Newspaper Page Text
1 :5JetRid of ;
Lawrence, Saturday, May, 10, 1856.
. : . Editorial Correspondence.
Laks View.Hocsjc, near Chicago,) i
-- April 4, 1856, J
-Keaders Herald or Fkiedom I am
stopping at the Water Cure establishment
?five miles north of Chicago; to recuper
ate: my, heaUlii m hich 1 failed me al few
days aero. - .. --.i -. :
..-On Monday evening kst I w.SinIlock
ford, 111., and spoke to a Crowded house
.on Kansas matters. 1 find we have many
devoted friends in the city, and but a very
"few who sympathize with our enemies.
The presses there are Republican, and
Jceep ib' people fully advised of 1 the
tro'gs we have received from the hands
Ti the pro-slavery party, and the powers
that be. :. ; '' , .
; Rockford is a beautiful town which has
grown up in about ten years, and num
bers some ten thousand inhabitants. - It
ii destined to tie a prominent place. The
"city is situated on the Chicago and Ga
lena Railroad, and is only four hours ride
from Chicago, or about one hundred miles.
, The , road is a good one, and one of the
v best paying Jn. the United States. Its
stocks are worth-120 ents on the dollar,
and difficult tdurchase at that. : I had
- m conception of the vast amount of bus
iness done-bereL until 'I saw ?it Iwith my
own eyes. ;,';; ; v Vy.f; 'f . .
I , returned . to ' Chicago on Tuesday,
evening, and though sick, and hardly
able to hold ray head, spoke three-fourths
. of an hour, in reply to the following in
terrogatories : v ; ' -::
. What are the prospects of making Kan
sas a Free State ?.
What is the present condition of soci-
. cty? . .'' ! 'v ' .
Is the country adapted to the wants of
Northern pioneers 7 - ' '
What aid do the friends of freedom in
Kansas require at the present crisis from
their sympathizers in the States ?
The meeting was well attended, and
deep sympathy was shown in our favor.
It will bs remembered that our friends
there 'subscribed some two thousand dol
lars in one evening, for the aidof Kansas.
This 'shows Hhat they are with' us, were
other evidence wanting.' , ; :
I discoursed briefly upon the necessity
of a direct communication with the Free
; : States, by a line of steamers to Alton.
.. At the close of my remarks Dr. Drxa of
fered the following resolution, which was
unanimously adopted :
Etftttd, That the movement on the part of
. our friend in Kansas, &r the establishment of a
direct trsdo with Alton, receives our hearty ap-
prbval, and for its success we pledge our earnest
efforts, entertaining, as we do, the conviction that
each a movement is not tnly dictated by sell-interest
but by well-respect.
As soon as I am able to journey again,
. I shall visit Alton, in connection with the
steamboat business, and after completing
arrangements there, shall visit Cincinnati
and Pittsburgh. The people are every
where disposed to lend us all the aid in
their power, in furtherance of the project.
1 trust our friends connected with mer
cantile houses in Kansas, will visit Alton,
and if they can buy goods as cheap and
as well there as in St. Louis, do their
: business there in preference" to the latter
place. There are numberless reasons why
we should build up a point at Alton, and
no argument whatever against it. The
people there are ready to receive us with
out-stretched arms, and are desirous of
making it to our interest to form an ac
quaintance with them. Let us recipro
cate the movement as far as it is in our
power. ' : ?
I find the people wherever I have been,
decidedly on our side in political matters.
They feel that the great struggle between
freedom and slavery is in Kansas, and
that there the question has to be settled.
Thus feeling, they are alive to every
throbbing of the public pulse, which in
dicates in the least the result.
Very truly, G. W. BROWN.
A Heaven-approved Act.
L. C. Paine Freer, Esq.; of Chicago,
. 111., writes the senior Editor under date
- of April 33th, authorizing him to con-
'Yey Information to" the heirs of the la-
merited and murdered R. P. Brown,
Esq., that they are authorized to draw
upon him for two hundred dollar, the
amount necessary to pay for one hundred
. and sixty acres of land whenever it shall
become necessary for the purpose."
All honor to Mr. Freer for the im
pulse which induced him to make so no
ble and beneficial a proposal. The ten
dency of such an act is to erect a monu
merit for the generous donor in many
-Jt, noble hearts, to dry the widow's tear aad
4M cnsunne "ls image m the memory of the
nA- dear ornhan. the snirit of whnsa mnr-
i" naran nnonn i
"vu airuk wa.S VU 0))1 V 'q 'J IIVUI
heaven. It is possible others joined
with Mr. h . in making this donation. If
SO. we shall karn them in limp, as fliA
. memories, of sue men are treasured
.above rubies. ,
"What a quaxe lookin place it b.w
Proverbially, " birds of a feather flock
together." This constitutional procliv
ity of "like to seek like," perhaps
perhaps not led us to explore the Man
sion. House alias Bachelors Hall the
other evening, while walking through
the outskirts of the town in quest of an
item. The result of oar investigations
we forbear relating, out "of respect to
the fairer part of our humanity ; as they
would show a lamentable indifference- on
the part of the denizens of the Hall to
the artai culinary and housekeepatory
supposed to be cultivated solely by the
aforesaid femenine portion of the human
family. . - v 1 - - -.y .. .
Leaving the culinary, we proceeded
'to the reading apartment and were
' agreeably surprised to see the neatness
? and taste with which it is fitted up.
We give credit to the young bachelors
Filer & Boiteb for engaging in this
:Iaudablo enterprise, and hope all these
who have not subscribed will call at the
Mansion and encourage the young men.
