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THE LEWISTON TELLER.
CARL A. FORESMAN, Editor and Prop LEWISTON. IDAHO. The people of the West are not con stantly breathing out threatening» and slaughter against the Indian, and do not desire to Bee them indiscrim inately massacred. But they do know enough about the subject not to make themselves ridiculous, which is what the sentimentalist succeeds in doing every time. Large families are at a premium in Quebec. In that province the happy /ather of a family of twelve living children is entitled to 100 acres of crown land and 1,009 heads of fam ilies last year satisfied the government that tyey had complied with the necessary conditions and were reward ed accordingly. The fact, as shown by the records, that at present only 50 per cent of the boys educated at the English public schools study Greek is evidence that the minority of the head masters' con ference in proposing to take that lan guage out of the list of "compulsory studies" for Cambridge and Oxford is simply m advance of the majority in perceiving that the tide is flowing away from classicism. Aluminum «s a metal has hnd a practical test of its strength and lightness. An Indianapolis man con structed a bicycle of steel tubing und aluminum, which, though exception ally light, is claimed to be practically unbreakable. The aluminum age really seems to have set in at last In ten years more who can say what changes will have beeu made in science, art and manfactures by the use of it? It is possible that the time will coon come when Great Britain will serious ly contemplate releasing Canada and Newfoundland from their allegiance of her own accord and find it to her in terest to do so. Beyond the prestige given to her by her possessions in America and the privilege of appoint ing a governor general. Great Britain does not receive from Canada and Newfoundland sufficient compensation for the care and protection which she affords to them. Francis IL of Naples, that luckless Bourbon dunce, whose throne Gari baldi overthrew in 1860, and who is said to be one of Daudets "kings in exile," still lives in aimless com fortableness in Paris, where his sole activity is walking once a day from his apartment to the church of St Philippe to say his prayers. Ho is rather small and insignificant in ap pearance, and looks like a pensioned bank clerk rather than a ' 'monarch retired from business." Did you ever read of a battle siege in olden limes? There were the full armored warriors, resplendent in shining metal and plumed crests there were the mighty battering rams, and the flash of battle axes, the thunder of advancing feet and the trumpet call before the gates. But more potent than all else in the doomed city's destruction was the secret work of the sappers and miners —the patient forces which wrought their work out of sight and hearing. Chief Justice Coleridge, of Eng land, says that the work of the crimi nal courts of that country has decreas ed, and he believes the reason to be that the moral tone of the commun ity is higher than it formerly was. Un fortunately this country has not yet seen any falling off in the number oi its criminals, but perhaps a single fact will account both for the increase in crime here and the decrease else where. Europe still continues to send a considerable portion of its criminal! to this country. How much longer i the United States going to stand this? The claim is advanced that the hu man frame may be protected against the ravages of diphtheria by inoccula tion. Why not? What is possible as to small-pox is possible as to the other scourge. But the work goes on. Man is but using the intelligence given him by nature to look deop into na ture's lawa Inquiry is patient but persistent The rewards thus far have been great The inception ol Edison's laboratory was Franklin't kite. It bas not been a great period from Watt's tea-kettle to the Corliss engine. Whatever his field the ex perimental philosopher has but to press forward. The most dangerous bread that man can eat both for himself and the com munity, is the bread of charity, as it is at the present conducted. When a man can earn bread, clothing, and shelter by bis own honest labor, it is a crime against the man and a crime against tbe community to encourage him to eat the bread of charity. The false sentiment and false philanthropy ol the past have much to answer for in the present condition of the very poor in civilized countries. The debasing of the public conscience in this matter has gone hand in hand with the deg radation of the individual, and charit able organizations, as well as the peo ple in general on this subject, need the healthful tonio of a cold bath, fol lowed by vigorous moral friction. j news sinn.tRT. George Bancroft was buried in Wor cester, Mass. The Ohio farmers' niliance oppose