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Arkansas democratic banner. [volume] (Little Rock [Ark.]) 1851-1852, December 30, 1851, Image 1

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Dei-mi- tZ somit-. For-um auid Domme- W lscieratiirg
. III-« .. »F »Q, «-.»- -: . -. syst-. s» I ask »w« ...W WUMWM EIN-VI
sgritnuure. commercial Ductus-ach ist« Zxr.
V ol. IX.
■gsggii'" ir~anr as
No. 17
T H E A ftK A N S A S-'B A N X E K
RICHARD H. 40M**0?f, FaUUker.
. *2
. 7
. 20
Pot ant copy. one year, ..
p„t tkrtt copie», one year, to one addrea*.
p,r jin ts>pi«, one year, to one
Poi un i >pioS, one yea/. to one addre**,
|j*Th« nanr- of no pewon will 1* entered upon
our books unless payment be made «• -imntt. or
ae nned by sow*.' responsible pe»on m tba city.
jT'fttfUQt subscribers may Reward us money by
le-ar our espeiwe, and at out risk. pronded
tbe pounaatef. reee.pt be Ukea and preserved
fuf our prijtictjoa.
jj"$o tiovtAlw# fro® the above Uttds.
:i llE 15 A X X EK-.
“ INDUCEMENTS for clubs.
The ,acc»M that hat attended our recent effort#
tbs interest t»k«u in the Biss« by in*uy o!
w patrons, h.»- Induced u. to ofcr for Itt* pur
of effecting t ie formation of clubu.tlw follow
:>st of
\,V person forwarding to u. t« ' doli.r. in eurrem
’ fin,.* for IW “«* eol^cr'1*™- *
e»>y »{ our P'lp'f for our ,
To env on* forwarding tw-oty doftaro ln curr-n
'mi is, w* will send ton enpie* of tlio BssvEa foi
,«m,ny new sutweriber*. »n.i one copy of liowr I
Uut's'Bo >* ortia*n««’i UstmisHorone year
To my one forwarding thirty dollar* in eurrem
mi is, we will aeod tfft-en coplea of tit*
'rssmitiy new subscribers, aud *n*copy of th<
l iiiled '1*1*1 Vligatiue and Democratic Rerien
for one year.
r„ , ,y one sending ni the largest number (ovei
ti(t-* 'i> of a*'* subscribers, accompanied wilt
!' ■ a in 1 e payment, at lh« lait mentioned rates
<ve w i| send one copy of the -Spirit of the Time#
with three sleel engraving*, and one copy o
Blackwood's Mag>sine for one year,
nr Remittance* may b« made »t our ritk, and re
cc |,j will be promptly returned. In making aucl
remittances, the Pont Mutter's receipt should be ob
tamed for our protection.
Kite** lor Vearly Adverli-tinar
f ur 10 lines, or lessJ each additional )
I months,! iquaro, j ?
.. r, •• 10 “ “ 1
i-j •< 15 '* ** I
Ml standing advertisement* will be charged at tin
■ r.t mentioned rates, uni'’«» a contract be rand'
■* i-n left for iuser’.iou; and mast be paid Wt in ud
No person vrtll be announced for any office,eit.ie
my, Slat*, or county, without the adrauce pay
meat of five dollars.
Political circulars will be charged as advertise
mint*. and payment required iu advance.
No job will hereafter be delivered to any persoi
Wild wnom we have no regular dealings, until paii
Ail advertisements must be marked with the mim
ber of insertions desired, otherwise they will b
continued until forbid, and charged accordingly
>-Yearly, half-yearly and quarterly advertiser
Will be confined to’ their legitimate business Al
adverii'eineuta of a difi»reni kind, or for other per
sous wilt be charged for at the usual rates.
Alt letters inustb* post-paid, or they wiilaot re
ceive any attention. * -
I T Positively no variation will be made from tli
above regulations
The proprietor of the Arkansas Banner, re
spectfully informs the public, that he is prepared t
execute every description of Jot Woau, with neat
ness and dispatch, and at as lore rotes as auy offic
in the .State—such as
Books. Pamphlets, Hand Bills, Htrambon
mils, Pasters Bills of Radius, Rill
Mends, Horse Bills l.abcls,
Cards, Receipts Arc.
Also constantly om hand, Blank Notes
fit rk’s sheriffs, Justice's and Constable*
lllauksof every kind, Blank Deeds*f con
reyaucc, Ac, which will be sold cheap fo
Cash or city acceptance, and will be sen
bytnailloan) part of the stale, if req aired
Agency for the Akransn* Banner.
Tf- Mr Wa. E>. Btivru is authorised to act a
ig»iit for the Runner, at l.cstCreek. .Saline county
/• Nlr. (rename Boons is authorized to acta
tgent for the Hin .tr. at Pine Biuff, Ark.
.K VV Cana, (iensral Agent, Evans’Build
tigs, North-west corner Third end '.V’alnut sireeli
Pniladelphin, is sulhorized to act as Agent for “tli
frVansus Runner "
i. J. 'it i a lev, Esq-. No. 26 Camp Street, Nev
tr-ait, is our exclusive Agent .to procure and col
ect names far advertising, 4f.c , ill that city.
Donation l.and*.
For sale nt this odW Lint* of the felt'd land
'U '-ft M donation by th* State. to actual wttler
atdj caul* per copy, or '*6 per doieu. Postage fc
laypart of tile country, ll2 cent*.
To Mub«criber«.
W« hope that wherever any irregularity may b
iluu-overed in the receipt of the Hannrr. our aub
a-rmera will do ua the favor to give mfurination o
the fact, in order that the cause may be ascertain"'
and removed.
, fr so -llarp r a V w Vt 'lbl) Vlag i/..ur," li>r IC.-emlxl
£ We find in the 10 lJrtwer” a tich specimen u
logit ( ; ipjtibg, a; wtiten there was a hearty laugl
more years ago than we care to remember. It i
an admirable satire upon haif the labored crili
cum of Shtkspeare with which the world ha
t-een deluged :
•' Tnrire the bonded cat hath mewed :
Thrice, an 1 once the hedge-pig whined !”
M ii'srm.
“ I never was more periled in my life than it
d-ciding upon the right reading of this passage
T. . important inquiry is, did the hedge pie idim
w* or thrift anil nsec * Without slopping to in
jiure whether hedge-pigs ev.at in Sc itland, tha
“• P‘P with quills in their backset he great ques
tion occurs, how rrvtny times tliif he whutr? It ap
Jests from the test that the cat mewed tl>re<
tmte'i. Now would not a virtuous emulation in
due-- the hedge pig to endeavor to gpt the las
want m the contruversev; and how- wis this to In
obtained, save by whining thrice on ! oner. Tt.i
rarst learned c inmentators upon Shakspeare havi
given the passage thus :
"Thr.ee the bnnded cat hath mewed;
Thrice; and once the hedge-pig whined.”
