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Lewiston teller. [volume] (Lewiston, North Idaho) 1878-1900, February 12, 1891, Image 2

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THE LEWISTON TELLER.
CARL A. FORESMAN, Editor and Prop
LEWISTON.
IDAHO.
The people of the West are not con
stantly breathing out threatening»
and slaughter against the Indian, and
do not desire to Bee them indiscrim
inately massacred. But they do know
enough about the subject not to make
themselves ridiculous, which is what
the sentimentalist succeeds in doing
every time.
Large families are at a premium in
Quebec. In that province the happy
/ather of a family of twelve living
children is entitled to 100 acres of
crown land and 1,009 heads of fam
ilies last year satisfied the government
that tyey had complied with the
necessary conditions and were reward
ed accordingly.
The fact, as shown by the records,
that at present only 50 per cent of the
boys educated at the English public
schools study Greek is evidence that
the minority of the head masters' con
ference in proposing to take that lan
guage out of the list of "compulsory
studies" for Cambridge and Oxford is
simply m advance of the majority in
perceiving that the tide is flowing
away from classicism.
Aluminum «s a metal has hnd a
practical test of its strength and
lightness. An Indianapolis man con
structed a bicycle of steel tubing und
aluminum, which, though exception
ally light, is claimed to be practically
unbreakable. The aluminum age
really seems to have set in at last In
ten years more who can say what
changes will have beeu made in
science, art and manfactures by the
use of it?
It is possible that the time will coon
come when Great Britain will serious
ly contemplate releasing Canada and
Newfoundland from their allegiance of
her own accord and find it to her in
terest to do so. Beyond the prestige
given to her by her possessions in
America and the privilege of appoint
ing a governor general. Great Britain
does not receive from Canada and
Newfoundland sufficient compensation
for the care and protection which she
affords to them.
Francis IL of Naples, that luckless
Bourbon dunce, whose throne Gari
baldi overthrew in 1860, and who is
said to be one of Daudets "kings in
exile," still lives in aimless com
fortableness in Paris, where his sole
activity is walking once a day from
his apartment to the church of St
Philippe to say his prayers. Ho is
rather small and insignificant in ap
pearance, and looks like a pensioned
bank clerk rather than a ' 'monarch
retired from business."
Did you ever read of a battle siege
in olden limes? There were the full
armored warriors, resplendent in
shining metal and plumed crests
there were the mighty battering rams,
and the flash of battle axes, the
thunder of advancing feet and the
trumpet call before the gates. But
more potent than all else in the
doomed city's destruction was the
secret work of the sappers and miners
—the patient forces which wrought
their work out of sight and hearing.
Chief Justice Coleridge, of Eng
land, says that the work of the crimi
nal courts of that country has decreas
ed, and he believes the reason to be
that the moral tone of the commun ity
is higher than it formerly was. Un
fortunately this country has not yet
seen any falling off in the number oi
its criminals, but perhaps a single fact
will account both for the increase in
crime here and the decrease else
where. Europe still continues to send
a considerable portion of its criminal!
to this country. How much longer i
the United States going to stand this?
The claim is advanced that the hu
man frame may be protected against
the ravages of diphtheria by inoccula
tion. Why not? What is possible as
to small-pox is possible as to the other
scourge. But the work goes on. Man
is but using the intelligence given
him by nature to look deop into na
ture's lawa Inquiry is patient but
persistent The rewards thus far
have been great The inception ol
Edison's laboratory was Franklin't
kite. It bas not been a great period
from Watt's tea-kettle to the Corliss
engine. Whatever his field the ex
perimental philosopher has but to
press forward.
