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; ryrr. .0 II il II i 1 J ' i 17 111 EI .. II I: ' j S.-. . ....-- - ' ... : -"-:' ', :t: ; . - - - ....-.... . .. -. . . ...,. T . ; . .. . - " Terras Tiro Dollars Per AnnHTn-In Advance. "TltUTH CUCSBED TO EARTH SHALL RISE AGAIX." A Family Newspaper-Independent on All Snbjects. . " i . . . . . ; : ' ' - BY G W. BROWN & CO V LAWRENCE, KANSAS; DECEMBER 10, 1859. NUMBER 21--VOLUME 5. i I f?ocfrtj. A SUr Lining to nnj Clool T KLIZ4 COOK. The poetor priest who told on thi. Served mankind in tiic holiest war: K, rit lit up the earth with the Jtarof b'isa That beacon the auul with cheerful raj. Too oft we wanderdmpairinx and blind, llrrathinx our nwlesi murmura aloud. But 'ti kiuder to bid iifwk and find "A nilver lining to every cloud." Jlur we not walk to the dinele ground When noth u but Autumn'a dead leave are een. But searching beneath them, and peeping around Are the youiu aprinc tufta of blue and green. Ti- a beautiful eje that ever pereeirea The prerene or Oo.i in Mortalityacrmat. ip saving erl that thtuki and heReTes " fhire a stiver lining to even cloud." Let uslookclorcly before we condemn HuKhei that bear not bloom nor fruit, There mar not be beauty in leave or mem. Hut virtue may dwoll far d.wn at the root; And let us beware how wo utterh spurn. Brother that seem all cold and proud If their bo jom were opened, perctiaooe wemight learn "There's a silver lining to every cloud." Let us not east out Mercy and Truth, When Ouiljis before ns in ehainaand shame, " hen 1 assion and V irtue have cankered youth. And Age lives on with a branded name: fe.,inctunig of good may still be there, 1 hough its voice may never be heard aloud; tor while black with the vapors of pestilentair, "lucre s a silver lining to every cloud," Sad are the sorrows that ortcntimea come. Heavy and dull and blighting and chill. Shutting the light from our heart and home, Marring our hopes aud defying our will; But let us not sink beneath that woe, 'l is well porohaiice we are tried aud bowed, tut be sure, though we may not often see it bdtow, "There's a silver lining to every oloud." And when stern Death, with skeleton hand, lias snatched the flower that grew in our breast. Do we nut think of a fairer land, brtf"" 'US' Br fuu,Kl ou1 the wer Ob! the hope of the unknown Futuref prines In its purest strength o'er theootBn and sbroud. The shadow 13 dense, but Faith's spirit-voioe There's a silver lining to every cloud." A True Slorr. BY BAYARD 1AILOB, Ou the 15th of Octohr, 1856, a celebra tion of a peculiar character was held in a m,Ul village near Jena. It was an occa ion of a entirely local nature, and might have passed over unobserved and un known to all, except the immediate vicin ity, but for iu connection with the battle which fifty years and one day before, an nihilated the iwer of Prussia. An ac count of it, however, was published in m.ist of the German neWsp.iptr-', and by this circumatatree, the sequel of the story I am about to relate was brought on. At the time tb celebnition took place. I was re- .irom tlie spotnd received the story al Inost in the vvrf words of the chief actor in it. I am sorry that his name and that of the village, have escaped my memory. Another particulars made too deep an impression upon me to be easily forgot ten. j We ianst first go back to the 14th of October,Tl806. On that day the windy uplands nteheast of Jena witnessed the brief but Terjible combat, which resulted in the triumphhnt entry of the French army into BefRo eleven days afterward, durinft which time Prussia had lost 60,000 men, 65 standards, and G00 cftiinon. A portion of the French army was encamp ed on the battlefield, or quartered in the village around. The poor inhabitants, overwhelmed by this sudden avalanche of rar upon their quiet fields where fur a hundred years or more they had reaped their harvest in peace submitted in helpless apathy while their houses and barns were plundered bv thn IfIp diery. The battle was over, but there was no mil in tna blast or rum. Through the clouds of cannon smoke which settled into the bosom of the deep valleys as the Taw October evenino ramn n warn h4 in all directions shrieks of fear, yells of rage or tnumpn, ana cries or pain or lam enlation. Davoust the "Btitchr nf Ilnmluint as the Germans called him took up his Quarters in nnn of thn mnct nn..r:n.t 1 - - " tuvav WUVCUICUV and comfortable houses which tvmld be louna in tne neighborhood of the scene of thn ftlniielirAr ' flat ... :n :... j orders for the Tfisposition of the forces under his command, gave directions for me morrow, ana received reports from his adjutants. He had taken his ctoak and Vraa about retiring to an inner Mom for re pose, when an officer entered. "Pardon me, general," h said, "but there is a case which requires attention. The Ger man Myri? must be taught to respect us. iu souiier oi uompany of the Fourth Infantrv selves in the village of Waldorf let tie nay; uar e oeen anven away ay tbe people, ' and two or th rn a m Boto-AMt Davoust's cold ye glittered, and his uuustacao enmsa iiKe tbe lip of a mastia, s he twtwerl, and halted a' moment at the doof of the bed-room. "Send a lieuten ant anil tHMnls -v, n .1 :i, - uiou tu iuo village, pica out ten of the vagabonds, and shoot them down! " was the brief order. "Wr, i. Waldorf?" he added turning to one of those useful creataros who are alwava wining to act as gmdea and intorpretera in meir own land. "Thera is. wilUoa .iu it.,. -tt.i dorf wh iiee near the had of a small vality to the left; Middle Waldorf is on tbe other side of the hill, and Lower Wal dorf about half an hoar's distance be yond." ' The marshal not p.arirur tn nnnnv liim self bv mora minuta inniiiriint. VAiit in bed. If ten men were shot, that was emucienr. The next rh(Wtn of eiinpi'u T iann ani Uamotte with twenty men marched uo iramplett bills to seed Waldorf. It was a disagreeablo business, and the , sooner it was over, th better. On reach- inz a nde whlk l t..j v. . .f tiou of two or three valleys, more than . ona vilUo. .... : , , ., ... . . , 7" vuaoie toroun tne com log now becinnino ..: urt..: irr.i y rf inquired the officer of the man "n aa impressed by the way Mas," answered th man tvt. rfor,- pointing to a village on the left . . Auii m tifteen minutes more the Frenchman marched into the little hamlet . . Haltino-in . , ..! v- " ' ''.t.