horses of his pursuers,: and the falling of the rider was mistaken by those look ing on as the arrest of Jlr.'M.V He was pursued about two miles, and fired upon several times, but escaped iuninjured.- Mr. Sparks is also in town; and confirms the truthfulness of the above report, so far ,as H came under his observation. We are also glad to learn that an elec tion teas held at Leavenworth on the 1 5th inst., and upwards of two hundred legal votes were given for the regular State ticket At .Easton, in consequence of threatened disturbances, the election was adjourned to Thursday, as detailed above. Contemplating difficulty they had sent to Leat enworth ' for assistancevTand eight persons," headed ., by Mr. P. Brown, went to their assistance. :A :V Mr Brown was taken by the mob as narrated above , while on his way home with several others. He objected to be ing taken, and. thought, it better to sell his life as dearly as possible on die spot ; but his associates urged him ' to sur render, claiming 'that they 'would all be slain, y This he finally,' but very reluc tantly consented to do, in consideration of saving . the lives of his companions who seemed so unwilling- to defendthem selfes. He and seven others were taken back to Easton,, and guarded through Friday. ; At night they took Mr. B. out j rae proposea a compromise tuat mey ! JQclx him, and let him go. This was ! when' several persons1 sprung upon him with hatchets and bowie knives, ; "rn, r"r-..ur?6--:-yrvtrlu& heating and kicking, him until he was him-!felled to:th carth after receiving three moi?! wounds in uis head with hatchets, wi"cl1 would probably have caused his death. After lay in? upon the cold earth for a. while, consciousness seemed to re turji, when he rose and attempted to es w t - cape, but, he was again taken, beaten, kicked and dragged to a wagon, which he - was thrown into like a dead brute, and in . this condition was carried ten miles to Dunn's groggery, in Salt Creek valley,' where the demons went through the farce of attempting to dress his wounds. Finding that he must die, and human ' nature beginning fcvget the as cendency,' he was icarried to his own home, three-fourths of a mile distant, and given in charge of his wife. . .: . She interrogated him as to how he had received the injuries 'arid he 're sponded' ' faintly, though audibly,' "I nave ueen mnraerea a gang ot cow ards, in cold blood, without any cause! Immediately after he gasped, and poor Brows, a majt, one of Natures noble men expired. s" i ' -l 1 . '. .' ; .; Thus has fallen another victim to the damning sin of slavery!- The blood al most congeals in the veins of every true American as he reads this truthful, un varnished narrative of the - termination for the present, of another of the hellish deeds of the Border Ruffians. It "is of the same character with' numberless oth er outrages which they ' have practiced in .ansa3? and which the pro-slavery journals are constantly inciting to. u It seems to; be -the determination of the Ruffians to slay one after another of our, prominent citizens, - huping by so doing to intimidate us from exercising our rights ' as' freemen. How Ions will Congress leaye us thus exposed to bar barous inroads, without either resting us with the. power to defend ourselves, or sending ns relief? Have they deter znineo! to wait until a civil war bursts up on the country in aD Its fury, and fire and sword commence their work of de rastation and death ! We cannot re main inactive much longer ! ; The Pres ident refuses cs aid I , The Governor has joined sritk the cob frcssinssoQr and wae; without prctectioa Vi l b a f Had a citifen been t$t r slam by rxjbf'KaVJndtaisthetribe 4 would da!.FtftU.hsv tesicsiytlaa tibst and thousands of armed men, if need be. - hJmm tli n, nnmrM . Vnt irta 1 f tar on - other, guilty of no crime can be thus murdered. and the President and his officials silently winces at the circum- stance; and calls it one of "those un happy collisions, among borderers, grow ing out of conflicting interests." ; But we say to tho President, to Congress, and the country, that a civil war is hastr enmg upon :us witn raiiroaa speea. xne Border Rumans are again arming them selves, and have resolved upon cour ex tinction. We ask for the interposition of the General government, arid tliat out an hour m delay ' ' 'If Congress is "not organized as fa Pennsylvanian,'- : we beg the members from the Keystone State to delay the organization of the HouKi not a moment longer, but quietly retire let Mr. Banks or any other m ak be elected Speaker, and take up Kansas matters ' at once. Let them give the sanction of law to our State Cgnstitdtion, and if they are not dis- posea to lena us assistance, we will men protect ourlves but any thing short of this, any temporary interposition, any halfway work will not answer the pur- pose, WILLBE ENTIRELY FUTILE. " -:- ' i 1110 End not eL. 1 lie bar Parous leelmg entertained Dy many oi tne people 01 Missouri lowarus the Free State settlers in. Kansas, is. ex-'' emplifiedin the statement of a gentleman'" oi unimpeacnaDie veracity wno came j,smsof the South cannot live here. -Law-througlKMissouii while the excitement ' renCe is a political pool of Bethesda, into wasatits i height, ,and says every ettort was made to get volunteers tocome to Kansas to put down the "Yankee Aboliiionisu" He was present at a public meeting held m ixmgion, ana neara uie rani oi ine speaters wno were Doinng over :,wjwi fury. One man came forward and was desirous of enlisting, but would do so only on condition tlie party would sol emnly pledge themselves, publicly, that they would not return until "every ;dd recoVery by' admitting what he ha hitherto denied that he'was deceived in Territory including women and children, , imaginifigthatsquatJei-ophobiaisasymp-were, slam' He had no sympathy, ; noi torn of good health". We have no doubt.' teeling in common with the people of the lerritory no more regard , for them ja iesS than a yer he may be pronounc than for hyenas, and he would kill them politically convalescent, as readily, with as Iitile compunction of j jf Col. Lan adopts the Republican conscience. . , . ,. 'creed, he will be a valuable accession to . O thers were not . willing to go as far, the party. . As yet, he has not done so ; but would join iu a pledge to lay every but he must do so ere long, if he wishes man in the Territory,' and drive ihe wo- to preserve a character for consistency, men and children out at thepoint of their He admits the rk'ht of Congress to in muskets. A compromise was agreed terfere with slavery. This right the upon, a company was enlisted of drunk- South has always denied-r-except when en rowdies who infest the river during it suited the purpose of the slave power the season of navigation, and with the to admit it. . Let usvhow how far this approval of the citizens they marched doctrine can be made" available in rid to Kansas with banners flying .breathing ding our country of tie curso and di tlie most bitter imprecations against the grace of slavery. actual settlers, resolved that none should If Congress has tb risht to legislate be left to tell the tale of their wrongs. ; on the subject of slaitry, it derived that Contributions were taken up there, power from the Caistitution. If the and all along the river towns, to ; defray Constitution gives (ingress the power the expenses of the war. In' Indepen- to prohibit shivery in the Territories now, dence a quantity of flour was collected it gave the same powir to previous Con- beyond the wants of the marauders, and this was retained for future use. .This is the character of the 'soldiers" Gov. Shannon enlisted into his army ; this the posse "Sherif f Jons called to aid him in serving a process in "Douglas County," and these are the backers he relies upon on future occasions. We are positively assured tliat it has been deter- mined upon to arrest every 'member of j the i State Jovemment when it goes into i operation oa the 4th of, March next; and that Jones is alreadv making arrange ments for his posse again in advance from Missouri.-- If another party from that State comes here on such an expedition, we hope to Heaven not a person will be allowed to return to tell the tale of their extinction. They should be shot down iike wild beasts, and their bones allowed to Dieacn in . me sun ior centuries, a warning to future invaders. We hope U fllTthtiT t hot if t ha ritwamnw rf At i.