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"HILLS THAT SMOKE."
TALMAGE'S SERMON ON JORDAN AND THE DEAD SEA. J Remarkable Features of the Dead Sea Due to Volcanic Influences.— A Young Man Baptised in the Jor dan.—Sodom and Gomorrah Proto types or American Cities. — The River of Death. Bbooklts, Oct. Si,—Dr. Talrnaflo prcach •d the fifth sermon of the series on his tour la the Holy Land in the Academy of Music in this city this morning. This evening at •the service in the Academy of Music, New York, the sermon was repeated before an audience which filled the vast building In every part. Dr. Talmage announced as his test. Psalm 104:32: "tie toueheth the hills and they smoke." Ho said : David, the poofc, hero pictures a volcano aud what Church's Cotopaxi docs on paint er's canvas, this author does In words. You see a hill, calm and still, and for ages im movable, but the Lord out of the heavens puts His finger on tho top of It and from It rise thick vapors, intorshot with tire. "He toueheth the hills and they smoke." God is tho only buing who can manage a «valcnno and again and again has he employ ed volcanic action. Tho pictures on the walls of l'ompell. the exhumed Italian city, as wc saw them last November, demonstrate that the city was not lit to livo. In tho first century, that city, engirdled with palaces, empfttadised with gardens, pillared Into architectural exquisiteness, was at the foot Of a mountain up tho sides of which it ran With vineyards and villas of merchant princes, and all that marblo and bronzo and Imperial baths and arboriculture, and ralnbowod fountains, and a coliseum at tho dedication of which nlnt> thousand beasts had been slain, and a supernal landscape In which tho shore gave roses to the sea and the sea gavo crystals to the shore; yea, all that beauty, und pomp, and wealth could give was there to be seen or heard. But tho had morals of tho city bad shocked tho world. In the year TO, on tho 4th of August, a black column rose above tho adjoining mountain, and spread out, Pliny says, as he saw It, like a great pine tree, wider and wider, until it begun to rain upon tlio city, first thin ashes aud then pumieo stone, aud aulpbrns fumes scooped, and streams of mud poured through the streots till few people «scaped and the city was buried, and sorno of the Inhabitants eighteen hundred years after were found embalmed in the scoria'of that awful doom. The Lord called upon volcanic forces to obliterate that proiligate city. Ho touched the hills and they smoked. Nothing but volcanic action can explulu what 1 shall show you at the Dead Sea upon which 1 looked last December, and of whose Waters 1 took a bitter and stinging taste. Concerning all that region there lias been a controversy enough to till libraries, science saying one thing, revelation saying another .thing. But admit volcanic action divinely employed and both testimonies are one and the same. Geology, chemistry, geography, astronomy, ichthyology, ornithology and zoology are coming ono by ono to confirm the bcrlptures. Two leaves of ono book are .Revelation and Creation and tho penman ship is by the same uivlne hand. Our horse back ride will not be so steep today and lyou can Btay on without clinging to the pommel of the saddle, but the scenes amid .which wo ride shall, if possible, be more ■thrilling and by tho timo the horses snulT the sulphurous atmosphere of Lake Asphal tltes, or the Dead Sea, we .will be ready to dismount and read from our Bibles about what was done by the Lord when Ho touch ed the hills and they smoked. Tako a detour and puss along by tho rocky fortress of Masada where occurred something mure wonderful In the way of •desperation than you have ever heard of, unless you have heard of that. Herod built a palace amid these heaps of black and aw ful rocks which look like a tumbled mid night. A great hand of robbers, about one |tbonsand Including their families, after ward bold the fortress. When tho Roman army stormed that steep and tho bandits 'could no longer hold tho place, their chief tan, Eleazar, made a poworful speech which porsuudod them to dlo before they were cap tured. First the men kissed their families a loving and tearful good-byo and then put a dagger into their hearts and the women and children were slain. Then ten men wero chosen by lot to slay all the other men, and each man lay down by the dead wife and children and waited for these exe cutioners to do «heir work. This done one man of the ten killed the other nine. Then the survivor committed sui cide. Two women and five children had hid themselves and after all was over came forth to tell of tho nine hundred and sixty slaughtered. (Treat and rugged nat ural scenery makes the most tremend ous natures for good or evil. Great states men and great robbers, great orators and fireat butchers, wero nearly all horn or reared among mountain precipices. Strong natures