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—BY— C. A. FO REP MAX, Editor and Prop'r One year......................................$3.00 One year, in advance.................... 2.50 Bix months................................... 1 -50 Three months...............................75 Advertising rates made known on ap plication. Locals continued and •barged for until ordered out. No Advertisements discontinued ■ntil paid ior. officiai, city and county paper. Entered ut the Lewiston Postofflceas Second Class Mall Matter. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1890. If you are Interested in securing the Agricultural College for Lewiston, •peak to your neighbors aliout it and Mck to use some concerted action in the matter_ The battle is on at Boise. Caucusing, lobbying, balloting and wire-pulling now occupies the attention of our Worthy legislators. They have the full confidence of the people whom they represent and until experience proves the contrary we feel assured that all •ectlons and communities will receive due justice at their hands. MaJ. McKinley wilf hardly suffer anything by his defeat of Noveiulier. Two political situations open up before him already. He Isa possible and available 'candidate for gubernatorial honors in Ohio, and again he will I» offered the position as Minister to Russia on the resignatian of Emery Smith which is soon to occur. A card from R. E. Lockwood, Welser, Idaho, asserts that he will issue from that point, beginning Dec. 11, a Journal to be known as the '•Weiser Signal," devoted to the devel opment of the different resources of Washington county. We will heartily welcome it to our exchange table, fully believing that the resources of Idaho In every section to be heralded far and wide by concerted, enthusiastic effort There is considerable discussion in Routhern Idaho at present on the ques tion as to whether persons who were •lected to office and failed to qualify within the thirty days thereafter, as re quired by law, have forfeited their offloeby their neglect. The attorney general of the state says that the pro visions of the constitution are very clear on this point, and that the dila tory officials have lost their offices. At anyjrate the question promises to be an interesting one before it is finally settled. __________ Lewiston secures a very important enterprise in the organization of the Lewiston Magnesia Stone Co. It is in •very respect a home enterprise to be controlled and managed here. It bids fair to develop an industry of great magnitude. Everywhere public in terest is manifested in the opening and development of the mine. Builders everywhere are expectant of the best results from the test soon to b.' made The enterprise will prove a paying in vestment to the cncorporators, and practical benefit to the city. The despatches of the week show how fully congress responds to the President's appeal to hasten all needed legislation. Bills and measures are coming in thick and fust, and the effect of the late elections can be easily traced in their action. On the silver question alone three measures have been pre sented teuding toward the free coinage of silver. The fight has opened again on the pension bill and the election bill. The opposition, stronger than ever, being braced by the political change lately felt, will fight to keep down these proposed measurers. The closing session will be a very active one of of of of a The President's message is before the people and is subject to tbe usual comment. It is thoroughly partisan In its make up, with nothing partie ularly startling nor any abrupt devia' tion from the usual, to make it prom inent. He commends in general the action of tbe party leaders during the past session of Congress. He endorses the present silver bill, believing that in time it will meet the full approval of the most radical advocates of free coin age. He asserts it to lie his opinion that the tariff measure also will meet the full requirement* of the exigency when fully tested. Its permanent effect upon trade and prices still stands in conjecture. Prices have advanced It is true but curious to note the ad vance has been in many instances on articles wholly unaffected by the tariff legislation. It is neither wisdom or justice to condemn the present law or suggest a revision till the matter has a fair trial. He commends the recip rocity idea, favors the development of our shipping and commerce and urges immediate action to lie taken in all needed lines of legisluticu since the time for action in the Fifty-first Con gress is so limited. He congratulates Congress and the country on the gen eral prosperity and promising outlook for its continuance. The admission of the states of Idaho and yomtng are event« full of Interest and congratula tion, not only to the people of the states happily endowed with full participa tion in the new privileges and respon siMlitics, but to ail tbe people. ■ The president In his message treats of the conservation and equal distribu tion of the water supply of the arid regions. Government aid, he thinks, should be limited to such surveys and observations as will determine the water supply, the areas capable of irri gation, and the use of the storage capac ity of the