-o..! . . . a - ... - ', , will allow a foray of vagabonds from that . S.'fttA In mat: a inrnarf nrwm 'a rvaoiafnl ' : a-' j , , , . . ' unoffending neighbor, that the citizens of ,' adjoining States will come to tlie rescue, I and teach them that both parties can play at the game of war. St Louis holds the key of . Missouri in her hands. It is her. duty to stop this interference, or imprison every citizen who violates the Constitution of the country, and disregards all the amenities of social life. We have been harrassed, and put to tlie expense of thousands on thousands of dollars to protect our peo ple from outrage; and still they are' shot uv; rv u iu wau viwu n tiuvsuto au 1 uiicujc. ' - - . i . ' save diffenng in opinion on a political - . , . r , question. .. Unless : Congress interferes ; . r . , . 6 , . , j unmedutely, and puts a stop to the gain- ering storm, so true as' a God of infinite ! jusUce rules the world, so true a war : '. ..-V . 'u . :t 5 such as never, was dreamed of upon the I American continent will open upon us with all its horrors; The people of six- j teen States, and embracing three-fourths of the free popubtion of the Union are never to . remain quiet lookers-on and see their r ons and brothers slain ' in cold blood on the plains of Kansas.: The blow once struck the shock wiQ recoil upon Missouri, and the end, who can tell? We, in Kansas, feel perfectly cool and celled oponjthe; quesuonj;;ye cTays'appreheneas. ks ta the re: we contend lor never, ivery man slain in defence; ot freedom will be like the ".w.111.011. spruog up anneu soldiers, uur cause will triumpn, tm h Union planted by the toil and care of the worthies of the Revolution, and wa tered by tJieir blood,wiIl lie a heap of smouldering ruins, -The temple of Lib erty will o shut, and the last feeble ray of national freedom will be extinguished in blood. , ' ' : : j nepubUcasisa ia Eanas. - The great a Republican party of the xortn, wnose cattle ,cry is "2io more with-rSlT States," witli whose political sue- cess the material " welfare of Kansas arid aH burliopes forari Trnmediate admission are inseparably united, was organized in this cis y on Saturday evening last,: at a Large and enthusiastic mass u which was composed of. members of every existing political party. ' ; A platform of principles was reported by Col. Lane which reognises the right of Congress to interfere with slavery in me j.ernwries, ana pieages . us to ae mand that it shall hereafter be confined to the States where it already exists. iane, Mr. Lowrey, Mr. Conway, Mr- Legate and Mr., ilallory all Na . tional . Democrat endorsed the plat -form as reported, and thus repudiated Squatter Sovereignty the cardinal doc trine of the "Naiional" Dpmopr.v ! Kansas evidently is a tiealthy clima e for the m'ind as well as , Tie ph- which if the life-long invalid step, he! is straightway : made, whole. Col. Lane, . for exampief wllo came iiere with the squatterophobia, bfwhich' he had been Iong and dangerously sick having been bitten in Congress by; Nebraska 15.11 by Nebraska itself and whose, unfortunate constitu tion withstood every effort of Eastern political physicians to cure him, is now reginnnig to give evidences of a speedy if our people take good care of him, that gresses. Every act of Congress can be repealed by Congt ess4 At the time of thft adoDtion of the Federal Constitution, lorida, Akbama, Louu-iana, Texas, Tecnessee, Kentucky, i Mississippi and Missouri were not S ates some of them were foreign territories, Congress admitted ihem as slave States, thereby, iu point of f;tot, establishing slavery. It has the riglit to repeal those clauses establishing s.iiery just as much light, at leata? it had to repeal the antiIavery clause- of tlie Missouri Compromise. ... , Dr. Robinson male a masterly speech on the Nebraska Iniquity.-' - Unfurl the new banner, . squatters of Kansas, and inscribe thereon No More Slave States. City Matters. Uur citizens are making preparations emigrants who will be here in the spring, , . , , , , , 0 al Assembly will adjourn from Topeka T . , J to Lawrence, as there are few accommp dations there, and in case of an invasion, ; no fortifications to arrest the progress of I the Ruffians. The Free State Hotel will be finished and furnished on the 15th pf February. A splendid livery stable i is in course of erection Houses' are being built as fast as lumber can be pro cured. In the spring there will be em ployment for persons iii ihe various me-' chanical trades ; , day-laborers, too, will be in good demand- - The Free State Hotel is U.e largest in Kansas, and unri . , - w ' - -w