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THE LEWISTON TELLER.
CARL A. rOllGSHAN, Editor and Proi LEWISTON. : i IDAHO Women are faai taking a fair part in the industries of the world. Philadel phia statistics show that fifty women are employed to 100 men in that city. Not so long ago the sight of a woman following any avocation in public at tracted a crowd. •The whole proceeding was without ••hi unpleasant incident,' ' is the way a ( anadtan newspaper rounds off a hang ing. It is to be inferred that tho re porter did not write the comment for the eye of the principal actor in the drama. That individual was appar ently not at all considered in the mat ter. __________ The great city of London has under taken an experiment in tho way of paternel government. Tho experi ment oonaists in building bouses for renting to workingmen at a fair profit. It Is doubtful if it will work to advantage. No public work is manag ed so economically as private enter prise. _ The Mediterranean is comparatively shallow. A drying up of 660 feet would leave three different seas, and Africa would bo joined to Italy. Tho British channel is more liko a pond, which accounts for its choppy waves. But there is no prospect of a dry-up to that extent before the spring rains are over. _ Those who, look upon farming as only an ordinary occupation are mis taken. As Professor Wrighton re marks, agriculture is a born science. It is full of botany, zoology, geology and entomology. It is full of chomis try, from the soil to tho growing plant, the ripening seod and the ani mal life which is tho outcome. A rapid penman can write thirty words in a minute. To do this he must draw his quill through tho space of sixteen and one-half foot But one able-tongued woman can talk faster than four rapid penmen can write, and t ke time to size up the construc tion and probable cost of all the bon nets in a leelure room at the sum* time. _ They tell a story of a young man who went to a little town down in North Carolina some time ago and recently wrote home that ho had been appointed postmaster. Hin sudden elevation surprised the folks at home until be explained that as be was the only one in the town who over wrote or received a letter the postmistress had turned the office over to him. The statistics show that there nre 2,700 husbands in New York city who are supported by their wives. The probabilities are that there are ten times that number in New York city who were in like condition and not reported. To say the least tho wifo and mother who cares for the home, and keeps it cheerful and bright and happy, always does a full half in the «appert of every family. Always be very slow in signing papers that you do not understand, and then ask for a day or two for consider ation and consultation. We believe this to be admirablo advice, especially to women who aro beneficiaries in any estate, and whose signatures are so rte! led. Many have signed away their rights under pressure or misrepresen tation without having any proper com prehension of what thoy woro doing. It took over a thousand years to achieve our Anglo-Saxon civilization, and there is no method by which the Indians may be whirled through the same curriculum in a few generations. No more human, nor philanthropic suggestion has been m ido for the ben efit of the Indians than the proposal to turn them over to tho war depart ment for semi-industrial militiry or ganisation on the lines of their tribal relations. _ It is more than twenty years sinco Alaska whs purchased of Russin. by Secretary Seward, acting for our gov ernment The United States gaiued an immense but undeveloped ter ritory. whose value was little known, by that purchase. It is certain now that that transfer was an advantage to this country, and it may be by this that Mr. Seward's service« will be longest remembered. We aro glad to see that a more full exploration of our pwrcha»o is soon to be made, congress hsving appropriated one hundred thousand dollars for this purpose. A New Yohkkii is tho victim of a curious fad which his relatives began for him when bo wu.« an infant, and which he has continued since arriving at years of discretion. He is now forty, and he has a complete series of pictures of himself, forty in number, each representing a separate ye ir of his existence. The first dozen are daguerreotypes, and all the rest are photographs. By looking them over Oho w>U not only notice the gradual effects of time on the man's counte nance, but will see a fine example of the progress of the art of photography. Tho change in any two consecutive pictures is. of course, slight, while tike difference observed between the •n* and the last is painfully great. SLEUTHS OF THE MAILS. POSTOFFICE THIEVES ARE VERY HARD TO CATCH. Thé L+tter Bobber Mtjr Work 1 ndetcrtoU fir Mo itliH, bot He Id Sore In Ihe Knd lo ne