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Lewiston teller. (Lewiston, North Idaho) 1878-1900, January 14, 1886, Image 1

Image and text provided by Idaho State Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82007023/1886-01-14/ed-1/seq-1/

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TERMS, IN ADVANCE.
tOUMK 10 .
DCVCTED TO THE BEST INTERESTS OF NORTHERN IDAHO AND SURROUNDING COUNTRY.
S3 PER YEAR
LK\VISTO\ ISU 5 BO TERRITORY, THURSDAY, JANUARY 14 , 1886 .
XINRER
tHE LEWISTON TELLER
i CITY AN) C7UNTY OFFICIAL PAPtR.
»JII'HSUAY
iffbïîTtiê
.1 \ N It. I»8li
Every Tburatlay Evening
— BY —
LELAND Û SON,
Teas of Sshscriptiaa. at Coin EHts :
BiaacsCver rt
a Y BAH ...................
.*•( Oil
ot tt
Six Months...............
.. 2 0U
tt It
Two Months..............
.. 1 DU
flmglt- Number
ID
F:ej»ayn».uit i
» all cas«*« ilcinau'leti.
All pa
BWI diMoont mu
AM expired.
c*l «»hen time of tsubd
rptw.i.
fcftlrn of Ail vcm tiwlug Reduced. u
Coin .
Os« £qua«e ( 1 i
nch in c luinu) l innertio
iSl ill
alditionul
insert ion.......
Two «uii.'iros ..no i
nscrtion.........
fetch
a Llitional
insertion........
ffr«» «
qua res ono
insertion.......
: fetch
Additional
insertion.......
Jr*ur Saueres one
insertion.........
feacii
Additional
insert» in........
Ttarl r,
half yearly
nnd quarterly
monta
; more thin
i four squares
by soi
B*ial c tiitr;
iet.
ItofcsM
• rial an'l
Artisans' Car*
•*j«iar
h or loss, per «juarter.......
Notices in 1
per line
But none r or les.« than
Sect-t y advertisements
line each insertion
ilutnn (except voluntary
i resolutions pc
10 !
hcval AdvertNiin» ItuieM« In Coin :
Summons, Sheriffs hales and all other le
gal notices per inoh first insertion......$1 50
£u<*h subsequent insertion............ 50
All transient advertisements and notices
prepayment deiuanded, all others paya
ble quarterly.
ALONZO LELAND. CIIAS. F. LELAND.

flVFli'IAL lURKi'TMU OF IDAHO
Delegate
.(ioveruor.....
;J«c retary......
Attorney (Tenet;
'Marshal...... ...
1m, Jj. Attorney
Treasurer........
luntruller.......
j v
1st D istrict
Congress............I.ilm ILiih-y
...............K. A. Stl V lls.il!
..............Edward .1 Curtis
ei ai ......... II. I', li. Criile
.....................I''. 'I Iluliuia
.........I. II. I Inn lev
.......Joseph IVrriuili
......Silas \V. Moody
CLKKKS
Norman Buck
Ôlork
i i. äquier
1o«i District.................... Cas«*
Br»)» lundi
Olerk .......................... A. L. U
ich » r*i - m
2d District........................
- Havs
CUrk............................ .Win
.B. Tlu \v.s
The Judges of tho 1st 2nd hi
•li '»<1 Ills
trie t s assemble at the enpit»il or»
li:«* second
Monday in January in each year,
and con
.ttitute the Stipmu « Court of the
Territory.
.With the Judge of the .Tl distrL
[•t as « due
■justice, and A. L. Kichurdsoti a
1 1 «* r k .
The Judicial Districts and the
time«' an»d
places of holding Courts in each
are desig
Mated l»v »he Supreme Court vv !
u*n in . « s
rad are liable to change each
LAND OFFICES:
Mirveyor (leu..............Win. II. «
IDAHO DISTRICT
Register .................Hail
RlC'dver ............... Il C I>»;
LKYVI8TON DISTRICT.
Register.......................... 1*. I* Winston
indict
Pells J
t.-tti r '
R icaivrr.
A J
OX FORD lUSTlilCT:
Register ................A. Ihid.lenh.'iusc
Racer, cr................... «'• A. Hat,
jiistrict
.....I lui
Blister...........
Receiver.................
