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ot3 da 2n - A 3 51 3 The gci"ofifreedph). tiwrente, Saturday, Jan. 26. 1836. An Important Law Question. . Bj the act of Congress of July 22d, 1854. entitled "An act to establish the office of Surveyor-General of New Mex ico, Kansas, &c.,V the 12th section, after extending the pre-emption law of 1841 over the . Territories, concludes as fol lows: ; - . ' , ," "Provided, huioever. That when tin- purveyed land are claimed by pre-emption, notice of the specific tracts ' claimed shall be filed within three month?.' after the surrey has been' made in the field, and on failure u file such notice or to pay for the 'tracts chimed before the day fixed for the sale of the lands by the Declamation of the President of the United States, the carties claim- such lands shall forfeit all right thereto ; Provided, said notices mav be filed with the Surveyor-General, and to be noted by him on the township plat, until other arrangements shall have been made by law for that purpose "Specific tracts chvmeJ," or that which U specified or particularized, must be the identical one to which the pre-emptor first laid his claim. It cannot be an ad ioinintr or contiiruous one. The word GF . mJ "'tract" in the laws of the United States, particularly, in the pre-emption act of 1841, and in the one alluded to of 1854. ; seems to apply only to the one hundred ' and sixty acres to which the pre-emptor has set up a claim, and which, on his compliance with the conditions, becomes his. Was it the intention of Congress that the pre-emptor in settling upon unsur veyed lands should be governed by the metes and bounds as set or "claimed" by himself, or by those bounds which should ' afterwards be fixed by the public survey or ? This is a question of great practi cal importance, but one which has seemed to escape the attention of the pre-emptor. Our people have generally adopted the prhiciple of inurpretaiiou which gov erned the act of 1841, forgetting that that law applied only to survfted lands, and that the section given above entirely changed the character of pre-existing laws, by opening those not surveyed for settlement. Congress seeing proper to .open lands for settlement before they were surveyed, also saw fit to change the entire practice which had governed. them to that date; and allowed the settler to . mark out his oun claim, or procure the services of another at his expense, and by giving notice to the Surveyor-General of the specific tract claimed wuhin an expressed period, and paying therefor, the title becomes vested in such claim- .znU j - It may be objected to this position that the claimant was not required to file no tice of his claim until after the survey was made, and arguing fiora this that he was to be governed by the bounds as made by the public surveyor. Is it not more reasonable to infer that it was the design of Congress that the claimant should have the advantage of the public surveys to aid him in more accurately defining the boundaries of the "specified tract claimed V That , the new law is incomplete, seemed evident to Congress by requir ing a certain mode of procedure to di rect in the premises only "until other arrangements shall have been made" by them on the subject. The question is one of deep interest ' to the settlers in Kanva-s, and should be decided without delay by the Depart ment. Thousands of persons have come here, marked out their claims, and made improvements. Some have invested thousands of dollars in building houses, and breaking up and fencing their claims, in consequence of a decision of tl3 Department that "a meie entry upon public lands, and their remaining with out ultivation of the soil, was not that kindof occupancy which the law con templated.1 ' In running the lines it is found that many who have occupied lands for various periods, and expended theirall ia improvements are suddenly cat out of the same by the lines of the ' surveyor, their improvements felling up on the quarter section, as indicated by the surveys, previously occupied by an other. If the popular understanding is to prevail great injustice is to be done the bona fide seitler whose own lab r and the accumulations of years, with the means of support of a dependent family is to be swallowed up by those who had bo claim whatever to such improvements. Equity demands that this matter be thoroughly investigated, and if no prcn Vision now exists by which the pre-emptor can be made secure in dispossessions Congress should extend such relief with w little delay as possible. ' - ' "' -,y ; Safe. . " We are happy to record the fact that Com McCexa, who was confined so tag in the jail at Leavenworth for killing Ckrk in self-defence, and who made hi escape 2and pissed through . this '' place dariasrthe war, has arrived safe in De toit, where he gave the history of bi wrongs to a crowded house. t He is now kjond" the reach of.' persecution, and ill amply repay his persecutors for all th injuria they have ia&oted oaliia. jQbnjT. Uzlsto the Senate. We cannot interest our readers mora than by copying a, few extracts from Mr. Hale's speech on the 3d inst, in the Sen ate of the United ' States in which he spoke of several features in the Presi dent's Message. He said -." Ma. President I 'do riot rise for opinion ot any individual ben- n,fiL rwm. T mjW ,,n. vho differ, from him, he knows he ,rr thinks it at no &t conseanenea characterizes : certainly one half - of i . . . . D . . Tmnrtlar hra.n.h F I Yin rrrooa anil n what the 4tormay be; but, Sir, Ihavenotaword; "V . 