Entrapped bj rann!nar Iudpeelort. Probably no thiof is harder to catch than tho one who robs Undo Sam's mail. Ilis methods are so ingenious, his plunder is so easily hidden or destroyed, and his rascality is so well maskod by tho honesty and integrity of his associates that he not infre quently continues his operations for years before ho is finally overwhelmed with proof of his guilt, disgraced and sent to prison. Though letters, and valuablo ones, too, aro stolen every dtiy, and koen-eyod inspectors aro hunting high and low for tho thieves, arrests for this class of crime arc com paratively rare. There is a reason for this. Postoffice inspectors in run ning down a thiof will never take him in custody until they aro at least morally certain of his guilt. Tho only protection the user of tho mails has against thioving is the postoffice' inspector. His intluenco on tho morals of men throughout tho great depart ment in responsible positions is simply amazing. But for him Undo Sara's letter service would go to tho bow wows in a very short time. It is not because tho inspector is such a for midable person that ho is feared, but becauso liis ways are mysterious; because he seems to bo omniprosont His clever rusos to ovcrcomo the cunning of tho rase ils ho is after, his nearly invari .bio success in rounding them up in tho gangs that practice the lockstep daily, and tho unlimited power ho hi.s at command to carry on his work secretly or publicly, as he may choose, makes him one of the most important factors in tho service. Tho chief of inspectors in Chicago is Captain Stuart. '•You see," said tho rnptain to a daily Herald reporter, "a letter is a very small thing, and is scarcely more to the postoifice business than a grain of sand is to a strotch of beach. It passes through many hands, and it is hard to find out just wbero its trip was brought to an end. When one latter disan pears on a given route it is al most certain that others will go in the same way. Then we begin our work. We do not overlook a single circum stance or detail. When we have finally satisfied ourselves us to tho point whore the robberies were committed we either establish a watch or use decoy letters. Either one is almost certain to bring the game down. But I re member one case in which all our or dinary devices faited. It was away out in New Mexico on one of tho old star routes. Hundreds of letters, all of them containing money, drafts or somelning else of value, disappeared with astonishing rapidity. Finally the thieves altered their methods and instead of taking the lettor entire opened it and took the contents. Wo sent inspector after inspector ovor the route. Every trip involved long and tedious rides, sleepless days and nights sud work that was as disagreeable as nybody would want la do. Wo found that tho rifled letters passed through in ny hands and that of twenty men each one was liable to be guilty. All of them wore (vulched and shadowed, but in vain, rad wo were about to give up in iespair when a thought occurred to (ne. Calling ono of my men, I care fully outlined to him the details of ray plan for detecting the thief and I was not a bit surprised when he expressed loubt about the result Briefly, the plan was this: I went to a wholesale Irug house, procured a lot of different finds of drugs, which were carefully labeled, and then placing them alto gether in a sate hoi I handed the latter » my assista./t and sent him on his mission. Just before ho wont ho was instructed to inform every official he net that his was merely a trip of in ipeclion, and to carry out tho decep tion ho was to make an examination of ill office accounts that came und ir his lotico. But tho instruction on which 1 laid tho most stress, however, was that which referrod to the itinerant ipothecury's shop ho carried. I told aim to be sure and ex imine the con tents of every bottle of mucilage ho taw and accidentally mix a bit of some Irug with it, taking care, of course, to nnke a memorandum th it would show •ust whore the drug iiad been left. iVell, tho inspector made the trip aud cume back. ••Tlireo weeks after bis return a i.'hicage banker brought us a register id letter which had come ovor the troublesome star route. A big draft vas missing from it. It had been rilled. Tho inspector who had 'fixed' tho mucilage came in just about then, placed tho back of tho letter to his noutti and tasted the mucilage. 