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t. i' Terms: Two Dollars Per Annum In Advance. " TRUTH CfiCSHED TO EARTH SHALL RISE AGAIN." A Family IVewspa per Independent on All Subjects. BY G. W. BROWN & CO. LAWRENCE, KANSAS, JUNE 25, 1859. NUMBER 47 VOLUME A. 1 foefrjj. A Flea for Our Ffcrsical Lilt. ST CHARLES M1CI1T, W do nr not are wroof . N-;lcrtinir over long The bodily joy. that hlp to make aswise The ramble up tne slope Of the high mountain cope. The Inn day's walk, the viromua exereise; The fresh, luxurioo bath. Far from lb" trodden path; Or.'mid Ihe ocean wave, dashing with harmless roar. Liftinf us off our feet apon the sandjr shore. Kind Heaven! there i. noend Of pleaanre, as we wend Our pilgrimage in life's nndeviout war, If we but knew the laws Of the Kternal Cause, And for His (lor and our good eber; But intellectual pride tiete half thee joys aflide. And oarperennial eare abtorbs the soul aomnch. That life srowseold and dim beneath iUmadden touch. Welcome, yeplnmp green meads. Ye streams and sighing reedl Weleome, ye oorn-fieMp, waving like a sea! Welcome, the leafy bower'. And children gathering fl .wers! And farewell, for a while, sage drudgery! What though we're growing old, Our blood is notyetcold: Come with me to tbe fields, thou man of many ills. And gire thy limbs achanca among the daffodils. Come with me to the woods. And let their solitudes Ro-echo to our voices, as we got Upon t hy merry brain Let childhood come again. Spite of thy wealth, thy learning, or thy woe; Stretch forth thy limbs, and leap, Thy life ha. been asleep; And though the wrinkles deep may furrow thy pale brow. Allow me, if thou art wise, bow like a child art thou. A Midnight Adventure. Females often possess presence of mind, and the power of self-control under cir cumstances of imminent peril, which seem almost foreign to their nature and beyond the endurance of a delicate phys ical organization. A striking Instance of sell-commana, by a latly who.se fears must hi.ve been powerfully excited, and whose Hie or sllluence had probably never be fore given her nerves any severer trial than is incideut to the vexations of do mestic cares, is given in Cliambers's Jour nal of last month. We copy the adven ture, premising, by way of explanation. that the lady was the daughter of a rector residing in a quiet, hnglish country vil lage, and was upon the eve of mama-re. The wedding day was to be on the morrow of that day on which our adven ture happened. Grand preparations were made for the wedding ; and the rector's fine old plate, and the costly gifts of the bride, were discussed with prido and pleasure at the Hare and Hounds, in the presence of strange who had come down to a prise fight which had taken place in That night, Adelaide, who occupied separate room from her sister, sat up late long after all the household had retired to rest. She had a long interview with her father, and had been reading a chap ter to Which he bar I Hirm-tA and since had packed np her jowels, &c! She was consequently drersed when the church clock tolled midnight As it ceased, she heard a low noise like that of a hie; she listened but could distinguish nothing clearly. It might have been made by some of the servants still about: or, perhaps, it was only the creaking of me oni trees, She beard nothing but the sighing of the winter winds for moments afterward. Housebreakers were mere myths in primitive Thydon, and tho bride elect, without a though? of fear, resumed her occupation. She was gazing on a glittering set of diamonds, destined to be Worn at the wedding, when her bed-room door softly opened. She turned, looked up, and beheld a man with a black mask, nolding a pistol in his hand, standing be fore her. She did not scream, for the first thought was her father, who slept in the next room, and to whom any sudden alarm might be death, for he was old, feeble, ana Bartering trom heart complaint. She confronted the robber boldly, and ad dressed him in a whisper : "Spare yottr soul tho awful guilt of murder. My fa ther sleeps next to my room, and to be startled trom bis sleep would kill him. Make no noise I be of von." The fellow was astonished and cowedT "We won't make any noise," he replied sullenly, "if you give us everything uiefciy. Adelaide drew back and let him take her jewels not without a pang, for they ere precious love gifts, observing at the same time, that two more masked ruf fians stood at the half nnnn door. A a ha took the jewel case and watch from the table, and demanded her purse, she asked nim if he intended to go to her father's one received a surly affirmative : He wasn't onin& tr, - .;,v j l.. .. naif the tin behind !" Sho proposed in- l '"."sne should go hcreelt, saying: 1 W'H bring von whatever vou wish, and you may guard me thither, and kill me if i Jvflse t0 you-" Tn8 fe,low con Hied his comrades, and after a short par- lev. agreed to the proposal; and with pistol pointed at her head, tha dauntless r crossed the passage and entered the '"tor's room. Very gently she stole CI0 the chamber, and removing his Pnr, watch and key, and desk, gave V"ni P to the robbers who stood at the aor. Tha nM rn- "7, .thus guarded by his child, who -J sunt me door and demanded ir tha robbers wara .t ..n-fi-i !. ' replied that they should be When they had rot that ahnw nt nlata pread out below, but that they couldn't . tk?0t of '8hl nd tbat mu' K "n them. In compliance with thia WMidate, she followed them down stairs 'ne dining room, where a snlendid wwding breakfast had been laid, to save thr i?" tn8tt0fw. To her surprise, fellows, eieht in number when aasem- . seated themselves, and prepared to mi k B 9I"- 1 neT ordered her to VIa 0ut wine n1 to cut tw ow .k v8 cake for tha; nl then,aeated "the head nf (,. .. ki. -k ' . P'ied to preside at this extraordinary ..?h.e7 te drBki laughed and joked "U Ala llda ,:.u -X J - CJ - , iutta, ut var sua jef naa inn t,D1 to study, in her quiet way, the "PJJ nd yoicea of the whole set When the repast was ended, and the Fw was transferred to s sack, they to depart, whisperinz towther. and littcugai tho young lady. lot the first time Adelaide's courage gave way, and u iremciea; out it was not a consults tion against her; they told ber they did not wish to harm her that she was a "jolly