4 " u say against the propriety of those gen- DfIter fo" however; as they do tlemen from Northern Stales who voted ! fftehng to. "healthy organizations, rbr the IOinsas-Nebraska; bill, and are ; fetthemiaka, ca re of themselves. I will still members of the Senate, making ex-, peak fo r the m, but I speak for my planatious; for there is . not one of them 7 d President can do me that has ever had his election submitted f. KOrt harm b-r y ; such denuncia .i - i ? , r c.. i tion as this. I am, perfectly willing to u the people of a Free btate, who has r . c. ,J j i i take it: but, Sir, standing here as a rep had a chance to make an explanation on . . o . . r ... , ,., i resen tati ve of our native btate his and his floor, or will be likely to get it very . , . f ... . . , . Jo. J 'niin tArithr.l mil nAt. havA him hurl soon. Hence, I have not a word to say ' about that Iow, Sir, I wish to say a few words j .i t f A ir reirard to the doctrines of the Ales - in -ae. In the first place, the President . j ii r . n tMi :as a ereat deal to say about tntrai p .1 , . 3 4, America, : if that were he engrossing subject with the people i at h tell the President that there is a cen ra Dlace in the United btates not Central piace m ui uuiu humUitioii of our 'national pride, has America Central United StaJ Ipermitted him u occupy. 1 say he rnsas;abut whi,h .the peopb of Jw that piaciuio countryare thinking vasvmo eattoi v deSiagSgue. and lime than they are about .Central Amen- pshimseifofeVe?ything which should ,-a, down m the land of hlhbusters ; and , J . o it seems to me that the President ot the United States would have discharged just as appropriately hU proper constitu ional functions if he had favored us a little with that, instead of consuming so much space upon Central America, out side of the United Slates. 1 do not wish oc .m u ro:r. "r.::, to enter me usi . wun i ub. su rauiiur. wao , u y saije tne oenaior irum jvckwiic, C!ayton,) the Senator from Michigan t t 111 k J 0 ' j r vttlB. which I am a member, I shall be re (Mr. Ciiss.) and my friend from JNew . . , ' . . v- 1 nT c 1 o if T vrr strained by no consideration Irom speak York Mr. Seward :) because, it 1 were.. . . i,n 1 :, , ' i.i u' f fonn. wnat 1 believe to be the truth. , The co do so, thourfh there would De no loun t o fr ... . . . ; . , . President says, that it the enemies of Mirmn "X fiinrrf 111 1511:1. uuuiit rumor would at once sav that I wasi ambitious to put myself forward as the , j. . -11 u cannot be a better one. virant it, oir : who occupy dJ.tin$Aiihed positions be- , . . fore the country. lt is foVthis reasoa let us lve u 1 U.-I1 you th.ss tl very that I touch on Central" America with Pee where the fight , to be made. Th,3 great caution and great diffidence. Cen- Pariof the menage, stripped of .U verb- i k . laire, means this : If, by the i leal vi- tral America, bir, is an agitatinj subject oc J o . . .1 j :, ? f",i nn oleuce oi the men who have gone over just at this time, arid it is seized upon . . , , . by those agi;a ors who do not think it fto Kaus, and underUen to establish prudent totate hold of a subject which "7 ere.. they sha come here and Lily agitates the people. They care f lor admission into the Union with a , &, . n . i a .wk - shve constitution, and Kansas will be re nothinir about Centnil 'America not a. , , ra . ! . . . . i i i .1 v, k-r iected,the President tells us that is the straw; tho whole thinjj is a humbug ex- J y . , . . , - t ! i niost favorable aspect in which that ques- P,Thenrirf think I can fay to the can be preid Tlf Will be to . .i i .,.:i,i t,,.a issue, and, it it be decided against tla- . . r . . . , little more about" Kansas s so much about Central America. . The President, however, does have a very little to say about Kansasa very little indeed. He says : . "In the Territory of Kansas, there have been acts prejudicial to good order, but as yet none have occurred to justify the interposition of the Federal Kxecu tive." I wish that were true ; but I tike issue with him. I say the interposition of the Federal Executive has been there, and it has been there on the side of those very acts of violence. Sir, the people of Kansas have had to protect themselves against mob law, instigated by the Pres ident and sustained by his officials there. When he says there has been nothing to 'justify" official interposition, 1 admit it is true there was nothing to justify it ; but the interposition was there, whether justified or not. Then he goes on to say that the people of Kansas must be pro tected. Well, Sir, they will be protect ed ; but they have not had protection from the President of the United States. Do you not know. Sir, does not the Sen ate know, and does not the country know, that Governor Reeder came home and proclaimed in the ears of, the Presi dent that Kansas was a conquered coun try ? And what did he do ? The Gov ernor told him that Kansas was con quered. What do you suppose Gen. Jackson would have done, if one of his Governors had come to Washington and said, "General, thatTerritory whi"h you sent me to govern has been conquered." "Why, in the name of the Eternal," he would have said, "who has conquered it?" He would have called upon the country for all its military force and all .. . .. -.. ti lts volunteer lorce to retaseji. uut, oir, it was not to Gen. Jackson tbatthe story was told, but to another and