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IT. BBtnid EIUr. LAWRENCE, KANSAS. I1TDED1T MORNING, DEC. 17, 1859. TEKMS.SS.ee FEB AHJfCM.IH ASVANCr. era kalltk Prcvtk FoaaJe'eria-kUaulBtaia Caaw't ky aartr, ui aakrikcd kj (! rMili katte Tratk. te Llkwtj mm Law, He mtTerewajeaa,saeareaeksUewa. T Daaaerifcera. (X) When the term for which snbeeribers re ceiving their papers by nail or at the Poit-ofBoe it out or nearly so, we convey the intelligence br a arose at the and of their name like the one at the commencement of tbia notice. This will give all a fair opportunity to know when their time U op, and stirve as an invitation to renew their subscriptions. JO Extra copies of the ITtratd of Frrtdcrm at ap in wrappers for mailing, if desired, eaa be had at the Oflioe. Price. Five Cents each. FOB PRESIDENT IX 160. SALMON P. CHASE, Of Ohio. FOB TICK PRESIDENT, NATHANIEL P. BANKS, Of Massachusetts. Subject to the decision of the Republi can National Convention. The Mmrtyr-Boll of tha Freaeat The nltra men of the North say of John Brown : "He has fallen a martyr to Free dom." Freedom has had her martyrs, of whom Elijah P. Lovejot, who fell at Alton, de fending the freedom of the press, is a worthy example. He fell in maintenance of his right to speak the truth on free soil. Whatever John Brown may have been engaged in previously as a means of achieving the triumph of free principles, that cannot be construed as casting any luster on his last enterprise, unless it is proven a legitimate sequence of the de fence of free principles. His avowed ob ject, and that of his associates, was to set on foot a slave insurrection. Is that a legitimate sequence of the advocacy of . . , , . freepr.nc.ples? If so, then insurrection is one of the noble and Heaven-ordained means of advancing the freedom of the j African race one which abolitionists can advocate, good citizens commend, and Christians laud its active promoters as men worthy of being enshrined as better than Washington, and equal to Jesus Christ; and the gallows of John Brown as honored as the cross of Jesus ! No sane man pretends that insurrection is the legitimate fruit of the anti-slavery goepel. Had John Brown taken his life in his hand, and gone into the slave States, preaching to slaveholders and pro-slavery men anti-slavery truth as Rev. John G. Fee and Cabsius M. Clat have done, and then had fallen a victim to violence for that cause, he would have been worthy of enrollment in the martyr-roll of to-day. Professedly believing in the ultimate tri umph of truth, he showed his disbelief, in eschewing peaceful measures, and pro claiming "War to the knife and the knife to the hilt." Apparently a very saint doing lip service aa a "follower of the meek and lowly Jesus," he preferred his own cunning and the strength of his right arm to the power either of God or his truth. In his case Christ's words were ful filled "Ho that taketh the sword shall perish by the sword" a fate which Christ evidently considered neither very martyr like nor exemplary a course which met his emphatic condemnation. Had John Brown been a believer in the atheism and wild revolutionary dogmas of the French Revolution, his course would have had the merit of consistency. Had he succeeded in his late attempt, and written his name in blood as did Robespierre, and Danton, and Murat,he would have been enrolled on the same martyr-list with theirs, by the zealots and anarchists of future centuries but now, while conservative men shudder at his fate, and Christians regret that he did not believe in the truth he professed; while they may drop a silent tear over the calmness with which he met his doom; while they may grant him to be sincere but mistaken in his motives, neither sub jecting them to rigid analyses, nor cal culating their tendencies they cannot award him a place on the martyr-roll of the future, by the side of an Algernon Sidket of the past, or an Elijah P. Love jot of the present century. - John Brown's insurrectionary attempt was a failure the less lionized the better. It was in violation of the brotherhood of man of the law of love of the princi ples enunciated by Christ hence it fails in every essential attribute of Christian martyrdom. The act was the result more especially of the intense power of concen- tration in the mental character of John Brown. Whether he was a large-brained man or not, it must be admitted that he possessed a terrible power of concentrat ing whatever of mental strength he had upon an isolated object Hence, he could and did hate with the most diabolical ha tred the slave-power and its minions ; his whole soul concentrated itself upon evolv ing the most startling, terrible and com prehensive form of expressing that hatred; lie aaw himself only in the light of a ter rible avenger for the woes of the oppressed African forecast, calculation of the le gitimate results of his course, testing his t".js in the light of prudence and reason, or weighing them in the scales of even- bscded justice all were banished by the fiend-spirit which possessed him. At its bidding, the victims of the Pottawattamie massacre fell a Southern insurrection - was planned, and the death of Crews in Missouri was another mile-stone of pro gress set in blood the Harper's Ferry enterprise, entered upon aa the beginning of a war of races, more bloody and terrible than the world has yet witnessed, he cherished as the grand consummation of . vengeance his concentration of character - pictured it as an ocean-wave, colossal in size and resistless in strength it dashed upon the beetling cliffs, and spent its force . in vain. ' As if with a sadden rebound, - bis ruling attribute of character manifested itself at once in stoic tsdnraooe of w bal ever fata might befall him. Vengeance had given way to reaolaU defiance or stoical pluck. Fearful that the visit of hia wife might unman him by concen trating the strength of hia soul upon the affectional element of bit nature, he for bade her to visit him, till the die of life and death was forever cast. So John Brown is lionized to-day, not for the benevolence of his motives or the wisdom of his plans in the matter at Harper's Ferry, or any beneficent results which would legitimately flow from an insurrection, but simply because he could keep