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Ifje Beirut of freedoh).
CEO. XT BROW!, E41ter. LAWRENCE. KANSAS. BATDEDAY M0RX1XG, SEPT. 24, 1859 TEBX- AWHCM.IJI ABTAXCE Her shall ta Frees t ftlrtilXilrtili Uaaw ay early, u' aerl y e-ala, Ptaig kat to Tratk, to Likrrty law. T wwbacrlbera. (X) When the term for which subscribers n seizing their papers by mail or at the Fost-ome is oat or nearly o, we eonrei the intelligence bj a eross at the end of their names, liketbe one tkaMiinmMWHllilltAf hi flflliee. T 1 f Will give all a fair opportunity to know when their time is ap, ana serve a an (uhlohuu w their subscriptions. ID Extra eopies of the Berald of Trtfiom pot up in wrapper! for mailing, if 'desired, can he bad at the Office. Price, Fire CenU each. lodge Johnston and the 81m Trad. The Lawrence Republican, in a leading editorial in iU issue of Aug. 25th, headed "The Democratic Nominee His Views on the Slave Trade," says : From the moat reliable source we have it that Johnston, the Administration nom inee for Congress, while on his way to To peka, at Big Springs, openly avowed bis I warded to us for publication. log, probably, upon his dignity, as an ex member of the Legislature, and stating what he did upon his Hbn-or. And what is his statement ? That "it was general ly agreed that he (Johnston) dodged the qneation." And such is the evidence on which the Republican party bases iU assaults upon Mr. Johnston, and ittempta to prove him guilty of favoring the? opening of the Af rican Slave Trade. . Applying every rule of legal evidence to the case, and the testimony amounts to just nothing ; on the contrary, every in telligent reader will pronounce it an in significant Roorback, fal snch as T. Dwight Thacher would naturally fulminate. And yet this is the character of the argument brought against Judge Johnston, and upon such statement an attempt is made to defeat his election. There is not man in Kansas against whom similar affi davits could not be made with impunity ; and if negative testimony is to prevail, we can prove every crime known to our laws against any individual It in difficult to confront negative proof with positive, but in this case, fortunate' Iy, we have the statement of Judge Pes- dbt, who denies as positively as Mr. Thacher and his coadjutors affirm, that any such remarks were made. The following affidavit has been for Elch Taxes, to Whom Dm. i Tote Ac alnat the Coaautauon. The Lawrence Republican of Sept. 1st The Republican press of Kansas urge pitched the key-note for its satellites, by the adoption of the Wyandott Constitu- the cry of "High Taxes the Besult of tion on other grounds than its real merit. Democratic Misrule." The charge was We have pointed out serious objections to false, but it was made to gloss over the I it as a fundamental law, to which that defect of the Wyandott Constitution. pre ha made the rejoinder, "they are W find reply to thi. charge in the " We now sum up the reason why Lecompton Democrat, which we condense "e compeueo. to oppose ue wrasiuu for our columns. After showing that the tion as a whole, notwithstanding it has last Territorial Legislature adjourned from niaoy good features, which we approve. Lecompton to Lawrence without valid! It involves a radical change in civil and reason, at a cost of $840 for hall rent, I criminal law. Section 10th of the Bill of $500 extra was voted Messrs. Babcock & Bights prohibiting judgment by confes- Lykins for the use of their hall the pre I sion, the examination of parties in equity vious year, in addition to the amount paid 1 suits, and the confession of criminals, by them bv the United States. Bays the I the provision that "flo man shall be a Democrat : 1 witness against himself." None of the present taxes are caused I ; It strikes down the prohibition of the Like the belief in the opening of the Africanlave .. . ... . . . . . ,,,, trade. His pretended reason therefor, 7 , . . , was that the multiplication of neeroes and more J"eier or me Kooroaac, save slaves would tend to kill out slavery ! On this is -from a reliaUe citifen'of Big his way back from Topeka, at the same Springs, against whom no imputation of P I-'1 t "eD"w" T-a a dishonesty rest. It shows how Mr. John. aihla ViV ATI A M hlfl TAll I filial frlff filial tRfl 1 ' he did not denv or abate one whit his ".dodged" the question, and proves former position. All the signs of the that he was not in favor of New England times show unmistakably that the Demo- er8 monopolizing the slave trade. Why crane wooency is to reopens ne.ar.uu. ... Townsend tell us the narticulars and piratical traffic. Then the editor proceeds with sundr remarks against the horror of the slave trade, &c, and conclude that Northern Democrats like Judge Johnston, vgth "supple koees and limber back-bones," are preparing to accede to this new de mand of the slave power, and favor the opening of the foreign slave trade. Now we don't care how bitterly the passage of ex post facto laws, by the Leg islature. All who favor ex post facto facto I laws, or laws retrospective in their oper ation, will vote for the Constitution. It does not provide against the passage of laws impairing the obligation of con tract. by appropriations made by a Democratic Legislature. Uhspter 61, page oH, con tains the revenue law for the year 1858, the second section of which provides "That the revenue thus raised snail be used exclusively for the paymeut of ap propriations made subsequent to the sev enth day of December, 1857, and no part thereof shall be used to vav anu apprevri- atirms previously made, or to redeem any ! It strikes down the provision that "no warrants issued prior to vie first day of private property shall be taken for public January, eighteen hundred and fifty-eight, without iust compensation." bv no. or for tine liquidation of any indebtedness, eitJier in while or in part, incurred by virtue of any law passed during tlte first or sec ond sessions of vie legislative Assembly." The act approved .February 11, l8o, entitled "An act to provide for funding the indebtedness of the Territory," on page 379 of the laws of 1859, section 12, provides that, "the Territorial debt au thorized to be funded by this act are debts due and to become due from the Territory of Kansas, under the provisions