are hardly ever born upon the plain. When men have anything greatly good or C reatly evil to do, they come down off the ocks. ■ r Pass on from under the shadow of Masada, the scene of concentrated diabolism, and come along where the salt crystals crackle under the horses' hoofs. You are near the most God-forsaken region of all tho earth. You to whom the word lake has heretofore suggested those bewitchments of beauty, Xuzerne or Cayuga, some great pearl set by a loving God In the bosom of the luxuriant valley, change all your Ideas about a lake, and see this sheet of water which tho Bible calls the Salt Sea. or Sea of the l'lain, and Josephus calls Lake Asphaltltes. The mule teers will take care of the horses while we get down to the brink end dip up the liquid mixture In the palm of the hand. The waters ere a commingling of brimstone and pitch, and have six times larger percentage of salt than those of the Atlantic Ocean,the ocean having four per cent of salt and this lake twenty-six and a quarter per cent. Lake Slr-1-kol of India la the highest lake In tho world. This lake, on tho banks of which we kneel, Is the lowest lake. It emp ties into no sea, among other things, for the simple reason that water cannot run up-hill. It swallows up tho river Jordan and makes no response of thanks, and nev er reports what is does with the twenty million cubic feet of water annually receiv ed from that sacred river. It takes the tree branches and logs floated Into It by the Jor dan and pitches them on tho banks of bitu men to decay there. , The hot springs near Its banks by the name of Calllrhoe, where King Herod came to bathe off his Illness, no sooner pour into this sea than they are poisoned. Not a fish-scale swims it. Not an Insect walks it. Is hates life, and If you attempt to •wlm there Jt lifts you by an unnatural ""ojnncy to the surface, as much as to say : we want no life here, but death Is our • E re , . ° c *' ?*•**■" Those who attempt to wade Into this lake and submerge them co " e ™ t almost maddened, as with ?/ * hu J»dred wasps and hornets, and with lips and eyelids swoUen with the strange ablution. The sparkle of lu waters destroyed by a tempest of fire and brim stone nftcr these cities had filled up of wickedness. "No, that is absurd," cries some one; "It Is evident that this was a region of salt and brimstone and pitch long .before that." And so It was. The Bible stys It was a region of enlphur long before Ute great catastrophe. "Well, now," says tome ono, wanting to raise a quarrel be tween science and revelation, "you have no fight to say tha Cities of the Plain were destroyed by a tempest of fire and sulphur find brimstone, because this region had characteristics long before these ?j.Upa were destroyed." Volcanic action, Jtfiyreply. These cities had been built » •»« very combustible materials. The •""hr was at bitumen, easily Ignited, and the walla dripped with pitch most lnflam •aablo, They sat, I think, on a ridge of hills. They stood high up ami conspira- I ous, radiant in their sin-,, ostentatious In their debaucheries, four hells on earth. One day there was a rumbling in the earth, and a quaking. "What's that?" cry the affrighted Inhabitants. "What's that?" The foundations of the earth were giving way. A volcano, whose fires had been burning for ages, at God's eommand hurst forth, easily setting everything aflame, and first lifting these cities high In air, and then dashing them down la chasms fathomless. The tires of that eruptiou intershot tho dense smoke, and rolled into the heavens, only to descend again. And all tho con figuration of that country was changed, and where there was a hill there came a valley, and where there had been the pomp of nncleunness came widespread desola tion. The red hot spade of volcanic action had shovelled under the cities of the plain. Before the cut ustropbe, the cities stood on the top of the salt aud sulphur. After the catastrophe they were under tho salt and sulphur. Seltnen right. Revelation right, "lie touched the hills and they smoke." No scienco over frightened believers In Revelation so much as geology. They feared that the strata of the earth would contradict tho Scriptures, and then Moses must go under. But as In the Dead sea instance, so in all cases God's writing on tho earth, and God's writing in the Bible are harmonious. The shelves of rock cor respond with the shelves of the American Bible Society. Scienco digs into the earth and finds deep down the remains of plants, and so tho Bible announces plants first. Scienco digs down and says, 'Marine ani mals next," and the Bible says. '-Marine animals next." Science digs down and says, "Land animals next,'' and the Bible responds, "Land animals next.'' "Then comes man!" says science. "Then comes man!" responds the Bible. Science digs Into the regions about tho Dead Sea, and tiods result of tire, and masses of brim stone, and