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UWIKTON, NORTH IDAHO. FRIDAY., .SEPTEMBERS.!, 1880 Agents fur the 1 '•Teller.*' Mrs. M. E. Lincoln...... .... Mount Idaho A. A. Lieuallen......... ..........Moscow Mr. Overaeher.......... . ..Liddaville G. Magginctti.......... ..........Genesee J. H. Irvine............ ......Farmington Like D. Wolford........ EUllturlal Correspondence. Seattle, W. T., Aug. 21st, 1880. We arrived here from New Tacomo last eve., on the steamer Messenger, a light hrerte had cleared the atmos phere of a portion of the Snake arising -frem the numerous tires in the timber near the margin of the Sound on both sîflSs so that we could quite distinctly see objects upon the land from the numerous islands, bays and small in dentations of water makitig into the land, all skirted with the evergreen forests and undergrowth, with an occa sional farm clearing extending to the water, and the numerous wickeups of ündätis at different points along the l^ach all combined, rendering the scen 'ery highly interesting. We left Port land on the morning of the 19th in a \Jmtse fog and smoke, and were two hours behind time in reaching Kalama, where the cars had been in wait for us. The transit across the N. P. E. road from Kalama to New Tacoma was anything but pleasant. The track was very dry and dusty, and the for est tires had filled the atmosphere with stnoke, so that one could see but a short distance from the cars and the dust and the heat made the interior of the passenger cars almost intolerable. We notice several little villiages in the woods along the line and numerous at tempts at making farms in the timber und a few fields of grain in a healthy condition, but nothing like tho fields of Eastern Washington and Northen Idaho. The road passes up the Cow litz river a long distance and there passes the divide and reaches the val ley of Chehnlio and traverses some distance what arc terme<4 the Chelutlis bottoms, which in appearance to one in riding over them are tho best lands along the road. We crossed several gravel prairies and among them Gelva prairie. These seem to bo productive of grass and greift ' n places'. But of stinted growth at Tenino a nfttfow gauge branch road diverges to Olym pia a distance Of 15 miles, while tho main road proceeds to Tacoma along the coast side of the Sound and reach es commencement bay by a heavy grade of several miles and terminates upon a large and substantial wharf under the high bluff upon which the town of New Tacoma is located, upon this wharf is constructed a tine ho tel and numerous builinga used by the company for offices and stores and a large ware-house convenient to the shipping on tho bay side and the rail road on the opposite, above this is a large lumbering mill belonging to the company, and further east-divirges across the shallow part of the bay upon filling, the company's rood to Wil keson and the coal-mines a distance of 30 miles from Tacoma. Westward they have a track upon filling nearly £ mile into the bay, oonstructed for the purpose of extending their coal cars to deep water, where the coal can be readily placed upon sea going vessels even during low tide. The average tides at this point are about 16 feet. The N. P. Company have expended largely in making improvements at this terminus. They own all the land fronting the new town and nearly to the old tewn about a mile and a half below and own much of the frontage in old town The site of the old town I should regard as much the best for a city. It is fronting the deepest channel, its elevation from the water is much moregradual and uniform and theplain inference I gather is that ul timately the road will be extended to the company's property west of the old town, alter all their town lots upon tjxe hill of the new town have been disposed of to purchasers, many of whom just now seem eager to buy. Since thé news of the purpose of the company to build the branch road across The Cascades ' at the Natches pass reached here ¥/e found several surVeyors and other attachées of the coM.pany, men of rriuch apparent in-. telligence all consulting and delibera ting upon the prospect before them. Gen. Sprague ihfSrmod me with full confidence that the recent examination of the Natches pa>s has developed the complete practicability of that pass for a railroad with'comparatively easy grades on both the east and west