vaieu west ot t. iuis. Lawrence i . , , . ' ' . e - r. bound 10 be the Queen city of. our.m pire Territory. : . ... . . ... t ;The best place in' the world for e ' .t J men 01 f4 capiiai Lawrence ana up vicinity, liots and claims may be bought at a ,0 ever7 dayrwiicb in two or Jear? wfll at D Ume5 lheir Men who have from S500 to 85.: 000 should come to La wrence immedi ately if they wish to harry up" an independent fortune in five years. Men who have ntf had better coma along too ; ior they can earn it sooner here than in any other healthy : country. Be v.. S. Y. Lu. will lecture before Aea Dex; Mouday vening 21st ins ; at 7 1 r ? Vclock, at tut AKecxeaat Free State slaa. , A few weeks ago a party of persons broke into the Tailor shop of Mr. Ad di$ and carried away a?quantity of finished .uu nuuv m, - umuuHiiuj wu aggregate to a couple hundred of dollars or more,' alleging that they were taking tlie goods as a reprisal, for some real or nretended claim one of thcs rartv had r-r-- ; r against Mr. Annis. -WLatever the cause ot onenaiag on Uie part oi irr. A , iWaotn nA t'nciiUfinn.r.oioli l t i j j i f t . rh-handed procedure for obtaining re - n mi . -I- i jss. Had Mr. A. been m his shop at t time he would have been legally jus- dress the tifiable in shooting down every person connected wiUi tlie affair. - The act was burglarious, and as sueb; in a .country under. the influence of law, would" have been punished with severe penalties. We understand that Mr. Addis at- , r, ... .. , . . . , jourts,ana uirougn uiesesougmrearess. We chronicle tlie fact with pain that any professed free Sute citizen hhould have' Loo ':;iiw r,u,.a . n, vl'A occaion, in the nrst place ; and, second- m . I .1 1 .1 1.1 ly, that he should apply for redress in those Courts. It is an outrage upon tlie Free State settlers of the Territory mi:,. 1. i.,u J.rtf t'ciiVniiMAM w . j .1 j :i 1 ie-knife and revolver called into requisi tion for the adjustment of differences than fo see Courts, imposed upon us by armed men from ed to for redress. a foreign State annual No person, however great his provocation, who has joined with us as heartily as Mr. A. has in de- nouuemg'the baronial Legislature, has , . j - any business to appeal to a body of men . . . . , t ' d jriving its authority from sueh a Hiurce. for a redress of either public or private wrongs. If the public cannot be suffi - ciently enlisted in aiding to bringoffenJ- . .1 1. .r i i would thenceforth enjoy complete 111 ae ailow a precedent to be esUblished which J pendence. and that hoth the contnu-tinr would invalidate the whole law of meum and team, ho should uhce tlie artificial aid w other, meritorious gentlemen have de - . viseu, anu seme uie question as to rigns " .1 ' .1 .1. ..1 . shall belong.1 . . ,, t, . - 0 nut be devised for the protection of so - ciety. We concede that in the absence of proper legal legislation the strong will give law to tlie weak, unless the weak avail themselves of the protection which art has generously placed within their reach. - ' - To the eastern reader, surrounded with refinement, and who is shielded on every side with the guardianship of I iw, such advice as is given above seems harsh, and uncalled for, and as indicating a bad tpirit in one who so sugetg, but let him remove to Kansas, where for two years there has been no law, save that which a benificent Fatiier has implanted in the breasts of all men, and which, if properly observed, would dispesne with every form of human legisla.ion,and he will lake a different view of things from what he now does. While we remain in ourpresent condi tion, every man should be a law unto himself, adopting as his guiding star the 'golden rule,'! as promulgated by the Redeemer. Every man will then square his conduct by that rule, and require his neighbor to observe the same as far as practicable.. ; As a puuishment for those Free State men who appeal to the legislation of a mob from Missouri for protection, we propose that every man withdraw his patronage and influence from him, and that he be left for the future to the mer cy of the pro-slavery men for his nupport. Those pro-slavery men who wish to be governed by a mob from another State occupy an entirely differeut position, and should receive the same toleration and kindness as other men ; but let those who desert us in this cri-is feel the weight