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IATURD1T MORNING, OCT. 29, 1859.
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FOB PRESIDENT IX leeo.
SALMON P. CHASE,
FOR VICE PRESIDENT.
NATHANIEL P. BANKS,
Subject to the decision of the Republi
can National Convention.
Toe Harper's Fenr Tragedy Originated la
'More than once during the summer of
1857, we asserted that the reason the "Do
Nothings," as we called them, were op
posed to engaging in the Territorial elec
tions of that year, and competing with the
Pro-Slavery party for the offices of the
government, was found in the fact teVsfc
they wished to prolong our Kansas diffi
cullies ; 10 keep the Territory in a con.
stant ferment ; that their design was revo
lution, and anything which looked like
peaceful solution of our troubles, bad been
and would be violently opposed by tbera.
We stated that those who led off in the
Do-Nothing policy had no material inter
est in Kansas in common with the set
tiers ; that they were ''birds of passage ;"
came here like buzzards to feed on dead
carcasses; and as soon as the period should
come when there was nothing left for them
to feast upon they would leave the Ter
ritory. We charged them with subsist
ing almost wholly on funds sent here from
j the charitable in the East to supply the
wants of the destitute and suffering.
These men had charge, generally, of the
avenues to public opiuion. They were
the correspondents of eastern newspapers,
and of journals at home. The country
was constantly flooded with their false.
hoods, and efforts wore continually made
to convey the idea that those who were
in favor of settling our troubles quietly,
and without a resort to bloodshed, were
cowards, or "had sold out to the Pro-Slavery
And who were those men in the Terri
tory at that time ? We remember meet
ing a delegation of tbern at Centropolis in
August of that year. There wero Wal
tl den and Thacher, Etlphnnti John E. Cook,
T Eolma and Kagi, wM)sh; Phillip
" juid Se-ipath, Hinton andouway.
They did all in their power to induce
th9 people to keep out of the October
elections, and resorted to calumny, and
vituperation, to carry their endB. These
same men were at Grasshopper Fulls in
September, considerably augmented in
numbers, but the real interests of the Ter
ritory triumphed over their revolutionary
plots, and in October we had possession of
the Territorial government.
Who will not remember with what
alacrity they seized hold of every pretext
for again involving the country in a bloody
issue ? It was with difficulty thesmen
could be kept quiet while waiting the
action of Gov. Walker and Sec'y Stan
ton, in regard to the Oxford and McGee
county frauds. Indeed, some of them did
organize, and marched to the vicinity of
Uxford, hoping to succeed in capturing
certain parties, which, if successful, would
have brought on counter hostile move,
ments from Missouri.
The business men-of ftnwrence will re.
member the insane movement of James IT.
Lane and these anti-peace men, who pro
jected the idea of murdering the delegates
to the Lecompton Constitutional Conven-
1 tion, while on their way to resume their
, labors iu October, aoj i he ordering of the
whole country to assemble at Lecompton
with arms and four Java provisions, to
take that town and hang the members of
the Convention. They will call to mind
the meeting in Duncan's building, follow
ed by the oni in front of the Morrow
House, in Lawrence, when he was headed
off in that demon work, and the contemn
lated sanguinary visit to Lecompton was
changed into a peaceful one to protest
against the Constitution then being
I ram ad.
The Lecompton Constitution itself was
. next made the pretext for briuging on
" war. Whoever is able to call np the in
. cldeote of the 22d and 23d of December
Convention, held in Lwrence, will be able
to comprehend that to which we allude.
"Brown's Cellar Kitchen Convention," as
' Thacher and his associates branded the
affair, foiled them in their plans; but
- then came on the difficulties at Fort Scott,
inaugurated by the leaders in all these
" revolutionary movements, and backed up
by Jim Lane, Old John Brown, Redpath,
- Phillips, acd all that class of persons.
Then was organized the secret oath-bound
T league, the object of which was to wtir
j der, in cold blood, every officer elected
. under the Lecompton Constitution, be he
. a Freo State man or otherwise. The
pass-word to that secret organization was
LANE. The whole plan of assassination.
. of relay of horses for the executioners.
czc., are in toe possession of good men in
Lawrenoe, and have been for a long pa.
But there was a peaceful adjustment of
II these matters,: because Congress did
- not give legal sanction to the Lecompton
)' ' Swindle.' The south-eastern border, how
r .ever, was made the pretext for keeping
alive this war movement. , There gath
ered the "ouMards" again, tod into active
service was called all their machinery lor
again involving the country in strife.
Randolph," alias Wm. Hutchinson, Phil
lips, Kagi, Hinton, and all that -class of
men, were active in trying to keep Eastern
public- opinion with them.' While at
borne, their organ, the Lawrence Republi
can, and several lesser sheets, were doing
all in their power to influssaaMthrpnblic
mind. Falsehoods, as in the former case,
were their principal stock in trade, and
all who did not join them in their revolu
tionary schemes were branded as rene
gades from the Free State party.