They have on their shelves all the prin
cipal; newspapers, and on their table
some of the best magazines of the day.
Difficulty between CoL" Lane and Sen-.zL-av
. atcr Douglas;
A CAED FROM COL. LA1TE.
; On the morning of last Saturday the r
ioiiowing leuer at my request was placed
in the hands of the Hon. S. A. Douglas,
United States Senator from Illinois :
Washington, April 18, 1 850.
Sir : One day last week I placed in :
tne aanas of Gen. Cass, with a request!
vu uiy . ib ueiuie uuy oeuaie, me memorial
of the ' General Assembly. of Kansas,
praying for her admission into the Union
as a sovereign State. I gave that direc
tion to the memorial from the tact that
the Convention which framed the Con-"
stitution of Kansas, with great unanimity
had before selected Gen. Cass as the me
dium by which to present the Constitu
tion to the Senate, deeming him, on ac
count of his seniority,- the most proper
person to introduce into the Union the
new applicant. : . : .
On rhursday of that week the memo-;
rial was the subject of se vere criticism,
and is connection with it. charges of the
most grave character, were preferred
Jagainstme. . . t. -
ryn Monday Jast,;in a paper .read- m
your" hearing and ; by ,you, 1 frankly
avored.f myself the reviser of-that me
morial; stated distinctly that it was pre
pared under my direction m conformity
with the authority vested in inej thano
human being was consulted fin. the pre
paration of it; that thel instructions of
my principals were faithfully carried out."
The explanation was as full as the avowal
was franknothing being withheld. :
After this, in connection with that me
morial, you repeat the charge in a form
much more objectionable than before.
Believing, as I do, tliat neither the Con
stitution of the United States, nor the
rules of the Senate were intended to jus
tify or sanction so gross an attack upon
the character of an American citizen, 1
respectfully ask for such an explanation
of your language upon that occasion as
will remove all imputation upen the in
tegrity ot my action or motive in connec
tion with tliat memorial. When you
are reminded that,
although I have a
certificate of election to a seat in the
body of which you are a member, and,
so far, am your peer, yet I am not per
mitted to speak in my own defence ;
when you are reminded of the friend
?h; personal as wejl as political, which
has heretofore existed between us ; that
I came here your friend, confidently
expecting to find you on the Kansas
application where you stood in M4 on
the Texas question and in '50, on
the California question, in favor of recog
nizing the people's Government, and ex
tending over American citizens the pro
tecting arm of the General Government,
I 'feel confident that you will -without
nesitation, tender the explanation re
quested, and thereby render a simple act
oi justice towaras one who has faithlully
discharged his duty to his constituents
in all the relations which have given rise
to ine exciting controversy.
Respectfully. J. H. LANE.
To Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, Wash
ington City, D. C.
Senator Douglas asked until 1 o'clock
to reply, which was granted. He then
asked until 4 o'clock, and afterwards un
til Monday morning. Iheso requests
were hailed as man testations of a manly
purpose, to do mo justice, and were
cheerfully granted. Mr. Douglas and
myself had long been personal and po
htical friends. The recentstirrinrr events
in. Kansas, and my connection with them,
... e :i i? tf .
were liiuiumr o mm. ii, because in
conscience I had felt moved to advocate
the cause of Kansas, with every civil
right trodden under toot by foreign in
vaders, while he, with fatherly love, and
perhaps equal conscience, was cherish
mg Kansas as she is as a child of his
own begetting a doubt . had arisen in
my mind respecting our future relations.
it was banished on my coming to Wash
ington. The Senator met me with reat
cordiality ; he advertised me or his par
ticular regard, and pleasantly upbraided
me for notgivfog im an opportunity to
welcome me at his house. I became his
invited guest, and communicated with
him in honest friendship. He thus an
nihilated distance between us, and bap
tised me his friend and equal, ; beneath
his own roof, and before his very house
hold gods. The word "hypocracy" is
found in dictionaries because the thi no
exists ; when, therefore, in the Senate
Chamber, where all his deeds, by his
constitutional oath, ought to be bound in
truth and honor, I found him breaking
open and parading the private conversa
tion of an invited friend, which occur
red in his own house, as a resident bur
glar' would break open the chest of a
betrayed guest; when the conversation
was related in such a tortured and mis
shapen manner that it ceased to be truth
and became falsehood ; when, to -damage
the cause of an honest and accused
but brave aud hopeful people, he struck
his blow through me, their representa
tive, with a vulgar atrocity of manner
which characterized the insincerity of
his friendship the words of which were
not yet cold and with a veheme'nee of
accusation that evinced the laborious
zeal with which he had studied die dic
tionary of Billingsgate, a common sensi
bility to the value of private feme de
manded that I should call on him for
explanations which would lead to a. pro
per vindication, as was my right- It was
a right he had especially sanctified to me
by his overtures of friendship ; and it
was the more his duty to give it, because
the injury was done to me in the Senate,
where slander and falsehood, if their
existence there be possible, have a con
stitutional protection. A proper repara.