sides of the summit.. They will require a tunnel of one mile in length, which will avoid an elevation of up wards 1000 fe«t. That the line of the road will he • from danger of snow slides and nowhere subject to very deep snows havo been called in from other routes and ordered to make the survey through this pass for the road and have it completed as soon as pos sible. It would seem that the impor tance and I may say the building of this branch has recently been made ap parent to the managers of the com pany. Their road from Ainsworth to the Spokati can never Ire a profitable road to them so long as the Oregon Railway Co., has the handling of their freight below Ainsworth. The North Pacific Company themselves under the present -arrangements, are as much bottled up between the Cascades and thè Bitter Root mountains as are the the people who dwell there and they will remain so till the North Pacific has its own through line to the sea. Their Kalama and Tacoma road has done much to help Portland, but does the Northern Pacific Company but little good. Itsc&rrying trade amounts to comparatively nothing. Had the road from the mouth of Snake river to Tacoma, been constructed at the time the Kalama road was built, the trade and trat Fie over it would have more than paid for the road by this time, and Tacoma to-day would have a population of 15,00 or 20,00 instead of a few hundred. It would seem that the Sampsqus of the Northern Pacific Company on this coast have rested their heads upon the lap of Portland as their Delilah and been shorn of their locks and the hair must grow again before they can regain the strength of advantage they once had ami in ouï- opinion the surest way of regaining their advantage will bo by forth with constructing a road across the Cascades direct to Tacoma. Aug. 22d. The approach to wards Seattle up the bay from the Sound gives one as comprehensive view of the town as one could desire. It is situated upon the northeast side of the bay 'and rises gradually from ride water to the sum mit of the hill between the bay and lake Union. The more dense and bus iness portion is upon a small flat next to the bay, and Contains many substan tial buildings, some of trick, but most ly of wooden structure and built in modern style of architecture. The two principal hotels are in this part of the town. The New England, kept by Mrs. Harman is a well furnished and well kept house, whoso landlady moves about among her guests with ease and grace and has a kind sympa thetic word for all and makes her guests feel at home. She and her hus band were among the first in the place and grew up with it and made mbney. About one year ago her husband died suddenly, and the widow, wi^h one or two chilren, who are with her, carry on thé business and seem to have a large share of the patronage of an ap preciative public. Upon one or two streets, running parallel with the bay and elevated above the fl«tt are a fe>v stores and shops, but with the streets back of these to .the summit. they are bordered mostly with private residences with gardens, orchards and shrubbery. The hill is now nearly bereft of the original forest timber that once cov ered it. The site for a town is far superior, in our opinion, to that of eithor old or New Tacoma, and it is claimed that the waters of the bay are far better for shipping purposes. From the town the people have extended a narrow guaga. railroad, a distance of 20 miles up the ^bwatnash river and the a north fork or Block river to the coal mines at WrantRam and New Castle. We were furnished a free ticket over Emery, a lawyer of the place, we rode over this route and took a hasty view of the mines. New Castle has a pop ulation of four or five hundred, nearly all of whom are insotne way connected with the company operating the coal mines. this road and in company with Mr. From these mines at New J Castle and Wrentham, they send down ! over this railroad about 600 ton# of j oral dailv, which is dumped into ve.s*els along side of the company's wharf, and j shipped to San Francisco and other | ports. The price of coal used at Scat- j tle is $4 per ton. We are informed j that it sells for $7 and $8 per ton in | San Francisco. San Francisco capital ists own, operate and control these mines, while Seattle capital nominally own and control tho railroad over which tho coal is taken from the mines to tide water. It