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DEVOTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF NORTHERN IDAHO AND SURROUNDING COUNTRY. — SS PKR YEAR Volume e. LEWISTON, IDAHO TERRITORY, THURSDAY, APRIL 18 1882. —'Z—— ..... -■ ' NUMBERS? CITY AND COUNTY OFFICiALPAPER. THURSDAY.... .........APRIL 13 1882 . FaMtehïd Every TRuraday Evening —BY— A. LELAND A SON, Tens if Subscriptioa. at Coin Rates : Sue lb Cor t raaTiia.......... .. ..........$3 00 *' ** Six SfoKTai.................. 2 oo t_, „ V Tw# ................ 1 #0 ■tagte Nestor .................................... 10 I Fr.pmjm.ut la all euei demanded. AH pa ■para diaooatiaatd whoa lima of lubioriptioo baa axpirad. Delegate in Congress. Governor.................. Secretary............... Marahal.................. U. S. Attorney......... Treaanrer................. Controller ............. C innty Commissioner* 'Coonty Commissioners - • EOOTEXAI OOOSTT. Sheriff. .......................................F. Haines Recorder.............................. O: B Woanaoott Probate Jadge.........................Henry Heldor Treasurer......................................Mas Weil Assessor.................................W. D. Wright '«Tasliees............... R. W, Cochran, C. W. Word Constables.................M. Martin. J. L. Steen, ! 0 . F. Canfield J. T. Raukin W. Martin. 1STE-W of Advertleluo Redeeed. la Cola : •a* Square (1 inob in column) 1 insertion tl 50 additional inaartioa.......... . ...... 60 Tea Sqaaros one iaaertion.................... 2 Eeeb additional insertion................... l 00 Tbrea Sqaarea eae insertion.............. .. 3 0« • Raah additional iasortion................ 1 60 Paar Sqaeros oao insertion.................... 3 00 Saab additional insertion................... 3 00 Yaarly, half yearly and quarterly adrertis mants morn than four squares inserted by speeisl eontraet. Professional and Artisans* Cards of ons square or less, per quarter............... fY 3 00 Metioes in local aolamn (oxoept voluntary ) 1 par Una......................................... 20 1 Bat aonu for loss than.....................1 00 Sooioty adrertisamonts and resolutions per lino oaoh iasortion............... ]0 Lanai Advertlaelan Bates, la Cala : Sammons, Shorirs Sales and ail, other le gal aotiees per ineb first insertion....... $1 SO Raeh subsequent insertion.................. 60 All traasiuut advertisements and notices prepayment demanded, all others paya bla quarterly. ALONZO LRLAND. CflAS. ï. LELAND. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY OF IDAHO . ...........Geo. Ainsle ...........John B. Neil ...T. F. Singiser .............K.8. Chase .........W. R. While .........John Huntoon ......J. I. Onderdonk JODOKS CLBBKS 4 DIUtSICT ATTOBNITS. lot District Norman Buck jpl #r N H. Sanier District Attorney........•■•••A*. QuitckenDush 8tod District..................... H. E. Pricket» ■Clerk...........................A. L. Richardson District Attorney.............Jaa. A. Hawjey ,*d District........................ J. T. Morgan £Urk..............................Wm.B. Thews District Attorney............Willard Crawford The Judges of the 1st 2nd erd 3 d dis trict* assemble at the capital on the first Monday to September ineach year, and con ytitnte the Supreme Court of the Territory, WTt^ the Judge of the 3 d district as Chief Justice, and A. L. Richardson as Clerk. .The Judicial Districts and the times and piece's of holding Courts in each aie desig nated by the Supreme Court when io ses '•lbs and are liable to change each year. LAND OFFICES: Surveyor Gea.V,.....V/th. H. Chandler . IDAHO DISTRICT Register ...John B. Miller R iciiver James Stout ISWIITOtl DISTRICT. Register..............................J. M. Howe R ieeiver...„..........*.... ..'...'..Ï.B. J. Monroe OXFORD DISTRICT: Magister ......................C. B. Fox Receiver...................J. F. Singiser "NJRTH IDAHO COUNTY OFFICIALS: rsuou co. Probate Judge-............... .Ï....P. Grigsby Sheriff-.......................... -N. B. Holbrook Auditor k Recorder................J. H. Evans Truasurur... .............................N. Hale Alsesser..................W. Howard ) -™......S. C. Hale Cmuty Commissioners v..... J. N. Lindsay I........Wm. Evans SROSHOai COUNTV. probst* Judge...............J. C. Hilterbrand Sheriff..................... liditor k Recorder... r.'uasurer................ Aisessor.................. •I. B. Coven Auditor k Recorder............ D. M. Frazier Treasurer..........................