lecting to insert it in the Bill of Bights. Whoever wishes to indorse the principle that private property may be made pub lic plunder, should vote for the Constitu tion, while those who cling to the safe guards, of the past, that private property shall be protected, and never be taken or used for the advancement of roads or other public improvement, without just com- of any law passed subsequent to November pensation, will vote against the Constitu- of this dodge, so the public could under stand how the thing was done ? Statement of Thomas Goldman : "I reside in Big Springs, Kansas Terri tory ; I was present when Mr. Johnston stopped here, on his return from the Con vention at Topeka; 1 beard Mr. lowns- end ask him if he was in favor of re-open ing the African slave trade. Mr. John ston replied in substance as follows : 'That if the men of Townsend's native first. A. D. 1857." At each session, Icon and loa, the Republicans had the entire control of the Legislature, and they deliberately and premeditatedly repudiated the debt FOB ORDINARY TSBBITOBIAL EXPENSES, amounting to only about nineteen thou sand dollars. Republican, or any other journal, assails place would like to ship negroes to make the Democratic nartv. saws have no stock money, that he would oppose it.' He in it, and believe it corrupt enough in all conseience, and that it is altogether wrong npon the subject of slavery ; but when the charge was made against Judge John ston, (a former member of the Free State party, and one who had contributed his full share towards making Kansas a Free State,) we felt it was unjust and libellous, and we promptly met the assertion by an unqualified denial, just as we wonld if any similar false attack had been made upon Mr. Parrott. Ia it issue of Sept 1st,, the Republican reiterated its charge against Judge John ston. In the meantime, the Leaven worth Herald, speaking authoritatively forjudge Johnston, denied in the most also said, in the same conversation, that he was a Free State roan. THOMAS GOLDMAN." "Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 17th day of September, 1859. JAMES EAGLE, Notary Public." But we have consumed too much space with this contemptible charge. The pro gramme is to lie down everybody in the way of these jay-hawkers, and without even replying to their own calumnious assaults upon their own candidates, they attempt to make the friends of Judge Johnston consume their time in defend ing him. "A lie well stuck to is a good a the truth," ia their motto, and right well do they live up to it. The effect will be, the people who have known positive terms the allegation, and demand- JudS9 Johnston long and well, and against wnom even an imputation oi wrong was never urged until since his nomination for Congress, will come for ward and vindicate his honor, by triumph antly electing himfto a seat in that body ed the proof. The Republican of Sept 15th, came forward with its vaunted "Proof," which it claimed was a clincher, and consisted of the "following docu menu : " "At Big Springs, Douglas county, K. T.. I heard Joda Johnston, of Leavenworth, say in a general eonrersation that he was in favor of the Withrat Law. This plea is one of the sheerest hum bugs ever nrged for a' State government "It is admitted on all hands, that we are slavery. This was said bj Judge Johnston when practically without law, and we will COU- tion. Un Ins return from Topeka. a man whom HDU6 to 06 SO Ulllll we nave a Stale gov him whether he had token such a position in eminent" says the White Cloud Chief. opening or tne African blare lrade. mat H wonia e me means ot celt slavery in the South: that it would flood them with cheap negroes, and difgust the South with favor of ths Slave Trade. Judge John. ton did not deny that he had taken such a position, and 1 told him he did on his way no. Ha dM nnfc deny that he said he was in favor of the Slave trade, neither did he denv but what he wju thn in favor of it, though I then charged him with it. JOHN KIESLKR. MJ"hn Kiesler, being duly sworn, deoosos and says that the matter in theahi.ve xti.tcmetil is trne. JOHS MtSLKIt. "SuDMribod and sworn to before me, this 3Uth day of August, A. U. 1KU. . f.ki.vn a pp itt Clerk Probate Court, Douglas Co., K. T. KlO SpRINIifl. Kansas. AnirnHtan IKTiQ "On or about the lGthday of ths above month 1 was oresent durinsr nart nf a ennversntinn hn. tween Judge Johnston, the Democratic nominee for delegate to Congress, and Mr. Darling of this place in the eourve of which Mr. Darling re marked that be had always been a Democrat, and had usually voted the Democratio ticket, but had of lata .ears heo.)mndi.irii.L.il with th. pro-slavery tendencies of thnt party. In reply just as well as against Territorial statutes. tnwk nh f J..nn.nn Mmo-l.B.f .1... k- . I J " hi. uuhc-vm ..".I n.. .urn. uv waaui Kansas has a revised code of statutes, made by her own Legislature ; her sher iffs and prosecuting attorney are chosen by the people, her jurors are selected from the people, arid yet the plea is raised that we are without law. Territorial sovereignty, theu, is a farce, and Congress hereafter should provide for the formation of States instead of Territories. Let the people elect their own judges and execu tive officers, under a State Constitution, and the case will be no better. Lawless' neas will ride rampant against State law tion It contravene the Constitution of the United States, in it failure to provide for the grand jury system It provides, in Sec. 12, Art 2, for a use less Senate, which can originate no billy and must wait the measure of the House In the Democrat for Sept 15, we find a of ReDregeDtatives. thus reouirin twice 1 ?V . 1 i A . X? .1 i1 I " aevai.ea semen o. . expenses o. to. . . gegBioDg for ftt transaction of Territorial Government for the several I QQgjQess as otherwise, and rendering prob- years. uoug.as coumy uas never pam tha dafaat of , , .m0Hnl of nac. . L- m Ta. : -1 a A. a, I .w mvuri., treasury out -wo r . legiglation at each $eggion luree nuuureu uouara, wu.cu was pam in ft gaddles me .a., o. ooo, suu .. cuuruy iras f hundred member4, when one-half ai ia J : a a! : j -. 