is reasonable to in fer that tho town of Seattle derives much revenue from these mines and this road. The farming country all along tho bottoms 6f the Duwamish, Black and White rivers, seems to be a rich alluvial soil, and ifl many places is well improved artel the crops of grain and hay we saw, en route, appeared to be the best of any we have observed on the Sound. Lake Washington, which is drained by the Black river, is a tine sheet of water about 20 miles long by about 7 miles wide. Along its northern margin are several im proved faims. A narrow channel con nects this with Squahk lake, and this can easily be connected with Union lake, and this again with the waters of the Sound, by a little artificial labor, which would make continuous naviga tion for light draft boats from the j Sound to the mines, The Seattle peo ple are now watching with considera ble interest, the movements of the. Northern Pacific company, in deter mining their line of railroad across the Cascades, and if "they settle upon the Natches pa.->s then Seattle will build a branch up the Duwamish and White rivers and connect with the Northern Pacific by a distance of less than 30 miles, and then they claim that they will have decidedly the advantage over Tacoma as a shipping point, and tha^ when this demonstration is made they believe that the Northern Pacific a believe that the Northern Pacific com pany themselves, will either build this branch or take tne road off their hands when it is constructed. Seattle claims that she has such advantages as a port on tho Sound that she can bring the Northern Pacific toiler terms, and take the starch all out of Tacoma as a port, and great terminoiis of the continental railway. But I should not be sur prised if some far seeing capitalists should disappoint them all and build a road down on tho west side of Wood's canal and make a great town at Port Discovéry or some other har bor directly oh the straits De Fuca, which will lie some 80 or 90 miles nearer the open sea, and, thus save time, pilotage and towage-. It is said that a much better totvn site fetr a great city lies about Port Discovery than is found any where on the Cist side of the Sound, and a perfectly land locked harbor there with sufficient depth of water for the largest ships, and a good anchorage, and if it be 9 indes nearer tUe open sea, it is not un reasonable to suppose that during the mania for building railroads to Puget Sound, some company will conceive that a railroad terminous there will be better than all others. The facts are that this Puget Sound with its numer ous harbors, bays and inlets, offers a puzzle to tho most sagacious to deter mine where, upon its placid waters the great city of the northwest will be built, that is to control the commerce of the whole northwest coast, which, from its climatic advantages, the fer tility of its soi] and ether great natur al advantages will place San Francisco with all its golden wefilth, far in the shade. Let the territory of Washing ton become a state, connect the wes tern portion with the eastern by the iron rail, which shall also extend to the east of the Rockier, And both pop alation and capital will pour into this ! to section, that will soon "Necessitate such a city as we have foreshadowed. The child is now born that will live to see the realization of such a dr« am. L. Republican Primary. Pursuant to notice of tho Republi can County Central Committee, a meeting was held at the court house for the purpose of electing seven dole gates to meet in convention at Lewis ton, I. T., Sept. 2nd, 1880. In tire absence of the chaîrntûù of central committee, the meeting was called to order by George Glass, Esq., who sta ted the object of the meeting, ön motion A. McGregor was clios en thairman and I. S. W eiler, secreta ry of the meeting. j On motion the meeting proceeded to elect delegates to the convention, by ballot, whereupon the following gen tlemen were declared elected : A. McGregor ; J. Alexander ; L. Wiggins ; N. Brearley ; C. E. Mon teith ; J. H. Evans ; Geo. Glass. On motion, the meeting adjourned. I. S. Weiler, Secretary. Lewiston, I. T., Aug. 28, 1880. a. Democrat County Convention. At a Democratic County Convention held on tho 28lh day of August, 1880, at the City of Lewis'.on, I. T., for the purpose of electing 4 delegates to tho Territcrial Convention to convene at Boise Ci .y on the 18th