the formation of a third party. An attempt to assassinate llev. Mr. Whisnaud was made at a revival at Bethel, Ind. President Balmaceda of Chili refuses to resign, and the rebellion grows more serious. John L. Sullivan has been expelled from the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. The Wisconsin democratic caucus nominated William F. Vilas for United States senator. Joseph King, a young lawyer of St Paul, has been driven insane by his losses at poker. The deficit in the Arkansas state treasury is now rumored to have reached #96,800. Indian Territory tribes are endeav oring to have whites removed from their reservations. The president has approved the act for public buildings at Davenport, la., und Sioux Falls, S. 1). A. T. Peacock, a prominent farmer of Higginsville," Mo., was fatally shot by a midnight burglar. The Ohio legislature has taken steps to investigate the 6tate penitentiary and the imbecile asylum. It is estimated that Ö0, 000 persons have been thrown out of work by se vere weather in France. George Harris of Ncwbcrn. 111., is trying to suicide by fasting. He has been at it twenty-six days. Missouri has decided to make no ap propriation for the world's fair until the force bill lias been killed. At Jefferson City, Mo., Senator George G. Vest was formally declared re-elected for a third term. Ex-Congressman Hansbrough was elected senator by the North Dakota legislature to succeed Pierce. The London Times says that negro emigration is the only solution of tho southern problem in Amerca. The German reiehstag defeated the motion to repeal tho prohibition of tbe importation of American pork. A dispatch from Chile says the rebels bombarded Coronel and several per sons were killed and wounded. Pardridge, the plunger in tho Chi cago grain market, is said to have been caught short 8,000, 000 bushels. Attorney General Miller has refused to bring suit against the Frisco road for the recovery of certain lands. The Missouri house of représenta tives voted to make no world's fair appropriation pending force bill action. Tho democrats of the Minnesota leg islature in joint caucus nominated for United States senator William S. Vilas. A major in the Roumanian arrny was murdered and beheaded by his two or derlies out of revenge for ill treat ment. Indians of the Red Lake reservation in Minnesota, are dancing, and tho settlers have asked the governor for protection. Chicago capitalists are willing to construct a 12 to 16-story government building there in return for certain concessions. The treasurer of tho Chicago World's fair organization is goin bring suit against subscribers who have failed to pay up. Grain is being rebilled from Kansas City at the rate prevailing prior to January lé in defiance of Chairman Midgley's order. Mrs. Julia Iiigbce was adjudged in sane und found guilty of the murder of her four children at her trial in Wood county, Kentucky. A number of petitions have been presented in favor of transferring the license fees from the local to the county school fund. The Arkansas house has decided to take no action regarding tho World's Fair appropriation until the fate of the force bill is decided. The Standard oil company hns bought out C. C. Harris, tho largest individual oil producer in Ohio. It will pay #1,700.000. Bob Ford, the slayer of Jesse James, indulged in a bar-room duel with J. D. j Harden in Walsonburg, Colo. Both were slightly wounded. The Canadian Indian agent of the Blackfoots reports that American In dians expected the Canadian tribes to help them in a massacre. Assistant Adjutant General Corbin says tiie committee appointed to inves tigate the fight at Wounded Knee w.'ll find Col. Forsythe culpable. B. P. Hutchinson, the veteran Chi cago board of trade man, announces that he has quit speculating but is still doing a commission business. In the Minnesota House a joint res olution was offered memorializing con gress in favor of the construction of a eanal in New York at Niagara Falls. The house committee on public buildings has agreed to report favora bly tbe bill to appropriate #4,000,000 for a new public building in Chicago. The republicans have introduced a substitute for the Bennett law in the Wisconsin legislature designed to meet the objections of the supporters of parochial schools. George H. Snyder, one of the wealthiest citizens of San Marcos. Texas, and agent for the Southern agricultural works at Atlanta, G a., shot and killed his wife. It turns out that the reason why Banker Branham of Litchfield. Minn., blew out his brains was because the bank had only #10.000 with which to pay #190,000 of liabilities. Tom Hetlung and Charles Thomp son, two ranchmen, were arrested and lodged in jail at Pierre, S. D„ for stealing range cattle on Bad river, and ■ailing them to Pierre butchers. PLAYED FAREWELL TO LIFE. - Bsroa Bkarlaad, the