1 mauuuy uuu. prev.o , .uu, taat number would have answered the The heavy taxes in this county have been intere8ts of ft gtate fof to . .i .i m - i . I ior otner tuao xemwnai purposes, w It requirB8 n0 qualifications of age or support other than Democratic officials. residence for the eiflCtion of State and The total Territorial expenditure for judicial officers. 1855 and 1856, over and above the ex- It does not confer the right of suffrage pense borne by the United States, were in school matter on females, although the $5,030 27. Convention and it defender professed to The total appropriations for 18o7 were haveayconferred that right in Sec 23 of $20,000, of which $o,500 remain unused, Art. 2. making the total expenses of 1857, , It permits the compensation of Supreme $14,500. Adding the expenses of 1855 and District Judges to' be decreased dur- and 18o6, makes $19,530 27. This nine- iDg their respective term of office, thus teen thousand and thirty dollars was the rendering the Judiciary dependent on the whole amount of the .territorial indebt- Legislature, and suhiect to nartizan con edness when the Legislature passed into trol. Sec. 13, Art 3, and Sec. 7. Art 15. the hands of the men who now compose It prohibits Judges of Supreme an the Republican party, and has since been District Court from the practice of "law repudiated by them in the revenue act of in any of the courts in the State during 1858, and in the act of 1859, providing their continuance in office." Sec. 13, for funding the indebtedness of the Ter- Art 3. ntory nence not one mill ot the present It confer upon the Legislature the taxes or bonds issued for the indebted- doubtful power of reducing "the salaries nes of the Territory is chargeable to 0f officers wlio shall neglect the perform ueuioasui! miaruia. I ance ot anv leeal dutv." which sower lhe appropriations by the Legislature cannot be made operative against anv offi of I808 were (Laws of I808, page 28, cers but the judicial, thus striking down chapter 2, section 1) : the independence of the judiciary. Sec, For the Auditor and Treasurer, each, 1 7, Art. 15. $1,500 ; office rent, $200 ; Librarian and It provides for the impeachment of al rent of Library, $200 ; compensation of officers under the Constitution for misde- assesson and collectors of public revenue, meanors in office, thus making them all $5,000 ; for expenses of Leavenworth subject to a political tribunal. Every . The very presses who now point to law. lessness as a reason for a State government, will find that the anarchy which certain Republican leaders have been fomenting, will turn against the State as readily as the opinion that to re-open the Africau Slave Trade would be the most effectual methud nf puumgacneck to or destroying the institution of slaver', in this government. 1 did not, as .-nr. uaniug alleges ne aia, near nim say mat lie (Johnston) was in faror of re-onenini lhe Afri can Slave Trade, though he may have said so be- lore or auer I was preaent. udu. ij. iwiiiwjAvrkr.ri. 1 . . m . . , "Sworn to and snhnorihed Wnr. m. hi. 47,k it now doe azaiDst the Territorial eov- uay OI AUgUSl, . .. b.ll.J,AlHI. !. th.t i n.,n,nil tn .,h. justice or reaoe. liouzlas Lo. I " " Rtn Knrvn. ! sftrva their own ends. If the natronare Messes. Editors: LearninsrthatJndnJnhn. ... . ..... ton had suted to one uf our neighbor, on his tQS general government should be waytotne topeka Convention, that he was in lmwn IQ150 intn tha hamU nf tha in favor of re-opening tho African Slave Trade, "rown, in 18wi ,Dt0 l"e nanas 01 tne !, opporiunuy voo can uis aiieniion to i Kenublicans. tuev would clutch at the the rep-rt wnen he returned from the Conven tion, which I did in the presence of a crowd nf eutsens ana Democratic delegates. In his reply hedid not deny tbathe held the above opinion, and it was gonerallt- agreed by those who heard him. that hedodred the auptinn. Up. liarlin who had (he conversation alluded to with J udge Johnston, is absent in Missouri, but will proba bly return soon; when be aomea, we will send you nis amsavit. l ours, P. H. TOWNSEJfD. "spoils" with eagerness, and not for a mo ment hesitate to apjttiot their own favor ites as judges and executive Territorial officers. The party a a party still hold to Congressional intervention, and of course would use the whole power and Such is the "inoontestible proof" which patronage of the government to abolition- the Republican brings forward to sustain 128 pro-slavery Territories. it charges against Judge Johnston. It f What is the uso, then, of thi hypocrit will be borne in mind, at the outset that lcl whining about federal oppression ? these affidavit are extra judicial, not ta- I Why the bosh about the impossibility of ken in the course of legal proceeding ; executing Territorial law ? that the charge of perjury could not be The Indiana School Ifslem. The South Bend (lad.) Forum of Sept 3d, contain an article in favor of the amendment of the Constitution of that State Tttv nrinciml reason, ia to amend ; ine. They do not pretend to give the lhe nnifonn educational aystem, vAich irawe convoraauou, suu only iviesier v.. v.. ,i1 Itn th. TOVarMntl f!nn- i - sustained against the person making them on that account ; that they are wholly ex parte statements, which the other party had no opportunity to cross-exam- - statement, that in "general conversation, Johnston (aid he was in favor of opening the African slave trade, and when on hi way back from Topeka," hedid not deny - that he had made the statement Roorback, a significant name truly, fays he heard part of the conversation referred , to by Kiesler, and though he did not hear what Kiesler says he did, and what Dar . ling claimed he said, yet he did hear Mr. 