- lb fKnd the tW0 Princ'Pl beerhouses, ... euuimonea tne lnnabinnts to gether. The whole village was already wake, for few had slept during the night Their ears were still stunned by the thun ders of yesterday, and visions of burning and pillage still danced before their eyes. At the command of the lieutenant, the soldiers seized all the male inhabitant', and forcibly placed them in line before him. The women and children waited near in terrible anxiety, for no one under stood the words which were spoken, and these ominous preparations led them to imagine the worst ' ' At this juncture, the son of the village pastor appeared upon the scene. He was a young man of twenty, who was study ing theology in order to becorao his fa ther's successor, and fortunately had some knowledge of French. The appearance of things, without (he cries and entreaties of the terrified people, told him that his help was wanted. He irumed i:telv ail. dressed binrsetf ltL!ntiatrtr'LiMT)o, ' and begged for an explanation of the pro ceedings. "I am ordered to punish this village," answered the latter, "for your treatment of our soldiers last night The marshal or ders that ten of you must be Bhot The only thing that I can do is, to allow you to draw lots among yourselves, or to point out those concerned in the outrage." "But," continued the young man. "your general has been misinformed. Ko French soldiers have visited our village before you. We have truly been in great fear and anxiety the whole night; but the val ley is deep and the village is partly con cealed from view by the woods on the side. There are, also, the villages of Middle and Lower Waldorf, which lie further down in the open valley. You can soon satisfy yourself, sir, that this village is entiioly innocent; and I entreat you not to shed the blood of our harmless people." "There is no time for investigation," said the officer. "I was ordered to pro ceed to Waldorf, and I am guided hither. I will wait till you make yonr choice of ten to be sacrificed, but have no author ity to do more." By this time the people had learned the fate in store for them. The women with tears and appealing gestures crowded around the officer, begging him to spare their sons and husbands ; the men stood silent with bloodless faces and dnmb, imploring eyes. The scene was evidently painful, both to the officer and the sold iers, accustomed as they were to the un merciful code of war. They were anxious to put an end to it and leave ; but the clergyman's son, inspired with the belief, that the fate of ten men rested on his ef forts, continued to urge his plea with a zeal and eloquence that would not be set aside. Lieut Lamotte struggled awhile between bis sense of duty and bis natural humiuity, while the young advocate ap pealed to his conscience and to tho obed ience which ho owed to a higher com mander than Bavoust. Finally he con sented to Wait while a sergeant was dis patched to head quarters, accompanied by A few lines, hastily penciled, stated the tacts in the case and asked for further instructions. , Meanwhile, the inhabitants waited in a state of suspense scarcely to bo endured. Lieutenant JLamotte, who, a a thorough Frenchman, soon wearied of a painful emotion, and shaking it off at the risk of appearing heartless, said : "The morning is keen, aud a walk before sunriae does u't diminish the appetite can you give us some refreshments from your bidden sup plies:- At a wora irora tne oung man, many of the women brought together the 1 coffee they had prepared for their own breakfast, with black bread, mugs of beer, and a small cheese or two, sufficient for a rough meal, of which the soldiers partook with the usual laughing comments on "la cuisine Allemanda." The -company of victims looked on in silence, and more than one muttered gloomily : "We are feeding oiir executioners," "Even if that should bo true," said the young man, "it is but doing as Christ has taught us. Whether or not we obtain Christian charity from these men, let us, at least show them that we are Christians." This rebuke had its effect. A few of the men assisted in entertaining the sol diers, and the latter with their facility of rratermzation soon made themselves at home. As the stomach fills, the heart also enlarges, and the men began to say among themselves r "It is a pity that these men should be shot by mistake." It was not long before the sergeant and his guide arrived. The former handed the lieutenant a note, which he hastily tore open, and read. "Waste no time in parley. It is indifferent which village is punisbod; an example must be made. Do your duty and return intantly." So ran the pitiless answer. "Choose yonr menl" f&id the lieuten ant rising to his feet and grinding his teetn to Keep down his faltering heart, But now tho lamentations broke out afresh. The women clung around the men that were dear to them, and many of the lat ter overcome by the general distress, ot tered loud cries and prayers for mertv. Tbe young man knelt down in front of them, saying to the officer t "I do not kneel to you; but 1 will pray to God that He will remove the sin of slaughter from your soul." As the officer met his earnest eyes, full of a subdued calmness and courage, his own suddenly filled with tears. He turn ed to bis men who stood drawa up in line before him, bat no word was spoken. Their hands were In their proper places, according to drill regulations; and there were drops on many cheeks which they could not wipe away. There wan a e'.ieht question in his eye a, s!lht answer in their. The former turned hurriedly, beckoned the young man to him, and whispered in an agitated voicet "My friend, I will save yoa by strata gem. Choose ton of your most courage ous men, place them in aline before me, and ' t will order them shot through the head." At the instant I give the order to fire, they must fall to the ground; my Soldiers will aim high, and no one will be injured; as soon as the volley is fired I will give the order to march; but so one must stir from, his place till wo are out of 8ight.w ... ;, ...j , ., ..These words were, instantly translated to the people, but so great .was