in abeyance conscience, remorse and affection, while his whole soul was cen tered tr thawing pluck. He was plucky, "The gamest man I ever saw," said Wise, but this by no means makes him a mar tyr, unless it be the highest type of mauly excellence, of Christian faith, and martyr- like heroism, to be the embodiment b pluck. Pluck is not unknown in the an nals of crime. Dr. Webster, of Boston, the murderer of Dr. Parkman, was plucky. The devotees of duelling can furnish us innumerable examples of the coolness with which a wrong has been resented and death met in obedience to the code of honor. If, therefore, men who reck lessly stake their lives on a single throw, and meet the loss of life with pluck, are to be sainted as martyr-heroes, and end less pan egyric be expended upon them, the martyr-roll will n-ed to be extended to an almost endless lengnth, the doctrines of ham an brotherhood to be recast, and the Gospel of Love give way to the new Evangel of Pluck 1 Mr. Lowtt's Statement "I remarked to Mr. Brown that there bad been a different versnn given to his Kansas exploits by the Herald op Fbee dom from that which his friends gave, and ventured the opinion that his reputa tion demanded au explanation. He re plied that he understood my allusion, but that I was mistaken in supposing that it needed any refutation from him. Time and the honest verdict of posterity," said be, "will approve of every act of mine to prevent slavery from being established in Kansas. Inevershedthebloodof a fellow man except in self-defence or in promotion of ariffhtAmia cans" He snnk a in ind in nant terms of the editor of the Hebald of Freedom, characterizing him as selfish, !"Djt. revengeful, mercenary, untruthful and corrupt." I remarked that I regret- ted t0 hear him of Q w Br60wn in such terms, as he was an old acouaint- ance of mine, and had been trusted and respected. His answer was: "Mr. Lowry" you are mistaken if you suppose that any tbing that fjeorge hasmngton Brown could say can tarnish tne character of John Brown." The above extract is from the letter of Mobbow B. Lowbt, Esq., of Erie, Pa, who visited Old John Brown in prison, at Charleston, Va., a few days only before his death. We have been acquainted with Mr. Lowry since the summer of 1834 and find his name on our list of subscri bers at this time. His statement, we believe is entitled to the fullest credence, Mr. Lowry called Old John Brown's attention to our articles charging him with being the leader of the party which massacred the five men on Pottawata mie creek, in May, 185G. Brown replied that he understood the allusion, but Mr. Lowry was mistaken if he thought the charge of murder made against him need ed any refutation. Brown did not deny his convection with that affair, and as a truthful man, which we believe he was, he could not do it. He simply said: "Time and the honest verdict of posterity will approve of every act of mine to pre vent slavery from being established in Kansas. I never shed the blood of a fel low man except in self defence, or in PRO MOTION OF A RIGHTEOUS CAUSE." In all our articles upon this subject, we have not said but Old John Brown could have defended himself before the coun try for that massacre. Our only desire was to put the truth on record, and we have done so. Every word we have stated is simply true and that whether denied by one man or ten thousand, and so we will undertake to prove at any time, in any place, and no person who is ac quainted with the facts, uuless an acces sory before or after the fact, dare deny it. That John Brown had not a favorable opinion of us is very true. We looked upou him as an unsafe man, dangerous to the peace of the community, and did not hesitate to say so. When he made his descent upon Missouri we denounced it in unmeasured terms. All of Old John Brown's indorse sustained him in that act. It was but natural, then, that he and they should be denunciatory of us for what we said of him. Redpath, Hinton, Bill Eutchinson, arc., were indorsers of this policy in Kansas, and defenders of his raid upon Virginia, and they are but following their own instincts when writing and speaking against us. "George Washington Brown," though his name is written in italics, or emblaz oned in capitals, values the truth as high ly as does any sympathizer with the in surrectionary movement of Old John Brown in Virginia. He, too, is just as much devoted to the cause of freedom, and be lieves he has submitted to greater sacri fices than any of them to advance that cause. The difference : he is a PEACE man from principle, and would do noth ing which he believes would conflict with that position,unlesa strictly in self-defence; whilst they have favored inroads into distant States with which they were in compact, and labored to get up insurrec tions, the effect of which was to involve the country in bloodshed and strife. Dis- nnionists at heart, they are laboring every where to sow the seeds of disunion, and involve the country in contention and discord. OCT The Lawrence Float case has been decided it Washington, by the Secretary of the Interior. The decision of the Com missioner of Indian Affairs has been re versed, and the float located more in ac cordance with the original survey. The patent will be soou issued and our titles perfected. f7 The Lawrence Lyceum, new en terpise among the young men of this city, holds its next regular meeting at Liberty Hall, over C. Stearns' store, next Wednes day evening. The question for discus sion : "Is oar Union in immediate danger of being dissolved," : Jarreaile Reforms tlom. j Reform schools have been established in many of the States for the reformation of juvenile offenders. Coincident with them has been the scheme of Chas. L. Brace and others, to send the outcast children of cities to homes in the country a plan worked out by the Children's Aid Society of New York. The two schemes have merit, and just now the family scheme of Mr. Brace seems in the ascendant. The recent burning of the buildings of the Reform School of Wor cester, Mass., and an attempt to fire an other house of refuge, by boys who were inmates of the establishment, have awak ened inquiry as to the actual results of such enterprises. Congregating large numbers of youth ful criminals together is