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OEO. T. IROWM , Kdlter. LAWRENCE KANSAS. 8ATUEDAT MORNING, AUGUST 20, 1859. tikhs . per Airvra.ni uruci lUr (hall the Pre, the Peeylc'.rtjliUmaUlaU vmrnw mj wtr, aa ukriM j cala, M4a;4 ka la Train. ! LI here j Law, a rsvarewaiae.naarsarafcallawe. T aakacrlfestre. (X) When the term for whiah atTinf their papers bj mail or at the Poetwiffiee out or newrir , we eonrejr tne inlell jtence b a eroee a the end of th-ir name, like tha one at the commencement of tbia mi ice. Thi will give all a fair opportunity to knew when their time le op. ana eerr a as Invitation to renew their snbeeription. Tp Extra eopiM of tha Braid frmdom ? m wrapper! for mailicr. if draired, eas - mm MWVUIBl. rnOfliflTlbllHtKBi Mora Border BaOaa Uaarpstioa. Ths usurpation connected with tbe La compton Constitution is (till fresh in tbe miodi of tbe people, end a repetition of tbe Mine outrage by tbe Wyandott Con vention is rawing a storm of indignation gainst tbeir Constitution. Tbe Lecompton Convention disfran chised portion of the Terrirory. It virtually disfranchised every anti-slavery man by requiring bim, if be offered to vote on tbe slavery clause, to take an oath to support tbe Constitution if adopted. This was justly beld to be a usurpation of power. Tbe Convention went on and provided for the making of returns and canvass of votes by persons other than tbe Territorial authorities. Tbe Presi dent of tbe Convention was empowered to receive the returns, canvass tbe vote, proclaim the result and issue certificates of election. This provision gave rise to tbe candle-box . returns, which were so notoriously fraudulent . The Wyandott Convention hasdisfran cbised all civilized Indians, tcitlumt tlteir content, and has illegally attempted to put this provision of tbe Constitution in force before its ratification by the people. It also bas provided that the returns of the various elections shall be made to the President of that Convention, and the President and Secretary of the Conven tion are constituted a quorum of tbe Board of Canvassers. True, tbe Governor of the Territory is one of the Board, but tbe power to control tbe character of tbe pro clamations which they have provided "shall contain an announcement of tbe several elections, tbe qualifications of electors, the manner of conducting said elections, and of making returns thereof," has been placed in the bands virtually of an appointee of the Convention, J. A. Martin, who will give the casting vote in case of disagreement between Gov. Me- aary ana jur. w mcnell. mere are serious legal questions arising in reference to what tbe proclamations shall contain, which, in case Gov. Medary should act as one of the Convention Board of Canvassers, are to be decided by a person who legally bas no more right to give tho casting vote than has any other citizen of Kansas. J. M. Winchell and J. A. Martin may be less partizan and more honest than J obn Calhoun. They are under no sworn obligation to be honest, nor are they amenable by aot of the Convention for ny violation of the provisions of tha schedule, but are irresponsible. The Lecomptonites would not submit their Constitution to the anti-slavery men because they would vote it down; the Republicans will not submit their Consti tution to civilized Indians, because they would vote no. Not content with this adoption of Border-Ruffianism, they go further and provide for the same candle box returns, which characterized C ilhouo, or for the suppression of votes against the Constitution, by tbeir irresponsible Presi dent and Secretary. For they could hardly have been blind to tbe fad, that Gov. Meilary is prohibited BY LAW from becoming one of their Board if Canvasser. They evidently designed to take the whole question ont of his hands by an act of bold and defiant usurpation, which is no more honorable on tbe cart of Re publicans than on that of Border Ruffians, "The Convention is sovereign," plead tbe Republicans. Such was the justifica tion of the Lecomptonites. Tbe peopl of Kansas, backed by the whole North replied ho. , The Republican party of Kansas, per haps, ean afford to throwback ia the teeth of the free North this indignant no, but they will have the satisfaction of knowing that the old free State forces which de . nonoced the usurpation of the Lecomp tonites, will also set the seal of their con damnation on their more hypocritical and .. audacious assumption of illegal power. As the Free State men took the Territo rial Legislature ont of the bands of the Border Ruffians, and provided for the sub mission of the whole Lecompton Consti tatioa to the people, and secured its over whelming rejection, so the genuine Free State men of to-day will repudiate the usurpation of tbe Republican Border Ruf fiana. As then tbey taught tbe Lecomp tonites the supremacy of the Territorial Legislature over the self-arrogant Con vention- thev will not fail i unn l.v . - mgiuuv ihwu vu IUO vryauUOlt USUrp tM. They have already the power to do tu ... 1 ... .1. irr .... tbia without any special session of tha . Legislature they have already provided for tbe contingency of usurpation, and it ia tha sworn duty of tbe offieera of the Territory U strictly enforce the lam. '.' The law authorising the Wyandott Convention provides, is Sec. 19, that the Boards el County Canvasaera shall make a certified abstract of tbe returns to the Governor of the Territory. The Governor's duty, both as to the elections after as well a before the for. nation of the Constitution, is defined in - the following sections; . Sec. 20. That, the Governor of the Teri rltory abaJl issue hie proclamation, not lea than twenty daya next preceding each respective election provided for in this Act; said proclamation ahall contain an announcement of tbe several election, the qualifications of elector, tbe wanner of '- ndjsttiog said ejections, and, of making the returns aa hereinbefore provided for, and aball pnblisb said proclamation in one newspaper in each of these vera! counties of this lemtorv, in which a newspaper may oe men puoiished. See. 2L That the Governor of the Ter ritory shall, on tbe fourth . Toesday after eacn or tbe said elections, issue bis procla mation and cause the same to be published n not less than tbree of tb most promt nent newspapers of Kansas Territory, de claring tbe result of tbe said elections in the several precincts of tbe several coun ties of the Territory of Kansas; and ni sball forthwith proceed to issue eerrifl rates of election to all persons (if any) tons elected. Tbe qualifications of electors are sped fied in the 11th section of the same act, as follows: . - 