Old John Brown, with his minions,
who opened the bloody issue in Kansas,
iy murdering the five heads of families
onvf ottawattamie Ureek, at midnight, on
the2h of May, 1856, appeared and took
charge of the marauding forces. They
attempted to make the whole population
of Missouri responsible for the horrid
murder near Chateau's Trading Post
Brown was in constant intercourse with
men in the East, who declared on the
stump, and in all their published corres
pondence, that their "only hope of abol-
ishing slavery in the United States lay
through revolution ;" and from them he
received funds from time to time in pros
ecution of his war schemes. When Mont
gomery discovered Brown & Co.'s plans
of revolution, to his credit be it said, he
protested, and iu consequence -of their
quarrel, probably, more than anything
else, the latter made brilliant coup
etat into Missouri, killed Crew, took his
slaved and made a forced march to Cana
da, receiving any amount of "aid and
comfort" from his cohorts along the
At this lime Dov was arrested in viola
tion of law, and removed outside of Kan
sas. Then the excited lightnings flashed
again. Lane harangued crowds nightly
iu Lawrence. He was ready to march
into Missouri, and release biin by via
lence, and all the indorscrs of a "bloody
issue" cried, amen. But their scbemps
.ill failed, and the principal public actor,
who had courage and desperation sufficient
tn carry into execution his plan, without
regard to cost; and who, in the interim
had returned to Kansas, took his leave.
and determined upon immediately con
suramating plans long since laid for opera.
tion eisewnere, should be tail in again
embroiling the people of the Kansas bor
der. We allude to Old John Brown.
Theirnext point of attack wasVirgfma.
Eli Thayer, of Massachusetts, had pro
jscted a peaceful demonstration to the
people of that State, of the advantages
of educated free labor over slave labor,
and had located a colony there which was
in successful operation, and was winning
goldenopinions by its quiet, orderly action.
But "Old Brown," and his sympathizers,
who only saw "through revolution the
end of American slavery," marched into
the State, hired a farm in tho vicinity of
Harper's Ferry, and there projected their
ioiquitous work the exciting of a servile
insurrection. But Brown did not go
alone. John E. Cook, who figured so
conspicuously with the Do Nothings iu
Kansas, was with him, and was his "right
bower." Kagi was his "left," whilst Cop
pie, Hazlett, Anderson and Evans, of Jay
Hawking notoriety, were prominent act
ors. Whether Kedpath was there we are
not advised; but their sympathizers and
co-operators in Kansas were posted in all
the movements of these men, and but a
short time before the breaking out of the
difficulty at Harper's Ferry, some of them
were tryiug to hire money in Lawrence
with which to pay their expenses to the
scene of contemplated strife, no doubt
1 . rn in. r. mn . V, . . . C . l
.. . . - - . .
the borrowed money from the sale of
"watches, jowelry and plate," which theJ
Constitution of the organization provided
should be used to defray the expenses of
The whole plan of the organization
mode of operation, Sec, it seems, has been
known in Kansas for a longtime. We
are told by parties who were in the secret
that the plan of Old Brown fc Co. was to
strike such a bold and vigorous blow as
to intimidate the entire population of
Virginia and the South, who are known
to be exceedingly timorous over their
slave population. With his few iuimedi
ate supporters he was to take possession
of the armoiy, while others, with teams,
were to carry the arms and military sup.
plies to the mountains. In those fast
oesses he was to erect his independent
standard, around which the rtpjrmes wer
to assemble. A secret organization, per
meating all sections of the North, with
powerful backing in Kansas, was to fur
nish recruits, lhus strengthened they
would be able to bid defiance to State and
federal authority, and though a seven
years' war should follow, or though
L..I1 . ... . .
ni;u.a oe protracted inrongn bait a ceo
tury, they would keep alive their move
ments, acting mostly upon the defensive
at first, till the negroes of the Canadaa
and of the South could give them suffi
cient strength to j ustify aggressive move
We do not wish to implicate innocent
persons, and we believe, yea, we know
we do not do it, if the statements of oth
ers cau be relied upon, when we say that
Gebbit Smith, of New Tork, s man of
noble impulses, and generous to a fault,
was a tool of these designing men, and
too cheerfully has entered into their plans,
and furnished them "material aid."
While we love him for his philanthropy,
his devotion to Kansas in the darkest hour
of her history, and for his heavy contri
butions in aid of the right and the op
pressed, we cannot sympathize with his
hostility to the federal government, and
his readiness to engage with mad-men in
an attempt to overthrow it.
The movement at Harper's Ferry may
appear to be an insignificant affair, and
interested parties will endeavor to make
it appear such. Since its failure, every
one will deny being cognizant of it, and
"Old Brown, the monomaniac," will be
held responsible for it all; bat, at We said
last week, "there Was method in his mad
ness,'' and that eye of bis, sparkling with
fire, spoke secrets to the initiated that the
orld knew not of.
Aa frequently stated,''' the whole pro
gramme waa developed to ,u while j
prisoner, charged with high treason, in the
summer of 1856, with the exception that
the field of operations as then contemp
lated has been removed from Missouri to
Virginia. When we first learned of it we
resolved, to resist the conspiracy, cost
what it would, and we have done so
whenever we saw evidences of its move
ments, though it has assumed Protean
'Our present fears are, that the Republi
can party will suffer by the action of these
parasites who have fastened themselves
upon it to gain strength before the coun
try. More than once we have stated that
they were bastard Republicans, with hardly
a single principle in common with that
party, and so we repeat bow. The Re
publican party, if true to itself and its
own best interests, will everywhere de
nounce the treasonable enterprise, and all
its aiders and abettors. If they do this,
some distinguished aspirants for office,
now in Kansas, will find themselves minus
.position a few months hence. We have
Zcts and figures in' our possession, when-
ever they shall be called for. '
Old John Browa.