economic, pecu niarily, but not morally. It does not give sufficient intimacy between the young and their superintendents to create a strong bond of sympathy, which will enable the strong will and pure soul of the teacher or guardian, if we may so call him, to check the evil tendencies and develop the latent good traits of character in ill-developed offspring of selfish, brutal, vicious, or debased parents. A few officers can never come into so close intimacy and sympathy with four or five hundred chil dren as with a lesser number. They can neither read their character so closely or take advantage of the periods in the lives of bad children, as well as bad men, when the better elements of tbeircbaracter struggle for mastery over e vil,and strength en those aspirations and lead the soul ont of bondage to evil propensities ; nor can they impress upon their pupils their own excellence of character. They may gov ern, but cannot develop them. They can make them obedient to the regimen of such an institution, bnt not self-reliant and strong-willed, to meet and overcome the temptations to which they are ex posed after leaving reformatory schools. ' The family system adopted at Hamburg by Herr Wichern, is simply to divide up the children into familiea of 12 or 15, liv ing in separate small houses, under the care of a superintendent, who is called an "elder brother." The children eat, sleep and study together in this little house in close companionship with the superin tendent, working, if possible, under his charge. Hia kindly individual influence softens and changes the harshness and vi ciousness of the pupils, and they soon ac quire an ambition to equal the "elder brother" in goodness, thus making appa rent the results of well-regulated family discipline. The Mettray School in France is also conducted on the family system, the fami lies consisting in each case of a chief, sub chief and fifty boys. In 1856 this insti tution or colony numbered 681 boys, be sides being a training school for masters. Its success has given rise to no less than thirty-five private and seventeen govern ment institutions formed on its model. The leading principle of the Mettray school is the elaborate use of the passion of emulation. No stone walls or other similar appliances are used, but the loca tion is in a pleasant county and on a fer tile estate. The colony is divided into thirteen families, each having a separate house, which is built on a uniform plan, containing two stories, the lower fitted up as workshops, the upper as dining room and sleeping room. Two of the boys are elected every three months as assistants to the chief and sub-chief, by the boys whose names are enrolled on a list, com prising those who have given no occasion for punishment in that time. After re maining in the school about four years, situations are found for the boys, in the employment of farmers and tradesmen in the various parts of France, these employ ers becoming patrons of the boys entrust ed to them, and taking personal interest in their behalf. Every six months a re port is made by the patrons, from which a list is made out and suspended in the large school room of the colony, stating the standing of the youths who have left. Red Hill School in England is the off spring of Mettray, and conducted to a con siderable extent on the same plan. It has shown as a result of its training a rescue of 70 per cent of those committed. Met tray has shown a rescue of 89 per cent of the children , who became its inmates. This system of family government will doubtless do better in America than in Europe, for it gives a greater scope to the individualistic element so prominent in the character of Americana. The Children's Aid Society, after course of preparatory training sends its beneficiaries into Christian families, to be adopted as members, and to grow in good' ness from the constant influence exerted by a well-regulated household. What its statistical results have been we have not yet learned. The most potent cause of failure will undoubtedly be found in the difference between the actual life of Chris tians and their professions, which gives rise to more infidelity than any other cause, and should it be practically felt by the erring offspring of ignorant and vicious parents, the project of the Children's Aid Society must faiL Nothing but benevo lence, love, integrity, as shown by actual life, will save these juvenile offenders from their own evil tendencies, and transform them into useful members of society. Train will Oat. A professedly Anti-Slavery meeting was held in this city, on Friday evening, the 16th inst. At that meeting a resolution wss passed, by a lore majority of two. exculpating "Old John Brown" from "cruelty" in the murder of the five men on Pottawattamie creek, on the night of May 24th, 1856. . The substance of their resolution is the assertion that the calling of five men from their residences, at the hour of midnight, the cutting off their hands, splitting open their heads, and run ning broad swor Is through their breasts is not "cruelty." Very well we shall take no exceptions to their posi tion. Our point was that Old John Brown was the "leader of that murderous foray." As they have virtually admitted it in that resolution we are content to let the subject rest. f5 Texas has abolished the office of State printer, and the work is to be let out to the lowest bidder. Endorsed sr a FaUia Maettof. When we first attempted to eorrect the statement of the Republican press, in re-, gard to Old John Brown, from one end of. the country to the other came the cry that onr assertions were false ; that we were in the pay of a Democratic administration, and our statements were manufactured to order and published for their benefit. Every whiffet in the ranks of the party was snapping and snarling at the Hebalb or Freedom and its editor, for these false statements, as they termed them. Old John Brown was eighty miles away from' Pottawatamie creek, on the night of that awful murder, said one ; another, he was sixty miles away; others sixteen ; and numbers of them stated that Old John Brown had told tbem that he was not a party to that affair hence G. W. Brown a villainous liar. We furnished portion of the evidence on which we based' our