day of Septem ber 1880. The following precincts of Nez Perce were represented, viz : Lewiston by 16 delegates . - Paradise " 8 ". . J. W. Northrup Palouse " 5 ''......Wm. Ewing Waha " 2 "....J. L. Mulkrty At 2 o'clock p. m. the delegates con vened at the court house and on mo tion Dr. II. W. vStaiiiton was elected chairman. On motion Jas. McGrane and N. Hale wore elected secretaries. On motion the chairman appoin ed Messrs Rand, Weisgerber and Mc Grane as committee on credentials. On motion the convention adjourn ed until 8 o'clock, p. ui. The convention met at 8 o'clock p. to ! p. m. pursuant to adjournment. The report of committee on creden tials was presented and on motion adopted'. ön motion J. W. Northrup was au thorized to cast the votes of Paradise pre'inct and Wm. Ewing that of Pa louse. Moved and seconded that the dele gates proceed to vote by ballot. Amendment otfered by J. J. Bon ner that each delegate vote viva voce amendment lost original motion ear carried. On motftn the chair appointed Mes sers Northrup and Weisgerber tellers. Whereupon the delegates proceeded to vote by ballot, resulting in the elec tion of J. B. Menomy, Dan. Ward well, Ezra Baird and Win. Ewing. On motion the convention adjourn ed sine die. N. Hale, J. McGrane, Secretary. Secretary. Lewiston, I. T., Aiig. 28th, 1880. Candidates. —The life and history of any man when he is a candidate for office is puh licproperty. A good man may force bad prin cipled lipon us, or a bad man may fill air of fice of trust and honor. An unprinciple man should not hold offices of trust. First let us discuss the the character of the man, then the importance of the office. An edi tor is not a public man, neither is a mer chant, but a candidate for a public office is the property of the public and should be thoroughly investigated by the public press and by the people general. A newspaper is not an instrument through which personal spites may be ventillated but through which public wrongs may be righted and public rights made known. That Snake River Lime for sale by A. Quackeubush is pronounced equal in strength and purity to either the San Juau or Santa Cruz. A. B CONTEST NOTIC E. U. S. LAND OFFICE, Lewiston I, T. Aug. 27 1880. Tiodoao Sotelo vi. Alberto Sandobal, homestead entry No. 197. C OMPLAINT HAVING BEEN ENTERED at this offioe by Ticdoso Sotelo aga nst Alporto Sandobal for abandoning hjs homestead entry No. 197, dated Noir. 14 1879, «pou the si Kwf and ii nwi, see. 10 tp. 35 9 n 5 w in Net Perce county Idaho, w}tb a vied to the oanoellation of said entry: the laid partiel are hereby euamoned to appear at this office on the 30th day of Sept. 1880 at 19 o'olook a. m * to respond and famish testimony concerning' said alleged abandonment. J. M. Howe R. J. Monroe, Register. . 47 Receiver. NOTICE Id the Probate Court of Nez Perec county, Idaho Territory . I Order to show Is the matter of the Estate ami guardianship of Annie Miller, Olena Miller, Ole Teua Miller and Mary Miller, minor# cause on appli i cotion of gnar > f diun, for order ! j of sale of real j estate. LN READING AND FILING THE PETI of Thorine Miller, the guardian of the portons and estate of Annie Miller. Olona Miller, Ole Tenu Miller and Mary Miller, minors, praying for an order of sale of certain real estato belonging to her wards, for the use* and purposos therein setforth. It is hereby ordered that the next of kin of the said wards, and all persons interested in the said estate, appear before me on Wednesday the 22d day of September 1880, at 10 o'clook a. m. at the court room of this oourt in Lewis ton I. T. then and thero to show causo why an order should not be granted for sale of said es tate. And it is further ordered that a copy of this order be published at least onoe a week for four consecutive weeks, before said day of hearing in the Lewiston Trller, a newspaper published in the city of Lewiston I. T. D. J. Warnkji. , Probate Judge. Dated Aug. 26th IS80 47-3W. In The Probate Court of Hex Perce County I. T. In the matter of tho estate of Raymond Fanx, deceased. Nolioe to Creditors. N otice is hereby oiven by the undersigned executrix of the cstnte of Raymond Saux. deceased, to tho creditors of, and all persons having claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them, with the necessary vouohers within ten months after the first pub lication Of this notice to the said executrix at the Raymond House in the city of Lewiston, Ncz Feroc county I. T. Augustine Saux, Executrix of the estate of Raymond Saux. deceased. Dated August 17th 1880, at Lewiston, I. T. 45-4w. ^ OTjiCKt .U. S. LAND OFFICE, Walla Walla, W. T . August 1S80. A sworn statement has been filed in this office and application made un der tho act of Congress approved June 3rd, 1878, entitled "An act tor the sale of Timber Lands in the State of California, Oregon, Ne vada and in AVashingt-m Territory." to pur chase lots 1, 2, 3 and 4, section 4, Township No. 7, North of Range 45 east. Application will be heard Nov. 10th, 18S0. E. H. Morrison. 