Of him, we might say with truth, his
wrongs have made him rnad. There was
a time when John Brown, the Pennsylva
nia tanner, aud bis sons, were as peace
able and peace-loving -citizens as could
be found in our country. He came to
Kansas early, and lovinz the cause of
freedom, was an earnest Free State man.
For this he suffered. He saw bis home
invaded and destroyed; be inourued the
death of a beloved son. And these great
wrongs crazed the old man, and made
iiim a fanatic, a monomaniac, with but
one thought, one idea, one impulse ven
geauce on the slave power, which had de
stroyed bfs peace; revenge on the men
who had murdered bis kindred and
friends. It is said that he took an awfui
ntti that whila life remained, his hand
should be raised against this power, and
i wi.ul.l war against it to the death.
Atchison Champion, v-fftl1
The first. thing the people of Kansas
heard of Old John Brown was in the
-ummer of 1855. A meeting of Ultra
Abolitionists was held at
Y., if we
recollect rightly? While
session Brown, who is a y frf of Essex
county, r.. i., appeared in that con.
vention and made very fiery speech,
during which be said he had four sons in
Kansas, and he had three others who
were desirous of going there, to aid in
fighting the battles of freedom. He
could not consent to go unless he could
go armed, and he would like to arm all
bis sons, but wait not able to do so. Fund:
were contributed upon the spot, princl
pally by Gebbit Smith.
The four sons had located on Potta
watamie creek, in Lykins county, and in
the fall of 1855 were joined by the father
and other brothers. When the Waka
rusa war was pending the old man and
four sons arrived in Lawrence, the balance
he reported sick. As they drove up in
front of the Free State Hotel they
were all standing in a small lumber
wagon. To each of their persons
was strapped a short heavy broad sword
Each was supplied with a goodly num
ber of fire arms, and navy revolvers, and
poles were standing endwise arouud the
wagon box with fixed bayonets pointin,
upwards. They looked really formidable
and were received with great eclat.
small military company was organized at
once, and the command was given to Old
Brown. From that hour he commenced
fomenting difficulties in camp, disregard
ing the commands of superior officers, and
trying to induce the men to go down to
Franklin and make an attack upon the
Pro-slavery forces encamped there. The
Committee of Public Safety were called
P011 several times
to head off his wild
ieoule of Lawrence lad
planted themselves on the law, claimin.
UeVadthey had not been guilty of its in
fraction, aud that no arm I body of men
suouia outer tne town tor any puroucc
whatever, and that they would not go out
of town to attack any such body. Peace
was established, and "Old Brown" retired
When the news of the threatened siege
of Lawrence reached Jobs Browx, Jr.,
who was a member of the Topeka Leg.
islature, he organized a company of about
sixty men and marched towards Liw
rence. Arriving at Palmyra he learned
of the sacking of the town, and the post
tion of the people. He reconnoitered for
a time iu the vicinity, but finally marched
back towards 0awatoniie. The night
before" rearhing that place, when only
few miles away, they camped for the
night. Old John Brown, who mu lilinauj
was with the party, singled out, with him
self, seven men. These he marched to
point eight miles above the mouth of
Pottawatamie creek, and called from thei
beds at theireerresidences, at th
hour of midnight, 041 teT24th of May,
Allen Wilkinson, Wm. Sherman, Wm,
P. Doyle, Wm. Doyle, and Drury Doyle.
All were found the next morning, by the
road side, or in the highway, some with
a gash in their heads and sides, and their
throats cut; others with their skulls split
open in two places, with holes in their
breasts, and hands cut off; and others had
holes through their breasts with their
fingers cut off. No man in Kansas has
pretended to deny that Old John Brown
led that murderous foray, which massacred
those men. Up to that period not hair
of Old John Brown's head, or that of any
of bis sons, had been injured by the Pro-
It was rot until the 30th of August,
three mouths after the Pottawatamie
massacre that the attack was made on
Osawatomie by the Pro-slavec forces
and Fbedesick Baowu, a. sorof Old
John, was killed.
The truth of history require this state-
men., u urown was a rn.yima.niac, 11
dates back anterior to Jiir; first visit to
OCT 1 he Democratic nominees for
Shawnee county, are, for the Council, P.
C Schutles, Esq., of Burlingame; for the
House, Xol C K. Hoixidat of Topeka,
aiid'N. P. CaSB of Auburn. ' '' "
' tST The post offices at Bogersvillc and
Green Top, iu Doniphan county, and
Unadilla in Pottawattamie county, have
The DexBocratio Stats
Pursuant to cal1, the delegate to the
Democratic State Convention met ia
Lawrence, at IfillerV Hall, at 10 A. M,
on Tuesday, the 25th' of October. The
Convention was called to order" by Jo.
P. Sloooh, of Leavenworth. Hon. G. H.
Faibchild was chosen President, and B.
P. Atebs, Secretary of the preliminary
The President, in pursuance of mo
tion to that effect, appointed a Committee
on credentials, of one from each council
district, who were instructed to report t
him the names of delegates prior to the
opening of the afternoon session, to ena
ble him to appoint Committee on per
manent organization. The Convention
adjourned till half past 1 P. M.