assertion, and then came the cry from abroad that this was Pro-Slavery authonty; the witnesses were the wives, children and neighbors of the murdered men, and could not be believed ; besides, the affidavits were sworn to in Pro-Slavery courts and before Pro-81avery officials, and no credit should be given to tbem. We challenged any man in Kansas to con trovert onr assertion, who had any regard for his veracity. Not one of them cams forward and attempted to do so. W4 were about preparing a series of affidavit from living Free State men, whose state? ments no man dare controvert, when the so called Anti-Slavery meeting, the pro ceedings of which we give at length else where, as furnished by the officers of the Convention, admitted the killing of the men on Pottawattamie creek, but at tempts to justify that act. The whole statement of ours was confirmed save their allegation that there was no "cruelty" with it. Let the press of the country take up this subject, and ventilate the Republican party. They stand self-convicted of false. hood. Not one of them will retract a sin gle false assertion made against ns; on ths contrary, they change their plea by stat ing that "the truth is not to be told at all times." Out upon such ridiculous non sense. We have had enouzh of it. Once for all, we take this occasion to state, that we have entertained no malic ious feelings sgainst Old John Brown, We disapprrved of his headstrong, fiery impetuosity, at Lawrence, in the fall of 1855. We disapproved of his murder of those men on Pottawatamie creek. We opposed his invssion of Missouri in 1857, the killing and robbing of Crew, and the running off of bis slaves, under the pre tence here that it was in defence of free dom in Kansas ; in the East that it was to show thai his plan of running off slaves was a feasible one. We opposed his ap peal for money in prosecution of his mur derous enterprise, and were heartily glad when he left Kansas. We opposed, and yet see nothing to approve in his Virginia evasion. That he has shown many com mendable traits of character while iu prison and on the way to the gallows, we do not deny; on the contrary, forgetting the criminal, we cannot but feel sad when we read an account of hia death and burial. The grave has covered over him, and with him are covered his defects. We only speak of the matter now in vindication of our own veracity, premising the assertion here that we prize the truth as dearly as Old John Brown ever did, or that of any other man whether living or dead. Insurrectionist Convention. We give elsewhere the proceedings at length of the "so-called" Anti-Slavery Convention held in this place last Friday evening. Inasmuch as it virtually indors ed Old John Brown's insurrectionary in vasion of Virginia, we would respectfully suggest that the title of Insurrectionary Convention would best fit them. The orators in that meeting, should a popular election be held in this Territory during the next year, and should they be aspi rants for an office, which we . believe nearly all of them to be, there 'is not soul of them but would deny that he was present, and would claim that his name was put on the committees, and himself elected to offices without his knowledge or consent. All of the resolutions, until they cone down to those pertaining to Old Joan Brown, are of the genuine Free Soil stamp, such as we used to pass at all our Free Stil Conventions eight and twelve years ago, every line of which we most heartily endorse; but when they come to canonizing Old John Brown we want to be counted oiti It is fit that Disunionists, and Garrison Abolitionists should worship him as a mar tyr, and give him a place by the side of, and almost equal with, Christ ; represent ing his gallows as holy as the cross, and other equally eulogistic assertions, as was the case in Lawrence by one of them a few days ago, but we have no sympathy with such positions. (fir Should the press, its editors, cor respondents, or contributors, or private in dividuals get short of a subject during the winter, and feel particularly anxious to "pitch in," to somebody, they will do us a special favor if they will devote from one to ten columns a week to the especial benefit of the editor of the Herald or Freedom. The more bitter the invective the more satisfaction it will give, on the principle that to those who have bees in the habit of using brandy or vinegar for a beverage, water is insipid. We hope each journal will try to rival its co temporary in mean things, otherwise they will come very short of doing their best in the di rection indicated. Kern ember that we are no aspirant for office, have no favors to ask of any one, and would just as soon be the target for the congregated and concen trated abuse of the entire press of the tion, Republican, Democratic, Insurrect ionist, or otherwise, as to be let alone So, gentlemen of the press, walk in and do yonr prettiest, and we will furnish a hand to hold your hat, if desired. 03" The mission of Gen. Soon at San Joan, has resulted in a temporary adjust ment of the difficulty in reference to the occupation of that island. All the troops but one company have been withdrawn, aad the GeoeialbM returned, " TeTiBef Htekwr TtadUsMd at Last. Cjpt Samtel Walxeb, in a short speech before the Anti-81avery meeting in this city, last Friday night, said: "Old John Brown told him that he was present at the massacre on Pottawattamie creek. on the nit-ht of the 24th of May, 1856, and that be approved of that act." He, Walker, said further, that he was ready to r before God that Old Brown told bim so. He said he knew more about the matter than he thought it best to reveal, as there were persons, then present m the room, who might be implicated. He had never taken a prisoner and then cut his throat He took Old Titus, though the latter had threatened to cut his throat and that of hia wife, but he did not feel it his duty to kill him when he was in his power. Dr. Robinson being called upon, said the best way waa to let the truth come out; that he had always believed that Old John Brown was connected with that movement; that, indeed, he believed Old John Brown had told him so, or words to that effect; that when be first heard of the massacre he thought it was about right, that circumstances