8c 11. That all whir male citizens of the United Statu, and all those who shall have declare'! on oath their intention to be come such, and all male Indians who bave been made citizens of tbe United States hv treaty or otherwise, and who sball be over tbe age of twenty -one years, and who shall have been buna Me Inhabitants of the territory of Kansas, for tbe period of six months next preceding esch of tbe re spective elections provided for by this Act, and who snail bave been bona fide in habitants of the county in which tbey may offer to vote for ten davs next pre ceding each of the respective elections aforesaid, and none other, shall be entitled to vote at tbe several elections hereinbe fore provided for. It is not even required that their names shall be registered. Nor does the registry law furnish any guarantee ag.iinst illegal voting; for in taking the registry, a resi dence of three months is one of tbe quali fications of voting, furnishing no means whatever for deciding how large a propor tion of those registered have been in tbe Territory six months. The registry law may be of value in regard to Territorial elections, to prevent frauds; but it is of no value in regard to the Constitutional elec tions. In accordance with this section of the law. Gov. Medary, in specifying the qualifications of voters, must include civ ilized Indians, and the judges of the elections are required to receive their votes. The election officers, the Board of County Canvassers, and the Governor of the Territory are required to conform to the Convention Act in all particulars, un der a liability to heavy penalties. Section 23, which is imperative in its character, provides: Sec. 23. That if anr officer or rtArann shall violate any of the provisions of this act, ne snail De deemed guilty of a misde meanor, and subject to a fine of not less than twenty, nor more than five hundred dollars, or shall be imprisoned in the coun ty jail for a period not exceeding ten years, or both, at tbe discretion of the court; and it shall be tbe duty of tbe prosecuting attorneys of the several coun ties to prosecute, in tbe name tnd behalf of the Territory, all violations of the pro visions of this Act, before any court hav ing competent jurisdiction. The Organic Act makes it the duty of the Governor of the "Territory to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed." This is his sworn duty. The last Terri torial Legislature, under heavv penalties, imposed certain duties on him in connec tion with tbe elections on tbe Consti tu tion. He cannot, as the Convention must bave known, recognize the authority of the President and Secretary of the Con vention to usurp tbe control of those duties imposed on him by sections 20 aud 21 of the Convention law. He alone, without tbe aid of Mr. Winchell or M Martin, must issue all proclamations, re ceive the returns and canvass the. votes. If Messrs. Winchell and Martin go on in violation of law and attempt to usurp the power and duties of the Governor, they not only become amenable to the law, but bring themselves into direct conflict with the Territorial authorities, and introduce coofu-ion as to the returns. If a portion of the returns are made to them and portion to the Governor, each will decide on the returns before tbem respectively. Shcnld Meesrs.Winchell and Martin issne a pMclamation stating tbe adoption of the Constitution the returns of the election having for several days before the can vase, been, for safe keeping, in Winchell' breeches pocket, a la Calhoun they have placed the Republican party in a false post tion, and have given the Southern Democ racy a vantage-ground of opposition which they will not be slow to avail themselves of. Tbe irregularity and usurpation which characterized the Lecompton Constitution, will accompany the Wyandott instrument, in such an event, and most inevitably cause its rejection. Notwithstanding tbeir plea of anxiety to avoid anything which would afford a shadow of a reason for the rejection of the Wyandott instrument by the U. 8. Senate, which was urged against embody ing the claim and other Territorial debts, in tbe ordinance, as a condition precedent for admission into tbe Union, they have wilfully violated law, and usurped power, and flung themselves into headlong con flict with the Territorial authorities. Had their action been perfectly legal, it was an unjust and unmanly stab at the reputation of Gov. Medary. As it is, it is but an inauguration of misrule and anarchy which bodes the rejection of their work, if not by tbe people, at least by Congress. It is a specimen of partisan legislation which outvies even Lecotnptm Border Ruffianism. Starting out with the pro position that civilized Indians and iotel- ligent women have no rights the white man is bound to respect, they have af firmed tbatthe Territory has no law which Republicans are bound to obey. ' Kansas pseudo-Republicanism haa improved upon tbe lessons taught by it Lecompton pro totypes. Johaaoa Oeaaty Awake. A Mass Convention of all those opposed to the Wyandott Constitution will soon be held at Olatha, Johnson ounnty. The Constitution Is opposed oa account of its infamous apportionment, the extravagance of tbe State government it would inaugu rate, the exclusion of the gold region, and its liberality to free negroes. . The last objection has no weight with us, as oar readers well know, for bad the principles of equal rights been carried out without reference to color, or race, or sex, the Con stitution would not receive from oa such v goroos opposition as wa am compelled now to givac ( : -Tie Modal CeilllUow," " "For succinctness of expression, com prehenaivenev of positions, and clearness of conception, tbe Constitution 0f tbe S ate Of Kansas will be the model inntru men of the present century." J A, Mar tin, Bee. of Constitutional Convention. Tor collocation of extreme ideas, the Constitntion is"a "model." Sec. 2d of the Bill of Right, affirms that "all political power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded on their authority an. I for their equal protection and bece fit." Instead of adding, at other Constitutions do, that "the people have, at all times, the indefeasible right to alter and reform their government,' they left tbis out of tbe Constitution, and branched off to a definition of the powers of the Legislature, thus : .No special privileges or lmmnnitie shall aver be granted hv the Legislature, bich roar not be altered, revoked, or repealed by tbe same bidy ; and this tower snail De exercised by no other tri bunal or agency. This exe'usive privilege of class-legis lation should have beeo embodied in the