Thereby awarding the palm to the bundel cat
i ic fai l :.s, they probably entertained reaaooabli
d-ubta whether the hedge pig was a nat.ve o
Scotland, and a sense of national pr.de mdiirei
them to lean on the side of the productions o
tiieir country. I thiuk a heedful examination o
the two lines, will satisfy the unbiased examine
that UIK- hedge-pig whined, »• least, foul times
It < lines rue, however, as a Cano d critic, to say
tnat reasonable doubt exists in both cases
i r' .
at the Wells Sessions for felony, and a dissent
i»: pro her, who was being examined, repeat
«Ji» said, “they say so and *o.” l'ray, s.r,' asketi
hit irdithip, , who was suffering from gout , 'win
are iVy 1 This was a p.is.-r. tlu receiving n
reply trorn the straight haired gentleman, tie
Judge added. • ‘ They are a set of good n>r noth
% mg p >|nc who attend lo other persons' busincsi
and neglect their own.”
A Peeusii Jxduk.—A i iidisulual having beer
convicted upon rather siigui evidence, tbe Judge
proceeded to pass the sen;- nee as follow ;
Prisoner at the bar! \ •>j have been fo.iin
guilty by a Jury of y ■ -1r funnUm - n of a er.in
which staleects yon to the peiia,'v„f ., ata. Von
say you are innocent; tin .fa f t ,»| ,
m only known ;.> yours- .1 and Uod. t ... „.v. >
to leave you for the execution. If g .. Vou
richly deserve the f .ie that awaits you—if ,
cent, it will be a gratifies.'mn to feel that you are
hanged without such a crane on your cunsmeni,
/» other cut pan itiU be titlutrij Jrom a te.ee t„ a
* vrrwr.”
IT Why are tbe worneu of China like the wbi^
party of Mississippi.
Out it up.
Because contrary to U.k;t interest, they fancy
M eery anssb i-' | (Foote.;— V-;eo Ortmeerot.
A ruiiac Sleeper.
IThe following very adroit tnsk iu played in
one of the inns of England:
A gentleman, neatly dressed, walked in and pro
fessed to be tired. Having taken refreshment, he
i said’he would sleep for an hour. To sleep he;
went in a very business-like style, in his chair, ,
and a long nap he appeared to enjoy. Before it I
[expired the usual smoke-pipe company began to |
i drop in, and among others two stranger* made’
i their sppearance. One of the company remarked
! that it was unpleasant to hare a man sleeping in ’
i a public room with valuable property about him.
i such as the steeper, who had a fine looking guard
i chain displayed with a watch in one of his pockets. I
| To this remark one of the strangers replied:
i “ P»h t that’s no gentleman. But sure: he’s
more likely one uv them ere swell mob ss is
, always talking of people. I dare say he ha9 no
watch at all; but I’ll toon see.” Suiting the ac
tion to the word, the stranger softly drew from the
I sleeping man's pocket a piece of wood, round
and about the size of a watch. " I thought so,”
said he; "there’s a pretty watch for you !’’ hold
ing it up that the company might see it. and then
returned it to the owner’s pocket. By and by the
deeper awoke, and called briskly i»r a glass of
brandy ami water. He assumed quit* a patron*
i mg air to the farmers, which Soon raised a desire
to put him down Accordingly, one »f the seniors
desired to be informed of the time of day. •• Why,”
I said the gentleman. “ the fact is, I bid a drop too
1 much las; night, and forgot to wind up my watch.”
‘•Just so ejaculated the senior, “ you forgot to
wind it updid you ’ You’d be puzzled to do that,
i j 1 should say, would’nt yon, now ”’ “ Well, sir,
you seem to take more notice of such a trifle than
I there is any call for. but the truth in l have net
a watch-key about me, and mine is lather a pe
i culiar watch.” Here a burst of laugiter ensued.
! and a number of jokes were passer about the
. peculiar style of the watch. At las.' one of the
. company loudly told him he had no watch at all
abojt him, whereupon the amazed inlividual has
. tily clapped his hand to his waistco.il pocket, de
. daring that unless the watch had been stolen
sjnee he had been in the room, he hadone. Satis
. tied, apparently, by the external application to his
pocket, he said, "It’s all right, my wsteh is here
i11 thought you had been playing a trick upon me.”
[ " I’ll bet you .£5 as you’ve no watch,” bawled
out one of his tormentors.” Another offered to
. bet him ten pounds, snd one of the strangers said
. he had’nt £A, but be had two sovereigns which he
would like to double by betting in the same way.
i The awakened sleeper looked at them in astonish
I raent, and asked them if they were serous. They
ail stuck to it he had no watch; and then he took
out his purse and produced five and ten pound
. notes to the amount of the bets offered against him.
The stakes were posted; end then the thourough
i ly awakened sleeper foollv pulled out the piece of
wood, at which a hoarse laugh atose against him.
but the laughter was soon on the other side, when
touching a spring hi the bit of wood, it flew open
. and displayed a very handsome gold walch snttg
, ly encased within it. The gentleman gave a
. plausible reason for preferring so odd looking a rase
. for his watch, with which his dupes might feel
satisfied not. He had received their money to
; the amount of £10, and their had borght a knowl
edge of " the time of day.”, t>f coarse the very
suggestive strangers lost nothing by the business
i—in fact thev were accomplices of thisclever shar
Manufacture of Cotton.
Here is an article from the New Orleans “Cres
cent” which we wish every capitalist and cotton
planter in the South to read and think of.
Auvavtai.s or Cotton Mamr*croaits.—When
cotton is ten cents a pound, the charges attending
Us transportation to Liverpool amount to over four
cents a pound. The cotton which comes back to
, us in the manufactured fabrics pays, first, the
charges of export, a profit to the manufacturer,
and ail ihe charges attending on return. New
Orleans exports i.OOtt.OOO, which, at ten cents
would amount to *45,000,000. The cost of trans
portation will more than cover all the expense of
converting the raw article into yarns and the vari
ous kinds of cloth. So that if the English would
spin and weave for nothing, it would be a better
business for us to manuiaciure it at home, and
pay our own people for their wurk. This million,
. worth now only #45,000,000, if converted into j
, varns and coarse cottons, will tie worth S130.000,
, 000. If it is asked bow this wealth is to be re
tained, the answer is obvious. Divert a part of
the slave Tabor from the field to the factory. I)i- !
minish the quantity ol the raw material, and iu-!
■ crease that of the manufactured. This will keep!
■ up the prices if both. The hanks of the Missis
f sippi are the true piarfcpi .r cotton nulls. The j
1 supply of fuel a inexhaustible. Coql floats dow n 1
to the factory by tlw cheapest channel in the world [
J! —corn, flour,meat, ali the comforts of life. The ,
• slaves will form the most efficient and the cheap
f esl operatives. Tims, instead of paying away
i indiums <m the cost of Ifeuthl, null ms for the
: labor of f.,re*n artisans and th ■ use of fereign < ap
ltal, we can save a.l this. If England can afford j
i to buy onr cotton, carry it across the Atlantic, I
manufacture it, and ic-anip it Ui this country, can
we not aff >rd to make it at home ! Why should !
there not be a factory on every bluff on the Mis- ,
The present system of employing slave labor in j
Agriculture exclusively is suicidal. The fa torv i
nas no overflow to fear, no late nor early float. no1
drought, no caterpillar. l*s crop is safe, subject
to no contingencies— no casualties. It is contioll- j
ed jy niait. indrp> udent of ihe elements. As an
investment for security, for ruinly of results,
and umf runty of income, it has no superior, line
of the evils to which other manufacturing estab
Itshrm nls arc subiect, does not exist here. There
■ ran be iiosecesssicmsts in the southern factory. A
■ "strike” is a moral impossibility. And yet with
• all these advantages over the labors from depart
ments suffering from over employment, none of the
Louisiana slave-owners have the energy and bold
! ness tp engage iu this uew and most profitable eui
ploy me nt.