As soon as the Convention was called
to order, the Committee on credentials
made their report. They reported dele
gates present from the following counties:
Leavenworth, Atchison, Doniphan, Ne
maha, Jefferson, Jackson, Marshall, Ri
ley, Pottawattamie, Chase, Shawnee, Cof
fey, Wyandott, Johnson, Douglas, Frank
lin, Lykins, Linn, Anderson, Allen, Bour
bon, Dorn, McGee, Woodson and Wilson.
They recommended that the counties not
represented ia the Convention be repre
sented and their votes be cast by the del
egates from the counties in the same Sen,
Motions were made to amend the re
port by making the Democratic vote of
the State a basis for apportionment in fu
ture State or Territorial Conventions ; al
so, to amend that motion by making pop
ulation the basis of representation. These
motions were tabled, and the original re
The President then announced a Com
mittee on permanent organization, of one
from each Senatorial district, who were
also to report rules for the government of
the Convention and business for its ac
tion. The Convention then took a recess
for half an hour, to enable the Committee
to act. The delegates meanwhile went
into private caucus over the question of
At 3 P. M., the Couvention resumed its
The Committee on permanent organi
zation reported: For President, G. H.
Fairchild ; Vice Presidents one from
each Senatorial district; Secretaries, B.
P. Ayers, A. S. Deveuney, W. H. Gill, A.
Jones, S. Medary. Also, that the rules
of the Territorial Legislature be adopted
for the government of the Convention.
A he order of business was arranged as
follows : The election of Governor, Lieut.
Governor, Judges of the Supreme Court,
Attorney General, Auditor, Treasurer,
secretary of State, Superintendent of
Public Instruction, Congressman, and del
egates to the Charleston Convention. It
was recommended that the votes be cast
by counties and by ballot.
A. J. Isaacs, of Leavenworth, moved to
strike out that portion of the report refer-
ing to the election of delegates to the
Mr. Isaacs condemned the election of
such delegates as premature, as unbecom
ing Kansas, which was not yet a State, to
take the lead of the older States in send
ing delegates to that Convention. Because
the people had voted for the Constitution,
we should not therefore say to Congress,
accept it To nominate such delegates is
a virtual admission by the Democracy
that they desire admission. It was better
for the harmony and success of the Dem
ocratic party that Kansas should not be
admitted. He was unwilling to trammel
the party by outside issues, and hoped
that portion of the report would be strick
Au attempt to lay on the table Mr.
Isaacs' motion failed, and it was then put
and carried, the vote standing 35 for and
28 against tho motion.
The report as amended was then adop
It was moved that a Committee of
five be appointed by the chair to draft and
offer resolutions expressive of the political
sense of the Convention.
An umendment was offered to re-affirm
the Tecumseh platform, as re-adopted at
This was objected to as containing mat
ter now irrelevant to the political issues
of the day. The amendment, however,
was adopted, and the Tecumseh platform
re-affiruied as the political faith of the
The Convention proceeded to the nom
A motion to take the vote viva voce
failed. A. G. Otis and Wm. Stanly
were appointed tellers,
Mr. Henderson, of Linn county, nomi
nated for Governor, Gov. S. Medabt.SW
Douglas. Mr. Stanly nominated Hamp
tos B. Dexmax, Esq., of Leavenworth
Mr. Hawkins nominated C. K. Hoixidat,
ot bfiawnee. - .
Medary received 43 votes; Benman,
27: Hollidav. 10.
Gov. Medary'g nomination was declared
unanimous, and Committee appointed
to inform him of his nomination.
For Lieutenant Coventor, C. W. Blair
nominated G. A. Cbawvokd, of Bourbon,
Wm. McMath nominated Jso. P. Slwch.
of Leavenworth, when Mr. Blair with
drew Mr. Crawford's name. A. G. Otis
nominated Hampton B. Den man, but his
nam waa withdraws by the Leaven
worth delegation, as he was not candi
date for any other office than Governor.
He had declined the nomination for
Lieutenant Governor, before the ballot for
Governor, although assured that if he
would accept it ha would be nominated
- Jso. P. Slouou was nominated by ac
lamstinn, as the candidate for Lieutenant
Pending the nomination for Chief Jus
tice, Gov. Medart, attended by the C09.
mittee, entered the hall, and was received
with loud applause. He was introduced
to the audience by Mr. Davis, and re
turned his thanks to the Couvention for
the honor they had' conferred upon him,
substance as followA ' '- ' ,'
Mr. President mud Gentlemen of the Con
I have not word to express my grate
ful thanks to you for the honor you have
conferred upon me to-day an honor the
more grateful as it was given voluntarily
and without solicitation on my part. I
scarcely know how to address you on such
an occasion. It has not been many months
since I first made my appearance in the
beautiful Territory of Kansas. I came
with doubt as to my success in securing
peace, but with a determination and will
to perform my duty. I knew it was del
icate if not dangerous ground to tread
a poo. Tet when within less than a year
I find myself nominated for Governor n ri
der the State Constitution, it is more than
I could ask.