announces a wonderful geologi cal formation. "Oh, yes." says the Bible: "Moses wrote thousands of years ago, 'The Lord rained upon Sodom, and upon Gomor rah brimstone and tire from tho Lord out of heaven.' ami David wrote, 'He toueheth the hills and they smoke.' " So I guess wo will hold on to our Bibles a little longer. A gentleman In tho ante-room of the White House at Washington, having an ap pointment with Mr. Lincoln at five o'clock in tho morning, got there fifteen minutes early, and asked the servant, "Who is talk ing In the next room?" "It is the President, sir!" "Is anybody with him?" "No, sir: ho is reading the Bible. He spends every morning from four to five o'clock reading the Scriptures." My text implies that God controls vol canoes not with the full force of His hand, hut with tho tip of His linger. Etna, Strom boli and Vesuvius fawn at His feet like hounds before the hunter. These eruptions of the hills do not belong to Pluto's realm as the ancients thought, hut to the Divine dominions. Humboldt counted two hundred of them, hut since then the Indian archipel ago has been found to have nine hundred of these great mouthpieces. They are on every continent and In all latitudes. That earth quake which shook all America about six or seven summers ago, was only tho raving around of volcanoes rushing against the sides of their rocky caverns trying to break out. They must como to the surface, but it will ho at tho Divine call. They seem re served for the punishment of ono kind of sin. Tho seven cities they have obliterated wero celebrated for one kind of transgres sion. Profligacy was tho chief characteris tic of tho seven cities over which they put their smothering wing: Pompeii, Hercula neum, Stabile, Adma, Zoboim, Sodom and Gomorrah. If our American cities do not quit their profligacy, If in high life und low life dis soluteness does not cease to become a joke and become a crime, if wealthy libertinism continues to find so many doors of domestic life open to its faintist touch. If Russian, and French, and American literature,steep ed in pruriency, does not get banished from the news-stands and ladles' parlors, God will let loose some of these suppressed mon stors of earth. And I tell these American cities that It will be more tolerable for (Sod om and Gomorrah In the Day of Judgment, whether that Day of Judgment bo in this present century or In the closing century of the earth's continuance. Tho Volcanic forces aro already in existence,but in tho mercy of God they are chained in the kennels of subterraneous fire. Yet let pro tllgacy, whether it stagger into a lazaretto or sit on a commercial throne, whether It laugh in a faded shawl under the street gas light or bo wrapped In the finest array that foreign loom ever wrought or lapidary ever empearled, know right well that there Is a volcano waiting for It, whether In domestic life, or social life, or political life, or In tho foundations of the earth from which sprang out the devastations that swallowed the cities of tho plain. "He toueheth the hills and they smoke." But the dragoman was rejoiced when we had seen enough of this volcanic region of Palestine, and be gladly tightens the girths for another march, around tho horses which are prancing and neighing for de parture. We aro off for the Jordon, only two hours away. We pass Bedouins whose stcarn features melt Into a smile as wo give them the salutation "Salaam Alelkoum, •Peace be with you." their smile some times leaving us In doubt us to whether It is caused by their gladness to see us or by our poor pronunciation of the Arabic. Oh, they are a strange race, those Bédouins! Such a commingling of ruffianism, and honor, of cowardice and courage, of cruelty and kindness! When a hand of them came down upon a party in which Miss Whatcly was traveling aDd were about to tako pocket books and perhaps life, this lady sitting upon her horse took out her note-book and pencil and began to sketch these brigands, and seeing this composure, the band.ts thought It something supernatural and tied, Christian womanliness or manliness 4s all conquering. When Martin Luther was told that Duke George would kill him If he went to Lelpsic, Luther replied, "I would go to Lelpslc if It ruined Duke Georges nine days." Now we come through regions where there are hills cut Into the shape of cathedrals, with altar, and column, and arch, and chancel, and pulpit, aud dome, and archi tecture of the rocks that I think can hardly Just happen so. Perhaps it Is be cause God loves the church so well, He builds In the solitudes of Yellowstone Park, and Yoaemlte, and Switzerland, and Pales tine, these ecclesiastical piles. And who tnows but that unseen spirits may some times worship there? "Dragoman, when shall we see the Jordan?" I ask. All the time we were on the alert, and looking through tamarisk and willows for the greatest river of all the earth. The