wench, reg'lar game," and they wouldn't hurt her, bat that she must swear not to give the alarm till nine or ten o'clock next day, when they should be off all sale lo this she was, of coarse, obliged to assent, and then they all in sisted on shaking hands with her. She noticed during the parting ceremony, that one of the ruffians had only three fingers on the left hand. - . Alone in the despoiled room. Adelaida. feint and exhausted, awaited he first gleam of day-light; then, as the robbers did not return, she stole np to her room, undressed, and fell into a disturbed slum ber. The consternation of the family next morning might be imagined, and Ade- aide's story was still more atoundinz than the fact of the robbery itself. Police were sent for from London, and they. guided by Adelaide's lucid description of toe mianignt visitors, actually succeeded in capturing every one of the gang, whom the young lady had no difficulty in iden tifying and swearing to, the "three-fingered Jack" being the clue to the discovery. The stolen property was nearly all recov ered, and the old rector always declared. and with truth, that he owed his life to the self-possession of his eldest daughter. The only ill effect of the ereat trial to her nerves was a disposition, on the part oi tne young neroine, to listen to midnight sounds, and start uneasily from troubled dreams ; but time and change of residence soon effected us cure. JVma M Journal of Gmmtrt. Letter from Coffey County. Leroy, K. T., June 5th, '59. While the various towns in Kansas are talked so much of, it may be desirable to hear something about Leroy. 1 bis town is situated on the Xeosbo river, in Coffey county, K. T., 100 miles south-west of Kansas City, and RO miles north-west of Fort Scott. It is a sightly and healthy location, almost surrounded by fine timber. It is only two years since the first shop was put up, now it numbers 300 inhabi tants, or over; two steam saw and grist mills, one of them manufactures flour; two blacksmith shops, two shoemaker shops, one saddle and harness maker, one tin and stove store, one grocery store, one dry goods store, two first class hotels, two cabinet shops, bhe shingle machine, two saloons, with various other improvements. The country is well adapted to the growth of grain of all kinds, wheat especially. When pnt in in good fine and good order, from twenty-five to thirty bushels is ex pected to the acre; corn from forty to eighty per aero; oats, thirty to sixty per acre; potatoes, and in fact everything, does well when planted in good time and tended when young. We have a good prospect for a fine wheat crop; it looks very fine and promises' a good yield ; harvest will commence in about ten days. Now, if a man wants big wages, just let him get a threshing machine and come into this valley and thresh out wheat. We have an abundance and not one thresher in the country; I have thirty-eight acies that looks well, and many other. have from five to forty acres of wheat, and a man can do well by coming in here with a good threshing machine. We are willing to pay ten con's per bushel rather than tramp it ont on the ground and clean it in the wind; it would be a much better profit than the Pike's Peak expedition, I am sure. I ry and send us a threshing ma chine. We are blessed with a plenty of good stone coal, water can be obtained by dig ging from eighteen to thirty feet, where there is no water on the surface. Tbie part of the country is all settled near the timber, and pre empted prairie, in its natu ral state, is worth from $5 to $10 per acre; inproved land from $10 to $ per acre; timber from $10 to $35 per acre. Nature has done its part towards making a rich country of this, and time is all it wants to make the finest country in the kingdom; 8. T. LOCKE. ftr The New York correspondent of the Philadelphia Mercury, in a notice of Morphy, the great chess player, says a queer incident occurred to him soon after his arrival in New York. ( A carriage drove to tho St. Nicholas in which was seated a splendidly-dressed lady. She sect np a card, and requested an inter view with the chess champion. ' The interview was granted, when the fair visitor demanded the privilege of playing a game with Mr. Morphy. Mr. M. looked at the magnificent eyes of the stranger, and said, "Yes, certainly. The chess- table was brought to the window, and Air. Morphy placed the " men. The lady, of course was permitted to have the first move. Half a dozen moves' were made on either side, and Morphy fonnd himself interested his visitor promised to prove the most formidable antagonist he had met for long time. Being absorbed in the game, Morpny directed the servant to admit no one else until it was completed. The game lasted two hours, and was drawn.' The lady was then satisfied, and blushinglv took her leave, Morphy him self accompanying her to her carriage. The moment she had gone, Morphy and his friends set at work to ascertain the identity of the beautiful visitor, not doubting that the name upon the card coold be found in the directory. This, however, proved to H t mistake, and though every endeavor was made to ascer tain precisely ' who was the visitor, the gentlemen are as much in the dark as ever. Whoever sne may be, she plaved the best game in which Morphy was ever a contestant, and she probably adopted these means of matching herself with Morphy in order to assure herself of her own skill. . - . . tttr A abort time since. John Van Bn ren and other dignitaries were having a good time over their wines and ; yralnuta at a ramons eoaraing-noose in this city, when the landlady a plump, tost wid ow came into the room. "Madam, what are your politics ?" inquired one of the party: "I ana a etraight-ont silver-gray whig, she replied.; "Look at her close ly, gentlemen," remarked the Prince, "for I assnre you the male species of that animal ia entirely extinct." New York ftST On the 11th of April, ' shower of black snow fell to the depth of an inch upon tha- summit of Fircap Moun tain, near a mining camp, called Hear. en's, is Sierra county, California. - Cuius la Womea, In every direction, in the Eastern and Middle States, we at present hear of physical education. There has been a revival in favor of health and of rational education, and it ia bearing good fruits. Even