Legislative Article, if at alL Under that provision the most odious class legislation can be enacted, and clause inserted in the charter or ac, restraining future Leg islatures from making any change with out first obtaining tbe consent of tbe in terested party. Thus the Bank of the State of Indiana had such a clause at this inserted in its charter, and tbe conse quence is, no amendment can be made, except by first obtaining in some authori tative form their consent to it. Grant a corporation exclnsive privileges, and with the evidences of corruption in legislative halls which have been so manifest in Kansas, gold would prevent any change in or abatement of their special privilege. This clause is a non etquitur in the para graph, and illustrates tbe clear idea the Convention had of tbe "fitness of things." Tbey should have enacted, in a separate clause, that "The General Assembly shall not grant to any citizen, or class of citi zens, privileges or immunities which, upon the same terms, shall not equally belong to all citizens," if they wished to preserve tre equal rights of the people. , Another stride in tbe "comprehensive ness of positions" ia this : "Ao person slmll be a witness against himself." This pro vision applies to etVif prosecutions ss well as criminal, the section speaking only of "prosecutions." It annuls the right to examine a party to a suit where the par ties alone know tho facts, as ia often tbe case in chancery suits, abolishes the prac tice in Justices' Courts of confession of judgments, and in criminal jurisprudence forbids the accused from pleading guilty, and throwing himself upon the mercy of the court under the plea of extenuating ciroumstances. Instead of this, in every prosecution, judgment must be rendered on the testimony of other persons tbau the party or parties to the suit. Yet the same wise-acres who made tbis provisiou for expensive litigation and delay in the administration of justice, provided forthe conviction of persons charged with trea son on their "confession in open court 1 " What admirable "clearness of concep tion!" To prevent any delay in the collection of debts, tbey make no provision, as ia the case in Constitutions of most of the States recently admitted, that "tho privilege of the debtor and bis family to the enjoy ment of the necessary comforts of life shall be recognized by wholesome exemp tion law;" and they even submit the question of homestead exemption to the people, as if that was of very doubtful propriety. Let tbe hard-working men of the Territory, the poor men who are at the mercy now of the five-per-cent-a-month brokers, take note that no provision is made by this Hepublican Constitution for the protection of themselves or their families from the iron rrasp of the credi tor. Tbe Constitutions of Indiana, Mich igan, Texas, Wisconsin and California made it inoperative on tbe Legislature to pass exemption laws. But this was not the iuteut of the Wyandott legislators. No provision is made to prevent banks from taking directly or indirectly any greater rate of interest than that allowed, oy taw, to individuals loaning money, Thus tbey have . opened the door for bankers to "grind the face of tbe poor. The new features introduced comprise, among others, the provision that all bill shall originate in the House of Represen lives, which we have noticed at length already, a clause providing for the reduc tion of the salaries of unfaithful officers, some new financial features for the pro tection of the public crib from the en croachmeuta of prospective office-holders, the education article, and the provisions in reference to tbe rights of women. We do not deny that the Constitution has many good features, aa also bad the Lecompton Constitution; but because those which are common to the Constitu tions of tho new States have been en grafted into that of Kansas, we do not deem it a model instrument, nor ia a spirit of self-adulation believe that everv new State will copy after it It ia best for Kausas to be modest, and not take on air as the model people, and model State, alone capable of compiling a "model Con stitution," especially in view of the blun ders and bloodies made by its representa tives at Wyandott, and of the charges of corruption that come np against them, throwicg in the shade altogether the Mm neola bargain and aale. (fir David Looaw, Eiq.; Republican, ia elected to Congress, over Lansing Stout, the candidate of the Joe Lane Democra cy. It is bailed by some as a triumph of Republican principles, when the fact ia, it is the result of a coalition of tbe Q ro ver Democracy with the Republican, by which it was agreed that Logan should he elected to tha Lower House of Con gress, and Grovnr and some Republican to the Senate of the United States, to fill ! (he places of Delason Smith and Joe Lane. A coalition for spoils is ne tri umph of principle. ' The trial of & M. B xKh, Mil-, wankee, for seduction, resulted in a fail are to convict through disagreement of the jury,' ,. .. ;;;;; . Win are W Oeaalac TatT " '"' Tbs New York papers predict anoth-r commercial crash, as the consequence f excessive importations of goods from Eo rnp, and tbe fall in tbe price of grain. The hope of freedom from debt through tbe West and North-west, rested with tbe growing crops. If Heaven smiled, npon the farmer and bLssed bim With boun teous harvest of cereal grains, he could liquidate his debts to the merhanie Dd merchant, and roll off tbe heavy load of tntereat which wu weighing bim down; the West could liquidate its debts to the East, th.3 East pay up its "European in debtedness. The crops have been fair, but tbe sudden close of tbe European war bas deranged commercial calculations The low price of grain put off the liqui dation of debts,' and oven bankruptcy tarn in tbe face tbe mechanic and mer chant, and speculators on borrowed cap ital. In speculative Chicago, unusual cautiousness is advised in financial ven tures. Everywhere economy is cutting down expenses to tbe lowest figure. What is a rule for the States, is no less a necessity in Kama. We are told that "our people must pay grievous taxes, be burdened with an appalling interest on money, and year after year see their hard earnings tbe sweat of the brows, the toil of their hands flow into the hands of E.ustern capitalists to pay the interest on tbe money with which tbey pre-empted." Certainly, with such a state f monetary oppression staring tbe people of Kansas in the face, any trne friend of the people should have taken every possible pains to relieve them from the effects of this crisis. It is a matter of extreme doubt whether the people are able to withstand the great increase of taxes which must ensue if a change is made from a Territorial to a 8tate government. Sa far from giving due weight to this, the very men who are now painting such a scene of despair in Kansas, are those who have been urging on the organization of a State government, and now defend the Constitution which provides berth for a horde of office-seekers, a "exactly adapted to the want of tbe people of ivansas." Just as we are becoming acquainted with our present code, it is to be cast asi Jo and a new one enacted. Thia involves long session of the first State Legislature, the expenses of which cannot be far below $100 000, especially if expenses are paid in State scrip, and bill doubled to meet its depreciation from a par value. The ex penses of the State government will not fall below $150,000 the first year. Trne, bond can be issued to the extent of $1,. 