The most dangerous bread that man
can eat both for himself and the com
munity, is the bread of charity, as it is
at the present conducted. When a man
can earn bread, clothing, and shelter
by bis own honest labor, it is a crime
against the man and a crime against
tbe community to encourage him to
eat the bread of charity. The false
sentiment and false philanthropy ol
the past have much to answer for in
the present condition of the very poor
in civilized countries. The debasing
of the public conscience in this matter
has gone hand in hand with the deg
radation of the individual, and charit
able organizations, as well as the peo
ple in general on this subject, need
the healthful tonio of a cold bath, fol
lowed by vigorous moral friction.
j
news sinn.tRT.
George Bancroft was buried in Wor
cester, Mass.
The Ohio farmers' niliance oppose
the formation of a third party.
An attempt to assassinate llev. Mr.
Whisnaud was made at a revival at
Bethel, Ind.
President Balmaceda of Chili refuses
to resign, and the rebellion grows
more serious.
John L. Sullivan has been expelled
from the Benevolent and Protective
Order of Elks.
The Wisconsin democratic caucus
nominated William F. Vilas for United
States senator.
Joseph King, a young lawyer of St
Paul, has been driven insane by his
losses at poker.
The deficit in the Arkansas state
treasury is now rumored to have
reached #96,800.
Indian Territory tribes are endeav
oring to have whites removed from
their reservations.
The president has approved the act
for public buildings at Davenport, la.,
und Sioux Falls, S. 1).
A. T. Peacock, a prominent farmer
of Higginsville," Mo., was fatally shot
by a midnight burglar.
The Ohio legislature has taken steps
to investigate the 6tate penitentiary
and the imbecile asylum.
It is estimated that Ö0, 000 persons
have been thrown out of work by se
vere weather in France.
George Harris of Ncwbcrn. 111., is
trying to suicide by fasting. He has
been at it twenty-six days.
Missouri has decided to make no ap
propriation for the world's fair until
the force bill lias been killed.
At Jefferson City, Mo., Senator
George G. Vest was formally declared
re-elected for a third term.
Ex-Congressman Hansbrough was
elected senator by the North Dakota
legislature to succeed Pierce.
The London Times says that negro
emigration is the only solution of tho
southern problem in Amerca.
The German reiehstag defeated the
motion to repeal tho prohibition of tbe
importation of American pork.
A dispatch from Chile says the rebels
bombarded Coronel and several per
sons were killed and wounded.
Pardridge, the plunger in tho Chi
cago grain market, is said to have been
caught short 8,000, 000 bushels.
Attorney General Miller has refused
to bring suit against the Frisco road
for the recovery of certain lands.
The Missouri house of représenta
tives voted to make no world's fair
appropriation pending force bill action.
Tho democrats of the Minnesota leg
islature in joint caucus nominated for
United States senator William S. Vilas.
A major in the Roumanian arrny was
murdered and beheaded by his two or
derlies out of revenge for ill treat
ment.
Indians of the Red Lake reservation
in Minnesota, are dancing, and tho
settlers have asked the governor for
protection.
Chicago capitalists are willing to
construct a 12 to 16-story government
building there in return for certain
concessions.
The treasurer of tho Chicago
World's fair organization is goin
bring suit against subscribers who have
failed to pay up.
Grain is being rebilled from Kansas
City at the rate prevailing prior to
January lé in defiance of Chairman
Midgley's order.
Mrs. Julia Iiigbce was adjudged in
sane und found guilty of the murder of
her four children at her trial in Wood
county, Kentucky.
A number of petitions have been
presented in favor of transferring the
license fees from the local to the
county school fund.
The Arkansas house has decided to
take no action regarding tho World's
Fair appropriation until the fate of the
force bill is decided.
The Standard oil company hns
bought out C. C. Harris, tho largest
individual oil producer in Ohio. It
will pay #1,700.000.
Bob Ford, the slayer of Jesse James,
indulged in a bar-room duel with J. D.
j Harden in Walsonburg, Colo. Both
were slightly wounded.
The Canadian Indian agent of the
Blackfoots reports that American In
dians expected the Canadian tribes to
help them in a massacre.