-..Aaron Kuhn .........-Frank Carle .. P. Gaffney T Wilaon ,.R. Templeton IDAHO COUNTY. P obate Judge.....................John Bower Sisriff............................._,T. J. Rhodes A iditor k Recorder.......J. B. Chamberlain T ....................................Wm. Baird ■A••essor W.J. Rainy ,.C. M. Redman D H. Teicher BOOT s SHOE STORE. hale Work,' of San Fraiioisoo Make, Sold Cheap for Cash. WOMEN, CHILDREN and MENS WEAR. ,, JW" All classe, «f work manufactured to IFdur. Repairing neatly aad promptly done. GEORGE GLASS, Montgomery sL, Lc wistoa, 1.1 LAWYERS. JASPER RAND, ATTORNEY, And COUNSELLOR at Law, Ornci—Main St, near Raymond House, Lewiston, I. T. 4. ,f QUACKEN BUSH, ATTORNEY-AT LAW, And Distriot Attorney for 1 st Judicial Lia triot. Ornci.— Main street near 6resrley*s Grist mill. (l I. N. MAXWELL ATTORNEY, And COUNSELLOR at Law, Ornes— Third Street, next door North rf Looweuberg Bros. 4 -tf j. H. FORNEY, ATTORNEY 4T LAW, NT. IDAHO, 1. T. Collections promptly made. ALONZO LELAND, Attorney-at-Law, LEWISTON, IDAHO TERRITORY. Will practice In all the Courts of North Idaho, and also the Supreme Court. Also Commis sioner, of Deeds for Washington Territory in and for Idaho Territory. W. T. N C KERN, Attorney-at-Law, MOSCOW, I. T. Will attend promptly to all suits and col lection* intrusted to him. lltf PHYSICIANS. T S. 8TZRLmo, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. Oppicr— Two doors above the Raymond House. Lewistuu. 35 - m H. W. STAINTON, Physician and Snrgeon, LEWISTON, I. T, Offloe and Residenee—Montgomery 8tre*t Head of Fourth. -tf WHEEL WEIGHT SHOP. LOT WIG-GINS, A skillful wheelrlght is located on Ist.itnef, and is prepared to perform good work in hia line upon abort notion. REPAIRING CARRIAGES, end WAGONS, made * specialty, Call aad sea him. Rf. OLIVER, SCHOBERT & CO. Blacksmiths, 1T1T. IDAHO, 1. T. BLACK 3 M.THING AND HEPAIBINQ with neatnree and dispatch. HORSESHOEING A SPECIALTY. Sft, FatiafacMon guaranteed or ae pay 2-ly W. P. HE ART BUBO. LOTHING r CLEANED» REPAIRED TO ORDER. m 3 d Street, LEWIdTON, I. T. i*H**Yfi 7R 1882j I « ni he mailed pass to all spfdwaeto. sed to ««toners with vat ordering »L It e»«taWu fre evtorod plate«, tOO engv»t Irait Tv-M, etc. levai sabla to efl. M i rk . f mm ft owe m* —>• »- «—«4 Btoto vvHable tor plant«« la ttor f «eraser*« IBbb a isrthav fi—th. We »ehe a i f rtok y ef se pp ljtog HOTELS. INTEL qFRAICI cor. 3d and ••C"Vl'REKTi, LEWISTON, 1. T. _i Mme. Le FRANÇOIS. . 1. _ 1 __^_rVomrietrm*n. j Haa dess Rebuilt, 'Enlarged, aid Entirely reri/rWished, with all the.Coinfortsaad Convenience* ol a FIRlf.CLAU ÀÔTEL. This bouse has been long and favarabiy known as the streager'e borne. _ Its spacious bedrooms, furnished with spring mattresses and tidy bedding, presents all tbu comforts fur a fatigued trereler A FIRST-CLASS BAR IN ÇONNECTION WITH TUB HOUSE. The table is always sapplied with all tha .delicacies of the season, and the best of cooks and employees around tha house. fektra Accommodations for 'Commercial Travelers. ill. léa\o and Lewitton Stag * office. Mrs. Xi. Saus« W. E. Tlmberlake. T Corner Sth end Montgomery Ste, LEWISTON I. T. ntS HOTEL IS NEWLY BUILT hard finiabed throughout, bus nil tbn hODEUN CONVENIENCES For the Comfbrt of Guests And ia kept m k FlMGT-CLAhh HOUSE. GENERAL STAGE QFF1GE, Aud headquarters,for all express licies run uing to and from Lewiston. MRS. R. SAUX A Co, Proprietors. 49 -tf SALOONS. CALIFORNIA BREWERY NEAR BEAD OF FIRST ST., WEISGERBER BROS, Propr'a. LEWISTON, I. T. CALL AND SEE US. LEWISTON BAKERY B Montgomery street, ' LfcWlStON, I. T. READ, PIES AND CAKES ALSOGRO e«riu. Confectionary, Liquor* und Cigar*. Wildenthuier hua purohusod all the in teru*t of Conrad WinUeh in the abova buiine** •nd will hereafter do butine*« ia the aama ol 8. WILDEN THALER. 18 -tf 23 -tf. ß A. NYMEYER, COUNTY SURVEYOR, Nez Peree County. Reaidaaca and poit often addreta, 2-3a* MOSCOW, I. T H. C. BROWN, —DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE, NT. IDAHO. Tie IIiDilirtl 'Political Alliance. had but. her* country. 