NJÎRTI1 IDAHO COl'NTV
unter I.. Pound
■ O L Waters
or kiciai.s :
...J. W. Partir
County Attorney......
FfÜbat»; Judge.....................\Y \\ im
............................. K. V' . Cam. n.
Auditor Ä llecurder........I (.', llattab.uig
rrtusurer....................... ••!'. M. H.v
Ait^d^or........................ \y. I. 1 angd.i
j I).^ Spurheck
C>unty CommissionersJ M Me(»reg«.r
I David Notnmn
SlIOsnoNF. COUNTY
Coontv Attorney.....
iSbate Judge........
SatriiT.....................
Auditor & Recorder..
T'Uttsu rer ...............
Altessor.................
County Commissioners
....Francis Jenki
.....A. ( '.ivaii uigli
C, T. 1*. Bass
M. C. run.au
i Frank Gruvo
IDAHO rOUNTY.
County Attorney................. T- H. Forney
P*Ob;itc Judge.......................<' 'V (ktse
g tori If.........................A. W. Talkington
Atditor k Recorder............. V. •!. Kbodes
TOUSnre.............................1 M l' 'iiu-iu
Aüosior .............. D II Teicher
IC. W. Day
Conn' y Commissioners Jim. Mat bison
( C. B. nV.mmI
CoBfoner........................I ^ Kirkwood
KOOTKXAI COUNTY*.
Couutv Attorney - - - M W Mm-gr >ve
Sheriff............................... ....Win Martin
..............................Robert S lln^iw
Prohat i Judge.........................Henry MekL.r
TlOOmrer................................. W C Jayson
A SOfsor.................................. W J Mc<'lure
Jutiloe......................................Henry Rose
f Ueo H Wannnctt
County Commissioners.....{ Ilenrv Newhwll
I John Itu «sel I
..Albert Allen '
F.
T. 1». Guthrie I
NEW
TOBACCO AND CÎSA1
STORE,
Tke best of TOll.UVO and CIGARS
■nd all SMOKKU S ARTICLES
Also all kinds of
VEGETABLES I FRUIT,
CANDIES AND NITS.
And gll eoofoctionarics that aw kept in
a first-class establish mont.
i E. TEXTER, Prop.
'WgÊMÊm

■xt do ,r e:tst of W |i I
Ijewioton, I. T "« ®
ntbillor
40tt'
i.AWl I US.
J. M. HOWE,
ATTORNEY-AT-LAW
I'rnotiiYinjr in all the court
Oflic«*. Special attention f
real PKtnte tran^'ors. an 1 pr>
against 'he g*»v«rnment
01* K hü.— In V"1 liner's brick, up stairs,
Muntg'tnerv Street. Lewiston. Idaho* I » 51
ID
.
ill
. 5 . W. WARRIOR
Attorney-at-Law.
AND
nsNTtui !' .lrroR^'n
OFFICE Room No 1), up stairs, our
M M ll'iiiv
i I. T. Dayt
Cosott"
i W.T. I'ouieroy W. T.
OAcil, (iodinan & Cosgrove,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
WILL practice? in all the courts of Idaho and
• :i.'hingt'>n Territories nfliee at Lewiston
t Icilding Toruierly occupied by A. I.elund,
ext to postolticc. I*tf
10 !
J. W. POE
Attorney-at-Law,
50
50
LKWISTON
I. T.
— Over hank of John
All business promptly a
»able charges.
JASPEIt RANBf.
ATTORNEY,
And COUNSELLOR at Law,
A. (iUACIil-:A*IUTS]l,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Also Notary Public, Lewiston, Idaho.
Office.— Main street near Brearlcy'« (Iri.-t
mill. tt
g.. N. 31 AXSVF.LL,
ATTORNEY,
And COUNSELLOR at Law,
Office—T hird -treot, next door North
j
-if
. 5 . S 3 . FOK.vKV,
.1 'S' »'OSS Y ï. V- 4 T- 1. A 4V,
MT IDAHO, I. T.
?r i't llcctions promptly made.
iBjOftZO BÆLAAD
jfVtuorney-at-La tv,
LEW ISTHN. UiAllO TERRITORY .
*. ill practice .n all the Courts of Norm Idah«
VV. Ï, M ( BiKI£.V
A t i «ciaey-at-S.a .