Uiu Ktiunos* wrni Sftix.—The Washington
eorrespondent of the New York Courier and Ln
. qu.rer, w r its under t’a.e of the 1st inat;
Instructions have been transmitted to Mr. Bar
nager. our Minuter at Madr directing hi id to
in'erpoae iu behalf of the Cuban prisoners i: »w in
Spain. There i>: reason to believe that they will
so >11 I** rt cased. The basts of a seti.emciit of aii
the difficulties with Spa.n has been agreed upon
by Mr M » tmier ant St-nor Calderon dt* la B.«rca.
m tht-if |»r» i.mmary invr.iews, s > that th official
rorreAtOttence wilt exhibit nothing but the final
determination. No format demands were made >
by die Spams’i Minister, because it was known
they would be instantaneously rejected. The,
complications have t*een acroiuni dialed honorably
• nS ^atisfbe omv, the Srcre’.ary of state set nj
gem rv,.i*i v. a .> t • vindicating every American right.
V c •:;>.» . a’i >ti has been r»*cetved from Mr
fl.v- w . * t i a « xnpsnv ir.e s al
in# that lie Kreh *h m i»>»ur ot Fore*#!* ArJur,
Um d.s< .a tuf ! .*<>> purp we o! iiiterferits^ with the
c<nn;iK*fre of the l mini s»:a?es of of ex^reivn* anv
right or search. in the rdert *iven to the French
sii'aiMlron in the Cuban a da if. Cord Pa m<r»t<in
add reused a letter of the suite: import to Mr
:»teo. __
\ rv ,r«s
ft-*n Mr. T hr.- * or ( ■* f.!*• mi. r.t|itv i,i. .ro
l.rnontnent u r aitti uUter document except on—
brief letter if.m Vi r Owt-it, the tat.* (' >«*» i at Ha- ,
fall*. »:a!in< the f< n raj facta of the ran- Mr
W abater ha* written two Ue»patrh< * to Haxana.
teui dooLUoM. accurc Ml Ttt/»Wvf» t * *
• riH The trovrrnmei.t’ ha< t-ora tori) prr
• rp m the muter.
K»»t»—TfJta na-iie in the H.iixcanin lau
?ttaee ia s • mj-<| aa f the haff axita * .a writ- >
ten .n the t.iitluh fcrtu. aisot. CoiUx^aently the
ttue pronunciation ia Kos iiWt. *
U«ate4 br u Anecdote.
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, mThe Independent,
gives the following experience:
“ More lh»n sis months ago a friend asked us if
we had e'er arisen in the pulpit snd begun a ser
mon by the exclamation, ‘ It it darned hot.’ Of
course we denied the ridiculous stoty. In a few
weeks another friend. wi;b no small anxiety, asked
leave of us to deny it in our name, as site nad
heard it several times asserted in large companies.
Not long after this, another person, on hearing it,
denied the fact, but was assured by a lady that
she herself heard it! This must hare been the
lady that brought David Copperfield to church in
stead of her Bible, and left it in her seat. It is quite
possible that there was some swearing going °u lu
her case, but she mistook the direction. Again
and again we have heard the sam- story, with va
rious modifications. It got 10*0 the newspapers as
a curious and characteristic anecdote. Two weeks'
ago it caine to us in a country pa|ier, as ati extract
from the New York Evening Post. Tins version
declares that the evening being sultry, t tie clerical
wit (Torino names were mentioned) arose, an! re
peated tihe expression threa titties, and then fan
ned himself awhile with a hymn book while sur
veying the surprised audience! Somebody sent us
the piper, with significant marks drawn around
the story, as if the sender desired us to understand
that he, at iea>t, had found us out! Last week
we received an affectionate epistle, dated, ‘ Brent
wood, N. H. Sep:. 1, 1«51,’ in which the witter,
though he professes not to believe the story, adds
so many excellent remarks upon the guilt of such
a folly as to remind ua of the verdict of an Eng
lish jury in th- case of a man charged with sheep
stealing, ‘Not guilty, hut the jury would advise
him not to do so again.”” Mr. Beecher savsthat,
so far as tie is concerned, “the whole story, tit
every particular, rcot, trunk, branch and leaf, is
absolutely and ridirulo isly false.” We remem
ber, almost in our boyhood, a story of Rev. Row
land Hill, London, which was not unlike tins,
but in much better taste. This is doubless a re
vamp of that, adulterated grossly in the process.
Pr.»*n th** Nuhviltf Banner
The Danf htcr's Farewell! tj
septtxi *. roew.
IT afrtini t > my haw* h<mw! I’m kuiu;, Mother dear!
I know that jrim will nasa me, but you aim: not shed a t*ar!
I've had a b|.**- d dre:t<u t*/ day, and in the opac** a ar,
Jo ail radiance on uiy faze (here burst a glorious Star?
Aermw the £ky, »* nearer cam-', and thu’ it dimmed my »ighi,
I wabti'd il, Ml a iu Utd to a circle purely bright.
•Ju-t o’er my b»wl> b« ad at last that radiant star ahone doom,
And i eg.’ mi wild delight, “Tbii is the Ha% tour’s
I’m going M my happy home! I’m going, Mother dear!
I know that you v. ill anas me, but you must n**t r»s;*d a tear
T*> tint* the patient mdTerer spoke, who like a^p-tl >s
Bent down her head m weakness, growingh>Tt*herez’ry hour.
And trusting iu that God alone, who M floeth all thiagr wen.’’
J*he smiled, while tears o. arigui>ii fr uu the broken ncarted
And told them too, so quietly, those pb asam dreams of H s
And bade them cheer up bravely, when the golden link \va*
.Sbc gladly gave up all her hopes, her home, iu earthly love,
The cherished visions of her youth—and like a wounded dove
That pineth tor the !ree blue sk;., she l-mjed far that sweet
Forgetting in the blessed hope, Death's arrow in her breast.
I’m going to my heavenly home, rn soon be there, she said
I know that we *hall meet ag tin, I do not l'eel afraiJ;
And Mother, I’ll await you when the summons soft is given.
And we sltail be so ha|*py—«i! »u happy there in Heaven!
I’m cun? to my gtoricu* home! I’m going. Mother d»'ar,
f know that you will tf*:<* nie, but you tma-t not abed a tear.