were such then, that a war of extermination was in pros pective, and it was aa well for Free State men to kill Pro-Slarery men aa for Pro Slavery men to kill Free State men. All he wanted to know was that these men ' pit out of the world decently, not hacked and cut to' pieces, as was R. P. BroWB. . The difference between him and G. W. Brown was: the latter believed the murder of those men on Pottawattamie creek was unjustifiable; he thought it was. He also said that while war continued he was pleased with the co-operation of Old John Brown, but after peace was restored and the offices were passed into Free State hands, he thought the sheriff of the seve ral counties should have been called upon to preserve the peace, and with them the responsibility should have rested, cot with unauthorized individuals, Old John-Brown or any body else; and that any interfer ence of bis in our affairs subsequent to the troubles of 1856 he repudiated. Mr. Ingersoll made a few remarks com plimentary (?) of the editor of the Heb- ald or Freedom, evidently intended to pander to the popular prejudice. Messrs. Axles and Deitzlee each made remarks fully sustaining the views of Gov. -Robinson. Mr. Adaib, a nephew of Old John Brown, gave a detailed account of the the death of his cousin, Frederick Brown, and again, after the exposition of Capt. Walker, arose in his seat, and said, he had heard Capt. John Bbown say about the same thing as detailed by Capt. Walker, that Brown said he was present; that he approved of the deed, bat that he did sot raise a finger himself to injure the men; that bis skirts were clear of blood. Gov. Robinson followed. He said it made no difference whether he raised his hand or otherwise. He was present, aid ing and advising to it, and did not attempt to stop the bloodshed, and is of course responsible, though justifiable according to his understanding of affairs. Who Lleat Sill Hutchinson and James Redpath say that Old John Brown told them that he was not at the massacre on Pottawatamie creek, in May 1856. Gov. Robinson be lieves Old John Brown told him he was there. Capt. Walkeb, a gentleman whose veracity no man has ever called in quest ion, says he will swear before God that Old John Brown told him that he was there. r. Adaib, a nephew of Old John Brown, says his uncle told him he was there, but did not raise a finger to injure the Doyles, Wilkinsons, sc.; that their blood was not on his garments. Several witnesses who were present at the transaction and knew Old John Brown well, being his neighbors, swear positively that he was there. Old John Brown, in full view of his tragic end, told Mobbow B. Lowbt, when interrogated upon the subject, that " posterity would justify him. " A pub lic meeting in Lawrence, notwithstanding Bill Hutchinson's assertions that G. W. Brown lied when he made his statements, declared that there was no "cruelty" con nected with the affair, probably feeling that the work was done very expeditious ly, ss it certainly was, and that no tortures after the manner of the ssvages were em ployed. It follows that either Old John Brown has given different versions of ths affair, (which we do not believe, for with all his faults he was a man of veracity on questions of fact,) else Hutchinson and Redpath have misrepresented, or, in the language of the former, LIED ; else Gov. Robinson, Capt. Walker, Mr. Adair, the Insurrectionist meeting at Lawrence, the witnesses on oath, and several other per sons who have made statements to us pri vately on this subject, have all lied. Redpath and Eutchinsem are, and have been for a long time, correspondents for eaetara newspapers, and, of course, they are gentlemen of veracity 1 It is a nice point to decide, so we shall leave the answer to the interrogatory at the head of this article to the reader. Retires, - During the last eight months, we hsvs been materially assisted in the ediUjisl department of the Hebald or Freedom, by DocL W. S. Bosh. In fact, for many weeks during the summer, he had entire control of its columns, and but few arti cles were contributed by us, and such was occasionally the case through the autumn months. He closes his connection with the office this week, and will return to the East. We take great pleasure in say ing that his gentlemanly deportment all times, and hia valuable services, have endeared him to us, and he carries with him in his retirement onr best wishes for his prosperity and happiness. To the ed itorial profeation we would remark that should- they have occasion to employ an assistant, a gentleman capable of report ing speeches, proceedings of public meet ings, or writing leaders, they will find Dr. Bush well qualified for the post, and we guarantee that ho will give abundant satisfaction. fjr"Four thousand bushels of corn were raised this year by the students of Western College, a Manual Labor Institu- l two m Uan county, Iowa, sTadee aad Oarracflam. John Geeikeb, the able editor of the Columbus, O., Gatette, paid Kansas a visit a few weeks sgo. He visited the Hebald or Freedom office while in Lawrence. Speaking of the newspapers here and their conductors, he aays : "Mr. Bbown, who has the name of Got. Chase for President and Got. Banks for Vice President at the head of hia paper, nevertheless, publishes an independent pa per, and makes no bones of pitching into any political party, whether friend or foe, when he thinks a little scourging is re quired. Mr. Brown was one of the prin cipal sufferers by the war. He was staked ont on the prairies some three or four months, had bis office burned and papers destroyed, hi leases amounting to some thing over $12,000. We believe, how ever, that the greater part of this loss wss made up to him by the Emigrant Aid So ciety. He has now a very snug office, with a power press, a fine lot of type, and connected with bis printing establishment is a first rate bindery. The laws and jour nals of Kansas, printed and bound by Mr. Brown last year, will compare very favor ably with the public documents of our own State." Mr. G. is mistaken about our losses having been made up by the Emigrant Aid Society. It never contributed a dol lar of its funds for that purpose, and save a hundred dollar donation from Amos A. Lawrence, Esq., from his private purse, we have received