one or two universities are having gymnasiums put np and teachers provided for the bodily education of their students. Excellent works, by such writers as Sedg wick, Trail, Jacques, Miss Beecher, Walker, and others, are being extensive ly read, while ericket, base-ball, swim ming and other exercises are enjoying an Wftrted popularity. . Then fact that tha yotfog most be trained and taught to be healthy is becoming a matter of common discussion, and here and there some writer, bolder than the rest, ventures to hint that at boarding schools the system is deficient which keeps youth for "eight or nine hours at books, and for exercise sends them an hour on a funeral-like walk, or permits them to be idle in the house. It is principally for the enormous influ ence which it exerts on the intellect, health and happiness of woman, that such physical culture should be a matter of sacred obligation on parents aa regards their daughters. There is a degree of ig norance and carelessness extant on this subject which, when examined, appears absolutely terrifying and amazing. By far the greater majority even of American girls in the healthiest period of life are semi-invalids, while a still greater propor tion are constant sufferers when a little advanced in life. All of this is the direct consequence of neglect. There is not one woman in a thousand who exercises as she ought while young, or who is educated with a view to health. Of late years this neglect of physical development has been fearfully increased by the increased ele gance of dress. Little girls- are clothed in silks and crinoline to a degree and to a cost which was never dreamed of twenty years ago. The result of all this is "Chil dren behave yourselves and keep quiet !" Exercise ia wanting, and disease follows languor. One of the worst results of continually debarring women from proper exercise and this baa been done for thousands of years in all civilized countries has been a reduction of mental force. Sedentary lives have given women nervous powerj equivalent to occasional violent exertion, but have deprived them of the capacity for long continued effort. We do not contend, as unreasoning people would, of course, at once assert, tbat woman is natu rally as strong as man. But' we do be lieve, and experience has abundantly proved it, that nothing would be easier than to make all women stronger than the average of men in our Atlantic cities now are. This degree of strenath was pos sessed by Greek women, and Itoman la dies, and it involved with them no sacri fice of grace. Wa consequently believe tbat the following extract from Charles Beade is an absurdity,' if we regard it as setting forth a radical law : - 'Nothing is so hard to women as along, steady struggle.. In matters physical, this is the thing the muscleaof the lair cannot stand. In matters intellectual and moral, the long strain it is that beats them dead. Do not took for a Bacona, a Newtona, a Haudella. a Victoria Hag a. Some Amer ican ladies tell us education has stopped tne growth ot these. Ao ! mesdames. These are not in nature. They can bub ble letters in ten minutes that yon could no more deliver to order in ten days than a river can play like a fountain. They can sparkle gemaof stories; they can flash like diamonds of poems. The entire troupe has never produced one opera; nor one epic tbat man could tolerate a minute; and why T these come by lone, high strung labor. But weak as they are in the long run of everything but affections. (and there they are giants), they are all overpowering while their gallop lasts. f ragella shall dance any two of you fiat on the floor before four o'clock, and then dance on till peep of day. You trundle off to your business as usual, and could dance again the next night, and so on through countless ages. She who danced you into nothing ia in bed, a human jelly crowned with headache." Even under the present neglect, ladies often show the falsehood of Reade's argu ment, Mary Cowden Clarke's sixteen years of labor on her Sbaksperean Concor dance was a pretty long strain. Buskin, aa a logical, steady, rational writer on art, ia far inferior to Mrs. Jamieson he, in fact, is the rhapsodical woman, and she the reasoning man. The instance of a woman's receiving a high-toned, substan tial education, such as most literary men who are scholars have enjoyed, is aa rare an event as a youth'a being brought np in petticoats, and yet Master Superficial Ueade, who never had an idea above a light comedy, undertakes to say that ganut is not in woman's nature. When woman is edncatad with a joint view to physical' atrength. permanent health and mental vigor and earnestness, wa shall see genius developed rapidly enough. It is only one man in many thousand, among the educated, who shows genius, while it is only one woman in many thousand who gets an education. Plul. Bulletin. fC7"The celebrated Campana Museum has become the property of the Pope, through the ingenuity of Cardinal Anto nelli, who extorted from tha Marquis Campana, in a prison, a sale of his muse um. Ihe deed was signed by two gen darmes, aa witnesses, after tha Marquis had affixed his signature to it, which he did in tha certainty that a refusal would keep him for life in tho dungeons of which be bad bad eighteen month ' hor rible experience. ; He was compelled to part with the accumulated treasures for less than 200,000, tho sum in which he stood indebted to the Government on ac count of the Mont da Piete. The mnae nm alone has bean valned by competent persons as possessing a positive trae mar ket value of $300,000. ' Intermarrrlnf. ' ' ' It has been' ascertained by careful in vestigation into the influence of marriages of consanguinity, that over ten per cent, of the blind, and nearly fifteen per cent of the idiotica, in the ynrions State insti tutions, are the offspring of kindred pa rents. Making an estimate based upon the beat ascertained data there would be fonnd in the twenty millions of white inhabitant in the United States, six thousand three hundred and' twenty-one marriages of cousins, giving birth to three thousand nine hundred and nine deaf and dumb, blind, Idiotic and insane. ' The Doors of th CaplioL Mr. Bigelow, of the New York Post, writing from Borne, furnishes the annexed description of the doors which the sculp tor Rogers is making for the Capitol at Washington : ; "I found nothing in the studios of the sculptors in Rome which interested me quite as much as the doors which Rogers bad been making for the Capitol at Wash ington. There seems to be no diversity of opinion about thia work, even among artists. All agree that it ia aa eminent success, creditable alike to tha. country J and tha artist. . 