Raturai Sen of Wartaaa bar*'* Klag, Dice at the Plaao. I cannot tell you the name he was known by here, for others bear it still, and -it were better that it were for* gotten. Ho was the natural son of the late king of Wurtemburg, and his mother was the only woman that the king ever truly loved, but royalty has its slavery moro galling at times than the fetters of the lowest bondmen, and reasons ot state compelled a loftier alliance for his majesty, says a writer in the New York Herald. Tho boy, who bad been given the the courtesy title of the Baron Bhar land, grew up surrounded by every advantage that wealth and favor could insure him. As his tastes began to form themselves he developed a passion for music, which was fostered and aided by all that celebrated masters could impart At last the Abbe Liszt took the young musician under his charge, and added to the solid foundation already laid those delicate finishing strokes which can only be supplied by a master's hand. Introduced under such favorable auspices the young musician might have enjoyed a brilliant career, but upon the establishment of the North German Federation the king of Wur temburg found his power and income much curtailed, care and anxiety finally brought on a fatal illness, and the king after years of poverty in Paris, passed away, leaving the young natural son wholly unprovided for. Karl came to America soon after and at once secured a splendid position among the piano masters of New York. His pupils were from the wealthiest and oldest families nod his fees were princely. But soon his fatal weakness began to develop—a love for drink and debauchery. a a Constantly falling into new trouble and disgrace, repeatedly disappointing his wealthy pupils and neglecting all social and professional duties, he soon began to lose caste and was compelled to content himself with a poorer class of patrons. These, too, he neglected, disappoint ed and disgusted, and falling lower ana lower in the social scale he was reduced to the lowest and most dis reputable professional work, and even in the meanest position his dissolute habits were constantly bringing him into disgrace, although when seated before the piano, even in his most sottish state, his genius would assert itself, and he still charmed his hearers with his brilliant music, while his slovenly, disreputable appearance dis gusted every one near. We l03t sight of him for many years, but one cold, dreary day in December, the last of the year, Mr. Shermer, the Boston music dealer, was crossing the common with a friend when the latter pointed out a wretch ed, bloated tramp seated upon one ol the benches by the pathway. "Do you not recognize that man?" asked the friend. "No, Indeed," replied Mr. Shermer. "Why should I?" "Because it is Karl-, tho natural son of the king of Wurtemburg." "My God!" exclaimed Shermer, in a tone of horror, for he had known Karl in his best and brightest days. That evening the clerks at Sher mcr's place were surprised to see a filthy, besotted vagabond shuffle into the store with a vacant, dreamy look in his eyes and walk toward a grand piano that stood near the door. "We have nothing for you," said a clerk sharply to the disreputable look ing creature. "I don't want any money." said the tramp in u thick, husky voice. ' only want to sit down before a piano. The superintendent was called from his office and informed of the strango request of the squalid intruder, and from pure curiosity allowed the out cast to have his way. "God bless you!" said the vagrant, and with a weary sigh he seated him self before the splendid instrument and, with fingers stiffened by want of practice, but with the expression and soul of a true artist, began the opening strains of the moonlight sonata of Beethoven. Clerks, customers and workmen every one in the establishment, drop ped their occupation and talk to listen to the tender, soulful tones that rolled forth from beneath the hands of the besotted outcast At last the sonata was finished and the wretched creature rested his head upon his hands and bent over the piano. So long and silently he sat there that at last one ot the salesmen thinking the man hsd dropped, asleep, stepped up to the bowed figure and shook him gently by tbe arm. As ba did so the head fell back and displayed a face all white and rigid from wbich tbe wide open eyos stared fixedly. Karl was dead! This Is no fancy sketch, but incident only too true. Tbe love ol his art struggling through tbe debas ing effects of debauchery had impelled him once more before be died to pour out bis soul in one last burst of h ar moay. _ _ __ Vat Too Samp far Bar. j "It is very wet weather we are hav ing, your majesty," remarked Lord' Salisbury. "Not too wet, me lud." re plied the queen. "In fact, I don't think bit possible to 'are too much reign In this country."