Missis sippi Is wider, the Ohio Is deeper, tho Ama zon is longer, 'he Hudson ro!ls amid re gions more picturesque, the Thames has more splendor on Its banks, the Tiber suggests more Imperial procession, the Illyssus has more classic memories, and tho Nile feeds greater populations by its irriga tion ; but the Jordan Is the queen of rivers and runs through all tho bible, a silver thread strung ltko beads with heroics, and before night we shall meet on Its banks Elliah and Elisha, and David, and Jacob, and Joshua, and John, and Jesus, At last between two trees I got a glimpse of a river, and said, "What is that?" "The Jordan," was the quick reply. And all Is not like the sparkle of beauty on other lakes, but a metallic lustre like unto Ike flash of a sword that would thrust you, The gazelles and the Ibexes that live on the hills bcsldo it, and the cranes and wild ducks that fly across—for, contrary to the the old belief, birds do safely wing their way over it—and the Arab horses you have been riding, though thirsty enough, will not drink out of this dreadful mix ture. A mist hovers ovor parts of it almost continually, which, though natural svaporatlon. seems like a wing of doom spread over liquid desolation. It Is the rinsings of abomination. It Is an aqueous monster colled among the hills, or creep ing with ripples, and stenchful with nau seating matadors. In thaee regions once stood four great afin of Assyria, fiodom. Gomorrah, Adma tndzobolss. Tho Bible says they were 1 along the line which had been lengthened y other pilgrims, some from America and somn fn m Europe, and some from Asia, theory resounded "The Jordan! The Jor dan!" Hundreds of thousands of pilgrims have chanted on its hanks and bathed in Its waters. Many of them dip a wet gown in the wave and wring It out und carry It home for their own shroud. It Is un impetuous stream and rushes on as though it were hastening to tell its story to the ages. Many xplorer lias it whelmed, and many a 1 oat has it wrecked. Lieutenant Mollueux had copper-bottomed crafts split upon its shelving». Only one boat, that of Lieuten ant Lynch, ever lived to sail the whole length of it. At the season when tho snows on Lebanon melt, the rage of this stream U like the Conemaugli when Johnstown perish 'd, and the wild beasts that may be near run for the hills, explaining what Jeremiah says: "Behold he shall go up llko a Hon from the swelling of Jordan. '' No river so banges Its ntlnd, for it turns and twists, travelling two hundred miles to do that which in a straight line might he done Ixty miles. Among banks now low, now high, now of rocks, now of mud, and now of and, having tho feet of the terebinths and oleanders, and acacias, and reeds and ptsta hios, and silver poplars. This river marries ho Dead Sea to Lake Galileo, and did ever o rough a groom take the hand of so fair a bride? Tills Is the river which parted to let an •my of two millh n Israelites across. Hero in skilled major general of the Syrian host at the seventh plunge dropped his leprosy, not only by miraculous cure, but suggest ing to all ages that water and plenty of It, is much to do with tho sanitary improvo ent of the world. Here Is where some theological students of Elisha's time were •utting trees with whieh to build a theolog ical seminary, and an ax-heud not suffi ciently wedged to the handle, flow off Into Iver and sank, and the young man de plored not so much the loss of tho ax-head, as tho fact that it was not his own, and cried, "Alas! it was borrowed," and the ! prophet threw a slick into the river and, in 1 defiance of the law of gravitation, the iron ax-head ratne to tho surface and flouted like a cork upon tho water, and kept f oat lug until the young man caught It. A Iraclo performed to give one an opportun ity to return that which was borrowed, and rebuke in all ages for tboso who borrow and never return, their bad habit in this respect so established that it would be a miracle if they did return It. Yea; from I It to it ho any tho he his and and at tho an the bank of this river Elijah took as team of fire, showing that tho most raging element Is servant of the good,and that there Is no need that a child of God fear anything: for.it tho most destructive of all elements, was that day fashioned into a vehicle for a de parting saint, nothing cun over hurt you who love und trust the Lord. 1 am so glad that that chariot of Elijah was not made out of wood, or crystal, or anything ordi narily pleasant, but out of lire, and yet he went up without having so much as to fan himself. When, stepping from amid the foliage of these oleanders and tamarisks on tho banks of the Jordan, he put his foot on tho red step of tho red equipage, and took tho red reins of vapor in his hands, and spurred tho galloping steeds towards tho wide open gate of heaven, it was a scene forever memorable. S.