tion, then, would have evinced that mag
nanimity which yields justice from a
sense of honor where there is no law to
compel it. : I had asked &n act of -simple
justice in civil Wnguag, , without
offence, and with only so much earnest
ly ij: ' 1 ,
ness as oecame an luuignaniana injured
man. On Monday morning, Senator
Douglas addressed an elaborate letter to
my friend, repeating the charge in : the
most brutal language and declining ot
communicate with me. as I learned for
tha following reasons. ' If he had others
personal to himself,' he modestly refrains
from alluding to them :
Tr Other Senators used language
equally objectionable. ; ' Jj'
ecorrcf in, senate rejected the me
morial by a large majority. - - - ;
Third Gen. Cass' would not vouch
for its genuineness. ' 1
Fourth-Rumors of the purpose of a
hostile meeting promulged through the
press, of which my request for an ex
planation was the forerunner. '
FifthAs Chairman of the Commit
tee oa Territories, it was.' his duty to
ccnibare thememorials ; and far what
he has said, stantis behind his privilege
and constitutional protection. ,
Alter; having done an injury, it is; a
second offence, in an honorable man, , to
feel no penitence and deny reparation. I
shall not dwell upon this transparent in
vention to hide his cowardice, to avoid
facing responsibility. His first statement
is uutrue. After my frank explanation,
itwas not possible for any other Senator
to have used such language. It is the
plea of every ragged otfenderat the bar
of the Police Court " how full Hie world
is of.crime how many more there are
like him;" ,but the Jndges have always
overruled the; plea. In -the next place
Senator - Douglas parades: against me
the very injury he caused me by his per
sonal iufluenee and energy, and the force
of party discipline! The other objections
are . unworthy, of his judgmenuLUlIis
heart, constitutionally adapted to it,
pleads privilege." It is said of a dis-
uished senator, that after his head
was blossoming for the grave, he gave of
fence to one much his junior, ihe young
man complained f his inability to resent
the i insult on account of the disparity in
years and position.. The venerable. Sen
ator exclaimed, " Task no exemption on
account of my age; no privilege from my
position; no, Sir, none ! If 1 have insult
ed you, you are entitled to 'reparation,
and you shall have it. ' 'But the benator
from Illinois yields to no such vulgar
weakness, and follows no such vain ex
amples. Like a heroic dog, grown inso
lent upon fat diet, with his head out of
the kennel, he growls with swollen cour
age, with a constitutional privilege at his
back, behind which to retreat. Honored
with a trust similar to his, from thebrave
and loyal people of Kansas, L yield to the
Senator's Constitutional exemption from
accountability for language used in de
bate, if he sees fit to avail himself of it;
but 1 yield it in the letter only, not in its
spirit; for, by the spirit, while aiming to
surround with safeguards the utmost free
dom of opinion and debate in the Senate
Chamber, and so preclude all accounta
bility for it, it implies and comprehends
that high notion of Senatorial decorum,
candor and truth, which excludes the
idea of wanton and malignant wrong. It
was given to protect the Senator, in the
expectation that his duty and justice
would protect all others. But it is with
in the Senator's discretion (not only
that " discretion" which "is the better
part of valor") to assert his legal exemp
tion, as he might also plead the Statute
of Limitations against a confiding credit
or and an honest debt. He has done so,
claiming Shylock's virtue, that " it is the
law." Safely sheltered and hidden be
hind this constitutional privilege, which
exists legally in ail cases, buUmoially in
none, Senator Douglas now compels
me to the unpleasant alternative of pro
testing, before the publio, against this
personal outrage, perpetrated where ray
voice was then silent, and which he tech
nically declines to repair under every ob
ligation of honor. At law he knows I
can face my accuser and confront the wit
nesses; with either cowardice or privilege
between me and my adversary, I aourom
pelled to suffer without a hearing, at the
hands of a constitutional assassin.
Senator Douglas cabled re into an
undeserved trust of his Sincerity. He
made me the guest 0f his hospitality to
deceive circumvent me. He has
broken Vne seals of friendly confidence,
aria published it with criminal effrontery.
To make the personal indignity the
greater, he has impeached me, his friend
and witness; and he has so distorted what
I did say that I am unable to call it my
own. He has inveighed, with gross
criminal imputations, against me, unsus
tained by a single fact in my own history,
and all denied by the public and familiar
history of Kansas. 1 so stigmatise the
imputations and charges; and when
smarting under it, and presuming on
some sincerity in our past relations, I
ask for justice or for expaination tliat
shall lead to justiae, he hunts out from
the Constitution that magical word for
week-kneed spirits "Pri v ilege I' ' ati d
flie3 to his cover. The public shall be
our judges. To this complection has it
come! Is the ferocious braggart heroism
of the Senate Chamber which boasts in
its place of having gazed down pistol
barrels only that quality which "oozes
out at the finger ends" and expires out
side of the portals of the Chamber? Are
treachery, falsehood, cowardice any bet-;
ter because they are privileged? Is
privilege to have another meaning?
Will , the Senator from Illinois abuse it,
and make want of courage and "privi
lege" convertable and equivalent terms?
I appeal from the attrocious conduct of
the Senator from Illinois, and submit to
the honest public, and its just sense and
conviction, that in morals no elevation of
place can dignify and protect injustice
that, because a person is humble, his op
pression becomes more aggravted, and
he is doubly within the protection of all
honorable men above him that accusi
tion and accountability always go togeth
er; that, character assailed, may always
compel the accuser to his proofs, and if
the offender becomes a fugitive fom this
plain duty, and attempts to retire to legal
subterfuges, public justice will take up
the retribution of the wrong, pursue him
over his legal bariers, and whip die vio
lator of the universal law of friendship
and hospitality, and the slanderer of
private reputation at the very altars of
his refuge. " V J- H LANE.
Washington Cur, National Hotel. ,
3?? Peace has been declared between
Russia, Turkey, If ranee and England,
and ill-blooJf is already visible between
France and England, growing out of the
Treaty. The cnd.h not yet.