nothing from the num bers of that Company. Our entire receipts in donations, to aid in reviving the prets, were less than $2,800, twelve hundred dollars of which were consumed in ex penses, &c, in soliciting and collecting the amount ; $800 was employed in the payment of a debt contracted in the prose cution of the paper previous to its destruc tion; and the balance, near $800, was in vested in the. purchasing new material, which is now in the Hebald or Freedom office, and to which at least $8,000 of ad ditions hsve been made. A Heeded Law. Kansas has suffered in reputation from the outrages committed by her own citi zens upon others whom they suspect of crime. The statutes do not sumcientiy provide for the punishment of such offend ers as do the work of vigilance commit tees. The following law from the Statutes of Illinois, should be enacted by the Leg islature of Kansas this winter, snd be rig idly enforced : Sec L That if two or more persons shall commit an assault and battery on, er shall imprison another within this State for the purpose of obtaining a confession or revelation tending to criminate the person assaulted, or any other person, or shall assault and batter or imprison anotn er on account of a refusal of such person to make such confession or revelation, the persons so offending, on conviction thereof, shall be punishable by connne ment in the Penitentiary for a term not less than one year, nor more than three years. Sec. 2. If two or more persons shall actually do an unlawful act, with force, or violence against the parson or property of another with an intent in them thereby to cause such person to leave the State or County, against his or her will, the person so offending shall, on conviction thereof. be punished by confinement in the Peni tentiary for a term not less than ore year nor more than three years. Laws of 1847. Page 84. Or- Postmaster-General Holt sustains the Virginia law against anti-slavery pub-1 lications. He holds that the postmaster owes an allegiance to the State law supe rior to that which he owes to the enact ments of Congress, and therefore, in Vir ginia, must not deliver any publications which he may deem "incendiary." If Southern postmasters may destroy anti- slavery publications because they deem their doctrines prejudicial to Southern institutions, a Northern postmasters may apply the same rule to any publications he may think prejudicial to the welfare of society, provided ho find his justifica tion in a latitudinarian construction of some statute. An American legislature might put the ban upon Catholic publica tions, and a legislature Catholic or infidel in sentiment, might taboo Protestant lite rature, as prejudicial to the well-being of society; or, each State legislature prohib it as pernicious the circulation of political papers and documents of a faith opposed to that of the majority. To thia bur. lesque on free institutions Postmaster Gen eral Holt's opinion really tends requir ing postmssters to become the spy police of Governors and Presidents. Valaable Dictteaarr. We have received from the publishers, Messrs. G. Sc C. Mebbiam, 8pringfie1d, Mass., a copy of Webster's Unabridged Dictionary ,late edition, with 1,500 illustra trations, complete table of synonyms, 10,000 new words never before inserted in any other dictionary, pronouncing vo cabulary of distinguished individuals of modern times, with table of geographical and biblical names, cVo. It is the most complete dictionary of the English lan guage ever published, containing over 1,500 quarto pages, firmly bound in calf, and all ia furnished for $6.50. We are pleased to learn that 0. Wilmaeth, book seller of this city, hss the agency for their sale in Kansas, has a large supply on hand, and is furnishing them at pub lishers' prices. ' ftjr The Atchison and St Joseph Rail road will be completed on the 20th of January. But ten miles of track remain to be laid. The iron is upon the ground, and workmen are pushing the enterprise forward with all possible dispatch. We are glad to learn that the Kansas Stage Company will run a line of stages between Lawre ice and Atchison direct, on the completion of the road. It will be a great day for Atchison when that road ia com pleted. Lawrence should take measures to connect herself with it at an early day. OJr Mrs. Whitest has removed her millinery establishment to her residence on New Hampshire street, as will be seen by her advertisement The excellent quality of her goods and character of her work, of itself, should give her a large share of custom. ' Those, however, who complain of "hard times,' will find that even their case has been provided for, in the accommodating terms of payment of fered. ; (7 The Senate of Missouri passed the the bill excluding free negroes by a vote of syes22, naysll. rreeesSlnia at Ota AaMlavarfOeavaatUa. In pursuance of a call published last week, the friends of the Anti-Slavery cause met in mass meeting at the Court House, 2 o'clock P. M., on Friday, Decem ber 16th, for the purpose of organizing aa Anti-Slavery Society for Douglas County. The meeting wss organised by the elec tion of P. H. Berkau. Chairman, and Joel G rover, Secretary. The committee ap pointed to present a plan for the organi zation of Douglas County Anti-Slavery Society, presented the following: CeNSTTTOTION OF DOUGLAS COUNTT ANTI SLAVEBT SOCIETT. We, the undersigned, believing Ameri. can slavery to be a sin against God and a crime against msn, do hereby unite our selves into an association for the purpose of Isboring for the total overthrow of the system of slavery, and do agree to be governed by tbe following Constitution: Article 1. Tbe name of this Society shall be the Douglas County Anti-Slsvery Society. Art. 2. The whole object of this soci ety shall be the spread of snti -sis very troth by written and living appeals to the consciences and humane feelings of the public, hoping thereby to arouse tbem to such action against slavery as shall result in its final overthrow. Abt. 3. It shall be perfectly lawful at meetings of this society, for any member to advocato those measures deemed by him best adapted to promote the abolition of slavery, he being responsible for his own. Abt. 4. Any person, be he or she friend or enemy to our cause, shall have full lib erty to speak in our meetings, provided such person's remarks shall be confined to tne question nooer discussion, ana mat personalities are avoided. - M. ... 