of public opinion in such a manner that it will be life-lasting. : -t , New Name for the Presidency. -I The name of Col. John C. Fbemoxt has been pfopt sed by several respectable journals in the Eit as 'a candidate for the Presidency. Mr. Fremont has been IongauJ favorably bafore the Am-ricm, people, and has always commanded re sDHctMti every circle' of society. His connection with the , topographical -ur-vey of that vast and previously unex plored region lying between the Missouri and the Pacific, and his faithful narrative of his adventures and his explorations. wmcn nas oeen reau Dy every American j Uie United 6uus has been not "to inter-! governraen: are adminl-tered strictly ac wilj draw a host of true men by his side, j fere with belligerents. ; No solicitude . cording 10 the ' spirit and letter of the and may elevate him to the ' important j was felt until Parliament passed an act Constiiu ion, as interpreted'by iu fram pest with which his name has bien asso-1 provide for a foreign legion. U be-' era, and in full consonance with Uie dated as suggested above. We believe !Came ajauer of surprise to find persons j teaching of the Fathers of the Repub , - n-i , 1 engaged in tlie United States in this busi- ! But the moment a Northern mem- there are other men equally devoted toWssi Ordinary steps Were immediacy ' ber haaword to say, ; in Congress or the cause of freedom on whom the pw- uken to arrest and banish the parties ' away down in the State of Maine, against pie could unite.' fer to see such persons occupy ll. f T Li. ..Li i t L;u . . . sua vci wu siiuma im: hiiihi' u nvK our v ; . '. 1 - wpon a plan devised by.otncial auuiority. the whole pack vi boauiern coonus w support to Mr. Iremont "he was prop-After stating thatarecruiungreudezvous jet louse npoa him. ;If all theRcpresen erly before the people. . :.; r: r j liad been established in the United States fcUives of a free constituency were mada " : ... .i't;:v;; j j by the the complicity of British civil and jof uch tuff as Giddings, we should. .i.-r3rJ udge Schuyler was in Chicago 1 military officers; he says these considera- J nH hear of any more such demontia the other evening, and spoke to a crowd- liuns and the lact that the cause ocom- "tionilVocx the Southern -' quarter, as Mr. ed house for two hours to the most prom- P11"-was no a mere casual occurreu, . urqw aiiuaes lo.Xa?$. pf$ : . 1.;-- . : buta deliberate design cooducted by re-j -' mentneasmeaof; best (riends have a was raised on U:e spot to aid the cause of ;lue to preseat the case to the British gov tincture of jealousy even in tl.elr Iriend Freedoa in Kansas. - 7 - ernment. ; The subject is still under dis. ship ; and when tney hear us praised by :'v:-Vi- f Presiaenta Uessase. Syrtopstt. . - Wasuisgton Crrr, Dec. 31. Tlie President's Message was read, to-day, in the Senate. Restates that he utiaj tu uutli w I J VilUKJ iiUUIiai communication to the two Houses in consequence -of , the pon-organiaation of "ther House, but his r convictions of duty will not nermit him to delav it anv lonr- f j ry ;er going to Congre, for information ; tne state ..or the Union and' for reeom mending sucli measures as he mdies ne i vciNtry ur caucuicui. i ,'. . A , . He commences by going into the his . tory of Centrai 'Am'encan afiairs, in par- ticular. The President refers to the re J i cent troubles in Kansas, and says that her people must be.protected in the ex.--i)X.JSJW.ta.ndf np in .Cwigress. iade ercise of their rights without interfer- If n"ent and bids defiance, to all thd ence on'the part of the people of any oth- 'Jj1?, f the slave-drivers;j we find er State, commending the subject to the lhem sddenly cooling "down to temper early attendon of Congress. He eulo- at0 he.it. It is just such talk as these gises the popular sovereignty and "gives n?en.gve them, that brings them to their a histnnrnf th fnrmafion of tliA Union. senses.' -. t expatiating on State rights with particu I . . . ...-.... ...... siAVe law. lie regards the agitation, of the subject of slavery a3 dangerous to the durability of the Union ; regrets to States disregard their conssitutional ... . , & . 