—West Shore, j he of er an a tïTQ INJUN MUST DANCE. I _______ * I IT 18 Not Only A CEREMONY BUT A DUTY. Re EagagM la II l>oa All Oeratlaaa, Rowe tlwee Throagh the Eoet - Horrible Tor tare— Hew Sloax Werrlore Are O Hade--A Brat el Te»t. A deal of curiosity is felt by many as to the meaning of the Indian dance —as to why Indians should express their feelings by dancing when civil ized people would show the.ir senti ments in a very different way. The dance, among white Americans, is a pastime; with the red man it is both a ceremony and a duty. He dances before he goes to war; he dances when he returns; he dances at the death of his enemy and the burial of his friend. The Sioux youth dances, or did dance, through exquisite torture into a place among the braves of his clan, and bears with him for life the marks of the terrible ordeal. It was the fortune of a Chicago Herald writer, when about eighteen years of age—twenty six years ago—to witness the famous sun dance. It is doubtful if this dance will ever again be performed in all its ancient glory, or perhaps "horror" would be a more fitting expression. The government long ago forbade the sun dance on the Indian reservations, and if performed at ull it must now be without the freedom and publicity which were necessary- to its complete success. At the period mentioned Sitting Bull was just becoming known as a leader of the hostile Sioux. It mny be noted here that Sitting Bull was not a born chief. He did not come by origin from what McAllister might call the Sioux four hundred. What fame and influence ho acquired were earned by his personal merits or demerits, ac cording as his acts are viewed from an Indian or a Caucasian standpoint After becoming an acknowledged chief he was always regarded by the chiefs of aristocratic origin much as Napo leon was looked upon by the ancient dynasties of Europe—as an upstart they are compelled to respect, but are rather inclined to sniff at On anoth er occasion the writer may have more ,..... ™ At present he will confine himself to the sun dance. This dance is really ol j j an imitation. No Sioux is obliged to undergo it The youth has his choice, when arrived at manly age, of being a woman-man—the word "squaw" is unknown to the Sioux—or of proving by the tortures of the sun dance that he is fitted to be a warrior. If he prefers to be a womun-raan he will not be ill-treated or even scoffed at. He will become a household slave, as the women are, and be used like them, us hewer of wood and a drawer of water to the men of tho tribe. He must dress like the women, and like them he is left at home when the braves go to hunting or to battle. In fact, this treatment is such a matter of course that a stranger might visit a camp and encounter any number of these persons and havo no reason to suppose that they were other than women. With tho young man who does not shrink from the sun dance it is a dif ferent affair. His chances of dying under it aro considerable. The writer does not remember hearing any per centage stated, hut the deaths, when all tho forms are rigidly complied with, cannot be less than one in four. Few whito men could survive, but the toughened constitution of the Indian holds up marvelously when every nerve must bo in agony. It was in a Sioux cafnp on a bluff near tho Missouri Riv er that I witnossod the sun dance. In a "tepee," or tent, of buffalo skin, four or five braves were dancing slowly and deliberately around tho center-pole, keeping up a monotonous chant. I noticed that each of them was attached to the pole by long strings of buffalo hide. In one or two cases the strings wore connected with the breast; in the other cases with the back. The muscular tissue near euch nipple, if tho fastening was at the front, had been gathered by a grasp of the hand, and a knife run through it Then tho tough skin of buffalo rawhide was passed through the opening and con nected with the pole. If the fastening was at the back the process was simi lar. The pain thus occasioned to the victim may he Imagined. He must not only endure without a sigh or a groan, but must forthwith proceed to dance, and keep up the danolng without food for days, If requisite, until the friction of the rawhide severs the muscles and releases the captive, a full-fledged brave. He is then immediately fed by a rich soup prepared for the occasion, and every care and attention that In dians know are bestowed upon his re covery. The young man may be re leased from torture at any time by asking. In that case he is doomed to be a woman-man, just as if he had never offered himself as a candidate. kid by j ' j ! a ( j : ■mall Jokiri. American humor—in tho conven tional acceptation of the term—is be coming a bore. The oountry is over joked. We have too many ambitious persons among us who make fun a profession. The result is melancholy. The