And talking Hi us, %<* tend‘Tty, she laded day oy Jay,
bull whispering to the Mourners, all the sweet things she
could say;
8 till i-'a.'ing that the eye which watched hr' youthful steps,
might weep,
**he tried in.to die la.-t, f-u her, a joyous look to keep,
An i even when her sight grew thru and LhaUi's dark stroke
vjm given—
She said “ we shall 1*9 happy soon, in our sweet home in
Tb**) mt«s her at her father's hearth! for in the sunny we#?.
And »ays she’s in the cold grave with Iicr bauds upon her
O! U-. H who marks thesparr m- i j 4j,
Lcavt «uch a spotless Thing, w .thin the cold damp earth, to
W plant these»d! it W ithers, but wc wait a few *ix rt hours.
It bursts into a kivHy et<*m,aiJ ben led down With flowe rs!
And she you weep as mouldering, by jr.mr lonely hearth at
Is waituigbut your c* mtng, in her happy home in Heaven.
M S l.o l»i A.
Histosy or Ai. oihu..—Alcohol was invented
nine hundred and tif;y years ago, by the sou of a
strange woman, Ha-ar, in Arabia. Ladies used it
with a powder to paint themselves, that they might
appear more beautiful, and this powder was called
alcohol. Daring the reign at William and Mary
an act was passed encouraging the manufacture of
spirits. Soon tiler, intemperance and profligacy
prevailed to such an extent that the retailers in
intoxicating drinks put up signs in public places
informing the people that they might get drunk
lor a peuuy, and have some straw to get sober on.
In the sixteenth century distilled spirits spread
over the continent of Europe. About this time it
was introduced into the colonies, as the United
Siates was then called. Trie first notice wc lrave
of its use in public life was among the laborer* m
the Hungarian mines, .u the fifteenth century. In
17M i! was used bv the English Soldiers as a cor
dial. The alcohol in Europe was made of grapes,
am! sold in Italy and .Spun as a medicine. The
Uenoesc .if crwar ls made it of gram, and so d it
as a medicine m bottles, under the name of the
eater of life, ( util the sufe nth century i! had
onl, been kept bv apothecaries as medicine. Dur
mg the reign of Herirv VH, brandy was unknown!
in Ireland, am) soon its a .irniuig efT.-ct induced
the government to pas.-, a law |>robitail.i>^ its man
A mint one hundred and twenty wars ago it
usoi a, a beverage, c?|nrC;allv among ti.-e aotdiets
in the English < itomes m V rth America, and r
the prepostcro i* notion th,t it prevented sickness
snd made nwu fearless in tnc field of battle. U
was looked upon, as a sovereign specific.
.vich >s a tiriel sketch of ihe introduction of
an into society as a bev t-rage The hivtory of
it is written hi the wretche l -xs, the tears, the
groans, r> >rerty i>n-l murder of 'hotisanda. It has
marenea the land with t-.e tread of a giant, leas
mg the impress of da t «i!»u p» , u the bones, smews,
and life’s blood of the people.
I rr<**ii H II S'i4«l"<r i « volume of poems i<i«
mpr-Bfil I'u h i >f. IteciiV F.tills, we are enabled.
Uro'igh ’ - ** Litmary W • »r:'lf** to present in sJ
of ttw.r r.-^aUf publication the sc onipany
lnj bean'itul line*:
“ v, r |o*< n youth. aid plight our tow*
To tore till life departs;
Forgetful of the flijrlit if tune,
1 ae change of loving tiearu. V'
*• Today depart*, to morrow comes,
N'X l.rul* a weed away :
B : no to morrow firvrtv a nsan
Tne mill tie was to day.
** Then weep no more when love decays,
K if even aatr is vain;
since rverv heart that bate* to day,
To iDottow loves again"
Snowy surface ;
Greefcld* lay before
Pmirie .Mira
A* if by enchantment, the c
a!l at once disappeared. Oree
n*( and tali trees spring vp co1 d with a thick
and verdant foliage !
“ Cottonwood* "* cnei! a
rested on these still distait gr< .
“Tali sap ins, at that—Wag
" Water thar, fellow, I re<»,” remarked a
1 ter, as hi* eye
ejaculated an
** Yea, air-eel yer don’t seesafcprouts aa them i
growing out o' a dry peraira. fit! hilloa 1"
“ By (lollies, yonder 3 a boUM
" A house ? One—two—thrd A house T
thar's a wluile town, if that's tingle sbauty.—1
Gee! Jrm. loo* r-mdet. W*!’•
yonder. W *(*•
1 was riding in front with =*jm—the rest of
the band strung out behind |TI had been for
somd tune gazing upon the Mind m a sort of
abstraction, look.ug at rhejow-white efltores
I ccnce. and listening to the crihmg of my horse's
1 hoofs through its incrustatiorvrhese exclamatory
phrases caused me to raise! eyes. The sight
that met them was one thifcsde me reign up
with a sudden jerk. Seguina done the same,
and 1 saw that the whole ba| ad halted with a ’
i similar impulse.
We had just cleared one ofchtbuttes, that had
, hitherto obstructed our viewf he great gap.—
J This was nogr directly in frotof b; and along os
I base on the southern side rathe sails and bat
| tlements of a city—a vast cj, jtfging from its
. distance and the colossal apprano <>f its arcki
. lecture ! We could trace thioluma of tein|>les,
and doors, and gatts. and winws, a*l balconies,
and parapets, and spires! fbere rere many
towers rising high over the rls; and n the mid
i die was a temple-like structu, with i» massive
dome towering far above all t others.
I looked upon this S'idde spparttioi with a
feeling of incredulity. It wag dream—nuusgi
: nation—a mirngr. Ha ! it wsthe mirug,
But no! The mirage couliuot effectmeh a
■ complete picture. There wertie roofs,Jamehim
neys, and walls, ami window} There wee the
parapets of fortilied boost sjsjth tie ir r.gular
notches and embrazures ! livas a realit. It
was a city !
Was it the Cibolo of the Srptsh Pn ’re ’ Vas
tt the city of golden gates ambnrmshed towvs ’
Was the story of the wander* priest, after ill,
true? Who had proved it liable ? Who tad
ever penetrated this region, fc very country n
which,the ecclesiastic repressed the golden cil
[ of Cibolo to exist ?
I saw that Seguin was puled—dismayed—as
well as myself! He knew ml mg of tins land.
Ik- had nc'.er witnessed a rmrr like that !
, For some time we sat in oueddles, influenced
i by strange emotions.- Shall wgo toward * Yes'
, We nu.'t reach water. We e dying of thirst;
ami impelled by this we spur cwsrd.
We had ridden only a few jtesfurther, when
the hunters uttered a sudden* nd simultaneous
cry. A new object—an objtt of terror—was
j before us! Along the mount* fiot appeared a
j string of dark forms. They wo nounted men !
We dragged our homes to tlir launches—our
w hole line halting as one man.
“ Injuns!” was the exe’amatm dseveral.
“ Itiuistis they must be,” UJU»d Seguin.—
1'‘There are no others here—Indian No! There
i never were such as them. See! . care not men
—look ? their huge horses—their Jjngsuns —they
are giants ! By heavensf continue be, after a
moment’s pause, ‘‘they are bodites
phautoms !
There were exclamations of t
cts behind.