'Ah!' lo said, as bis eyes lighted up; then io puliod a bonk from bis pocket, larefully scanned tile leaves, and plac ing his Unger under a certain lino he bid us that the envelope had been re lented at a oertaiu towu in the Now Mexican Rockies. The rest was easy Ind another inspector went down that ray. In a week or two hulf a dozen lecoy letters were sent over the rouie. Tho thiof fell Into tlio trap and subse luently went to the penitentiary. I von't mentiou his name, for ho is tow leading an honest life. That U at reason why I do not liko to mo ro A a it miniscenem of this sort published in newspapers. Tho postoffice thief is, as a rule, a victim of his surroundings, and it rarely happens that ono of them gets into trouble a second time. Once they have paid tho penalty of their in discretion they settle down to an honest existence, and it would bo but little short of an outrago to publish their names. A VEGETA BLE CA TERPILLAR. Th« Wmlarfal Plut Foul Is Tim»««Is and Sen Zealand. One of the queerest thlugs of Tas mania, New Zealand, and other parts of Australasia is the bulrush, or vege table caterpillar. This wonderful plaut is a fungus, a sphaerin, which grows seven or eight inches above tbe ground, generally in a single slem. round, and thickly covered with brown seed for some five or six inches, ending in a curved, worm-like point. It is usually found growing at the roots of a particular tree, tho "rata" of the natives. When this plant is pulled up its single root is found to be the exact counterpart of a large caterpillar, say one, three, or four inchos long; but although it preserves every detail of such grubs, dissection proves it to bo solid wood. Intelligent persons of the countries named above say that this curiosity is formed in the following manner: A large species of moth feeds on the "rata" tree; tho grub of this moth burrows in the ground; the seed of tbe spaeria gets lodged between tho scales on the grub's neck, strikes root, and completely turns the interior of the creature into a woody substance. In every case the shell of tho grub is left intact, no small rootlets puncturin ' it at any point. Scientists say that tho above explanation is alt "bosh," and that the plant develops the form of a cuterpillar because it is its nature to do so. If this bo true, why should wo laugh Ht tho stories of the Mandrako Man and the Soythian Lamb, speci mens of which aro preserved in tho Surgeons' museum, London. Dutch Win dm 11s s You scarcely can stand any whore in Holland without seeing from one to twenty windmills. Many of them are built in the form of a two-story tower, the second story being smaller than tho first, with a balcony at its base from which it tapers upward until the cap like top is reached. High up, near the roof, the great - vis juts from the wall; and to this h istened two pro digious arms, for i somewhat like ladders, bearing great sheets of canvas, whoso business is to catch the mischief maker and set him at work. These mills stand liko huge giauts guarding the country. Their bodies are gener ally of a dark red; and their heads, or roofs, are made to turn this way and that, according to the direction of tho wind. Thoir round eyo-window is always staring. Alto gether. thoy seem to bo keeping a vigilant watch in every direction. Sometimes thoy stand clustered togeth er; sometimes alone, like silent senti nels; sometimes in long rows like ranks of soldiers. You see them rising from the midst of factory buildings, by the cottages, on the polders (tho polders aro lakes pumped dry and turned into farms); on tho wharves; by the rivers; along the cautAs; on tbe dykes; in tho cities—every where! Holland wouldn't bo Holland without its windmills, auy more than it could be Hnllaiid without its dykes aud its Dutchmen.—St. Nicholas. Blasts fnm the Barn's Horn. It is tho gospel of Christ, and not human philosophy, that saves the soul. If wo havo a willingness to work for Christ, we need never be unemployed. If you don't bolieve that it is more blessed to give than to receive, try it No matter what your situation in life may bo you can think and plan for God. When we get right ourselves it goes a long way toward making others right. Whenever God takes nnythlng away from us it Is only to givo us moro of Himself. Noma people believe themselves to be religious because they aro always miserable. Unless you do all you can to help answer your own pruyors you don't pray much. A dollar will buy a great deal more for a grateful man than it wilt for a stingy one. No man is in a condition to really enjoy riches until bo can be happy without them. It is not what we give to God but what wo keep from Him that makes ungels wonder. The world never needed pure Holy Ghost relit,ion everywhere more than it does now.