. - For tie Jcrald cf itttdorm. j
The Right Spixit. .
r- T ; V, -April. 29, 1856. r?$$:A
Ed. Herald ; Freedom Dear , Sir: :
Believing that you and .your readers
feel ah interest in aU Kansas matters, I :
have concluded to send, you .a-brief his-;
tory of - ? some events, that', have ; lately
transpired in this vicinity.
Sometime in March last, a -person
calling , himself ; an assessor, sent a ver
bal notice to the settlers of Osawatomte,
that he would soon call on them in that
capacity, and would, betore calling to
assess their property under the. enact
ments of the so-called Kansas Territori
al Legislature, send them a writtea no
tice of the time be would meet them.
Whether such written notice was t erer
sent or not I cannot say. "
On the 16th of the present jBonth a
meeting of'ths settlers of Osawatamie
and vicinity was holden to take into con
sideration what measures should be
adopted in view of this notice to assess ;
which .meeting resulted in ine aaoption
and passage of the following preamble
and resolutions : X. v
"Whereas, several invasions from the
border State have been made into this
Territory to subjugate and make it sub
servient to .slavery; and whereas, said
invasions' were made for and resulted in
the prostration of our civil ' and ; political
rights, and the ..ent:rc:'pollution of the,
ballot-box, aud foisted upon us a set of
pretended and v.. tyrannical Legislators,
who unlawfully assembled at the Shaw
nee Mission, on the Indian Reservation,
and there attempted to impose upon the
settlers of Kansas territory : cruel and
tyrannical laws, and appointed officers
contrary to the fundamental principles of
our government for the term of six
3ears ; and whereas, we are crediblv in
formed that attempts have been made,
and are still being made, to assess and
collect taxesof-us by men appointed for
this purpose by the goalled .Territorial
Legislature of Kansas. - . Therefore,
"Resolved, That we utterly repudiate
the authority of that Legislature' as a bo
dy-emanating, not from! the r people of
Kansas, but elected and forced upon us
by a foreign vote ; and that, therefore,
the offlcers appointed by the same have
no legal power to act.
"Resolved, That we pledge to one an
other mutual support and aid in a forci
ble resistance to any attempt to compel
us into obedience to these enactments,
let that attempt come from whatever
source it may; and that if men appointed
by that Legislature to the office of asses
sor or sheriff, shall hereafter attempt to
assess or collect taxes of us, they will do
so at the peril of such consequences as
shall be necessary to prevent the same.
"Resolved, Thata Committee of three
be appointed to inform such officers of
the action of this meeting by placing in
their hands a copy of these resolutions.
"Resolved, That a copy of these res
olutions, with the proceedings of this
meeting, be furnished to the several pa
pers of Kansas, with a request to pub
lish the same."
A meeting had previously been held
in Potowataraie precinct, at which simi
lar resolutions were adopted.
About the same time, I learn that an
individual, purporting to be a stranger,
making inquiry for claims, called on sev
eral settlers, piid conversing wi'.h them
about their circumstance), arew from
I them such facts as he could, and based
his estirCrtte of the value of their prop-
O'tty on such statements as he got in this
round-about way. He, I learn, had
been appointed assessor under the author
ity above-named. Soon after this a man
calling himself a marshal, or deputy
marshal, came into this, neighborhood
and summoned persons to attend as ju
rors at a place known as Henry Sher
man's, or Dutch Henry's. Many of
those who were summoned, appeared at
the time aud place others, 'however,
did not. . -
On the morning of the 21st inst a
Court was there opened. Judge Cato pre
siding. This Judge Cato takes the
place of Judge Elmore, - of Alabama,
who was removed by the President on
the sameostensible grounds upon which
Governor Reeder was removed Prior
to the opening of the. Court, Judge Ca
to was questioned in regard to his inten-;
tion to enforce the enactments of said
Legislature, or not; but gave an indefi
nite answer. On the same day a volun
teer company, known as "Potowatomie
Rifles," met to drill about one mile and
a-half from the place where Judge Cato
jcas to hold his Court, and this Compa
ny, composed of the actual settlers in
this region, feeling an interest in the pro
ceedings of that Court, were dismissed
for a short time, and went to hear the
charge of the Judge to the Grand Jury.
The Marshal opened the Court, which
he styled a "United States District
Court for the county of Franklin." The
Judge, in swearing the Jury, and in the
charge which followed, did not at all
inform them whether they were to act
under the laws of the United States or
the acts passed at the Shawnee Mission.
He did not even came those acts, nor the
body which passed them, but spoke fre
quently of "our laws," at the same time
laying his hand on a copy of those acts
which was lying on the table.
Persons at all familiar with legal mat
ters, could not for a moment doubt what
his design was, when he spoke of certain
offences and penalties not named or pro
vided for by the laws of the United
States. . "r - ;' .:-
At the close, or near it, of the Judge's
charge, one of the Rifle Company rose
and said : "May it please the Court, I
have a question in 'writing to propose to
this Court, an answer to which I would
enlighten the citizens, .and no , doubt
would be acceptable to the Grant? Jury"
t The written question was this, and is
a true copy : . . .. . .