000000, with which to carry on the S ate government, build State buildings, & :.; I'Ut the interest on these bond must be met annually, which ill impose an ad ditional burden on the State of $100000 yearly, for interest Tho population of the Territory is now probably not over 75.000. Lst the cry of heavy taxes be raised, and emigration will pa3g to other Territories or States. Emi grants desire to avoid biih taxes and a ruinou rate of interest. The Republican Constitution of Kansa guarantees them the first, and has left the door open for the last. Not only will emigration give us the go-by, but capital will not seek an investment here, to be subject to oppres sive taxation. Speculator, who wish to secure shylock rates of interest, may seuil money here to be loaned on usury ; but those desiring to invest in substantial im provements, railroads, &a, will seek more favorable points for tbe use of their funds, - Trne, the Wyandott Convention have, in their wisdom, been so modest as to merely ask Congress to pay the Territo rial debt, but have not made that pay ment a condition precedent for admission, nor, as they tell us, obligated the prospec tive State to assume if. Thiiv tell th people to vote for the Constitution or they will never see one cent of that indebted ness. - Tbis argument, by which they attempt to compel every man in Kansas, who holds Territorial scrip of any kind, to vote for the Constitution, is in keeping with the acts of partisan demagogues who would "rule or ruin." Their zeal for of fice-seeking bas led tbem to peril every ;.... i . : i. i .j i .- - ww ju. viaiui ueiu vj citizens oi iksnsas against the Territorial government. Th people will not suffer tbis wrong for the purpose of "saving Kansas" for the exclu. sive benefit of Republican partisana. "Kepadlauni tha Faith of lis ewa Partv." . "if they (ihe Democrats) could have succeeded iu making Kansas slave soil for one year, they would bave been content." Lawrence Republican. Th Democrat desired to incorporate a provision givingslave-buldersa reasonable time for removing their slaves from Kan sas. If for this tbey are to be denounced. then let all who have favored that prin ciple share the same fate. Lst the Be publican poor out it vials of wrath on Marcus J. Parrott, who thought, when a candidate for the Constitutional Conven. tion, that allowing- slave-holders "six months or a year would not be unreason able. If he bad been able to ei va vote to make Kansas a slave State for one year, no doubt "he would have been con- ten i." But we bave a recorded vote in Congress, by the Republican party, in fa vor of making Kansas slave soil for two years. , When ' Donn's substitute to Toombs' bill was np in the House of Rep resentatives in 1856, it was adopted by a strict Republican party vote, standing as the faith of Grow, of Pa., Granger, of N Y., and Joshua R. Giddings. That bill provided that slavery might continue in Kansas for "tioo year." .. So it seems the Republicans of Kansas ara denouncing the Democrats for following in the foot steps of their illustrious predecessors, Grow and Giddings, the apostle of Lib erty, and also of Parrott, the embodiment of Kansas pale-faced Republicanism.' (itr C. C. SrALDlxo.lat of tbe Kansas City Journal of Commerce, has taken edi torial charge of tha Leavenworth Ledger, and is making a capital news and com mercial paper. ' ' . ;, , . ' ' V ' 0Tb rumors of trouble in S rathern Kansas, we understand, at rrorjeous. Tk Mew Saw f T.nra. - "; Ths reasons urged for placing our west em boundary at the 25th meridian are, that titers would be 'nearly aix hundred miles of uninhabited terrirory, much of it a desert, almost impassible and totally incapable of cultivation," between the eastern and western settlementsof Kansas "a bovling-wildemesa' between two patches of civilization.". According to tbia logic of the Lawrence Republican, tbe valuable portion of Kansas extends but 100 miles west from lis eastern boundary. as the whole State is about 700 miles in length.- This would give 21,000 square miles, a very respectable territory, when Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode I .land are made the standard. If it be an object to hava only the valuable land in Kansas, why did the Convention add on Z50 mres in length of this desert country to tha new S ate ? It gives no control of railroad line. Land grants in snch a region would not he worth a song. No railroad capitalists will be induced t invest capital in the construction of railroad through central Kansas, to tbe dividing sandy ridge, which the Conven tion deemed the natural western bound ry. "This idea of making a State of such hnge, uncouth and incommodious dimen sions is absolutely preposterous." Cali foruia is over 700 railea in length, and bas an area of 183,982 tquare miles. Or egon is as long from east to west as Kan sas now is, and has an area of 225,000 square mile. Texas is 700 miles long, and 700 in breadth, and contaius 325,000 squ tre miles. But it is said to be a matter of extreme doubt whether the gold region is iu K-in ess. Tbe western boundary of Kansas hi the summit of the Rocky Mountains, the same Hie being the eastern boundary of Utah. If ihe gold region lies west of the summit, uo doubt the people there will thank tbe Republican fur tbe valuable in formation, a it will furnish them a grand pretext for making the eastern boundary of the prospective State of Jefferson at the summit of tbe mountains, and leave the "rejected" d sert of 350 miles in length as free commons for the buffalo. S D. H'iUoToh, Lsq , of Riley county, delivered, iu tbe Wyandott Convention, one of the roost effective speeches on tbis question, aud we are gratified to be able to place the most portiueut parts of it be fore our readers : I understand