MOStOW, I. T.
Will ii « ten d j • r inptlv t» all se.it.- md
rnvsinvxs.
F. S. STIRLING, M. D
OFFICE— Or. Ma
h vin nd Utilise.
gtieet, two doors at
'
McFarland______
I
J 3 , MORRIS M. D.
Physician and Surgeon.
DlTIl'E—in Hale À l't.oj er s building. V
JI)KNEE— ut T. 8. RillingY, Lewa
Idaho. 83 3m.
C. W. SHAFF. M. D.
H1VSK1AN aN'I» SUKUK0N.
Off! c
National Hank
rth si lo ul Main street, t
i™«
Ü« tf I
JAY KIRKWOOD, M D.|
Graduate of the Medical Dcpartiuu.it «»f the
L'uivoraity of the Mate uf California,^
Surgery and Female Diseases
Made a Specialty.,
OFFICE, — iu Gregory A Kirkwood's Drug
!
: \NGEVILLE,
25tf
H. V«. STAINTON,
Physician and Surgeon,
LEWISTON. I. T.
N. 1*. IlinUTHl Kli
I
piiOTHDÎG
^ CLEANED,!
-„a
REPAIIŒI) TO ORDER.
S'l Street, LEWISTON. jTl
m}» W^CFΫ. CKAS. C KRESS,
\ / <
7 II 11 H 11 ^
SOLID SILVER AND
7 , : SILVER-PLATED WALE.
Waltliain, Elsla. SpriiidSelil av.»J
Lancaster wins.
CLGC s and optical goods
lUp ing ol Watched ai«*I Jewelry a specialty
[1
enry K Barnett
-DEALER IX
General Merchandise,
Corner IV nml Srd Streets.
(!u the HuihUnt) formerly occupied by foeinnhiry Unix.)
I heg k'a v e to inform the public that 1 have opened j
j with a new and complete stock of tfiî C'lH'FKS M<'*2*C*L«5E£ :
dise, Eîiry f*o«ds, Root« ^dioe « 9 and
(»Its to., etc.
rnmyrn x xi 3 jui :ji
S. G. ISAM AX,
D. S. DE X I
rd
O
föfkbAAN «
■Q
STATIONAl'.Y, FANCY GOODS, MIS1CAL 1NSTB11IEMS, AOVKLTIESI
ami iiiio.vs.
G'Viivi c.irefuli) <ompour.(!c(i I'stj cr Mi l l
DRUGGIST'S SUNDRIES, TOILET ARTICLES, Import- !
ed and Domestic CIGARS.
i tbc country promptly attended to.'lte
s. gray e< GO.
'J'lii.s house has nowon hand a large and
well selected stock ot
Suddlos (nid Harnes«,
Farm llnenrxx Constantly On Hand nt l Vath
I \ ull i !*/ ices. Cheyenne Cfuiimrejos, watt
of best Oiled Ca lfsk in, $10 lo $ld
}>vr pair.
Tant-3 and Wagon Sheets Made to Order
F UW HARNESS FROM SIS TO $ IS.
Fend for price list# Hack a-res pent urvwl.ere in the 'em
rnno l/trrne^s Constantly On Ihtnd at 1 Valla
I \ alla I*/ices. Cheyenne Chajuirejos, rnaa
» 1 : .\ A X ( 0. ! «
i i t alt« » tin .-O*
S. C. H ALE,
I
W. B. COOPER.
COOPER,
HALE &
-Ib-alcrs in all kinds of
! Shell i l.irdw iv. Crockery, Picture Frames, Mouldings, I'n
dertaker goods of nil st yles and qualities.
Lewiston, Idaho, January, 1st, 1885. l it
Siiisuber ll Lumber
0 9
DRESBSB ? ROUGH LUIBEi
Constantly on hand
Rough Lumho:"......810 per VI. Rustic......800 per M.
I Floorim*......830 per M. Clear dress 2 sides..8G5 " "
Apply to L, ROWLEY, Nez Perce Machine Shop, Lew-
liston, I. T., A. E. SX'ELL, Potlatch. 52tf
j
:
Robust Health
Is not always enjoyed by those who seem
î<» possess it. The taint of corrupted
blood may be secretly undermining the
eonsitimiion. in time.'tlie poison will cer
tainly show il « fleets, and u it hull the more
virulence the longer it has been allowed
to pcrineate I lie system. Kaeli pimple, sty,
hull, skin disorde»* and sense of unnatural
lassitude, or I :i ;uor, is one of Nature's
warnings ol' the euiisequenecs of neglect.