4 , .11 0f: Congress. He denies ''that the Smtli j has obtaii in the to refer f the acquisition of Louisiana to illustrate. The balance of power between freedom and slaverv comes Hnwn tn rhA annor i. tion of Texas, the repeal of the Missouri ! Compromise, etc., and argues that the has got no more than belongs to lliAr - mva n J.kfo Aat,J. k ! Drincinles of the Nebraska hill: m! i ' dignantly denies that it was a breach of; faith. - ! : Several grave questions are pending with reg:ird to some of the foreign how- .u 0 4 1 " . p . r"w jers, the most important of which is that : with Great Britain arising out of the i Nicaragua question. It was the under - ! standing of the United States in making Je Jreat7 that all the present Suites of 1 1 ' iwiuici va: until Auicriuan xvepuoiic powers encaged equally and to the same i trninii Ampripa. sunn r aim wj unra 1 servedly relinquished by the stinulatious .1 , . . . 01 me convention, and that no dominion should exist in any part of Central America by Great Britain or the United S States. This government consented to 1 restrictions in regard to a remon of coun- try wherein we had specific and -peculiar interests only upon the conviction that like restrictions were in the same sense obligatory on Great Britain. But for this understanding it would never have been concluded by us. Great Britain o con strues the convention as to maintain un changed all her previous pretensions oyer the Mosquito coast, etc. These preten sions are founded on assumptions of po litical relations between Great1 Britain and the remnant of Indians'bn thatcoast, entered into at a time when the whole country was in the colonLU posesionof Spain. It cannot be successfully con troverted that by public law of Europe and America, no possible act of such In dians or their predecessors confer on Great Britain any political rights. It, however, became apparent that Great Britain still continued in the exercise of large authority in all that part of Cen tral America, commonly called the Mos quito coast, and covering the entire length of Nicaragua and part of Costa Rica. -This act of Great Britain being contrary to the rights of the States of Central America as understood by this govern ment, "has been made the subject of ne gotiation through the American minister in London. Great Britain has by re-i peated and successive treaties renounced ; all pretensions of her own and recbg-! nized the full and sovereign rights of 4 fepam in the most unequivocal terras. f Great Britain now re-asserts her right to this extent of the gulf coast. In the ' eastern coast ot Nicaragua the interfer- ' ence of Great Britain, although ouce ex cried in the form of the militar pation of the port of San Juan de cried in the form of the military occu-: i Norte, she now presents claims of the right of a protectorate over -the Mosquito ludians. led advantages over the North : 07 "at veteran champion of freedom. Federal Government, and proceeds iJosnua R- biddings, in the following to the ordinance of 1787 and i VMnw Mjle call to his assis-1 tent tor tne present and future, that if , w ,a,lu D7 ,u,e yonsuiuuon. Ana let hich Colt and rA 'r,tucm. ajanJ f r,6r11 i v S Ju V M"CUJUI " .w, The President add that this government 'a speech in Maine, lastAutumn, that steadily denies that at the date of the ra her than have all the functions of a treaty, Great Britain had any possession ! Govemraent so far pervertfd as to be on that coast, other than the limited es- j used for the extension of slavery over all tablishment at Balize. ' - 1 the national territory, and for the eternal The President states that the British ' perp'tuity1 of the rule of the slave jxjw government sees'no reason lor the iuter- er in the Republic; he would be willing ruption of peaceful intercourse on ao- the Union should slide. Mr. Grow, of count of: this difference of opinion, and Pennsylvania, the worthy successor of hopes for an amicable solution of this Wilmot, well said: The Congressional controversy. He adds that there is, how- ever, reason to apprehend that with Great T .1 - i u n aim in actual . occupation 01 me uis- puted territories, this international dihi- culty cannot long remain undetermined f I ! ! without, involving in serious uanger (ne friendly relations which it is the interest as well as the duty, of both countries to cherish and preserve.' It will afford me Lhiucere gratification, says the President, ii iutureeaorts shall result in the buccess anticipated heretofore with more cunfi-i dence than the aspect of the case per- mitted me now to entertain. In regard to recruiting by Great Brit- . . . . . . v-'v'-cusKin the retiult of which, will be cost-' i Dissolntim r rr-V j Of all weak and frivojqss preteTws and bug-bear stories ever col brighten children, and timid mea ii -UilCtillVJ Hty SOOUt the danr of th H solution of Uie Union, is Ui? most absurd and contemptible. TheSouth know that, its dissolution would produce immed' ruin tr th teUrJ .i.Arli. v.