their panie that no one oflered to move. The pastor's son then took his place, alone, in the va cant space before the line of soldiers. "I offer myself," said he "as one trusting fn God that we shall all be saved; aud I call upon those of you who have the hearts of men in yonr bodies to stand beside me." Toung Conard, a sturdy farmer, and bnt newly a bridegroom, joined him casting as he did so a single encouraging look upon his future wife, who turned deadly pale but spake not a word. One by one, as men who have resolved to face death for the most of them had but a trembling half confidence in their escape eight others walked ont and took their places in line. The women shuddered, and hid their eyes; the men looked steadily on in tbe fascination of terror; and. the little children in awed but ignorant curiosity. The place was as silent as if devoid of life. Ajjain the lieutenant surveyed his men, "Take aim!" he commanded. He con tinued "aim at their beads, that your work may be well done!" But though his voice was clear and strong, and the tenor of his words not to be mistaken, a clairvovant flash of hidden meaning ran down the line, and the men understood 0,-ro. Th -fwrTi Then. iina-JjvB JasVctBai rnTTn th tcrnnA whirl, intpr. vened between tbe word and tho ringing volley the ten' men were already falling. The crack of the muskets and the sound of their bodies were simultaneous With out pausing an instant the lieutenant cried: "Plight about wheel!" "Forward!" and the measured trampof the soldiers rang down tbe narrow village street The women uncovered their eyes and gazed. There lay the ten men, motion less and apparently lifeless. With wild cries they gathered aronnd them; but ere thoir exclamations of despair had turned into those of joy, the last of the soldiers had disappeared in the wood. Then fol lowed weeping embraces, as all arose from the ground, laughter, and sobs of hyster ical joy. The pastor's son, uncovered bis head and knelt down; while all reverent ly followed his example, uttered an elo quent prayer of thanksgiving for their merciful deliverance. What this young man had done was not suffered to go unrewarded. A bless ing rested upon bis labors and his life. In the course of time he became a clergy man, filling for a while his father's place for the people he had saved, but was afterwards led to a wider and more ambi tious sphere. He was called to Leipzig, received the degree of Doctor of Divinity, and finally became known throughout Germany as the founder of the Oustav AtUtyh Verein (Gustavus Adolphus Union) which has for its object the dissemination of Protestant principles by means of vol untary contributions, in some resperits it resembles the Home Missions of our coun try. Many churches, built by this asso ciation, are bow scattered throughout the United States. . The, inhabitants of Waldorf never for got their pastor, nor he them. He came back from time to time to spend a few days in the quiet little village of his youth, where the most eventful crisis of his life was passed. Ia 1830, three out of the ten psendo victims of Davoust were still living in their old homes, and the people bethought them that the semi-centennial anniversary ui (uu-Jian event deserved a Snecial cele bration, Dr. , of Leipzig (formerly the pastor's son) was invited to be with them. He came he would have come from the ends of the earth and after a solemn religious service iu the churrch proceeded to the very spot on which he had stood and faced the French muskets, and there related to the children and grahdchildfen Of those he had saved, the narrative which I have here given in less moving and eloquent words. Those who were present described the Bcene as singu larly iropresiVe and affecting. The thi't'c old men sat near him as he spoke; and the emotions of that hour of trial were so vividly reproduced in their minds that, at the close, they laughed and wept a! they had done on the same day fifty years before. Iu conclusion, the speaker referred to the officer whose humane stratagem had preserved their lives. "Since that day," said he, I have never heard of him. I didnoteven learn his name; but he is ever remembered in my prayers. Most probably he died a soldier's death on one of the many fields of death that inter vened between Jena and Waterloo; but if ho should be living, it would f'heer hiy lasti aays on eann u i coma reaca mm with a single word of gratitude." in toe same year tnere uvea, and, no doubt still is living, in Lyons an invali ded and pensioned Captain of tbe Napo leonic wars. After a life 0,f, vicissitudes: be found himself in his eld age, alone, forgotten, poor. Men no better and bra ver than he had achieved distinction by some lucky chance; fortune had come to others, and others had begotten children to cheer and vitalise their declining days. Him the world had passed bv, and for Tears he had been living a quiet silent; pinched Mfej bfr the aid of his scanty pen sion. His naily resort was a cafe, where he coold see and read the principal Euro pean journals, and perhaps measure the changed politics of the present time by the experience of his past lift. 'One day in November, 1856, he entered tbe cafe as usual, took his accustomed seat as he was woKt to do, and picaed up the neafesl paper. It happened to be the Augsburg Allgemeine Zeitnng; bnt he had spent some years in Germany, and understood the language tolerably. His attention was attracted by a letter dated J ena. ' "Jena! " he thinks"! waS ttera too ; wnat is going on thuw bijfr? ' H reads a little ftirtuer: "Celebration at Wal aorf. Waldorf! The name is familiar; where have I heard it?" "As he cn!h- nes his perusal, the old captain's excite ment, 50 unusual a circumstance, attracts the attention of all the other habihtei of the cafe. , ?Gran4 2tn, Pavo'ist Vval. dorf the ten ben the pastor's son" Did I dream such a thing, or is this the same?" Forgotten for. years and years, effaced by a hundred other military ad ventures, overlaid and lost in the crowded stores of a soldier's memory, the scene came to light again. The' pastor's son still lived, still remembered,' and thanked th e preserver of his native village! Many a long year had passed since such a glow warme 1 the chambers of the old man's heart. i i., t . l0 ,-.. v That evening he wrote to Dr. , in Leipzig. He was ill, and but a few months distant from his last hour; but the sol dier's letter seemed like ' providential answer to his prayers, and brightened the flickering close of his life. A manly and affectionate correspondence was carried on between the two while the latter lived. The circumstance became public, and the deed was officially recognized in a way most flattering to the pride of Capt -La-motto. The Grand Duke of Saxe Wei mar and the King of Saxony conferred upon him the orders of their respective nousits, wnicb were followed soon after ward.