47-9w. , Register "NOTICE I\T FOB. Pre-emption Proof LAND OFFICE AT Lewiston. I. T., Aug. 20, 1S80. OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT the following-named settler has filed notice of his intention to make filial proof in supjiort of his claim, and secure final en try thereof at the expiration of thirty days from the date of this notice, viz: Friday, Sept. 24th, 1880, 1 p. m. at this office Chas. A. Hagstroni pre-emption I). S. No. 289 for the MV I section 10 tp. 38 N It 5 w, and names the following as kis witnesses, viz : Oanud Madison, Win. lvildu and George Weeks, all of Genesee P. O. Nez Perce co., I.T. J. M. Howe, 4fi __ Register SOj. CE LOR PKE-EittPTlON __ SOj. CE LOR PKE-EittPTlON PROOF. LAND OFFICE AT . Lewiston I. T. Aug. 20, 1880. N otice is hereby given that the following-named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty days from the date of this notice, viz : Monday, Sept. 27th, 1880 10 a. m. at this office Thomas Linehan D. 8. No. 508 for the si sw « l and wj sef section 15 tp. 38 N B 4 w, and names the following as his witnesses viz : N. lluuiph-aye, R. Thornton und J. C. Oylear, all ofGenesoe P. 0. Nez Perce co., I. T. . J. M. Howe, 46 Register. S. NOTICE FOR Homs3tead Proof. LAND OFFICE AT Lpwiston I.T. Aug. 21. 1SS0 N otice is hereby given that the following-named settler has tiled notice (A his intention to make final proof m support of his claim, and secure final entry I thereof at the expiration of thirty days from the date of this notice, viz: Monday, Sept. 27th, 1820,1 p. m. at this office Randolph Keen homestead entry No. 466 for the si seI and si swj section 1 tp, 35 s n 5 w, and names the following as his witnesses, viz : N. B. Holbrook James McDonnough and Isauc Kipp, all of Lewiston I. T., P. 0. J. M. Howe. 46-5w Register. MOIICE FOR PRE EMIMIOSf PROOF. * n: LAND OFFICE AT Lewiston I T Aug. 2d, 1880. OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT _ he tollowing-nsmed settler has filed noiieeof his intention to mako final proof in support of his claim, and secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty day» from the date of this notice viz: Tuesday. Sept. 28, 1880, 10 a. in, at this office Ludolphus N. Johnson D. S. No. 999 for the lots 3 and 4 and sj Bwf section 5 tp 39 s r 6 w, and names the following as his witnesses, viz . J. L- N ft y - lor, C. C. Johnson, F. H. Stoekwell and R. Uaydon, all of Moscow P. O. Nez Perce oo. I, T. J. M. Howe, 48 Register. PROO K JTIGIL Pre-Emption Proof. land office at Lewiaton, I. T. Aug. 18th 1880. N otice is hereby given that the following named settler has tiled notice of his intention to make final proof in support of hU claim, and secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty days from the date of this notice, win : Mon»l:iv iropt. 2Uth 1880.10 a, m. Johan H, Dcesteu. pre emotion D. S, No. 1004, for the awj sec. 33 rp. 38 n n. 2 w, and names the following as his witnesses, vis: Christain Wartemberg, Wm. Dose and Wm. Wing all of Genesee Né* Perce Co. I. T. J. M. How*, 4$-5é Register. NOTICE. LAND OFFICE AT Walla Walla W T Aug. 24th tasn N otice ia hereby given tih the following-named settler has file notice of his intention to make final proof! support Of his claim, and secure final entr thereof at tho expiration of thirty ,i____ , expiration of thirty dnv. the date of this notice, vis: w._ . fr .