> tho hottest afflic tions of your life muy roll you heavenward. So the most burning persecutions, tho most fiery troubles, may become uplifting. Only be sure that when you pull ou Jho bits of fire, you drive up toward God, and not down toward the Dead Sea. When Latimer und Ridley died at the stake, they went up In a chariot of tire. When my friend, P. P. Bliss, the Gospel singer, was consumed with tho rail-train that broke through Ashtabula bridge, and then took flame, I said: "Another Elijah gone up In a chariot of lire?" • But this river Is a river of baptisms. Christ was here baptized and John baptized many thousands. Whether on these occa sions tho candidate fur baptism and the officer of religion, went into this river, and then, while both were standing, the water was dipped in the hand of one and sprinkled upon the forehead of tho other, or whether the eutlro form of the ono baptized disap peared for a moment beneath the surface of the flood, I do not now declure. While 1 cannot think without deep emotion of the fact that my parents held mo in infancy, to tno baptlslmat font in the old meeting-house at Somerville, and assumed vows on my be half. 1 must tell you now of another mode of baptism observed lu the river Jordan, on that afternoon in last December, tho par ticulars of which 1 now for the first llmo relate. It w as a scene of unimaginable solemnity. A comrade In our Holy I.und journey rodo up to my side that day, and told me that a young man, who Is now studying for the Gospel ministry, would like to be baptised by mo In tho river Jordan. I got all the facts I could concerning his earnestness and faith, and through personal examina tion, made myself confident he was a worthy candidate. There were among our Arab at tendants, two robes not unlike those used In American baptisteries, and these we ob tained. As we were to have a large group of different nationalities present, I dictated to my daughter a few verses, and had copies enough made to allow all to slng.Our drago man had a man familiar with the river wade through and across to show tho depth and the swiftness of the stream, and tho most appropriate place for the ceremony. Then I read from tho Bible the accounts of bap tisms in that sacred stream, and Implored the presence of tho Christ on whose head the dove descended at the Jordan. Then, as tho candidate and myself stepped into the waters, the people on the hanks sang In full and resounding voice: On Jordan's stormy hunks I stand, And cast a wistful eye J To Canaan's fair and happy land Whero my possessions line. Oh. the transporting, rapturous scene That rises to my sight: Sweet fields arrayed in living green, And rivers of delight. By this time we had reached the middle of the river. As the candidate sank under the floods and rose again under a baptism In the name of the Father, and the Son and the Holy Ghost, there rushed through our souls a tide of holy emotion such as we shall probably not feel again until wo step Into tho Jordan that divides earth from heaven. Will these waters be deep? Will those tides be strong? No matter. If Jesus steps in with us. Friends on this shore to help us off. Friends on the other shore to see us land. See! They are coming down the hills on the other side to greet us! How well wo know their step! How easily wo distinguish their voices! From hank to bank we hall them with teara and they hall us with palm branches. They say to us. "Is that you, father?" "Is that you mother?" and we an swer by asking, "Is that you my darling?" How near they scent, and how narrow the stream that divides us! "Could we but s .and whero Moses stood And view the landscape o'er. Not Jordan's stream nor Death's cold flood Could fright us from the shore." uo a it, An Aroostook Product. ' The annual • 'potato raid" is in pro gress in Aroostook, Me., as the starch factories are beginning their sonson's work. This is one of tho most novel sights to be witnessed in this section of the country—the long line of teams hauling the potatoes to the factories and waiting their turn to unload. There is a great crop in Aroostook this year, the largest for many years, in fact, and there will bo a good sup ply for the factories, as the latter are paying very good prices. There ace about forty factories in Aroostook county and on its border, and as they use upward of two million busheU yearly, it is seen that potato raising and starch making in Aroonstook an industries of considerable magnitude. —Cor. Boston Transcript. brook whero them uro no lighthouses. BEING A BOY. It Is a Trould 'sum* DLrate, but Not » rrs* hardy Fatal. I used to ho a hoy once, but I seem to have got over it. Boyhood is a curious disease, but every man has to tako his dose of it. Ho does not mind it at tho time: but when his complete cure has been effected, lie looks back ovor the period of tho attack, and wonders if he could ever have hud anything so bad ns that A boy's troubles are