tb-tt in the act organizing the Territories of Kii.sas and Nebraska, Congress iudicatetl certain lines for our boundaries, and tbe lines for Kausas are precisely the Hue I bave presented in my amendment. These tine have been sustained by two f.rracr Conventions iu this Territory ; but it seems to me we come almost unanimously to conclude we will divide this Territory. Wo don't own a loot of soil only as weget our title from government. X believe Congress is wil ling to grant au thing that l eeunibte aud right, and were we loexieud our bounda ries to the summit of me Rocky Moun tains, she would uever lutertere. I pledge my word aid position for that. S icq thing has not been dune in other Slates, and why should it be dooe here ? I think we bave some claims upou this Territory at least, if we give it up Congress will not give it back to us. It is an much given away, as if it actually belonged now. I', may not be a sufficieut argument to say we are liberal. While Congress u discussing tbe question of a Pacibo rUU road, I think there i question, tbe cou- oi.lerntion of which ongbt to present itself to the mind of every mau, and that is, whether it is not proper to take ad van tage of our position. If we can get tbe boundary designated by Cougress iu tbe Kausas .Nebraska bill, and get a road to the mountain, I ask ifitia not a ques tion of some magnitude whether Kansas shall not bave the grand Pacific Railroad f the country. I tell yon there i more to getting the line, from tbe Missouri riv er to tne lioos v Houutaiua tban many men think. Suppose you go on and .idopt thn 25ih meridian, you leave Kau as some tbree hundred mile from tbe mountains. It might do but i it wise? I'd rather bave it go to those regions of gold, l ara a believer in the theory that there is gold there in abundance. Now is tbe time to concentrate our energies and secure tbis one grand object iu ad vance, and then those other objects will follow. Kansas is removed from tbe sea hoard, and while the sea-boarj State may bave been formed arbitrarily, Kan aa must make her boundaries by a due of policy. Secure this grand Pacific thor oughfare and you can make north, south, east and west tributary to you. Shall we curtail our boundaries ai d loee four or five hundred miles oi this road ! Sup pose there i no gold in tho mountains if we get the railroad, that will be sufficient. Fur one, I feel like taking advantage of my position, l am unwilling to yield up any portion of tbi Territory. We are told tbis Territory is too extensive. Fig. urea are better tban surmises. California ha 18.3 982 squire miles ; Oregon 17t.230 square mile. Originally Oregon com aid ed 360000 sod a little over; the State occupies rain than half that; hut divide by two and that gives you 170.000. Tex as has 325.000 square mile; andean you divide Texas to-day ? No sir ; the slave power ia nimble to do it. ' Yon can no more do it tban you can a hag of bean. Minnesota bas 140,000 square mile. Tbe Territory of KniSax, it l computed, con tain only 112.0UU square mil, aud we propose to giva it one-half away. If it were zuuuuu square miles 1 should still insist upou ik I came lo Kansas to make a home, and I want a borne worthy of the n ime, I am not afraid of the O'-ate be ing too large ; I go in for large arrange ment. We have almost one-tbird of thia Territory already covered with Indian reservations, I here is a vast amouut of Indian territory here, some of which we will get control of, and some we will ner er get control of. You ask Congress in give you a title grant of laud ! Wby ak Congress 7 If yon want liberal things you roust act as t bough you wanted them If yon want to do something that ia grand ana magntncenL tnea taK in corre sponding area, and show that yon und-r stand your position that, you intend to make great Suite, and want a magnifi cent grant of land. If yon go to Congress and ask for a small State, tbey will give yon a small grant of land. . Minnesota and larger State hava more Uod than smaller ones.. : . ,. , , . i Mr. Thacher. ., Interrupting. ' I an Herstaad th western- boundary th gen tleman imposes, is th aaramit of the Rix-ky Mountains. , , Mr. Houston. Ye sir ; I want to en just a fr aa I can go. A vast portion of this Tsrrtlory u prain country. and won't be settled for eom time. If yon want to settle it yon must give vain to it by ob taining good grants Oi land, and making inducements for men to get timber. . Yon must go to th mountain and get pine, with which to fence and build on your beautiful pmruw ; but if yon give away your pineries, audoriv tho - thorough fare into the con Vol of ether people (who I trust will lie wiser than we in this mat ter,) how are you going to accomplish this I I believe what I propose i forthe best interest of the whole Territory of K-tnsa. Mr. Houston proceeded to speak, also, in reference to the annexation of souther Nebraska:; , . lH Gentlemen seem to get up here and have tbo crv which reminds me of li'tle children. Tbey get op and repeat the old story "v will fall into the handrfof ihe slave power." "We have been to. jured by the federal government." " Brrt; gentlemen, I do think such groundless fears the most foolish of all arguments that I have ever beard. For us to snp pose that fce we bave a Republican Congress, the Republican House of Rep resentatives will be divided and throw off part of this Territory ! It ia absurd. The Democratic party dare not do it, for they have almost annihilated their party on this ground. . But lhe .Democrats show, their shrewdness by advocating this mess ure of annexation.. ' Tbi-y see the thing in a moment, and would be glad to be aid ers, because they know thev can sustain themselves be Tore the people) upon this. I ara Republican, and I am unwilling to let tbe Dt-niocrat have tbe glory of tbi measure. I am sorry to have you give this measure u;i, and call it a Democratic measure, because it is only to give them the power aud glory of it. It is a lo. g lane that has no turn. How large would a S ate have to be to be too large ? You can bave a perfect net-work of railroad over this S:ate you can run a railroad Iroro here to the mountains in a few year U ibat loo large ? Wheu tbe gentleman says that the agricultural interests do not want any connection with the mining in terests, I would like to know if he don't want to carry bis corn to the mines aud get money for it? . Why, gentlemen, we want this connec tion in the agricultural region, and should L.. 1 i. ... oe giu 10 nave a conuei-'iion oi this sort that we might get the highest possible pnoe lor our products. This I tbe way to give our young State strength aud vig or. Ooe would