different sort of man. What was the answer The President turned him out. He said : "Governor, we have no further need of i it your services ; we wish, you an prosper ity, but you are not the man to carry out quatter sovereignty in Kansas." Then he took Mr. Wilson Shannon ; and Air. Wilon Shannon went, shouting over the plains as he went, that he was for slavery in Kansas. lie went too last; and, 1 think, between the North and the South, Mr. Wilson Shannon will not find a very wide place to stand .upon.: I do not think he will find a friend here to say, "God ave him 1" when his time comes up. . So much for Kansas. After this allu sion to it in his message, the President undertakes to read a long lecture upon slavery. It is not the first time the Pres ident has delivered lectures on slavery, and I have a word or two to say on the view which he takes of it; The Presi dent of the United States in the paper which he sent here a few days ago, takes the ground that the gentlemen who do not agree with him in his peculiar notions are the enemies of the Constitution. He so puts it, for he says : r ': ; - - ' "If the friends of the Constitution are to have another struggle, its enemies could not present a more acceptable issue, than that of a State, whose Constitution clearly embraces a republican form of government, beihsr excluded from the Union because its domestic institutions may not in ail respects comport with' the ideas of what is wise and expedient en stained in some other State." . Thu the Prudent undertaVe? lo des- j ignata as enemies of .the Constitution J those who differ from him on this subject. ; rdonotknoHtow pther3 eel buj X sxj i lit baa insult to the majority of this na . tion. ' The President knows, if he reads anything beyond the most servile sheets that his creatures send to him, that the public sentiment . of this country t con demns most decidedly his action in that Territory. . No man knows it better than lie. or at least no man ought to know it better ; and when he goes on to charac terize as enemies of the Constitution those so the nita n. r , - J JT' V " 7 - r , . . . . ... , I such an imputation as that unchallenged XT , . , , . , . . He has no nht to desiornate any men 1, .u L , , . . . ,. , , , t. port the Constitution which he has taken, :r . f , . mi as enemies of the Constitution ; and when , he comes dowu from M h lg,e vhi(:h Godf in his wralh for te ; Junishmentof our na:iona, sinSf and for ; f , ... . , . . , ' . , , , vf..:i t dent of the United States. I deny the issue ; I hurl it back in his face ; I tell him, when he undertakes to designate these men as enemies of the Constitution, he abuses and defames men whose shoe- latchets he is unworthy to untie. ! Sir. these are plain words, but the mfl , , - m . j dent of the United States sends such a i . . the Constitution we all know whom he includes ; in this phrase -are to have t verv. we ara threatened with civil war. Sir, I am not a man of war ; but when I have heard it threatened so often, I have sometimes wished that God in his providence would let it come. If it had no other effect, I think it would have one. I think it would learn those men who are constantly talking about "the dissolution of the Union a lesson which neither they, nor their children's child ren, would ever forget. I am not' cer tain that I should not want the war to come on while we have just such a Pres ident as we have now, and I will tell you why. If tho attempt at disunion were made with such a man as General Jack son, or General Taylor in the Presiden tial chair, and it were repressed prompt ly, as it would be, people would say, "Oh, it was his great military power,his reputation, his popularity, which did it." God knows they could not say it of this President. Laughter in the galleries. If the President succeeded, and if the Union were sustained, as it would be, it would be by its own inherent ener and from no factitious power which it would acquire from the overshadowing popularity of the President. Sir, when tho President undertakes to stigmatise, as he has done, those who differ fiom him, he steps beyond what he has a right to do ; he steps over the mark; he violates the laws, which, I think, should govern the intercourse be tween the different members of this gov ernment. When he denounces as ene mies to the Constitution those who differ from him, I tiiink it proper to meet him in this way, and to lake issue with him. Does the President think that upon this issue ho can go before the country ? Does he think that he stands in a place where it is safe or prudent for him to de nounce as inimical to the Constitution views which are entertained by a vast majority of the people of this country? ; If he is safe. it is in his obscuritv. and nothing ejse, that shields hirnU IS j the utter hopelessness of his position. ! Sir I hoard a vftrv intructivrt rnmment I bir. I heard a very instructive commeui made uion his message by a southern L'entleman within a very brief time. ; ObVsaid he, "it is one of the bsst Pierce is Uie best President we have ever had since Washington." '"Well," said the person to whom he was speaking, 'you will re-nominate him, will you not V "No," said he', "tliat is another thing; his message is a littU too strong to get northern votes with ; we shall not use him any more." That is exactly the position in which the matter stands. HARRTFiD. By the Rev. C E. Blood, Mr. Asaph Baows ing to Mis Abeie (opelano, both recently from iltchburgh. Mass ' . ; DIED. In Brownsviile. K. TM on the 2id inst., Mrs. Jass M., wile of the Rev. James Gill pa trick, Missionary j this Territory, aged IS yeara. : Eastern papers please copy. In Lawrence, on the 12th Inst., Wiuis Drs cas, formerly of Virginia, and late of Missouri, alter a short illnes with iucammation of tha lungs, sged 65 years. . . , Louisville and St. Louis papers please copy Bring cn Your Saw Icgf 1 : UM Mill a ill be in operation is a few days, XtV!fii$&StS&t Dvuglas,Jn.2,is. u ? ,,unUtoet wjjjs'b wittutMfcr"S r at tha Hmira or JaEsaan 0nrss3 Ck)jw.