'Ice casts are now at the foundry in Munich. The life of Columbus ia the artist's text. He has selected what he regards aa the nine most picturesque events of the eventful career of the most illustrious of navigators, and has appropriated one to each of the eight panels and the arch of which the door is composed, four pan els being on each leaf. Thus each panel contains a finished picture in alto relievo. The series of designs commences at the lowest panel on the left, and they are numbered upwards to the arch which is the fifth representation ; then descending, they are numbered downwards to the ninth and last. ' No. 1 represents Columbus before the court of Salamanca, endeavoring to con vince them of the existence of another continent, and the possibility of discover ing it. Discouraged by their objections and defended by their opposition, he re tired to the convent of La Rabida, whose prior, Juan Parez, henceforth became his constant friend. From La Babida he entered into negotiations with the King of Portugal, aid offered him the service Soain had declined. In the meantime, Isabella, actuated partly by the arguments of the good friar, whose guest Columbus remained, agreed to gire a second hearing to his propositions, and sent him a sum of money to equip himself and purchase a mule. No. 2 represents Columbus leaving the convent on the mule presented by the Queen. He is in the act of bidding fare well to the good fathers, who crowd the archways of the portico and cluster around their friend, giving him their benedic tion, and not forgetting the refreshment of the poor animal, to whom they are offering a draught of water. No. 3 shows Columbus before Ferdi nand and Isabella, after his return to court. Columbus stands iu the foreground, the chief figure of the piece, and with upraised bead and outstretched arm is urging his suit Ferdinand shows his indifference by leaning back in bis seat inattentive, while the ardent Isabella bends forward, eagerly catching every word which falls from the orator's lipa. No. 4. The departure of Columbus from Palos, the port from which he sailed in quest of the New World. He stands with his left foot planted on the gang plank, ready to enter the caraval when he has said farewell to his friends. ' No. 5. The landing at San Salvador. Columbus occupies the center of the picture, and is elevated above the sur rounding group. He holds in one hand a sword and in the other the banner of Leon and Castile, and is taking posses sion of the country in the name of his sovereigns. It is the largest of the rep resentations, occupying the space of two panels. 1 he tilling up is beautiful and varied. On the left hand is the vessel, on which some of the adventurers still re main; then Columbus, elevated on a point of rock. Between the caraval and him self are ardent mariners, some wading in the water, some just touching land, all in attitude expressive of joy and thanks giving. To the right the space on the margin of the picture is filled with In dians, secreting themselves behind the trees. No. 6. Erecting the cross on the Island of Hispaniola. . , No. 7. Entering Barcelona on horse back, and in triumph, on his return to Spain. No. 8. Leaving the town of Isabella in chains, a prisoner, and succeeded in his command by Bobadilla. - No. 9. The death of Columbus. On the rails which divide the panels horizontally are six portrait busts of the historians of that time who wrote about the discovery of America, namely : Peter Martyr, Las Casas, Diego Mendez, Mendoza, Burnal Diaz and Marco Polo. On the lower raila are two ideal busts of Indians ; on the upper are two busts of squaws in all, sixteen. . Under the statuettes, forming a bracket, are introduced heads of American ani mals, supporting the plyntbs of the fig ures, combined with wreaths of flowers, and emblems of the arts and sciences, &c, of America, Over the statuettes are the emblems of the three theological vir tues, Faith, Hope and Charity, and the emblem of Justice. On the door posts are allegorical figures, representing the four Quarters of the globe Europe to the left of panel No. 1. Asia to the left of panel No. 4, Africa to the right of panel No. 6, America to the right of panel No. 9. . The posts are also very richly decorated with animals, birds, fruit, foliage, &c On the center of the arch above is a bust of Columbus ; to tho right is a figure of V ictory ; to the left is a ngure of J) ame. Below these figurea ara arms, helmlets. shields, banners, &c, the emblems of conquest. "Such is a brief description of the plan of this charming composition, which very one praiseX and which no one criti cises, and that can be said of nothing else in Rome that I saw. I am sorry to learn that Mr. Rogers is not likely to receive 1 any adequate compensation for his labor on this work, except in glory, as It is qnite certain to cost him soma three or four thousand dollars more that the con tract which the Government entitles him to. When the members of Congress, bow ever, come to see ' these doors moving on their hinges, I have no donbt they will cheerfully take the steps necessary to se cure to him indemnification for his expen ses, if not an adequate remuneration for his work. ' ' 07" Avoid quotations, unless yon are well studied in their import. . and feel their pertinence. My friend , the other day, while looking at the skeleton of an ass, which bad been dog ont of a sandpit, and admiring and wondering at the structure of that despised animal, mad . a very maladroit . use of - one.