° will appear before mo on September, 1S80, for the x$ xnj NEl N wi sec. 9 tp. 8 n R 46 e, and hame the following as his witnesses, viz- Da ' TaTOe ® Andersoxi, A. S. Toops an I. B C ooper, all of Anatone, Columbia Co W> r ' .. K- H Morrison _Register notice^or" Pre-emption Proof: LAND OFFICE AT N Lewiston I. T. Aug 14, 1880. OULE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT TH lollowing-named settler has filed notico ms intention tu make final proof in support o his claim, and secure final entry thereof at th expiration of thirty Jays from the date of thi notice, viz : Saturday Sept. 18, 1880, 10 a. m. at this office Nels Johnson, D S No 547 fn the ,-wi sec. 17 tp 37 a. 4 w. and names'th following as his witnesses. vi,. p. F Aldrich G. Wilson and D. Markham, all of G CD e S ee P O. Nez Perce Co. I. T. .. J-M. Howe, Register NOTICE FOR Pre-emption Proof. LAND OFFICE AT Lewiston I.T. August 7, 1880. N otice is hereby given that the following-named settler has filed no tice of his intention to make final proof in sup port of his claim, and secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty ddVs from the date of this notice, viz: Saturday Sept. 11th, 1880, 10 u, ni. at this office James R. Land, pre-emption D. S. No. 426 for the lots 2 an 3 swi KF. j section 2 tp. 39 x K 5 w, and swj SEj section 35 tp. 40 N R 5 W, and names the following as his witnesses, viz : H. H. Fellows, Marion Vincent, B. F. Shaw and Lewis Land, all of Moscow P. O. Nez Perce county, I. T. J. M. Howe, 44 Register. notice: FOR HOMESTEAD PROOF. [ I j : i LAND OFFICE AT Lewiston, I. T. July 31, 1880. N otice is hereby given that the following named settler has tiled notice of his intention to lunke final proof in support of h:s' daim, and secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty days from the date of this notice, viz : Monday, Sept. 6th, 1880, 10 a. m. at this office Noyes 11. llolhrook homestead No, 220 for tho lots 4 5 6 and 7 section 6 Tp 35 x. it. 4 w and names tho following ns his witnesses, viz : Randolph Keen. Isncc Kipp and George Noah all of Lewiston Ncz Perec co., I. T. J. M Howe,. 43 Register. NOTICE" for Pre-emption Proof. LAND OFFICE AT , , Lewiston I. T. August 7 1880. NH-'OTICE IS HEREBY G1VENTHAT THE jN followiug-nained settler has filed notioeo his ihtention to make final proof in support his claim, and secure final entry thereof at th expiration of thirty days from the date of thi notice, viz: Saturday Sept. It 1880 10 a. m.. a this offne, Benjamin F. Shaw, pre-emption D S. No. 363 for the si Nwf and nV swj see. tp. 39 N B 5 w and names the following as hi' witnesses, viz: James It. Land, W. L. Land I). M. Vinson and II. H. Fellows, all of Mos cow P.O. Nez Perce aounty, I, T J. M. Howe, 4 4 Register. NS -~z names the following as his witnesses viz: T . Brown Charles W. Case and F. E. - « • - - - - - — ~ - * ' ----- 1 ~ NOTICE FOR Pre-emption Proof. LAND OFFICE AT Lewiston Aug. 13 1880. OTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THA the following-named settler has file - notice of his intention to make filial proof in support of his clainijaand secure final entry thereof at the expiration of thirty days from the date of this notice, viz: Saturday Sept. 18, 1880, 10 a. m. before B. F, Morris Dept. Diet. Clerk, Idaho county, IT. at his office at Mt. Idaho in said county, John Stewart, D. S. No. 1167 for the swi Nisi and SEi nwI and lots 1 and 2 section 19 tp. 31 N r3 E Jerome all of Mt. Idaho P. O. Idaho county Idaho Territory. J. M. How*, 45 5t. Register. PROOF NOTICE. For Preemption. LAND OFFIOE AT Lewiston, r.T. Aug. 10th 1880. to Starr W, See field and to whom it may concern. N otice is hereby given tha tho following named settler has notice of his intention to make final pr< ft f his claim, and secure final entr heTof at ttc exniration of thirty days fro îbo dsto of this notice, viz: MoiMay Sept 13th I8S0, 10 a. m. at this office -Henry lx. Fountain, pre-emption D, S. No.,731. for th lots 2 3 and 4 and ne} swf sac,,; 29 tp 35 R n w, and names the foilowing as hi* witnesses viz: J. Martin, H. Jordan J, Pouting all » Lewiston P. 0. Net Perce county I. T. J. M. Howe, 44 Register. ISTOTIOFFOR Pre-emption Proof. Land office at Lewiston, I. T. Au 8;' r .J2, , w 1 T?? N otIcë is hereby given™ the following-named h " notice of his intention to make final proof " , rt of his claim, and «*ure final en thereof at the expiration of thirty days fro the date of this notice, viz: Saturday Sept. 25, 1880, 10 a. m. at this offioe Denui SnUivan D. 8. No. 909 for the sz^ swi and z swJ and lot 3 section 7, tp. 38 X ji 5w, * names the following as ht. witnesses ».s: J L. U. Hoke, Geo. lfoke and Wm. MoLaog»' all of Moscow P 4Ô-ÔW. O. Nez Poroe oonnty, I- T ,T. M. Howe, Register.