He characterized the Democratic party
as a party of age, experience,' of hon-r
and power. -
In accepting this nomination, and re
turning to you, gentlemen of the Conven
tion, my thanks for the honor vou have
conferred upon me, I will state that I ex
pect to pursue the same line of strict
duty in obedience to the laws, that has
characterized my course in Kansas. I do
not believe that men can do their duty
without adhering to the laws of their
country. I am doubly gratified at the
nomination, in view of the fact that I
found this Territory in a state of civil
war, and in less than a year, we find peace
everywhere, and prosperity starting up in
He referred to the escape of Brown and
other disturbers of the peace from the
Territory, and closed with saying that it
was not an appropriate occasion for mak
ing a political speech, but at some other
time he should avail himself of that priv
ilege, and returned again to the Conven
tion his thanks for the nomination. Three
hearty cheers were given for Gov. Me
Mr. Stisson having been nominated
for Supreme Judge, Mr. Isaacs stated
that the Leavenworth delegation had re
solved on asking for two offices and two
only. It had been said they wished the
lion's share of the nominations. This
was not true. One of the persons they
had sustained had been defeated. The
other they would nominate when the
time came, but they did not wish honors
and offices they did not a-k for thrust upon
them. Mr. Snriou's name was with
Hon. Joseph Williams, of Bourbon,
and Geo. W. Pdbkinb, Esq., of Leaven
worth, were put in nomination. The
ballot stood for Williams, 54 votes ; for
Purkins, 27 votes. Judge Williams, hav
ing a majority on the first ballot, was
unanimously declared the candidate for
The Convention, on motion, took a re
cess till 7 1-2 o'clock.
The question of a basis for apportion
ment was again called up and postponed
On motion of W. H. Gill, the nomina
tion of Associate Justices was suspended
till after the nomination of Congressman,
For Congress, G. A. Reynolds nominated
R. S Stevens, of Douglas. Mr. Hender
son, R. B. Mitchell, of Liun. J. T,
Price, John A. Ualdebman, of Leaven
The ballot stood
Halderman, 41; Mitchell, 35; Stevens,
Jno. A. Halderman, on the first ballot,
having received a majority of Aha votes
cast, his nomination was made unani
The order of business was further sus
pended, to complete the nomination of
State officers, prior to that of Associate
For Attorney General, the nominations
were W. D. Wood, of Doniphan; 0
Thurston, of Allen; and Geo. W. Mil
LER, of Lykins. -
The first ballot no choice, the vote
Thurston, 39; Wood, 21; Miller, 18
Thurston, 40; Wood, 24; Miller, 11.
Mr. Thurston was declared the nomi
nee, and his nomination was made unani
At this stage of the proceedings, Mr.
Halderman was introduced to the Con
vention and returned his thanks in a brief
and pertinent speech, pledging his earnest
efforts in ' behalf of the success of the
For Auditor, Joel K. Goodin, of Frank
lin, received 51 votes; C. R. Dbbuxq, of
Marshall, 25 votes.
For Treasurer, R. L. Pease, of Atchi
son, received 44 votes; Jakes E. Jones,
of Bourbon, 32 votes.
For Secretary of State, the first ballot
resulted iu no choice: A. P. Walker, of
Douglas, and John M. Giffen, of John
. . At
son, each bavTug 61 votes.
Mr. Walker wad elee'ed on the se
ballot, having 43 votes, and Mr. Giffen 34
J. S. McGill, of Marshall, was nomi
nated for Superintendent of Public In
struction by acclamation.
. R. B. Mitchell, of Linn, was nomi
nated by acclamation for Associate Jus
tice for the short term.
Samuel A. Stinson and H. Miles Moore,
of Leavenworth, were put in nomination
for Associate Justice for the long term.
On the first ballot, Stinson received 50
votes, Moore, 18. So Sam. A. Stinson
was declared the nominee for Associate
On motion of W. IL Gill, the Presi
dent was authorized to appoint a State
Central Committee of one from each Sen
atorial district, within the next ten days,
and to publish with the same the poet
office address of each member.
On motion, the Democratic vote cast at
tbe preceding general election was made
the bas:s ot apportionment Jor tuture
Mr. Hawkins,, of Shawnee, offered a
resolution, which was rulsd out of order
by the chair, and received with hisses and j
eries of "never," "never!"
Mr. Hawkins motion was to strike out
the first resolution of the Topeka plat
form, which was re-affirmed to-day, and
to insert tbe following:
ResnloecL That wa re-affirm the Cincin
nati platform as explained and understood
during tbe campaign of 1856, defined in
Buchanan's letter of acceptance and
more recently enunciated by Stephen A.
Douglas, the distinguished Senator from
Having thus refused to entertain any
thing favorable to Senator Douglas, and
having completed the business before tbe
Convention, it was, on motion, adjourned
tine die. '
JbrOd Brrali of Frmdom.
Tk lew Terk IndLiaa "Little Osafe."
Htatt, Kansas, Oct. 18, '59.