'Johnston say "he was of the opinion that toVe-open the African slave trade would , b th most effectual method of putting a ' check to or destroying th institution of slavery in this government." ' It strikes us that Roorback has proved too ranch ; that while he ha attempted to poison, he ha furnished the antidote. His statement, if it amounts to anything, prove that Mr. Johnston is an enemy to slavery, and ia ardently desirous of termi nating it existence in the shortest way possible,". '''.'" Townsend, though the Republican doe prefix the title of Honorable to hi name, - doe not even furnish an trtra-judia'al oath that ha was tailing tha truth, tand- stitntion. It say : "It is a question as to the propriety of local and municipal leg islation nptm the interest of education, upon the improvements of roada and high way, and with refurence to the moral police generally." "The present Consti tution, whilst recognizing the principle of educating every child of the State by mean of a State fund, virtually prevent all voluntary advancement of the school interest above and beyond the capacity of the least enlightened school district in the State. And so leveling downward, it operate a a most effectual repression of the principle, that property should ed ucate the people." . Jnst suck a system, which tha friend of education in Indiana are striving to re pudiate, is embodied in the Wyandott Constitution. Are the people willing to peril the interest of their children by it adoption T ' " ley, etftor rtrr Horace Greeley, enter examining quartz-crushing ia' California, conclude that not more thai on machine in fpur ia daiog a rMyinjBAuesa. - -s .-i, Convention, $20,000 ; for compensation of Adjutant General, $200; for compen sation of Inspector General, $500; for expenses of calling out the militia in Bourbon county, and executing certain work in Johnson county, $2,000 ; for census of Oxford, in Johnson county, &c, $500 ; for expenses of Investigation Com mittee on election frauds, $4,000 ; for in cidental expenses and Probate Court $500; for contingent expenses, for which appropriations had otherwise been made, $3,000; for Superintendent of public printing, $1,500 ; for Sup't of Common Schools, $2,000; for translation of laws, fcc, into German, $250 ; for publishing and printing laws and journals of that ses sion, $5,000 ; for compensation of Sup't of public printing, second session, $1,500; for pay of enrolling and engrossing clerks, and for the extra session of 1857, and reg ular session of 1858, $3,000. Ou page 30 of same volume there is appropriated for per cers and witnesses of the Board of Com missioners for investigating election frauds, $3,000 ; on page 31, appropriated for contingent expenses for the extra session of 1857 and session of 1858, $10,000. Making a total of $63,250. Deducting $8,250, relating to the print ing of the law, caved by Gov. Denver and Sec. Walsh superintending the print- nnrtfttATi r sheriff, justice of the peace and constable is liable to impeachment if a Legislature is in power. It provide for five Circuit Judges when three would have answered the want of the people. It disfranchises the voter of Wilson, Dorn, McGee, Godfrey, and Arapahoe in the choice of Circuit Judges the consti tution excluding those counties from any circuit, till they by law are attached, with other new or unorganized counties to the most convenient judicial circuit It disfranchises civilized Indians from the exercise of the right of suffrage, now guaranteed them by the Territorial laws. It bases the right of suffrage on color and sex, in violation of the principle of equal rights, which it claims is the basis of !vi1 .nfa.nmant S Itb school system, contained in Art. 6tb, is unwise, and wilt impair the efficacy of J Constitution containing -snch an odious Education Article. It provide that " In the future appor tionment of the Stale, each organized county (hall have at least one representa tive," thus violating the correct principle that representation shall be based accord ing io population, and basing it on square miles. When the number of organized counties i enlarged to seventy-five, Leav enworth county, 'with its five thousand voters, is on the same level with the most sparsely settled organized county on the Western border. It provides for the single district sys tem, so far as Representatives are con ceroed, but fails to apply the same rule to Senators. A partisan Legislature may retain its power in the Senate by so com bining counties in Senatorial districts as to secure that object It was evidently the intention of the Republicans to obtain, by gerrymandering, the control of the first Legislature, and, by retaining the present fraudulent apportionment or de vising one still more unjust retain the control of the Senate till 1866, at least The apportionment clause is fraudn lent designed to tnrow the first Legisla ture into the hands of the Republicans, and to enable the spoilsmen of that party to secure the spoils for themselves. The first Legislature will choose United States Senators and dispose of the land grants. Northern Kansas has' the control of but twenty-five representative and nine Sen ators, when, had not the counties of Jef ferson and Jackson been joined to Shaw nee, Dd Wyandott to Douglas, Northern Kansas could have controlled the election of nine more members of the Legislature. Such is the injustice practiced by South ern upon Northern Kansas. Even Mr. Parrott denounces this apportionment as nothing more or less than a system of fraud." Every vote for the Constitution sustains this fraudulent apportionment The Constitution provides for flooding the State with the issue of banks of other States, by Sec. 7, Art. 13, " N banking institution shall issue circulating notes of less denomination than five dollars." State banks cannot issue notes of their own and will flood the country with the de predated currency of foreign banks. It fails to provide that the majority of the stockholders shall be residents of Kansas, putting our currency at the mercy of for eign Shylocks. The Convention with the results of the financial systems of other States before it by which State officers are able to make fortunes duriDg their term of office, by loaning State funds, pocketing the inter est and saddling the losses, if any, on the State, placed no safeguards around the State treasury. State treasurers may de posit the State funds with banks or indi viduals, and pocket the interest on such deposits. The Constitution is an office-seeker'i Constitution, a partisan instrument de signed to confer the spoils of-.office on party favorites, whatever expense may be entailed upon the people. Of necessity heavy taxes must be the result The an nual cost of the State government over Territorial government will be about $100,000. The erection of the necessary public buildings, penitentiary, &c, will amount to several hundred thousand dol lars, a portion of which, with the interest added, must be raised by tax each year. Schools must be supported by taxation or private subscription mainly, for years to come, under the Constitution entailing diem and mileage of members, offi- COm,ma ?J H the Pl discarding the pet uniform system of common schools, thus placing cities on the same level with the most sparsely settled school district D- tirely preventing any system of graded! schools. 