montai, lie lias strange notions of life, and they rattle him so ho doesn't seem to get square with matters and things in tho estimation of any disinterested observer. Of course, tho boy thinks he Is having a Jaines damly time; but everybody else knows he is not. For instance, a boy thinks it is real good fun to go to bed with till his clothes on, and lio awake for three hours till the old man bus swallowed his sleep-coaxer and sought his downy porch. Then the hoy gets out of hod, climbs out of tho hack window and down a rain spout, harking ins shins and skinning his knuckles on tho way, and walks throe miles across plowed fields to steal a watermelon ont of a farmer's patch. And tho next day, when they have watermelon for dinner at homo, do you suppose that makes tho boy feel soro. as it would a man? Not much. The boy has had his fun, and tho chaneos aro that he'il get up and do tho sumo act all ovor again day after to-morrow. Again, a boy thinks it's fun to put an empty soap box on top of two logs, and puddle himself up and down a uo harbors, and not moro than twelve inches of water, counting the mud on the bottom. A boy thinks it's fun to row a boat, too. He will get aboard a big, heavy skiff, with a pair of seven-foot oars, when the thermometer indicates 90 degrees in tho summer house, and ho'll pull himself around and around in a ring, and cut S's and figures 0 on tho water, and think lie's having more fun than a Grand Army man drawing a pension. A boy thinks it's fun, too, to get four old bricks and build himself an oven, and then to make a wood-fire in it, and roast four peachblow potatoes with skins on, and eat thorn ^without salt. Two boys who can have unto themselves a small feast like this, ac companied by edifying conversation about the extermination of the Sioux, think they ro having moro fun than j you or I would at a public dinner of fifteen courses. When a boy gets over being a boy and looks back over the period of his disorder, ho often wonders how it happened that he lived through it. But it appears to be pretty generally admitted by medical experts that the boyhood disevse is not necessarily fatal. It does do away with a few of its victims, to bo sure; but they aro those who are affected with tho acute form in which twenty-foot rivers ap pear three feet deep, and double-bar reled shot-guns are mistaken for Pan dean pipes. There is one form of tho disease which ought to prove fatal, but tor some inscrutablo reason does ■ not That is the form which causes the patient to imagine th it jewsharps, fifes, banjos and horse-fiddles produce music. Usually, however, they just let the disease wear itself out. It wears a great many people out, too; but no matter.—Puck. SCIENTIFIC MISCELLANY. Candles containing bromine and iodine are coming into use for disin fecting sick rooms. White pino boards are now made by reducing small trees and limbs to pulp and pressing in molds. Dr. Gautrelet, of Vichy, claims to render smoking harmless by inserting in the pipe or cigarette holder a piece of cotton wool steeped in a 5 or 10 per cent solution of pyrogallic acid. Seltzer water is used as a local anæstbetic by Dr. Voiturioz. Two or three siphons of the water produce in sensibility of thesnrface to bo operat ed on, the effect lasting about five minutes and being duo to the carboni acid of the seltzer. More or less successful attempts have been made lo graft nearly all the different tissues of tho body, including skin, bone, teeth, muscles, nerves, glands, eyes, mucous membrane, etc. Dr. W. G. Thompson now reports a successful experiment in brain graft ing, a small piece of tho brain of a cat being made to grow on the brain of a dog. Curative Microbes. —Dr. Fremont, formerly chief of tho laboratory of the faculty of Paris, states that the cura tive action of mineral waters is not due exclusively to the salts they con tain, but also to the presence of differ ent micro-organisms. The waters of the Vichy springs are all clear and very alkaline, with temperatures rang ing from Ö0 to 100 degrees, and they ars found to contain various microbes capable of producing a veritable di gestion. The beneficial effects of the several spriugs vary in a manner that cannot be explained by the different temperature—one being found espec ially desirable in the disease of the liver, another for those of the stomach, a third for urinary difficulties, and still another for diseases of the blad der—and there oan bn little doubt that these are largely brought about by the different micro-organisms. AMONG THE VETERANS DR. HERRDON TELLS HOW IT FEELS TO KILL YOUR MAN. Tlie Rifle That (anted the Death of Thlrtj-flahl Men— Capturing a Ouerrllla Chased by liluodhounda—A Thrilling Story of Army l.lfe in '111. "Long Nancy killed thirty-eight men to my knowledge," said Thomas G. Herron, a well-known physician and a lieutenant-general in tho Asso ciation of Naval Veterans