-T? b;corn.mel $1j25 59 To0 Ftora la ciifSS5 huiidredr ocr- urTTZK ire? lv. 3"c Bxxr sc. a lb. ': ' tt o -v l iu . -t - . , , UxsjmollS&; Jtsise.; prims pick led pork, 15c, TaixowttIS&c. 9 2. ,L , , CBixsE 20c . ..'-v - Eo 2oc. 5 dB. -i-1 . i Salt Coarse, $1 5-)buR)i. : Scoax lew -Orleans, 42c; white. 12c. . . crushed, 16c; Mola66e SnTar-hbii 5c.; golden yrtpt .-1 sse.; common, ?ixv; ' B i--u; Rt12Xc. . 1, , ,. , U Cbacktbs 15c. V ' Codtish 10c ft. ' : If ACKEEXL 15c. 9 ' " -Comx 1416c.tb. - - -; Tea Black, 70S0c. a lb.; green, S0$1 00. Baa Soap 1012c. f) Tb. - Coaese Boots $3(53 50 pair. BtANKITf ?2(g15. ' ' Bcvtalo I?OB $8(?$3. . - . Calicoks 1015?. yd- Delanes SS-asSc S yd. Sheitings Coarse, S12c.; domes tic, S10c. bleached. 101 5c . . ' : , : ; . Lame Oil 25 1) pill. , BcEKiseFLTiD tl 2.fJeall. Ieox Bar, fc; round and square, 810c; nsil rod 12c. Nails $3 hnndred. , t . Hides Dri. 8c.;creen, 4c ' JIat SilC Vton. . LciiBE $2oi V thousand ft. , Hakd Wood 3 0tJcord. Shot 12Kc IS.; lead. l'c: powder 3550 Wixdow SiASii8il0c y tight. , Potatoes lriih. $1. - -SQfAsn lc.? . ' Gbeex Af?lks j(5$1.25bri8h. r Good News for tin Lovers cf Butter ! FOR a few days oi;l f you can bay jroo-1 but ter ot STEAKJS'S r 2o cents a pound- Also. dried apples for sale. Jan. 25, 1S56. tf 0WNEES WANTED, , : t? OR tho following poods, in onr warehouse. r whlch if not cidled for in thirty day, vrii bo soM to pdr charircs : K. S. Cottlo. 1 box f nd 1 chest; Oijrro Phillips, 1 chest; J. W. BrigJen, 2 boxe; Wm. Che-nut, 1 barrel; ' J. Merris, 1 box; -G. Gowcn.l chest, 1 stove; W. J. L.. 1 chest; -J. M. Fuller; 1 chest;, ..... John Stubbi, 1 box; J. S. Badger, 2 boxes; : C. N. Lowe, 1 box, N. Ambf,l cask: - ' E. 11. Dennct, 2 boxes; , J. E. Howard. 1 box; W. Stephens. 2 baxcx,-l table and 3 pacl; Samuel Wiuslow.l box and 3 barrels; J. W. Kes 1 box?' ' ages; II. Hall, 1 box; II. Vickkr,l bx; ; OtK. Winstanlr, 1 box; " ' J. Smith, 2 barrel; O. J- Chqttvraion, 1 box; . .. .. A. Viinoe, 2 boxes and one barrel; J. C. Miller, 2 boxes and 2 cheats; ' James E. Greenwood; 3 boxes; Geo. W. Fitz. 1 box, 1 cheat; L. Farlin,l chest; M. K. Moore, 1 cheat; S. Lector, 1 box; Hamilton Smith. 1 box; l)r. John Dot, 1 box; ' ' " J. McNumarra, 1 box, 1 roll bedding; S. Merrill, 1 firkin; T. Wells, I buica.u and content; S. & F. KimbKll. 2 boxca machinery;' J. Brown, 1 plow; 11. D. Morton. 2 express packages; Geo. II. Crocker. 1 barrel; H. II. Wentw ortk 1 chot; Harrison Nichols. 1 box; . M. Hartniaun. 3 boxc; Healv East, 1 box; . C. M. Smith. 1 va.iie; C 11. Crane, 1 trunk; ' Frauds B. Smith. 1 box; Tho. -Husk. 1 box; (7. VT. Southmayd.l box; 4 ' W. II. Wheeler. 2 boxes; . J. W. F. Barnc. 6 boxes and 1 chest; G. W. Goss. 8 rolls lcathor; G. H. White. 3 boxes: -A. .mle, 2 boxes; E. A. Barnes. J 7 packages; -C. H. Sawin. 1 box, 1 chest; Sanvl Keynolds, 7 packages. . i J. lilDDLEBAEGEE & CO. Kansas City, Jan. 12, 1S3 'jiSt Protection Against Fire, Tornado and Lifhtnin;. INSURE YOUR" PROPERTY! nnHE nndersitmed has been 8nrointed an I A Aeent for the Union Lvsvbance Compant . of Penn-jlviinia, and i fully authorized to insure every tpeciea of perishable property against loss or damage by fire, tornado or lightning, at rates as low as in any other responsible npany. I am personally acquainted with the officers of thelmion Iusnvane Company, and believe it ss safe, and judiciously managed, as any other Company in the United ..States. Policies will be made on thj Mutual or tS;ock. principle, as will bet suit the convenfertce'of the insured, and for one or a term, ot yeara.U Merchants, farmers and others aro requested to examine the An nual Reports of this Ckmpanv. and the rates of insurance before taking policies in other Com panies.; G. W, BROWN, Agent. Lawrence, K.T., Jan-,19, lS5ij. j WINDOW GLASS.-5-From 8 bv la to 20 by 24; for sale by . ,:1 ." Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLEY. rnOBACCO AND SEOARS tor ale by Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLEY. Ho! Ye Hungry Emigrants! WE would announce to the citizens of Kan sas Territory, that wo are prepared to fur nish Pork, laid and bacon, in any quantity ot snit mirchasers. We are now cutting nnd ha.fc- ing a very larg lot of well fattel iios tatted elJi n in;J,,nd PrfPa .ae- others who may favor u4 with a call, with the product of Hogs, on as pood terras as the same ui be had at auy point on the Missouri river. We invite thwe wntin ch articles, te call at our Pork house, or at,MeCracken"s O. K. Gro- ?7 ,n tlie levee, an theold iultott House; we i;ii(7ES i on c us- CO. Leavenworth City,K. T.,'Jn. 19, 1856. 3m 100,000 Osage Orange Plants, , OF the best quality for hedging, for sale at our nursery on Rock Creek, S miles S. W. of Lawrence, at $5,00 per thousand. We will al -so set tha hedge and warrant it to grow, for 8 SK cts. per rod. Orders left at the Post-office in Lawrence, will receive prompt attention. JOSEPH GARDINER 6 CO. Jan.19.lS58.