—Ram's Horn. Quits 8a I'eople of slow intelligence some times make such curious answers to questions that their brevity amounts to wit 'I his. for instunce, from a character in Maine. Oa the occasion of an affliction in his family be wus asked: '•Wasn't ycur father's death rather sudden?" "Wa'al, yes," he drawled out, "it was rather sudden—for him." They're All ia JaiL "Where are tbe most innocent men to be found in the world?" melts an exchange. In state prisons. Ask aoy prisooer and so*. —Boston T ravaler. Its of at iu as in ,a A L00N ON THE LAKE. ONE OF iNATURE'S QUEER FREAKS IN BIRDS. Its fOlnl sad Trifle frira m I'rcqnrul fause of Alarm (hr Jenderfret— DlfRraltj In Khcotluir 1 hem—Hen the Bird U»|h>. "When nature turned the loon cut of her workshop she completed a job at once bold and original," said an old aud observant uative. of tho Lake Keufea country, according to a writer iu the New York bun. "It is safe to I call the loon cither a bird or an animal, for it has the feathers of one, the fur of the other and the heart of both. The fur is on the breast and neck und under side of the loon's body. It is much of tho same quality as a beaver's. A cloak made of loon's fur would be a dainty wrap for tho danticst lady in this or auy other land. The-feathers of a loon cover Its back and wings. They are soft and fleecy, but ns hard to pluck as pulling teeth. They have a peculiarity that nothing in nature except porcupines' quills have. Loons' feathers have the samo peculiarity, and it is impossible to keep them inside of a pillow or a cushion two hours at a time. The loon is particul arly gifted with ,a voice. At one time this curious creature cau frighten the life out of you, almost, by snorting for all the Kvorld like an enraged bear, and the ■ext minute will surprise you by coo ing almost as softly as a ring dovo. •But night is the time when the loon comos out strongest as a striking vocal ist. No ono who hoars for the first time the song of the loon at night, amid the solitude of a lakeside camp, .high among isolated hills, will ever be able to forget it. In tbe summer, •when tho nights are moonlit the loon seems best to lovo to show his accom plishments in u vocal way. The great est of these is its power of ventrilo quism. If you have lived much in the vicinity of backwoods lakes, you havo undoubtedly often heard woodsmen tell of the ventriloquial gifts of the loon, but i> you never had auricular proof of it you, of course, doubted the existence of such a power. You won't doubt it after you bear it. I will never forget the time I was convinced of IL 1 had seen plenty of loons here on Lake Keuka. but I had never been where they spent their summers. Ono summer I was eampiug in the North Woods with a native guide. Our tent was only a few feet from the shore of ono of the uumcrous small lakes in that region. I lay in the tent ono night, watching the spectral play of the moonbeums on the water, in and out among tho shadows, gilding tho noiseless ripples till the surface seem ed a burnished sheet of hammered brass. The silence was oppressive. Suddenly there arose from tho lake, and uppareutly from its farthest siioro, a prolonged, half-satisfied wail. It gradually increased in volume uutil it !wus almost a shriek, which died away ;in a wail similar to tho one with which tho st irtling cry had begun. Tbe wail was still in my oars when a blood-curdling yell—a yell expressive of supremo terror, smote tho silence. It came from somewhere on the shore, near tho tent and lo tho right of it. Thif frightful yell ended in a wild burst of demonicul sound. It was still echoing through the forest when, from tho left shore of tho 1 ko, sud far (away, a moan, ns of utter hopoless •ness and despair, broke on the solemn t-tillness, rising and falling away into silence with a cadence so sad that a sense of most burdening molnnchoiy succeeded to the influence of tho forest's midnight quiet. As soon as 1 could shuke off the depression it weighed me with I arose hurriedly and seized my gun. 1 awoke my com p nion und told him of tho fearful sounds I hud heard. My companion pointed to the lake. There, gliding slowly on the surface, its long nock and bill outlined dis tinctly us it floated in the moonlight, was tho loon. It hadjComo out from the shadows near the shore, not three rods away. I stepped forward quickly with my gun. Instantly tho long neck disappeared and a rim of shim mering ripples on tho surface of tho :ake alone marked the spot where tho strange creature bud been. •• 'When ho comes up ag'ln he'll mo'rn likely be a mile away" said tho guide. 'You won't see him ag'in to night, but the chances is that you'll hear him.' "Perhaps five minutes parsed, and then two loud, wild, staccato notes, sounding but a few rods awuy, came from tho lake. They were quickly followed by a series of exultant chuckles, which seemed near when they began, but grew fainter with each succeeding chuckle until the last one was hoard but faintly in tho distance. "But the greatest accomplishment u loon has is its power of dodging a bul let. At the flush of a gun the creature will disappear beneath the water so quickly that vou can scarcely believe you have seen one. A marksman who hit* a loon in tho opon lake without the use of strategem has done the most difficult thing a roan c n do with a gun. Sometimes a loon will come