Mr. Editor. : In the Linn county Her
ald, just received, I find an article taken
from your paper, dated Panli, K. T., and
signed "Little Osage," in which reference
is made to my letter from Washington
city, dated August 3J, and an effort is
made to accuse me of doing injustice to
the New York Indians. If the writer of
that article will again read my letter, he
will find that I state that the returns of the
re-survey of the Osagt Indian lands in
Kansas, and also the survey of the north
ern boundary of Vie Clutrdket neutral lands,
had been received at the department, and
be will see that I also stated that the ob
ject of that survey was to give 320 acres
to each of the New York Indians who are
now upon the lands, under the provisions
of the treaties of 1838 and 1842, and to
segregate the residue of the reserve and
declare it public lauds. I then go on to
say, "as the Indians have made threats to
drive out thS settlers, Ac," I do not sag
the New Tork Indians ', for, when that let
ler was written, I did not know that there
was any trouble between the New York
Indians aud the settlers on the Little
Osage, and I never dreamed that less than
fifty New York Indians would threaten
to drive out thousands who are settled in
the four counties upon the New York In
dian lands ! ! ! But I did know that the
hundreds of Osage warriors, and other
tribes, had threatened to drive out the
settlers ou Walnut Creek, and that several
families had left and come up to Coffey
and Anderson counties. When I said
"the Indians," I had reference to the
threats of the Osages and others, and not
to the New York Indians, who, I believe.
have rights which should be protected.
If you will look at my letter you will find
that it alludes to a determination to do
justice to the Indian, and the settler also.
I believe that the New York Indians
should have all to which they are entitled
by the treaties made with the General
Government, and I am confident that
have done as much to obtain for them
their rights, as any other citizen of ; Kan
sas ; yet, at the same time, I do not be.
lieve that the General Government, for a
few Indians, should keep the inhabitants
of four counties in doubt as to their titles,
but that the Government, after doing jus
tice to the Iudian should let the settlers
have their rights, and both can be done
without interfering with the righto of each
other. I do not allow my desire to do justice
to tbe Indian aud settler in any way (1
"Little Osage" says,) to overbalance that
of public interest I believe that the pub
lic interest demands that the General
Government should arrange, as speedily
ss possible, with all the Indians in Kan
sas, give them their rights, aud then open
all the remainder of tbe Iudian reserva
tions for settlement, (nd this applies to
Indian lands in Kansas.), and th
benefit the Indian and open the country
tor internal improvements, such as roads
bridges and railroads ; and I do believ
that this will be retarded by White iau-
hawking or Indian threats, but will be
accomplished by a union of the Indian
and the white settlers, in efforts against
the speculators and in favor of an arnica.
ble settlement by treaty or act of Con
gresa, so as to obtain the object that we
In my letter I made no charge against
any Indians. I only stated a fact, "that
threats had been made," and by no fair
inference can it be construed that
charged the New York Indians with mak
ing those threats; on the contrary, th
threats came as I have stated, from an
other quarter. W. F. M. ARNY.
Judge Johnston at Fort Seen.
Fobt Scott, Oct 18, '59.
Dear Sib: The meeting here. Tester
day, was largely attended notwithstanding
tne inclemency of tbe weather. From
the fact that court had just closed it ses
sion, we feared that the attendance would
be slim, and were surprised to see a largi
ana enthusiastic gathering of the peopl
all anxious to hear from the Democratic
candidate for Delegate.
Col Holliday opened the meeting in
speech of about an hour, characterized by
masterly ability, and convincing logic,
showing bow completely Mr. Parrott had
failed in bis official career to secure to
Kansas any of her just claims upon the
He was followed by Judge Johnston in
a two hours' speech, in which tbe course
hi opponent, while in Congress, was
courteously but scathingly reviewed. Hi
anomalous and undecided position was
dwelt upon forcibly and pertinently, and
tbe 'modest assumption of Mr. P. that
bis position and influence were so iav
portent as to lead to a joint crusade against
him and the people he represented, by the
President, Senate, and head of Depart
ments, was treated with that caustic irony
tor which Judge Johnston is so remark.
He wound up with an eloquent illus
tration of the duties of a delegate as theaL.
agent and representative of the people,
transacting their business, and securing or
attempting to secure their right.
Several of the audience who, previous
ly, had been zealous Parrott men, came
out warmly for Judge Johnston, after
listening to his dignified and conclusive
arguments, and are now doing all they can
for our candidate.
The Herald or Freedom is extensive-
circulated throughout this region of
country and is doing good service for the
Judge "Hang out the banner, on the
outer wall the cry is, still they come."
CfT On'ocr first page will be (bund the
detail of news from Harper's Ferry, Ya.,
relative to Brown' attempt at negro in
surrection. Wear indebted, chiefly, to
the Leavenwoith Herald for the dispatch
es which we have clipped from it col
To the Voters of the Fifth Judicial District
Fellow-Citizens or the Fifth Judi
cial District : At the earnest solicita
tion of a number of gentlemen, members
of the Bar and others, without distinction
of party, I have consented to become an
ndependent candidate for Judge of this
district; and, in doing so, I have but few
words to say, as I have for many years
doubted the propriety of a candidate for
a judicial position, stumping the country
for office and appealing to party friends
and party prejudices for his support
No fact has been plainer, than that par
tisan feeling is most dangerous and bane
ful when it invade the domain of tbe
Judiciary. When party strife runs high,
and political favors are conferred upon
rerons who have been most forward in
advancing the interests of tbeir respective
parties, a party nomination is understood
to be a reward for those services on the
"Tie hand, and a pledge on the other, that
tbe position shall be used for partisan ben
efit. Laws will be construed and legal
principles twisted from their proper bear
ing, so that party interests may be sub
served. .Such is the inevitable tendency
of involving the Judiciary in the heat and
broil of party politics, interfering with the
impartial weighing of the merits of cases
for adjudication, and with unswerving ad.
herence to the law and the testimony.