; "To the Court. Does this Court in
tend to enforce the. enactments "of the
Territorial Legislature, 'so-called ? 1 ! ;
The Judgo replied that the Court
could not then be mierruptedj 'Bat that
irhen he had finished giving his charge,
"if the question was of any consequence,
he could ans wer it.MWhen be had done
with the jury, he took up the paper con
taining the question, and after looking
at it, laid it down near the -clerk; in a ra
ther contemptuous manner, ! without
making any -reply whatever, i The clerk
then did Lite same thing, and also the
marshal. After waiting awhile longer,
the Csiptai n of the ' Company leftV and
after getting but . of, the door.-calkd to
the members of his Company to. meet
on their parade ground,' which they did
immediately. ; I ought to have said be
fore that the military Company had all
left their arms behind on "the ground
where. they were drilled. On their re
turn, the preamble and resolutions of the
Osawatomie meeting were. read and pass
ed unanimously,' taking- the "Tote by
"shouldering arms." : : " - . "t' ;;::-p
Thejf also appointed a Committee of
three of their number to wait immedi
ately on; Judge Cato," and place in his
hands a copy of said preamble and reso
lutions. That Committee did so at once.
The next day, about noon 1 am in
formedthe Petit Jury, were dismissed
before the Grand Jury had done report
ing, and soon - after, when the Grand
Jury had brought in bills of indictment
against three persons one of them for
shooting bogs the Court adjourned un
til September next, not having, as I can
learn, tried any cause or done any busi
ness, except to fine some who did not
appear as jurors.
I attended the first day, and have my
information' from reliable sources as to
what transpired on the1 second or last
day. I also saw one copy of a subpoena
that had been left with a person who
was required to appear as a witness.
But I am unable to learn of any attempt
to arrest the persons who were indicted.
Yours, - J; B.,jr.
: Public Mee ting.
In consideration of an attempt to as
sassinate Capt. Mace, on the evening of
April 30th, at his residence near Law
renoe, the citizens of this city assembled,
en masse, May 2d, at Faxon's Hall. Ly
man Allen, Esq., was appointed Chair
man, and J. W. Pexoyer, Sec'y.
The meeting was addressed by Gov.
Robinson, Messrs. Lowrey, Smith, Le
gate and "others. '
Mr. Smith presented the following res
olutions, which were adopted unani
mously : -" - ;
The citizens of Lawrence having heard
with sorrow of the attempt to assassinate
one of the citizens in our vicinity without
provocation, and m view of the lawless
condition of the State, as evinced by the
reoeated outracres perpetrated in our
midst, in mass meeting assembled, do
adopt the following resolutions :
1st. Resolved, That the cowardly at
tempt upon the life of t Capt. Mace, as well
as that upon S. J. Jones, was disgraceful
to any community, and worthy only of
barbarians destitute of the first principles
of honor or common humanity. .
2d. Resolved, That every friend of
Kansas, law and order, should discoun
tenance ar.ii condemn all such outrages
as highly destructive of the peace and
best interests of the State.
3d. Resolved, That since, under the
Territorial Government, the people can
have no laws, executive or judicial offi
cers of their own, and since those that
have been attempted to be imposed. Ujnjn
the people are partial, Unjust and oppres
sive, ;,ot recognized or approved by the
bona fide residents of the State, it is the
duty of Congress, at once to remove
every vestige of , the Territorial Govern
ment, and to admit the State into the
Union under her present Constitution.
4th. RepjUcd, That it is idle to in
dulge the hope that a peoplo will enforce
laws imposed upon them by foreigners,
and the only peaceable taud feasible rem-
edy for the disturbances in our midst, is
a resort to the laws and officers made and
elected by the people themselves, which
they can respect, and of which they ap
5th. Resolved, That until such laws
can be mada and executed, every man
should be a "law unto himself' and
brand with infamy any man who would
brutally assail his fellow-man, or in any
way disturb the peace and good order of
There was quite a gathering of the
craft in the Sentinel Counting Room,
Saturday evening, to witness the presen
tation ot" a Milwaukee Rifle to Mr. R. G.
Ross, foreman in the Job office, who in
tends starting for Kansas in the coming
month of May. The rifle js a capital one,
and in point of efficiency will, we think,
be found quite equal to Sharpe's. Asil
vnr plate on the stock of the rifle con
tains the following inscription :
Presented to . G. Hoss by his com
rades in the Milwaukee Sentinel office, as
a mark of their personal regard, and an
earnest of their good wishes for
FREEDOM IN KANSAS. .
Milwatikie, April o, 1856."
The rifle was presented by Mr. A. H.
Burdick, inthemame of his associate
with a few brief and pertinent remarks,
to which Mr. Ross made a feeling and ap
propriate reply. Mr. S. M. Booth fol
lowed in a neat little speech of compli
ment and congratulation to Mr. Ross,
and then, with three hearty cheers for
Mr. R. the meeting broke up. MUtcau
lee (Wis.) Sentinel.
An intimate " acquaintance . with Mr.
Ross, formed several years since, makes
us feel really glad to think he designs
coming to Kansas We shall welcome
him right heartily. He is as rood raaa
as he is a printer, and few members, of
the craft are his equals in workmanship.
T 37 The Benton Democracy of Misl
souri have nominated Tbovas XI. Bjen
tos for Governor. The Anti-Benton
Democracy have nominated a Mr. T. H.