Assistant Adjutant General Corbin
says tiie committee appointed to inves
tigate the fight at Wounded Knee w.'ll
find Col. Forsythe culpable.
B. P. Hutchinson, the veteran Chi
cago board of trade man, announces
that he has quit speculating but is still
doing a commission business.
In the Minnesota House a joint res
olution was offered memorializing con
gress in favor of the construction of a
eanal in New York at Niagara Falls.
The house committee on public
buildings has agreed to report favora
bly tbe bill to appropriate #4,000,000
for a new public building in Chicago.
The republicans have introduced a
substitute for the Bennett law in the
Wisconsin legislature designed to meet
the objections of the supporters of
parochial schools.
George H. Snyder, one of the
wealthiest citizens of San Marcos.
Texas, and agent for the Southern
agricultural works at Atlanta, G a., shot
and killed his wife.
It turns out that the reason why
Banker Branham of Litchfield. Minn.,
blew out his brains was because the
bank had only #10.000 with which to
pay #190,000 of liabilities.
Tom Hetlung and Charles Thomp
son, two ranchmen, were arrested and
lodged in jail at Pierre, S. D„ for
stealing range cattle on Bad river, and
■ailing them to Pierre butchers.
PLAYED FAREWELL TO LIFE.
-
Bsroa Bkarlaad, the Raturai Sen of Wartaaa
bar*'* Klag, Dice at the Plaao.
I cannot tell you the name he was
known by here, for others bear it still,
and -it were better that it were for*
gotten.
Ho was the natural son of the late
king of Wurtemburg, and his mother
was the only woman that the king ever
truly loved, but royalty has its slavery
moro galling at times than the fetters
of the lowest bondmen, and reasons ot
state compelled a loftier alliance for
his majesty, says a writer in the New
York Herald.
Tho boy, who bad been given the
the courtesy title of the Baron Bhar
land, grew up surrounded by every
advantage that wealth and favor could
insure him. As his tastes began to
form themselves he developed a passion
for music, which was fostered and
aided by all that celebrated masters
could impart
At last the Abbe Liszt took the young
musician under his charge, and added
to the solid foundation already laid
those delicate finishing strokes which
can only be supplied by a master's
hand.
Introduced under such favorable
auspices the young musician might
have enjoyed a brilliant career, but
upon the establishment of the North
German Federation the king of Wur
temburg found his power and income
much curtailed, care and anxiety
finally brought on a fatal illness, and
the king after years of poverty in
Paris, passed away, leaving the young
natural son wholly unprovided for.
Karl came to America soon after
and at once secured a splendid position
among the piano masters of New York.
His pupils were from the wealthiest
and oldest families nod his fees were
princely. But soon his fatal weakness
began to develop—a love for drink and
debauchery.
a
a
Constantly falling into new trouble
and disgrace, repeatedly disappointing
his wealthy pupils and neglecting all
social and professional duties, he soon
began to lose caste and was compelled
to content himself with a poorer class
of patrons.
These, too, he neglected, disappoint
ed and disgusted, and falling lower
ana lower in the social scale he was
reduced to the lowest and most dis
reputable professional work, and even
in the meanest position his dissolute
habits were constantly bringing him
into disgrace, although when seated
before the piano, even in his most
sottish state, his genius would assert
itself, and he still charmed his hearers
with his brilliant music, while his
slovenly, disreputable appearance dis
gusted every one near.
We l03t sight of him for many
years, but one cold, dreary day in
December, the last of the year, Mr.
Shermer, the Boston music dealer,
was crossing the common with a friend
when the latter pointed out a wretch
ed, bloated tramp seated upon one ol
the benches by the pathway.
"Do you not recognize that man?"
asked the friend.
"No, Indeed," replied Mr. Shermer.
"Why should I?"
"Because it is Karl-, tho natural
son of the king of Wurtemburg."
"My God!" exclaimed Shermer, in a
tone of horror, for he had known
Karl in his best and brightest days.