9 ruqh to these mines hud become so general that it vu estimated 2,000 persona bad oothe east of the Caecadea. Daring that rear t waa inaugurated toward* forming a new Territory east of (Vo luano ana uuixmie w u »smngum wav luew enuru ntve ued persistently - from Jime to time by petitions memoriale of our und Ahfit of Washington, a party to which has been nearly all the orth Idaho up to 1878. To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives in Congress as sembled: In.'1861 the diaoovery of valuable mines in what is now North Idaho, at tracted thousands from all parts of Oregon, California and Washington to these unifies. Up to that time Washington, east of tne Cascade range, i and there *n isolated aettler. It was regarded as an Indi In 1862 the that full 12, a movement ..... _ „ _ . Çascades out of Washington, having fur its western boundary the Columbia 'ri ver. A representation was made to Congress to that end. The matter was favorably considered by Congress, but unlmknown to the people of] thiis newly gettletj region, the then Delegate from Washington in Congress restricted the Western boundary of the new Territory to the 117 meridian west from Green wich, end Idaho was organized March 3, 1863 with that as the western boun dary of. Idaho, leaving in Idaho but a narrow atrip of agricultural land west of tne Bitter Root mountains susoeptible cultivation and settlement. In 1863 4 the Territory of Montana was organised out of a part of Idaho with other territory, making its western boundary the crest of the Bitter Root fountain*. This left the northern portion of Idaho only about forty miles in width and the greater portion of this width was the apure of the Bitter Root, rugged spd irafiuited to settlement. Immediately after these unnatural limita for North Idaho, efforts were made to have a change to better suit our .condi tion. The first was made to form a new Territory east of theColumbia river so qs to include North Idaho. This failed, then we made the effort to be detached from South Idaho and become attache^ to Washington and theae efforts have been continued Legislature people of North Idaho up ____ The Legislature of Washington, in tha winter of 1877-8, passed an act authorising the calling of a convention to frame a Constitution for tha State of Washington, without an enabling act of Congress. To that Convention they invited a Delegate from the northern counties of Idaho with a view to include these counties, in the State boundaries. These counties responded and unanimously chose a Delegate to represent them in Convention, and Washing ton paid the expenses of the Delegate. The Convention assembled at Walla Walla and framed a Constitution, including in the boun.'aries of the proposed State the three northern counties of Idaho. (Tho same bounitriea as now found in Brents' original bill for ai).enabling act for Washington, now before Congress) and roads provisions for the submission of said Constitution to the people of both Washington and North Idaho. The people of both Washington and North Idaho adopted said Constitution by more than a two-third vote of all the votes polled, while among all the people of North Idaho, only, thirty four votes out of nearly 800 were polled against said Constitution. Brents, in the proceeding Congress, introduced a bill to admit the State of Washington under the Constitution adopted in 1878. But the consideration of that bill did not induce apy report of tho committee, not that it was ol jeotionable b^cat^as it contained the northero counties of Idaho, but mainly because of want of sufficient population. The Legislature of Washington, at ils last session, passed a memorial for an enabling act of Congress to include the three northern counties of Idaho and the lower House of the Idaho Legislature passed a memorial to the effect that when Washington should be admitted that the northern counties of Idaho should become a part of the new §tate. To convince the people eyery.where and especially to convince Congress that the people of North Idaho bad not ahanged in opinion upon the question of 1878, the question was again sub mitted to them at their last genera! election in 18^0, and the result showed 1,216 votes were potted for annexation to Washington, w,hile only seven were polled against the measure and to-day no man in North, Idaho is willing to raise hia voice or pea puhIMy against the measure and to the people of these , oounties it ia a matter of sarpriee aad regret that the committee of the House " ' bin For an enabling act for the State of ern and isolated counties should have reported hack Brents' Washington with an amendment excluding then« 1 from the boundaries of the proposed State. The published report of tba,t com mittee sets forth no reason for this amandueiiit, *nd all we have given us as a reason for this action, is the telegram of Mr. Brents. TUE REASONS FOR DESIRING THAT NORT11 IDAHO BE ANNEXED TO 7HR STATE