-! by the cross of the Legion of Hosor from Louis Napoleon, and an increase of nia pecjuos, wwcft assured turn ease and comfort the rest of his life. A transla tion of the doctor's narrative, published in the French papers drew attention tJ him, and he was no longer a neglected frequenter of the cafe, lie was known and honored, even without bis three orders. "Cast thy bread upon the waters, and I thorLshalt find it again after many days." as Brown's Invasion Cook's Confession, f I became acquainted with Capt John Brown in his camp on Middle creek, Kansas Territory, just after the battle of Black Jack, and was with him in said camp until it was broken np and his com pany disbanded, bv Col Bumner. of the the convention at iopeKa, wnicu was nem on toe 4tn ot J uiy. isot. i next met him some days afterward in Law rence. Did not see him again until the fall of 1857, when 1 met him at the house of E. B. Whitman, about four miles fro in Lawrence, K. T., which t think was about the 1st of November following. 1 -was told that he intended to organize a com pany for the purpose of putting a stop to the aggressions of the pro-slavery men. t agreed to join him, and was asked if I kntw of any other young men who were perfectly reliable, whom I thought would join also. I recommended Richard Bealf, L. F. Parsons and R. J. Hinton. I re ceived a note on the next Sunday morn ing, while at breakfast in the Whitney House, from Capt. Brown, requesting me to come up that day, and to bring Realf, Parsons and Hinton with me. Realf and Hinton were not In town, and therefore 1 could not extend to them the invitation. Parsons and myself went, and had a long talk with Capt Brown. A few days afterward t received anoth er note from Capt. Brown, which read, as near as 1 can recollect, as follows : "Date . "Capt. Cook: Dear Sir: You will please get everything ready to join me at Topeka by Monday night next Come to Mrs. Sheridan's, two miles south of To peka, and bring your arms, ammunition, clothing and other articles you may re quire. BriDg Parsons with you if he can get ready in time. Please keep very quiet about the matter, "Yours, &c, JOHN BROWN." I made all my arrangements for start ing at the time appointed. Parsons, Realf and Hinton could not get ready. I left them at Lawrence, and started in a car riage for Topeka. Stopped at the hotel over night, and left early the next room ing for Mrs. Sheridan'.-!, to meet Capt. Brown. Staid a day and a half at Mrs. S.'s then left for Topekaj at which place we were joined by Stephens, Moffet and Kagi. Left Topeka for Nebraska City, aud camped at night on the prairie north- east of Topeka. Here; for the first time, I learned thai we were to leave Kansas to I bljne, regular meetings were held at Bar attend a military school during tne Wtn-. to? hottd, where Wk were stopping, by ter. It was the intention of the party to go to Ashtabula county, Ohio. Next morning I was sent back to Lawrence to get a draft of $80 cashed, and to get Parsons, ltealf and Hinton to go back with me. I got the draft cashed. Capt. Brown had given me orders to take the boat to St. Joseph, M ., and stage from there to Tabor, Iowa, where he would re main for a few days. I had to wait for ltealf for three or four days ; Hinton could not leave at that time. I started with Realf acd Parsons on a stage for Leaven worth. The boats had stopped running on account of the ice; Staid one day in Leavenworth, and then left for Weston, where we took stage for St Joseph, and from then.ee to labor, 1 found C. P. Tidd and Jieeman at 1 abort Our party now consisted of Capt John Brown, Owen Brown, A. D. Stephens, Chas. Moffet, C. P. Tidd, Richard Robertson, Col. Richard Realf, L. F. Parsons, Wm. Leeman and myself. We stopped some days at Ta bor, making preparations to start.- Bert we found that Captain Brown't ultimate destination was the Sfateaf Virginia. Some warm wOrds passed between him and myself in regard to the plan, which I had supposed was to be confined to Kansas and Missouri. Realf and Parsons were of the same opinion with me. After a good deal of wrangling, we consented to go on. as we had hot the meant to return, and the refit of the patty were So ftniious' that we should go with them. At Tabor we procured teams for the transportation of about 200 Sharp's rifles, which had oeen tanen on as tar as Tabor, one year Deiore,ac wmcn place they nad been left, awaiting the orderof Capt. Brown. There were; also;, other .Stores; consisting of blan ketsj clothing, boots, ammunition, and about 200 revolvers of the Massachusetts Arms patent all of which, we transported across the State of Iowa to Springdale, and from there to Liberty, at which place they were shipped for Ashtabula county, Ohio; where they wmained till brought to Chambersljurg, Pa and . Were from there transported to a house in Washing U n county, Md., which Capt Brown had rented for six months, and which wa situated about five miles from Harper's Ferry. ' It was the ibtention of Capt Brpwn to sell bis teams in . Springdale, and wiii the hro.