2d, School moneys are to be dis bursed in equitable proportions to the number of children in each school district If the amount raised from the different sources will school the children of the State but one month, it provides for free ing of the law. themselves, it leaves $55,- ,chooll oT that ,,ngth of tim, No 000 as the net appropriation by the Leg islature of 1858, for Territorial purposes. The appropriations for 1859 were $51,- 150, the prominent items of which are for the payment of scrip issued by the Leavenworth Convention, and scrip for clerk hire, and contingent expenses of 1858, $15,000; for locating Territorial roads, $20,000; for pay of engrossing and enrolling clerks, &&, and contingent ex penses, for session of 1859, $5,000 ; for codifying commission, $1,250 ; for Grand Jurors, and witnesses at special term of Circuit Court at Lawrence, $1,500; for ad ditional appropriation for tha Board of Commissioners for investigating frauds in 1858, $3,000, making $10,000 appropriat ed to that committee ; for the defense of John Doy, $1,000. The appropriations for the sessions of 1858 and 1859 amount to $106,450. . These large appropriations for clerk hire and contingent legislative expenses certainly cannot be laid to Democratic misrule. Of this fact Phillips was well aware when he dictated his epistle to the Republican party, in favor of an economi cal administration of the government the diminution instead of the multiplication of officers, and low taxes. (CrThe heavy frost in northern Illi nois, Wisconsin and Iowa have cut down the com crop, ao that "probably not more than one-fourth of the crop anticipated will be realised. L-' local tax can be levied to maintain the school, and if kept up a longer time it will be as in some other States) by the voluntary contribution of the parents. The State school fund will consist of the proceeds of school lands, the five per centum of the proceeds of publio lands sold after the admission of Kansas, and the State school tax. School lands can not be sold,- unless authorized by a vote of the people at a general election, and cannot be leased profitably for years to come hence for several years nothing can be expected from that source. The interest oo tbe five per centum of the pro ceeds of publie lands, wilt do but little in the support of schools. Common schools for years to come, must depend on a heavy State tax, if they are maintained for three months on an average over the State. Sec. 4 of the Education article contains an odious clause. It provides that "no school district in which a com mon school has not been maintained at least three months in each year, shall be entitled to receive my portion of such funds." Provision should have been made for reinvesting th funds so apportioned, for the benefit of each district, thus en abling sparsely settled districts to accum ulate a fund for tha support of schools therein. But this provision virtually de prives every sparsely settled school dis trict of State aid. ,. No friend of education can vote for a1 upon the people heavy taxes. Such the financial prospect of an agricultural people, with limited means and "hard times" staring them in the face. If they are not blinded by partizan zeal, they will reject, by an overwhelming vote on the 4th of October, this defective and fraudu lent Constitution, which tramples on the rights of man, placing the security and permanence of party power over and above the rights of the common people. A Qame that Two Can Plsy at Lane and his compeers are lusty de fenders of the Constitution, but have no love for Mr. Parrott The Thachers are in raptures over the "freedom-loving in I strumenf but having put in the hands the Democracy the most effective weap ons against Parrott, they are little disposed to help him to place and power. Mr. Par rot, finding himself sold for the purpose of carrying the Constitution, is returning ;of Thacher, Lane & Co. At Olathe, Aug. 20th, he said, according to the Olathe Herald, that '"the Constitution contained a great many, to him, objectionable feat nres, that he did not like the apportion ment that this system of gerrymander ing the States for political purposes was nothing more or less than a system fraud that the Constitution left the ex elusion of free negroes to the Legislature; that it would be done by the Legislature that he knew from his relation to the peo ple of Kansas, that the majority of tbem were in favor of excluding the free negro, and all they would have to do, to effect this desideratum, would be to send men to the Legislature who are known to be in favor of excluding them, and the whole thing would be accomplished to the entire satisfaction of the people. Notwithstand ing his many objections, he nrged the 'Gudgeons' to vote for it 'because it con. taioed very liberal provisions to chsnge the instrument at any time the people saw proper to do so.' ""Consistency, thou art sfjewel." He admits the pertinence of tha argu ments against the Constitution, and then lauds it because it can easily be so sm end ed as to exclude negroes and mulattoea from tbe Stats. Qy "Egypt" as southern Illinois is termed, took the premiums at the lata Illinois State Fair, on Horticultural and Pomologies! products. Peaches were on exhibition measuring twelve inches in cir cumference, and a lot of "Buckingham' apples weighing one pound and a half each. ' ' Q3" The latest intelligence from the gold region indicates that the State Con stitution has been rejected by a heavy majority. Tbe people of that portion of tha territory will claim a participation in th vote ou the Wyandott Constitution. ( Tbe Torn of the Frees oa the Froclamatioan. The Leavenworth Register at first coun seled disregard to the proclamation of Acting Governor WaLbh. One day's de liberation led it to the conclusion that it was politic for the Boards of Canvassers to make their returns to