That evening the clerks at Sher
mcr's place were surprised to see a
filthy, besotted vagabond shuffle into
the store with a vacant, dreamy look
in his eyes and walk toward a grand
piano that stood near the door.
"We have nothing for you," said a
clerk sharply to the disreputable look
ing creature.
"I don't want any money." said the
tramp in u thick, husky voice. '
only want to sit down before a piano.
The superintendent was called from
his office and informed of the strango
request of the squalid intruder, and
from pure curiosity allowed the out
cast to have his way.
"God bless you!" said the vagrant,
and with a weary sigh he seated him
self before the splendid instrument
and, with fingers stiffened by want of
practice, but with the expression and
soul of a true artist, began the opening
strains of the moonlight sonata of
Beethoven.
Clerks, customers and workmen
every one in the establishment, drop
ped their occupation and talk to listen
to the tender, soulful tones that rolled
forth from beneath the hands of the
besotted outcast
At last the sonata was finished and
the wretched creature rested his head
upon his hands and bent over the
piano. So long and silently he sat
there that at last one ot the salesmen
thinking the man hsd dropped, asleep,
stepped up to the bowed figure and
shook him gently by tbe arm. As ba
did so the head fell back and displayed
a face all white and rigid from wbich
tbe wide open eyos stared fixedly.
Karl was dead!
This Is no fancy sketch, but
incident only too true. Tbe love ol
his art struggling through tbe debas
ing effects of debauchery had impelled
him once more before be died to pour
out bis soul in one last burst of h ar
moay. _ _ __
Vat Too Samp far Bar. j
"It is very wet weather we are hav
ing, your majesty," remarked Lord'
Salisbury. "Not too wet, me lud." re
plied the queen. "In fact, I don't
think bit possible to 'are too much
reign In this country."—West Shore, j
he
of
er
an
a
tïTQ INJUN MUST DANCE. I
_______ * I
IT 18 Not Only A CEREMONY BUT
A DUTY.
Re EagagM la II l>oa All Oeratlaaa, Rowe
tlwee Throagh the Eoet - Horrible Tor
tare— Hew Sloax Werrlore Are
O Hade--A Brat el Te»t.
A deal of curiosity is felt by many
as to the meaning of the Indian dance
—as to why Indians should express
their feelings by dancing when civil
ized people would show the.ir senti
ments in a very different way. The
dance, among white Americans, is a
pastime; with the red man it is both a
ceremony and a duty. He dances
before he goes to war; he dances when
he returns; he dances at the death of
his enemy and the burial of his friend.
The Sioux youth dances, or did dance,
through exquisite torture into a place
among the braves of his clan, and
bears with him for life the marks of
the terrible ordeal. It was the fortune
of a Chicago Herald writer, when
about eighteen years of age—twenty
six years ago—to witness the famous
sun dance. It is doubtful if this dance
will ever again be performed in all its
ancient glory, or perhaps "horror"
would be a more fitting expression.
The government long ago forbade the
sun dance on the Indian reservations,
and if performed at ull it must now be
without the freedom and publicity
which were necessary- to its complete
success.
At the period mentioned Sitting Bull
was just becoming known as a leader
of the hostile Sioux. It mny be noted
here that Sitting Bull was not a born
chief. He did not come by origin
from what McAllister might call the
Sioux four hundred. What fame and
influence ho acquired were earned by
his personal merits or demerits, ac
cording as his acts are viewed from an
Indian or a Caucasian standpoint
After becoming an acknowledged chief
he was always regarded by the chiefs
of aristocratic origin much as Napo
leon was looked upon by the ancient
dynasties of Europe—as an upstart
they are compelled to respect, but are
rather inclined to sniff at On anoth
er occasion the writer may have more
,.....