-eeds to cb on with the res of tlie EoSpany to some place in Ash tabula' county, Ohio, where" we were to have a good military Instructor during the winter t bnt he was disappointed ia the saie. , As he could not get cash for the teams, it was decided we should remain in the neighborhood of Springdale; and that oiir Instructor, Col. H. Forbea, should be sent on.. We stopped in Pedee, Iowa, over winter, at Mr. Maxson's, where we pursued a course of military studies. Col. H. Forbes and Capt. Brown had 'some words, and he (Col F.) did not come on ; consequently, A. D. -Stephens -as onr drill master.. .The people of the neigh borhood did not know of our purpose. We remained at Pedee till about tne mid dle of April, when we left for Chatham, Canada,- via Chicago and Detroit We staid about two weeks in Chatham some of the party staid six or. seven weeks. We left Chatham for Cleveland, and re mained there until late- in June. Io the mea itime, Capt Brown went east en eas iness, but previous to his departure he had learned that CoL Forbes had betrayed his plans to some extent : This, together with the scantiness of his funds, induced him to delay the commencement of his work, and was the means, for the time beicr. of disbanding the party, lie had also . received some information which called for his immediate attention in Kan sas.'! wished to go with him, bnt he said that I was too well known there, and re quested me and some others to go to Har per's Ferry, Vs., to see how things were there, and to gafn-informs tlm." -While we were in Chatham be called a conven- tii.'tte purpose of which was to taake a (-,'Ar.l and thorough orsanization. He issued a written circular, which he sent to r,..,., -- v ver.ois persons in the United States and CtaaJa. The circular, as near as I can rerollect, read as follows "CnATHAM, May , 1858. .-Mr. : Dear Sir: Ve have is sued a call for a very quiet convention at this nlace. to which we shall be happy to sea any true friends of freedom, and to Iwhii jg'va wmcoyou are most earnestly luvneu iu arour attendance. lours, respect Yours, JkS ihe names were left blank, I do not jiw tp -whom they were sent though I whiie'Te verat"bf the5 lit ""TWTiWrwai"" ever, that one was sent to Frederick Douglas, and I think Gerrit Smith also received one. Who the others were sent to I do not know. Neither Douglas or Smith attended the convention. I sup pose some twenty-five or thirty of these circulars were sent, but as they were di rected by Capt. Brown, or J. H. Kagi, 1 do not know the names of the parties to whom they were addressed. I do know, however, that they were sent to none save those whom Capt. Brown knew to be radical Abolitionists. I think it was about ten days from the time the circu lars were sent that the convention met The place of meeting was in one of the negro churches in Chatham. The con vention, I think, was called to order by J. H. Kagi. Its object was then stated which was to complete a thorough organ ization, and the formation of a constitu tion. The first business was to elect a President and Secretary. Elder Monroe, a colored minister, was elected President and J. IL Kagi, Secretary. The next business was to form a constitution. Capt. Brown had already drawn np one, which, on motion, was read by the Secre tary. On morion it was ordered that each article of the constitution be taken up and separately amended and passed, which was done. On motion, the constitution was then adopted as a whole. The next business was to nominate a' Commander-in-Chief, Secretary of War, and Secreta ry of State. Capt. John Brown was unan imously elected Commander-in-Chief; J. H. Kagi, Secretary of War, and Richard Realf, Secretary of State. Elder Monroe was to act as President until another was chosen. A. M. Chapman, I think, was to act as Vice President. Doctor M. K. De laney was one of the Corresponding Sec retaries of the organization. There were some others from the United States, whose names I do not now remember. Most of the delegates to the convention were from Canada. After the constitu tion was adopted, the members took their oath to support it It was then signed by all present. During the interval between the call tor tne convention ana us assem tbose who were known to be trtio'to the cause, at which meetings plans were laid and discussed. There were no white men at the convention, save the members of our company. Men and money had both been promised from .Chatham and other parts of Canada. When the convention broke up, news was received that Col. U. Forbes, who had joined the movement had given information to the government. This, of course, delated the time of at tack. A day or two afterward, most of our party took the boat to Cleveland John H. Kagi, Richard Realf, Wm. H. Leeman, Richard Robertson and Capt Biown, remaining. Capt B., however, started in a day or two for the East Ka gi, I think, went to some other town in Canada; to set up the type and to get the constitution printed, which he completed before he returned to Cleveland. We re mained in Cleveland for some weeks, at which place, for the time being, the com paov disbanded. Capt Brown had the pm of the insurrection in contemplation for several vears--in fact, told me tJtat it had heen Ms chief aitn of his life to carry out and accomplish the abolition of slavery. In his trip East he did not realize the amount of money that he exported. The money had been promised bona fide, but owing to the tightness of tne money mar ket they failed to comply with his de mands. , Tbe funds, were necessary to the accomplishment of his b'.anS. I afterward learned that there was a lack of confi dence in the success of his scheme. It was, therefore, necessary that a move ment should be made in another direc tion, to demonstrate the practicability of bis plan. This he made about a year agoi bv his Invasion of JUiesoan: and tne taking of about a dozen slaves, together with horses, cattle, dec, into Kansas, in defiance of the United States marshal and his posse. From Kansas he took them to Canada via Iowa City and Cleve land. At the latter place he remained some days, and, t think, disposed of his horses there. It seems that the United States marshal was afraid to arrest him, and this was all that was wantiag to give coennence to the wavering in tne praeu- j (ability of his p'ah and its ultimate suc cess. . Jae came to Jlarpqr's ferry about the last of Jpnet though I did cbt iee him till late in July, or the early part of Au gust, when we met on Shenandoah street Harper's Ferry; opposite T barney's store. 