suppose, from what gen tlemen say of the country, that it was a n.. i t. . i -i . ... ou-,onaeu ueser.; IDIM lightnmgsJpf , n8 srtun mind in Kansas. uai j"uicu ujeir s'reams OI death upou it lor centuries. But what are tbe facts ? Almost every one that goes out tbrre tells us that it is covert) with immense herd of buffaloes as far aa tbe eye can reach, over a vast extent north, south, east and west. I believe I have as much respect for the buffa loe's opinion as I bave for tbe geutle men's here, in regard to that country. Wbo ever heard of wild animals seeking a home that is perfectly barren ? Why, the grass must be extremely nutritious there. I believe that cattle can lie raised 1, on those plains, that will supply the de mauds of the whole country. Wheu we get a railroad out there, can't we tax those herds I When you run a railroad out there let men make a business of herding. WW I .... B xou xuow very little about that country. There are mines and salt springs there. Due gentleman remarked to me a short time since, that he had written hundreds of letters East, telling them to come on here; that we wanted to make a pathway to the. Hocky Mountains over tbis verv country we are now proposing to give way. 1 would keep it till we found out all about it. Who ever beard of a man cutting off pirlof hi farm before he hud examiued it ? Now, gentlemen, this Ter ritory may ba too large for certain schemes of partisanship, but it i not too large to make a grand and a glorious S'-ate fur the people, aud for the interests of tbe peo ple. w e sre i..ia oy one gentleman that to take ;u all the proposed territory will less en our cnuncea tor admission. Now. stn tleraen, it is very strange that two men may reason utoo toe same snb ect. an yet come to d liferent conclusion. I be lieve it will aid us to come in. Tha im predion bas gone out that it ought to take uiueiy or one Hundred thousand persona, belore a 1 errttory , can eome into th Uuton. hu ;h a law ought to be amdied to e'ery Territory. Wa would bave bail peace aud quiet here if it had been on the statute book before we were a Territorr uut uow wnai are toe nures in reference to this I 1 bave euauired how mnv votes there were cast at tbia last election and I find there were only nine thousand and ninety-three. Grant that all did not vote. Add one-half more and you have uiieeo int usauu voters iu Kanaas. Ho many population will that be 1 Well. don't bolieve that we bave m re than three times that; that is, I know from the ag ricultural region tbere u a voter to every three persons. .Suppose it wa so. whmt uo you nave r w ny, lorty-uve thousand l i a .... - peisons, all told ; aud. gentlemen, there ami a particle more in Kansas to-dav . u 1 ... , . J 1 uo 1 1Mb uiiu were uraggeo on, lou go up hi vongrxss, ana tne conequeuce will be you wou't have the rraiitaita nonnU. tion. Take in the people from Nebraska, and that fifteen or twetitv thousand people would settle the question at once ; and I ahould favor that annexa tion on that account alone, for that i -.-A-. ... . 1 T . 1 """is ij;uiiibui. . ne never nave pro imea to ask tor mora than a nMmnri.i that m:ght bo referred to a committee in Congress, or laid on tbe table or under th table ; and tbe Constitution run through wunout any rulerence to 1L Oar Lwi. lature will meet in December, and this question may come np before the people, aim tue . u -guuature may memonaliz Congress again. Aud if you don't want Ungress wi:i not let you have It. I duos seem to me that we have a golden opiortuniiy to place ourselves in such an euviabie atutudv and M does seem to me nxwt unwise to r-tect it. - r beutlemen talk about th railroad and commercial interests being affected by the proponed annexation. I am not so well posted in commercial matters as some nf you, out 1 think it would ba a wise plan hi raaaa a rauroan aown trl Atchison. W hen the north I pouring io. as sha is into the bomm of our Territory. I think we ought to get railroads into tha S tm quioK aa w can. Get railroads under way, and they would be tha hiphwava nf the nation for year to eome.. Instead of waiting tilj capital from the Etst com plete tbem, away np there in N-braka, we. ought to get to work and bailJ thm here. I think there is questiou of some magnitude in tbe consideration, whether you eonceutrato tbi line front east to west in Kaiuss. or whether you let it pas np uunu. . mere u commerce in that and there is glorj and wealth iu it. ; We are not providing for Nebraska .here. The peopl of pur Territory sent u here to make a Constitution for the future S'ato of Kansas. . U becomes us. then, to mak a Constitution for the peopl of Kansas n.f mtm w.aw't aliir. I V . . . "I I . - - " - y-w.. iuu loafpuiiaiuiiliy. Don't let ns. come op with a. few sonar acres, xi you nave no newer arguments rr t - . .. vaaa you nave advanced ner against in brcaaiug our area, owe to em. JUet Ua have some real objection, if you have got any. . it won t uo to tell the oeoo a in tha south part of K msas, that you were afraid. t out won't aatt-ly the want of tbe people five years from now. Look at it in all iu beatings and act upon U as men commie. sioned from on high to perform a great, a solemn duty:" " .... (W"Tbe Treasurer of Anderson eonn- ty, Kansas, advertises for sale In tbe Osa watorai Herat J, eight thousand nine hun dred and twerwy-irin acre of lawd. for the payment of tue of 1838. Emporia 5" Tbe City Council have authorUed anight police, In ,-':.-.' . Iiaeaa a Sana Throng h Republican Republicanism at the East is one thing, in Kansas another. There is no affilia tion between tbe two. National Repub licans will not undertake championship for the Wyandott Constitution. Tbe sham pleas set np by the Republican press of Kansas that all opposition to the Constitution springs from the spirit of Border Ruffianism, are well understood, by E istern Republicans, who do not hesi tate to "give tbejievjl h's rlue, fter tlhe fashion of the "special correspondent of tho New York limes," in tbe following letters : Wtasdott. K T.. Sit"dy. ,:,-.. ", July 3L. 1859; If my earlv habits had not settled ran in such a sense of the proprieties of life, that I knew S indav without the almanac just as w i be airv at 10 A he sore tc-H monvng by the extraordinary scene now passing in front of tbe hotel. Tbe Dem ocratic minority, and a portion of the Re publican mnjority, of the late Constttu lional Convention, (it died in convulsions on Frid ty night.) are at this moment Sb batically drunk within thirty rods of your correspondent, who, albeit disposed to mind his own and your buina. and al so fortified with a volcanic repeating pis tol of respectable