quantity of conundrums at present afloat in tho column! of the press is something marvelous. Surely they must be. manufactured wholesale by WDM kind of labor-saving machinery, for thare are no brain marks about the ® ,l i orlt y ot lhem ' Then we have broadsides of quips and quirks and extravagances fired at us by burlesque lecturers—gentlemen who premedi tately assail our risible organization and lay siege to our senso of the ridiculous in regular form. Because two or three have succeeded, the tribe twarmi. Their jocular career will not bo a very long one, however. No town or village will consent to hear them twice, or will bo likely to patronize others of tho same kidney who may—and, doubtless will—follow in their footsteps. Among a shrewd, intelligent people, who "know a hawk from a ha^d-saw," such nuisances ure sura to work their own abatement.— New York Ledger. TRYING IT ON HIS WIFE. A f alHora la Baa Nahes a Test or His Oratorical Powers. "During the heat of the political campaign they called on me lor a speech at West Oakland," said Justice Charles E. Snook to a San Francisco Examiner man. "I don't take very kindly to political speechmaking, and I was especially timorous about mak ing an nddres in the First Ward, where everybody knows me und where, in consequence, I would be sure of the severest criticism. "But I was in for it and set about preparing myself for the ordeal. After I had thought out an address which I imagined had enough hurrah in it to hit the floor, I thought I'd try it on mi wife. "So I placed her in a good seat in the front row of our parlor furniture, struck my most statesmanlike attitude and unlimbered my mouthpiece. Finally I reached one of the most im pressive periods and came to a full stop a good deal out of breath. " 'Well, what are you waiting for?' calmly inquired tbe side-partner of my joys. " 'That is where I pause to permit the tumultuous applause to get io its work,' I replied. " 'Qh, I thought you were afraid you had awakened the b.iby,' was her un sympathetic and disheartening re sponse. Still. I noticed that when I poured that speech into the listening , ear of West Oakland my wife was the ! first and only listener to appreciate and applaud whon I paused at that critical point" I What the Baby Can Da It can wear out a one-dollnr pair of kid shoes in twenty-four hours. It can keep its father busy adver tising in the newspapers for a nurse. It can occupy both sides of the largest-sized bed manufactured, simul taneously. It can cause its father to bo insulted by every second-class boarding-house keeper in the city who "never takes children," which in nine cases out of ten, is very fortunate for tho children It can malco itself look like a fiend just when mamma wants to show "what a pretty baby she has." It can muko an old bachelor in the room adjoining use language that if uttered on tho street, would get him into the penitentiary for two years. It can go from the farthest end of the room to the foot of the stairs in the hall adjoining quicker than its mother can just step into the closet and out again. It can go to sleep "liko a little angel" and just as mamma and papa ire starting for tho theatre it can wa!:o up and slay awake till the las act. These are some of the things a baby can do. But there are other things as well. A baby can make the common est house tho brightest spot on earth. It can lighten tho burdens of a lov ing mother's life by adding to them, j It can flatten its dirty little face ' against the window pane in such a j way that the tired father can see it as ! a picture before he rounds the corner. ( Yes. babies are groat institutions, j particularly one's own baby.—Boston : Gazette. Tha Point at Which Ho was Willing to Lot Hor Sob. First Farmer.—"You can't take fifty dollars for that cow?" Second Farmer—"Can't do it" "But yesterday gpu told me you'd sell her for fifty dollars." "I know I did, but I'll have to back out." "What's the matter?" "You see, tbe cow belongs to my wife, and she says she will sob herself into hysterica if I sell her. It would break her heart" "All right—it'a no purchase." "I »ay." "Well, what ia It ?" "Make it seventy-five and we'll let her sob.Tid-Bits. TMtsd at Ones. "No, I never carry my watoh when I go out," she said, artlessly. "I am so careless that it wouldaH be safe. Why, a person could steal anything right from under my nose and I wouldn't miss it " Then the young man stole •. kiss right from under her note and she didn't seem to miss it Beys' PsemllarltâM. It's rather peculiar, yet it's a fact that it's much colder in the back yards than out on streets, as witness, for proof: When it's too cold for a boy to saw wood in the baok yard it's nice, warm weather for him to piny marbles out op the street —Exchange. QUEER INDIAN RELICS. SOME OF THEM FOUND IN GEORGIA. DOWN F.tldMCM also