Polk, of St, bonis, as their candidate
for the same ofce. Benton will be the
next Governor of Missouri and his son
in-law will he the next President of the
Emigrants Intelligence Office. '
TVHITilAX & SEABlJ " J i
Heal Estate Brokers and General Land
V Agents.' T
. E. B. WHITMAN
A. D. SEARL
: CIRCULAR. :
THE UNDERSIGNED, With a W to meet
the urgent aad constantly increasing ' de
mand for aeeuTata trad reliibla information in
regard to the different-sections of Uio Territory,
e3t-utial for the aid and asmtance of Emigrants
uiseJr to make their location,' porpoe to open
an EMIGRANT S INTELLIGENCE JF
FICE,"; in Lawrence, and to devote a portion of
onr attention to this pnsines. " :
; . In the preparation of on r Ma we have neces
sarily bet-onic well acquainted with' the peculiar
characteristics of each section, aud we are now
perfecting arrangement with' iutellieent . end
rtiiabio individuals in all partof tho Territory,
by which we shall be constantly in the reecptitri
of that minnte information in particulars which
the Emigrant needs to enable vx to proceed at
once, with confidence, to tlw points most desir
able and best adapted to his taste. -."; "
We purpose, for a reauable wTupon.atio;i. to
ffive tho Emiirrant jnt arrived in the Territory,
the benefit of mil the information in our posses
sion, and which we may bo daily receiving.; and
we will furnish team and guide to ail parts of
tho Territory. " . ,
We bhall al-?o be prepared to lay out Town
Sies, and to Survey Farm Claims ;"to negotiate
the ale and transter of Claims and Town prop
erty generally; to investigate the validity of ti-
tiea;-co snpermtend tho erection of buudin.cs.
and to act as ' Arcute lor the care of property
owned by non-reMdeutji.' .' " ;
W lien the land is open for private entry, we
purpose to act a General Land Ajreuta for tlw
purchase and entry of land-, and the location ot
land warrants. Our present exK-ris-nce, with
that in the mean time acquired, ny traveling,
correspondence, and the location ot settler, will
give us, we believe, facilities for inakiug advau-t-eecus
selections po&scied by no othsr parties
in the Territorv. We solicit orders fron capi-
talidta in the States, and from the holders of land
warrants ' ' ' ' -
Bv the transaction vf business on liberal terms
and by careful and prompt attention, we hope to
merit and receive a share ol tue public patron
asre. WHITMAN fc SEAKL.
Lawrence. May 10, ?u'i.-lt . .
LAKE VIEW WATER-CUBE.
NEAH CHICAGO, ILL.
Jas. E. Guoe8, M. !), 1. H. Mtae8, Esq.,
IitiiJent PhyoUian, ) S'tpetiiitndaut.
SITUATED five wile north of the city, on
.Lake Michigan, with accommodations foi
May 10, ;-ly
War Declared in Texas !
"VJ"OTj however, pjrainst Free State Kansas, but
against Wooden Fencc. The undersigned
would respectfully inform the citizens of Kansas
that they nave jiist brought to this Territory a
tine lot of Osage Orange tSeed, which tliey oA'ct
for f Hie cheap. Person wishing ecd can pro
cure them by calling on G. W. fc W. llutcJiiu
son -Co. ."Lawrence. Kania.. '
ma!0-4t , THOMrStN a SIHIOYEI:.
BY tho subscriber, a cci tain amount of money,
which the owner can hae by describing tuo
same and payinjr for this advertisement.
E. ALLEN, Pn pr. Washington Hotel.
Waslungttn, Kansas, May lo-tf
THOMAS E. TURKEY,
Attorney at Law, Lecoinpton, K. T.
HAVING been engaged in the practice cf ra.v
profession dniinsr the last four ear,in thi
Land office at Plattburg, Mo., I behove, that I
am thoroughly posted in ever; thing appertain
ing to the Land System, and Land Oilice practice.
I will pay particular fcttntiout' ccnUtttdfrt-
I will keep constantly for sale a lare npplv of
LAND WAEKANTfc, and willfully guaran-
tm &vcry one sold by me. ;
Orlh-e one door eouth of "Capitol Hotel, on
Haldc-rman etreet, . wb-sre I can be f'mnd at all
hours, on and after the v'Oth day ct Junj, lS5tf.
Reter to '
Jaylh H. Beick, Eegi.terJ Laud Office,
Jl. WHnisttToN, Kecciver.f 1'latu-bnrg, Mo.
Htn. Geiikoe W. Dcnx, Judge 5th Judicial Cir
cuit, in Mo.
May Sd, 1858. St.
Vr Crf CUT WALNUT and Yellow Cot
6t)UUU ton wood Shingles for sale cla-ap, 8
miles bolow Lawrence, on the bank of the Kan
sas Kjver. Wo intend to keep a suppiycon
stantly on liand. NOLAN & PAINTER.
May 3d, ISC-. A t
Arrangement for 1856,
Missouri River Packet David Tattua.
1 EGULAU Thumlay Missouri Kiver Packet,
XV- for Brun?nick. MiamiHiU's Landing, Wa
verly, Herlin, Lcxui''ton, XVeilliii-n, Cauvjen.
Sibley, RicLfield, Liberty, Independence, Ka.X-
9as, Parkville, Fort Li'avex wobth, . Leaven- j
worth City, Weston. Atchison, and St. Joseph. 1
The steamer DAVID TATUM, K. 1 Buitn,
Master, K. II. Pawtrs, Clerk, will ieave St. Lcci i
for St. Joseph on every alternate Thursday, as
follows : 1 :. .
April 19tft and. 24th ; May Sth and 22d ; Jane
Gtband 19th; July iJd, 17tn and alst; Aujru
14th and 2Sth; September 11th Mid Sth; Octo
ber fethand 23d; November 6th and 2th.
On her return for St. Ijuis, will leave St. Jo
seph every alternate Wednesday, as follows :
April 2l,lGth and 30th; May 14th Md 2lth;
Jnno lltb and 25th; Jnly 9th and 2Sd; Aaynst
6th and 20th; September Sd aad 17th: October
1st, 15th and 20th; November 12th and 2Cth.