1 do not know who were his aiders or abettors, tut have heard him mention in connection .with it the names of Gerrit Smith; of New Xork. Howe, or, Boston, and Sanborn and Thaddeos Hyatt, of New York city. What connection, and how far connected with his plan I do not know, but I know he wrote a letter a few weeks previous to his attack to a gen tleman in Boston, which read, as near as I can recollect, as follows : i "Datb "Gestlkiss : I have got nearly all my machines on, and shall be ready to start them in a few days,- unless prevent ed by a special Providence. Lvervtnmg is working welL I shall want all the funds yon promised me in a few days. "Youra, truly, . CALM & STILL." In the meantime, the men who had en gaged to go with him had most of them arrived at Chambersbnrg, Pa., and been sent to the place which he had rented in Washington county, Md., about five miles from Harper's Ferry The greater part of the men kept out of sight during the day, for fear of attracting attention. I be arms. munitions, etc., were carted from Ubam bersburg to his rendezvous. The spear heads and eoards came in strong boxes, and the shafts passed for fork handles. They were put together by our own men, at the house where most of them were fonnd. Letters of importance came to the Chambersbnrspost oflSee,-n4 were sent by some of onr own party to head- quarters. The letters of minor impor tance came to the Ferry to J. Smith & Sons. All allusions to onr business were made in such a blind way that they would not have been understood by any outside parties, even should they have been miscarried. The attack was made sooner than it was intended, owing to some friends in Boston writing a letter, finding fault with the management of Capt. B., and what to them seemed his unnecessary delay and expense. . I do not know who those persons were, and how far they were cognizant of his (Capt B.'s) plans. But I do know that Dr. Howe gave Capt Brown a breech-load ing carbine and a paij o muzzle-loading its!' all t)f iK)VenitBetrfnTaHrarptf Washington,. .opposite the Thev were left either at the house of , V ... . ... 1 f I Capt. Brown, or at the school house, where most of the arms were conveyed. At what time and for what purpose they were given to Capt B., I do not know. It was supposed that Col. Hugh Forbes was dead. I was told by Capt Brown that when on East he had been told by Thaddeus Hyatt of New York, that some of the negroes at that place bad informed him (Hvatt) that Forbes had "gone up," a phrase which Capt. B., and the rest of onr company, understood to mean tnat ne bad been killed. I do not think that Forbes had any cognizance of our plans from Ihe time of our leaving Pedee, a year ano last April. Previous to his quarrel with Capt Brown, we considered that he would hold a place next to Brown in command. I do not know the pres ent whereabouts of Luke F. Parsons or Charles Moffet. Tho last I heard of Par sons was through Capt Brown, who in formed me that Parsons had started lor Pike's Peak, and that he (Brown) thought he would be pretty tolerably peaked be fore he got there. A short time before the attack on Harper's Ferry, Capt. Brown requested me to find out in some way, without creating suspicion, the number of male slaves at or near the roads leading to the Ferry, for a distance of eight or ten miles, and to make such memoranda that- it would be unintelligible to others but in such a manner that I could make it plain to him and the rest of the com pany. He gave me two dollars to pay my expenses witn. . J. tooK tne roaa from Harper's Ferry to Charlestown, un der tbe plea of eainms statistics tor a work to be published by John Henri, and to decide a wager between him and Mr. Smith. I did not go on any other road. A few days after this Capt. Brown sent his wagon over by his son Oliver and Jer emiah Anderson, to bring my wife and myself to his house. They gave me a note from him, which, as near as 1 can recollect, read as follows: "Mb. Cook: Dear Sir: Yon will please get everything ready to come with your wife to my house this morning. My wason will wait for you. 1 snail taKe your wife to Chambersburg, ana snail start early to-morrow morning. Be as expeditious as possible. Be very careful not to say or do anything which will awaken any suspicion. ion cau say your wife is going to make a visit to some friends of her's in the cottntry, Be very careful that you do not let any of our plans leas out. "Yours, etc., J. smith." ' My wife and myself accordingly left Harper's Ferry that night, accompanied by Oliver Brown and Jeremiah Anderson, for Capt. Brown's house, in Washington county, Md. The next day, arter dinner, captain a. and his son Watson, together with my wife and child, started for Cbambersburg. When Captain B. returned, he told me that he had got her a boarding place in Chambersbnrg, at Mrs. Ritterer's, and that she liked her boarding place very well, There were some six or setfen In onr party who did not know anything of onr constitution, and, as I have since under stood, were also ignorant of the plan of operations until the bunday morning pre vious to the att.tck. Among this number were Edwin Coppic, Barclay toppic, Francis J. Merriara, Shields Green, John Copeland and Leary. The constitution was read to them by A. D. Stephens, and the oath afterward administered by Capt Brown. tWe omit Cooke's account of the fight at the Ferry, as it doci iidt differ materi ally from accounts published already. I see from some of the newspapers that I have been represented as Capt. lirown's chief aid. This is incorrect Kagi was second in command. Stephens third. HaZ- litt fourth. Further than this; 1 do not know that Capt Brown had made known any preference as to superiority of rank. Edward Coppie and Dolphin Thomas were the only lieutenants he commission ed. Owen Brown, Barclay, Coppic and J ,i -: : im were not at the Ferry dur ing .1 iine the attack was made, but re mained, oy ofdif of Capt B. to take V. t L. nMmtaaa mrA l imahl f V fl arms left at Brown's house, in case of an attack. I do not know of any person in the Ferry or iu neighborhood, who knew of oar plan; save onr own party, and they were pledged td keep It iectet Richard Realf, one of our original paf ty, and our Secretory of State, came from Chatham to Cleveland, a few days before Capt Brown's arrival from the East Soon after his arrival, he (Cart B.) sent Realf to New York city, at which place ne em barked for England; fot the purpose of carrying out the plans of Capt Brown. Realf was born and raised in England. Si peasant's son. but his native tal