- "Ah 1 " said he with the deepest humility. and a sympathy worthy of La Fontaine, "uw are fearfully and wonderfully mad Th Coo 11 Market of th Havana. Yesterday I drove out to the Cerro, to see tha coolie jail, or market, where the coolies are kept for sale. It is a well known place, and open to all visitors. The building haa a fair-looking front; and through this I entered, by two porters, into an open yard in the rear, where on the gravel ground are squatting a double line of coolies, with heads shaved, except a tuft on the crown, dressed in loose Chi nese garments of blue and yellow. The de.lt-;. who is a calm, shrewd, heartless looting man speaking English as well as if it were his native tongue, comes out with me, calls to the coolies, and they all stand up in a double line, facing in ward, and we pass through them, pre ceded by a driver armed with the usual badge of the plantation driver, the short, limber whip. The dealer does not hesi tate to tell me the terms on which the contracts are made, as the trade is not illegal. His account is this : The im porter receives $340 for each coolie, and the purchaser agrees to pay the coolie $4 per month, and to give him food, and two suits of clothes a year. For this, he has his service for eight years. The contract is reduced to writing before a magistrate, and two originals are made, one kept by the coolie and one by the purchaser, and each in Chinese and Spanish. Thii is a strange and striking exhibi tion of power. Two or three white men, bringing hundreds of Chinese thousands of miles, to a new climate and people, holding them prisoners, selling their ser vices to masters having an unknown tongue and an unknown religion, to work at unknown trades, for inscrutable pur poses 1 The coolies did not look unhealthy, though some had complaints of the eyes; yet they looked, or I fancied they looked some of them nnhappy, and some of them stolid. Une 1 am sure bad the lep rosy; although the dealer would not ad mit it. The dealer did not deny their tendency to suicide, and the danger of attempting to chastise them, but alleged their great superiority to the negro in in telligence, and contended that their con dition was good, and better than in Chi na, having four dollars a month, and be ing free at the end of eight years. He said, which I found to be true, that after being separated aud employed in work, they let their hair grow, and adopt the habits and dress of the country. The newly arrived coolies wear tufts, and blue and yellow, loose, Chinese clothes. Those who have been here long are distinguish able from the whites only by the peculiar tinge of the cheek, and the form of the eye. The only respect in which his account differed from what I heard elsewhere was in the amount the importer receives, which has always been stated to me at $400. , While am talking with him, a gen tleman come and passes down the line, He is probably a purchaser, I judge ; and I leave my informant to follow what is more for his interest than talking with me. The importation has not yet existed eight years. So the question, what will become of these men, exotics, without women or children, taking no root in the land, has not come to a solution. The constant question is will they remain and mix with the other races? Will they be permitted to remain ? Will they be able to go back ! So far as I can learn, there is no law in China regulating the contracts and ship ment of Chinese coolies, and none in Cu ba regulating their transportation, land ing, or treatment while here. 1 he trade has grown np and . been permitted and recognized, but not regulated. It is yet to be determined how far the contract is enforceablo against either party. Those coolies that are taken from the British East Indies to British islands are taken nnder contracts, with regulations, as to their exportation and return, understood and enforced. Not so the Chinese coolies. Their importers are lege soluti. Some day the government will insist on their being retnmed. But the prevailing impression is that they will be brought in debt, and bound over again for their debts, or in some other way secured to a life-long servitude. if. II. Dana, Jr. Caring and Kpin Batter. It is now, or will be soon, the season of the year when bntter is most abundant and cheapest. If any method could be had for curing and keeping it fresh and sweet, there are thousands who would avail themselves of it, and put away their winter'a supply. It would be- a great saving, economically considered. We are, therefore, happy to have it in onr power to present a receipt, which gentleman of our acquaintance has used for years, and with unfailing success. He has always an abundant supply of butter, for table nse, as fresh and sweet as though just purchased in the market, though it had been pnt up by the following receipt for ten months. "Lioaf sugar, three ounces; saltpeter, three ounces; best common salt, ten ounces. Take about one ounce of this mixture to one pound of butter." In the Medical and Agrioiltural Register for January, 180b, we nnd a similar re ceipt, to wit : "Two parts common salt, one part sugar, one part saltpeter. Mix, and nse one ounce of mixture to one pound of butter." The editor of the Pennsylvania Farmer of that day, says tbat the butter prepared by this receipt, "eats aa sweet after being kept three years as at first." It is not, however, fit for use after being thns prepared, for a period of a month or more. ,. - .Now a word as to the proper vessels in which to put down butter. First of all, wooden vessels are to be preferred, and of oak if possible. ' The hoops should be of wood, not iron, and the timber used in the staves and bottom of tbe beat sea soned timber. The vessel should be thoroughly and frequently scalded before the butter is pnt down, so as to leave no air holes or cavities, and if you expect to add to it, smooth the surface over, close it with a piece of fine linen dipped in melted butter, and which has been cut to fit tbe sides of the vessel dose. -This should be done each time any addition made to the store. When tbe vessel filled, lay over the cloths as before, pour little melted butter, around the edges, and set away foruie. If yon had per formed the operation well, yon need have no more trouble about it The butter rill keep as long aa you desire.; ftr- In Mexico, everybody is supposed to be an ex-President who wears a dean shirt and keens his hand washed. Horace Qrly oa lanaas. . In a letter to the Tribune, Mr. Greeley thus sums up his opinion of the natural resources of Kansas : I like Kansas that is natural Kansas better than I expected to. The soil is richer and deeper ; the timber is more generally diffused ; the country more roll ing than 1 bad supposed them, ihere are, of course, heavy drawbacks in re moteness from the seaboard, heavy charges for bulky goods, low prices of produce. Indian reserves, and the high prices of good lumber. - . .