Gov. Medary and also to Mr. WinchelL We find in the last Atchison Champion, an article on the subject which views the matter in a more practical and common sense, and less par tisan aspect, than we had anticipated. Mr. Martin pertinently remarks : These two proclamations, if adhered to without compromise, may very seriously effect the festllt ot the October election The practical effect will be that those counties which have Democratic Boards of Supervisors will conduct the election in accordance with the Governor's procla mation, and send their returns to him at Lecompton ; while tbe itepublican coun ties will adhere to the provisions of the Proclamation of the Board of Commission ers, and send their returns to the Presi dent of tbe Convention at i opes a. uere, then, will be a conflict of jurisdiction, The Governor mav issue his proclsma- tinn halted unon the returns received from the Democratio counties, declaring the Constitution voted down ; while the Board on the nther hand, basins their xroclama tinn nn the returns from the Republican counties, will declare thd Vonsiuuuou adopted. His assertion that Gov. Medary ' P"8 nothing for the popular voice nothing for justice so that he can have some le gal ground to act upon," smacks strongly of the politician. The law of the Legis-1 lature, unaer wnicn tne uonvennon was called, and which the Governor is required under psins add penalties to obey, gave no discretionary power to the Convention or to the Governor to set it aside. Wby, then, find fault in such unmessured terms with the Governor for obeying the laws of the Territory ? In reference to tbe election of Dele gates, Gov. Medary performed his legal duty with the utmost fairness, and even tbe Lawrence Republican, whose especial pet he seemed to be at that time, believed that Gov. Medary would do justice, and insisted that ho could not do injustice if he would, bo hampered was he by the election law. The same law ia still in force, and yet the Republican press are shrieking because he is enforcing the laws of the Territory. The Convention deliberately took the position, in tbe case of the Wyandott members, that it could not go beyond tbe law creating it and maintained that if it did it would furnish a strong plea for the rejection of the Constitution by Congress. Yet for partisan purposes, it violated that law, and attempted to put in force the provisions of the new Constitution. This contradiction is so apparent, and so un justifiable, that Mr. Martin remarks : The Convention, as we assumed in the case of the Wyandott county representa tion, in opposition to tbe opinion of liov. Medary aud the Democratic press through out the Territory, was not sovereign in its powers it could not eo beyond the law which called it together, either to admit Representatives not embraced in tbe ap portionment nor to make new regulations respecting the qualifications of voters or tbe number of canvasting returns. The Constitution is a dead letter, as is every provision contained in it nntu it receives the sanction of tbe people. He then apologizes for his signature to the proclamation : We, however, signed the Proclamation in conjunction with President Wmchell, over a month ago, under assurances from both uov. Medary and secretary Walsh that either of them would join us in it, and recognizo our authority as Commissioners having equal powers with the Governor. This promise was held out until within a few days bef ire the time appointed in which the Proclamation bad issued, when Mr. Wincbell had it printed and circulat ed, and shortly thereafter Secretary Walsh issued tbe other .Proclamation. Those assurances may have been given by Mr. Wincbell, but they were not given by Gov. Medary or Sec. Walsh. They could not legally recognize Messrs. Mar tin and Winchell as "Commissioners bay ing equal potcers with tbe Governor, Yet 10 the interval, both Mr. Martin and Mr. Winchell bad opportunities to know that they bad no legal authority for claim ing the position of Commissioners. With this altered view of the case, Mr. Martin should have withdrawn his signature, and left Pres. Winchell alone in his effort "to walk in the footsteps of his illustrious predecessor," John Calhoun. It seems that Mr. Winchell, without further con sultation with Mr. Martin, had the pro clamation, which was founded on a "dead letter," printed and circulated, previous to the issuing of tbe proclamation by the Governor. This act renders the usurping board liable to ten years' imprisonment in the county jail. It reverses the position of the Republican party here and in Con gress, if adhered to, forcing them to stand on tbe false and corrupt pleaa set up for the Lecompton Constitution. We are not surprised that Mr. Martin should propose a withdrawal of tbe pro clamation to which his signature is at tached. It shonld be done, if for nothing else, to save expense to the counties. We congratulate Mr. Martin on the sober sec ond thought which dictated the following paragraphs : In view of these facts, and earnestly desiring the admission of Kansas, which we would not put in jeopardy by any act of ours, but two courses remain open for us. Tbe first is to unconditionally with draw the proclamation we have already issued, and tbe other to request the Coun ty Boards to send duplicate copies of tbe returns to Gov. Medary at Lecompton, and the Board of Commissioners at Tope ka. One of these plans must be adopted, and our own opinion is that the former is preferable. ' 1 Whatever is done, must be done quick ly. We have no time to lose. If Mr. Winchell ezrees with us in the opinion thst we had better withdraw the Procla mation of tbe Board unconditionally, it will be done. But meanwhile we advise tbe County Boards, if they receive no fur ther instructions, to at least take tbe pre caution of making dnplirate returns one to the Governor, at Lecompton, and the other to the President of the Convection, at Topeka.' - - ' ; , Wheat Cultare. An unusual breadth of wheat will be put in the ground this fall, and the reliance of the fanners will be placed upon it as a means of relieving them from debt While hoping for the best it is well to examine whether their anticipations are ell founded. The wheat crop of the West was her alded, shortly after the June frost, as