At present he will confine himself to
the sun dance. This dance is really
ol
j
j
an imitation. No Sioux is obliged to
undergo it The youth has his choice,
when arrived at manly age, of being
a woman-man—the word "squaw" is
unknown to the Sioux—or of proving
by the tortures of the sun dance that
he is fitted to be a warrior. If he
prefers to be a womun-raan he will not
be ill-treated or even scoffed at. He
will become a household slave, as the
women are, and be used like them, us
hewer of wood and a drawer of
water to the men of tho tribe. He
must dress like the women, and like
them he is left at home when the
braves go to hunting or to battle. In
fact, this treatment is such a matter
of course that a stranger might visit a
camp and encounter any number of
these persons and havo no reason to
suppose that they were other than
women.
With tho young man who does not
shrink from the sun dance it is a dif
ferent affair. His chances of dying
under it aro considerable. The writer
does not remember hearing any per
centage stated, hut the deaths, when
all tho forms are rigidly complied
with, cannot be less than one in four.
Few whito men could survive, but the
toughened constitution of the Indian
holds up marvelously when every nerve
must bo in agony. It was in a Sioux
cafnp on a bluff near tho Missouri Riv
er that I witnossod the sun dance. In
a "tepee," or tent, of buffalo skin, four
or five braves were dancing slowly and
deliberately around tho center-pole,
keeping up a monotonous chant. I
noticed that each of them was attached
to the pole by long strings of buffalo
hide. In one or two cases the strings
wore connected with the breast; in
the other cases with the back. The
muscular tissue near euch nipple, if
tho fastening was at the front, had
been gathered by a grasp of the hand,
and a knife run through it Then tho
tough skin of buffalo rawhide was
passed through the opening and con
nected with the pole. If the fastening
was at the back the process was simi
lar. The pain thus occasioned to the
victim may he Imagined. He must not
only endure without a sigh or a groan,
but must forthwith proceed to dance,
and keep up the danolng without food
for days, If requisite, until the friction
of the rawhide severs the muscles and
releases the captive, a full-fledged
brave.
He is then immediately fed by a
rich soup prepared for the occasion,
and every care and attention that In
dians know are bestowed upon his re
covery. The young man may be re
leased from torture at any time by
asking. In that case he is doomed to
be a woman-man, just as if he had
never offered himself as a candidate.
kid
by
j
'
j
! a
(
j
:
■mall Jokiri.
American humor—in tho conven
tional acceptation of the term—is be
coming a bore. The oountry is over
joked. We have too many ambitious
persons among us who make fun a
profession. The result is melancholy.
The quantity of conundrums at present
afloat in tho column! of the press is
something marvelous. Surely they
must be. manufactured wholesale by
WDM kind of labor-saving machinery,
for thare are no brain marks about
the ® ,l i orlt y ot lhem ' Then we have
broadsides of quips and quirks and
extravagances fired at us by burlesque
lecturers—gentlemen who premedi
tately assail our risible organization
and lay siege to our senso of the
ridiculous in regular form. Because
two or three have succeeded, the tribe
twarmi. Their jocular career will
not bo a very long one, however. No
town or village will consent to hear
them twice, or will bo likely to
patronize others of tho same kidney
who may—and, doubtless will—follow
in their footsteps. Among a shrewd,
intelligent people, who "know a hawk
from a ha^d-saw," such nuisances ure
sura to work their own abatement.—
New York Ledger.
TRYING IT ON HIS WIFE.
A f alHora la Baa Nahes a Test or His Oratorical
Powers.
"During the heat of the political
campaign they called on me lor a
speech at West Oakland," said Justice
Charles E. Snook to a San Francisco
Examiner man. "I don't take very
kindly to political speechmaking, and
I was especially timorous about mak
ing an nddres in the First Ward, where
everybody knows me und where, in
consequence, I would be sure of the
severest criticism.
"But I was in for it and set about
preparing myself for the ordeal. After
I had thought out an address which I
imagined had enough hurrah in it to
hit the floor, I thought I'd try it on mi
wife.