Were these the inhabitants of t/citv? There
was a striking proportion in the tfixsai size of
i the horses and the horsemen !
For a moment I was awe strueljike the res'.
Only a moment. A sudden metnosflashed upon
, me. 1 thought of the Hartz mou»ms ami tht-tr
demons. I knew that the phenolm before us
could be no other—au optical detipn—a creation
of the mirage.
I raised my hand above mv hea The foremost
of the e.ants imitated the m otion
I put spurs to my horse and gjnpH forward.
So did he. as tf to meet me; aft-s few springs I
' had passed the refracting angle; d, like thought,
the shadow grant vanished into aj
The men had ridden focwarpfter me; and.
having also parsed the anir!e of tfactiou, saw no
more of the phantom host.
The city, too, had disappear-.- but we could
trace the outlines of many a stnlar formation of
the trap-rock strata that traversflbe edge of the
The tall groves were no longio be seen; but
a low belt of green w illows—aiwtllows—could
t-e distinguished along the foot [ the mountain,
within the gap. I'nder the
something that sparkled in
f tetrorbra th
tsof a city’
They are
he hunt
ir |iage there was
*i like sheets of
It was water ' It waste branch of the
I'rieto !
Our horses neighed at the
after we had alighted upon it*
kneeling before the sw-ce! -spijof the siteatu.—
S/rri‘ of the Timti.
tt, and
nits, at
nd were
Dr. Abernethy, the oelebrattsibvsician of Lon
don,. was never more dispteaseihan bv having a
patient detailing tiresome accows of tits troubles.
A woman, knowing Abernetl* love of the la
conic, having burnt her I. -.nd, piled at ha office.
Showing him her hand, she sal—
■■ A t>urn.”
" A poultice,” quietly angered the learned
T! e next day the woman reined and said :
*• Better.”
fonfiaue the poultice.”
ina week she inode her gt call, and her
speech was lengthened to thietuou-syllables :
•• Weil—-your fee!”
UoChing,” sa.d the once leased physician,
you are the most sens le wlLirn 1 e'er saw.”
Antricaa Proles*.
The followinr is from the ‘London Oheeiver,"
end is oot a little flattering tqyor Irr ojs :—
Our cousins across the .AdUuc cut many de
t.'M c.oser to the ftrodud thl we do m seeking
lot market*. Then mdua'.riaisyatem, unfettered
by ancient usage, and by tlnfi »inp and magnifi
cence which our Social instit'iom countenance,
is essentially democratic in it tendencies. They
produce for the masses, and (■ a wholesale con
There is bar ,y nylluri.- shown by
t! >c. w. eli i not ersily i the reach of the
most mod-rate fortune. Ntiroveinruant of la
vonUani rao.es any manulactuis to a pre-cm.nence
which secures for it the patrolgeof the wealthy.
Everything j intrusted to tbs ingenuity of indi
viduals, who i dy for their rsrard to public de
mand aione. Wo . an nnmea ccmmand bf raw
prod nee, they do not. like may other countries,
si poor ! * wants of the mat', and rush to sup
piv the lasunes of the few. In the other hand
they hJ»*e lufnf—1 tm.or »i■'»‘-tg eaeoriy and auc
cessfully to machinery as the) rst sta^e in their
- nal progreg#, They $k Jo supply the
rtcom.nga ", -.i.e.r lab-.,; inai't, and to combine
utiii'.y with cheapness. The i rst ordinary coin
modit es are not beneath thei notice, and e*en
nursery chairs are included u tl.eit toilecUm of
•• notions.’' They have bcatq us in yacht build
ms. they p.ck ., rr beat ioeka, hey show ua how
to reap corn by machinery, an to make Brussels
carpet bv the power-loom C* coopers will heat
with dismay, and our brcwcawith satisfaction,
that bv an inv .iUon of their*, ccently introduced
isto the Kvn.fciu ,ii, one man cat do the work ol
twenty in s'ate mak.ug, and ii more efficiently
S-ch tnuir,j.*j dm* nr*t affect, perhaps. 'he me
chanical so; etiorily of the coi try, but they servr
to ahuar, that white on the dot side aauons lew
free and eniigtat-acd than our*teach us how t<
throw a lusite and grace oyer be peaceful arts,
our own children are now and ten able to poiu'
out bow, we can improve and elebd i hem
HffMl fmm Mn4«a« Kosawtk.
A few days since an address »* presented to
Madame Kossuth hr a deputation from the "So
ciety tot the Emancipation of Women.” In addi- t
turn to an express.on of sympathy, this ad ires*
contained the with that the wife of the honored!
he*o of the day would communicate to these it- j
dies her sentiment* respecting their efforts to;
achieve the freedom of her sex.
Madame K.wsuth replied that she thanked them '
heartily for that proof of their sympathy towards
herself, and, through her, more particularly tom
ards her country; that with respect to her own
views on the emancipation nf women, she b* i in
earlier years confined herself to the circle of her'
domestic duties, and had neve* been templed t<»i
look beyond it: and that laterally the overwhelm- ,
mg course of events had left her, aa might well be
supposed, slit) leas leisure ft r any speculations ot,
the kind. It would, moreover ;such was the con J
elusion of her little speech be readily forgiven in
her, the wife of Kossuth, a man whom the general |
voice, not more than her own heart, pronounced,
distinguished—if she submitted herself entirely to
hi* guidance, and never thought of emancipation. '
The admirable pertinence of this reply will t>e
doubly appreciated when it is mentioned that M»- j
dome Kossuth was altogether unprepared tor the ,
address of these ladies.—LmtJtm Qmxettt, Aar. 13.
** rhe'three Call*.”
thud uoia.
Of slumberer, rouse thee! Despise net the truth'
Give, give ihv Creator the Jays of thy youth;
\Vh>stafi<le>t thou idle! The Jsv breakttb—set!
The Lord of the vineyard is waiting for thee!
Sweetest Spirit, by thy power
Grant me yet another hour;
Earthly pleasures 1 would prove.
Earthly joy, and earthly love;
Scarcely yet has dawned the day,
SwetHst Spirit, wait. I pray.
soctii »xri sixth ihhrs.
0, loiterer, speed the! The morn wears apace;
Then squander r.o longer thy remnant of trace;
Hut Inure while thr re's lime! with thy Master agree;
The Lord of the vineyard stands waiting for thee!
Gentle Spirit, prithee stay.
Brightly beams the earlv day;
Let me linger in the*.- ttowera;
God shall have my noontide hours;
Ctude roe not for my delay.
Gentle Spirit, wait, l pray!
0, sinner, arouse thee! thy morning is past;
Already the shadows are lengthening fast;
Escape for thy life' from the dark mountains fl^e;
T: Lord of the vineyard yet waiteth for theef
Jipint, cease thy mournful lay;
Leave me to myself I pray!
Earth hath flung her spell around me;
i*teBsure’s silken chain has bound me:
When the sun his path hath trod,
Spirit, then 1'li turn to God!