-tf .: Valuable Claim for Sale. MY CLAIM, situated within one and a half miles of Leeomplonand the prettiest in the Territory, with a two story log bouse, forty eight feet long, with six capacious rooms, a fine cellar, with stable and never-failing spring of water near tha house, with ten acre improved with fence, eighty acres of timber, and number less improvement which 1 have not room to notice: with teaxna, harness, 'agricultural im plements, carpenters', . cabinet-makers', black smiths' and coach-maker tools, household fur niture, &C, all Tor sale .at a great bargain. ' Call on G. W. Bnwn.. Esq., at U Her ald of Freedom office,; Lawrence, or on jme on the claim for panvular. Lawrence, Jan. 12: if S. II ANCOCSw Hans Hstsal Fire ud Ixiiae lesnraacc r, fJoapaaj, . 6f SL Unit, : :ti:u THIS Company proposes $q take risk upon buildings and personal property in Kansas Territory, upon tha most favqrabto terms. Ap plication for Insurance takm by G. W. fc W. HUTCHINSON te CO., Lawtoiee. Tbey have the general agency for the Territory. ' - . ' - T. L. SAliSBURT, SttfjJ St. Loui,Dec, 20,1565. tf ... - John Baldwin, Ferrya y HAS just completed hia ne'w'&rry b&t, tad holds hitasalilnKadinesatotaka paasesgsn and teams over the Kansas rivtr, opposite Law rence, at all hours, ca ajpli3aifiar at tbe cssal 4 : Jzja&. Christian, . .. T .. ATTOENEY AND 00U2JSEL0S AT LAW Lawrence, Ksnsas TerritOTT, will tteaJ promptly to &tl basinet entrusted to kUc&re, in the v&rioaa Covto of the Territory. Hiving an ezceriense of some rears ass lawyer in the South j &ad ; West, and beinjf familiar with the Pre - s emption laws, he flatters himself that be can . jsnve enure eausucnon w aii-wnoniay favor him with their patronage in obtaining pro-em p Ition to l&nda, collection of debU,and in gsttin? .rearesaior oiooaj noses. - j Inference may be bad to Slas Price & Co i Hamilton Finney. Clerk of GrcoiE Court, Jlon. Jonn unmmin, wudge of County Court, and ii. L. T. Peyton, liq., Harrison vilie, Mo.; Samuel Hke. and James C. Walker, Esqre., Blooming ton, Illinois; lion. William Norvell, Joel How ard, Cariue, y William Tash, Esq., and John Danver, Esq., Allegheny City, Pa. -- An. 11,1855. -' '- . V- - " - : Allen ' & Gorfioa, : DEALEES 'in Dry ' Goods, r Proviriona lind ' Groceries, Tope ka, K. T. Call and exam ine. , .r fJunel6,lS55. tf. Dr. E. A. Barnes, PHYSICIAN fc SUEGEON, Main etreet, Law :rence,K.T.. June 23, '55. tf. Q.'W. Brown, ATTOBXEY AT LAW. May be found i Herald if Frtdm office K. T. Jan. fi. H. B. Bonton, ATTORNEY AT LAW. and General Land Agent, Kansas City, Mo. Aug. Ujibos. em. J. ElOOLKBXABOSJU - W. G. BxKXXXT. Biddlesbarger & Co., WHOLESALE GKOCEES, Commission and Forwarding Merchants, Kansas. Mo. B. Slater, PEODUCE DEALEK AND COMMISSION MEECUANT, No. 19 Levee, St. Louis, Mo. Tan. ft. 5.!. . , John Hutchinson, ATTORNEY AT IW and SOLICITOR IK CHANCERY, SO Main L, Luwrence, K. T. Edward Clark, ATTORNEY, SOLICITOR. fe COUNSELLOR, and General Land Acrcnt. OlHce on Massa chusetts street, Lawrence, Kanaaa Territory. ' iawrcnce,xeo. la, oo. ; Dr. John Boy, jyjAIN street, Lawrence, C T. Jan. 20, '5. Hew Store in Lawrence. W. fe C. DUNCAN have opened an entire new btoek of Goods in their new concrete building cn'.Ma.sachiisett street consisting of the u&ual varie -v ol'Dry Goods. Groceries. Hard wares, fcc, which they are olfcring for sale at lair price. Having embarked m the bosinen with thoview of i-cntinuing inic permanently. r.nd having bonjrht their eooda tbr readi cah and established but one price fur every etas of custnmera tiiey lecl confident they can do aa wen by their customers as can be done by uny other house in the city, and make it far more advan tageous to those wishing to raaka large, pur chases than they can do" at any place between this and St. Louis, We invito the public to give us a call and examine our stock and prices, and we are confident they will not go away dissatis fied. i On Price Store, Z wrens, Abr.10, i5. , Money is Scarce, BUT Provisions are not, at Stearn's 19 Ma3-achusctta-st. I have just received a lot of ujerfine Flour, warranted tui to bo made from zrown wheat; Graham Flour; very fine meal, ground in Missouri; first-rute pork; beef; vun iron; beans; lurd and drie d peaches. ' Jan. W, ISiS. ' C. STEARNS. lost TWO NAGS, a horse and maro, broke thei bridles, on the opposite side of the river from Lawrence, on Saturday night, and trayed off. '' Jioth were iron grays the mam the lar eer of the two. Oue of them probably has a bridle on. Any person taking up said horse, and delivering them to Dr. Cutler, at Doniphan, K. T., will be liberally rewarded. 48-8w S. Whitehorn, OBSTETRICIAN AND C rnrsiciAX, obstetrician and chikce-xon. ALL calls attended to promptly, cases will receive special atlentioi Surcic 1 ion. jJrugs nnd medicines for domettic use. ' Office, Man hattan, K. T. dec. 22-ly JAMES B. CHAD WICK, JSTo. G3 Xjooixfst street ( BETWEEN (ECOXD AND THIBD-STRS.) ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, Wholesale dealer in the celebrated -irvtproved Little Giant Corn and Cobb Hill, and exclusive agent for their sale in the Wcat. f- G. W, BROWN, of tho JTerald ff Fret- dm, Lawrence City, K. T., i authorized to re- I cave oider 1or the above crm. Several Mills are subject to Mr. B.'a order in tho warchoso at Kansas Citv, Mo., for lalo. No. 2, grinding 10 bushels of corn per hour with one horse, price $40. and charge for freight, fVIj aiAm nffif Tj: V 9 Gift nitlt .nar VbVff DIUV Urn mJVm , mm V. V, )t 4U WOV of freight fcc. ; No. 4. $60,, with addition of freight. ' The lattr, with two horses, will grind 2i) bushels per hour. No additional gearing re quired. Lawrence, Dec. 15, '55. - BOOKS. A select assortment of the lates publications Novels &c. for sale by Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLET. STATIONERY. A complete assortment of all O varieties of Paper, Pens, Pencils, Inks, En velopes, Memorandum Books, Diaries for 1854, fcc. dec, for aale cheap by Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLEY. BOTANIC MEDICINES. An extensive a sortmentof Herbs, Leaves and Roots, from the Shaker's Gardens ;" for sale by Nov. 24. WOODWARD te FINLEY. QUININE, PERUVIAN BARK, fce., by re tail, as cheap as, ever, in spite of their scar city, at tha Drug Store of . . . Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLEY. PATENT MEDICINES. All the best and most popular one of tho day, for sale by Nov, 24. ! WOODWARD & FINLEY. PAINTS. An extensive supply of Paiata and Varnishes of all description. . Also "Har ris' Paint Mill;" for sale by Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLEY. OILS. linseed, Olive, Castor, Lard, Tan nert, and Neatsfoot Oil, for aale by? Nov. 24. WOODWARD & FINLEY. ' B0UUTY LAHD AGEUCY. - 1 AN act of Congress passed March So, 1855. provides a pension of HO acres of land, foi all persons who served in the Eevo'utionary war, or in any other war of the Umk i States, pro vided fourteen days1 services were rendered ; and Secondly, To all who served in any battle, though actnalry engaged for only a single day ; and, - - , - Tiirdly, To tha widow, or if so widow, the children who are under tl Tears of age at the time of the passage of tha act; aadj.. . : r . EuurtUv, To thoee who, under former laws, have received warrants for a less amount than 160 acres, are entitled to an additional warrant to make up the dencieuey to that amount. , - Having officiated as Bounty Land Agent under the former law, and received from the proper oitsiBsi; for the use of the c rants, a very large number :sf warrants, the. 'briber ccrs m lugal eervicea to the publU, 1 feels oonSdent that ha can give perfect a&tufactwn. Koj itnem will be required until the warrant is cbuined. Persons having claims will maka immwi sta sp- plicaaon at u tiysALP or raxxoox oi&oe. - , W - 0.?W : ; ..'Em- QJ V Xevi.YorJsXJihf. i v 7-";ZaPcrteia aad n :. Uo. 147 H&in Street, Third Ddor..HcTfir cf the Bailor inssouri ' jan.Uim THE EHP0EITJH 0P;T B A DE : Hew. Store and Hew, Goods ! ri W. & W. HUTCHINSON & CO., are vj just opening ai mr new ana commodi ous Sales Room, the largest and best selected stock f Goods ever offered in Kansas, for whole sale and retail trade ; and while titer acknowl edge their obligations to tho public for past fa vors, they would respectfully invite them to no tice their extensive facilities lately added, for famishing everything the western trade de mands at one place. ' They have alrcaJy secured a very Haltering W30LXSALK TRADX with Interior towns, andean warrant their roods at lower price than can be found at any store west of St. Louis. In every instance where they have filled orders for country trade they have been gratified to know that better satisfaction has been given thai by going to the States to purchase. It is especially in the Drv Goods de partment that they promise yriat tergai, as they purchase at the East, and require but on iMdfrnUprjyit added to the original cost. Their ueighbuw who wish to study economy and save their money, would -do well to call and examine their piies of . l'JtJmYTsit UlSGtlAXS, DELAIXES. HE RA GES, Cashmeres with trimmings to match. gloves and hosiery, cravat, Napoleon ties, white cambrics, Uwns and muslins, colored cambric and silicias, jean, cotton and woolen knitting yarn, sautiicr's sax, Dicacuea cottons, drilling, deniniSjbhettingsandfiacnelsof all kind. XUUAJiS ot all grades and prices, from 11 to 15 cants ; syrup and mola.sus, coifce, spices ground and ungruund, lard, fish, linseed, lard andneata-loot oil, wiute ana rod load, torucn- cine and paints, window glass, nail, hardware, iroufcery, glass, stone, wooden and tin ware ; iron, round and t-quare. at wholesale. t Utt&llljKZ AMJ UVUSE t URXISli- 1XG UOUlW of all description : door, sash glazed ana uugiuzca, carpets, mattraasea. JJAl'St CA tS AS u bUliSot every Qual ity and color ; boots and shoes adapted to the western trade. 11 A RSESHEii, SADDLES. RRIDLES, niarungaies, saua;e-oaga, norse ulankets, straps of many kind, buckles, spurs. SA TIOXERY, PEXS, PENCILS., Sand boxes, cards, portfolios, paper hangings, looking glasses. . YAXKEE NO TIOA'S of over a hundred va rieties, to please both the old and young, with numerous ouier iniugs max cannot well be de scribed. s They have also commenced the Mibchav rAiLOiiiNu lii'feiNEss, and beside their fine stock of broadcloths, doe skins, cassimcre, vesung ana uuior irimmings, tucy naYe at all umcsiuu laigeat 660CK0I READY MADE CLOTIIING for gent's, youth, and boy's, ever opened in Kansas. -. PR U VISION'S . all linde ; Sweet and Irish potatoes, apples, butter, cheese, eggs, honey, dec., &c. constantly on hand, with many other things tedious to mention making in ail a stock oi aoout $39,039 worth of Goods that must be sold low fok Casu o.wi.r. AT. 13 21asarhumUi Strtet. Lawrence, Nov. 17, 1865. ' Prospectus OF TUfi KANSAS HERALD OF FREEDOM. milE SECOND VOLUME of this advocate A -ot freedom