sise, and a conscience decently void of offense, is forced to ad mit that be prefers tbe shady1 aide of Park Place to this cradle of Western freedom. U I arrived here just in time to be indoc trinated into the mysteries of swindling that determined the final ret-ult of tbe Convention. If there has ever been any thing in our political history more dis graceful to ns a a people than thevpro ceedings of this Convention, I should be orry to know anything about It. Tbe Id issues of Slavery and Freedom, shout which we used to bear so much "tall -lirifking," have qnite died out. Border Rnffittiisro is at a discount Border Ruf finis being "pi -lyeil out," and the iriceof town lot absorbing the whole attention The Republican papers at the Etst will probably he at great pains to persuade you all that the "admired disorder" in which the Convention bn ke up was all the work of the "devilish" Democrats, and that the issue really made was that of sustaining tbe Administration or reject ing it prosaI. All this is an error, not to use stronger terms. I bave no procliv ities for the Democracy, as you know ; nut l ilon't think tbey are any more near- IV as black as thev - ara i...IIt ...int-d ell a. -he famous Scotch dog in Yr'L-T' who always UUed UMhs , . ,.,,1 for instruction. TJl M vrv nafvitnth iiuv I Knoll Id I . . . . v . n vkj J - J 1 Hasewi.la.f mat ha Ann ll nnt h : t iLni. .h .,hn;nr lio- liJ. ir xu..'ben mulcted fof heavy cost. at Wyandott they have been contending simply forthe location of the State Cid- -.. ,w --v. wwwuv. . . .ivo UIIUOVI,. f UCIQ ital, with an eye to corner lots on the future fine Avenues. The Republicans nave been doing tne same thing precise iv ; and they have earned their point. Tnpeka, known through all tha world. (hanks to Mr. T. H. Gladstone.) as tbe Marathon or Tbermoiivlie of Kansv Greeks of freedom, bas been selected : and any martyr wbo has grass thereabouts, may hope to make hay tmmediUely. On the slavery question, the whole principle haa been conceded by the anti-lavery m 'joniy, wno nave refused negroes the FiLhr to ttiita N Till. nulnnlnn ...... .'..J :! L iimiiwiuu -ni vniieii lUHiuiy oy toe votes ot Northern origin on tho Re publican sids ; the Southern Republicans. ol wn-im tbere are not a few sprinkled .i -i. . i. .i .. . mroiigii me convention, laRing a less emphatic view nf negro nosiil-igy. 'Enth wfpnrties livith charges nf corrnptitm on each outer, ana, j. jear, wun equal justice. I nuy , r e -.i .... rw. . nave swelled me CHsie Legislature to most inordinate dimensions for the sake of conciliating certain prominent men in the diffitrent sections of the State, who are anxious to get into power at once. Meanwhile, if there are any of your read er wbo atill cherinh the delusion that Ktnsa is community of sell' sacrificing neroes like tne furuans, let them pre pare for astonishment, in the pmgrens of events, at tbe bauds of yours, faithfully. V t -.1 v n ' ' -Wtakdott, K. T., Monday, ' -Aug. 1. 1859. f Ton will, doubtless, receive a copy of tne new uonstitutton ot Nsnsas, by the mail which Carrie I this, and you will see that it fully beam out bv internal evidence what I wrote you yesterday, of the influ ences under which the decision was ef fected. : I told you that neither Republi cans nor Democrats contested the ques tion on the basis of principle' the real issue made being an issue of prospective pelf. Tho Helen nf tbi new Troj in war was ooe Mother Earth, in her well kuowu character as a lovely town lot. ' If you will tun your eye carefully over ihe new Constitution, you will find that it contains nothing to which tbe Democ racy could really take exception for on the negro question there is very little real difference bow between tbe Republicans and th Democrats nf Kansas. Compare tbe present Organic Act with lb drift of tbe Bill of Right submitted early in Ju ly, and you will observe that wherever in tbe latter any specially anti-slavery pro vision or qualifica'iou was inserted, it has! have seen iu the S ate, aud is largely en been struck out in tbe actual instrument. I ("g"d in raiaing fruit as well a nursery Tbe people of Kansa may ratify, the I stock. He never fails to .raise a fine cr"i Constitution now framed, and probably I .;it .u-:.. i: ...j viii, enicv me iiiiereeti vuubioh in sup- I Mrt of it are on tbe whole th heaviest in I tbe Territory ; and I don't mean to deny I that it is on tbe whole quits fit to be rut- i6ed ; but if its passage or rattfi ,-ation are quoted as proving the anti-slavery tern- per of Kansas, th anti slavery men of tbe East will do well to look to tbe facts I before lifting their voices in shouts of iov. Take a few instances. Tbe first article of the Bill of Righ's reported io July, re cited tbe "inalienable right of all man to th control of their Own person." " This dense ha!, disappeared ; it is probably buried in a lotoo Capitol square at Tope-1 ka. In th Bill of Rights a rewa-ted. thai right of trial by jury was "extended to person of all conditions." Ou tbis bead a discreet silence is now observed. U tba Democrats could hava aeenrod their obja in the way of "location." they would have mada DO difficulty wii.li UiaCormlitutioo. t But, however concilia-1 tory tbe Republicans were prepared to be on tne mere question of Republican prin Ctpies and nun aUrery formula,, they e uieir laces as Hint" against any tarn penng with tbs To'ieka speculation. The as: crasu of tbe Convention was a fury f personal passions, out of Dart lean ho- iines,., An -a. awful crh."-tt was Tho Republicans exult exceedingly in th ...ir. u, vim oi meir. namner, a son ol Anak, and also a Scotchman, named Ma- l'!l .L. L - , .. . . .. . uuuuugu, wow maae --order reign" in Wyandott, much a -Prince Paskiewitch achieved th Bern miracle in Wins, bv running, six teat three by two feet six of - ... T him, into tbe midst of th howling, tnd crying, -and clamoring members, and with taro vast Sate elevated io tba air, threat, ening to pound th thirteen noisy Demo crat into on silent jelly- ' I don't know bow trne this; may be, but the champion ia big enongh to make one believe in tbe irtu of oat-meal for breeding boo, and all accouot agree that tbe m-J persistent 1 attempts at disorder cam rem n certain Col Slough, aot at all "nfdesDoad bat. 'a th contrary, of tha Stat of Ohio, on I ta utmocrauc aid of lo boasav - i. - isoo a ... ,.:.:. :.,. ,. ;.. i Th Newjjigbts have carried it in the I Constitntion, which is full nf all the- latest j fashions" - in? ; politic, V Homestead Jx- J emption and Women Rights srtTL i acknowledged with a hearty libor,) In regard to the perso ial and prJ!f right of women and of the working m thm Kansas Constitntion drsrrv,., jnrf j the highest praise. Everybody butrhjl t'O" is Carefully looked after. &'ctra' g'oria munrti $ Two years sgo thh"7 f an armed and angry people, to d" kicked out by nnaiironn roiwnt -negro,", equally innWent of y ,(,;"' hi renown or hia rt-jeciinn, mT pray to bo saved from bis Kxnfa fri,J. V .. i V.D."