to the surface within a short distance 3l the spot where It went down, and frequently it will travel a mile or inore before rising. A toon uses not only iu strong feet and togs in itn sub marine flight, but Us wings as well. I It will go through tlis density of th* water with a speed almost ns great at that of a crow flying through tho thin and buoyant nir. While it is next tc impossible to kill a loon when it ha» its eyes on your movements on the open lake, its over-weening curiosity will make it an easy victim. A red hundkcrchicf or gay-colored cloth ol any kind, displayed on a polo or buoy iu tho water, will attract every loon that may bo within seeing distance of the lure. "Early in the spring, when loons are on their wuy from the south to their northern retreats, they drop down into the mountain retreuts where the ice has thawed aud broken up near the inlets and outlets, leaving small spaces of open water. When they have trust ed themselves to these contracted rest ing places they cannot get out ugain until tho ice has melted away sufficieut ly to leavo an opening at least an eighth of a mLe long or wide. A loon cannot rise from the water without having as much of a start as that. When a loon makes up its mind to leavo a lake or change its quarters it runs rapidly on the water, its long neck aud beak extended full length, and its wings flapping up and dowu with a loud noise and scattering of the water. Gradually tho dip of the wing grows less and less. Tho ascent of ihe bird increases. Tho tips of the wings just touch the water, leaving two ruffled lines on the surface. Final ly the bird has gained momeutuin enough to enable it to come free into tbe air, and it rises gracefully upward, always seeking a heightoul of gunshot range. When loons arc surprised in the early spring in ico openings they aro easily killed. They seem to know that they dare not dive under tho sur rounding body of ico. and so they huddle together iu tho narrow space, at the mercy of any ruthless gunner who may chance upon them." A Partner Wants! At Wichita, Kan., I had to occupy n room at the hotel with a stronger, who told mo that ho lived about fifty miles away on a ranch. We got along all right for throo or four days, and then, one night as we went to bed, ho asked: "You kin read and write, can't ye?" "Yes." "I sorter mistrusted you could. What do you call this thing they get out about a new town?" '•Do you mean a prospectus?" "That's it Kin you write one?" "I think so." "Kin you draw a sort o' map?" "Yes." "Just as liof lie as not?" "No, sir." "Well don't get hot, Here's what I want- I've got 200 acres of land thirty-live miles from anywhar, and it's loo cussed poor fora jack-rabbit to uveu run over. I want to lay out a I town thar and sell off $50,000 worth of ; lots before the end of tho month. It j kin bo done if I kin git the right sort j of partner." "You want a liar, oh?" ' "Got to be. He's got to lie a river alongside that property, two railroads ucross it, 15,000 population into the county, and then bring in a lot of churches, schools, and factories to gild it off. I'll give you half." "No, I couldn't" "All right—no harm dono. If you ! nre not a liar that settles it and wc i won't have no hard feelings." Six weeks idler I met him in a bank 1 in Quin ha just as ho was depositing 127.000, and ho hold out his hand and said: "Shoo! Is it you? Wish you had come in ten minutes ago and seen my liar holding up »his half of the deal. Conscientious scruples, eh? j Well, some folks has 'em, and when thoy dues it's ull right, and no hard feelings on my part"— N. Y. Sun. cisr;*is. Kiss you! Whorcforo should I, sweett Casual kissing I condemn; Other lips your lips will meet When my kisses die on thorn. Should I grieve that this should bef Nay. if you will kiss, kiss mol Lovo you} That were valuer still! If you win my lovo to-day, When tho morrow comes you will Lightly laugh that lovo away. Should I grieve that this should bo( Nay, if you must lovo, love me. Wherefore play these fickle parts f Life and love will soon bo doue; Th nk you God mudo human hoarts Just for you to tread upon} Will you break them, nor replnot It you will. Clarisse, break mine! —Frank L. Stanton. By Proxy. "John." said the Rev. Mr. Goodman to his hired man, "are you u Christian?" "Why—cr—no, air." replied John. "l)o you ever swear?" "I—I'm sometimes a little koerlcss I like in my talk." "I am sorry, John," rejoinod Mr. Goodman. "But we will converse anout this somo other time. I wi-.li you would take this money and settle this bill of $1 for thawing out a water pipe, and talk to the man in a careless ! kind of way us if it was your own ] bill."