heavy, but now that the grain is thrsshed, tha yield ia found to be smalt The Senior editor of the Frame tann er, after traveling aomewhat extensively through the wheat-growing sections 01 Illinois, ssys, from tbe information gain ed by observation and inquiry among farmers, he is satisfied the average yield per acre of winter wheat is not more than five to six bushels. The northern portion of Illinois grew but little else than spring wheat this year. Scarcely any winter wheat has been offered in market in that portion. Th yield of spring wheat may be indeed from the tone of a letter in tne V Y. DrihuM from Peoria county, 111. It says: . . "After the people of Illinois are all ted for the next twelve months, a sufficiency nf seed saved, and the hired help paid, there will not be left one bushel of wheat in this State, to Dav merchanta of New York old debts, or to buy imported gew- for future use. If there is no more abl'u tT in otner 8ta,e8 to .buy and Py f0f me imp. - ., nr.,, .hen. most xista In tni r: . " .7, :J7V" C5r Frequently going into the trance state, is reported to be a cause of con sumption in spiritual mediums. - fttrTbi New York Bepublicsn Con vention, in its lately .adopted platform, takes ground for Congressional prohibition of slavery. .,. , :n t.V. ji ciat rum win uiwn. BBOUTBUiJ. UU - .. , ... r . .ninz merciiauia. many oi your w;,h .v. Fu7JJ"W?j,- mJle. around crops wuuiu a. tovuii ui un -wjth COnfi- tuis place, euauiea mo iu ooj - aence inai mo average ui wuc -- . exceed eifht bushels to the acre. Tbti not half the yield anticipated. The prke, 45 to 50 centa, does not pay the farmer one per cent on the outlay. The Tribune adds, "The statement as to the yield is confirmed by a dozen other letters," and that "every account from the West agrees in the statement that although the straw is heavy, the yield of grain is unusually light" - Others, who have traveled through Iowa and Illinois, report the spring wheat crop ss light, tbe best yield not being more than twelve bushels to the acre. The farmers of Kansas, have a soil similar to that of Illinois, which is light and by the. action of tbe sudden changes of the temperature in winter heaves and throws out the roots of wheat which freezes and often the whole crop is lost If the winter is favor able, there is still danger of a failure from rust or an overgrowth of straw, The crop this year has not probably averaged more than thirteen bushels to the acre in the northern portions of Kan Some farmers find on threshing that the straw is heavy and the yield of grain light Kansas farmers cannot safely risk too much on the chances of the wheat crop, as a means of paying their debts, unless they can cultivate it at a fair profit Pork-raising has furnished Illinois farmers 1 a safer crop than wheat culture. It will necessarily become a staple business here. Can wheat-growing be made profitable Kansas? This is a point which farm ers must determine for themselves, by calculation and experiment Perhaps the following srticle from the Frairie Farmer on the cost of wheat will aid them: Cost of Wheat. We have the fol lowing from Mr. Geo. Petty. He says: "I saw a statement in your paper that not one farmer in ten knew the cost of grain per bushel, and therefore could not tell how much thev must sell for in order to make a living profit I will give you what it cost me to raise wheat and I think all mav figure on the same rule if they do a day's work in a dayT It will vary, of course, in proportion to the bushels grown per acre. In order to come to a plain plan, we must include as much ground in our eati mate as can be cut in one day with a reaper, say FiftMn anres. valued at SSSiier aere: inter est 10 per cent, - . - - - 50 Plowing. S 1 per acre. -- - - - lieu Seed, ) S bushels per aere, at SI per bushel, s M Sowinc. one day, r . - - 1 00 Harrowing;, three dais, - - - - S 00 Reaping, at ?5 cents per aere, '- -" ' II S5 Svan hnriii ui hind and shnckat SI ?5rjer day, board included, - - - - H SS SUeking, - 400 Threshing, at 10 eenta ner bashal 15 bash- els oer acre. - - - - - J950 Cleaning and drawing to market 140 00 Here we have a fraction over 62 cents per bushel. These figures cover board, wear and interest on tools. I consider tbe straw worth as much to feed as would pay to draw the manure back on the land to keep it in good heart That is tbe most paying part if well attended to. Now, farmers, you must be your own judges as to how much over 62 cents per bushel you must sell wheat m order to pay debts. It will depend on the size of the debt and how much percent you are paying on it As I am asked every day 'Would you sell your whest st present prices? I will gi ve my opinion. I bsve made up my mind there is not more than two-thirds as much wheat as was thought there would be. Every msn hereabouts is disappointed, and we have letters from different points to tbe same effect When our grain buy ers recover from the bite they got before harvest and find how light tbe crop is, grain will bring a better 'price. It will not pay us to sell at 50 cents per bushel. Better keep it two years and get $1, than grow two crops at 50 cents. Those that can bold on until it pays cost and profit should do so. Wheat is of good quality and worth holding. If growing wheat does not csv.sow less: crow piss and corn seed down, or crow flax for the seed." We mav sav in reference to tbe torego- idz. that it does not seem to be the result of a systematic account with fifteen acres of land in wheat Nothing is said of the cost of composting tbe manure, or pre paring it for tbe soil. If the straw is worth as much to feed as would psy for drawing the manure back on tbe land, there eould have been but litue manure per acre hauled. 'We discover no charge made for opening! surface or nnderd rains, for rolling, Ac We have no hop that wheat will prove a pavinsr crop so long; as tbe system indicate! by the ahovs figures is pursued. And yet it is a fair sample, perhaps, of the manner in which wnicn wheat is cultivated in the West There must be some unusual causa to create an unusual demand if wheat pavs a net profit of ten percent to the farmer. It should pay twenty-five per cent : Lefal sToveea. Attorneys, and others, sending in legal notice, are requested to mark on eacn the number of insertions required.' OCT Wheat ia Lea county, Iowa, shows an average of of less than five bushels per V .: 1 .i. . ftSr In Breekenridge county, we learn that wheat averages about twenty-five bushel to the acre. . ' . . 