- r. . uiaojai0g interest t of and hence they allow ih ' I - vCeed no farther in their threats l- r - tl ' . . -ir cow down the doa'hfasa r i ? i - . . uvu0niaces of the North luto submission to their "demands. The - moment one true, firm, sUif-backed man MV .r18 onn ilKe: tiiddgs, Samner TTTY IhA Kl. l.'l .... - , 11 mQ sPlLT debate which came oflf i in tho lit .Waal ! 1 ' . " pT as usual, about the disso- ,re "6ni by the slavelwlders 2?": Vlh e intent of fright- f n !o f;or" into obedie'neo to the behests of &mrlir a. . A7 !et was kenup,in right good eJmest. I .. rereuce to this talk abbnt the dssoIutioiivof tlie Union, about which swe ,,;iV0 heard considerable this mom- j '"o lel rae. 7 my friends, don't lie aWiKe oimgiite for fearof the safety of the j'Villwn; , y' do n gentlemen know that of late, the leading Dpmru. J U.e Southern portion of the Union. lne R'hmoud Enquirer, for some months pat has never c-ea-ed to proclaim the ! coming dissolution i of the Union. Day j aIr day it lias called upon the Souih to Xr fi. ,1; .. r ,l tt PrePare 'r the dissolution of the Union, j Buta11 this come.s the South. We ! never hear the dissolution of tlie Union advocated at the North. No Northern ma. iih any reputaUon as a politician , . ... A voice Did not Sumner? Mr. Giddings "No, never. We at ! tne r,,rth will stand ' by the Union we W do not intend to dissolve the Union. 1 1 .1 ... 1 . . 1 ; tt,ia wo uu mwna 10 lei you ao 11. : ; laughter.) understand that We mean what we say : we will not only maintain the Uuion, but we will tell Southern trairors who threaten it "that they shall not dissolve it. Threaten i;s dissolutionreiterate, and threaten as often as you please, and we meet you with a stern front and unwavering reso lution that such' a traitorous object shall not be reached. , I speak in all kindness. We have already got this house ; next year, with God's blessing, we shall have the President, and in two more years we shall have the Senate. Then the Exec u.ive and Legislative branches of the Government will be in our power. Then those who'threa.en 'dissolution ' had bet ter look out.'! : , , : A' Voice You do not mean to hang us? Mr. Giddings "I do not think you are fit for hanging.' (Laughter.) I would not hang one of you not one of those who threaten a dissolution of the Union. I will sell you what we will do. If the threat bo reiterated we will dig up the bones of Old Hickory, and republish his proclamation of 1832, in which he swore 'by the Liemul! that he would hanr every man who'attempted a dissolution of the Union." ' That will be quite suf ficient. (Laughter.) That will do the work. It did it then, and it will do it again. Now, my friends, let me tell you out of the sincerity of my heart, ' that this story of the dissolution of the Union has grown stale. It is no longer current; we hold it in ineffable contempt. r or one word 111 favor of a dissolution of the Union, lisped by a Northern man. a thousand are uuered by Southern pjli- ticians. Y itness the debate of ' last Mouday, in which a - Siuth Carolina member boldly and openly declared hirn- self 111 favor ot "letting the Union lide And yet great horror was affected by the ' slavedrivers because Mr. Banks stated in records show that members who are now voting Cor Mr.' Richardson,' and those -.1 . 1 ' I.iJj with wnom meyare associaiea hi mo South, have been declaring for year, over and over again, thatr under certain . ' .1 , T. i ' -t. ?11 circumsiances, ine union oagnt w 09 dissolved, and they are ready to doit. Declarations to that effect were made a day or two since, by gentlemen from Vir- gin It and South Carolina; and have been . repea ed by others. ' ' And what are tlie "contingencies" on which these Sou hern members declare their readiness and 1 wish to ; have the Union dissolved?. They are,"merely, on . . . . , . t . 1 iiuini, uv uui aiiAiuun unuui ine union. aaoUier.'will asenbe it to sinUr and in- 3 J f i t: I .