1 Abt. 6. The society snail noia quar terly meetings at times and places ap pointed by a vote or tne society ana spe cial meetings msy be called by the Ex. Committee. Abt. C. The funds of this association shall be used exclusively for the support of lecturers and for tbe circulation of such works on the subject of slavery as the Ex. Committee shall approve, and no work shall be circulated by the Ex. Committee, as such, without the approval of a major ity of that committee, and not even then if the society at any of its regular meet ings shall disavow such work. Abt. 7. The omcersoi this society shall be elected annually, and shall be as fol lows: a President, five Vice Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Sec retary, Treasurer, Librarian, and n Ex. Committee of eleven persons, five of whom shall constitute a quorum for doing bust. ness when circumstances require efficient and prompt action to be taken before a ma jority of the committee can be assembled. ABT. 8. Each officer of this association shall be duly notified by the Secretary of the time and place of holding eaon meet ing of tbe society and upon an oft repeat ed failure to be present at tbe meetings 01 the society shall be ejected from office and another person be elected in his stead. Abt. 9. The duty of each officer shall be such as usually devolves upon the same officer in similar associations. Abt. 10. The necessary expenses of the meetings of this society shall be defrayed by a special subscription or contribution for that purpose, except that the Ex. Com mittee may draw upon the Treasurer for such sums as may be needed to defray ths expenses of s regular meeting, provided such expenses must be met before the sub scription is raised and all such monies shall be returned to the Treasurer as soon as raised. Abt. 11. This Constitution may be amended by a vote of two-thirds of the members present at any regular meeting of the society. Abt. 12. Any person may become a member of this society by signing the Constitution. Abt. 14. The annual meeting of this society shall be held on the first Friday in December of each year. After reading the report, on motion it was accepted, after which it was taken up and adopted article by article, after much discussion by Messrs. Thachnr, Hutchin son, Robinson, Soule, Stearns, Heath and others. On motion the meeting proceeded to the election of officers under the Constitu tion for the ensuing year, which resulted follows: For President, Joel Grover; Vice Pres idents, E. D. Ladd, P. Oldham, S. Y. Lum, P. S. Brown, R. Cordley; Corresponding Secretary, P. W. Penoyer; Recording Secretary, J. W. Ingersoll; Librarian, O. Wilmarth; Ex. Committee, C. Stearns, H. F. Parker. Solon O. Thacher, Joseph Gardner, Mr. Copeland, E. Heath, A. W. Smitb, E. A. Col man, A. Soule, Levi Woodward. Mr. Baldwin. On motion a committee consisting of Messrs. Stearns, Soule, S. O. Tnacher, Hutchinson, and Gardiner, were appoint ed to present resolutions for discussion daring the evening session. Adjourned to 6), P. M. Evening. The evening session was well attended by ladies and gentlemen, which speaks well for the cause of freedom and hu manity. ' The chairman of the committee on resolutions reported the followiag, which were accepted: Resolved. That while we confess with shame that the slavs power haa been the perpetual victor of the Free States, we also declare that we of the North are respon sible for slavery wherever it exists under the jurisdiction of Congress, snd it is un pardonable in us not to exert every power we possess to cleanse tbe Ueneral Govern ment from this foul stain. Resolved, That it is onr duty to demand the immediate repeal of the fugitive slave law, the abolition of slavery in the Dis trict of Columbia, the abolition of the domestic slave trade, particularly on the high seas, nnder the national Hag; the re fusal on the part of Congress to admit sny new slave States, so that the federal government may be placed emphatically on the side of freedom. Resolved, That the recent attempt to defeat tbe election of Sherman to the position of Speaker of the House of Rep resentative upon the plea of his having indorsed "The Impending Unsis of the South," is but another thrust at the free dom of speech and the liberty of the press. Resolved, That whatever doubts may have been heretofore entertained in rela tion to the intrinsic value of said work, the opposition manifested by the alave driving oligarchy furnishes us with reason for an unqualified approval of the same. and that we will avail ourselves of the liberal offer made Ly the publisher for its general diffusion throughout our country. Jtesolved, That, with Thomas Jefferson. we believe that one hour of the slave's bondage is worse than ages of that which our fathers rose against, and therefore if it was right for those worthies to resist unto blood the oppression they endured, it is equally right for the slaves to obtain their liberty by force. Resolved, That the State of Virginia, in tbe trial and execution of that noble mar tyr, Capt. John Brc wn, has been guilty of conduct which will justly render her name infamous upon tbe pages of history. Resolved, That we most emphatically declare onr conviction that no church which indorses tbe moral character of slavsholding can be a part of the Chveh of Christ, and no minister wfco refuses at all proper tiss.es and places to opart hia mouth for the dumb, and plead ths sausa of the oppressed ean be a minister of him whom John Brown terms ths great Can. tain of Liberty as wsll as of 8alvarton " Resolved, That whereas the statements originating in the so called "Hebai,d or itbeebom," 01 mis place, respecting ths connection of John Brown with the e cution of the Doyle family and others are calculated to lessen the sympathy in favor of the gallant hero, we "the members of this convention Ylo unhesitatingly ,. our belief in tbe fact that John Bmn j, not guilty of the charges of cruelty mad against him, and that according to ths ordinary roles of war said transaction was not unjustifiable, but that it was perform ed from tbe sad necessity