Myer s Sarsaparilla
Is the only remedy that can I>e relied upon,
in all ease>, to eradicate the taint of hered
itary disea-e and the sj.eeial eorruptloiis
of the blood. It is tile only alterative
that is sullieicnlly pow« rful to thoroughly
eh-an-c the system of Scrofulous anil
Mercurial impurities and the pollution
of Contagious Diseases. It also neu
tralizes the poi on; left by Diphtheria
and Scarlet Fever, and enables rapid
recuperation from tin- cnfrchlcimnt and
debility caused by these diseases.
Myriads of Cures
Achieved by Ayer's Sarsaparilla, in
the pad fortv \ ears, are attested, and there
is no blood disease, at all possible of eure,
that will not yield to if. Whatever the
ailment^ of this class,and wherever found,
from the won y of the Arctic chyle to the
'•veldt-sore.'' of South Africa, tIlls rem
edy has afforded health to the sufferers
by* whom it was employed. DruggLts
everywhere can cite numerous eases, with
in tlieir personal knowledge, of remark
able cures wrought by it, where ail other
treatment had been unavailing. People
will do well to
Trust Nothing Else
than A yfr's Sarsaparilla. Numerous
crude mixtures are offered to the public
as "blood purifiers," which only allure
the patient with the pretense of many
cheap «loses, and with which it is folly to
experiment while disease is steadily'be
coming more deep-seated and diflieiilt of
eure, Fume of these mixtures «lo much
lasting harm. Bear in mind that the only
medicine that run radically purify the
vitiate <1 blood i .1
Ayer's Sarsaparilla,
ntr.rAitrn iiy
Dr. J. C. A) or & Co., Bow oil, Mass.
SoM by ail Druggists: Price $1;
Six bottles for $5.
I
I
I
mm
RAILWAY.
TIIE REST HOLTE AND
SllOli r JT y Ï^II VK
Omaha
C<
AM» rU ■
'—Chicago.
■ ï Ol,, ff
OOtlDCl! OlUTTS
Ret worn Omaha and Ghjcugu. s<re its tw • Iraitis
• d 1>.\Y (M) ACHES "hicharethe finect
tb.it human art and ingenuity can create; Its
HA LAC t* SEEEH1 Nil CARS, which arc
uduLms nt curnl'-rt and elegance; Its l*AHL0R
DltAWINti 1 D*o\i G.AHS, unsurpassed by
.any; and it« widelv celebrated PALATIAL
DINING Gals, the fquul of which can SOt
7 lie only line to take
hall town. Cedar Itaj
hiengn, Milwaukee,
0 the pr.plo of
1 y owing I ta :, Italie*
l'a- hingt'»*» and California
dvantages n»»t possible by any
Am »ng a few of the mttneroi:
snperinri'y enjoyed by the putr -ns
At C »uneil Ihuffs the train? of ti e Union
Hueific l!y connect in Union Depot, with those
«»f the Chicag») & Norhcrn-western Ky. In
• hicago the trains of this line make clore Con
nect i. ii with I!» ),e ..f nil Eastern lines.
For Detroit, C.dumbus, Indinnap* lis, f'in
cinnsti' Niagara Falls, Itufialo, Hittstnirg,
Toronto, Montreal, Host.m, New Y»*rkl
Hi»)! .dciphi », i. altin», re, Washington, nnd al
1" i»*ts in th* East, a«k the ticket agent 1er
tickets via the
"Milt ril.lt ESTI It \
.mmodiitione. All
in this line.
R. S HAIR
tickets agtu f.. .»»•'! ticket^
M. H'JGHITT,
1STEW
100 T $ SHOE STORE.
ÇjS'&s®
brio of San Fneisc
Make, Sold Cheap
for Cash.
,-.v- VI rb,'
dir. Rcpairt
GEORGF GLASS,
M u.tgomery st., Lewiston, I T
D. KEMP,
Practica» House. Sign and Car
riage Tainter
:>3tr.
is
to
!