in ivana will be commenced in. January, lS5d, and will -continue the un flinching defender of the bight as formerlv. Complimentary notices from over fifteon huu- dred exchanges, tho unanimous approval of its numerous readers, tho urgent . uolicitaiioa of mends, and tne great want or such a journal, nave been the inducing causes to prompt to th. continuance of itvpublication through another Volume. The Publisher are cheered with the hope, that as the commercial embarrassments of tne country have measurably eubeidad, and as tho interest in Kansas' new has continued to increase until it ha become the great exciting topic of conversation in all the department of Hie, they will be better sustained than hereto fore in forwarding a work so cminentlr neces sary in the making of Kansas a Free "State. lhey are conscious that the local and metro politan press are devoting much space to the elucidation of Kansas affairs ; and yet it will ue oorue iu wuiu vuat snen iniormation inus given to tho public through those journals! in most instances, id first gleaned from the column of the Territorial papers. Strike the latter from existence, and the intelligence imparted ao eastern journals would be meagre and near ly valueless. I he iicsALD or x bezdox is a large, first c;as weekly journal, independent on all subjects, the iirntv. ct no party or clioue. filled almost ex clusively with orignal matter, and every column devoted cither to the Freedom of Kansas, its History, Geosrraphy,' or G'eoloarv; with articles on the soil, climate, face and salubrity of the country: its politics, religion, morality, educa tion ana luiure prospects. To the Pio.vezk, the paper will be invaluable as it will develope the resources of the Terri tory, and point out desirublft locations for settle ment, with information as regards the different routes to Kansas, the distance and cen of travel, and the various articles he should bring with him to his new home. To the Politiciah and PaitAXTnaorisT, who wish to ket p fully advised in resrard to the polit ical and social movements of the country, the HutALO or Fbxxdom will always be a welcome visitor. To the Settles w Kansas who wishes to act intelligently, and who desires to be sd vised with the movements of politics, and keep thoroughly posted with passing events, the IIsalo or Fsxxoom will be indispensable. T jerks Two dollars a year, intarisdjf in advance, or six months for one dollar. Clubs of tan copies to one address, without sny dis count for commissions, for f iteen dollars. Cur rent' notes on Eastern banks received at par, and moneys mailed in tho presence of post masters ana properly registered, may be sent at our risk. Be careful in cases to give the name if the tbt;ribr, and the address of the p4t-mjfice, Ctntf al Stale, in a legible hand. ET Agists are wanted in every town in the United States to procure subacribers, to whom a commission of twenty-five per cent- will hi paid. Paymasters and editors are authorised to act as agents. . G. W. BROWN & CO. LAWExycr, Kansas Territory. Take Hctiae, ; THAT 1 did, on the 18th day of December, take tha Claim abandoned by Martin Ad , ams, joining tha Claim of R. IL Waterman on the eaet, two miles west of Lawrence- This is to eaation all persons from tresspassing upon said Claim, as I intend to enter the same at the proper time. - . : E. S. fiCUDDES. . Dec. 22, 1355.-2m E00KS! BOOKS!! . A FINE selection of School and Miscellaneous Books are kept for sals st tha olSea of the Herald ff Freedom, among which an Tha Hero ines of History, Heroine of tha Crusades, Fox Book of Martyrs, Perilous Adrentcres of Trav elers, Farm and Fireside, Cruise in the Mediter ranean, Hnrry Graphs, People I Have Met, Rural Letter, Fun Jottings Autorarha for Freedom, Great Cities of tha World, Frank Freeman's Bar ber Shop, -Mirror of tha Soul, Antiquities of Western New York, Signers of the Declaration, Army of the United States, Geographical iiisto4 ry ef New York, Pocket and quarto Bibles, &c Also, a large supply of Toy Books for children. Ws have abo a very superior article of Foals cap and Letter. Paper, Pins, Penholder, Black Writing Fluid, adhesive Envelopes, Faber Pea ciVfcc. - - L.IL BROWN & CO. Lxwvjcvcz, Feb. , 185 f ; j ; . SEVERAL vahuola CIIY INTERESTS for O sals cheap, by r O. W. BROWN. UsrrenDsc.'T. SsV " i ' '- 'f 7aated to ent, i ..... . ... 1 ' - : . ; ' i ' - email aonsa in uu osnirai pars oi ui w i vwu CSXLDf PSA7, 1. C. iLiKSUK. CO,., TTlioi'esal Dealers la RE CUTLERY . " THE WAOT SUPPLTHP. ; Xarreneo .Jtiug- 8tore.,geae3. . ; THE subscribers are happy o. Inform thecit ' izens f this and other parts "of the Terri tory, that, to zoiet the -argent demands of the community, they have succeeded in procuring a building in which to open their stock, until the New Drug Store U co mplsted and are bo w prepared to offer In the budding opposite the jxt ctSce, ikin-ti, Zawrtnca, tha largest and beat assorted stock of. PAINTS, OILS, DYES, WINDOW QLAS3, , lass-waxx, aacsHsa, rinrvMsar, Books, Stationery and Fancy. Article ver brought into this Territory all of which have been carefully selected with particular ref erence to the want of this community. - We also keep a choice supply xf the" best and purest qualities of. Wines, Brandies, &a, fer nudicittul pvrpoeee oiily. We would particularly call the attention of Physician, Families and Dealers to our full sup ply of Drugs arid Medicines, warranted pure and unadulterated :.and. would-suggest to all the propriety of supplying , their , wants ia this line at homv? 