"So I placed her in a good seat in
the front row of our parlor furniture,
struck my most statesmanlike attitude
and unlimbered my mouthpiece.
Finally I reached one of the most im
pressive periods and came to a full
stop a good deal out of breath.
" 'Well, what are you waiting for?'
calmly inquired tbe side-partner of my
joys.
" 'That is where I pause to permit
the tumultuous applause to get io its
work,' I replied.
" 'Qh, I thought you were afraid you
had awakened the b.iby,' was her un
sympathetic and disheartening re
sponse. Still. I noticed that when I
poured that speech into the listening
, ear of West Oakland my wife was the
! first and only listener to appreciate and
applaud whon I paused at that critical
point"
I
What the Baby Can Da
It can wear out a one-dollnr pair of
kid shoes in twenty-four hours.
It can keep its father busy adver
tising in the newspapers for a nurse.
It can occupy both sides of the
largest-sized bed manufactured, simul
taneously.
It can cause its father to bo insulted
by every second-class boarding-house
keeper in the city who "never takes
children," which in nine cases out of
ten, is very fortunate for tho children
It can malco itself look like a fiend
just when mamma wants to show
"what a pretty baby she has."
It can muko an old bachelor in the
room adjoining use language that if
uttered on tho street, would get him
into the penitentiary for two years.
It can go from the farthest end of
the room to the foot of the stairs in
the hall adjoining quicker than its
mother can just step into the closet
and out again.
It can go to sleep "liko a little
angel" and just as mamma and papa
ire starting for tho theatre it can
wa!:o up and slay awake till the las
act.
These are some of the things a baby
can do. But there are other things as
well. A baby can make the common
est house tho brightest spot on earth.
It can lighten tho burdens of a lov
ing mother's life by adding to them,
j It can flatten its dirty little face
' against the window pane in such a
j way that the tired father can see it as
! a picture before he rounds the corner.
( Yes. babies are groat institutions,
j particularly one's own baby.—Boston
: Gazette.
Tha Point at Which Ho was Willing to Lot
Hor Sob.
First Farmer.—"You can't take fifty
dollars for that cow?"
Second Farmer—"Can't do it"
"But yesterday gpu told me you'd
sell her for fifty dollars."
"I know I did, but I'll have to back
out."
"What's the matter?"
"You see, tbe cow belongs to my
wife, and she says she will sob herself
into hysterica if I sell her. It would
break her heart"
"All right—it'a no purchase."
"I »ay."
"Well, what ia It ?"
"Make it seventy-five and we'll let
her sob.Tid-Bits.
TMtsd at Ones.
"No, I never carry my watoh when
I go out," she said, artlessly. "I am
so careless that it wouldaH be safe.
Why, a person could steal anything
right from under my nose and I
wouldn't miss it "
Then the young man stole •. kiss
right from under her note and she
didn't seem to miss it
Beys' PsemllarltâM.
It's rather peculiar, yet it's a fact
that it's much colder in the back yards
than out on streets, as witness, for
proof: When it's too cold for a boy to
saw wood in the baok yard it's nice,
warm weather for him to piny marbles
out op the street —Exchange.
QUEER INDIAN RELICS.
SOME OF THEM FOUND
IN GEORGIA.
DOWN
F.tldMCM also Fond sf a Bate that Aat«d<'
the ladlu ItaiHlf-fnir UUnilli,
Ana« and Other Thief»— TU,;
FUfed Gases—Pipe«.
I
A county in Georgia without a lov
er's leap, from whose eminence some
Indian maiden had snrang into the
arms of death with her brave sweet
heart belonging to a rival tribe, would
be considered a fit county into which
a missionary should be sent This ro
mance may be repeated for Nacb*o
chee, with the addition that tho hr->
ine, instead of being dashed to piecei,
was buried with honor in the vail y
below, and the exact spot is show t 0
travellers.