of tho United States, "but she catno near taking my life first. It was near Springfield, Mo., at the timo of Zago nii's ride to death, when Fremont's bodyguard made tho bloody and dis astrous charge. I was riding past a denso wood, when suddenly a gigantic rebel stepped out from behind a tree not twenty feet away and leveled 'Long Nancy' atme. Involuntarily I stopped my horse and aimed my revolver at him, but I was so paralyzed with fear that I had not strength to pull the trigger. My horso seemed to be aware of the danger too, and stood trembling. I tried to spur it on, but my foot was powerless to uso the spur. There we stood. I had a bead on his heart, and as 1 looked into the muzzle of that rifle I saw that the bullet would strike my left eye. Why tho reb did not shoot lias always been a mystery to mo. I thought my time had come and 1 began to pray, looking all the time into the muzzle of that awful rifle. By and by the man's arms grow tired and tho gun wavered up and down and sideways, but I could not bring myseil to shoot. At last my enemy pulled the trigger. I shut my eyes and thought all was ovor, but tho ball grazed my ear as it passed and brought me to my senses. I dug tho spurs into my horse nnd with one bound was upon tiio robel. I touched the trigger and my revolver ball passed through his heart, He straightened himself up to his full height, grinned at me horribly nnd settled back slowly — dead. I grasped the riflo and plung ed ahead into tho bushes. "When I went aboard the gunboat Covington, I took 'Long Nancy,' as wo named the rifle, with me. It was a magnificent gun, as porfeet asjcould be made, and handsomely mounted with silver. I never knew it to miss. . You see on tho river our greatest danger was from the bushwhackers along the shore. One would hide in a tree-top j nnt j take deliberate aim nt a soldier on deck and fire. On such occasioni Long Nancy' was brought out and aimed at tho smoke, and when the smoke cleared away, out would come the head of Johnnie Iteb to see what damage he had done, when 'Long Nuncy' would bark, and down would go tho reb. I saw thirty-eight drop in that way, for never a man escaped when 'Long Nancy' was on board." "Did you ever capture a bushwhack er?" queried tho reporter. Yes," was the reply. "It was near Island No. 10 one night that wo saw light on tho shore. These lights wore often to decoy us to the shore to he shot by hidden rebels; but I asked per mission of the captain to go ashore and see what this was. I had the cutter and gig manned and set a howitzer aboard and hid it under some canvas and started ashore. There was a negro awaiting us with the information that a guerrilla was hidden in the canobrake near by. With ten men I started to search for him, and wo wont through tho four huts in the brake, finding nothing but a negro wench lying in bed. She pretended t* be sick, but I detected some movement by her side and while questioning her as to her condition, made signs to my men to surround the bed with drawn swords. When all was prepared, a soldier jerk ed off tho covers, and there lay a huge guerrilla with an Arkansas toothpick between his teeth, and a pistol in each hand. Quick as a flash the pistols dropped into position, but just as he fired, he received a sword cut on each wrist Sailors' swords, unlike those used on land, are sharp as razors, and one hand of the rogue was cut off, and the other wrist was shattered so as to ren der U powerless. One of the bullets pierced my cap, aud the other grazed the ear of a soldier. The guerrilla tried to get hold of his dagger, but his hand hung limp from the broken wrist 'Spare him,' I cried, as ono of the men was about to run him through. We bound him with the cords from the bed and gave him a court martial, at which the testimony of the negroes showed that our prisoner was a rascal of tho worst sort I sent a note to the captain saying: 'I sentence this man to death and await orders.' 'Send him to hell and come aboard,' was the reply. He was stood upon a barrel and a rope was put a round his neck. He fought so fiercely that we could not blindfold him, as it took four men to keep him still. He wus a magnificent looking man aud seemed to be flooly educated, and it seemed a pity to put him out of the world, but he cursed so horribly all the time that I had no mercy on him. The barrel was knock ed away, but the fall whs not enough to break his neck, and he hung and struggled for fully fifteen minutes, so horrifying the negroes that severul ol them fainted, and when we left the whole crowd had to be taken aboard." "Is Long Nancy still in your pos session?" asked tho reporter. "No. When I blew up the Coving ton a sailor asked me to loan him Long Nancy, as he felt safer with her. He tooic the gun and I have novel heard of him since." a GRANT AND FREMON1 Fremont the lurentor of (Jon Hosts— Grast at Donelson. It was at St- Louis that