Departing from St. Joseph Wednesday at 10
o'clock, A. M.; Atchison at 11 1-2; Iataa 1 1-2
P. M., and viX arrive at Weston tame dav, and
remain thero over nijrht. Will leave Weston
Thursdays at 7 o'clock, A. M.; Fort Leaven
worth at S; Leavenworth city at 8 1-2; Park
ville 10; Kansas 12 M.; WavDe Citj'l P. M.;
Liberty 2; RichSeld ; SiCley 4; Camden 5;
Wellington 6, and arrive at 'Lexington same
evening, and remain there over night. Will
leave Lexington Fridays et 7 o'clock, A. M.;
Berlin and Dover at 8 1 2; Waverly at 10; Hill's
Landing at 11; Minii at 1 P. M.; Brunswick
at 2; Glasgow at 4; and Boonville at 5 1-2. Will
arrive at St. Louis Saturday afternoon, in time
to meet the Louisville mail boats, and all other
The David Tatc is new, and fitted up in the
best style for the accommodation of passengers.
We hope by a strict attention to business, and
the comfort of paeengers. to retain the patron
age of our Missouri river friends. Shippers can
rely upon osr punctuality and dispatch.
K. P. BURTON, Captain.
Ccrn Planters. .
DOZEN Dana's Hand Corn Planters for sale
B. SLATES, '
COMMISSION and FORWARDING MEE-
j CHANT, Hemp, wool and Produce Broker.
Orders will have prompt attention.
Also, ajent of the Union Line Canal Boats to
Chicago. - - .
No. 8 City Building, (catranee from Com
mercial-etr.,) St. Louis, Mo. . apr25-ly .
WILL sUnd for Mares. aMne stable of Wm.
Jove, BLOOM INGTON, on Moxdav in
each week, through tha season. All other days,
except Sunday he will be at the stable of the
subscriber, Ia wreree.. A, IL MALLORV
- Lawrnos,Ma 3d, itM.tf. : .
Bulletin Books Eeceivcd. ;-'
HISTORr and Exults of ths Uauie Law ;
the American Poultry Yard; Knickerbock
er's History of New York, by Irring; Phvlo
gy of Marriage; Cranberry Culture; 1WI Things
Worth Knowing; -The Year Book of Nations A
1355: by Eiiha Burritt. O. WILM-VRTH,
sprJS '" ' -.
r. GaUnp, "Tcstport, Ho , s
DEALER ia Clocks, Watches aad Jewelry, Is
, prepared to do all. inds of repairing of
clocks, watches or jeweh-y.. All work entrusted
to LU caxa ' will hi warranted to giro satisfac
tion. Also Arnt for the sals of Hall & Dodl's
Patent Concrete J ha tai Bursar Proof Salj?. '
-s- - : - Piasa House.v
BY JOHN W. HAET. corner vr mm and Fourth
Streets, near the Chicago Eailroad Dpot,
Alton. HL Board & day, : ? cvhlZ
AprU 28, 1S56. .r..i. ,
:'::ri-.3 Alton House." r i
G. B. Hicks, Pxopr., r Z. OTleiHy, Clerk.
CORNER of Front and Alby atr., fronting
the river, Alton, I1L '
: April 255Myi- ;s h-. I;: v.V-m
D. D. Eyrie & Co., ;
GOMMISSION aad Forwardiiiir irertiianti:,
Levee and Short-sir., -Alton, JiL :
. Samuel Spruance,
C10MMISSION and Forwarding Men Lant.
' Oilice and Wkn-hou? at lhel'iiroad aud
General Steamboat Landing. Mark pa.kats
to "Care of S. bprnaucc, Alton, HL" ' '
D C. Kartin & Co.
7II0ijALEbRUGGISTS,No. 3 Swud
V Ptrtsot, Alton, HL Drugs, Mcdiviucx,
. tints, Oils, etc. etc.
April 2(5, 5t.-ly " '
W." A: Holton & Co., -
WHOLESALE and Eetidl Dealer in Dn:jr,
Medicines. Taint, Dye Stuffs, Oils, Glas,
Brushes, tikjaps,. Perfntn2rv, Fancy Articles,
Fountain Syrups. Fatftut Medicines end lMre
Wines and'lJrendy for medicinal purpose.
Have hail eightwu year' - experien"C in this
businefs in the Wct, and are prepared to giv
s:itisfaction toall applicanU. ..
Our Soda Water and Syrup aro admitted to
be the Utt west of tlic Aueghanies.
Prescriptions of all kinds prepared with nat
noss and aecunn-y.
Outrlts of Emigranta to Kansas or to Califor
nia, furnished in the best style and at fair price.
Corner Third and Belle streets, Alton, 111.
April 25, 18:5.-6m
- . I DlVliOCt, TUOS. VMU)C.
E. L. Bimmock & Co.,
AT'HCHLESALE Dealers in Boots and Shoe,
f t south hide Secoud-trM Alton, HI.
April 2fi, 'ofl.-ly v
T, L Waples, . ; ;
Dt-aiti; in 3iev ana ioj-s' ciotmng
Furruslung Goods, wliolcUali and .et
wholosah and .etttii.r
Corner of Fiasa aud Sccand-strs,, Atk'ii, III.