Iv winon LU'i
1
De< Moines, Mar
. Clinton, ])*<iq
I all joints Kijzt.
Kinska, C«»lnru«lo,
X e v a 1 1 a, Ore on,
s superior
•tlier line
points of
I this roii'l
,1 MENS WK\
if work manufwctur«*«!
•atlj itn<1 (irouiptly «Jone.
CONGRESSMAN LAI AD'S RE
VIEW OF SPARK'S ORDER.
Mr. S|n'rker, there is another ques
tii ii of groat moment to the country
which 1 have the honor to represent to
the country weit of the Missouri river,
I ami for that matter this «. titiru country,
I On the iJrd of April, 1835, the Com
misaioner of lln> General Laud Office is
I surd the followin'; ordrr :
StTKPEN.SlON OP ENTRIES.
Final acti, n in tliis office upon all cm
tries of the public lands, except private
cash cutties, and sucli scrip locations as
are u t dependendent upon acts of settle
uifut and cultivation, is suspended in the
following localities, namely :
AU » 'st of the lirst guide meridian
west in Kansas. All west of range 17
west in Nebraska. The whole of Colo
rado except land in late Uto reservation.
All of Dakota, Idaho, Utah, Washington
New Mexico, Montana, Wyoming and
Nevada, and all that portion of Minne
sota north of the indemity limits of the
Northern Pacific luilroad and east of the
indemnity limits of St. Paul, Minneapolis
and Manitoba railroad.
W. A. J. Sparks, Commissioner.
April 1», 1885.
As appears by the report of the Gen
eral Land Office, the number of prc-cuip
tion entries made durirg the year was
47,'.)4ti, which he says would cover
7,-ti71,.i(iO acres of land. The number
ol homestead entries made during the
year is placed at 511,877, cnihracitij
area of 7,415,885 ucres. Tljp number
uf pre-emption entries unnoted upon un
der the operation of the forgoing at the
close of the fiscal year w«s 32,374, and
the number of homestead entries unacted
i n was 28,811—makings total of settlers
claims unacted on of 01,185, which
would represent It,7811,000 acres of land
The Commissioner states that final
proof was made in 22,000 of the 50,877
hum. stead ertrios, but does not state that
patents issued in ony of such cases. It
is fair, therefore, to presume that no pa
tents have issued tu any of the 22,000
hum:.-leaders who have made final proof.
This would give 3,530,000 acres to add
to the 0,789,000, making a total of 13,
320,1 GO of homestead and preemption
land suspended.
To any one conversant with the land
laws of the United States, it is known
that any homesteader or pre-emptor of
the public lands, having complied with
tlie laws as to settlement and improve
ment ot the tract taken by him, can make
final proof on the same at the expiration
of six months, and on the payment of
the minimum or double minimum price,
as the case may tic, rcccivo a final receipt
for the laud, which final receipt under
the decisi. ns of the Supreme Court of
tlte United States and the decisions of
the state supreme courts, has always been
treated as absolute title, and Would be
treated so now hut for this order, which
operates as an impeachment of title, as
well as nil impeachment of the good faith
of tile 84,251 settlers making the settle
ments and proof thereof.
a
of
As the report of the Commissioner re
lates to the 30 h of June, 1885, all of
th ■ persons who made entries by that
time wuuld now be entitled to make final
proof and receive tlieir final receipts for
these lands, i! they could show, as' most
can, compliance with the law as to s -tile
ment and improvement. This would
make th - number of homestead and pre
emption settlers on the public domain of
tin- United States now entitled to patenr,
or to claim patent, as show by the report,
84,251—that is, 84,251 persons, heads
of families, representing at a fair estimate
a population of 252,753 persons, under
the ordinary operations of the law enti
tl il prima facie to an absolute title of
13,32 -«.1 till acres of land, and now de
prived of tlieir rights by tbc order cited.
Hut Oir this order the government
would have received from the sale of
tli se lands from the settlers the sum of
810,050.200; this being at the minimum
rate of 81.25 per acre for the 13,320,
100 acres of land "hung up" under the
order, and the settlers would under fair
circumstances have been able to procure
credit on these lands of from 810,GiO
200 to 823,310,281» over and above the
! sum paid the government. This sum if
raised by mortgage of the lands is neces
sarv and would tv used by the settler in
making life on the claim possible during
the wint r and providing seed for the
spring planting.