General Fre mont conceived the happy idea of iron clads with which to penetrate the South on its navigable streams, says Don I'iatt in Belford's magazine. It is well for us to-day that this able man did not wait fur authority from Wash ington to do this work. The project was ridiculed and opposed by both army nnd navy. In the face of this F'remont made contracts with Eads and others, and before the administration could arrost tho work, tho boats were completed, manned and under orders. Tho result was tho fall of l'aducah, Forts Henry nnd Donelson, and tho icapiure of Nashville, to say nothing of what was done upon tho Mississippi long subsequent. Up to that time armored vessels had been an experi ment Fremont and Ericsson put the theory to a practical trial. John Charles Fremont, with all his strong hold tin the hearts of tho masses, was sneered at both by the (politicians anil by the full-breasted warriors so suddenly called from ob scurity to command. Ills proposed ironc lads wero laughed at The mil itary men, made up of cotton, brass ;bultons and commissions, assured us that no such craft could hope to pass fortifications on rivers, whore they .would be exposed to a heavy fire at (short range, and tho press took up the sneer, asserting that a plunging fire Ifrom high banks would sink the iron flails as rapidly as they came within range. Tho one was as ignorant of (the subject as the other. There is not jind cannot bo such a thing as a plung ng artillery fire; while the gunboats not only went past the forts, but i* pinny instances made the fort unten able. This is what happened at Fort .Henry. Tho capture of Forts Henry and Donelson followed by tho fall of Nash ville, set the peoplo at the North wild with excitement, for they wero vic tories in our hour of dofeat, when it appeared as if the southern boasts of superiority in arms were being de monstrated. We wore not given tho facts clearly enough to adjust the fame due to tho real author of the success. This belonged exclusively to Fremont. Ho conceived the project, and not only made that project practical, but planned the campaign that ended so brilliantly. His much-despised, abused, and never-puid-for gunboats, under Commodore Foote, shelled the Con federates into a surrender of Fort Henry, because tho works wore on such low ground that tho ironclads had them at their mercy. Grant and his troops had little part in the perform ance but lhat of accepting the sur render, with cool audacity, us his act. POPULAR SCIENCE. Silk from paper pulp is made smooth And brilliant, has about the 6ame elas ticity as ordinary silk, and is about two-thirds as strong. A lighthouse built of masonry or concrete is said to be the only thing that can stand the terrific force of the seas on Hatte ras Shoals. It is proposed securing knife blades to the stern bearings of steam launch es, for the purpose of cutting the weeds as the vessel steams along, with a view of preventing the screw from fouling. A writer in Science says that while ns yet wo have discovered no way of avoiding contagion which comes to us in the air, we are just beginning to find out the extremely important fact that the air does not become more con taminated with bacteria in the air of a well-kept sewer than in that of a poor ly ventilated school-room. It has been stated that sincejthe sun flower has been cultivated on certain swamps of the Potomac malarial fever has decreased. At the mouth of the Sheldt in Holland it is stated that similar results have been observed. Tho sunflowàr emits large volumes of water in the form of vapor, and its aromatle odor, as well as the oxygen it exhales, may have something to do with the sanitary Influence in question. About a fifth of the globe's land sur face, according to Prof. Loomis, has an annual rainfall of less than tea inches, and a considerably larger part has too little water for agricultural purposes, except in the limited dis tricts where irrigation is practioeable. In North America an almost rainless region exists in southern California and Arizona, and a large area about Salve Lake has only ten inches of rain yearly. Submarine life, such as fish, lob sters, etc., have the habit at the very first apprehension of danger of darting rapidly away and of stopping equally quick. They seem to under stand that a very few yards will get them beyond the vision of their enemy. 'The shading of the water varies from blue to greenish. Objecte at a depth of thirty feet tike a blue tinge, and at from seveoty-five to ninety feet the light is suoh a deep blue that objects of a red shade appear black. When one returns quickly to the surface with his eyes acc usto me d to the peculiar under-water bluish light, the aerial landscape, folio wieg the laws of contrast of colors, sense reddish._ '■■ ' ■ . AIM st Kent Mrsagth. " It takes a man of nerve to alt In a $60 Prince Albert without arras# isg the skirts