- ' ' I consider Kansas well watered no Prairie State better. I do not confine this remark to the present, when every thing is flooded, and likely to be more so. I mean that springs, streams, creeks, rivers, are quite universal. For my own private drinking, 1 should like a supply not so much impregnated with lime ; but, for limestone water, this is generally quite good. Aud the limestone itself is among the chief blessings of Kansas. I presume it underlies every foot of her soil 1 have yet traversed, with nearly every square mile that will be comprised within the State of Kansas. You see it cropping ont from almost every bluff ; it lies thickly strewn in boulders over the sur face of every headland or promontory that makes out into the bottoms, low prairies, or ravines ; so that if yon want to use it, it is always to be drawn (or rolled) down hill. Though not here needed aa a fertilizer, it can everywhere be quarried, with labor, into building stone, or burned for nse in putting up chimneys and plastering walls. But an unpleasant truth must be stated : There are two many idle, shift less people in Kansas. I speak not here of lawyers, gentlemen speculators and other non-producers, who are in excess ere as elsewhere ; 1 allude directly to those who call themselves settlers, and who would be farmers if they were any thing. To see a man squatted on a quar ter-section of land, in a cabin which would make a fair hogpen, but is unfit for a human habitation, and there living from hand to mouth by a little of this and a little of that, with hardly an acre of prairie broken, (sometimes without a fence up,) with no garden, no fruit trees, 'no nothing" waiting tor some one to come along and buy out his "claim" and let him move on to repeat the operation somewhere else this is enough to give a cheerful man the horrors. Ask the squatter hat he means, and he can give you a hundred good reasons for his miserable condition. He has no breakinz team : he lost two rears and some stock by the Border Ruffians, &c, .Sec. But all this don't overbear the facts that, if he haa no good timber some of his neighbors have it in abundance, and would be very glad to have him work part of it in rails, on shares at a lair rate; and if be has no breaking team, he can hire out in haying and harvesting, and get nearly or quite two acres broken next month for every faithful week's work he chooses to give at the busy season. The poorest man gradually hews farms out of heavy timber, where every tenced and cultivated acre has cost twice or thrice the work it does here. As to the infernal spirit of Land Spec ulation and Monopoly, I think no State ever suffered from it more severely than this. The speculators in broadcloth are not one whit more rapacious or pernicious than tho speculators in rags, while tbe latter are forty times more numerous. Land speculation here is about the only business in which a man can embark with no other capital but an easy con science, for example: l rode up tbe bluffs back of Atchison, and out three or four miles on the high rolling prairie, so as to have some fifteen to twenty square miles in view at one glance. On all this inviting area, here were perhaps half a dozeu ioor or middling habita tions, while not one acre in each hnndred were fenced or broken, ily mend said that every rood I saw was "pre-empted," and held at from thirty np to a hundred dollars or more per. acre. "Pre-empted 1 " I exclaimed ; "how pre-empted t by liv ing or lying?" "Well," he responded, they live a little aud lie a little." J could see abundant evidenco of the lying, not at all of tho living. To obtain I pre-emption, the squatter must swear that be actually resides on tbe quarter-section he applies for, has built a habitation and made other improvements there, and wants the land for his own use and that of his family. The squatters who took possession of these lands must every one have committed gross penury in obtain ing pre-emption and so it ia all over the Territory, wherever a lot is supposed likely to sell for more than the minimum price. In another letter we Snd his estimate of Kansas politicians and their duties : The controlling idea , of the one-horse politicians is that the Republicans must not let their adversaries .have a chance to raise the cry of "nigger" against them tbat hence they most be as harsh, and cruel, and tyrannical, towards the unfor tunate blacks as possible, in order to prove themselves "tbe white man's party," or else all tbe mean, low, ignorant, dranken, brutish whites will go against them from horror of "negro equality." To which I reply that thia sort of cattle are against the Republicans any how, and never can be permanently otherwise. They may be driven by circumstance to vote once or twice with oa, but the vims of Sham Democracy is in their blood, and must come ont. The Democracy, from long practice and an experience that it pays. can dive deeper, stay nnder longer, and come np nastier, m thia business of negro- haUng, than any other party tbat ever was or ever can be invented. There is nothing that more strikingly exposes the radical baseness of slaveholding than the Tact that its votaries so bate those whom they have long injured that, beaten in their desperate struggle to force negroes into Kansas as slaves, they now turn short corner and insist that, if they can not come in as slaves, they shall be abut out, and even driven ont, altogether. I apprehend that it will be necessary for the Republicans of Kansas, in view of tbe inveterate Weatern prejudices ot a larse portion of her population, to coo- cede, for the present, that the right of suffrage shall be exercised only by white males, or men of European lineage, ex- 1 eluding, on account of their imperfect ; mom ana uteaiootm aeysiopoeau, ia- ians, Negroes, and their descendants. Further than this. I would not en. no matter how great the inducement Leave the Democrats alone in their glory, when they come to proposa and support, as they are