which existed at that time to defend the the lives and liberties of the settlers in that region. The foregoing resolutions called forth a lengthy discussion in which Messrs. Gard iner, Robinson, Stearns and others par ticipated. Mrs. Heath made some very pointed remarks on the last resolution. She also read a production of her own on the character of Capt John Brown, which was greeted by the audience from time to time with spplsuse. The resolutions were at a late honr adopted unanimously, save the last which was by a majority. In regard to the last resolution there seemed to be a general unanimity of feeling of the justness of the execution referred to in the resolu tion. On motion of Mr. Soule, Mr. Joseph Gardner was elected to solicit funds for the anti-slavery cause. Mr. Trask moved that the proceedings of this meeting be published in both city papers of this place. e Adjourned : P. H. BERKAU, rrestdenr. Joel Gbover, Secretary. Chablestown, Deo. 13. Extensive preparations are making for the approach- ng executions, nineteen companies of military are now on duty. A guard is stationed at every street, corner and cross roads. Picket guards are petroling ths surrounding country. Six more compa nies are announced as being on tbeir way here. Citizens experience difficulty in passing from one part of the town to an other. They are brought to a halt and marched to the guard bouse if unable to give the countersign. (men and Uopeland will be hungatll o'clock A. M., and Cook and Coppio at 3 P. M. All are composed and look calmly 00 their approaching doom. Their bodies will be given to tbeir friends if claimed. The town is alive with more rumors and and excitement. Military discipline is kept up as if encompassed by a besieging army. The people are looking forward to free dom from military surveillance with great pleasure, and when the civil government is restored there will be quite a jubilee. reopie would willingly consent to Ste vens and Haalitt spending tbe balance of their days in the penitentiary rather thsn have another military siege before their execution. Chablestown, Dec. 11 The town is rspidly filling np with strangers to witness the approaching execution. The system of excluding citizens adopted on the oc casion of Capt. Brown's execution is not to be repealed. Gov. Willard of Indians, accompanied by Mrs. Crawley of New York, the sister of Cook, and the Hon. D. H. Voorhies, Attorney General of In diana, arrived here yesterday and visited Cook. The interview with his sister was most affecting. Later in the day, Dr. Stanton and his wife, of Indiana, and , Miss Hughes arrived. Mr. Stanton is a sister of Cook, and Miss Hughes a cousin. Tbi y also visited the prisoner, present ing a scene of grief snd anguish scarcely to be described. They all promised to aa him again, bnt through the advice of Gov. Willard each wrote him a few fare well lines, and all the ladies have left for their homes. . The male relatives design to remain with him to the last, Arrang menu have been made to have the body of Cook taken to New Tork for interment. Some of Coppic's relatives are expected to arrive here to-day, and his body will be sent to his mother at Springfield, Iowa. Tbe body of Green and Copeland it is thought will not be claimed and will be decently interred near the gallows Tbe prisoners this morning were cheerful, and making religious preparations for death. ' Cook waa much cast down after the parting with his sisters, but is now calm and collected awaiting his doom. Baltimore, Dec. 16. Tbe American has received a special dispatch stating that Cook and Coppic attempted to escape by cutting a hole through the wall of tbe jail. They were fired upon by the senti nels, and heavily ironed. Chablestown, Dec 16. The negroes Shields Green and John Copeland, have just paid tbe forfeit of their Uvea, Tha crowd in the town ia very great and the execution was witnessed by 1,600 persons. At 9 o'clock this morning the field was occupied by tbe troops and at seven min utes of eleven o'clock the procession made its appearance, and at 11 o'clock arrived at the scaffold. The prisoners were in a wagon, accompanied by the sheriff and jailor. They mounted the scaffold with a firm step. The prisoners bad ths caps placed over tbeir beads by tbe sheriff, and after appropriate prayers by the Rev. Mr. North, of the Presbyterian ohurch, they were launched Into eternity. Before tbe rope was cut. Green was heard to offer up a fervent prayer. Copeland was not beard to pray, ureen's neck was broken and ne died without a struggle. Copeland writhed in vioient convulsions for several minutes, Tbe prisoners bade farewell while on the scaffold to the ministers, expressing a hope to meet them in heaven. On the receipt of tbe news of ths at tempted escape of Cook and Coppic, Gov. Wise telegraphed to Uen. Taliarero to use possession of the jail, which wss accord loKiydoae. fjrCooK and Corno were executed st 1 o'clock P. M., December 16th. They ascended the scaffold and met their fate with as determined firmness as that shown by Caps. Brown. A Wife's Latter. The Postmaster General has recently been called upon to decide a novel ques tion. A husband who had been separated from his wife, demanded that his villags postmaster should deliver her letters to him, and threatened a suit at law if his demand waa not complied with. The wife, on tbe other hand, forbsde tbe de livery of her letters to the husband. In these circumstances the postmaster ap pealed to Mr. Holt for instructions. The Postmaster General ssys the pre cise question raised by this state of facts has never before been presented to this Department, which affords gratifying proof that there ia no prevailing disposition on the part of the American husbands to en list tbe support of the postal authorities in endeavors to intercept and violate the correspondence of their wive. Redirects the delivery of the letters to the wife, and saya the husband's view of marital power might well find a place in the code of tbe Grand Turk, and would possibly be sub mitted to in his harem, but it is repug nant to the teaching of American juris prudence. Boston Traveler. (r The post offices at Cato, Bourbon county, and Centropolis, Franklin county, have been discontinued by order of the DepartasnW i