1 Usui Oeasrrf Psniiatto Ceavearloa. Pursuant to call of tbe Chairman of the Central Committee, the delegates to th Democratic County Convention met at the Court House, in .Paris, on TVuadsy., Sept 15, 1859. On motion of J. JL Barlow, Judge Far- . m , ns was chosen temporary vuainnan, and F. Perkins, Secretary. ; On motion, the Chair appointed a com mittee of three on permanent officers, also committee on credentials. The Convention then adjourned for twenty minutes to allow the committees time to report. The meeting was again called to order by the committee on officers submitting the following report: President Judge Farris ; r Vice ; Presidents, Wm. Snook, Wm. Lambeth and J. C. Noel; Secreta ry; C. M. Werd,.and Isaac Irwin assistant The report of the committee on cre dential was then received, after which tha Convention proceeded to the nomina of a candidate for the Legislature. The names of J. T. Alexander, H. M. Dob- byne and J. H. Barlow were respectively , placed in nomination, and the Convention proceeded to take an informal ballot with the following result: Alexander, 40; Dobbyns, 10; Barlow, 2. J. T. Alexander, having received a roajori. ty of all tbe votes cast, was declared duly nominated. On motion of Rufns Bums, B. B. Mitch ell was nominated for Sheriff by acclama tion. ; D. W. Cannon was duly nominated for County Clerk. . There being no objections the following candidates were nominated by acclama tion: Probate Judge, jonn w. uarrett; Renter of Deeds, L.E.Napp; Treasurer! S. F Qu'nn Surveyor, Henry Severe; Prosecuting Attorney. B. F Perkins; School Superintendent, odo.-a. ne.Mr; Coroner, Jos. Blatt. On motion, each township f. "H to present the names f two P- ! . , delegates to a joiut convention to b.1 c 11 at Miami Village, on the 24lh insr. On motion, it was resolved that tha Secretary be requested to furnish the pro ceedings of this meeting for publicatiou to the Herald of Freedom, Leavenworth Herald, and national Democrat. The Convention passed off with eutire harmony, and the ticket that was nomi nated has received a general expression of satisfaction. The Convention fully slia charged its duty in giving the party s ticket of honest and competent men. C. M.WARD, Secretary. Olre alar to County Inperlnlendsnat Leavenworth, Sept 20, 1859. To the County, SuPEMSTF.NPniT Dear Sir: You will see, by referring ta the School Law, that it is my duty to make report to the Legislature of the Ter ritory by the first of January next, and u it is very desirable to have them as lull and complete as possible, permit me to recall to your memory tbe speciuc items which are required in your report and to suggest that it is very desirable to have it forwarded during tbe month of Octtberii practicable. I hope you will spare to exertion to have your report complete, that the result of our joint labors rosy furnish accurate and satisfactory informa tion of the condition of the Common Schools n each district id the Territory np to the present time. Seetion 16 of the Act on i-ommoa Schools reads as follows: "It shall be the duty of the county su perintendent between the first and fif teenth days of October, in each year, to make sod transmit to the Territorial superintendent a report, in writing, besring date on the first day of October, in the year of its transmission, stating: First. Tbe whole number of school districts separately setoff within the county: Sec ond, The districts snd parts of districts from which report shall have been made to him or his immediste predecessor in office, within the time limited for that purpose: Third, Tbe leugth of time a school shall have been kept in each of such.districts or parts of districts, distin guishing what portion of that time the school has been kept by qualified teacberr. Fourth, The amount of publio moneys received in each of such districts or paits of districts: Fifth, the number of children taught in each, and the number of chil dren over five and under the age of lweLlT one years residing in each: Sixth, To whole amount of moneys received by hinr or his predecessor in office since the data of the last preceding report: Seventh, Tbe manner in which such moneys bsve been expended, and whether any aud what part remains unexpended, and for what cuisr: Eigbth, Tbe amount of money raised in tbe district and paid for teachers' wages, in addition to tbe public mony paid therefor; tbe amount of taxes raised for purchasing school sites, for buildup, hiring, purchasing, repairing and insuring sehool houses,-for fuel, or for any other purpose allowed by law, in the district or part of district from which reports shall have been received, by him or his predecessor, since the date of the last pre ceding report, with such other informa tion as the Territorial superintendent may, from time to time, require." I have the honor to remain, yours very truly, 8. W. GREER, Sup't of Common Schools. A Mafnlflceat School rad! The Lawrence Republican, of September 22nd, admits that tbe school lands will not soon be available. It ssys, " But that fnnd is at present totally unproductive, and, must in the nstare of things, remain to for year to com." It then point to the five per centum on the sales of publ.c lands, as the means of affording the peo ple relief from heavy school taxes, claim ing that $1,250,000 would be paid tbe first year to the general government " &re Fer cent of which is $62,500 for our school fund for the very first year." According the Constitution, the interest only can be used, which at ten per cent would give in reality hut $6,250 for the support of free schools. " A Oecreetloa. In the editorial correspondence of th Leavenworth Herald, we find a criticism upon Franklin, which is evidently a mis take. The writer, in going from Law rence to Palmyra and Paola, passed Vlan tor',and mistook it for Pbahklw, whw is a creditable inland town, and should not suffer tha injustice of hsving to bear the description of Blanton's. ft7- Republican primary meetings for Territorial nominations will be held in the various preciuoU, Bept 29T 2 P. M