certain to do, propositions that negroes ball be expelled and excluded from Kansas shall be excluded from testify ing against a whito man shall be debar red from attending schools frequented by white children, dec, Ac. Let any city or district that sees fit make adequate pro vision tor the education of colored chil dren by themselves; but in default of this, let the schools be open to all who need their ministrations. Such, I hope, will be the determination of Republicans generally ; and, if Kansas has to be lost in consequence, then let her go ! Hlnts to Stadtnbv Thought on Educational aopica. Some portion of every achool-dav should be systematically and strictly de voted to recreation, physical exercise and manual labor; and the hours given to tudy ought to be defined and limited. Some persons say, "Let a child study as much as be will, there is time enough to play." This may be generally true, but is not universally so. I cannot bnt think that the practice of assigning les sons and giving the pupil the free use of the four-and-twenty hours is a bad prac tice. Would it not be better to give to each pupil certain hours for study ? assign him lessons, by topics if possible, allow him to do what he can in the al lotted time, and then prohibit the appro priation of an additional miuute ? Why should a dull scholar, or one who has but little taste or talent for a given study, be required to plod twelve, sixteen, or eighteen hours at unwelcome tasks, while another more favored disposes of his work in six? Why should a pupil, who is la boring under some mental or physical de bility, be required to apply bis mind un ceasingly when he most needs rest and recreation? Why should the pages of a spelling-book, grammar, geography, or arithmetic, be tbe measure of each pu pil's capacity? Lessons are to be as signed, not necessarily to be mastered by tbe pupil, though they should have just reference to his capacity, but as the sub ject of his studies for a given period of time. X he pupil should be responsible for nothing but the proper use of that time. Two advantages might result from this practice. First, the pupil wonld ac- uire the babit of performing the greatest amount of labor possible in the given time; and, secondly, he would naturally throw off all care for books and school when the hour for relaxation arrived. If particular studies are assigned to specified hours, the pupil must master his thoughts, nd give tbem tbe required direction. This in itself Ys a great achievement. I put it, in practical value, before any of tne studies inav are taugut ana learned in the schools. The danger to which pu pils are often exposed, in this connection, is qnite apparent. A lesson is assigned for a succeeding day. The attention is not immediately fixed upon it. Oue hour passes and tben another. Nothing is ac complished, yet the pupil is contiuually oppressed by the consciousness of duty unperformed, and the result is, that he neither does what he ought to do, nor does anything else. Would it not be bet ter to measure and assign his time, and then require him to abandon all thought of the matter f 1 his practice might give our people the faculty and the habit of throwing off cares and occupations, when they leave the scenes of them. It is a just criticism upon American" character, that onr business men carry their occu pation with tbem wherever they go. I should put high np among the elements of worldly success the ability to give as siduously, studiously, and devotedly, the necessary time to a subject of business, and tben to throw off all thought of it There can be no peace of mind for the business man who does not possess this quality; and I think it will contribute es sentially to a long life and a qniet old age. No wise man ever attempts more than one thing at a time; and the man who attempts to do more than one thing at a time, has no security that he can do anything well. The statements of bi ography and history, that Napoleon was accustomed to do several things at once, rest upon a misconception of the opera tions of the human mind. His facility for the direction and transaction of busi ness depended upon the quality I am now considering. He had tbe faculty of giving his attention, undivided and strong ly fixed, to a subject for an hour, balf honr, minute, half-minute, or second, and then of dismissing the matter altogether. and directing his thoughts, without loss of time, to whatever next might be pre sented. One thing at a time is a law which no finite power can violate ; and ability in execution depends upon the ability to concentrate all the powers of tbe mind, at a given moment, upon tbe assigned topic, and then to change, with out friction or loss of time, to something else. Ueorgt a. JJautweU. 8moba( a Can of Insanity. The terrible ravazes which tobacco is making on the bodies and minds of the young seems to be attracting tbe attention of medical men in various parts of the world. In a pamphlet just issued by Dr. Seymour, of London, on private lunatic asylums and the cause of insanity of late yean, tbe doctor denounced with empha sis as one of tbe producing causes the practice of immoderate smoking indulged in by boys and young men at tbe univer sities and "large schools, now called col leges." The doctor's remarks are ss ap plicable to tbe youths of this country a those of .Europe. No one conversant with disease can doubt that excessive smok ing, especially in the ease of yonng people, must tie nigbiy injurious to both mind and body. its affect ut to depress the cir culation ths heart becomes weak, irreg ular in its action, and the pulse is scarcely to be felt The victim becomes irresolute and nervous, hie appetite fails, and bis mind fills with imaginary evils. This may continue for years, but at length the smoker dies often suddenly; then exam ination has shown that the muscular struc ture of tbe heart is imperfect in its action; tbe left aide is thin, and, in some eases, in which sndden death has occurred, there has been fonnd little, or more than a strip of, muscular fibre left on thst side. Tbe question of restraining boys from smoking is rather a difficult one to deal with, bat the grave interest at stake seem to de mand that some action should be taken on the premiaea, v ; . - - e i : -. From