The Judiciary is the safeguard of the
(HMiple against hasty, ill-advised or cor
rupt legislation the tribunal to which the
most lowly may appeal for the protection
of their rights, without suffering from the
peril of partiality or favor. The Judge
should therefore owe his election to the
people and not to party. He should not
hare even the weight of a party nomina.
tion, or exclusive party support brought
to bear upon him after his election, but be
perfectly free to decide every question
that may come before him, without first
calculating its effect upon his political
friends. He should ignore politics before
91 well as after election, and base his
claims for support upon his ability, learn
ing, integrity and fitness for the position
to which he aspires.
Such, my fellow-citizens, is my frank
and out-spoken opinion in reference to an
elective J udiciary. Deprecating, as I do,
the prostitution of that office as a reward
for party favors, and protesting against
entering upon a contest for it, through the
usu il doubtful routine of packed party
caucusses, I present my name to you for
your suffrages, and shall thank you for
your support, irrespective of your political
predilections. It is scarcely necessary to
add that, if elected, I shall, to the best of
my ability, labor to serve the interests of
the whole people, and administer justice
with promptness and impartiality.
To those who are unacquainted with met
personally, I will state that it is now near
ly five years since I located in Kanspj,
and during that time I have devoted my
self exclusively to the practice of my pro
fession with what success, I leave to the
citizens of Lawrence (among whom I
have resided,) to say.
fa' Ot Ilfrald of rviom.
Bcrlinoame, Oct. 14tb, 1859.
Mb. Editob : There areln my mind a
few queries relating to the Wyandott
Constitution in connection with the west
ern Territory cut off by that instrument,
that I should like to have answered.
First, It is reported that there is three
or four thousand majority against the Con
stitution in the Rocky Mountain region ;
what Constitution is this they have re
jected, their own or ours ?
Second, If they have not voted on our
Constitution, had tbey uot a clear right
to do so ? Had wa any legal right to
frame a constitution cutting off that dis
trict, and by so doing, cut it off from a
vote on the same ? It strikes me we had
no such power. It is still an integral por
tion of the whole, und had a right to be
heard through the ballot-box on this, aa
well as all other questions.
If their late election was on the adop
tion or rejection of a constitution designed
for a new State, and it proves true that it
was rejected by the large vote named, ia
it not tantamount to a vote against our
Constitution ? I think it is. Is it not
fair presumption that they would hav:
shown the same opposition to having
their district cut off ? If they have been
denied the right to vote on the Wyandott
Constitution, will it not be a sufficieut
reason for Congress to reject it ? It ap
pears to me it will, and that the act will be
justified by the country at large.
And now word as to the policy of the
Senate in this matter. May not that body
reason in this way : If we accept that in.
strument with it present boundaries, we
cut off a populous district, and oua that
hf fast increasing in numbers, so much so
that before the close of the present long
sess.oa it will have time and will most
undoubtedly do so to frame a constitu
tion and apply for admission before the
end of the session with the requisite pop
ulation, and we should be obliged to re
ceive tbem, thna adding six fZSTin 'the
coming Presidential contest
I think they will take the responsibility
of rejecting the present instrument, and
ought to do to, in my opinion, for the rea
sons nsmd above, if no other. Truly
l"ye-ura. - - . J '
OCT The last number of the Conneaut-
ville. Pa., Courier, a Republican newspa
per, published.on the day of election in
that State, givesirjrcatiouc.-that jaen
not worthy of office are sometimes put up
by parties for the support of the people in
that region. It says : i
"Now-a-days, with a large portion of
community, conscience and duty are ig
nored, and he who can best serve a few
aspiring individuals, or command a moo.-
ied influence, i tbe one most likely to
succeed, as a people we ignore our rights,
and prostitute our manhood and indepen
dence to secpre the election of partisans
who, in many instances, are as destitute
. . . . -
of principle and character as they are of
conscience and common sense. Not till
oar officers are chosen for their fitness and
capability alone, will the b-dlot-box be
come what it was designed to be the
bulwark of civil and religious liberty." .
C3r The Raw tribe, at present, number
1,035,200 lew than last year.
The preliminary examination of il..
prisoners commenced this morning before
the Magistrate's Court. At half past tea
o'clock the Sheriff was directed to bring
in mo prisoueia, wuu woio conuueted
from the jail under a guard of eighty
armed men. 1 A guard was also stationed
around the Court House, and bayonets are
bristling on ail side.
Chas. G. Harding, Attorney for the
county, is assisted by Andrew Hunter
counsel for the commonwealth.
The prisoner were brought iu Gen.
Brown and E. Coppie being manacled to!
ether. Brown aeemed weak and hag
gard, with hia eyes swollen from the effect
of the wounds on his bead. Coppie i,
uninjured. - Stevens seemed less injured
than Brown, but looked haggard aud de
pressed. There are a number of wounds
on the head of each. John Copeland is a
bright mulatto, about 25 years of age.
Green is a dark mulatto, and about 30
years of age. s
Sheriff Campbell read the commitment.
Tbe prisoners were charged with treason
and murder. Mr. Harding, Ststes Attor.
ney, asked that the court might assign
counsel for the prisoners if tbey had nue.