'Instead 'ot from a ' neighboring State) eepectiulv lele they can do oe letter term, Nawrence, Nov. 34, 1555. tf. ) Hurra for the Vegetables! THE subscriber would inform those of the inhabitants of awrence and vicinity ig norant of the fact, that ho ha sctually suc ceeded in obtaining a supply of most kinds of auti-scorbut:o articles of aiet, which he offers for sale at his NEW PROVISION S ORE, No. 19 Massachusetts street. He is now desirous of proving to all concerned, that it is far more healthy to live on vegetables than on meat of courso from perfectly disinterested motives, ne ha made arrangements for tho running of tcama regularly to the Mother country, so that he hopes to be able to keep on hand constantly enough of the article calculated to regale the ap petites of the people, to atone for the long ao-Sw-pqe from the market of almost everything but Missouri pork. , f fdtfFor aale as above ScrxarcfxPteca and superior Sced Wuxat, st the lowest r market prices. ' C. STEARNS. Lawrence, kept, s, 13&5. 6m u. jAaTauK, i. skitji, w. a. smxth,' Hi a. aaa - j .. Partridge , & Co., W WHOLESALE GROCERS and Commis sion and forwarding tlerchants, N. SI North Socond-sU, bu Louis. Mo., will make lib eral cash advances on consignments of prod use, fertile in St. Louis, New 'Orleans,' New York and Boston. - -;. - St. Loui, Oct. 27, '55. ly. H. Wells & Co., FOREXCE, Mass., manufacturers of Wells' Patent Portable Saw Mills: admitted the best in the United States. - Single mills with 81 inch to 72 inch Saw Double Mills, adapted to cutting all sized logs to 4 feet in diameter. Child urcuiar aaw Mills .constantly, on hsad. Mills shipped to any part of the country, securs- ly boxed, warranted to give satisfaction. t loreuce, Alas., Aug. 25. 'M. 2m. O. P. Lo'yrey. 4 "t ' ATTORNEY AT LAW, snd Genersl Land Agent, Lawrence, K. T. ' ' RxrzBExexs : Hon. Andrew. II. Reedsr. Gen. 8. C. Pomroy, Lawrence ; Wm. C. Bryant. Esq., New York city; Hon. Asa Packor, MaaehChuak ra.; lIoa..Wilber Cortis, ut. iiarrington, Mass. lawrcnce, ucl. Ml, a. u . j G. W. Brown, . COMMISSIONER of DEEDS, and other In struments of Writing under Seal, and Depo sition for Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Ver mont, Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, and New York, will attend to tho duties of his otnee on application at the Uxbald or Faaxoox office. . Lawrence, May 12, 1355. tf. Hotice. v '. t ALL persons are hereby notified that as soon as the land office is opened. I shall cre-em ot the N. W. quarter of section 86, R 19, see. Us. Said claim I took on the 20th day of March lat. G. W. DhlTZLEB. Lawrence, Dec 22, 1855. . . 45-ra Hew Grocery Store ! . ' NnE tubscriber has ' added to his former stock of Provisions, a supply of nearly all kinds of Groceries, which are 3ersd xhtep for cash, or prxiuce of all kinds. Wamteo White Beam, Butter, rork, Lsrd, Cheese,. Egg4,.Po6atoe. 4ct ."r "r 1 - 5 w. um mm ftno, Lawrence, Dec. SO.-tf 19 MsstaohuaetU-st. : 1 rf TONS of nay snd 50) bushels o C Corn for IU sale cheap for eash. one and a half miles N. W. of Lawrence, by Jan. iz. zt - &. a. watekuan. A.D. Searl, CITY SURVEYOR AND CIVIL ENGINEER, No. M Mn atrmt. lawnmvi, KaniwMi T. , 4 Farm-Claims for Sale. have several very superior FARM CLAIMS left with me for sale, to which 1 invite tha at I tention . ol those desiring - improved ' lands in Kansas. Two claims are situated contiguous to - each other, and should be purchased by different individuals who are connected in business, una is all timber, the other all prairie. There ia a double log' house and .forty acrts under good fence on ops or tne claim. . Another claim four miles from Lawrenoa, ana same distanje from Lecomctoa. House oackhn sad about 15 acres planted' Also aciatm tnree mues rrom LAwrenos, neany covered with timber suitable for saw te: purpo ses. Log cabin and thirteen acres unor roVl rail fence on premises. ' Tha above, with ssverai other cnoiot uamt5. will be pointed out to those desiring improved lands in hjmsas. - - tZf Persons hsvinz clauss to sell, as wall ss those desiring to buy, should call on roe at the IlxjLAXo oi Faxxsox Omcx. - ' G. W. BBOWN. Lawrence, Sept. tQ,SS. 1 ." t", PI0X7S! PX0T7SJI - HAVING procured tha agency Cf eassow, Walcxb de Go's celebrated SUel CUppet Prairie and F&mtg Place, tnaniifscttrsicf al Bellvills, nUwa are prepared to fill all criers from Kansas Territory and eiwbers. ' These Plows art manufactured expressly lot he wants of the Wst, and with a vis w to dura bility, dec Their merits have bum folly tasted. and thus ws can freely recommend thenw r Persons ct&sriar can Judge of the ska wt!L description. from tha character of acH and strength of team. " Tha Prtiris Fiowa are from 14 to vi incaea furrow, at larger ir wcerslii Tha Corn or Farming' Vkrn. vatt in &A from Ona Horse No. 4, to Nos. 6 IH Largs Two Horses RolL All haveste! pc'j tid mould boarda. Prairie Plows tt xa met froia til to tJO numbers xramed Cera tio.frouJ 3 &0td$ld tS, manufacturersVpricea. . ' i ! - Scad your orders with fecic4iloi, t-d ti-r win U jwosy 2fd.v .vwii W-! t NOTICE hereby rivgnthss IhftVfteac9C s claim adjdininf landa of ey.J Ux. Nave, Mr. Hornsby. Davtison and -Gilbert, heir? tL same on wsch tko bur) ing grcssd, twe mils in a oua-wt ouocuou ireui vawrace, a bv eated. 1 found tha claia enoccupied o tha ith of Janusry- isst, - tad. has xfSBSssael making improvements, and pirsosa prt-ei2r 'i -.