Wiixis ox Kossu th.—We clip the following
piquant paragraphs from the “ Horne Journal. *—
They are characteristic of Willis, and in lot pecu
liar style of pop-gunnery, but suggestive, never
theless. hpil^itereating, of course;
Well—the Magyar is a comet ‘ We»dm>rehim
immensely, thus far. The fadl of his country
become*, in his bauds, a rebound m which the
world is interested. Ils imprisonment in Turkey
enlists the Sultan to give linn gold, and be his
usher to liberty. A republic sends him a ship for
his uses. Err nee confesses Iter dread of his power
and refuses him a transit through her dominions.
England receives him with a tumult that would
uot be equalled by ail the crowned heads of Europe
into London. Heady as John Bull is to rrv
“ humbug.” the tumult waxes rather than wanes
under his eloquence, and he is likely to have left
England the people's idol. What a “progress”—
considering 11 began with a defeat !
We think Kossuth's severest ttst is before him,
however. The Americans admire a public man
wtihone ere, and see through bun with the other
Three days after Kossuth's arrival, they will
“ know I,,m like a book. ’ His tact is wonderful,
and has hitherto been sufficient: but the prejudices
and op nions to which he has been obliged to shape
himself in England, are based upon permanent
national characteristic*, and upon political poors
well settled and understood. Here it is more
ticklish navigation. There is a new fre-het every
month, and tne “snags” ar* never two davs in the
same place. If the Magyar’s black feather does
not run foul of one, on American m aters, m the
first of those speeches of Lis w hich arc as long as
a run down the whole Mississippi, we shall think
hint a still greater pilot than we do now. Mean
'wire, he is undoubtedly a hero and an orator—lias
ed for the good of Ins couutrv, atiea3*—re; re
nts the cause of republicanism in eastern Europe,
a::J seems, in his private character, the finest
p isible fellow. Soles us welcome him without
stint—keeping only our judgments in reserve tiil
we know exactly whs? he wan's of ns.
•XT Mr. Young, of Manchester, Eng., lias suc
ceeded in solidifying gas—a resuit which Liebig
said, s me tune ago, was “one of the greatest
wants of the age."
Motives fob Mvaavixo.—Goethe said he mar
ried to obtain respectability, John Wukes declared
he wedded to please his friend*. W vcherlv, in b:s
old age, tof-k hi# servant girt to wile to spec bis
relations. The Busmans have a story of a Widow
who was so inconsolable for the io&s of her bus
band that she too* asioiiier to keep from fretting
herself to death; and we read of an Irishman who
declared he would never have taken a second wife
but having a chance to marry a Protestant girl he
just look her to be the menus of'saving her Soul.
A young and rather fast ggutl .-.man of our acquain
tance married a lady ir*ar.y <>.d enough to be his
grandmother because lie owed her a debt of fifty
dollars for board.
Ice mvsi.vo Macmsss.—There has been import
ed. recently, in New York, a variety of the new
English invention for iriaktug ice from spring w ater,
in any climate, in the vpace of 4 tumults. The
machines vary in price from 12 to #100. The Sl'J
kind, simple as it tsp-wilL it is. thought, prove a
great biessihg to the southern hospitals and atek
The President and hi*. Coachman.
We heard the following good Story a few days
ago, related by one of the lugh do n.uiics of the
laa i—Tom Corona—» butte innmlable mantlet of
relating the same, we are sorry cannot be com
milted to paper.
President Pillmore upon his elevation to the
presidential chair was obliged, in conformity wtto
the dignities of his new statiou, to purchase a
tiitiire sod horses—the horse* were soc.n obtained
—and Mr. Preaton, of South Carolina, oilrited to
d^iose of his fine coach, which was accordingly
seat to the new president for hi* inspection.
Irish Jemmy, the White House • oacbinen. wss
on hand when Mr. liHmore called at the sis hie Tc
inspect it, and wishing an opimon from Jemmy a»
tc* the ft!ness of the coach, ashed if he teuugnt il
fine enough.
“t)ch, it s a good conch, your honor,’' ta I
Jemmy. -~
•• But is it good enough. Jemmy F* said tot
Jemmy with s doubtful scratch of the bead
answering again in the same manner: when Mr
P. wsntmg a positive answer, said :
“ Jemmy do you thinh a second hand carriage
would do for • Pre- dent
** Oeh," said J^rnnv, •* remember your houopi
a *» cotai hand Pru dent, andsure it'a ul right."
The President took the coach,
IT Some cine 'whom we will not uyigracc bj
pnuting his Dime) nays, that “ The Lobster % i
postbutnous work of ertnuoa; for it is ooiy ret! aftei
■ it* dearth."
AgitMlM. I
The late CV*npromt»e of the subject of slavsry'
was supported as ■ great heating, peace-giving I
u.easure. it was deemed a core for ait the evils !
of agitation—of sectional xlnfe—of inccudiary ;
'endrncies. The country, it waa said, nteded .
repose. The Union was ptareu m continual!
jeopardy hr the agitation and discaamon of the'
slaverv sod sectional issues. The opponents of
the compromise were regarded, and atilt are ao
denounced, as agitators and diaunioniata.
Well, the roeaaute has giwie betote the people !
It has been acquiesced in: it lathe lawaf the land ;
no oik- has yet propoaed to repeal it, to reopen the
“ five bit-v hug woutidafS which H heated. Many
persons, mirth and ao'Jfti, wgfc honestly opposed to
its passage, and sought to defeat it, ItelieTtng it waa
not a fair adjustment of the matteis involved —
Hut it become a law, the minority auamilied. some
without murmur,—others with a protest, and a
small class with threats, to annul and repeal it.
Now, who is to reopen these vesed questions.
—who will come forward to retire these da rigorous
agitations.—again ioiauneb this moat exntug and
incendiary t. p c on ti e tumultuous sea of politics?
l.ct us set-: Gen Foote, the great originator of
the compromise,—the very eentus (whether it be
evil or good genius, we will no; pretend to say',of
the adjustment. — m the first day ol tlie meeting
of the SSeuate, before the slightest manifestation
had h->en giv. n by the opponents of that measure,
of a divpositio.i to attack it. brings forward resolu
tions affirming that the said compromise was a fair.
| just, ami »• se measure, which ought to be ad
■ hered to as a permanent and lasting settlement.
What other effect can this proposition produce,
[ but to revive the whole discussion and agitation
which it i rc.’inaliy proiluced 1 If it is paaaed. it
adds no strength to the Cowpeinuse, it doea not
render n. irt- bind r.g 4 measure winch u already a
law of of tne land: if is a mere expression of the
- p.ruins of certain gentlemen, which are already
known by everybody. Hut, suppose it 1a not
passed, in what attitue Wli it place Uongtjrsa’ It
will ho a declaration to tfie people that '* law
passed by tj ngre'ss is not a wise or proper oge; it I
will be an incentive to a suggestion of disobedi |
! cnee of a isw of the land. It will be an intuna ,
; tion that something more than the regular passage
of a law. by Congress, and its approval by the;
, President, is t sential tog.ve it force and validity.
, It will in trod uce a new mode of invalidating a law,
without repealing ft.
Under this precedent, every future Congrcaa will
I I* rxpected to reaffirm the acts of its predecessor.