OF WASHINGTON ARE : , 1st. The Union of North and South Idaho is, and always hsej b s on , dis astrous to all the material interests ot the people of the northern port el tho Territory. If the imaginary lins now constituting the w«start! houdd ry ot North Idaho were abrogated and this section res'ored to its origine! antf natur al position as a part of Washington the valuo of the property of her citizen* would be ^increased hy hundreds of thousands of dollars. Immigration now stops within Wasflington Territory and crosses into Idaho with reluctance. With agricultural resources unsurpassed, except in extent, the development of these resource* are retarded beyond a present power of computation by reason of our isolated condition consequent upon a political connection with a section with which we are as practicably separated aa from any State in the Union. To remain thus permanently severed from the basin of the Columbia, of which we are naturally a part, i* and will always continue to be absolutely ruinous to our prosperity. i ,, 2nd. North and South Idaho arc separated by natural boundaries. Be tween the two is a mountain range impassible, except on horseback or on foot over rugged mountain trai|s in the summer qnd m the winter except on snow •hoe*. There never hae been a wagon road and njavgr can be a practicable one between the two. The Salmon River mountains, which, constitutes this barrier, is at least sixty miles in width, extending east and west, across the entire Territory. , 3rd. The only routes of travel between the two, by privets ?jr public con veyance, except aa before stated, is by a wids detour westward through Wash ington ' Territory and the State of Oregon, over the Blue mountains, or still further, by water and rail to Portland and San Francisco, through Washington Territory and the States of Oregon and California, via. the Central, Pacific road. Within the limita of the Territory there is no communication between the two sections except by mountain trail as before stated, , 4th. Our remoteness from the seat of the Idaho Territorial Government deprives us of all the protection which n Government should afford to every section of its domain. North Idaho with a comparatively email area is the present home of a large number of Indians. In it are the Nejs t'erce, Cceur d'Allene, Pend d'Oreille, a part of Kootenai, permanently, and tne Spokane roam through the Northern portion thereof. There is no prospect« of theqe tribes being removed to other localities. We are subject, therefore, in the iu ture, as we havo been in the past, to sudden and cruel, savage outbreaks. When the Indian war, under Chief Joseph, broke upon our people in 1877 we appealed to the Governor, an energetic and faithful executive for aid, but hit reply, was, "That he had no arms that he could spare for so long a distance and that aid could reach ue from other sources sooner than Iroin Boise, our Capital". Oen. Howard attempted to aid us by a command sent from South Idaho through the nearest and most accessible route. This command, under a brave and energetic officer, pushed forward with the utmost dispatch until it reached the southern base of the Salmon River mountains, within eighty miles of our people. It sought,to make a wagon road and cross this barrier, but was obliged to turn back before the difficulties of this mountain rang». Although within eighty miles of the point where men, women and children were being massacred with savage cruelty this command was obliged to leave our people to their fate and to come to our rescue, if al all, by passing through Oregon and Washington, a distance of not less than COO miles. Gov. Ferry, of Washington Territory, came at once to our aid Slid though beyond the jurisdiction of bis Territory loaned its arms and munitions of war. Thus this savage warfare was stayed t>y aid from the Territory to which we ask to be annexed, and could naturally come from no other Fource. What occurred in 1877 may occur at any time in the future. The government in South Idaho can only draw, a revenue from our taxable property, while it can afford us no protection from impending danger. The Capital of the Territory was removed trom Lewiston in Njrtb Idaho to Boise in South Idaho in 1865. Since that time, a period of seventeen years, no Territorial officer has over been within the : limits of thq territory sought to be annexed and none have had any actual , practical knowledge of our condition. This has not been the result of a want ', of