April 2!,5t.-ly '
C. Q. Mauzy,
WHOLESALE and Retail Denier in every
variety and stylo of lashicnablo Furni
ture, Sofa, asy CliHars, Bureaus, Secretaries,
M attr asses, Ca'no Seat and Wooden Chain,
liockcrs, Looking Glassy, Glas 1'latcs, Window
Shades, etc. Corner of Short and Williain-trs.t
Alton, HL pr2--3t
WHOLESALE and RETAIL dealer in Par
lor Fumimre of Rosewood, Mahogany,
and Walnut. Also, M;ittrasas and Upholstery
generally, Looking Glasses, Gli- s Plate, Wil
low Ware, Dining Rxun, Bed Roorn and Kitch
en Furniture and a genend htock of Furniturw
for Stoa:uloats. Hotels, OiSccs, School Roi,
Lodges, Vc. Orders solicited. Wareroom cor
ner 1 Second aud State-itrs., Alton, 111.
April 26, 'SG.-lr
e. ii. riAVExs, , r. v. ckakoali..
HaTena & Crandall.
TM PORTERS; Wholesale and Retail Dealer
A-ia Cbilia, Glass, (Jacenswure, Silver Plateil,
'Snnoil and Britain; Ware, Lnuia, Tabid
Cutlerr, ac. Third str., Alton, III.
April 25, lS.V,.-lv
Norcross' Patent Circular Saw-Hill.
STIGLZITAX, JOIIXSOX& CO., rrryr
ALTON, ILLINOIS. V
HAVING pnrcb;ud the right for ail tl:
Western Mates and Territories of the above
Patent, we are now prepared to famish th best
CIRCULAR SAW-MILL, .
decidedly , that has ever been offered to the pub
lie. Mr. Norcross i well known as the largeft
practical and most scientific manufacturer in this
i-ountrv, rrobablr in th3 worid ; and his Circu
lar Saw MiJMs last becoming as popular
celebrated as his Plaining Maclunc. and
requires an examination to give it the
PREFERENCE OVER ALL OTHER
Saw-Mills.' Thesawhaa a lateral vibration rrt
adjustable Rocker Hexes, and when thrown ont
of line-will recover itself by the action of tlw
driving belt ; hile at the Rame time tho arbvur
has no JattoraJ play in the boxos, and is made to
lit close with tho Vliouldeis to previntilte oil
from gettirj out wlyW in operatiun. inatU r
of great impurUncc where the motion isas rp
id ws'in Circular Saw.
The arrangonitnt of. thw mnerMre i4 so per
fect, simple, and adjustable, tJat a much thiuner
Saw c?n be uwd flian is cn ery other Mill, there
by jaur -
SAViiiV POWXS AND LV;iI?i.i
and is much 13 liabic to i jI on t'f -Tdcr. "!
had blocks is a cieat improvemcut cvtr Uo
Ftylc, Lcth caa. be act by ouu man a. t.9 r eii
' We are also mannfactuiirr fisi farnithin
..' LNGINE BOILERS
Colts, and all necessary fi store for said Mi!!r
of as god style aiKiqn&iity, aud as chsup,
can bo had in tho West. "We are also manGtac
tariirir thr celebrated Muly J umptr Upright
w Mill which is unturpvtod as an npri'ht
mill; ami has many advantages over the Circu
lar Saw; with
ENGINES, BOILERS, & ALL COMPLETE.
All of the said work is kept constantly on
hand t the' '
P I A S A FOUHDRY,
Alton, HHnois, and at M. O. MOISE & Co..
No. 16 Main Street, St. Louis, Mo., wh ar onr
authomcd agents lor the sale of tlw same.
Orders for tlw above Mills will be
ccivedbyO. W. CROWN, Eso.., at tiie Htral J
of Freedom ollico, Lawrence, Kansas.
Tnresacr and Scparstcr. -
THE subscribers would take this opportunity
; to inform the farmers of Kansas that th---y
are manufacturing PITTS PATENT SEPA
RATER for threshing and cleaning grain, aud.
horse powers for running the same.
Thcsa Machines will threh and clean, fit re
market, from 30) to 00 bushels of whv per
day, with less power than any other . Macbm
that -a ILL do thd same amount of work. Hatitig;
had an cjipcricace of sixteen years in this hsM
iners, we lee I confident of osr ability to turn
out a boUcr Machine tlun any other mhop in the
Bills giving particulars, and price and term,
can be seen at tha olfice of tha flerald of Free
dom, Lawrence, Kansas, and tha editor is au
thorized to receivo orders. - r -
Alton. I1L , X, HANSON Co.
April 25, ..-ly
. T. Ililler tt Co.,
DEAIJ:ES in Iiwnbcr, Lath, Shingles. Safh,
Doors, Blinds, etc, odec on ourth-str.,
between piasa and Market-sirs., near the Chica
go a. MissUrippi B- K. Dejmt, Alton; HL'
Ordeai fillod with accuracy and dispatch.
v Altaa Csurier,
"DUELISHED Duly. Tri-Weekly sod WccUt
Gto. T. Browx, Editor &i PronricW.
Daily, $3 per annnia ;
; Tri-Wcekly, 1 ; Wwk"y,
1ST An exteniv BOOK arid JOBBING of
See is cosneewwl with this eatabluhcM-nt ; al
ouo of the best BOOK BINDERIES in th
Wist. Patron solkite'l. . G- W Ufo b, at
the Herald of Freedom o2ioe. LawreJ5-e. ia su
tborixod to roceire hcriptiotis fvr eithet ef
the ioumak, or work for biudJn j. - 1 . .
Alton, ML, April 25, 5i.-Jy ; .
:. :u 'p shingles. : -
GONSTANTLt on hand, gijod ak sVng'as.
, : C. STEARN?, l,Mia.'s.
ISUF. Mill will be in operatisn in a Sew dir-
vje siidwdulb prc?M,ml to acroirrsoisii-
55, 1854. tf