When Ulysses waa returning from Trov to Itha
ca, .£olu«, the Gud of the winds, t*lio is a friend
j to ail orators, very kindly confined m a bag all
the winda that n igh* impede his voyage IIis sil
Iiv companions, however, mutinied, untied the bag,
and gave the lmpnaoned winds their liberty. The
Consequences were awful; Uivsses's ship waa toss- j
ed for many a dark day, on a tempestuous sea, and :
; consumed nine years in reaching her destination, j
Equally ra<h is the conduct of the distinguished '
'-Senator from Mississippi,—the mate, if he will at- j
• low u.v to designate him, on the great Union stop. 1
. who not satisfied with the rapid progress of tos
bark, hopes to send her forward more swiftly, bv
unloosening the tei»(ie*t he had so securely mb 1
prisoned in tlmt great Baslile of agnation, the cum- j
' piuraiae measure.—S. O■ Ueita. ^
L»mtte *si»T4F, Bwttls or New Itausax*.—If
haa been currently believe 1, ou the author.ty of;
ce-tain biogreph-es amt noveia, and more especially I
, perhaps on the strength of-a note to Byron a poem.
•• the Corsair,” that the celebrated Lafitte waa a |
pirate, and that i.i- fought in the American ranks
at the battle of N- w Orleans. Both these sup- j
posed facts are now controverted. The New Or
leans “ Delta” asserts that “Jean Lafitte. who :
commanded the band af men who mere broaenup I
at Barataria, m 1811. by Commodore Patterson— j
who was tried in the I nit-d States court in New
Orleans for the violation of our neutrality law ami j
: for smuggling, never for piracy)—was Bo other j
| than a blacksmith from .Marseilles, who could
scarcely manage a jolly boat, and dal not know j
any more about sailing a vessel than be did about j
mixed mathcraai 11 The shop m which be I
worked was located on St. Phillip street, and was
i but recently torn down. The authorities for this
j statement an- said to be Col Jhon K. Grymes,
who was the counsel and attorney of Jean Lafitte !
n the prosecution hv the United Wales, and Mr. j
i Kitty smith, a venerable cilisi u, who held the
I office of naval oificer in New Orleans during the
I invasion of 181!, about thi uuie of LafUte's
j transaction.—Mat. hltU gmcrr.
An Israevavr Si it.—Several days ago, while I
officer Cole was .n the office of J usuce Clarke, be
i was So fortunate as to find oil the ftour a three
I cent piece. The justice, we learn, immediately I
i claimed it as his, on the ground that it was found
!• on his premises. B it the officer contended that
i the justice had saul that he did not lose it. flow- j
i ever, the justice made out a bill against him for j
j the amount, as *• money had and received " Offi-!
Icer Cole refusing payment, offices Bell, in wnose
hands the account * as placed, procured a warrant,
which Justice Smith promptly issued. Mo day 1
has yet been set for trial. It is presumed that j
eminent counsel will he employed to conduct this
important suit.— HiisAinglan UepuiiLc.
Is Konsttii i Rrei BUiy^y *—This question has
; often been asked in uni; Ihearing, suit we have;
' feit no little desire to hsi e it tnour power to give it
a satisfactory answer. Tho following paragraph i
! irratilies u» in tins particular, and proves the great
Hungarian to be in heart a true republican. We j
en'ract from one of his recent speeches in bug land :
‘ The people of Hungary wtra monarchical lor
one thousau 1 years, yet the continued perjury of j
the Hupst'ores. the ruling family of Austria, dur
I mg three hundred years, and my country's present
intolerable oppressions, have so entirely plucked
out of the heart of iny nation, every faith, belief
and attachment to Monaeoiv, that there is no
power on ear.h to knit the broken tie again, sod i
Utrrriwt Hungary wilts snd wishes to be a free
and independent r public; but a republic founded
on the rule of law, securing social order, security
to person and to property, and the moral develop- |
| merit s* well as material welfare of the people—
in a word, a republic like that of the t ruled Stah-a,
I rounded on institutions inherited from Kngtaml i
itself. Ti in is the conviction of my people, which j
| conviction I shire in the very heart of my heart."
Haw thi Beams an uim* bmuaia.—A favor
able me bud adopted by the wud Bushmen tor
approaching the uatnge and other varieties of game,
is* to clothe h anseli in the akin of one of these birds
in which, taking care of the wind, lie stalks about
the piain. cunningly im atibf the gait snd mot ions
of the ostrich until within range, when, with a
dtreted p s med arrow from his tin) bow, he
can generally seal the fate of any of the ordinary
varieties of game. These msisn.dcsnt looking
arrows are about two feet sis inches in length,
they consist of a slender reed, with a snarp bone
head, thoroughiv poisoned with a composition, of
which is ■ principal ingredients are obtained some
uok * from s sunrertent-herb. having truck leave*,
yielding a poisonous milky )u«ce. and sometime*
(rum the jaw* of taakes. The bow rarely cneeds
three leet in length; i»« string* of twisted ainewi.
When a Hushrnan hnds an uairtcV* nest he es
se nee* t ins. 11 iu it, and there awaits the return
of the old bird*, by which means he generally
secures the pa *. it is by means of Ibeae lntle
arrows that the majority of the fine plumes are
obtained which ..'face the bends of the foil through
out the Civilised world.—-.4 UwUr't
A gentleman asked a couatvy clerfysisn for the
use of his pulpit tof a ywrg divine, t relaima of
h«. **f reaitv do not know," said the clergy
man. M how to refuse you, but if the young maw
could preach better tkaame, ay congregation will
i j be disastisfied with me afterwards, and if be
i should preach worse, 1 don t think he's St to
i preactwt all.**
rata* of tto «tor payer* it th* fiitp-ttot I* tl
a square ft* the first iaaMM. Mi Ajftp «••»
aquai* for rack addrtianal pikMiMt A 0Ml
iltanoant will to saafi* to ttow w to atoaito* to
the year.
Iwd awl ftMamittgd to^to (to ton** <*>
Of all kind*. auto at Btomhoat Mtfe Mils «i La
J,*to M.inill<ltoi ManATi Jualioaa*, Mi
Constable** Hub; Funeral andC.-rJlt** Ttotota,
Card*. Book a ad Pamphlet Printing executed with
aeatne** and dispatch, tl madsitte paieaafcs ***fc.
Cahtw to Pratts rwiltu tofaato.
It ia not n ms ms tv, at to* p wan at to**. wto*
alrauai everybody ia planting ftuit u**a, to go into
a long srguroent to show it* advantage*. A con
tinued and moat eoaviwiug proof ia furnished by
the fruit itself—whether it to from tto single load
ed priim or apricot tree ia the pinched tip kitchen
yard ofifcc townsman, or tto broad otchard hand
ing tinder the myriad* of defiriona ip*chMM on
the spar 100* grounds of tto former.
Hut au inquiry ia made—much oftener than it
m rightly answered—how shall we manage oar
young free* from the moment they are received
from tto nurserv so that they may tpewdtfy com*
11*10 profit able hearing f* or, •• tow lone wit) my
V»«1* tree* tore t* gmw to to* I ahall |*t fruit
1 from thou f •
| Aa the time require! for their fruiting d*panda
j very greatly am their manage meat, while tto qnal
i tty, even more than tto (mount yielded. ia i*fi*
enced b» the treatment they receive it m well
worth (Otnr pains and labor to give them every *4
j rantag*.