_____ Their Own Kisk. Missionaries to China ossumo thoir own risk. If one is robbed or killed the Chinese government does not con* aider it a legal claim for damagos and will not entertain it Native Chinese who may be butchered by tbe anti* Christians aro hardly considered worthy of being report' d on. A YANKEE VOTER. Storjr of a Kansas County Election la Day». nture, our Bottlers Diundorcd upon ., county election. Trudging into I.iij. rtyville, ono of the new mushroom towns springing up along the military road that leads from Fort Leaven worth to Fort Riley, they found a grett crowd of people gathered around :l log-house, ia which the polls W(i| . open. County officers were to %■ chosen, and the pro-slavery men. the borderers were now willed in ttil part of the oountry, had rallied n great numbers to carry the eloaUy.j for thsir men. All was sonfusion unit tumult Rough-looking men, w, y armed and generally loiul-vo o.r], wji slouched hats aud long bear.Is. were galloping about, shouting and raakii lf all the noise possible, for no purpo,,. that coulJ bo discovered. "Hooray for Cap'o Pato!" was the ouly intoili giblo cry that the now comers could hear; but who Captain l'ato was, aim why he should bo hurrahed for, nobody seemed to know. He was not a candi date for anything. •Hello! there's our Woburn friaml. John Clark." said Mr. Howell. Sti* nough, there ho was with a voto i ( > his hand going up to tbe cabin whore the polls wore open. A lane wa » formed through tho crowd of mon wb*> lounged about the cabin, so that a man gulag lip to the door to voto was obli* ed to run the gantlet as it were, ol ono hundred men, or more, before he reached tbe door, the lower half of which was boarded up and the upper half left open for the election officers lo lake and deposit the ballots. •1 don't bolieve that man h is any right to vote here," said Charlie, with nn expression of disgust on his face. "Why, he came into tho territory with as, ouly the other day, and he said hi was going up on the Big Blue to settle, and here he is trying to vote!" •Well," said Uncle Charlie, "I al low he has just as good a right to vou as any of these men who are running the election. I saw some of these very rnea come riding in from Missouri. when we wore one day out of Quin daro." As he spoke, John Clark huu , reached the votiog-ptace, pursued bv many rough epithets flung after him. He paused before the half-barricaded door and presented his ballot "Let's see yer ticket!" shouted one of two men who stood guard, o le on either sldo of tbe cabin-door. He snatched it from Clark's hand, looke 1 at it unn simply said. "H'ist!" The man on the other side of the would-be-voter grin ned; then both men seized the Woburn man 'by his arms and waist and before he could realize what was happening, he was flung up to the edge of tbe roof that projected over the low door. Two other men. sitting there grabbed the now-comor by the shoulders ami passed him up the roof to two others, who, straddling tho ridge-polo, were waiting for him. Then tho unfortunate Clark disappeared over the top of tbe cabin, sliding down out of sight on tbe. farther side. The mob set up a wild cheer and some of them shouted, "We don't want any Yankee votes in ibis yer 'loction!"—Noah Brooks, in St Nicholas. The Land F rod 3m. Tho land question in its various phases promises to become tho loading issue in politics in other countr os, as well as in Ireland, at no distant day. The connection between land distribu tion and prosperity lo strikingly shown in tho case of England and France. In the former, the Ihws of primogeni ture and entail combine to cuntinuo u landed class who monopolize tho soil: in the latter, estates are divided equally among the children, thus tend ing to small holdings and peasant pro prietorship. As a result, chiefly, of these systems we find in England vast estates on which their owners live in princely manner surrounded by every thing conducive to pleasure and dig nified ease, while thousands and hun dreds of thousands of acres are dovoted to parks and bunting grounds, from which the tillers of the soil have gr d* ually beon driven to swell tbe increas ing number of tho landless, with the result, according to John Morley's esti mate, that 45 per cent of the inhabi tants of England who reach tbo age of sixty years become paupers. I® France, on the contrary, where » dif ferent system prevails, the savins* *• the peasants constitute tho wesflb o the nation. Bar'.y Trailing. Fond mother-An' phwat did ye ses at the dime museum, me darlint? Small daughter—Ob. lots o' thing*, but the nicest was th' egg dance. * ou ought to see it A little girl pul *° m * aggs in all sorts of queer row* V over tho floor an' then thoy blind her eyes and she danced nll^ 0Te ^ everywhere around among th egg* an' never broke one. Fond mother— She must » brought up • in one o' thtm flat», all roogs an' brlo-a-brac.— e York Weekly. A flMiel Csir. I o m't understand why wish me to marry him. the leading man ln here be resides. , 1 . <_• I« The big ms»