The court inquired Tf the prisoners had
cune, when Brown addressed the court
as follow :
"I did not ask for any quarters when I
was taken I did not ask to have my life
spared. The Governor of the State of
Virginia tendered me his assurance that I
should have a fair trial, and under no cir
cumstances whatever will I be able to at
tend to a trial.
"If you seek my blood, you have it any
moment without the mockery of a trial
I have had no counsel ; I have not been
able to advise with one. I know nothing
about the feelings of my fellow-prisoners,
and I am unable to attend, in any way, to
my own defense. My memory don't
serve me, and my health is insufficient,
although improving. There are mitigat
iug circumstaoces, if an impartial trial 's
to be allowed, that I would urge in our
favor ; but if we are to be forced with a
mere form of a trial to execution, you
might spare yourselves that trouble. I
am ready for my fate I don't ask a trial
I beg for no mercy of a trial, no insult
nothing but that which conscience gives
cowardice would drive you to practice I
ask to be excused from the mockery of a
trial I do not know what the design of
this examination is ; I do not see what is
to be the benefit of it to the Common
wealth. I have now little to ask other
than that I be not foolishly insulted as
cowardly barbarians insult those who fall
into their power."
The court assigned Chas. J. Faulkner
and Lawson Botts as counsel for tho pris
oners. After consulting the prisoners Hr.
F. addressed the court, stating that he de
nied the right of the power used by the
court in assigning counsel for the prison
ers, and that he could not, under any cir
cumstauces, enter upon tbe defense of
these prisoners on this short notice, as it
would indeed be a mockery of justice.
Mr. Botts said that he did not feel it
his duty to decline the appointment of
Aa Indian Sate.
We have, at different times, heard ru
mors to the effect that civilized Indians
of Kansas, were endeavoring to nrike a
treaty with tbe Cherokee, whereby the
whole of these scattering tribes should be
consolidated with that Nation, and that
then they should apply for admission into
the Union as a State.
The Cherokees have loug been consid
ering the question of their admission as a
State, but a uuiou of the Kansas tribes
with them, has but lately been mooted.
It certainly would be very beneficial to
the Indians themselves, as tbeir present
position in Kansas is anything but a de
sirable one; and we believe that it would
bo equally advantageous to the United
States. The expense of agents annui
tiesand of protecting them from en
croachments by while settlers is at pres
ent very heavy, and in the event of their
combining under one bead, and a common
government, this would be very consid
erably diminished. Tbe fertile and val
uable reserves, now held by the Wyan
dotts, Delaware, Shawnees and other
tribes, would then be thrown open to set
tlement, and would add greatly to the
wealth and prosperity of the future State
of Kansas. Millions of acres of the very
finest lands in this Territory are now ly
ing idle, affording nothing but hunting
ground for the lay savages, who squan
der their annuities in gambling, or for
whiskey. Their residence here will al
ways be a dead weight on Kansas, and a
source of annoyance to themselves. Fort
' We understand that our fellew towns
man, Mr. John P. Hattersheidt,ha nearly
completed the splendid Bridge at tbe
above place across the Wakarusa. The
road from Kansas City to Lawrence, will
run through this flourishing little town.
Eudora wa laid out by a company of
Germans from Chicago, and bids fair to be
a considerable business point The bridge
is 174 feet long, one of Howe's. Trestle
Bridges, and reflect much credit uuon
tbe builder. Wa were surprised to learn
that the town contains about 150 houses.
snd has a mayor, in the person of Mr. T.
lienor, it has a good sawmill with
plenty of timber near at hand. Leaven
Th survey of the northern boundary
line of Kansas, as completed, shows the
tout longtn or tne line from tbe Missouri
river to tbe summit of the Rocky Moun
tain to be five hundred and fifty-four
miles. Distance in the Mountains, twenty-five
mile. The line run parallel with,
and very near tbe Republican, Dearly the
whole distance, the surveying party hav
ing to camp but a single eight without
wood and water. Lea . Herald.
Brack nridfe Oomntr.
The Republican nominee of Brecken-
ridge county are,
For Representative. SteDhen G. Elliott:
Probate Judge, A. J. Mitchell: Reiristrv
of Deeds, J. R. Swallow: Treasurer. R.
W. Stevenson: Sheriff. Elisha Goddard:
Connty Clerk, Robert Parham, Jr.; Coun
ty Attorney, 8. L. Keuyoo ; Coroner, R.
W. Cloud; County Surveyor, H. 8. Sleep-
er; Bupt of Schools. Leroy Cranda I.
We learn that the strength of th
military force now stationed at point
west of us, are at Fort Riley, four com
panies of Dragoon, and two of Infantry:
at Fort Kearney, three of Infantry, and
two of Dragoons, with expected addition
soon at both place. There are over two
thousand horse now in tbe Government
stables at Fort Riley. Kansas City Jour
nal. Free RaUflows Meenac. '
The "Society of Religious Progress"
will bold it weekly meeting at 7 o'clock
next Sunday evening, October 30th, in
Liberty Hall, over Stearns' store.
Question for examination, "What is the
true idea of the Christian Church 7" All
persons present will be permitted to take
part in the discussion. The public are
invited to attend.
ti7 J. L. McDowell, of Leavenworth,
is the Republican nominee for the Coun
cil for that county. .-f - -.