In the face of this order, the settlers
cannot, so far as my knowledge gel's,
raise a cent on tlieir lands. In this con
n ft ion I beg to submit as a part uf my
■■marks a fetter addressed to myself,
1 written on the 15th of tliis month from
a constituent from 1,000 miles away ; tha
writer is an intelligent man, located in
the heart of the agricultural district of
Nebraska, which is affected. .
Dear Sir: The actions snd rulings
of Commissioner Sparks in regard to the
issuing patents as affecting deeding and
mortgaging land on final receipts will al
most depoulatc southwest Nebraska un
less it is reversed. . ,
The idea of prohibiting pcoplo, fron»,
obtaining money enough to live on while
they are trying to improve this "Great
American Desert" appears to roe most ri
diculous. The effect of the whole mat
ter will be to force the homesteaders to
sell their claims to whatever they may
get and leave the country and go back to
the densely populated East ; and uf
course the lands will fall into the hands
of the cattle syndicate.
It would look very much lilts this was
the intention of the Commissioner "to u
man up a tree;" but the more charitable
view to take of the case is that Commis
iotur Sparks has never lived, with n
wile and a half dozen ragged children, in
a sud house for four or five yeurs trying,
to prove up on a homestead, and knows'
but little ot the effect of his rulings.
Sincerely Yours,
The order in question it will be ne* (
tieed, applies to all the lands west of the
first guide meridian west, in Kansas, and
all west of range 17 west in Nebraska.
An examination of any map of thnso
Mates will show that the suspension ef
fects fully one-half of the area of
each of those states named. More that;
this, the order, it will be observed, oper
ates to withdraw from settlement all the
lands in the United States available for
settlement in the states and territories
west, southwest and northwest. All tho
lauds owtipd by the government now be
ing sought for settlement by tho people,
except those in the south, are practically'
unavailable to the people wanting homes.
ft must he borne in mind that mil
liotiairs do not migrate to Nebraska, Kan
sas or Colorado, The people that go
there go much as the first settlers came
to (he colonies in tho old time. They
bring neither gold nor silver. They arc,
without resources; their only property is
their w Hi ,.n a to work. Their wealth
is in tho future. They are surrounded'
by uo splendor except that of hope. They
are sustained alone by the faith of things
uot seen.
if
in
In the light of the extraordinary con
sequences of evil to the present and fu
ture of the states a ad territories affected
by this order, it becomes pertinent to in
quire upon what authority of law and
what warrant of (net this wholesale'
slaughter of the rights of 252,753 citi
z-ns of this country is based? The au
thority of law is raised by construction,
by implication, and that is raised by
what is called evidence furnished by tho.
published report of eighteen special
agents who are relied upon to ini peach
the sworn evidence of 83,231 claimants,
and 100,502 disinterested witnesses, and
who must have sworn for them, and in'
addition to this the official finding of the
trusted local land officers of the govern
ment.
Some of the evidence (reports) of the'
special agent would seem to commend it
self to the ridicule of all reasonable men
by statements of this kind:
"I give as my opinion that in Kansas, '
Nebraska and Dakota tho proportion is
1)0 per cant, to 10 per cent, of bona fide
and possibly successful cultivation."
Hero tho gentleman is speaking of
timber-culture claims, and, on the'
strength of his opinion of a man hired to
hunt down those scttelers of the frontier,
an order issues suspended not only tim
ber culture patents, but all patents.
When before, with the approval of civ
ilized men, was the opinion of an inform-,
er taken as grounds for the suspension
of the due course of law? N» one
from the West, that region which has
suffered most f rom the aggressions of the
landed corporations, but will sympathize
with the Cvtumissioner in his effort to
protect the public domain from the en
croachments of the corporations of all
kinds, whether cattle kings, so called, or
railroads.
We do not object to the suspension of
timber-culture entries or to the suspension
of auy entry of whatever kiud whenever
a specific charge of fraud is made against
that entry. We do protest against ■
cloud being cast upon the honest claims
of settlers on the agricultural landa of
Nebraska and other States and Terri
tories by the dust raised by eighteen spies
whose official heads hang upon a slender'
thread of the caprice of au administration»
mad with reform, and a Department
which believes itself laboring with Jf 1
Continued on Fourth poftj

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