This region was certainly the favor
ed resort ots very advanced tribe of
Indians, and Nacoochee valley was
their home and burial ground, as is
evidenced by the many curious
well-carved relic9 found there. Capa
Nicholls, whose home is in the centre
of the valley, has a largo cabinet of
them, all found around his house,
which is, perhaps, the finest collection
in Georgia, except the one in posses
sion of Col. Charles C. Jones of
'Augusta. Some of them were found
by the miners on Duke's Creek, while
others were taken from Indian graves
that surround the mound in front of
Capt. Nicholls's house. This aborigi
nal cemetery was accidentally discov
ered by Capt. Nicholls, and every
tjrave he opens adds to his storo of
i-elics. It seems that the ground
ground tho mound wa3 covered with
rock piles and Capt Nicholls set to
work to remove them. Beneath each
pile were found human bones, mixed
with arrow heads, beads, battlenxes,
pipes and other indestructible articles
of sport, domestic use, and war. But
the most interesting relics taken from
these graves were conch shells, evi
dently brought from tho seashore, and
a tomahawk beaten from pure copper
in its natural state, though the nearest
point on the continent where such
copper is found is Lake Superior.
Capt. Nicholls argues that these In
dians had communication and com
mercial relations with the tribes in
habiting both the northern and south
ern borders.
Among the relics found in this val
ley was a bullet made of lead in a
rough state. There is a tradition that
the Indians hero mined their own lead,
but the place where they procured it
has never been found, even if it ex
ists. The only mineral discovered in
the valley is gold, and the pichest
ruines in tho South ure here. On
Duko's creek was found a small death
head formed of a hard black stone,
with one eye made of an opal, beauti
fully worked, and the little trinket
shows considerable artistic skill. This
relic, together with others of a similar
character, must havo beon imported
btsome one from Mexico.'
(Apt. Nicholls explained the use of
numerous Indian relics, throwing a
flood of light on tho subject. For in
stance, those round and saucer-shaped
stones of various sizes were used to
play a 'game similar to quoits, nt
which the Indians gambled. Instead
of pitching the stones they rolled them
at pegs. The wedge-shaped stones
were employed to dress hides, while
the small ones wero used to work
sinews with. Their tomahawks were
of a separate shape, and their axes,
instead of having the handle pass
through them, were enclosed in a
split stick, securely fastened with
thongs. There was a separate mnke
of tomahawk, usod by tho chiofs and
worn at the bolt for display, that was
sharpened at both sides, and a hole
partially drilled in the center. This
was a valuable discovery, as it showed
how tbe Indians worked this hard
stone with only the rudest imple
ments.
There are several very fine speci
mens of pipes, including a piece of a
pipe of pence. One pipe excavated
on Duke's Creek, is a very valuable
relic, and the United States govern
ment had a cast made of it, as Capt.
Nicholls would not part with bis trea
sure. It is carved out of rock, and
tbe bowl is made to represent the
mouth of a whip-poor-will, the beak
of an eagle projecting over it. Tbe
ears of a fox and other figures are alie
chiselled on ik It is as fine a carving
as ono would wish to see.
There are a number of graves around
the mound not yet opened. Capt
Nicholls anys the mound in front of
his bouse, which ho hns planted with
flowers end ornamented with a •"■>*
mer-house, is just as he found it when
he bought the piece. Us surfaoe »
flat, end from its summit e fine vie*
of tho upper portion of the valley c» n
be had. No excavation has ever been
made in this mound as its shape m
other evidences known to the ethnol
ogists show that It was built by a race
antedating tba Indiana, who did no
make these mounds aatorage P lac f
their treasures. The tumuli In wh c
relioa are found wero reared by n
dlans, and used as a tribal burying
plaça. They would strip
from the bones of their dead and burn
■ufflolent number oi
it« end when e summen* .,
skeletons were eolleoted. would deport*
them, '.together with the property
the skeleton, on e eulUble spot and
erect one of the mounds ovsr them

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