- From th Mai Ctrnpmdnt nf Up. B.,a;i Washington Items. A decision of considerable import (n.. has just emanated from the United S-..- Auditor of tha Post OfR- D in regard to "garnisheeing P.mt Mmtn,- nirtrnei;t t mis instance, an iilivnln,l u.ij . judgment against a mail contractor ,rJ for money in nana arising from the In,,;. ness or nt ora. tne mw cmitcy;, in the Western S'atos and Tcrritnrisj Kt generally welf paid by tbe G.ivrmm,,,. yet they sometimes endeavor to y't construction upon law rel.iting to ilr;, office, which are wrtainty widtir than j, consistent with tbe object in view. TJilrr the postal pre-eroptit.'n I each conttarinr has tbe right to pTO-mpt one q!iarlf section for every twent miles of tfc, postal route, and some h been m wc. guine as to believe that thej ci'uM prP. empt in Indian Reserves, whan 'be riut4 was located through such; hut ti n decided against them soma time tj"; ami now tbey bave raised the qnitini, whether tbey baven t the right to nut, the same pre. emption upon ech rsneo of a con'ract, upon the route. S-irh construction nf the law would mAt it very desirable object to obtain a rer.r,.,i contract, since 'after several succcjir, renewals, tbe contractor would iy fm all thi nnocrnpied land on the nmr The C ommissioner of tbe Genernl Lit,,! Office bas very jually decided that the renewal nf a contract uon the n:une nm does not renew the rijjht to a r-nn , pre-emption,' but that the right cij irn with the first pre-emption of the qiuuit? allowed. : ? . Tbe General Land Office has detetniirM to adopt the roost- siringent mc-a-un against trespasser upon the public l;n,,. Tbis abuse bus been a maimr of iuu,fa concern ever since the 'adoption of ;!, present land system. In , fact, it Im s'. most been impossible to convict, them, nj in nine cases out of ten the Govcrtmi-m nM W p..su sny.n ng, an. and fl igrant violations, IndiviHtitl. and companies, in ti't Western Sii- are too well known, ant' apparently ea,;!r proven; but, in nearly evtry i"stuiice, ih technicalities of the law allow t.,.ra some loop hole for escape. vl',r strin gent measures ara now to be takei?- The attention of the U. S. Attorney for WV cousin his bsea called to the ruse "f certain individuals in that State, who bvs been guilty of a long and continued vio. lation of the law on this subject. Tl, comP"-v I"" , bave largrt saw milU, which urn out millions of feet nf lum ber from logs cut off of Government Una; but a they bave become unmwsely wealthy at their disreputable Lu-ii e.-i, it will be a most difficult matter to convict ihm. If these officials would turn their atten tion to this matter in Kansas, they in U accomplish something which wou'id !i,vt a great influence upon the prosperity of the Territory, for owing to tbe scarcity nf timber there, the ahute is fur in "re ii.i'in. mis both to the Government and tha Trr. ritory than in otbur localities and S airs. Almost the first thing the pre -emptor iiue. after securing bis own cLiim, is to fence it with timlmr from the adjoining u-ioccii-pied land, thereby rendering minv a quarter section perfectly worthless, which would otherwise be settled and improved, ft is useless to go into au extended account of tbe evil of this practice; they are "JT eyf7 n oin. ers.s I Kansas should give more attention to i .: r u. v iricmnia; an auuis irangut an abuse with sti'h serious consequences to her future wel- fare. Tbe President has directed the removal of tbe Land Office at Ogden to Junction Uty. Ihe removal will , lake place immediately after tbe September land sales. . The following post offices have bees established and discontinued: EitaUiahed Decora, Breckenridge O.. K. T: Diamond Soriuga. Morris Co.. K. T.; Nebraska Canter, Buffalo Co., N. T. Discontinued Rising ' 8itn. Jefferson Co.K. T.; Richmond,. Nemaha C, K. I'.; Peoria, Franklin Co.. K. T.: Co'- well's Landing, Jackson Co., Mo. G. Uinta ie Frail Q rower. The editor of tbe - Valley Farmer lately visited a large number of Illinois nume rics. In his toor, he visited the nnrsrry of A. R. Whitney, of Franklin Grore, Lee Co., III., and speaks of it aa follows: He has 360 acre of as fine land as w of apples, even when all others fail shout . Tl i -i. M,". i uv ircm ui nia vocces is in ine fact that be planted out large orchards ud bas the trees doubly as thick a f ir. men are iu the baHt of planting them His tree are not more than from 16 to 20 frt apart, and consequently they protect one another and a crop of fruit is certain "h bin!. Oo prairie land we are in- dined to recommend ibis system of planting. "; .He also protects his orchard by belts of trees on tba Northern and Western sides. , . v . r The hints in reference to close planting and protection by -belts of trees are worthy of the attention of fruit-raiser. . ' ; , . From the Oold Mine. " r- We have received the Rocky Mnnntsia KeiBM of Amrtist 6th ." It iM tha two. Iceedings of tbe Constitutional Cnveniion, I which met at A imrii nn tk lt. t n. gust, and adjourned tine die on the 6 h. A Constitution was framed and a resolu tion passed tn forward a copy to thn Pres ident nf ihe United States cony to the fresidentof the senate, and one to the speaker of th House of Representative. 1 he Constitatioo is to be submitter! to the people for adoption er rejection on the Ut uooday of September. f rom the pro- caedirirs Wnra ran form rm tdnanf the distinctive features of the Constitu tion, -i :: - ,' .. i - " The-AcsM says : "Information from the mines is atill very flattering; tbe claims is ooeratioti, with on or tw- exception, are doing as well as before reported. " Of late we bave seen several nugget, of cm- aiderabl sice-, taken oat; one weighing 56 pennyweight. Oil tha h -ad waiem--!' tha Boyou Sjlada, some 75 miles' S W. of here, rich digging are discovered, in which two men with pans mad $ JO Vi in 'one Amre filuiea are now going no. Extravagant report are coming in from the Colorado river, about 120 miles 8. W. (of tbi place, about men taking out s rnound- of . sold -nor dsv- Numbers of miners are gone out there, and w hll ne ibl to report advuertlv. " Worm of us as far as tha Cheyenne Pass, mining operations ara nrorreaainc. nod near tbs Pa, report any, vsw rieb digings are found," Laaa, JEfemit. .i tsa.-i I .Hrtiwtialarl thai nnm na-ialua .. L. i .V.'vaW 'l'- iVl ' tJt S ,v..r