energy or a.lack of in'erest on the part of these gentlemen in the welfare of ; our people. It i- simply the result of the difficulties of intercourse between : sary to travel over the al ove .described tastes from thi* Northern section te I Capital at a greqt «ZpoeMc and at'great distance hy stage and in the season *t considerable danger to life and health, ; while the union of Idaho with the State of Washington would make aeoaes to the Mat e t expeditious easy and convenient w mil or ri ver f l (k4*igatioa. <Uh. Between North .and South Idaho; there is, end dab be ae intercourse. Neither hpa products «tii(th ßad a market in Uwt otlmr, aad , routes.,of transportation from either section to the teairkdh oftbeworM I through,the ether. The pr:ducta of North Idaho bar« hitherto foetal ward to, the Pacifio and will in tho futurs take tho omuo oeurs* unUm a | pass over the North 'Pacifie rood to Eastern markets. • * : ''i, ,. * , > 7,th. 'Np material or political interest,of „ .Booth Idehq «Ul.-hiuipNIii ' tha annexation of North Idaho to Weokidgto(i,.. AH hoc m attY t s f 'dMItt'' harmoniously developed. It is claimed by thoiih pppoeod to AfteteU the severance of North Idaho would laave the Territory sttbjeei tad .rule. Jhirplee is fallacious and designed simply te prafodioe the* those net acquainted with the facte. Bear Lake eOunty, In the extreme I eastern corner of the Territory, ia the only one where Ute Mormon ia dominant. • In Oneida couaty joining Bear Lake on-the wadi the power of the Mormon and anti-Mormon, known there as Urn GeetHe 1_—. has ,always been and now is nearly equally divided, so nearly equal that (h* epuhty'officers and Rep r ena n te tiras in the Terri tond Legislate re hae« about equally divided. . Cassia county joining Onpida oath* treat haa« dm A#'' arable, but not a controlling Morrofn vote. Thdae ^ L «— the extreme aoptheastern portion of the Terril gth.. In the counties )f Owyhse, Adb Was hi Dilater tha Mormoop have no power whatever. , At the last census, in 1880, Idaho Territory had A population at of them North Idaho had 6,988 pnd South Idaho 20,730. Mormon population in Idaho did not exoced 7,000. no greet increase in the Wood River the Territory, aeoording ile. Of thia increase nearly all are anti-Mormftn. At that fi nsd n , Hinoc then then bas 1 ï of Mormon« within the Territory, but the discovery ef j er couutry in Alturae and Cueter oounUefi has brought oording to the most reliable estimeltee, net teM than 20 Ht Y South Idaho t hone 2* I 'm «*" at this time, the reletive population of what ia known M Mormon- wdû is 7,000 of the former and 38,682 Gentila or in the mtio of Ion toil five in favor of the anti-Morrain influenoe. 8th. It hat been claimed, ea we are informed, that tho. Rip North Idaho to the State of Washington would mako tho .letter An eminent statesman of our country, speaking of the boundfirieq of the firming our Union has said, that the boundaries of SiRtqe ihpuid hwouun n* Qod and nature have Mtablishod. iW* presume that boundaries jtet ootyfonn ing to this principle ere not desirable. The boundsriqa ot..Idaho/as to all north of the Salmon River mountains, are contrary to. thi* principle end unnaturally sever us'from Washington and unite us to Idaho. The truth is that the m « ent awkward shape of Idaho and the consequent unfortunate condition «M 2 section., ia. the result of polities! intrigue ot aspirante for Offioo. lie prMMrt boundaries, as far as North Idaho ia concerned, were established whhout tfte knowledge and against the wirhee of the people directly interested Mdjftm their establishment our efforts to restore our section of the TerritWW *»***• Wo believe that /ill suoU polit publle cr private, former place have been constantly adhered to. ical aspiration* have been gratified end that no eitison, either | will be ipjured by the deaired change. , |(V , Were the present eastern boundary of Washington Territory M the eniafi of the Bitter Root mountains including North Idaho and south »tard te thé crest of tho Salmon River rangs ss a southern boundary,,tip natural boundnrV ies would be restored and tho entire Columbia Rivtr 'Bafiln would he included withiq the State of Weshingttm. , Thia ' ( would leave the Territory of Idaho of a nearly rectangular 1 shFpe, pith all ■serions easily accessible from ite oen ter and with an »rda 1 -off ,00,000 square milles, larger in extent than the State of Alabama» Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania South Carolina, North