Fond sf a Bate that Aat«d<' the ladlu ItaiHlf-fnir UUnilli, Ana« and Other Thief»— TU,; FUfed Gases—Pipe«. I A county in Georgia without a lov er's leap, from whose eminence some Indian maiden had snrang into the arms of death with her brave sweet heart belonging to a rival tribe, would be considered a fit county into which a missionary should be sent This ro mance may be repeated for Nacb*o chee, with the addition that tho hr-> ine, instead of being dashed to piecei, was buried with honor in the vail y below, and the exact spot is show t 0 travellers. This region was certainly the favor ed resort ots very advanced tribe of Indians, and Nacoochee valley was their home and burial ground, as is evidenced by the many curious well-carved relic9 found there. Capa Nicholls, whose home is in the centre of the valley, has a largo cabinet of them, all found around his house, which is, perhaps, the finest collection in Georgia, except the one in posses sion of Col. Charles C. Jones of 'Augusta. Some of them were found by the miners on Duke's Creek, while others were taken from Indian graves that surround the mound in front of Capt. Nicholls's house. This aborigi nal cemetery was accidentally discov ered by Capt. Nicholls, and every tjrave he opens adds to his storo of i-elics. It seems that the ground ground tho mound wa3 covered with rock piles and Capt Nicholls set to work to remove them. Beneath each pile were found human bones, mixed with arrow heads, beads, battlenxes, pipes and other indestructible articles of sport, domestic use, and war. But the most interesting relics taken from these graves were conch shells, evi dently brought from tho seashore, and a tomahawk beaten from pure copper in its natural state, though the nearest point on the continent where such copper is found is Lake Superior. Capt. Nicholls argues that these In dians had communication and com mercial relations with the tribes in habiting both the northern and south ern borders. Among the relics found in this val ley was a bullet made of lead in a rough state. There is a tradition that the Indians hero mined their own lead, but the place where they procured it has never been found, even if it ex ists. The only mineral discovered in the valley is gold, and the pichest ruines in tho South ure here. On Duko's creek was found a small death head formed of a hard black stone, with one eye made of an opal, beauti fully worked, and the little trinket shows considerable artistic skill. This relic, together with others of a similar character, must havo beon imported btsome one from Mexico.' (Apt. Nicholls explained the use of numerous Indian relics, throwing a flood of light on tho subject. For in stance, those round and saucer-shaped stones of various sizes were used to play a 'game similar to quoits, nt which the Indians gambled. Instead of pitching the stones they rolled them at pegs. The wedge-shaped stones were employed to dress hides, while the small ones wero used to work sinews with. Their tomahawks were of a separate shape, and their axes, instead of having the handle pass through them, were enclosed in a split stick, securely fastened with thongs. There was a separate mnke of tomahawk, usod by tho chiofs and worn at the bolt for display, that was sharpened at both sides, and a hole partially drilled in the center. This was a valuable discovery, as it showed how tbe Indians worked this hard stone with only the rudest imple ments. There are several very fine speci mens of pipes, including a piece of a pipe of pence. One pipe excavated on Duke's Creek, is a very valuable relic, and the United States govern ment had a cast made of it, as Capt. Nicholls would not part with bis trea sure. It is carved out of rock, and tbe bowl is made to represent the mouth of a whip-poor-will, the beak of an eagle projecting over it. Tbe ears of a fox and other figures are alie chiselled on ik It is as fine a carving as ono would wish to see. There are a number of graves around the mound not yet opened. Capt Nicholls anys the mound in front of his bouse, which ho hns planted with flowers end ornamented with a •"■>* mer-house, is just as he found it when he bought the piece. Us surfaoe » flat, end from its summit e fine vie* of tho upper portion of the valley c» n be had. No excavation has ever been made in this mound as its shape m other evidences known to the ethnol ogists show that It was built by a race antedating tba Indiana, who did no make these mounds aatorage P lac f their treasures. The tumuli In wh c relioa are found wero reared by n dlans, and used as a tribal burying plaça. They would strip from the bones of their dead and burn ■ufflolent number oi it« end when e summen* ., skeletons were eolleoted. would deport* them, '.together with the property the skeleton, on e eulUble spot and erect one of the mounds ovsr them