ents brought him into the notice of some of the nobility, who took charge of him and made arrangement w give mm uu isbed education. He was taken into the family of Lady Noel Byron, where he made his home while pursuing his studies. Falling in love with a young lady of noble birth, who was a relative of Lady Byron's, ha was censured by Lady B. for his pre- snmotion. He became offended at her interference, and finally left Lady B., to work his own way in the world. About this time, the Chartist movement was made, which Realf joined, and the result was he was obliged to seek safety by em izratine to America. - He made his home some years in New York. city. A part of the time he was there, he was engaged as assistant superintendent of the Five Points Mission. He is well known as an anthor and a poet He gave np his situation-as assistant superintendent, and went to Kansas in the rummer or fall of 1856, first met him in Lawrence, Kansas. No word was received from him, to my knowledge, after he left for England, to which place he went in Lis own capacity and that of oar secretary of state,, to so licit funds for the support of onr organi zation. He proposed to deliver a course of lectures in various parts of England, and the net proceeds of which were to be given to carry ont Capt Brown's plan. lie is a man of rare talents, and a power ful and fluent speaker. He is about 28 years of age. Mr. Kagi, 1 believe, got a letter from some one in England a few months ago, stating that Realf had sailed for this country, and that he had got quite a sum of money with him ; but further than that, we have been nnable to find any trace of him. Capt. Brown and the rest of our company who knew him, think that he is dead. At the time Mr. A!tadtt was taken, I was not at bis house, but in the carnage 1 T J . . 1. : . 1 .. A I uuuee. x uu nut luma. uuy arm ""'"i placed in the hands of the slaves till they arrived at the musket armory. I did not see any of the spears on our way from the lerry to Col. Washington's there were none taken out to my knowledge. After stopping about half an hour at the engine house to get warm, I was called out by Capt Brown, and then saw, for the first time, tbe slaves with spears in their hands. I do not know who gave them the spears, but it was some of our party, probably by the order of Capt Brown. The negro who was with me on Mon day evening, when I left the school house for the Ferry, was armed with a double barreled shot gun, and I think a revo'ving pistol of the Massachusetts arms manu facture. Who delivered the arras tohim I do not know. He was under my control till I sent him back to report to Tidd that the troops were coming up. lie obeyed oraers wane wim me. TJ . I iiraa nmmiaainnnr1 oa anrai n nn thn I Sunday of the insurrection, at the same A nen vuuiuiiodiuuvv sau tm vpHs vu time the others were, and with them took the oath prescribed in article 48 in the Constitution. n t l.f 1 : I Iowa, in the spring, as did Stewart Taylor. Test, JU11.N E. UUUH. For th Herald of Freedom. Letters from A. M. Boras. IIackbebrt Grove, Big Blue River,) Riley Co., Kansas, Nov. 19, '59. G. W. Brown, Esq. : Although yon have only employed me as a "local cor respondent," to give you the "news," as you termed it, of this region, yet in the absence of interesting local matter, I pre sume that any information which will be beneficial to your readers in a pecuniary point of view, will be acceptable to you. Since I came to Kansas, I have en deavored to obtain the tame grape vine, and out of several hundred grape vine "cuttings," sent to me from the East by express and by mail, I have only three living vines. My failure I have attrib uted to the distance they have been sent the rough usage they received, and being dried on their arrival, they did not take root The principal knowledge I possess of the cultivation of the grape vine, is not from experience, although I have had some in the East but derived from books and agricultural papers. I have formed the opinion that our soil is not of sucn a nature as is well adapted to the propaga tion of the vine from "cuttings," but when they take root they grow exceedingly well on onr soil. As soon as one vine takes root, it is then an easy matter to multiply vines by "layers," which is bringing down a branch , ,i, ; t. ii, from the main vine, laying it on the ground, and covering it, m this country, to the depth of four or five inches, (three will do in the Eastern States,) leaving the end and all the small laterals sticking . , , ... ., . out of the surface of the sotL This, if done in June or July, gives a root the next fall where there was a bud. Every root then being separated from the parent vine, will produce a grape vine. This process is rather too tardy, as it requires about four years before the grape is ob tained. In order to ascertain where I could obtain "roots," one, two or three years old; I examined all the newspapers I could get printed in Kansas, to see if any nursery man- naa aavenisca grape vines, with the variety and price, and whether he would send them by mail ; bnt I could not find any such advertise ment. 1 then wrote to Joseph Harris, Esq., editor of the Genesee Farmer, pub lished at Rochester, N. Y., for the low sum of fifty cents per annum, or five cop ies for two dollars, and which should be taken by every farmer in Kansas. Mr, Harris handed Ovef tny letter to Messrs, Charles P. Bissell and Josiah Salter, who nawnred mv nuestions bv a private let- ... j-.-j t..i okik ifjr.o rh in. ver, uou ., y , formed me that tney sent, dj mt, strawberry plants, blackberry, raspberry, trnngeberrv. as well as erape vines." They -i -aa.a . n nnm. Mnnnt .nri as large plants by mail as we can by ex press, because they refuse to receive very large parcels at our office." To me the above was important infor mation, and believing it may be of great benefit to many of your readers, I have given it to them. Messrs. Bissell 8c Salt er's nnrsery is at Rochester, N. Y. They have seventy-three varieties of grape t farmMntne valley- The vines. A catalogue of the vines and ,ettler at the present time will possess in prices, sent by mail, can be obtained of finite advantages over the pioneers that Messrs. B.