Carolioa, Virginia or Wisoonsin, while the State et Washington would have ^ an area of 90,000 square .milea, Rmaller thaa the Territory of Arizona, Dakota, Montana, New Mexico, Wyoming gr the State of Calitomia, Colorado, Nevada, Texas or Oregon. V ' '*• - Adveraly to annexation, no réference ia made by the committee-to tip people of North Idaho. Their condition is entirely ignored. It ia this uafbrtuhato «a regard of all our rights and claims that has reduced ua to a oOndition of polit ical vassalage. We earnestly appeal to the honorable tnecobere ef Congraae to doua the justice to aereluUy examine our grievancec., We feel it to beowr duty to say that we are now, and for years'have -' been, mint unjustly m iait p . resented in Congress. We esn only look for relief to. member* of other States ' :*>d, .Territories. There is now n Territorial dej»t, a part of which w# ere on dag .obligations to pay, of about 060,000. This is not payable until 1000 o t mop ef it wteOd have been paid at this time. Wo ate ready to assume ouc propostiqu of thia debt and if indeed oar "ransom can only be bought with A ; price ,;'wr dill,* r* Q(tired, j pagpny proportion thereof that Congress may ini* POM «pun un., , WVteftft netneetndlj nek that our wishes may not bo ignored. We went originally R,enst of Washington kmtwyi fee were unjustly severed from it and we sen only kn restored to polities] mi IMMII oial prosperity by being annexed to and keaiwiftg Apart.of tho Mnfti ef YwWt ington. . , I Coi rs n p end i ii g QemnwRtee .:■**** M. A. KELLY, TtV HOWARD/ J. M. HOWE, Z ICELAND, I. N. MAXWELL, T. RAND, G E. MONTEITH. ^ : tho agg ressor, both men almost simul , tanooasly drew their pistols. Cowart ', tired first, the ball passing through his ; antagonist's head, and causing, instant : death. etjteroent*. ctjf AB OLD RE8ZDBHT OF LEWIS TOW SHOT DEAD. Dallas, Tex., March 14.—Thi« city was thrown into great excitement this afternoon by the announcement that ox-Mavpr J. M. Thurmond had been •hotana kilted in the county court room by Robert E. Cowart, a prominent lawyer. Thurmond was well known throughout the State as a lawyer and local politician. A bitter feeling has pxlsted for nearly three years between him «bd Cowart. About three yean ago Thurmond wan voted put of the office of Mayor by tjie City Council for lack of confidence after a long and bit ter struggle, in which Cowart acted as chief attorney for tho city. At the special election following Thurmond waa a candidate for re-election, and Cowart •tumped the city against him, securing hie defeat after a most bitter contest. Since that time Thurmond has had many narrow escapes from serious per sonal violence on account of his bitter expression of hatred for his enemies snd opponents. This state of things grew worse during the present muni cipal canvass. Thurmond being a can didate for Alderman from the Second Ward, and, it is said, prompting cer tain bitter articles against Cowart and others in a new evening newspaper. The two met to-day in the court house snd after an exchange of ugly werde, in which Thurmond seems to have been Colorado, California, Texas. He wafi-driven from Mo years ago .by vgilanU, because hi tho legal defendar of road agente.; was a native of Kentucky, aged i 45 years, and was District Judgu ; Texas during the administration! Edmond J. Davis. Cowart ia ft I of Atlanta, G a. He ia about 00 old, sod stands high at tho Dallas h|f.l The principal attorneys of thweity vol* d n tee red to defend him. Ho ia uodaff arrest. Fully 0,000 people poured through the court house to view Thur* mond's remains. Cowart waa released ou 0200 bond, the verdict of tho Cor* oner's jury being that ho killed Thw mond in sMf-defence. The case wit) go before the Grand Jury now ia ses sion. ' _ ' German measurements give -tha* Sojf lowing as among tho greatest daily quantities of' rainfall recorded in Eft* rope: At Colberg, Sept. 7 1800, four inches of rain fell in seven hours. At Breslaw, August 6. At Klansthal, in the Harz, tho daily maximum.,obv served is four and a half, ipchsfi; Rad At Höchenschwand, in the Black Ihr* est, it is 0vq inches. A new white metal sod malleable bronze is produced by the deooloratioft of copper by means, of ftrro-as suoft O Mi ' The composition gives a metal aa wtUo s* silver and Rs malleable as tha Ote men silver obtained, with nWfc4.''R*V a latninabie white metal, in j or beam ia added, to the A successful operation, ■ tho patient was kept ioua ter for sixteen day*, was ' by Dr.,