reservoirs. The construction of reservoirs and canals for the storage and distribution of the water, how ever, ought to be given to the indi vidual states or to private corporations under condition that fair rates should be given all without discrimination, the rates to be subjected to provisions of the legislature or by boards of water commissioners duly constituted, the main object 1 icing to preserve a fair distribution of the water and protect the settlers from unrestrained monopo lies, controlling the essential element of land values ami crop results. With Gould in control of the Union Pacific what will be the effect as far as Idaho is concerned? This seems a question of much comment at present. Gould has opened with the assertion that the northwest has enough railroads for at least five years. This is not very encouraging,.but un er the effi cient management of Gould we can at least hope for better service over the lines of roads now in operation. The rolling stock and equipment of the lines will be put in condition to work at fullest capacity. Again it is as serted that this action of Gould's, which resulted in the retirement of Adums, has dissolved the alliance that existed between Vanberbilt and Adams, an alliance which stopped the building of the Chicago & North western to the coast. With this com bination broken that line will, in all likely hood, be continued from its pres ent terminus, in Wyoming, toward the coast ranking a new trunk line piercing the central portion of Idaho, a scheme which will greatly benefit and develop a section rich in natural resources. The present Indian troubles have al ready had very serious effects in creat ing panics among the settlers and causing the abandonment of their homes at the beginning of winter, leaving their property to the mercy of flie savages. Even this, if no other disastrous result follows, will suffice to derarige business and cause much suf fering for the ensuing year. What is still more discouraging is th_' fact that little or no progress has been made by the Government in quelling the dis turbance and restoring peace and quiet ness. The Indians seem to be as turbu lent, as fanatical, as defiant as ever. The mistake has been made of allow ing the Indians to supply themselves with arms apd ammunition while sub sisting in idleness upon the rations be stowed by the government, supplemen ted by other supplies pillnged from the whites. The folly of the policy pur sued by the Government has been all the time manifest to all who had any knowledge of the Indian character, and has lieen so often exposed and cen sured by the press that the subject has become threndbare. It is always the same old story. Hoards of idle savages with arms in their hands, nominally kept and subsisted upon reservations, but in reality allowed to roam at will from one end of the country to the other, without restraint from any quarter. It now seems quite improba ble that these pets of the Government can be brought to reason untill after a few battles have been fought and many lives sacrificed. It is possible, of course, that this may happen to be avoided, but the present temporising and hesitating attitude of the troops makes any other result seems daily more improliable. or or a of of A numlier of our exchanges have been commenting upon the large amount of important business that will come liefere this legislature. Up to the present time, the question of electing two United States Senators has been about the only business thought about But the personell of the Senatorsbips dwindles into insignificance so far as its Importance concerns the welfare of Idaho, when we come to consider the Irrigation problem. The one thing that can make Idaho a great State, and keep it such permanently, is irrigation Shall the 8,000,000 acres of land In the Snake River Valley remain a desert, or shall the waters of the Snake lie util ized to make them ''bloom and blos som like the rose of Sharon?" Shall this great region remain a desert, or shall it be the Garden as well as the Gem of the Mountains? This Is the all-absorbing question for our legisla ture to consider. For if the waters of the Snake are ever used to reclaim the arid lauds, it must lie done through the instrumentalities of the State. Tbe general government can not be relied upon to do the work. It is too gigan tic an enterprise for private capital, and were it not, it is not desirable to place tbe control of these lands In the hands of grasping monopoly and alien landlordism. We want none of that In Idaho. Better let the land lay Idle and the water roll on to the sea. The State must do the work. It is a fortu nate thing for Idaho that she has selected an exceptionally able body of legislators. The solution of the irriga tion problem requires the wisdom of statesman. It is a gigantic und rtaklng, one requiring an enormous expendi ture of money, but, nevertheless, one that will repay the State manifold and add immensely to the State's wealth. Idaho wants a statesman, a broad gunge man, one who ran solve the irri gation problem and inspire the legisla ture with the faith and courage to take It up and provide for the accomplish ■ iinetit of the grand work.