& 8., by writing to them. other, do as they please, I will send for some two year old grape vines next spring. I am afraid that ou 'farmers are neg- lectin g to plant fruit trees as they should. It is said there are plenty of fruit trees in Kansas for sale ; at least some short ad vertisements ssy so. Bnt why cannot the nnrsery men Keep a standing advertise ment, with a list of the different varieties, the age of the tree, the price per dozen, Asa In riwranl tn this matter. I sneak not r. .if w ,- of tv.rsr.na IV! IUIiU VMS aw awwa-vw -- They save a penny by not informing the people what kind of fruit trees they have for sale, and thereby loose a dollar. Truly yours. A.M. BURN3. Mashattas, Riley County, Kansas,) Nov. 21st 1859. J , G. W. Bbowjt, Esq. : On Friday night, Nov. 11th, snow, the first this season, fell -to the depth of two or three inches, but on wondav it naa aisappearea. xne weather since then has been very pleas ant Saturday night was extremely co)d, . as you can readily imagine, when I say that out of two litters of pigs, numbering twenty-seven, twenty-three were frozen. The prairies having been on fire on the . Republican and Smoky Hill rivers, and on branches tributary thereto, has caused the grass to disappear, and with it the great indigenous monster ei mm puuna, ..... . ,t ? the Bisons Americana. The Buffalo is now distant somewhere near 130 miles from Fort Riley. , The Manhattan bridge is thing that . never has been, is not now, but soon will be ; at least it is so said. Sealed propo- , Bals are to be received for its construction. ' It is, I learn, to be built across the Big , Blue river, at the east end of Poynts Avenue. Of the benefit the bndge will be to the country, I need not speak. The horse thieves have not ceased to appropriate other peoples' horses, in a different manner than what the owners desire. A horse was stolen, a few nights ago, from some person whose name I did not te(.-n iivin -'thin a mile of Man -r . V ; M- UdllttU, kj 1 Hi 1 Ikl VUDUVW URItUIC UVVU LTV or ! petratea auring tne summer in mil re gion, they liuve exasperated our people g0 much that very little mercy will be .hnwn tl-o rrrmtrotnr nf ttiA rrimn If " t - " ' once arrested, and every exertion will be made to obtain his person. If he should be unmercifully "horse whipped," and. driven from the country, he would not be the first man in this region who Las met with similar punishment It is time that J udge Lynch's court in this region. should hand over all such perpetrators to Judge Rush Elmore's care, in whose . hands it is altogether likely that more impartial justice would be allotted, both to the Territory and the offender. The Western Land Office has been re moved from Ogden to Junction City. The officers, S. B. Garrett Esq., Register, and Hon. Finley Patterson, Receiver, so far as I can learn, render universal satis faction. The office is in a more central situation for the entry of unoffered land. The Manhattan Institute, which has, during the short nights of the past sum mer, been suspended, has again opened its doors, where those possessing the re quisite abilities are enabled to astonish themselves and instruct the rest of man kind. It is believed that this "Institute" numbers among its members some intelli gent and learned men, and I suppose, as is generally the case, each member ia well aware that he possesses at least some ability. Truly yours, A. M. BURNS. Th JUoabo Valley. There has been mnch said, in a modest way. by tne press ot bout nem rkansas. concerning the beauty, fertility, and the general agricultural resources of the M eo- sho Valley. The early settlers of this va hae extended liberal and truthful jnucemenU to their friends in the "States" to migrate hither to settle and cultivate this land or rare attractions and f5ch Promi8?- Hence large, intelligent, and industrious population have become ..,,. ...i -nitiv.tor. of onr aniL arij are also variously engaged in the de- velopment of its resources in tbe prima- ry pursuits of manufacturing peculiar to a new country. The trade of southern Kansas, most of which is conducted upon the cash principle, is already immense especially when we take into account that only two years since, scarcely any goods were sold Irom store-nouses in tne wnoie valley, with the single exception of Coun cil Grove, an old Indian and Mexican Trading Post This trade is not only increasing rapiuijr, um ucwiuiug iuoi diversified among all the departments of merchandise. The prosperity of tbe farming interests in this part of southern Kansas is doubt less without a parallel in the history of the settlement of tbe great wesk Al most every settler has not only secured a good farm, more or less improved, but has acquired a competency lor present sup port The crops of the present year, which are mostly secured, indicate a pro ductiveness of the staple article of agri culture, with only a moderate amonnt of labor, rarely equaled in tbe most highly cumvaveu uuniuua ut iuo v"iu vi iu.ua sippi valleys. mineral resources of our immedi u limited to the article of eoa which is fonnd in rich and conven- I ient deposits on tbe banks of the Neosho, Cottonwood end their tributaries. The quality is being daily tested by our "Smiths," who rind it suitable for all work required in this country. Timber land is now offering on the Neosho for from ten to fifteen dollars per acre, a small quantity of which, used with prop er care and pro tec tea irom nre, win sup ply each farmer with all the fuel and fencing his necessities require. An ex cellent article of rock,, suitable for build- t J -Ti-rw-taeM mtl Yis tnvmA ,t Txorbit rates. jRX. everT necessary advantage can be afford- ed the emigrant Dy tne setuer at cneap rates until he can raise a crop and place himself npon the independent level wita his pioneer neighbor. As a stock: -raising country, mo vaij which we have mentioned stand unrival ed. 'Stock grows with extraordinary thrift, and fatten easily they suffer but little in comparison with the stock of more northern or sontnern iaiuuai I tn arti-amM of heat or cold. Jrrnit trees ow luxuriantly, and will soon oe pro- d " UIKUIO, , , w - ... tics which we have collected, and will j w nv aoma tacts ana ravut- give to the pnblie in further support or onr remarks in a future issue. Amman Sentinel.