; It tl not strange that while every man kwowaaa
perfectly well that half atarved (tattle cannot pot- f
siMy thrive, au many expect youag fruit new* not
| only to thrive and grow but to yield good trope,
I whe* not receiving even a tenth part of the atlen
1 turn that m beat owed on a hall neglected herd of
| rattle’ Crowded, m the ftnt place, ml* email
hnlca, dug into hard soil, and afterward suffered
to be overcome and choked by weeds and gras*,
thev are quite aure to refuae the liquation of re
paying with a good crop such nugiigeace, rat to
s*v utter starvation at the mots.
In rvplv to tkm.Hiquity as to the tost treatment
f"i trees, the fidAUiing is to get s good sod. To
set good tree* oh had land is like building a house
without a foundation; or like siting down to dine
at empty dishes: there is nothing to support Ik*
j grovrh of the tree, nor food to supply it with pro
per nourishment. If, therefore, the soil is net
a ready Much as to yield a crop of sixty or seventy
bushels of Indian corn to the acre, it should to
made so, if trees are expected to fiotinah in th*
finest manner. The first thing is to obtain sufl
I cient depth of sod. to enable tto roots to«at*nd
I themselves freely, and to hold moisture without
drying up in protrartrd droughts. Ttn* may to
j obtained by digging very large holes, say eight foet
in diameict, and a font and a half deep, and fill
ing them with rich earth. But a totter way ta to
plow the whole surface tn that depth, and to en
rich it by manuring. A eommon plow will das
esa<l six or seven inches; by passing another plow
m the furrow, that is. by trench plowing, th* aoil
may to loosened to ten inches or a foot. But, by
means of s good sutooil plow in tb« common fur
| row. a depth of fifteen to eighteen inches may b*
attained. Now, to work the manors down to that
depth, and make the whole one broad deep bed
] of the richest soil, it must to first spread on the
surface evenlv after the whole has bees wefl sub
sided. then harrowed to break it fin* and mis it
With the top soil, and then thrown down by a tkot
| ough trench plowing Fur although the trench
! plowing can hardly be worked a foot ia depth of
| itself, yet a Pei a good loosening with the subsoil
plow it may be at once extended down a foot ami
I a half. If this is dune in the fall and another
(nod plowing given in the spring, th* whole will
to in fine condition for the reception of trees.—
Does this seem like a great deal of oust and labor?
- It ts the very cheapest way of patting fin* crops of
the tost fruit, for tbo way ui whion strong, long,
' and healthy thoota will run up even the first year
will seem nothing short of magic: and the short
I time in which such trees will begin to hangout
their ruddy or golden treasures, sud the sice, beau
1 ty, and richness of the fruit afforded frum such an
orehatd kept well cultivated during its early yean,
will astonish tboae who have never seen any but
slip shod culture.
Aftui aft e is well set out tn such an admirably
prepared sou, the subsequent treatment, although
1 of the greatest importance, is very auntie. It con
i lists merely in keeping th* soilmaUww, by nry**t
ed stirring, ami preventing the growth of any v*ga
; table fur several feet from the tree, whether it to
weeds or the growth of a crop. A hoed crop ia
however admissible as being next lie*t to cleat
mellow ground, because most of tbo surface ia
still kept well stirred during the operation of til
lage. A sowed crop, grass or weeds, ia ruinoua
] to young trees.
These hints, we are aware, are not n*w to many;
but it is often totter to repeat an old and impor
tant t'ulh till ail practice it *haa to asarch only
1 fur what is new.—Albany CulUmttr.
Thk Last or the Prxv*.—It m announced that
Granville John Penn, Esq., the head of the family
ol that name, anti tba mat grandson of William
Penn, will arrive in Uiia city today. Tba fact
forrihv recall* the tint arrival of bia ancestor, a
hundred and suty ante years ago, and suggests
the vast differ' itoc between ihe present appearance
oi this mighty city and the almost uabrskea tor act
which then occupied its site. But idol genera
tions hare elapsed since the great fouader of Phil
adelphia held bis immortal treaty with the In
d ansi and yet, in that scant period m a nation’s
lifetime, a wilderness, inhabited only by a few
savages, iiaa been transformed tala a arty vrfth
noarly ball.a. aid nun of souls. More than tbia.—
l-'ss than a century ago, the people of Philadel
phia, instead of being presided o»e» by a go'Bfnoc
of tbeir own choice, were ruled by one deputised
by Lite ancestors of this Visitor; for this ec
wealth, it must be remembered, remained a [
proprietary government down to the very period of
the revolution. Mr. Penn, we believe, bos never
been here before, and the visit, therefore, will he
suggestive to him also. He will visit, we prseoiae,
the ancient localit.esof the town; the public hallo
where hn forefathers governed; and other things
that will interest him as t descendant of Pennsyl
vania’s great founder. We trust that has sejoum
here will be pleasant, and that he may awry away
many a kindly remembrance of Philadelphia.—
/’iliuripiiS ttullrlt*.
A Poscro Msaaisua.—At Evansville. (Ind.) a
singular case recently occurred. A young woman
had Ixren left at her boarding bouse with bat in
fant. She was feeble and defected, and it was
anon ascertained that aha waa the victim of a bad
and perjured man named Aydeiott. who lived near
New Albany. She had been at the boarding house
some time under an assumed name, and had bean
gradually sinking. One night he went dawn vO
same flat boats, and catted tarns hut victim. Tba
boarders, whose sympathies had beau eiMted by
the unfortunate young woman, were on the start.
The landlady locked the young man in the room,
and then one boarder went for a minister, another
for ibe clerk af the court, the certificate waa pro
cured, sad every thing made ready fur tying tba
marriage knot, Tba youman was confronted
by the crowd, and told in emphatic terms the part
he bad ’o play in the proceedings. Ha
hard for a Irttle time—for time enough to go 1
and make his arrangements; bat K waa in *air.
The coup, a wgge united— the Unde sense ety a hi#
to tiand upon the floor, the groom wigging him
self a thousand mites away. _
XT Cot. Hrsgg's Battery of Plying Artillery,
which did such noble service at tbs battle of
Jiueua Vista, had a drill parade at JsSeiseu Bat
racks . Mu ; on the Mb mat. in tba paaaaasa af •
large concourse af spectators. The company eosa
stsn of seventy effective men, and of than* only
three, V.m Sergeant Swart wool, Sergeant Bum,
s-id Musician Keuhertry, wave with him Maskaa,
They were in every battle with Gen. Taylor, sad
Use hurt naiuad waa wounded twice.
f A TO vn named H tone esc lammd in staves a, **PU
if j bet a so-, .eign 1 base the
• j company."
a ’'Done,” sard out of the
11 your aamef*
e, •* latoae,- mod the first,
o: “ Hand me Ihs j
j atom in Haidar.’*
- - *» v
tin the
' whttip

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