--Idalio Mail IN. ALEXANDER, THE LEADING SHOE DEALER Boots alnd Shoes for Everylioily. All Leather Goods at Reduced Prices. Invisible Repairing on Short Notice. MAIN STREET........LEWISTON,. IDAHO BANK ©F LEWISTON, John Burke, Banker Main Street, - - * Lewiston, Idaho Transacts a General Banking Business- Money to Loan on Long or Short Time- General Insurance Agency- Highest Cash price paid for Wheat and Barley• Cattle Bought and Sold The Boss Heat Market, Clindining and Dnbuc, Proprietors. LEWISTON, - - - - IDAHO. ......o...... Beef, Mntton, Pork, Veal, Bacon, Hams and Sausages. The best of Meats rom the Block and by the Quarter, served in good style. Prices Low. CALIFORNIA-:-BREWERY, Near Head of First Street, Lewiston, Idaho. CHRIS: WEISGERBER, .... PROPRIETOR. CALI. Aisrr> SEE ME. A FAMILY ©ROGGRY. Louis Grostein,.....Proprietor. New and Fresh Stock of Groceries constantly kept on hand. Fruits, Canned Fruits, Coffees, Teas and Spices. A comvlete stock of Tobaccos and Cigars. Cheap for Cash. Remember the place on Main St., in the Greenburg building. LGWISTON ♦ BAKERY, S. WILDENTHALLER, Proprietor. Montgomery Street , Lewiston, Idaho ......o...... Bread, Pies and Cakes, also Groceries, Confectioneries, Liquors and Cigars. Gents Furnishing Goods, Family Groceries, Ect. New Boot and Shoe Store, George Glass . Proprietor Montgomery Street,..... Lewiston, Idaho. ......o...... Sale work, of San Francisco Make, sold cheap for Cash. Women, Children and Mens wear. All classes of work manufactured to order. Repairing neatly and promptly done. _ J. B. Morris, M. D. Office in Hale & Cooper's building. I. H. Maxwell, —AT LAW— Office on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. James W. Reid, Attorney at Law, Lewiston, Idaho. Will practice in all the courts of Ida ho and Washington. Office next door to telephone station. E. O'Neill, Attorney - at - Law, AND NOTARY PUBLIC. All Business carefully attended to. Will practice in all eourts of Washing ton and Idaho. Office on Main street, Lewiston, opposite Bunnell's Store. JASPER RAND. J. M. HOWE. Notary Public. Band ft Howe, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Will practice in all the courts of Idaho Idaho Territory and the State of Wash ington. Will give prompt attention to all business entrusted to our care. Of fice on E street, Lewiston, Idaho. Real Estate and Loan Agents. S. 8. ROGERS, Rn alE aal B,T JBnA gBnl LEWISTON, IDAHO. Farm and town property bought and sold on commission.- Office on Main St NEW J. "ROSS, 'Proprietor, One door east of Bunnell's Hardware Store. All kinds of Fresh and Cured Meats. A share of your patronugc is solicited. J. D. KESTER, CITY EXPRESS HND DRHYWHN. Dealer in lee. Our regular rates for lee in quantity is 1 cent jier Hi. Par ties, however, who take by the month will be furnished special rates—121b a day at $3 per month. THAT FOUL! Breath and disagreeable hawking and spitting, as well as tbe other disgusting symtoms of Catarrh POSITIVELY CURED By DB. KBTTBING'S celebrated CATARRH REMEDY, Which has been used with success in the treatment of Catarrh for over thirty years. I have secured the *ole right of Eastern Washington for the sale of the remedy. A cure is guaranteed with one mouth's treotment or money refunded. PRICE PER PACKAGE - - $2 (One package is one month* treatment^ -POSTPAID BY MAIL Call on or Address A. WHITE, Druggiit, o Pullman, Wash WaTla/ Wa-lla,, Wash. A Complete and Practical Business Course; a thorough English Course; Short Hand and Tvpe-writing. Day and Evening Sessions. Students can enter at anytime. Éxperieneed Teachers. For terms, circulars und further informa tion, address the proprietors— CATION BB0S. D. S. DENT. C. E. BUTLER. DEflS 0 BUSIER. .IlEALEltS XX. Pure Drugs and Medicines. idt Druggist's Sundries, Toilet Articles, Stationery and Fancy Goods. Headquarters for Books, Gold Pens- Novelties and Notions- Also Proprietors of Lewiston Soda Water Works. Orders from the Country Promptly Attended to GEO. H. LAKE, JEWELER, __<£>I ° watch \V pul \A f Dealer In CLOCKS, JEWELRY, EYE CLASSES. Spectacles, Etc , Etc. Engraving and Repairing at Reasonable Prices Jno. P. Vollmer, President. John H. Evans, Cashier 5l?e - fir$t - jsfatiopal - Bapk* OF LEWISTON IDAHO. DIRECTORS: Governor M. C. Moore, S. C. Thompson, J. H. Evans, J. M. Fix, Jno. P. Vollmer ......o...... Fire proof vault for use of customers for safe keeping of valuables. Burglar proof steel safe, protected by Sargent & Greenleaf time lock. Correspondents in ull the principalcitiesof the United States. Buy and sell exchange. Interest allowed on time deposits. BYRON HARRIS, Dealer In A full line of Household Goods on hand. Store on Main Street, Lewiston, Idaho. Exchanges made on easy terms H. H. Q. SALOON, SAM HOLT, Proprietor. LEWISTON. IZD-A.HO Kceps Constantly on Hand a Full Stock of Pure Wines, Liquors and Cigars The - Regular - Stage - Line Carrying U. S. Mail to and from the Following named Point»: Lewiston, Pat aha, Pomeroy, Dayton, Genesee, Moscou* Juliaetta, Big Potlatch, Grangeville, Cottonwood, and Mount Idaho Passenger accommodations on all lines. Careful drivers. General Stage offle« Raymond House, Lewiston, Idaho. LIVERY, FEED AND SALE STABLE, East of Stage Office- Commercial Travelers Ac comodated on Short Notice ■ FELIX WARREN, - Proprietor.