tk CUeaf Jouanai. To-day and To-morrow. Do yon think you are sufficiently grate ful tbat to-day is Saturday and to-morrow is the Sabbath. And doesn't it seem to you that somehow they grow fewer and fewer, as the years grow more and more? That the easy old coat and the comfort able slippers" and the cozy arm chair are not assumed with that abandon now, that the) were wont to be, years ago? That the barrier of a single Saturday night is not broad enough to keep tbe crowd of cares from getting over, like a pack of wolves, into the calm, green fold of the Sab. bath? We are afraid it is so that we all are getting older, and in fact wickeder, when we ought to be getting better. It ia a bad sign when a man cannot help calculating the proflt on a corner lot, while his wife is ssying sweet things to him that he s doesn't hear, just as she used to do be- ' fore she was a wife at all We do not know that Dr. Clark intimates in his Com mentary how far a man is from "boiling point," who laments a loss of fonr dollars and a half, on a load of hoop-poles, while the clergyman good man has jnst said, "we will read for our instruction, thia morning." But we do know that such tendencies are petrifying; tbat many a man, intent npon getting "a pocket full of rocks," has found to his great astonishment, a rock in his left breast, about the size of his heart. We do know that an old Peter of a heart is a poor piece of machinery to run life with. She would be a sensible woman who, when she desires to improve her com plexion, should say a gentle word to the weeping, or do a gentle deed to the want ing. And repose is just such a cosmetic, only it is doe per than "skin deep," for it beautifies the heart and adorns the life. It is to labor, what the shadow is to the sun.. It is there one will find the dews of nature sparkling and pure, if he finds them at all. But repose is not sleep; neither is it inaction, but only the simple, unsrtificial play of thought and feeling. It is just aa when the village mill stands still. Tbe damp wheel is motiouless in the dark and dripping house; "the ound of the grind ing is low;" the miller's cloud has Battled to tbe white and powdery floors. But the tream runs on with unimpeded flow, and the play of its waters is calmer and brighter and more beautiful than before. Now everybody has a grist of bis own, of some sort; and the doctrine is, leave the grain in the mill, and close the gate, that, not all the Seven, the waters of life may be beaten into billows and foam by the whirling wheels. Go out into the midst of God's great temple; sit down npon the banks of life's river; look away up towards the fountain, and away down towards the sea; discover, if you can, what millers seldom know that "water runneth by the mill, the mil ler wots not of;" that God mads the river if you did make the mill. So it is, that it proves a right excellent thing to fence the world out, and the Sabbath in. Time has walled it round with a couple of nights, but how pure and calm may we have it between. If the business man must have some thing to do every day, let him make an inventory of the contents of the heart on Sunday; let him ovorhaul tbe old dusty ledgers, and see what he used to have there, years and years ago; and if he will take our word for it, he will find curious things he hasn't thought of in an age; find too, that like an old garret, it contains a great deal that is out of fashion. It would not surprise tu at all to learn tbat he had many a memory he would not exchange for State Bonds at a premium, if he could. What a blessing it is that the past and it wealth of momories never round their way into Wall street! It would not be so very strange, if some foolish little trinket should delude him out of a tear; nor if he should take cer tain title-deed and certificates of stock, that somehow latterly he had been in the habit of putting In his heart, out of the place they desecrate, and leave them the next Saturday night in the iron ssfe where they belong. Very likely be would find he bad written bis wrongs there; and it would be just the day to remove them, loo ' "Stoop down asm. and write then Inthdot; Trod under font, tba sport of every wind, Swept from tbe earth, and blotted from his mind." Such is the sort of Sabbath Herbert sang of when he exclaimed, "Sweet day, so pure, so calm, si bright, ' Th bridal of the earth and skr!" Happiaeoa. Iam inclined to think that if our minds were capable of apprehending the essen tial facts of the life we see, we should be convinced that happiness is one of the most evenly distributed of all human pos sessions. The laborer lovea his wife and children as well as the lord, and take into his soul all the tender and precious influences that now to him through their love as well as he.- Food tastes as sweet ly to the ploughman as the placeman. If the latter have the daintier dish, the for mer has the keener appetite. Into all ears tbe brook pours tha same stream of music, and the birds never vary their pro gramme with reference to their audience. The spring scatters violets broadcast, and grass grows by tbe roadside as well as in tbe park. Tbe breeze tbat tosses the curls of your little ones and mine ia not softer in its caresses of those who bound over the velvets to meet it- 'The sun shines, the rain falls, the tree dress themselves in green, tbe thunder rolls and the stars flash for all alike. Health knows nothing of human distinctions, and abides with him who treats it best. Sleep, the gentle angel, does not come at the call of power, and never proffers its minutry for gold, The senses take no bribe of luxury; bat deal as honestly and generously by tbe poor a by the rich; and the President of tbe United States wonld whistle himself blind before he could call our dog from us. lintotfty ntcomb. v : Mofphy Eavopna Victoria . The Cheat Monthly gives a table show ing Mr. Morpber scores in Europe, Out of 149 even games be won 117, lost 19. and 13 ware drawn. Of 33 blindfold games he won 20, lost 1, and, 13 were drawn. Of 35 consultation gantea. he won 17, lost 2, and 13 were drawn. tiiv. ing the pawn and move be won 18 games, lost 2, sad 5 were drawn.,. Giving pawm and two move he woo H gams, lost 2, andiwaedraww, ;. . r. f ; i r 'V r ;;; t l;c;i! i 1. r rl , f. -I 1 ji i ' :!